22/02/2018 Outside Source


22/02/2018

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LineFromTo

Hello, welcome to Outside Source.

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The US gun lobby launches an angry

defence of weapons ownership

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amid calls for stricter controls

following the Florida shooting.

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To stop a bad guy with a gun,

it takes a good guy with a gun.

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Amid more terrible suffering

in Eastern Ghouta, the UN is trying

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to agree a humanitarian ceasefire.

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TRANSLATION: Shame on you! This is

just a little boy who wants freedom.

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Why are you doing this? I don't know

what to do.

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Theresa May is meeting at her

country residence, and the only

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topic is Brexit. Justin Forsyth has

resigned from a senior role at

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Unicef. We will get you up to date

from New York.

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The National Rifle Association

and Trump has set out

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what it believes can

stop on school shooting -

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more guns.

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Its leader spoke earlier at a major

literal event in Washington, DC.

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After every mass shooting in the US

there is a further national debate

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on gun control. Wayne LaPierre said

this is playing politics with a

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tragedy.

As usual, the opportunists

wasted not one second to exploit

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tragedy for political gain. The

break back speed of calls for more

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gun control laws and the breathless

national media, eager to smear the

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NRA.

The NRA has been targeted in

this advert in the New York Times

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today.

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It lists 276 members

of Congress who "take NRA money

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and block gun control" -

along with their phone numbers.

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The NRA also has good relations

with President Trump.

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Yesterday he backed the idea

of arming teachers.

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And Wayne LaPierre warmed

to that theme earlier.

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It is a bizarre fact that in this

country our jewellery stores, all

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over this country, are more

important than our children. Our

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banks, our airports, our NBA games,

our NFL games, our office buildings,

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our movie stars, our politicians.

They are all more protected than our

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children at school. Does that make

any sense? To anybody? Do we really

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love our money and our celebrities

more than we love our children?

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Yesterday on Outside Source

we brought you that listening

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session in the White House

where Donald Trump came out

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in favour of arming teachers.

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They gathered and listened to

teachers as well survivors of school

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shootings, and relatives of victims.

The President was seen holding a

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check list with five points on it.

Number one was what would you most

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want me to know about your

experience? Number five was I hear

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you. Donald Trump has also been

tweeting today. He's been talking

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about the idea of arming teachers.

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You can translate that as the

President of America suggesting that

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every school in the country should

have at least one gun inside it.

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Later today he spoke to ask both

sides of the political divide

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to join him in taking action.

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I think we're making a lot

of progress and I can tell

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you there's a tremendous feeling

that we're that we're

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going to get something done.

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And we're leading that feeling

I hope, but there's a great feeling,

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including at the NRA,

including Republican senators

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and hopefully Democrat

senators and congressmen.

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Polling suggests the majority

of the teachers don't want

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a gun in the classroom.

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This is one in Pennsylvania.

In my

opinion, I think guns in the

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classroom are absolutely ridiculous.

I think most teachers are not

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trained, I think you are putting

students at risk having guns in the

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classroom. I think it is not a bad

idea to have security people with

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guns, but I am qualified on the M-16

rifle and .45 pistol, and there is

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no way that a teacher should have a

gun in a classroom. There are two

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money opportunities for accidents

and if you kept the weapon locked,

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how would you access it if something

were happening?

Anthony Zurcher was

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at that speech earlier and has been

telling me about it.

It was

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interesting, I have been to a lot of

these conferences and the crowd can

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be very raucous, animated. They

really weren't all that animated

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during the speeches of the NRA folk.

It was interesting. In fact, they

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made reference to that, I hear you

are quiet, you are afraid, and you

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need to be afraid because they are

coming for your guns, essentially.

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That is what Wayne LaPierre said.

Then when Vice President Mike Pence

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came out, a couple of speakers

later, they cheered really loudly

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for things like building the Mexican

War, Neil Gorsuch, the Supreme Court

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nomination, tax cuts, standing for

the national anthem. It was a sombre

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mood, but it was not the reaction

you would expect from some of the

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red meat that Wayne LaPierre was

throwing out there, media bashing,

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Democratic parishing and even

criticising the FBI, which is a

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bogeyman for the right these days.

Presumably, the NRA is relatively

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pleased with the current state of

the debate, given that normally in

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the aftermath of a mass shooting it

comes under pressure, but it now has

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the President backing one of its

primary ideas on this, arming

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teachers?

Right. You saw Donald

Trump tweeting earlier today, saying

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that the NRA are great people and

that he has their support. The NRA

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supported him very early in the

presidential campaign when there

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were a lot of conservative groups

that were not sure whether to back

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Donald Trump when it looked pretty

clear he was going to get the

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nomination. The NRA jumped in with

both feet and supported him to the

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tune of about $30 million over the

course of the campaign. Donald Trump

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knows who is loyal to him, and he

rewards loyalty. I think he sees

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that from the NRA. As you mentioned,

there is going to be significant

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pushback from turning schools into

hard targets, in his words. Donald

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Trump talked about arming teachers,

there are 3.5 million public school

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teachers, you're talking about

100,000 teachers conceivably, and

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that idea, being given guns, a

massive undertaking, by any

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reasonable understanding.

Last week,

in the immediate aftermath of the

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Florida shooting, we spoke to a WR

Hawkins from Breitbart news.

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He was making the argument then,

right after the tragedy,

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that teachers should be armed.

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Let's catch up with him

again now in Arizona.

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Thank you very much for your time.

Would you support the idea of

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700,000 teachers that currently

don't have guns at school being

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harmed?

If the teachers want to be

--

Being armed.

You don't force them

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to be, but if they want to be armed,

certainly. Sandy Hook, nobody was

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armed, 27 people killed. Virginia

Tech, nobody was armed, 32 people

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killed. This most recent attack, no

body was armed, 17 people killed. We

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tried it that way and it doesn't

work. I am all for a social studies

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teacher that can take out an attack

in the first five seconds.

What

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would you say to people watching in

the UK and around the world, to whom

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the idea of a gun being in a

classroom along with their young

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child is horrific, in compensable?

Well, I mean, I would say that they

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may not understand. Many of those

teachers have concealed carry

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permits, and at night, when they

travel to the gas station, the

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restaurant, they have a gun with

them and they have young kids with

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them, and their friends with them.

That is everyday life, that is just

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how it is in America. So, the fact

that you send them to school and

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say, while you are at school you

cannot have that gun for self

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defence, that is the real atrocity.

There is no atrocity and having a

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gun with him when the child is with

him in other settings, why should

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they be denied that right when they

are at school? You force them to be

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sitting ducks and it is a ridiculous

policy.

I am interested that you are

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focusing on how to deal with

somebody coming into a school with a

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gun, rather than talking about the

fact they have a gun in the first

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place?

That is a fair point. I'm

talking about somebody that comes

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into school with a machete, with a

knife, with a hammer, with anything.

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The way we are set up right now, the

teachers are defenceless, period.

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You can bring in any weapon you

want. That is a good point. I don't

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care if the attacker has a sword or

gun, if the teacher is arm she can

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take him out. That is the important

thing. What we have seen in America

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is the outward perimeter on schools

are so weak. Anybody that wants to

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get on campus, they can get on

campus.

There is a broader issue of

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school security, but what about the

core issue here? It struck me during

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the listening session that people

were talking about dealing with

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pupils that are isolated, making

sure people connect with each other,

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making sure teachers are armed, but

not necessarily talking about the

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fact it is just too easy to get a

gun in America?

Well, the reason

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they didn't bring that up is the

left has pushed background checks,

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waiting periods, all of these

things. Florida has a waiting period

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of three days for a handgun

purchase, they have background

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checks. This guy complied with that

rule, as almost every mass public

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attacker does. So, we have tried all

of their gun controls and none of

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them work. That is why I'm not

addressing it, I'm not trying to

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skirt the issue, it is not worth

addressing because gun control

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failed. Now we have to find out what

will work in place of gun controls,

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and it is letting his teachers

defend themselves.

Help me

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understand, then, why you are not

focusing on gun control, but that

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would appear to be the primary

difference between America, where

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there are a huge number of mass

shootings, and lots of other

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countries in the world, where their

arms?

Right... Why would we focus on

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gun control at any point? Let me ask

you a question, who would obey gun

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control laws? Woodlore -- would

law-abiding citizens obey, or

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criminals question

In a case of

Australia or the UK...

In general,

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law-abiding citizens do, criminals

do not. Why would I respond to a

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crime by looking at how we could

restrain law-abiding citizens?

The

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reality is that if I am minded to

get a gun in London, it is awfully

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harder than if I were to get it

where you are in Arizona. That is

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just a fact, whether I am a criminal

or law-abiding citizen.

Well, it

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might be a fact, but there is

another deal, in America, it is part

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of our heritage. It always has been.

That is part of life in America

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since 1791, when the Second

Amendment was ratified. In America,

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we are guaranteed by the

Constitution the right to keep and

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bear arms. Exercising that right is

checking the fact, that other people

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are armed.

But you cut to it, in the

end, your history, your heritage, it

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is actually more important than

stopping people dying in mass

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shootings. I'm not saying that is

right or wrong, but is that not a

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fact?

Not at all. We have problems

that have nothing to do with guns. I

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think Trump is right when he looks

at the mental health issue. Our

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mental health is a broken system,

because of the left. The same people

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that push gun control, they help

themselves by not taking care of the

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mentally ill and then when the

mentally ill do something wrong,

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instead of addressing the mentally

ill problems, they say we need or

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gun laws. They use everything, they

let a certain degree of chaos exist,

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in order to feed arguments for gun

control. I would agree with you,

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there are some things we can do, but

addressing gun laws is not one of

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them. We have so many thousands and

thousands of gun laws and they don't

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matter. They will never met. --

never matter.

Good to talk to you, I

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have gone over the time I had to

talk to you because it was so

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fascinating. That was AWR who writes

for Breitbart news.

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We want to bring you the latest now

on the crisis in Syria.

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A UN resolution had been

tabled in New York -

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calling for a 30 day truce.

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That's been blocked by Russia,

Moscow wanted it amended -

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it said it only put pressure

on the Syrian government,

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which it backs.

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Also, the awful situation in eastern

Ghouta. It is the last major rebel

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stronghold near to the capital.

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And for five days, Syria -

backed by Russia -

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have been carrying out

an intense bombing campaign.

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More than 400,000 people

are trapped there.

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And more than 400 people have died,

94 of them children.

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These are some of the latest

pictures - I want to warn

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you they are disturbing.

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This video is from the

so-called White Helmets,

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a civil defence group.

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They have been giving lots of

details on their Twitter account.

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They say some residents have no

access to food or clean drinking

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water. Lots of people are living

underground to try to stay safe.

0:14:530:14:58

Medical facilities and staff are

being targeted and the UN is now

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warning of a massacre.

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We've also been following videos

posted by two girls

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trapped in eastern Ghouta.

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This was put up a day ago.

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Warplanes attacked...

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They say warplanes and helicopters

are attacking their neighbourhood.

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And that there's nowhere

to run for cover.

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They are pleading for help.

0:15:270:15:30

A Twitter account has been set up

using their names.

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This video was posted earlier today.

You can see very clearly that one of

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the girls has been injured. Even

hear them screaming in Arabic,

0:15:510:15:55

crying for help. You can see the

snow that has been left from the

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shelling. Her mother told us later

that the house had been bombed and

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that her son was also hurt. We have

been contacting doctors working in

0:16:030:16:10

eastern Ghouta. They say the

situation is going from bad to worse

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and personnel are under so much

stress.

0:16:140:16:19

Ahmad Tarakji is President of

the Syrian American Medical Society.

0:16:190:16:20

I was just talking to my colleagues

in Ghouta as I walked into the

0:16:250:16:28

studio. They are terrified, the

situation is terrible and they feel

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they are facing a massacre coming up

soon.

Where are they able to work?

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Are there still medical facilities

they can use?

The medical capacity

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has dropped by about 60% compared to

what it was last week before the

0:16:420:16:46

situation started. There are still

some medical facilities operating.

0:16:460:16:52

Not to the point where they can help

people. We have seen many casualties

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and people dying from treatable

conditions. The doctors are

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committed to continue serving, and

chewing Nickell Robey humanitarian

0:16:590:17:07

workers. With limited resources and

the constant bombing of hospitals,

0:17:070:17:10

they can't do that as effectively as

they should.

Do the doctors believe

0:17:100:17:16

they are being politically targeted?

Absolutely, it is a clear pattern of

0:17:160:17:21

attacking by the Syrian air force.

It is completely paralysed in the

0:17:210:17:26

medical sector. I was communicating

with my colleague, the head of the

0:17:260:17:32

White helmets team, and he said most

of the ambulances are also targeted.

0:17:320:17:38

They are not even able to evacuate

patients from the building, or from

0:17:380:17:43

the basements, to the hospitals.

Whoever gets to the hospital might

0:17:430:17:52

not get treated correctly because

they are destroying hospitals.

I

0:17:520:17:56

assume the casualties and injuries

are caused by bombs from fighter

0:17:560:17:59

planes?

Absolutely, they are coming

from the Syrian air force, we're

0:17:590:18:08

starting to see different missiles

being utilised. Everybody is hiding

0:18:080:18:11

in basements. We are seeing the

missile similar to what we have seen

0:18:110:18:20

in Aleppo.

The last seven years have

seen any number of horrors in Syria.

0:18:200:18:27

How do your colleagues compare what

we are seeing in eastern Ghouta with

0:18:270:18:31

other situations that have played

out?

It is a replay of three

0:18:310:18:36

displacement scenarios. We have seen

comparable escalation of the

0:18:360:18:41

situation as we have seen in Aleppo.

We have seen situations in other

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places. The doctors in Ghouta the

same doctors that treated the

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chemical attacks in 2013, the very

famous ones. They have been besieged

0:18:490:18:54

for the last three and a half years.

We are seeing the worst days we have

0:18:540:18:59

ever seen over the past five or six

years.

Background information is

0:18:590:19:05

available whenever you need it

online. Alijaz Bedene tweeting about

0:19:050:19:11

how she has not opened Snapchat very

much and that appears to have had a

0:19:110:19:15

significant impact on the market

value of the company that owns

0:19:150:19:18

Snapchat. We will be live in New

York to find out what is going on.

0:19:180:19:26

We'll be talking to

Yogita Limaye about it

0:19:260:19:27

Police say they're investigating

a letter sent to St James Palace

0:19:280:19:30

as a racist hate crime.

0:19:300:19:32

Scotland Yard say it was delivered

along with a package containing

0:19:320:19:34

what's reported to be

a white powder.

0:19:340:19:36

It was reportedly addressed

to Prince Harry and his

0:19:360:19:38

fiancee, Meghan Markle.

0:19:380:19:39

Tests on the substance

confirmed it was not harmful.

0:19:390:19:41

No arrests have been made.

0:19:410:19:43

Richard Lister has more.

0:19:430:19:50

It seems to refer to something

written on the letter. The couple

0:19:510:19:54

themselves have not made any comment

and it has not been formally

0:19:540:19:57

acknowledge that the letter was sent

to them. Of course, Meghan Markle is

0:19:570:20:03

of mixed race. Prince Harry spoke of

last November about the racist abuse

0:20:030:20:09

he said she received on social

media. This would clearly take it to

0:20:090:20:13

another level if they were the

targets of this. One interesting

0:20:130:20:16

thing that the police will be

looking at, the following date:

0:20:160:20:21

February 13, another letter

containing a suspicious powder was

0:20:210:20:24

received the Palace of Westminster,

addressed to Amber Ruud, and clearly

0:20:240:20:30

the police will be looking at

whether those letters are linked.

0:20:300:20:41

We live in the BBC newsroom.

0:20:410:20:45

Pressure is growing for more gun

control in the US, but the powerful

0:20:450:20:50

NRA are calling for armed security

at every school. Donald Trump has

0:20:500:20:54

been tweeting that teachers could

have the option to the answer they

0:20:540:20:59

can fire back if a Savage Dzeko

comes into the school. From BBC

0:20:590:21:05

Russia...

0:21:050:21:06

Russian opposition leader

Alexei Navalny has been detained

0:21:060:21:08

by police in Moscow -

and then released

0:21:080:21:10

shortly afterwards.

0:21:100:21:11

He's already barred from running

in the presidential

0:21:110:21:13

election in a few weeks -

and is calling for a boycott.

0:21:130:21:21

These Egyptian policemen

were guarding a bank

0:21:210:21:23

when they noticed that a child

was hanging from

0:21:230:21:25

a third floor window.

0:21:250:21:27

One of them manages to catch the

child, who was not in any way

0:21:270:21:31

injured.

0:21:310:21:37

Shares in Snap, the company

behind social media

0:21:370:21:39

app SnapChat, plunged

by

0:21:390:21:40

around 8% today.

0:21:400:21:43

That means the company

lost around $1.5 billion

0:21:430:21:47

in market value.

0:21:470:21:48

What caused the slump?

0:21:480:21:50

Well reality television star

Kylie Jenner tweeted

0:21:500:21:52

that she doesn't use the social

media platform anymore.

0:21:520:21:53

You would not think that was enough

to move the market value of a

0:22:020:22:06

company by over $1 billion. But

perhaps?

0:22:060:22:08

Yogita Limaye is in New York.

0:22:080:22:11

Is it as simple as that?

Well, I

don't think anybody can say with

0:22:110:22:16

certainty that is what has happened.

But she tweeted yesterday at 4.50

0:22:160:22:22

local time, 50 minutes after the

market closed. Suddenly, today, once

0:22:220:22:28

the market opened, it has been a

pretty bad day for Snap. They have

0:22:280:22:32

ended more than 6% down, but that is

a very dramatic fall. I have to say,

0:22:320:22:37

the other thing that had happened,

which involves the company, is that

0:22:370:22:40

they released a report, and in that

report, they talked about the

0:22:400:22:43

compensation that chief executive is

getting. He actually gets a stocks

0:22:430:22:49

grant of more than $600 million.

There are also analysts that are

0:22:490:22:53

saying that perhaps it is a

combination of those two factors.

0:22:530:22:57

Generally, a lot of Snapchat users

have been very unhappy with the new

0:22:570:23:01

update that they have released on

Snapchat. Kylie Jenna's tweet, and

0:23:010:23:09

she has about 24.5 million

followers, if that is going to

0:23:090:23:18

result in less users.

The redesign,

which a lot of people are not happy

0:23:180:23:21

about, it sounds like they are not

backing down? The statement I saw

0:23:210:23:26

basis it had to get used to it?

Is

Ashley, there was even a petition

0:23:260:23:33

online by people who want them to go

back to the original Snapchat. The

0:23:330:23:38

company saying they have segregated

content on the app, so stuff that

0:23:380:23:43

you see from friends and things that

you see from celebrities that you

0:23:430:23:49

follow or other platforms, that are

making content for Snapchat, you

0:23:490:23:53

sort of see that separately. People

are quite unhappy with how the

0:23:530:23:58

stories have been mixed up. Snapchat

says that it is an effort to

0:23:580:24:03

segregate the content and make it

easier for people to use. But I

0:24:030:24:08

think a lot of people are unhappy

with that.

OK, thank you very much.

0:24:080:24:12

This is the Financial Times telling

us that Evan Speigel's pay has hit

0:24:120:24:20

$638 million. Nice work if you can

get it!

0:24:200:24:26

A German Federal court has failed

to come to a decision today over

0:24:260:24:30

whether to allow cities

to ban diesel cars.

0:24:300:24:31

Instead, the court has delayed

the decision until Tuesday.

0:24:310:24:34

The car industry is watching this

very closely.

0:24:340:24:35

Theo Leggett explains

the complexities of the issue.

0:24:350:24:40

Cities across Europe have to abide

by European limits on emissions,

0:24:400:24:47

like nitrogen oxide, which can cause

respiratory problems. We have a

0:24:470:24:51

court looking at whether or not, in

order to achieve that goal, and

0:24:510:24:56

people driving diesel cars into city

centres should be considered. If

0:24:560:25:03

they were to decide that it should

be an effective way of reaching the

0:25:030:25:08

quality targets, cities across

Germany would feel pretty much

0:25:080:25:10

obliged to introduce them, otherwise

they could face legal challenges

0:25:100:25:14

from environmental groups. They

would pretty much have to do it.

0:25:140:25:17

That, then, would have a knock-on

effect for millions of drivers, who

0:25:170:25:21

bought diesel cars in good faith. We

are even told by the German

0:25:210:25:25

government and other governments, a

few years ago, that diesel cars were

0:25:250:25:30

environmentally friendly. So, the

ramifications are profound. It could

0:25:300:25:34

affect millions of consumers, affect

the industry, affect the policies of

0:25:340:25:39

local government. It is a

complicated matter.

0:25:390:25:43

Straight after the end of this first

half of Outside Source we are going

0:25:430:25:47

to be looking at Brexit. It has been

a huge day for Theresa May. She

0:25:470:25:50

gathered some of the most senior

ministers at Chequers, her country

0:25:500:25:54

retreat. Their job is to thrash out

what kind of relationship the UK

0:25:540:25:57

once with the EU after Brexit. We

will get you all of the details and

0:25:570:26:01

a few minutes.

0:26:010:26:03

Killyman.

0:26:080:26:10

-- good evening. It has been rather

dreary, but it looks like we will

0:26:140:26:19

see more in a way of sunshine as we

head towards the weekend. This was

0:26:190:26:22

the story further north and west.

You can see these pictures of the

0:26:220:26:26

Scottish Borders. After a dreary

start in the south-east the cloud

0:26:260:26:28

broke up from the south-east coast

and we will have some beautiful

0:26:280:26:31

spells of sunshine. We continue to

see clear skies through the evening,

0:26:310:26:39

with the exception being further

west. Clear skies at this time of

0:26:390:26:43

year leads to a widespread hard

frost, particularly through the

0:26:430:26:45

spine of the country. The cloud

prevents the blue tones arriving in

0:26:450:26:50

Northern Ireland, said temperatures

here holding up above freezing. A

0:26:500:26:54

cloudy, great start through Northern

Ireland and parts of Scotland. We

0:26:540:26:57

will also see a bit of cloud coming

in of the North Sea coast. If we

0:26:570:27:01

look at the afternoon in more

detail, you can see where the cloud

0:27:010:27:04

will tend to linger of the North Sea

coast, and also through the Western

0:27:040:27:08

Isles and into Northern Ireland. For

much of Wales, central and southern

0:27:080:27:12

England, just a little bit of fair

weather cloud across Cornwall.

0:27:120:27:17

Elsewhere, more sunshine coming

through. Not a particularly warm

0:27:170:27:19

day, four or 7 degrees. Don't start

moaning yet, it is going to get even

0:27:190:27:24

colder as this high-pressure across

Scandinavia is really in the driving

0:27:240:27:28

seat with the weather patterns at

the moment. It means quite a quiet

0:27:280:27:31

story with the wind coming in off

the cold, European coastline. As we

0:27:310:27:37

move into Saturday, there will be

more of a breeze, particularly on

0:27:370:27:40

the exposed east coast. That will

feel quite fresh. Hopefully some

0:27:400:27:43

lovely spells of sunshine to

compensate. Perhaps into Northern

0:27:430:27:47

Ireland we will have more in the way

of cloud. It will be a chilly day on

0:27:470:27:53

Saturday. Into Sunday it is almost a

repeat performance. A bit of cloud

0:27:530:27:56

coming from the North Sea to the

north and east. A stronger breeze

0:27:560:28:00

down into East Anglia and the

south-east, and it will feel much

0:28:000:28:03

colder than these temperatures

suggest, highs of about five to 7

0:28:030:28:08

degrees. You have probably heard

that it is going to get even colder

0:28:080:28:11

still, with the air originating from

Siberia, and over the next few days

0:28:110:28:19

it looks like temperatures are set

to fall. You can see that in the

0:28:190:28:23

city outlook through Monday and

Tuesday, temperatures really

0:28:230:28:26

struggling to climb above freezing.

You have been warned!

0:28:260:28:30

Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,

this is Outside Source,

0:30:100:30:12

and these are the main stories

here in the BBC Newsroom:

0:30:120:30:15

The US gun lobby launches an angry

defence of weapons ownership

0:30:150:30:17

amid calls for stricter controls

following the Florida shooting.

0:30:170:30:21

To stop a bad guy with a gun,

it takes a good guy with a gun.

0:30:210:30:31

Amid more terrible suffering

in Eastern Ghouta, the UN is trying

0:30:310:30:34

to agree a humanitarian ceasefire.

0:30:340:30:40

Every day Outside Source features

BBC journalists working

0:30:400:30:42

in over 30 languages.

0:30:420:30:43

Your questions are always welcome.

0:30:430:30:44

#BBCOS is the hashtag.

0:30:440:30:46

We'll get into Brexit a moment.

0:30:460:30:57

Theresa May and a group of senior

British ministers have spent the day

0:31:010:31:04

trying to find agreement

on what relationship

0:31:040:31:05

they want the UK to have

with the EU after Brexit.

0:31:050:31:08

This is happening at

Prime Minister's country

0:31:080:31:10

retreat, Chequers.

0:31:100:31:14

Here it is - it's about 50km miles

north-west of London.

0:31:140:31:16

Here are the ministerial

cars arriving earlier.

0:31:160:31:26

It takes quite a while to get done

belonged either.

0:31:280:31:30

The key issue is the degree

to which UK should seek

0:31:300:31:33

to align with the EU -

and what terms the UK

0:31:330:31:35

should accept in exchange

for access to EU's market.

0:31:350:31:40

Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson

is on one side of the debate -

0:31:400:31:43

seeking the ability to diverge

from EU rules and regulations.

0:31:430:31:48

Chancellor Philip Hammond

is on the other - wanting

0:31:480:31:50

Britain to be aligned

as closely as possible.

0:31:500:31:55

Theresa May's job is to find

some common ground.

0:31:550:31:57

Let's hear the closest she's come

to stating a clear position

0:31:570:32:00

on managing the future relationship.

0:32:000:32:07

This was in Florence Glastir.

There

will be areas of policy and

0:32:070:32:11

regulation that are outside the

scope of our relations. There will

0:32:110:32:19

be areas where are we and our

European friends may have different

0:32:190:32:23

goals or may have the desire to

share the same goals, but by the

0:32:230:32:28

different means. And there will be

areas where we want to achieve the

0:32:280:32:31

same goals in the same way is

because it makes sense for our

0:32:310:32:34

economies.

0:32:340:32:35

The outcome where Britain opts

to diverge a bit in some areas,

0:32:350:32:38

a lot in others, and not

at all in others, has been described

0:32:380:32:41

at the "three baskets approach."

0:32:410:32:42

Not a great title but it's

what we've got to work

0:32:420:32:49

with.

0:32:490:32:50

But even if Theresa May gets

agreement among her colleagues

0:32:500:32:53

on the three baskets -

of course that doesn't mean

0:32:530:32:55

the EU will also agree.

0:32:550:32:56

Here's the BBC's reality check

correspondent Chris Morris.

0:32:560:32:58

We already know, in fact,

that they are not that

0:32:580:33:01

keen on this approach.

0:33:010:33:02

Last night, they released a series

of slides which had been shown by

0:33:020:33:05

the European Commission

to member states.

0:33:050:33:06

So you can see a little bit of one

of the slides there.

0:33:060:33:09

This is the key one.

0:33:100:33:11

Basically, what it says is,

in summary, the three basket

0:33:110:33:13

approach is not compatible

with the principles

0:33:130:33:15

of the European Union's guidelines.

0:33:150:33:17

Basically, it says it

would undermine the integrity of the

0:33:170:33:20

single market.

0:33:200:33:22

That gets back to the age-old

argument about are we just

0:33:220:33:24

trying to cherry pick the best bits?

0:33:240:33:26

It would also, they fear,

allow other third World countries,

0:33:260:33:29

Switzerland, Norway,

to say, "Well, hang on,

0:33:290:33:32

if the UK has this great,

special relationship, we want some

0:33:320:33:35

of that.

0:33:350:33:36

We want to make it better."

0:33:360:33:41

-- other third countries.

0:33:410:33:42

It also says it would mean that it

would be more difficult for the you

0:33:420:33:45

to make decisions after Brexit,

because it would be hamstrung by

0:33:450:33:48

this strange new

relationship with the UK.

0:33:480:33:50

There's pressure coming

from all angles on this issue.

0:33:500:33:52

Around 60 Brexit-supporting Mps

are crucial to her ability to get

0:33:520:33:55

things through parliament.

0:33:550:33:56

They are demanding "full

regulatory autonomy" -

0:33:560:33:58

in other words complete freedom

to do as it wants -

0:33:580:34:00

they argue this will help with trade

deals with places like China.

0:34:000:34:10

Their leader is Jacob Rees Mogg.

0:34:120:34:22

Pro-EU MP Chuka Ummana says...

0:34:230:34:27

Of course, it was sold

in many different forms,

0:34:270:34:30

and that's one of the issues here.

0:34:300:34:32

The vote to leave wasn't a vote

for one type of Brexit or another.

0:34:320:34:38

It was simply a vote to get out.

0:34:390:34:41

Here's the BBC's Political

Corresponent Alex Forsyth,

0:34:410:34:42

outside the Chequers meeting,

on what we can expect from it.

0:34:420:34:45

I think what we will get is some

sort of broad statement, perhaps not

0:34:450:34:48

necessarily today, but in the next

week or so when we are expecting

0:34:480:34:52

Theresa May to give

a speech with a bit more

0:34:520:34:54

detail, fleshing out

the

0:34:540:34:55

endgame that the UK hopes to

achieve, but of course it is worth

0:34:550:34:58

mentioning this...

0:34:580:34:59

This is the senior level

ministers trying to

0:34:590:35:01

work out what they want

from Brexit the long term.

0:35:010:35:05

That is just a starting position.

0:35:050:35:06

That then has to be

negotiated with Brussels, and

0:35:060:35:09

once again we are hearing from

the EU that there can be no cherry

0:35:090:35:12

picking.

0:35:130:35:14

The UK can't have all the benefits

of the EU without the

0:35:140:35:16

rights and obligations.

0:35:160:35:18

So I think Theresa May's

balancing act, that

0:35:180:35:20

she is probably conducting

round the dinner table right now,

0:35:200:35:22

well, that is going to continue

for some time.

0:35:220:35:24

An interesting subtext to all this.

0:35:240:35:26

Since the vote for Brexit,

the number of EU citizens leaving

0:35:260:35:28

the UK has risen to its highest

level for a decade.

0:35:280:35:34

130,000 emigrated in

the year to September.

0:35:340:35:37

Though 220,000 EU nationals moved

TO the UK in the same period.

0:35:370:35:41

That means net EU migration

was 90,000, that's

0:35:410:35:44

the lowest for five years.

0:35:440:35:45

This is The UK's Immigration

Minister on the impact of Brexit.

0:35:450:35:55

Our first priority was for those EU

citizens already living here and are

0:35:590:36:02

living here prior to the 29th of

March next year.

0:36:020:36:13

People who come here after it will

have different expectations. They

0:36:130:36:19

will come here knowing we have left

the EU, so what we must do now is

0:36:190:36:24

negotiate very cosy with our

European partners as to what the

0:36:240:36:27

position of those people will be

going forward.

0:36:270:36:30

Now we turn to the scandals

involving charities -

0:36:300:36:32

two days ago we were telling

you about the complaints

0:36:320:36:35

of inappropriate behaviour levelled

against Justin Forsyth

0:36:350:36:36

while he was chief executive

there at Save the Children.

0:36:360:36:39

Now he's resigned from Unicef.

0:36:390:36:44

Here's what he said...

0:36:440:36:49

Nada Tawfik is in New York for us.

0:36:580:37:04

This was looking more and more

untenable, wasn't it?

Absolutely. I

0:37:040:37:10

spoke to a fewer employees at Unicef

and one of them told me this was

0:37:100:37:14

becoming a distraction for them to

be able to do their important work,

0:37:140:37:18

and so I think we clearly saw that

with Justin Forsyth's decision today

0:37:180:37:22

to hand in his resignation this

morning. He said point-blank wasn't

0:37:220:37:28

doing this because of the complaints

from his role in his former employer

0:37:280:37:34

at the charity Save the Children.

Those were of course the fact that

0:37:340:37:38

he was accused of texting young

female staffers inappropriately,

0:37:380:37:43

commenting on how they worked. He

said he had apologised and the

0:37:430:37:47

proper process had been taking care

of a few years back, but he said the

0:37:470:37:51

reason he was doing this was because

he didn't want to do any more damage

0:37:510:37:57

to Oxfam and Save the Children, and

so I think a lot of people at Unicef

0:37:570:38:00

would agree with him that it was

time to take this step to have him

0:38:000:38:04

resign.

I also wanted you to get us

to fill us in on Oxfam in Haiti,

0:38:040:38:10

because there has been a development

there.

The Government has now said

0:38:100:38:15

they are not going to authorise

Oxfam Britain to work in Haiti for

0:38:150:38:20

the next two months. They want to do

an internal investigation into

0:38:200:38:25

whether any of the staff members

sexually abused miners in the

0:38:250:38:28

country. They said was a serious

error that Oxfam didn't come to them

0:38:280:38:35

immediately when they had

allegations of misconduct, and they

0:38:350:38:38

said that this was a violation of

the dignity of the Haitian people.

0:38:380:38:44

That investigation they say will

take about two months, and in the

0:38:440:38:49

meantime, Oxfam has said that they

are concerned that this could affect

0:38:490:38:52

their work in the country.

In the

last couple of weeks, Oxfam and Save

0:38:520:38:57

the Children have been in the

spotlight, but either broader

0:38:570:39:03

indications for other organisations

in terms of sexually inappropriate

0:39:030:39:07

behaviour?

This is one of the issues

the Secretary-General has taken on.

0:39:070:39:11

He want the UN to be seen as

transparent when it comes to

0:39:110:39:15

allegations of sexual abuse, and so

it is picked out as public record

0:39:150:39:22

the number of sexual assaults or

harassment allegations that

0:39:220:39:26

different parts of the UN family

get. We know it has affected UN

0:39:260:39:30

peacekeeping, the U in refugee

agency, and the Secretary-General

0:39:300:39:36

himself has acknowledged this is a

problem in need charity and NGO

0:39:360:39:41

sector. It underscores what we have

known from this past year that the

0:39:410:39:48

Ruby is no point, industry, sector,

walk of life that is immune from

0:39:480:39:53

sexual assault.

Thank you very much.

0:39:530:39:55

Don't forget you can get much

more detail on our top

0:39:550:40:02

stories on our website.

0:40:020:40:05

I want to update you on a story we

have covered through the week on

0:40:130:40:17

outside source. Girls are missing in

Nigeria. We know the president has

0:40:170:40:25

sent eight team to this town. It is

next ought to another state where

0:40:250:40:33

over a 200 girls were taken in 2014.

The sky is the state governor and he

0:40:330:40:38

said some girls had been rescued,

but strangely that story is now

0:40:380:40:43

changing. -- this guide. Look at

this copy. Our colleagues have been

0:40:430:40:47

helping us.

0:40:470:40:48

Our correspondent discovered this

story as well. We have met almost a

0:41:070:41:13

wall of silence from authorities

today. Whether it is the Army, the

0:41:130:41:18

State Government or federal

Government. The only information we

0:41:180:41:21

have had today as con from the

parents who has told us what the

0:41:210:41:25

governor said to them. Very little

information coming out, almost

0:41:250:41:30

nothing today, about the whereabouts

of these girls. We heard from the

0:41:300:41:34

army over the past few weeks, they

have been recording significant

0:41:340:41:40

successes against Bogel her ram

since December, but they have

0:41:400:41:44

reclaim to a lot of hardware,

munitions and trucks. We saw an

0:41:440:41:50

attack of this size. We haven't seen

attacks quite as co-ordinated as

0:41:500:41:55

this in quite some time, so this

flies in the face of ever being that

0:41:550:41:58

the Army, the authorities and the

Government are trying to tell is

0:41:580:42:02

about the capacity and the

Government's operation against them

0:42:020:42:07

stands. We tried to bring you the

biggest global stories every day.

0:42:070:42:13

Let's bring you to North Africa now.

0:42:130:42:20

Egyptians will vote in presidential

elections next month.

0:42:200:42:23

The former army

chief Abdel Fattah al Sisi is almost

0:42:230:42:25

certainly going to get re-elected.

0:42:250:42:26

Human rights groups say

the election will be a farce -

0:42:260:42:29

and you can see where

they're coming from.

0:42:290:42:31

Serious challengers have been

disqualified, arrested or have been

0:42:310:42:33

pressured to drop out.

0:42:330:42:34

Orla Guerin is our

correspondent in Cairo.

0:42:340:42:40

Welcome to Egypt. Enticing images of

timeless hospitality and ancient

0:42:400:42:46

attractions. The picture postcard

view the authorities are keen to

0:42:460:42:50

promote. But there is another Egypt,

a military backed regime. Where

0:42:500:42:58

dreams of freedom have been crushed.

And human rights groups say at least

0:42:580:43:06

1500 people have vanished from the

streets in the last four years.

0:43:060:43:12

Egypt's disappeared. This is one of

them. She is 23 and wants to open

0:43:120:43:20

her own business. Her mother says

she and her daughter were jailed in

0:43:200:43:27

2014 after being arrested near a

protest. She says they were in the

0:43:270:43:31

wrong place at the wrong time, and

were later acquitted. Then in 2016,

0:43:310:43:36

her daughter was detained at a

police checkpoint, she tells me. She

0:43:360:43:41

was dumped by the roadside after 28

days. A change to girl.

0:43:410:43:55

But her legal papers show the

anguished and not end there. As her

0:44:130:44:21

daughter were struggling to recover,

she disappeared for the second time

0:44:210:44:25

last April. Her mother says

neighbours saw her being taken by

0:44:250:44:28

armed and masked police.

0:44:280:44:30

Her treasured keepsakes are just as

she left them. Her mother refuses to

0:44:510:44:55

give up hope. She says her family

has done nothing wrong and she will

0:44:550:45:00

speak out for her daughter even if

she hangs Fred. -- hangs for it. We

0:45:000:45:09

wanted to ask the authorities about

her daughter's case, but they

0:45:090:45:12

wouldn't give us an interview. In

the past, they have denied there are

0:45:120:45:17

enforced disappearances and

widespread human rights abuses. Most

0:45:170:45:21

who are taking turn up in custody

facing terrorism charges. Human

0:45:210:45:26

rights groups say anyone who opposes

the regime is at risk. They say

0:45:260:45:33

Abdel Fattah al Sisi is waging war

on dissent and this is a dark hour

0:45:330:45:37

for Egypt.

0:45:370:45:43

The study led by Oxford University

has found anti-depressants work.

0:45:430:45:47

It's published in The Lancet -

21 drugs were considered

0:45:470:45:49

via the data from over 500 trials.

0:45:490:45:51

Sima Kotecha has more.

0:45:510:46:01

There were times, you know, I felt

really low, to the point I didn't

0:46:030:46:07

want to be around anyone or anybody

or have any interaction

0:46:070:46:09

with family or friends.

0:46:090:46:10

There were times when I didn't

understand my position in life.

0:46:100:46:20

Jon needed help.

0:46:230:46:26

He was struggling to cope.

0:46:260:46:27

His doctor prescribed

antidepressants.

0:46:270:46:33

I still think there's a lot

of stigma around it, as to,

0:46:330:46:36

you know, are you weak

because you take them?

0:46:360:46:38

Are you are a nutnut

because you take them.

0:46:380:46:40

I had an image of Jack Nicholson

in One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest

0:46:400:46:46

at the end when he's a complete

and utter zombie and you lose

0:46:460:46:49

something about yourself,

something that makes you you.

0:46:490:46:51

And that's what I was concerned

about, you'd turn into zombie

0:46:510:46:54

without any feeling.

0:46:540:46:55

But the only way I can describe

it is that it gives you a kind

0:46:550:46:58

of buffer around some

of the negative thoughts

0:46:580:47:00

and your mind racing.

0:47:000:47:07

Today's report found that 21 of some

of the most common antidepressants

0:47:070:47:10

were more effective at treating

anxiety and depression

0:47:100:47:12

than dummy pills.

0:47:120:47:13

Those behind the report

as well as other GPs say the results

0:47:130:47:16

show that these tablets could help

more people cope with low moods.

0:47:160:47:19

For too long, healthcare

professionals have been denigrated

0:47:190:47:21

and slated for prescribing drugs

that they know will work.

0:47:210:47:23

So many patients tell us they work.

0:47:230:47:25

We only want to do this

for the best of our patients.

0:47:250:47:28

It is not about fobbing people off,

it is genuinely trying to help them.

0:47:280:47:31

In 2016, 65 million prescriptions

for antidepressants were issued

0:47:310:47:33

and the numbers are rising.

0:47:330:47:34

But some critics say

depression can be solved

0:47:340:47:36

through positive mental attitude.

0:47:360:47:42

You say you've been

on them for five years...

0:47:420:47:46

The research also outlines

which pills work best.

0:47:460:47:52

However, the authors are urging

people not to switch medication

0:47:520:47:55

before getting advice.

0:47:550:47:57

Hopefully it made me an easier

person to be around for my family.

0:47:570:48:00

Yeah, the plan is, in regular

consultation with my GP,

0:48:000:48:03

to wean myself off of them.

0:48:030:48:04

But that's got to be

when the time is right.

0:48:040:48:14

Saudi Arabia has announced it

will spend 64 billion dollars to

0:48:230:48:25

develop its entertainment industry.

0:48:250:48:26

Its General Entertainment Authority

has said over 220,000 jobs

0:48:260:48:28

in entertainment will be

created by 2030.

0:48:280:48:34

Bear in mind that figure

was 17,000 a year ago.

0:48:340:48:42

This all part of what's

called Vision 2030 -

0:48:420:48:44

it's the grand plan

of Prince Mohammed bin Salman or MBS

0:48:440:48:47

as everyone refers to him.

0:48:470:48:48

He's the son of King Salman -

and leading the drive

0:48:480:48:51

to diversify the Saudi economy.

0:48:510:48:54

Here's BBC Arabic's Hadya Al-alawi.

0:48:540:49:02

He is trying to shepherd the

businesses in his country from the

0:49:020:49:08

oil to the entertainment to

encourage little to spend more money

0:49:080:49:11

on that sector. Anyway, a lot of

Saudi Arabians travel to nearby golf

0:49:110:49:17

country such as Emirates to buy or

Abu Dhabi Bahrain do-gooder concerts

0:49:170:49:24

or have fun. They are trying to get

money out of the entertainment

0:49:240:49:29

business in a reserved way, keeping

the balance between keeping Saudi

0:49:290:49:34

Arabia as a reserved state, but at

the same time giving people that

0:49:340:49:37

kind of way of having fun in their

own country without having to go

0:49:370:49:40

across the Borders are else to do it

every weekend. How do you do it in a

0:49:400:49:47

reserved way, though? I saw a report

saying Ricky Martin might be coming,

0:49:470:49:51

and openly gay man with a very

sexualised routine when he performs,

0:49:510:49:56

had that fit in with Saudi Arabia

and its way of doing things?

That

0:49:560:50:00

will be the main challenge, because

the problem is not just that there

0:50:000:50:05

are laws in the state that restrict

people from going to concerts, there

0:50:050:50:09

are no concerts in the country, but

also that is a social restriction of

0:50:090:50:14

rounded, so families who actually

want their kids or daughters to go

0:50:140:50:24

to concerts might face some kind of

backlash from the society around

0:50:240:50:26

them that they allowed their

daughters to do that. Also because

0:50:260:50:28

of sharia laws in the country there

is going to be religious backlash as

0:50:280:50:31

well. They are going to be mixing

females and males in the same

0:50:310:50:36

environment and we saw women

attending football matches in a

0:50:360:50:39

stadium, that is a largely dominated

environment by males. There will be

0:50:390:50:44

a lot of restrictions and challenges

around that. To allow people to

0:50:440:50:49

enjoy their time anyway that doesn't

actually go against their religion,

0:50:490:50:54

but at the same time opens the

society slightly and slowly towards

0:50:540:50:58

that change.

It has happened in some

forms. Behind me as a picture of a

0:50:580:51:05

Greek artist has already performed.

Had that goal and how are the

0:51:050:51:08

dealing with these issues already?

As I mentioned? They are trying to

0:51:080:51:15

encourage people to open the society

a little, so when they allow artists

0:51:150:51:19

like that, who is not a sexy

performer...

He is not Ricky Martin.

0:51:190:51:26

They are slowly introducing out into

the country in that way they are

0:51:260:51:31

hoping they can bring that change,

but let's not be completely

0:51:310:51:34

optimistic about it. We have to

accept this will be a difficult

0:51:340:51:38

mission, whatever the Government at

the family. There are so many

0:51:380:51:44

reservations around at that it's

going to be very, very difficult to

0:51:440:51:47

bring that change into the country.

Within that period of ten years,

0:51:470:51:53

maybe we will see it slowly moving,

but we cant expect it to happen

0:51:530:51:56

overnight.

0:51:560:51:58

We've been talking a lot

Black Panther the film because

0:51:580:52:00

of its extraordinary success.

0:52:000:52:01

We've a report now

on the Black Panther movement

0:52:010:52:03

of the 1960s and 70s in the US.

0:52:030:52:05

It fought an armed struggle

for racial justice

0:52:050:52:07

and black empowerment.

0:52:070:52:08

A new exhibit in New York focuses

on 20 former members

0:52:080:52:11

who remain in prison.

0:52:110:52:12

Here's Nada Tawfik.

0:52:120:52:22

It's been having a century since the

Black Panther marched through the

0:52:220:52:27

streets with Opera raised fists

crying out for power to the people

0:52:270:52:29

in their black berets and jackets.

Many of the black nationalists was

0:52:290:52:36

controversial figures remain

imprisoned today. They are the

0:52:360:52:39

subjects of artist Sylvia Dawson 's

macro new exhibition,

0:52:390:52:44

correspondence. -- Sofia Dawson. But

I think it's important to have

0:52:440:52:48

people whose stories have been

forgotten, to have them on the

0:52:480:52:54

outside for people who may be

experiencing their stories free

0:52:540:52:58

press time. Sophia this is about

passion. She has visited Black

0:52:580:53:08

Panther activist still incarcerated.

Even her technique is a nod to black

0:53:080:53:12

empowerment.

I start on all black,

it is an act of protest, a political

0:53:120:53:18

statement, and also solidarity with

the Black Panther movement and

0:53:180:53:21

embracing the fact that the colour

black is beautiful. I think it is

0:53:210:53:25

will it run to have to pool B

Collins out of black service.

0:53:250:53:28

CROWD CHANT

They were black revolutionaries who

0:53:280:53:34

openly carried weapons. They said it

was to protect against police

0:53:340:53:39

brutality. To the FBI, they were

militants, to others, they were

0:53:390:53:44

freedom fighters.

I didn't know that

freehold clinics and exist before

0:53:440:53:49

the Black Panther movement, I didn't

know that free breakfast programmes

0:53:490:53:51

didn't exist before the black and

moment.

This exhibition weaves

0:53:510:53:59

personal stories with larger

societal issues that the Black

0:53:590:54:03

Panther movement was fighting. Since

severe Dawson started this, a number

0:54:030:54:08

of them have been released. They say

the same injustices they saw a

0:54:080:54:13

number of years ago are still

present. This was the leader of the

0:54:130:54:17

Black Panther in New York. He served

his time for charges of attempted

0:54:170:54:22

murder after gun battle with the

police. He was given a hefty

0:54:220:54:27

sentence for activism.

The media are

always presented as is being

0:54:270:54:33

terrorists and Wales and of Ireland.

Unprovoked attacks on police. They

0:54:330:54:40

never talked about Hamley black men

and women and children were dying at

0:54:400:54:47

the hands of the police every day.

-- the media always presented us as

0:54:470:54:52

terrorists and wild and violent.

Sophia believes understanding how

0:54:520:55:00

past generations fought will help

today's activists pave the way Ford.

0:55:000:55:06

Thank you for watching this edition.

If you want any extra information,

0:55:060:55:13

download our app and you will find

it. If you're watching on the BBC

0:55:130:55:20

News Channel, next is the BBC News

at 10pm. If you're watching on world

0:55:200:55:27

News today, we will see next week.

Goodbye.

0:55:270:55:30

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