27/02/2018 Outside Source


27/02/2018

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LineFromTo

Halaholo. This is Outside Source. It

could be the red light for a diesel

0:00:130:00:20

cars in Germany. A court rules that

cities can ban them to

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protect people from harmful

emissions. Saudi Arabia sacks its

0:00:350:00:37

top military commanders including

the Chief of Staff as its

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intervention in the war in Yemen

enters its third year. Fighting in

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Craigavon means there is no

ceasefire in Syria -- Eastern Guta.

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We starred in Germany were a

landmark ruling will allow cities to

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ban the diesel cars. It applies to

these cities, Stuttgart and is sold

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off, they are the most polluted in

the country, environmental groups

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sued them to force them to take

action against dangerous levels of

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nitrogen oxide. Angela Merkel has

opposed a ban and wants to protect

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the jobs in the industry. She gave

this reassurance today.

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TRANSLATION: What most definitely

happen is that clear air plans have

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to be put into action with the help

of the government.

We will discuss

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further matters but the parties

concerned. What is important to

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mention is that the ruling is

specific to individual cities, were

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more needs to be done, but it does

not target the whole country or all

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drivers in Germany.

The concern is

Germany's mass of car manufacturing

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industry and how it would cope if

the ban was ruled out. It will no

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doubt heard. Germany has 15 million

cars on German roads and 50 million

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of them are diesel and of them, only

a fraction, 2.7 million made those

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EU standards. Hours after the

ruling, Hamburg said it would follow

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suit and impose limited band and the

question now, has diesel had its

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day?

Let us get more from Jenny

health. In a country where the car

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is king, this ruling is

controversial. German towns and

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cities can now choose to legally ban

diesel vehicles that were built

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before September 2015. More than 70

German towns and cities regularly

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exceed EU air pollution limits and

some experts say that those limits

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are themselves too high. National

figures suggest that every year in

0:02:590:03:04

Germany alone, up to 8000 people die

from cardiovascular disease which is

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linked to nitrogen oxide air

pollution. It is a huge problem. The

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ruling is controversial. It means

that cities like Hamburg can press

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ahead with plans which have been in

the pipeline to stop diesel vehicles

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using certain city roads at certain

times. It could lead to some cities

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banning them all together and that

is causing huge controversy.

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Frankfurt says it is unenforceable

and it does not want to put the ban

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in place but it may be forced to it

an environmental group and there are

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such groups out there comes along

and takes it to court and

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says they are not doing enough to

protect people from air pollution.

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There are concerns from industry and

trade who say that local economies

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could be impacted by a ban on

commuters been able to move in and

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out in their cars and that is before

you take into account the car

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industry which employs 800,000

people every year. There is a lot of

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concern about any kind of diesel

ban, sales have been something ever

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since the VW emission scandals broke

and there are concerns that this

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will generate more negative

publicity. First of all, this

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applies to older diesel vehicles and

not current models. Secondly, there

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are voices within the industry who

say that Germany was

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slow off, but it is important that

it starts to focus on newer, cleaner

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technologies and those voices would

say that perhaps diesel has had its

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day.

Environmentalists say this is a

huge victory. I spoke to him about

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the ruling and what could mean for

the future of diesel in Europe.

It

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is a great day for clean air in

Germany and abroad in Europe, occurs

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the highest court in Germany is

deciding that air quality is much

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more important than mobility. It

means about 70% of the diesel this

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year or next year, are forbidden to

enter into the cities. We will have

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a dramatic increase in air quality.

We try to help the people, the

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owners of these cars, because the

car industry is cheating in the

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emissions standards. It is not only

Volkswagen and Audi, it is BMW and

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others, using devices to fulfil the

regulation only in the tested area.

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Having six or seven times more

emissions in reality.

Of course

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those companies are not there to

have their say or put their

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prospective but I wonder how much of

a spotlight the emissions candle put

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on diesel in the first place?

Cashback with the emissions scandal.

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-- the emissions scandal. The diesel

companies they lost all credibility

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and it is a fault by our government

who predicted for years that diesel

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technology -- who protected the

diesel technology. This is the

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reason why we have this bad

situation in air quality because no

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one was controlling and now there is

a flashback, European standards for

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air quality have to be fulfilled and

it is higher and more important than

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the question of mobility.

What does

this mean for the individuals, the

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individuals who perhaps are rich

enough to buy a new car with the

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cleaner technology? The people who

thought that they were doing the

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right thing by doing -- by buying a

diesel car a few years ago, this is

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surely not fair on them?

It is not

fair and we are fighting as a

0:07:300:07:36

consumer organisation as well for

about 9 million buyers of these

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cars. The industry was promising

that these cars were clean and

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environmentally friendly and CO2

effective and that is not true.

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These cars are polluting the air

quality in the cities, even more

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than old cars. And so, we have only

one opportunity, the car industry

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has to retrofit the diesel cars,

they have to take back the cheating

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catalyse eight and replace it with a

functioning good one, like break

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that is not functioning, but the car

industry is responsible to fix the

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car and we want to have the same for

this part.

He is from the

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environmental group that brought

that action. Some breaking news from

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Reuters, President Trump's son in

law Jared Kushner has lost his

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access to the President's daily

brief. What that means is that he

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has lost access to the most valued

US intelligence report. What we are

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learning via Reuters, is that the

White House is moving to impose

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greater discipline on access two

secrets, that is from two US

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officials familiar with the matter,

that is what they have said to

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Reuters. Close Trump adviser, the

son-in-law of the President has lost

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his access to that most valued

report, the daily brief. We will be

0:09:160:09:22

speaking about that in about ten

minutes time. Saudi Arabia has

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sacked its top military commanders

and several junior ministers as part

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of a big shake-up seen as elevating

younger officials in key security

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and economic pulse. The biggest

casualty was this man, the Chief of

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Staff. He is seen here greeting

other officers at a naval base. New

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bosses were also appointed for air

defence and land forces, no formal

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reason has been given, so what is

going on? Saudi Arabia is ruled by

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this man but it is his son who is

behind many recent big changes in

0:10:010:10:07

the country including an attempt to

shift the economy away from

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dependence on oil. In 2015 he

initiated the intervention in the

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Yemen war. You can see how it is

going. The war has really turned

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into a humanitarian disaster. This

image shows a little girl being

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rescued from the site of an air

strike that killed eight family

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members last year. More than 11,000

people have been killed in the

0:10:340:10:38

fighting so far and there has been

an outbreak of cholera.

There is no

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official line about why they did

this and it is hard to speculate why

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they did this. It has something to

do with Yemen. There has been a lot

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of criticism about his involvement

in the war in Yemen, the number of

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casualties and what has happened and

they want to CNN to this. These

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changes do not necessarily mean that

the strategy of Saudi Arabia will

0:11:060:11:13

change in Yemen. This does not mean

that it will end the war in Yemen.

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The individual demotions, the people

who have been removed, we do not

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know exactly what the reasons are.

No, that is why it is strange. When

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things like this happen there, they

do not give a reason, they reshuffle

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people and a lot of it has to do

with loyalties and those who are

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close to the Royal Family and those

who they think and do a good job.

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They give them the job rather than

it being based on their skills, it

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is about how close they are to the

family. We do not know exactly what

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happened, we are just reading into

this like anyone else.

What can we

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read into the elevation of a woman,

the deputy Labour minister, is this

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part of the modernisation effort, to

promote a more moderate view of

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Islam in Saudi Arabia?

It is a

moderate step and Saudi Arabia is

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trying to change its image that it

had for so long, that it had been

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Conservative and reserved and kept

women on the side and not having

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that participation of females in

power and in higher positions and I

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think we have seen a lot of changes

in the past few months. Women were

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allowed to go into stadiums, small

changes, and may be for someone

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outside Saudi Arabia, they would

think they are minor changes, but

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for women there who have never been

able to drive or participate in

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politics, or in public life such as

that, it is a very big deal. It is

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part of the plan...

This is his

vision.

I think he is trying to

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bring a lot of people who are close

to him and a lot of analysts are

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saying this is paving the way for

him for when he becomes King. He

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wants to change the image of Saudi

Arabia and he wants to have not a

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Conservative Islam model in the

state. How that will happen, we will

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see how that goes, but I think he is

trying hard and I think all so he

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will create some enemies on the way

because not all people are happy

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about this.

Temperatures have

continued to plunge across Europe as

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the Siberian weather for as --

Siberian weather system moves in.

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There have been accidents on roads

and railways. In Serbia, a truck

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travelling between -- travelling

from Belgrade crashed on a bridge

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and it was left dangling over a

river. It was two hours before the

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driver to be rescued. In Croatia,

were a northern town has been

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paralysed by record snowfall.

Schools in the area have been closed

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after that. Emergency services had

to spend several hours evacuating

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nearby village. Let us go to Vienna,

where we can get the view from

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central Europe. It is bitterly cold

here in Vienna and the icy winds are

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making it feel even colder than it

actually is and these kind of

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conditions we are seeing throughout

central and even the south of Europe

0:14:410:14:45

at the moment, there has been snow

in Rome and Naples, widespread

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travel disruption. A country like

Austria is used to the snow and here

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we have not seen the kind of

disruptions that we have in some of

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the neighbouring countries. It is

extremely difficult for anyone who

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does not have shelter and there is

an effort throughout this part of

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the world to make sure that people

who are homeless are brought to

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shelters where they can have a warm

place to sleep that night. In

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Poland, we understand that several

people have actually died because of

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exposure to the cold. People are

bracing themselves, certainly for a

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few more days of this and many

people will be very relieved when

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this cold snap is over. Here in the

UK, heavy snow led to a day of

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disruption for schools and

travellers, many rail services were

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cancelled in the south-east and

Network Rail has issued an apology

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for closing line in areas where the

snow never fail. Victoria Fritz

0:15:480:15:52

reports. It wants to provide the

safest and most reliable network for

0:15:520:15:56

the trains that do run to run and

that means that compacted snow can

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turn into ice, back in fact the

points and stop them working. We

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could see freezing temperatures, we

do not need any snow at all that can

0:16:050:16:16

make the rails freeze which means

that the signals do not change, so

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that all these problems, despite

efforts to try and counteract this,

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we are talking about Europe's

busiest railway network so more

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disruptions are expected tomorrow.

Still to come here on Outside

0:16:260:16:28

Source... Coming up soon, more about

that. The film director Lewis

0:16:280:16:35

Gilbert, the man behind some of the

classic Bond films has died at the

0:16:350:16:39

age of 97. We will look back at his

life and career. The primers to's

0:16:390:16:53

office has dispersed any prospect of

a return to a horror border between

0:16:530:16:57

Northern Ireland and the Republic of

Ireland as a consequence of Brexit

0:16:570:17:02

-- returned to a hard border.

As far

as a spokesperson is concerned, he

0:17:020:17:12

was setting out technologically

unfeasibly how this border might

0:17:120:17:16

work after Brexit. They say he was

not suggesting there should be any

0:17:160:17:21

kind of hard border, there was a

phrase in that letter that said even

0:17:210:17:25

if there was a hard border, goods

would still not be checked. That has

0:17:250:17:32

raised the possibility that he was

contemplating a hard border against

0:17:320:17:36

what was stated government policy.

Downing Street have made it very

0:17:360:17:40

clear at the position of the

government that it is unchanged,

0:17:400:17:44

that it will not contemplate a hard

border on the island of Ireland.

0:17:440:17:48

Nothing has changed because of Boris

's letter. Nothing has changed in

0:17:480:17:54

their position.

You're watching

Outside Source. Our top story. It

0:17:540:18:03

could be the red light for a diesel

cars in Germany, a court has ruled

0:18:030:18:07

that cities can ban them to protect

people from harmful emissions.

0:18:070:18:12

Others store cheese -- stories from

around the BBC right now. The

0:18:120:18:18

funeral of the Bollywood superstar

will be held on Wednesday after

0:18:180:18:21

police closed the investigation into

her death in Dubai. An autopsy ruled

0:18:210:18:26

that she drowned in a band after

losing consciousness. She appeared

0:18:260:18:31

in around 300 movies. Mexican

authorities are searching for three

0:18:310:18:35

police officers in connection with

the disappearance of three Italian

0:18:350:18:38

men on the 31st of January. Four

officers are already in custody

0:18:380:18:45

accused of handing the Italians

overdue a criminal gang. Here is one

0:18:450:18:51

animal lots of people have been

looking at online, this Atlantic

0:18:510:18:57

grey seal was found nearly dead on a

beach in Norfolk last September. She

0:18:570:19:02

had a plastic ring trapped around

her neck. The volunteers who cut it

0:19:020:19:07

off nursed back to help and they

have released back into the sea. --

0:19:070:19:17

nursed back to health. Comcast,

which owns NBC and Universal

0:19:170:19:21

Pictures has outfoxed its rival with

a bid for Sky. Sky has agreed a deal

0:19:210:19:30

with 21st-century fox but that is

facing scrutiny but the power of

0:19:300:19:34

Rupert Murdoch's media empire. Let

us join our correspondent in New

0:19:340:19:41

York. Why is Comcast so interested

in Sky?

Comcast is essentially a US

0:19:410:19:48

focused company which is very big

here in the United States but it has

0:19:480:19:54

virtually no presence beyond its

shores and the CEO said he was in

0:19:540:19:56

London in the back of a taxi and

someone talked about Sky and all of

0:19:560:20:01

its products and the Sky Sports

packages and then he

0:20:010:20:15

went to Westfield in London and they

showed him some of the technology in

0:20:170:20:19

a Sky shop and he was impressed and

he thought it was a decent chance to

0:20:190:20:23

make inroads into the European

market because Sky is strong in the

0:20:230:20:25

UK and Ireland and Germany and

Italy. You seen a scrap over a very

0:20:250:20:28

profitable and very sought after

asset in Europe in the media world

0:20:280:20:32

in Europe, between Disney is set to

buy Fox and the part of sky that

0:20:320:20:38

Rupert Murdoch owns and one of its

rivals, Comcast and perhaps we could

0:20:380:20:44

be seen in a bidding war between

these companies for a UK and

0:20:440:20:50

European asset.

While you are with

us, I want to ask you about this

0:20:500:20:54

tweet saying that am is buying the

smart doorbell maker ring, why are

0:20:540:21:01

they making this move?

I did not

know of such a thing as that! Amazon

0:21:010:21:08

has been interested in companies

like this for a while and the reason

0:21:080:21:12

is simple. What Ring does is it

allows you to have video doorbells

0:21:120:21:16

you can control from your

smartphone, see who is at the door

0:21:160:21:19

even if you are at work or out and

of course, that is perfect if you

0:21:190:21:24

are Amazon looking to deliver

parcels and you want a way to make

0:21:240:21:27

sure that people can get to their

deliveries when they are not at

0:21:270:21:31

home. A start-up like this that

provides a solution is a really good

0:21:310:21:42

addition to the company and you can

see why they have gone after it.

0:21:420:21:44

What is interesting is that the

money for this came from Amazon

0:21:440:21:47

originally, it has a programme in

which it helps young entrepreneurs

0:21:470:21:50

get their project off the ground, it

helped build this business and it

0:21:500:21:53

looks like it will buy it back in a

big deal.

Thank you. When the

0:21:530:22:02

world's most important central

bankers speaks, everyone listens.

0:22:020:22:06

Jerome Powell made his first major

appearance as head of the US Federal

0:22:060:22:10

Reserve earlier and here is what he

said.

We will continue to strike a

0:22:100:22:16

balance between avoiding an

overheated economy and bringing

0:22:160:22:20

price inflation to 2% on a sustained

basis. In view of the committee,

0:22:200:22:25

further gradual increases the funds

rate will obtain their objectives.

0:22:250:22:31

Lower corporate taxes should lead to

higher investment and the effect is

0:22:310:22:36

not easy to estimate but the studies

find that it should lead to higher

0:22:360:22:42

investment and that should lead to

higher productivity over time and

0:22:420:22:46

that should lead to higher wages

over time.

Let us stay in the US and

0:22:460:22:50

go back to that breaking news that

Jared Kushner has last access to the

0:22:500:23:00

present's daily brief. That news

came in via Reuters. Let us get an

0:23:000:23:06

explanation from Gary O'Donoghue in

Washington. Tell us what this means

0:23:060:23:10

and why it has happened?

Effectively

what it means is that Jared Kushner

0:23:100:23:16

will no longer get access to top

secret information that comes into

0:23:160:23:21

the White House, including the

President's daily briefing, includes

0:23:210:23:26

highly classified intelligence

material and of course, given his

0:23:260:23:30

role in the White House and it is a

huge role ranging across a whole

0:23:300:23:36

bunch of subject areas including

relations with Mexico and of course,

0:23:360:23:40

crucially, the whole business of

Middle East peace and the

0:23:400:23:43

negotiations there are, not been

able to see top secret, the most

0:23:430:23:49

secret information that comes in

will handicap and hamper his

0:23:490:24:02

ability to leave. The reason he has

had a problem with this clearance is

0:24:110:24:14

part of it is self-inflicted. He

made a bit of a mess filling in a

0:24:140:24:17

forum that everyone has to fill in

who is seeking this kind of

0:24:170:24:19

clearance. It details your

employment history, financial

0:24:190:24:24

details, that kind of thing and then

the FBI has a look at it, does some

0:24:240:24:28

interviews and eventually gives you

the clearance or does not give you

0:24:280:24:32

the clearance. Or recommends the

clearance or not. He has had to

0:24:320:24:37

revise that form a number of times

and there are concerns about his

0:24:370:24:43

business entanglements with people

outside the United States and

0:24:430:24:46

whether or not that could

potentially compromise his ability

0:24:460:24:50

to look at that sort of

intelligence. It is a really

0:24:500:24:55

difficult position for him to find

himself in,

0:24:550:25:08

embarrassing for the President and

as I say, it will leave him with the

0:25:100:25:13

ability to do his job, only with one

hand tied behind his back.

In 30

0:25:130:25:16

seconds, what can we read into the

timing of this, if anything?

We know

0:25:160:25:19

that the Chief of Staff wanted to

clamp down on the sheer number of

0:25:190:25:22

people who were operating under this

interim security clearance. Jared

0:25:220:25:24

Kushner was not the only one who was

subject to this backlog and after

0:25:240:25:30

the recent scandal around Rob

Porter, senior adviser who was also

0:25:300:25:35

under interim clearance, who was a

potential blackmail target because

0:25:350:25:41

of his own personal life, then the

review was taken place and now John

0:25:410:25:46

Kelly has decided, enough is enough,

these clearances have to stop.

Thank

0:25:460:25:51

you very much. Gary O'Donoghue

bringing us up to date in Washington

0:25:510:26:00

with the news that Jared Kushner has

lost his access to the most valued

0:26:000:26:03

US intelligence report. Back in a

few minutes time.

0:26:030:26:07

Hello. It is off to north America.

Some positively springlike

0:26:120:26:19

conditions on the way in the North

eastern state of the USA on

0:26:190:26:23

Wednesday. Plenty of sunshine

binders weather system and some

0:26:230:26:28

unseasonably white -- mild air has

pushed in. Winter continues here. On

0:26:280:26:38

Wednesday, some areas will see

damage is between ten and 15 degrees

0:26:380:26:43

below average. Chilly days and cold

nights. Low pressure bumping into

0:26:430:26:48

that cold air in the Pacific

Northwest will extend snow into

0:26:480:26:52

California in the next 48 hours,

rain to the south of California

0:26:520:26:56

which might trigger localised flash

flooding and perhaps landslide. In

0:26:560:27:02

the years, a weather system will

develop, warm air coming out of the

0:27:020:27:07

Gulf, firing up those showers as

that system pushes into the

0:27:070:27:11

north-east into Thursday. It follows

the line of weather systems recently

0:27:110:27:15

which have led to the flooding

sensitivity through the Mississippi

0:27:150:27:18

Valley and as you can see, this will

exacerbate things with 50

0:27:180:27:24

millimetres of rain to add to the

picture. South Africa has picked up

0:27:240:27:29

some intense rainfall through the

early part of this week, parts of

0:27:290:27:34

Mozambique and Zimbabwe getting 200

millimetres of rain falling in the

0:27:340:27:38

space of 24 hours and some hefty

seasonal showers. Cloud showing up

0:27:380:27:43

here on the satellite picture. In

the North, we will have heavy

0:27:430:27:48

showers through the middle of the

week. It will beat the likes of

0:27:480:27:52

Botswana and Zimbabwe will get the

worst of the weather. Towards the

0:27:520:27:57

north-west, some pretty relentless

rain on the way. If we dressed up

0:27:570:28:01

towards Morocco you will see a

weather front extending in here and

0:28:010:28:06

it will be followed by a few

showers. All part of an area of low

0:28:060:28:10

pressure and it will come into play

for our European weather story on

0:28:100:28:16

Wednesday. You probably already know

that Europe is in the grip of a big

0:28:160:28:22

freeze, exceptionally cold weather,

snow reported in Corsica and there

0:28:220:28:27

is more wintry weather to come in

the next couple of days. The cold

0:28:270:28:31

extends into Italy, Greece and the

north of Spain for Wednesday, our

0:28:310:28:36

area of low pressure that is pushing

into Africa will bump into Portugal

0:28:360:28:41

and Spain bringing heavy snow across

the Pyrenees and eventually into the

0:28:410:28:45

south of France and torrential rain

for Spain and Portugal and strong

0:28:450:28:48

and gusty winds. This low will push

further north towards the UK

0:28:480:28:54

affecting us at the end of this

week, but take a closer look at how

0:28:540:28:58

that works with our UK report in

half an hour.

0:28:580:29:02

Hello, this is Outside Source, these

are the main stories.

0:30:140:30:18

It could be the red light for diesel

cars in Germany, a court rules that

0:30:180:30:23

cities can ban then to protect

people from harmful emissions. Will

0:30:230:30:27

other countries follow?

US media reports say President

0:30:270:30:32

Trump's son-in-law had close adviser

Jarrod Kushner has lost access to

0:30:320:30:37

the most valued US intelligence

report, the President's daily brief.

0:30:370:30:42

It comes as the White House imposes

greater discipline on access to

0:30:420:30:45

secrets.

It was a pause in name only,

0:30:450:30:52

fighting in Eastern Ghouta means

there has been no ceasefire today in

0:30:520:30:55

Syria. Everyday, Outside Source

features BBC journalists working

0:30:550:31:01

over 30 languages and your questions

are always welcome.

0:31:010:31:08

As we mentioned, despite Russia

ordering a humanitarian ceasefire,

0:31:210:31:26

the Damascus suburb of Eastern

Ghouta awoke to this.

0:31:260:31:29

Syrian government forces carrying

out air strikes, according to a

0:31:350:31:39

monitoring group. The proposed five

hour truce scheduled to start at

0:31:390:31:43

nine o'clock local time collapsed on

its first day. In fact, some

0:31:430:31:48

residents of Eastern Ghouta say it

never started at all.

Right now,

0:31:480:31:55

more than five air strikes hit

towns, and the missiles hit the city

0:31:550:32:02

and killed two people. Many bombings

right no, after the ceasefire. They

0:32:020:32:17

did not stop bombing the buildings

in Eastern Ghouta.

Both sides are

0:32:170:32:22

blaming each other for the

unsuccessful ceasefire, Russia,

0:32:220:32:26

which backs the Seren Government,

accused rebels of shelling and

0:32:260:32:31

evacuation corridor. The rebels have

denied this. A UN spokesman has said

0:32:310:32:35

that even if the truce had been

successful, there was not enough

0:32:350:32:38

time to bring in medical aid or get

civilians out.

There is not enough

0:32:380:32:45

to them at any age or any evacuation

out, the UN in Damascus... They can

0:32:450:32:53

tell it will take more than this

because the distance is less than 30

0:32:530:32:59

minutes. But to bring the convoy in

and to take all the items out, it

0:32:590:33:07

needs much more than five hours.

They need much more time to screen

0:33:070:33:16

patients, to talk to workers and

said this area. Five hours is

0:33:160:33:20

nothing, definitely. It is not ideal

that the UN Security Council members

0:33:200:33:25

are talking about this five hours

truce while the attacks continue for

0:33:250:33:34

the rest of the day.

Let's show you

pictures of this crossing between

0:33:340:33:39

Damascus and Eastern Ghouta. They

were filmed by Syrian state TV. You

0:33:390:33:43

can see the buses parked by the side

of the road, presumably there to

0:33:430:33:48

take evacuees away. There are

explosions visible on the distant

0:33:480:33:52

skyline. It is not caused -- it's

not clear what caused them or in

0:33:520:33:56

whose territory they are located. If

the residents do manage to escape

0:33:560:34:01

fighting around their homes, they

may face new dangers in the shelters

0:34:010:34:04

and camps in other parts of Syria.

James Landale has uncovered reports

0:34:040:34:10

of local Seren officials demanding

sexual favours for the aid supplies

0:34:100:34:14

they have been tasked with

distributing. Daniel Spencer says

0:34:140:34:17

she was told about this abuse from

someone who had fled to an aid camp

0:34:170:34:23

in Jordan.

They were withholding the

aid that had been delivered, and

0:34:230:34:28

using these women for sex. So this

was a range of women. Women of

0:34:280:34:38

different ages in the group. Some

had experienced it themselves, some

0:34:380:34:43

were very distraught host of sexual

exploitation and abuse of women and

0:34:430:34:47

girls has been ignored, it's been

known about and it's been ignored

0:34:470:34:53

for seven years.

Let's turn to Australia, because a

0:34:530:34:59

woman has taken on a wildly popular

anonymous app, accusing it of

0:34:590:35:04

facilitating online bullying. It

lets people do this, leave

0:35:040:35:13

constructive criticism, as they

collared, on their social media

0:35:130:35:16

networks. But anonymously. It was

Ample's most popular on the online

0:35:160:35:21

store before it launched, but now

it's been dropped altogether,

0:35:210:35:24

because of a campaign launched by

this woman, Catriona Collins, she

0:35:240:35:29

was appalled by the messages are

13-year-old daughter was getting,

0:35:290:35:33

some of them foul and offensive.

This is some of her petition. You

0:35:330:35:37

can see the headline. My doctor was

told to kill herself. Her campaign

0:35:370:35:45

has had huge support. -- my daughter

was told. This has been some of the

0:35:450:35:50

response online. You've got this

reaction, excellent news. The route

0:35:500:35:55

of almost all cyber-bullying is

anonymity. The company denies the

0:35:550:36:00

accusations and says while it's

unfortunate, the app should not be

0:36:000:36:04

used by teenager. It tells us it is

optimistic about reaching a

0:36:040:36:09

favourable understanding with Google

and apple soon. Our correspondent

0:36:090:36:14

has been following the story.

It's

an anonymous messaging app, it uses

0:36:140:36:19

-- users will sign up and download

it on their mobile phones, than they

0:36:190:36:23

are given a page and other users can

read them anonymous -- and leave

0:36:230:36:28

them anonymous comments.

It was

designed as an anonymous feedback

0:36:280:36:32

app that people might find useful,

but it has a wish they'd been used

0:36:320:36:35

by a lot of teenagers, other young

people and some pretty horrible

0:36:350:36:39

things being said.

Is seen to be

hugely popular amongst teenagers.

0:36:390:36:45

And it has prompted allegations that

it has been used to bully people. As

0:36:450:36:49

you can imagine, with anonymous

apps, this one and other ones in the

0:36:490:36:56

past have been used to send really

hurtful, really crude and disgusting

0:36:560:37:01

comments to users.

And there have

been allegations that these have led

0:37:010:37:05

to be but wanting to self harm and

take their own lives as Mac

That's

0:37:050:37:09

right. In the past, the apps or

websites have prompted these kinds

0:37:090:37:21

of scandals. Interestingly, it was a

petition by one particular

0:37:210:37:24

Australian mother who pointed out

the bullying aspect to Sarahah. That

0:37:240:37:30

actually managed to get the app

taken off the Ample store. As far as

0:37:300:37:39

we know. -- the Ample store. --

apple-macro.

And the BBC have looked

0:37:390:37:49

into Sarahah and how it works. What

did you find out?

We did find out it

0:37:490:37:54

was quite easy to send anonymous

feedback, that is the point of the

0:37:540:38:00

app. By the time we contacted the

CEO, we managed to find that when

0:38:000:38:09

messages containing offensive

language were sent, we tested that

0:38:090:38:12

mechanism, they were being blocked.

So eight week has happened in the

0:38:120:38:17

app to block some of those offensive

messages.

Those of us with teenagers

0:38:170:38:21

who see the sort of messages that

they can send our concern, but what

0:38:210:38:26

do Sarahah say in their defence? Why

do they say they should exist?

Part

0:38:260:38:30

of the thing they say is that

actually most teenagers should not

0:38:300:38:34

be using this. Young teenagers

should not be using this. There is a

0:38:340:38:38

minimum age of 17. They put the onus

on the parents to enforce this,

0:38:380:38:42

which I'm sure parents at there will

realise how difficult it is

0:38:420:38:46

sometimes. But then, they also say

they are upping the enforcement of

0:38:460:38:50

their rules and doing technical

tweaks to filter out some of those

0:38:500:38:58

messages, even messages that are

explicit, they're trying to use what

0:38:580:39:03

we, natural language processing to

try and figure out which might be

0:39:030:39:06

threatening or harassing.

And I

think Sarahah means the truth in

0:39:060:39:10

Arabic?

Honesty.

The fact that it's

been taken off the Ample website and

0:39:100:39:20

Google, you can still download it?

It will still continue to function

0:39:200:39:24

if used to have it on your phone.

But new users will not be able to

0:39:240:39:28

download it.

Well, you can get a lot more on that

0:39:280:39:34

aren't on all our top stories on our

website. There is more about that

0:39:340:39:38

app story. The investigation and the

interview with Catriona Collins, the

0:39:380:39:44

woman who launched the petition and

ended up taking Sarahah of Google

0:39:440:39:50

and Apple.

0:39:500:39:52

Britain's International trade

secretary Liam Fox has said any form

0:39:570:40:00

of customs union with the EU after

Brexit would be a complete sell-out

0:40:000:40:05

for the UK. His comments were partly

in response to a policy shift by

0:40:050:40:09

this man, Jeremy Corbyn, who said on

Monday he wanted Britain to stay in

0:40:090:40:15

a customs union with the EU and that

would allow goods to continue to

0:40:150:40:19

move freely without tariffs but

would restrict the ability to do

0:40:190:40:23

separate trade deals. The EU is the

UK's single largest trading partner,

0:40:230:40:28

accounting for 42% of exports, but

the fox said new opportunities

0:40:280:40:32

beckoned.

Our approach should not be

premised on something identifying

0:40:320:40:38

how much of our current relationship

we want to keep, but what we need to

0:40:380:40:44

prosper in a rapidly changing global

environment. We cannot let the

0:40:440:40:49

practices and the patterns of the

past constrain the opportunities of

0:40:490:40:54

the future.

But Liam Fox's former

top officials have criticised the

0:40:540:41:00

gum and strategy. Sir Martin

Donnelly was permanent secretary in

0:41:000:41:04

the Department for International

Trade until last year and here is

0:41:040:41:06

what he had to say.

If we look at

where we are now, with fair and

0:41:060:41:11

equal access to the very large, rich

EU market, which is nearly half of

0:41:110:41:17

our services and goods exports, plus

preferential access to other

0:41:170:41:20

markets, which gets us up to around

three fifths of our trade, if you're

0:41:200:41:24

going to give that up for the

promise of some bilateral deals with

0:41:240:41:29

markets that are much less on to us,

it's like giving up a three course

0:41:290:41:33

meal for a packet of crisps. It's

just not equivalent, and we have to

0:41:330:41:38

recognise that reality before we

take this decision.

Meanwhile, the

0:41:380:41:43

European Union's chief negotiator

Michel Barnier has insisted that any

0:41:430:41:47

transition period with Britain must

be limited to a specific duration.

0:41:470:41:52

Britain is seeking a transition of

about two years but says it doesn't

0:41:520:41:55

want to be restricted to the date

proposed by the EU at the end of

0:41:550:41:59

2020. Here is Michel Barnier.

There

are significant points of

0:41:590:42:05

disagreement with the UK as to what

we understand by transition, the

0:42:050:42:08

conditions for such and the

dimensions of such a transition. For

0:42:080:42:14

example, the duration of the

transition. Logically, we wish to

0:42:140:42:22

end on the 31st of December 2020 at

the same time as the multi-annual

0:42:220:42:29

financial period. The UK it seems

would like to maintain this

0:42:290:42:33

duration, which is not possible.

On

Friday, Theresa May is due to give a

0:42:330:42:39

speech outlining the Government's

latest thinking on where it was the

0:42:390:42:42

relationship with the EU to end up

and she is expected to call for the

0:42:420:42:47

ability to diverged from some EU

regulations over time, but she

0:42:470:42:51

doesn't have a majority in

Parliament and the EU may not give

0:42:510:42:53

her what she wants. Here is Rob

Watson.

It's very difficult to

0:42:530:42:59

imagine a Prime Minister being in a

trickier position. Her own party

0:42:590:43:05

divided, the country divided,

business is deeply concerned. The

0:43:050:43:09

pressure is really on. I think the

pressure is perfect on because what

0:43:090:43:13

we are seeing this week, last week,

we will see on Friday, Brexit is

0:43:130:43:17

going from being something that was

theoretical, to the rubber really

0:43:170:43:24

hitting the road, real decisions

need to be made, deadlines,

0:43:240:43:27

decisions are approaching.

It seems plenty of governments want

0:43:270:43:31

to gather data on their citizens.

China is doing that but facing

0:43:310:43:35

criticism over how the information

is being used. It's being used for

0:43:350:43:41

policing in a province in the

Northwest for a gathers information

0:43:410:43:47

about their communities. The data is

also apparently being used to crack

0:43:470:43:54

down on anyone suspected political

disloyalty. Here is the China

0:43:540:43:58

director from Rights Watch with

more.

This is an affirmative which

0:43:580:44:02

there are really not enforceable

privacy rights. In fact a great deal

0:44:020:44:06

of this data is being gathered

without people even knowing that it

0:44:060:44:11

is being gathered or what purpose it

is being used for. And arguably, the

0:44:110:44:15

piece of the story that concerns us

the most is that authorities are

0:44:150:44:20

using this information to decide

that people are somehow harbouring

0:44:200:44:23

views that are suspect and in fact

arbitrarily containing them on the

0:44:230:44:29

basis of that determination. Some of

this information is gathered by

0:44:290:44:31

local officials, an integrated with

material that the police have

0:44:310:44:37

already gathered. Essentially what

the authorities are doing is grading

0:44:370:44:44

people to determine whether the

authorities that they are

0:44:440:44:48

problematic. We have been

documenting for several months the

0:44:480:44:51

establishment of what are

euphemistically known as political

0:44:510:44:54

education centres across the

province in western China, for

0:44:540:44:59

people are essentially held without

any sort of formal process and

0:44:590:45:03

forced to go through proclamations

of their loyalty to the Chinese

0:45:030:45:13

government. There are many reports

-- there are not many reports yet

0:45:130:45:16

actual physical abuse in these

centres, but there are suggestions

0:45:160:45:20

that large numbers of people are

being sent to them with no legal

0:45:200:45:24

basis for this whatsoever. It is a

very worrying trend and seeing these

0:45:240:45:28

two things merged together I think

should be prompting a lot of

0:45:280:45:32

governments and companies to be

asking questions about what the

0:45:320:45:35

Chinese authorities are doing. For

anyone who is selling the scanner

0:45:350:45:39

technology to China or trying to buy

it from China, about how their gear

0:45:390:45:43

is being used. The companies

identified in these documents are

0:45:430:45:50

Chinese, but we have bumped up on

other surveillance related issues

0:45:500:45:54

against Western -based companies and

we have real questions about whether

0:45:540:45:57

they are doing this with the

appropriate due diligence.

0:45:570:46:02

We've been falling of elements any

Nigeria school abduction story. It's

0:46:020:46:07

more than a week since 110

schoolgirls were taken. This is just

0:46:070:46:14

under 300 kilometres away from the

school in Chibok where 200 and sent

0:46:140:46:18

to six girls were abducted four

years ago. -- 270 girls. There has

0:46:180:46:24

been a tweet from a Nigerian

presidential office saying the

0:46:240:46:27

Government has set up a committee to

unravel the circumstances

0:46:270:46:31

surrounding the abduction of these

110 students. On yesterday's

0:46:310:46:35

programme we heard from a father

whose daughter is still missing.

0:46:350:46:39

Here is one of the girls who managed

to get away.

We went through a lot

0:46:390:46:44

before we were able to escape. I saw

them with my own eyes. We initially

0:46:440:46:48

tried leafing through the school

gate but they blocked cars there so

0:46:480:46:51

we were back in school and climbed

over the parent -- over the fence.

0:46:510:46:56

But there were three cars outside

and they asked us to get in, saying

0:46:560:47:00

they would help us. Some of us went

in and some of us reviews. A gunman

0:47:000:47:06

stood by the school gate and kept

firing into the air. But they did

0:47:060:47:09

not aim at anyone, just firing into

the air. We went back into school

0:47:090:47:14

and jumped over the fence and ran

towards the nearest town. We were

0:47:140:47:21

lucky. No matter what security has

been put in place, I honestly don't

0:47:210:47:25

think I can go back to the school.

The latest on the Nigerian

0:47:250:47:31

schoolgirl abduction.

The former co-chair of the main

0:47:310:47:37

Syrian Kurdish movement is on

Turkey's most wanted list, accused

0:47:370:47:44

of terror charges including a

bombing of 2016 in Ankara. He was

0:47:440:47:49

detained in Prague at the weekend

but the court there released him.

0:47:490:47:52

Turkey is not happy with the

decision. It is a spokesman for the

0:47:520:47:56

Turkish debited Prime Minister.

This

billing is against international law

0:47:560:48:03

and against the European can the

edge and on extradition. This ruling

0:48:030:48:07

clearly shows support for terrorist

organisations. And it will have a

0:48:070:48:11

negative affect on relations between

Turkey and the Czech Republic.

Here

0:48:110:48:18

is a correspondent on how it is

being seen there.

From here is the

0:48:180:48:23

former leader and the founder of a

Kurdish Syrian party governing in

0:48:230:48:29

northern Syria which Turkey sees as

an extension of the outlawed

0:48:290:48:33

militant group in Turkey, which has

reached a decade-long insurgency. So

0:48:330:48:41

any Kurdish entity existing across

its borders is a direct threat to

0:48:410:48:46

its security. That is why Turkey was

expecting the Czech authorities to

0:48:460:48:53

rule for the extradition but this

decision to release him can -- came

0:48:530:48:57

as a surprise for the Turkish

authorities. So what will happen

0:48:570:49:00

now? After his release, he told

reporters he doesn't know yet where

0:49:000:49:08

he would be, but pledged to the

Czech authorities he would remain in

0:49:080:49:11

the European Union. Turkey has

warned the Czech authorities that

0:49:110:49:16

this decision would have a negative

impact in bilateral relations, but

0:49:160:49:22

what kind of impact this would have

what kind of steps Turkey would take

0:49:220:49:27

is yet another question that needs

an answer.

0:49:270:49:32

A foodbank in Germany has

temporarily stopped accepting new

0:49:320:49:37

Mac and customers, favouring only

German citizens instead. It is what

0:49:370:49:41

Angela Merkel said about that move.

One should not run services on the

0:49:410:49:46

basis of such categorisations but it

also shows the amount of pressure

0:49:460:49:49

there is and how many people are

needy. An estimated 1.2 million

0:49:490:49:55

asylum seekers enter Germany during

the mike in crisis of 2015 to 2016.

0:49:550:50:00

The charity says it helps around

16,000 people in the city of SN.

0:50:000:50:06

They say the share of the foreigners

using the foodbank has soared to 75%

0:50:060:50:11

in recent years. Here is the head of

the foodbank justifying the

0:50:110:50:14

decision.

Firstly, the decision is

temporary. Secondly, we are

0:50:140:50:22

temporarily not accepting migrants

because of the proportion of

0:50:220:50:25

foreigners among our clients has

risen to 75%. In recent years we

0:50:250:50:29

have always had a percentage of

foreigners, about 35 to 40%. The

0:50:290:50:34

proportion of migrants in this city

is 23%. So we have always had

0:50:340:50:38

significantly more migrants or

foreigners as clients than the

0:50:380:50:42

average of the population.

Film director Lewis Gilbert has died

0:50:420:50:47

at the age of 97. He is behind James

Bond films like The Spy Who Loved Me

0:50:470:50:54

Normal And Moon-mac. He Directed

More Than 40 Films Including Alfie

0:50:540:50:57

And Educating Rita. David Sillito

looks back at his life.

0:50:570:51:09

When Lewis Gilbert took on James

Bond, he was already a director with

0:51:090:51:13

more than 20 forms to his name. He

had directed Orson Welles, Kenneth

0:51:130:51:18

Moore and dark warbird, but 007 with

its seemingly and limited budget was

0:51:180:51:21

new territory. -- dirk Bogarde.

Have

never been on a film where the staff

0:51:210:51:28

has ever come up. If I said today I

want 5000 people flown in from

0:51:280:51:32

Tokyo, I'm sure they would be flown

in.

In the 1950s, Lewis Gilbert made

0:51:320:51:38

his name with a string of tales of

stiff upper lip wartime British

0:51:380:51:42

valour. And then in the 1960s, a

film that helped define a very

0:51:420:51:51

different era, Alfie.

My

understanding of women only goes as

0:51:510:51:53

far as the pleasure. When it comes

to the pain, and like every other

0:51:530:51:57

bloke. I don't want to know.

Onset,

he was easy-going, charming,

0:51:570:52:05

unflappable. The child of musical

performance, he spent his life in

0:52:050:52:09

show business. And 17 years after

Alfie, he was reunited with Michael

0:52:090:52:14

Cain in Educating Rita.

Thought it

was something serious!

After that,

0:52:140:52:20

Shirley Valentine.

Now I'm Shirley

Valentine about -- again.

His career

0:52:200:52:27

reads like a greatest hits of the

British film industry and it is

0:52:270:52:31

certainly some of Mr Bond's greatest

moments.

0:52:310:52:38

Lewis Gilbert, who has died at the

age of 97.

0:52:380:52:44

Everyone is talking about Black

Panther accepting the imaginary

0:52:440:52:46

country -- it is set in the

imaginary country of BRCA1, although

0:52:460:52:53

the language is an official one in

South Africa and Zimbabwe. -- the

0:52:530:52:58

country of Wakanda. Here are some of

the useful phrases.

I may not be

0:52:580:53:10

from Wakanda, but I do speak the

language. What you hear in the film

0:53:100:53:20

is my language. It is spoken by just

over 8 million people in South

0:53:200:53:26

Africa and was Nelson Mandela's

Hauman. Just in case you find

0:53:260:53:31

yourself in Wakanda and you want to

strike up a conversation with Black

0:53:310:53:35

Panther, I will teach you a few

phrases. It is one of the few land

0:53:350:53:40

which is in the world with clicks in

it. If you want to say hi, how are

0:53:400:53:44

you? Let's take it up a notch. Maybe

you want to know what side of the

0:53:440:53:52

road to drive on. You would say...

Let's try that again. What side of

0:53:520:54:03

the body do you drive on here? -- of

the road. Say you arrive in Wakanda

0:54:030:54:10

just in time for the King's swearing

in ceremony and you're dying to a

0:54:100:54:15

ten -- to attend, you could ask...

What time is the king's swearing in

0:54:150:54:19

ceremony? Firstly, no trip to a

foreign land would be complete

0:54:190:54:26

without sampling the local dishes.

If you want to ask what is good to

0:54:260:54:30

eat in Wakanda, you could say...

Let's try that again. So hopefully

0:54:300:54:38

if you're ever in Wakanda on

holiday, you will know just enough

0:54:380:54:43

to stay out of trouble or at least

get yourself out of it!

0:54:430:54:49

So now you know how to get by in

Wakanda and in South Africa. Thanks

0:54:490:54:53

for watching Outside Source.

0:54:530:54:57

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