19/02/2018 Outside Source


19/02/2018

Live from the heart of the BBC newsroom, an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,

this is Outside Source.

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Students are demanding a change to

gun laws. President Trump says he is

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open to enforcing tighter background

checks.

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Meanwhile the 17-year-old

suspect, Nikolas Cruz,

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makes his second court appearance.

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He's accused of killing 17

students and teachers.

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Turkey warns Damascus

against helping Kurdish fighters

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in north-west Syria where the Turks

are carrying out

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a military offensive.

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One of Britain's most

prolific paedophiles,

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is jailed for thirty-two years.

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Falder was one of the most prolific

child exploitation offenders

0:00:560:00:59

and blackmailers we've ever seen,

in the UK or even in the US.

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BBC News just got bigger today -

we hear about the two new language

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services that have just launched.

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The Florida shooting suspect,

Nikolas Cruz made his second

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court appearance today.

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The 17-year-old is accused

of 17 counts of murder.

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This was a status hearing

and not part of the trial.

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We got this statement from the White

House earlier.

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Last April the president said...

Some people have jumped on that and

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said this is the president shifting

his position. Others have said, not

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so much, it is just about enforcing

what already exists.

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To a certain extent it is but it is

a step towards greater enforcement.

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Arguably what would it have done to

stop this shooting in Florida?

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Perhaps not very much because we

know that Nikolas Cruz did by his

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guns illegally and there are

loopholes, in spite of background

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checks you can still buy a gun from

a private dealer or all without any

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background check. Although this is a

check whether or not it would make a

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big difference in this shooting or

any other is still a matter of

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debate.

A couple of other things I want to

0:02:570:03:01

ask you about.

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We are told he is recovering but has

a long road ahead.

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Some of the survivors of this attack

are now planning an attack on

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Washington that will happen next

month. Here is one student on why

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she will be going.

I want people to

understand how much this hurts. How

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much it hurts to have your security

and your friends and people that you

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see every day taken away from you

all because this 19-year-old was

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allowed to buy a weapon and walk

onto a school campus. I want people

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to realise that it is not OK and we

need stricter gun control laws.

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America is listening to these

students at the moment. They look

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like they are making the most of

that chance.

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This is fascinating, the

mobilisation of these young people,

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because they represent the biggest

demographic block fought in the

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country. And although a lot of them

cannot afford yet give them another

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year or so and they will, and they

are angry and mobilise. And Congress

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is going to start listening to them

pretty quickly because this is all

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about numbers. And we also see that

young people of that sort of each

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group are the only lock that is

going up in terms of how many of

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them fought each year. A very

significant development and eight

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new developments. We have not seen

this type of reaction from young

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people themselves, from the victims

themselves, after these deadly

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shootings.

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Next we are going to talk about

Syria.

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The Government has launched a number

of attacks in this rebel on clear.

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-- rebel enclave.

You can hear the pounding of the air

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strikes. Activists are seeing more

than 70 civilians have died in the

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last 24 hours. The question is

whether the Syrian army will launch

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an all-out offensive if the rebels

do not surrender. There are 400,000

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people living there.

Thank you for joining us. Given the

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upper hand held by the Government

what options are available to the

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fighters and civilians there?

The civilians are paying the highest

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price. The fighters are still trying

to resist. There are mortars falling

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over Damascus. Some areas attacked

our civilian areas.

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There are many civilians trapped

there. The last few months were the

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worst in terms of bombardment. And

the Government has reused barrel

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bombs.

And the rebels controlling this

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area, where do they fit into the

larger national picture in Syria?

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There are different groups. We do

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not have Isis. There are other

Islamist groups, they are locals

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from the area. The vast majority of

people in this area are civilians.

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There is a scarcity of food.

This escalation in the attacks,

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surface to surface missiles, barrel

bombs, all launched in the past 24

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of us. Over 70 civilians died in the

past 24 hours. This is a worrying

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situation. When you talk to people

on the ground they feel that nobody

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cares about the agony or about their

death.

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Hours after Syrian state media

reported that pro-government forces

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were about to enter Afrin

in northern Syria, there's still no

0:08:290:08:31

sign of their deployment.

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The enclave is held by Kurdish

fighters who are under severe

0:08:330:08:36

pressure from Turkey.

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Syrian State Media said

the Government was going to help

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the Kurds which raised the prospect

of a direct confrontation

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between Turkey and Syria.

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Here's the Turkish Foreign Minister.

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TRANSLATION: If they regime is sent

into the area to confront PKK there

0:08:540:09:02

is no problem but that comes in to

protect YPG nobody can stop the

0:09:020:09:09

Turkish army.

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This map shows the parts of Syria

held by the Government -

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That is controlled by Kurdish forces

known as YPG. A huge swathe of

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territory, much of which borders

Turkey. Since news of this imminent

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arrival of troops supporting the

Syrian Government, The Kurds have

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now reported an increase in shelling

on their positions by the Turks. The

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consequences are already kicking in.

Here is our reporter on why the

0:09:490:09:55

Syrian Government has chosen to get

involved.

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The Syrian Government offers to get

involved two weeks before the

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Turkish offensive started because

one of their targets is to take back

0:10:030:10:06

as much territory as they can from

Syria. This was under Kurdish

0:10:060:10:14

control for months. It is for the

interest to enter Afrin. It was for

0:10:140:10:27

The Kurds to understand maybe they

have to ask for help. Yesterday it

0:10:270:10:31

was leaked, this agreement was

leaked, by that Kurdish forces. It's

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made headlines this morning in the

region in all newspapers. Later this

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afternoon and this evening, another

spokesman said there is no deal. We

0:10:430:10:47

have been waiting all day for this

agreement is to be implemented. But

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it seems that there were some means

that exploded when the

0:10:530:10:56

implementation of this deal, and

nothing happened all day, so the

0:10:560:11:08

Syrian Government said some popular

units are entering, it is not the

0:11:080:11:18

regular army.

These are troops who are sympathetic

0:11:180:11:23

to the Syrian Government, offering

their help to The Kurds. How

0:11:230:11:30

significant a military intervention

is that given that their opposition

0:11:300:11:33

as the Turkish military?

These popular units, according to

0:11:330:11:39

how the Government called them, ARC

pro-Iranian and union backed

0:11:390:11:46

militias that are operating in

neighbouring villages. These people

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are pro-government but they follow a

different agenda as well.

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Entering in this region could be

problematic for The Kurds and could

0:11:560:12:01

be problematic for the Turkish

forces as well. We started reading

0:12:010:12:07

into these statements to understand

why the agreement wasn't permitted

0:12:070:12:10

all day and why Turkey has raised

the tone. We have a number of

0:12:100:12:20

statements by the Turkish Government

saying this will complicate things

0:12:200:12:23

and we will fight, we will not let

the Syrian forces destroy our

0:12:230:12:29

achievement in that area. All these

several messages, there is something

0:12:290:12:37

that is not understood in this deal,

was not agreed on the higher level,

0:12:370:12:43

was at local? Did the Americans and

a few in that? Were the Russians on

0:12:430:12:48

board with this? All the information

that we have got, that the Russians

0:12:480:12:54

were present in this deal. And if

they are present they have informed

0:12:540:13:01

the Turkish side. But where things

blew up we still don't understand.

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And as we try and understand, our

colleagues are helping us.

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And later we will be telling you

about new language services with the

0:13:140:13:23

prospect of helping millions of

people.

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Prime Minister Theresa May has

announced a review of university

0:13:330:13:36

funding in England saying that

students face some of the highest

0:13:360:13:38

funding in the world. She also

called for an end to outdated

0:13:380:13:43

attitudes to technical education.

Most journalists, politicians, took

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the academic group themselves and

will expect their children to do the

0:13:500:13:55

same. And there remains a perception

that going to university is the only

0:13:550:13:59

decidable route while going into

training is something for other

0:13:590:14:02

people's children. If we are going

to succeed in building a fairer

0:14:020:14:08

society and a stronger economy we

need is to throw away this I stated

0:14:080:14:13

attitude for good and create a

system of tertiary education that

0:14:130:14:17

works for all our young people. That

means quality of access to

0:14:170:14:22

university education not dependent

on background, a greater focus on

0:14:220:14:26

the technical alternatives also.

0:14:260:14:28

Welcome back to Outside Source.

The

White House is saying President

0:14:400:14:45

Trump is supportive of efforts to

improve background checks on gun

0:14:450:14:49

ownership following on from the

shooting dead of 17 people at a

0:14:490:14:52

Florida school.

The Government of Iran says it

0:14:520:15:00

cannot confirm that the passenger

plane which crashed on Sunday has

0:15:000:15:05

been spotted in a mountain range.

65 people were on board. Israel says

0:15:050:15:13

it has signed a multi-billion dollar

gas deal with Egypt. We understand

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that gas will be imported into

Egypt, some of it may be liquefied

0:15:200:15:25

there, and then exported again.

Chinese authorities are demanding

0:15:250:15:29

severe punishment for a man who is

accused of stabbing fun stealing the

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thumb of this terracotta Warriors

statue -- accused of breaking off

0:15:330:15:47

the farm.

We now have nearly 40 language

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services.

BBC Bernie 's, BBC Russian.

0:15:550:16:08

Today's focus is BBC Nigeria.

0:16:080:16:20

This can be primarily accessed

through your mobile. We have been

0:16:360:16:41

asking people if they can sing the

Nigerian national anthem in that

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language.

0:16:450:16:48

THEY SING.

0:17:230:17:30

These latest launchers are part of a

bigger expansion of BBC world

0:17:360:17:41

service and that is funded by the UK

Government. It is giving around

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$120,000 per year and it is aimed at

reaching half a billion people by

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2022 all around the world. This was

a next two years ago when the UK

0:17:530:17:59

Government strategic defence and

Security review said,

0:17:590:18:03

There is nothing new in this. Lots

of countries are investing in

0:18:120:18:16

broadcasters. Russia, Turkey and

China invests hugely in their

0:18:160:18:23

broadcasters. It is worth adding

that the UK Government might be

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funding this expansion but it is not

telling BBC News what to say. We

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have been talking to some of the

people in Nigeria who are about to

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get these new services.

Last year

the service was launched, it has

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attracted a young, vibrant,

digitally connected audience. For

0:18:420:18:48

months now there has been

anticipation about the launch of the

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new services.

What do people make of

them? I learned very well from it.

0:18:530:19:05

They will understand what is going

on.

Some of us cannot speak English

0:19:050:19:18

fluently but if it is in our

language.

It is important to have

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something in our mother tongue.

If

you want to get their news from the

0:19:250:19:32

BBC in one of 40 languages head to

the website and the rest will be

0:19:320:19:40

easy.

Protectionism. Donald Trump is keen

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on it. He thinks free-trade deals

have been bad for the US. He was to

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overhaul the free trade deal between

Mexico, Canada and the US. He has

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pulled the US out of the

transpacific partnership. And steel

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and aluminium production is central,

he is proposing tariffs.

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And this is what the head of the UN

trade body says.

Anxiety amongst a

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large section of the population as a

function of two different processes.

0:20:220:20:28

At one level there is globalisation

really assume that markets can fix

0:20:280:20:31

things on their own. Trade cannot

automatically create equality, there

0:20:310:20:36

has to be a regulatory authority in

the country that tends to distribute

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the benefits of trade. Having said

that a lot of the jobs are being

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lost to automation. You have to

combine these different things. The

0:20:450:20:51

decline retreat of the welfare

state. The absence of a mechanism

0:20:510:20:58

that he distributes the benefits of

trade.

0:20:580:21:03

This is proving controversial

because there are accusations that

0:21:210:21:24

Donald Trump's Sun is exploiting the

family's political influence.

--

0:21:240:21:38

Donald Trump's son.

This is the advert that has been in

0:21:380:21:42

the national dailies. Join Donald

Trump Junior in conversation and

0:21:420:21:50

dinner. This seems to be doing the

trick. Just within one month of its

0:21:500:21:56

launch, Trump Tower has already

booked about 70 houses. That is a

0:21:560:22:03

2-storey property. Already 70 people

have pre-booked these flats. The way

0:22:030:22:12

it works out as that the developers

would be taking over the

0:22:120:22:18

construction and that Trump Tower is

just involved with the branding and

0:22:180:22:23

would be taking royalties. Although

the developer of this project says

0:22:230:22:28

that this was signed before Donald

Trump became president, the timing

0:22:280:22:32

of Donald Trump Junior could not be

more curious because this is the

0:22:320:22:36

time where we have seen a slump in

the real estate market, especially

0:22:360:22:40

in the area read this project was

launched. It seems that this sales

0:22:400:22:45

pitch is a booster for both builders

to get that interest from luxury

0:22:450:22:48

buyers.

If you go to the BBC News website

0:22:480:22:54

and look at the most red list right

at the top is one story concerning

0:22:540:23:00

KFC. It has had to close lots of

outlets in the US -- in the UK

0:23:000:23:07

because of a lack of chicken.

0:23:070:23:18

No!

0:23:230:23:23

When you've been promised KFC

as a half term treat

0:23:230:23:26

but there is no chicken.

0:23:260:23:27

Nine-year-old Maxine is not happy.

0:23:270:23:28

Angry.

0:23:280:23:29

Sad.

0:23:290:23:30

And disappointed.

0:23:300:23:31

And hungry?

0:23:310:23:32

Very hungry!

0:23:320:23:33

Are you more hungry or angry?

0:23:330:23:35

Hungry!

0:23:350:23:36

It's not just Maxine's local outlet.

0:23:360:23:37

Hundreds across the UK are shut

because KF has no C.

0:23:370:23:40

They've run out of chicken.

0:23:400:23:41

Pretty shocking, really, to be fair.

0:23:410:23:43

Pretty shocking.

0:23:430:23:45

Especially when you're hungry, like,

you know what I mean?

0:23:450:23:50

KFC have blamed teething problems

with the new delivery contract.

0:23:500:23:58

They switched to DHL last week,

who say operational issues have

0:23:580:24:01

disrupted the supply.

0:24:010:24:02

It's a chicken place,

so they should have enough chicken.

0:24:020:24:04

They should be able to store it.

0:24:040:24:06

It's a big chain, so it does seem

unbelievable, really.

0:24:060:24:08

All the chicken...

0:24:080:24:09

There's farmers, surely

there should be enough chickens.

0:24:090:24:14

We tried several outlets

across Bristol today but found no

0:24:140:24:17

fingers being licked.

0:24:170:24:21

Almost every store closed.

0:24:210:24:24

It's lunchtime.

0:24:240:24:26

You'd expect these hatches to be

really busy at this point

0:24:260:24:28

but the kitchen is empty,

the fryers switched off.

0:24:280:24:33

Chicken with fries, please.

0:24:330:24:35

Chicken with fries.

0:24:350:24:38

It's a far cry from this.

0:24:380:24:42

Tonight, the company is encouraging

staff to take holidays until it can

0:24:420:24:44

meet the demand again.

0:24:450:24:49

KFC says its own employees will be

paid, but the large majority

0:24:490:24:53

of restaurants are franchises.

0:24:530:24:54

It just seems amazing.

0:24:540:24:56

I thought everything was pretty much

automated these days

0:24:560:24:58

and as they use chicken,

more's ordered.

0:24:580:25:00

Something has gone seriously wrong.

0:25:000:25:02

The company says it's working flat

out to rectify the problem.

0:25:020:25:06

But, for some, that is

little consolation.

0:25:060:25:09

Jon Kay, BBC News.

0:25:090:25:19

In a couple of minutes time we are

going to turn to their Winter

0:25:240:25:28

Olympics and talk about this Russian

Cara who has tested positive for a

0:25:280:25:33

banned substance. We are awaiting

the second test butterfat is also

0:25:330:25:39

positive he and his wife who won

bronze in mixed doubles, FA are

0:25:390:25:47

found -- if he is found to have

cheated, they will lose their

0:25:470:25:52

medals.

0:25:520:26:02

We are going to start this week at

the world whether in a place you do

0:26:130:26:17

not normally associate with heavy

outbreaks of rain, the Middle East.

0:26:170:26:22

But this cloud has worked steadily

eastwards and brought heavy falls of

0:26:220:26:25

rain which would have been welcomed

but also brought localised flooding.

0:26:250:26:31

80 millimetres fell across parts of

Lebanon, 70 millimetres in parts of

0:26:310:26:36

Iran, and almost 100 and parts of

Iraq. And as the winds picked up

0:26:360:26:42

dust storms blew into Kuwait,

turning the sky is orange. That area

0:26:420:26:49

of low pressure has worked eastwards

bringing heavy rain and mountain

0:26:490:26:55

snow across Eastern areas of Iran

and into Afghanistan. In the United

0:26:550:27:01

States there is an area of cloud

stretching from the Rocky Mountains

0:27:010:27:06

to their Great Lakes, heavy snowfall

across parts of Utah, South Dakota

0:27:060:27:13

over the last 24 hours. That weather

is working its way eastwards. Risk

0:27:130:27:22

of flooding. Temperature contrasts

across north America at the moment.

0:27:220:27:26

Arctic air is entrenched in Canada,

-15 in Winnipeg, but highs of 29

0:27:260:27:34

Celsius in Miami.

Double trouble in Australia and New

0:27:340:27:42

Zealand, this is extra pickle

cyclone Kelvin. This will be a

0:27:420:27:54

double whammy of whether for New

Zealand. Torrential falls of rain

0:27:540:27:58

are on the way. 150-200 millimetres

of rain across the South Island.

0:27:580:28:05

Widespread flooding over the next

couple of days. Then there is the

0:28:050:28:10

winds, damaging and destructive

gusts of wind reaching 80 mph. And

0:28:100:28:15

the remains of Kelvin will bring

heavy rain to parts of south and

0:28:150:28:18

Western Australia. 150 millimetres

of rain. There could be localised

0:28:180:28:25

flash flooding. Big thunderstorms as

well affecting Queens land. Closer

0:28:250:28:31

to home, in Europe, if you love

across Eastern Scotland, Eastern

0:28:310:28:35

parts of England, I am sure you have

noticed cloud and rain, it is tied

0:28:350:28:39

in with this weather system which is

bringing wet weather across France,

0:28:390:28:45

Belgium and Holland. We will

continue to see that mixture of

0:28:450:28:49

Claudio Bravo weather lasting into

Tuesday. There are signs that the

0:28:490:28:52

weather is starting to turn colder

across Europe and that could be a

0:28:520:28:56

sign of things to come.

0:28:560:28:58

Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,

this is Outside Source,

0:30:100:30:12

and these are the main stories

here in the BBC Newsroom

0:30:120:30:13

Students stage a "lie-in" outside

the White House to demand changes

0:30:150:30:18

to gun laws in America

as President Trump says

0:30:180:30:20

he's open to enforcing

tighter background checks.

0:30:200:30:27

Meanwhile the 17-year-old

suspect, Nikolas Cruz,

0:30:270:30:28

makes his second court appearance.

0:30:280:30:34

He's accused of killing 17

students and teachers.

0:30:340:30:38

One of Britain's most

prolific paedophiles,

0:30:380:30:40

Matthew Falder is jailed

for 32 years.

0:30:400:30:42

US Homeland Security describe him

as the worst of his kind.

0:30:420:30:52

He was one of the most prolific

child exploiters in the UK and even

0:30:520:31:00

the US.

0:31:000:31:02

Olympic doping scandals come in many

forms. Try this one out. This is a

0:31:230:31:27

Russian athlete, he won a bronze

medal, along with his wife, in the

0:31:270:31:35

mixed doubles curling at the Winter

Olympics in South Korea. He tested

0:31:350:31:39

positive for meldonium, which can

increase an athlete's injuries and

0:31:390:31:46

recovery. I should show you some

curling footage, just some general

0:31:460:31:50

action to give you an idea. You

probably wouldn't call it an injury

0:31:500:31:54

in sport, so this has had a few

people rubbing their heads. Here is

0:31:540:31:59

a Russian curling coach at the

Olympics. TRANSLATION:

Let's wait

0:31:590:32:06

for the official result. I can't

comment on this yet but for me it is

0:32:060:32:10

absolutely obvious that this cannot

be possible, because after such a

0:32:100:32:15

huge scandal in the last two years

with meldonium, I did believe that a

0:32:150:32:19

normal person could have taken it

and use this method for the

0:32:190:32:22

Olympics. He would have to be

completely stupid. I just don't

0:32:220:32:25

believe it. Sasha is an intelligent

and normal boy. I don't believe that

0:32:250:32:31

this is possible.

It might seem

unbelievable that a cola would cheat

0:32:310:32:35

using a drug well-known, but it is

also worth mentioning that when

0:32:350:32:39

Russia hosted the Olympics in Sochi

four years ago it also seemed

0:32:390:32:43

unlikely that the host would be

planning a huge operation to

0:32:430:32:46

systematically doped many members of

its own team, thus fundamentally

0:32:460:32:50

undermining many of the events and

being tired games. But that's what

0:32:500:32:54

happened. That might also seem

unlikely that four short years

0:32:540:32:57

later, more than 150 Russian athlete

would be allowed to compete in the

0:32:570:33:02

Winter Olympics, despite Russia

being banned, and despite us knowing

0:33:020:33:05

about industrial scale cheating

organised by the Russians. That's

0:33:050:33:11

happening too. The athletes are

called Olympic Athletes of Russia,

0:33:110:33:14

not Russian Olympians, though you

could be forgiven for not spotting

0:33:140:33:19

the difference, they still wear red

and white. There was another

0:33:190:33:23

positive test at the Olympic 's last

week, this Japanese speed skater was

0:33:230:33:27

thrown out. So here is one

anti-doping expert, looking at where

0:33:270:33:31

we have got on this issue, this time

around.

This must be a huge

0:33:310:33:35

disappointment for those who are

trying very, very hard to make this

0:33:350:33:40

a very clean games, but it is the

second doping offence, or doping

0:33:400:33:46

violation, rather, that is being

reported. But it is perhaps more

0:33:460:33:50

interesting to know that this

particular substance is somewhat

0:33:500:33:55

controversial. It was only added to

the list in 2016, and perhaps the

0:33:550:34:00

most famous athlete involved in this

particular substance use was Maria

0:34:000:34:06

Sharapova. So we know it has a

medicinal use, but whether or not

0:34:060:34:13

this particular individual had

applied for and received a

0:34:130:34:16

therapeutic use exemption, we may

not know just yet. Initially, these

0:34:160:34:23

strict liability will apply, and the

athlete will be disqualified, unless

0:34:230:34:27

they can somehow show there is good

reason to consider this as a

0:34:270:34:32

completely non-intentional, perhaps

even a situation where the athlete

0:34:320:34:36

has been spiked or targeted in some

way, it was not their fault.

For

0:34:360:34:43

more on this particular drug, BBC

Sport.

The substance that he tested

0:34:430:34:50

positive for cover meldonium, was

developed in Latvia and still widely

0:34:500:34:54

available over-the-counter in many

Eastern European countries. Away

0:34:540:34:58

from sport it is used to treat heart

conditions, but the world

0:34:580:35:03

anti-doping agency put it on the

banned list in 2016 because of the

0:35:030:35:06

standard could have informants

enhancing qualities because it

0:35:060:35:11

increases blood flow and as a result

could be used as a drug to boost in

0:35:110:35:14

June. Since it was put on the banned

list, a number of Eastern European

0:35:140:35:19

athletes have tested positive for

this. As far as this one is

0:35:190:35:23

concerned, I understand he has told

Russian officials it could be as a

0:35:230:35:26

result of a spiked drink at a

pre-Olympic training camp. He has

0:35:260:35:31

gone to Seoul to witness the opening

of a B sample, if it comes back

0:35:310:35:35

positive he will have the right to

hearing from the Court of

0:35:350:35:39

Arbitration for Sport, he could

provide any evidence that could

0:35:390:35:41

explain how the substance got into

his system. If he is found guilty of

0:35:410:35:45

a doping offence, that bronze medal

they won in the mixed curling will

0:35:450:35:49

be taken away, he could face a band

of four years as well. This would

0:35:490:35:53

have ramifications not just for him

that for the neutral athletes, over

0:35:530:35:56

150 of them competing in Jung Chang,

because they hoped that Russia would

0:35:560:36:02

be reinstated by the closing

ceremony. The IOC said they would

0:36:020:36:06

take all factors into consideration

as to whether they have met all the

0:36:060:36:09

rules and regulations, and also this

case as well, it could have

0:36:090:36:14

ramifications on that. They will

make a decision, the IOC, as to

0:36:140:36:18

whether Russia can march under the

elliptic flag by the end of this

0:36:180:36:21

week so we wait the outcome of this

case.

Now to one of the top stories

0:36:210:36:24

here in the UK.

0:36:240:36:26

A British paedophile who blackmailed

victims has been sentenced

0:36:260:36:28

to 32 years in prison.

0:36:280:36:30

Matthew Falder was a

university lecturer -

0:36:300:36:32

and he admitted 137 offences.

0:36:320:36:33

He was caught after an operation

involving the UK, Australia,

0:36:330:36:35

New Zealand, Slovenia

and Israel and America.

0:36:350:36:39

Here's what the US department

of homeland security has said.

0:36:390:36:49

Matthew Falder was one of the most

prolific child exploiters and

0:36:490:36:53

blackmail as we have ever seen or

the US. It became the volume of

0:36:530:36:59

victims and the techniques that were

employed and the discipline that was

0:36:590:37:04

employed around the internet not be

identified and the court was

0:37:040:37:07

something we had never seen before.

More on this from the BBC's Sima

0:37:070:37:13

Kotecha, who has been covering the

entire trial.

So what was it I have

0:37:130:37:19

done, what is it I was supposed to

have done?

Dr Matthew Falder being

0:37:190:37:24

arrested at his workplace last year.

The 29-year-old spent years posing

0:37:240:37:28

as a female artist online to trick

his victims into sending him naked

0:37:280:37:33

pictures of themselves.

It sounds

like the rap sheet from hell.

He

0:37:330:37:39

then researched their profiles on

social media, and use that

0:37:390:37:42

information to blackmail them into

sending him more obscene images. He

0:37:420:37:47

even installed secret cameras in

people post Zack Holmes to film them

0:37:470:37:50

in the shower and using the toilet.

Falder contacted more than 300

0:37:500:37:56

people worldwide. One of his victims

told us she can no longer trust

0:37:560:38:00

anyone.

I was ashamed of what I have

done. All relationships broke down.

0:38:000:38:07

You can't be friends with someone

that doesn't trust you, and I didn't

0:38:070:38:11

trust them. Even though they did

nothing wrong. And I did nothing

0:38:110:38:17

wrong. There was no trust any more.

Last year, he pleaded guilty to 137

0:38:170:38:25

charges, including encouraging the

rape of a child and possessing a

0:38:250:38:30

paedophile manual. Today he was

sentenced to more than 30 years.

The

0:38:300:38:35

feeling of helplessness he embodied

in the victims, and took them to a

0:38:350:38:38

place where they never wanted to go,

is truly horrific. And those videos

0:38:380:38:43

will be with me and the team

probably for the rest of our lives.

0:38:430:38:49

Falder was under surveillance for

several months during a four-year

0:38:490:38:52

investigation. The Cambridge

graduate was identified by the

0:38:520:38:56

National Crime Agency. They'd worked

with partner agencies across the

0:38:560:39:00

world, including the Australian

Federal police and homeland security

0:39:000:39:03

in America to find the man who was

behind the messages. Falder lived in

0:39:030:39:07

this block of flats. He worked at

Birmingham University. Now, officers

0:39:070:39:12

say his motivation was power and

control. He wanted his victims to

0:39:120:39:17

feel embarrassed and humiliated, and

he was confident he could outwit the

0:39:170:39:20

authorities. He contacted vulnerable

people seeking work on websites. He

0:39:200:39:26

then used names such as 666 double

and evil mind on the dark net, to

0:39:260:39:32

communicate with other paedophiles.

The dark net is a type of private

0:39:320:39:37

computer network that is closed off

from the rest of the World Wide Web.

0:39:370:39:44

Have you sent pictures of your

blackmail victims to the parents of

0:39:440:39:49

the victim?

No comment.

The

grandparents?

When questioned,

0:39:490:39:53

Falder did not cooperate. Today the

judgment called him a internet

0:39:530:40:00

highway man. The paedophile showed

no remorse or emotion throughout the

0:40:000:40:03

proceedings. More information on

that story and all the stories we

0:40:030:40:10

cover on Outside Source on the BBC

news website.

0:40:100:40:15

There is full coverage

on the Florida School Shooting

0:40:150:40:17

and you can read more

about President Trump and the gun

0:40:170:40:20

control debate.

0:40:200:40:21

The leaders of eight British cities

were in Brussels today to hold talks

0:40:220:40:25

with the EU's chief Brexit

negotiator Michel Barnier.

0:40:250:40:31

They are making the case

to keep strong links

0:40:310:40:32

with the EU after Brexit.

0:40:320:40:41

These are the cities

that held the meetings -

0:40:410:40:46

London's not listed -

the rest of the cities believe

0:40:460:40:49

London is getting all the attention

in Brexit negotiations.

0:40:490:40:54

They are arguing they deserve the

intention because Brexit will impact

0:40:540:40:59

on their people.

This is about

putting UK cities on the map. In our

0:40:590:41:04

region, we are really concerned we

will end up with a Brexit that only

0:41:040:41:08

works for the City of London. It has

got to work for the whole of the UK

0:41:080:41:12

economy forced there are thousands

of jobs in our region at stake, and

0:41:120:41:15

I've been making the case in the

heart of Europe to make sure our

0:41:150:41:19

region has a voice in these

negotiations.

But the British

0:41:190:41:23

government is doing the what can you

really do?

We have been raising the

0:41:230:41:32

point our cities are raising,

representing our communities,

0:41:320:41:34

talking at the interests of

businesses and making sure this is

0:41:340:41:36

not just seen as a London centric

solution to Brexit, this is a

0:41:360:41:39

solution that benefits the whole of

the UK and puts all of our UK cities

0:41:390:41:42

firmly on the map.

Just before

Christmas, we covered a story that

0:41:420:41:46

the EU began unprecedented

disciplinary proceedings against

0:41:460:41:49

Poland.

0:41:490:41:52

It argued that Poland's government

was flouting the rule of law

0:41:520:41:54

by attacking the independence

of Polish courts and judges.

0:41:540:41:56

The issue hasn't gone away.

0:41:570:41:58

Not least because Poland's allies

are clear they will stand by it.

0:41:580:42:04

Hungary, Poland and most recently

Austria have seen right-wing

0:42:040:42:06

nationalist parties do

well in elections.

0:42:060:42:14

This week, Jenny Hill is looking

at these divisions this

0:42:140:42:17

is creating within the EU.

0:42:170:42:21

Today, Jenny reports

from Zambrov in Poland,

0:42:210:42:25

on the success of the Law

and Justice Party.

0:42:250:42:35

When your country has come a long

way, it is easy to feel left behind.

0:42:420:42:45

Poland has gone from communism,

to the EU, to relative prosperity.

0:42:450:42:48

But out here, many felt

forgotten - until now.

0:42:480:42:50

Generous child benefits,

a lower retirement age,

0:42:500:42:52

small wonder perhaps the Pis

government gets the family vote.

0:42:520:43:02

TRANSLATION:

Everyone,

all the other parties make

0:43:020:43:03

promises, but they don't deliver.

0:43:030:43:07

Pis kept their promises,

it is good and I support them

0:43:070:43:09

and I don't see anything wrong

with what they are doing.

0:43:090:43:12

Quite the opposite.

0:43:120:43:20

But they have divided

a country, enraged the EU.

0:43:200:43:25

Last year, protests in Warsaw,

Pis attacks press freedom,

0:43:250:43:27

access to abortion and

the independence of the judiciary.

0:43:270:43:34

TRANSLATION:

The system

is already broken.

0:43:340:43:35

There is no balance of power.

0:43:350:43:37

We are moving towards

an authoritarian state.

0:43:370:43:39

One party will dominate Parliament

and will destroy independent

0:43:390:43:41

justice.

0:43:410:43:51

But resistance is giving way

to resignation, the government

0:43:510:43:52

is backed in part by

the Catholic Church,

0:43:520:43:54

the voice of tradition

is growing louder.

0:43:540:44:03

TRANSLATION:

Most importantly

was patriotism that drove me

0:44:050:44:07

towards Pis, the

patriotism I inherited

0:44:070:44:09

from my grandparents and my parents.

0:44:090:44:13

I could only find that kind

of patriotism in the Pis party.

0:44:130:44:23

It is as if there is

a battle going on here

0:44:260:44:28

for the very soul of this country.

0:44:280:44:30

It divides society into liberal

elite or populist patriot

0:44:300:44:34

and it is a struggle which

symbolises, perhaps even feeds,

0:44:340:44:37

what is happening within the EU.

0:44:370:44:38

This is no longer a defining

moment simply for Poland,

0:44:380:44:40

but for the whole European project.

0:44:400:44:43

Because, it seems, no one

is really sure how to deal

0:44:430:44:45

with what is arguably the EU's

most troublesome state.

0:44:450:44:55

Silvio Berlusconi has been speaking

to the BBC. He was Italy's Prime

0:45:020:45:06

Minister, trying to make a comeback.

He says he is the best option for

0:45:060:45:11

Italians in the general election. He

says his criminal conviction for tax

0:45:110:45:14

fraud in 2013 was shameful, but that

Italians never lost faith in him. We

0:45:140:45:20

shall see about that. He has had a

bizarre exchange the BBC, as you

0:45:200:45:24

will see.

Forts and Italia!

Many

thought he was politically finished,

0:45:240:45:32

done. But Silvio Berlusconi, Italy's

four-time Prime Minister, is making

0:45:320:45:39

a comeback. His centre-right

coalition is set to win the most

0:45:390:45:44

votes in the general election in two

weeks' time. Outside of Italy,

0:45:440:45:50

Berlusconi's famous for his love of

women, and his ability to remain

0:45:500:45:54

freshfaced. But in many parts of

this country, he is much more than

0:45:540:45:59

that. TRANSLATION:

I am voting for

Berlusconi, his experience, I trust

0:45:590:46:06

him, I am sure he has learned from

his mistakes.

TRANSLATION:

He has

0:46:060:46:12

built a good coalition, he has my

full confidence.

Berlusconi can't

0:46:120:46:16

technically become Prime Minister.

In 2013, he was banned from public

0:46:160:46:22

office because of his criminal

convictions for tax fraud. But he

0:46:220:46:26

can still lead his party. When I

caught up with him, I asked why he

0:46:260:46:30

thinks he is the best person for the

job. TRANSLATION:

I was ousted from

0:46:300:46:37

politics because of an unbelievably

shameful sentence. The Italian

0:46:370:46:43

people know that everything that's

been said about me is false, that

0:46:430:46:47

all the accusations are made up.

They never stopped trusting me, and

0:46:470:46:53

I have governed this country for

longer than anyone else.

His main

0:46:530:46:57

challenge will come from the 5-star

movement, an antiestablishment

0:46:570:47:01

political party on the right. So in

a couple of weeks, Silvio

0:47:010:47:08

Berlusconi, a man who can't be

elected as an MP, and isn't even

0:47:080:47:11

allowed to vote, could be back in

power, leading a grand coalition in

0:47:110:47:15

Parliament here. This would be in

effect the fifth time he has led

0:47:150:47:19

this country. Despite the prominent

of feminist campaigns worldwide,

0:47:190:47:24

including movements like me too, it

seems many Italian women can look

0:47:240:47:31

beyond Berlusconi's alleged sex

scandals. TRANSLATION:

He is my

0:47:310:47:37

idol. All men are like that. He was

just a fool because he got caught.

0:47:370:47:43

Me too is not so strong in Italy as

it has been in the Anglo-Saxon

0:47:430:47:47

countries. People don't remember

very well the night of Berlusconi,

0:47:470:47:53

all the scandals. It is something

far away in our memory.

And not many

0:47:530:47:59

interviews with covenant interviews

in like this these days.

0:47:590:48:04

TRANSLATION:

Don't shake hands like

that, too strong. Men will think

0:48:040:48:10

this one is going to beat me up and

no one will marry you. Let's try

0:48:100:48:13

again. No, a little less! Who is

ever going to marry you? I'm joking,

0:48:130:48:21

you have to joke every once in a

while.

For many, the idea that

0:48:210:48:27

Berlusconi would run the country

again was itself a joke a year ago.

0:48:270:48:34

But the man Italians either love or

hate seems on the verge of yet

0:48:340:48:37

another comeback. And of course on

the cover of weeks' time we will

0:48:370:48:45

tell you how Mr Berlusconi got on.

0:48:450:48:51

In Zimbabwe, a huge crowd gathered

earlier for a memorial service

0:48:510:48:54

for former opposition leader Morgan

Tsvangirai.

0:48:540:48:57

He passed away last week

after a long battle with cancer.

0:48:570:48:59

He was 65.

0:48:590:49:01

Many people wore red

at the service, the colour

0:49:010:49:04

of the party he founded,

the Movement for Democratic Change.

0:49:040:49:07

Mr Tsvangirai lived long enough

to see his political foe

0:49:070:49:10

Robert Mugabe forced from power

a couple of months ago.

0:49:100:49:16

Although of course Mr Mugabe was

replaced by somebody else from

0:49:160:49:19

within the same party.

0:49:190:49:21

Today's service was held

in the Civic Square in Harare.

0:49:210:49:25

This is where opposition

protests were often held

0:49:250:49:26

during the Mugabe era.

0:49:260:49:27

Shingai Nyoka was there.

0:49:270:49:37

Hundreds of opposition supporters,

leaders from across the political

0:49:370:49:41

divide, as well as diplomats and

representatives from some African

0:49:410:49:46

countries, have gathered here did to

Morgan Tsvangirai, and the speakers

0:49:460:49:50

in this service remembered his

contribution to democracy in this

0:49:500:49:56

country. They say that he is an icon

that should be honoured but there

0:49:560:49:59

has also been reference to the fact

that in his death his supporters

0:49:590:50:05

should now unite behind one leader.

0:50:050:50:08

We've talked a lot recently about

political protest in Ethiopia -

0:50:080:50:11

there's been very different kind

of protest today.

0:50:110:50:13

People stayed at home.

0:50:130:50:15

They're opposed to a six-month state

of emergency that was imposed

0:50:150:50:18

after the Prime Minister

resigned last week.

0:50:180:50:23

And he resigned because of

other protests, like

0:50:230:50:25

these from last week.

0:50:250:50:27

The unrest dates back to 2015

and has claimed hundreds of lives.

0:50:270:50:31

Most of the unrest has

centred on Ethiopia's

0:50:310:50:33

two largest regions,

Oromia and Amhara.

0:50:330:50:42

Mary Harper...

0:50:420:50:48

The people who are staying at home,

they are mainly in the Norma --

0:50:480:50:53

Northern region and they are one of

the ethnic groups that feel very

0:50:530:50:58

aggrieved with the Ethiopian

government. They are particularly

0:50:580:51:00

angry because on Friday the

government reimposed a state of

0:51:000:51:05

emergency, and introduced very

strict rules about what people can

0:51:050:51:08

and can't do under the state of

emergency, and they are essentially

0:51:080:51:11

are protesting against that.

And

that is justified in the name of

0:51:110:51:16

stability, presumably?

It followed

before the state of emergency was

0:51:160:51:24

imposed, the Prime Minister

unexpectedly resigned, and so it is

0:51:240:51:29

a response to that because the

country is basically in political

0:51:290:51:32

turmoil. No new Prime Minister has

been announced so they have imposed

0:51:320:51:37

a state of emergency to try to

control what are basically three

0:51:370:51:40

years of anti-government protests.

So who is bossing this, the

0:51:400:51:45

politicians or the military men?

At

the moment the politicians, because

0:51:450:51:49

even within the governing

commission, which has essentially

0:51:490:51:54

been a very authoritarian form of

rule, that is split and there are

0:51:540:51:57

fears now that Ethiopia's military

might start to really muscle in. And

0:51:570:52:02

that would really spell disaster for

the country, because it's so

0:52:020:52:06

important that Ethiopia is kept

politically stable, because it is in

0:52:060:52:12

such a fantastically unstable part

of Africa. So if the military start

0:52:120:52:16

to really move in, that will mean

that Ethiopia has become another

0:52:160:52:19

basket case in a region which is

already full of basket cases.

It was

0:52:190:52:25

only a few weeks ago you were

standing here and we were talking

0:52:250:52:28

about this big announcement of

political prisoners being released,

0:52:280:52:31

and there was a stain -- sense of

optimism. That seems to have

0:52:310:52:36

evaporated somewhat.

Yes, it is very

strange because Ethiopia had these

0:52:360:52:42

months and months and months of

protests, and it was scrambling

0:52:420:52:44

around trying to work out what to do

and eventually decided start

0:52:440:52:48

releasing. It released about 6000

political prisoners, and people

0:52:480:52:53

started to think, OK, the government

is making some concessions to these

0:52:530:52:57

two big ethnic groups who are in

opposition. But then the Prime

0:52:570:53:02

Minister resigned, and a new state

of emergency was imposed, and so it

0:53:020:53:06

looks like it is back to square one.

Thanks to Mary, and if you heard

0:53:060:53:10

someone shouting in the background,

it sounded rather dramatic, we never

0:53:100:53:14

found out who it was, but whoever it

was, I think they were OK.

0:53:140:53:20

Oxfam has directly apologised

to the Haitian government today

0:53:200:53:21

following the prostitution scandal.

0:53:210:53:23

Oxfam's regional director

for Latin America and the Caribbean

0:53:230:53:25

said "We came here to share

the report with the minister

0:53:250:53:28

and express our shame and apologies

to the Haitian government

0:53:280:53:30

and to the Haitian people.

0:53:300:53:32

We've taken lots of measures

to improve internal

0:53:320:53:34

safeguarding measures."

0:53:340:53:36

The report he's talking

about was an internal

0:53:380:53:40

investigation from 2011.

0:53:400:53:42

Here it is.

0:53:420:53:45

Parts are blacked out

to protect identities.

0:53:450:53:50

Oxfam published it today and it

reveals that three of the men

0:53:500:53:53

accused of sexual misconduct

in Haiti physically threatened

0:53:530:53:56

witnesses during that

2011 investigation.

0:53:560:54:00

Here's Theresa May's reaction -

given to BBC London radio.

0:54:000:54:08

This is absolutely horrific, this is

exactly the problem that we see,

0:54:080:54:11

which means that all too often

people don't feel able to come

0:54:110:54:14

forward to report what has happened

to them, the behaviour that they

0:54:140:54:19

have been on the receiving end of.

0:54:190:54:25

Here's some more of what's been

revealed in the report.

0:54:250:54:27

One employee

0:54:270:54:28

was dismissed and three resigned

for using prostitutes

0:54:280:54:30

on Oxfam premises.

0:54:300:54:31

Two more were dismissed

for bullying and intimidation.

0:54:310:54:33

Another was sacked for

failing to protect staff.

0:54:330:54:35

Here's a member of the UK's

International Development Committee.

0:54:350:54:41

I don't think these sorts of reports

should be secret. Now that it is out

0:54:410:54:46

in the open, we can actually do

something significant about it, and

0:54:460:54:49

that's what I'm going to be asking

difficult to do, to have a central

0:54:490:54:54

register, so we know anyone we give

money to, any charity, has got the

0:54:540:54:58

right procedures in place, and that

the children and women are

0:54:580:55:03

absolutely safe.

See you tomorrow,

goodbye.

0:55:030:55:06

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