01/03/2018 Outside Source


01/03/2018

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Transcript


LineFromTo

Hello, I'm Philippa Thomas,

this is Outside Source.

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President Putin says Russia has

developed a new array of invincible

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nuclear weapons that can "reach

anywhere in the world".

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Prompting this response

from the pentagon.

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We're not surprised by this

statement. And the American people

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should rest assured that we are

fully prepared.

President Trump says

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he'll impose swingeing tariffs on

imported steel and aluminium next

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week. We'll bring you the latest

from Washington.

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Europe sees some of its lowest

temperatures in years ,

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hitting minus 40 degrees

celsius in places.

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A

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And the strange case

of a woman who thought God

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was telling her to self-harm ,

an illusion that was

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caused by a brain tumour.

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Welcome to Outside Source...

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We start with the revelations

from the Russian President's annual

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state of the nation speech.

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Here's how our Moscow

Correspondent described it

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And indeed Russians will vote

on March 18th, an election

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Vladimir Putin is widely

expected to win.

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Here's what the president had to say

to court the soldiers' vote.

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we were working on the development

of weaponry technologies.

We've made

0:01:540:02:01

significant new steps in creating

new systems of strategic weaponry.

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Let me remind you that the United

States create their dire ballistic

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protection against strategic

missiles. This is the basis of our

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strategic weaponry as well as other

countries.

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One element to the speech

that was picked up by Alec Luhn

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from the Telegraph

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Reuters gave this reaction

from the US - the Pentagon downplays

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Russian President Vladimir Putin's

announcement of new nuclear

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weapons on Thursday,

saying Moscow's weaponry was long

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under development and had already

been factored into US assessments.

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To get a sense of what part

of the speech was actually

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important to Russians -

here's Olga Ivshina from BBC Russia.

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The whole second half of this

address was really unexpected. When

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we now look back I sort of see the

build-up because Russian Prime

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Minister was talking about it, you

know. Various Russian ministers were

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saying we won't step back against

the threats. The US is trying to

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scare us. But no

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no one expected such a performance,

they intentionally move this from

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the Kremlin which normally happens

to another more spacious building.

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And they brought three huge screens

just to show all the graphics of

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flying missiles for the first hour

they were only showing boring

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statistics and we wondered what the

show was about. Then when all the

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missiles started flying around,

that's when I understood.

You start

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hearing about invincible weapons,

nuclear weapons, and new reality.

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It's a message not just for the

audience and the voters, but for

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Donald Trump for example.

It was a

message both for external and

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internal audience. Russia was

talking to the West for a number of

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years, no one has listen, now you

will listen us. When someone is

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threatening the partners or just

showing the partners military

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capabilities, the world is going to

listen.

Vladimir Putin is going to

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win the upcoming election, partly

because his biggest competition

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isn't allowed to stand.

Yes, what is

the most prominent opposition

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leaders, Alexey Melania is not

allowed to stand. Even if the

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opposition manages to get to

participate, there's not that much

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chance. Each TV bulletin starts with

ten minute long pieces about Putin,

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today he got two hours airtime on

all Russian TV channels. -- Aleksei

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Nevalny.

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It's not a fair game to be honest.

It would be the shock of a lifetime

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if he wasn't re-elected.

The Russian

electoral committee says there is no

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mistake, Mr Putin is not breaking

any rules by broadcasting state of

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the nation address, he's just

performing his professional duties

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as head of the country. Each time

such questions are asked by

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opposition leaders, each time the

answer is the same, he's just

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performing his duties. Definitely no

one has any doubts about the

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upcoming election.

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Heavy snowfalls and icy winds

continue to batter Europe

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as the region shivers in a deadly

deep-freeze that has hit

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countries from the far north

to the southern Mediterranean.

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In some places the temperature

dropped as low as minus 40 degrees

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celsius, and there is little sign

of conditions improving.

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Jessica Parker looks

at the picture across Europe.

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Paris freezes over. Tourists tread

carefully.

It's so cold.

In Croatia

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this waterfall has been silenced.

There are pockets of warmth. In

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Poland coal burners steam on the

streets. But there is no beating

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this ice blast. In the grip of a

Siberian weather system Europe is

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seeing some of the coldest

temperatures for several years.

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Today's recorded low, minus 41.8

Celsius in Norway. It brings danger,

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as this lorry driver in Bulgaria

discovered. In Scotland around 1000

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vehicles were stranded on a major

motorway overnight. On this road,

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dash camera footage shows a

frightening near miss.

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In the east of England, the shovels

are out.

Trying to get home. I

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phoned to work and said I can't make

it, I'm stuck in the drift.

Trains

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have been cancelled, airports

closed, meanwhile dozens of people,

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many homeless, are reported to have

died across the continent. This

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weather event has several names

across Europe. The Siberian back,

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the snow cannon, the beast from the

east. Different names similar

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stories. Forecasters predict extreme

weather will continue to grip the

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Europe into the weekend.

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It's been a big week for the Brexit

negotiations and tomorrow it reaches

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a climax with what's billed as a big

speech by British Prime

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Minister Theresa May.

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This may be the moment to clarify

where her government stands

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on the UK's future relationship

with the European Union.

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If you remember last week Mrs May

and her ministers spent

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the day thrashing this out

at her country residence, Chequers.

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They reportedly agreed that Britain

would seek to diverge from some

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European regulations over time.

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How much and how, are two of the big

unanswered questions.

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Striking a very different note,

a former British Prime Minister

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the Labour politician Tony Blair

today talked about

0:08:210:08:22

the dangers of Brexit.

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And he called for EU immigration

rules to be reformed to encourage

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British people to change their mind

and stay in.

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Let's just remind ourselves

of an extraordinary week

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when the Brexit debate

became even more heated.

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Labour would seek to negotiate a

new, Combrinck sieve UK- EU customs

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union.

A customs union would remove

the bulk of incentives for other

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countries to enter into

comprehensive free trade agreements

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with the UK.

With fair and equal

access to a very large, rich EU

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market, if you're going to give that

up for the promise of some bilateral

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deals with markets that are much

less important to us is like giving

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up a three course meal for a packet

of crisps.

The island of Ireland

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will be protected and a hard border

will be avoided. Ireland has to be

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covered by the union customs caught.

Draft legal text the commission has

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published, if implemented, reckons

the constitutional integrity of the

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UK.

Let Parliament to decide. Or put

the issue back to the people.

Having

0:09:330:09:40

a second referendum or whatever, I

haven't listened to John Major's

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speech, does seem rather absurd.

European leaders share the

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responsibility. To lead us out of

the Brexit cul-de-sac.

It is an

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inevitable side-effect of Brexit by

nature.

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That uncompromising message from EU

Commission President Donald Tusk

0:09:590:10:01

was reinforced by chief Brexit

negotiatior Michel Barnier ,

0:10:010:10:03

in a speech to business leaders.

0:10:030:10:05

Here he is.

0:10:050:10:09

The UK Government wishes to read the

game Sturridge regain its autonomy

0:10:090:10:17

following agreements. It has

indicated its intention to leave the

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customs union. And this choice, this

choice, has consequences. Being

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outside the customs union always

involves customs procedures.

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One fantastic source

for Brexit News is the BBC's

0:10:370:10:39

Brexitcast podcast -

For the latest programme

0:10:390:10:41

Adam Fleming ends up

in Tony Blair's hotel room.

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Speaking of Adam -

here's his view of today.

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Stay with us on Outside

Source - still to come.

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Find out why this magazine cover is

causing controversy in India. You

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may be surprised that the reason.

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Drivers have been stranded on road

while people still wait for flights

0:11:100:11:14

out of Glasgow airport and are

getting ready to bed down for

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another night after it was closed

again. Lorna Gordon has more.

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You've been here a good 17 hours at

the moment.

They've moved about 100

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metres.

This storm was forecast well

ahead of time. But despite warnings,

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people did still venture out. Now

after waiting nearly 18 hours on

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this stretch of motorway, it looks

as if, finally, the traffic might

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just be about to start moving again.

0:12:020:12:09

You're watching Outside Source live

from the BBC newsroom. The US

0:12:170:12:24

government says it is fully prepared

after President Putin revealed

0:12:240:12:26

Russian is creating a new arsenal of

nuclear weapons in his State of the

0:12:260:12:30

nation address Mr Putin said the

weapons included an underwater drone

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and cruise missile that could reach

anywhere in the world. Some of the

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other stories about BBC News today,

BBC Mundo reports the Catalan

0:12:400:12:45

separatist leader Carles Puigdemont

is withdrawing as president of the

0:12:450:12:48

Catalonia region in favour of a

jailed activist, Jordi Sanchez.

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You'll be arrested if he returns to

Barcelona to be sworn in, he is

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currently in exile in Belgium.

Marine Le Pen says she will be

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silenced after being placed under

formal investigation for treating a

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graphic image of violence by the

so-called Islamic State. She says

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she had simply been condemning the

group's atrocities. The BBC World

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Service is covering that story. A

lot of you're watching online with

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those freezing winds sweeping across

Europe this video offering tips on

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how to keep warm in the cold. BBC

colleagues in chilly climes, it's

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proving very popular.

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President Trump said America

will impose substantial

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tariffs on steel and aluminium

imports next week, after meeting

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industry bosses in Washington.

0:13:420:13:43

Tariffs of 25% on steel and 10%

on aluminium imports

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are expected next week.

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The action could provoke

retaliation, but China is by no

0:13:510:13:54

means the biggest steel supplier

to the US.

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China is the 11th biggest

exporter of steel to the US,

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less than 2% of US imported

steel is Chinese.

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That compares with the 16%

of steel imports from Canada

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or the 7% from Turkey.

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Barbara Plett Usher

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Is in Washington. Donald Trump

campaign strongly on that

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protectionist note.

That's right,

he's always been eager to follow up

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on that campaign, so eager he has

made this announcement between the

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details had been worked out. It has

to be signed next week. He has to

0:14:250:14:34

rebuild America's steel and

aluminium industry which has

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struggled to compete with China

dumping cheap steel on the market.

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He is backed up by this because his

administration is determined this is

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a national security threat. Says

America needs to have a domestic

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supply for defence purposes. Really

I think this is about Donald Trump

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wanting to deliver on those campaign

promises to protect American

0:14:530:14:57

workers.

There has already been some

concern about what this could mean

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in terms of cost to American

business.

That's right, this is

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popular with the steel industry but

not many other constituencies,

0:15:090:15:14

especially industry is that consume

steel, things like industries that

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make autoparts and oil parts. This

is going to increase their costs and

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mean they have less profits and

possibly also affect jobs in these

0:15:250:15:29

industries. Early reports that Exxon

Mobil, this could impact its plans

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to expand a major oil refinery. It

could have implications for steel

0:15:330:15:39

consuming industries. Broadly

speaking its more unpopular beyond

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that. The Republican party, even

members of Mr Trump's own

0:15:430:15:47

administration have warned against

this move.

Blue Peter leave my

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watching the markets. How have they

reacted to this tariff boost? --

0:15:530:16:02

Yogita. The Dow Jones has ended down

after that Ray Teret announcement.

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Earlier in the day when we didn't

know whether a firm announcement was

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coming from the Trump

administration, use a steel company

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stocks rise. Once the announcement

was made stocks of companies from

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sectors that Barbara was talking

about earlier, for example the auto

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sector, which is a big consumer of

steel, leasing company stocks beaten

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at the markets today. That is why we

are seeing markets, all of the major

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US industries, actually, ending

about a percent, one and a half

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percent down.

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Donald Trump says he's doing this

for the US steel industry. Can that

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industry provide all the steel

American business wants?

Can it be

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saved at this point? It's certainly

true tens of thousands of steel

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industry workers have lost their

jobs in the US over the past many

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decades. Can it be rolled back that

it can deliver the domestic demand

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in the US? That is what a lot of

manufacturers here are concerned

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about. A group of many factors has

even written to the Administration

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saying, please, before this

announcement was made, please

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reconsider this, please do not

impose heavy taxes on steel and

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aluminium imports. It's not just

those sectors that are worried,

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people in the US are also worried

about what reciprocal action could

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be taken by the countries affected.

For example if you've got China,

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which as you pointed out is not the

one most impacted by this move. If

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you have a reciprocal reaction and

they decide they want to slap

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tariffs on soya bean exports, soya

bean imports from America, what

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happens to soya bean producers here?

There is worry in business beyond

0:17:540:17:58

people who are even connected to

steel or aluminium.

Who wants a

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trade war? Thanks for getting us

up-to-date on a significant

0:18:030:18:05

announcement. Severe weather

conditions have put a strain on gas

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supplies here.

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The National Grid warned that it may

not have enough gas to meet

0:18:130:18:16

the current demand and has asked

suppliers to provide more.

0:18:160:18:18

It says large gas users , such

as industry and some businesses ,

0:18:180:18:21

are being asked to use less.

0:18:210:18:23

Household supplies are not

expected to be affected.

0:18:230:18:25

Our business editor

Simon Jack explains.

0:18:250:18:32

You add surging demand to cuts in

supply and get a potential deficit.

0:18:320:18:36

A gas death warning is set at five

o'clock in the morning. It's

0:18:360:18:40

basically the National Grid vein,

we're not sure there is enough gas

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in the system to meet that demand.

Does that mean you're going to turn

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on your cooker or central heating

and it's not going to work? No. It's

0:18:470:18:52

the first early warning shot of a

number of measures. But they can

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then take to bring the supply and

demand back into balance. It

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includes for example asking heavy

users to use less. In fact, a big

0:18:590:19:04

chemicals company has been asked by

National Grid and they've agreed to

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dial down their usage by 20%.

0:19:070:19:10

Lets turn to India where

this magazine cover has

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split public opinion.

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The headline reads 'Moms tell

Kerala- don't stare,

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we want to breastfeed.' Now

there are two issues here -

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both breastfeeding in public

and the two people in the photo.

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The magazine used a model,

not a mother - on the cover.

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Inside, though, the baby's

real mother is pictured

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breastfeeding her child -

next to the model.

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This is how it's seen in India

blogger Anjana Nayar

0:19:290:19:31

"That point

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"That point

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at which you decided to push a real

mother actually breastfeeding her

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child into the inner pages

and portray a model holding a baby

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to her bare breast on your cover

is where you delved into cheap

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sensationalism and exploitation'.

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But supporters are calling

the front cover courageous,

0:20:040:20:06

bold and path-breaking.

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The model told us this -

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"I was expecting a lot

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of criticism, but I decided to take

it all on with pleasure for the sake

0:20:120:20:15

of all mothers who want

to breastfeed with pride

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and a sense of freedom,".

0:20:180:20:25

A journalist in Kolkata says

0:20:250:20:26

@shreyateresita 'To some it's gross,

0:20:260:20:27

to some it's a free show.

0:20:270:20:29

To a child, it's unquestionably

simple and necessary.

0:20:290:20:31

To anyone smart

enough, it's natural.

0:20:310:20:32

Good work'.

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I've been talking to

Gita Aramuvadan, a journalist

0:20:420:20:44

and author in Bangalore who has

praised the magazine's

0:20:440:20:46

decision as groundbreaking.

0:20:460:20:52

In India, for a long time, until the

last generation probably, people

0:20:520:20:59

weren't feeding their babies in

public. Feeding a baby in public was

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not something to be ashamed of. And

people would put their babies on in

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trains and buses. In the open. At

family gatherings. I know that in

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our family gatherings there would be

young mothers feeding their babies.

0:21:140:21:19

What changed to make it such an

unusual image today?

The British in

0:21:190:21:26

a way bought some kind of Victorian

morals and it was considered correct

0:21:260:21:31

for you to close your dress. In

Cowler for existence, women were

0:21:310:21:39

walking about with breasts bared

until the early 20th century. -- in

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Kerala. In most of South India it's

very hot, women would just where the

0:21:460:21:50

sari and cover their breasts, but

not wear a blouse or anything. So

0:21:500:21:55

feeding a baby in public was not

something which was unusual.

What do

0:21:550:22:02

you make of the critics who say the

breasts on the front cover of a

0:22:020:22:07

magazine with a baby on the end of

it is sexualised and somehow

0:22:070:22:10

offensive?

It's a very bold kind of

picture. Perhaps not the way a

0:22:100:22:16

mother might feed her baby, or it

might be, breast-feeding is normal.

0:22:160:22:20

There is nothing wrong about it. You

don't have to do it in a particular

0:22:200:22:24

way, you don't have to be coy about

it. You can go out in the open and

0:22:240:22:29

feed your baby anyway you want. It's

as natural as anything else. Men

0:22:290:22:35

have said it's very eroticised and

have said, you know, having a model,

0:22:350:22:39

especially the model who is an

unmarried woman, and is a model, and

0:22:390:22:44

the baby is not hers. People have

raised objection to that. A model is

0:22:440:22:48

the model. She's only representing

something. She doesn't have to be

0:22:480:22:53

the person who actually performs

that action.

0:22:530:23:01

Now to a surprising medical case

in which a woman thought God

0:23:010:23:04

was telling her to harm herself -

all because of a brain tumour.

0:23:040:23:07

The case arose here in Bern

in Switzerland, where in late 2015,

0:23:070:23:10

a 48-year-old, we'll call Sarah,

checked herself into

0:23:100:23:11

the psychiatric emergency service.

0:23:110:23:21

Sarah had stabbed her own chest

several times - deep wounds.

0:23:220:23:25

She told the doctors she'd been

following direct orders from God.

0:23:250:23:27

Melissa Hogenboom is

a Features Writer for BBC Future

0:23:270:23:36

and has been looking into Sarah's

case and described how the doctors

0:23:360:23:39

first viewed the case.

0:23:390:23:41

She showed delusions, voices, these

hallucinations and she was really

0:23:410:23:47

manic. When you probed deeper, you

thought, this lady isn't withdrawing

0:23:470:23:50

from social contract, she's not

taking time away from her family.

0:23:500:23:57

This doesn't quite fit. That's

exactly what he thought. He did a

0:23:570:24:03

routine brain scan, which they tend

to do with patients like this, and

0:24:030:24:07

found a significant brain tumour in

a very particular area of the brain.

0:24:070:24:10

It's really important for how we

process sound. The thalamus, the

0:24:100:24:14

area you are using right now

listening to me speak, interpreting

0:24:140:24:19

what I say, sending it to the right

part of your brain to understand

0:24:190:24:22

what I'm saying based on your

previous knowledge of the world. If

0:24:220:24:24

this area is broken bits if any

patient is often thinner than this

0:24:240:24:29

brain tumour was encroaching on the

area. It messes with how we

0:24:290:24:33

experience sound.

I know you are

talking to me and not inside my

0:24:330:24:40

head. Sarah couldn't quite tell who

was standing next to her and who she

0:24:400:24:44

was imagining inside her own mental

universe.

Precisely right, she

0:24:440:24:50

couldn't differentiate between

voices in her head and what was

0:24:500:24:52

going on in the real world so to her

these voices were as real as what

0:24:520:24:57

you can hear I'm doing now. What was

interesting is it wasn't just these

0:24:570:25:02

voices which had distrusting sounds,

the neuroscientists bought the brain

0:25:020:25:06

tumour itself had caused the initial

interest in religion and that is the

0:25:060:25:11

really interesting thing.

She'd had

interest in religion going back

0:25:110:25:13

years, kind of spurts of enthusiasm

for spirituality.

She'd shown manic

0:25:130:25:20

spurts of interest. Because this was

a very specific type of brain

0:25:200:25:26

tumour. It grows very slowly over

time. The brain can adapt that

0:25:260:25:32

particular kind of stress so each

time the tumour would grow and then

0:25:320:25:35

Grosjean this area important for

hearing sound, it would distress her

0:25:350:25:39

brain and make her think she was

hearing voices. Then when her brain

0:25:390:25:44

managed to adapt to the tumour

because the tumour remained static

0:25:440:25:46

for long periods, the voices would

go away. That was what was unique.

0:25:460:25:52

Much more to come here an Outside

Source. Do stay with us.

0:25:520:25:58

Could easily. Certainly not the best

night to be out and about.

0:26:090:26:14

Disruptive and in places, dangerous

wintry weather continues. So much so

0:26:140:26:18

the Met office has issued a red

weather warning across parts of

0:26:180:26:21

south-west England and South Wales.

Heavy snow, strong winds, blizzard

0:26:210:26:25

conditions. This is the radar

picture from earlier. Snow spreading

0:26:250:26:31

up from the south. Particularly

setting in across the south-west and

0:26:310:26:34

southern half of Wales. Snow showers

continuing further north and east.

0:26:340:26:39

Still a Met Office amber be prepared

warning for north-east Scotland,

0:26:390:26:43

down into north-east England. It

warning in force for the

0:26:430:26:46

south-eastern corner of Northern

Ireland. Snow feeding in here. It is

0:26:460:26:50

the south-western corner where we

will have the most disruptive

0:26:500:26:53

weather overnight. An amber warning.

Some of that coming to the

0:26:530:26:59

south-east of Wales, covered by the

red warning. A lot of snow piling

0:26:590:27:03

up. Sunspots seeing 15, 20

centimetres, maybe 40 or 50 over the

0:27:030:27:07

high ground. Some of that snow

fringing into parts of Northern

0:27:070:27:11

Ireland as we go through the night.

We keep snow showers across parts of

0:27:110:27:15

northern and eastern Scotland. The

far north-east of England. These

0:27:150:27:19

areas particularly at risk of

disruption overnight. Across the far

0:27:190:27:23

south-west of the snow may begin to

turn back to rein in places. If that

0:27:230:27:27

happens the rain is likely to fall

on cold surfaces. It brings a

0:27:270:27:32

significant ice risk to take us into

tomorrow morning. Travel disruption

0:27:320:27:36

very likely indeed. A dry spell

perhaps for the south-west and Wales

0:27:360:27:41

through the first part of tomorrow.

Then looks like snow will return

0:27:410:27:45

from the south. Heavy snow at that.

Could be snow in other southern

0:27:450:27:49

areas. Still a lot to play for with

that, some uncertainty in the

0:27:490:27:53

forecast. Snow showers into northern

and eastern areas. Fine weather with

0:27:530:27:57

sunshine in between. When we

consider the strength of the wind

0:27:570:28:00

this is what it'll feel like through

tomorrow afternoon. Sub zero in many

0:28:000:28:05

areas. But a slight change in the

feel of the weather through the next

0:28:050:28:09

few days. Looks like we'll bring

something slightly less cold from

0:28:090:28:15

the south, particularly into

southern areas. The weekend we can

0:28:150:28:22

see that for many it will remain

cold, less cold towards the south.

0:28:220:28:25

Still the risk of some snow.

0:28:250:28:31

Hello, I'm Philippa Thomas,

this is Outside Source,

0:30:130:30:15

and these are the main stories

here in the BBC Newsroom:

0:30:150:30:17

President Putin says Russia

has developed a new array

0:30:170:30:20

of invincible nuclear weapons that

can "reach anywhere in the world",

0:30:200:30:23

prompting this response

from the Pentagon.

0:30:230:30:33

President Trump

says he's spoken with

0:30:330:30:35

Attorney General Jeff Sessions

about bringing a lawsuit

0:30:350:30:37

against companies involved

in the opioid business.

0:30:370:30:39

It came after a summit

he hosted at the White House

0:30:390:30:42

to try to tackle the nation's

opioid addiction problem.

0:30:420:30:47

The administration will roll out

policy within the next three weeks,

0:30:470:30:52

and it will be very strong.

0:30:520:30:55

An exclusive report

from southern Yemen,

0:30:550:30:56

where government forces have pushed

out the Houthis, but at a cost.

0:30:560:31:06

Get in touch.

0:31:060:31:07

#BBCOS is the hashtag.

0:31:070:31:17

Welcome to Outside Source.

0:31:210:31:29

War in Yemen between

the ousted government,

0:31:290:31:31

supported by Saudi Arabia,

and Houthi rebels,

0:31:310:31:33

supported by Iran, has raged

for nearly three years.

0:31:330:31:35

A UN-brokered peace process

has all but failed.

0:31:350:31:37

The country is in economic

ruin and its people

0:31:370:31:39

are on the verge of famine.

0:31:390:31:42

The BBC's Lyse Doucet is the first

international journalist to gain

0:31:420:31:46

access to Beihan in the south

of the country, where Yemeni

0:31:460:31:48

government forces have

pushed out the Houthis.

0:31:480:31:58

Celebrations are central to Yemen's

intractable war. A victory on this

0:31:590:32:06

in hostile terrain. It has taken

more than two years to get this far.

0:32:060:32:11

Now Yemeni troops and tribesman

controlled the southern of events.

0:32:110:32:20

-- province. The commander says who

thes are hitting civilians here.

0:32:200:32:29

House is over there and over there.

The front line in Yemen's brutal war

0:32:290:32:36

are starting to slowly shift, but it

still seems like a war without end.

0:32:360:32:41

Everybody talks about a political

solution but nobody believes it will

0:32:410:32:45

happen, not wild horses on both

sides still believe they can keep

0:32:450:32:51

gaining power. But victory can be

fragile. It is dangerous here, the

0:32:510:32:57

soldiers shout. The Houthis have us

in our sites, we must move quickly.

0:32:570:33:09

Beihan is the biggest town in the

province and back in the Army's

0:33:090:33:14

hands, a strategic town and a vital

supply route. Only weeks ago Ghouta

0:33:140:33:21

had it but Beihan is broken by years

of strife and health services have

0:33:210:33:27

collapsed. There is only one

hospital here and only two

0:33:270:33:31

specialist doctors caring for tens

of thousands. Many staff left when

0:33:310:33:35

the Ghouta came on the salaries

stopped, but the patients keep

0:33:350:33:40

coming. Hassan's house was hit by a

mortar. It is not clear who fight

0:33:400:33:49

it. They took my whole family, he

says, all three children gone. There

0:33:490:33:56

were 11, six and two. There is just

me and my wife left, he says. In

0:33:560:34:04

intensive care, a young man shot

through the chest on the front line.

0:34:040:34:08

He had to travel for hours to get

help, but had to stand a fighting

0:34:080:34:14

chance in conditions like this, the

only surgeon here does his best

0:34:140:34:18

against the odds. Next door, what

seems to be an empty room. It is

0:34:180:34:25

not. A tiny baby, alone, struggling

to survive. We are told he has

0:34:250:34:33

septicaemia. Even doctors are

targets. This doctor tells me, the

0:34:330:34:42

Houthis sent him to prison, accused

of being a spy.

They are taking

0:34:420:34:48

information by hitting us, by

electric shocks.

We are really

0:34:480:34:57

suffering. When you are seeing

people here suffering, no matter who

0:34:570:35:00

is in charge, they are still

suffering?

There is no salary. There

0:35:000:35:07

are many problems. They are thinking

of their daily life. He wanted it.

0:35:070:35:17

In Beihan's main market, people tell

us they are worried. They say they

0:35:170:35:22

need everything, schools, jobs,

security. Some expressed relief that

0:35:220:35:27

the Houthis are gone Saudi led

coalition has stopped bombing here.

0:35:270:35:32

I asked, did many die in the air

strikes? Not many, this man says.

0:35:320:35:38

Others disagree. A lot of families

died, some shout, five, says man. An

0:35:380:35:46

entire family was killed in this

home. More than 13 people. The

0:35:460:35:52

Minister of information wants to

make sure we see this. What the

0:35:520:35:59

Houthis did, he says. He says they

do not want to wipe them out, they

0:35:590:36:04

are Yemenis, but they should give up

their guns and seek power to

0:36:040:36:07

elections instead. Noble thoughts,

but a brutal battle rages across

0:36:070:36:15

this fractured land and, for

Yemenis, the battle simply to

0:36:150:36:19

survive.

0:36:190:36:26

The White House is clearly trying

to address the opioid drug crisis,

0:36:260:36:29

which claims 115 lives

in the US every day.

0:36:290:36:33

The screening of potential drugs

traffic has been part of the border

0:36:330:36:37

protection legislation the President

has signed and today,

0:36:370:36:39

along with First Lady Melania Trump,

the President hosted a summit.

0:36:390:36:44

Here's what he had to say.

0:36:440:36:52

The administration will roll out

policy over the next three weeks and

0:36:520:36:56

it will be very strong. I have also

spoken with Jeff about bringing a

0:36:560:37:03

lawsuit against some of these opioid

companies. What they are doing in

0:37:030:37:08

the way the distribution, you have

people that go to a hospital with a

0:37:080:37:13

broken arm, they come out and they

are addicted to painkillers, and

0:37:130:37:17

they do not even know what happened.

They go in for something minor and

0:37:170:37:21

they come out and are in serious

shape.

0:37:210:37:25

Anthony Zurcher is in Washington.

0:37:250:37:30

It has been very well documented,

this appalling crisis which is

0:37:300:37:34

hitting a lot of middle America.

Right, and as Donald Trump discussed

0:37:340:37:42

just there, a lot of this started

because of drugs companies and

0:37:420:37:47

doctors prescribing these is

painkillers. I was in Kentucky a few

0:37:470:37:50

weeks ago and met with a woman who

first got prescribed opioids because

0:37:500:37:54

she said she had complications with

pregnancy, another man who came back

0:37:540:38:00

from the military was given the

injuries. So there are millions of

0:38:000:38:04

opioid drug addicts because of local

prescriptions. The opioid addiction

0:38:040:38:09

has shifted since then. There has

been less prescribed by doctors,

0:38:090:38:14

more and more is coming from these

people becoming addicted finding

0:38:140:38:17

them illegally on the streets or

even ordering them abroad from

0:38:170:38:22

manufacturers in China.

So what is

the White House pink can do about

0:38:220:38:25

that?

What they want to try to do,

and I have been government studies

0:38:250:38:33

of this already, is improved

screening of incoming mail. We are

0:38:330:38:37

talking about millions of pieces of

mail coming in every day, more than

0:38:370:38:42

3 million a year coming through.

What they want to try do is track

0:38:420:38:46

individual pieces of mail by getting

data on it from De Schepper, so it

0:38:460:38:51

is coming from China, they get

information on where it came from,

0:38:510:38:54

then they can target the screening.

Donald Trump also mentioned

0:38:540:39:02

something opioid manufacturers which

is what number of states are going.

0:39:020:39:06

That is something the federal

government could get involved in. So

0:39:060:39:09

far, the Trump administration is

focusing on cracking down on illegal

0:39:090:39:13

sales and increasing penalties. But

less on treatment. Millions of

0:39:130:39:23

people are addicted. People I talk

to on a local level have as much

0:39:230:39:27

concern is dealing with addicts out

there right now, treating them than

0:39:270:39:33

punishing drugs companies or

sellers.

0:39:330:39:37

Now Bill Gates has added his voice.

0:39:370:39:40

"Right now, cryptocurrencies

are used for buying fentanyl

0:39:400:39:43

and other drugs, so it is a rare

technology that has caused deaths

0:39:430:39:46

in a fairly direct way.

0:39:460:39:50

Anthony, you just wrote this piece

that's on the BBC website.

0:39:500:39:59

Anthony with a little more on this

story about the opioid crisis. We

0:39:590:40:05

have heard so much about it from the

White House today.

0:40:050:40:10

Don't forget, you can get much more

detail on our top stories,

0:40:100:40:20

The Syrian Red Crescent says

that this elderly Pakistani

0:40:270:40:29

couple have been evacuated

from the rebel-held

0:40:290:40:30

enclave of Eastern Ghouta.

0:40:300:40:34

They're the only civilians known

to have got out of the area

0:40:340:40:38

since a Russian-backed humanitarian

pause in fighting was supposed

0:40:380:40:42

to take effect on Tuesday.

0:40:420:40:46

Here's CBS correspondent Seth Doane,

who's managed to get

0:40:460:40:48

close to Eastern Ghouta.

0:40:480:40:53

This is one of four humanitarian

borders that have been set up here

0:40:530:40:57

to allow civilians in rebel held

besieged eastern Ghouta in that

0:40:570:41:04

direction to come here in the

government-held territory. You can

0:41:040:41:08

see there are ambulances lined up

here and also buses to help evacuate

0:41:080:41:14

people, but this is the number three

and, as you can see, these

0:41:140:41:19

humanitarian corridors, this one

here, is empty, and both sides are

0:41:190:41:24

blaming the other. The government is

saying that rebels inside eastern

0:41:240:41:29

Ghouta have held hostage some

civilians there and also that the

0:41:290:41:35

rebels are bombing and targeting

these humanitarian crossings. The

0:41:350:41:43

rebels on the other hand are

accusing the government of making it

0:41:430:41:46

difficult for them to cross. They

say they worry that they will be

0:41:460:41:50

arrested once they get here. It is

impossible for us to cross into

0:41:500:41:55

eastern Ghouta so we reached out to

one doctor by telephone to ask in

0:41:550:41:59

what was like working there. What is

most difficult for you?

Everything.

0:41:590:42:10

Evacuating patients for ICU.

The

doctor told us that his hospital has

0:42:100:42:19

been prompt and, since then, he has

been performing are doing surgery on

0:42:190:42:24

the ground. We asked him why he

stays.

I don't want to go out. It is

0:42:240:42:36

my home.

Meanwhile, aid agencies are

ready to go into eastern Ghouta, a

0:42:360:42:41

lead is prepared, ready to go, but

they say these humanitarian pauses

0:42:410:42:45

are not long enough to be effective.

0:42:450:42:50

More than a week after the 19th

February attack, 110 schoolgirls

0:42:500:42:52

from Dapchi in north-eastern Nigeria

are still unaccounted for.

0:42:520:42:55

The girls were kidnapped by the

Islamist militant group Boko Haram.

0:42:550:42:59

The attack is chillingly similar

to the 2014 abduction of 276 girls

0:42:590:43:07

from Chibok in 2014,

which is 275 kilometres from Dapchi.

0:43:070:43:12

Many have taken to social media

to condemn the attacks.

0:43:120:43:17

Julia Gillard, the former

Australian Prime Minister

0:43:170:43:20

and now with the UN,

said, "The abduction of schoolgirls

0:43:200:43:25

is a deplorable attack

on education and human rights.

0:43:250:43:27

It is our obligation

to keep schools safe."

0:43:270:43:34

A founder of the Bring

Back Our Girls group,

0:43:340:43:36

said, "Today is World Book Day.

0:43:360:43:37

Painfully, 112 of our Chibok girls

are almost four years

0:43:370:43:40

as captives of terrorists.

0:43:400:43:42

Infuriatingly, 110 of our

Dapchi girls were failed

0:43:420:43:45

by their government.

0:43:450:43:47

We say to President Muhammadu

Buhari, where are our girls?

0:43:470:43:49

We need answers now!"

0:43:490:43:51

The BBC's Stephanie Hegarty

was in Dapchi and filed this report.

0:43:510:43:59

This is where Fatima

ran when the militants

0:43:590:44:01

attacked her school.

0:44:010:44:06

It was 7pm and she

was in her dormitory.

0:44:060:44:08

They were just about to eat their

dinner when they heard gunshots.

0:44:080:44:15

TRANSLATION:

One of our teachers

told us to come out.

0:44:150:44:19

We saw bullets flying

in the air, like fire.

0:44:190:44:25

There was confusion all over

the school, students screaming

0:44:250:44:27

and rushing towards the gate.

0:44:270:44:28

But the gate was locked.

0:44:280:44:32

Then we saw the militants' trucks,

and they were shooting and calling

0:44:320:44:34

us to get into the trucks.

0:44:340:44:37

They were pretending

they would help us.

0:44:370:44:42

During the attack, Fatima managed

to run away from the militants

0:44:420:44:49

twice, but she was with

her best friend, Zara,

0:44:490:44:51

when they were attacked

and they got separated.

0:44:510:44:53

She says five of her closest friends

are missing and she knows many more

0:44:530:44:56

girls who were taken away.

0:44:570:45:01

This is Zara, she is 14.

0:45:010:45:04

She said business was

her favourite subject.

0:45:040:45:06

Yes, business.

0:45:060:45:10

Her sister is 25 and went

to the same school.

0:45:100:45:20

She was close to Zara.

0:45:250:45:33

It was three days before

the government admitted

0:45:330:45:35

that there had been a kidnapping.

0:45:350:45:45

Sara's father was repelled by

gunfire and when he got back to his

0:45:500:45:54

compound there were hundreds of

0:45:540:45:57

schoolchildren taking shelter. He

searched through the night to find

0:45:570:45:59

his daughter but by morning he

realise she had been taken.

0:45:590:46:03

Last week, the authorities claimed

the girls had been rescued,

0:46:030:46:06

then they said that claim was false.

0:46:060:46:08

For Zara's mum, that

was the hardest moment.

0:46:080:46:11

Nigeria's president has said

that the military and air force

0:46:110:46:16

are searching for the girls,

but the parents are not reassured.

0:46:160:46:20

TRANSLATION:

In this school,

there are no children

0:46:200:46:22

of government officials.

0:46:220:46:28

The students are the

daughters of poor people.

0:46:280:46:34

Now the school is eerily quiet,

sandals discarded by running

0:46:340:46:36

children littering its paths.

0:46:360:46:37

The scene is chillingly

similar to the aftermath

0:46:370:46:40

of the kidnapping of the schoolgirls

in Chibok in 2014.

0:46:400:46:44

It was three years before most

of them were released,

0:46:440:46:47

and over 100 of them

are still missing.

0:46:470:46:55

The parents of Dapchi are afraid

that they will also wait years

0:46:550:46:58

to see their children again.

0:46:580:47:04

Italians head to the polls

this Sunday to elect

0:47:040:47:07

a new president, and the race

is between three main parties.

0:47:070:47:10

Let's take a closer look.

0:47:100:47:13

Firstly, the centre-right

Forza Italia, headed

0:47:130:47:14

by a very familiar face -

former Prime Minister

0:47:140:47:16

Silvio Berlusconi.

0:47:160:47:22

The 81-year-old billionaire

was forced to resign in 2011

0:47:220:47:25

at the height of the debt crisis.

0:47:250:47:27

Next, the 5 Star Movement, started

by comedian Beppe Grillo in 2009,

0:47:270:47:30

and now one of Europe's

biggest populist movements.

0:47:300:47:34

And finally, the ruling

Democratic Party, led by former

0:47:340:47:36

Prime Minister Matteo Renzi.

0:47:360:47:41

Now the elections have also seen

a resurgence of extreme parties.

0:47:410:47:43

Karin Giannone is in Rome and spoke

to leaders of the main fascist

0:47:430:47:46

and communist parties.

0:47:460:47:53

What does it represent?

For

Italians, it represents the last

0:47:530:48:01

alternative against traditional

politics. Both on a national and

0:48:010:48:04

European level.

What does power to

the people represent?

Power to the

0:48:040:48:12

people is a new project. It started

in November and is made up of

0:48:120:48:18

associations, social centres, who

pushed for new policies on

0:48:180:48:23

employment, women's rights and of

element in the south. It is about

0:48:230:48:27

rebuilding Italy.

What is it the's

biggest problem at the moment?

We

0:48:270:48:33

have multiple problems, both

internally and externally. Regarding

0:48:330:48:36

security, we have a huge problem

with immigration that adds up to a

0:48:360:48:40

deeply rooted corruption in the

public administration in Italy.

0:48:400:48:47

Italy's problem is jobs, especially

for young people, but not just about

0:48:470:48:50

them, it is about workers in the

south, the fact that jobs are in

0:48:500:48:55

extremely unstable. They have had

their rights taken away from us and

0:48:550:48:59

we are forced to work on ridiculous

situations. We could be filed with

0:48:590:49:03

no protection whatsoever so this is

where we need to start from.

Is

0:49:030:49:06

there any kind of immigration that

is acceptable?

Yes, it believes that

0:49:060:49:13

refugees who are really escaping war

should be welcomed. We have

0:49:130:49:18

legislation in place for people from

Libya, Eritrea and Somalia. What

0:49:180:49:23

about the rest? Adders need to go

back home and contribute to the

0:49:230:49:29

development of the nation, like we

did in our country in the past.

Many

0:49:290:49:34

people say immigration is an issue,

not just the far right. It is easy

0:49:340:49:39

to use immigration as a scapegoat.

The real issue is that the reception

0:49:390:49:45

of migrants in Italy is badly

planned. We are constantly in a

0:49:450:49:49

state of emergency.

Do you condemn

the use of violence in politics,

0:49:490:49:54

given the recent attacks?

Violence

is never acceptable, above all in

0:49:540:49:59

politics, but we have to bear in

mind that the party is a victim of

0:49:590:50:04

attacks from antifascist groups and

we need to defend ourselves.

It is

0:50:040:50:08

ridiculous. It's tradition has aways

been to attack political opponents

0:50:080:50:14

as well as the LGBT community and

migrants. It is absurd, what they

0:50:140:50:21

say.

So you condemn violence?

I

think we need to put things into

0:50:210:50:27

context. If a black person slaps a

member of the KKK, what is the

0:50:270:50:33

problem? It is not the existence of

the KKK in the first place? I

0:50:330:50:37

believe it is the existence of

fascist organisations that are legal

0:50:370:50:42

in Italy and should be banned.

0:50:420:50:44

Italian politics is

extremely polarising.

0:50:440:50:45

Here's Karin Giannone's take on it.

0:50:450:50:50

We heard that the left saying that

the neofascist group should not

0:50:500:50:56

actually be allowed to exist

legally. The Italian constitution

0:50:560:51:01

outlaws fascist parties but the

party has taken advantage of a

0:51:010:51:05

loophole. They openly saying the

media they support Mussolini, they

0:51:050:51:11

admire him and are in favour of

fascism, they have not written it

0:51:110:51:14

down anywhere in the manifesto

therefore they have not been

0:51:140:51:17

outlawed as the left say they should

be. There is also the theme that

0:51:170:51:22

many of the things the far right are

saying are not just coming from the

0:51:220:51:26

far right. We heard Silvio

Berlusconi recently from the

0:51:260:51:31

centre-right coalition allied with

for the right parties saying 600,000

0:51:310:51:36

migrants without documents needed to

be deported. So many ideas, not just

0:51:360:51:41

from the mainstream, filtering

further to the centre of Italian

0:51:410:51:44

politics and the mainstream. And

Karen will be following the story of

0:51:440:51:49

the Italian elections through the

weekend for us on BBC News.

0:51:490:51:54

Oscar-nominated films

with a woman in the starring

0:51:540:51:56

role are more profitable

than their male-led counterparts.

0:51:560:52:00

BBC analysis has found that

female-led films earn higher

0:52:000:52:04

box office returns -

they usually have lower

0:52:040:52:06

production budgets.

0:52:060:52:10

On average, every dollar

invested in a female-led

0:52:100:52:13

film earns back $2.12.

0:52:130:52:15

For male-led films,

this figure is $1.59.

0:52:150:52:20

In fact, Oscar-nominated films

with a clearly definable female lead

0:52:200:52:24

were 33% more profitable

than male-led films

0:52:240:52:27

when comparing US box office take

and production budget.

0:52:270:52:33

Clara Guibourg from the BBC's

Data Journalism team can tell us

0:52:330:52:36

more about where these

figures came from.

0:52:360:52:42

We collected the information from

the movie website IMDB. We looked at

0:52:420:52:48

production budgets and US box office

figures for all the films nominated

0:52:480:52:52

for an Oscar in the last five years.

Stripping out things like

0:52:520:52:57

documentaries and short films. That

left us with 155 films to look

0:52:570:53:02

closer at. What we found was that

actually Oscar-nominated films that

0:53:020:53:07

have a woman in the lead role are

quite a lot cheaper to make and also

0:53:070:53:16

earn back a little bit more at the

box office compared to films with

0:53:160:53:20

the male lead role. When you put

those two things together, it means

0:53:200:53:25

that films with a female lead role

are actually quite a bit more

0:53:250:53:28

profitable.

0:53:280:53:32

Despite that,

there still seems to be a perception

0:53:320:53:34

in Hollywood that women won't bring

in the same amount of money as men.

0:53:340:53:37

For every dollar invested

into Oscar-nominated films

0:53:370:53:39

during the last five years,

76 cents went to films

0:53:390:53:41

with a male lead.

0:53:410:53:42

Clara's been looking

at those figures too.

0:53:420:53:47

When we crunched the numbers on

this, we also found that, actually,

0:53:470:53:53

just 28% of films nominated for an

Oscar in this time period have

0:53:530:53:57

female leads, just over a quarter of

the total. Actually, if you look

0:53:570:54:02

behind the camera, if you look at

directors and producers and writers,

0:54:020:54:07

the gender split is even more skewed

and people I have spoken to in the

0:54:070:54:11

industry have said that basically

the perception in Hollywood that

0:54:110:54:16

women are bad box office is hard to

change. Sometimes this can have

0:54:160:54:21

consequences that are almost absurd.

The Geena Davis Institute has done

0:54:210:54:28

research in the crowd scenes and

found that, even here, the gender

0:54:280:54:33

breakdown is often very skewed. They

found that the average crowd scene

0:54:330:54:38

in a film usually consists of less

than one in five women. So it does

0:54:380:54:44

not really reflect real life at all,

the way things look now. In time to

0:54:440:54:49

bring in one more tweaked from the

editor in chief of media post. Ahead

0:54:490:54:54

of the week and's Oscars, Time

magazine examines the new era in

0:54:540:55:00

Hollywood, you know, the female one.

0:55:000:55:03

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