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Hello, welcome to Outside Source.
The US gun lobby launches an angry
defence of weapons ownership
amid calls for stricter controls
following the Florida shooting.
To stop a bad guy with a gun,
it takes a good guy with a gun.
Amid more terrible suffering
in Eastern Ghouta, the UN is trying
to agree a humanitarian ceasefire.
TRANSLATION: Shame on you! This is
just a little boy who wants freedom.
Why are you doing this? I don't know
what to do.
Theresa May is meeting at her
country residence, and the only
topic is Brexit. Justin Forsyth has
resigned from a senior role at
Unicef. We will get you up to date
from New York.
The National Rifle Association
and Trump has set out
what it believes can
stop on school shooting -
Its leader spoke earlier at a major
literal event in Washington, DC.
After every mass shooting in the US
there is a further national debate
on gun control. Wayne LaPierre said
this is playing politics with a
As usual, the opportunists
wasted not one second to exploit
tragedy for political gain. The
break back speed of calls for more
gun control laws and the breathless
national media, eager to smear the
The NRA has been targeted in
this advert in the New York Times
It lists 276 members
of Congress who "take NRA money
and block gun control" -
along with their phone numbers.
The NRA also has good relations
with President Trump.
Yesterday he backed the idea
of arming teachers.
And Wayne LaPierre warmed
to that theme earlier.
It is a bizarre fact that in this
country our jewellery stores, all
over this country, are more
important than our children. Our
banks, our airports, our NBA games,
our NFL games, our office buildings,
our movie stars, our politicians.
They are all more protected than our
children at school. Does that make
any sense? To anybody? Do we really
love our money and our celebrities
more than we love our children?
Yesterday on Outside Source
we brought you that listening
session in the White House
where Donald Trump came out
in favour of arming teachers.
They gathered and listened to
teachers as well survivors of school
shootings, and relatives of victims.
The President was seen holding a
check list with five points on it.
Number one was what would you most
want me to know about your
experience? Number five was I hear
you. Donald Trump has also been
tweeting today. He's been talking
about the idea of arming teachers.
You can translate that as the
President of America suggesting that
every school in the country should
have at least one gun inside it.
Later today he spoke to ask both
sides of the political divide
to join him in taking action.
I think we're making a lot
of progress and I can tell
you there's a tremendous feeling
that we're that we're
going to get something done.
And we're leading that feeling
I hope, but there's a great feeling,
including at the NRA,
including Republican senators
and hopefully Democrat
senators and congressmen.
Polling suggests the majority
of the teachers don't want
a gun in the classroom.
This is one in Pennsylvania.
opinion, I think guns in the
classroom are absolutely ridiculous.
I think most teachers are not
trained, I think you are putting
students at risk having guns in the
classroom. I think it is not a bad
idea to have security people with
guns, but I am qualified on the M-16
rifle and .45 pistol, and there is
no way that a teacher should have a
gun in a classroom. There are two
money opportunities for accidents
and if you kept the weapon locked,
how would you access it if something
Anthony Zurcher was
at that speech earlier and has been
telling me about it.
interesting, I have been to a lot of
these conferences and the crowd can
be very raucous, animated. They
really weren't all that animated
during the speeches of the NRA folk.
It was interesting. In fact, they
made reference to that, I hear you
are quiet, you are afraid, and you
need to be afraid because they are
coming for your guns, essentially.
That is what Wayne LaPierre said.
Then when Vice President Mike Pence
came out, a couple of speakers
later, they cheered really loudly
for things like building the Mexican
War, Neil Gorsuch, the Supreme Court
nomination, tax cuts, standing for
the national anthem. It was a sombre
mood, but it was not the reaction
you would expect from some of the
red meat that Wayne LaPierre was
throwing out there, media bashing,
Democratic parishing and even
criticising the FBI, which is a
bogeyman for the right these days.
Presumably, the NRA is relatively
pleased with the current state of
the debate, given that normally in
the aftermath of a mass shooting it
comes under pressure, but it now has
the President backing one of its
primary ideas on this, arming
Right. You saw Donald
Trump tweeting earlier today, saying
that the NRA are great people and
that he has their support. The NRA
supported him very early in the
presidential campaign when there
were a lot of conservative groups
that were not sure whether to back
Donald Trump when it looked pretty
clear he was going to get the
nomination. The NRA jumped in with
both feet and supported him to the
tune of about $30 million over the
course of the campaign. Donald Trump
knows who is loyal to him, and he
rewards loyalty. I think he sees
that from the NRA. As you mentioned,
there is going to be significant
pushback from turning schools into
hard targets, in his words. Donald
Trump talked about arming teachers,
there are 3.5 million public school
teachers, you're talking about
100,000 teachers conceivably, and
that idea, being given guns, a
massive undertaking, by any
in the immediate aftermath of the
Florida shooting, we spoke to a WR
Hawkins from Breitbart news.
He was making the argument then,
right after the tragedy,
that teachers should be armed.
Let's catch up with him
again now in Arizona.
Thank you very much for your time.
Would you support the idea of
700,000 teachers that currently
don't have guns at school being
If the teachers want to be
You don't force them
to be, but if they want to be armed,
certainly. Sandy Hook, nobody was
armed, 27 people killed. Virginia
Tech, nobody was armed, 32 people
killed. This most recent attack, no
body was armed, 17 people killed. We
tried it that way and it doesn't
work. I am all for a social studies
teacher that can take out an attack
in the first five seconds.
would you say to people watching in
the UK and around the world, to whom
the idea of a gun being in a
classroom along with their young
child is horrific, in compensable?
Well, I mean, I would say that they
may not understand. Many of those
teachers have concealed carry
permits, and at night, when they
travel to the gas station, the
restaurant, they have a gun with
them and they have young kids with
them, and their friends with them.
That is everyday life, that is just
how it is in America. So, the fact
that you send them to school and
say, while you are at school you
cannot have that gun for self
defence, that is the real atrocity.
There is no atrocity and having a
gun with him when the child is with
him in other settings, why should
they be denied that right when they
are at school? You force them to be
sitting ducks and it is a ridiculous
I am interested that you are
focusing on how to deal with
somebody coming into a school with a
gun, rather than talking about the
fact they have a gun in the first
That is a fair point. I'm
talking about somebody that comes
into school with a machete, with a
knife, with a hammer, with anything.
The way we are set up right now, the
teachers are defenceless, period.
You can bring in any weapon you
want. That is a good point. I don't
care if the attacker has a sword or
gun, if the teacher is arm she can
take him out. That is the important
thing. What we have seen in America
is the outward perimeter on schools
are so weak. Anybody that wants to
get on campus, they can get on
There is a broader issue of
school security, but what about the
core issue here? It struck me during
the listening session that people
were talking about dealing with
pupils that are isolated, making
sure people connect with each other,
making sure teachers are armed, but
not necessarily talking about the
fact it is just too easy to get a
gun in America?
Well, the reason
they didn't bring that up is the
left has pushed background checks,
waiting periods, all of these
things. Florida has a waiting period
of three days for a handgun
purchase, they have background
checks. This guy complied with that
rule, as almost every mass public
attacker does. So, we have tried all
of their gun controls and none of
them work. That is why I'm not
addressing it, I'm not trying to
skirt the issue, it is not worth
addressing because gun control
failed. Now we have to find out what
will work in place of gun controls,
and it is letting his teachers
understand, then, why you are not
focusing on gun control, but that
would appear to be the primary
difference between America, where
there are a huge number of mass
shootings, and lots of other
countries in the world, where their
Right... Why would we focus on
gun control at any point? Let me ask
you a question, who would obey gun
control laws? Woodlore -- would
law-abiding citizens obey, or
In a case of
Australia or the UK...
law-abiding citizens do, criminals
do not. Why would I respond to a
crime by looking at how we could
restrain law-abiding citizens?
reality is that if I am minded to
get a gun in London, it is awfully
harder than if I were to get it
where you are in Arizona. That is
just a fact, whether I am a criminal
or law-abiding citizen.
might be a fact, but there is
another deal, in America, it is part
of our heritage. It always has been.
That is part of life in America
since 1791, when the Second
Amendment was ratified. In America,
we are guaranteed by the
Constitution the right to keep and
bear arms. Exercising that right is
checking the fact, that other people
But you cut to it, in the
end, your history, your heritage, it
is actually more important than
stopping people dying in mass
shootings. I'm not saying that is
right or wrong, but is that not a
Not at all. We have problems
that have nothing to do with guns. I
think Trump is right when he looks
at the mental health issue. Our
mental health is a broken system,
because of the left. The same people
that push gun control, they help
themselves by not taking care of the
mentally ill and then when the
mentally ill do something wrong,
instead of addressing the mentally
ill problems, they say we need or
gun laws. They use everything, they
let a certain degree of chaos exist,
in order to feed arguments for gun
control. I would agree with you,
there are some things we can do, but
addressing gun laws is not one of
them. We have so many thousands and
thousands of gun laws and they don't
matter. They will never met. --
Good to talk to you, I
have gone over the time I had to
talk to you because it was so
fascinating. That was AWR who writes
for Breitbart news.
We want to bring you the latest now
on the crisis in Syria.
A UN resolution had been
tabled in New York -
calling for a 30 day truce.
That's been blocked by Russia,
Moscow wanted it amended -
it said it only put pressure
on the Syrian government,
which it backs.
Also, the awful situation in eastern
Ghouta. It is the last major rebel
stronghold near to the capital.
And for five days, Syria -
backed by Russia -
have been carrying out
an intense bombing campaign.
More than 400,000 people
are trapped there.
And more than 400 people have died,
94 of them children.
These are some of the latest
pictures - I want to warn
you they are disturbing.
This video is from the
so-called White Helmets,
a civil defence group.
They have been giving lots of
details on their Twitter account.
They say some residents have no
access to food or clean drinking
water. Lots of people are living
underground to try to stay safe.
Medical facilities and staff are
being targeted and the UN is now
warning of a massacre.
We've also been following videos
posted by two girls
trapped in eastern Ghouta.
This was put up a day ago.
They say warplanes and helicopters
are attacking their neighbourhood.
And that there's nowhere
to run for cover.
They are pleading for help.
A Twitter account has been set up
using their names.
This video was posted earlier today.
You can see very clearly that one of
the girls has been injured. Even
hear them screaming in Arabic,
crying for help. You can see the
snow that has been left from the
shelling. Her mother told us later
that the house had been bombed and
that her son was also hurt. We have
been contacting doctors working in
eastern Ghouta. They say the
situation is going from bad to worse
and personnel are under so much
Ahmad Tarakji is President of
the Syrian American Medical Society.
I was just talking to my colleagues
in Ghouta as I walked into the
studio. They are terrified, the
situation is terrible and they feel
they are facing a massacre coming up
Where are they able to work?
Are there still medical facilities
they can use?
The medical capacity
has dropped by about 60% compared to
what it was last week before the
situation started. There are still
some medical facilities operating.
Not to the point where they can help
people. We have seen many casualties
and people dying from treatable
conditions. The doctors are
committed to continue serving, and
chewing Nickell Robey humanitarian
workers. With limited resources and
the constant bombing of hospitals,
they can't do that as effectively as
Do the doctors believe
they are being politically targeted?
Absolutely, it is a clear pattern of
attacking by the Syrian air force.
It is completely paralysed in the
medical sector. I was communicating
with my colleague, the head of the
White helmets team, and he said most
of the ambulances are also targeted.
They are not even able to evacuate
patients from the building, or from
the basements, to the hospitals.
Whoever gets to the hospital might
not get treated correctly because
they are destroying hospitals.
assume the casualties and injuries
are caused by bombs from fighter
Absolutely, they are coming
from the Syrian air force, we're
starting to see different missiles
being utilised. Everybody is hiding
in basements. We are seeing the
missile similar to what we have seen
The last seven years have
seen any number of horrors in Syria.
How do your colleagues compare what
we are seeing in eastern Ghouta with
other situations that have played
It is a replay of three
displacement scenarios. We have seen
comparable escalation of the
situation as we have seen in Aleppo.
We have seen situations in other
places. The doctors in Ghouta the
same doctors that treated the
chemical attacks in 2013, the very
famous ones. They have been besieged
for the last three and a half years.
We are seeing the worst days we have
ever seen over the past five or six
Background information is
available whenever you need it
online. Alijaz Bedene tweeting about
how she has not opened Snapchat very
much and that appears to have had a
significant impact on the market
value of the company that owns
Snapchat. We will be live in New
York to find out what is going on.
We'll be talking to
Yogita Limaye about it
Police say they're investigating
a letter sent to St James Palace
as a racist hate crime.
Scotland Yard say it was delivered
along with a package containing
what's reported to be
a white powder.
It was reportedly addressed
to Prince Harry and his
fiancee, Meghan Markle.
Tests on the substance
confirmed it was not harmful.
No arrests have been made.
Richard Lister has more.
It seems to refer to something
written on the letter. The couple
themselves have not made any comment
and it has not been formally
acknowledge that the letter was sent
to them. Of course, Meghan Markle is
of mixed race. Prince Harry spoke of
last November about the racist abuse
he said she received on social
media. This would clearly take it to
another level if they were the
targets of this. One interesting
thing that the police will be
looking at, the following date:
February 13, another letter
containing a suspicious powder was
received the Palace of Westminster,
addressed to Amber Ruud, and clearly
the police will be looking at
whether those letters are linked.
We live in the BBC newsroom.
Pressure is growing for more gun
control in the US, but the powerful
NRA are calling for armed security
at every school. Donald Trump has
been tweeting that teachers could
have the option to the answer they
can fire back if a Savage Dzeko
comes into the school. From BBC
Russian opposition leader
Alexei Navalny has been detained
by police in Moscow -
and then released
He's already barred from running
in the presidential
election in a few weeks -
and is calling for a boycott.
These Egyptian policemen
were guarding a bank
when they noticed that a child
was hanging from
a third floor window.
One of them manages to catch the
child, who was not in any way
Shares in Snap, the company
behind social media
app SnapChat, plunged
around 8% today.
That means the company
lost around $1.5 billion
in market value.
What caused the slump?
Well reality television star
Kylie Jenner tweeted
that she doesn't use the social
media platform anymore.
You would not think that was enough
to move the market value of a
company by over $1 billion. But
Yogita Limaye is in New York.
Is it as simple as that?
don't think anybody can say with
certainty that is what has happened.
But she tweeted yesterday at 4.50
local time, 50 minutes after the
market closed. Suddenly, today, once
the market opened, it has been a
pretty bad day for Snap. They have
ended more than 6% down, but that is
a very dramatic fall. I have to say,
the other thing that had happened,
which involves the company, is that
they released a report, and in that
report, they talked about the
compensation that chief executive is
getting. He actually gets a stocks
grant of more than $600 million.
There are also analysts that are
saying that perhaps it is a
combination of those two factors.
Generally, a lot of Snapchat users
have been very unhappy with the new
update that they have released on
Snapchat. Kylie Jenna's tweet, and
she has about 24.5 million
followers, if that is going to
result in less users.
which a lot of people are not happy
about, it sounds like they are not
backing down? The statement I saw
basis it had to get used to it?
Ashley, there was even a petition
online by people who want them to go
back to the original Snapchat. The
company saying they have segregated
content on the app, so stuff that
you see from friends and things that
you see from celebrities that you
follow or other platforms, that are
making content for Snapchat, you
sort of see that separately. People
are quite unhappy with how the
stories have been mixed up. Snapchat
says that it is an effort to
segregate the content and make it
easier for people to use. But I
think a lot of people are unhappy
OK, thank you very much.
This is the Financial Times telling
us that Evan Speigel's pay has hit
$638 million. Nice work if you can
A German Federal court has failed
to come to a decision today over
whether to allow cities
to ban diesel cars.
Instead, the court has delayed
the decision until Tuesday.
The car industry is watching this
Theo Leggett explains
the complexities of the issue.
Cities across Europe have to abide
by European limits on emissions,
like nitrogen oxide, which can cause
respiratory problems. We have a
court looking at whether or not, in
order to achieve that goal, and
people driving diesel cars into city
centres should be considered. If
they were to decide that it should
be an effective way of reaching the
quality targets, cities across
Germany would feel pretty much
obliged to introduce them, otherwise
they could face legal challenges
from environmental groups. They
would pretty much have to do it.
That, then, would have a knock-on
effect for millions of drivers, who
bought diesel cars in good faith. We
are even told by the German
government and other governments, a
few years ago, that diesel cars were
environmentally friendly. So, the
ramifications are profound. It could
affect millions of consumers, affect
the industry, affect the policies of
local government. It is a
Straight after the end of this first
half of Outside Source we are going
to be looking at Brexit. It has been
a huge day for Theresa May. She
gathered some of the most senior
ministers at Chequers, her country
retreat. Their job is to thrash out
what kind of relationship the UK
once with the EU after Brexit. We
will get you all of the details and
a few minutes.
-- good evening. It has been rather
dreary, but it looks like we will
see more in a way of sunshine as we
head towards the weekend. This was
the story further north and west.
You can see these pictures of the
Scottish Borders. After a dreary
start in the south-east the cloud
broke up from the south-east coast
and we will have some beautiful
spells of sunshine. We continue to
see clear skies through the evening,
with the exception being further
west. Clear skies at this time of
year leads to a widespread hard
frost, particularly through the
spine of the country. The cloud
prevents the blue tones arriving in
Northern Ireland, said temperatures
here holding up above freezing. A
cloudy, great start through Northern
Ireland and parts of Scotland. We
will also see a bit of cloud coming
in of the North Sea coast. If we
look at the afternoon in more
detail, you can see where the cloud
will tend to linger of the North Sea
coast, and also through the Western
Isles and into Northern Ireland. For
much of Wales, central and southern
England, just a little bit of fair
weather cloud across Cornwall.
Elsewhere, more sunshine coming
through. Not a particularly warm
day, four or 7 degrees. Don't start
moaning yet, it is going to get even
colder as this high-pressure across
Scandinavia is really in the driving
seat with the weather patterns at
the moment. It means quite a quiet
story with the wind coming in off
the cold, European coastline. As we
move into Saturday, there will be
more of a breeze, particularly on
the exposed east coast. That will
feel quite fresh. Hopefully some
lovely spells of sunshine to
compensate. Perhaps into Northern
Ireland we will have more in the way
of cloud. It will be a chilly day on
Saturday. Into Sunday it is almost a
repeat performance. A bit of cloud
coming from the North Sea to the
north and east. A stronger breeze
down into East Anglia and the
south-east, and it will feel much
colder than these temperatures
suggest, highs of about five to 7
degrees. You have probably heard
that it is going to get even colder
still, with the air originating from
Siberia, and over the next few days
it looks like temperatures are set
to fall. You can see that in the
city outlook through Monday and
Tuesday, temperatures really
struggling to climb above freezing.
You have been warned!
Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,
this is Outside Source,
and these are the main stories
here in the BBC Newsroom:
The US gun lobby launches an angry
defence of weapons ownership
amid calls for stricter controls
following the Florida shooting.
To stop a bad guy with a gun,
it takes a good guy with a gun.
Amid more terrible suffering
in Eastern Ghouta, the UN is trying
to agree a humanitarian ceasefire.
Every day Outside Source features
BBC journalists working
in over 30 languages.
Your questions are always welcome.
#BBCOS is the hashtag.
We'll get into Brexit a moment.
Theresa May and a group of senior
British ministers have spent the day
trying to find agreement
on what relationship
they want the UK to have
with the EU after Brexit.
This is happening at
Prime Minister's country
Here it is - it's about 50km miles
north-west of London.
Here are the ministerial
cars arriving earlier.
It takes quite a while to get done
The key issue is the degree
to which UK should seek
to align with the EU -
and what terms the UK
should accept in exchange
for access to EU's market.
Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson
is on one side of the debate -
seeking the ability to diverge
from EU rules and regulations.
Chancellor Philip Hammond
is on the other - wanting
Britain to be aligned
as closely as possible.
Theresa May's job is to find
some common ground.
Let's hear the closest she's come
to stating a clear position
on managing the future relationship.
This was in Florence Glastir.
will be areas of policy and
regulation that are outside the
scope of our relations. There will
be areas where are we and our
European friends may have different
goals or may have the desire to
share the same goals, but by the
different means. And there will be
areas where we want to achieve the
same goals in the same way is
because it makes sense for our
The outcome where Britain opts
to diverge a bit in some areas,
a lot in others, and not
at all in others, has been described
at the "three baskets approach."
Not a great title but it's
what we've got to work
But even if Theresa May gets
agreement among her colleagues
on the three baskets -
of course that doesn't mean
the EU will also agree.
Here's the BBC's reality check
correspondent Chris Morris.
We already know, in fact,
that they are not that
keen on this approach.
Last night, they released a series
of slides which had been shown by
the European Commission
to member states.
So you can see a little bit of one
of the slides there.
This is the key one.
Basically, what it says is,
in summary, the three basket
approach is not compatible
with the principles
of the European Union's guidelines.
Basically, it says it
would undermine the integrity of the
That gets back to the age-old
argument about are we just
trying to cherry pick the best bits?
It would also, they fear,
allow other third World countries,
to say, "Well, hang on,
if the UK has this great,
special relationship, we want some
We want to make it better."
-- other third countries.
It also says it would mean that it
would be more difficult for the you
to make decisions after Brexit,
because it would be hamstrung by
this strange new
relationship with the UK.
There's pressure coming
from all angles on this issue.
Around 60 Brexit-supporting Mps
are crucial to her ability to get
things through parliament.
They are demanding "full
regulatory autonomy" -
in other words complete freedom
to do as it wants -
they argue this will help with trade
deals with places like China.
Their leader is Jacob Rees Mogg.
Pro-EU MP Chuka Ummana says...
Of course, it was sold
in many different forms,
and that's one of the issues here.
The vote to leave wasn't a vote
for one type of Brexit or another.
It was simply a vote to get out.
Here's the BBC's Political
Corresponent Alex Forsyth,
outside the Chequers meeting,
on what we can expect from it.
I think what we will get is some
sort of broad statement, perhaps not
necessarily today, but in the next
week or so when we are expecting
Theresa May to give
a speech with a bit more
detail, fleshing out
endgame that the UK hopes to
achieve, but of course it is worth
This is the senior level
ministers trying to
work out what they want
from Brexit the long term.
That is just a starting position.
That then has to be
negotiated with Brussels, and
once again we are hearing from
the EU that there can be no cherry
The UK can't have all the benefits
of the EU without the
rights and obligations.
So I think Theresa May's
balancing act, that
she is probably conducting
round the dinner table right now,
well, that is going to continue
for some time.
An interesting subtext to all this.
Since the vote for Brexit,
the number of EU citizens leaving
the UK has risen to its highest
level for a decade.
130,000 emigrated in
the year to September.
Though 220,000 EU nationals moved
TO the UK in the same period.
That means net EU migration
was 90,000, that's
the lowest for five years.
This is The UK's Immigration
Minister on the impact of Brexit.
Our first priority was for those EU
citizens already living here and are
living here prior to the 29th of
March next year.
People who come here after it will
have different expectations. They
will come here knowing we have left
the EU, so what we must do now is
negotiate very cosy with our
European partners as to what the
position of those people will be
Now we turn to the scandals
involving charities -
two days ago we were telling
you about the complaints
of inappropriate behaviour levelled
against Justin Forsyth
while he was chief executive
there at Save the Children.
Now he's resigned from Unicef.
Here's what he said...
Nada Tawfik is in New York for us.
This was looking more and more
untenable, wasn't it?
spoke to a fewer employees at Unicef
and one of them told me this was
becoming a distraction for them to
be able to do their important work,
and so I think we clearly saw that
with Justin Forsyth's decision today
to hand in his resignation this
morning. He said point-blank wasn't
doing this because of the complaints
from his role in his former employer
at the charity Save the Children.
Those were of course the fact that
he was accused of texting young
female staffers inappropriately,
commenting on how they worked. He
said he had apologised and the
proper process had been taking care
of a few years back, but he said the
reason he was doing this was because
he didn't want to do any more damage
to Oxfam and Save the Children, and
so I think a lot of people at Unicef
would agree with him that it was
time to take this step to have him
I also wanted you to get us
to fill us in on Oxfam in Haiti,
because there has been a development
The Government has now said
they are not going to authorise
Oxfam Britain to work in Haiti for
the next two months. They want to do
an internal investigation into
whether any of the staff members
sexually abused miners in the
country. They said was a serious
error that Oxfam didn't come to them
immediately when they had
allegations of misconduct, and they
said that this was a violation of
the dignity of the Haitian people.
That investigation they say will
take about two months, and in the
meantime, Oxfam has said that they
are concerned that this could affect
their work in the country.
last couple of weeks, Oxfam and Save
the Children have been in the
spotlight, but either broader
indications for other organisations
in terms of sexually inappropriate
This is one of the issues
the Secretary-General has taken on.
He want the UN to be seen as
transparent when it comes to
allegations of sexual abuse, and so
it is picked out as public record
the number of sexual assaults or
harassment allegations that
different parts of the UN family
get. We know it has affected UN
peacekeeping, the U in refugee
agency, and the Secretary-General
himself has acknowledged this is a
problem in need charity and NGO
sector. It underscores what we have
known from this past year that the
Ruby is no point, industry, sector,
walk of life that is immune from
Thank you very much.
Don't forget you can get much
more detail on our top
stories on our website.
I want to update you on a story we
have covered through the week on
outside source. Girls are missing in
Nigeria. We know the president has
sent eight team to this town. It is
next ought to another state where
over a 200 girls were taken in 2014.
The sky is the state governor and he
said some girls had been rescued,
but strangely that story is now
changing. -- this guide. Look at
this copy. Our colleagues have been
Our correspondent discovered this
story as well. We have met almost a
wall of silence from authorities
today. Whether it is the Army, the
State Government or federal
Government. The only information we
have had today as con from the
parents who has told us what the
governor said to them. Very little
information coming out, almost
nothing today, about the whereabouts
of these girls. We heard from the
army over the past few weeks, they
have been recording significant
successes against Bogel her ram
since December, but they have
reclaim to a lot of hardware,
munitions and trucks. We saw an
attack of this size. We haven't seen
attacks quite as co-ordinated as
this in quite some time, so this
flies in the face of ever being that
the Army, the authorities and the
Government are trying to tell is
about the capacity and the
Government's operation against them
stands. We tried to bring you the
biggest global stories every day.
Let's bring you to North Africa now.
Egyptians will vote in presidential
elections next month.
The former army
chief Abdel Fattah al Sisi is almost
certainly going to get re-elected.
Human rights groups say
the election will be a farce -
and you can see where
they're coming from.
Serious challengers have been
disqualified, arrested or have been
pressured to drop out.
Orla Guerin is our
correspondent in Cairo.
Welcome to Egypt. Enticing images of
timeless hospitality and ancient
attractions. The picture postcard
view the authorities are keen to
promote. But there is another Egypt,
a military backed regime. Where
dreams of freedom have been crushed.
And human rights groups say at least
1500 people have vanished from the
streets in the last four years.
Egypt's disappeared. This is one of
them. She is 23 and wants to open
her own business. Her mother says
she and her daughter were jailed in
2014 after being arrested near a
protest. She says they were in the
wrong place at the wrong time, and
were later acquitted. Then in 2016,
her daughter was detained at a
police checkpoint, she tells me. She
was dumped by the roadside after 28
days. A change to girl.
But her legal papers show the
anguished and not end there. As her
daughter were struggling to recover,
she disappeared for the second time
last April. Her mother says
neighbours saw her being taken by
armed and masked police.
Her treasured keepsakes are just as
she left them. Her mother refuses to
give up hope. She says her family
has done nothing wrong and she will
speak out for her daughter even if
she hangs Fred. -- hangs for it. We
wanted to ask the authorities about
her daughter's case, but they
wouldn't give us an interview. In
the past, they have denied there are
enforced disappearances and
widespread human rights abuses. Most
who are taking turn up in custody
facing terrorism charges. Human
rights groups say anyone who opposes
the regime is at risk. They say
Abdel Fattah al Sisi is waging war
on dissent and this is a dark hour
The study led by Oxford University
has found anti-depressants work.
It's published in The Lancet -
21 drugs were considered
via the data from over 500 trials.
Sima Kotecha has more.
There were times, you know, I felt
really low, to the point I didn't
want to be around anyone or anybody
or have any interaction
with family or friends.
There were times when I didn't
understand my position in life.
Jon needed help.
He was struggling to cope.
His doctor prescribed
I still think there's a lot
of stigma around it, as to,
you know, are you weak
because you take them?
Are you are a nutnut
because you take them.
I had an image of Jack Nicholson
in One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest
at the end when he's a complete
and utter zombie and you lose
something about yourself,
something that makes you you.
And that's what I was concerned
about, you'd turn into zombie
without any feeling.
But the only way I can describe
it is that it gives you a kind
of buffer around some
of the negative thoughts
and your mind racing.
Today's report found that 21 of some
of the most common antidepressants
were more effective at treating
anxiety and depression
than dummy pills.
Those behind the report
as well as other GPs say the results
show that these tablets could help
more people cope with low moods.
For too long, healthcare
professionals have been denigrated
and slated for prescribing drugs
that they know will work.
So many patients tell us they work.
We only want to do this
for the best of our patients.
It is not about fobbing people off,
it is genuinely trying to help them.
In 2016, 65 million prescriptions
for antidepressants were issued
and the numbers are rising.
But some critics say
depression can be solved
through positive mental attitude.
You say you've been
on them for five years...
The research also outlines
which pills work best.
However, the authors are urging
people not to switch medication
before getting advice.
Hopefully it made me an easier
person to be around for my family.
Yeah, the plan is, in regular
consultation with my GP,
to wean myself off of them.
But that's got to be
when the time is right.
Saudi Arabia has announced it
will spend 64 billion dollars to
develop its entertainment industry.
Its General Entertainment Authority
has said over 220,000 jobs
in entertainment will be
created by 2030.
Bear in mind that figure
was 17,000 a year ago.
This all part of what's
called Vision 2030 -
it's the grand plan
of Prince Mohammed bin Salman or MBS
as everyone refers to him.
He's the son of King Salman -
and leading the drive
to diversify the Saudi economy.
Here's BBC Arabic's Hadya Al-alawi.
He is trying to shepherd the
businesses in his country from the
oil to the entertainment to
encourage little to spend more money
on that sector. Anyway, a lot of
Saudi Arabians travel to nearby golf
country such as Emirates to buy or
Abu Dhabi Bahrain do-gooder concerts
or have fun. They are trying to get
money out of the entertainment
business in a reserved way, keeping
the balance between keeping Saudi
Arabia as a reserved state, but at
the same time giving people that
kind of way of having fun in their
own country without having to go
across the Borders are else to do it
every weekend. How do you do it in a
reserved way, though? I saw a report
saying Ricky Martin might be coming,
and openly gay man with a very
sexualised routine when he performs,
had that fit in with Saudi Arabia
and its way of doing things?
will be the main challenge, because
the problem is not just that there
are laws in the state that restrict
people from going to concerts, there
are no concerts in the country, but
also that is a social restriction of
rounded, so families who actually
want their kids or daughters to go
to concerts might face some kind of
backlash from the society around
them that they allowed their
daughters to do that. Also because
of sharia laws in the country there
is going to be religious backlash as
well. They are going to be mixing
females and males in the same
environment and we saw women
attending football matches in a
stadium, that is a largely dominated
environment by males. There will be
a lot of restrictions and challenges
around that. To allow people to
enjoy their time anyway that doesn't
actually go against their religion,
but at the same time opens the
society slightly and slowly towards
It has happened in some
forms. Behind me as a picture of a
Greek artist has already performed.
Had that goal and how are the
dealing with these issues already?
As I mentioned? They are trying to
encourage people to open the society
a little, so when they allow artists
like that, who is not a sexy
He is not Ricky Martin.
They are slowly introducing out into
the country in that way they are
hoping they can bring that change,
but let's not be completely
optimistic about it. We have to
accept this will be a difficult
mission, whatever the Government at
the family. There are so many
reservations around at that it's
going to be very, very difficult to
bring that change into the country.
Within that period of ten years,
maybe we will see it slowly moving,
but we cant expect it to happen
We've been talking a lot
Black Panther the film because
of its extraordinary success.
We've a report now
on the Black Panther movement
of the 1960s and 70s in the US.
It fought an armed struggle
for racial justice
and black empowerment.
A new exhibit in New York focuses
on 20 former members
who remain in prison.
Here's Nada Tawfik.
It's been having a century since the
Black Panther marched through the
streets with Opera raised fists
crying out for power to the people
in their black berets and jackets.
Many of the black nationalists was
controversial figures remain
imprisoned today. They are the
subjects of artist Sylvia Dawson 's
macro new exhibition,
correspondence. -- Sofia Dawson. But
I think it's important to have
people whose stories have been
forgotten, to have them on the
outside for people who may be
experiencing their stories free
press time. Sophia this is about
passion. She has visited Black
Panther activist still incarcerated.
Even her technique is a nod to black
I start on all black,
it is an act of protest, a political
statement, and also solidarity with
the Black Panther movement and
embracing the fact that the colour
black is beautiful. I think it is
will it run to have to pool B
Collins out of black service.
They were black revolutionaries who
openly carried weapons. They said it
was to protect against police
brutality. To the FBI, they were
militants, to others, they were
I didn't know that
freehold clinics and exist before
the Black Panther movement, I didn't
know that free breakfast programmes
didn't exist before the black and
This exhibition weaves
personal stories with larger
societal issues that the Black
Panther movement was fighting. Since
severe Dawson started this, a number
of them have been released. They say
the same injustices they saw a
number of years ago are still
present. This was the leader of the
Black Panther in New York. He served
his time for charges of attempted
murder after gun battle with the
police. He was given a hefty
sentence for activism.
The media are
always presented as is being
terrorists and Wales and of Ireland.
Unprovoked attacks on police. They
never talked about Hamley black men
and women and children were dying at
the hands of the police every day.
-- the media always presented us as
terrorists and wild and violent.
Sophia believes understanding how
past generations fought will help
today's activists pave the way Ford.
Thank you for watching this edition.
If you want any extra information,
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it. If you're watching on the BBC
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News today, we will see next week.