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This is Outside Source.
Jacob Zuma's political
life looks as though
it's coming to an end,
but at this stage he's
refusing to resign.
We'll look at the options for him
and the governing ANC.
Could the Winter Olympics bring
with them a thaw in relations
between the US and North Korea,
as Washington hints that
it's willing to talk.
The Oxfam charity is in crisis talks
with the UK Government,
over the scandal of aid workers
using prostitutes in Haiti.
There was a lot of rumours on the
ground about management and leaders
exploring the locals sexually and in
Peter Rabbit is facing
boycott calls from people
suffering from allergies -
as a scene in a new film
deliberately pelts an allergic
character with blackberries.
Welcome to Outside Source.
Leaders of South Africa's governing
ANC party are meeting
to decide the future
of President Jacob Zuma.
This is where it's happening -
in Pretoria - and it's likely
they're asking him to step down.
Mr Zuma faces a number of corruption
charges and ANC president
Cyril Ramaphosa says the issue
is causing "disunity and discord".
The leaders have been locked
in talks for hours now,
but as South African
Radio host points out,
these are tricky
waters to navigate...
Milton Nkosi has this
update from Pretoria
on where things stand now.
I am just standing outside the hotel
where the National League executive
committee is to meet to decide
President Zuma's fate. All we know
is they are deliberating on what
decision to take on President Zuma's
future. We know that yesterday the
president of the ANC Cyril Ramaposa
said that the matter will be
finalised today. We are waiting and
we know that inside the meeting
there are many ANC leaders who have
called for President Zuma to be
recalled from his position. There is
a proportional representation
electoral system here and sell
public, so people who vote in a
general election for the party, not
the individual, like they do in
America. So here they vote for the
ANC, they win the election and they
appoint President Zuma to go to be
the candidate for presidency. They
will be calling him back, replacing
him with Cyril Ramaposa, but it is
not yet confirmed, that is what we
wait to hear.
Some may be worried
wondering why Mr Zuma is refusing to
President Zuma is reported to be
refusing to go because
constitutionally he can be in power
until 2019, so the ANC's election
cycle for its own leaders is out of
sync with the country's electoral
cycle. In other words, the elections
for the general population here is
coming in about 18 months' time,
whereas the ANC in December already
elected a new leader. So now you
have two centres of power, there is
President Zuma at the Government
office as president of the public,
then you have Cyril Ramaposa at
party headquarters, being the boss
of President Zuma, so we are waiting
to hear what the decision they have
taken tonight to end all of this
waiting where the country is
waiting, business people are waiting
and the EEA -- ANC are waiting for
Thank you. Stay
with the BBC, we will bring you it
when it comes.
It appears the Winter Olympics has
helped thaw tensions
between North Korea
and the United States.
I want to show you this article in
the Washington Post.
A dramatic political shift from only
FUD is the go.
US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson
was asked about it.
Here's what he said.
As to the comments about potentially
having parks, it is too early to
judge. As we have said, it is up to
the North Koreans to decide when
they are ready to engage with us in
a sincere way, a meaningful way.
They know what has to be on the
table for conversations.
Well, what we have seen
from the North Koreans is a charm
offensive in Pyeongchang
during these games.
You may have seen some of these
pictures on the weekend.
This is Kim Jong-Un's
sister, Kim Yo-Jong.
She has been part of a delegation
sent to the Games by her brother,
and she has been seen
at a number of events.
She is always smiling.
She met with South Korea's
President Moon Jae-in.
This was in Seoul on Saturday.
She invited him for
talks in North Korea.
If that were to happen,
it would be the first meeting
of Korean leaders in more
than a decade.
Following that meeting,
Moon Jae-in spoke to Mike Pence.
The pair are said to have agreed
to terms about engaging
further with North Korea.
Let's take a look at what was said.
Earlier, I asked Barbara Plett Usher
what exactly Mr Pence means
by "maximum pressure"...
What he said was a little bit what
Secretary Tillerson offered last
year. He said let's get into the
same room, we can talk about
whatever, we can talk about the
shape of the table, just breaking
the ice, getting to know each other,
but nothing substantive for the
first talks. It sounds a little bit
like what Mr p is saying. He says we
can talk, but there will be no
rewards for the talk unless the
North Koreans are willing to do
important things like talk about
denuclearise in the peninsula,
getting rid of the nuclear weapons,
taking steps in that direction.
Until that happens, there will be no
easing of sanctions, no aid, no
investment, but we can talk. That is
what it would look like to have a
strict sanctions programme continue
but alongside about the in the same
It doesn't seem
like quite a turnaround, from just a
few days ago where we hear that Mike
pence was skipping dinner so he can
avoid the North Koreans to a point
of possibly, even if it is just
talking about weather, being in the
Certainly the messaging
seems to be quite different and you
have had for example the successful
North Korean charm offensive with
Kim Jong-un sister, smiling, being
wined and dined by the South
Koreans, watching events. With them
being in the same area as Mike
pence, he was avoiding eye contact.
You have the atmosphere created and
you have the South Koreans who want
to try and build on this something
more significance and they have been
talking to the Americans about it.
It seems off the back of that
conversation and the optics and
dynamics of what happened at the
Olympics is that what was decided.
According to Mike Pence, the north
Koreans would be told that they are
not good to get anything for the
talks would you talk to us or the
US, you will get any reward unless
you talk about getting rid of your
nuclear weapons. The Web attempt to
talks about it, it sounded as if the
South Koreans would hold the summit
first, to which Moon Jae-in was
invited, and the back of that, if
the North Koreans were interested,
potentially the Americans may hold
talks will stop that is something
the South Koreans have been pressing
the north to do.
Thank you very much
Oxfam's deputy chief
executive has resigned over
the handling of a sex scandal
involving aid workers.
The alleged misconduct happened
in Haiti back in 2011.
It came to light when this
report was published
by the Times newspaper last week.
The article accuses
Roland van Hauwermeiren,
who was Oxfam's Haiti director
at the time, and others,
of using prostitutes at a villa
rented by the charity.
Oxfam were in Haiti as part
of the relief effort
after an earthquake in 2010.
More than 200,000 people
were killed in the disaster.
Today, Penny Lawrence
stepped down saying...
This former Oxfam employee
in Haiti says she raised
concerns at the time.
There was a lot of rumours on the
ground about management and leaders
exploring the locals, sexually and
in other ways to get jobs, to get
good standing. These were ongoing
rumours that would come to me
through the drivers and other
employees. So on many occasions, I
would share those rumours with my
Oxfam launched its own investigation
into the claims 2011.
It led to four people being sacked
and three others resigning,
including Mr van Hauwermeiren.
Today, the charity's chief executive
admitted changes in the organisation
hadn't gone far enough.
Straight after Haiti, Oxfam took
forceful step. We committed to, a
whistle-blowing liner that brings
the person not into the country
level, it straight through to our
headquarters, we have increased the
training of our staff significantly
and we have taken a range of steps
to improve the selection and
management of our staff. They have
not been sufficient and that is why
we have accepted that we have to go
further and we have made commitments
to go further and we have started
That is the response
Amidst the scandal, there's also
the separate issue of funding,
because Oxfam received £32 million
from the UK Government last year.
Today, the charity was summoned
to explain why that
support should continue.
Pollsters at YouGov have been
gauging public opinion on this.
Let me bring you this Tweet.
Will Grant is in Port-au-Prince,
and gave us this view on how people
there are reacting to this news.
There are lots of people here who
would argue that in recent years it
might not make a huge difference in
the sense that one of the key
complaints here, not just about
Oxfam, but many aid agencies, is
that the vast sums of money that
were donated in the wake of the 2010
earthquake never made it onto the
ground and the big aid agencies
require such huge operating costs,
that the money is then not the
distributed to local partners and
does not make it to the people.
Naturally, if a big chunk of money
is taken away from Oxfam, that will
hurt its programmes, Haiti included.
The general feeling is of anger
towards Oxfam and of great distrust.
People are not prepared to talk at
the moment, they worried about what
might happen to them, those who used
to work for the organisation, they
are fearful of retribution post-op
we have been struggling to get
people to talk on camera about this
and worry what the scandal will mean
for them as employees and former
Thank you to will
Stay with us on Outside Source -
still to come...
We will discuss President
Trump plans to revamp
He wants one-and-a-half-trillion
dollars to spend on roads, bridges,
sea ports and airports.
Theresa May and her Irish
counterpart, Leo Varadkar,
have appeared together in Belfast,
following a series of meetings with
Sinn Fein and the DUP at Stormont.
Both leaders were optimistic that
an agreement regarding
a new power-sharing executive can be
reached in the coming days.
Northern Ireland has been
without a devolved assembly
for more than a year.
That is after the political
coalition collapsed previously.
while some differences remain, I
believe that it is possible to CD
cases of an agreement, there is the
basis, and it should be possible to
see an executive up and running in
Northern Ireland very soon.
differences that exist between the
DUP and Sinn Fein are not
insurmountable and we are hopeful
that those two parties can come to
an agreement and then include other
parties because it is our strong
view that an inclusive executive
including as many parties as
possible would be more sustainable
and beneficial for the country.
This is Outside Source,
live from the BBC newsroom.
Our lead story...
Leaders of the governing ANC have
been locked in talks about President
Zuma Howell has been been refusing
to stand down.
The second lack box
founder from the plane found in
Russia. There is a continuing search
for bodies on the airliner became
down the minutes after taking off
from a Moscow airport. Police are
there as well have freed a
72-year-old mum. She was kidnapped
on Thursday and her son is a catcher
for the Pittsburgh Pirates in
baseball. They are popular targets
for kidnappers because of a large
salaries. London City Airport has
been closed all of Monday after a
World War II bomb was discovered
near the airport was a bit at all
flights were cancelled, affecting up
to 16,000 passengers.
Many people have been crossing here,
Lake Albert, it sits on the border
with Uganda. After attacks
intensified. There are fears of a
return to massacres witnessed in the
area almost 20 years ago. That is
when tens of thousands were killed
in ethnic clashes. We will hear from
two correspondence. First who is
with the police patrol on the lake.
It is a perilous journey from the
border. Some of these people are
using vessels but I'm not very safe
and some cases the lake is rough. We
have had reports of bowls like this
That is our reporter. Now to another
reporter on the shores.
They tell us when they leave home,
they have to leave in a hurry so
they grab what ever they can do is
start their new life, so that could
be food, mattresses, clothes, it
even livestock like cows and goats.
This is to help them to be able to
have a hot meal but also start their
new lives because they do not know
how long it will be before they can
get back home. This is the point
where the refugees crossing over
officially enter the reliever
system. Anyone claiming to be a
refugee is given a blue wristband.
This allows them to be able to get
onto buses and trucks heading on to
the bigger refugee settlement. That
way they will be able to get food,
water, medication, shelter and even
a plot of land where they can settle
down with their families. Uganda is
posting 1 million refugees from
South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi and the
Democratic Republic of Congo.
However the oven at officials and
members of the UN agencies are
accused of stealing a funding meant
for these refugees and already
donors are questioning whether they
should be giving more money to help
refugees in this country.
Thank you to our reporters.
President Trump has promised
what he's calling the biggest
and boldest infrastructure
investment in American history.
Announcing his budget plans,
he said he wanted to spend
$1.5 trillion on roads,
highways, ports and airports.
But only $200 billion
will come from public funds.
Joe Miller joins us now
from New York for more.
Is this all about?
We have been
hearing about this for months and
months, the drug administration has
been promising a big announcement on
infrastructure -- trompe
administration. All parties in
America agree on this, but
America's's bridges, roads, they are
crumbling and need more investment.
There was a big campaign promise of
Donald Trump to pour money into
this, and where they are not aligned
is where the money will come from.
To take's announcement does not
remedy that. There are only 200
billion coming from Washington is
self, federal funds, and that is a
drop in the ocean. The rest will
have to come through the private
sector are from cities and states,
and the thing is cities and states,
they say they do not have the money
and it is harder for them to borrow
money than the federal Government.
They are much more restricted when
it comes to that. They are arguing
they will never be able to make up
with the shortfall that will get
them to $1.5 trillion in investment.
Could any of those projects that Mr
Trump's mentioned, will they ever
get done? Will they ever get built
if he uses this statement of
expecting private funds, investors
to come up with the money?
I suppose that is the 1.5 trillion
question. You do not have to go far
from where I am sitting in a
downtown New York to find some think
the Gateway project which is an
infrastructure project that will
update the well ways across the
Northeast corridor and that stalled
because of a fight over funding
between the states and Washington.
Who knows? Maybe Trump with his
rhetoric and Twitter account will be
able to coerce both the private
sector and cities and states to put
more money behind the structure
projects, but it is remains to be
Interesting one, one that was a big
part of the campaign trail. Let's
stay with business now.
The entertainment arm of the Chinese
e-commerce giant Alibaba has signed
a deal with Walt Disney to show
thousands of its animations
on its streaming service.
Disney shut its own
streaming service in 2016.
Monica Miller in Singapore has more.
My knees the Chinese will get their
fill of Winnie the to and Elsa from
Frozen. They signed a deal with
Disney to stream their animated
works. They announced that they
would not say how much this would
be, that it will be streamed on the
entertainment stream. They will
release over 1000 Disney episodes.
It comes after Disney has been
trained to get into the mainland and
they did have a venture that lasted
that opened in 2016, it was the
companies Disney online content that
was not under a licensing deal but
it lasted five months. It is just
unclear as to why authorities have
pulled the plug on it. They are
hoping that this time they may have
better luck, and to give you an idea
of how large the audience is for
this, it has a better following than
Netflix, it had 17 million members.
The Chinese video streaming platform
goes to 580 million devices. Alibaba
has a similar love licensing deal
with other channels.
Let's turn to Tonga now,
where a state of emergency has been
declared after one of the biggest
storms to ever make
landfall in the tiny
South Pacific Island kingdom.
This is the satellite
image of Cyclone Gita -
a category-four storm -
as it barrelled towards Tonga.
It made landfall on Monday.
It's now moving towards Fiji.
These are some of the pictures that
are coming in on social media.
You see some damage.
This was the scene earlier.
Damage to buildings, and trees down.
Strong winds picking up
at the capital Nukualofa.
We know there have been gusts
recorded of 231 kilometres.
These are some of the pictures
coming in from there.
People hunkered down in evacuation
centres as the storm intensified.
A little bit of electricity that is
still there, but we have heard that
power was cut to the entire main
island off Tonga.
And I want to show you this.
A group of women waiting out
the storm by singing.
The video has gone viral.
Let's listen in.
THEY SING IN UNISON
So some singing in the midst of the
Former president Barack Obama
and former First Lady Michelle Obama
unveiled their official portraits.
alongside her portrait.
Here's Mr Obama's.
The former President explained why
he chose Kehinde Wiley for the job.
I was always struck by whenever I
saw his portraits was the degree to
which they challenged our
conventional views of power and
privilege and the way that he would
take extraordinary care and
precision and vision in recognising
the beauty and the grace and the
dignity of people who were so often
invisible in our lives and put them
on a grand stage.
Another half an
hour of Outside Source to come. Do
stay with us on the BBC. Your next
stay with us on the BBC. Your next
UK forecast is coming about half an
hour, but at this time we go beyond
our shores and take a look at the
weather happening elsewhere in the
world, starting in the Pacific with
this area of cloud, a tropical storm
on the Philippines. We come back to
that because there is a bigger
tropical cyclone, a more powerful
weather system in the South Pacific,
you see the area of cloud and the
spec right at the middle of it, the
island of Tonga, right underneath
the cyclone with winds gusting in
excess of 150 mph and flooding rain
as well, and extremely dangerous
situation. Tuesday, this will pull
away westward so the situation will
improve, but we have to wait and see
what impact there will have been.
The system may strengthen as it
edges westwards in the coming days,
but overwater rather than impacting
the land. In Australia, this over
the next few days will pull in
towards the south-eastward storms.
It is about the heat at this time of
year, temperatures about a goal up
in Perth, near 40 Celsius in Alice
Springs. Destination Sydney, the
temperature comes down a little bit
this week, temperature will spike in
Perth on Thursday and she can seek
there is plenty of sunshine. Eastern
China will see temperatures edging
up after a chilly spell, lots of
wind in South Korea, Pyeongchang for
the Winter Olympics, wind a feature,
and on the satellite picture, you
can see this tropical storm on the
Philippines. This is the rain, a
soaking through central and southern
parts of the Philippines in the
coming days. In Tokyo, the
temperature is a bit up and down, in
Hong Kong, the only way is up. After
the cold spell, getting back into
the low 20s. That will feel very
different. A wet start across
eastern part of the USA and Canada,
but the weather system for Tuesday
is pulling out into the Atlantic, a
bit of fine weather behind, for some
of the eastern USA, it will turn
less cold in the coming days. At
times there will be showers into
Vancouver and Seattle, and there is
a chance of getting a few showers in
LA over the next couple of days
before the sunshine and warmth comes
back in the week. This is the
picture for your reply Tuesday the
stops heavy snow affecting parts of
the south-east, a weather system
from the Atlantic running into cold
air in France, so more snow on here,
but ahead of the weather system,
there is a clear resort, says
sunshine into Germany and Austria
and Switzerland. There is fine
weather across southernmost parts of
Spain, though not particularly
wobbles up in the UK, there will be
weather systems bringing spells of
rain and it will often be windy and
less cold by the end of the week.
More in half an hour.
Hello, this is Outside Source,
and these are the main stories
here in the BBC Newsroom.
Jacob Zuma's political
life looks as though
it's coming to an end -
but at this stage he's
refusing to resign -
we'll look at the options for him
and the governing ANC.
Could the Winter Olympics bring
with them a thaw in relations
between the US and North Korea,
as Washington hints that
it's willing to talk?
How much will it cost
to rebuild Iraq after
the onslaught of fighting IS?
The government has come up
with a figure - it's massive -
we'll find out why it
will take $90 billion.
Every day, Outside Source features
BBC journalists working
in over 30 languages.
Your questions are always welcome.
#BBCos is the hashtag.
Welcome to Outside Source...
New York police say
President Trump's daughter-in-law
at her apartment in the city.
The letter was addressed
to the President's son.
The police and Secret Service
Nada Tawfik is following
the story in New York.
Hello, what do we know?
basically we know that she opened
the letter at 10am in New York, and
when she opened it, she found a
white powder. Now, she was
immediately decontaminated on the
scene, along with two others, by
firefighters who responded, but they
didn't show any kind of physical
reaction to the powder, and in fact
when it was later tested, the New
York police department said it came
back as nonhazardous, so really a
scary moment there for her, but it
ended up being nonhazardous. Now,
she along with her mother-in-law and
another person were taken to
hospital just for evaluation, and
now the New York police department
along with the Secret Service are
investigating the full incident.
Good to hear it was nonhazardous.
Thank you for that update.
New York prosecutors
have filed a lawsuit
against The Weinstein Company,
alleging that the studio
failed to protect staff
from Harvey Weinstein.
The film producer is facing dozens
of allegations of sexual
abuse, including rape,
but denies non-consensual sex.
How much of a surprise was this
particular move by the New York
Well, we always knew
that Harvey Weinstein was under
investigation, and this
investigation by the New York
Attorney General's Office is ongoing
still. They have been going through
the records of the company, speaking
with employees. It has been pretty
horrific. There are allegations of
what we have heard before in the
press and media reports. But to have
them outlined in this detail has
been quite interesting, to say the
least. So for example they allege
that Harvey Weinstein had his female
employees facilitate his sexual
conquests. He basically forced them
to make sure that he had personal
time on his schedule for sexual
activity, and if they tried to
complain about his behaviour towards
them as well, they would often get
reprimanded. So human re-sources in
one case forwarded a woman's
complain to Harvey Weinstein, so
instead of her getting protection,
she instead got more retribution by
Harvey Weinstein. The resource
stories about how he would tell
them, I will kill you, I will kill
your family, and threats to women as
well who complained about sexual
advances towards them and what they
were being asked to do in their
employment. This was an ongoing
investigation. We knew that the
authorities were looking into the
company, so not too much of a shock
that it came out.
I want to bring
out a tweet from Slave, the online
magazine. So fierce will have far
reaching consequences, if, in fact,
they are successful.
Yes some of the
wine steam company has been trying
to battle -- the Weinstein Company,
that sale was really imminent, so
that is why the Attorney General
decided to have the court intervene
with this lawsuit to try to put a
stop to those sale negotiations
because he was concerned victims
would not get proper compensation,
that employees would not get
protection. And those who they
alleged to be response will should
not make windfall profits from a
cell like this. It could well
scupper the deal but we'll have to
see how far this lawsuit goes and
what kind of a final it is with the
Iraq is asking the
for almost $90 billion.
It's to help it rebuild
after years of war against
so-called Islamic State.
The city of Mosul right
here is the hardest-hit area.
These pictures show
the destruction there.
The city was taken by IS in 2014.
The Iraqi forces recaptured it with
the help of Iranian-backed Shiite
militias and a US-led
coalition in July 2017.
Victory came at a massive
cost - just how massive
is a question the government needed
to answer before a week-long
conference that started today,
which is seeking aid
for the country's reconstruction.
With the help of the World Bank,
it came up with $88.2 billion.
The conference is hosted
by neighbouring Kuwait.
The head of the delegation in Iraq
for the International Committee
of the Red Cross is Katharina Ritz -
she's there and explains why
this money is necessary.
If you are in Iraq, and new work on
the ground, and you see the
destruction, what happened over
these last years, but not just the
infrastructure destruction, it is
also the rebuilding of the
community, which needs to be
invested, and I think in this sense
it is a massive amount, and I think
it is not something which is being
done over one year. But the needs
are extremely vague, and it is, at
this time we have to get it right.
I think many would agree that
the need is great, as we looked at
those pictures, but I just want to
bring out a tweet coming in from the
US president, Donald Trump. He said
this will be a big week for
infrastructure, talking about the
I think that illustrates the
difficulty you may have getting
nations to commit to giving money at
this point to Iraq.
It is definitely
one of the big challenge is to have
countries coming back to Iraq and
interesting and helping to rebuild
the country. On the other hand, the
Iraqi people have gone through years
of conflict. The community has been
torn apart. We are the National
committee of the Red Cross, we are
definitely committed to contribute
to long-lasting and hopefully a
peace winning process in Iraq. Now
that is the moment where we need to
But are you getting a
feeling that people are ready to put
their hands in their pockets, some
lines I was really on social media,
it tells into it, even Kuwaitis
don't want their government to
invest in Iraq. You would avenge and
they would have a stake in it, being
geographically so close.
I think all
of us have a stake in it. For the
Iraqi people, to help them recover,
to have a sustainable approach, to
get back to the origins, to their
homes, to their houses, I think all
the neighbours and the neighbours
beyond have a stake in Iraq and
beyond. This is where we are here to
call for looking maybe, behind the
numbers, we have to look at the
people. We can talk about
infrastructure, the money, but we
also have to talk about the people's
lives, for the children, the next
generation who are today without
schools and houses and toys. That is
where we have to invest today.
Don't forget, you can get much more
detail on our top stories
on our website.
There is full coverage
on our top story -
those crucial talks
in South Africa to decide the fate
of President Jacob Zuma.
Follow the link in the article to go
to the Africa live page to get
all the updates as they happen.
Since the birth of modern
medicine, human life
expectancy has almost doubled.
But living longer often
comes at a cost, both
physically and financially.
Some health care systems
are struggling to treat
Instead of treating the diseases
of ageing, why not ageing itself?
That's what a small group
of pioneering scientists
have been trying to do.
I watch my step mother died. There
was nothing dignified or beautiful
about that, he forgot who he was
caught not to we were -- my
stepfather. My view is that anyone
who tells you ageing is beautiful
and something to embrace is either
being dishonest with you or
dishonest with themselves. I see no
beauty in it.
It somehow doesn't
make sense, you know, we are
beautifully adapted by natural
selection, everything in our bodies
works fantastically well, and every
system you look at, you kind of
understand its purpose. And then you
look at ageing, and you think what's
that for? What is the purpose of
ageing, why would natural selection
let the adults just fall apart?
Ageing is something all of us, rich
and poor, in developed nations,
developing nations, it is something
all of us face, and it is the single
largest factor that drives human
disease and suffering.
20 years ago, it was really
generally accepted that there was
nothing you could do about ageing. I
mean, maybe you could exercise, eat
a little better, but that's it. And
there has really been a revolution
in science since that time,
scientists have found that there are
actually genes that control the rate
of ageing, and if you change these
genes, you can really slow down the
rate of ageing and extend life span
There is a great community of
scientists right now, who are all
looking at different aspects of
ageing, including telomeres and
mitochondria and protein shake and
many others, and I think that they
are all onto the right way, if you
like, to approach ageing. That
ageing is all of these things, it is
affecting all of the systems in our
We at Unity, while we believe
there are multiple mechanisms of
ageing, we choose to focus on a
particular Makas is that we think is
uniquely amenable -- particular
mechanism to creating drugs to
impact it. It works like this, at
conception you are a single cell,
that's you. Over the arc of your
life, new, the cell, will divide as
many as 50 times. And as you, the
cell, approach 50 cell divisions,
you will encounter some form of
cellular stress, and you will stop
divining forever. This emergency
brake is super important. It is an
anti-cancer system. So you don't
want to mess with the emergency
brake. However, these cells when
they pull the emergency brake, do
something very bad. They begin
making all these molecules that they
secrete, which drive features of
ageing, and no one knew what would
happen if you simply eliminated the
cells. And when we did this,
something astonishing happened.
These mice had a profoundly extended
period of something called health
span. This is the period of time
that these animals live free of
chronic diseases of ageing. They had
increased heart function, they had
increased bone deposition, the head
reduce to arthritis. They had
registered cataract formation. They
even behaved like younger animals
and advanced age. As a side effect
they did live longer but we think
that is the boring part. The really
cool part is that a bunch of these
things that you think of as
inescapable aspect of ageing, they
So we are at a point
right now where we are seriously
talking, for the first time, and I
have been doing this ageing research
for a long time now, we are talking
for the first time about clinical
trials with drugs that could slow
down the ageing process. That is
something incredibly exciting and
something I didn't really expect to
see in my lifetime.
this: most biotech products treat a
disease you've never heard of that
someone you do not now suffers from.
Everyone knew now suffers from
ageing. Everyone. -- everyone you
know. Our drugs, you don't take them
everyday, you might them once a
year, and what this means is that
you get to have a market size that
includes all human beings, OK, and
you don't have to make lots of the
drugs. So as a consequence these
could be the cheapest drugs ever
made. Now investors don't really
like to hear that, but when you talk
about the total cost of health care,
and who is ultimately going to pay
for health care, particularly in
nation states that use single-payer,
like the UK, this is a powerful idea
to reduce health care costs.
Normally you don't talk about new
drugs taking costs out. These will
be drugs that take costs out.
and to most of us in the field, the
ultimate goal is to have a really
healthy life, and a useful life,
where you don't become frail and
unable to function. You stay
physically young for a long time,
you know? And then you pass away.
prediction is that people, their
median life span will probably be,
if you are an American white male,
rather than being 79, might be 103.
And many people you know, rather
than dying at aged 83, demented,
catheterised in their bed, muttering
to themselves, they would die at
106, on the tennis court, while
winning. Or killed by a jealous
lover at 113.
Food for thought, right? Very
interesting about ageing. Now a
place with a lot of light.
More than a 1.5 million tourists
have joined Brazilians
at the world's largest carnival
in Rio de Janeiro.
The run-up to this year's event
has been controversial,
the city's mayor was there
for the opening but he's
been under fire for slashing funding
to the top samba schools.
Our South America correspondent
Katy Watson reports
from Rio de Janeiro.
On it anime beach, the crowds danced
in defiance. This street parade was
dedicated to the man many people
hate. Marcello Trotta Vella, the
city's Mayor, a conservative
evangelical who says he is not a fan
of the carnival. That in itself is a
cardinal sin for many Brazilians.
He turns his back on
popular culture, every cultural
activity that does not interest his
church will stop we would put up
with this, we won't let it happen.
Which is why
to some people this is
the time to make a noise. For many,
it is a time to dress up and show
off, or just have fun with loved
ones. And some costumes came with a
deeper message than you think.
I am dressed up as a
clown because the mayor is a liar,
is a joke. Dressing up as a way to
be critical of politics that
Brazilians don't go out on the
street in protest but they should.
They don't know the power they could
Amid a wave of violence in the
city, 17,000 military lease were on
hand. -- military police force top
security concerns, though, were not
stopping the tourists from having
I am carrying my little old
camera instead of my iPhone, but
yes, otherwise I have felt great
everywhere, no problems.
As long as
you read through all the fluff, it
is a relief great place. And yes, it
is risky, but if you are smart, stay
alert, not alarmed.
While the street
party is true of the crowds, the big
money and the extravagances in the
Sambu room. But there was a big
point when the big samba schools
questioned whether they would get
this far, after the mayor cut their
funding by nearly 50% faster most
found a way round it, but it ruffled
their carnival feathers. Despite the
troubles, the show goes on, and it
is as decadent as ever. Some of the
top performers have not been stopped
from having a little fun and getting
their own breakfast up some of the
samba schools are using Brazil's
dirty politics as a theme of their
parade. Amid all these Buchel and
glitter, carnival has managed to
skilfully address a more serious
side of Brazil too. As the samba
fades out, the politics will get
louder. It is countdown to October,
which will see one of the most
uncertain presidential elections in
UK-led team of scientists
are about begin an expedition
to explore an ecosystem hidden
for tens-of-thousands of years.
The team is headed for
Antarctica and the Antarctic
Peninsula where a giant iceberg
broke off last year.
This is it in orange.
This is it in orange.
It was 6000 square kilometres.
You can see how it compares
to the city of London,
here in light grey,
at 1500 kilometres.
By calving off it exposed
the seabed underneath it.
That's what team
is hoping to explore.
Our science correspondent
Victoria Gill reports.
A new perspective on a 6,000 square
kilometre swathe of floating ice.
So the iceberg is 150 kilometres
long, 50 kilometres wide,
and will be about 150 metres deep.
You will be able to see the first
20-30 metres above the water,
and everything else is underneath.
The trillion-tonne, A-68 iceberg
is gradually drifting away
from the Antarctic continent
and into the sea.
It's these ice-filled waters
and the sea floor beneath them that
scientists are now eager to explore.
In the British Antarctic Survey
vessel, the James Clark Ross,
a team will spend three weeks
studying the marine life that has
been locked away here for millennia.
They've described it
as a treacherous but urgent mission.
There are likely to be
new species discovered,
as researchers seek out
the creatures that make their home
beneath the vast ice sheet.
We have no idea what's living
underneath these huge ice shelves.
We assume it is animals that
are specially adapted to life
without green food and vegetarian,
so we have a lot of
scavengers and carnivores.
So we expect animals
like in the deep sea,
that doesn't have light as well.
But the team also hopes
to understand the processes that
caused the iceberg to break away.
This could reveal more
about just how this fragile,
frozen wilderness at the bottom
of the world will change
as the climate warms.
Victoria Gill, BBC News.
A new Peter Rabbit film is out.
If you haven't seen it,
here's a taste of it.
Most of us are aware
of the tale of the resourceful
rabbit and his adventures
in Mr McGregor's vegetable garden.
But this film is getting a lot
of unwanted attention.
That's because of this scene.
When a group of rabbits pelt
Mr McGregor's nephew -
allergy sufferer -
with the berries he's allergic to.
Here's one reaction.
From the New York Times.
"I was really afraid about the one
part where they shot
said Brayden Drey, 7,
who has severe allergies.
"I was upset because he had
to use his EpiPen."
That counteracts allergic reactions.
Well, Sony Pictures
and the filmmakers have apologised.
In a statement, they said...
Dr Pooja Newman started a petition
to Sony Pictures for that apology.
She spoke to the BBC earlier.
To give blatant deliberate harm to
another human being known to have a
food allergy is something that
should not be depicted in children's
movies. The food allergy, the
leading and deliberate intentional
harm to another person who has a
life-threatening condition, which is
a disability and a restriction on
their lifestyle is something that
absolutely should have the
spotlight, and Peter Rabbit the
movie has done that, and we have a
unified voice of people that
collectively want to stamp out this
practice. Amongst our children, and
in a society at large. I don't think
slapstick comedy really cut it in a
kids movie, and to be actually
showing such footage to children,
where children are the most at risk
of a life ending we action from
accidental or deliberate exposure to
an allergen that they have serious
allergic reactions to, it actually
shows the ignorance in our worldwide
community for the suffering, the
struggle and the anguish that people
with anaphylaxis and their loved
ones go through on a daily basis.
And it has absolutely disregard and
disrespect for the people that have
lost their lives.
I want to update
you on this story now, we have been
following it throughout the hour.
Leaders have said Africa Posavec
governing ANC Patiala meeting to
decide the future of President Jacob
Zuma. A couple of lines coming in
from the South African broadcasting
Corporation. The ANC leader Cyril
Ramaphosa has left the ANC national
exit meeting to inform President
Zuma the party decision. And it is
that the ANC gave President Jacob
Zuma 48 hours to resign as head of
state on Monday, after an eight hour
meeting of the party's top leaders.
I leave you with those headlines on