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America's agony - again -
as 17 students and teachers
are killed in the 18th school
shooting in the US this year.
He ran up and down the hallway -
just banging and shooting
at the classrooms -
he shot through my door.
Nikolas Cruz was arrested
after going on the run.
President Trump today pledged
to make schools safer.
No child, no teacher should ever be
in danger in an American school.
All change in South Africa -
Cyril Ramaphosa says one
of his priorities as new president
will be to fight corruption.
A staggering statistic -
one in six children now
lives in a conflict zone,
says Save the Children.
We ask the charity what this means
for the children now -
and in the future.
The United States is reeling
from its third deadliest school
shooting in modern history.
This is 19-year-old Nikolas Cruz.
He has been identified as the gunman
and charged with seventeen counts
of premeditated murder.
It happened in Parkland in Florida
at Marjory Stoneman
Douglas High School -
the school Nikolas Cruz
used to attend.
This is the 18th school shooting
in America this year alone.
And each time the question of how
this could happen is asked.
Here's Florida Governor, Rick Scott.
How could this ever
happen in this country?
How could this happen in this state?
This is a state that is
focused on keeping all
of our children safe.
You come to the conclusion
this is just absolutely
So what do we know of the gunman?
Well, a lot comes from Nikolas
Cruz's own social media posts.
This is his Instagram page.
There are dozens of
photos of weapons and
him posing with guns and knives,
and wearing a balaclava.
We know he was expelled from
the school for disciplinary reasons.
A Math teach Jim Gard said
"we were told last year
that he wasn't allowed on campus
with a backpack on him."
But still, he wasn't high
on the police's radar.
Here's the County Sheriff.
He is in custody. We have begun to
dissect his websites and the things
on social media that he was on.
During Wednesday's Outside Source -
this shooting was still active -
we brought you the story,
but only from helicopter
aerials at that stage -
now we have have a lot more detail.
Many students had mobile phones,
and recorded and uploaded
what they were experiencing.
A warning - some
of it is disturbing.
This is a student's
video of the terrifying
moment shots rang out.
The shooting began near
the end of the school day.
The gunman set off
a fire alarm so students
would have to evacuate.
These are pictures
of students running
for their lives from the school.
It was Valentines day.
Many children were seen holding
flowers and gifts as they fled.
People barricaded themselves inside
classrooms and hid in cupboards.
Some had to wait for
more than an hour.
This is the moment officers arrived
in one classroom, and pupils
realized they were finally safe.
And here's what some of the students
who escaped had to say.
He ran up and down the hallway just
banging and shooting in to the
Kids were evacuating. I
heard five pops.
One of our teachers
said, run as fast as you can and I
heard a gunshot.
There were teachers
telling us to get into rooms and the
Adding to the confusion
for authorities, Nikolas Cruz had
concealed himself among the fleeing
crowds of students
to try and escape.
He was eventually arrested
in a nearby suburb without incident.
In the last few hours we've heard
a white supremacist group say
he had ties to them.
Then there were scenes like these.
Incredible relief for
the parents who were reunited
with their children.
There were emotional scenes outside
the school and at a nearby hospital
where the wounded were taken.
We're also hearing incredible
stories of bravery.
This is Football Coach Aaron Feis.
He was killed trying
to shield students.
And the first of the student
victims have been named.
This is Jaime Guttenberg.
Her family confirmed
her death on Facebook.
Sadly, these types of
attacks are frequent.
are the worst shootings
in the country since 1999.
Wednesday's attack is the deadliest
at a US high school -
surpassing the Columbine High School
while this shooting was going on -
Senator Chris Murphy -
whose district includes
Sandy Hook Elementary School - stood
up in the senate and said this.
This happens nowhere else other than
the United States of America. This
epidemic of mass slaughter. School
shooting after school shooting. It
only happens here not because of
coincidence, not because of bad
luck, but as a consequence of our
So what's been
the political fallout so far?
Well, a little earlier President
Trump addressed the nation.
We are here for you, whatever we can
do, to ease your pain. We are all
joined together as one American
family. And you are suffering as our
Strong on emotion, but there no
mention of gun control.
Ahead of the shooting this was
posted by the gunman. This is very
likely to be their weapons he used.
In this article in the early times
it reveals that the latest and
deadliest mass shootings in America
all involved that particular weapon.
Firearm rights are such a divisive
topic in America.
People are concerned about their
rights as am I. What about the
rights of these students? Don't they
have the right to be protected by
the United States Government?
And be received this update from our
The people I have spoken to are
still feeling emotional about this.
Some adults are still trying about
this when they are asked who they
are doing. Students say they are
still in shock, they say they did
not expect something like this. It
is something they have seen numerous
times on their television screens in
other parts of the nation. We have
also been hearing from those who
have been victims here, that they do
want some kind of action on
something, anything, to reduce these
types of shootings. The teacher who
helped shield 19 kids in the closet
of her classroom saying that the
nation failed them and failed to
keep them safe. These are the types
of stories we are hearing again and
Where is the investigation heading?
How much was known about the threat
that this individual might have
Authorities here say they will be
doing an exhaustive investigation,
speaking to students to get a
clearer picture of what they knew
about this shooter. He was on the
FBI's reader as early as November.
At that point he was flagged up to
the agency because he posted a
message that said, he was going to
be a professional school shooter.
The FBI has said that they did hold
an investigation, they could not
identify who that person was, they
have promised again to look into
that investigation. We do know he
was in court recently charged in
front of a judge with those 17
counts of premeditated murder. He is
being held now without bail. The
authorities are trying to piece
together what other groups he was
involved. There was a white
supremacist group he was involved
with here in Florida. And other
messages on social media that could
give a clue into his mortar.
We ask the same questions about guns
in America, do you expect anything
I keep saying that our country is
more divided than ever on this
issue. You have a president who is
an ally of the gun lobby
organisation and what we have heard
from lawmakers today does not shed
any comfort to those who want to see
some consensus on this issue.
We will be hearing from the
pro-gunners side of the debate in 20
minutes time. -- from the pro-gun
side of this debate.
South Africa has a new leader.
Cyril Ramaphosa was officially
sworn in as President -
just 16 hours after his predecessor
Jacob Zuma was forced to step down.
This is what happened
in parliament today.
I declare the honourable
Cyril Ramaphosa duly elected
President of the Republic of South
Well as you saw, the chamber
erupted into cheers.
But take a look at
what happened next.
More scenes of jubilation -
Cyril Ramaphosa began
his term by declaring
a new era for South Africa.
A promise to fight corruption.
And a pledge to serve the people.
Let's hear him.
When one is elected in this type
of position, you basically become
a servant of the people
of South Africa, and I'll seek
to execute that task
with humility, faithfulness
and with dignity as well.
That is what I will seek to do.
Ramaphosa's elevation caps a week
of suspense and drama.
We showed you this last night -
Jacob Zuma officially resigning.
He was effectively pushed
from the top job by his
own party, the ANC.
The ultimatum - step down,
or face a vote of no-confidence.
Zuma has been dogged by corruption
allegations, a charge he denies.
So what's ahead for South
Africa's new leader?
Cyril Ramaphosa's job won't be easy.
The economy is faltering.
Unemployment sits at nearly 27%.
And corruption is rife.
More now from Milton Nkosi.
The ANC recalled President Zuma,
they did not give any reasons. They
had wanted to stay on until June, he
said. But wait on Wednesday he
addressed the nation, saying that he
is stepping down because he believes
in the Constitution. His own
comrades within the African National
Congress had already gone to
Parliament with opposition parties
to have a fort of no confidence if
he was not going to resign
voluntarily. Because he offered his
resignation they then changed that
allocated slot in Parliament to
swear them in Cyril Ramaphosa, who
is now the current president of
South Africa. Now South Africa, the
mood in the country, is that of
euphoria, excitement, and more
importantly of hope. South Africans
believe that Cyril Ramaphosa will
change the direction of the economic
growth of South Africa which has
been stagnant and fairly sluggish in
recent years, partly because of the
global outlook, but also because of
internal self-inflicted wounds of
corruption, infighting within the
governing African National Congress,
and of course the cronyism
allegations that have been hanging
over President Zuma for so long.
Cyril Ramaphosa campaigned towards
the end of last year on the ticket
of anti-corruption. He is determined
that he wants a corrupt three
Government and the business friendly
-- corrupt-free Government.
Here a former youth football coach
has been found guilty
of the remaining sexual assault
charges against him.
In total, Barry Bennell
was convicted of 43
offences against 11 boys
between 1979 and 1990.
One of his victims
spoke outside court.
I am so proud of all the victims
that have come forward, not only in
this case, but others that are still
waiting. I am proud of what I have
achieved in terms of allowing these
lads up stairs to get the justice
that they have deserved for many
years. That has been a tough 15
months or so for me and my family. I
had recently lost my father, I know
he is looking down on us now. I am
proud of my wife sticking by me. I
am proud of my children. And more
importantly, that justice has been
served to the people will be able
move on, including myself.
President Trump says making American
schools safer as his top priority
after 17 pupils and staff were
killed by a gunman and followed up.
Reports that the Nato led military
mission in Afghanistan has rejected
an offer by the Taliban to end the
Waugh in the country through talks.
The offer was made in the rare open
The US secretary of state has warned
that the involvement of the Lebanese
militant group will have a negative
impact on Lebanon itself.
Lots of people are taking this
online journey, it is a restaurant
in Tokyo, diners have a four course
dinner and a virtual reality handset
that can take to Rome, Paris, or New
South Africa's new President has
a big job ahead of him.
At the top of Cyril Ramaphosa's
agenda will be reviving
the nation's struggling economy.
The latest figures show
economic growth of just 2% -
political turmoil and poor public
finances have been big problems.
So too is the staggeringly
rate of nearly 27%.
It's one reason the country
desperately needs more investment.
And South Africa has been struggling
to attract that from abroad.
In 2016 foreign direct
investment was $2.27bn
which was significantly down
on previous years.
One economist we spoke to earlier
said South Africa's economy
is almost at rock bottom,
and a big change
in policy is needed.
Today there is an enormous sigh of
relief in the country. We have got
rid of a president who has been a
disaster for South Africa and we
have a man with a track record who
understands business and is
determined to get the country moving
again and has a clear plan of what
to do. South Africa is almost at
rock bottom. It is a big mountain we
have to climb. There is a lot of
pent-up investment, some of which
had been halted because it did not
suit their corruption and state
capture project that was facilitated
by the former president. You can
turn sentiment very quickly and then
we have to systematically make the
right decisions and start to put
South Africa on a much more labour
intensive and much higher growth
President Trump's budget plans
for 2019 faced scrutiny today,
as his Treasury Secretary Steve
Mnuchin was grilled
by an influential Congressional
committee in Washington.
In focus, reports of a plan
to increase the federal gasoline tax
by 25 cents to help fund
the President's $1.5 trillion dollar
Who are controversial is this?
Extremely controversial. There is
hardly anything more explosive than
a tax on gasoline. Millions of
Americans rely on driving on roads
to get to work and their gasoline
prices are fairly closely watched.
But reportedly President Trump is
behind this scheme to raise tax
which hasn't been raised since Bill
Clinton was in office and the
rationale behind that which has
support from both sides is that if
anyone has 2p to fix America's
crumbling roads it should be road
users themselves and therefore it is
only fair that they should see an
increase in tax. Road users will see
they have been paying this tax for
many years and American roads have
not seen much investment is why
should they trust the Government by
paying an extra 25 cents per gallon.
Tens of thousands of Indian
and Chinese women in the US
could soon lose the right to work,
as President Trump looks to overturn
another Obama era policy.
The BBC's Yogita Limaye
reports from New York.
America is the only home and her
children have ever known.
She migrated from Indiana one decade
ago. Her husband is on a Visa given
to highly skilled workers. And two
years ago she was given the right to
work in this country. Now President
Trump intends to revoke that.
It feels like I am getting back into
a golden cage, it is as if they are
sending this signal to me that my
skill sets and abilities do not
matter in this world and I should
lead the life of a home maker rather
than be a contributing member of
Earlier this month she was
among the group of Indians who
gathered outside the US Capitol.
Tens of thousands of women from
China and India are most impacted by
the change because the numbers of
immigrants from these countries are
high. This is a little bit of India
in New Jersey just outside New York,
one place Indians with technical
skills have thrived over the
decades, living the American dream.
Employers have also benefited
because hiring foreigners is
cheaper. The previous administration
to allow spouses of foreign workers
to get jobs was opposed by
subgroups. It was even challenged in
court. A case that might be rendered
irrelevant now given the views of
the new president.
Trump has been
vocal that he wants jobs for
Americans and he wants we just two
entities. If you keep bringing in
more workers the employer gets
cheaper labour about that does not
help the American worker.
who make the journey from India, a
country where social pressures often
force women to quit jobs, the idea
that America might deny them this
right is hard to come to terms with.
Let's bring you a couple
of stories from the Olympics.
We've talked a lot about the Russian
athletes competing under the banner
of the neutral Olympic
Athletes from Russia name.
Well the hockey team
aren't taking any chances
While fans can be as
patriotic as they want -
All the athletes signed a document
saying they won't protest
the ruling that turned
Team Russia into the OAR.
Kovalchuk says "We won't chase
fans away if they're
carrying Russian flags.
We'll talk to them,
explain it and take
a photograph without the flag."
For the athletes that have made it
to the Olympics their journey has
involved a lot of sports -
now I have a journey
might be more athletic.
For a Swiss couple - who wanted
to see their son compete -
travelled to the Games almost
all the way by bicycle.
The end of an Olympic-sized journey.
Guido Huwiler and his wife,
Rita Ruttimann, arrive in the ski
park of the Olympic
Village in PyeongChang.
12,000km over land to be
reunited with their son,
Mischa Gasser, an aerial
skier for Switzerland.
TRANSLATION: He's always been
a crazy one and done
lots of exciting and crazy things.
I wasn't too surprised
to hear about the trip.
Guido and Rita started their bike
tour in March last year
in Olten, Switzerland.
Their journey took them
through 20 countries,
from the Balkans to Central Asia.
Their toughest challenge
was the Pamir Highway,
a road that traverses mountains
from Afghanistan to Kyrgyzstan.
TRANSLATION: We were
After 2,500km on gravel road,
up to 4,500m altitude,
it was cold and we had very
average, limited food.
The pair had planned
to bike the entire journey
but because of visa issues,
ended up breaking their journey
and flying over China
to Korea's capital, Seoul.
From here, they braved freezing
temperatures on bike.
TRANSLATION: The past two nights
we spent in our tent.
In the morning, the inside
the tent was all white,
everything was frozen.
The water in the coffee pot
and the milk were both frozen -
But the journey was worth it.
TRANSLATION: I think it's great,
just super, that he's made it
to the Olympic Games.
They will watch him compete
in the freestyle skiing heat
Katie Silver, BBC News.
Coming up on Outside Source in the
next few minutes, we will be
speaking to the pro Gala side of the
debate on firearms in the United
States -- pro-gun side of the debate
on firearms in the United States.
States -- pro-gun side of the debate
on firearms in the United States.
The weather for the week ahead is on
the Wii in half an hour but before
then here are some weather stories
from around the world. The Winter
Olympics has been plagued by strong
winds earlier in the big and damage
in the village. A cyclone is
developing in Australia. There is
still a severe cyclone risk. The
size of new Caledonia, you can see
the eye of the storm. Very powerful
and dangerous. Earlier it was
category three. Whilst it has been
in the Pacific Islands for a while
it will drift southwards and beacon.
Uncertainty about the track. The me
the rain and to the north island of
New Zealand by Sunday.
By Sunday there may be a category
three cyclone. This is to the West
of the Philippines. This was a
tropical storm earlier in the week.
This system is no more. As you push
up some warmer here you can see how
the clouds develops along those
coastal areas of Vietnam and
remediate wetter weather by
Saturday. Moving north, cold a year
behind this band of cloud and wet
weather sweeping away from Japan.
With that calls a year coming in
over the sea of Japan on those
stronger winds we will find more
snow showers for northern parts. But
for the Korean peninsula it should
be mainly dry. This is the forecast
in the mountains. The next few days
look generally dry. It's me turn
milder over the next couple of days.
The winds will be stronger on
Saturday and Sunday. The winds
injured up our strongest across the
north-west. This band of cloud is
producing some rain and snow over
the Alps. A block of cold here and
cloud. In the UK as we head towards
the weekend, whilst we will see
sunshine, still the chance of rain
but it should be on the mild side.
Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,
this is Outside Source,
and these are the main stories
here in the BBC Newsroom.
America's agony again as 17 students
are killed in the 18th school
shooting this year.
He ran up and
down the hallway shooting into the
classrooms, he shot through my door.
Nikolas Cruz was arrested after
going on the run.
pledged to make schools safer. No
child, no teacher should ever feel
in danger at an American school.
change in South Africa, the new
Prime Minister said his priority
will be to fight corruption. Your
questions are always welcome. BBCOS
is the hashtag.
The United States is again forced
to confront a mass school shooting -
the 18th of the year.
So far there has been one
school shooting in the US
on average every 60 hours.
But even as politicians
across the board said today that
mass shootings have to stop,
it seems they are
only getting worse.
Here's what the President
said a little earlier.
To every parent, teacher and child,
who is hurting so badly, we are here
for you, whatever you need, whatever
we can do to ease your pain. We are
all joined together as one American
family. And you're suffering is our
burden also. No child, no teacher
should ever be in danger in an
After each of these shootings
the gun debate takes over.
Scarlett Lewis lost her
six-year-old son Jesse
in the Sandy Hook massacre.
She says the education
system needs to change
to help emotional learning.
The solution really is, and I have a
life in the last five years since my
son was murdered his first grade
classroom that I was not going to
wait for someone else to come up
with the solution. I believe the
solution is social and emotional
learning and that's teaching kids
how to get along and have healthier
relationships and manage their
emotions. This is not something that
is innate, we have to learn the
skills and tools and we haven't been
teaching them and it is called
social and emotional learning and
there are decades of research
showing that this actively prevents
suffering before it starts.
Scarlett Lewis stands at one
end of the gun debate -
but like many others she's given up
on actual gun control.
At the other end stand those
who oppose any gun control
in the name of the sacred second
amendment to the US Constitution -
AWR Hawkins is in that
camp and joins us now.
You're the 2nd amendment columnist
for Breitbart news.
A warm welcome to you on outside
source. From your perspective when
you see a tragedy like this, do you
think something needs to change?
do think something needs to change.
Thank you for having me. Something
needs to change and they do not
think it is gun control. Gun control
doesn't work and it isn't working
but I believe we need to in America
quit having these gun free zones. We
have resource officers outside of
the schools and it is confirmed
there was at least one resource
officer that is armed. It is easy to
skip one the source officer and once
you do that you are among a crowd of
unarmed people, whether armed with a
knife or done by the billy club you
can do what you want and nobody can
send you off. I have contended for a
long time that teachers, we have
concealed permits in America,
teachers who want to do that should
be able to and I think it is
reasonable and will allow them to
defend their own lives and the lives
of the children.
Let's make clear
what you believe. You believe more
guns in schools would prevent gun
violence like we have been seeing?
believe in teachers being armed
rather than sitting ducks. The
teachers who are denied the right to
carry any social studies class, the
league and carry a gun with them at
the mole and at Walmart and the
restaurant. Why not in school, for
self defence. Is there life is not
worth defending at school. There is
a weird pyridine.
I wonder if you
can explain to the many people
watching who see tragedy like this
time and time again in America and
wonder why it doesn't do anything to
change the minds of people who
support the second Amendment, even
when it comes to things like the
semiautomatic rifle like the AR-15.
There are far more powerful weapons.
It is powerful enough when you see
the carnage inflicted recently in
What you have to
think about like this, the FBI said
in 2014 that four times as many
people were stabbed to death as were
killed by rifles of any kind. Only a
small percentage of those rifle
deaths would be AR-15 bets, rifles
of any kind. The AR-15 is demonised
because people do use it in the
settings at times but it is by no
means the most widely used gun.
why would a civilian need to own
something like that? Explain that I
Why do you think a civilian
should be able to carry one like
that? They usually don't, they are
too bulky, but a mir to matter, any
handgun, they're much easier to use,
for women, concealed carry. They are
easy to operate and it allows a
woman to get an edge on an attacker
because she has more rounds and can
fire them with greater these and the
gun is more compact. When we talk
about a semiautomatic nobody carries
eight AR-15. That is just leftist
jargon and I am not accusing you of
that but here in the United States,
it is a strawman. People don't carry
it and it is a reason why criminals
really use it in crime and the few
times we do see it used in crime we
see the kind of coverage we have
seen in the last 24 hours.
hear Senator Marty whose district
covers Sandy Hook says, no other
country has these kinds of mass
slaughter, it is not coincidence, it
is our in action. What is your
response to that?
I take it with a
grain of salt. The Mexican murder
rate is far higher than us. I can
look at France in 2013 and they have
far stricter gun control laws and
130 people were killed there and I
can keep picking those spots.
are generally seeing tighter gun
control would not result in fewer
deaths, you think it would make no
Look at France. Was it
2016 when the gentleman hopped on
the truck and ran over 84 people? He
didn't need a gun. This is what
Chris Murphy misses. Ultimately if
you have a group of unarmed citizens
they can fall prey to someone armed
with anything, be it an author a
firearm or a knife, so I do not
subscribe to the view that the
solution is to make sure law-abiding
citizens are less armed. They should
be armed for self defence and I
think the problem is in our schools
teachers are denied the ability to
be armed so they are sitting ducks.
We are out of time, thank you.
Well that's 2nd amendment
side of gun control.
But like most things in America -
it's a divided debate.
That's exactly the angle that
Anthony Zurcher has been looking
at on the BBC website.
He talks about the two Americas. It
doesn't sound like much changes what
What we have seen
after this latest incident is what
we have seen after every single
major incident of gun violence over
the last decade, which is anger on
one side, defensiveness on the gun
right side, talking about doing
something and Congress, in action,
and people forget until the next
one. The reality is there's just no
overwhelming press outside of just
the days afterwards to have some
sort of comprehensive gun control
legislation. The NRA is too
powerful, Republicans in Congress
will block this, even when Democrats
held the Senate, the rod enough
Republicans to block any kind of gun
control, so now we hear more talk
about mental health and addressing
mental health issues and school
safety but gun control seems like a
bridge again once again.
his article out on the BBC website.
Don't forget you can get much more
detail on our top stories on our Web
site There is full coverage on..
- including more accounts
from survivors, as well as reaction
to the shooting and the continuing
quesiton of the right to bear arms
in the US - on our website.
More children than ever before
are living in conflict areas,
at risk of death and violence.
This is from a new report
by the Charity Save the Children.
Countries like Syria
in the Middle East Afghanistan
in Asia, and Somalia in Africa came
out as the worst countries
for young people.
In the report, the charity said
at least 357 million children -
that's one out of every six
children, were living
in conflict zones.
That's an increase of 75%
since the early '90s.
And according to a record
of incidents verified by the UN,
there's been a 300% increase
in the number of children killed
and maimed since 2010.
Caroline Anning is Senior Conflict &
Humanitarian Policy Adviser
and co-author of the War
on Children report.
What my colleagues and myself wanted
to do, we work day-to-day in Syria
and Yemen and South Sudan and we see
what is happening, and to take a
look back and to look at 20 years of
history and see things are getting
better and worse, it often feels
worse but are they really?
Unfortunately we found that it looks
like they are. More than 350 million
living in conflict, that has gone up
significantly in the last 20 years,
and they also found the threat those
children were facing, whether the
rate at being killed and maimed was
also going up. And what is behind
these huge increases? Simply a
matter of more war?
Yes, water going
on for longer, they are becoming
more protracted and you to look at
the Warren Serie A where there are
dozens of groups fighting in one
area, and the results on increased
use of expose of weapons in
populated areas, saw in areas where
children are living, the those heavy
weaponry, dropping on playgrounds
and schools and people are not being
held to account for that, for the
behaviour, for the destruction they
Aside from the
physical threat, the things that war
does to the present of the children
but the future of these children is
completely disrupted and they don't
even have education.
That is the
real worry. I was in Yemen last year
that I have met children whose lives
are physically destroyed, children
whose spines have been blown out,
chilled and lined in band deafened
but also children who have not been
able to go to school for 2-3 years
have seen their parents killed and
traumatised and don't have access to
some of the services and support
they need. We and other agencies are
there to help them recover and most
of my colleagues on the ground are
all doing they can to help fix the
society, but really it is a global
problem we have to tackle together
because otherwise this is allowed to
fester then we will see a cycle of
violence were children who have been
dramatised are perpetuating
Is there anything in your
report that gets you cause for
In a way that might sound
counterintuitive, that we know
things have got worse shows they
were better and we can get back to
that point. We now the examples in
this report of the children we are
working with and the work we have
done, that with the right support
children are incredibly resilient.
They can recover and the things they
can recover from a Rammy Singh. With
just basic support, having enough
food to eat and being able to go to
school, it is all they really need
and that gives me cause for
We heard earlier that South Africa
has got a new president.
Well, Ethiopia has lost
its prime minister.
Hailemariam Desalegn has
Here's his announcement
on state television.
The reason why have decided to
resign as to ensure a sustainable
peace and democracy in our country.
The party has welcomed my decision
Mr Hailemariam became prime minister
in 2012 but much of his time
in power has been dogged by protests
- including this one at a religious
festival in 2016 when more
than 50 people died.
The anti-government demonstrations
first spread across the country
in 2015 with calls for political
and economic reform and an end
to state corruption.
Most of the unrest has
centred on Ethiopia's
two largest regions,
Oromia and Amhara.
In January, Mr Hailemariam announced
he was going to free all political
prisoners as a gesture
of national reconciliation.
Many were released but
the protests continue.
Here's Mary Harper -
Regional Africa Editor -
on how much of a change this
is for an Ethiopian
leader to step down.
It normally has this very
authoritarian ruler who stays until
they die or are kicked out in a
civil war. It is a pretty
astonishing thing to happen.
can we read into his reasoning for
He said he had to
resign as part of the process to try
to bring about reforms and the
country to end these very serious
unrest that has been going on in the
main biggest regions, the two
biggest ethnic groups, feeling
politically and economically and
socially marginalised and they have
been leading violent protests for
several years, so he said that as
part of moves to try to bring about
reforms he had to resign.
the big question is whether his
departure will make any difference?
That is the question a lot and
asking and even though many in
Ethiopia have been tweeting and
commenting saying they are
delighted, they are seeing it
depends on who replaces him.
Ethiopia is a place that has always
been governed by very authoritarian
or even dictatorial rulers and
unless they have someone from one of
those two ethnic groups are genuine
reformer, nothing is going to
change, and that is what all eyes
are on and it will probably be a
fairly slow process, who they are
going to select to replace
Against the backdrop of that
shocking attack on the students
and faculty in Parkland Florida,
we're going to take a look
at another community that has long
dealt with crippling
levels of violence.
Compton, in California,
is synonymous with gang violence.
It's an area of Los Angeles county,
but in Compton, homicide and gun
crime have been falling
in recent years.
The BBC's Katty Kay has this report,
which contains flashing
images from the start.
Crime situation is high, very busy
for a law enforcement. But it is a
small percentage of people who are
causing the problems.
patrol with the LE sheriffs in the
city of Compton. Two suspected
members of the south side Compton
Crips gang arrested.
If they are in
the arrival area they will have to
be protection because it is almost
expected they will be armed.
estimate that almost 4000 gang
members in Compton.
Our service area
is ten square miles. Fireworks. Ten
square miles. Suffered every square
mile we have we have six active
37 gangs compete for control
in a city of just 100,000 people.
Compton's notorious street gangs,
the Crips and the Bloods were formed
in the 1960s. Their clothes and
tatters and Julie all marked which
gang they belonged to. Wearing the
wrong coloured shirt would have and
still could get you killed.
Today, Compton is on the up.
Compton's youthful Maher has made it
her mission to transform the image
and the economy of the city. In
2013, early into her first term and
after 16 killings in just four
months, she decided to hold a crisis
meeting. She put a call out to the
Bloods and Crips to try to arrange a
It was rocky at first and if
you threaten to leave and I said the
ground rules were we had to stay
until we finished.
What gave you
This is my
community and they are not afraid of
my own people. They are very
pragmatic and talked about the need
for employment opportunities that
they can access, they talked about
the barriers to their employment
because of criminal records, but I
told them, it is not about just what
can I do for you, I I am willing to
work for you if you're willing to
make a commitment.
Don and Fred are
from rival gangs. Don is a Bloods.
Fred is a Crip. If you had come
across Don in the street ten or 15
That would have been a
problem. A fight over stabbing are
shooting, one of the three.
you were on rival gangs?
said, I was young and Durham. I
didn't understand the life are
nothing else. All I cared about was
representing my gang to the fullest.
You would have hurt him? Yes.
would have tried!
Will is also a former gang member
and he served 12 years in prison for
a string of offences including
carjacking and gun possession. In
December 1989 he decided to turn his
A lot of the kids, they
are looking for something when they
join gangs, there is something
missing. The gangs have learned to
cater for those things. This was
almost a sheer store between two
rival gangs. In the process of that
a lot of people lost their lives, a
lot of shooting and derived bys.
Well now spends most of his nights
out on the streets trying to stop
conflicts from happening are getting
out of control.
Corner to corner,
communicating with those who are
And for the May or it
also personal. Then this quiet
street as her former family home.
grandmother was a registered nurse
and she worked overnight, and her
schedule was a little bit different.
There was a home intrusion and
someone raped and murdered her. The
loss of life is not a moment in
time, it is for a lifetime, and
holes are created that can never be
filled. It gives me a level of
compassion and respect and even
insight and perspective into what
most people are dealing with in my
They may's story is not
uncommon. There is a level of
post-traumatic stress in this town
that comes from decades of extreme
violence. But maybe it is that she
had experienced that could also
drive people to end the violence.
The Australian Prime Minister
has banned Ministers -
married or single -
from having sex with their staff.
Malcolm Turnbull announced
an overhaul to Ministerial standards
today - saying they're now
out of date.
Lets hear a bit of
what he said earlier.
I am saying that from today this
changes being made in a way that is
very clear, couldn't be clearer. I
put this as a bright line and I am
saying that in these workplaces, and
ministers' officers, ministers must
behave accordingly, and they don't
care whether they are married or
single. I don't care. They must not
have sexual relationships with their
staff. That is it.
The crackdown comes amid a scandal
involving his deputy -
this man, Barnaby Joyce.
He's under growing pressure
to resign after admitting to having
an affair with his former staffer.
She's pregnant with his child.
Joyce has since split
with his wife of 24 years -
and is in a relationship
with his former employee.
Let's show you this.
Let me show you this tweet.
A cartoonist compares it
to a more famous sex scandal.
'One thing for sure-
Barnaby Joyce cannot adopt
the Bill Clinton defence
that he did not have sexual
relations with that woman'.
And this is his depiction -
a pregnant woman, and
a politician facing the boot.
Well, Buzzfeed is calling
the Prime Minister's new rule
the Barnaby bonk ban.
That hashtag, as well as 'barnaby
gate' is trending.
And check out this -
the front page of the Age today.
That headline - Malcolm Turnbull's
Lets get more now from
Hywel Griffith in Sydney.
This announcement came at the end of
a pretty long and scathing statement
by the Prime Minister about his
deputy, Barnaby Joyce, who threw a
week has been hitting the headlines
in Australia, particularly because
of his extramarital affair with his
former adviser, a woman who is now
expecting his child in April. This
had apparently been a bit of an open
secret with questions raised about
the potential misuse of public money
and misconduct by Barnaby Joyce,
allegations he denies, but he has
been in the full glare of the media
spotlight for more than seven days,
admitting to this are feared and
apologising for the hurt he has
caused, but according to Malcolm
Turnbull he has had a shocking error
of judgment and has put his wife and
daughters and member of staff
through a world of wall, according
to the Prime Minister. That is the
background to this ban, but whether
or not it will make any difference
to Barnaby Joyce, we will wait and
see. He has announced he will take a
week's leave next week, and was due
to step in for the Prime Minister
but it will no longer take place.
Something of a punishment but there
are plenty calling for him to resign
because of his fear the against him.
We are back Monday next week, thanks