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This is Outside Source.
America's top intelligence agencies
have been laying out
the threats to the US -
we'll look at the list
and focus on the top
threat they've all named -
There should be no doubt
that Russia perceived
that its past efforts
successful, and views the 2018
mid-term elections as a potential
target for Russian
Jacob Zuma's own party, the ANC,
tells the South African president
to step down urgently.
We're expecting to hear from him
early tomorrow morning.
A Malaysian newspaper
publishes their checklist
on how to spot gay people.
Activists are angry and say lives
are being put at risk.
If you want to get in touch with us,
the hashtag is #BBCOS.
The top six officials in America's
intelligence services have been
sitting before Senators -
delivering a sobering
assessment of the threats
they say the US faces.
Here's the list:
North Korea's nuclear programme
poses what the US Director
of National Intelligence calls
an "existential threat"
to the United States.
They said China is trying to access
sensitive US technologies
and intellectual property.
But it was Russia that
they all agreed on -
they were unanimous in saying that
Russian attempts to meddle in US
politics were continuing.
Here's Dan Coats on that threat.
Frankly, the United States is under
attack, under attack by entities
that are using cyber to penetrate
that are using cyber to penetrate
virtually every major action that
takes place in the United States,
persistent and disruptive cyber
operations will continue against the
United States and our European
allies, using elections as
opportunities to undermine
democracy, sowed discord, and
undermine our values.
My colleague Katty Kay was following
this briefing in Washington -
here's how she viewed this briefing.
So there you had it, three hours
long, repeated questions about
Russia, and at one point all of
these six directors, these six white
guys, sitting up there,
they were asked, do you think this
is an ongoing problem?
And each one said, yes,
this is an ongoing problem.
They were also asked
about the President's attitude
to this, and why doesn't
the President come out and say
this is an ongoing problem?
I've just interviewed
Leon Panetta, who was
director of the CIA
under President Obama.
He said that President Trump should
listen to those intelligence
chiefs, that this is a real threat
to American democracy, and that's
chiefs, that this is a real threat
to American democracy, and that
not enough is being
done to address it.
Katty, let's just listen
in to a bit of that interview
you did with the former CIA
director, Leon Panetta, saying how
the president does need to listen.
The president of the United States
needs to listen to his
They are the ones who testified
today, and they made very
clear that the Russians
are going to attack our election
institutions in this country.
That is a serious issue
that the president of
the United States needs to address.
Katty, how worried are they about
the forthcoming mid-term elections?
Yeah, well, there are already
reports that the Russians are
I've spoken to a couple
of politicians, actually both
from the Republican
and the Democratic side,
who are telling people
running for office, listen, just
because you think you are in a small
state-wide election, nobody has ever
heard of your district,
don't think that makes
you are immune from
Russian meddling or interference.
It's extraordinary to think that it
could go down to that really local
level, but everybody seems to be
convinced that the Russians are
continuing to get involved
in American democratic processes,
perhaps even in the machinery that
does the election processes and the
voting, and the intelligence
agencies so far aren't managing to
do enough and that the social media
companies are not so far regulated
in a way that can prevent this.
Katty, we heard that list
of threats from these six.
I mean, hasn't the US always faced
multiple threats, or
are we really into
different times now?
Of course, this kind
of briefing happens under all
This is their chance to see these
are the things we are facing. One
thing that struck me about this
hearing, it lasted for three hours,
and nearly the entire focus was on
North Korea, Russia, as you heard,
and there was quite a lot of talk
about China. There was very little
talk actually about so-called
Islamic State and the threat of
global terrorism. In the United
States at least that is being
perceived as of a lesser threat now
and we know that because the
department of defence put out their
new policies and that is to focus on
the emerging threats of Russia and
China and less so on Islamic
Thank you, Katty Kay.
Israeli police are recommending
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's
indictment for bribery,
fraud and breach of public trust
investigations into two cases
of alleged corruption.
James Reynolds took us
through the charges.
They related to two separate
cases that the police
have been investigating.
The first, the police have been
checking whether or not Mr Netanyahu
received lavish gifts in exchange
for offering wealthy
friends special treatment.
And the second involves allegations
that Mr Netanyahu tried to do a deal
with the publisher of a major
Israeli newspaper for favourable
coverage, and in exchange
would curtail the circulation
of a rival paper.
Those are the two separate cases.
There appear to be similar
recommendations from the police.
They say that Mr Netanyahu,
they recommend he faces
charges in both cases.
Fraud, breach of trust, bribery,
and the most important
thing to say is this.
The most important
step is yet to come.
The files now get handed
to Israel's Attorney General,
and it is up to the Attorney General
to decide whether or not to indict
or whether or not to do nothing,
and that decision is expected
to take at least several months.
James, how long has
Benjamin Netanyahu's legal
wars been going on for?
Several years in this case.
The police have interviewed more
than 100 witnesses and the have even
interviewed witnesses from abroad
as well to build up a picture
of his activities in the last
couple of years as relates
these particular cases.
He has known that this
investigation has been going on.
Israelis have known as well,
and sore throated you see a running
commentary by Mr Netanyahu
essentially saying what he has said
tonight, that the charges,
the recommended charges,
the accusations against him,
are baseless, and he will continue
to lead the country.
The recommendation of charges
against a weakened Prime Minister,
a weak Prime Minister,
would be a bit of a death blow,
but Mr Netanyahu still
dominates Israeli politics.
Well, the world's been watching
South Africa very closely lately,
but Jacob Zuma is still president -
even though he's officially been
asked to resign for the sake
of the country.
Earlier, in Pretoria -
the governing party,
the ANC announced that its executive
had told Zuma to go
as soon as possible.
The party is clear
about what it wants -
this was said in
the news conference.
The collective of the ANC believe
that indeed President Cyril
Ramaphosa must take over the
presidency. You can't then have
another president who is still
president of the ANC.
Jacob Zuma is expected to respond
to that by Wednesday -
and we're hearing he'll hold a news
conference at 8 GMT tomorrow -
that's 10am local South African
time, but remember -
he's under no legal
obligation to step down
as President - yet, and so far,
says he'll resign in 3 to 6 months -
which isn't what his party wants.
This is the man waiting
in the wings, ready to take
the job of president -
the party's leader, Cyril Ramaphosa.
Our Africa editor Fergal Keane
is following the developments
Well, we're going to
know tomorrow morning.
It's been disclosed here that he
will meet the top six leaders
of the African National Congress,
including the man who would be his
political nemesis, Cyril Ramaphosa,
the organisation's president,
and at that point he
will give his response.
What we do know up until now
is he is saying he will not resign.
If the ANC wants to force him
from office they are
going to have to do that.
He can fight if he wishes,
but this is only going one way.
The question is, does
his clinging on split
the African National Congress?
After car's oldest liberation
After car's oldest liberation
movements. He still has a
substantial degree of support in the
party. The question is over the last
month since Cyril Ramaphosa have
taken over enough people have seen
the way the wind is blowing and will
now why not behind Cyril Ramaphosa,
and critically if it gets to a
motion of no-confidence in the
parliament, will they decide they
can vote along with opposition MPs
to remove Jacob Zuma office?
to remove Jacob Zuma from office?
The foreign minister
of the Netherlands, Halbe Zijlstra
has resigned after admitting
to lying about meeting
Russian President Vladimir Putin
at his dacha in 2006.
He claimed that he overheard
the Russian president talking
about expansionist ambitions
whereby Putin defined
"Greater Russia" as "Russia,
Belarus, Ukraine and the Baltic
states", which are Estonia,
Lithuania and Latvia.
But doubts emerged about the story
and he later admitted to lying
about meeting Putin,
in order to protect his source.
He said, "The manner in
which I wanted to protect my source
and underscore my message
about Russia was not sensible,
that is crystal clear."
And today, in an emotional speech
to Parliament, he resigned.
So as not to burden the
position of the Minister of foreign
affairs I see no other option now
than to offer my resignation today
to His Majesty, the King.
I do this with regret in my heart.
But in the full conviction that the
Netherlands deserves a minister of
foreign affairs who is above any
form of doubt.
Hugging the Dutch
Prime Minister there.
Anna Holligan has more
on the reaction to these events.
An extraordinary story indeed. On
Monday we heard from the Dutch
Foreign Minister, admitting he had
lied about this meeting with
President Putin back in 2006, in
which he had claimed the Russian
president had outlined his plans for
a greater Russia, which were said to
include the Baltic states, Ukraine,
bezel -- Belarus and Kazakhstan.
Today Halbe Zijlstra apologised and
he said the Netherlands describes a
Foreign Minister who was beyond
reproach, and it had been the
biggest mistake of his political
career. Initially the Dutch Prime
Minister Mark Rutte had stuck by his
man, saying that although he
shouldn't have claimed to have been
somewhere he was the crux of his
comments were true. And then a
former Shell executive e-mailed a
Dutch newspaper to say he had been
at the meeting, which Halbe Zijlstra
had not attended, and that actually
these comments were made in an
historical context. Halbe Zijlstra
was supposed to be travelling to
Moscow this week to meet his Russian
counterpart, Sergey Lavrov, to
discuss amongst other things the
downing of flight MH17 which left
298 people dead, but his position
despite his attempts to hang on by
the political skin of his teeth
clearly has become untenable and
that is why we have now see them
stand down as the Netherlands
Stay with us on Outside Source -
still to come...
Waging a war on waste -
we'll take a look at how companies
are helping clean up the oceans
by cutting down on plastics.
In Liverpool today the former
football coach Barry Bennell was
found guilty of sex offences against
young boys in the 1980s. The
64-year-old denied 40 charges of
abusing boys in his care while
coaching at major football clubs.
Ben Ando was in court.
afternoon the jury started returning
verdicts. Of the 48 counts they were
asked to consider they found him
guilty of 36 charges, involving ten
different victims, boys aged 8-14 at
the time of the abuse that took
place in the 1980s.
There are legal restrictions on what
we can report today.
You're watching Outside Source. The
s... -- the headlines.
America's intelligence agencies have
said that Russia has never stopped
trying to meddle in US politics,
and is a threat to November's
A 17-year-old Palestinian girl
who was charged with assault
after a video went viral
showing her hitting two Israeli
soldiers has gone on trial
in a military court.
Ahed Tamimi arrived for her hearing
with her hands and feet shackled.
Proceedings got under way
behind closed doors,
as she is being tried as a minor.
Yesterday we told you about cyclone
Gita heading for Tonga.
Well, now rescue teams
in the Pacific island
state are assessing
the extent of the damage after it
hit the capital, Nuku'alofa.
Many buildings were destroyed,
including a Catholic church
and the main parliament building.
Thousands of Tongans
are in evacuation centres.
And a lot of people have been
reading about a man smuggling
cocaine in fake buttocks.
He was detained in Lisbon's
International Airport after landing
with on a flight from Brazil.
He is accused of carrying 1 kilo
of drugs - enough to make 5,000
individual doses of cocaine.
Yesterday we told you about
the a refugee crisis in Uganda.
It's caused by ethnic clashes
in the Democratic Republic of Congo
that have forced thousands
to flee the country.
People have been crossing
Lake Albert which sits
here on the border with Uganda
after attacks intensified
here in Ituri over the past week.
There are fears of a return
to massacres witnessed in the area
almost 20 years ago,
when tens of thousands were killed
in ethnic clashes in DR Congo.
Anne Soy is at Lake Albert.
The scale of the emergency is clear.
There are more than 16,000 people
who have been waiting here for
registration. Some have been
standing the whole day. It is a slow
process. The humanitarian
organisations say they were not
prepared to handle the kind of
numbers coming, and more people are
still crossing over from the
Democratic Republic of Congo, some
using canoes and boats across Lake
Albert to the Ugandan side. The
eastern side, where they come from
particularly, is deeply troubled and
has been for many years, with
different conflicts happening across
the region. The region is mineral
rich and therefore is important not
only for the Democratic Republic of
Congo, but also this region, the
Eastern African region, and the
interests there, so it is a complex
situation and these people have
found themselves in the midst of
something they say they don't
understand. We ask why they are
here, and they say they have been
attacked but they do not know why
and they do not understand what the
trigger of those attacks was.
Soy reporting from Uganda.
The United States is set to become
the world's leading oil producer
at some point next year.
That's according to
the International Energy Agency
which says the fracking boom
could lead to the world's
biggest economy overtaking
Saudi Arabia and Russia.
Joe Miller joins us
now from New York.
Hello, Joe. What is fuelling
America's rise as an energy giant?
Put simply, it is economics. Just a
few years ago when oil prices
started to slump because global
demand weakened, it looked like the
American fracking industry, based
mainly in Texas and New Mexico, it
looked to be on its last legs
because it could no longer be
profitable. What has happened since
is they have just got more
efficient, a lot of cost-cutting
measures and a lot of fracking sites
have come back online, and this has
led to a huge increase in supply, so
quite good news I suppose for
America, and we saw a shipment of
oil from the US to the UAE, the
Middle East, topsy-turvy energy
market these days, but what is not
so good is the supply is higher than
the demands of their is still quite
a lot of pressure on energy prices,
I wonder if Donald
Trump's attitude to fossil fuels
which we have heard so much about
over recent months is having an
impact on this?
Well, he certainly
hasn't hindered it. He has relaxed
some of the regulations are planned
to relax some of the regulations
around fracking but what happened
here is really an economic story,
about cost-cutting, and it was
happening before Donald Trump came
into office and it has continued
after he has done so. I doubt that
will perhaps stop him and other
members of his administration is
taking credit, that remains to be
seen, but really what is happening
here is a story in Texas and New
Mexico with new hydraulic techniques
for fracking that brings down the
cost a lot. -- brings the cost down
What impact could this
have on the cost of oil around the
It is not good for the cost
around the globe because, put
simply, the more oil there is, the
more downward pressure on the price,
and it also means that the oil
cartel Opec and basically most of
the oil producing countries outside
of the USA, they have been trying to
boost the price by pushing down
supply, restricting supply, and
because there is all of this shale
oil out of the US, their efforts are
essentially not working, so it
really means the mechanisms to
control prices other countries have,
they are failing, and the US really
is in the driving seat now, so it
could have quite an effect, quite a
pressurising effect on oil prices.
It remains to be seen of course and
it is all down to how quickly the
world economy grows.
Joe, thank you
very much, from New York.
Plastic is one of the world's
favourite packaging materials.
It's cheap and efficient
for transporting goods.
But only a fraction
of it is recycled.
Vivienne Nunis reports
now on the demand for
At least 8 million tonnes of plastic
ends up in the ocean each year. One
of the biggest culprits is the
consumer goods industry. The plastic
packaging is often used just once
before being thrown away.
A tenth of
the plastics in the world is
actually recycled so that leaves 90%
either buried, burned or lost into
Now, and number of
companies are trying to stem the
British firm Recycling Technologies
thinks this machine can be a game
changer. It takes difficult items
like food wrappers, toothpaste
tubes, coffee cups and bin liners,
at very high temperatures, and
breaks down the plastic to its raw
material. And at the end of the
process you get something like this,
and oil that can be sold back to
petrochemical companies to be made
back into plastic once again. Many
plastics and currently only be
recycled ones. This company, which
makes household cleaning products,
once its bottles to be recycled
again and again.
sustainable system we can have on
plastic usage, so everyone use
transparent bottles, because then
all bottles could be recycled back
and any bottle could be used to be
recycled into any other bottle.
more companies look for ways to
tackle the problem of plastic waste,
costs will come down. Vivienne
Nunis, BBC News.
A Malaysian newspaper has a check
list on how to spot gay people.
is illegal in Malaysia.
The article's in Malay
in the Sinar Harian daily newspaper,
but we've translated a bit of it.
It says gay men like to wear tight
clothes to show off their six packs,
have adoptive brothers and adore
and branded clothes.
It goes on to say lesbians hate men
and enjoy belittilng them,
love to spend time alone,
and enjoy hugging and holding hands.
It's prompted a backlash
from LGBT groups.
Arwind Kumar is an activist and one
of Malaysia's biggest
social media stars -
he posted this video on YouTube.
There are much more important issues
in this country to be addressed in
this is not one of them. Explain to
them up or molester, a kidnapper, a
murderer, those people who are in of
another. How the hell does a gay
person endanger your life? If you
really want to help this society...
Probably with this article that
could have saved many lives, but
this article will only take away
lives, and if that is what you are
happy doing because you want less
gay people in this country, good job
I spoke with Boris Dittrich,
Director of the LGBT programme
with the Human Rights Watch,
Berlin - here's his
reaction to the article.
The words that come to mind are
stupidity, ignorance, prejudice, and
possibly dangerous. Because as you
said in the introduction Malaysia is
a country where homosexual conduct
is criminalised and were for
instance cross-dressing is illegal,
many transgender where men are
arrested, for instance, and there is
public hostility towards LGBT
people, so when a newspaper runs a
story like this, so stupid, it could
also maybe incite people to become
aggressive and, you know, try to
target LGBT people.
As well as
offensive, this article is
Yes, because there is so much
ignorance in Malaysia about what it
means to be homosexual, and that is
because, for instance, the media,
and the mainstream newspapers, they
are government controlled. They
never write anything balanced about
homosexuality. They don't provide
honest information. Usually when
there is something about LGBT
people, it is quite scandalous, and
so the general public doesn't know a
lot of facts about LGBT people and
so when such an article is being
published many people might believe
it, so what I think, and what Human
Rights Watch thinks is imported,
sexual education should be taught in
schools so young people will learn
about sexuality, including
One brief final
question. Do you think this article
and the furore that has accompanied
it, at least outside of Malaysia,
has done anything to open up the
question about homosexuality in
Well, because the media
are government controlled there will
be some smaller news outlets, yes,
that will pay attention to this, but
I'm afraid that the general public
that reads the Sinar Harian in the
Malay language will not be included
in this public discussion, but
that's why Human Rights Watch
publishes reports about
discrimination of LGBT people, and
hopefully those reports will lead to
a public discussion.
That was Boris
Dittrich of Human Rights Watch. Lets
tell you what is coming up.
The top spy chiefs all lined up
talking to the Senate committee, and
we will be talking about the threat
that they see as opposed to the
United States by North Korea. Stay
with us. We will be back in a few
with us. We will be back in a few
minutes. Hello. A relatively quiet
weather story at the moment, but
that said there are two storms to
point out. One is moving away from
the southern Philippines, and this
is starting to weaken as it moves
across cool waters. Further south
and east, this was tropical cyclone
Gita, quite a significant storm
particularly for the island of
Tonga, the biggest they had seen in
70 years. Power lines down, it
completely demolish the parliament
building with significant disruption
across the capital of the island. We
saw sustained winds of 160 mph
gusts, well in excess of that, then
it moved across the islands of Fiji,
but it continues to track in a
westerly direction and continues to
weaken all the time so we are not
concerned about that. It looks like
it will continue to decay. Across to
Australia we will need to keep a
close eye on the Northern
Territories, cluster of showers may
develop into a storm. We are seeing
her frontal system moving away from
Tasmania towards New Zealand.
Elsewhere, heat building but a
relatively quiet story. We can see
this in the five day forecast.
Herath will see some beautiful
weather with temperatures perhaps
into the low 30s. Moving away from
Australia, we have been looking
quite a lot at parts of Korea, all
due to the winter Olympics, and the
winds have been a feature, but I
suspect over the next days the winds
will start to ease slightly and it
will stay dry. Dry weather across
much of China. It looks like this
continues to track and a westerly
direction and may well interact with
Vietnam over the next few days, but
by then not a storm, just bringing
some enhanced rainfall. A good deal
of dry weather in the five-day city
forecasts. It looks like Bangkok
will see some beautiful blue sky and
sunshine through the middle part of
the week. North America stays quite
quiet as well, a southerly breeze
starting to introduce something a
little less cold and some sharp
showers moving out of Texas towards
Tennessee. A weather front end from
the Pacific north-west, snow on the
leading edge of a few scattered
showers perhaps likely in the
southern half of California. That
front in British Columbia may well
bring greater Seattle in the next
few days, and elsewhere it is quite
a quite unsettled story to come. But
certainly not across Europe at the
moment. One storm moving through the
Black Sea and another bringing heavy
rain, strong winds and some rain
across central and southern Italy.
Strong to gale force gusts of wind
and snow with the leading edge of
Scotland moving through France and
over into the Pyrenees. Here it will
stay pretty unsettled but it is a
south-westerly wind so it is
introducing something a little less
cold. Take care.
Hello, I'm Karin Giannone,
this is Outside Source,
and these are the main stories
here in the BBC Newsroom.
America's top intelligence agencies
have been laying out
the threats to the US.
We'll look at the list
and focus on the top
threat they've all named,
There should be no doubt Russia
perceives that its past efforts were
successful and will use the 2008 in
US mid-term elections as a potential
target for Russian influence
Jacob Zuma's own party, the ANC,
tells the South African president
to step down urgently.
We're expecting to hear from him
early tomorrow morning.
Every day, Outside Source features
BBC journalists working
in over 30 languages.
Your questions are always welcome.
#BBCOS is the hashtag.
We started this hour covering
the heads of the US intelligence
services and their concerns
about Russian meddling.
Now I want to turn to
what they said about North Korea.
The CIA Director Mike Pompeo says
North Korea poses a nuclear threat
to the United States.
Here's what he had to say.
Our analysts remain concerned
that Kim Jong-Un is not
hearing the full story,
that is, that those around him
aren't providing nuance,
aren't suggesting to him the tenuous
nature of his position, both
internationally and domestically.
I can bring in Barbara Plett Usher,
our State Department correspondent.
Barbara, we've been focusing a lot
lately on the thawing relations
between North and South Korea
on the sidelines of
the Winter Olympics.
At these intelligence chiefs still
see North Korea as a very real
threat? -- but these.
Yes, they do,
for several reasons, first, North
Korea's determination to be able to
carry out a nuclear attack on the US
and the other is its ability to do
so and those increasingly
sophisticated missile tests we saw
last year showed it was getting
closer and closer to that
capability, to be measured in
months, not years, probably. Also,
the intelligence agencies assessed
that Kim Jong-un is not about to
negotiate away his nuclear weapons
which is what the US is demanding
because he sees it as crucial to the
survival of the regime. You have
defrosting on the Korean peninsula,
diplomacy between North and South
Korea and in the face of the success
of that so far, the US has endorsed
a deeper in gauge went after the
Olympics with the possibility of
talks with the US perhaps come that
is what we had Rex Tillerson and
Mike Pence talking about. But I
think the intelligence agencies are
focusing much more on the chance of
another missile test rather than the
chance of a diplomatic breakthrough.
On the role of the US in this, where
does the thaw, however temporary or
permanent, between North and South
Korea, leave the US?
interesting, isn't it? The US
position has been one of maximum
pressure which means to sanction
North Korea and isolate it, to try
to get it to the negotiating table,
ready to talk about
denuclearisation, whereas instead of
being isolated, it has great
publicity from coming out to the
Olympics with Kim Jong-un's sister,
with the cheerleaders and the
athletes and it has painted a
picture that is hard to go against
in public relations terms. Where it
leaves the US if they have had a
chat with South Korea who have
convinced them that even if they are
talking to North Korea, they won't
give them anything. They won't ease
sanctions or give investment or aid
unless North Korea comes up with
some goods on denuclearisation and
on the basis of that, the US says,
OK, those talks should be able to go
ahead and maybe we will even talk
although we are going to keep
sanctions on as tightly as ever
until we see some results from it.
It has put the US on the back foot a
Now, I want to follow up on a story
we brought you yesterday,
the Iraq reconstruction
meetings in Kuwait.
The US Secretary of State Rex
Tillerson is there - have a listen.
The enduring defeat of Isis in Iraq
and Syria means all members
of the coalition must support
and sustain the post-Isis
This means continuing to provide
essential aid and services
to communities which are only now
starting to rebuild.
What is the US actually committing
in order to assist Iraq moving
Not reconstruction, we have
heard again and again that the
administration does not do
nation-building. It is trying to
encourage Iraq's neighbours,
especially Arab countries in the
Gulf, to come forward with
reconstruction assistance and
especially the private sector. It
has some US companies participating
in this conference, the US
import-export bank has just signed a
$3 billion memo with the finance
ministry saying they will provide
financing to facilitate such
projects. Still quite a big ask for
the private sector to invest in this
kind of climate with security risks
and corruption risks but the US
government says it is focusing its
money on humanitarian aid and also
on what it calls stabilisation, the
areas where Isis has been defeated,
preparing them for people to return
back, like basic services and that
kind of thing. Rex Tillerson said
the US would supply some $200
million extra to Syria for the
Thank you for
joining us. Barbara Plett Usher in
Well, let's look at North Korea
from their neighbours' perspetive.
That relationship is improving.
North Korea's state media said that
leader Kim Jong-un is delighted
with the outcome of his country's
attendance at the Games.
Accompanying the report was this
unusually relaxed picture of Mr Kim
with his delegation that had just
spent three days in South Korea.
You can see here his sister
Kim Yo-jong and to the left
the North's ceremonial head
of state, Kim Yong-nam.
Both are linking arms
with him and Kim Yong-nam
is practically holding his hand.
The report also says Mr Kim thanks
the South for "specially
prioritising" the North's attendance
at the Games and gave instructions
on how to "liven up the warm climate
of reconciliation and dialogue."
The question is whether this charm
offensive is working
beyond the two Koreas.
Today the South Korean President
President Moon Jae-in said the US
is open to talking with the North.
Laura Bicker is at the Winter
Olympics in Pyeongchang.
Over two months ago,
Kim Jong-un fired his last missile,
and here we are as the two sides
exchanged warm words.
The state media reported
that the North Korean
leader described the way
that the South Korean government
treated his sister and other
North Korean delegates as very
impressive, as sincere.
He also went on to say
that they provided a warm climate
for further dialogue
and further unification.
Now when it comes to that wish,
he has already invited
the South Korean president,
Moon Jae-in, to visit Pyongyang.
That is something that he will have
to mull over and will have to decide
what kind of conditions he will put
on that visit.
Meanwhile, President Moon Jae-in has
confirmed that the US is open
to talks with North Korea.
That is a significant
development and a significant
for President Moon Jae-in,
because there had been this wedge
between the US and South Korea.
South Korea wants to pursue a twin
approach to North Korea.
It wants to pursue this approach
of maximum pressure and sanctions
but it also wants to engage
with the North, to talk to them.
At the start of Mike Pence's visit
here during the Winter Olympics,
it seemed that was not something
the US was willing to do.
It now seems that they are at least
willing to talk about talks.
There's a huge hurdle in the way,
though, and that is North Korea's
So far, the North has refused to put
that on the table and that will be
something that is difficult
for the international community
to come to terms with.
However, if you look at critics,
people who believe, some people
believe that President Moon Jae-in
is on the wrong track,
that he has given Pyongyang
a propaganda platform at these
The Japanese Foreign Minister
has even described his
approach as naive.
Others, however, believe that he may
be on the brink of something,
including enabling talks
between the US and North Korea,
and that is something that he has
been looking for since he came
to power eight months ago.
Let's get back to this picture
released by the North
Korea's state media.
There have been previous photos
showing affection between members
of the Kim family and even senior
North Korean officials.
This latest photograph
is reminiscent of this old photo
from the 1970s showing Mr Kim's
aunt, Kim Kyong-hui,
with her arm around Kim Il-Sung.
That's Kim Jong-Il on the right.
In this picture, a girl is shown
overwhelmed with emotion
as she holds the arm
of the then-leader Kim Jong-Il.
Kim Jong-un has also held the arms
or hands of elder senior officials
and even civilians before.
These fruit farmers are seen locking
their arms with Kim Jong-un's.
And last year Mr Kim was even
pictured giving an official
a piggyback to celebrate what state
media said was the successful
test of a rocket engine.
Don't forget you can get much
more detail on our top
stories on our website.
It's no secret that jihadi groups
use the internet to recruit.
Their successes in cyberspace have
sucked in many young fighters.
Many of them have left their homes,
even here in Britain,
for bloody wars in Syria and Iraq.
Some are drawn by the grim
videos posted by this
group, the Islamic State.
They're the sort of propaganda
videos that governments are trying
to catch before they enter
the online world.
Well today, the UK unveiled a tool
which it says can do just that -
detect this type of content
and remove it instantly.
It's been tested on thousands
of hours of videos posted
by the Islamic State -
successfully detecting up
to 94% of videos posted,
with almost total accuracy.
It works in the upload process,
so the video is stopped before
reaching the internet.
Research suggests Islamic State used
up to 400 different websites
for propaganda last year.
The challenge now is
predicting which areas
of the internet terror
groups could use next.
Amal Rajan reports.
Militaristic, cinematic and often
shot with high-level production
values, these propaganda videos
for the so-called Islamic State
espouse terror and hatred.
They're also easy to find
on the internet right now.
What we have here are two videos,
one of which is extremist content,
the other which is perfectly
legitimate news coverage.
Now an artificial intelligence firm
in London has used Home Office money
to target such extremist content.
The creators claim the technology,
which is obviously secret,
can spot 94% of IS content online
with an accuracy of 99.995%.
The technology distinguishes
between news and extremism and flags
up examples such as the one
on the right, with a high
probability of being extremist
content, to be vetted by a human.
What we are looking to do is to try
and remove this content
from the public web.
If it requires somebody to have ten
passwords and an incredibly
complicated Tor browser before
they can get access to content,
we see that as a win.
It means that it can't just be
shared between friends on, like,
their mobile phones.
While attention is focused
on big firms like Twitter,
Google and Facebook,
crucially, this technology
will benefit smaller platforms,
who will have free use of it.
Islamic State supporters used over
400 unique platforms last year,
145 of them for the first time.
Like other forms of modern media,
has now shifted online.
What's so striking about this
new tool is both that it's funded
by Government rather than technology
firms, and that it's powered
by artificial intelligence.
In other words, it's an admission
that machines rather than manpower
will be most effective at finding
and removing extremist
One former jihadist who now works
in counter-radicalisation argues
that terrorists will always
adapt their methods to find
new audiences, and the platforms
need to be willing to take action.
The big players in this area
are taking a lot of action,
but we've found that it's
the smaller companies who aren't
necessarily prepared to play
ball with Government,
sometimes because they're
suspicious of government,
sometimes because they simply don't
regard it as being part
of their business model.
It's not yet clear how widely
the technology will be taken up,
but the Government says its instinct
is to collaborate with industry.
We're not going to rule out
taking legislative action
if we need to do it,
but I remain convinced that the best
way to take real action
to have the best outcomes
is to have an industry-led form
like the one we've got.
Your algorithms are doing that
grooming and that radicalisation.
It's a war of attrition,
but the chair of the Home Affairs
Select Committee says the onus
is still on the biggest
I think it's imperative on the tech
giants, on all of these companies
to do more to operate swiftly
to remove illegal material.
If they don't, there has to be
some form of penalty
on them for not doing this,
because in the end, this
is about illegal material.
It's important to be
realistic about the costs
and consequences of the open web.
While technology and Government
pressure can reduce harm,
the fight against digital extremism
is a war without end.
Amol Rajan, BBC News.
Nakita Malik is the Director
of the Centre for the Response
to Radicalisation and Terrorism.
Let's hear her views
on this new tool.
I don't think it is a game changer
but I do think it is a step in the
right direction. We have to remember
that nothing beats human
intelligence so although the
software is very good in spotting
trends, what we have already begun
to see when we analyse Islamists and
far right propaganda, which we do on
a regular basis at my organisation,
is the Islamists and the jihadists
and extremists are always one step
ahead of the technology already,
they know how to skirt policy
guidelines, to make sure that they
are using certain language or
symbolism that only the insiders of
their group can understand. The
software is good at removing perhaps
the bulk of the material but the
real nuance and the trends and how
this will change remains to be seen
and we also have to remember that
the Islamic State is just one group
which was found through a foundation
of Islamist ideology, starting with
Al-Qaeda, with the Taliban and now
what we see with Islamic State. We
really have to look at the bigger
picture, although it is a step in
the right direction. I don't know
the details of the software but from
what I can understand, it is quite
similar to the way that, say, child
pornography details are seen on the
Internet, how visuals and videos can
be removed in that way so yes, it is
useful and in the past we have seen
unsuspecting smaller websites like
Etsy hosting Islamist material
completely by accident and not
knowing what to do about it so it is
good having said that, however, the
search engines still posed a lots of
handbooks, they host poison manuals,
they housed a lot of disturbing
material which we interact with and
flag up to be social media providers
on a daily basis. So I'd really like
to see changes in that and also in
legislation. We have yet to see what
exactly the government means by
The threat of terrorism has hit
the tourist industy in a number
of countries on the continent.
Not least Tunisia, where in 2015,
38 people were shot
dead at a beach resort.
And today, for the first time
since that incident,
a British tour company,
Thomas Cook, is taking tourists
back to the country.
Frank Gardner reports
on the measures that Tunisia has
taken to ensure security.
Tunis by night, and a National Guard
unit prepares to raid
a suspected terrorist hideout.
Since two devastating attacks
in 2015, this country has vowed
to stamp out terrorism and make
Tunisia safe for tourists.
Well, they've just gone
into a house here.
We can hear some shouts.
We're in a tiny little backstreet,
and they're looking for members
of an Isis cell that has been
in Libya, they suspect, so the whole
street is flooded with these armed
National Guard soldiers.
Three years ago, on this beach
near Sousse, an Isis gunman
shot dead 38 people,
30 of them British.
Now, Tunisia is getting training
from Royal Navy instructors
in maritime security,
while Met Police detectives have
been training up hotel staff.
At four key airports,
British aviation experts have
installed new screening equipment.
In this resort town, where Thomas
Cook is taking the first returning
British tourists, I asked the hotel
manager what precautions he is
We have around 60 cameras
all around the hotel.
The exterior cameras
are all monitored 24 hours
by persons behind the screens.
But Tunisia sits in
a dangerous neighbourhood.
Across this border, Libya
is in chaos, and Isis has bases.
The Manchester bomber trained in
Libya, and so did the Sousse gunman.
Back in the capital Tunis,
the night raid yields results.
Suspects are arrested
and will now face trial.
Tunisia has made huge
progress against terrorism,
but if its tourist industry
is to recover fully,
it will need to stay vigilant.
Frank Gardner, BBC News, Tunisia.
The funeral of prominent
Pakistani human rights
activist and lawyer,
Asma Jahangir, has
been held in Lahore.
Senior government officials
and members of the legal
profession were among
the mourners who attended.
Ms Jahangir - who died on Sunday -
campaigned for women's rights
throughout her career.
BBC Urdu's Henna Saeed
was there and sent us this report.
Hundreds of people came out
here at the Gaddafi Stadium
in Lahore today to pay tribute
to the prominent human rights
activist and lawyer Asma Jahangir.
Asma had a great fan
following in Pakistan,
especially with women,
because she was a voice for women
who were suppressed here.
She fought for the rights of women,
and got them justice.
A large number of such women,
her friends, family, co-workers,
they all came to her house today
to see her for the very last time,
then they formed groups
and came here as they walked
to the stadium in Lahore
where they offered
the final funeral prayers.
For the first time in Pakistan,
men and women stood side by side
in the funeral prayers.
Never has this country seen
this scenario, and this
is what Asma Jahangir wanted
in her life, to see men
and women stand by together.
Asma's last wish has been granted,
although there were voices
from across Pakistan that she should
be given a state funeral,
but nothing was finalised in that,
and now she has been laid to rest
in Bedian graveyard.
Henna Saeed, BBC News, Pakistan.
Let's bring you a story
from Australia now, which is marking
ten years since it said sorry
to its indigenous people
for the wrongs of the past.
This is what the former
Prime Minister Kevin Rudd said
to parliament back in 2008.
The pain, suffering and hurt of
these stolen generations, their
descendants and for their families
left behind, we say sorry.
It was a defining moment
in Australia's history.
This was the scene in
the capital Canberra that day.
Many of them described it
as a watershed moment.
Up until the 1970s,
aboriginal children -
thousands of them -
were taken from their families.
They became known as
the stolen generations.
So ten years on, the question
is are indigenous Australians
still being disadvantaged?
Here's a tweet from an indigenous
Roxy Moore who says:.
On Monday the government released
this report, Closing the Gap,
which found that although it's made
some progress in reducing
inequality, it still has a long way
to go in several areas.
One of them is closing
the life-expectancy gap.
More now from our reporter
Hywell Griffiths who is in Canberra.
The apology ten years ago was a
cathartic moment for Australia. It
is hard to overestimate its
significance at the time. I have
been speaking to survivors of the
stolen generations, people who were
taken from their families and they
told me how they cried for hours on
that day ten years ago. A lot of the
focus today has been on progress or
the lack of it. Sadly, we know that
things like life expectancy for
indigenous Australians is far lower
than nonindigenous. When it comes to
employment rates, for example, the
gap has widened in the last decade.
The employment rate for indigenous
Australians is 25% lower. There is
some progress being made but one of
the other concerns we have heard
about is talk of a new stolen
generation, the high number of
children from indigenous families
taken into out of home care. They
account for about 35% of the
children in care although
proportionally, they are only about
5% of all children in Australia so
you can see there are difficult
issues that people are still
grappling with. In terms of
aboriginal community leaders, they
are asking for more
self-determination, for them to come
up with the answers rather than be
dictated to by the government. But
it is a difficult balance for the
Australian Federal government. They
want inclusiveness, to be the
government for all Australians.
We spoke to Warren Mundine,
an aboriginal leader
in northern Queensland,
who told us about what kind
of progress has been
made in his community.
Well, it's a bit of a mixed bag,
to be quite honest, but first of all
I've got to congratulate the former
Prime Minister Kevin Rudd.
It was a major step.
I was in the parliament that day
and I actually cried when
he made that apology.
So it was a major step forward.
There are many things that
are improving but there
are also many things that
are not moving forward.
I have just...
I'm up in Cairns because
I have just come from
a tour of free remote aboriginal
communities, looking at the
challenges that we need
to face to move ahead,
but I'm very pleased there is more
of a sensible approach
in regard to if we are
going to lift people out
of poverty and bring them in
the mainstream economy
and the global economy,
and we have to be able to deal
with issues of
education, health and housing.
There needs to be
economic development and
that is what the major focus is now.
Before we go - I want to introduce
you to some robots that are getting
You may have already seen this and
had a reaction to it.
This is the Spot-Mini Robot.
It was designed by Boston Dynamics -
and it has an extendable
arm that opens doors.
But a lot of people are saying
it's downright creepy.
This clip has been picked up
and shared widely on social media.
The news editor of BuzzFeed says,
"This is one of the most terrifying
things I've seen in all my life".
Comedian and Daily Show host
Trevor Noah @trevornoah
replied to that saying,
"All I see is a robot
being a gentleman."
Thank you very much for watching.
Five. -- goodbye.