12/02/2018 Outside Source


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12/02/2018

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LineFromTo

This is Outside Source.

0:00:140:00:15

Jacob Zuma's political

life looks as though

0:00:150:00:17

it's coming to an end,

but at this stage he's

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refusing to resign.

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We'll look at the options for him

0:00:230:00:25

and the governing ANC.

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Could the Winter Olympics bring

with them a thaw in relations

0:00:260:00:28

between the US and North Korea,

as Washington hints that

0:00:280:00:31

it's willing to talk.

0:00:310:00:32

The Oxfam charity is in crisis talks

with the UK Government,

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over the scandal of aid workers

using prostitutes in Haiti.

0:00:350:00:38

There was a lot of rumours on the

ground about management and leaders

0:00:380:00:46

exploring the locals sexually and in

other ways.

0:00:460:00:51

Peter Rabbit is facing

boycott calls from people

0:00:510:00:53

suffering from allergies -

as a scene in a new film

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deliberately pelts an allergic

character with blackberries.

0:00:560:01:01

Welcome to Outside Source.

0:01:130:01:17

Leaders of South Africa's governing

ANC party are meeting

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to decide the future

of President Jacob Zuma.

0:01:190:01:24

This is where it's happening -

in Pretoria - and it's likely

0:01:240:01:27

they're asking him to step down.

0:01:270:01:29

Mr Zuma faces a number of corruption

charges and ANC president

0:01:290:01:32

Cyril Ramaphosa says the issue

is causing "disunity and discord".

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The leaders have been locked

in talks for hours now,

0:01:360:01:39

but as South African

Radio host points out,

0:01:390:01:43

these are tricky

waters to navigate...

0:01:430:01:45

Milton Nkosi has this

update from Pretoria

0:02:030:02:05

on where things stand now.

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I am just standing outside the hotel

where the National League executive

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committee is to meet to decide

President Zuma's fate. All we know

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is they are deliberating on what

decision to take on President Zuma's

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future. We know that yesterday the

president of the ANC Cyril Ramaposa

0:02:280:02:34

said that the matter will be

finalised today. We are waiting and

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we know that inside the meeting

there are many ANC leaders who have

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called for President Zuma to be

recalled from his position. There is

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a proportional representation

electoral system here and sell

0:02:520:02:54

public, so people who vote in a

general election for the party, not

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the individual, like they do in

America. So here they vote for the

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ANC, they win the election and they

appoint President Zuma to go to be

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the candidate for presidency. They

will be calling him back, replacing

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him with Cyril Ramaposa, but it is

not yet confirmed, that is what we

0:03:160:03:20

wait to hear.

Some may be worried

wondering why Mr Zuma is refusing to

0:03:200:03:24

go.

President Zuma is reported to be

refusing to go because

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constitutionally he can be in power

until 2019, so the ANC's election

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cycle for its own leaders is out of

sync with the country's electoral

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cycle. In other words, the elections

for the general population here is

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coming in about 18 months' time,

whereas the ANC in December already

0:03:530:03:58

elected a new leader. So now you

have two centres of power, there is

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President Zuma at the Government

office as president of the public,

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then you have Cyril Ramaposa at

party headquarters, being the boss

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of President Zuma, so we are waiting

to hear what the decision they have

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taken tonight to end all of this

waiting where the country is

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waiting, business people are waiting

and the EEA -- ANC are waiting for

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the announcement.

Thank you. Stay

with the BBC, we will bring you it

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when it comes.

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It appears the Winter Olympics has

helped thaw tensions

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between North Korea

and the United States.

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I want to show you this article in

the Washington Post.

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A dramatic political shift from only

FUD is the go.

0:05:000:05:03

US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson

was asked about it.

0:05:030:05:06

Here's what he said.

0:05:060:05:09

As to the comments about potentially

having parks, it is too early to

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judge. As we have said, it is up to

the North Koreans to decide when

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they are ready to engage with us in

a sincere way, a meaningful way.

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They know what has to be on the

table for conversations.

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Well, what we have seen

from the North Koreans is a charm

0:05:320:05:35

offensive in Pyeongchang

during these games.

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You may have seen some of these

pictures on the weekend.

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This is Kim Jong-Un's

sister, Kim Yo-Jong.

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She has been part of a delegation

sent to the Games by her brother,

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and she has been seen

at a number of events.

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She is always smiling.

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She met with South Korea's

President Moon Jae-in.

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This was in Seoul on Saturday.

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She invited him for

talks in North Korea.

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If that were to happen,

it would be the first meeting

0:06:020:06:04

of Korean leaders in more

than a decade.

0:06:040:06:09

Following that meeting,

Moon Jae-in spoke to Mike Pence.

0:06:090:06:17

The pair are said to have agreed

to terms about engaging

0:06:170:06:20

further with North Korea.

0:06:200:06:22

Let's take a look at what was said.

0:06:220:06:29

Earlier, I asked Barbara Plett Usher

0:06:290:06:32

what exactly Mr Pence means

by "maximum pressure"...

0:06:320:06:38

What he said was a little bit what

Secretary Tillerson offered last

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year. He said let's get into the

same room, we can talk about

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whatever, we can talk about the

shape of the table, just breaking

0:06:470:06:51

the ice, getting to know each other,

but nothing substantive for the

0:06:510:06:56

first talks. It sounds a little bit

like what Mr p is saying. He says we

0:06:560:07:01

can talk, but there will be no

rewards for the talk unless the

0:07:010:07:06

North Koreans are willing to do

important things like talk about

0:07:060:07:11

denuclearise in the peninsula,

getting rid of the nuclear weapons,

0:07:110:07:16

taking steps in that direction.

Until that happens, there will be no

0:07:160:07:21

easing of sanctions, no aid, no

investment, but we can talk. That is

0:07:210:07:25

what it would look like to have a

strict sanctions programme continue

0:07:250:07:28

but alongside about the in the same

room discussing.

It doesn't seem

0:07:280:07:34

like quite a turnaround, from just a

few days ago where we hear that Mike

0:07:340:07:39

pence was skipping dinner so he can

avoid the North Koreans to a point

0:07:390:07:44

of possibly, even if it is just

talking about weather, being in the

0:07:440:07:47

same room.

Certainly the messaging

seems to be quite different and you

0:07:470:07:56

have had for example the successful

North Korean charm offensive with

0:07:560:08:00

Kim Jong-un sister, smiling, being

wined and dined by the South

0:08:000:08:05

Koreans, watching events. With them

being in the same area as Mike

0:08:050:08:11

pence, he was avoiding eye contact.

You have the atmosphere created and

0:08:110:08:15

you have the South Koreans who want

to try and build on this something

0:08:150:08:19

more significance and they have been

talking to the Americans about it.

0:08:190:08:23

It seems off the back of that

conversation and the optics and

0:08:230:08:27

dynamics of what happened at the

Olympics is that what was decided.

0:08:270:08:34

According to Mike Pence, the north

Koreans would be told that they are

0:08:340:08:37

not good to get anything for the

talks would you talk to us or the

0:08:370:08:41

US, you will get any reward unless

you talk about getting rid of your

0:08:410:08:46

nuclear weapons. The Web attempt to

talks about it, it sounded as if the

0:08:460:08:53

South Koreans would hold the summit

first, to which Moon Jae-in was

0:08:530:08:59

invited, and the back of that, if

the North Koreans were interested,

0:08:590:09:05

potentially the Americans may hold

talks will stop that is something

0:09:050:09:07

the South Koreans have been pressing

the north to do.

Thank you very much

0:09:070:09:11

for that.

0:09:110:09:13

Oxfam's deputy chief

executive has resigned over

0:09:130:09:14

the handling of a sex scandal

involving aid workers.

0:09:140:09:18

The alleged misconduct happened

in Haiti back in 2011.

0:09:180:09:20

It came to light when this

report was published

0:09:200:09:22

by the Times newspaper last week.

0:09:220:09:26

The article accuses

Roland van Hauwermeiren,

0:09:260:09:34

who was Oxfam's Haiti director

at the time, and others,

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of using prostitutes at a villa

rented by the charity.

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Oxfam were in Haiti as part

of the relief effort

0:09:400:09:42

after an earthquake in 2010.

0:09:420:09:46

More than 200,000 people

were killed in the disaster.

0:09:460:09:55

Today, Penny Lawrence

stepped down saying...

0:09:550:10:03

This former Oxfam employee

in Haiti says she raised

0:10:110:10:13

concerns at the time.

0:10:130:10:19

There was a lot of rumours on the

ground about management and leaders

0:10:190:10:26

exploring the locals, sexually and

in other ways to get jobs, to get

0:10:260:10:35

good standing. These were ongoing

rumours that would come to me

0:10:350:10:43

through the drivers and other

employees. So on many occasions, I

0:10:430:10:50

would share those rumours with my

boss.

0:10:500:10:55

Oxfam launched its own investigation

into the claims 2011.

0:10:550:10:58

It led to four people being sacked

and three others resigning,

0:10:580:11:00

including Mr van Hauwermeiren.

0:11:000:11:04

Today, the charity's chief executive

admitted changes in the organisation

0:11:040:11:06

hadn't gone far enough.

0:11:060:11:10

Straight after Haiti, Oxfam took

forceful step. We committed to, a

0:11:100:11:18

whistle-blowing liner that brings

the person not into the country

0:11:180:11:21

level, it straight through to our

headquarters, we have increased the

0:11:210:11:25

training of our staff significantly

and we have taken a range of steps

0:11:250:11:31

to improve the selection and

management of our staff. They have

0:11:310:11:35

not been sufficient and that is why

we have accepted that we have to go

0:11:350:11:39

further and we have made commitments

to go further and we have started

0:11:390:11:42

bad work.

That is the response

there.

0:11:420:11:47

Amidst the scandal, there's also

the separate issue of funding,

0:11:470:11:51

because Oxfam received £32 million

from the UK Government last year.

0:11:510:11:54

Today, the charity was summoned

to explain why that

0:11:540:11:56

support should continue.

0:11:560:11:57

Pollsters at YouGov have been

gauging public opinion on this.

0:11:570:12:01

Let me bring you this Tweet.

0:12:010:12:12

Will Grant is in Port-au-Prince,

and gave us this view on how people

0:12:140:12:16

there are reacting to this news.

0:12:190:12:23

There are lots of people here who

would argue that in recent years it

0:12:230:12:27

might not make a huge difference in

the sense that one of the key

0:12:270:12:31

complaints here, not just about

Oxfam, but many aid agencies, is

0:12:310:12:36

that the vast sums of money that

were donated in the wake of the 2010

0:12:360:12:40

earthquake never made it onto the

ground and the big aid agencies

0:12:400:12:44

require such huge operating costs,

that the money is then not the

0:12:440:12:48

distributed to local partners and

does not make it to the people.

0:12:480:12:52

Naturally, if a big chunk of money

is taken away from Oxfam, that will

0:12:520:12:58

hurt its programmes, Haiti included.

The general feeling is of anger

0:12:580:13:05

towards Oxfam and of great distrust.

People are not prepared to talk at

0:13:050:13:12

the moment, they worried about what

might happen to them, those who used

0:13:120:13:15

to work for the organisation, they

are fearful of retribution post-op

0:13:150:13:19

we have been struggling to get

people to talk on camera about this

0:13:190:13:26

and worry what the scandal will mean

for them as employees and former

0:13:260:13:31

employees.

Thank you to will

grandfather.

0:13:310:13:35

Stay with us on Outside Source -

still to come...

0:13:350:13:38

We will discuss President

Trump plans to revamp

0:13:380:13:40

America's infrastructure.

0:13:400:13:41

He wants one-and-a-half-trillion

dollars to spend on roads, bridges,

0:13:410:13:43

sea ports and airports.

0:13:430:13:48

Theresa May and her Irish

counterpart, Leo Varadkar,

0:13:480:13:50

have appeared together in Belfast,

following a series of meetings with

0:13:500:13:53

Sinn Fein and the DUP at Stormont.

0:13:530:13:55

Both leaders were optimistic that

an agreement regarding

0:13:550:13:59

a new power-sharing executive can be

reached in the coming days.

0:13:590:14:02

Northern Ireland has been

without a devolved assembly

0:14:020:14:04

for more than a year.

0:14:040:14:10

That is after the political

coalition collapsed previously.

And

0:14:100:14:15

while some differences remain, I

believe that it is possible to CD

0:14:150:14:19

cases of an agreement, there is the

basis, and it should be possible to

0:14:190:14:24

see an executive up and running in

Northern Ireland very soon.

The

0:14:240:14:28

differences that exist between the

DUP and Sinn Fein are not

0:14:280:14:32

insurmountable and we are hopeful

that those two parties can come to

0:14:320:14:36

an agreement and then include other

parties because it is our strong

0:14:360:14:39

view that an inclusive executive

including as many parties as

0:14:390:14:44

possible would be more sustainable

and beneficial for the country.

0:14:440:14:51

This is Outside Source,

live from the BBC newsroom.

0:14:550:14:58

Our lead story...

0:14:580:14:59

Leaders of the governing ANC have

been locked in talks about President

0:15:060:15:10

Zuma Howell has been been refusing

to stand down.

The second lack box

0:15:100:15:19

founder from the plane found in

Russia. There is a continuing search

0:15:190:15:26

for bodies on the airliner became

down the minutes after taking off

0:15:260:15:31

from a Moscow airport. Police are

there as well have freed a

0:15:310:15:35

72-year-old mum. She was kidnapped

on Thursday and her son is a catcher

0:15:350:15:42

for the Pittsburgh Pirates in

baseball. They are popular targets

0:15:420:15:47

for kidnappers because of a large

salaries. London City Airport has

0:15:470:15:53

been closed all of Monday after a

World War II bomb was discovered

0:15:530:15:59

near the airport was a bit at all

flights were cancelled, affecting up

0:15:590:16:02

to 16,000 passengers.

0:16:020:16:13

Many people have been crossing here,

Lake Albert, it sits on the border

0:16:200:16:25

with Uganda. After attacks

intensified. There are fears of a

0:16:250:16:30

return to massacres witnessed in the

area almost 20 years ago. That is

0:16:300:16:35

when tens of thousands were killed

in ethnic clashes. We will hear from

0:16:350:16:43

two correspondence. First who is

with the police patrol on the lake.

0:16:430:16:50

It is a perilous journey from the

border. Some of these people are

0:16:500:16:55

using vessels but I'm not very safe

and some cases the lake is rough. We

0:16:550:17:00

have had reports of bowls like this

one capsizing.

0:17:000:17:06

That is our reporter. Now to another

reporter on the shores.

0:17:060:17:11

They tell us when they leave home,

they have to leave in a hurry so

0:17:110:17:16

they grab what ever they can do is

start their new life, so that could

0:17:160:17:23

be food, mattresses, clothes, it

even livestock like cows and goats.

0:17:230:17:28

This is to help them to be able to

have a hot meal but also start their

0:17:280:17:34

new lives because they do not know

how long it will be before they can

0:17:340:17:38

get back home. This is the point

where the refugees crossing over

0:17:380:17:45

officially enter the reliever

system. Anyone claiming to be a

0:17:450:17:51

refugee is given a blue wristband.

This allows them to be able to get

0:17:510:17:55

onto buses and trucks heading on to

the bigger refugee settlement. That

0:17:550:18:01

way they will be able to get food,

water, medication, shelter and even

0:18:010:18:07

a plot of land where they can settle

down with their families. Uganda is

0:18:070:18:16

posting 1 million refugees from

South Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi and the

0:18:160:18:21

Democratic Republic of Congo.

However the oven at officials and

0:18:210:18:27

members of the UN agencies are

accused of stealing a funding meant

0:18:270:18:30

for these refugees and already

donors are questioning whether they

0:18:300:18:35

should be giving more money to help

refugees in this country.

0:18:350:18:42

Thank you to our reporters.

0:18:420:18:48

President Trump has promised

what he's calling the biggest

0:18:480:18:51

and boldest infrastructure

investment in American history.

0:18:510:18:52

Announcing his budget plans,

he said he wanted to spend

0:18:520:18:55

$1.5 trillion on roads,

highways, ports and airports.

0:18:550:19:00

But only $200 billion

will come from public funds.

0:19:000:19:06

Joe Miller joins us now

from New York for more.

0:19:060:19:12

Is this all about?

We have been

hearing about this for months and

0:19:120:19:20

months, the drug administration has

been promising a big announcement on

0:19:200:19:25

infrastructure -- trompe

administration. All parties in

0:19:250:19:31

America agree on this, but

America's's bridges, roads, they are

0:19:310:19:36

crumbling and need more investment.

There was a big campaign promise of

0:19:360:19:40

Donald Trump to pour money into

this, and where they are not aligned

0:19:400:19:45

is where the money will come from.

To take's announcement does not

0:19:450:19:49

remedy that. There are only 200

billion coming from Washington is

0:19:490:19:54

self, federal funds, and that is a

drop in the ocean. The rest will

0:19:540:20:00

have to come through the private

sector are from cities and states,

0:20:000:20:04

and the thing is cities and states,

they say they do not have the money

0:20:040:20:08

and it is harder for them to borrow

money than the federal Government.

0:20:080:20:12

They are much more restricted when

it comes to that. They are arguing

0:20:120:20:15

they will never be able to make up

with the shortfall that will get

0:20:150:20:19

them to $1.5 trillion in investment.

Could any of those projects that Mr

0:20:190:20:26

Trump's mentioned, will they ever

get done? Will they ever get built

0:20:260:20:33

if he uses this statement of

expecting private funds, investors

0:20:330:20:39

to come up with the money?

I suppose that is the 1.5 trillion

0:20:390:20:45

question. You do not have to go far

from where I am sitting in a

0:20:450:20:49

downtown New York to find some think

the Gateway project which is an

0:20:490:20:54

infrastructure project that will

update the well ways across the

0:20:540:20:57

Northeast corridor and that stalled

because of a fight over funding

0:20:570:21:01

between the states and Washington.

Who knows? Maybe Trump with his

0:21:010:21:10

rhetoric and Twitter account will be

able to coerce both the private

0:21:100:21:16

sector and cities and states to put

more money behind the structure

0:21:160:21:18

projects, but it is remains to be

seen.

0:21:180:21:23

Interesting one, one that was a big

part of the campaign trail. Let's

0:21:230:21:27

stay with business now.

0:21:270:21:29

The entertainment arm of the Chinese

e-commerce giant Alibaba has signed

0:21:290:21:32

a deal with Walt Disney to show

thousands of its animations

0:21:320:21:34

on its streaming service.

0:21:340:21:35

Disney shut its own

streaming service in 2016.

0:21:350:21:37

Monica Miller in Singapore has more.

0:21:370:21:44

My knees the Chinese will get their

fill of Winnie the to and Elsa from

0:21:440:21:47

Frozen. They signed a deal with

Disney to stream their animated

0:21:470:21:55

works. They announced that they

would not say how much this would

0:21:550:22:01

be, that it will be streamed on the

entertainment stream. They will

0:22:010:22:08

release over 1000 Disney episodes.

It comes after Disney has been

0:22:080:22:11

trained to get into the mainland and

they did have a venture that lasted

0:22:110:22:16

that opened in 2016, it was the

companies Disney online content that

0:22:160:22:22

was not under a licensing deal but

it lasted five months. It is just

0:22:220:22:29

unclear as to why authorities have

pulled the plug on it. They are

0:22:290:22:32

hoping that this time they may have

better luck, and to give you an idea

0:22:320:22:36

of how large the audience is for

this, it has a better following than

0:22:360:22:43

Netflix, it had 17 million members.

The Chinese video streaming platform

0:22:430:22:49

goes to 580 million devices. Alibaba

has a similar love licensing deal

0:22:490:22:55

with other channels.

0:22:550:23:09

Let's turn to Tonga now,

where a state of emergency has been

0:23:090:23:12

declared after one of the biggest

storms to ever make

0:23:120:23:15

landfall in the tiny

South Pacific Island kingdom.

0:23:150:23:21

This is the satellite

image of Cyclone Gita -

0:23:210:23:25

a category-four storm -

as it barrelled towards Tonga.

0:23:250:23:27

It made landfall on Monday.

0:23:270:23:28

It's now moving towards Fiji.

0:23:280:23:33

These are some of the pictures that

are coming in on social media.

0:23:330:23:38

You see some damage.

0:23:380:23:41

This was the scene earlier.

0:23:410:23:44

Damage to buildings, and trees down.

0:23:440:23:49

Strong winds picking up

at the capital Nukualofa.

0:23:490:23:52

We know there have been gusts

recorded of 231 kilometres.

0:23:520:23:59

These are some of the pictures

coming in from there.

0:23:590:24:01

People hunkered down in evacuation

centres as the storm intensified.

0:24:010:24:09

A little bit of electricity that is

still there, but we have heard that

0:24:090:24:13

power was cut to the entire main

island off Tonga.

0:24:130:24:19

And I want to show you this.

0:24:190:24:21

A group of women waiting out

the storm by singing.

0:24:210:24:23

The video has gone viral.

0:24:230:24:24

Let's listen in.

0:24:240:24:34

THEY SING IN UNISON

0:24:350:24:45

So some singing in the midst of the

storm.

0:24:470:24:55

Former president Barack Obama

and former First Lady Michelle Obama

0:24:550:24:58

unveiled their official portraits.

0:24:580:25:07

Here's Michelle's,

alongside her portrait.

0:25:070:25:11

Here's Mr Obama's.

0:25:110:25:14

The former President explained why

he chose Kehinde Wiley for the job.

0:25:140:25:22

I was always struck by whenever I

saw his portraits was the degree to

0:25:220:25:27

which they challenged our

conventional views of power and

0:25:270:25:34

privilege and the way that he would

take extraordinary care and

0:25:340:25:42

precision and vision in recognising

the beauty and the grace and the

0:25:420:25:50

dignity of people who were so often

invisible in our lives and put them

0:25:500:25:55

on a grand stage.

Another half an

hour of Outside Source to come. Do

0:25:550:26:06

stay with us on the BBC. Your next

UK

0:26:060:26:12

stay with us on the BBC. Your next

UK forecast is coming about half an

0:26:120:26:13

hour, but at this time we go beyond

our shores and take a look at the

0:26:130:26:18

weather happening elsewhere in the

world, starting in the Pacific with

0:26:180:26:21

this area of cloud, a tropical storm

on the Philippines. We come back to

0:26:210:26:25

that because there is a bigger

tropical cyclone, a more powerful

0:26:250:26:30

weather system in the South Pacific,

you see the area of cloud and the

0:26:300:26:34

spec right at the middle of it, the

island of Tonga, right underneath

0:26:340:26:39

the cyclone with winds gusting in

excess of 150 mph and flooding rain

0:26:390:26:46

as well, and extremely dangerous

situation. Tuesday, this will pull

0:26:460:26:50

away westward so the situation will

improve, but we have to wait and see

0:26:500:26:55

what impact there will have been.

The system may strengthen as it

0:26:550:27:00

edges westwards in the coming days,

but overwater rather than impacting

0:27:000:27:04

the land. In Australia, this over

the next few days will pull in

0:27:040:27:09

towards the south-eastward storms.

It is about the heat at this time of

0:27:090:27:13

year, temperatures about a goal up

in Perth, near 40 Celsius in Alice

0:27:130:27:16

Springs. Destination Sydney, the

temperature comes down a little bit

0:27:160:27:23

this week, temperature will spike in

Perth on Thursday and she can seek

0:27:230:27:27

there is plenty of sunshine. Eastern

China will see temperatures edging

0:27:270:27:31

up after a chilly spell, lots of

wind in South Korea, Pyeongchang for

0:27:310:27:36

the Winter Olympics, wind a feature,

and on the satellite picture, you

0:27:360:27:41

can see this tropical storm on the

Philippines. This is the rain, a

0:27:410:27:44

soaking through central and southern

parts of the Philippines in the

0:27:440:27:49

coming days. In Tokyo, the

temperature is a bit up and down, in

0:27:490:27:53

Hong Kong, the only way is up. After

the cold spell, getting back into

0:27:530:27:57

the low 20s. That will feel very

different. A wet start across

0:27:570:28:01

eastern part of the USA and Canada,

but the weather system for Tuesday

0:28:010:28:05

is pulling out into the Atlantic, a

bit of fine weather behind, for some

0:28:050:28:10

of the eastern USA, it will turn

less cold in the coming days. At

0:28:100:28:17

times there will be showers into

Vancouver and Seattle, and there is

0:28:170:28:19

a chance of getting a few showers in

LA over the next couple of days

0:28:190:28:24

before the sunshine and warmth comes

back in the week. This is the

0:28:240:28:28

picture for your reply Tuesday the

stops heavy snow affecting parts of

0:28:280:28:32

the south-east, a weather system

from the Atlantic running into cold

0:28:320:28:35

air in France, so more snow on here,

but ahead of the weather system,

0:28:350:28:40

there is a clear resort, says

sunshine into Germany and Austria

0:28:400:28:45

and Switzerland. There is fine

weather across southernmost parts of

0:28:450:28:50

Spain, though not particularly

wobbles up in the UK, there will be

0:28:500:28:53

weather systems bringing spells of

rain and it will often be windy and

0:28:530:28:57

less cold by the end of the week.

More in half an hour.

0:28:570:29:06

Hello, this is Outside Source,

0:30:150:30:16

and these are the main stories

here in the BBC Newsroom.

0:30:160:30:19

Jacob Zuma's political

life looks as though

0:30:190:30:21

it's coming to an end -

but at this stage he's

0:30:210:30:23

refusing to resign -

we'll look at the options for him

0:30:230:30:26

and the governing ANC.

0:30:260:30:27

Could the Winter Olympics bring

with them a thaw in relations

0:30:270:30:29

between the US and North Korea,

as Washington hints that

0:30:290:30:32

it's willing to talk?

0:30:320:30:33

How much will it cost

to rebuild Iraq after

0:30:330:30:35

the onslaught of fighting IS?

0:30:350:30:38

The government has come up

with a figure - it's massive -

0:30:380:30:41

we'll find out why it

will take $90 billion.

0:30:410:30:50

Every day, Outside Source features

BBC journalists working

0:30:520:30:54

in over 30 languages.

0:30:540:30:55

Your questions are always welcome.

0:30:550:30:57

#BBCos is the hashtag.

0:30:570:31:03

Welcome to Outside Source...

0:31:060:31:14

New York police say

President Trump's daughter-in-law

0:31:140:31:14

at her apartment in the city.

0:31:140:31:18

The letter was addressed

to the President's son.

0:31:180:31:20

The police and Secret Service

are investigating.

0:31:200:31:22

Nada Tawfik is following

the story in New York.

0:31:220:31:30

Hello, what do we know?

Well,

basically we know that she opened

0:31:300:31:37

the letter at 10am in New York, and

when she opened it, she found a

0:31:370:31:41

white powder. Now, she was

immediately decontaminated on the

0:31:410:31:46

scene, along with two others, by

firefighters who responded, but they

0:31:460:31:50

didn't show any kind of physical

reaction to the powder, and in fact

0:31:500:31:53

when it was later tested, the New

York police department said it came

0:31:530:31:58

back as nonhazardous, so really a

scary moment there for her, but it

0:31:580:32:04

ended up being nonhazardous. Now,

she along with her mother-in-law and

0:32:040:32:08

another person were taken to

hospital just for evaluation, and

0:32:080:32:11

now the New York police department

along with the Secret Service are

0:32:110:32:15

investigating the full incident.

Good to hear it was nonhazardous.

0:32:150:32:18

Thank you for that update.

0:32:180:32:25

New York prosecutors

have filed a lawsuit

0:32:250:32:26

against The Weinstein Company,

alleging that the studio

0:32:260:32:28

failed to protect staff

from Harvey Weinstein.

0:32:280:32:30

The film producer is facing dozens

of allegations of sexual

0:32:300:32:33

abuse, including rape,

but denies non-consensual sex.

0:32:330:32:39

How much of a surprise was this

particular move by the New York

0:32:400:32:45

prosecutors?

Well, we always knew

that Harvey Weinstein was under

0:32:450:32:51

investigation, and this

0:32:510:32:55

investigation by the New York

Attorney General's Office is ongoing

0:32:550:32:56

still. They have been going through

the records of the company, speaking

0:32:560:33:03

with employees. It has been pretty

horrific. There are allegations of

0:33:030:33:09

what we have heard before in the

press and media reports. But to have

0:33:090:33:13

them outlined in this detail has

been quite interesting, to say the

0:33:130:33:18

least. So for example they allege

that Harvey Weinstein had his female

0:33:180:33:25

employees facilitate his sexual

conquests. He basically forced them

0:33:250:33:29

to make sure that he had personal

time on his schedule for sexual

0:33:290:33:34

activity, and if they tried to

complain about his behaviour towards

0:33:340:33:38

them as well, they would often get

reprimanded. So human re-sources in

0:33:380:33:43

one case forwarded a woman's

complain to Harvey Weinstein, so

0:33:430:33:48

instead of her getting protection,

she instead got more retribution by

0:33:480:33:52

Harvey Weinstein. The resource

stories about how he would tell

0:33:520:33:55

them, I will kill you, I will kill

your family, and threats to women as

0:33:550:34:00

well who complained about sexual

advances towards them and what they

0:34:000:34:03

were being asked to do in their

employment. This was an ongoing

0:34:030:34:07

investigation. We knew that the

authorities were looking into the

0:34:070:34:10

company, so not too much of a shock

that it came out.

I want to bring

0:34:100:34:14

out a tweet from Slave, the online

magazine. So fierce will have far

0:34:140:34:26

reaching consequences, if, in fact,

they are successful.

Yes some of the

0:34:260:34:32

wine steam company has been trying

to battle -- the Weinstein Company,

0:34:320:34:43

that sale was really imminent, so

that is why the Attorney General

0:34:430:34:47

decided to have the court intervene

with this lawsuit to try to put a

0:34:470:34:52

stop to those sale negotiations

because he was concerned victims

0:34:520:34:56

would not get proper compensation,

that employees would not get

0:34:560:35:04

protection. And those who they

alleged to be response will should

0:35:040:35:08

not make windfall profits from a

cell like this. It could well

0:35:080:35:13

scupper the deal but we'll have to

see how far this lawsuit goes and

0:35:130:35:16

what kind of a final it is with the

investor group.

0:35:160:35:27

Iraq is asking the

international community

0:35:290:35:30

for almost $90 billion.

0:35:300:35:31

It's to help it rebuild

after years of war against

0:35:310:35:33

so-called Islamic State.

0:35:340:35:35

The city of Mosul right

here is the hardest-hit area.

0:35:350:35:40

These pictures show

the destruction there.

0:35:400:35:44

The city was taken by IS in 2014.

0:35:440:35:47

The Iraqi forces recaptured it with

the help of Iranian-backed Shiite

0:35:470:35:49

militias and a US-led

coalition in July 2017.

0:35:490:35:52

Victory came at a massive

cost - just how massive

0:35:520:35:54

is a question the government needed

to answer before a week-long

0:35:540:35:56

conference that started today,

which is seeking aid

0:35:560:35:58

for the country's reconstruction.

0:35:580:36:08

With the help of the World Bank,

it came up with $88.2 billion.

0:36:080:36:16

The conference is hosted

by neighbouring Kuwait.

0:36:160:36:20

The head of the delegation in Iraq

for the International Committee

0:36:200:36:27

of the Red Cross is Katharina Ritz -

she's there and explains why

0:36:270:36:30

this money is necessary.

0:36:300:36:35

If you are in Iraq, and new work on

the ground, and you see the

0:36:350:36:41

destruction, what happened over

these last years, but not just the

0:36:410:36:46

infrastructure destruction, it is

also the rebuilding of the

0:36:460:36:49

community, which needs to be

invested, and I think in this sense

0:36:490:36:54

it is a massive amount, and I think

it is not something which is being

0:36:540:36:58

done over one year. But the needs

are extremely vague, and it is, at

0:36:580:37:05

this time we have to get it right.

Yes?

I think many would agree that

0:37:050:37:12

the need is great, as we looked at

those pictures, but I just want to

0:37:120:37:15

bring out a tweet coming in from the

US president, Donald Trump. He said

0:37:150:37:19

this will be a big week for

infrastructure, talking about the

0:37:190:37:22

US.

0:37:220:37:24

I think that illustrates the

difficulty you may have getting

0:37:290:37:36

nations to commit to giving money at

this point to Iraq.

It is definitely

0:37:360:37:43

one of the big challenge is to have

countries coming back to Iraq and

0:37:430:37:46

interesting and helping to rebuild

the country. On the other hand, the

0:37:460:37:53

Iraqi people have gone through years

of conflict. The community has been

0:37:530:38:00

torn apart. We are the National

committee of the Red Cross, we are

0:38:000:38:06

definitely committed to contribute

to long-lasting and hopefully a

0:38:060:38:13

peace winning process in Iraq. Now

that is the moment where we need to

0:38:130:38:17

engage.

But are you getting a

feeling that people are ready to put

0:38:170:38:20

their hands in their pockets, some

lines I was really on social media,

0:38:200:38:25

it tells into it, even Kuwaitis

don't want their government to

0:38:250:38:31

invest in Iraq. You would avenge and

they would have a stake in it, being

0:38:310:38:35

geographically so close.

I think all

of us have a stake in it. For the

0:38:350:38:42

Iraqi people, to help them recover,

to have a sustainable approach, to

0:38:420:38:47

get back to the origins, to their

homes, to their houses, I think all

0:38:470:38:52

the neighbours and the neighbours

beyond have a stake in Iraq and

0:38:520:38:57

beyond. This is where we are here to

call for looking maybe, behind the

0:38:570:39:08

numbers, we have to look at the

people. We can talk about

0:39:080:39:13

infrastructure, the money, but we

also have to talk about the people's

0:39:130:39:17

lives, for the children, the next

generation who are today without

0:39:170:39:21

schools and houses and toys. That is

where we have to invest today.

0:39:210:39:29

Don't forget, you can get much more

detail on our top stories

0:39:290:39:32

on our website.

0:39:320:39:33

There is full coverage

on our top story -

0:39:330:39:35

those crucial talks

in South Africa to decide the fate

0:39:350:39:38

of President Jacob Zuma.

0:39:380:39:41

Follow the link in the article to go

to the Africa live page to get

0:39:410:39:44

all the updates as they happen.

0:39:440:39:49

Since the birth of modern

medicine, human life

0:39:490:39:51

expectancy has almost doubled.

0:39:510:39:52

But living longer often

comes at a cost, both

0:39:520:39:54

physically and financially.

0:39:540:39:55

Some health care systems

are struggling to treat

0:39:550:39:57

ageing populations.

0:39:570:40:01

Instead of treating the diseases

of ageing, why not ageing itself?

0:40:010:40:03

That's what a small group

of pioneering scientists

0:40:030:40:05

have been trying to do.

0:40:050:40:11

I watch my step mother died. There

was nothing dignified or beautiful

0:40:110:40:17

about that, he forgot who he was

caught not to we were -- my

0:40:170:40:25

stepfather. My view is that anyone

who tells you ageing is beautiful

0:40:250:40:29

and something to embrace is either

being dishonest with you or

0:40:290:40:32

dishonest with themselves. I see no

beauty in it.

It somehow doesn't

0:40:320:40:42

make sense, you know, we are

beautifully adapted by natural

0:40:420:40:46

selection, everything in our bodies

works fantastically well, and every

0:40:460:40:50

system you look at, you kind of

understand its purpose. And then you

0:40:500:40:55

look at ageing, and you think what's

that for? What is the purpose of

0:40:550:40:59

ageing, why would natural selection

let the adults just fall apart?

0:40:590:41:08

Ageing is something all of us, rich

and poor, in developed nations,

0:41:080:41:12

developing nations, it is something

all of us face, and it is the single

0:41:120:41:17

largest factor that drives human

disease and suffering.

Before about

0:41:170:41:27

20 years ago, it was really

generally accepted that there was

0:41:270:41:30

nothing you could do about ageing. I

mean, maybe you could exercise, eat

0:41:300:41:34

a little better, but that's it. And

there has really been a revolution

0:41:340:41:39

in science since that time,

scientists have found that there are

0:41:390:41:45

actually genes that control the rate

of ageing, and if you change these

0:41:450:41:49

genes, you can really slow down the

rate of ageing and extend life span

0:41:490:41:55

a lot.

There is a great community of

scientists right now, who are all

0:41:550:42:00

looking at different aspects of

ageing, including telomeres and

0:42:000:42:05

mitochondria and protein shake and

many others, and I think that they

0:42:050:42:10

are all onto the right way, if you

like, to approach ageing. That

0:42:100:42:14

ageing is all of these things, it is

affecting all of the systems in our

0:42:140:42:17

body.

We at Unity, while we believe

there are multiple mechanisms of

0:42:170:42:24

ageing, we choose to focus on a

particular Makas is that we think is

0:42:240:42:29

uniquely amenable -- particular

mechanism to creating drugs to

0:42:290:42:35

impact it. It works like this, at

conception you are a single cell,

0:42:350:42:38

that's you. Over the arc of your

life, new, the cell, will divide as

0:42:380:42:42

many as 50 times. And as you, the

cell, approach 50 cell divisions,

0:42:420:42:50

you will encounter some form of

cellular stress, and you will stop

0:42:500:42:55

divining forever. This emergency

brake is super important. It is an

0:42:550:42:59

anti-cancer system. So you don't

want to mess with the emergency

0:42:590:43:02

brake. However, these cells when

they pull the emergency brake, do

0:43:020:43:08

something very bad. They begin

making all these molecules that they

0:43:080:43:17

secrete, which drive features of

ageing, and no one knew what would

0:43:170:43:22

happen if you simply eliminated the

cells. And when we did this,

0:43:220:43:26

something astonishing happened.

These mice had a profoundly extended

0:43:260:43:32

period of something called health

span. This is the period of time

0:43:320:43:35

that these animals live free of

chronic diseases of ageing. They had

0:43:350:43:44

increased heart function, they had

increased bone deposition, the head

0:43:440:43:48

reduce to arthritis. They had

registered cataract formation. They

0:43:480:43:53

even behaved like younger animals

and advanced age. As a side effect

0:43:530:44:01

they did live longer but we think

that is the boring part. The really

0:44:010:44:04

cool part is that a bunch of these

things that you think of as

0:44:040:44:07

inescapable aspect of ageing, they

didn't occur.

So we are at a point

0:44:070:44:13

right now where we are seriously

talking, for the first time, and I

0:44:130:44:16

have been doing this ageing research

for a long time now, we are talking

0:44:160:44:20

for the first time about clinical

trials with drugs that could slow

0:44:200:44:25

down the ageing process. That is

something incredibly exciting and

0:44:250:44:29

something I didn't really expect to

see in my lifetime.

Think about

0:44:290:44:34

this: most biotech products treat a

disease you've never heard of that

0:44:340:44:41

someone you do not now suffers from.

Everyone knew now suffers from

0:44:410:44:45

ageing. Everyone. -- everyone you

know. Our drugs, you don't take them

0:44:450:44:52

everyday, you might them once a

year, and what this means is that

0:44:520:44:58

you get to have a market size that

includes all human beings, OK, and

0:44:580:45:04

you don't have to make lots of the

drugs. So as a consequence these

0:45:040:45:07

could be the cheapest drugs ever

made. Now investors don't really

0:45:070:45:12

like to hear that, but when you talk

about the total cost of health care,

0:45:120:45:17

and who is ultimately going to pay

for health care, particularly in

0:45:170:45:21

nation states that use single-payer,

like the UK, this is a powerful idea

0:45:210:45:28

to reduce health care costs.

Normally you don't talk about new

0:45:280:45:31

drugs taking costs out. These will

be drugs that take costs out.

To me,

0:45:310:45:38

and to most of us in the field, the

ultimate goal is to have a really

0:45:380:45:43

healthy life, and a useful life,

where you don't become frail and

0:45:430:45:49

unable to function. You stay

physically young for a long time,

0:45:490:45:57

you know? And then you pass away.

My

prediction is that people, their

0:45:570:46:05

median life span will probably be,

if you are an American white male,

0:46:050:46:09

rather than being 79, might be 103.

And many people you know, rather

0:46:090:46:15

than dying at aged 83, demented,

catheterised in their bed, muttering

0:46:150:46:23

to themselves, they would die at

106, on the tennis court, while

0:46:230:46:28

winning. Or killed by a jealous

lover at 113.

0:46:280:46:34

Food for thought, right? Very

interesting about ageing. Now a

0:46:340:46:40

place with a lot of light.

0:46:400:46:43

More than a 1.5 million tourists

have joined Brazilians

0:46:430:46:45

at the world's largest carnival

in Rio de Janeiro.

0:46:450:46:47

The run-up to this year's event

has been controversial,

0:46:470:46:49

the city's mayor was there

for the opening but he's

0:46:490:46:51

been under fire for slashing funding

to the top samba schools.

0:46:510:46:54

Our South America correspondent

Katy Watson reports

0:46:540:46:56

from Rio de Janeiro.

0:46:560:47:06

On it anime beach, the crowds danced

in defiance. This street parade was

0:47:060:47:11

dedicated to the man many people

hate. Marcello Trotta Vella, the

0:47:110:47:16

city's Mayor, a conservative

evangelical who says he is not a fan

0:47:160:47:18

of the carnival. That in itself is a

cardinal sin for many Brazilians.

0:47:180:47:26

TRANSLATION:

He turns his back on

popular culture, every cultural

0:47:260:47:32

activity that does not interest his

church will stop we would put up

0:47:320:47:36

with this, we won't let it happen.

Which is why

to some people this is

0:47:360:47:41

the time to make a noise. For many,

it is a time to dress up and show

0:47:410:47:46

off, or just have fun with loved

ones. And some costumes came with a

0:47:460:47:52

deeper message than you think.

TRANSLATION:

I am dressed up as a

0:47:520:47:57

clown because the mayor is a liar,

is a joke. Dressing up as a way to

0:47:570:48:01

be critical of politics that

Brazilians don't go out on the

0:48:010:48:04

street in protest but they should.

They don't know the power they could

0:48:040:48:07

have.

Amid a wave of violence in the

city, 17,000 military lease were on

0:48:070:48:12

hand. -- military police force top

security concerns, though, were not

0:48:120:48:20

stopping the tourists from having

fun.

I am carrying my little old

0:48:200:48:27

camera instead of my iPhone, but

yes, otherwise I have felt great

0:48:270:48:31

everywhere, no problems.

As long as

you read through all the fluff, it

0:48:310:48:36

is a relief great place. And yes, it

is risky, but if you are smart, stay

0:48:360:48:41

alert, not alarmed.

While the street

party is true of the crowds, the big

0:48:410:48:46

money and the extravagances in the

Sambu room. But there was a big

0:48:460:48:52

point when the big samba schools

questioned whether they would get

0:48:520:48:56

this far, after the mayor cut their

funding by nearly 50% faster most

0:48:560:49:00

found a way round it, but it ruffled

their carnival feathers. Despite the

0:49:000:49:05

troubles, the show goes on, and it

is as decadent as ever. Some of the

0:49:050:49:09

top performers have not been stopped

from having a little fun and getting

0:49:090:49:12

their own breakfast up some of the

samba schools are using Brazil's

0:49:120:49:16

dirty politics as a theme of their

parade. Amid all these Buchel and

0:49:160:49:20

glitter, carnival has managed to

skilfully address a more serious

0:49:200:49:23

side of Brazil too. As the samba

fades out, the politics will get

0:49:230:49:27

louder. It is countdown to October,

which will see one of the most

0:49:270:49:33

uncertain presidential elections in

decades.

0:49:330:49:39

UK-led team of scientists

are about begin an expedition

0:49:390:49:41

to explore an ecosystem hidden

for tens-of-thousands of years.

0:49:410:49:43

The team is headed for

Antarctica and the Antarctic

0:49:430:49:46

Peninsula where a giant iceberg

broke off last year.

0:49:460:49:48

This is it in orange.

0:49:480:49:50

This is it in orange.

0:50:000:50:02

It was 6000 square kilometres.

0:50:020:50:04

You can see how it compares

to the city of London,

0:50:040:50:07

here in light grey,

at 1500 kilometres.

0:50:070:50:12

By calving off it exposed

the seabed underneath it.

0:50:120:50:14

That's what team

is hoping to explore.

0:50:140:50:15

Our science correspondent

Victoria Gill reports.

0:50:150:50:21

A new perspective on a 6,000 square

kilometre swathe of floating ice.

0:50:210:50:27

So the iceberg is 150 kilometres

long, 50 kilometres wide,

0:50:270:50:32

and will be about 150 metres deep.

0:50:320:50:37

You will be able to see the first

20-30 metres above the water,

0:50:370:50:40

and everything else is underneath.

0:50:400:50:43

The trillion-tonne, A-68 iceberg

is gradually drifting away

0:50:430:50:45

from the Antarctic continent

and into the sea.

0:50:450:50:51

It's these ice-filled waters

and the sea floor beneath them that

0:50:510:50:54

scientists are now eager to explore.

0:50:540:50:59

In the British Antarctic Survey

vessel, the James Clark Ross,

0:50:590:51:02

a team will spend three weeks

studying the marine life that has

0:51:020:51:04

been locked away here for millennia.

0:51:040:51:06

They've described it

as a treacherous but urgent mission.

0:51:060:51:08

There are likely to be

new species discovered,

0:51:080:51:10

as researchers seek out

the creatures that make their home

0:51:100:51:12

beneath the vast ice sheet.

0:51:120:51:17

We have no idea what's living

underneath these huge ice shelves.

0:51:170:51:20

We assume it is animals that

are specially adapted to life

0:51:200:51:23

without green food and vegetarian,

so we have a lot of

0:51:230:51:26

scavengers and carnivores.

0:51:260:51:29

So we expect animals

like in the deep sea,

0:51:290:51:31

that doesn't have light as well.

0:51:310:51:35

But the team also hopes

to understand the processes that

0:51:350:51:37

caused the iceberg to break away.

0:51:370:51:39

This could reveal more

about just how this fragile,

0:51:390:51:42

frozen wilderness at the bottom

of the world will change

0:51:420:51:44

as the climate warms.

0:51:440:51:46

Victoria Gill, BBC News.

0:51:460:51:52

A new Peter Rabbit film is out.

0:51:530:51:55

If you haven't seen it,

here's a taste of it.

0:51:550:52:03

Most of us are aware

of the tale of the resourceful

0:52:030:52:05

rabbit and his adventures

in Mr McGregor's vegetable garden.

0:52:050:52:08

But this film is getting a lot

of unwanted attention.

0:52:080:52:11

That's because of this scene.

0:52:110:52:15

When a group of rabbits pelt

Mr McGregor's nephew -

0:52:150:52:17

allergy sufferer -

with the berries he's allergic to.

0:52:170:52:20

Here's one reaction.

0:52:200:52:28

From the New York Times.

0:52:280:52:30

"I was really afraid about the one

0:52:300:52:31

part where they shot

the blackberries,"

0:52:310:52:33

said Brayden Drey, 7,

who has severe allergies.

0:52:330:52:35

"I was upset because he had

to use his EpiPen."

0:52:350:52:38

That counteracts allergic reactions.

0:52:380:52:41

Well, Sony Pictures

and the filmmakers have apologised.

0:52:410:52:43

In a statement, they said...

0:52:430:52:50

Dr Pooja Newman started a petition

to Sony Pictures for that apology.

0:52:500:52:53

She spoke to the BBC earlier.

0:52:530:53:02

To give blatant deliberate harm to

another human being known to have a

0:53:020:53:07

food allergy is something that

should not be depicted in children's

0:53:070:53:10

movies. The food allergy, the

leading and deliberate intentional

0:53:100:53:14

harm to another person who has a

life-threatening condition, which is

0:53:140:53:19

a disability and a restriction on

their lifestyle is something that

0:53:190:53:22

absolutely should have the

spotlight, and Peter Rabbit the

0:53:220:53:25

movie has done that, and we have a

unified voice of people that

0:53:250:53:29

collectively want to stamp out this

practice. Amongst our children, and

0:53:290:53:35

in a society at large. I don't think

slapstick comedy really cut it in a

0:53:350:53:42

kids movie, and to be actually

showing such footage to children,

0:53:420:53:46

where children are the most at risk

of a life ending we action from

0:53:460:53:52

accidental or deliberate exposure to

an allergen that they have serious

0:53:520:53:57

allergic reactions to, it actually

shows the ignorance in our worldwide

0:53:570:54:03

community for the suffering, the

struggle and the anguish that people

0:54:030:54:07

with anaphylaxis and their loved

ones go through on a daily basis.

0:54:070:54:11

And it has absolutely disregard and

disrespect for the people that have

0:54:110:54:16

lost their lives.

I want to update

you on this story now, we have been

0:54:160:54:24

following it throughout the hour.

Leaders have said Africa Posavec

0:54:240:54:28

governing ANC Patiala meeting to

decide the future of President Jacob

0:54:280:54:33

Zuma. A couple of lines coming in

from the South African broadcasting

0:54:330:54:37

Corporation. The ANC leader Cyril

Ramaphosa has left the ANC national

0:54:370:54:44

exit meeting to inform President

Zuma the party decision. And it is

0:54:440:54:50

that the ANC gave President Jacob

Zuma 48 hours to resign as head of

0:54:500:54:54

state on Monday, after an eight hour

meeting of the party's top leaders.

0:54:540:54:58

I leave you with those headlines on

Outside Source.

0:54:580:55:02