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Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,
this is Outside Source.
First to California where this
mudslide has destroyed homes
and taken at least 15 lives.
The desperate search goes on.
We dug down and found a little baby,
I don't know where it came from.
We dug it out, got
the mud out of its mouth.
I hope it's OK.
They took it right to the hospital.
Ethiopia has banned foreign
adoptions, putting the future
of thousands of orphans in doubt.
We hear reaction to one of France's
best known actresses saying men
should be "free to hit on" women -
in the workplace, or
indeed, anywhere else.
And Donald Trump has been
speaking to the press,
so we'll be speaking to our press.
Stay tuned for Anthony Zurcher,
who will break down
the President's latest comments.
We will also play use of the key
clips. -- play you some of the key
We know 15 people died
in the California mudslide.
At least 20 others are missing
and dozens of homes
have been destroyed.
This is the town of Montecito.
Rivers of mud flowed
down the street.
Now, this area was also hit
by wildfires last month -
it's thought the scorched earth
those fires created prevented
the rain from being
absorbed into the ground.
As you can see in this photo,
it wasn't just mud and trees
that was washed away -
so were huge rocks.
And all of this has blocked
roads and railways.
This is Santa Barbara's
The only words I can really think of
to describe it, was it looked like a
World War I battlefield. It was
literally a carpet of mud and
As always with natural
disasters, there have been
stories of terrible loss -
and of survival.
Trees are just coming down. We ran
into the house, and right then the
boulders blustered through our
house. We got upstairs and we got to
about eight feet, nine feet up the
stairs and we crawled out a window
to the roof. The house was wiped
out, just took everything out.
Later, we were worried about the
neighbour's house and we went over
to see if they were OK. We heard a
little baby crying. We found the
kids, we took down, found a little
baby, I don't know where it came
from. We got it out, got the mud out
of its mouth. I hope that it's OK.
They took it right to the hospital.
But it was just a baby, four feet
down in the mud, under the rocks. I
am glad we got him. But who knows
what else is out there?
Another journalist there
is Kacey Drescher, who's been
tweeting out some coverage.
This image shows you an SUV is set
in amongst the debris and the mud
and the water.
You can see more of her pictures on
her Twitter feed, but she joins us
live. Thank you for your time, tell
us more about what you had seen?
Thank you for having me, I am on the
very road where I snapped those
voters last night. The 101 freeway
closure, the entire interstate which
would take you to Los Angeles is
closed, it is a swamp. Cars are
face-down, lodged in the mud. We
have new information, 15 dead, 24
missing, homes destroyed.
I was in the brunt of the damage
yesterday. I saw homes completely
wiped off their foundations, roofs
scattered into piles of debris and
cars that had obviously tumbled down
the hillside, just into fragments of
metal. It was just astonishing.
Give us an idea of the ongoing
That is correct,
there have been helicopters dipping
over my head all day. I saw aerial
fitted of certain rescue crews on
the roofs of homes opening skylights
to see if there were survivors. I am
backing up right now because their
vehicles trying to clear out this
road, I am standing in mud well over
my boots. It is still a very muddy,
destructive area that we are in the
You can hear the helicopter going
over my head right now. All morning
we have been trying to see if there
are any survivors in the maths.
Who are the people we can see behind
you? Can anyone come to this area?
Oh, no. It is blocked out, I am on
coast village road, a major there
where in Montecito. It is an upskill
suburb of Santa Barbara, Ellen
DeGeneres and Oprah Winfrey have
homes in these neighbourhoods. They
have authorities blocking off the
entrances to these areas. We had to
show our press pass and have a
conversation with a law enforcement
officer just to get through. We are
with a gentleman right now trying to
get up the hillside to see if his
home is still standing.
Are people being allowed to try to
reach their homes, or are there some
areas which the authorities have
come to be blocked?
There are some areas the authorities
have completely blocked off, but I
will say that I have seen several
people with large suitcases and bags
tracking down this thoroughfare in
Montecito. I will try to turn around
so you can get a scope of what I am
surrounded with right now. I have
seen people coming in and out,
trying to get supplies. They have
shot of gas to the town. People
obviously can't be here right now.
Thousands of people are evacuated
and I have seen several folks with
bags. You can obviously tell, just
trying to get essentials to live off
for the time being.
We are very grateful for you
bringing us up to date, thank you
very much. That is Kacey Drescher
live in the middle of the story,
speaking on her phone. It is not a
place very TV truck would easily
reach. We can speak to people on
their phones and we appreciate Kacey
breaking away from her reporting to
I have a map of California here, if
we go on much more closely we can
see the worst hit communities are in
Santa Barbara County, just up the
coast from Los Angeles. As Kacey
told is, Oprah Winfrey lives there.
Lots of the rich and famous live
this area. Oprah Winfrey posted this
video on Instagram.
This is how deep the mud is.
It is gone.
We also heard from the
TV host Ellen DeGeneres, who says
the 101 freeway in my neighbourhood
is a river. My city needs your love
and support. Montecito is the name
of the place.
James Cook has been there. We
haven't actually had a full and
detailed update for some time. I
think that tells you that they are
simply focused on trying to get into
those neighbourhoods. They talked of
one area, Romero Canyon, where
around 300 people were stuck. There
are other areas closer to the town
of Montecito which is down on the
coast, we have seen helicopters in
action. It is a very big operation,
dozens of fire engines coming into
this area in the last couple of
hours as well. We came up here
trying to make our way up the main
highway along the coast. In parts it
is completely blocked apart from
access for emergency vehicles. Mud
is very thick across the road and
the power is quite staggering. There
are now questions about what
happened before this. The ferocity
of it may be a surprise, the fact it
has happened was not. It was
preceded by the largest wildfire in
California's history, but scorched
quite an enormous area in the hills
and mountains above here. The ground
was slick and hard, making it
difficult to absorb moisture. These
rings were forecast, forecast to be
heavy, albeit not very very
prolonged period. Some of the
evacuation orders were given but the
question is if they were given for
the right areas, if they were
enforced, if people listen to them.
We bring you the biggest global
stories, with the help of BBC
journalists from all around the
world. There was James in
California. Next we turn to France.
This is Catherine Deneuve, one
of France's best known actresses,
and she's caused quite a stir.
Along with a big group of French
women who have published this open
letter in Le Monde newspaper.
It is a response to the Harvey
Weinstein scandal and the fallout
that has followed.
It says men should be
"free to hit on" women.
They also argue...
"Men have been punished summarily,
forced out of their jobs
when all they did was touch
someone's knee or try
to steal a kiss."
and Farideh Cadot are two of the 100
women who signed this letter.
The letter starts by saying that
rape is a crime, sexual harassment
in the workplace is a crying and
that this is not something we could
condo. What we do condone is the way
people find themselves subjected to
a kind of one-minute hate multiplied
ad infinitum on social media, they
lose their jobs and livelihoods,
there is no due process, legal
process in any way, and the
sentences... It is the idea that
women are so stupid and weak that
they can tell the difference between
a rape and a man who, frankly, tries
to pull. We are adults. One
signatory was a body who was gang
raped, one is an Iranian who
remembers and explains in the letter
Y regimes with a religious bent have
the security... Insecurity in men/
women relationships. There is a
great deal of difference between
somebody with charm and a good
manner that you might be interested
in and somebody who, frankly, is
being a complete pain on public
transport or something. Neither of
which is illegal, but there is a
difference. We are trusting
ourselves, men and women, that in
the end we will know the difference,
women will be able, because they're
grown-ups, to say sorry, mate, not
interested, and the men themselves
will realise that it succeeds better
if you do it nicely.
We all who sign this letter are all
agreed with what they say, with the
#BalanceTonPorc and #metoo and all
the Association. We do not say they
should not be punished, we do not
say that we should stop this, we
just say that women cannot eternally
stay a victim. Equality means also
that you can say no, you can react,
you can refuse.
It has gathered not
a little criticism.
Italian actress Asia Argento
tweeted, "Catherine Deneuve
and other French women tell
the world how their interiorized
misogyny has lobotomized them
to the point of no return."
She is one of the people who has
complained about Harvey Wednesday.
-- Harvey Weinstein.
Whatever your view, the story
perfectly reflects that these issues
play out differently in France.
Hugh Schofield in Paris explains.
There is a permanent strand in
French thought, French
intellectualism, which feels that
what comes from the American
Anglo-Saxon world is suspicious and
probably overstated, and what has
happened here is an expression of
that. These are women who are saying
there is puritanism out there, a
very American, Anglo-Saxon concept,
and we want to fight that. It is a
cultural difference. There has
always been the feeling that
American-style feminists are
different from the French feminism,
because the French can understand
femininity and sexuality in a
different way. One has to add that
there is a generational issue as
well, these are older women and
there is a younger generation of
feminists coming behind who are very
angry with Catherine Deneuve for
having made the stand that she and
the other women have.
The UN has condemned a rise
in civilian casualties in two
areas that are marked
as de-escalation zones.
Idlib is a province in the North.
The UN says, "ground attacks and air
strikes have escalated
as a Government offensive
jeopardising the safety of hundreds
of thousands of civilians".
Next Eastern Ghouta,
just outside Damascus.
We talked about this place last
It's held by rebels and has been
besieged for over four years.
We're told, "Since 31
December, at least 85
civilians have been killed."
Well, this distressing video came
into the newsroom earlier
from Eastern Ghouta.
It shows the aftermath
of an air strike.
The government is escalating its
Earlier I spoke to Mahmoud Ali Hamad
of our Arabic Service
and asked why the government
was escalating its actions
in these two areas now.
East Ghouta is one of the last
stronghold held by the opposition.
We remember how the Russians managed
to conquer Idlib, the stronger
stronghold but the opposition never
had. The result was the desecration
of the city, the displacement of
around 400,000 people. The Syrian
regime believe this is the only way
to get the opposition militants out
of those pockets. They do not
believe in their own ability to
actually take back control of those
areas, which is why we see the
involvement of the Russians at its
maximum, it is a brute force and we
have seen it in some of the pictures
that have come out. We have been
speaking to civilians via telegram,
they were telling us that the kind
of bombing that is being carried out
on them is of a different order,
something they attribute to the
Russians. We cannot verify those
allegations independently but have
come to believe that the regime now
believes that if he is to conquer
and secure the outskirts of the
capital, which is most important are
the regime and its allies, they need
to get the Russians involved in the
We have seen previous sieges
resolved with an agreement where
fighters and civilians have been
allowed to leave. Are any talks of
that nature happening?
This is a very important subject
that I have talked about to
civilians and militants. I spoke to
someone just before coming on the
show, he was a militant leader and
he said to me, basically, we have to
break-up because we know what is
awaiting us. We know that plan for
us is very similar to what happened
back in December 2017, and what
happened in Homs back in 2015. So
the ability of the regime to do
those kinds of military operations
is very limited.
With the Russians' help, they hope
to achieve as much result is
possible before there are any
meetings between the different
These militants who you are talking
to, realistically what do they hope
they can achieve now? Do they accept
they cannot defeat?
I pose the
question you asked, basically it is
out of desperation. He used the
example of an injured beast being
cornered. They know what is awaiting
them, they know they will be ferried
away from their families, their
families will be taken to a
different place, they will be sent
north to Idlib. They know that. It
will come the time when Idlib itself
will be literally the last
stronghold of the opposition.
Basically they are saying we are not
going to die in any other place or
pocket in Idlib, we will have our
stand and we have to fight here in
the towns and cities.
We began the programme with stories
from Syria, France and California.
In a few minutes we will turn back
to the Korean peninsular and we will
talk about Canada, because it has
filed a trade complains against the
US. It is a long one. Samira Hussain
will take us through it.
Cancer patients at a specialist NHS
hospital could face delays
to their treatment due to a major
shortage of staff -
that's the warning from a senior
doctor in a leaked email sent
to staff at Churchill
Hospital in Oxford.
He says specialist nurse numbers
at the hospital are down by 40%.
Our health editor Hugh Pym
was there earlier.
There were concerns raised us to
this e-mail got into the public
domain, written by a very senior
clinical figure here in cancer care,
Doctor Andrew Weaver, sending a note
out to fellow clinicians who had had
a meeting to discuss the situation,
with concerns about the shortfall in
staffing, particularly for cancer
nurses, specialist cancer nurses, a
40% shortfall. He said as a result
of the staff shortage they were
having to reconsider when people
started chemotherapy. For those with
virgin conditions, it would go ahead
as usual. -- for those with urgent
conditions. But for others what
might have started in two or three
weeks will now be four weeks.
This is Outside Source live
from the BBC newsroom.
Our lead story is...
At least 15 people have died in
floods and mudslides in Southern
California. The same area was
recently hit by a huge wildfire.
Some people are reportedly still
trapped in their homes.
Some of the main stories from BBC
World Service. The search for
Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 is
back on. It disappeared in 2014 with
over 200 people on board. Malaysia's
government will pay an American firm
up to $70 million if and only if it
manages to locate the plane.
That is from BBC Indonesia. Around
5000 Iranians facing the death
penalty for drug crimes might be
spared after sentencing guidelines
were changed and it was decided to
apply this changes retrospectively.
That is from BBC Persia. One of the
most read stories on the BBC website
and individualist is a marine
biologist who says a humpback whale
protected her from a 15 foot tiger
shark during a recent dive.
The Ethiopian government has decided
to ban adoptions by all foreigners.
The best known case of this
is Angelina Jolie, whose
adopted daughter Zahara
is originally from Ethiopia.
And Ethiopia is one of the main
countries where Americans
adopt children from.
In the last five years,
nearly 3800 Ethiopian children have
been adopted by American families.
-- in the last 15 years.
And it's expensive.
It takes a long time.
The most recent figures
we could find are for 2013 -
when the average cost to adopt
was nearly $46,000.
Very relevant to this
week's decision is the
conviction of this woman.
She's Carri Williams,
of Washington State,
and in 2013 she was convicted along
with her husband of starving
and beating her adopted daughter
from Ethiopia to death.
That sparked a broader discussion
in Ethiopia about the number
and nature of adoptions
by foreign families.
This is the perspective
of a specialist in
family law in Nairobi.
I feel the decision is very
We are in a similar
situation in Kenya with our
Government haven't declared a
moratorium against international
adoptions in 2014. The reason I say
it is unfortunate is because it
comes against a background where it
is a recognised international
principle set out in the UN
Convention on the rights of the
child and our very own African
Charter on the rights and welfare of
the child that the best place for a
child to grow up in is in a family,
and a family setup for the child's
best development. So decisions like
this by Government, what they do is
lock out a lot of children who then
remain institutionalised, and an
institution should be the very, very
last report. So I understand the
need for the child to grow up in
their own culture, that is
recognised by international
standards as well. It is recognised,
that is the international law on the
adoption of children that you first
try and make sure their children
stay in their families, and if they
cannot then find a family within
their own country. And then if that
is not possible, then if there is a
family that is suitable, that is
approved and has been vetted, then
that child should grow up in a
family, not an institution.
Canada and the United States are
once again at loggerheads on trade.
This time it's Canada
which brought a complaint
to World Trade Organisation,
citing 188 different examples
of alleged wrongdoing
by the United States.
The US trade representative has been
very quick to respond. He says
Canada's claims are unfounded and
could only lower US confidence.
This is to do with a range of
disputes. Samira Hussain is live in
New York. If you can, give us a
brief summary of all of these
different issues the Canadians have?
There are all kinds of trade issues
that occur between Canada and the
United States. It and back and forth
is between levels of Government and
Canada and the United States. What
Canada has done is taken all of its
complaints to the World Trade
Organisation. That is the governing
body that adjudicates any trade
disputes. They are saying about some
of the measures the United States
has been taken in some of these
decisions has been unfair and they
have not been in line with what the
World Trade Organisation has already
listed as ways to really resolve
these kinds of disputes.
I saw you
wanted to talk about this. Aren't
they talking about Nafta in a couple
The timing of this is really
interesting, Batty or three weeks we
will see that Canada, the United
States and Mexico will be meeting in
Montreal Canada to be discussing
Nafta and the real negotiation of
Nafta. These re-negotiation
processes have not been going very
well. There has really been no big
conclusions coming out of it. That
has lots of people worried about the
future of this trade agreement. In
fact there are some media
organisations that are reporting
that they are worried that the
United States will just walk away
from Nafta altogether. Even the head
of one of Canada's largest banks,
the Royal Bank of Canada, has said
the same thing, they are worried the
United States will walk away from
this decades-old trade agreement.
With only 30 seconds, I hope the
Mexicans are involved in these
discussions? The Canadians and
Americans are not just working it
They are absolutely involved, but
what is interesting is for all the
talk you have with regard to Mexico
and the United States, we are seeing
a bigger impact is possibly
happening between Canada and the
United States and their trade
Thank you very much, Samira Hussain
in New York.
In the second half of the programme
we will hear what Donald Trump said
in a press conference an hour ago.
See you in a minute.
Good evening to you. Let's see what
is happening around the world. As is
often the case, there has been some
wild weather somewhere around the
globe. California has been making
the weather headlines in the last
day or so, without massive storm
that ripped through and brought all
the flash flooding. This is the mass
of cloud. I will add the jet stream
now. This dip in the jet stream,
that is what helps spawn bad storm,
the rainstorm which ravaged the
region. We saw the flash flooding
and mudslides as well,
unfortunately, people lost their
lives as well. We are seeing flash
flooding in parts of Las Vegas as
the storm system moved into the
desert regions. The good news is the
weather is improving, on Thursday,
tomorrow, sunny skies in LA and San
Diego, the really unsettled weather
is across the Pacific Northwest of
the United States and into Canada.
Elsewhere, a different storm is
brewing. Around the midwest and
Canada. It has warmed up in those
really cold spots in the last day or
so, but with the clash of cold and
mild air we will seek storms
swarming around the midwest, the
Great Lakes, so there is snow on the
way. It looks like places like
Chicago and Detroit and into Canada
and Montreal, there is a fair bit of
snow on the way. Look at the
temperature drop in Montreal, from 5
degrees 2-9, that is the daytime
high. Lots of weather action
continue across North America.
Closer to home, Europe, we have the
jet stream overlaid and a little
storm brewing very close to Iberia,
around the Bay of Biscay, pushing
through as I speak with severe winds
and heavy seas around the coastal
areas. Very disturbed weather across
Siberia, through the Pyrenees and
alter the western Mediterranean as
we go across the course of their
Improving a little in the Alps, lots
of snow in the Alps in the last few
days, here are the highs on
Thursday, Madrid, London and Paris
are on a par.
Come Friday, better conditions
across Spain and Portugal, we will
seize on sunshine to think that
hovering around 7 degrees in Paris,
London and Madrid.
The weather at home, this is the
satellite picture from earlier. You
can see the gloomy weather across
the East but much brighter skies
finally filtered into many western
areas. Fog may be a problem through
the course of tonight. Wednesday
night into Thursday, extensive fog
across many western areas of the UK,
it could be very dense and last into
the afternoon on Thursday. Thursday
itself could be quite grey and
chilly in some areas.
These are the highs, around 5
degrees in Cardiff, Glasgow barely
above freezing on Thursday. If you
want a bit more on the UK weather
forecast and the weather for the
week ahead, it is coming up, as
usual, just before 10pm.
Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,
this is Outside Source,
and these are the main stories
here in the BBC Newsroom.
At least 15 people have died
in floods and mudslides
in southern California.
A group of 300 people are reportedly
still trapped in their homes
east of Santa Barbara.
We dug down, we found a little baby,
we don't know where it came from. We
got it out, got the mud out of its
mouth. I hope it's OK, they took it
right to the hospital.
Ethiopia has banned foreign
adoptions, putting the future
of thousands of orphans in doubt.
One France's best-known actresses
says men should be free to hit on
women, in the workplace, or indeed
Your questions are always welcome.
#BBCOS is the hashtag.
President Donald Trump
has been meeting with
Norway's Prime Minister Erna Solberg
in Washington DC.
About an hour ago they held a press
Donald Trump was asked
about the investigation into alleged
collusion with Russia.
It's a Democrat hoax that was
brought up as an excuse for losing
an election that frankly the
Democrat should have won, because
they have such a tremendous
advantage in the electoral college,
so it was brought up for that
reason. But it has been determined
that there was no collusion by
virtually everybody so we will see
Will we be open to...
We will see what happens, certainly
will see what happens, but when
there has been no collusion and
nobody has found any collusion at
any level, it seems unlikely that
you would even have an interview.
Let's go to our North America
reporter Anthony Zurcher.
I wasn't aware that almost everyone
had decided there was almost no
I think that is a bit of
a stretch, a bit of wishful thinking
on the part of Donald Trump. I went
and counted his answer, and he said
no collusion seven times in that
short response, think that is
obvious what he wants to try to
embed in the minds of the American
public, but the Robert mullah
investigation is still ongoing. It
doesn't seem like in any way the
investigation is winding down. If he
asks Donald Trump to testify, to
provide answers to questions, there
is pretty much no way Donald Trump
is that lawyers can say no. They can
negotiate over the details but
unless Mr Trump wants to claim fifth
Amendment protections, he will have
Frankly it is an agreement I have no
problem with but as usual they made
a bad deal. So we could conceivably
go back in that I say this, we are
very strong in the environment, I
feel very strongly about the
environment. Our EPA commissioners
are very powerful, in the sense that
they want to have clean water, clean
air, but we also want businesses
that can compete, and the Paris a
cold really would have taken away
our competitive edge, and we're not
going to let that happen. I'm not
going to let that happen.
always get confused, because the
president always slips and slides on
what his position on the deal is.
Right, and the United States hasn't
formally withdrawn from the
agreement yet, it can't. But he
seemed to indicate that it has and
that we might go back. I think fate
less may be in his advantage here,
the more he doesn't -- being vague
maybe in his advantage. People who
think we have already pulled out
will believe that as well. But the
bottom line is he is trying to turn
this into an economic discussion,
and economic debate, even though the
climate accord marks are not
mandatory. They are simply goals
that are optional for the US. To
make it seem like it will be the
price the United States is paying if
it continues to be a part of it.
have not mentioned Norway yet, yet
it was a joint press conference.
What did they talk about?
about arms sales to Norway, trade,
which Donald Trump emphasised should
be reciprocal. Every time Donald
Trump gets on stage with one of
these foreign leaders, he almost
sounds like the arms dealer in
chief. He talks about how great US
military weaponry is, and encourages
our allies to buy more of it. He
views that as an economic benefit
for the United States as well.
quick question about the book that
has been dominating the last few
days, is that furore starting to ebb
I think it is 32. Steve Bannon
was perhaps the final bit of big
news coming out of this. That you
know how the news is here, which
Donald Trump it is or whiz onto the
next big swirling controversy or
interesting story, and I think that
is happening here as well. The
question about a lasting mark from
the book is is it going to undermine
the view of Donald Trump as an
effective leader, as a capable
leader? They're obviously many
Democrats who have their suspicions
and some moderates as.
South Korea has always said it hoped
hosting the Winter Olympics
would would help improve relations
with North Korea.
It seems to be working.
Yesterday the two had a meeting
for the first time in two years.
Now we're told they'll meet again -
at the International Olympic
in Switzerland on January 20.
Noor Salman, to be precise. --
Things are getting more political
still because America has
announced its Vice President
Mike Pence will lead
their delegation to the Games.
And we know talks between the US
and South Korea are ramping up.
Yesterday, their presidents spoke.
Here's the transcript -
President Trump said he'd be open
to talks with North Korea
'at the right time'.
And President Moon said this today.
In terms of security
and defence, South Korea and the
United States are the closest of
allies. We also share the same view
of the significance of the threat
from North Korea. So South Korea and
the United States have been working
closely together against North
Korea's nuclear threat.
Here's how people in Korea
are responding to this
new level of engagement.
So the Olympics could only happen in
so many decades in Korea. If North
Korea participates in this, it will
be a once-in-a-lifetime event. It
also means it could be the only
place where we can show we are
I think it is a
good chance, North Korean people
coming to South Korea in
PyeongChang, I think it is a good
opportunity we can become one as a
country. Our South Korean citizens
can see how North Koreans do, and
think that they are not as bad.
it was a good chance and opportunity
for both sides to have better
relationships than before.
On the face of it, this
is North Korea's desire to be
at the Olympics that is persuading
it to talk.
That may not be all though.
This is excellent from
Karishma Vaswani on the BBC
News website on how sanctions
are also making themselves felt.
Here's more from
Sophie Long in Seoul.
So I think today we really saw that
ferried difficult diplomatic lion
that the South Korean president has
to tread now. Yesterday it was all
about inter-Korean relations, and he
is trying to have all his government
was trying to have a genuine
dialogue with North Korea, and to
really reopen Corporation. But at
the same time he has to think on an
international level. He was saying
today these two processes are,
entry, that the inter-Korean talks
in hopes will be more of is all part
of the move towards
denuclearisation. He is also
standing by his allies start he said
at this that he would not ease any
sanctions in any way that would
undermine the international
sanctions, the UN sanctions imposed
at the end of last year.
Head to the BBC news website for
more on that.
We talk about the problems
in Venezuela frequently.
Its economy is in a perilous state -
and this means people struggle
to get the basics like bread
or toilet roll being two examples.
Contraceptives is another one -
there's a shortage -
and that means some people
are having to decide
whether to have sex or not.
This is the latest
report from Katy Watson.
Margaret's pharmacy is looking a bit
empty these days. She hasn't had any
deliveries of contraceptive pills
for a year. Everyday people, looking
for them, and every day she has to
turn them away. They are having to
It used to be
just men buying condoms, but women
are buying them now too, because
there's nothing else, and the price
of condom is has gone up 200%.
lady is living with the
consequences, she is now expecting
her third baby because she could not
get contraceptives. TRANSLATION:
first reaction was to cry. At the
moment getting contraceptive pills
is really hard. There is nothing,
and when you can get a hold of them,
they cost so much. I am making plans
to get sterilised, because the idea
of having another baby: no way.
is a struggle, her older boy some
fantastic without new clothes and
shoes so she can pay for our medical
appointments. When the price of food
is spiralling and contraceptives
cost 88 months salary, something has
to go. That is not just
contraceptives in short supply.
Doctors and mothers have told me
that often women have to buy their
medical supplies, like clubs and
antibiotics, and hand them the
doctor when they give birth. This
doctor says of the births he
attends, the vast majority are
unplanned. He thinks the
government's priorities are wrong.
The government, instead of giving
you as an adult sex education, give
you anti-contraception pills, condom
is, what is this government do with
the populace? If you are pregnant, I
give you house, I give you money,
but that is only for the first year,
maybe, and sometimes in food.
year, this kill 1015 and had a big
party marking her passage into
womanhood. In two months' time there
is another important date, the birth
of her daughter. She is excited but
apprehensive about the future.
I'm scared. Once I give
birth, and because it is hard to get
contraceptives and condom is, I'm
afraid that if I have sex I will get
It's a reality that
more and more women and girls are
facing here in Venezuela, the choice
to decide their future taken away
from them at a time when so many
future looked so bleak. Katy Watson,
BBC News in Venezuela.
Financial services are pivotal
to the "bespoke" Brexit trade
deal that the UK wants.
That's why these two men,
Chancellor Philip Hammond
and Brexit Secretary David Davis
have travelled to Berlin to persuade
- for the time being, remember,
the German government isn't yet
fully in place, CAROUSEL German
leader Angela Merkel
fully in place, German
leader Angela Merkel
to give her support to a trade deal
between the UK and the EU
which includes financial services.
Angela Merkel is desperately trying
to create a new coalition
government, after her disappointing
was out in September's German
election. That is not resolved yet.
For the view from
Westminster, Ben Wright.
Just before Christmas, there were
high fives around Westminster among
government ministers when the broad
terms of the divorce bill between
Britain and the EU was agreed,
including the financial settlement
Britain had the papers. But that was
just the first app, the first hurdle
that have to be cleared. What we are
seeing now is the beginning of the
second phase of Brexit negotiations,
and it's all about the future
relationship between the EU and the
UK, in particular the trade
relationship. So we are seeing two
key ministers, the Chancellor and
the Brexit secretary, who were on
different sides during the
referendum, showing a united front
on this charm offensive in Germany,
putting a chummy arm around German
businesses, saying even though
Britain is leading the singles
market and -- the single market and
the customs union there can still be
a really close, good trade deal
between the EU and the UK that works
in the interest of both sides. The
UK is asking for a bespoke deal that
incorporates goods and services. The
U:K.'s very worried about the future
of the City of London. That is the
case they are making in Germany. For
their part, the EU has said for
months that they will not
countenance a bespoke deal with the
UK, that the UK can't carry pick the
best bits of the single market it
once, and that there can be no
special arrangements of the City of
London. They go into the talks
fairly far apart, and while the UK
is in Germany, the EU throughout
this process has so far shown it is
very solid as a negotiating block.
Before their trip the pair wrote
an article in the German
For the German perspective -
here's the German-British
Chamber of Commerce.
I think they are trying to get the
best deal for Britain. Whether they
will succeed remains to be seen
because from the German government
point of view and the European Union
point of view, yes and original
deals might help individual
businesses, but the Germany and the
EU it is also important single
market stays intact, and therefore
it will be difficult to negotiate
bespoke deals. As we recall just a
few months ago, everyone was talking
about no deal is better than a bad
deal and other want to do individual
deals and that will be difficult,
but they will try to convince the
German politicians and also the
business world that that might be an
option. Of course Britain wants to
sell financial services very easily
to the rest of the EU, but if it
doesn't want to stick to the rule
book it will be difficult for the
others to accept such kind a model.
If we start unpick the European
market and I think the whole market
is in danger and I will probably be
more expensive for the EU, and
therefore I think the EU is less
willing to come from as with Britain
on that front.
Thousands of people who've been
stranded in the Alps
are now seeing some relief.
Trains are moving again,
helicopters are ferrying people
out if they need it,
but others are making
the best of the situation.
Imogen Foulkes reports.
For those who are in a huge hurry,
the helicopters are waiting. Some
tourists, though, seem quite happy
exactly where they are. TRANSLATION:
Since we have arrived yesterday
morning, and we are leaving
Saturday, we don't feel blocked at
But for communities across the
Alps, the heavy snow continues to
cause problems. Some villagers are
still cut off. Others are without
power. The biggest worry of all is
over avalanches. Tonnes and tonnes
of snow has fallen, and the weather
is warmer than normal. It means the
snow is loose, wet and heavy. More
likely to slip down the mountain.
Winter sports fans are being warned
to stay only on slopes and parts
marked clearly as safe. Meanwhile,
the Alpine authorities are working
round the clock to clear the snow.
Their window of opportunity may be
short. More snow is forecast for
Earlier in the newsroom,
BBC environment correspondent
Navin Singh Khadka called me -
he wanted to show me some pictures
he'd be sent of glaciers
in the Himalayas that are melting.
This involves vast amounts of water
- and new research has found this
water is being held in hundreds
of icy ponds above the surface -
and in rivers below it.
What happens then matters
because MAP the Himalayas cover
a wide area including India
and China - and water
is a precious commodity.
This study was conducted
at the Khumbu glacier in Nepal -
right next to Mount Everest.
And the ponds themselves are huge -
several times bigger
than an Olympic swimming pools.
Navin Singh Khadka.
So where is the place film of water
in the Himalayan region going? That
has been a puzzle for scientists. As
a result, this report has found that
on these debut covered place years,
hundreds of icy ponds have been
formed, and they are holding back
the water, and also releasing it,
regulating it basically. So what
scientists are saying is these icy
ponds will be holding more and more
water back, because they will become
bigger, more void, which means the
future water security, these icy
ponds will hold the key. They saying
is although the study is on one
particular glacier, this is a story
that resonates the entire Himalayan
region, China, no power, Afghanistan
-- Nepal. Scientists are saying if
there are closely is that our deep
recovered in the or Andes or
Rockies, similar situations will
happen in the wake of climate
change, the rising global
temperature that is causing
accelerated Lisa Hill notes. And it
is not just about water, when more
water gets accumulated, it also
could mean disaster is impending,
flash floods and so on.
We will finish the programme now by
looking at the British Army.
The British Army has defended
a new recruitment campaign
which focuses on the emotional
and physical support
it gives to soldiers.
The Army wants to reassure
applicants that their sexuality
or religion will not stand
in the way of becoming a soldier.
Mark Urban is a correspondent for
Mark, along with Jonathan Beale,
are two of the BBC's journalists
who know this story best.
This is Jonathan's report.
It is all right to cry and show
emotion in the army -
it is a recruitment
campaign very different
to those of the past.
Part of what is called
Voiced by soldiers to say
there is emotional as well as
physical support for new recruits.
The adverts answer questions
such as, "Can I be gay
and join the army?"
Whilst a Muslim soldier
explains how he can
still practice his faith.
All aimed at groups not seen
as the traditional target audience,
but minorities who may have been
reluctant to sign up.
Our traditional cohort
would have been
white, male, Caucasian,
16 to 25-year-olds and there are not
as many of those around
as there once were.
Our society is changing
and so it is appropriate
for us to reach out
to a broader base.
The Army has been struggling
to recruit, made all the more
difficult by a lack of a major
campaign like Afghanistan or Iraq.
War is often the best
It is also competing in an era
of relatively high employment.
The regular strength
of the Army should be 82,000.
But it is currently just
over 77,000 strong.
A shortfall of more than 4,000.
But some former soldiers question
whether the Army is trying to be too
with these adverts.
They are aiming their recruiting
campaign at specific
minorities and they should be aiming
at more broadly at the kind of
people who will want
to join the army,
the people who are looking for a
fight, looking for
action and adventure.
This older advertisement
is what people might expect from
A recent plan to drop
its "Be The Best" motto
because it was seen as elitist,
was blocked by the
It is still an organisation
whose job is to be
ready for combat.
But the head of the army
says it must broaden its
appeal and reflect modern Britain.
Just quickly before we finish,
remember yesterday we were talking
about the Japanese astronaut who is
currently on the International Space
Station? He announced he had grown
nine centimetres in his three weeks
up in space. Now he has told us that
in fact he got that wrong, and in
fact he has grown two centimetres in
his three weeks in space. That is
average for astronauts in zero
gravity. They do grow, just not
quite as much as this man told us.
He says there was a measurement
error, which is one way of putting
it. Given that these astronauts have
to carry out lots of experiments, we
are hoping his attention to detail
is back on track pretty soon.
Apologies forgetting that wrong but
we took him at his word that he had
grown and he had not quite as much
as he said. See you tomorrow.