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Hello, I'm Philippa Thomas,
this is Outside Source.
President Putin says Russia has
developed a new array of invincible
nuclear weapons that can "reach
anywhere in the world".
Prompting this response
from the pentagon.
We're not surprised by this
statement. And the American people
should rest assured that we are
President Trump says
he'll impose swingeing tariffs on
imported steel and aluminium next
week. We'll bring you the latest
Europe sees some of its lowest
temperatures in years ,
hitting minus 40 degrees
celsius in places.
And the strange case
of a woman who thought God
was telling her to self-harm ,
an illusion that was
caused by a brain tumour.
Welcome to Outside Source...
We start with the revelations
from the Russian President's annual
state of the nation speech.
Here's how our Moscow
Correspondent described it
And indeed Russians will vote
on March 18th, an election
Vladimir Putin is widely
expected to win.
Here's what the president had to say
to court the soldiers' vote.
we were working on the development
of weaponry technologies.
significant new steps in creating
new systems of strategic weaponry.
Let me remind you that the United
States create their dire ballistic
protection against strategic
missiles. This is the basis of our
strategic weaponry as well as other
One element to the speech
that was picked up by Alec Luhn
from the Telegraph
Reuters gave this reaction
from the US - the Pentagon downplays
Russian President Vladimir Putin's
announcement of new nuclear
weapons on Thursday,
saying Moscow's weaponry was long
under development and had already
been factored into US assessments.
To get a sense of what part
of the speech was actually
important to Russians -
here's Olga Ivshina from BBC Russia.
The whole second half of this
address was really unexpected. When
we now look back I sort of see the
build-up because Russian Prime
Minister was talking about it, you
know. Various Russian ministers were
saying we won't step back against
the threats. The US is trying to
scare us. But no
no one expected such a performance,
they intentionally move this from
the Kremlin which normally happens
to another more spacious building.
And they brought three huge screens
just to show all the graphics of
flying missiles for the first hour
they were only showing boring
statistics and we wondered what the
show was about. Then when all the
missiles started flying around,
that's when I understood.
hearing about invincible weapons,
nuclear weapons, and new reality.
It's a message not just for the
audience and the voters, but for
Donald Trump for example.
It was a
message both for external and
internal audience. Russia was
talking to the West for a number of
years, no one has listen, now you
will listen us. When someone is
threatening the partners or just
showing the partners military
capabilities, the world is going to
Vladimir Putin is going to
win the upcoming election, partly
because his biggest competition
isn't allowed to stand.
Yes, what is
the most prominent opposition
leaders, Alexey Melania is not
allowed to stand. Even if the
opposition manages to get to
participate, there's not that much
chance. Each TV bulletin starts with
ten minute long pieces about Putin,
today he got two hours airtime on
all Russian TV channels. -- Aleksei
It's not a fair game to be honest.
It would be the shock of a lifetime
if he wasn't re-elected.
electoral committee says there is no
mistake, Mr Putin is not breaking
any rules by broadcasting state of
the nation address, he's just
performing his professional duties
as head of the country. Each time
such questions are asked by
opposition leaders, each time the
answer is the same, he's just
performing his duties. Definitely no
one has any doubts about the
Heavy snowfalls and icy winds
continue to batter Europe
as the region shivers in a deadly
deep-freeze that has hit
countries from the far north
to the southern Mediterranean.
In some places the temperature
dropped as low as minus 40 degrees
celsius, and there is little sign
of conditions improving.
Jessica Parker looks
at the picture across Europe.
Paris freezes over. Tourists tread
It's so cold.
this waterfall has been silenced.
There are pockets of warmth. In
Poland coal burners steam on the
streets. But there is no beating
this ice blast. In the grip of a
Siberian weather system Europe is
seeing some of the coldest
temperatures for several years.
Today's recorded low, minus 41.8
Celsius in Norway. It brings danger,
as this lorry driver in Bulgaria
discovered. In Scotland around 1000
vehicles were stranded on a major
motorway overnight. On this road,
dash camera footage shows a
frightening near miss.
In the east of England, the shovels
Trying to get home. I
phoned to work and said I can't make
it, I'm stuck in the drift.
have been cancelled, airports
closed, meanwhile dozens of people,
many homeless, are reported to have
died across the continent. This
weather event has several names
across Europe. The Siberian back,
the snow cannon, the beast from the
east. Different names similar
stories. Forecasters predict extreme
weather will continue to grip the
Europe into the weekend.
It's been a big week for the Brexit
negotiations and tomorrow it reaches
a climax with what's billed as a big
speech by British Prime
Minister Theresa May.
This may be the moment to clarify
where her government stands
on the UK's future relationship
with the European Union.
If you remember last week Mrs May
and her ministers spent
the day thrashing this out
at her country residence, Chequers.
They reportedly agreed that Britain
would seek to diverge from some
European regulations over time.
How much and how, are two of the big
Striking a very different note,
a former British Prime Minister
the Labour politician Tony Blair
today talked about
the dangers of Brexit.
And he called for EU immigration
rules to be reformed to encourage
British people to change their mind
and stay in.
Let's just remind ourselves
of an extraordinary week
when the Brexit debate
became even more heated.
Labour would seek to negotiate a
new, Combrinck sieve UK- EU customs
A customs union would remove
the bulk of incentives for other
countries to enter into
comprehensive free trade agreements
with the UK.
With fair and equal
access to a very large, rich EU
market, if you're going to give that
up for the promise of some bilateral
deals with markets that are much
less important to us is like giving
up a three course meal for a packet
The island of Ireland
will be protected and a hard border
will be avoided. Ireland has to be
covered by the union customs caught.
Draft legal text the commission has
published, if implemented, reckons
the constitutional integrity of the
Let Parliament to decide. Or put
the issue back to the people.
a second referendum or whatever, I
haven't listened to John Major's
speech, does seem rather absurd.
European leaders share the
responsibility. To lead us out of
the Brexit cul-de-sac.
It is an
inevitable side-effect of Brexit by
That uncompromising message from EU
Commission President Donald Tusk
was reinforced by chief Brexit
negotiatior Michel Barnier ,
in a speech to business leaders.
Here he is.
The UK Government wishes to read the
game Sturridge regain its autonomy
following agreements. It has
indicated its intention to leave the
customs union. And this choice, this
choice, has consequences. Being
outside the customs union always
involves customs procedures.
One fantastic source
for Brexit News is the BBC's
Brexitcast podcast -
For the latest programme
Adam Fleming ends up
in Tony Blair's hotel room.
Speaking of Adam -
here's his view of today.
Stay with us on Outside
Source - still to come.
Find out why this magazine cover is
causing controversy in India. You
may be surprised that the reason.
Drivers have been stranded on road
while people still wait for flights
out of Glasgow airport and are
getting ready to bed down for
another night after it was closed
again. Lorna Gordon has more.
You've been here a good 17 hours at
They've moved about 100
This storm was forecast well
ahead of time. But despite warnings,
people did still venture out. Now
after waiting nearly 18 hours on
this stretch of motorway, it looks
as if, finally, the traffic might
just be about to start moving again.
You're watching Outside Source live
from the BBC newsroom. The US
government says it is fully prepared
after President Putin revealed
Russian is creating a new arsenal of
nuclear weapons in his State of the
nation address Mr Putin said the
weapons included an underwater drone
and cruise missile that could reach
anywhere in the world. Some of the
other stories about BBC News today,
BBC Mundo reports the Catalan
separatist leader Carles Puigdemont
is withdrawing as president of the
Catalonia region in favour of a
jailed activist, Jordi Sanchez.
You'll be arrested if he returns to
Barcelona to be sworn in, he is
currently in exile in Belgium.
Marine Le Pen says she will be
silenced after being placed under
formal investigation for treating a
graphic image of violence by the
so-called Islamic State. She says
she had simply been condemning the
group's atrocities. The BBC World
Service is covering that story. A
lot of you're watching online with
those freezing winds sweeping across
Europe this video offering tips on
how to keep warm in the cold. BBC
colleagues in chilly climes, it's
proving very popular.
President Trump said America
will impose substantial
tariffs on steel and aluminium
imports next week, after meeting
industry bosses in Washington.
Tariffs of 25% on steel and 10%
on aluminium imports
are expected next week.
The action could provoke
retaliation, but China is by no
means the biggest steel supplier
to the US.
China is the 11th biggest
exporter of steel to the US,
less than 2% of US imported
steel is Chinese.
That compares with the 16%
of steel imports from Canada
or the 7% from Turkey.
Barbara Plett Usher
Is in Washington. Donald Trump
campaign strongly on that
he's always been eager to follow up
on that campaign, so eager he has
made this announcement between the
details had been worked out. It has
to be signed next week. He has to
rebuild America's steel and
aluminium industry which has
struggled to compete with China
dumping cheap steel on the market.
He is backed up by this because his
administration is determined this is
a national security threat. Says
America needs to have a domestic
supply for defence purposes. Really
I think this is about Donald Trump
wanting to deliver on those campaign
promises to protect American
There has already been some
concern about what this could mean
in terms of cost to American
That's right, this is
popular with the steel industry but
not many other constituencies,
especially industry is that consume
steel, things like industries that
make autoparts and oil parts. This
is going to increase their costs and
mean they have less profits and
possibly also affect jobs in these
industries. Early reports that Exxon
Mobil, this could impact its plans
to expand a major oil refinery. It
could have implications for steel
consuming industries. Broadly
speaking its more unpopular beyond
that. The Republican party, even
members of Mr Trump's own
administration have warned against
Blue Peter leave my
watching the markets. How have they
reacted to this tariff boost? --
Yogita. The Dow Jones has ended down
after that Ray Teret announcement.
Earlier in the day when we didn't
know whether a firm announcement was
coming from the Trump
administration, use a steel company
stocks rise. Once the announcement
was made stocks of companies from
sectors that Barbara was talking
about earlier, for example the auto
sector, which is a big consumer of
steel, leasing company stocks beaten
at the markets today. That is why we
are seeing markets, all of the major
US industries, actually, ending
about a percent, one and a half
Donald Trump says he's doing this
for the US steel industry. Can that
industry provide all the steel
American business wants?
Can it be
saved at this point? It's certainly
true tens of thousands of steel
industry workers have lost their
jobs in the US over the past many
decades. Can it be rolled back that
it can deliver the domestic demand
in the US? That is what a lot of
manufacturers here are concerned
about. A group of many factors has
even written to the Administration
saying, please, before this
announcement was made, please
reconsider this, please do not
impose heavy taxes on steel and
aluminium imports. It's not just
those sectors that are worried,
people in the US are also worried
about what reciprocal action could
be taken by the countries affected.
For example if you've got China,
which as you pointed out is not the
one most impacted by this move. If
you have a reciprocal reaction and
they decide they want to slap
tariffs on soya bean exports, soya
bean imports from America, what
happens to soya bean producers here?
There is worry in business beyond
people who are even connected to
steel or aluminium.
Who wants a
trade war? Thanks for getting us
up-to-date on a significant
announcement. Severe weather
conditions have put a strain on gas
The National Grid warned that it may
not have enough gas to meet
the current demand and has asked
suppliers to provide more.
It says large gas users , such
as industry and some businesses ,
are being asked to use less.
Household supplies are not
expected to be affected.
Our business editor
Simon Jack explains.
You add surging demand to cuts in
supply and get a potential deficit.
A gas death warning is set at five
o'clock in the morning. It's
basically the National Grid vein,
we're not sure there is enough gas
in the system to meet that demand.
Does that mean you're going to turn
on your cooker or central heating
and it's not going to work? No. It's
the first early warning shot of a
number of measures. But they can
then take to bring the supply and
demand back into balance. It
includes for example asking heavy
users to use less. In fact, a big
chemicals company has been asked by
National Grid and they've agreed to
dial down their usage by 20%.
Lets turn to India where
this magazine cover has
split public opinion.
The headline reads 'Moms tell
Kerala- don't stare,
we want to breastfeed.' Now
there are two issues here -
both breastfeeding in public
and the two people in the photo.
The magazine used a model,
not a mother - on the cover.
Inside, though, the baby's
real mother is pictured
breastfeeding her child -
next to the model.
This is how it's seen in India
blogger Anjana Nayar
at which you decided to push a real
mother actually breastfeeding her
child into the inner pages
and portray a model holding a baby
to her bare breast on your cover
is where you delved into cheap
sensationalism and exploitation'.
But supporters are calling
the front cover courageous,
bold and path-breaking.
The model told us this -
"I was expecting a lot
of criticism, but I decided to take
it all on with pleasure for the sake
of all mothers who want
to breastfeed with pride
and a sense of freedom,".
A journalist in Kolkata says
@shreyateresita 'To some it's gross,
to some it's a free show.
To a child, it's unquestionably
simple and necessary.
To anyone smart
enough, it's natural.
I've been talking to
Gita Aramuvadan, a journalist
and author in Bangalore who has
praised the magazine's
decision as groundbreaking.
In India, for a long time, until the
last generation probably, people
weren't feeding their babies in
public. Feeding a baby in public was
not something to be ashamed of. And
people would put their babies on in
trains and buses. In the open. At
family gatherings. I know that in
our family gatherings there would be
young mothers feeding their babies.
What changed to make it such an
unusual image today?
The British in
a way bought some kind of Victorian
morals and it was considered correct
for you to close your dress. In
Cowler for existence, women were
walking about with breasts bared
until the early 20th century. -- in
Kerala. In most of South India it's
very hot, women would just where the
sari and cover their breasts, but
not wear a blouse or anything. So
feeding a baby in public was not
something which was unusual.
you make of the critics who say the
breasts on the front cover of a
magazine with a baby on the end of
it is sexualised and somehow
It's a very bold kind of
picture. Perhaps not the way a
mother might feed her baby, or it
might be, breast-feeding is normal.
There is nothing wrong about it. You
don't have to do it in a particular
way, you don't have to be coy about
it. You can go out in the open and
feed your baby anyway you want. It's
as natural as anything else. Men
have said it's very eroticised and
have said, you know, having a model,
especially the model who is an
unmarried woman, and is a model, and
the baby is not hers. People have
raised objection to that. A model is
the model. She's only representing
something. She doesn't have to be
the person who actually performs
Now to a surprising medical case
in which a woman thought God
was telling her to harm herself -
all because of a brain tumour.
The case arose here in Bern
in Switzerland, where in late 2015,
a 48-year-old, we'll call Sarah,
checked herself into
the psychiatric emergency service.
Sarah had stabbed her own chest
several times - deep wounds.
She told the doctors she'd been
following direct orders from God.
Melissa Hogenboom is
a Features Writer for BBC Future
and has been looking into Sarah's
case and described how the doctors
first viewed the case.
She showed delusions, voices, these
hallucinations and she was really
manic. When you probed deeper, you
thought, this lady isn't withdrawing
from social contract, she's not
taking time away from her family.
This doesn't quite fit. That's
exactly what he thought. He did a
routine brain scan, which they tend
to do with patients like this, and
found a significant brain tumour in
a very particular area of the brain.
It's really important for how we
process sound. The thalamus, the
area you are using right now
listening to me speak, interpreting
what I say, sending it to the right
part of your brain to understand
what I'm saying based on your
previous knowledge of the world. If
this area is broken bits if any
patient is often thinner than this
brain tumour was encroaching on the
area. It messes with how we
I know you are
talking to me and not inside my
head. Sarah couldn't quite tell who
was standing next to her and who she
was imagining inside her own mental
Precisely right, she
couldn't differentiate between
voices in her head and what was
going on in the real world so to her
these voices were as real as what
you can hear I'm doing now. What was
interesting is it wasn't just these
voices which had distrusting sounds,
the neuroscientists bought the brain
tumour itself had caused the initial
interest in religion and that is the
really interesting thing.
interest in religion going back
years, kind of spurts of enthusiasm
She'd shown manic
spurts of interest. Because this was
a very specific type of brain
tumour. It grows very slowly over
time. The brain can adapt that
particular kind of stress so each
time the tumour would grow and then
Grosjean this area important for
hearing sound, it would distress her
brain and make her think she was
hearing voices. Then when her brain
managed to adapt to the tumour
because the tumour remained static
for long periods, the voices would
go away. That was what was unique.
Much more to come here an Outside
Source. Do stay with us.
Could easily. Certainly not the best
night to be out and about.
Disruptive and in places, dangerous
wintry weather continues. So much so
the Met office has issued a red
weather warning across parts of
south-west England and South Wales.
Heavy snow, strong winds, blizzard
conditions. This is the radar
picture from earlier. Snow spreading
up from the south. Particularly
setting in across the south-west and
southern half of Wales. Snow showers
continuing further north and east.
Still a Met Office amber be prepared
warning for north-east Scotland,
down into north-east England. It
warning in force for the
south-eastern corner of Northern
Ireland. Snow feeding in here. It is
the south-western corner where we
will have the most disruptive
weather overnight. An amber warning.
Some of that coming to the
south-east of Wales, covered by the
red warning. A lot of snow piling
up. Sunspots seeing 15, 20
centimetres, maybe 40 or 50 over the
high ground. Some of that snow
fringing into parts of Northern
Ireland as we go through the night.
We keep snow showers across parts of
northern and eastern Scotland. The
far north-east of England. These
areas particularly at risk of
disruption overnight. Across the far
south-west of the snow may begin to
turn back to rein in places. If that
happens the rain is likely to fall
on cold surfaces. It brings a
significant ice risk to take us into
tomorrow morning. Travel disruption
very likely indeed. A dry spell
perhaps for the south-west and Wales
through the first part of tomorrow.
Then looks like snow will return
from the south. Heavy snow at that.
Could be snow in other southern
areas. Still a lot to play for with
that, some uncertainty in the
forecast. Snow showers into northern
and eastern areas. Fine weather with
sunshine in between. When we
consider the strength of the wind
this is what it'll feel like through
tomorrow afternoon. Sub zero in many
areas. But a slight change in the
feel of the weather through the next
few days. Looks like we'll bring
something slightly less cold from
the south, particularly into
southern areas. The weekend we can
see that for many it will remain
cold, less cold towards the south.
Still the risk of some snow.
Hello, I'm Philippa Thomas,
this is Outside Source,
and these are the main stories
here in the BBC Newsroom:
President Putin says Russia
has developed a new array
of invincible nuclear weapons that
can "reach anywhere in the world",
prompting this response
from the Pentagon.
says he's spoken with
Attorney General Jeff Sessions
about bringing a lawsuit
against companies involved
in the opioid business.
It came after a summit
he hosted at the White House
to try to tackle the nation's
opioid addiction problem.
The administration will roll out
policy within the next three weeks,
and it will be very strong.
An exclusive report
from southern Yemen,
where government forces have pushed
out the Houthis, but at a cost.
Get in touch.
#BBCOS is the hashtag.
Welcome to Outside Source.
War in Yemen between
the ousted government,
supported by Saudi Arabia,
and Houthi rebels,
supported by Iran, has raged
for nearly three years.
A UN-brokered peace process
has all but failed.
The country is in economic
ruin and its people
are on the verge of famine.
The BBC's Lyse Doucet is the first
international journalist to gain
access to Beihan in the south
of the country, where Yemeni
government forces have
pushed out the Houthis.
Celebrations are central to Yemen's
intractable war. A victory on this
in hostile terrain. It has taken
more than two years to get this far.
Now Yemeni troops and tribesman
controlled the southern of events.
-- province. The commander says who
thes are hitting civilians here.
House is over there and over there.
The front line in Yemen's brutal war
are starting to slowly shift, but it
still seems like a war without end.
Everybody talks about a political
solution but nobody believes it will
happen, not wild horses on both
sides still believe they can keep
gaining power. But victory can be
fragile. It is dangerous here, the
soldiers shout. The Houthis have us
in our sites, we must move quickly.
Beihan is the biggest town in the
province and back in the Army's
hands, a strategic town and a vital
supply route. Only weeks ago Ghouta
had it but Beihan is broken by years
of strife and health services have
collapsed. There is only one
hospital here and only two
specialist doctors caring for tens
of thousands. Many staff left when
the Ghouta came on the salaries
stopped, but the patients keep
coming. Hassan's house was hit by a
mortar. It is not clear who fight
it. They took my whole family, he
says, all three children gone. There
were 11, six and two. There is just
me and my wife left, he says. In
intensive care, a young man shot
through the chest on the front line.
He had to travel for hours to get
help, but had to stand a fighting
chance in conditions like this, the
only surgeon here does his best
against the odds. Next door, what
seems to be an empty room. It is
not. A tiny baby, alone, struggling
to survive. We are told he has
septicaemia. Even doctors are
targets. This doctor tells me, the
Houthis sent him to prison, accused
of being a spy.
They are taking
information by hitting us, by
We are really
suffering. When you are seeing
people here suffering, no matter who
is in charge, they are still
There is no salary. There
are many problems. They are thinking
of their daily life. He wanted it.
In Beihan's main market, people tell
us they are worried. They say they
need everything, schools, jobs,
security. Some expressed relief that
the Houthis are gone Saudi led
coalition has stopped bombing here.
I asked, did many die in the air
strikes? Not many, this man says.
Others disagree. A lot of families
died, some shout, five, says man. An
entire family was killed in this
home. More than 13 people. The
Minister of information wants to
make sure we see this. What the
Houthis did, he says. He says they
do not want to wipe them out, they
are Yemenis, but they should give up
their guns and seek power to
elections instead. Noble thoughts,
but a brutal battle rages across
this fractured land and, for
Yemenis, the battle simply to
The White House is clearly trying
to address the opioid drug crisis,
which claims 115 lives
in the US every day.
The screening of potential drugs
traffic has been part of the border
protection legislation the President
has signed and today,
along with First Lady Melania Trump,
the President hosted a summit.
Here's what he had to say.
The administration will roll out
policy over the next three weeks and
it will be very strong. I have also
spoken with Jeff about bringing a
lawsuit against some of these opioid
companies. What they are doing in
the way the distribution, you have
people that go to a hospital with a
broken arm, they come out and they
are addicted to painkillers, and
they do not even know what happened.
They go in for something minor and
they come out and are in serious
Anthony Zurcher is in Washington.
It has been very well documented,
this appalling crisis which is
hitting a lot of middle America.
Right, and as Donald Trump discussed
just there, a lot of this started
because of drugs companies and
doctors prescribing these is
painkillers. I was in Kentucky a few
weeks ago and met with a woman who
first got prescribed opioids because
she said she had complications with
pregnancy, another man who came back
from the military was given the
injuries. So there are millions of
opioid drug addicts because of local
prescriptions. The opioid addiction
has shifted since then. There has
been less prescribed by doctors,
more and more is coming from these
people becoming addicted finding
them illegally on the streets or
even ordering them abroad from
manufacturers in China.
So what is
the White House pink can do about
What they want to try to do,
and I have been government studies
of this already, is improved
screening of incoming mail. We are
talking about millions of pieces of
mail coming in every day, more than
3 million a year coming through.
What they want to try do is track
individual pieces of mail by getting
data on it from De Schepper, so it
is coming from China, they get
information on where it came from,
then they can target the screening.
Donald Trump also mentioned
something opioid manufacturers which
is what number of states are going.
That is something the federal
government could get involved in. So
far, the Trump administration is
focusing on cracking down on illegal
sales and increasing penalties. But
less on treatment. Millions of
people are addicted. People I talk
to on a local level have as much
concern is dealing with addicts out
there right now, treating them than
punishing drugs companies or
Now Bill Gates has added his voice.
"Right now, cryptocurrencies
are used for buying fentanyl
and other drugs, so it is a rare
technology that has caused deaths
in a fairly direct way.
Anthony, you just wrote this piece
that's on the BBC website.
Anthony with a little more on this
story about the opioid crisis. We
have heard so much about it from the
White House today.
Don't forget, you can get much more
detail on our top stories,
The Syrian Red Crescent says
that this elderly Pakistani
couple have been evacuated
from the rebel-held
enclave of Eastern Ghouta.
They're the only civilians known
to have got out of the area
since a Russian-backed humanitarian
pause in fighting was supposed
to take effect on Tuesday.
Here's CBS correspondent Seth Doane,
who's managed to get
close to Eastern Ghouta.
This is one of four humanitarian
borders that have been set up here
to allow civilians in rebel held
besieged eastern Ghouta in that
direction to come here in the
government-held territory. You can
see there are ambulances lined up
here and also buses to help evacuate
people, but this is the number three
and, as you can see, these
humanitarian corridors, this one
here, is empty, and both sides are
blaming the other. The government is
saying that rebels inside eastern
Ghouta have held hostage some
civilians there and also that the
rebels are bombing and targeting
these humanitarian crossings. The
rebels on the other hand are
accusing the government of making it
difficult for them to cross. They
say they worry that they will be
arrested once they get here. It is
impossible for us to cross into
eastern Ghouta so we reached out to
one doctor by telephone to ask in
what was like working there. What is
most difficult for you?
Evacuating patients for ICU.
doctor told us that his hospital has
been prompt and, since then, he has
been performing are doing surgery on
the ground. We asked him why he
I don't want to go out. It is
Meanwhile, aid agencies are
ready to go into eastern Ghouta, a
lead is prepared, ready to go, but
they say these humanitarian pauses
are not long enough to be effective.
More than a week after the 19th
February attack, 110 schoolgirls
from Dapchi in north-eastern Nigeria
are still unaccounted for.
The girls were kidnapped by the
Islamist militant group Boko Haram.
The attack is chillingly similar
to the 2014 abduction of 276 girls
from Chibok in 2014,
which is 275 kilometres from Dapchi.
Many have taken to social media
to condemn the attacks.
Julia Gillard, the former
Australian Prime Minister
and now with the UN,
said, "The abduction of schoolgirls
is a deplorable attack
on education and human rights.
It is our obligation
to keep schools safe."
A founder of the Bring
Back Our Girls group,
said, "Today is World Book Day.
Painfully, 112 of our Chibok girls
are almost four years
as captives of terrorists.
Infuriatingly, 110 of our
Dapchi girls were failed
by their government.
We say to President Muhammadu
Buhari, where are our girls?
We need answers now!"
The BBC's Stephanie Hegarty
was in Dapchi and filed this report.
This is where Fatima
ran when the militants
attacked her school.
It was 7pm and she
was in her dormitory.
They were just about to eat their
dinner when they heard gunshots.
One of our teachers
told us to come out.
We saw bullets flying
in the air, like fire.
There was confusion all over
the school, students screaming
and rushing towards the gate.
But the gate was locked.
Then we saw the militants' trucks,
and they were shooting and calling
us to get into the trucks.
They were pretending
they would help us.
During the attack, Fatima managed
to run away from the militants
twice, but she was with
her best friend, Zara,
when they were attacked
and they got separated.
She says five of her closest friends
are missing and she knows many more
girls who were taken away.
This is Zara, she is 14.
She said business was
her favourite subject.
Her sister is 25 and went
to the same school.
She was close to Zara.
It was three days before
the government admitted
that there had been a kidnapping.
Sara's father was repelled by
gunfire and when he got back to his
compound there were hundreds of
schoolchildren taking shelter. He
searched through the night to find
his daughter but by morning he
realise she had been taken.
Last week, the authorities claimed
the girls had been rescued,
then they said that claim was false.
For Zara's mum, that
was the hardest moment.
Nigeria's president has said
that the military and air force
are searching for the girls,
but the parents are not reassured.
In this school,
there are no children
of government officials.
The students are the
daughters of poor people.
Now the school is eerily quiet,
sandals discarded by running
children littering its paths.
The scene is chillingly
similar to the aftermath
of the kidnapping of the schoolgirls
in Chibok in 2014.
It was three years before most
of them were released,
and over 100 of them
are still missing.
The parents of Dapchi are afraid
that they will also wait years
to see their children again.
Italians head to the polls
this Sunday to elect
a new president, and the race
is between three main parties.
Let's take a closer look.
Firstly, the centre-right
Forza Italia, headed
by a very familiar face -
former Prime Minister
The 81-year-old billionaire
was forced to resign in 2011
at the height of the debt crisis.
Next, the 5 Star Movement, started
by comedian Beppe Grillo in 2009,
and now one of Europe's
biggest populist movements.
And finally, the ruling
Democratic Party, led by former
Prime Minister Matteo Renzi.
Now the elections have also seen
a resurgence of extreme parties.
Karin Giannone is in Rome and spoke
to leaders of the main fascist
and communist parties.
What does it represent?
Italians, it represents the last
alternative against traditional
politics. Both on a national and
What does power to
the people represent?
Power to the
people is a new project. It started
in November and is made up of
associations, social centres, who
pushed for new policies on
employment, women's rights and of
element in the south. It is about
What is it the's
biggest problem at the moment?
have multiple problems, both
internally and externally. Regarding
security, we have a huge problem
with immigration that adds up to a
deeply rooted corruption in the
public administration in Italy.
Italy's problem is jobs, especially
for young people, but not just about
them, it is about workers in the
south, the fact that jobs are in
extremely unstable. They have had
their rights taken away from us and
we are forced to work on ridiculous
situations. We could be filed with
no protection whatsoever so this is
where we need to start from.
there any kind of immigration that
Yes, it believes that
refugees who are really escaping war
should be welcomed. We have
legislation in place for people from
Libya, Eritrea and Somalia. What
about the rest? Adders need to go
back home and contribute to the
development of the nation, like we
did in our country in the past.
people say immigration is an issue,
not just the far right. It is easy
to use immigration as a scapegoat.
The real issue is that the reception
of migrants in Italy is badly
planned. We are constantly in a
state of emergency.
Do you condemn
the use of violence in politics,
given the recent attacks?
is never acceptable, above all in
politics, but we have to bear in
mind that the party is a victim of
attacks from antifascist groups and
we need to defend ourselves.
ridiculous. It's tradition has aways
been to attack political opponents
as well as the LGBT community and
migrants. It is absurd, what they
So you condemn violence?
think we need to put things into
context. If a black person slaps a
member of the KKK, what is the
problem? It is not the existence of
the KKK in the first place? I
believe it is the existence of
fascist organisations that are legal
in Italy and should be banned.
Italian politics is
Here's Karin Giannone's take on it.
We heard that the left saying that
the neofascist group should not
actually be allowed to exist
legally. The Italian constitution
outlaws fascist parties but the
party has taken advantage of a
loophole. They openly saying the
media they support Mussolini, they
admire him and are in favour of
fascism, they have not written it
down anywhere in the manifesto
therefore they have not been
outlawed as the left say they should
be. There is also the theme that
many of the things the far right are
saying are not just coming from the
far right. We heard Silvio
Berlusconi recently from the
centre-right coalition allied with
for the right parties saying 600,000
migrants without documents needed to
be deported. So many ideas, not just
from the mainstream, filtering
further to the centre of Italian
politics and the mainstream. And
Karen will be following the story of
the Italian elections through the
weekend for us on BBC News.
with a woman in the starring
role are more profitable
than their male-led counterparts.
BBC analysis has found that
female-led films earn higher
box office returns -
they usually have lower
On average, every dollar
invested in a female-led
film earns back $2.12.
For male-led films,
this figure is $1.59.
In fact, Oscar-nominated films
with a clearly definable female lead
were 33% more profitable
than male-led films
when comparing US box office take
and production budget.
Clara Guibourg from the BBC's
Data Journalism team can tell us
more about where these
figures came from.
We collected the information from
the movie website IMDB. We looked at
production budgets and US box office
figures for all the films nominated
for an Oscar in the last five years.
Stripping out things like
documentaries and short films. That
left us with 155 films to look
closer at. What we found was that
actually Oscar-nominated films that
have a woman in the lead role are
quite a lot cheaper to make and also
earn back a little bit more at the
box office compared to films with
the male lead role. When you put
those two things together, it means
that films with a female lead role
are actually quite a bit more
there still seems to be a perception
in Hollywood that women won't bring
in the same amount of money as men.
For every dollar invested
into Oscar-nominated films
during the last five years,
76 cents went to films
with a male lead.
Clara's been looking
at those figures too.
When we crunched the numbers on
this, we also found that, actually,
just 28% of films nominated for an
Oscar in this time period have
female leads, just over a quarter of
the total. Actually, if you look
behind the camera, if you look at
directors and producers and writers,
the gender split is even more skewed
and people I have spoken to in the
industry have said that basically
the perception in Hollywood that
women are bad box office is hard to
change. Sometimes this can have
consequences that are almost absurd.
The Geena Davis Institute has done
research in the crowd scenes and
found that, even here, the gender
breakdown is often very skewed. They
found that the average crowd scene
in a film usually consists of less
than one in five women. So it does
not really reflect real life at all,
the way things look now. In time to
bring in one more tweaked from the
editor in chief of media post. Ahead
of the week and's Oscars, Time
magazine examines the new era in
Hollywood, you know, the female one.