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was going to be fired with a vote of
no confidence tomorrow. History in
the making, President Zuma has
resigned as president of South
Africa. Hello, welcome to Outside
Source. It is over for South
Africa's embattled president, Jacob
Zuma, who has just said in the last
few minutes he will resign. Twin
scandals in golf the White House,
one involving a pawn star, the other
an alleged wife-beater. The Kremlin
won't confirm US air strikes killed
Russian mercenaries in Syria.
Want to run faster?
The solution could be doing one
simple thing: smile.
We'll speak to the expert
who carried out the research.
We have been waiting all day to hear
his statement, we have had it in
just the last few minutes. The
embattled South African President
Jacob Zuma has finally said he has
been compelled to resign as
president of South Africa. He went
on national television half an hour
ago, spoke to just about half an
hour, saying I have come to the
decision to resign. This has
followed weeks of intense political
pressure from his own party to stand
down. He addressed the nation a
short while ago, let's listen to a
little of what he had to say.
It is now public knowledge that the
National Executive Committee of the
ANC resolved to recall me as the
president of the republic. I have
also learned that before I respond
to the initial decision, a new
decision has been made by the ANC,
whose effect is that I have now been
compelled to resign by way of a
motion of no confidence, set down
for tomorrow, 15th Avery 2018.
So there we are, we are talking
about the final straw in this whole
process that would have been a vote
of no confidence held in the South
African parliament on Thursday
morning. That was the ultimatum, if
he didn't step down by the end of
today that he would be facing that.
So he left it right to the very end
of the day, nearly 11 o'clock South
African time, finally saying he did
not fear a vote of no-confidence
compete for that was the right way
that a president should be removed,
if a president serving the time
under the Constitution, but then
towards the end of the speech gave
those words that he will resign, and
he had been under so much pressure
to resign. This is the ANC treasurer
general, who were setting that
ultimatum to Jacob Zuma earlier
We can no longer wait beyond
today. We don't want to keep South
Africa waiting. President Zuma at
some point will respond. The
decision has been taken. It must be
implemented, so my message to the
caucus today was that there must now
proceed and Parliamentary process.
It has been a day of question marks.
We thought we would hear earlier in
the day from Jacob Zuma, that was
moved, another couple of hours,
moved again, then a nearly one long
rambling interview, asking the
public to think that he has done
nothing wrong, wondering in AYA why
he had been treated as a victim. But
right at the end of the evening in
South Africa, just wondering
dash-mac -- just moments ago, Jacob
Zuma officially giving notice that
he would resign. Here it is.
therefore come to the decision to
resign as president of the republic,
with immediate effect. Even though I
disagree with the decision of the
leadership of my organisation, I
have always been a disciplined
member of the ANC. As I leave, I
will continue to serve the people of
South Africa, as well as the ANC,
the organisation I have served all
of my life.
Now the expectation is
that the deputy president and new
leader of the ANC, Cyril Ramaphosa,
will now take the place of Jacob
Zuma, and that that no-confidence
vote in the South African parliament
will no longer be necessary. We will
bring you plenty more on this story
as soon as we get it later on
Donald Trump's long-time personal
lawyer has admitted privately paying
a porn star more than $100,000
a month before the US
elections in 2016.
We turn to Anthony Zurcher
for insight into US politics -
I talked to him about
the new details in these story.
What we heard today was confirmation
that payment had been made just
weeks before the presidential
election. What we didn't hear from
Michael Cohen, Donald Trump was
Makalio, was why he made it, but the
Wall Street Journal reported last
month that the payment was made in
exchange for a nondisclosure
agreement that Stormy Daniels signed
that would prevent her from talking
about a 2006 affair she said she had
with Donald Trump. We just heard
recently breaking news was that
Stormy Daniels's personal manager
has said that because Michael Coen
talk to the New York Times in the
story that she now is free from that
nondisclosure agreement, something
that Coen hadn't confirmed, but she
will be talking about the details of
this affair very soon. So I think
the story is only just beginning to
get warmed up.
Wow, OK Anthony, stay
with us. From the matter of the pawn
star to the matter of the alleged
wife-beater. Robin Porter, the White
House staffer who resigned, he was
allowed to serve as a top aide to
President Trump, even after his two
ex-wives told the FBI he had
physically and emotionally abused
Let's go back to Anthony. Do we know
what was known by the White House at
the time this man was fired?
been a shifting story, the White
House had tried to save a just
learned about it last week but
reports are that they have known
about it quite some time. This is
from Christopher Ray, that they had
basically closed the investigation
the middle of last year and finished
the file as recently as January. But
all this information had been passed
on to the White House, including
details about Rob Porter's spousal
abuse. Mr Porter himself had spoken
with the White House about it, so
they had known that direction and in
fact an ex-girlfriend of Rob Porter
Possum Akkad communicated with the
White House counsel about her
concerns with Rob Porter in that
position. So the fact they have been
shifting their story and moving away
from the earlier assertions that
they acted clearly, I think it is a
reflection of the fact that there is
a lack of confidence in the White
House on how to deal with this. This
is the main reason why the story
doesn't seem to be going away any
Let's return to southern Africa for
another story that has broken in the
last couple of hours.
the veteran Zimbabwean opposition
leader who fought Robert Mugabe's
regime for many years, has died
after battling against cancer.
Shingai Nyoka takes this
look back at his life.
As a challenging one of Africa's
ruthless and shrewdest
leaders, the odds were always
against Morgan Tsvangirai.
What he lacked in
formal education and
liberation war history come he made
up for in boldness, and his
As leader of the trade
unions, he led the largest
since independence, cutting
the unions's traditional
ties with government.
Disillusioned with the defector
1-party state and a biting economy,
Zimbabweans were ready
for an alternative.
The MDC was born, in contrast
to Mr Mugabe's exclusionary
politics, Mr Tsvangirai
President Tsvangirai managed
to bring together the
students, the workers, farmers,
traditional leaders, war veterans,
Stunned by his popularity,
the response was
With endless arrests,
beatings and an assassination
attempt and treason charges.
President Mugabe suffered his first
ever defeat at the poles to Mr
Tsvangirai, who later pulled out
of the run-off because of vote
rigging and violence.
He did not want to do the cheat,
which was then advanced to
Morgan, he would have been
president in that time.
I, Morgan Richard Tsvangirai...
Many were therefore disappointed
when he agreed to serve
under Mr Mugabe in a
In the following elections,
he lost heavily.
He blamed rigging.
His critics said he had lost
credibility, abandoned his
Ultimately it wasn't Robert Mugabe
or the numerous parties split that
ended his career, but: cancer.
He failed to unseat
Mr Mugabe, but many
here will remember Morgan Tsvangirai
as the working class hero, whose
fight for democracy triggered
the end of the Mugabe era.
If you are just joining us, let's
bring you the development from South
Africa just in the last 20 minutes
or so, Jacob Zuma, after weeks of
pressure from his own party, has
resigned. In a long half-hour speech
he gave to the nation just about 11
o'clock local time, he resigned,
saying he had come to the decision
to resign. He will not now face that
vote of no confidence in parliament.
We will have more on that in a few
Stay with us on Outside Source -
still to come...
What does this Olympic gold
medallist believe makes him cross
the finish line faster?
A clue - we can all do it -
I'll explain - next.
The Democratic Unionists say there's
"no current prospect" of a return
to devolved government
in Northern Ireland and called
on the Westminster government
to start making policy decisions.
The DUP has been trying to hammer
out a deal with Sinn Fein to end
a 13-month political crisis,
but they remain deadlocked
on the issue of the Irish language.
Both sides at Stormont
blamed each other for
the breakdown of the talks.
I think it is unfortunate that we
haven't been able to reach a
successful conclusion to the talks
at this time. It is by far our
preference that Northern Ireland be
governed by locally elected and
locally accountable ministers. That
remains our aim, we will continue to
work for that.
We did and had an
accommodation with the DUP, in terms
of all the issues which are
well-known to you all. The DUP
failed to close on that deal, and on
the accommodation, which we have
This is Outside Source live
from the BBC newsroom.
Our top story...
South Africa's political
crisis comes to a head -
President Zuma in the last few
minutes says he is resigning. Other
stories from around the BBC.
The Danish royal family has
announced that Prince Henrik,
the husband of Queen
Margrethe, has died.
He was 83 and had been
suffering from dementia.
Prince Henrik married
Princess Margrethe in 1967
and they had two sons.
A group of 15 Latin American
nations have criticised
Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro
for his decision to call
a presidential election.
The 'Lima Group' of nations
says that with so many
elections cannot be free nor fair.
More on BBC Mundo.
A US judge has thrown
out a copyright case
against Taylor Swift over her use
of the phrase "haters gonna hate".
Songwriters Sean Hall
and Nathan Butler argued
that her single Shake It Off stole
from their song - Playas Gon' Play.
The judge said the
phrase is too banal.
The development has finally come
just before 11 o'clock local time,
Jacob Zuma, South Africa's embattled
president, gave a speech to the
nation, and has announced his
resignation. Let's go over to
Pretoria. It was a long time coming,
but he has finally resigned.
certainly has, and just in that last
few moments that we saw the
president, a big sense in the speech
of not knowing exactly where it was
going, very mixed messages in that
speech, but the end the President
did seem to get a bit choked up,
especially when he changed to speak
Zulu, when he used that opportunity
to directly address South Africans,
saying that everything he has done
was out of his love for South Africa
and for the ANC, and that he
believed that if he did come short
essentially asking for people's
understanding. It has been a long
road to get here, and a big surprise
to a lot of people that it took the
ANC finally depression out of power.
Remind us why they got to this
point, why we are seeing the South
African president stepping down
before the end of his official term?
Well, at the heart of that are
reports of corruption, linked to a
wealthy business family here known
as the Guptas. The draw is a very
disillusioned jibber the president,
and they are accused of using their
friendship to gain access to
billions of dollars worth of
government contracts, allegations
that they of course have designed --
denied and the president. But
increasingly the ANC has become
restless about this friendship, and
close to the elections we are
looking towards in 2019, have felt
that the president has become a
divisive figure within the party,
somebody who might even cost them
the election exchange, and he needed
to go any needed to be now.
ultimatum came with that threat of a
vote of no-confidence the South
African parliament tomorrow. It
really did go all the way, didn't
it, pretty much?
It certainly did,
and this is quintessential zoomer
style, really leaving things down to
the wire. During the course of the
day it really felt like a showdown
between President Jacob Zuma and his
followers comrades, and he did, when
he was addressing the nation a short
while ago, make reference to that
motion of no confidence, saying he
does not fear it firstly, so he is
not stepping down because he is
afraid to get a parliament, because
that is an avenue the ANC can
explore, but rather he doesn't want
blood to be spilled in his name, and
the leaders disagree with the
decision the ANC has taken, he is
willing to bow out. But a big sense
that the president does feel
misunderstood, perhaps even
betrayed, by his comrades.
happens now, now that President Zuma
has stood down? Will Cyril Ramaphosa
immediately take his place?
would be the plan. The next thing is
to work out who will fill in the
post of deputy president. It all
become slightly less true Matic
because that vote of no confidence
falls away. The ANC has also just
announced their acceptance of the
President's resignation, so then
moves to a process of this Friday,
where they are planning to have the
new president give the state of the
nation address. But as we wake up
tomorrow, we could be very much
waking up to a new president in
So many twists and
turns that finally that develop and
that Jacob Zuma has announced his
The latest inflation numbers
from the world's biggest economy
surprised markets today.
Consumer Prices in the United States
rose faster than expected
in January, bouncing by 0.5%.
Economists were expecting a rise...
...of just 0.3%.
Investors are worried this
could prompt the central bank
to raise interest rates
faster than expected.
Yogita Limaye is in New York.
What is behind this?
Well, I think
you have seen a pretty strong US
economy in the past few months. You
have seen economic growth is
steadily going up, but also the last
them is that we had, especially on
jobs, as well as on wage growth,
that were strong as well. So wage
growth was faster than expected, and
the number of jobs has actually been
at the lowest point it has in 17
years, sorry, no number of jobs,
unemployment has been at the lowest
point in 17 years. So that is the
reason why we are seeing this kind
of inflation. Traders were really
bracing themselves as to what would
happen because this number was
raised before markets opened today,
and when there are fears, and we saw
this today, that interest rates will
rise faster here in the US, we saw
how markets reacted. They fell very
steeply, last week, so a lot of
people were expecting that happen.
It hasn't happened. One of the
reasons for that, traders as well as
analysts are saying, is perhaps the
markets have factored that income in
What we think the Federal
Reserve might do now?
is not until March. They have
already said that they believe that
they need to gradually increase
interest rates here in the US. The
expectation has been that there
would be about two or three interest
rate rises this year, and we will
have to wait until March to see what
indication they give us. It is I
have to say widely anticipated as
well that there will be a rate rise
when they meet in March.
Valentine's Day is a ponderous, but
thanks to be smartphone, Cupid now
has another string to its bow. The
online dating industry worth more
than $5 billion every year. There
are even apps that have few to find
a potential partner using the thing
from your music taste to your DNA.
I have been known to
I have used tinder
that I deleted it.
We have all been
Too call, too sporty, too
Many of the traditional dating
websites try to bag you that special
someone by asking you about your
personal preferences. And while
experts agree that online dating is
good at widening the overall pool,
is more day to relieve the solution
to finding Mr or Mrs right?
research is now clear that using
individual level information,
personality, values, preferences, to
try to predict who will be
compatible in the future is a losing
So if data isn't helping, how
else can apps be used to track down
our soul mates? One firm thinks it
has the answer, and they think true
love is all about chemistry.
one of the co-founders and the CEO
I am Chief scientific
officer and co-founder. Paramore is
a dating apps that matches singles
based on their genetics and meta
data from social media.
We send you
a kit, extract the portion from your
cheek cells that in codes for your
DNA, and this way you would be of to
look at who you'd be chemically and
biologically attracted to.
not everything, but that pheromones
is what love at first sight is all
Let's take you to a
developing story that has been going
on for a while, the scene of a
school shooting in Florida. The
police say that the gunmen they
believe are still on the loose. This
was footage from a bit earlier,
students leaving their classes in a
very formal manner. Police still
continuing their investigation.
There are casualties, according to
the local authorities there in
Florida, and we will bring new
developments on that as we get them
here. Now, before you put on your
running shoes tomorrow morning
perhaps, here is a tip. Smile.
Researchers have found that
grinning while you are out
on the pavement will help actually
make our efforts feel easier.
Don't believe me?
Well - this man, Kenyan
marathon runner Eliud
Kipchoge, is an advocate.
He reckons that smiling in those
last few miles of race helps him
cross the finish line faster.
Well, I tried it this morning
on my run, and I can tell you that
I think it might work.
Earlier I spoke to the lead
researcher, Noel Brick.
Yes, so this was a study with did
with 24 club level runners. We
basically have them run for six
minute blocks, even smiling,
frowning or grimacing, trying to
consciously relax or just maintain
their normal thoughts. What we found
was when runners were smiling, they
were about 2.8% more efficient than
when they were frowning, and also it
felt a little bit easier.
3% over the course of a competitive
marathon is a fair chunk of time
off. Hiya yes, 2.8% improvement in
efficiency would probably equate to
about 2% in a marathon, so for a
four hour marathon runner,
potentially it could be about three
minutes of their time, if they save
energy in their way. What is going
on physiologically that makes the
difference, do you think?
is happening is when we smile and
experience a positive, pleasant
emotional state like that, we become
more relaxed, and a relaxed run is
an efficient runner. We think by
smiling people in our study relaxed
and were more efficient as a result.
So it is having a change in your
demeanour, even if you are not
provoked a smile by the actual
experience of running?
Yes, and as
you mentioned earlier, some top
level runners use it you mention
one, he has said in interviews it is
a very deliberate strategy to relax
when he is really suffering at the
end stages of a marathon, and it
seems to work for him. He is Olympic
I tried this out on
particularly hilly part of my run.
Apart from feeling self-conscious, I
have to say something felt a bit
different. You are a runner as well,
you have tried it out, what is it do
Similar to you, I think,
and by the way I may be the worst
person to ask, I may have a certain
bias to believe that it will work
for me, but it does make my run feel
a bit easier and certainly feel a
bit more pleasant, and certainly at
the stage is where I am beginning to
suffer, and I do feel tired,
fatigue, bored even sometimes, it
can be a useful strategy to try.
you have any recommendations on how
big a smile it has to be, and could
it help us get through other tasks,
doing something like smiling,
through things that are difficult?
Yes, it is a really good question.
What we suggested in our study and
what we found was probably the most
of all things that it was a real
smile, and individual enjoyment
smile. Whether it works for other
sports, we're not sure. If the same
mechanism applies, the written a
reason why it couldn't be effective
for cyclists and other injuries
Smiling through the pain.
Let's update you on what we have
heard out of South Africa in the
last half hour or so. South African
President Jacob Zuma has announced
his resignation in a long speech, in
which he seemed quite emotional at
times. He said he had come to the
decision to resign, after a huge
amount of pressure from his own
party, the African National
Congress. Thank you for watching.
Back in a few minutes.
A lot of heat and a lot of energy in
A lot of heat and a lot of energy in
the tropical were specific which has
produced a lot of wind and rain.
Most of it has come from this major
cyclone, Cyclone Gita. Lovely
picture on the satellite but you
would not want to be underneath
that. It battered Tonga and Maury
Sunli Fiji, gusts of 170 mph. It is
now moving just to the south of new
Caledonia and over the next few days
we will see the winds easing to a
certain extent, and eventually that
wet windy weather could sweep down
towards New Zealand, early next
week. That is something to watch out
for certainly. By this stage on
Saturday we are looking at this area
of wind and rain, which could be a
cyclone across the north of
Australia, to the north of Port
Headland. It will release during
from the winds along the coast and
intensify the already wet weather we
have seen here.
Heat building across the interior,
it has been 45 degrees, building
towards Queensland. Through the
tropical belt, this area of cloud,
this was tropical storm Sambu. It
brought over 200 millimetres of
rain, some flooding out of the
Philippines. What is left of this
system will be tracking through the
South China Sea, weakening further
that still being the potential for
some heavy rain, clipping southern
parts of Vietnam by the end of
Friday. Some warm and wet weather
around here. Head northwards,
though, and things are very
different. To the north of this band
of cloud, we have some cold air
across the Korean peninsula and into
Japan. It has been very windy as
well and are still very windy across
northern parts of on shoot and
Hokkaido in Japan. For the Korean
peninsula, it looks like it will
generally be dried. We have had
rough weather for the Alpine event
at the Winter Olympics will stop
this is the Mountain forecast,
called on Saturday, very much milder
on Saturday that the Windsor -- on
Sunday. Much lighter winds for those
events going ahead on Sunday. Let's
move into Europe, some wet and windy
weather across the eastern
Mediterranean, some snow over the
high ground, and we have also got
somewhere to whether fishing away
from the UK into central Europe on
Thursday. That will bring some snow
for a while, as it but into the
colder air, something much milder
across France, those temperatures
slowly recovering in Iberia. That
weather front will continue to push
its woods across Europe. Less cold
in the south, but the big picture,
the long-range forecast, is on the
way a little later.
Hello, I'm Karin Giannone,
welcome to Outside Source,
and these are the main stories
here in the BBC Newsroom.
America's top intelligence
agencies have been
I have therefore come to the
decision to resign as president of
the republic with immediate effect.
Even though I disagree with the
decision of the leadership, of my
organisation, I have always been a
disciplined member of the ANC. As I
leave, I will continue to serve the
people of South Africa as well as
the ANC, the organisation I have
surfed all of my life.
Zuma announcing his resignation in
the last hour. Another developing
story we're going to update you on.
Out of the US. A gunman has opened
fire at a school in Florida, we
believe killing and above people.
The high school in Parkland is in
lockdown and has issued a code red.
Let's speak to Patricia from BBC
Monday oh. She's in Florida. -- BBC
The county sheriff department
office just confirmed there are at
least 14 victims as a product of
this apparent shooting at the
school. And they have been
transported to two hospitals. The
shooter is now in custody of the
The news the shooter
was still on the loose has been
updated. They have somebody in
Yes. It's been updated
about 20 minutes ago. This whole
incident started about an hour, an
hour and a half ago, when the police
received reports of victims and an
active shooter in the Marjorie Stone
high school in parklands. One hour
and a half north of Miami.
those pictures of students filing
out of the school in rows, it must
have been a terrifying experience
for them. Yes. We've heard some
students have been speaking to local
media and that at first they thought
it was a drill because earlier in
the school day they listened to some
construction movement outside of the
school. What we saw from helicopter
images was they were being evacuated
in small groups. They looked very
frightened and we saw some
ambulances taking care of what may
have been victims of this incident.
Sadly school shootings are not a
rarity in America.
No, this happens
quite often in the United States.
What we see from the reports of
local media is that students here
especially in the public high school
district all over the US are quite
prepared to run away from situations
like this and protect themselves
until the authorities take care of
Patricia joining us from Florida
with the latest detail, thank you
very much. Berra we've been talking
about two places in Syria a lot, a
suburb of the capital Damascus has
been under siege since 2013 but for
the first time in three months and
aid convoy has entered the rebel
held enclave delivering food and
medical supplies for over 7000. It
is thought 400,000 people are stuck
in the district. The other place,
where at least two Russians were
killed during US air strikes a week
ago, the Kremlin has denied
knowledge of Russian mercenaries
fighting in Syria.
What we know at the moment is at
least two deaths, two people were
killed, two Russian citizens killed
in the air strike. Other journalists
also confirmed six other deaths,
eight people allegedly killed during
the air strike. All allegedly
members of a private military
company, it's not registered.
Private military companies are
illegal in Russia but this group is
known to have operated in Syria for
quite a while already, they started
in 2013. Allegedly, according to
sources who know the situation, they
moved to East in Ukraine and helped
pro-Russian separatists. In 2015
when Russia officially started its
operations in Syria, they are
officially started to help pro-Assad
forces. It's not the first
casualties of the Wagner group, but
this is supposed to be the biggest
single loss, the biggest loss which
happened at one moment over that big
period of time.
To Barack, a country
trying to rebuild after the
devastating war with so-called
Islamic State. $30 billion has been
pledged to help in the form of
financial donations from
infrastructure and trade deals from
countries around the world. That is
a lot of money. It falls well short
of the $88 billion in Baghdad
wanted. The donations were promised
at a conference in Kuwait in doubt
helping Iraq rebuild. Here is the
United Nations Secretary General.
It's not only the physical return,
it's the reintegration and
re-conciliation within communities
in order to be able for life to
start normally. And for violent
extremism not to be reborn. We don't
only want to reconstruct physically,
we want to rebuild society and to
rebuild society, we need to
strengthen the links among
communities and create conditions
for the stability of the country. If
not, you're building one day to
destroy the next.
74 countries are
pledging donations and investments.
Iraq could struggle to get many
more. It's the tenth most corrupt
country in the world according to
transparency International. Here is
Turkey has been
the most generous with $5 billion of
investment and loans to Iraq. The
hosting country, Kuwait, has pledged
two million dollars in loans and
investment. What is different here
unlike other donors conference, this
conference has focused on investment
and most of the pledges coming from
the countries have been investment
opportunities or loans. The
conference is over and it is now the
turn to see how these pledges will
translate to projects that will make
more than 2 million Iraqi displaced
people going back to their homes.
We brought you a story published in
a Malaysian newspaper which listed
how to spot gay people. You may
remember it said gay men like to
wear tight clothes to show off their
six-packs, have adopted brothers,
adore beards, moustaches and branded
clothes. It had lesbians hate men
and enjoy belittling them, love to
spend time alone and enjoy hugging
and holding hands. Remember,
homosexuality is illegal in
Malaysia. The article has prompted a
backlash from the LGBT community
worldwide, including the British
actor, singer and self-made gay icon
John Barrowman who posted this on
his Instagram right after seeing the
story yesterday an Outside Source.
Good afternoon everybody, we just
saw an article on the BBC news
report about the article that came
out in a Malaysian newspaper.
Everybody's pussyfooting around the
whole situation. It's an article
there to incite violence, totally
incite violence against LGBTQ
people. And for those of you who are
LGBTQ and in a Malaysian, more
strength to you and support from
over here and is your brothers and
sisters around the world. We need to
help you fight this and in ways in
which to do it, we have to think
about, we can't let this kind of
That is John Barrowman
responding to the story we ran an
Outside Source yesterday. Of course
we love hearing your thoughts. If
you want to get in touch, the
hashtag is... #BBCOS. Britain's
Foreign Secretary has argued it
would be a disaster to stop the
process of withdrawing from the
youth. In a policy speech in London
Boris Johnson said he had recognised
the feelings of grief and alienation
among those who wanted Britain to
remain in the EU but said it was the
duty of the government to tackle
fears about security and economy and
he asked people to think positive.
If we are to carry this project
through to national success, as we
must, we must also reach out to
those who still have anxieties. I
want today to anatomise at least
some of the fears and show to the
best of my ability that these fears
can be allayed, and that the very
opposite is true, that Brexit can be
grounds for much more hope than
The BBC has correspondents all
over Europe, we turn to them to
explain what other countries want to
hear from Europe over Brexit. First,
Paris, where Emmanuel Macron wants
to retain a strong relationship with
the UK. But on the EU's terms.
France the good news on Brexit is
that a response to preserve a good
working relationship with London. It
is important in all sorts of areas
notably security and defence. It
doesn't mean Paris is being an easy
pun in the Brexit negotiations,
quite the contrary. President Macron
has made clear in more than one
occasion that in the city there will
be no preferential arrangements. If
you want to be part of the club, pay
the fees. Overriding everything is
not good or bad feeling, simply the
world and confusion. France doesn't
know how to react to react to the
British position on Brexit because
France doesn't know what the British
position on Brexit actually is.
Theresa May will be hoping to find a
new negotiating partner in Poland.
The government has supported some of
deal for Britain but at this point
Warsaw is walking the Uihlein.
London and the government in Warsaw
have good relations. In fact Downing
Street thought Poland might break
away from the EU consensus. That
hasn't happened. Warsaw has already
achieved its main Brexit goals.
Securing the rights of polls now
living in the UK and maintaining the
current EU budget. What it now wants
is a trading relationship that gives
certainty to Polish businesses.
Poland is arguing with the EU on
many issues. On Brexit it's sticking
to Brussels line.
Germany. Angela Merkel may have been
preoccupied by coalition talks over
recent months but when it comes to
Brexit her message has been clear.
Berlin is very very unlikely to
shift from its basic stance on
Brexit and that is this: if Britain
wants access to the single market,
it will have two preserve freedom of
movement. It's not going to change.
Secondly what is unchanging is the
broader view in Germany on Brexit.
Britain matters to Germany and
particularly to the very important
business lobby. That relationship is
key, considered crucial. What
matters more here in Germany of
course is holding together the
future integrity of the European
Jenny Hill. If you have an
Amazon Alexa you might want to
switch it off for the next story. A
TV commercial as automatically
ordered cat food for a UK viewer by
accidentally activating the Amazon
Alexa Smart speaker in their living
room. In case you don't know it's a
voice activated device, you can ask
it to play music, search the
Internet and order things. Let's
show you the advert that caused the
Alexa, reorder Purina beyond
viewer cancelled the order and
complained about the commercial but
the advertising standards authority
says it doesn't breach broadcasting
codes. But it's not the first time
this has happened, last year in the
US a newsreader's voice was picked
up by a number of Smart speakers and
they ordered dolls houses and tins
of cookies. Let's go to Sydney and
talk to Charlie Brown. What do you
make of all this?
It's really a slow
march forward to a new age of how we
ordered goods. We want the
convenience of being able to order
by voice and it is a convenient way
of doing it. Unfortunately we'll
have to see a few slippages along
the way. When we look at how we
purchased goods traditionally, went
to the store, bought them, then
moved to the Internet, then apps,
then voice. In the near future we'll
use cameras and beacons in our
pantries and refrigerators that have
the ability to order food
automatically as it used up. This
isn't the first example we'll into a
few problems, but I think having one
issue out of hundreds of thousands
of millions of people that use Alexa
globally, it's a good strike rate so
I believe there are controls or
parental controls you can put into
effect on the Alexa to try to stop
this sort of thing from happening.
There are. The way you order by
Alexa is is because the instruction
or the order and Alexa repeated back
to you, then you have to confirm it.
-- repeat it back. That method of
ordering is built in. But also Alexa
and other voice engagement services
like Google home and that kind of
thing, they can take a voice print
of your voice, so the kids can't
come up and pretend to be Hugh and
order some presents, that kind of
thing. -- pretend to be you. They
are building safeguards in. I think
we'll see a few more examples of
this along the way somehow.
wouldn't surprise me. I wonder how
unnerving you think it is to have
these devices in our homes listening
all the time, could they be
are spyware when you look at the
mechanism of how they work. We've
had listening devices in our home
way before voice controlled
speakers. Our smartphones have a
microphone and the ability to listen
to us. It's the app that decides
whether it is listening and
engaging. These speakers are a new
example. More frightening because
the response is more instantaneous.
I know people that put their phones
inside containers in what we call
faraday cages which don't allow
frequencies to transmit through
them. When they start meetings for
example, they are so worried about
the listening ability of our tech
devices, TV, fridges, that kind of
thing are coming in, they will all
do the same. The important thing to
remember is you understand the
privacy policies associated with the
products you are using and how the
Thank you very
much. Let's go to but more in the
US. For 11 days the city has gone
without a homicide, its longest
streak without a murder for four
years. It began with a community
ceasefire initiative starting on the
2nd of February. Let's show you the
group, the Baltimore ceasefire 365,
locals desperate for a reprieve from
the violence. Streak ended with the
death of a young man shot the chest
on Tuesday, however. Baltimore has
one of the highest homicide rate in
the US, 26 people were killed there
in January alone. The last time it
had ten days without a murder was in
March 2014. The BBC's correspondent
has been following the story and
joins me from Washington. How
remarkable is this?
Is pretty big
deal, this is a city that is
exhausted by homicide. Last year
they had a murder almost every
single day and to have a reprieve
like this was a big relief for a lot
of people. They were hoping for a
weekend long ceasefire and it ended
up being technically 12 days long.
This was a big accomplishment, a big
deal for people in Baltimore. Sadly
it ended but it is still worth
Tell us why Baltimore has
such a problem with violence.
think it is a multifaceted problem.
Just one aspect, last year 88% of
the homicides were committed with a
firearm, so illegal firearms are
gigantic problem in Baltimore. There
is also a problem with poverty, with
the education system, however far
back you want to trace it. There is
also a policing problem, the
community doesn't trust its police
force. A very big corruption trial
ended in Baltimore this week which
brought to light a lot of Baltimore
residents have been saying about
their own police force, they don't
trust them, with information, when
somebody's killed they don't report
everything they know because they
fear the organisation themselves.
How strong was the feeling of the
people who set up this group to get
Baltimore to have murder free days?
It was really palpable, one of the
co-founders of ceasefire who I met
and spend time with, Erica
Bridgeford, is a force of nature.
She is desperate to give the people
she cares about in the city a break
from this violence, but also has a
clear eye about how difficult the
task is. She takes these homicides
to hard. The first Baltimore
ceasefire weekend I joined her on,
when somebody was killed in the
ceasefire was broken, she cried at
the scene even though she didn't
know him. They care about this
mission. They've called for a new
ceasefire in May.
How does this
compare to the situation in
Baltimore, to other cities around
the United States?
Baltimore is one
of the highest per capita homicide
rates. We hear about Chicago but
Baltimore's per capita rate is
worse, it's worse in the city of
syllabus Missouri only. It's right
there at the top. Gun violence is a
huge problem. People don't feel
safe, they fear gangs in the street
and fear their own police force.
They are trapped in no man's land to
a certain extent.
Thank you very
much. The Winter Olympics are still
going on in Seoul, let's take you
through some of the main stories.
The first one involves this short
track speed skater disqualified for
grade Piero after finishing second.
She was awarded bronze. Almost
immediately she started receiving
online comments. Many abusive or
threatening. The Canadian Olympic
Committee has come to her defence,
it says the health, safety and
security of all our team members is
our top priority and as such we are
working closely with speed skating.
South Korea has approved a plan to
pay for the cost of hosting North
Korea's delegation. There are just
22 athletes competing, the entire
delegation has more than 400 people
in it and part of that is their
cheerleading squad. We've got this
look at the team.
The North Korean propaganda machine
is huge, but it's normally used
within the country. To big up the
personal reputation of this guy, the
country's leader, Kim Jong-un. But
over the last few days, the
machine's most colourful part has
hit the big time. The North Koreans
have sent 22 athletes to the Winter
games in South Korea. But they've
sent a whopping 230 member cheer
team. It is their first global
appearance. They're making quite a
show, one that is pretty different
from that of their country's
militaristic leader. The
cheerleaders are in their 20s and
30s and have been trained from a
young age. The women are sometimes
referred to as Kim's army of
beauties and his wife was once part
of the so-called cheer squad. They
are chosen because of their looks,
height and family background.
Loyalty to the cause is paramount,
according to one defector, who said
their job was to conquer with a
smile. More than South Korea are
bitterly divided. But the two
nations are performing together at
the games. The chip eaters aren't
having quite the desired effect on
the medal table yet, though. The
Korean women's hockey team boss 8-0
to Sweden. The real question is
whether these displays of unity
could have a lasting impact outside
the sporting arena.
I want to bring you a story about a
small medieval town in Slovakia that
is capturing hearts this Valentine's
Day. You've probably never heard of
this town it's been attracting
couples for years because of its
treasures. Not gold or diamonds, the
hype is over this vault. It is known
simply as the love bank. Inside more
than 100,000 tiny drawers where
couples deposit tokens of love in
the hope of preserving their stories
for eternity. Let's hear a little
about how it works. A picture, a
love letter, a ticket, anything that
preserves the magic of your love
story into these boxes.
story into these boxes.
story into these boxes.
It's now the
story into these boxes.
It's now the main
story into these boxes.
It's now the main attraction
story into these boxes.
It's now the main attraction at
story into these boxes.
It's now the main attraction at the
story into these boxes.
It's now the main attraction at the
museum celebrating the world's
longest love poem. A national Slovak
treasure, as this local explains.
remember the pro-marina because it
was compulsory reading at school.
His elevation of a passionate but
this measures a couple's strength of
love. Would you put your
compatibility to the test? If you
wanted to bang to love this
Valentine's Day, you have to wait,
it only opens on certain days. Let's
show you a taste of how you could be
celebrating next year.
There you go, book flights for next
year. Before we the news in the last
hour, the South African President
Jacob Zuma has announced his
resignation. Thanks very much for
watching Outside Source, I'm back