15/02/2018 Outside Source


15/02/2018

Live from the heart of the BBC newsroom, an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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America's agony - again -

as 17 students and teachers

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are killed in the 18th school

shooting in the US this year.

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He ran up and down the hallway -

just banging and shooting

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at the classrooms -

he shot through my door.

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Nikolas Cruz was arrested

after going on the run.

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President Trump today pledged

to make schools safer.

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No child, no teacher should ever be

in danger in an American school.

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All change in South Africa -

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Cyril Ramaphosa says one

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of his priorities as new president

will be to fight corruption.

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A staggering statistic -

one in six children now

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lives in a conflict zone,

says Save the Children.

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We ask the charity what this means

for the children now -

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and in the future.

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The United States is reeling

from its third deadliest school

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shooting in modern history.

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This is 19-year-old Nikolas Cruz.

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He has been identified as the gunman

and charged with seventeen counts

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of premeditated murder.

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It happened in Parkland in Florida

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at Marjory Stoneman

Douglas High School -

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the school Nikolas Cruz

used to attend.

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This is the 18th school shooting

in America this year alone.

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And each time the question of how

this could happen is asked.

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Here's Florida Governor, Rick Scott.

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How could this ever

happen in this country?

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How could this happen in this state?

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This is a state that is

focused on keeping all

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of our children safe.

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You come to the conclusion

this is just absolutely

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pure evil.

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So what do we know of the gunman?

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Well, a lot comes from Nikolas

Cruz's own social media posts.

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This is his Instagram page.

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There are dozens of

photos of weapons and

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him posing with guns and knives,

and wearing a balaclava.

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We know he was expelled from

the school for disciplinary reasons.

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A Math teach Jim Gard said

"we were told last year

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that he wasn't allowed on campus

with a backpack on him."

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But still, he wasn't high

on the police's radar.

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Here's the County Sheriff.

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He is in custody. We have begun to

dissect his websites and the things

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on social media that he was on.

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During Wednesday's Outside Source -

this shooting was still active -

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we brought you the story,

but only from helicopter

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aerials at that stage -

now we have have a lot more detail.

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Many students had mobile phones,

and recorded and uploaded

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what they were experiencing.

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A warning - some

of it is disturbing.

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This is a student's

video of the terrifying

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moment shots rang out.

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The shooting began near

the end of the school day.

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The gunman set off

a fire alarm so students

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would have to evacuate.

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These are pictures

of students running

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for their lives from the school.

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It was Valentines day.

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Many children were seen holding

flowers and gifts as they fled.

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People barricaded themselves inside

classrooms and hid in cupboards.

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Some had to wait for

more than an hour.

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This is the moment officers arrived

in one classroom, and pupils

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realized they were finally safe.

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And here's what some of the students

who escaped had to say.

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He ran up and down the hallway just

banging and shooting in to the

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classrooms.

Kids were evacuating. I

heard five pops.

One of our teachers

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said, run as fast as you can and I

heard a gunshot.

There were teachers

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telling us to get into rooms and the

quiet.

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Adding to the confusion

for authorities, Nikolas Cruz had

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concealed himself among the fleeing

crowds of students

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to try and escape.

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He was eventually arrested

in a nearby suburb without incident.

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In the last few hours we've heard

a white supremacist group say

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he had ties to them.

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Then there were scenes like these.

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Incredible relief for

the parents who were reunited

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with their children.

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There were emotional scenes outside

the school and at a nearby hospital

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where the wounded were taken.

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We're also hearing incredible

stories of bravery.

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This is Football Coach Aaron Feis.

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He was killed trying

to shield students.

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And the first of the student

victims have been named.

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This is Jaime Guttenberg.

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Her family confirmed

her death on Facebook.

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Sadly, these types of

attacks are frequent.

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These

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are the worst shootings

in the country since 1999.

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Wednesday's attack is the deadliest

at a US high school -

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surpassing the Columbine High School

massacre.

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while this shooting was going on -

Senator Chris Murphy -

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whose district includes

Sandy Hook Elementary School - stood

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up in the senate and said this.

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This happens nowhere else other than

the United States of America. This

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epidemic of mass slaughter. School

shooting after school shooting. It

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only happens here not because of

coincidence, not because of bad

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luck, but as a consequence of our

inaction.

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So what's been

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the political fallout so far?

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Well, a little earlier President

Trump addressed the nation.

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We are here for you, whatever we can

do, to ease your pain. We are all

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joined together as one American

family. And you are suffering as our

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burden also.

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Strong on emotion, but there no

mention of gun control.

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Ahead of the shooting this was

posted by the gunman. This is very

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likely to be their weapons he used.

In this article in the early times

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it reveals that the latest and

deadliest mass shootings in America

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all involved that particular weapon.

Firearm rights are such a divisive

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topic in America.

People are concerned about their

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rights as am I. What about the

rights of these students? Don't they

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have the right to be protected by

the United States Government?

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And be received this update from our

correspondent.

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The people I have spoken to are

still feeling emotional about this.

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Some adults are still trying about

this when they are asked who they

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are doing. Students say they are

still in shock, they say they did

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not expect something like this. It

is something they have seen numerous

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times on their television screens in

other parts of the nation. We have

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also been hearing from those who

have been victims here, that they do

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want some kind of action on

something, anything, to reduce these

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types of shootings. The teacher who

helped shield 19 kids in the closet

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of her classroom saying that the

nation failed them and failed to

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keep them safe. These are the types

of stories we are hearing again and

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again.

Where is the investigation heading?

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How much was known about the threat

that this individual might have

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posed?

Authorities here say they will be

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doing an exhaustive investigation,

speaking to students to get a

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clearer picture of what they knew

about this shooter. He was on the

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FBI's reader as early as November.

At that point he was flagged up to

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the agency because he posted a

message that said, he was going to

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be a professional school shooter.

The FBI has said that they did hold

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an investigation, they could not

identify who that person was, they

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have promised again to look into

that investigation. We do know he

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was in court recently charged in

front of a judge with those 17

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counts of premeditated murder. He is

being held now without bail. The

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authorities are trying to piece

together what other groups he was

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involved. There was a white

supremacist group he was involved

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with here in Florida. And other

messages on social media that could

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give a clue into his mortar.

We ask the same questions about guns

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in America, do you expect anything

to change?

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I keep saying that our country is

more divided than ever on this

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issue. You have a president who is

an ally of the gun lobby

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organisation and what we have heard

from lawmakers today does not shed

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any comfort to those who want to see

some consensus on this issue.

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We will be hearing from the

pro-gunners side of the debate in 20

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minutes time. -- from the pro-gun

side of this debate.

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South Africa has a new leader.

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Cyril Ramaphosa was officially

sworn in as President -

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just 16 hours after his predecessor

Jacob Zuma was forced to step down.

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This is what happened

in parliament today.

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I declare the honourable

Cyril Ramaphosa duly elected

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President of the Republic of South

Africa.

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Well as you saw, the chamber

erupted into cheers.

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But take a look at

what happened next.

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More scenes of jubilation -

and singing.

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Cyril Ramaphosa began

his term by declaring

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a new era for South Africa.

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A promise to fight corruption.

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And a pledge to serve the people.

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Let's hear him.

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When one is elected in this type

of position, you basically become

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a servant of the people

of South Africa, and I'll seek

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to execute that task

with humility, faithfulness

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and with dignity as well.

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That is what I will seek to do.

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Ramaphosa's elevation caps a week

of suspense and drama.

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We showed you this last night -

Jacob Zuma officially resigning.

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He was effectively pushed

from the top job by his

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own party, the ANC.

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The ultimatum - step down,

or face a vote of no-confidence.

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Zuma has been dogged by corruption

allegations, a charge he denies.

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So what's ahead for South

Africa's new leader?

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Cyril Ramaphosa's job won't be easy.

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The economy is faltering.

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Unemployment sits at nearly 27%.

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And corruption is rife.

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More now from Milton Nkosi.

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The ANC recalled President Zuma,

they did not give any reasons. They

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had wanted to stay on until June, he

said. But wait on Wednesday he

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addressed the nation, saying that he

is stepping down because he believes

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in the Constitution. His own

comrades within the African National

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Congress had already gone to

Parliament with opposition parties

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to have a fort of no confidence if

he was not going to resign

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voluntarily. Because he offered his

resignation they then changed that

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allocated slot in Parliament to

swear them in Cyril Ramaphosa, who

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is now the current president of

South Africa. Now South Africa, the

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mood in the country, is that of

euphoria, excitement, and more

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importantly of hope. South Africans

believe that Cyril Ramaphosa will

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change the direction of the economic

growth of South Africa which has

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been stagnant and fairly sluggish in

recent years, partly because of the

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global outlook, but also because of

internal self-inflicted wounds of

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corruption, infighting within the

governing African National Congress,

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and of course the cronyism

allegations that have been hanging

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over President Zuma for so long.

Cyril Ramaphosa campaigned towards

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the end of last year on the ticket

of anti-corruption. He is determined

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that he wants a corrupt three

Government and the business friendly

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South Africa.

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-- corrupt-free Government.

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Here a former youth football coach

has been found guilty

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of the remaining sexual assault

charges against him.

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In total, Barry Bennell

was convicted of 43

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offences against 11 boys

between 1979 and 1990.

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One of his victims

spoke outside court.

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I am so proud of all the victims

that have come forward, not only in

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this case, but others that are still

waiting. I am proud of what I have

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achieved in terms of allowing these

lads up stairs to get the justice

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that they have deserved for many

years. That has been a tough 15

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months or so for me and my family. I

had recently lost my father, I know

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he is looking down on us now. I am

proud of my wife sticking by me. I

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am proud of my children. And more

importantly, that justice has been

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served to the people will be able

move on, including myself.

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President Trump says making American

schools safer as his top priority

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after 17 pupils and staff were

killed by a gunman and followed up.

0:16:310:16:37

Reports that the Nato led military

mission in Afghanistan has rejected

0:16:370:16:42

an offer by the Taliban to end the

Waugh in the country through talks.

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The offer was made in the rare open

letter.

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The US secretary of state has warned

that the involvement of the Lebanese

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militant group will have a negative

impact on Lebanon itself.

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Lots of people are taking this

online journey, it is a restaurant

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in Tokyo, diners have a four course

dinner and a virtual reality handset

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that can take to Rome, Paris, or New

York.

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South Africa's new President has

a big job ahead of him.

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At the top of Cyril Ramaphosa's

agenda will be reviving

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the nation's struggling economy.

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The latest figures show

economic growth of just 2% -

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political turmoil and poor public

finances have been big problems.

0:17:390:17:42

So too is the staggeringly

high unemployment

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rate of nearly 27%.

0:17:430:17:45

It's one reason the country

desperately needs more investment.

0:17:450:17:48

And South Africa has been struggling

0:17:480:17:50

to attract that from abroad.

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In 2016 foreign direct

investment was $2.27bn

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which was significantly down

on previous years.

0:17:560:18:01

One economist we spoke to earlier

said South Africa's economy

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is almost at rock bottom,

and a big change

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in policy is needed.

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Today there is an enormous sigh of

relief in the country. We have got

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rid of a president who has been a

disaster for South Africa and we

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have a man with a track record who

understands business and is

0:18:230:18:28

determined to get the country moving

again and has a clear plan of what

0:18:280:18:32

to do. South Africa is almost at

rock bottom. It is a big mountain we

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have to climb. There is a lot of

pent-up investment, some of which

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had been halted because it did not

suit their corruption and state

0:18:440:18:49

capture project that was facilitated

by the former president. You can

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turn sentiment very quickly and then

we have to systematically make the

0:18:550:18:59

right decisions and start to put

South Africa on a much more labour

0:18:590:19:06

intensive and much higher growth

path.

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President Trump's budget plans

for 2019 faced scrutiny today,

0:19:120:19:14

as his Treasury Secretary Steve

Mnuchin was grilled

0:19:140:19:16

by an influential Congressional

committee in Washington.

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In focus, reports of a plan

to increase the federal gasoline tax

0:19:190:19:22

by 25 cents to help fund

the President's $1.5 trillion dollar

0:19:220:19:24

infrastructure plan.

0:19:240:19:34

Who are controversial is this?

Extremely controversial. There is

0:19:370:19:41

hardly anything more explosive than

a tax on gasoline. Millions of

0:19:410:19:47

Americans rely on driving on roads

to get to work and their gasoline

0:19:470:19:53

prices are fairly closely watched.

But reportedly President Trump is

0:19:530:20:00

behind this scheme to raise tax

which hasn't been raised since Bill

0:20:000:20:03

Clinton was in office and the

rationale behind that which has

0:20:030:20:07

support from both sides is that if

anyone has 2p to fix America's

0:20:070:20:13

crumbling roads it should be road

users themselves and therefore it is

0:20:130:20:17

only fair that they should see an

increase in tax. Road users will see

0:20:170:20:21

they have been paying this tax for

many years and American roads have

0:20:210:20:25

not seen much investment is why

should they trust the Government by

0:20:250:20:30

paying an extra 25 cents per gallon.

0:20:300:20:38

Tens of thousands of Indian

and Chinese women in the US

0:20:380:20:41

could soon lose the right to work,

as President Trump looks to overturn

0:20:410:20:44

another Obama era policy.

0:20:440:20:45

The BBC's Yogita Limaye

reports from New York.

0:20:450:20:52

America is the only home and her

children have ever known.

0:20:520:20:57

She migrated from Indiana one decade

ago. Her husband is on a Visa given

0:20:570:21:01

to highly skilled workers. And two

years ago she was given the right to

0:21:010:21:09

work in this country. Now President

Trump intends to revoke that.

0:21:090:21:16

It feels like I am getting back into

a golden cage, it is as if they are

0:21:160:21:21

sending this signal to me that my

skill sets and abilities do not

0:21:210:21:25

matter in this world and I should

lead the life of a home maker rather

0:21:250:21:33

than be a contributing member of

society.

Earlier this month she was

0:21:330:21:37

among the group of Indians who

gathered outside the US Capitol.

0:21:370:21:41

Tens of thousands of women from

China and India are most impacted by

0:21:410:21:47

the change because the numbers of

immigrants from these countries are

0:21:470:21:50

high. This is a little bit of India

in New Jersey just outside New York,

0:21:500:22:00

one place Indians with technical

skills have thrived over the

0:22:000:22:04

decades, living the American dream.

Employers have also benefited

0:22:040:22:08

because hiring foreigners is

cheaper. The previous administration

0:22:080:22:13

to allow spouses of foreign workers

to get jobs was opposed by

0:22:130:22:16

subgroups. It was even challenged in

court. A case that might be rendered

0:22:160:22:24

irrelevant now given the views of

the new president.

Trump has been

0:22:240:22:28

vocal that he wants jobs for

Americans and he wants we just two

0:22:280:22:31

entities. If you keep bringing in

more workers the employer gets

0:22:310:22:37

cheaper labour about that does not

help the American worker.

For many

0:22:370:22:42

who make the journey from India, a

country where social pressures often

0:22:420:22:47

force women to quit jobs, the idea

that America might deny them this

0:22:470:22:53

right is hard to come to terms with.

0:22:530:22:58

Let's bring you a couple

of stories from the Olympics.

0:22:580:23:00

We've talked a lot about the Russian

athletes competing under the banner

0:23:000:23:03

of the neutral Olympic

Athletes from Russia name.

0:23:030:23:05

Well the hockey team

aren't taking any chances

0:23:050:23:13

While fans can be as

patriotic as they want -

0:23:130:23:16

All the athletes signed a document

saying they won't protest

0:23:160:23:25

the ruling that turned

Team Russia into the OAR.

0:23:250:23:29

Kovalchuk says "We won't chase

fans away if they're

0:23:290:23:31

carrying Russian flags.

0:23:310:23:32

We'll talk to them,

explain it and take

0:23:320:23:34

a photograph without the flag."

0:23:340:23:35

For the athletes that have made it

to the Olympics their journey has

0:23:350:23:38

involved a lot of sports -

now I have a journey

0:23:380:23:41

might be more athletic.

0:23:410:23:42

For a Swiss couple - who wanted

to see their son compete -

0:23:420:23:46

travelled to the Games almost

all the way by bicycle.

0:23:460:23:50

The end of an Olympic-sized journey.

0:23:500:23:52

Guido Huwiler and his wife,

Rita Ruttimann, arrive in the ski

0:23:520:23:55

park of the Olympic

Village in PyeongChang.

0:23:550:23:58

They've travelled

12,000km over land to be

0:23:580:24:00

reunited with their son,

Mischa Gasser, an aerial

0:24:000:24:02

skier for Switzerland.

0:24:020:24:08

TRANSLATION: He's always been

a crazy one and done

0:24:080:24:10

lots of exciting and crazy things.

0:24:100:24:12

I wasn't too surprised

to hear about the trip.

0:24:120:24:17

Guido and Rita started their bike

tour in March last year

0:24:170:24:20

in Olten, Switzerland.

0:24:200:24:21

Their journey took them

through 20 countries,

0:24:210:24:23

from the Balkans to Central Asia.

0:24:230:24:29

Their toughest challenge

was the Pamir Highway,

0:24:290:24:33

a road that traverses mountains

from Afghanistan to Kyrgyzstan.

0:24:330:24:36

TRANSLATION: We were

totally exhausted.

0:24:360:24:41

After 2,500km on gravel road,

up to 4,500m altitude,

0:24:410:24:46

it was cold and we had very

average, limited food.

0:24:460:24:48

The pair had planned

to bike the entire journey

0:24:480:24:51

but because of visa issues,

ended up breaking their journey

0:24:510:24:58

and flying over China

to Korea's capital, Seoul.

0:24:580:25:00

From here, they braved freezing

temperatures on bike.

0:25:000:25:03

TRANSLATION: The past two nights

we spent in our tent.

0:25:030:25:06

In the morning, the inside

the tent was all white,

0:25:060:25:09

everything was frozen.

0:25:090:25:10

The water in the coffee pot

and the milk were both frozen -

0:25:100:25:14

great!

0:25:140:25:15

But the journey was worth it.

0:25:150:25:19

TRANSLATION: I think it's great,

just super, that he's made it

0:25:190:25:22

to the Olympic Games.

0:25:220:25:24

They will watch him compete

in the freestyle skiing heat

0:25:240:25:27

this Saturday.

0:25:270:25:28

Katie Silver, BBC News.

0:25:280:25:38

Coming up on Outside Source in the

next few minutes, we will be

0:25:390:25:44

speaking to the pro Gala side of the

debate on firearms in the United

0:25:440:25:48

States -- pro-gun side of the debate

on firearms in the United States.

0:25:480:26:01

States -- pro-gun side of the debate

on firearms in the United States.

0:26:010:26:09

The weather for the week ahead is on

the Wii in half an hour but before

0:26:090:26:13

then here are some weather stories

from around the world. The Winter

0:26:130:26:19

Olympics has been plagued by strong

winds earlier in the big and damage

0:26:190:26:22

in the village. A cyclone is

developing in Australia. There is

0:26:220:26:29

still a severe cyclone risk. The

size of new Caledonia, you can see

0:26:290:26:40

the eye of the storm. Very powerful

and dangerous. Earlier it was

0:26:400:26:45

category three. Whilst it has been

in the Pacific Islands for a while

0:26:450:26:50

it will drift southwards and beacon.

Uncertainty about the track. The me

0:26:500:26:56

the rain and to the north island of

New Zealand by Sunday.

0:26:560:27:08

By Sunday there may be a category

three cyclone. This is to the West

0:27:080:27:17

of the Philippines. This was a

tropical storm earlier in the week.

0:27:170:27:23

This system is no more. As you push

up some warmer here you can see how

0:27:230:27:30

the clouds develops along those

coastal areas of Vietnam and

0:27:300:27:35

remediate wetter weather by

Saturday. Moving north, cold a year

0:27:350:27:43

behind this band of cloud and wet

weather sweeping away from Japan.

0:27:430:27:49

With that calls a year coming in

over the sea of Japan on those

0:27:490:27:53

stronger winds we will find more

snow showers for northern parts. But

0:27:530:28:01

for the Korean peninsula it should

be mainly dry. This is the forecast

0:28:010:28:08

in the mountains. The next few days

look generally dry. It's me turn

0:28:080:28:13

milder over the next couple of days.

The winds will be stronger on

0:28:130:28:24

Saturday and Sunday. The winds

injured up our strongest across the

0:28:240:28:28

north-west. This band of cloud is

producing some rain and snow over

0:28:280:28:35

the Alps. A block of cold here and

cloud. In the UK as we head towards

0:28:350:28:50

the weekend, whilst we will see

sunshine, still the chance of rain

0:28:500:28:55

but it should be on the mild side.

0:28:550:28:59

Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,

this is Outside Source,

0:30:050:30:06

and these are the main stories

here in the BBC Newsroom.

0:30:070:30:15

America's agony again as 17 students

are killed in the 18th school

0:30:150:30:23

shooting this year.

He ran up and

down the hallway shooting into the

0:30:230:30:27

classrooms, he shot through my door.

Nikolas Cruz was arrested after

0:30:270:30:36

going on the run.

Donald Trump

pledged to make schools safer. No

0:30:360:30:42

child, no teacher should ever feel

in danger at an American school.

All

0:30:420:30:47

change in South Africa, the new

Prime Minister said his priority

0:30:470:30:53

will be to fight corruption. Your

questions are always welcome. BBCOS

0:30:530:31:05

is the hashtag.

0:31:050:31:07

The United States is again forced

to confront a mass school shooting -

0:31:130:31:16

the 18th of the year.

0:31:160:31:17

So far there has been one

school shooting in the US

0:31:170:31:20

on average every 60 hours.

0:31:200:31:21

But even as politicians

across the board said today that

0:31:210:31:23

mass shootings have to stop,

it seems they are

0:31:230:31:25

only getting worse.

0:31:250:31:27

Here's what the President

said a little earlier.

0:31:270:31:31

To every parent, teacher and child,

who is hurting so badly, we are here

0:31:400:31:45

for you, whatever you need, whatever

we can do to ease your pain. We are

0:31:450:31:53

all joined together as one American

family. And you're suffering is our

0:31:530:32:01

burden also. No child, no teacher

should ever be in danger in an

0:32:010:32:09

American school.

0:32:090:32:11

After each of these shootings

the gun debate takes over.

0:32:110:32:13

Scarlett Lewis lost her

six-year-old son Jesse

0:32:130:32:15

in the Sandy Hook massacre.

0:32:150:32:16

She says the education

system needs to change

0:32:160:32:18

to help emotional learning.

0:32:180:32:20

The solution really is, and I have a

life in the last five years since my

0:32:260:32:32

son was murdered his first grade

classroom that I was not going to

0:32:320:32:36

wait for someone else to come up

with the solution. I believe the

0:32:360:32:43

solution is social and emotional

learning and that's teaching kids

0:32:430:32:46

how to get along and have healthier

relationships and manage their

0:32:460:32:50

emotions. This is not something that

is innate, we have to learn the

0:32:500:32:56

skills and tools and we haven't been

teaching them and it is called

0:32:560:33:00

social and emotional learning and

there are decades of research

0:33:000:33:03

showing that this actively prevents

suffering before it starts.

0:33:030:33:09

Scarlett Lewis stands at one

end of the gun debate -

0:33:090:33:11

but like many others she's given up

on actual gun control.

0:33:110:33:14

At the other end stand those

who oppose any gun control

0:33:140:33:17

in the name of the sacred second

amendment to the US Constitution -

0:33:170:33:20

AWR Hawkins is in that

camp and joins us now.

0:33:200:33:22

You're the 2nd amendment columnist

for Breitbart news.

0:33:220:33:28

A warm welcome to you on outside

source. From your perspective when

0:33:280:33:33

you see a tragedy like this, do you

think something needs to change?

I

0:33:330:33:38

do think something needs to change.

Thank you for having me. Something

0:33:380:33:42

needs to change and they do not

think it is gun control. Gun control

0:33:420:33:46

doesn't work and it isn't working

but I believe we need to in America

0:33:460:33:52

quit having these gun free zones. We

have resource officers outside of

0:33:520:33:58

the schools and it is confirmed

there was at least one resource

0:33:580:34:01

officer that is armed. It is easy to

skip one the source officer and once

0:34:010:34:07

you do that you are among a crowd of

unarmed people, whether armed with a

0:34:070:34:11

knife or done by the billy club you

can do what you want and nobody can

0:34:110:34:15

send you off. I have contended for a

long time that teachers, we have

0:34:150:34:22

concealed permits in America,

teachers who want to do that should

0:34:220:34:27

be able to and I think it is

reasonable and will allow them to

0:34:270:34:30

defend their own lives and the lives

of the children.

Let's make clear

0:34:300:34:33

what you believe. You believe more

guns in schools would prevent gun

0:34:330:34:38

violence like we have been seeing?

I

believe in teachers being armed

0:34:380:34:43

rather than sitting ducks. The

teachers who are denied the right to

0:34:430:34:48

carry any social studies class, the

league and carry a gun with them at

0:34:480:34:54

the mole and at Walmart and the

restaurant. Why not in school, for

0:34:540:35:00

self defence. Is there life is not

worth defending at school. There is

0:35:000:35:06

a weird pyridine.

I wonder if you

can explain to the many people

0:35:060:35:10

watching who see tragedy like this

time and time again in America and

0:35:100:35:13

wonder why it doesn't do anything to

change the minds of people who

0:35:130:35:18

support the second Amendment, even

when it comes to things like the

0:35:180:35:25

semiautomatic rifle like the AR-15.

There are far more powerful weapons.

0:35:250:35:32

It is powerful enough when you see

the carnage inflicted recently in

0:35:320:35:35

various attacks.

What you have to

think about like this, the FBI said

0:35:350:35:43

in 2014 that four times as many

people were stabbed to death as were

0:35:430:35:48

killed by rifles of any kind. Only a

small percentage of those rifle

0:35:480:35:53

deaths would be AR-15 bets, rifles

of any kind. The AR-15 is demonised

0:35:530:36:01

because people do use it in the

settings at times but it is by no

0:36:010:36:06

means the most widely used gun.

But

why would a civilian need to own

0:36:060:36:11

something like that? Explain that I

was.

Why do you think a civilian

0:36:110:36:16

should be able to carry one like

that? They usually don't, they are

0:36:160:36:21

too bulky, but a mir to matter, any

handgun, they're much easier to use,

0:36:210:36:28

for women, concealed carry. They are

easy to operate and it allows a

0:36:280:36:32

woman to get an edge on an attacker

because she has more rounds and can

0:36:320:36:35

fire them with greater these and the

gun is more compact. When we talk

0:36:350:36:41

about a semiautomatic nobody carries

eight AR-15. That is just leftist

0:36:410:36:47

jargon and I am not accusing you of

that but here in the United States,

0:36:470:36:50

it is a strawman. People don't carry

it and it is a reason why criminals

0:36:500:36:56

really use it in crime and the few

times we do see it used in crime we

0:36:560:37:01

see the kind of coverage we have

seen in the last 24 hours.

When you

0:37:010:37:05

hear Senator Marty whose district

covers Sandy Hook says, no other

0:37:050:37:11

country has these kinds of mass

slaughter, it is not coincidence, it

0:37:110:37:16

is our in action. What is your

response to that?

I take it with a

0:37:160:37:22

grain of salt. The Mexican murder

rate is far higher than us. I can

0:37:220:37:25

look at France in 2013 and they have

far stricter gun control laws and

0:37:250:37:34

130 people were killed there and I

can keep picking those spots.

You

0:37:340:37:38

are generally seeing tighter gun

control would not result in fewer

0:37:380:37:42

deaths, you think it would make no

difference?

Look at France. Was it

0:37:420:37:49

2016 when the gentleman hopped on

the truck and ran over 84 people? He

0:37:490:37:52

didn't need a gun. This is what

Chris Murphy misses. Ultimately if

0:37:520:37:58

you have a group of unarmed citizens

they can fall prey to someone armed

0:37:580:38:03

with anything, be it an author a

firearm or a knife, so I do not

0:38:030:38:09

subscribe to the view that the

solution is to make sure law-abiding

0:38:090:38:14

citizens are less armed. They should

be armed for self defence and I

0:38:140:38:18

think the problem is in our schools

teachers are denied the ability to

0:38:180:38:23

be armed so they are sitting ducks.

We are out of time, thank you.

0:38:230:38:30

Well that's 2nd amendment

side of gun control.

0:38:300:38:32

But like most things in America -

it's a divided debate.

0:38:320:38:36

That's exactly the angle that

Anthony Zurcher has been looking

0:38:360:38:39

at on the BBC website.

0:38:400:38:47

He talks about the two Americas. It

doesn't sound like much changes what

0:38:470:38:51

ever happens?

What we have seen

after this latest incident is what

0:38:510:38:58

we have seen after every single

major incident of gun violence over

0:38:580:39:02

the last decade, which is anger on

one side, defensiveness on the gun

0:39:020:39:09

right side, talking about doing

something and Congress, in action,

0:39:090:39:13

and people forget until the next

one. The reality is there's just no

0:39:130:39:19

overwhelming press outside of just

the days afterwards to have some

0:39:190:39:24

sort of comprehensive gun control

legislation. The NRA is too

0:39:240:39:29

powerful, Republicans in Congress

will block this, even when Democrats

0:39:290:39:34

held the Senate, the rod enough

Republicans to block any kind of gun

0:39:340:39:38

control, so now we hear more talk

about mental health and addressing

0:39:380:39:42

mental health issues and school

safety but gun control seems like a

0:39:420:39:45

bridge again once again.

Do check

his article out on the BBC website.

0:39:450:39:51

Don't forget you can get much more

detail on our top stories on our Web

0:39:510:39:55

site There is full coverage on..

0:39:550:39:56

- including more accounts

from survivors, as well as reaction

0:39:560:39:59

to the shooting and the continuing

quesiton of the right to bear arms

0:39:590:40:02

in the US - on our website.

0:40:020:40:04

More children than ever before

are living in conflict areas,

0:40:060:40:08

at risk of death and violence.

0:40:080:40:10

This is from a new report

by the Charity Save the Children.

0:40:100:40:13

Countries like Syria

in the Middle East Afghanistan

0:40:130:40:15

in Asia, and Somalia in Africa came

out as the worst countries

0:40:150:40:18

for young people.

0:40:180:40:19

In the report, the charity said

at least 357 million children -

0:40:190:40:23

that's one out of every six

children, were living

0:40:230:40:25

in conflict zones.

0:40:250:40:31

That's an increase of 75%

since the early '90s.

0:40:310:40:38

And according to a record

of incidents verified by the UN,

0:40:380:40:40

there's been a 300% increase

in the number of children killed

0:40:400:40:43

and maimed since 2010.

0:40:430:40:47

Caroline Anning is Senior Conflict &

Humanitarian Policy Adviser

0:40:470:40:49

and co-author of the War

on Children report.

0:40:490:40:55

What my colleagues and myself wanted

to do, we work day-to-day in Syria

0:41:020:41:07

and Yemen and South Sudan and we see

what is happening, and to take a

0:41:070:41:11

look back and to look at 20 years of

history and see things are getting

0:41:110:41:14

better and worse, it often feels

worse but are they really?

0:41:140:41:18

Unfortunately we found that it looks

like they are. More than 350 million

0:41:180:41:24

living in conflict, that has gone up

significantly in the last 20 years,

0:41:240:41:28

and they also found the threat those

children were facing, whether the

0:41:280:41:32

rate at being killed and maimed was

also going up. And what is behind

0:41:320:41:39

these huge increases? Simply a

matter of more war?

Yes, water going

0:41:390:41:46

on for longer, they are becoming

more protracted and you to look at

0:41:460:41:50

the Warren Serie A where there are

dozens of groups fighting in one

0:41:500:41:55

area, and the results on increased

use of expose of weapons in

0:41:550:41:59

populated areas, saw in areas where

children are living, the those heavy

0:41:590:42:04

weaponry, dropping on playgrounds

and schools and people are not being

0:42:040:42:08

held to account for that, for the

behaviour, for the destruction they

0:42:080:42:12

are reaching.

Aside from the

physical threat, the things that war

0:42:120:42:18

does to the present of the children

but the future of these children is

0:42:180:42:22

completely disrupted and they don't

even have education.

That is the

0:42:220:42:28

real worry. I was in Yemen last year

that I have met children whose lives

0:42:280:42:32

are physically destroyed, children

whose spines have been blown out,

0:42:320:42:36

chilled and lined in band deafened

but also children who have not been

0:42:360:42:41

able to go to school for 2-3 years

have seen their parents killed and

0:42:410:42:45

traumatised and don't have access to

some of the services and support

0:42:450:42:48

they need. We and other agencies are

there to help them recover and most

0:42:480:42:53

of my colleagues on the ground are

all doing they can to help fix the

0:42:530:42:59

society, but really it is a global

problem we have to tackle together

0:42:590:43:03

because otherwise this is allowed to

fester then we will see a cycle of

0:43:030:43:07

violence were children who have been

dramatised are perpetuating

0:43:070:43:09

conflict.

Is there anything in your

report that gets you cause for

0:43:090:43:14

optimism?

In a way that might sound

counterintuitive, that we know

0:43:140:43:20

things have got worse shows they

were better and we can get back to

0:43:200:43:24

that point. We now the examples in

this report of the children we are

0:43:240:43:30

working with and the work we have

done, that with the right support

0:43:300:43:33

children are incredibly resilient.

They can recover and the things they

0:43:330:43:38

can recover from a Rammy Singh. With

just basic support, having enough

0:43:380:43:42

food to eat and being able to go to

school, it is all they really need

0:43:420:43:46

and that gives me cause for

optimism.

0:43:460:43:48

We heard earlier that South Africa

has got a new president.

0:43:480:43:51

Well, Ethiopia has lost

its prime minister.

0:43:510:43:53

Hailemariam Desalegn has

resigned unexpectedly.

0:43:530:43:54

Here's his announcement

on state television.

0:43:540:44:04

The reason why have decided to

resign as to ensure a sustainable

0:44:090:44:13

peace and democracy in our country.

The party has welcomed my decision

0:44:130:44:16

to resign.

0:44:160:44:18

Mr Hailemariam became prime minister

in 2012 but much of his time

0:44:180:44:21

in power has been dogged by protests

- including this one at a religious

0:44:210:44:25

festival in 2016 when more

than 50 people died.

0:44:250:44:29

The anti-government demonstrations

first spread across the country

0:44:290:44:31

in 2015 with calls for political

and economic reform and an end

0:44:310:44:33

to state corruption.

0:44:330:44:37

Most of the unrest has

centred on Ethiopia's

0:44:370:44:39

two largest regions,

Oromia and Amhara.

0:44:390:44:45

In January, Mr Hailemariam announced

he was going to free all political

0:44:450:44:47

prisoners as a gesture

of national reconciliation.

0:44:470:44:49

Many were released but

the protests continue.

0:44:490:44:50

Here's Mary Harper -

Regional Africa Editor -

0:44:500:44:52

on how much of a change this

is for an Ethiopian

0:44:520:44:55

leader to step down.

0:44:550:45:02

It normally has this very

authoritarian ruler who stays until

0:45:070:45:13

they die or are kicked out in a

civil war. It is a pretty

0:45:130:45:16

astonishing thing to happen.

What

can we read into his reasoning for

0:45:160:45:22

his departure?

He said he had to

resign as part of the process to try

0:45:220:45:27

to bring about reforms and the

country to end these very serious

0:45:270:45:32

unrest that has been going on in the

main biggest regions, the two

0:45:320:45:38

biggest ethnic groups, feeling

politically and economically and

0:45:380:45:43

socially marginalised and they have

been leading violent protests for

0:45:430:45:48

several years, so he said that as

part of moves to try to bring about

0:45:480:45:52

reforms he had to resign.

I suppose

the big question is whether his

0:45:520:45:58

departure will make any difference?

That is the question a lot and

0:45:580:46:01

asking and even though many in

Ethiopia have been tweeting and

0:46:010:46:05

commenting saying they are

delighted, they are seeing it

0:46:050:46:08

depends on who replaces him.

Ethiopia is a place that has always

0:46:080:46:13

been governed by very authoritarian

or even dictatorial rulers and

0:46:130:46:20

unless they have someone from one of

those two ethnic groups are genuine

0:46:200:46:24

reformer, nothing is going to

change, and that is what all eyes

0:46:240:46:29

are on and it will probably be a

fairly slow process, who they are

0:46:290:46:34

going to select to replace

Hailemariam Desalegn.

0:46:340:46:35

Against the backdrop of that

shocking attack on the students

0:46:350:46:38

and faculty in Parkland Florida,

we're going to take a look

0:46:380:46:40

at another community that has long

dealt with crippling

0:46:400:46:42

levels of violence.

0:46:420:46:44

Compton, in California,

is synonymous with gang violence.

0:46:440:46:45

It's an area of Los Angeles county,

but in Compton, homicide and gun

0:46:450:46:48

crime have been falling

in recent years.

0:46:480:46:50

The BBC's Katty Kay has this report,

which contains flashing

0:46:500:46:52

images from the start.

0:46:520:46:57

Crime situation is high, very busy

for a law enforcement. But it is a

0:47:040:47:12

small percentage of people who are

causing the problems.

Eight night

0:47:120:47:17

patrol with the LE sheriffs in the

city of Compton. Two suspected

0:47:170:47:22

members of the south side Compton

Crips gang arrested.

If they are in

0:47:220:47:33

the arrival area they will have to

be protection because it is almost

0:47:330:47:37

expected they will be armed.

Police

estimate that almost 4000 gang

0:47:370:47:41

members in Compton.

Our service area

is ten square miles. Fireworks. Ten

0:47:410:47:48

square miles. Suffered every square

mile we have we have six active

0:47:480:47:53

gangs.

37 gangs compete for control

in a city of just 100,000 people.

0:47:530:48:01

Compton's notorious street gangs,

the Crips and the Bloods were formed

0:48:050:48:11

in the 1960s. Their clothes and

tatters and Julie all marked which

0:48:110:48:18

gang they belonged to. Wearing the

wrong coloured shirt would have and

0:48:180:48:23

still could get you killed.

0:48:230:48:26

Today, Compton is on the up.

Compton's youthful Maher has made it

0:48:300:48:39

her mission to transform the image

and the economy of the city. In

0:48:390:48:47

2013, early into her first term and

after 16 killings in just four

0:48:470:48:53

months, she decided to hold a crisis

meeting. She put a call out to the

0:48:530:49:00

Bloods and Crips to try to arrange a

truce.

It was rocky at first and if

0:49:000:49:05

you threaten to leave and I said the

ground rules were we had to stay

0:49:050:49:09

until we finished.

What gave you

that confidence?

This is my

0:49:090:49:13

community and they are not afraid of

my own people. They are very

0:49:130:49:17

pragmatic and talked about the need

for employment opportunities that

0:49:170:49:20

they can access, they talked about

the barriers to their employment

0:49:200:49:25

because of criminal records, but I

told them, it is not about just what

0:49:250:49:28

can I do for you, I I am willing to

work for you if you're willing to

0:49:280:49:33

make a commitment.

Don and Fred are

from rival gangs. Don is a Bloods.

0:49:330:49:40

Fred is a Crip. If you had come

across Don in the street ten or 15

0:49:400:49:48

years ago?

That would have been a

problem. A fight over stabbing are

0:49:480:49:54

shooting, one of the three.

Because

you were on rival gangs?

Like I

0:49:540:49:59

said, I was young and Durham. I

didn't understand the life are

0:49:590:50:04

nothing else. All I cared about was

representing my gang to the fullest.

0:50:040:50:10

You would have hurt him? Yes.

He

would have tried!

0:50:100:50:15

Will is also a former gang member

and he served 12 years in prison for

0:50:190:50:24

a string of offences including

carjacking and gun possession. In

0:50:240:50:29

December 1989 he decided to turn his

life around.

A lot of the kids, they

0:50:290:50:36

are looking for something when they

join gangs, there is something

0:50:360:50:38

missing. The gangs have learned to

cater for those things. This was

0:50:380:50:45

almost a sheer store between two

rival gangs. In the process of that

0:50:450:50:49

a lot of people lost their lives, a

lot of shooting and derived bys.

0:50:490:50:56

Well now spends most of his nights

out on the streets trying to stop

0:50:560:50:59

conflicts from happening are getting

out of control.

Corner to corner,

0:50:590:51:05

communicating with those who are

always out.

And for the May or it

0:51:050:51:10

also personal. Then this quiet

street as her former family home.

My

0:51:100:51:18

grandmother was a registered nurse

and she worked overnight, and her

0:51:180:51:21

schedule was a little bit different.

There was a home intrusion and

0:51:210:51:29

someone raped and murdered her. The

loss of life is not a moment in

0:51:290:51:32

time, it is for a lifetime, and

holes are created that can never be

0:51:320:51:37

filled. It gives me a level of

compassion and respect and even

0:51:370:51:42

insight and perspective into what

most people are dealing with in my

0:51:420:51:45

community.

They may's story is not

uncommon. There is a level of

0:51:450:51:52

post-traumatic stress in this town

that comes from decades of extreme

0:51:520:51:55

violence. But maybe it is that she

had experienced that could also

0:51:550:52:01

drive people to end the violence.

0:52:010:52:06

The Australian Prime Minister

has banned Ministers -

0:52:060:52:08

married or single -

from having sex with their staff.

0:52:080:52:10

Malcolm Turnbull announced

an overhaul to Ministerial standards

0:52:100:52:12

today - saying they're now

out of date.

0:52:120:52:14

Lets hear a bit of

what he said earlier.

0:52:140:52:18

I am saying that from today this

changes being made in a way that is

0:52:220:52:29

very clear, couldn't be clearer. I

put this as a bright line and I am

0:52:290:52:36

saying that in these workplaces, and

ministers' officers, ministers must

0:52:360:52:44

behave accordingly, and they don't

care whether they are married or

0:52:440:52:50

single. I don't care. They must not

have sexual relationships with their

0:52:500:52:54

staff. That is it.

0:52:540:52:55

The crackdown comes amid a scandal

involving his deputy -

0:52:550:52:58

this man, Barnaby Joyce.

0:52:580:52:59

He's under growing pressure

to resign after admitting to having

0:52:590:53:02

an affair with his former staffer.

0:53:020:53:06

She's pregnant with his child.

0:53:060:53:08

Joyce has since split

with his wife of 24 years -

0:53:080:53:12

and is in a relationship

with his former employee.

0:53:120:53:16

Let's show you this.

0:53:160:53:17

Let me show you this tweet.

0:53:170:53:19

A cartoonist compares it

to a more famous sex scandal.

0:53:190:53:21

'One thing for sure-

Barnaby Joyce cannot adopt

0:53:210:53:23

the Bill Clinton defence

that he did not have sexual

0:53:230:53:25

relations with that woman'.

0:53:250:53:28

And this is his depiction -

a pregnant woman, and

0:53:280:53:30

a politician facing the boot.

0:53:300:53:36

Well, Buzzfeed is calling

the Prime Minister's new rule

0:53:390:53:42

the Barnaby bonk ban.

0:53:420:53:45

That hashtag, as well as 'barnaby

gate' is trending.

0:53:450:53:51

And check out this -

the front page of the Age today.

0:53:510:53:54

That headline - Malcolm Turnbull's

first commandment.

0:53:540:53:56

Lets get more now from

Hywel Griffith in Sydney.

0:53:560:54:01

This announcement came at the end of

a pretty long and scathing statement

0:54:060:54:10

by the Prime Minister about his

deputy, Barnaby Joyce, who threw a

0:54:100:54:15

week has been hitting the headlines

in Australia, particularly because

0:54:150:54:19

of his extramarital affair with his

former adviser, a woman who is now

0:54:190:54:24

expecting his child in April. This

had apparently been a bit of an open

0:54:240:54:30

secret with questions raised about

the potential misuse of public money

0:54:300:54:34

and misconduct by Barnaby Joyce,

allegations he denies, but he has

0:54:340:54:39

been in the full glare of the media

spotlight for more than seven days,

0:54:390:54:44

admitting to this are feared and

apologising for the hurt he has

0:54:440:54:48

caused, but according to Malcolm

Turnbull he has had a shocking error

0:54:480:54:52

of judgment and has put his wife and

daughters and member of staff

0:54:520:54:56

through a world of wall, according

to the Prime Minister. That is the

0:54:560:55:01

background to this ban, but whether

or not it will make any difference

0:55:010:55:03

to Barnaby Joyce, we will wait and

see. He has announced he will take a

0:55:030:55:10

week's leave next week, and was due

to step in for the Prime Minister

0:55:100:55:15

but it will no longer take place.

Something of a punishment but there

0:55:150:55:18

are plenty calling for him to resign

because of his fear the against him.

0:55:180:55:23

We are back Monday next week, thanks

for watching.

0:55:230:55:32

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