20/02/2018 Outside Source


20/02/2018

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Transcript


LineFromTo

Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,

this is Outside Source.

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We start in Syria. More than 100

civilians reported to have died

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today as they did yesterday.

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As government forces attack the last

rebel stronghold near Damascus.

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In the North of the country forces

have entered the Kurdish

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stronghold of Afrin -

bringing the battle

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to the Turkish border.

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Oxfam reveals it's investigating 26

more cases of alleged

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sexual misconduct.

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The charity's boss admits thousands

have stopped making donations

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because of the scandal.

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He had this to say.

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I am sorry.

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We are sorry for the damage that

Oxfam has done both to the people

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of Haiti but also to wider efforts

of aid and development.

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And a developing story...

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Justin Forsyth says there were

claims of inappropriate behaviour

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was he was out the charity Save the

Children.

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The Syrian Government continues

to bombard the rebel enclave

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Eastern Ghouta near Damascus.

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Activists say more than 100

civilians were killed today.

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127 civilians were killed yesterday.

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Thousands have died since the siege

began five years ago.

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Eastern Ghouta is particularly

important because it's

0:01:520:01:59

the last major rebel

stronghold near Damascus.

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Those rebels hold most of it.

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They control another area to the

south of Damascus.

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This area though is controlled

by the Islamic State group.

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All of Eastern Ghoota is surrounded

by government forces -

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and they want it back.

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These pictures show how

it's going about that.

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The UN has issued this statement

on the situation there.

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It says it is blank.

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In a footnote it says...

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We no longer have the words

to describe children's

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suffering and our outrage.

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Do those inflicting the suffering

still have words to justify

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their barbaric acts?

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The answer to that question is...

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They do.

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The Assad regime maintains

its fighting Islamist terrorism -

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and that it tries to

avoid civilian casualties.

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Its action tell a different story.

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Let's hear from from

someone inside Ghouta.

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Firas Abdullah is from

the Ghouta Media Centre

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which is affiliated with the rebels.

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More than 77 civilians

today were killed by

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the continuous bombardment.

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Since yesterday until today.

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We now have 149 civilians killed

by the continuous bombardment.

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The jets are Russian.

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They are a squadron of six jets,

with four helicopters belonging

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to the Assad regime army.

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The drones are capturing

the perimeters and the civilian

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neighbourhood of Eastern Ghouta.

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We have over 200 mortars dropped

on the civilian neighbourhood.

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In addition, more than 90

air strikes and about

0:04:010:04:04

50 explosive barrels

on civilians neighbourhoods.

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barrels on civilian neighbourhoods.

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The people here are

mostly in shelters.

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Others are in their homes.

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They come here crying,

from their homes.

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It is so serious, war conditions

here in Eastern Ghouta now.

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You heard Firas there talk

about Russian bombers.

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Russia and Iran are backing

the Syrian government -

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as are Hezbollah fighters from

Lebanon.

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Let's hear more about what is

happening in eastern Ghouta.

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Lina Sinjab in Beirut.

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What we're hearing from people now

is that they are trying

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to hide in basements,

whatever basements are available

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so that can take cover

from the continuous shelling.

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We are hearing that today

the government and the air force has

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resumed the attack on Eastern

Ghouta.

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People are pleading for help.

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The UN made an announcement

that this should stop immediately.

0:05:160:05:18

The International Committee

for the Red Cross also called

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on this to stop immediately.

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To protect civillians.

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So far the last 24 hours

have been the worst that

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Eastern Ghouta has faced in years.

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People are really struggling

to seek safety basically.

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The attacks yesterday

targeted for hospitals,

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The attacks yesterday

targeted --four hospitals,

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the main roads that would allow

people to run away or

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ambulances to rescue.

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That is causing a higher number

of injured and a higher

0:05:470:05:50

number of people dead.

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Unfortunately for Syrians

on the ground and for

0:05:550:05:57

civilians trapped there,

the government and Russia

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have the upper hand.

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Russia yesterday announced

that we are probably seeing another

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scenario that we have seen

in Aleppo last year.

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People are worried that they are

going to face the same destiny

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and be forced out of their town.

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What we're seeing and yesterday

is a big escalation from government

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forces and that is only telling us

that this could be the last

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push towards the end

of the situation in Eastern Ghouta.

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At what price and at

what type of end will it be?

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It will be a horrific end

for civilians there.

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Let's stay in Syria to update

you on Afrin in the north.

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This is an area controlled by Kurds

- and being attacked by Turkey.

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Yesterday we told you how pro-Syrian

government forces were promising

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to enter the area to help the Kurds.

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Since we last spoke

that's now happened.

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These are pictures from earlier.

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Syrian state media is calling

them Popular Forces -

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though it's far from clear

who these men are.

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We can be sure they were met

with artillery fire from Turkey.

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This is a more detailed map of Syria

showing territory. The green area is

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controlled by the Syrian government.

The mauve is controlled by the

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Kurdish forces. Turkey considers all

of these Kurdish forces terrorists.

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That is why it has began an

offensive to drive them out of

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Afrin. It is very close to the

border of Syria. -- Turkey.

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Syria considers that to be an attack

on its sovereignty -

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although it's worth saying

there is a long list of countries

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Onur Erem from BBC Turkish

Service with the latest.

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They are trying to control all of

offering including the city centre.

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That is according to the president.

Today they responded by artillery by

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an effort from the pro-government

militias of Syria. We don't know

0:08:170:08:21

exactly who they are at the Turkish

state media calls them pro-regime

0:08:210:08:29

terrorists while the Syrian

governments call them the popular

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forces. Last week we heard that they

are in negotiations with the why P&G

0:08:320:08:40

and the Syrian government -- YPG.

Turkey have said they will not stop

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unless all of Afrin is under Syrian

control. And they will get involved

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in any type of buffer zone that will

be set between Turkey and the white

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PG -- YPG.

Is every possibility of a

confrontation with the Turkish

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government under Syrian government?

Apparently the YPG have told that

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these militias are coming to help

them with their fight against

0:09:260:09:31

Turkey. But according to the Turkish

president, the Syrian government and

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the army are coming to Afrin and

getting control of all of the city

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centre including its institutions.

What is Turkish public opinion on

0:09:430:09:49

what is the Turkish military is

doing in Afrin?

According to polls,

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the Turkish public is supporting the

government here. They are supporting

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the operation. It depends on the

poll but some of them are showing 70

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and some of them are showing 80%. We

also must keep in mind that it is

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very hard for people to express

their discontent because lots of

0:10:080:10:13

people, hundreds, even more than 500

of them were arrested because of

0:10:130:10:18

tweets and social media posts. That

have criticised this operation.

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Oxfam have been giving evidence in

the British Parliament. We will talk

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about that in a moment. But the

scandal around Oxfam is jumping

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across to other charities. Save the

Children is now in the news. It

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concerns its former chief executive,

a man called Justin Forsyth who now

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has a role in the United Nations. He

has faced some complaints of

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inappropriate behaviour. Let's get

more of this from the newsroom. Most

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people hearing this for the first

time so please take from the

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beginning.

This is Justin Forsyth,

the former chief executive of Save

0:11:000:11:05

the Children. He has been accused of

sending inappropriate texts and

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comments to young females of staff

about what they were wearing and how

0:11:130:11:16

they look. This led to complaints

being made. He has apologised

0:11:160:11:21

unreservedly. Apparently those

complaints were not formal and he

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has not been accused of sexual

harassment. As you say, since

0:11:240:11:29

leaving Save the Children, he has

gone on to become a very senior

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executive at Unicef which is the

UN's children organisation.

Brendan

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Cox this weekend admitted that he

had acted inappropriately sometimes

0:11:430:11:51

at Save the Children.

Exactly. It is

two people now and Save the

0:11:510:11:57

Children. Brendan Cox said he made

mistakes at Save the Children and

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admitted inappropriate behaviour.

But he has denied allegations of

0:12:020:12:08

sexual assault. In the meantime he

has quit us majorities he set up in

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the aftermath of his wife's death.

Save the Children are beginning a

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internal review.

We will bring you

more information as we know it.

0:12:230:12:29

Another gruelling day for Oxfam.

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It's admitted 7,000 people have

cancelled regular donations

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since the Haiti prostitution story

broke 10 days ago.

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We heard this from its most senior

figures who've been quizzed

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by members of parliament today.

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Here they are arriving.

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And they came to say sorry

for the behaviour of some staff

0:12:470:12:50

in Haiti in 2011.

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That's the chief

executive Mark Goldring.

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The MPs wanted to know more

about how Oxfam responded back then

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when it found out what was going on.

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The charity sacked three employees

and allowed four others

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to quit their roles.

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Mr Goldring was asked why didn't

Oxfam report its findings

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and actions to the authorities.

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This was the answer.

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Oxfam leaders made

a report to the press.

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There was no existing

press interest.

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It was not public.

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That's serious

misconduct had happened.

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They did not describe

that in explicit terms.

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At the time people thought

that was being transparent.

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We now know that

that was not enough.

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There's also the issue of why some

men were allowed to resign

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rather than be sacked -

enabling them to be hired again.

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Here's Winnie Byanyima

of Oxfam's international arm.

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The use of prostitutes in conditions

of poverty and helplessness

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and conflict is abuse.

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It's exploitation.

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It is intolerable

in our organisation.

0:14:030:14:05

What happened to let

the country director go away

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with some dignity was wrong.

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This is something that would not

happen today in Oxfam.

0:14:110:14:18

Bear in mind the sacked men not only

found work with other charities -

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one was rehired by Oxfam.

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This what one MP made of that.

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These men were predators.

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I quite agree.

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I'm not excusing it.

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That is why we have now set

up a global database

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of accredited referees of Oxfam.

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When was that started?

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When did you start that?

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We have just started it.

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You have just started it.

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Only because you were found out.

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Not because you actually

wanted to do it or thought

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you needed to do it

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but because you were found out.

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We were also told that since

the Haiti story broke ten days ago,

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26 more allegations of sexual

misconduct had been come

0:15:030:15:05

to light at Oxfam -

some recent some historic.

0:15:050:15:09

They are all being investigated.

0:15:090:15:17

Meanwhile the BBC has been speaking

to one woman who blew

0:15:170:15:21

on problems within cahrities.

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She used to work for

a charity called Merlin.

0:15:220:15:25

In Liberia, back in 2004,

she walked in on a senior

0:15:250:15:27

manager with a local girl.

0:15:270:15:28

After an investigation

the man and other senior

0:15:280:15:30

managers were dismissed.

0:15:300:15:31

One of them was the man

at the centre of the Oxfam scandal

0:15:310:15:34

Roland van Hauwermeiren.

0:15:350:15:36

Amira Malik Miller was asked

on the BBC's HardTalk programme

0:15:360:15:38

if she was surprised that Oxfam

tried to cover things up.

0:15:380:15:42

It doesn't surprise me.

0:15:420:15:52

It exposes a very strong weakness

in the system and our HR

0:15:520:15:55

practices, absolutely.

0:15:550:15:57

I think Roland van

Hauwermeiren is a particularly

0:15:570:15:59

interesting case study.

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He has been able to manipulate

the system for a very long time.

0:16:000:16:03

He has chosen to move around

from different countries.

0:16:030:16:05

Between organisations.

0:16:050:16:09

He knows that it has not

been tracked properly

0:16:090:16:11

so he has manipulated that.

0:16:110:16:21

Still to come on the programme, we

find out about the soaring rate of

0:16:210:16:26

measles in Europe. We will speak to

the WHO about what is causing that.

0:16:260:16:40

Jeremy Corbyn has accused papers of

lies and smears.

These papers allege

0:16:460:16:56

that Jeremy Corbyn did meet someone

from the Czech Embassy several

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times. That story has been picked up

and pursuit in various forms by

0:17:000:17:05

newspapers in recent days. Jeremy

Corbyn has hit back in a post on

0:17:050:17:08

social media. At what he calls press

barons, the right-wing press. He

0:17:080:17:14

says...

0:17:140:17:24

He goes on...

0:17:290:17:40

This is Outside Source live

from the BBC newsroom.

0:17:410:17:49

Our lead story is from Syria.

0:17:490:17:55

More than 100 civilians are killed

in Eastern Ghouta today as Syria's

0:17:550:17:58

government continues to bombard

the rebel-held enclave.

0:17:580:18:02

It is close to Damascus.

0:18:020:18:08

Some headlines from BBC World

Service.

0:18:080:18:09

New Zealand's military has been

deployed to areas expected to be hit

0:18:090:18:12

by the remnants of Cyclone Gita.

0:18:120:18:14

It caused extensive damage in Tonga,

Samoa and American Samoa last week.

0:18:140:18:17

At the Olympics, Russian curler

Alexander Krushelnitsky has returned

0:18:170:18:20

a second positive test

for the banned substance, meldonium.

0:18:200:18:26

He had won a bronze with his wife.

0:18:260:18:29

He's one of 168 Russian

athletes allowed to compete

0:18:290:18:32

after extensive vetting.

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Evidently not extensive enough.

0:18:330:18:37

The Queen was alongside

Vogue's editor-in-chief

0:18:370:18:39

Dame Anna Wintour at a show

during London Fashion Week earlier.

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The Queen then awarded the inaugural

Queen Elizabeth II Award

0:18:420:18:45

for British Design to Richard Quinn.

0:18:450:18:55

You may not know this but there is a

big outbreak of measles in Europe.

0:18:570:19:01

These three countries are the most

affected but 12 others are caught up

0:19:010:19:07

in this including Greece, Germany

and France. Measles is extremely

0:19:070:19:11

infectious causes blindness, brain

damage and in extreme cases death.

0:19:110:19:17

We know there were more than 20,000

cases reported last year. That is a

0:19:170:19:24

400% increase on 2016. We should say

that 2016 had

0:19:240:19:28

400% increase on 2016. We should say

that 2016 had seen a record low.

0:19:280:19:29

Here are all the figures. You can

see that 2016 unusually low with

0:19:290:19:36

just 5000 cases. What is going on

here? There are shortages of the

0:19:360:19:39

vaccine in some countries. Some

people avoid vaccinations for their

0:19:390:19:43

children. For instance, in the UK,

confidence in the MM are jab

0:19:430:19:52

collapsed in the late 90s.

0:19:520:19:53

confidence in the MM are jab

collapsed in the late 90s. That was

0:19:530:19:56

by claims made by this man raising

fears that the vaccine caused

0:19:560:20:00

autism. There has also been

rejection of vaccines in Italy. This

0:20:000:20:12

leader of the... The far right

leader Marine Le Pen has also said

0:20:120:20:18

that doctors are to blame for the

rise of the case in measles. If we

0:20:180:20:22

go back to 2004, Donald Trump said

that... Autism, in big capital

0:20:220:20:34

letters. So there is an issue around

trust here. We have a doctor here

0:20:340:20:42

from the WHO, the World Health

Organisation, he is live from

0:20:420:20:45

Montenegrin. Thank you for your

time. What can you do to persuade

0:20:450:20:50

people to vaccinate their children?

We need to have the parents trust.

0:20:500:20:59

Trust in the vaccines and trust in

the authority that deliver the

0:20:590:21:03

vaccines. Vaccines are safe and

life-saving. That is the message

0:21:030:21:08

that the government should give to

the parents.

In terms of the

0:21:080:21:14

situation we are seeing in Europe,

how much of it is to do with

0:21:140:21:17

children not getting vaccinated and

how much is it to do with other

0:21:170:21:21

factors.

A number of countries have

a number of challenges and they are

0:21:210:21:27

very different. In Romania we have

many children who are getting

0:21:270:21:34

measles whereas in Italy it is more

the adult population, the average

0:21:340:21:42

age of those getting measles is

around 27 years. This is a

0:21:420:21:48

reflection of the programme is not

reaching these individuals. The

0:21:480:21:54

adults may not have benefited from

vaccination programmes when they

0:21:540:22:00

were introduced at the time. In a

country like Romania where most of

0:22:000:22:04

the cases are children, this is a

reflection of the challenges they

0:22:040:22:08

are facing in recent years. We have

issues, as you mentioned, with

0:22:080:22:16

vaccine supply but it is more a

combination of vaccine hesitancy, an

0:22:160:22:22

issue of complacency where parents

have not seen the disease and they

0:22:220:22:28

do not think the disease is around.

Measles is a very contagious disease

0:22:280:22:35

and it can easily enter into a

population that is vulnerable,

0:22:350:22:39

causing big outbreaks.

Some people

are looking at 2016 when the cases

0:22:390:22:49

were very low. They are thinking

what went right to there?

What went

0:22:490:22:56

wrong in 2017 is more relevant. It

is a growing number of susceptible

0:22:560:23:03

individuals. If you do not have a

high vaccination coverage, for

0:23:030:23:08

measles vaccines you need to have a

very high coverage of 95% with two

0:23:080:23:13

doses of the vaccine, then you get a

population of susceptible

0:23:130:23:20

individuals. That could be simmering

behind the disease. When measles

0:23:200:23:26

virus was introduced then it can

spread like wildfire.

We appreciate

0:23:260:23:32

your time. Thank you very much

indeed. He is lies in Montenegrin.

0:23:320:23:37

An official with the World Health

Organisation. Walmart has just seen

0:23:370:23:43

close to 10% wiped off its value to

do with its profits hardening. What

0:23:430:23:55

has gone wrong? While profits are

down?

Profits are down for various

0:23:550:23:58

reasons. Walmart says it misjudged

the Christmas period is a focusing

0:23:580:24:04

too much on toys and Christmas gifts

and ran out of some of its stables.

0:24:040:24:09

The figure that investors are

watching very closely is not the

0:24:090:24:12

profit but the growth in online

sales. The reason for this is that

0:24:120:24:16

Walmart is in a bruising battle with

Amazon. It its complete with Amazon

0:24:160:24:22

online if it will survive as a

retailer. -- competes. Early on in

0:24:220:24:30

the year, their online sales drops

to around 23% in the last quarter.

0:24:300:24:38

That has worried investors because

they seem to be falling behind

0:24:380:24:40

Amazon and that is why their shares

have taken a beating on Wall Street

0:24:400:24:45

today.

None of this is new. We could

have been talking about the threat

0:24:450:24:50

from Amazon ten years ago.

Presumably Walmart has a plan?

Yes.

0:24:500:24:56

It's plan has been to buy up as many

online retailers as it can. It

0:24:560:25:01

brought jets .com in the US just

over one year ago. It put a lot of

0:25:010:25:08

marketing into those sites. Now what

it has realised and what the CEO

0:25:080:25:11

mentioned this morning was that in

order to compete with Amazon, Amazon

0:25:110:25:15

has this brand recognised

everywhere, if you think you want

0:25:150:25:18

something, the name Amazon points

into your head, they need to

0:25:180:25:22

redirect people into Walmart .com

and take them to the big brands and

0:25:220:25:27

the brand that people associate with

bricks and mortar stores, they need

0:25:270:25:31

people to associate that with the

online brand. So they are taking

0:25:310:25:34

their resources away from the

subsidiaries and investing it in

0:25:340:25:39

Walmart. But investors are worried

they might not built to do that fast

0:25:390:25:43

enough.

In the next half of the

outside source will be hearing from

0:25:430:25:55

David Davis, he will say that it is

not like mad Max here in the UK.

0:25:550:26:11

Hi there. We will start off with the

weather in the Middle East.

0:26:130:26:19

This area of low pressure across the

Middle East brought widespread heavy

0:26:190:26:22

rains. The storm clouds are now

0:26:220:26:29

rains. The storm clouds are now

across Afghanistan. It takes the

0:26:290:26:32

rain and snow with it. To the south

of that weather system, the wind has

0:26:320:26:37

picked up and as we went into

Tuesday we had some dense areas of

0:26:370:26:41

dust affecting some of the coastal

areas, for example Qatar had poor

0:26:410:26:47

visibility for a time. It will take

some time flat dust to settle out of

0:26:470:26:54

the atmosphere. Across the United

States there is a weather front

0:26:540:26:57

which will be much stationary

bringing huge amounts of rain across

0:26:570:27:03

Texas, Arkansas and Louisiana. Some

parts of these states could see as

0:27:030:27:07

much as a hundred millimetres of

rain. So a risk of some flooding.

0:27:070:27:11

Bitterly cold air behind that front

and it bumps into the warm air we

0:27:110:27:18

have across Florida. Temperatures

will reach 29 degrees or so in

0:27:180:27:21

Miami. Very warm as well in New

York. Highs of 21 are incredible.

0:27:210:27:26

But eventually that cold air will be

swinging its way eastward. This was

0:27:260:27:33

the remains of tropical cyclone

bringing heavy rains across

0:27:330:27:36

Australia. More recently we are

looking at the leftovers of this

0:27:360:27:40

cyclone which has been slamming into

New Zealand and particularly hitting

0:27:400:27:44

the south Island hard. The mountains

of New Zealand have a ready picked

0:27:440:27:50

up over 250 millimetres of rain and

the rain will continue as we move

0:27:500:27:55

into Wednesday but it will slowly

picked out on Thursday. With all of

0:27:550:28:00

that rainfall falling we are likely

to see some flooding. Wind gusts

0:28:000:28:04

well in excess of 70 miles an hour

causing damage. Power has been

0:28:040:28:09

brought down and a number of people

don't have power New Zealand at the

0:28:090:28:12

moment. Thursday it will finally

clear up as strong winds and heavy

0:28:120:28:17

rain eased out of the way. At the

same time there will be some

0:28:170:28:26

torrential and even severe thundery

downpours affecting Queensland.

0:28:260:28:30

Risks of flash flooding as we go

into Thursday. Temperatures picking

0:28:300:28:34

up in the Australian interior.

Across Europe, we have a weather

0:28:340:28:39

fronts moving eastwards across

England. Now on Wednesday it is

0:28:390:28:45

moving back westwards. A lot of

cloud for England and Wales.

0:28:450:28:49

Probably brighter in England later

on. More sunshine in France and

0:28:490:28:52

Germany. Cold easterly winds as

well. That is a sign of things to

0:28:520:28:58

come. Next we will be bitterly cold.

-- next week.

0:28:580:29:12

Here are some of the main stories.

0:30:150:30:17

Here are some of the main stories.

More than 100 civilians died today

0:30:170:30:27

in Eastern Ghouta. The Government of

Syria wants this area back.

0:30:270:30:45

Oxfam has revealed that is

investigating 26 more cases of

0:30:450:30:50

alleged sexual misconduct. Thousands

of people have stopped making

0:30:500:30:53

donations because of the scandal.

As you are watching, if you have

0:30:530:30:59

questions, you can reach me on

Twitter.

0:30:590:31:10

The Palestinian Leader Mahmoud

Abbas spoke at the UN's

0:31:150:31:17

Security Council today.

0:31:170:31:21

He wants an international conference

on Middle East Peace in 2018.

0:31:210:31:25

Here's some of the speech.

0:31:250:31:35

TRANSLATION:

So the outcomes of this

conference should be as follows.

0:31:370:31:40

Acceptance of the State

of Palestine as a full member

0:31:400:31:42

of the United Nations.

0:31:420:31:43

This is what we deserve.

0:31:430:31:44

Don't you think we deserve

to be a full member?

0:31:440:31:47

Why not?

0:31:470:31:48

We call on the Security

Council to achieve this.

0:31:480:31:58

An Israeli journalist reported

"Abbas leaves UNSC right

0:31:580:32:00

after he finishes his speech

and didn't stay to listen to the

0:32:000:32:03

Israeli ambassador who was next."

0:32:030:32:05

The Israeli ambassador

opened his speech by saying,

0:32:050:32:06

"Once again Abbas is running away

instead of listening

0:32:060:32:09

to what we have to say."

0:32:090:32:10

This a clip from that same statement

from the ambassador.

0:32:100:32:20

Mr Abbas and spoke of your

commitment to peace.

0:32:220:32:25

This is what you often do

when speaking internationally.

0:32:250:32:27

But when you address your people

in Arabic you convey

0:32:270:32:29

a very different message.

0:32:300:32:39

A few weeks ago when Abbas spoke

to the PLO central committee,

0:32:410:32:44

he called the National movement

of the Jewish people, and I quote,

0:32:440:32:46

a colonialist project.

0:32:460:32:47

That has no connection to Judaism.

0:32:470:32:56

Whether or not that peace conference

happens later this year, listening

0:32:560:33:01

to those clips, it will have its

work cut out, you would think.

0:33:010:33:06

Absolutely. It was a depressing

morning to watch. The sides were

0:33:060:33:11

just as far apart as ever.

0:33:110:33:22

As Abbas left to rapturous applause,

he was immediately sealed by the

0:33:220:33:29

Israeli ambassador for not staying

to listen to the others. --

0:33:290:33:40

immediately assailed by the Israeli

ambassador. What made those comments

0:33:400:33:46

all that more meaningful was sat

behind him was the husband of -- was

0:33:460:33:56

the son-in-law of the president.

Let us bring up one of the clips

0:33:560:34:04

from earlier.

The Palestinian leadership was not

0:34:040:34:13

happy with the decision to move our

embassy to Jerusalem. You do not

0:34:130:34:21

have too like it or even accept it

but that decision will not changed.

0:34:210:34:30

What is the American plan? They have

recognised Jerusalem. They have

0:34:300:34:36

staunch and stark language for the

Palestinians. What is their plan

0:34:360:34:39

going forward?

They do not have a

plan and that is what the

0:34:390:34:45

Palestinians were complaining about.

They are saying they wanted

0:34:450:34:50

multilateral mechanism, this peace

conference by the middle of the

0:34:500:34:53

year, that frankly want to take

place. They were basically saying

0:34:530:34:58

that America's traditional role as

the honest broker between Israel and

0:34:580:35:03

Palestine has come to an end. They

do still see an American Robert part

0:35:030:35:08

of a larger multilateral framework.

That is what they were calling for

0:35:080:35:11

today.

And the money that the Americans

0:35:110:35:20

give to the Palestinians, that has

become an increasingly practical

0:35:200:35:23

matter in the last couple of months,

has that come up?

0:35:230:35:28

One of the things that Abbas

complained about was not only

0:35:280:35:32

recognition of Jerusalem as the

Israeli capital told that also much

0:35:320:35:37

all of American funding from the UN

agency that protects and routes

0:35:370:35:41

after Palestinian refugees. That

this Friday said today they are

0:35:410:35:46

looking for another mechanism, not

the traditional mechanism, a

0:35:460:35:52

negotiating table that involves many

more countries, but that proposal is

0:35:520:35:56

not likely to get off the ground.

0:35:560:36:02

The UK Brexit Secretary secretary

David Davis has this

0:36:020:36:04

message for people worried

about what will happen

0:36:040:36:06

to the UK after Brexit.

0:36:060:36:08

He was speaking in Vienna.

0:36:080:36:14

I know for one reason or another

people have sought to question our

0:36:140:36:18

real intentions.

0:36:180:36:19

They think Brexit could lead

to an Anglo-Saxon race to

0:36:190:36:22

the bottom, with Britain plunged

into a Mad Max style world borrowed

0:36:220:36:24

from dystopian fiction.

0:36:240:36:31

These fears about

a race to the bottom

0:36:310:36:33

are based on nothing.

0:36:330:36:34

Not our history, not

our intentions, not our

0:36:340:36:36

national interest.

0:36:360:36:39

It's the Mad Max analogy

that is getting the response.

0:36:390:36:49

Today with David Davies this was

about reassurance. It seems a far

0:37:110:37:16

cry from some of the arguments made

by people in the Conservative Party

0:37:160:37:19

and in the Cabinet over the years

and decades when they have made the

0:37:190:37:23

case for leaving the EU saying we

have got to breakaway, all this red

0:37:230:37:27

tape is no good, it is stifling

British competitiveness. It was not

0:37:270:37:32

quite what David Davies was saying

today, pleasing some rules, saying

0:37:320:37:36

that Britain had helped shoot them.

The message from him and the message

0:37:360:37:40

from Theresa May at the weekend was

about continued cooperation. --

0:37:400:37:45

Button had helped shape them. You

are getting the impression things

0:37:450:37:52

will not change too much. David

Davies was saying this is about

0:37:520:37:56

trust, we will have to trust each

other's different rules and

0:37:560:38:00

regulation, the question is will

that be enough for people in

0:38:000:38:03

Brussels to accept and more

crucially whether Cabinet ministers

0:38:030:38:07

will go along with it.

Adam Fleming has been saying that

0:38:070:38:16

you'd leaders will be suggesting

negotiating trade deals with the UK

0:38:160:38:20

as they normally would with other

countries.

0:38:200:38:24

They were in Brussels for a regular

meeting and I asked them about the

0:38:240:38:28

sort of thing David Davies was

talking about and they were broadly

0:38:280:38:31

welcoming that they make two points.

This is what the EU does with all

0:38:310:38:37

its international partners anyway,

seeing if you follow the rules of

0:38:370:38:40

the EU you will get good access to

the EU market stop if you try to

0:38:400:38:45

undercut the EU rules or do

something less safely than the EU

0:38:450:38:48

want you to do it you will get less

access to the EU market. The second

0:38:480:38:53

is that the EU does not operate on

speeches and warm words and edges on

0:38:530:38:59

politicians, they want things that

are written down, very detailed, and

0:38:590:39:03

legally enforceable. That means

expanding this speech with detailed

0:39:030:39:06

proposals about how this would work

in practice. Things like, what

0:39:060:39:11

authority would you have that check

that check that both sides were

0:39:110:39:14

playing by the same rules and

standards? How would you settle

0:39:140:39:16

disputes between both sides? What

punishments and Saxon would be

0:39:160:39:21

available if the UK was not sticking

to the rules. Easier said than done.

0:39:210:39:29

-- punishment and sanctions. And

this is good together as what is

0:39:290:39:35

called a level playing field, LPF,

we will be hearing more about this

0:39:350:39:44

in coming months.

If you want and this information on

0:39:440:39:53

Brexit head to the BBC website.

And a lot of information on the

0:39:530:40:02

other stories covered.

0:40:020:40:13

This picture is from Hungary in 2015

- there was a stream of migrants

0:40:150:40:25

who entered the country

marching into the EU.

0:40:290:40:31

It led to Hungary putting up fences

along its borders.

0:40:310:40:34

Victor Orban was Prime Mininster

then - he still is now -

0:40:340:40:41

and just last week he delivered his

State of the Union address

0:40:410:40:44

with highlighting a critical

division between the countries

0:40:440:40:46

in the East of the EU,

and those in the West.

0:40:460:40:50

Hungary sits at the Eastern edge -

one of the countries that joined

0:40:500:40:53

the EU in 2004.

0:40:530:40:56

But it's Mr Orban who's taken

a tough line on migration.

0:40:560:41:01

Jenny Hill sent this report

from Hungary's border.

0:41:010:41:06

Divisive, defiant, Hungary

is standing its ground.

0:41:060:41:12

A border fence, no migrant quotas,

a different vision for Europe.

0:41:120:41:18

TRANSLATION: It is thanks

to our political leaders that

0:41:180:41:22

Hungary and its people

have a profile in Europe.

0:41:220:41:25

People recognise us and they look

at us and they say,

0:41:250:41:28

"Hungary, you're OK."

0:41:280:41:30

But Victor Orban

unsettles his EU peers.

0:41:300:41:35

Don't expect him to stand

down over asylum policy.

0:41:350:41:40

The crisis may be over,

but he and his Fidesz Party

0:41:400:41:42

are seeking re-election.

0:41:420:41:47

This wave of refugees and immigrants

to Hungary and to Europe came

0:41:470:41:50

as a heavenly gift to Mr Orban

and to many other

0:41:500:41:53

politicians in the region.

0:41:530:41:56

They could exaggerate

the potential threats and risks

0:41:560:41:58

and then appear as saviours.

0:41:580:42:03

Watch out for the dress rehearsal,

local elections in this town.

0:42:030:42:08

The Fidesz candidate

expected to win.

0:42:080:42:10

Please, a little time for BBC?

0:42:100:42:17

How do you justify to voters here...

0:42:170:42:18

Even so, he was not

keen to speak to us.

0:42:180:42:21

I want to ask you about the EU.

0:42:210:42:23

Your party is in

trouble with the EU.

0:42:230:42:25

What do you say to those

voters here who depend

0:42:250:42:27

on that money so much?

0:42:270:42:29

Sorry, I have to go, bye.

0:42:290:42:33

Corruption allegations,

xenophobia, Victor Orban's

0:42:330:42:38

dream of what he calls

"An illiberal democracy."

0:42:380:42:43

TRANSLATION: The only thing they do

right is keep migrants out.

0:42:430:42:46

Apart from that they

don't do any good.

0:42:460:42:50

They might say the economy

is thriving, but we don't feel it.

0:42:500:42:53

The only people who do well

are those close to Fidesz.

0:42:530:43:01

TRANSLATION: The courts,

the police, the administration,

0:43:010:43:04

they are all under his influence,

and people are scared.

0:43:040:43:08

I do not know what will happen

to me for speaking out,

0:43:080:43:11

but I am not afraid.

0:43:110:43:17

But out here in the countryside,

there is concern.

0:43:170:43:19

Farms like this depend

on funding from the EU.

0:43:190:43:28

TRANSLATION: The European Union

should not be small-minded just

0:43:280:43:31

because it has a quarrel

with the Hungarian government.

0:43:310:43:34

It would the irresponsible to punish

a country and its people.

0:43:340:43:37

The end result is

the EU falls apart.

0:43:370:43:40

For many, of course,

this is all about security.

0:43:400:43:45

But the fence has come to define

Hungary and its decision to put

0:43:450:43:48

national interest first.

0:43:480:43:52

Here on the outer edge of the EU,

it is a symbol of defiance.

0:43:520:43:57

After all, this country knows

what it means to be left outside.

0:43:570:44:02

Jenny Hill, BBC News,

on Hungary's Serbian border.

0:44:020:44:10

Turning our attention back to Syria

now and Russia's involvement.

0:44:100:44:15

Observers have long believed that

dozens, perhaps hundreds of Russians

0:44:150:44:18

have died fighting in the conflict.

0:44:180:44:20

The Kremlin has previously said

the number is five -

0:44:200:44:29

including a pilot

who ejected over rebel

0:44:290:44:31

airspace recently and killed

himself with a grenade.

0:44:310:44:35

Today Russia admitted "dozens"

of Russians were injured or killed

0:44:350:44:45

in what's thought to have been US

air strikes in Deir al-Zour

0:44:450:44:48

province in Eastern Syria

earlier this month.

0:44:480:44:50

The difference isn't just

in numbers - Russia makes

0:44:500:44:52

a distinction between military

casualties and civilians.

0:44:520:44:55

The bulk of Russian casualties

in Syria are mercenaries -

0:44:550:44:58

some working for private companies.

0:44:580:44:59

Eugene Alikov was one.

0:44:590:45:01

Last September he died here

0:45:010:45:05

near Homs killed by a bullet.

0:45:050:45:11

The BBC's Russian service has been

investigating what happened

0:45:110:45:15

to him.

0:45:150:45:16

They've interviewed his mother.

0:45:160:45:22

A little earlier I went

and spoke to Oleg Antonenko

0:45:220:45:24

from the Russian service

who told me about it.

0:45:240:45:34

It is a very interesting story. My

colleagues got in touch with his

0:45:370:45:46

mother and she gave us a lot of

documents and the death certificate.

0:45:460:45:55

We compared the death certificate

and another death certificate which

0:45:550:46:02

was given to a news agency during

the investigation and we came to the

0:46:020:46:07

conclusion that more than 50

Russians might be called in

0:46:070:46:14

September 2017.

This mother is arguing her son

0:46:140:46:21

deserves military honours. The

Russian Ministry is saying, no, he

0:46:210:46:26

went as an individual decision, not

sent by his country.

0:46:260:46:30

The Russian authority is

straightforward about this account.

0:46:300:46:36

They are saying they have militarily

and servicemen there and they know

0:46:360:46:40

where they are fighting, who they

died, but fools mercenaries, it was

0:46:400:46:47

their decision -- but the

mercenaries, it was their decision.

0:46:470:46:55

Ukraine, it is said those were not

our men. They have tried to put a

0:46:550:47:03

divide between the state and the

fighters on the globe. That sounds

0:47:030:47:07

like something similar could be

happening in Syria. Yes, they are

0:47:070:47:18

saying it is not a Moscow initiative

in Ukraine, it's as volunteers.

0:47:180:47:28

Alikov was fighting for pro-Russian

separatists in Ukraine also. He

0:47:280:47:33

returned to Russia. He got medical

treatment. He went to Syria. He was

0:47:330:47:40

probably not sent. He was part of a

private military company. Many

0:47:400:47:48

experts looking at the story see

that behind this group is the man

0:47:480:47:59

who is subject of recent US

sanctions. It is not proven, it is

0:47:590:48:02

speculation. He is the private chef

of the Russian president. He had a

0:48:020:48:14

lot of attractive contracts. It is

quite a fascinating story. It has

0:48:140:48:21

different sort of connections. On

one side we are hearing of

0:48:210:48:25

mercenaries fighting in Syria, on

the other side, this factory trying

0:48:250:48:32

to influence American actions, this

person who is the chef of Vladimir

0:48:320:48:38

Putin, he is wanted by American

prosecutors. It is incredible, to be

0:48:380:48:44

honest with you. It is only the

beginning of the story that we are

0:48:440:48:50

looking at.

A Bangkok court has awarded a

0:48:500:49:01

Japanese man paternity rights to 13

children he fathered through

0:49:010:49:07

surrogate mothers. He is 28 and is

not married, he is the son of a

0:49:070:49:17

chairman of a well-known and listed

company in Japan. This is not the

0:49:170:49:24

first time he has been in the news.

When he was identified three and a

0:49:240:49:30

half years ago as the father of at

least a dozen surrogates children

0:49:300:49:34

and there was a great deal of

concern expressed in Thailand and

0:49:340:49:37

other countries about what his

motives were. The police here

0:49:370:49:43

launched an investigation into

possible human trafficking by him.

0:49:430:49:46

He disappeared back to Japan and

very little was known about him. He

0:49:460:49:50

is apparently the son of a Japanese

tech billionaire but he has remained

0:49:500:49:53

hidden from view.

This photo was released by police in

0:49:530:49:58

2014. It shows nine babies found in

the flat of a man after a police

0:49:580:50:08

raid. It has been confirmed he was

the father of 13 surrogates babies.

0:50:080:50:15

Today the court said he had taken

good care of the infants before

0:50:150:50:19

officials took them into their care.

This is a statement from the court.

0:50:190:50:33

This is a picture of the man's

lawyer giving the statement. The

0:50:400:50:44

Japan Times has courted the lawyer

as saying this.

0:50:440:50:55

I think there will still be a fair

amount of unease about what this

0:50:550:50:59

man's motors are and what kind of

environment you can provide for so

0:50:590:51:02

many children. He says he wants

more, more or less the same age, but

0:51:020:51:08

they do not have a mother, they will

be looked after by nannies.

0:51:080:51:13

And Washington, DC, and other person

has been charged as part of the

0:51:130:51:16

murder investigation into those

alleged links between Donald Trump's

0:51:160:51:19

election campaign and Russia. This

is Alex van der Zwaan, a

0:51:190:51:26

London-based lawyer, the 19th person

to be charged. The document is

0:51:260:51:29

online if you want to read it. It

connects the charges to false

0:51:290:51:35

statements.

It is a short statement from The

0:51:350:51:47

Independent counsel 's office but it

says that Alex van der Zwaan lied to

0:51:470:51:50

the FBI, lied to The Independent

counsel's office about contacts he

0:51:500:51:54

had with a deputy campaign manager

during that brief period of time in

0:51:540:52:02

the middle of 2016. Dietz stuck

around and worked in the White House

0:52:020:52:09

as well. The indictment said there

was an unnamed person, there is

0:52:090:52:16

speculation about who that might be.

Alex van der Zwaan is expected to

0:52:160:52:24

plead guilty. He had a court

appearance at half past two that I

0:52:240:52:27

have not heard if he has pled guilty

or not. What this means is that The

0:52:270:52:33

Independent counsel's office is

building a case from the ground up.

0:52:330:52:37

This will guarantee cooperation and

puts more pressure on Paul Manafort

0:52:370:52:47

who is charged with multiple counts

of money laundering, pressure to

0:52:470:52:56

face a long trial and a prison

sentence, or come up with his own

0:52:560:53:02

plea agreement.

Any claim is serious and Americans

0:53:020:53:05

will want Robert Mueller to pick up

any claim that he sees that the

0:53:050:53:08

central claim is where Russia and

the Tramp campaign working together

0:53:080:53:17

-- trompe campaign? These charges do

not bring us closer to understanding

0:53:170:53:20

bat.

This does not deal with the campaign

0:53:200:53:28

at all. These charges against Rick

Gates and Paul Manafort goes back to

0:53:280:53:34

lobbying that they did for Ukraine

well before Paul Manafort became

0:53:340:53:41

involved in the Donald Trump

campaign. This plea deal was part of

0:53:410:53:46

that investigation. The question is,

as this Robert Mueller putting

0:53:460:53:50

pressure on these people in order to

get them to talk about other things

0:53:500:53:53

more central to his investigation,

so that Paul Manafort could talk

0:53:530:53:59

about his time as campaign manager

in the Donald Trump campaign? Or is

0:53:590:54:04

this something that Robert Mueller

encountered along the way, evidence

0:54:040:54:07

of wrongdoing, he is going to

prosecute it, that is within this

0:54:070:54:12

mandate as set forth by the Justice

Department. We will have two weeks

0:54:120:54:19

and see if this is one thread going

nowhere or this becomes an integral

0:54:190:54:25

part of this investigation.

And whatever comes next in

0:54:250:54:28

Washington, Anthony will guide us

through it. As the big stories come

0:54:280:54:33

in from the U S, go to the news

that.

0:54:330:54:41

That is all for now. Our lead story

is that the Government of Syria

0:54:410:54:46

continues to bombard a rebel enclave

near Damascus called Eastern Ghouta.

0:54:460:54:55

Observers say 100 people died today

and 100 people died yesterday.

0:54:550:55:04

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