26/02/2018 Outside Source


26/02/2018

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LineFromTo

Hello, I'm Kasia Madera,

this is Outside Source.

0:00:090:00:11

Russia agrees to a daily

five hour ceasefire

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in Syria's Eastern Ghouta -

it'll start on Tuesday -

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the first break for

the rebel stronghold.

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Britain's Labour leader

Jeremy Corbyn sets out his vision

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Jeremy Corbyn sets out his vision

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for trade post Brexit -

calling for the UK to form

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a new customs union with the EU.

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It could spell trouble

for Theresa May's strategy.

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The Beast from the East

blows into Europe -

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temperatures are falling

and so is the snow.

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And Donald Trump faces criticism

over his proposal to arm teachers.

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We'll hear from Anthony

Zurcher in Washington.

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Welcome to Outside Source...

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we start the programme in Syria.

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Russia has announced it

will establish a humanitarian

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corridor out of the Syrian rebel

enclave of Eastern Ghouta.

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The Damascus suburb

of Eastern Ghouta has endured one

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of heaviest bombardments

of the Syrian civil war,

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hundreds of people have been killed

in the last eight days.

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Russia says the ceasefire will be

in place from 9am to 2pm, every day,

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across Eastern Ghouta,

starting on Tuesday

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and a "humanitarian corridor"

will be created to allow

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civilians to leave.

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The US, rights groups

and Syrian media have

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said Russian planes have carried out

the air strikes on Eastern Ghouta,

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including on hospitals.

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What medical clinics are left

in the area have been overwhelmed

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by wounded civilians and have very

few supplies left.

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Let's hear a little from some

of the injured on the ground -

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and the doctors treating them.

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My brother-in-law came in, and in

the missile from the plane hit. I

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didn't feel anything, my son, nine

years old, gone. We want this ordeal

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to end. Our people are simple

people, they are exhausted. They

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just want a bite to eat, they don't

want anything. We don't want

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anything more, stop the wars, stop

all the destruction against my

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people.

TRANSLATION:

In the

hospitals of Eastern Ghouta we are

0:02:350:02:42

suffering from an extreme shortage

of medical needs. We receive ten to

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20 people at once and our staff are

exhausted. The nine days the

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escalation has been night and day

and the staff have been working

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nonstop. There has been no calm

whatsoever, there hasn't even been

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time to catch 1's breath. The blood

is flowing, the hospitals are

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overflowing with patients and there

is no place to evacuate them.

Voices

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of some of those still trapped.

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Earlier, I spoke to Mahmoud Ali

Hamad from BBC Arabic about

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the humanitarian corridor,

and what it means for the people

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of eastern Ghouta.

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If you look at what the Russians are

trying to achieve, it is similar to

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what they have done over a year ago

in Aleppo, where they attempted to

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retake the city on behalf of Assad's

regime. At the latter stage of that

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procedure meant, and after days of

bombardment, basically carpet

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bombing the whole areas, they would

announce in cooperation with the

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Syrian regime for the opening of

corridors, and that would allow

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civilians should they choose to meet

those pockets and enclaves where

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they have been stuck since 2013. So

I think the Russians are drawn to

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show they are taking measures to

minimise the level of, and it did

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not work in Aleppo, and it is hard

for it to work in Ghouta. Pooter had

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almost three times the number of

civilians we had in Aleppo. Plus in

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Aleppo, people knew that they were

going about 50 to 60 kilometres

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away. For Ghouta Buzz McAfee port to

accept the Russians terms, getting

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out of Ghouta, and living just

behind the gunmen and the armed

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militias, means being displaced 300

kilometres away to the North from

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their home towns and villages. And

for them, for at least the people we

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spoke to today, they said we are not

prepared to do this, to actually be

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forced to relocate, to be displaced,

and this is the only way to save

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your life, they say we are not

prepared for this option, because we

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have seen what happened to the

civilians of East Aleppo, and for

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East Ghouta, we believe that the

Russians have the same fate in

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store. This is the sentiment that we

are getting from civilians in the

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East Ghouta. That is part of a

problem they are having in actually

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implementing such a plan. Another

one is that all those different

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militias working with the Assad

regime to basically continue

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besieging East Ghouta, they are

composed of different Shia militias,

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and the population of East Ghouta is

majority Sunni, so you can imagine

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they went feel comfortable handing

themselves over because basically

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they don't know who sounds they will

fall into. This is one of the things

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we keep hearing from civilians in

Ghouta. They save the seven years

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they wanted to get us, and now it is

their chance. No one is going to

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walk to them and we are not going to

be received with open arms.

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The leader of Britain's opposition

Labour Party, Jeremy Corbyn,

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has backed the UK remaining

in a permanent customs union with

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the European Union after Brexit.

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The shift in policy could lead

to Labour teaming up with rebels

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in the governing Conservative Party

to try to defeat Prime Minister

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Theresa May's Brexit strategy.

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Mr Corbyn was speaking in Coventry

in the West Midlands, an important

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centre for the British car industry.

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He said the industry was dependent

on components crossing

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borders freely in Europe.

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We've long argued that a customs

union is a viable option for the

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final deal. So Labour would seek to

negotiate a new, Conference of UK EU

0:06:460:06:53

customs union to ensure there are no

tariffs with Europe and to help

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avoid any need whatsoever for a

hardboard in Northern Ireland.

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Let's remind ourselves

of what a customs union is.

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It's a group of countries

with a single set of tariffs

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on goods from outside.

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Within that area goods move

freely, without tariffs.

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But member countries cannot

do their own separate trade deals,

0:07:220:07:29

they have to be agreed jointly.

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And that's why the UK

Government wants to leave it.

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Here's the international

trade secretary Liam Fox.

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Remember that only the Bharatiya of

Britain's traders with the European

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Union. -- the minority. The IMF

estimates that 90% of global trade

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will be outside the European

continent, so we have to give

0:07:500:07:54

ourselves the freedom to have the

agreements necessary to maximise

0:07:540:07:57

Britain's share of that increased

trade because that is where the

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prosperity of the next generation

will live.

0:08:020:08:06

On Friday the Prime Minister Theresa

May is due to give another speech

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fleshing out what the government

wants from Brexit.

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She's expected to say that Britain

wants the right to diverge from some

0:08:110:08:14

European standards over time.

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But 20 months after

the referendum, everyone

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is still asking for more detail.

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Let's cross over live to

Westminster, because my colleagues

0:08:260:08:30

there, Jonathan Blake, is monitoring

all of these events. Let's start off

0:08:300:08:35

with what Jeremy Corbyn has been

saying. This into context for us?

0:08:350:08:41

What we got today from Jeremy Corbyn

was a point, which puts it at a

0:08:410:08:47

distinct different position to the

government's. Labour's position on

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Brexit has been evolving, you could

say, confused, others would say, for

0:08:510:08:55

some time now, but Jeremy Corbyn, as

you heard, stood up and confirmed

0:08:550:09:02

what the party has been strongly

hinting about in the recent days and

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weeks, that if it were in

government, it will seek to keep the

0:09:070:09:14

United Kingdom in a customs union

with the European Union. So they

0:09:140:09:20

were delivered on the referendum and

take the UK out of the EU that they

0:09:200:09:23

have a different approach to the

Conservative Party who are in

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government and keep the UK in a

customs union, whereas the

0:09:270:09:32

government would like to take us out

of that particular mechanism. The

0:09:320:09:35

detail is less clear. The charge

that has been levied at the

0:09:350:09:41

government time and again is that it

is trying to have its cake and eat

0:09:410:09:46

it, take the benefit of being a

member of the European Union whilst

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existing outside. Jeremy Corbyn's

desertion has two a certain extent

0:09:500:09:54

left the Labour Party open to the

same charge because he said whilst

0:09:540:09:57

he would want to keep the UK in a

customs union with the European

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Union, he would still want to have

influence on negotiating trade

0:10:010:10:06

deals, which would affect the UK's

national interest. The European

0:10:060:10:14

Union is likely to say if you are

not in the European Union that you

0:10:140:10:17

cannot have a say on trade deals

negotiated by the European Union. So

0:10:170:10:22

the big selling point does put

Labour in a different place to the

0:10:220:10:26

government, but the detail as to how

those positions would work is far

0:10:260:10:29

less clear.

We are expecting to hear

from Theresa May on Friday. Thank

0:10:290:10:35

you very much, Jonathan Blake in

Westminster.

0:10:350:10:39

Donald Trump has been

hosting state governors -

0:10:390:10:41

inevitably the topic came back

to gun control.

0:10:410:10:45

There is currently a state inquiry

into law enforcement's response

0:10:450:10:47

to the school shooting

at Marjory Stoneman

0:10:470:10:49

Douglas High School.

0:10:490:10:50

But here's what the president said.

0:10:500:10:58

I got to watch some deputy sheriffs

performing this weekend. They

0:10:580:11:04

weren't exactly medal of honour

winners, all right. The way they

0:11:040:11:09

performed was frankly disgusting. I

really believe, you don't know until

0:11:090:11:12

you test it, but I really believe

that if I ran into them, even if I

0:11:120:11:17

didn't have a weapon, and I think

most of the people of this remark

0:11:170:11:20

would have done that too.

0:11:200:11:23

Anthony Zurcher in Washington.

0:11:230:11:27

The president really speaking his

mind, as per usual.

Yes, as per

0:11:270:11:31

usual. Hypothetical heroism is the

easiest kind, and Sarah Huckabee

0:11:310:11:40

Sanders the White House press

secretary came out afterwards and

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said he wasn't really literally

talking about running into the

0:11:420:11:45

building, it was talking about how

he would want to take a leadership

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role, and like everyone else, trying

to take some sort of a leadership

0:11:480:11:55

role, and contrasting it with what

the deputies did or did not do at

0:11:550:11:59

that particular time. I will leave

it up to the viewers if that was an

0:11:590:12:05

accurate interpretation of what

Donald Trump said.

After the

0:12:050:12:08

president spoke of the floor was

opened up to the state governors.

0:12:080:12:12

This is what the Washington governor

had to say about the proposal to

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armed teachers.

I have listened to

the first grade teachers who don't

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want to be pistol packing first

grade teachers. I have listened to

0:12:200:12:23

law enforcement to have said they

don't want to train teachers as law

0:12:230:12:27

enforcement agencies, which takes

about six months. I just think this

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is a circumstance where we need to

listen, that educators should

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educate and Richard not be foisted

upon this squad is ability of

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packing heat in first grade classes.

Now I understand you have suggested

0:12:380:12:43

this, and we suggest things

sometimes we listen about it, maybe

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they don't look so good a little

later, so I just suggest we need a

0:12:460:12:50

little less tweeting here, a little

more listening, let's take that off

0:12:500:12:54

the table and move forward.

That was

the Washington governor addressing

0:12:540:12:58

the president. Anthony, a lot of

concern over this concern about

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arming teachers within schools.

Right, and the democratic governor

0:13:050:13:12

of Washington, Washington has been

one of the state that has been very

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active in opposing some of Donald

Trump slack policies, particularly

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in immigration, so it is not

surprising to hear their governor

0:13:190:13:22

the very strong in his question of

that arming schoolteachers policy.

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We are talking about millions of

schoolteachers. Right now about 60%

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of the American public has concealed

handgun carry licenses, -- about 6%

0:13:310:13:37

of the American public. It is a

massive undertaking. It is not

0:13:370:13:44

surprising to hear some of Donald

Trump's critics try to pick that

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apart a bit, although I will note

there is a sheriff in Ohio who is

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offering within his county free

handgun training for public school

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teachers. He says he already has 300

teachers who have signed up to get

0:13:570:14:01

training, so in some quarters that

seems to be a welcome option, a way

0:14:010:14:05

of countering school gun violence.

Thank you for putting that into

0:14:050:14:09

context for us.

0:14:090:14:12

Stay with us on Outside Source -

still to come...

0:14:120:14:14

The film studio co-founded

by disgraced producer

0:14:140:14:17

Harvey Weinstein is to file

for bankruptcy; we'll

0:14:170:14:19

have the latest from New York.

0:14:190:14:23

Five people have now died

following an explosion at a shop

0:14:280:14:31

in Leicester last night.

0:14:310:14:32

Authorities say it could take

some days to establish

0:14:320:14:34

the cause of the blast,

and that some people may

0:14:340:14:37

still be unaccounted for.

0:14:370:14:44

Police said the search at the scene

will have to continue in Leicester.

0:14:480:14:55

This operation for the emergency

services will carry on while there

0:14:550:14:57

is a possibility that someone might

be trapped in a void. To give up is

0:14:570:15:03

not correct. Once the thorough job

has been completed, the site will be

0:15:030:15:08

secured, made safe and a proper

investigation into what happened

0:15:080:15:10

will take place.

And EU have

knowledge of how many people there

0:15:100:15:14

may still be trapped?

Not really,

bearing in mind it was a shop

0:15:140:15:18

premises with a flat above, that is

why we have been asking all day, it

0:15:180:15:23

someday hasn't seen somebody they

expected to see today, please ring

0:15:230:15:28

Leicestershire police and let us

know who that person is and as much

0:15:280:15:31

information about them as possible.

0:15:310:15:35

This is Outside Source,

live from the BBC newsroom.

0:15:350:15:38

Our lead story is?

0:15:380:15:40

Russia has agreed to a five

hour daily ceasefire

0:15:400:15:42

in Syria's Eastern Ghouta

starting on Tuesday.

0:15:420:15:46

It'll be the first break

for the rebel stronghold.

0:15:460:15:53

BBC Arabic report that Saudi Arabia

has opened applications for women

0:15:530:15:56

to join its military.

0:15:560:15:59

Women have until Thursday

to apply for positions

0:15:590:16:01

with the rank of soldier.

0:16:010:16:03

The decision is one of many reforms

enhancing women's rights

0:16:030:16:06

in the conservative Muslim kingdom.

0:16:060:16:15

A dangerous attempt at to summit

Pakistan's K2 mountain in the winter

0:16:150:16:19

has been aborted. A Russian attempt

of the solo attempt after he argued

0:16:190:16:25

with the rest of the expedition. He

then set out a loan before turning

0:16:250:16:29

back a day later. And a lot of

people online have been reading

0:16:290:16:33

about the global shortage in

raisins. It is caused by a drop in

0:16:330:16:39

production in California. The UK is

hit hard. It is the biggest importer

0:16:390:16:44

of dried fruit, but don't be too

concerned. This current shortage has

0:16:440:16:46

come too late to affect the cost of

hot cross buns, for this year, at

0:16:460:16:51

least. Let's bring you up-to-date

with the Outside Source business

0:16:510:16:58

news.

0:16:580:16:59

Reports suggest that Harvey

Weinstein's New York film studio -

0:16:590:17:02

the Weinstein company -

looks set to file for bankruptcy.

0:17:020:17:04

Several media outlets say that talks

to sell some of the business'

0:17:040:17:07

assets have broken down.

0:17:070:17:10

Joe Miller is in New York.

0:17:100:17:16

So they couldn't find a buyer?

No,

they couldn't. In fact, this looks

0:17:160:17:22

like it's the end of the road for

the Weinstein company first let's

0:17:220:17:26

talk you through what happened here,

after dozens of allegations of

0:17:260:17:32

sexual harassment surfaced in

October, the company got rid of

0:17:320:17:35

Harvey Weinstein and tried to wind

down and find a buyer. That wasn't

0:17:350:17:40

too easy. Eventually it found a

conglomerate that was adjusted in

0:17:400:17:43

buying it for about $500 million,

and that look like it was going

0:17:430:17:48

ahead, until an extraordinary

intervention by the New York

0:17:480:17:54

Attorney General a couple of weeks

ago, and he filed a civil rights

0:17:540:17:59

lawsuit, saying he didn't want this

deal to go ahead unless there were

0:17:590:18:03

assurances that the people who are

allegedly involved in this sexual

0:18:030:18:07

harassment, or involved in covering

it up, would not benefit from the

0:18:070:18:11

sale, and that the employees, some

of whom were victims of the alleged

0:18:110:18:16

harassment, would keep their jobs.

It looked like both parties could

0:18:160:18:18

not agree this would happen, and

therefore the Weinstein Company is

0:18:180:18:23

saying it has no choice but to file

for bankruptcy.

Another story we

0:18:230:18:30

want to have a look at. According to

this particular tweet, which

0:18:300:18:34

suggests there are quite a few

people out there who are lying about

0:18:340:18:37

owning Bitcoin, I guess weather

status or something. 50 cents admits

0:18:370:18:43

he has never owned and is not now

own any Bitcoin. What is going on?

0:18:430:18:52

The latest hilarity in the 50 cents

bankruptcy proceedings. 50 cents,

0:18:520:18:57

the rapper, also known as Curtis

James Jackson said, he has been

0:18:570:19:02

filing for bankruptcy for a while.

The court has essentially asked him

0:19:020:19:05

to prove that the wealthy flaunts on

social media is not real. -- 50

0:19:050:19:11

Cent. First he had to defend

Instagram posts that his lawyers

0:19:110:19:20

said were fake money. Now we have

the filings that say that 50 cents,

0:19:200:19:24

who had been bragging about making 8

million in Bitcoin from one of his

0:19:240:19:30

albums in 2014 actually made

nothing. He says, so long as a press

0:19:300:19:34

story is not irreparably damaging to

my image or brand I usually do not

0:19:340:19:39

feel the need to publicly deny the

reporting, so in other words he

0:19:390:19:42

thought that owning Bitcoin or

looking like he did, was good for

0:19:420:19:47

his brand, and when news

organisation started reporting that

0:19:470:19:50

committee kept quiet, but

apparently, according to this

0:19:500:19:53

filing, he never did own any of it.

Thank you, Joe Miller in New York,

0:19:530:20:00

as always. Let's keep the news on

the OS business news. Here is a

0:20:000:20:05

question to you, would you like to

know when a recession is coming? It

0:20:050:20:08

could be simple. How many women are

pregnant? It could suggest that the

0:20:080:20:19

rate of women becoming pregnant

tends to fall seven months before

0:20:190:20:21

the start of a recession. Our

business reporter explained it to

0:20:210:20:28

us.

We are looking for certain data

points that might give us a centre

0:20:280:20:32

for what happened in the future, why

they are related, who is to say.

0:20:320:20:36

They are correlated but not

necessarily causing the thing

0:20:360:20:39

happening. This particular bit of

research looked at 109 million birth

0:20:390:20:44

records, and found that since 1988

there have been big recessions in

0:20:440:20:48

the US, three of them, and almost

six months before them, you could

0:20:480:20:51

see fewer women were getting

pregnant. That is the sort of

0:20:510:20:55

interesting data point they are

looking here. Maybe you are sitting

0:20:550:20:57

down with your partner at the table,

trying to figure out what the future

0:20:570:21:01

will look like for you. Do you want

to bring a child into the world? If

0:21:010:21:11

you do, you are optimistic about the

future, so the idea is you might not

0:21:110:21:14

have lost your job yet, or got that

promised bonus, but you're not

0:21:140:21:17

really do this together at getting

it, so you will put off having a kid

0:21:170:21:20

in the hopes that things might

improve.

0:21:200:21:21

If you have an opinion on that, you

know where to get in touch. The

0:21:210:21:31

smartphone event is underway in

Barcelona, the Mobile world

0:21:310:21:35

Congress. Global sales of

smartphones fell by over 5% in the

0:21:350:21:39

last three months of 2017. In the

battle to be another one, Samsung is

0:21:390:21:47

still beating Apple, selling over

80% of all -- 18% of all handsets

0:21:470:21:55

last quarter. Apple were second, and

this is the interesting part of this

0:21:550:21:59

story. Rounding off the top five

phone makers were three Chinese

0:21:590:22:05

companies, Huawei. Rory Cellan-Jones

explains what is going on.

I think

0:22:050:22:16

what has happened over the last few

years is people for Chinese

0:22:160:22:19

companies, they are just going to be

in the Chinese market. That is a

0:22:190:22:24

huge market, plenty for them to play

at that, but they are showing here

0:22:240:22:27

in Barcelona that that is not enough

of them. Huawei in particular have a

0:22:270:22:33

huge presence here, a vast stand,

and they say they are probably about

0:22:330:22:36

number three in the world right now

and they have ambitions to be number

0:22:360:22:39

one. I went and visited them five

years ago when they were just

0:22:390:22:43

getting into smartphones. Their

ambition seemed unlikely. They said

0:22:430:22:46

they would be number three by now,

they have kind of done it, so don't

0:22:460:22:50

count them out.

0:22:500:22:55

Europe is in the grips

of a deep freeze.

0:22:550:23:02

And it's because of this,

a bitterly cold front, dubbed

0:23:020:23:04

the "beast from the east",

that is sweeping arctic

0:23:040:23:06

air from Siberia right

across the continent.

0:23:060:23:08

It's expected to continue having

a big impact in the coming days -

0:23:080:23:11

bringing sub-zero temperatures

to many regions.

0:23:110:23:16

Here in the UK, it's sent

temperatures plummeting.

0:23:160:23:19

These are some of the key pictures

that have come into the BBC

0:23:190:23:22

newsroom from across the country.

0:23:220:23:25

Snow has been falling in many

areas, including London.

0:23:250:23:29

It's disrupted some public transport

services, and caused dangerous

0:23:290:23:32

conditions on the roads.

0:23:320:23:35

If things pan out the way

they're predicted to,

0:23:350:23:38

it could be Britain's coldest

spell since 1991.

0:23:380:23:42

This is Rome.

0:23:420:23:46

Residents of the Italian capital

woke to a rare blanketing of snow.

0:23:460:23:49

It's the coldest weather

they've had in six years.

0:23:490:23:57

There's always someone

making the most of it.

0:23:570:24:00

This is St Peter's

Square in the Vatican.

0:24:000:24:03

Priests among the many joining

in the fun of a snowball fight.

0:24:030:24:08

And this weather it

hasn't been putting off

0:24:080:24:13

the brave in Germany.

0:24:130:24:18

These are swimmers taking

to an outdoor pool in Munich.

0:24:180:24:23

That's despite the temperature

dropping to around minus ten degrees

0:24:230:24:25

celsius in the area.

0:24:250:24:35

It is not over yet, these are

warnings that are in place across

0:24:350:24:39

the UK, across all of these regions.

Yellow regions indicating that the

0:24:390:24:45

weather is possible to go really,

really cold. Let's get a full update

0:24:450:24:49

from Nick Miller.

0:24:490:24:51

Widespread cold air across much of

Europe. You may have heard about

0:24:540:24:57

sudden stratospheric warming. The

result of that, what goes on high in

0:24:570:25:01

the atmosphere, is what we are

seeing right now across Europe. You

0:25:010:25:05

can see all the Blues here, the cold

air spreading from Siberia, from

0:25:050:25:09

Russia, across much of mainland

Europe and into the United Kingdom,

0:25:090:25:13

and with that blue, with that very,

very cold air, the source region for

0:25:130:25:18

the air, to badgers have fallen as

low as -40 Celsius, there are many

0:25:180:25:22

places that will see snow over the

next few days. -- temperatures have

0:25:220:25:25

fallen. Significantly the relations

of snow in places. It is stormy

0:25:250:25:32

through the Mediterranean, a lot of

the white showing up will be falling

0:25:320:25:35

the white showing up will be falling

as heavy snow. There are not many

0:25:350:25:38

places immune from seeing

significant snow as we go through

0:25:380:25:40

the rest of the week, because this

cold air is hanging around. It is in

0:25:400:25:44

no hurry to move away and we will

potentially see at the end of the

0:25:440:25:48

week an even bigger weather system

heading towards the British Isles

0:25:480:25:51

with significant disruptive snow.

0:25:510:25:54

It is one of the coldest, snowiest

periods we have seen across Europe.

0:25:550:26:03

It is one of the coldest, snowiest

periods we have seen across Europe.

0:26:030:26:08

We start our round-up in North

America, where the planes of the US

0:26:130:26:17

and the Mississippi Valley have

played host to some very heavy

0:26:170:26:19

rainfall through the weekend. In

fact, the Ohio river, the biggest

0:26:190:26:25

victory of the Mississippi river, it

does mean we have had extensive

0:26:250:26:28

flood alerts issued. Since that it

was on moderate alert, with the

0:26:280:26:33

levels reaching 65 foot. Anything

above 59th that will trigger those

0:26:330:26:37

alerts, but almost all communities

adjacent to the Ohio river have been

0:26:370:26:43

on alert. Water is continuing to

recede through Tuesday as high

0:26:430:26:46

pressure builds. Our hire can only

hang on for so long here, because we

0:26:460:26:54

will see the showers developing

across is to parts of Texas on

0:26:540:26:58

Tuesday, and eventually coming

together in a more well formed

0:26:580:27:00

weather system, which then is going

to push its way further north latest

0:27:000:27:06

Tuesday, but particularly on into

Wednesday. It tracks all the way

0:27:060:27:09

across the plains, along with some

southerly winds, and will push more

0:27:090:27:15

heavy rain into Ohio on Wednesday.

This story far from over. New

0:27:150:27:19

Zealand saw some very heavy rainfall

through the weekend. 300 millimetres

0:27:190:27:22

in just the space of Saturday

falling across part of the North

0:27:220:27:25

Ireland. Again, an ongoing story

here, New Zealand has been hit by

0:27:250:27:31

many areas of low pressure in recent

weeks, and if we take a look at the

0:27:310:27:35

latest satellite picture, we can see

another one here queueing up and the

0:27:350:27:39

Tasman Sea. It will bring a spell of

strong winds, yes, but more

0:27:390:27:44

importantly through the course of

Wednesday it will be the heavy rain

0:27:440:27:46

once again that affect the south

island. We can take a little bit of

0:27:460:27:50

closer picture for Wednesday.

Auckland has had the worst of the

0:27:500:27:53

rain but further south that system

covering a good part of the south

0:27:530:27:57

island through the data stop a

little bit closer to home now, let's

0:27:570:28:02

head across to Europe, where the

cold continues. Sunday night, parts

0:28:020:28:10

of northern Russia, -41 Celsius but

even closer to home across

0:28:100:28:12

Scandinavia, low as as low as -35 in

Sweden and Norway, and that is where

0:28:120:28:17

we are pulling our air from at the

moment. All the way across this

0:28:170:28:21

really right the way down into

southern Europe, that cold air

0:28:210:28:25

spreading, blasting out into the

Atlantic too. Meeting up with

0:28:250:28:29

slightly warmer air across the

warmer waters of the Mediterranean,

0:28:290:28:32

cooking up some pretty nasty

low-pressure systems here for the

0:28:320:28:35

next few days and stop some strong

winds and heavy snowfall Romania,

0:28:350:28:39

heavy rain to Turkey, and look at

this mess across Portugal, Spain and

0:28:390:28:43

the South of France on Wednesday.

Further north, the easterly winds

0:28:430:28:47

continue to blast from Siberia.

Plentiful snow showers in the

0:28:470:28:51

forecast Scandinavia and also for

the UK and a significant wind-chill

0:28:510:28:54

as well. As ever, I will leave my

colleague to give you more details

0:28:540:28:59

on that in just half an hour.

0:28:590:29:02

Hello, this is Outside Source,

and these are the main stories

0:30:120:30:15

here in the BBC Newsroom.

0:30:150:30:16

Russia agrees to a daily five-hour

ceasefire in Syria's Eastern Ghouta.

0:30:160:30:19

It'll start on Tuesday -

0:30:190:30:20

the first break for

the rebel stronghold.

0:30:200:30:22

Britain's Labour leader

Jeremy Corbyn sets out his vision

0:30:220:30:24

for trade post Brexit,

calling for the UK to form

0:30:240:30:27

a new customs union with the EU.

0:30:270:30:30

It could spell trouble

for Theresa May's strategy.

0:30:300:30:34

Every day, Outside Source

features BBC journalists

0:30:340:30:36

working in over 30 languages.

0:30:360:30:40

Your questions are always welcome.

0:30:400:30:41

#BBCOS is the hashtag

0:30:410:30:50

It's six months since

Hurricane Harvey hit Texas,

0:31:010:31:04

killing 68 people and forcing more

than 40,000 to flee their homes.

0:31:040:31:10

More than 60 inches of rain fell,

causing devastating flooding.

0:31:100:31:15

Laura Trevelyan reported

from Houston on the impact

0:31:150:31:18

of Harvey last August,

and has returned to find out how

0:31:180:31:21

people made homeless

by the ferocious storm are faring.

0:31:210:31:31

Houston underwater. This was the

catastrophic flooding caused by

0:31:310:31:33

hurricane Harvey. As record rainfall

saturated the city, again using

0:31:330:31:40

neighbourhoods and turning lives

upside down. It's an emotional

0:31:400:31:48

moment for Gloria, clutching Snoopy

as she shows where she was rescued

0:31:480:31:53

from as the floodwaters rose.

It was

devastating. I just couldn't believe

0:31:530:32:01

it. I look at it and it is still

hard.

Her home of over 20 years is

0:32:010:32:06

uninhabitable, and she didn't have

flood insurance, like thousands of

0:32:060:32:10

others in Houston. Now she is living

in a hotel, paid for by the federal

0:32:100:32:17

emergency management agency, but she

doesn't feel safe.

I have to

0:32:170:32:20

barricade myself in here every night

because there is so much going on

0:32:200:32:24

out there. Prostitution every night,

guys driving by one night, shooting

0:32:240:32:32

eight times towards this hotel. I

had to get on the floor.

What impact

0:32:320:32:38

as it had on you personally, being

out of your house for these past six

0:32:380:32:42

months?

I'm on medicine for

depression, I have got to the point

0:32:420:32:48

where I really wanted to die, and

asked God to take me home.

0:32:480:32:56

Volunteers from a Houston charity

are helping rebuild Gloria's home.

0:32:560:33:00

Hopefully she can return in March.

Mother nature did what she did and

0:33:000:33:04

we are helping people recover as

best we can.

Federal officials are

0:33:040:33:09

trying to help families like

Gloria's get back home.

People do

0:33:090:33:13

expect someone to fix it. Our role

is not bad. We want to help

0:33:130:33:20

everybody in every way we can as

quickly as we can but in doing that

0:33:200:33:24

we also have to be mindful of the

taxpayer dollars that we are

0:33:240:33:27

spending.

Here is how this suburb

looked in August. The neighbourhood

0:33:270:33:35

was deliberately submerged, as

officials let water out of the

0:33:350:33:37

nearby reservoir to stop it

overflowing. Dan and Virginia did

0:33:370:33:41

not have flood insurance, and are

still trying to rebuild.

Six months

0:33:410:33:46

on, we're not home yet. We vacillate

between saying, do we want to be in

0:33:460:33:53

this house or do we want to start

over somewhere else?

I describe it

0:33:530:33:57

as a roller-coaster of emotion. It

was the horror of being flooded,

0:33:570:34:02

being a house with two small

children and a new dog, and the

0:34:020:34:07

craziness of the last six months,

trying to rebuild your life.

As

0:34:070:34:11

Houston recovers from the impact of

Harvey, the next Tara came season is

0:34:110:34:17

only four months away. This is a

sprawling coastal city, with bayous

0:34:170:34:21

like this which I won a ball to

flooding. So is anything being done

0:34:210:34:24

to protect Houston against future

hurricanes.

It did not disconnect as

0:34:240:34:33

to whether you work for otherwise,

the floodwaters came and you were

0:34:330:34:39

adversely affected.

The mayor knows

all too well how exposed to city is.

0:34:390:34:44

Rejecting it is a long-term project.

It is important for the city to take

0:34:440:34:49

steps towards mitigating flooding.

Why use need to be expanded, there

0:34:490:34:55

needs to be more retention places

put in place.

That is the full

0:34:550:35:02

comfort for Gloria, still waiting to

go home, traumatised by the

0:35:020:35:08

flooding. Hurricane Harvey destroyed

homes and lives. Houston's

0:35:080:35:17

rebounding, but the road to recovery

is a long one.

0:35:170:35:24

Russia has announced it

will establish a humanitarian

0:35:240:35:25

corridor out of the Syrian rebel

enclave of Eastern Ghouta.

0:35:250:35:32

The Damascus suburb

of Eastern Ghouta has endured

0:35:320:35:33

one of the heaviest bombardments

of the Syrian civil war -

0:35:330:35:37

hundreds of people have been killed

in the last eight days.

0:35:370:35:39

Russia says the ceasefire will be

in place from 9am to 2pm every day,

0:35:390:35:43

across Eastern Ghouta,

starting on Tuesday

0:35:430:35:47

and a "humanitarian

corridor" will be created

0:35:470:35:51

to allow civilians to leave.

0:35:510:36:00

With me is Lyse Doucet, our chief

international correspondent.

0:36:000:36:05

You know this area, you have been

there before. The conditions that

0:36:050:36:09

people there are suffering under our

unimaginable.

The UN

0:36:090:36:15

Secretary-General called it hell on

earth, where you have nearly 400,000

0:36:150:36:18

people who have been besieged,

encircled in that suburb of Damascus

0:36:180:36:23

since 2013. In the last eight or

nine days, they have seen some of

0:36:230:36:29

the heaviest bombardment since this

war began. There is also the impact

0:36:290:36:34

and pressure on the people of

Damascus, who have had barrages of

0:36:340:36:38

missiles, mortars fired from the

rebel groups who are based in that

0:36:380:36:45

enclave, and it is for that reason

that Russia and the Syrian

0:36:450:36:47

government are saying that this is

not a Germanic Terry and crisis as

0:36:470:36:51

many in the world are saying, it is

a battle against terrorism. -- it is

0:36:510:36:57

not a humanitarian crisis

0:36:570:37:00

a battle against terrorism. -- it is

not a humanitarian crisis.

There are

0:37:000:37:05

many saying that the corridor will

not allow things to come through.

0:37:050:37:11

People have to decide to leave

through the corridor, that is the

0:37:110:37:15

thing we saw in Aleppo in 2016.

Russia and the Syrian government

0:37:150:37:22

also offered these corridors, many

people didn't leave because they

0:37:220:37:26

were afraid of the consequences if

they did. They didn't have anywhere

0:37:260:37:31

to go, so they decided to stay where

they were. In some cases in Aleppo,

0:37:310:37:37

rebel groups stopped people from

leaving. More than a year on, there

0:37:370:37:42

is even more people living in this

area, they are more afraid about

0:37:420:37:47

leaving because they have nowhere to

go, they don't want to be

0:37:470:37:52

transported to a distant province

where they have no family, no

0:37:520:37:55

relatives, no one to seek refuge

with. Also they don't know what the

0:37:550:38:00

rebel groups are and what their

goals are, and if they are going to

0:38:000:38:06

stop people from leaving. We will

have to wait and see if people will

0:38:060:38:09

take advantage of the corridor. It

is meant to be safe, will it be?

Are

0:38:090:38:17

you convinced, confident that there

will be eight is fired during those

0:38:170:38:20

five hours?

There will not be a

ceasefire as we know it, because

0:38:200:38:28

Russia has said time and again that

certain groups will not be included.

0:38:280:38:34

It is also excluding partners of

groups like Al-Qaeda, which gives

0:38:340:38:43

them a licence to keep fighting. We

have heard the same message from the

0:38:430:38:49

Syrian government as well.

How will

this compare to what happened in

0:38:490:38:55

Aleppo?

Each situation is different.

This is up particular concern for

0:38:550:38:59

the Government because it is on the

edge of Damascus. It also comes at a

0:38:590:39:13

time when they want to finish it

off, they want to take this area.

0:39:130:39:18

There is a real determination to try

to continue to push out the rebels.

0:39:180:39:25

There were intense discussion to

some of the rebel groups. The

0:39:250:39:30

Government made it clear that they

would not negotiate with the

0:39:300:39:33

hardline linked to Al-Qaeda. In some

cases, the rebels refused to leave,

0:39:330:39:42

and this is what happened.

Thank you.

0:39:420:39:49

Don't forget you can get much more

detail on our top stories

0:39:490:39:52

on our website, including

extensive coverage of the crisis

0:39:520:39:54

in Eastern Ghouta.

0:39:540:39:58

One week ago, 110 Nigerian

schoolgirls were abducted

0:40:020:40:07

from a town in Yobay

state called Dapchi.

0:40:070:40:12

It has taken a week

to have that confirmed -

0:40:120:40:17

at first, the state government said

the girls were simply "missing".

0:40:170:40:22

This is what is left of the school.

0:40:220:40:25

This was the classroom.

0:40:250:40:27

It's now empty, but last Monday

students and teachers

0:40:270:40:30

were running to bushes nearby

0:40:300:40:32

as Boko Haram militants

stormed the school.

0:40:320:40:39

Katalla Bukar's 14-year-old daughter

Aisha is among the missing girls.

0:40:390:40:41

He's begging the Nigerian

government to act quickly.

0:40:410:40:51

TRANSLATION:

As of now, we are

disturbed because it is Monday and

0:40:540:41:01

the children have spent seven days

with those militants. They have

0:41:010:41:06

never experienced such a thing in.

Until this moment, there are no

0:41:060:41:11

hints about their whereabouts was

the buying here to speak on behalf

0:41:110:41:14

of the fathers of the abducted girls

stop no more, no less, we need

0:41:140:41:20

maximum contribution of every camp

in the world. We also need the help

0:41:200:41:23

from the state and federal

government to help because they have

0:41:230:41:29

not experienced this will stop I

know they were abducted by militants

0:41:290:41:33

and where ever they are now they are

mentally affected because the oldest

0:41:330:41:36

among them is only 20 years old. I

can't explain further because I am

0:41:360:41:40

not with them. Both the state and

federal covered have said they will

0:41:400:41:44

bring them back soon. We are in a

bad situation. Me and the family are

0:41:440:41:49

in a bad situation.

0:41:490:41:53

His anger is felt

by many of the parents.

0:41:530:41:55

They want answers over reports

0:41:550:41:57

that soldiers withdrew

from checkpoints in the town.

0:41:570:42:00

Some of them are angry

that the military had claimed

0:42:000:42:02

to have defeated Boko Haram

in the area just last month.

0:42:020:42:07

Nigeria's President has apologised

and declared a national disaster.

0:42:070:42:10

His information minister said,

"We want to assure Nigerians

0:42:100:42:16

that no stone will be left unturned

in our determination

0:42:160:42:18

to rescue these girls."

0:42:180:42:23

It's not surprising

that these kidnappings

0:42:230:42:28

are being compared to the abductions

in Chibok,

0:42:280:42:29

a town that's only

300 kilometres away.

0:42:290:42:31

UNICEF says, "We have not forgotten

the tragedy of the Chibok girls

0:42:310:42:34

from four years ago,

when 276 girls were abducted

0:42:340:42:36

by Boko Haram militants."

0:42:360:42:38

Still, large number

of the girls have not returned.

0:42:380:42:44

And now this.

0:42:440:42:45

These figures from UNICEF show

the dangers faced by teachers -

0:42:450:42:54

over 2,000 teachers

have been killed by Boko Haram

0:42:540:42:56

and 1,400 schools

destroyed since 2009.

0:42:560:43:02

Our correspondent,

Stephanie Hegarty, is in Lagos.

0:43:020:43:08

It seems that finally the Government

is starting to take control, to step

0:43:120:43:16

up their efforts to find the girls.

They said they deployed all of the

0:43:160:43:20

airpower they can, they have

surveillance aircraft monitoring the

0:43:200:43:24

region. But it is a week later and

many parents are still angry and

0:43:240:43:29

confused about how the federal

government is dealing with this. We

0:43:290:43:34

have had comparisons to what

happened with the kidnapping in

0:43:340:43:40

2014, lots of people criticising the

Government and saying they did not

0:43:400:43:44

learn anything from that incident.

At least this time we have an

0:43:440:43:46

acknowledgement that this has

happened, and we have some movement,

0:43:460:43:51

although it has been slow, from the

Government to try and find the girls

0:43:510:43:55

stop the big question is, why won't

the school is being protected by the

0:43:550:43:58

Army? The governor was angry at the

military for pulling out from a

0:43:580:44:06

checkpoint and week before. There

has been much criticism of that. The

0:44:060:44:13

army said in their defence that they

can't man every single school, every

0:44:130:44:18

single village in the entire region.

But this was a big school, close to

0:44:180:44:23

1000 students, so lots of people

were asking why it was not a

0:44:230:44:28

priority to protect those girls.

0:44:280:44:30

The Democratic Republic

of Congo is facing

0:44:300:44:35

an uncertain political future.

0:44:350:44:36

This is the president,

Joseph Kabila -

0:44:360:44:38

he has overstayed his time in power.

0:44:380:44:40

His mandate expires

at the end of 2016,

0:44:400:44:42

but there is no date

for another election.

0:44:420:44:48

People have been protesting

on streets in Kinshasha -

0:44:480:44:50

two people were killed on Sunday.

0:44:500:44:54

Two weeks ago, we brought

you a report from the border

0:44:540:44:56

with Uganda on the flow of migrants

escaping violence and hunger.

0:44:560:45:00

Now we have a report from Bunia

where a bitter ethnic conflict

0:45:000:45:05

is starting up again.

0:45:050:45:07

Catherine Byaruhanga has been

there - this is her report.

0:45:070:45:17

Three friends who only have each

other. They ran for two days after

0:45:170:45:25

their village was attacked. Their

parents are gone, so they have to

0:45:250:45:30

fend for themselves. Fighting has

erupted here between rival ethnic

0:45:300:45:36

groups. But when I asked the boys

which tried they belong to, they

0:45:360:45:41

have no idea. Children have taken

the brunt of this conflict. The boys

0:45:410:45:51

are staying with Francoise. She has

lived through war before and knows

0:45:510:45:58

what it is like to run away from

home with nothing. She has opened

0:45:580:46:03

her doors to over 40 people, but

can't look after all of them.

0:46:030:46:08

TRANSLATION:

The Government needs to

assist them so that I can help them

0:46:080:46:13

all. This places in the open, and

they feel cold. There is no

0:46:130:46:18

mattress, no food, clothes.

The

fighting is happening out here in

0:46:180:46:27

the countryside. It is too remote

and too dangerous for aid agencies

0:46:270:46:32

to reach. Some have stayed behind,

but not out of choice. This church

0:46:320:46:42

is now abandoned. There are no more

masses. The Catholic Church is one

0:46:420:46:49

of the most powerful institutions

here in the Democratic Republic of

0:46:490:46:54

Congo. The fact that priests and

nuns have fled is a sign of the

0:46:540:46:58

level of insecurity in this region.

This woman has spent her life

0:46:580:47:07

farming, but now she can barely find

food to feed her children. She can't

0:47:070:47:10

afford to go to Bunia, the safer

town.

0:47:100:47:15

TRANSLATION:

We know the situation

is difficult here, but what can we

0:47:150:47:20

do? Because we can't travel to ten

two without money. It is to far to

0:47:200:47:26

travel without kids. We are forced

to live in this church.

Across the

0:47:260:47:35

TRC, nearly 5 million people have

been driven from their homes will

0:47:350:47:41

stop the president has delayed

elections, leading to a power vacuum

0:47:410:47:45

and a web of conflicts. The UN has

its biggest peacekeeping force in

0:47:450:47:52

the country, but it's struggling to

protect civilians. The Government

0:47:520:47:57

doesn't seem ready to take

responsibility. The only person who

0:47:570:48:02

would talk to us is the Army

spokesman, but he says the fighting

0:48:020:48:07

isn't their problem for now.

TRANSLATION:

This is not a military

0:48:070:48:14

mission, it is about reinstating

public order, so it is commanded by

0:48:140:48:19

the police. If they believe the

situation is getting worse, the Army

0:48:190:48:23

will take hold.

Meanwhile, like many

children, the three boys are trapped

0:48:230:48:28

in a country sliding further into

chaos.

0:48:280:48:38

The Turkish President has been

strongly criticised after telling

0:48:380:48:41

a little girl who was dressed up

in military uniform

0:48:410:48:44

that she would be honoured

if killed while fighting.

0:48:440:48:48

Recep Tayyip Erdogan was speaking

at a meeting of his AK

0:48:480:48:52

party in the southern

town of Kahramanmaras.

0:48:520:48:56

Here's Mr Erdogan with the child.

0:48:560:49:03

And if we take a closer look you can

see her maroon beret,

0:49:030:49:06

which is of the type worn

by the Turkish special forces.

0:49:060:49:12

Mr Erdogan is quoted as saying

0:49:120:49:14

"We have our maroon berets here,

but maroon berets never cry."

0:49:140:49:19

He then goes on to say, "She has

a Turkish flag in her pocket too.

0:49:190:49:23

If she's martyred, they'll lay

a flag on her, God willing."

0:49:230:49:27

There's been plenty of criticism

on social media

0:49:270:49:36

but Mr Erdogan has often glorified

martyrdom in the past.

0:49:360:49:39

Here's the BBC's

Selin Gerit in Istanbul.

0:49:390:49:43

It was a jubilant scene for Sun, but

difficult to watch for others. He

0:49:430:49:48

told the little girl that she should

be honoured if she got killed in a

0:49:480:49:53

military operation. Those who were

watching at the scene started

0:49:530:49:57

chanting slogans in his favour,

asking them to -- asking him to take

0:49:570:50:05

them to the combat zone. Criticism

erupted on social media. Some said

0:50:050:50:10

it was akin to child abuse, another

saying, you can't wish her dead. He

0:50:100:50:18

has been criticised for a long time

for promoting martyrdom. It is seen

0:50:180:50:26

as one of the highest honours of

Islam. Over 30 Turkish soldiers have

0:50:260:50:37

got killed in combat in recent

times, they are considered as

0:50:370:50:41

martyrs here in Turkey, every police

officer and every soldier killed on

0:50:410:50:46

duty is considered a master. -- a

martyr.

0:50:460:50:52

Let me take you to Jerusalem,

where Christian leaders

0:50:520:50:54

have taken the rare and sudden

step of shutting one

0:50:540:50:57

of their holiest sites -

the Church of Holy Sepulchre.

0:50:570:51:03

Let me show you what

happened on Sunday.

0:51:030:51:05

The big wooden doors to this

1,000-year-old doors

0:51:050:51:07

were closed indefinitely

in a land and tax dispute.

0:51:070:51:11

Moments earlier, these leaders

of Catholic, Armenian

0:51:110:51:12

and Greek denominations,

0:51:120:51:16

had strong words for

the Israeli authorities,

0:51:160:51:17

accusing them of a

"systematic campaign"

0:51:170:51:19

on Christians in the Holy Land.

0:51:190:51:21

Worshippers are forced

to pray outside.

0:51:210:51:23

Signs are put up in

solidarity which read,

0:51:230:51:25

"Stop the persecution of churches."

0:51:250:51:31

The church objects to an attempt

to tax its property,

0:51:310:51:34

which the authorities in Jerusalem

view as commercial.

0:51:340:51:37

They fear

that proposed property laws

0:51:370:51:38

would let the state

claim church-owned land.

0:51:380:51:42

Here are church leaders

talking about it.

0:51:420:51:51

It breaches their obligations which

guarantee the rights in what seems

0:51:550:52:05

to be an attempt to weaken the

Christian presence in Jerusalem. We

0:52:050:52:11

decided to take this unprecedented

step of closing the Church of Holy

0:52:110:52:18

Sepulchre.

0:52:180:52:19

But on the other side

of the debate is the Mayor,

0:52:190:52:22

who is trying to get

about $186 million

0:52:220:52:24

in uncollected taxes

on church assets.

0:52:240:52:25

Take a look at this tweet.

0:52:250:52:29

Well, the church attracts

thousands of worshippers

0:52:430:52:47

and tourists every year.

0:52:470:52:47

We know it as a key site

for Christians

0:52:470:52:50

who believe Jesus was crucified,

buried and resurrected there.

0:52:500:52:52

Let's hear from some

of the visitors there.

0:52:520:52:58

I am disappointed because I did not

know it was going to be close. I

0:52:580:53:02

came to Jerusalem may need to see

the church.

All over the rolled, I

0:53:020:53:10

have never heard of any church

paying taxes anywhere. What is this

0:53:100:53:15

new idea?

We wanted to visit the

actual grave, right? The most

0:53:150:53:23

important thing for us. We received

this information yesterday that it

0:53:230:53:29

would be closed. We hope for a

couple of hours, but apparently it

0:53:290:53:35

is closed for a longer period. I

feel disappointed.

0:53:350:53:38

A lot of disappointment indeed.

0:53:380:53:40

China's Communist Party has

proposed removing a clause

0:53:400:53:42

in the constitution which limits

presidencies to two five-year terms.

0:53:420:53:45

This means President Xi Jinping

could remain as leader

0:53:450:53:48

after the end

of his second term in 2023.

0:53:480:53:55

The censors have gone

into overdrive,

0:53:550:53:56

and people have been trying to get

around the firewall.

0:53:560:54:03

Here's the reason Winnie the Pooh -

0:54:030:54:04

the cartoon regularly compared

to President Xi - has been banned.

0:54:040:54:07

Here's Professor Steve Tsang

0:54:070:54:08

to explain China's

constitutional changes.

0:54:080:54:13

It is significant largely innocent

because the office of the state

0:54:130:54:16

president is so largely significant.

He asked for it and get it knowing

0:54:160:54:21

full well that there is a

significant price to pay in terms of

0:54:210:54:29

the party establish and being

uncomfortable with it. And also the

0:54:290:54:35

population is uncomfortable with it.

He has consolidated power, he

0:54:350:54:38

doesn't need to extend his office as

state president in order to stay in

0:54:380:54:47

power beyond 2023. He has already

done that in October. He is doing

0:54:470:54:55

it, and the difference is that in

2023, he can go on state visits.

0:54:550:55:02

There is not a lot else that he

needs this office in order to do. On

0:55:020:55:05

top of that, he has his thoughts

being written into the car is Jewish

0:55:050:55:12

and of the Chinese Communist Party.

The only other party who had that

0:55:120:55:18

was the founder of the republic of

china, nobody else had ever achieved

0:55:180:55:26

that apart from him.

0:55:260:55:29

If you would like to comment on any

of our

0:55:290:55:34

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