07/03/2018 Outside Source


07/03/2018

Live from the heart of the BBC newsroom, an innovative take on the latest global stories.


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Transcript


LineFromTo

Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,

this is Outside Source.

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On yesterday plasma programme we

heard Donald Trump say he would tow

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truck -- he would do trade was the

loving way. We will get a look of

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what that might be like. The EU says

it has a long list of American

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imports that would be hit by Terence

if its steel and aluminium are

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targeted by America. The White House

says announcement that just that

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will happen will come later in the

week.

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The president is being sued by a

pawn star over hush money. You

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pay...

You heard that read. British police

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say a nerve agent was used in that

attempt to murder a former Russian

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spy in the UK. We will have the

latest developments.

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Lyse Doucet on the Saudi Crown

Prince's visit to the UK and an

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American academic who looked into

so-called sonic attacks on US

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diplomats in Cuba.

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Things are getting a little tense

between the EU and America. If you

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watched yesterday, you might

remember this.

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The European Union has been...

Particularly tough with the United

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States. They make it almost

impossible for us to do business

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with them.

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Well the EU's responded.

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This is Trade Commissioner

Cecilia Malstrom earlier.

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She gave us detail on what will

happen if America imposes tariffs

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on steel and aluminium.

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There are a long list

of American products that

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can expect tariffs too.

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Blue jeans, motorbikes,

whisky, peanut butter -

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also cranberries, orange juice,

- on and on it goes.

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Not long after President Trump

tweeted - not a direct response -

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but on this issue.

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"From Bush 1 to present,

our country has lost more

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than 55,000 factories,

6 million manufacturing jobs

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and accumulated trade deficits

of more than $12 trillion.

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Bad policies and leadership.

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Must win again!"

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Big theme of Mr Trump -

it's not other countries' fault -

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it's America's for letting it

happen.

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A White House spokesperson has

confirmed these tariffs are coming

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by the end of this week.

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One interested observer of that

will be whoever replaced Gary Cohen,

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who was the President's

chief economic advisor.

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He's left the White House -

that may not be unrelated

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to the fact that he's

very pro-free trade.

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He is not a big enthusiastic

Terence. Rash enthusiast of tariffs.

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Here's Jane O'Brien with what we can

expect next from the White House.

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We understand Donald Trump is

drawing up a memo which will push

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these forward. In practical terms

these things take longer and there

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is a question on whether tariffs

will be confirmed and go ahead in

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any meaningful fashion. They could

be overturned by the World Trade

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Organisation, which happened before

when George W Bush, the president

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then, tried to introduce something

similar. There is still a lot of

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uncertainty but I think the bigger

issue is the political fallout. You

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have a president of the United

States going up against his own

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party, for whom free-trade runs in

their lifeblood, saying he will

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completely overrides their very

stern advice against this and plough

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on regardless. And he is upsetting

his allies around the world.

But

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probably pleasing quite a lot of the

people voting for him?

There are

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some states that say they will

benefit from this. The fact remains

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that more people are employed in

jobs in companies that make things

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from steel than are employed in

producing steel. There is even a

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domestic imbalance in this. How that

will play out, we will probably see

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in the mid-term elections when lots

of Republicans are going up for real

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action, as well as Democrats, some

of whom support this.

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We will be covering those midterms

and 25 minutes live from Texas.

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As well is threatening to introduce

terror the White House seems

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deceptively be trying to renegotiate

its Nafta agreement with these

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tariffs factored in. Mexico and

Canada are part of this North

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American Free Trade Agreement.

President Trump's spokesperson says

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these countries might be exempt from

these tariffs. That matters because

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Canada is the biggest importer of

steel to the US.

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Let me show you the announcement.

We

expect the president will sign

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something from the end of the week,

there are potential car Reds for

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Canada and Mexico based on national

security, possibly other countries

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as well based on that protest.

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It's a measure of the Trump

presidency, that when we learn

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the President is being sued

by a porn star - it's just

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one of many stories.

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It's alleged that Mr Trump had

an affair with Stormy Daniels -

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and she was paid to sign

a non-disclosure agreement.

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That is not new.

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But now Stormy Daniels says Mr Trump

never signed it, so it's void.

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This is the lawsuit.

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You can find it online if you would

like to read the whole thing.

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It says the contract was drawn up

during the 2016 election campaign.

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It also alleges that the affair

was in 2006, shortly

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after Melania Trump gave birth

to Barron Trump.

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We know how much this deal cost.

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Mr Trump's lawyer Michael Cohen

confirmed he privately paid

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Stormy Daniels $130,000.

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We also now know that breaking

the terms exposes her to $1 million

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in costs for each violation.

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Here's her lawyer on why

she's taking action.

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She wants to tell her story, because

there is so much misinformation out

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there, so much misinformation that

has been spread by Mr Cohn and

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others over the last few weeks on

what happened, the circumstances of

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the agreement and the payment, she

wants to set the record straight,

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she wants to be heard and she wants

to tell the public the true facts of

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what happened.

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Various things to note here.

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One - Mr Trump's lawyer

has previously denied

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any affair happened.

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There are also questions

over whether the payment

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to Stormy Daniels broke federal law.

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Here's Jane again on where the law

falls into this story.

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-- here is Californian Democrat

fares. More evidence that candidate

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Donald Trump and Michael current

Dutchman who conspired for this. He

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says he has been asking the FBI to

investigate.

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Here it is Jane O'Brien again on

where the law fits into this story.

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If the payment was made in

coordination with the Trump

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campaign, that is against the law.

There is also an issue over whether

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or not it may come to the attention

of special Counsel Robert Muller,

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who is investigating any possible

collusion with Russia. Although this

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is separate, if the situation arises

where somebody lies to Mr Mole, that

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could land Mr Trimble, conceivably,

in legal jeopardy. There is an irony

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to all this because every indication

is that had this been a

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straightforward six scandal, Donald

Trump could probably have weathered

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it. But by getting into murky legal

grounds, this could put him on far

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more shaky territory, which could be

far more politically dangerous for

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him than any alleged affair with a

porn star.

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UK Police say a nerve agent

was used to poison a Russian

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spy and his daughter.

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This afternoon they said they

believe Sergei and Yulia Skripal

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were targeted deliberately.

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Here's a clip from

the police briefing.

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This is being treated as a major

incident involving attempted murder

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by administration of a nerve agent.

As you know, this two people remain

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critically ill in hospital. Sadly,

in addition, a police officer who

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was one of the first to attend the

scene and respond to the incident is

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now also in a serious condition in

hospital.

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Scientists at the Porton Down

military research facility have been

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examining the nerve agent

that was used.

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Police would not confirm the exact

substance they've identified.

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Here's chemical weapons expert

Professor Alastair Hay.

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It is a fascinating clip from an

interview he did on the BBC.

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I think the doctors probably had

some guidance, given the signs the

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individuals would have displayed,

the laboratory saying it was a nerve

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agent allows the doctors to

administer some very specific

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treatment. There are treatment

protocols for this type of chemical.

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Nerve agents belong to a family of

chemicals called organophosphates,

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which vary enormously in how toxic

they are. The nerve agents are at an

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extreme end of the organophosphate

family. They only have one purpose,

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that is to kill people. That is what

they were designed to do. They were

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designed to be used in warfare.

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This CCTV footage has

just been released.

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It shows Sergei Skripal buying

a bottle of milk in a corner shop

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in the city where he lived.

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We think this is from February

but it's the clearest

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recent image we have.

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Tom Symonds is at the scene where

the pair were found in Salisbury.

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This is his latest update.

As we

heard from the statement, it is not

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just the two people who are in

hospital, a police officer is in

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hospital, we understand in a serious

condition. And before that several

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of emergency service workers had to

be admitted to be looked at. This

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all took place in the area behind

me. The tent covers the bench on

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which the couple, the pair, were

sitting when this attempt on their

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lives, as the police now believe it

was, took place. It will be a very

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complicated investigation. There are

plenty of conflicting accounts of

0:10:570:11:01

what the Skripals were doing on

Sunday afternoon. They had lunch in

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a pizza restaurant not far away,

which is cordoned off tonight and

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has been the centre of its own

emergency scare today. It is thought

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they had a drink at a bar not far

away in that direction. Police will

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be gathering CCTV, talking to the

staff in those two locations and

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trying to piece together what they

were doing and who might have been

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watching, following them and

attempting to use this fairly

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terrifying weapon against them.

Next, the latest Brexit update.

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We have the EU's draft guidelines

for negotiating its relationship

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with the UK after Brexit.

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Here they are - six pages

of them, if you're keen.

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You can find them online.

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Donald Tusk is one of the most

senior figures in the EU -

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he said the EU "does not

want to build a wall,"

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but that Brexit means

"we will be drifting apart".

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Here's more of what we heard.

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Our agreement will not make trade

between the UK and the EU

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frictionless or smoother.

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It will make it more complicated

and costly for all of us.

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This is the essence of Brexit.

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A pick and mix approach

for a non-member state

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is out of the question.

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We are not going to sacrifice these

principles, it's simply

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not in our interest.

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The words have changed.

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The message is the same.

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There Mr Tusk talked

about a pick and mix approach -

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just another way of saying no cherry

picking, no having your

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cake and eating it.

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It has been the same message since

the day the UK voted out of the EU.

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Either way, the UK continues

to stress it wants what it

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calls a bespoke deal.

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Today the Chancellor,

Philip Hammond, made the case that

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financial services need to be

in a free trade agreement.

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That is not Philip Hammond, but this

is!

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It's an important sector for the UK.

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Let's listen to Chris Morris from

BBC Reality Check.

I Think Generally

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If You Talk To People In The City

They Think The Bigger changer is

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that jobs would move to the Far East

or New York, you're talking about

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the global financial capitals. I

think everyone in the EU knows the

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only global financial capital in

Europe is London. I think London

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will survive, come what may. The

deregulation was going to destroy

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the city, the fire of London was

going to destroy the city! London

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survives, I think London will

survive Brexit but I think the

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sobering point for Philip Hammond

but he was making the argument that

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financial services can and should be

part of a future free-trade

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agreement. The document put out by

the EU does not mention financial

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services at all. It is considered

ladylike, a nonstarter. If the

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French finance minister was in

London yesterday, I went to a speech

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she gave coming he met Philip

Hammond and his message was similar

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to that of Donald Tusk, financial

services, no. It is a starting

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position, but pretty firm.

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All the information on Brexit you

want is available online BBC News.

0:14:150:14:19

Any few moments we will turn our

attention to a new theory as to why

0:14:190:14:23

diplomats at the US Embassy in Cuba

were saying that when they were at

0:14:230:14:27

home they were suffering with

problems with eight years. All to do

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with alleged sonic attacks. --

suffering with with thy ears.

0:14:310:14:41

The leading deputy leader of far

right group Britain first have been

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jailed after being found guilty of

religiously aggravated harassment.

0:14:440:14:48

Paul Golding Jayda Fransen were

sentenced for an apartment moments

0:14:480:14:52

respectively after targeting Muslims

they believe are part of a gang rape

0:14:520:14:55

trial taking place last May.

The court heard that the pair posted

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offensive leaflets through the doors

of Muslims in Kent and filmed

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themselves confronting people in

public. Both were jailed Folkestone

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Magistrates' Court today.

The fashion chain New Look is the

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latest British high street name to

fall into trouble. It will cut

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around 1000 jobs as part of a rescue

plan and says it is planning to

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close 60 stores and reduce the rent

on 400 others as part of a deal to

0:15:210:15:25

balance the books. New Look says the

cuts are necessary to restore

0:15:250:15:33

profitability. Toys "R" Us and map

the last month announced they would

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go into administration, putting

around 5500 jobs at risk. -- Toys

0:15:360:15:43

"R" Us and Maplin.

0:15:430:15:45

This is Outside Source live

from the BBC newsroom.

0:15:450:15:49

Our lead story is the EU says it has

a long list of American imports

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that will be hit by tariffs

if its steel and aluminium

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are targeted by the US.

0:15:550:15:56

The White House says that's

going to happen this week.

0:15:560:16:05

Some of the main stories from BBC

World Service...

0:16:050:16:08

The last rebel-held enclave close

to the Syrian capital Damascus has

0:16:080:16:11

come under heavy bombardment

amid fresh efforts at the UN

0:16:110:16:13

to stop the fighting.

0:16:130:16:17

At least 20 people are said

to have been killed

0:16:170:16:19

in the bombardment in Eastern

Ghouta.

0:16:190:16:22

Cape Town will not have to turn off

water supplies and should avoid

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a looming day of completely running

out of water.

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The city is in the middle

of drought and was facing

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what was called Day Zero.

0:16:320:16:36

Due to water saving efforts,

that day has been pushed back

0:16:360:16:38

from April to 27th August.

0:16:380:16:40

Lots of you have been watching this

video of an orangutan

0:16:400:16:43

in an Indonesia zoo smoking.

0:16:430:16:46

A visitor flicked a cigarette

into the enclosure.

0:16:460:16:51

That video was on the BBC news up.

0:16:560:16:59

As you've heard already,

Donald Trump's top economic advisor

0:16:590:17:06

-- the drug administration is

confirmed by Canada and Mexico might

0:17:060:17:09

be given exemptions from planned

tariffs on steel and aluminium. Joe

0:17:090:17:13

Miller is in New York. This has

become part of the broader

0:17:130:17:18

negotiations between Canada, Mexico

and the US?

It has indeed. There was

0:17:180:17:24

a real surprise in Wall Street when

Donald Trump appeared to connect

0:17:240:17:28

these tariffs with the Nafta

negotiations and talk about how

0:17:280:17:35

there would not be any exemption for

Canada or Mexico unless the Nafta

0:17:350:17:40

negotiations went the right way. By

donor whether the howls of anguish

0:17:400:17:45

from Wall Street reached the press

briefing room that we have heard

0:17:450:17:48

press secretary Sarah Sanders say

there might be exemptions after all,

0:17:480:17:51

which has come as a huge relief in

New York. Investors were worried

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that with Gary Cohen, one of the

President's so-called globalist

0:17:550:18:00

advisers, departing the White House.

-- departing the waiters, we would

0:18:000:18:07

see the harshest version of these

tariffs across the board. Now there

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was some relief, perhaps, and

exemptions for some of the US

0:18:110:18:14

because my closest trading partners.

But Mr Trump is still lining up with

0:18:140:18:19

tariffs that the EU, China, other

major players?

Yes, and the reason

0:18:190:18:23

for that is the original, I suppose,

instinct for imposing these tariffs

0:18:230:18:31

has not gone away. Donald Trump's

base, lots of whom were in former

0:18:310:18:36

industrial heartlands, they really

called for these tariffs and in the

0:18:360:18:38

short term they will seize on

benefit from them. We have seen an

0:18:380:18:43

announcement by US steel, one of the

last remaining big US steel

0:18:430:18:48

companies, that it will reopen a

plant in Illinois and bring back 500

0:18:480:18:53

employees that it laid off last

year. The good news will come to the

0:18:530:18:58

places that Donald Trump wants to

please most, that is why he will

0:18:580:19:02

stick to these tariffs. The question

is in what form, when we finally see

0:19:020:19:08

what the tariffs look like in

detail, will it be the blanket

0:19:080:19:12

across-the-board tariffs or will it

be what's on Wall Street call

0:19:120:19:16

sensible exceptions for countries

that perhaps the US does not want to

0:19:160:19:21

start a trade war with, like Canada

and Mexico?

All will be revealed,

0:19:210:19:28

the White House says it will give a

statement later on that -- later in

0:19:280:19:33

the week.

0:19:330:19:35

The world's youngest self-made

billionaire has told the BBC

0:19:350:19:37

that he believes that

President Trump's anti-immigration

0:19:370:19:39

rhetoric is deterring software

developers from going to the US.

0:19:390:19:41

John Collison, the 27-year-old Irish

co-founder of the payments platform

0:19:410:19:44

Stripe, told us in an exclusive

interview that the same may prove

0:19:440:19:47

true for the UK because of Brexit.

0:19:470:19:48

People are less willing to move to

the United States, they don't even

0:19:480:19:51

want to enter the bees are processed

because of what they perceive to be

0:19:510:19:54

the political climate and how

welcoming the country is towards

0:19:540:19:59

immigrants, so I think the

perception will make recruitment

0:19:590:20:01

harder and might be more difficult

to get people to move.

Have you seen

0:20:010:20:06

evidence about?

We are seeing the

early stages in the US, we worry

0:20:060:20:10

about seeing it in the UK.

If

recruitment gets harder, people are

0:20:100:20:14

less willing to move to the UK, for

example, what is the penalty? What

0:20:140:20:20

happens?

The ultimate risk we are

talking about is does the UK have a

0:20:200:20:27

vibrant tech sector and Star club --

start-up ecosystem? I think the UK

0:20:270:20:32

will have a tech sector and started

the ecosystem, but how successful

0:20:320:20:36

will it be? There are degrees of

success we can't talk about. If we

0:20:360:20:42

do it wrong, we might be looking at

a lower degree of success.

Simon

0:20:420:20:46

Jack was asking the questions.

0:20:460:20:51

Amazon has been forced to admit that

it's smart assistant Alexa

0:20:510:20:54

has been playing up -

and freaking out its users.

0:20:540:20:56

Here's what's been happening.

0:20:560:20:57

@GavinHightower said "Lying in bed

about to fall asleep when Alexa

0:20:570:21:00

on my Amazon Echo Dot lets out

a very loud and creepy laugh."

0:21:000:21:03

@Taylorkatelynne said

"So my mum and I are just

0:21:030:21:05

sitting in the living room,

neither of us said a word

0:21:050:21:08

and our Alexa lit up

and laughed for no reason.

0:21:080:21:10

She didn't even say

anything, just laughed.

0:21:100:21:12

We unplugged her."

0:21:120:21:13

A user by the name of

CaptHandlebar even filmed it.

0:21:130:21:15

Another guy says Sir Alex decided to

laugh randomly when I was in the

0:21:150:21:18

kitchen. One user filmed this

happening.

0:21:180:21:25

LX LAUGHS. -- ALEXA Laughs. You

might remember this story.

0:21:250:21:44

Do you remember a row over alleged

sonic attacks on US diplomatic

0:21:440:21:47

staff living in Havana?

0:21:470:21:48

They said they heard strange

noises - they developed

0:21:480:21:50

symptoms like dizziness,

headaches, hearing loss, nosebleeds,

0:21:500:21:52

they even had trouble walking.

0:21:520:21:53

This happened in one of Cuba's most

iconic hotels, the Hotel Nacional.

0:21:530:22:03

You can see it on the satellite

here.

0:22:060:22:08

The same thing happened a block

away at the Hotel Capri.

0:22:080:22:12

I was going to show you that, it is

coming up.

0:22:120:22:16

It also happened inside homes these

diplomats were given

0:22:160:22:18

by the Cuban government.

0:22:180:22:19

But there was one place it didn't

happen - the US embassy,

0:22:190:22:22

which is seen as secure.

0:22:220:22:29

The map will not let me show you it

but it is just across town.

0:22:290:22:32

Well, the US brought

some of the staff home -

0:22:320:22:35

it said they've been victims

of health attacks.

0:22:350:22:38

There was even speculation some kind

of sonic weapon had been used -

0:22:380:22:41

even though it's not clear

if sonic weapons exist.

0:22:410:22:43

Basically, it was a mystery.

0:22:430:22:45

This though may be an explanation.

0:22:450:22:46

Recordings were made of the sounds.

0:22:460:22:47

Then a team at the University

of Michigan did this -

0:22:470:22:50

they set up an experiment to try

and recreate the sounds.

0:22:500:22:58

Working on a hunch that listening

devices, bugs to you and me, might

0:22:580:23:02

have been partly to blame.

0:23:020:23:03

Have a listen - and, don't worry,

it's not going to do you any harm.

0:23:030:23:07

SONIC FEEDBACK.

0:23:070:23:12

Not very pleasant, is it?

0:23:120:23:15

Imagine hearing that,

all the time - not very nice.

0:23:150:23:17

Kevin Fu is the computer scientist

who did the research.

0:23:170:23:20

Here he is telling me exactly what

causes those sounds.

Well, we don't

0:23:200:23:26

know exactly what causes the sounds,

but what we do believe is if there

0:23:260:23:30

is ultrasound, the ultrasound in the

air can combine to create these

0:23:300:23:35

audible sensations.

In terms of what

could have happened inside these

0:23:350:23:39

hotels in Cuba, what is your theory?

Our working theory is there may have

0:23:390:23:46

been multiple ultrasonic signals

that would unintentionally combine

0:23:460:23:50

in the air and produce what we call

these audible by-products. You can

0:23:500:23:54

hear things that don't really exist.

In terms of what would be needed to

0:23:540:23:59

recreate that, can you explain the

different elements?

Sure, at least

0:23:590:24:11

one ultrasonic transmitter,

transducer. This is an example of

0:24:110:24:13

one. Really, really tiny. It needs

to produce a couple of tones. They

0:24:130:24:22

produce in the air to create an

audible sensation make humans can

0:24:220:24:26

hear.

That would be consistent with

the symptoms of these Americans

0:24:260:24:31

experience?

It is consistent with

what we saw in the news in terms of

0:24:310:24:35

the video and audio. It does not

rule out other possibility is that

0:24:350:24:38

make sense to us because it is so

simple.

Given the Americans were

0:24:380:24:43

pulled out in quite significant

numbers, I wonder if they have been

0:24:430:24:47

in touch to talk through your

theory?

We have provided our results

0:24:470:24:52

of State in the United States, I am

sure they are chipping away at some

0:24:520:24:57

of the maths and we will see what

they do.

Isn't quite uncommon for

0:24:570:25:03

listening devices of one type or

another to emit sounds that we're

0:25:030:25:08

not aware of or to interfere other

issues in the environment?

I do not

0:25:080:25:14

know the answer to that question but

I know that one of our graduate

0:25:140:25:18

students and about five minutes was

able to create this proof of concept

0:25:180:25:22

eavesdropper that would spirit away

information over and ultrasonic

0:25:220:25:29

inaudible channel, but when this

channel would have interference from

0:25:290:25:34

a second ultrasonic tone, you would

hear noises like you played earlier.

0:25:340:25:39

Thanks to Kevin Fu. After the break,

we will hear about a letter that the

0:25:390:25:43

North Koreans have given the South

Koreans, and they want it delivered

0:25:430:25:47

to the White House. See you in a

minute.

0:25:470:25:51

Welcome to a look at the weather

away from the UK. Making headlines,

0:26:070:26:12

the storm that we had across the USA

and Canada late last week, this is a

0:26:120:26:17

picture sent from Massachusetts. We

were inundated with the rainfall

0:26:170:26:23

amounts comic huge, crashing waves

due to the strength of the wind. And

0:26:230:26:26

hot on the hills, the next storm.

This linking back into an area of

0:26:260:26:31

low pressure. That has already been

giving considerable problems through

0:26:310:26:35

the day, dumping snow fall quite

widely. Snow is more an issue on the

0:26:350:26:40

system, 12 to 18 inches forecast

before it clears. Though the winds

0:26:400:26:44

are not as strong they are strong

enough to blow the snow around.

0:26:440:26:48

Still some severe storms for parts

of Florida, and virtually feel

0:26:480:26:52

continues to the end of the working

week. Some respite from the rain.

0:26:520:27:00

Not for Orlando, potentially.

Another weather system is moving

0:27:000:27:03

further west. Things have moved on

but they are bringing in rain, hail

0:27:030:27:07

snow, strong winds and we might see

rates for LA. Potential flash

0:27:070:27:12

flooding. Heading into Asia, rather

wet weather across southern parts of

0:27:120:27:16

China, into Hong Kong and Taiwan. A

really nasty area of low pressure

0:27:160:27:21

blooming across the Korean

peninsular and into Japan. --

0:27:210:27:26

low-pressure brewing. Snowfall

across the Korean peninsular as that

0:27:260:27:31

system brings northerly air into

parts of Japan. After soaking rains,

0:27:310:27:36

expect a real drop in temperature

and snow to set in. Tokyo largely

0:27:360:27:40

escaped the snow but it stays

unsettled until midweek. Some

0:27:400:27:45

showers around, initially in

Beijing. This is the Tropical

0:27:450:27:48

Cyclone Joyce talked about, it is

around Vanuatu, it is intensifying.

0:27:480:27:53

At the weekend it promises to bring

wet and windy weather to parts of

0:27:530:27:59

New Zealand. A tropical low across

the Northern Territories and in the

0:27:590:28:03

desert states, here it could bring

some very wet weather indeed, up to

0:28:030:28:08

100 millimetres, causing flash

flooding here. Watch for a tropical

0:28:080:28:11

site and in the coming few weeks.

A very showery picture. Across

0:28:110:28:15

Europe we have lost the bitter

easterly winds that there are still

0:28:150:28:19

warnings avalanches towards the

north, heavy rains across parts of

0:28:190:28:23

Turkey and the Balkans and we are

watching this massive rain

0:28:230:28:26

approaching the Bay of Biscay, which

looks set to be quite a nasty storm

0:28:260:28:31

for Iberia into fronts, pushing

weather fronts northwards towards

0:28:310:28:35

the UK, bringing milder weather with

it but nevertheless some quite nasty

0:28:350:28:39

stormy weather through the Bay of

Biscay. As for here in the UK, we

0:28:390:28:45

will see our fair share of sunshine

and showers. A little bit of snow

0:28:450:28:49

over the hills, Ben will have much

more in around half an hour.

0:28:490:28:53

Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,

this is Outside Source.

0:30:070:30:09

These are the main stories

here in the BBC Newsroom.

0:30:090:30:12

The EU says it has a long list

of American imports that will be hit

0:30:120:30:19

by tariffs if its steel

and aluminium are

0:30:190:30:21

targeted by the US.

0:30:210:30:22

The White House says that's

going to happen this week.

0:30:220:30:28

British police say a nerve agent was

used in attempted murder a former

0:30:280:30:31

Russian spy in the UK. If you want

to get in touch...

0:30:310:30:37

#BBCOS is the hashtag.

0:30:370:30:42

OK, deep breath.

0:30:540:30:55

Let's start out coverage

of the US mid-term elections.

0:30:550:31:01

Not for a few months...

0:31:010:31:04

Texas has held the first primaries

of the midterm election season.

0:31:040:31:08

In the coming months

across the US, voters will vote

0:31:080:31:10

on candidates for this election.

0:31:100:31:18

The mid-terms will decide

who controls Congress,

0:31:180:31:20

state legislatures and a number

of key governorships.

0:31:200:31:26

If you want detailed analysis,

The Washington Post has a good break

0:31:260:31:29

down of today's results.

0:31:290:31:32

A few takeaways...

0:31:320:31:33

A lot more women won

in primaries here.

0:31:330:31:35

The turnout of Democratic

voters has surged.

0:31:350:31:40

And high-profile Republican Ted Cruz

might have a fight on his hands.

0:31:400:31:49

Let's go live to Austin, Texas.

Anthony is there for us. You have

0:31:490:31:54

gone home and working!

A good

combination! Working out quite well!

0:31:540:32:01

A very interesting primary in Texas,

Ted Cruz is going to have a

0:32:010:32:05

legitimate opponent, a Democratic

member of Congress from El Paso,

0:32:050:32:10

campaigning throughout the state and

beat Ted Cruz in fundraising. He is

0:32:100:32:15

no slouch himself. He will be his

opponent. It would take a big wave,

0:32:150:32:22

this is a conservative state, but

lots of people on a national level

0:32:220:32:25

say this could be the upset, if

Democrats are doing as well as

0:32:250:32:31

people think they are, with

conventional wisdom at this point.

I

0:32:310:32:38

think of Texas being a huge sea of

Republicans with a small island of

0:32:380:32:43

Democrats in Austin.

What is going

on across the state? It is not just

0:32:430:32:48

Austin, Texas. Lots of big cities

have become increasingly blue,

0:32:480:32:52

Dallas, San Antonio always

democratic, Houston and key

0:32:520:32:57

Congressional races, the House of

Representatives races that could

0:32:570:33:01

decide who controls the House of

Representatives in November, some of

0:33:010:33:04

the key races are in Texas, there

was a district in San Antonio, will

0:33:040:33:12

herd, second term Republican,

Hillary Clinton was carried by eight

0:33:120:33:18

percentage points and several

Democrats think they have a good

0:33:180:33:21

chance. There is a race in Dallas,

and in Houston, and a Democratic

0:33:210:33:26

race in Houston is interesting

because it highlights some of the

0:33:260:33:29

divides within the Democratic party,

several establishment Democrats

0:33:290:33:33

running for that seat to go against

Culbertson, he is at risk, the

0:33:330:33:39

incumbent Republican, but the person

in the top two, Lauren Mozer,

0:33:390:33:43

supported by the grassroots Bernie

Sanders weighing and the

0:33:430:33:47

Congressional Democrats dropped

information harmful to her before

0:33:470:33:52

the election, thinking they could

not provide because they think she

0:33:520:33:56

is too liberal to win but she

finished in the run-off and could be

0:33:560:33:59

the nominee. That is assorted divide

in the Democrats people are worried

0:33:590:34:04

about, are those progressives going

to cause trouble in some of these

0:34:040:34:07

races?

Congress, as you have

explained, the Republicans hold both

0:34:070:34:14

houses of Congress, that makes

Donald Trump's life easier but is

0:34:140:34:17

there any possibility in the

mid-terms but one of the houses

0:34:170:34:20

could flip?

There is a possibility,

people look at the House of

0:34:200:34:25

Representatives as the easier task

because of the lay of the map in the

0:34:250:34:30

Senate, only a third of Senate seats

are up in this year's collections

0:34:300:34:34

and a lot of those are Democrats

trying to defend states that Donald

0:34:340:34:38

Trump carried. There are lots of

seats were Democrats get eight,

0:34:380:34:42

nine, 10% bump over past years, they

could win. Hear in Texas, suburban

0:34:420:34:49

districts, California, Florida, some

of the midwest seats are filled to

0:34:490:34:54

Republicans over the past few years,

everybody is looking at the House of

0:34:540:34:59

Representatives, the Democrats would

have to pick up about 20 seats to

0:34:590:35:01

make this happen but in a wave

election like 2006 with the

0:35:010:35:08

Democrats, and in those elections

you can see 30 or 40 seat swings.

0:35:080:35:11

Thank you very much. Live from

Austin with that incredible blue sky

0:35:110:35:17

early afternoon in Texas!

0:35:170:35:20

Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince,

Mohammed bin Salman,

0:35:200:35:22

is meeting Queen Elizabeth today

at Buckingham Palace.

0:35:220:35:26

He's in the UK for three days.

0:35:260:35:34

He met Theresa May, there they are

at the front of Number 10.

0:35:340:35:47

We've just see this statement

from Downing Street that they've

0:35:470:35:49

agreed an ambition for around

£65 billion of mutual trade.

0:35:490:35:52

Significant announcement, that will

go down well with both parties and

0:35:520:35:57

you may have noticed in London there

has been a big PR push.

0:35:570:36:01

These billboards have

appeared around London.

0:36:010:36:05

Telling us about Saudi Arabia and

Mohammed bin Salman, he is the

0:36:050:36:08

central figure at the moment.

0:36:080:36:11

Now Mohammed bin Salman

is behind a major push

0:36:110:36:13

to liberalise the country.

0:36:130:36:14

to be honest, it would have been

hard to go in the other direction,

0:36:140:36:17

given how the country's been run.

0:36:170:36:19

He has made significant

announcements.

0:36:190:36:21

Women have been allowed to go

to football matches,

0:36:210:36:23

they will soon be able to drive

and cinemas are opening after a 35

0:36:230:36:27

year ban was lifted in December.

0:36:270:36:28

There's also a huge effort

to stop the Saudi economy

0:36:280:36:30

being so oil dependent.

0:36:300:36:33

Let's remember, Mohammed bin Salman

is also Defence Minister.

0:36:330:36:39

He's overseeing a foreign policy

that includes a significant

0:36:390:36:41

involvement in the conflict

in Yemen, both with its use of air

0:36:410:36:44

strikes and a blockade.

0:36:440:36:47

To understand the importance

of Saudi Arabia, I spoke

0:36:470:36:50

with our chief international

correspondent Lyse Doucet.

0:36:500:36:57

In the Middle East Riyadh is the

capital of Capitals, one of the most

0:36:580:37:04

important players in the region and

are very close strategic partnership

0:37:040:37:08

with President Trump's

administration and very much taking

0:37:080:37:11

the lead whether it comes to

intelligence cooperation, but will

0:37:110:37:15

be high on the agenda in talks with

Theresa May, but in terms of trying

0:37:150:37:21

to chart a strategy which says Iran

is the main risk in the region and

0:37:210:37:25

that plays out in neighbouring

Yemen.

I would imagine Theresa May's

0:37:250:37:29

priority, what is the one parity for

the Saudis?

For both it is to say

0:37:290:37:39

this is an important strategic

relationship with economic benefits

0:37:390:37:42

for both, the Saudi kingdom has

money to invest and they want to

0:37:420:37:46

continue to buy arms from the UK and

the UK was to sell arms, were one of

0:37:460:37:49

the biggest arm sellers to the Saudi

kingdom and Theresa May has this

0:37:490:37:55

idea of becoming more global with

Brexit and Mohammed bin Salman helps

0:37:550:37:59

Selma agenda and Britain was to say,

we are good friends and because of

0:37:590:38:04

that we can be very frank. Britain

has been putting pressure on Saudi

0:38:040:38:09

Arabia for some time to say, you

have to bring an end to this war,

0:38:090:38:13

the reputational risk is too big and

yes, the Houthis are causing

0:38:130:38:18

civilian casualties by

indiscriminate bombing but the Saudi

0:38:180:38:22

led coalition bombing is causing the

greatest amount of casualties.

That

0:38:220:38:25

is why we have protests in London.

This big PR push, saying we have

0:38:250:38:31

changed and we are changing and

Saudi Arabia is exciting. You meet a

0:38:310:38:35

lot of the senior figures, you buy

this?

Undeniably, I have been going

0:38:350:38:41

there every six months and every

time I go something is different,

0:38:410:38:45

when it comes to social reform,

opening up the economy, undeniably

0:38:450:38:49

it is changing and it is the

32-year-old Crown Prince doing this

0:38:490:38:54

along with his allies and friends,

trying to drag the kingdom into the

0:38:540:38:59

21st century. It seems so banal to

us that women can drive and you have

0:38:590:39:04

cinemas and women can go to sports

stadiums and they can work. But that

0:39:040:39:09

has been denied to Saudi women for

so long and that is changing so on

0:39:090:39:12

social reform he is a reformer and

the Kingdom needs him. Politically,

0:39:120:39:21

any suggestion of dissent is quickly

suppressed. They have to do more

0:39:210:39:25

when it comes to that front and on

the economy he is trying to

0:39:250:39:29

diversified the kingdom away from

what he has described as this

0:39:290:39:33

addiction to oil. It is a mixed

picture which is why it is important

0:39:330:39:36

for countries like Britain to talk

to the young prince because he is

0:39:360:39:40

going to be there for a long time

and he says he wants to reform, his

0:39:400:39:44

kingdom is waiting.

Thank you very

much.

0:39:440:39:48

Don't forget, you can get much

more detail on our top

0:39:480:39:51

stories on our website.

0:39:510:39:54

One of our colleagues

from the BBC Russian Service -

0:40:070:40:09

Farida Rustamova -

has accused a senior

0:40:090:40:11

Russian politician -

of sexual harassment.

0:40:110:40:13

She is the third journalist

to openly make allegations

0:40:130:40:15

against Leonid Slutsky,

who has denied the accusations.

0:40:150:40:23

This is Farida.

who has denied the accusations.

0:40:230:40:24

She says that last year,

during an interview in his office,

0:40:240:40:27

Slutsky suggested they sleep

together.

0:40:270:40:30

He also allegedly

stroked her groin area.

0:40:300:40:32

BBC Russian's Nina

Nazarova has more.

0:40:320:40:36

According to Farida Rustamova, in

March last year when she went to

0:40:360:40:41

check a comment from Leonid Slutsky,

according to her words, Mr Slutsky

0:40:410:40:51

unexpectedly change the conversation

and offered for her to become his

0:40:510:40:55

lover. When my colleague refused, he

told her, drop by my office, I miss

0:40:550:41:06

you and the unexpectedly approached.

And then with his open palm, he

0:41:060:41:13

touched her groin area and she

protested and he told her not to

0:41:130:41:17

worry because he was ready to help

her.

Mr Slutsky was recorded...

0:41:170:41:22

Mr Slutsky was recorded saying,

"I don't feel people up".

0:41:220:41:25

"Well, OK, just a little".

0:41:250:41:26

The story is on BBCRussian.com.

0:41:260:41:30

It reports that the incident

was recorded on a dictaphone.

0:41:300:41:34

The BBC has this, but decided not

to broadcast the audio.

0:41:340:41:36

Let's hear more from Nina.

0:41:360:41:42

We don't have laws here to cover

sexual harassment, improper touching

0:41:420:41:48

and offers other sexual nature. The

law here condemns coercion of others

0:41:480:41:55

into acts of a sexual nature,

suggesting threats and blackmail so

0:41:550:42:03

for my colleagues and others who

have suffered from harassment, there

0:42:030:42:07

is no point in even bothering the

police.

Every day on the programme

0:42:070:42:12

we try to take you to different

parts of the world...

0:42:120:42:16

In Sierra Leone more than 3 million

people have been voting

0:42:160:42:19

for a new president and parliament.

0:42:190:42:23

This is President Ernest Bai Koroma

he is standing down after serving

0:42:230:42:25

two five-year terms.

0:42:260:42:30

There are now 16 candidates

vying for his job.

0:42:300:42:32

Some of the key

election issues are...

0:42:320:42:34

The economy, after the price of one

of their major exports -

0:42:340:42:37

iron ore - collapsed.

0:42:370:42:38

Also health, after the ebola

crisis, and education.

0:42:380:42:45

The BBC's Umaru Fofana has

been following the day's

0:42:450:42:47

developments in Freetown.

0:42:470:42:54

Very long queues snaking their way

throughout the capital of free time.

0:42:540:43:00

Voters pouring onto the streets,

despite the presence of police and

0:43:000:43:05

soldiers and with restrictions on

the movement of vehicles. And some

0:43:050:43:09

voters's enthusiasm is reinforced by

the desire for basic services.

I am

0:43:090:43:15

very excited, it is very good to

exercise my rights as a citizen.

For

0:43:150:43:23

the first time, we don't want the

disappointment from our candidates.

0:43:230:43:28

I expect much from the next leader.

They should always try to satisfy

0:43:280:43:32

our needs.

Education, social

services. Clean water, these are the

0:43:320:43:41

priorities.

From these policies.

There has been no reports of major

0:43:410:43:51

incidents and the initial reaction

from observers gives this a clean

0:43:510:43:55

bill of health, echoed by the

Observer group.

But we're getting

0:43:550:44:01

from some of our people is they are,

we have about 60 observers around

0:44:010:44:06

the country. What they are seeing is

encouraging. This is not to say we

0:44:060:44:13

don't expect the odd bump or two

along the way but thus far, things

0:44:130:44:19

are encouraging.

At this polling

station there are complaints the

0:44:190:44:23

process going on inside is pretty

slow. People have been standing in

0:44:230:44:27

this queue for more than five hours

waiting to cast their ballot but

0:44:270:44:32

they say they will remain patient

until they can do just that. The

0:44:320:44:35

results will be announced within one

week and if none of the 16

0:44:350:44:39

candidates gets 55% of the vote, the

top two will face off in a run-off,

0:44:390:44:45

that second round taking place at

the end of March. A horrific story

0:44:450:44:51

from South Africa at... Mendy

iguana, a South African try Alan

0:44:510:44:57

sugar triathlete attacked on the way

to his early morning training

0:44:570:45:00

session, this happened in Durban. At

the time his training partner said

0:45:000:45:04

they were being robbed but the

details are even more disturbing, we

0:45:040:45:09

are told he was dragged from the

road and I was sure you the account

0:45:090:45:14

of the South African Olympic

triathlete, Henry 's Goodman, who

0:45:140:45:18

said...

0:45:180:45:19

There are many other ways of

describing this. We are told that

0:45:290:45:34

Gwala has been through surgery. This

is Dennis Jackson from South

0:45:340:45:38

Africa's elite athletic programme,

with more on his condition.

We have

0:45:380:45:44

been waiting all afternoon, there

was quite a long surgery, close to

0:45:440:45:50

seven hours, the doctors did say

they were going to be meticulous

0:45:500:45:53

about this and give him the best job

possible and it seems they have done

0:45:530:45:58

this, they have saved his leg, that

was in the most danger of losing. We

0:45:580:46:03

have some good news, which is great.

I think it is too soon to say a

0:46:030:46:08

thing about his career prospects.

Journey he has had an amazing last

0:46:080:46:16

week, coming to where he is in terms

of determination and strength so I

0:46:160:46:19

would not put it past him to come

back, this will take some time, this

0:46:190:46:24

has been a massive trauma to him and

the news today, tonight, that he is

0:46:240:46:29

coming through the surgery and

everything has gone well, I would

0:46:290:46:33

not put it past him for Mhlengi

Gwala to rise past this and come

0:46:330:46:36

back.

We wish him well. The head of

recycling governing body is calling

0:46:360:46:44

for an investigation into Team Sky

following the damning report by

0:46:440:46:46

Members of Parliament earlier this

week. David Lappartient has told the

0:46:460:46:50

BBC that the findings of enquiry

into doping in sport were

0:46:500:46:54

unacceptable and could affect the

global credibility of cycling. The

0:46:540:46:58

report accused Team Sky and Sir

Bradley Wiggins of having crossed an

0:46:580:47:01

ethical line by using drugs allowed

under anti-dumping rules to enhance

0:47:010:47:07

performance instead of just using

them for medical purposes. From

0:47:070:47:09

Switzerland, here is Dan Roan. They

may be the dominant force in cycling

0:47:090:47:18

but the pressure is on Team Sky.

Today they tried to focus on their

0:47:180:47:23

latest race in Italy. But it is the

way they have one of the past that

0:47:230:47:27

is under scrutiny. Team Sky have

admitted mistakes following this

0:47:270:47:31

week's damning report by a

Parliamentary committee but today

0:47:310:47:34

there was powerful figure in the

sport told me that was not good

0:47:340:47:37

enough.

A mistake is something you

have done without attention --

0:47:370:47:41

intention to being wrong. The report

is different. It seems like it was

0:47:410:47:47

organised. So it is maybe not a

mistake. Which is different. That

0:47:470:47:55

could affect the credibility

globally of our support and that is

0:47:550:48:01

why I am concerned.

The MPs alleged

Sir Bradley Wiggins used asthma

0:48:010:48:05

drugs to boost performance and not

just from medical need when he rode

0:48:050:48:09

for Team Sky, acclaim both they and

he deny. Do you feel an ethical line

0:48:090:48:15

was crossed, as the MPs suggest?

In

the report, what I read... When you

0:48:150:48:25

can see that substances were used,

not for health problems but to

0:48:250:48:34

increase their performance, then,

yes, that is something unacceptable

0:48:340:48:40

for me.

If it is not breaking the

rules, can it be cheating?

If you

0:48:400:48:47

are using substances to increase

your performance, I think this is

0:48:470:48:56

exactly what is cheating.

Despite

the controversy, Sir Dave Brailsford

0:48:560:49:02

remains in charge of Team Sky but

the party and told me he wants the

0:49:020:49:07

anti-doping division to launch their

own enquiry.

I want them to

0:49:070:49:11

investigate and to see if there is

any violation of anti-doping rules.

0:49:110:49:20

Britain's top rider, Chris Froome,

continues to compete despite an

0:49:200:49:22

adverse drugs test last year and the

Team Sky star who defend his title

0:49:220:49:26

in the Tour de France this summer

with the case still unresolved.

What

0:49:260:49:30

would be the effect of that? That

would be a disaster for cycling,

0:49:300:49:34

from a legal point of view he has a

right to ride but for our sport that

0:49:340:49:40

could be a disaster.

The UCL

President once Chris Froome to

0:49:400:49:44

withdraw until either he clears his

name or is banned. The road to

0:49:440:49:48

reputational recovery could be a

long one. Dan is reporting on this

0:49:480:49:56

story and that is essential, if you

are interested on following this on

0:49:560:50:02

Twitter for updates, as he chases

further developments...

0:50:020:50:05

We keep learning more about the 48

hour visit by a South Korean

0:50:050:50:09

delegation to North Korea.

0:50:090:50:10

We already knew their two

leaders may now meet.

0:50:100:50:12

It's also emerged that

the South Koreans were given

0:50:120:50:14

a letter from Kim Jong-Un

to the United States.

0:50:140:50:21

That will be delivered

to America when officials go

0:50:210:50:23

to Washington next week.

0:50:230:50:28

There have already been indications

North Korea may be willing to engage

0:50:280:50:31

with the Trump administration.

0:50:310:50:33

Up until now, Dennis Rodman,

retired basketball star,

0:50:330:50:38

is the highest profile American

to meet Kim Jong-un.

0:50:380:50:46

Here's Donald Trump yesterday

on the idea of a meeting.

0:50:460:50:53

I think that they are sincere but I

think they are also sincere because

0:50:540:50:59

the sanctions and what we are doing

with respect to North Korea,

0:50:590:51:06

including the great help we have

been given from China, and they can

0:51:060:51:10

do more, but I think they have done

more than they certainly have done

0:51:100:51:13

for our country before...

America

has imposed new sections on North

0:51:130:51:18

Korea. That is because it concluded

Pyongyang was behind the

0:51:180:51:22

assassination of a half-brother of

Kim Jong-nam, you might remember

0:51:220:51:25

this, killed last year by a chemical

agent at Kuala Lumpur airport in

0:51:250:51:29

Malaysia. The Russians are not keen

on these sanctions. This and...

0:51:290:51:38

TRANSLATION:

Other sanctions,

although motivated by the situation

0:51:380:51:42

on the Korean peninsula, are being

imposed in addition to the existing

0:51:420:51:45

sanctions. Bypassing the UN Security

Council. The sanctions are

0:51:450:51:50

illegitimate in our view.

We know

sections are hurting North Korea,

0:51:500:51:56

and that is why there is scepticism

about this new approach from Kim

0:51:560:52:00

Jong-un. This is the assessment of

the South Korean President...

0:52:000:52:06

TRANSLATION:

I think we're at a very

crucial moment regarding the peace

0:52:060:52:10

and the neutralisation of the Korean

peninsula. We're only at the

0:52:100:52:16

starting line and it is too early to

be optimistic.

That was a President,

0:52:160:52:19

he are some other South Koreans.

TRANSLATION:

Until now North Korea

0:52:190:52:26

has always sought to negotiate when

facing hard times. Still, there have

0:52:260:52:31

been so many cases where they would

then make a slick move from behind.

0:52:310:52:34

We really should not fall for this

again, especially this time.

0:52:340:52:38

Dialogue is Mrs Rae. They need to

talk and discuss measures, this is a

0:52:380:52:43

short cut to unification, even if

not arrived. -- even if not right

0:52:430:52:49

away.

I wonder if you have seen this

video already on your phone... It

0:52:490:52:58

has been shared a lot already.

0:52:580:52:59

This is a video of a British diver

swimming through a sea

0:52:590:53:02

of plastic rubbish.

0:53:020:53:04

Instead, in this film

you see plastic bags,

0:53:040:53:07

straws and other rubbish

floating all around.

0:53:070:53:08

And they are a symptom

of Indonesia's plastic problem.

0:53:080:53:10

It produces 130,000 tons

of plastic waste every day

0:53:100:53:13

and half reaches landfill.

0:53:130:53:18

This film is from Nusa Penida

Island in Indonesia -

0:53:180:53:25

this is somewhere where you'll also

see manta rays and tropical fish.

0:53:250:53:28

Well, the diver is Rich Horner -

he's spoken to the BBC.

0:53:280:53:38

You can see the occasional cloud of

this and it comes and go with the

0:53:380:53:43

currents that was horrifying, that I

mind. I think all the stuff I have

0:53:430:53:47

seen has been from Indonesia but

with the Indonesian Masters current

0:53:470:53:52

we have dominating, it could come

from further north, in the north and

0:53:520:53:56

South East of Asia.

Every single

bottle just collects, they are not

0:53:560:54:05

on the ground for a long and

actively ship them back to the plant

0:54:050:54:09

in Bali and they are recycled but

general plastic waste, I don't think

0:54:090:54:14

that is collected enough so a lot of

people do with that themselves.

0:54:140:54:19

Makes for a grim viewing. A reminder

of the lead story, coming from

0:54:190:54:23

Washington, Donald Trump and the

White House telling us by the end of

0:54:230:54:26

the week we should have details of

the of tariffs the President was to

0:54:260:54:30

introduce on aluminium and steel,

the EU has responded by saying if

0:54:300:54:34

you do that, here is a long list of

products imported into the European

0:54:340:54:39

Union which can also expect tariffs

to be applied. They will have to see

0:54:390:54:42

how that develops. Another story

relating to the President is today

0:54:420:54:46

he has been sued by former adult

star claiming they had an affair and

0:54:460:54:52

a deal that he signed with her is

void. See you tomorrow...

0:54:520:54:59

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