06/03/2018 Outside Source


06/03/2018

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LineFromTo

This is Outside Source, welcome to

those watching in the UK on the BBC

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News Channel and on BBC World News,

this is a live press conference with

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the Swedish Prime Minister and

Donald Trump.

Believe me, every body

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wants to work in the White House,

they all want a piece about oval

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office, of the West Wing. Not only

into and looks great on the errors

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made but a great place to work. It

has tremendous energy, it's tough, I

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like Tom clicked and people with two

different points of view and I have

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that and I make the decision. I like

watching it and stealing it and I

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think it's the best way to go. I

like different points of view. The

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White House has to minus energy and

talent. There will be people who

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change, they always change.

Sometimes they want to go out and do

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something else but they all want to

be in the White House. So many

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people want to come and I have a

choice of anybody, I could take any

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position in the White House and I

would have a choice of the ten top

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people having to do that position,

everybody wanted to be there. And

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they love this White House because

we have energy like rarely before.

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Thank you very much.

Mr pro

Minister, last you criticise the

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president for drawing a link between

immigrant crime in the recent

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arrival of refugees. -- Mr Prime

Minister. One of our flagship papers

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provoked a link between handmade

violence and immigrant gangs in your

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country. Do you stand by your

criticism?

First, in Sweden we have

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our share of domestic challenges, no

doubt about that. We inherited a

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legislation that was not

sustainable, legislation on

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migration. Which meant that in 2015

we received 163,000 refugees seeking

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refuge. They're in line we are a

country of 10 million inhabitants so

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that was a lot. 70% from September

to December so a dramatic increase.

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We changed the legislation so now we

have decreased the number of

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refugees entering Sweden and we are

also putting pressure on other EU

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countries to take their share of the

responsibility, this is not a

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responsibility for a few countries,

it is a shared responsible at the

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and we're working with the EU. We

also have problems with crime,

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organised crime in Sweden,

shootings, it's not like you have

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these no-go zones. We have dealt

with it, I'm dealing with it every

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day, allocating more resources to

the police, more policemen being

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trained, Mort 's -- more resources

to be secure the police, tougher

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laws on crime and terrorism and we

do a lot to combat it. And we can

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see some results now in our three

major cities, decreased shootings

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because we are attacking the

organised crime very tough and we

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will keep doing that because there

is no space in Sweden for order

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organised crime. They decrease

freedom for ordinary people. At the

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same time Sweden has a high-growth.

Unemployment is going down.

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Employment is going up. We have high

in investment rates. We are

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allocating resources to welfare. We

have a strong economy with a huge

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surplus that we are not using --

that we are now using to develop our

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society with, for example, the

welfare we want. The picture of

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Sweden, it is two pictures,. Yes, we

have our share of domestic problems

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and challenges, no doubt about it,

but we're dealing with them and we

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also have a good foundation for

dealing with them, not least with

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the strong economy and shrinking

unemployment.

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Swedish radio.

Thank you. This is an

election year for both of our

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countries and I want to ask you, Mr

Trump, what do you think Sweden from

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learn from how the Russian influence

campaign effectively presidential

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election in the US?

The Russians had

no impact on our throats whatsoever.

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Certainly there was meddling and

probably from other countries -- on

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our votes. I think you have to be

watching very closely, you don't

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want your system of votes to become

the most in any way and we will not

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allow that to happen. We are doing a

very deep study and come out with

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some very strong suggestions on the

18th election and I think we're

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going to do very well in it although

historically those in the White

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House have a bit of a dip but I

think we're going to do well because

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the economy is so good and because

we are protecting our jobs, finally,

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with what we're doing with the

tariffs. The big thing would be the

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tax cut and the regulation cuts and

also the judges. We have outstanding

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judges. Judge Gogic and the Supreme

Court and many going onto the bench

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all over the country. I think we

will do very well and it will be a

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tremendous surprise to people how

well will stop the economy is so

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good, jobs are so good, black

unemployment, Hispanic unemployment

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at all-time lows, we are really

doing well. Based on that I guess we

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should do pretty well and I hope so

but we have to be very vigilant. One

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of the things we are learning it is

always good, it is old-fashioned,

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but it is always good to have a

paper back-up system of voting will

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stop its called paper, not highly

compact computers, paper. A lot of

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states are doing that, going to a

paper back-up and I think it's a

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great idea. We are studying it

closely, various agencies including

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Homeland security are studying it

carefully.

Are you worried about

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Russia trying to meddle in the

mid-term elections?

No because we

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will counteract whatever they do

very strongly and we have strong

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back-up systems and we have been

working actually we have not been

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given credit for this but we have

been working very hard on the 18th

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election and 20 election coming up.

Thank you very much.

Are you guys on

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the same page when it comes to

evaluating the threat from Russia

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when it comes to meddling in

elections do you think?

We both

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agreed that the election in the

country should be the result of the

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election and it should be decided by

nobody asked by the voters in the

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country and that is also our clear

stance. That is why our intelligence

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agencies are increasing their own

capacity to detect and counter

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whether it is hacker attacks or

financing or producing or spreading

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propaganda, whatever it is. We are

increasing our capacity to handle

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that and cooperating with other

European Union countries and also

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some with American counterparts and

this will continue. Any foreign

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power that believes they can

interfere with our election, we will

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find out and we will call them out

very clearly and loud.

... First

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time that YouTube meet, -- you two

meet, where did you find the most

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common ground and where did you

differ most on political issues?

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Almost everything!

At first we... We

both come from outside politics into

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politics. I have spent 30 years in

industry, as a welder but also as a

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trade unionist, a trade union

leader, spending 80% of my time

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cooperating with the company

leaders, employers organisations in

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an effort to strengthen our industry

so that is perhaps a similar

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background. Not similar because it's

different but from outside politics.

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But of course also friend differ

from time to time. The Paris

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agreement, the importance of that,

we stand by it and we think it is

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important we implement and fulfil

the Paris agreement because of the

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climate issue. And on that we might

differ, tariffs as well. But having

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said that, still we note that the

relationship is so good that we can

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take it that we differ as well. The

values are there and we cooperate

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very good on economic issues and

making sure we create jobs and

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growth and also on security issues,

both when it comes to combating

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terrorism but also when it comes to

defending ourselves.

And finally a

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follow up for Mr Trump, do you think

that trade is where Sweden and the

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US differ most right now?

I think

we're very good on trade. We have

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had and we are constantly in touch.

On the military we have great

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cooperation, including design of

various components of aircraft etc

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and we were discussing that. We have

some of the great makers of these

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components in the room with us

today. We have a very good

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relationship on trade and we always

will have false

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sun. Sweden is a great country. It's

small but it is very sharp, I'll

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tell you.

At the goodbye, Presidents

Club and the Swedish by Mr wrapped

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up that joint press conference and

is always there was a lot to take in

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-- President Trump and the Swedish

Prime Minister for the he said about

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trade that the US had been taken

advantage of for years, he said he

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did not blame the countries that

mistreated them but previous

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American leaders. On the EU he said

it had been tough, impossible to do

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business with the EU, they have not

treated us well also be went on to

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say that trade wars are not so bad

and said that if there was a trade

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war, America would do it in a loving

way. Make of that what you will. To

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Sweden he said you do have a problem

with immigration, I was one of the

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people to identify that. I'm talking

about inside the White House, he

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says I Love conflicts, people not

agreeing with each other for the

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people love working in this White

House and I can employ just about

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anybody I want. Another thing to

tell you, on the issue of alleged

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Russian meddling in the US election,

he said there was no impact. The did

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then seemed to suggest that the

Russians had meddle in the election,

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something in the past yet

questioned, he also said there was

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meddling by other countries in the

20 team election but did not expand

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on that. -- 2018. Let's get some

help on this with Barbara live in

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Washington. I hope you were taking

notes because there was a lot coming

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at us from Donald Trump. Starting

with trade, he was stronger than

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ever on tariffs.

Yes, he clearly was

not backing down and if anything he

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dug in. He repeated his mantra which

he seemed to do every time he talks

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about trade, that other countries

have been taking advantage of the US

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for decades. He talked about the

$800 billion deficit per year which

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he talked about before and he gave

the EU are hard time, saying it had

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been particularly tough, it was

almost impossible to do business

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with them, suggesting he would be

ready to impose 25% tariff on

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European made cars if they did not

reduce some of their only trade

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barriers. Also the statement you

mention, heated trade wars was not

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necessarily a bad thing which will

strike fear and concern into the

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heart of much of the Amber Hill --

he said trade wars. It's

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administration are worried about the

possible consequences of that.

And

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presumably the calculation is that

this message might not go down with

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Republican politicians but very well

with his traditional working-class

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support base.

That was interesting.

He said at one stage, I was elected

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at least partially on this idea, his

view that he is protecting American

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jobs in certain industries with the

use of tariffs. Later when he was

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asked about mid-term elections he

rambled on a bit about how the

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Republicans were going to do very

well and one of the things he said

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that would help them do well was

protecting jobs through tariffs. He

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does seem to be making that

connection.

Stay with us, for those

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just joining us on outside sources,

I want to play you sum up what was

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an extraordinary first answer -- sum

of.

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The United States has been taken

advantage of by other countries,

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both friendly and not so friendly,

for many decades. And we have a

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trade deficit of $800 billion a

year. That's not going to happen

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with me. We have been mistreated by

many, sometimes fairly but there are

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very few instances where that has

taken place and I don't blame the

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countries. I blame our leadership

for allowing it to happen. When I

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was with President Xi in China, we

have a deficit of approximately $500

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billion a year with China on trade

and we are doing things with them

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which are very strong. When we are

behind on every single country,

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trade wars are not so bad. You

understand what I mean by that? When

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we are down by 30 billion, 40

billion, 60 billion, 100 billion,

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the trade war hurts them, it does

not hurt us. We will see what

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happens. You can also take it in

some cases we lose on trade and we

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give them military where we are

subsidising them tremendously. Not

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only do we lose on trade but on

military. And hence we have these

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massive deficit numbers in our

country also we are going to

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straighten it out and we will do it

in a very loving way, in a loving

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way, they will like us better and

they will respect us much more.

A

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briefing from one of my colleagues

in the BBC business unit, this issue

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of the deficit, he quoted that 800

billion figure for 2017. That is a

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reference to the US trade deficit

but according to my colleagues that

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is not a seasonally adjusted figure,

traditionally when Alice looked at

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the Big Arbab deal in the seasonally

adjusted figure which is much lower,

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566 billion -- they looked at the

seasonally adjusted figure. If you

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think the president is not using the

same figure as analysts, that is the

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reason. Coming back to the

practicalities of these tariffs, if

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you can help me on the EU issue, if

Donald Trump said, we will put 25%

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on imports coming from the EU, would

that break a current trade deal that

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the Americans and the EU have in

place?

I don't know the specifics

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but I think what you have the

potential for here, I think the

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World Trade Organisation could be

very busy if they see the kind of

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thing that is going to happen. The

EU has brought up its own list of

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American products it is going to

target with tariffs if Donald Trump

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goes through with these steel and

aluminium tariffs on things like

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Harley-Davidson motorcycles, Levi

jeans, Kentucky bourbon, that sort

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of thing. Question is whether it can

be challenged at the WTO it might

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be. The reason that Donald Trump

says he can do this, impose these

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tariffs, is because his commerce

Department has determined that steel

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and aluminium imports are a national

security issues are according to

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American law he can do it but when

it comes to the general

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international scene where under the

World Trade Organisation you are

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supposed to treat other members

equally, there is plenty of scope

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for challenges.

And last thing to

ask, we have had indications in the

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last day from Seoul that the leaders

of South Korea and North Korea might

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meet in April. Donald Trump was

asked about it and this is what he

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said.

Willing to go either way,

hopefully it will be the proper way

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which is the way that everybody

knows everybody wants. But we are

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prepared to go either way. I think

that their statement and the

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statements coming from South Korea

and North Korea have been very

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positive. It would be a great thing

for the world. We will see how it

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all comes about.

It can often feel

like two steps forward and two sets

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back with North Korea but what is

your assessment of what we have seen

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today?

If this is confirmed that Kim

Jong-un has said, as the South

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Koreans claim, that he is ready to

talk to the Americans to discuss the

0:17:580:18:03

possibility of getting rid of his

nuclear weapons and he is really to

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put a freeze on his bizarre and

nuclear tests while he does that and

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he is ready to consider

denuclearisation in exchange for

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security guarantees, that would be

quite a development. He has never

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said something like that before and

it would meet the main American

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conditions for entering talks which

is why they are looking with

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interest. Having said that, although

this would be the first time he had

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said those things it would be the

first time the North Korean leaders

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have done so and in the past when it

have done that they have used talks

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to buy time, taking concessions on

aid and then when egging on

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commitments. They have tried to use

talks to divide South Korea from its

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allies -- and then reneging on

commitments. It was interesting that

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although Mr Trump sound quite

hopeful his national intelligence

0:18:520:18:57

officials are quite sceptical, one

Saint he doubted this was a

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breakthrough, reminding us of the

history. What the administration is

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waiting for is a delegation from

South Korea to compare Washington to

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be able to brief them fully in a

secure environment to get a real

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sense of what is actually happening

here. The South Koreans have now

0:19:110:19:15

only for the first met Kim Jong-un

first face-to-face experience and

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their own impressions of what he is

about and the Americans will be

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waiting to get that briefing.

Thank

you, Barbara. More on that north and

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South Korea story later in Outside

Source. I want to remind you of one

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phrase Donald Trump used talking

about the idea of tariffs saying

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that it is not about economic some

if you take the issue of steel, he

0:19:390:19:44

said some people say no steel and

you have no country. It gave us an

0:19:440:19:49

inside that his economic policies

are very much about the symbolism he

0:19:490:19:53

wants to project to his supporters.

In a few minutes we are going to get

0:19:530:19:59

you more on the latest edition of

the Forbes rich list. Best are

0:19:590:20:03

trending in different sections, Jeff

Bezos on the right, the creator of

0:20:030:20:08

Amazon but the President's ranking

has not gone down well in the White

0:20:080:20:12

House.

0:20:120:20:15

A woman has been found dead with

stab wounds in London and hour after

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the bodies of her husband and two

sons were discovered at the foot of

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cliffs in East Sussex. We can get

some more.

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Police were first called here just

before 6pm yesterday

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evening after concerns were raised

about the family who live

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in the property set back behind me.

0:20:440:20:46

They forced their way

into the property and discovered

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a woman in her 40s dead.

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She had suffered stab wounds.

0:20:490:20:54

Meanwhile, an hour before this,

Sussex Police had been called

0:20:540:20:56

by a member of the public

to the discovery of a man's body

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and two boys' bodies in Eastbourne.

0:20:590:21:01

They then contacted the Metropolitan

Police about the discovery

0:21:010:21:03

and that is when the link was made.

0:21:030:21:05

While there is no formal

identification as yet, as I say,

0:21:050:21:08

police believe they are the deceased

woman's immediate family.

0:21:080:21:10

A postmortem examination

is due on all four bodies.

0:21:100:21:13

At this early stage police say

they are not looking for anyone else

0:21:130:21:21

in connection with what has happened

here but they are treating

0:21:210:21:22

This is Outside Source. The lead

story is that Donald Trump has just

0:21:270:21:33

held a joint press conference with

the Swedish Prime Minister. He said

0:21:330:21:37

he was not worried about the

prospect of a trade war and said

0:21:370:21:40

America would do it in a loving way.

Some of the main stores from the

0:21:400:21:45

World Service, in through anger

there is a state of a tizzy declared

0:21:450:21:49

after several attacks against

mosques and Muslim owned businesses.

0:21:490:21:52

There is a curfew in place -- a

state of emergency. A family has

0:21:520:22:00

discovered the world's oldest known

message in a bottle of the beach in

0:22:000:22:04

Western Australia which was written

in German and dates back to 1886. It

0:22:040:22:08

appears to have been thrown from a

German ship.

0:22:080:22:12

Turning to business and we will go

back to trade and America because

0:22:140:22:21

motorbikes, whiskey and T-shirt on a

list of 100 US goods worth over $3

0:22:210:22:26

billion that be hit by European

Union taxes if and only if,

0:22:260:22:33

Presidents Club goes ahead with the

tariffs on steel and aluminium we

0:22:330:22:36

have been discussing in the last few

minutes. Speaking to BBC business,

0:22:360:22:39

the boss of the French car giant

Peugeot said any tariffs would hurt

0:22:390:22:44

all sides.

It would present a

roadblock for sure but it would

0:22:440:22:52

represent a roadblock for many other

things. Our competitors and also the

0:22:520:22:56

ability for the US to export its own

goods because of course there will

0:22:560:23:01

be a response from the other

countries. I'm not sure that the US

0:23:010:23:05

industry is going to win. Again, I

think it is better that we step back

0:23:050:23:10

and keep cool and make a difference

between the negotiation position and

0:23:100:23:16

the final decision but I think good

sense will prevail.

It is clear that

0:23:160:23:20

the vast majority of Europeans do

not want these tariffs also we heard

0:23:200:23:24

it in the joint press conference

earlier. Let's get an American

0:23:240:23:27

perspective now. Live from New York

is our business correspondence.

0:23:270:23:36

Presumably American businesses are

also not too keen?

It is hard to

0:23:360:23:40

figure out who is on board with

this. We have heard members of the

0:23:400:23:45

Republican party coming out and

saying they were not sure this was

0:23:450:23:49

the best way to fix the trade

deficit issue you were mentioning

0:23:490:23:53

that President Trump has just cited

in the aluminium Association. The

0:23:530:24:03

alimony Association said they don't

think this is the best way to

0:24:030:24:05

address an unfair market and they

say that China, this might not be

0:24:050:24:09

the best way to address their

concerns with that foreign

0:24:090:24:11

competitor.

And a few minutes ago I

was reading the briefing note you

0:24:110:24:17

send about the figure he quoted. Can

you explain why the number he is

0:24:170:24:22

using is higher than the one we

normally see?

This get into the

0:24:220:24:28

nuances and it in the weeds of how

we measure international trade. It

0:24:280:24:32

happens over time and we take a

snapshot of what is happening in a

0:24:320:24:36

period and measure it on a monthly

basis here in the US and try to

0:24:360:24:40

adjust it for seasonal factors,

things like Christmas when we spend

0:24:400:24:44

a lot dumber and in January we feel

guilty and hopefully spend less! --

0:24:440:24:49

that we spend a lot. We try to

address the those fluctuations. The

0:24:490:24:53

bigger he is using is not seasonally

adjusted, the $800 billion. If you

0:24:530:24:58

take out the seasonal fluctuations

we get something like a deficit of

0:24:580:25:04

2017 of $566 billion.

Thank you for

now. Turning to a story I mentioned,

0:25:040:25:11

the latest annual list of the world

billionaires from Forbes and top of

0:25:110:25:16

the list is the man who founded

Amazon who is worth $112 billion.

0:25:160:25:21

But for once one of the most

interesting listings was not at the

0:25:210:25:27

top but the bottom. This is Forbes

magazine.

Donald Trump has fallen

0:25:270:25:32

222 places, his fortune is down 400

million and is primarily down to

0:25:320:25:40

retail market in New York City being

down but also in part to his

0:25:400:25:45

polarising personality. We have

definitely seen some of his lantern

0:25:450:25:52

thing -- licensing and merchandising

businesses take a hit and you your

0:25:520:25:54

scenes of businesses taking down the

Trump name, it is losing a bit of

0:25:540:25:57

its lustre.

I will be back in a

couple of minutes.

0:25:570:26:01

Hello. It is the time of night when

we look at some of the big global

0:26:100:26:14

weather stories. First to North

America, this cloud is another

0:26:140:26:21

winter storm in the northern USA,

now moving across the great Lakes

0:26:210:26:25

and into the Northeast. If you know

anybody in Boston or New York they

0:26:250:26:30

could see some snow in the next

couple of days. This cold front is

0:26:300:26:34

sinking south-eastward and that will

bring some rain across Florida.

0:26:340:26:37

Behind it we get into cooler air, 11

degrees in Atlanta. This is the five

0:26:370:26:43

day forecast with Boston and New

York both having snow and chilly

0:26:430:26:48

conditions, cold in Chicago for a

time with showers coming through

0:26:480:26:50

Miami. Denver has tempered is all

the way up to 20 degrees but we will

0:26:500:26:56

have some rain in Los Angeles at the

weekend. Talking of rain, they have

0:26:560:27:02

had a lot in parts of China. You can

see from the radar that this heavy

0:27:020:27:09

rain has been working through

southern and eastern areas

0:27:090:27:11

particularly. This comes from

Chinese TV, they showed the

0:27:110:27:16

intensity of it with thunder and

lightning and just the wins. --

0:27:160:27:22

gusty winds. More rain in the

southern and eastern China and

0:27:220:27:27

moving into Thursday it will slide

across the Korean peninsula and into

0:27:270:27:33

Japan with things turning very wet

and windy indeed across Japan on

0:27:330:27:37

Thursday. But milder temperatures

for the end of the week in Tokyo

0:27:370:27:43

come up to 15 degrees. When the

rains clears from Seoul we're left

0:27:430:27:49

with hazy sunshine. This tropical

area of low pressure is a cause for

0:27:490:27:54

concern in Fiji, and a lot to and

New Caledonia. The north-east

0:27:540:27:57

north-east Australia has had a lot

of rain and there is more forecast

0:27:570:28:03

for Thursday -- vanuatu.

0:28:030:28:05

Further north in Cairns and Darwin

they will have relentless rain in

0:28:090:28:12

the coming days, heavy and thundery

downpours continuing into the

0:28:120:28:16

weekend. In Europe had has been

unsettled across the Mediterranean.

0:28:160:28:23

More rain coming into Italy and more

snow over the Alps. Temperatures

0:28:230:28:28

beginning to climb, it has been a

cold spell not just in the UK but a

0:28:280:28:33

large part of Europe but milder

weather showing up now. This is

0:28:330:28:38

Berlin heading to the weekend, up to

14 degrees on Sunday, they have not

0:28:380:28:42

had it that warm for some time.

Unsettled in the Canary Islands were

0:28:420:28:47

quieter in the coming days. Back

home in the next few days, a mixed

0:28:470:28:51

bag, sunshine and showers, some hill

snow in the North, relatively mild

0:28:510:28:55

days and frost at night. More on

that in half an hour.

0:28:550:28:59

Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,

this is Outside Source,

0:30:110:30:14

and these are the main stories

here in the BBC Newsroom.

0:30:140:30:21

Donald Trump says he is not worried

by the prospect of a trade war.

When

0:30:210:30:25

we are down by 100 billion, the

trade will hurt them, not us.

0:30:250:30:33

Scientists are testing the substance

but have made a former Russian spy

0:30:330:30:34

and his daughter critically ill.

This is CCTV footage shortly before

0:30:340:30:39

they slumped on a bench.

0:30:390:30:49

Back to our top story.

0:30:520:31:00

Let's get more on Sergei Skripal -

the former Russian spy who's

0:31:000:31:03

critically ill in hospital.

0:31:030:31:06

He remains critically ill with his

daughter. They have been exposed to

0:31:060:31:10

what is cold an unknown substance.

There have been a number of

0:31:100:31:15

developments today. First, this CCTV

footage. I will show you again. You

0:31:150:31:19

can see a man coming into shot and

beside him, a younger woman, Mr

0:31:190:31:25

Skripal and his daughter. They were

both found unconscious in peach

0:31:250:31:29

macro in the South of England on a

bench at the shopping centre you can

0:31:290:31:34

see marked here. On the aerial map

of peach macro. And these are a

0:31:340:31:40

couple of eyewitnesses who saw what

happened.

I walked up past here and

0:31:400:31:43

on the right-hand side on the bench,

there was a couple. An older guy and

0:31:430:31:48

a younger girl. She was sort of Mini

again on him like she has passed out

0:31:480:31:52

maybe. He was doing strange hand

movements, looking up to the sky. I

0:31:520:31:58

felt anxious, like I should step in,

but they looked so out of it that I

0:31:580:32:02

thought even if I did, I was not

sure how I could help.

Her ice were

0:32:020:32:08

white, wide-open and frothing at the

mouth. And the man went stiff, his

0:32:080:32:12

arms stopped moving and looking dead

straight.

By 2006, Sergei Skripal

0:32:120:32:19

was convicted of passing state

secrets to British intelligence. He

0:32:190:32:22

served time in prison and was

allowed to travel to the UK as part

0:32:220:32:26

of a spy swap. Our correspondent has

bogeyed his family and this is an

0:32:260:32:35

update.

Well, first of all, very

much concerned for their well-being

0:32:350:32:40

and the well-being of Skripal and

his daughter. Also, they deny the

0:32:400:32:48

allegations Skripal worked for the

British secret services. They say he

0:32:480:32:51

is the biggest Patriot of Russia

they have ever known. They say that

0:32:510:32:56

recently, he cold his mother, they

spoke two weeks ago and he was quite

0:32:560:33:00

optimistic and he promised to call

again soon. But he was very vigilant

0:33:000:33:07

since 2010 and he did expect that

Russian secret services might come

0:33:070:33:12

after him at any time.

That was his

impression. Tell us about these

0:33:120:33:17

claims that other members of his

family have died in mysterious

0:33:170:33:20

circumstances.

Yes, his relatives

understand that over the past few

0:33:200:33:30

years a chain of tragic events

happened in that family. First,

0:33:300:33:34

Skripal's wife died and his older

brother died and then his

0:33:340:33:39

43-year-old son died last year. And

the family believes at least some of

0:33:390:33:43

those cases were quite suspicious.

And also, afterwards, his daughter

0:33:430:33:48

was visiting him quite often, but

she would always call back. But

0:33:480:33:54

after Sunday, they could not reach

them and that is why they were very

0:33:540:33:57

much worried.

Did Mr Skripal have

any particular protection as he went

0:33:570:34:02

about his life?

Well, he was never

sort of, relatives say he was never

0:34:020:34:09

nervous about it. He just knew this

would come. They told us when he

0:34:090:34:14

joined the Russian military

intelligence, he was told there were

0:34:140:34:17

only two ways out, as a hero or he

would be shot dead as a traitor. He

0:34:170:34:24

just had to bear that in mind

throughout his life, they said.

0:34:240:34:29

Parallels have been drawn with the

case of Alexander Litvinenko,

0:34:290:34:32

another former Russian agent who was

poisoned with polonium and died of

0:34:320:34:40

ten years ago. A public inquiry

concluded the Russian state has

0:34:400:34:45

sponsored the assassins responsible

for killing Alexander Litvinenko. We

0:34:450:34:48

have heard from the UK Foreign

Secretary today who also referenced

0:34:480:34:53

as dad.

Honourable members will note

the echoes of the death of Alexander

0:34:530:34:57

Litvinenko in 2006. And while it

would be wrong to prejudge the

0:34:570:35:03

investigation, I can reassure the

house that should evidence emerged

0:35:030:35:09

that implies state responsibility,

Her Majesty's government will

0:35:090:35:12

respond appropriately Andrea

Barzagli.

This is interesting, in

0:35:120:35:16

response to that statement by the

Russian Embassy in London saying...

0:35:160:35:20

And this is interesting...

0:35:450:35:55

That is what Gordon has to say and

you can get more from him online.

0:36:010:36:07

Next, the statement from a former

British Ambassador to Russia.

There

0:36:070:36:11

are reasons for suspicion that the

Russian state was involved. If

0:36:110:36:14

indeed it turns out to be a crime.

There are also differences and we

0:36:140:36:18

need to be very careful to avoid the

automatic instinct in public affairs

0:36:180:36:22

now to blame Russia for almost

anything bad that happens in the

0:36:220:36:26

world. It is very hard to see

emotive, although we have trouble

0:36:260:36:30

working out the motive for the

killing of Litvinenko as well.

0:36:300:36:33

Skripal came to the UK eight years

ago as part of a spy swap, why

0:36:330:36:40

suddenly do they turn on him? We

need to wait for the results of the

0:36:400:36:44

investigation.

And you can get more

on this story on your phone at BBC

0:36:440:36:50

News.

0:36:500:36:52

This is Sudan.

0:36:520:36:53

He is the last remaining male

northern white rhino.

0:36:530:36:59

He has a leg infection.

0:36:590:37:00

And his health has been

declining in the last week.

0:37:000:37:03

This is a tweet today.

0:37:030:37:08

from the conservation

0:37:080:37:09

park caring for him.

0:37:090:37:10

"We are taking it one day at a time

with Sudan and we are cautiously

0:37:100:37:14

optimistic that he will respond

favourably to the treatments that

0:37:140:37:16

are being administered

by our vet teams."

0:37:160:37:18

The park is in Kenya.

0:37:180:37:19

It's called the the Ol

Pejeta Conservancy.

0:37:190:37:23

And it's where Sudan, along with two

0:37:240:37:25

younger females live.

0:37:250:37:27

These three are all that stands

between the extinction

0:37:270:37:29

of the northern white rhino.

0:37:290:37:39

And scientists are

working hard to save it.

0:37:400:37:43

A Tinder profile for

Sudan created last year.

0:37:430:37:47

He was dubbed "the world's

most eligible bachelor".

0:37:470:37:53

These are pictures from Longleat

Safari Park in the UK. Scientists

0:37:530:38:02

collecting eggs from a closely

connected species that would be used

0:38:020:38:06

for IVF.

0:38:060:38:10

I spoke with John Lukas from

the International Rhino Foundation -

0:38:100:38:12

and asked if this is the endgame

for these rhinos.

0:38:120:38:15

I think this is definitely, all

these animals are non-reproductive,

0:38:150:38:21

the two females and the male. There

has been an attempt to save some of

0:38:210:38:26

the genetic material, which is the

best option right now. As

0:38:260:38:31

technologies abound in the future,

there may be an opportunity to

0:38:310:38:35

recreate a subspecies to specialised

techniques in the future, but right

0:38:350:38:38

now as a living animal on this

planet, they are not here for very

0:38:380:38:42

much longer.

So the IVF process I

was describing in the UK, what might

0:38:420:38:47

that help with?

Well, saving the

genetic material is you -- unique

0:38:470:38:55

form adapted to Northern and central

Africa, different from the Southern

0:38:550:39:00

African subspecies and retaining

those genes for future opportunities

0:39:000:39:02

is the best option we have and there

were animals in a San Diego Safari

0:39:020:39:09

Park collected when they were alive.

And also a zoo in Czechoslovakia.

0:39:090:39:13

There is material that has been

fortunately retained for future use.

0:39:130:39:18

There might be some viewers watching

now thinking, how did it ever come

0:39:180:39:23

to this?

Well, I actually was at the

International Rhino foundation for

0:39:230:39:33

ten years trying to save this

species in the wild and the last

0:39:330:39:38

bastions of this range in the

Central African Republic. The animal

0:39:380:39:43

just was just destroyed throughout

its reign for its horns.

0:39:430:39:53

And you can get more on that story

and others on the BBC News website

0:39:530:39:58

and download onto your smartphone or

a tablet the BBC News app. Let's

0:39:580:40:12

talk about the Korean peninsula now.

0:40:120:40:19

It now seems possible the President

of South Korea is going to meet Kim

0:40:190:40:23

Jong-un of North Korea in April.

Leaders of these two countries have

0:40:230:40:27

not met for a decade and it is more

evidence that relations of boring.

0:40:270:40:33

Coinciding with the Winter Olympics.

These pictures yesterday from

0:40:330:40:38

Pyongyang. Kim Jong-un meeting with

a delegation from South Korea. They

0:40:380:40:43

spent two days there and they have

come back with news that a meeting

0:40:430:40:49

is on the cards. But also, we got

more detail from this from the

0:40:490:40:53

delegation.

The North has clearly

confirmed its commitment to the

0:40:530:41:03

denuclearisation of the Korean

peninsula and it has no reason to

0:41:030:41:05

possess nuclear weapons should

military threats against North Korea

0:41:050:41:08

be removed and the safety of its

regime be guaranteed.

North Korea is

0:41:080:41:12

also reported to be willing to hold

talks with the youth S and will

0:41:120:41:17

pause its weapons testing. Donald

Trump has been responding to that.

0:41:170:41:21

These are the cards we were dealt,

we are handling it properly and

0:41:210:41:24

again, as I said, hopefully we will

go on a peaceful, beautiful park. We

0:41:240:41:30

are prepared to go whichever path is

necessary. I think we are having

0:41:300:41:34

very good dialogue and you can

certainly find out pretty soon what

0:41:340:41:37

is happening. But we have made

progress, there is no question about

0:41:370:41:42

it.

You willing to make -- you

willing to meet Kim Jong-un? We will

0:41:420:41:48

see what happens. There has been

optimism before and it usually turns

0:41:480:41:53

into disappointment, but delegates

from the South have said Kim Jong-un

0:41:530:41:58

said this in yesterday's meeting...

Now, that is the case, this is

0:41:580:42:04

extraordinary language. Some people

being more cynical and saying this

0:42:040:42:07

is just sanctions taking their toll

and Kim Jong-un is trying to ease

0:42:070:42:10

the international pressure. Our BBC

correspondent is in Seoul.

There had

0:42:100:42:19

been critics here who feel that

Pyeongchang is deploying its

0:42:190:42:23

playbook and playing along, trying

to buy some time, trying to get

0:42:230:42:28

international sanctions lifted while

giving these announcements and over

0:42:280:42:31

chores of peace. So there is that

worry there that this could be all

0:42:310:42:37

fake from North Korea. It has been

seen in the past. They have made of

0:42:370:42:41

rituals in the past and got to the

table and walked away again. But in

0:42:410:42:46

South Korea at the presidential

Palace, at the blue house, they

0:42:460:42:49

believed even if that is the case,

they have to try, because this is

0:42:490:42:54

that big chance to denuclearisation

ends you. So while critics still

0:42:540:42:58

have reservations and while

certainly President Moon announced

0:42:580:43:03

today he would scale up the military

and keeping military resident

0:43:030:43:09

against North Korea, they are

continuing this dialogue and

0:43:090:43:12

engagement and keeping the pressure

on with sanctions and ensuring that

0:43:120:43:15

they have all the security measures

in place should this fall apart.

Now

0:43:150:43:21

I want to talk about what the UN has

said today about the number of child

0:43:210:43:26

marriages.

0:43:260:43:27

The UN says there has

been a significant drop

0:43:270:43:29

in the number of child marriages.

0:43:290:43:31

There are a number of reasons -

girls' education, government

0:43:310:43:34

investment and stronger

public awareness.

0:43:340:43:35

Take India, for example.

0:43:350:43:39

Ten years ago, 40%

of girls were married

0:43:390:43:41

before their 18th birthday.

0:43:410:43:42

Now that figure is 27%.

0:43:420:43:44

I should add that India

is still the country

0:43:440:43:51

with the largest number of women

who were married while underage.

0:43:510:43:55

BBC's Naomi Grimley

has been to Rajasthan,

0:43:550:43:57

in the North West of India.

0:43:570:43:59

This is her report.

0:43:590:44:05

Monica is out shopping

for the day's food with her mum.

0:44:050:44:13

It's a scene of domestic harmony

but, just a few months ago,

0:44:130:44:17

Monica's parents tried

to marry her off aged 13.

0:44:170:44:21

At the same time as an elder sister.

0:44:210:44:23

The marriage never happened

because on the day of her wedding,

0:44:230:44:26

Monica found the courage

to report her own parents

0:44:260:44:28

to a children's hotline.

0:44:280:44:38

TRNSLATION:

I called up

and I told them everything.

0:44:380:44:41

That I'm young, and I don't

want to get married

0:44:410:44:43

and I want to study further.

0:44:430:44:44

I asked them, can you please do

something that stops my marriage?

0:44:440:44:49

If I'd have got married,

nobody would have allowed

0:44:490:44:51

me to play or talk.

0:44:510:44:52

My in-laws would have

just made me work.

0:44:520:44:55

Ganesh, did you know

it was against the law?

0:44:550:44:59

We did know that it is a criminal

offence and we did feel bad.

0:44:590:45:03

But we are a family of labourers.

0:45:030:45:04

Sometimes, I don't get

work for a whole month.

0:45:040:45:07

So we thought since we are marrying

off one daughter, we should

0:45:070:45:12

marry off Monica too

and save on the expense.

0:45:120:45:17

In the end, Ganesh and his wife

promised the police they would not

0:45:170:45:20

marry Monica off before

she comes of age.

0:45:200:45:26

The authorities in this part

of Rajasthan say they see dozens

0:45:260:45:29

of cases of child marriage every

year and many more go unreported.

0:45:290:45:36

In the case of Monica,

her eleventh-hour call for help

0:45:360:45:39

was answered by a woman ready

to jump into action.

0:45:390:45:46

Meet Priti, a guardian

angel on a moped.

0:45:460:45:48

Speed is often the

essence of her job.

0:45:480:45:50

She's the woman who handles

the local child marriage cases

0:45:500:45:54

which come to light via the hotline.

0:45:540:46:03

Together with the specialist police

team, Priti burst in on Monica's

0:46:030:46:06

wedding at the very last moment.

0:46:060:46:11

When Monica called up on the same

day of her wedding, we had a tricky

0:46:110:46:15

challenge as we had only three hours

to save a child.

0:46:150:46:18

She was in a wedding

dress when we arrived

0:46:180:46:20

and she gave us a little smile.

0:46:200:46:22

She knew that we had come

to stop her wedding.

0:46:220:46:24

She was happy then.

0:46:240:46:26

Preeti is part of a broader

fightback against child marriage

0:46:260:46:29

in a state where 35% of young women

say they were married

0:46:290:46:31

before the age of 18.

0:46:310:46:41

"Don't marry me off," sing these

pupils at a girls' boarding school.

0:46:440:46:47

They know all about what the law

says and education remains one

0:46:470:46:50

of the best defences

in stopping early marriage.

0:46:500:46:53

Over in the desert village here,

the wider community is getting

0:46:530:46:55

involved as they watch a puppet show

tackling the issue.

0:46:550:47:01

Afterwards, the villagers rise

to their feet and pledge

0:47:010:47:03

to abandon child marriage.

0:47:040:47:07

It's a poignant moment and a sign

that in this part of India,

0:47:070:47:12

things are beginning to change,

after years of entrenched custom.

0:47:120:47:22

Back at Monica's house,

she chats to her new friend, Preeti,

0:47:220:47:27

on the stoop of the family home.

0:47:270:47:28

So nearly a childhood lost, now

through an act of teenage rebellion,

0:47:280:47:34

it's a childhood regained.

0:47:340:47:36

Namely Grimley, BBC News,

Western Rajasthan.

0:47:360:47:40

The UN says Myanmar

is continuing the ethnic

0:47:400:47:42

cleansing of Rohingya Muslims

in Rakhine state.

0:47:420:47:48

That's in spite of the fact it's

negotiating with Bangladesh

0:47:480:47:51

for hundreds of thousands

of Rohingya to return.

0:47:510:48:01

This is a drone.

0:48:040:48:08

Showing the scale of refugee camps

since people fled violence in the

0:48:080:48:13

latter half of

0:48:130:48:15

Listen to this damning

statement from the UN.

0:48:150:48:20

Not only are there still killings,

rapes on a large-scale, not only are

0:48:200:48:25

they driving people out with force

and threats, but also, it seems

0:48:250:48:30

almost systematic attempt to destroy

their future livelihoods.

0:48:300:48:36

The BBC's Anbarasan

Ethirajan has been talking

0:48:360:48:38

to the refugees.

0:48:380:48:41

Many of these refugees are still

disappointed that no action has been

0:48:410:48:45

taken against Myanmar, they are

still very uncertain about their

0:48:450:48:49

future.

The Bangladeshi government

signed a repatriation agreement with

0:48:490:48:54

Myanmar, but nothing has happened so

far. Even when they want to go, even

0:48:540:48:58

when they are asked to go, they are

saying, we would like to return with

0:48:580:49:04

dignity, security and all human

rights respected. That is what many

0:49:040:49:07

refugees are saying and they are not

very hopeful what the international

0:49:070:49:11

community can do to Myanmar, given

the fact a number of United Nations

0:49:110:49:15

officials and the US described what

happened in Rakhine state is ethnic

0:49:150:49:19

cleansing.

0:49:190:49:27

A report now from Aleem Maqbool

from the British Virgin Islands -

0:49:270:49:30

this is on efforts to recover

from Hurricane Irma.

0:49:300:49:33

Six months ago, it brought

devastation and death

0:49:330:49:36

to a remote community

in a place called Tortala.

0:49:360:49:38

This is Aleem's report.

0:49:390:49:41

It is shocking that

so long after the storm,

0:49:410:49:43

there are still those

living in shelters.

0:49:430:49:48

They are among the thousands whose

homes were torn apart by Irma.

0:49:480:49:51

We've been here, like, five,

six months and nothing.

0:49:510:49:57

It seems to me that everybody

just gave up on us.

0:49:570:50:00

We're just here.

0:50:000:50:03

Irma was the most devastating

hurricane ever to be

0:50:030:50:06

recorded in this region.

0:50:060:50:10

Barely a building on this

island was left untouched,

0:50:100:50:12

boats were lifted clean into the air

and dumped on the land.

0:50:120:50:16

Tortola now still has the signs

everywhere you look that a massive

0:50:160:50:19

storm came this way.

0:50:190:50:23

Well, even though it is desperately

needed, tourism here has suffered

0:50:230:50:30

immensely over the last six months

and they've suffered a huge

0:50:300:50:33

blow just in recent weeks,

with two of the biggest cruise

0:50:330:50:35

companies serving this area saying,

for this season, they won't be

0:50:350:50:38

bringing their ships

to the British Virgin Islands.

0:50:380:50:42

Peak season a couple of years ago,

sometimes, it looks like there's

0:50:420:50:44

more boats than water.

0:50:440:50:47

You can't see the water

for the yachts.

0:50:470:50:52

It's not a good feeling, you know,

back then to compare it to now.

0:50:520:50:55

It's not a good feeling.

0:50:550:50:57

Bam!

0:50:570:50:58

The window went in.

0:50:580:50:59

The window went in and went out.

0:50:590:51:05

But light has been hard to come

by in the past six months here.

0:51:050:51:09

Just ask Rita, whose home was badly

damaged by Irma and who says,

0:51:090:51:12

in this UK territory,

that she saw little aid from the UK.

0:51:120:51:15

Me have no aid, apart from the six

bottles of water I get.

0:51:150:51:18

That was it.

0:51:180:51:20

I don't have no aid.

0:51:200:51:21

It was a common perception we heard

here, that apart from the work done

0:51:210:51:24

by British troops immediately

after the storm, more

0:51:240:51:26

could have been done.

0:51:260:51:29

When we did need them to show

that we are truly a child

0:51:290:51:33

of the United Kingdom,

I think they disappointed us.

0:51:330:51:35

So it changed our view,

in terms of the relationship.

0:51:350:51:43

The Governor of these islands says

he's proud of the UK's contribution.

0:51:430:51:46

We've got the electricity back on.

0:51:460:51:48

We've got businesses back open.

0:51:480:51:50

We've got all children

getting educated.

0:51:500:51:54

So we won't underestimate the scale

of the challenge still ahead of us,

0:51:540:51:58

but we've made good progress

after the last six months.

0:51:580:52:01

It's been a massive effort by people

here just to get this far,

0:52:010:52:04

but they're worried again -

the next hurricane season

0:52:040:52:06

is less than 100 days away.

0:52:060:52:08

Aleem Maqbool, BBC News, on Tortola,

in the British Virgin Islands.

0:52:080:52:18

This is Munroe Bergdorf and last

week she became an LGBT

0:52:280:52:31

advisor to the Labour Party

here in the UK.

0:52:310:52:33

Today, she resigned in a row

over tweets of hers -

0:52:330:52:36

some of which criticised

Suffragettes and gay

0:52:360:52:38

male Conservatives.

0:52:380:52:40

She put out a lengthy

statement saying...

0:52:400:52:45

"This is a decision

0:52:450:52:46

that I've had to make due to endless

attacks on my character

0:52:460:52:49

by the Conservative right-wing press

and relentless online abuse."

0:52:490:52:52

This isn't the first

time she's put out -

0:52:520:52:55

on Saturday, Munroe

was apologizing...

0:52:550:52:59

"Regarding any offensive

0:52:590:53:00

tweets that I've posting the past;

namely those shared playfully

0:53:000:53:03

between close friends,

I want to begin this

0:53:030:53:04

letter by apologising."

0:53:040:53:05

This is Cherry Wilson

from BBC Newsbeat.

0:53:050:53:07

She has stepped down after what she

says the attacks and abuse. A

0:53:070:53:13

newspaper published a tweet she made

in 2010 in which she makes offensive

0:53:130:53:17

comments about lesbian and gay

characters on TV. Munroe apologised

0:53:170:53:22

and said they are not reflective of

who she is today. The comments were

0:53:220:53:26

made in 2010 before she transitioned

and she says those comments are not

0:53:260:53:30

her today, the 31-year-old and she

does sincerely apologise. It has

0:53:300:53:35

been rumbling on and she has stepped

down today from this role because

0:53:350:53:37

she really does not want it to

detract from the work this LGBT

0:53:370:53:43

advisory panel is going to do. A

week ago, she said she was delighted

0:53:430:53:47

to take on this role. She posted a

picture with Jeremy Corbyn on

0:53:470:53:51

Twitter. But a week later, there has

been a massive backlash and she has

0:53:510:53:56

decided it is not right to stay in

this role because what it would do

0:53:560:53:59

is detract from the work of this

panel has been setup to do in order

0:53:590:54:04

to help the LGBT community.

Just

before I wrap up, if you are not

0:54:040:54:09

watching at the beginning, we

brought live coverage of a joint

0:54:090:54:12

press conference between the Swedish

Prime Minister and the American

0:54:120:54:15

President Donald Trump and there

were a number of things worth

0:54:150:54:18

noting. When asked about alleged

Russian meddling in the American

0:54:180:54:24

election, Donald Trump acknowledged

it may have occurred but said it had

0:54:240:54:27

no impact on the outcome and alluded

to the fact other countries may have

0:54:270:54:30

tried to meddle in the election. The

biggest issue, though, was tariffs

0:54:300:54:35

because of his threats to put

tariffs on exports from the EU into

0:54:350:54:41

America. He said the EU had been

almost impossible to do business

0:54:410:54:45

with and it had been very difficult

and had treated America badly. So we

0:54:450:54:49

will see how that plays out. Thank

you for watching, we will be back

0:54:490:54:53

tomorrow with more of the bigger

stories from around the world, the

0:54:530:54:56

by.

0:54:560:54:56

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