28/02/2018 Outside Source


28/02/2018

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LineFromTo

Hello, I'm Kasia Madera,

this is Outside Source.

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The children of Parkland return

to school, two weeks to the day

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after a gunman walked

in and killed their friends,

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while Donald Trump pins the gun

debate on mental illness.

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I'll tell you this, you'd have to

have very strong provisions for the

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mentally ill. A lot of people are

saying I shouldn't be saying that. I

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tell you what, I don't want mentally

ill people to be having guns.

The

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battle over Brexit, London and

Brussels at odds over the Irish

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border as one former prime ministers

has Britain should reconsider its

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current path.

Nobody can truly know

what the will of the people may then

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be, so let Parliament decide, or put

the issue back to the people.

And

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the latest on the beast from the

used, as cold weather is taking its

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toll on Europe. Get in touch with us

-- beast from the East.

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Welcome to Outside Source.

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Gun control in the US has been back

on the agenda since a mass shooting

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in Florida two weeks ago.

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President Donald Trump is currently

speaking to a diverse mix

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of senators and representatives,

urging them to come up

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with comprehensive legislation

to prevent school shootings.

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Let's cross over live to Washington

and have a listen to this meeting.

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Because I want this to be the last

one of these I ever have to have. If

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we can do universal background

checks and ban bump stock 's, and

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get rid of the Dieke Amendment, and

do it now and show my American

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people, that we are actually ready

to act, they will feel better, and

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you can get this done, Mr President,

I want to give that to you.

Thank

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you very much, thank you. So, if I

could just sum up, Chris and John,

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Pat, Joe, maybe you could all get

together and you will start at, from

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that standpoint. Other people,

Diane, you have some very good

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ideas, we all have, Marco, I know

you have a lot, if you could all get

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together, we could put in one great

piece of legislation, Chuck, I think

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you will have an amazing result in

the vote. Votes are hard to get in

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Congress, that is what has been

happening. You will have an amazing

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result, people will be shocked to

see the numbers, it is not going to

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be 60, it will be way above 60,

maybe even a number that nobody

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would even believe. People want to

see something happening, but they

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want to say something good happen

too, but just another piece of... I

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mean, we didn't pass anything, let

alone some good stuff. We want to

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pass something great, and to me,

something great has to be where you

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stuff it from happening and I think

there is only one way. But, again,

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if you feel not to have that, you

understand, I want a counter, I want

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a very strong counterpunch, because

if you have a strong counterpunch,

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you're not going in and you are not

go down this problem any more.

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Remember the 98% figure, 19% of

these attacks, gun free zones, no

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backlash, no death to them, death to

everybody else. But if you four can

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do it together and do something and

maybe set the foundation, add to the

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foundation with some of the great

things said, we would have a bill,

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Steve, it is very hard to the one

thing that you want, I will tell

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you, I am a fan. Let's consider it

for a separate bill. But, again, we

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also want things that can be

approved. You have to look at the

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age of 21 for certain types of

weapons, I mean, certain people

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aren't going to like that but you

will have to look at that very

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seriously. And I think we will have

a vote, I think we will have a very

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successful vote, and I will sign it,

and I will call whoever you want me

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to if I like what you are doing, and

I think I like what you are doing

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already, but you can add to it. You

have to be very powerful on

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background checks, don't be shy.

Very strong on mentally ill. You

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have to be very, very strong on

that, and don't worry about bump

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stock 's, we are getting rid of it

can be don't have to complicate the

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bill by adding another two

paragraphs. We are getting rid of

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it. I will do that myself, because I

am able to, fortunately we are able

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to do that without going through

Congress. So if the full review

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could work together and come up with

some beautiful foundation, add and

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subtract to it, put it for a vote,

let's get it done. That is what we

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have to do.

Mr President, what do we

do about weapons of war easily

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accessible on our street?

What you

will have to do is discuss it with

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everybody, no, it is a very complex

solution, you have weapons on the

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street, these are black-market

weapons. You know the problem,

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Diane, is these aren't where you

walk into a store and buy it, this

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is where someone hands you a gun

and...

You go into a store, and you

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can buy a AR-15, you can buy all

these weapons.

This is what you're

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going to have two discuss, Joe and

Pat. You will sit down with Diane

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and everybody else, and you will

come up with something. I really

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believe it has to be very strong. I

would rather have you come down on

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the strong side, instead of the weak

side. The weak side would be much

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easier, I would rather have you come

up with a strong, strong bill, and

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really strong on background checks.

With that, I just will end it, but I

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just want to thank everybody. I

really believe we are on the road to

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something terrific. Thank you all

very much, thank you.

STUDIO: So

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that is the end of the meeting,

Donald Trump meeting various types

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of politicians, and here talking

about gun control, putting the onus

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on the politicians to come up with

some suggestions. That was the end

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of the meeting but Nick Wyatt in

Washington has been monitoring this

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farce. What was your reading of what

was said?

I think -- of this for us.

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He was talking about a big con

brands of bill that would be

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beautiful, actually it doesn't mesh

with quite what is on the table at

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the moment. Donald Trump saying they

have to be very strong on background

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checks, yes, there is a bill before

the Senate that would do just that,

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but it is quite small reforms. In

the meeting, although he did not

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omit to it, was possibly raising the

age that you have to be to 21 to buy

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the semiautomatic rifles. An

interesting intervention from Dianne

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Feinstein, the senior Democrat from

California, and he said you need to

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talk to her and maybe we can get her

ideas incorporated as well. What she

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is calling for is a ban on

semiautomatic weapons, and that is

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very unlikely that the Republican

party would agree to that. But

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Donald Trump was happy for raising

the age, in favour of getting

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background checks, but the biggest

idea he had in this meeting, and

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isn't worth stressing this, this pet

project he has had ever since the

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parkland shootings, to put more guns

in schools, in the hands of school

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staff, who could provide firepower,

as he put it, if eight gunmen walked

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into a school and started shooting.

How -- if a gunman walked into a

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school and started shooting. How was

that received?

There was a bid of a

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pushback from the Democrats. The

meeting was interesting, most of the

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Democrats in their work pretty

deferential. They saw this as a

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chance to try and get from Donald

Trump a few public promises without

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his aides or the NRA saying, hang on

a minute, you can't do that, you are

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going to far. Sometimes Donald Trump

doesn't have a great command of all

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the sort of granular detail of this

sort of stuff, and doesn't quite

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fully understand, you sometimes

think, what precisely he is emitting

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himself too. For instance, the

Democratic senator from West

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Virginia try to get him to commit to

close what are called the gun show

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loopholes in the background checks,

and he came very close to doing it

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but he just stopped short. So it was

a very interesting meeting, but one

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of the headlines to come from it, I

think, is that his favourite project

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is to arm more teachers. But I think

one thing that was really into

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during about that meeting was what

Donald Trump were saying about the

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NRA. He says you are petrified of

the NRA, you are fearful of them,

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more fearful of them than I am, and

I think that is absolutely true. And

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publicly chiselling away at the

power of the NRA as Donald Trump was

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doing there was something very rare

for a Republican president to do in

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public. I think the NRA would have

been watching that, very nervous

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about what he would commit to, and

also nervous about the sort of

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public challenge he put two senators

and house members in that room at

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the White House, to push back

against the NRA. It is very rare the

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NRA hears that from a Republican

president.

Good overview to some

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that up for us. Thank you. It is

particularly pertinent, this

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meeting, because we had a feud of

elements, earlier today a major gun

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retailer said they would stop

selling that type of rival that was

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used by a teenage gunman to kill 17

people at the school in Florida we

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have been talking about. It was my

called Dick's Cass sporting Goes, it

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has about 300 stores across the US,

and it says they will no longer sell

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that assault rifle or the firearms

of any kind to anyone under the age

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of 21. Of course this comes as

students in Parkland, Florida,

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returned to the school for the first

time since that shooting in February

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14, a very poignant day to them. One

of the survivors has shared her

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feelings with us.

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I am scared it will happen again. I

will have that feeling for the first

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week or two. I think eventually it

will be normal again but not the

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same normal it was before. They will

probably be a new type of normal.

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Though 17 people will not be there.

They will be weird.

Welcome back.

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Thank you.

It is not going to be the

same, but it will be OK.

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Let's talk to our correspondence in

Parkland in Florida. This has been a

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particularly poignant day for the

students returning back to school.

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Yes, absolutely. The walkway to the

school behind me, there are still a

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makeshift memorial there with

posters from schools across the

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country really honouring the 14

students and three staff members who

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were killed. Earlier, this walkway

was lined with members of the

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community, police officers, staff,

students from surrounding schools,

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giving the students high fives,

hiding them, religious greeting them

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and saying welcome back to show them

support. A lot of the students had

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mixed reactions going in, mixed

feelings. They wanted to reconnect

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with teachers on one hand, but they

didn't want to have to face the

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memories from that traumatic day.

And we had from that student, I

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spoke with Lyle Dawson when she came

out, and she said in school they

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focused on playing board games and

having fun and trying to forget

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about that day. But she said it was

also a very loving environment, and

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so she felt like it did make her

heel, because as she said, life goes

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on and this was just a necessary

step for them on their path to

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healing.

This return to school comes

as Florida's lawmakers are also

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preparing a package of gun-control

bills. They will consider raising

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the legal age of buying rifles from

18 to 21 and giving police more

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control to seize weapons from

mentally ill people. Something we

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heard Donald Trump speaking about.

That is in response to a movement

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that has been led by students and

those survivors of the Parkland

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shooting. Students have been

releasing a series of videos, like

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this one.

What if instead of

thoughts and prayers you had policy

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and change?

Our thoughts and

prayers, our thoughts and prayers.

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What if civilians could not access

assault weapons?

Might trigger

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finger is getting tired.

What if we

voted our lawmakers who accepted

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donation money from the NRA out of

office?

They have so many rifles and

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so many guns, sometimes even I get a

little concerned.

What if

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politicians actually listened to the

concerns of my generation?

We call

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BS.

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That video released by some

of the survivors...

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Neda, we've spoken about US

gun laws many times

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after these types of events.

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Is this different?

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Are we seeing a change?

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Well, look, I think this is the

first time we've had survivors of a

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mass shooting Beavis Vogel. You have

politicians in the past have said

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let us not politicise this issue,

but here you have students wanting

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to challenge politicians, to

challenge the NRA and speak about

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this. One student, Dimitri

Foulquier, wears a red ribbon

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everyday now, and he says he does

that showed able persevere, they

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will continue to push this issue.

They were in the state capital in

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Florida, specifically saying they

are against arming teachers, but

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they want the age range raised there

to 21, and a ban on assault rifles.

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They are really demanding

politicians to act and they are

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trying to turn this into a voter

lead issue. In the past, we really

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haven't seen people decide their

vote based on a politician's stance

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on gun control, and that is what the

students here are trying to change.

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Their next major push is actually a

march for our lives, they are

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calling it, on Washington, to make

this a national campaign and

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maintain this momentum.

Thank you

very much is always. We will have

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much more reaction on what Donald

Trump is saying. Stay with us here

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on Outside Source. Lots more still

to come on the programme.

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Three men have been arrested this

evening in connection with an

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explosion in Leicester. Five people

including three members of the same

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family, other litre have died when a

flat and shop were destroyed on

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Sunday. Police are yet to formally

identify them. Emergency services

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said before search will take days.

Now we have this use, brief press

0:15:400:15:46

release from Leicestershire police

saying that three people are

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arrested on suspicion of

manslaughter. They say they were

0:15:490:15:51

arrested between five and six this

evening. One man comes from East

0:15:510:15:55

Anglia, the second is from the

north-west and the third is from the

0:15:550:15:59

East Midlands. They say they would

be giving any more details about the

0:15:590:16:02

men at this stage, but they go on to

stress once more that there remains

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no evidence that the explosion was

in any way terrorist related. Police

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don't say what actually caused the

blast, so we still don't know.

0:16:120:16:24

This is Outside Source, live from

the BBC newsroom. Our lead story is

0:16:250:16:30

that the children of Parkland have

returned to school, two weeks to the

0:16:300:16:34

day after a gunman killed 17 people

at the school, and Donald Trump has

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been meeting lawmakers to try to

push new legislation to combat

0:16:390:16:43

school shootings. From around the

BBC Newsroom Live, thousands of fans

0:16:430:16:46

have been paying their last respects

to the Bollywood star in India for

0:16:460:16:51

stop crowds lined the streets as a

specially decorated truck carrying

0:16:510:16:57

her body was taken to a cemetery in

Mumbai. The 54-year-old was cremated

0:16:570:17:02

with state honours. She died in them

by at the Wigan. BBC Arabic reports

0:17:020:17:08

that a South African born

construction worker who fell to his

0:17:080:17:13

death in Qatar was using potentially

lethal equivalent -- at the weekend.

0:17:130:17:16

They coroner's in quest into Zachary

Cox's death is hearing how he

0:17:160:17:23

plummeted 40 kilometres at Doha's

Khalifa International Stadium. Work

0:17:230:17:28

practices were described as

inherently unsafe. This is something

0:17:280:17:31

a lot of people are watching online.

As the heavy snow started to fall

0:17:310:17:37

across Scotland, these deer were

spotted walking down a street. Alan

0:17:370:17:40

Taylor filmed them from his home in

the morning.

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We have been reporting about the

gun-control, America's uncontrolled

0:17:480:17:55

discussion, of course this effect

the business news as well. The most

0:17:550:18:01

prominent gun retailer, Dick's

Sporting Goods, so they will

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permanently stop selling assault

style rifles, that is the type of

0:18:050:18:08

weapon used in the mass shooting at

the school in Florida two weeks ago.

0:18:080:18:12

Let's cross over to Joe Miller who

joins us from New York. How is the

0:18:120:18:19

business community? Of course the

NRA is conscious of this, how is the

0:18:190:18:22

business community looking at this

event?

I think it is a landmark

0:18:220:18:27

moment from the business community.

What we have seen after previous

0:18:270:18:32

shootings, previous tragedies, is

that after the backlash is against

0:18:320:18:36

politicians. And there have been

attempts to turn the eye of

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campaigners against corporations but

they have generally fizzled out.

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This time seems to be different. We

are now two weeks, from the event,

0:18:420:18:51

and momentum against corporations

that have involvement with the NRA

0:18:510:18:53

just keeps on going. So we saw

companies that give certain perks to

0:18:530:19:00

NRA members, like Hertz car rental,

ending their association with the

0:19:000:19:04

NRA, and now we have a big gun

retailer saying they would no longer

0:19:040:19:08

stock assault rifles. One very

important thing about this retailer,

0:19:080:19:13

Dick's, is that it sold a gun to

Nikolas Cruz in Florida, not the gun

0:19:130:19:19

used in the shooting but a gun

nonetheless, so it feels personally

0:19:190:19:22

involved in this story, and its CEO

came out today and said they could

0:19:220:19:28

no longer consciously do this and

they will be starting to sell us all

0:19:280:19:33

rifles in its stores, and raising

the age limit Howard 21.

Jo Konta --

0:19:330:19:40

to 21.

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You mentioned this backlash against

the NRA, how corporations moving

0:19:430:19:46

this forward, then?

Corporations

have an economic calculation to make

0:19:460:19:52

here and there are two elements to

it. Number one is generally the gun

0:19:520:19:57

industry is suffering under Donald

Trump. It is something called the

0:19:570:20:00

tramps slump, and basically what

happens is when you have a president

0:20:000:20:04

who is in favour of gun rights or

perceived to be, fewer people go out

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and buy guns because they are less

worried about the guns being taken

0:20:080:20:11

away. So the gun industry as a whole

is to colliding. And then you have

0:20:110:20:16

this rising movement for

gun-control, that doesn't want to

0:20:160:20:20

have anything to do with companies

that are seen as having links to the

0:20:200:20:23

gun industry. So if you are a big

company, like Dick's for example,

0:20:230:20:28

that sells in 700 stores across the

US, you have a calculation to make,

0:20:280:20:33

who is more reported than the small

number of Americans that own guns,

0:20:330:20:37

or the rest of your consumers who

may take exception to the fact that

0:20:370:20:41

you have connections to this

industry? And market forces, put

0:20:410:20:46

simply, are beginning to play into

these decisions and some companies

0:20:460:20:48

are saying that tens of millions of

gun owners competitive hundred

0:20:480:20:53

million consumers, we will stick

with the 200 million consumers.

Jo

0:20:530:20:56

Konta thank you for putting that

into context for us.

0:20:560:21:02

UK business news now.

0:21:020:21:04

Our changing shopping habits behnd

the collapse of two major British

0:21:040:21:07

high street chains -

Toys R Us and the electrical

0:21:070:21:09

chain, Maplin.

0:21:090:21:12

This is what Natalie Berg says for

Toys "R" Us's demise.

They are too

0:21:120:21:19

reliant on these large, out-of-town

stores, but a lot of their problems

0:21:190:21:23

are self-inflicted. They overlook

the importance of online, where

0:21:230:21:27

about 40% of toy sales take place,

and perhaps more importantly they

0:21:270:21:31

have neglected their stores.

Shopping for toys should be fun, it

0:21:310:21:35

should be interactive, it should be

a really exciting experience, but I

0:21:350:21:40

think a lot of shoppers left Toys

"R" Us feeling quite underwhelmed.

0:21:400:21:49

It is known as China's Netflix iQiyi

is one of China's biggest

0:21:490:21:51

streaming services and is to list

on the US stock market in a share

0:21:510:21:55

sale could raise more

than $1.5 billion dollars.

0:21:550:22:01

It is owned by the Chinese

technology giant Baidu, and has 15

0:22:010:22:11

million -- has 50 million

subscribers. It recently signed a

0:22:110:22:14

deal with Netflix. While revenues

have grown in recent years, it has

0:22:140:22:21

never posted a profit since it

launched eight years ago. But

0:22:210:22:25

investors believe there is huge

potential in a country where more

0:22:250:22:29

and more media is being consumed

online. The competition is big too

0:22:290:22:33

with Alibaba and 10 cents vying for

a share of what they believe is a

0:22:330:22:39

multi-billion dollar market.

From

business to weather.

0:22:390:22:44

Much of Europe has been blanketed

in snow as cold weather

0:22:440:22:47

spreads as far south

as the Mediterranean coast.

0:22:470:22:49

These pictures are from the UK,

0:22:490:22:51

where the cold spell has been

nicknamed "the Beast from the East".

0:22:510:22:56

Dozens of roads were closed

and trains and flights cancelled.

0:22:560:22:59

Hundreds of schools suspended

classes too, with some businesses

0:22:590:23:01

telling workers to stay at home.

0:23:010:23:11

Scotland has been most seriously

affected in the UK, and BBC

0:23:110:23:15

weather's Carol Kirkwood has been

saying the Met office has just

0:23:150:23:19

issued a red, a top-level severe

weather warning for central

0:23:190:23:23

Scotland, which is valid until ten

o'clock tomorrow morning.

0:23:230:23:32

At the tail end of winter, the

highest alert for snow. Driving

0:23:330:23:41

treacherous, the disruption

widespread. Heading out in these

0:23:410:23:43

conditions, not advised. This, the

first time Scotland has had a red

0:23:430:23:49

weather warning of this kind,

enforced for a large swathe of the

0:23:490:23:54

country's most heavily populated

areas, frequent showers, drifting

0:23:540:23:59

snow and the extremely low

temperatures means there's fear some

0:23:590:24:03

rural communities could become cut

off.

Marjorie? Is it OK to come in?

0:24:030:24:10

How are you doing?

In the village of

Bishopton on the outskirts of

0:24:100:24:14

Glasgow, the local minister has been

looking in on the elderly and

0:24:140:24:18

vulnerable. In this kind of whether

it is good for everyone to counter

0:24:180:24:21

the neighbours isn't it?

It is

indeed, and even the smallest

0:24:210:24:25

gesture, just checking in on

everyone is important. We wouldn't

0:24:250:24:30

be advocating people going out in

this kind of weather, stay warm,

0:24:300:24:33

stay safe and let someone come to

you for stop

the weather is brutal,

0:24:330:24:41

there are freezing temperatures

across pretty much the whole of

0:24:410:24:45

Scotland, and when the wind blows,

it feels much colder than that. The

0:24:450:24:50

school here in Bishopton shut for

the day for stop across Scotland,

0:24:500:24:53

more than 450,000 children have been

missing lessons.

I was meant to be

0:24:530:25:00

working but he is off school, so he

came with me.

Take your child to

0:25:000:25:06

work Day, but for weather-related

reasons?

Yes.

I wouldn't normally be

0:25:060:25:11

off but the school was closed, so my

boss told me to stay at home, work

0:25:110:25:15

from home if I could, but we ended

up sledging.

In Perthshire, these

0:25:150:25:19

deer coming down from the hills in

search of shelter or food, one

0:25:190:25:24

measure, perhaps, of just how

extreme this weather has been.

It is

0:25:240:25:28

pretty unusual for us here in

Scotland, we have some severe

0:25:280:25:31

weather, while it is not

unprecedented, it would have to be

0:25:310:25:35

unusual.

At least one skier took to

the streets, not the slopes, to get

0:25:350:25:42

about, and with condition so

difficult, tonight there are

0:25:420:25:44

warnings drivers could be stuck on

some roads for several hours, with

0:25:440:25:49

even the gritters struggling to get

through.

0:25:490:25:53

Yes, brutal weather, and the weather

team says there is biting cold and

0:25:540:25:58

it is expected to continue. Stay

with us on Outside Source.

0:25:580:26:05

Hello, this week has got ever

colder, ever snowy, and it is parts

0:26:090:26:13

of Scotland bearing the brunt as the

heaviest snow going through the

0:26:130:26:17

night and into the morning. Met

Office warnings, you can see the red

0:26:170:26:21

area that covers much of the central

belt, the highest level of warning,

0:26:210:26:23

the snow piling up, very dangerous

situation for anyone still

0:26:230:26:29

travelling, though the advice is not

to. Then you have this amber area

0:26:290:26:33

through the rest of the North East

England and Scotland, where further

0:26:330:26:37

show -- snow showers will add to the

accumulations we already have.

0:26:370:26:43

Elsewhere, scattered snow showers

around, a further few centimetres in

0:26:430:26:46

places, but as we take a closer look

at the snow running into Scotland

0:26:460:26:50

and North East England, and we put

some totals on it. Some spots will

0:26:500:26:54

get even more than this by the time

it is all said and done. That very

0:26:540:26:58

dangerous situation continues into

the South across the UK will get

0:26:580:27:02

increasing cloud, perhaps

numerically temperatures not as low

0:27:020:27:07

as they were overnight, but bitterly

cold overnight, and other severe

0:27:070:27:11

frost and it feels colder in the

wind. We start to see outbreaks is

0:27:110:27:19

now rather than just snow showers

reaching in across parts of southern

0:27:190:27:23

England initially during Thursday,

and then into parts of Wales as

0:27:230:27:26

well. The wind picks up this as

well, so the wind chill becomes even

0:27:260:27:30

more of a factor. Look at that in

Cardiff, feeling like -11 at times.

0:27:300:27:38

Things could get quite dangerous as

we run on through Thursday evening

0:27:380:27:42

and night into south-west England

and Wales. You can see a swirl of

0:27:420:27:48

wind pushing moisture northwards.

This is Storm Emma. The snow turning

0:27:480:27:52

heavier, drifting in the wind as

well across south-west England into

0:27:520:27:55

Wales with a Met Office amber

warning on through Thursday evening

0:27:550:27:58

and night, so the situation could

well go downhill quite quickly here,

0:27:580:28:02

and quite icy too, sunspots going

into Friday, the further south you

0:28:020:28:07

are, somewhat less cold air moves in

but that brings a risk of freezing

0:28:070:28:10

rain. On through Friday, an area of

snow affecting parts of England and

0:28:100:28:15

Wales, so quite widely we will be

seeing a few centimetres in places

0:28:150:28:19

with an impact on travel of course,

and we still have snow showers

0:28:190:28:22

running into eastern Scotland. It is

still bitterly cold, and colder in

0:28:220:28:27

the wind.

0:28:270:28:28

Hello, I'm Kasia Madera.

0:30:070:30:09

This is Outside Source,

0:30:090:30:10

and these are the main stories

here in the BBC Newsroom.

0:30:100:30:15

The children of Parkland

have returned to school,

0:30:150:30:18

two weeks to the day after a gunman

walked in and killed their friends.

0:30:180:30:21

Donald Trump has been

meeting lawmakers to try

0:30:210:30:23

to push new legislation

to combat school shootings.

0:30:230:30:30

I'll tell you this, you have to have

very strong

0:30:300:30:32

I'll tell you this, you have to have

very strong provisions for the

0:30:320:30:35

mentally ill. A lot of people say I

shouldn't be saying that but I don't

0:30:350:30:41

want mentally ill people having

guns.

0:30:410:30:43

The battle over Brexit,

London and Brussels at odds

0:30:430:30:46

over the Irish border,

as one former Prime Minister

0:30:460:30:48

says Britain should

reconsider its current path.

0:30:480:30:50

Nobody can truly know what the will

of the people may then be. So, let

0:30:500:30:58

parliament decide or put the issue

back to the people.

0:30:580:31:08

Everyday we featured BBC journalists

working in 30 languages. Your

0:31:080:31:11

questions always welcome.

0:31:110:31:21

Welcome to Outside Source.

0:31:290:31:30

A leaked United Nations report says

North Korea has been shipping

0:31:300:31:33

supplies to Syria that could be used

to make chemical weapons.

0:31:330:31:36

The report, which has

been seen by the BBC,

0:31:360:31:41

found some 40 previously unreported

shipments were made

0:31:410:31:48

between 2012 and 2017.

0:31:480:31:50

Materials included acid-resistant

tiles, valves and pipes.

0:31:500:31:56

North Korean missile experts

were also seen at Syrian

0:31:560:31:58

weapon-making centres.

0:31:580:32:00

We've had some American reaction

already to the report.

0:32:000:32:02

Robert Wood is the US representative

on issues of disarmament at the UN.

0:32:020:32:12

You know, I'm not going to comment

on the actual UN report because it's

0:32:130:32:18

confidential. Clearly there is a

history of a relationship between

0:32:180:32:23

North Korea and Syria with regard to

missile activity, chemical weapons

0:32:230:32:28

components. Let me just leave it

there at this point but we are

0:32:280:32:33

concerned about that history between

those two countries.

0:32:330:32:36

Our Washington correspondent,

Barbara Plett Usher, joins us.

0:32:360:32:39

Shipments are meant

to have taken place

0:32:390:32:41

over past five years.

0:32:410:32:42

What more detail do

we get in this report?

0:32:420:32:52

Details of recent transactions which

appeared to be aimed at building a

0:32:520:32:55

chemical weapons factory. The report

cites the interception of shipments

0:32:550:33:00

of acid resistance tiles, which

happened in January, 2017. Things

0:33:000:33:14

that can be used to build a chemical

weapons factory. It also cited that

0:33:140:33:19

there have been sightings of various

places in Syria of North Korean

0:33:190:33:24

missile technicians at facilities

that were known to have chemical

0:33:240:33:28

weapons and missiles before. The

report isn't definitive proof that

0:33:280:33:32

there is an ongoing collaboration

between them but it's the most

0:33:320:33:36

detailed information so far of what

exists, which is something experts

0:33:360:33:40

have long suspected was the case and

they have long suspected that Syria

0:33:400:33:44

did not give up all of its chemical

weapons in 2013, especially given

0:33:440:33:48

the recent attacks.

What is the

significance of this given the two

0:33:480:33:55

countries involved?

Well, this is a

long-standing relationship according

0:33:550:33:58

to experts. The North Koreans have

been supplying training and support

0:33:580:34:04

for chemical weapons programmes

since the 1990s. But given the

0:34:040:34:09

stringent sanctions on North Korea,

arms sales have become more

0:34:090:34:12

important as a source of income so

they are able to get around the

0:34:120:34:16

sanctions to fuel their own

programmes and this is the sale of

0:34:160:34:20

conventional and nonconventional

weapons to Syria and other countries

0:34:200:34:23

as well. The UN report cites

ballistic missile technology to

0:34:230:34:31

Myanmar and other countries are

mentioned as well. The Secretary of

0:34:310:34:35

State Rex Tillerson has talked about

proliferation, he was asked why the

0:34:350:34:38

US can't accept North Korea as a

nuclear armed state and then work to

0:34:380:34:43

contain it like it did with the

Soviet Union but he said it is

0:34:430:34:49

selling this stuff and can't be

trusted.

I want to ask you about

0:34:490:34:54

this man, the South Korean born

American special envoy for North

0:34:540:35:02

Korea, who has been a strong

advocate for engagement with Fillon

0:35:020:35:05

Yang. -- with Yong Yang. He is

planning to retire this week. What

0:35:050:35:12

impact does it have on the situation

between the countries?

It is a

0:35:120:35:18

significant setback, he has contacts

and my one has more experience than

0:35:180:35:25

him and there is no other point man

waiting to replace him. It is a

0:35:250:35:32

critical time because North Korea

says it will talk to Washington,

0:35:320:35:34

South Korea wants the dialogue and

he would like to take part in it but

0:35:340:35:41

he says he's leaving for personal

reasons. Reports suggest he feels he

0:35:410:35:45

doesn't have the support of the

administration to advanced diplomacy

0:35:450:35:48

and there have been differences

between the White House and State

0:35:480:35:51

Department on the value of

conducting diplomacy with North

0:35:510:35:54

Korea. The White House is more

hardline.

Thank you for joining us.

0:35:540:36:05

We've had a dramatic

day of developments

0:36:050:36:07

in the ongoing debate on Brexit.

0:36:070:36:08

These two have clashed on a solution

to the Irish border issue.

0:36:080:36:16

Michel Barnier released

a draft EU legal framework

0:36:160:36:18

for the UK's departure.

0:36:180:36:19

In no uncertain terms,

Theresa May rejected it.

0:36:190:36:24

It's on this document, on the

European Commission website. All 120

0:36:240:36:28

pages.

0:36:280:36:33

The most controversial part

is about the island of Ireland.

0:36:330:36:35

Here's the issue it's

trying to solve.

0:36:350:36:39

Northern Ireland is part of the UK

and will leave the EU after Brexit.

0:36:390:36:42

The Republic of Ireland

will stay within the EU.

0:36:420:36:46

Currently there is no physical

border between the two countries.

0:36:460:36:50

The EU says common regulations

on both sides of the border

0:36:500:36:55

would allow the status quo

to continue, if no other

0:36:550:36:57

solution can be found.

0:36:570:36:58

Here's its chief Brexit

negotiatior Michel Barnier.

0:36:580:37:04

Our approach is focused on those

areas where it is needed to avoid

0:37:040:37:09

border checks. The border should

continue as today. As I've said

0:37:090:37:20

before, already today Northern

Ireland has rules in place which are

0:37:200:37:25

different from the rest of the UK.

The British government has said such

0:37:250:37:31

a solution isn't acceptable. Michel

Barnier's proposal means that the

0:37:310:37:38

Irish Sea would effectively become a

border and Theresa May isn't happy

0:37:380:37:42

about that idea.

0:37:420:37:45

The draft legal text the commission

has published, if admitted, would

0:37:450:37:51

undermine the UK, market and

threatens the constitutional

0:37:510:37:54

integrity of the UK by creating a

customs and regulatory border the

0:37:540:37:57

Irish Sea. No UK Prime Minister

could ever agree to it and I'll be

0:37:570:38:02

making that absolutely clear.

0:38:020:38:05

Former British Prime Minister John

Major also made a dramatic

0:38:050:38:07

intervention in the Brexit debate.

0:38:070:38:13

Those of us who warned of the risks

that Brexit would bring to the still

0:38:320:38:37

fragile peace process were told at

the time that we didn't understand

0:38:370:38:42

Irish politics. It now seems we

understood it better than our

0:38:420:38:51

critics. We need their policy

urgently to protect the Good Friday

0:38:510:38:56

Agreement and we need one without

delay. And it is our British

0:38:560:39:00

responsibility to find one. We

created the problem, not the

0:39:000:39:06

European Union. We need to offer a

solution and not simply oppose what

0:39:060:39:12

other people suggest.

0:39:120:39:15

Brexit supporters have hit back,

calling the intervention cheap

0:39:150:39:20

comments and propaganda and it

hasn't been welcomed by the

0:39:200:39:25

government. Let's have an update

from Laura Kuenssberg.

0:39:250:39:29

In some quarters there was

frustration at the intervention by

0:39:290:39:33

John Major, just when Theresa May is

striving to hold together an uneasy

0:39:330:39:36

truce in the Tory party. But from

his point of view he chooses his

0:39:360:39:41

interventions and words carefully

and rarely and clearly for those

0:39:410:39:46

inside the Tory party and around the

country who don't think this battle

0:39:460:39:49

is over, it may well give some

comfort.

0:39:490:39:58

You've got a lot more detail on this

and full coverage on President

0:39:580:40:03

Tran's discussion with Democrats and

Republicans about gun control on our

0:40:030:40:07

website -- president Trump.

0:40:070:40:11

Russia's Olympic suspension

has been fully lifted

0:40:110:40:13

by the International Olympic

Committee.

0:40:130:40:21

It means Russia will be

able to fully compete

0:40:210:40:23

in future Olympic Games.

0:40:230:40:24

Russia was banned from

February's Games by the IOC over

0:40:240:40:26

state-sponsored doping.

0:40:260:40:27

Despite that, 168 athletes

who proved they were clean

0:40:270:40:29

ahead of the competition,

did compete as neutral

0:40:290:40:31

athletes under the banner,

Olympic Athletes from Russia.

0:40:310:40:38

Two of them failed drug tests.

0:40:380:40:43

Here's what the President

of the Russian Olympic Committee

0:40:430:40:45

said about their athletes.

0:40:460:40:50

TRANSLATION:

The letter we received

today says the International Olympic

0:40:500:40:56

Committee can confirm that all the

remaining samples from the Olympic

0:40:560:41:01

athletes in Russia were negative,

that all of the tests our athletes

0:41:010:41:06

took gave a negative result.

0:41:060:41:09

Here's the medal table from the 2014

Winter Games in Sochi,

0:41:090:41:11

where Russia topped the standings.

0:41:110:41:14

But their athletes dropped to 13th

place in Pyeongchang.

0:41:140:41:16

Here's Olga Ivshina from BBC Russia,

on how their performance

0:41:160:41:19

is seen in Russia.

0:41:190:41:26

If we look and the stats, Russia's

performance is worse compared to the

0:41:260:41:32

Sochi Olympics of 2014 but actually

in Russia, especially the media, it

0:41:320:41:37

is portrayed as a huge success

against the odds, that's how most

0:41:370:41:42

Russians see it. Most of the Russian

sports media were not participating

0:41:420:41:49

in the Korea games because some of

them... Some are not allowed to

0:41:490:41:57

participate and others were not

invited by the IOC. Basically this

0:41:570:42:00

was a team of young and the most

inexperienced sportspeople who

0:42:000:42:06

managed to win a few unexpected

medals. And a gold medal for the

0:42:060:42:13

hockey team was the most important

event I guess for most Russians

0:42:130:42:18

watching these Olympics and all

those sports men were today greeted

0:42:180:42:25

personally by the Russian president

Buddy Miku ten, which tells you how

0:42:250:42:28

open sport is nowadays in Russia and

that the main message they are

0:42:280:42:34

trying to spread, that -- the

Russian president Vladimir Putin.

0:42:340:42:45

Despite all that, Russian sports men

managed to succeed, that's the

0:42:450:42:48

message they spread. Many experts

doubt it but that's what Russia

0:42:480:42:54

wants to show.

0:42:540:42:57

Yemen has been devastated by a civil

war the UN describes

0:42:570:43:00

as the world's worst

man-made humanitarian disaster.

0:43:000:43:03

It's been almost three years

since the Saudi-led coalition

0:43:030:43:05

launched its first air strikes

against the Houthi rebels,

0:43:050:43:12

sparking an all-out armed conflict.

0:43:120:43:18

With the first in a series

of special reports, here's the BBC's

0:43:180:43:20

Chief International Correspondent,

Lyse Doucet.

0:43:200:43:25

High above the Arabian Peninsular,

just off the coast of Yemen.

0:43:250:43:38

Saudi Arabia and its allies

have ruled these skies

0:43:400:43:42

since the war began.

0:43:420:43:43

And they control the seas below.

0:43:430:43:44

These shipping lanes

are a vital gateway

0:43:440:43:46

for the world's energy supplies.

0:43:460:43:47

And a smuggling route

for illicit goods.

0:43:470:43:51

Among them, the Saudis say,

weapons that Iran supplies

0:43:510:43:53

to Yemen's Houthi fighters.

0:43:530:43:56

We land on board a Saudi warship.

0:43:560:44:05

Inspecting vessels

bound for the port.

0:44:050:44:06

Most of Yemen's imports flow through

there but it is in Houthi hands.

0:44:060:44:09

Saudis are on the look out

for suspicious vessels.

0:44:090:44:14

We meet the captain,

whose mission is a crucial

0:44:140:44:16

front line in this war.

0:44:160:44:18

Operational rules are to treat

all vessels as suspicious?

0:44:180:44:25

Yes.

0:44:250:44:28

A Naval blockade has

been lifted for now.

0:44:280:44:30

It had obstructed vital medicine,

food and fuel from reaching

0:44:300:44:32

Yemenis in desperate need.

0:44:320:44:42

But this war grinds on.

0:44:430:44:44

And on the ground,

it is Yemen's army who are

0:44:440:44:47

battling Houthi fighters.

0:44:470:44:49

Advancing slowly on hostile terrain.

0:44:490:44:50

Mountain by mountain.

0:44:500:44:54

Seizing strategic heights

of the approach to the capital.

0:44:540:44:57

Only about ten miles from here,

this area is in their sights

0:44:570:45:00

but still out of reach.

0:45:000:45:05

The general knows that

a tough battle lies ahead.

0:45:050:45:12

He tells me his men know

how to fight on this

0:45:120:45:14

harsh mountain terrain.

0:45:140:45:21

It'll take time and he says it

will not stop the advance.

0:45:210:45:25

The capital, Sanaa,

is the prize in this war.

0:45:250:45:34

The Houthis want to keep it and

the ousted government wants it back.

0:45:350:45:41

To take the fight into

the heart of this historic,

0:45:410:45:44

densely populated city,

it would be a bloody urban battle.

0:45:440:45:46

All roads in this war

lead to this capital.

0:45:460:45:48

Yemeni forces and their allies

have an ambitious plan.

0:45:480:45:51

Surround Sanaa and force

the Houthis to surrender.

0:45:510:45:54

But their enemy is well entrenched.

0:45:540:45:59

Supported by Iran, the Houthis

are well trained and well supplied.

0:45:590:46:08

Their ballistic missiles

have reached the heart

0:46:080:46:09

of the Saudi kingdom.

0:46:100:46:11

And fear is part

of their arsenal also.

0:46:110:46:12

Hundreds of journalists

and political opponents have been

0:46:120:46:14

detained arbitrarily.

0:46:140:46:16

Many have fled.

0:46:160:46:20

In a government-controlled area,

we meet 27-year-old Abbas.

0:46:200:46:23

His crime?

0:46:230:46:28

Posting comments on social media.

0:46:280:46:32

He tells us, "they hung me

up, tortured me until

0:46:320:46:35

I fell unconscious."

0:46:350:46:36

When he woke up he couldn't move.

0:46:360:46:38

Imagine, he says, in

a second you cannot walk.

0:46:380:46:40

"What can I be now?"

0:46:400:46:43

But Yemenis live with other fears.

0:46:430:46:46

This is the impact of the Saudi air

strike in a neighbourhood close

0:46:460:46:49

to the Defence Ministry.

0:46:490:46:53

The Saudi-led coalition has been

pounding enemy positions.

0:46:530:46:58

Armed with the most sophisticated

weaponry from allies

0:46:580:47:00

like Britain, the US and France.

0:47:000:47:04

The Saudis insist civilians

are not a target.

0:47:040:47:05

But they are being hit.

0:47:060:47:08

This family, like many

others, lost their home

0:47:080:47:10

in a coalition bombing.

0:47:100:47:13

They have taken refuge here.

0:47:130:47:18

"We are begging for

help," cries this woman.

0:47:180:47:20

"Yesterday my three

children did not eat."

0:47:200:47:23

"I am ill, always ill."

0:47:230:47:25

"Neither dead nor alive."

0:47:250:47:28

It is hard to escape from this war.

0:47:280:47:30

It has pushed these families

from place to place.

0:47:300:47:34

At this temporary settlement

they are digging in.

0:47:340:47:38

Trying to make a new home

from the little they now have.

0:47:380:47:43

The Arab world's poorest nation now

a battle ground for regional powers

0:47:430:47:46

in a Middle East which grows

ever more combustible.

0:47:460:47:48

Saudi Arabia and Iran know

they are playing with fire.

0:47:480:47:57

New data from Africa shows that not

a single country on the continent

0:47:570:48:00

is set to end childhood

malnutrition by 2030.

0:48:000:48:08

That target and date was set

by the UN as a Sustainable

0:48:080:48:13

Development Goal and is published

here on their website.

0:48:130:48:21

But these are just two of a series

of new detailed maps studying child

0:48:210:48:26

growth and education that conclude

that's just not happening.

0:48:260:48:31

Orange and red show where

children are moderately

0:48:310:48:34

Our science correspondent

Victoria Gill explains.

0:48:340:48:43

This is the most detailed study of

child health and education across

0:48:430:48:47

Africa ever carried out. It's a huge

international study, carried out by

0:48:470:48:54

specialists and the University of

Washington. They've gathered data

0:48:540:48:58

and the community level, zooming in

and gathering data about child

0:48:580:49:02

health, growth rates, whether

children are retaining healthy

0:49:020:49:05

weights, which is a good measure of

malnutrition, and education. Buys

0:49:050:49:09

evening in to the -- by zooming into

the communities they can see where

0:49:090:49:16

things are going well and where

targets are not being met and where

0:49:160:49:19

progress isn't good. The idea is to

map out how Africa how individual

0:49:190:49:25

communities in Africa are on their

journey towards meeting the

0:49:250:49:31

sustainable development goals of the

United Nations. The bigger picture

0:49:310:49:35

story is that no single nation is on

track to meet the goal of ending

0:49:350:49:41

hunger by 2030, that's the bad news

but the good news is that there has

0:49:410:49:44

been a huge amount of progress

especially in southern areas, Saha

0:49:440:49:49

and Africa, towards meeting those

targets, children getting nutrition

0:49:490:49:56

in a way that they weren't before.

Also these maps are just so very

0:49:560:50:02

detailed, they are incredibly

powerful. Scientists say that this

0:50:020:50:08

data is a call to action really for

policymakers and that by seeing on

0:50:080:50:11

the seat maps where things are going

wrong and where they are going

0:50:110:50:16

right, then they can learn lessons,

target resources and funding and do

0:50:160:50:21

a much more efficient job of driving

African communities towards those

0:50:210:50:24

goals.

Incredible detail.

0:50:240:50:31

Let's turn now to Slovakia

and the murder of an

0:50:310:50:34

investigative journalist.

0:50:340:50:35

This is 27-year-old Jan Kuciak.

0:50:350:50:40

And his girlfriend

Martina Kusnirova.

0:50:400:50:41

They were found with a single

gunshot wound to the head

0:50:410:50:44

here in Velka Maca, a village around

65 kilometres east of

0:50:440:50:46

the capital Bratislava.

0:50:460:50:49

There's been speculation over why

Kuciak's was killed.

0:50:490:50:57

Yesterday the Prime Minister offered

a reward for more information.

0:50:570:51:11

TRANSLATION:

Ladies and gentlemen,

0:51:120:51:13

there are 1 million euros

lying in front of me.

0:51:130:51:15

This amount is for a person

who takes courage and comes

0:51:150:51:18

to the police or otherwise tells

the police that he or she knows

0:51:180:51:21

something about this crime.

0:51:210:51:22

I will be meeting

with editors-in-chiefs of the most

0:51:220:51:24

important Slovak media

companies to discuss the fact

0:51:240:51:26

that the protection of the freedom

of speech and the safety

0:51:260:51:29

of journalists is our common

priority and that it is extremely

0:51:290:51:31

important to my government.

0:51:310:51:32

It is a huge reward but people are

focusing on Jan Kuciak's last final,

0:51:320:51:38

unfinished article, published

overnight by his former employer,

0:51:380:51:44

Actuality. S K, and the headline is

about the Italian Mafia extending

0:51:440:51:51

into politics in Slovakia. Other

outlets have published the article

0:51:510:51:54

in a show of solidarity like this

one with a damning headline, you can

0:51:540:52:00

kill a journalist but you can't kill

his story. What was Jan Kuciak

0:52:000:52:05

alleging? Here's a bit about his

article, he says Italians with ties

0:52:050:52:10

to the Mafia have found a second

home in Slovakia. They have received

0:52:100:52:17

subsidies and EU funds, but

especially building relationships

0:52:170:52:19

with influential people in politics,

even in the government. Jan Kuciak's

0:52:190:52:25

colleagues are urging the government

to look -- the police to look at his

0:52:250:52:30

article and the links between it and

his death.

0:52:300:52:36

Earlier I spoke to the editor in

chief of the Slovakian daily

0:52:440:52:51

newspaper, the SNE and I asked her

why her paper published the article.

0:52:510:53:02

We ran this story and it was really

a strong... And we repeated the

0:53:020:53:10

questions for the government, which

remain unanswered so far. It

0:53:100:53:21

implicated people close to the

government, having links to the

0:53:210:53:25

Mafia. They resigned today. Also the

culture minister resigned today,

0:53:250:53:32

saying that the murder of a

journalist was something too much to

0:53:320:53:39

absorb politically and he offered

his resignation. It truly shows that

0:53:390:53:44

the original line... The Prime

Minister's first response is that he

0:53:440:53:50

doesn't see any reason for calling

for political responsibility but now

0:53:500:53:55

it's changing. This story seems to

be a game changer. The government

0:53:550:54:01

must their lives that these murders

and out -- sent out a shock to

0:54:010:54:09

society because this is the first

murder of a journalist in this

0:54:090:54:13

country so we are asking the

question, are we becoming a Mafia

0:54:130:54:16

state? Are we getting too close --

closer to countries like Russia,

0:54:160:54:22

Turkey and elsewhere where it is

normal to kill journalists.

Slovakia

0:54:220:54:28

is a member of the EU, and Nato,

there is a lot of surprise about

0:54:280:54:33

what's happening. Are you concerned

about the safety of journalists in

0:54:330:54:36

your country?

It depends on how the

course of the investigation is going

0:54:360:54:44

and whether this government will

actually investigate this crime. If

0:54:440:54:47

Wheeler and the region, Slovakia is

still enjoying pretty wide freedom

0:54:470:54:57

of the press compared to Hungary, or

Poland where the ruling elite

0:54:570:55:04

completely suffocate the critical

media. In Slovakia, journalists can

0:55:040:55:11

write freely but what happened

shocked the journalists and scared a

0:55:110:55:14

lot of my colleagues because they

started asking questions, like

0:55:140:55:19

whether they are really safe if they

continue working on this or that

0:55:190:55:22

story. Before Monday they didn't

have to think about this question.

0:55:220:55:33

A little bit of breaking news from

Washington. We are getting news that

0:55:330:55:38

Hope Hicks, one of Donald Trump's

longest Irving H, has resigned from

0:55:380:55:43

her job as a White House

communications director -- longest

0:55:430:55:51

serving aides. According to the New

York Times, Miss Hicks says she's

0:55:510:55:55

accomplished what she can do in her

job in the White House. That is

0:55:550:56:00

breaking news

0:56:000:56:01

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