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Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,
this is Outside Source.
Students are demanding a change to
gun laws. President Trump says he is
open to enforcing tighter background
Meanwhile the 17-year-old
suspect, Nikolas Cruz,
makes his second court appearance.
He's accused of killing 17
students and teachers.
Turkey warns Damascus
against helping Kurdish fighters
in north-west Syria where the Turks
are carrying out
a military offensive.
One of Britain's most
is jailed for thirty-two years.
Falder was one of the most prolific
child exploitation offenders
and blackmailers we've ever seen,
in the UK or even in the US.
BBC News just got bigger today -
we hear about the two new language
services that have just launched.
The Florida shooting suspect,
Nikolas Cruz made his second
court appearance today.
The 17-year-old is accused
of 17 counts of murder.
This was a status hearing
and not part of the trial.
We got this statement from the White
Last April the president said...
Some people have jumped on that and
said this is the president shifting
his position. Others have said, not
so much, it is just about enforcing
what already exists.
To a certain extent it is but it is
a step towards greater enforcement.
Arguably what would it have done to
stop this shooting in Florida?
Perhaps not very much because we
know that Nikolas Cruz did by his
guns illegally and there are
loopholes, in spite of background
checks you can still buy a gun from
a private dealer or all without any
background check. Although this is a
check whether or not it would make a
big difference in this shooting or
any other is still a matter of
A couple of other things I want to
ask you about.
We are told he is recovering but has
a long road ahead.
Some of the survivors of this attack
are now planning an attack on
Washington that will happen next
month. Here is one student on why
she will be going.
I want people to
understand how much this hurts. How
much it hurts to have your security
and your friends and people that you
see every day taken away from you
all because this 19-year-old was
allowed to buy a weapon and walk
onto a school campus. I want people
to realise that it is not OK and we
need stricter gun control laws.
America is listening to these
students at the moment. They look
like they are making the most of
This is fascinating, the
mobilisation of these young people,
because they represent the biggest
demographic block fought in the
country. And although a lot of them
cannot afford yet give them another
year or so and they will, and they
are angry and mobilise. And Congress
is going to start listening to them
pretty quickly because this is all
about numbers. And we also see that
young people of that sort of each
group are the only lock that is
going up in terms of how many of
them fought each year. A very
significant development and eight
new developments. We have not seen
this type of reaction from young
people themselves, from the victims
themselves, after these deadly
Next we are going to talk about
The Government has launched a number
of attacks in this rebel on clear.
-- rebel enclave.
You can hear the pounding of the air
strikes. Activists are seeing more
than 70 civilians have died in the
last 24 hours. The question is
whether the Syrian army will launch
an all-out offensive if the rebels
do not surrender. There are 400,000
people living there.
Thank you for joining us. Given the
upper hand held by the Government
what options are available to the
fighters and civilians there?
The civilians are paying the highest
price. The fighters are still trying
to resist. There are mortars falling
over Damascus. Some areas attacked
our civilian areas.
There are many civilians trapped
there. The last few months were the
worst in terms of bombardment. And
the Government has reused barrel
And the rebels controlling this
area, where do they fit into the
larger national picture in Syria?
There are different groups. We do
not have Isis. There are other
Islamist groups, they are locals
from the area. The vast majority of
people in this area are civilians.
There is a scarcity of food.
This escalation in the attacks,
surface to surface missiles, barrel
bombs, all launched in the past 24
of us. Over 70 civilians died in the
past 24 hours. This is a worrying
situation. When you talk to people
on the ground they feel that nobody
cares about the agony or about their
Hours after Syrian state media
reported that pro-government forces
were about to enter Afrin
in northern Syria, there's still no
sign of their deployment.
The enclave is held by Kurdish
fighters who are under severe
pressure from Turkey.
Syrian State Media said
the Government was going to help
the Kurds which raised the prospect
of a direct confrontation
between Turkey and Syria.
Here's the Turkish Foreign Minister.
TRANSLATION: If they regime is sent
into the area to confront PKK there
is no problem but that comes in to
protect YPG nobody can stop the
This map shows the parts of Syria
held by the Government -
That is controlled by Kurdish forces
known as YPG. A huge swathe of
territory, much of which borders
Turkey. Since news of this imminent
arrival of troops supporting the
Syrian Government, The Kurds have
now reported an increase in shelling
on their positions by the Turks. The
consequences are already kicking in.
Here is our reporter on why the
Syrian Government has chosen to get
The Syrian Government offers to get
involved two weeks before the
Turkish offensive started because
one of their targets is to take back
as much territory as they can from
Syria. This was under Kurdish
control for months. It is for the
interest to enter Afrin. It was for
The Kurds to understand maybe they
have to ask for help. Yesterday it
was leaked, this agreement was
leaked, by that Kurdish forces. It's
made headlines this morning in the
region in all newspapers. Later this
afternoon and this evening, another
spokesman said there is no deal. We
have been waiting all day for this
agreement is to be implemented. But
it seems that there were some means
that exploded when the
implementation of this deal, and
nothing happened all day, so the
Syrian Government said some popular
units are entering, it is not the
These are troops who are sympathetic
to the Syrian Government, offering
their help to The Kurds. How
significant a military intervention
is that given that their opposition
as the Turkish military?
These popular units, according to
how the Government called them, ARC
pro-Iranian and union backed
militias that are operating in
neighbouring villages. These people
are pro-government but they follow a
different agenda as well.
Entering in this region could be
problematic for The Kurds and could
be problematic for the Turkish
forces as well. We started reading
into these statements to understand
why the agreement wasn't permitted
all day and why Turkey has raised
the tone. We have a number of
statements by the Turkish Government
saying this will complicate things
and we will fight, we will not let
the Syrian forces destroy our
achievement in that area. All these
several messages, there is something
that is not understood in this deal,
was not agreed on the higher level,
was at local? Did the Americans and
a few in that? Were the Russians on
board with this? All the information
that we have got, that the Russians
were present in this deal. And if
they are present they have informed
the Turkish side. But where things
blew up we still don't understand.
And as we try and understand, our
colleagues are helping us.
And later we will be telling you
about new language services with the
prospect of helping millions of
Prime Minister Theresa May has
announced a review of university
funding in England saying that
students face some of the highest
funding in the world. She also
called for an end to outdated
attitudes to technical education.
Most journalists, politicians, took
the academic group themselves and
will expect their children to do the
same. And there remains a perception
that going to university is the only
decidable route while going into
training is something for other
people's children. If we are going
to succeed in building a fairer
society and a stronger economy we
need is to throw away this I stated
attitude for good and create a
system of tertiary education that
works for all our young people. That
means quality of access to
university education not dependent
on background, a greater focus on
the technical alternatives also.
Welcome back to Outside Source.
White House is saying President
Trump is supportive of efforts to
improve background checks on gun
ownership following on from the
shooting dead of 17 people at a
The Government of Iran says it
cannot confirm that the passenger
plane which crashed on Sunday has
been spotted in a mountain range.
65 people were on board. Israel says
it has signed a multi-billion dollar
gas deal with Egypt. We understand
that gas will be imported into
Egypt, some of it may be liquefied
there, and then exported again.
Chinese authorities are demanding
severe punishment for a man who is
accused of stabbing fun stealing the
thumb of this terracotta Warriors
statue -- accused of breaking off
We now have nearly 40 language
BBC Bernie 's, BBC Russian.
Today's focus is BBC Nigeria.
This can be primarily accessed
through your mobile. We have been
asking people if they can sing the
Nigerian national anthem in that
These latest launchers are part of a
bigger expansion of BBC world
service and that is funded by the UK
Government. It is giving around
$120,000 per year and it is aimed at
reaching half a billion people by
2022 all around the world. This was
a next two years ago when the UK
Government strategic defence and
Security review said,
There is nothing new in this. Lots
of countries are investing in
broadcasters. Russia, Turkey and
China invests hugely in their
broadcasters. It is worth adding
that the UK Government might be
funding this expansion but it is not
telling BBC News what to say. We
have been talking to some of the
people in Nigeria who are about to
get these new services.
the service was launched, it has
attracted a young, vibrant,
digitally connected audience. For
months now there has been
anticipation about the launch of the
What do people make of
them? I learned very well from it.
They will understand what is going
Some of us cannot speak English
fluently but if it is in our
It is important to have
something in our mother tongue.
you want to get their news from the
BBC in one of 40 languages head to
the website and the rest will be
Protectionism. Donald Trump is keen
on it. He thinks free-trade deals
have been bad for the US. He was to
overhaul the free trade deal between
Mexico, Canada and the US. He has
pulled the US out of the
transpacific partnership. And steel
and aluminium production is central,
he is proposing tariffs.
And this is what the head of the UN
trade body says.
Anxiety amongst a
large section of the population as a
function of two different processes.
At one level there is globalisation
really assume that markets can fix
things on their own. Trade cannot
automatically create equality, there
has to be a regulatory authority in
the country that tends to distribute
the benefits of trade. Having said
that a lot of the jobs are being
lost to automation. You have to
combine these different things. The
decline retreat of the welfare
state. The absence of a mechanism
that he distributes the benefits of
This is proving controversial
because there are accusations that
Donald Trump's Sun is exploiting the
family's political influence.
Donald Trump's son.
This is the advert that has been in
the national dailies. Join Donald
Trump Junior in conversation and
dinner. This seems to be doing the
trick. Just within one month of its
launch, Trump Tower has already
booked about 70 houses. That is a
2-storey property. Already 70 people
have pre-booked these flats. The way
it works out as that the developers
would be taking over the
construction and that Trump Tower is
just involved with the branding and
would be taking royalties. Although
the developer of this project says
that this was signed before Donald
Trump became president, the timing
of Donald Trump Junior could not be
more curious because this is the
time where we have seen a slump in
the real estate market, especially
in the area read this project was
launched. It seems that this sales
pitch is a booster for both builders
to get that interest from luxury
If you go to the BBC News website
and look at the most red list right
at the top is one story concerning
KFC. It has had to close lots of
outlets in the US -- in the UK
because of a lack of chicken.
When you've been promised KFC
as a half term treat
but there is no chicken.
Nine-year-old Maxine is not happy.
Are you more hungry or angry?
It's not just Maxine's local outlet.
Hundreds across the UK are shut
because KF has no C.
They've run out of chicken.
Pretty shocking, really, to be fair.
Especially when you're hungry, like,
you know what I mean?
KFC have blamed teething problems
with the new delivery contract.
They switched to DHL last week,
who say operational issues have
disrupted the supply.
It's a chicken place,
so they should have enough chicken.
They should be able to store it.
It's a big chain, so it does seem
All the chicken...
There's farmers, surely
there should be enough chickens.
We tried several outlets
across Bristol today but found no
fingers being licked.
Almost every store closed.
You'd expect these hatches to be
really busy at this point
but the kitchen is empty,
the fryers switched off.
Chicken with fries, please.
Chicken with fries.
It's a far cry from this.
Tonight, the company is encouraging
staff to take holidays until it can
meet the demand again.
KFC says its own employees will be
paid, but the large majority
of restaurants are franchises.
It just seems amazing.
I thought everything was pretty much
automated these days
and as they use chicken,
Something has gone seriously wrong.
The company says it's working flat
out to rectify the problem.
But, for some, that is
Jon Kay, BBC News.
In a couple of minutes time we are
going to turn to their Winter
Olympics and talk about this Russian
Cara who has tested positive for a
banned substance. We are awaiting
the second test butterfat is also
positive he and his wife who won
bronze in mixed doubles, FA are
found -- if he is found to have
cheated, they will lose their
We are going to start this week at
the world whether in a place you do
not normally associate with heavy
outbreaks of rain, the Middle East.
But this cloud has worked steadily
eastwards and brought heavy falls of
rain which would have been welcomed
but also brought localised flooding.
80 millimetres fell across parts of
Lebanon, 70 millimetres in parts of
Iran, and almost 100 and parts of
Iraq. And as the winds picked up
dust storms blew into Kuwait,
turning the sky is orange. That area
of low pressure has worked eastwards
bringing heavy rain and mountain
snow across Eastern areas of Iran
and into Afghanistan. In the United
States there is an area of cloud
stretching from the Rocky Mountains
to their Great Lakes, heavy snowfall
across parts of Utah, South Dakota
over the last 24 hours. That weather
is working its way eastwards. Risk
of flooding. Temperature contrasts
across north America at the moment.
Arctic air is entrenched in Canada,
-15 in Winnipeg, but highs of 29
Celsius in Miami.
Double trouble in Australia and New
Zealand, this is extra pickle
cyclone Kelvin. This will be a
double whammy of whether for New
Zealand. Torrential falls of rain
are on the way. 150-200 millimetres
of rain across the South Island.
Widespread flooding over the next
couple of days. Then there is the
winds, damaging and destructive
gusts of wind reaching 80 mph. And
the remains of Kelvin will bring
heavy rain to parts of south and
Western Australia. 150 millimetres
of rain. There could be localised
flash flooding. Big thunderstorms as
well affecting Queens land. Closer
to home, in Europe, if you love
across Eastern Scotland, Eastern
parts of England, I am sure you have
noticed cloud and rain, it is tied
in with this weather system which is
bringing wet weather across France,
Belgium and Holland. We will
continue to see that mixture of
Claudio Bravo weather lasting into
Tuesday. There are signs that the
weather is starting to turn colder
across Europe and that could be a
sign of things to come.
Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,
this is Outside Source,
and these are the main stories
here in the BBC Newsroom
Students stage a "lie-in" outside
the White House to demand changes
to gun laws in America
as President Trump says
he's open to enforcing
tighter background checks.
Meanwhile the 17-year-old
suspect, Nikolas Cruz,
makes his second court appearance.
He's accused of killing 17
students and teachers.
One of Britain's most
Matthew Falder is jailed
for 32 years.
US Homeland Security describe him
as the worst of his kind.
He was one of the most prolific
child exploiters in the UK and even
Olympic doping scandals come in many
forms. Try this one out. This is a
Russian athlete, he won a bronze
medal, along with his wife, in the
mixed doubles curling at the Winter
Olympics in South Korea. He tested
positive for meldonium, which can
increase an athlete's injuries and
recovery. I should show you some
curling footage, just some general
action to give you an idea. You
probably wouldn't call it an injury
in sport, so this has had a few
people rubbing their heads. Here is
a Russian curling coach at the
for the official result. I can't
comment on this yet but for me it is
absolutely obvious that this cannot
be possible, because after such a
huge scandal in the last two years
with meldonium, I did believe that a
normal person could have taken it
and use this method for the
Olympics. He would have to be
completely stupid. I just don't
believe it. Sasha is an intelligent
and normal boy. I don't believe that
this is possible.
It might seem
unbelievable that a cola would cheat
using a drug well-known, but it is
also worth mentioning that when
Russia hosted the Olympics in Sochi
four years ago it also seemed
unlikely that the host would be
planning a huge operation to
systematically doped many members of
its own team, thus fundamentally
undermining many of the events and
being tired games. But that's what
happened. That might also seem
unlikely that four short years
later, more than 150 Russian athlete
would be allowed to compete in the
Winter Olympics, despite Russia
being banned, and despite us knowing
about industrial scale cheating
organised by the Russians. That's
happening too. The athletes are
called Olympic Athletes of Russia,
not Russian Olympians, though you
could be forgiven for not spotting
the difference, they still wear red
and white. There was another
positive test at the Olympic 's last
week, this Japanese speed skater was
thrown out. So here is one
anti-doping expert, looking at where
we have got on this issue, this time
This must be a huge
disappointment for those who are
trying very, very hard to make this
a very clean games, but it is the
second doping offence, or doping
violation, rather, that is being
reported. But it is perhaps more
interesting to know that this
particular substance is somewhat
controversial. It was only added to
the list in 2016, and perhaps the
most famous athlete involved in this
particular substance use was Maria
Sharapova. So we know it has a
medicinal use, but whether or not
this particular individual had
applied for and received a
therapeutic use exemption, we may
not know just yet. Initially, these
strict liability will apply, and the
athlete will be disqualified, unless
they can somehow show there is good
reason to consider this as a
completely non-intentional, perhaps
even a situation where the athlete
has been spiked or targeted in some
way, it was not their fault.
more on this particular drug, BBC
The substance that he tested
positive for cover meldonium, was
developed in Latvia and still widely
available over-the-counter in many
Eastern European countries. Away
from sport it is used to treat heart
conditions, but the world
anti-doping agency put it on the
banned list in 2016 because of the
standard could have informants
enhancing qualities because it
increases blood flow and as a result
could be used as a drug to boost in
June. Since it was put on the banned
list, a number of Eastern European
athletes have tested positive for
this. As far as this one is
concerned, I understand he has told
Russian officials it could be as a
result of a spiked drink at a
pre-Olympic training camp. He has
gone to Seoul to witness the opening
of a B sample, if it comes back
positive he will have the right to
hearing from the Court of
Arbitration for Sport, he could
provide any evidence that could
explain how the substance got into
his system. If he is found guilty of
a doping offence, that bronze medal
they won in the mixed curling will
be taken away, he could face a band
of four years as well. This would
have ramifications not just for him
that for the neutral athletes, over
150 of them competing in Jung Chang,
because they hoped that Russia would
be reinstated by the closing
ceremony. The IOC said they would
take all factors into consideration
as to whether they have met all the
rules and regulations, and also this
case as well, it could have
ramifications on that. They will
make a decision, the IOC, as to
whether Russia can march under the
elliptic flag by the end of this
week so we wait the outcome of this
Now to one of the top stories
here in the UK.
A British paedophile who blackmailed
victims has been sentenced
to 32 years in prison.
Matthew Falder was a
university lecturer -
and he admitted 137 offences.
He was caught after an operation
involving the UK, Australia,
New Zealand, Slovenia
and Israel and America.
Here's what the US department
of homeland security has said.
Matthew Falder was one of the most
prolific child exploiters and
blackmail as we have ever seen or
the US. It became the volume of
victims and the techniques that were
employed and the discipline that was
employed around the internet not be
identified and the court was
something we had never seen before.
More on this from the BBC's Sima
Kotecha, who has been covering the
So what was it I have
done, what is it I was supposed to
Dr Matthew Falder being
arrested at his workplace last year.
The 29-year-old spent years posing
as a female artist online to trick
his victims into sending him naked
pictures of themselves.
like the rap sheet from hell.
then researched their profiles on
social media, and use that
information to blackmail them into
sending him more obscene images. He
even installed secret cameras in
people post Zack Holmes to film them
in the shower and using the toilet.
Falder contacted more than 300
people worldwide. One of his victims
told us she can no longer trust
I was ashamed of what I have
done. All relationships broke down.
You can't be friends with someone
that doesn't trust you, and I didn't
trust them. Even though they did
nothing wrong. And I did nothing
wrong. There was no trust any more.
Last year, he pleaded guilty to 137
charges, including encouraging the
rape of a child and possessing a
paedophile manual. Today he was
sentenced to more than 30 years.
feeling of helplessness he embodied
in the victims, and took them to a
place where they never wanted to go,
is truly horrific. And those videos
will be with me and the team
probably for the rest of our lives.
Falder was under surveillance for
several months during a four-year
investigation. The Cambridge
graduate was identified by the
National Crime Agency. They'd worked
with partner agencies across the
world, including the Australian
Federal police and homeland security
in America to find the man who was
behind the messages. Falder lived in
this block of flats. He worked at
Birmingham University. Now, officers
say his motivation was power and
control. He wanted his victims to
feel embarrassed and humiliated, and
he was confident he could outwit the
authorities. He contacted vulnerable
people seeking work on websites. He
then used names such as 666 double
and evil mind on the dark net, to
communicate with other paedophiles.
The dark net is a type of private
computer network that is closed off
from the rest of the World Wide Web.
Have you sent pictures of your
blackmail victims to the parents of
Falder did not cooperate. Today the
judgment called him a internet
highway man. The paedophile showed
no remorse or emotion throughout the
proceedings. More information on
that story and all the stories we
cover on Outside Source on the BBC
There is full coverage
on the Florida School Shooting
and you can read more
about President Trump and the gun
The leaders of eight British cities
were in Brussels today to hold talks
with the EU's chief Brexit
negotiator Michel Barnier.
They are making the case
to keep strong links
with the EU after Brexit.
These are the cities
that held the meetings -
London's not listed -
the rest of the cities believe
London is getting all the attention
in Brexit negotiations.
They are arguing they deserve the
intention because Brexit will impact
on their people.
This is about
putting UK cities on the map. In our
region, we are really concerned we
will end up with a Brexit that only
works for the City of London. It has
got to work for the whole of the UK
economy forced there are thousands
of jobs in our region at stake, and
I've been making the case in the
heart of Europe to make sure our
region has a voice in these
But the British
government is doing the what can you
We have been raising the
point our cities are raising,
representing our communities,
talking at the interests of
businesses and making sure this is
not just seen as a London centric
solution to Brexit, this is a
solution that benefits the whole of
the UK and puts all of our UK cities
firmly on the map.
Christmas, we covered a story that
the EU began unprecedented
disciplinary proceedings against
It argued that Poland's government
was flouting the rule of law
by attacking the independence
of Polish courts and judges.
The issue hasn't gone away.
Not least because Poland's allies
are clear they will stand by it.
Hungary, Poland and most recently
Austria have seen right-wing
nationalist parties do
well in elections.
This week, Jenny Hill is looking
at these divisions this
is creating within the EU.
Today, Jenny reports
from Zambrov in Poland,
on the success of the Law
and Justice Party.
When your country has come a long
way, it is easy to feel left behind.
Poland has gone from communism,
to the EU, to relative prosperity.
But out here, many felt
forgotten - until now.
Generous child benefits,
a lower retirement age,
small wonder perhaps the Pis
government gets the family vote.
all the other parties make
promises, but they don't deliver.
Pis kept their promises,
it is good and I support them
and I don't see anything wrong
with what they are doing.
Quite the opposite.
But they have divided
a country, enraged the EU.
Last year, protests in Warsaw,
Pis attacks press freedom,
access to abortion and
the independence of the judiciary.
is already broken.
There is no balance of power.
We are moving towards
an authoritarian state.
One party will dominate Parliament
and will destroy independent
But resistance is giving way
to resignation, the government
is backed in part by
the Catholic Church,
the voice of tradition
is growing louder.
was patriotism that drove me
towards Pis, the
patriotism I inherited
from my grandparents and my parents.
I could only find that kind
of patriotism in the Pis party.
It is as if there is
a battle going on here
for the very soul of this country.
It divides society into liberal
elite or populist patriot
and it is a struggle which
symbolises, perhaps even feeds,
what is happening within the EU.
This is no longer a defining
moment simply for Poland,
but for the whole European project.
Because, it seems, no one
is really sure how to deal
with what is arguably the EU's
most troublesome state.
Silvio Berlusconi has been speaking
to the BBC. He was Italy's Prime
Minister, trying to make a comeback.
He says he is the best option for
Italians in the general election. He
says his criminal conviction for tax
fraud in 2013 was shameful, but that
Italians never lost faith in him. We
shall see about that. He has had a
bizarre exchange the BBC, as you
Forts and Italia!
thought he was politically finished,
done. But Silvio Berlusconi, Italy's
four-time Prime Minister, is making
a comeback. His centre-right
coalition is set to win the most
votes in the general election in two
weeks' time. Outside of Italy,
Berlusconi's famous for his love of
women, and his ability to remain
freshfaced. But in many parts of
this country, he is much more than
I am voting for
Berlusconi, his experience, I trust
him, I am sure he has learned from
built a good coalition, he has my
technically become Prime Minister.
In 2013, he was banned from public
office because of his criminal
convictions for tax fraud. But he
can still lead his party. When I
caught up with him, I asked why he
thinks he is the best person for the
I was ousted from
politics because of an unbelievably
shameful sentence. The Italian
people know that everything that's
been said about me is false, that
all the accusations are made up.
They never stopped trusting me, and
I have governed this country for
longer than anyone else.
challenge will come from the 5-star
movement, an antiestablishment
political party on the right. So in
a couple of weeks, Silvio
Berlusconi, a man who can't be
elected as an MP, and isn't even
allowed to vote, could be back in
power, leading a grand coalition in
Parliament here. This would be in
effect the fifth time he has led
this country. Despite the prominent
of feminist campaigns worldwide,
including movements like me too, it
seems many Italian women can look
beyond Berlusconi's alleged sex
He is my
idol. All men are like that. He was
just a fool because he got caught.
Me too is not so strong in Italy as
it has been in the Anglo-Saxon
countries. People don't remember
very well the night of Berlusconi,
all the scandals. It is something
far away in our memory.
And not many
interviews with covenant interviews
in like this these days.
Don't shake hands like
that, too strong. Men will think
this one is going to beat me up and
no one will marry you. Let's try
again. No, a little less! Who is
ever going to marry you? I'm joking,
you have to joke every once in a
For many, the idea that
Berlusconi would run the country
again was itself a joke a year ago.
But the man Italians either love or
hate seems on the verge of yet
another comeback. And of course on
the cover of weeks' time we will
tell you how Mr Berlusconi got on.
In Zimbabwe, a huge crowd gathered
earlier for a memorial service
for former opposition leader Morgan
He passed away last week
after a long battle with cancer.
He was 65.
Many people wore red
at the service, the colour
of the party he founded,
the Movement for Democratic Change.
Mr Tsvangirai lived long enough
to see his political foe
Robert Mugabe forced from power
a couple of months ago.
Although of course Mr Mugabe was
replaced by somebody else from
within the same party.
Today's service was held
in the Civic Square in Harare.
This is where opposition
protests were often held
during the Mugabe era.
Shingai Nyoka was there.
Hundreds of opposition supporters,
leaders from across the political
divide, as well as diplomats and
representatives from some African
countries, have gathered here did to
Morgan Tsvangirai, and the speakers
in this service remembered his
contribution to democracy in this
country. They say that he is an icon
that should be honoured but there
has also been reference to the fact
that in his death his supporters
should now unite behind one leader.
We've talked a lot recently about
political protest in Ethiopia -
there's been very different kind
of protest today.
People stayed at home.
They're opposed to a six-month state
of emergency that was imposed
after the Prime Minister
resigned last week.
And he resigned because of
other protests, like
these from last week.
The unrest dates back to 2015
and has claimed hundreds of lives.
Most of the unrest has
centred on Ethiopia's
two largest regions,
Oromia and Amhara.
The people who are staying at home,
they are mainly in the Norma --
Northern region and they are one of
the ethnic groups that feel very
aggrieved with the Ethiopian
government. They are particularly
angry because on Friday the
government reimposed a state of
emergency, and introduced very
strict rules about what people can
and can't do under the state of
emergency, and they are essentially
are protesting against that.
that is justified in the name of
before the state of emergency was
imposed, the Prime Minister
unexpectedly resigned, and so it is
a response to that because the
country is basically in political
turmoil. No new Prime Minister has
been announced so they have imposed
a state of emergency to try to
control what are basically three
years of anti-government protests.
So who is bossing this, the
politicians or the military men?
the moment the politicians, because
even within the governing
commission, which has essentially
been a very authoritarian form of
rule, that is split and there are
fears now that Ethiopia's military
might start to really muscle in. And
that would really spell disaster for
the country, because it's so
important that Ethiopia is kept
politically stable, because it is in
such a fantastically unstable part
of Africa. So if the military start
to really move in, that will mean
that Ethiopia has become another
basket case in a region which is
already full of basket cases.
only a few weeks ago you were
standing here and we were talking
about this big announcement of
political prisoners being released,
and there was a stain -- sense of
optimism. That seems to have
Yes, it is very
strange because Ethiopia had these
months and months and months of
protests, and it was scrambling
around trying to work out what to do
and eventually decided start
releasing. It released about 6000
political prisoners, and people
started to think, OK, the government
is making some concessions to these
two big ethnic groups who are in
opposition. But then the Prime
Minister resigned, and a new state
of emergency was imposed, and so it
looks like it is back to square one.
Thanks to Mary, and if you heard
someone shouting in the background,
it sounded rather dramatic, we never
found out who it was, but whoever it
was, I think they were OK.
Oxfam has directly apologised
to the Haitian government today
following the prostitution scandal.
Oxfam's regional director
for Latin America and the Caribbean
said "We came here to share
the report with the minister
and express our shame and apologies
to the Haitian government
and to the Haitian people.
We've taken lots of measures
to improve internal
The report he's talking
about was an internal
investigation from 2011.
Here it is.
Parts are blacked out
to protect identities.
Oxfam published it today and it
reveals that three of the men
accused of sexual misconduct
in Haiti physically threatened
witnesses during that
Here's Theresa May's reaction -
given to BBC London radio.
This is absolutely horrific, this is
exactly the problem that we see,
which means that all too often
people don't feel able to come
forward to report what has happened
to them, the behaviour that they
have been on the receiving end of.
Here's some more of what's been
revealed in the report.
was dismissed and three resigned
for using prostitutes
on Oxfam premises.
Two more were dismissed
for bullying and intimidation.
Another was sacked for
failing to protect staff.
Here's a member of the UK's
International Development Committee.
I don't think these sorts of reports
should be secret. Now that it is out
in the open, we can actually do
something significant about it, and
that's what I'm going to be asking
difficult to do, to have a central
register, so we know anyone we give
money to, any charity, has got the
right procedures in place, and that
the children and women are
See you tomorrow,