08/03/2018 Outside Source


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08/03/2018

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LineFromTo

Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,

this is Outside Source.

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We have just seen the formal

start of a trade war.

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Donald Trump stood alongside steel

workers announced new tarrifs

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and blamed foreign countries

for flooding the market

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with Steel and Aluminium.

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He blames former American presidents

and foreign countries who are

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flooding the market.

The industry

steel industry has been ravaged by

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aggressive foreign trade practices.

It is really an assault on our

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country.

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Up to five million

people stop work in Spain to take

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part in a day of protest

against unequal pay, sexism,

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and violence against women.

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A Danish inventor denies murdering

a Swedish journalist

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on board his submarine last summer,

but admits disposing of her body.

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And an Iranian woman

who publicly removed her veil

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to protest against law

compelling her to wear

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a hijab, has been jailed

for "encouraging moral corruption".

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It's tariff time.

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Donald Trump is

at the White House -

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along with steelworkers

from across the US -

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to sign a symbolic proclamation

of new tariffs on steel

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and aluminium imports.

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This is what he's had to say

in the last few minutes.

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Before

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he

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steel is deal.

You don't have steel,

you don't have a country. Our

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industries have been targeted for

years, leading to the shuttered

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plants and males, the laying off of

millions of workers. And the

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decimation of entire communities.

That is going to stop, right? That's

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going to stop. This is not merely an

economic disaster but a security

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disaster. We want to build our

ships, we want to build our planes,

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we want to build our military

equipment with steel, alumina, from

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our country. Now we are finally

taking action to correct this long

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overdue problem. It's a travesty.

Today I am defending America's

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national security. By placing

tariffs on foreign imports of steel,

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and aluminium. We will have a 25%

tariff on foreign steel and a 10%

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tariff on foreign aluminium. When

the product comes across our

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borders. It's a process called

dumping. They dumped more than at

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any time on any nation anywhere in

the world, and it drove our plants

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out of business, our factories out

of business. We want a lot of steel

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coming into our country. We want to

be fair. We want our workers to be

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protected and we want, frankly, our

companies to be protected. By

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contrast, we will not place any new

tax on product made in the USA. So

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no tax if a product is made in the

USA, you don't want to pay tax,

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bring your plant to the USA. There's

no tax.

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Our Correspondent,

Gary O'Donoghue is in Washington.

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I would pay more than any few

pennies for the thoughts of

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officials in Paris, Berlin and so

on. He said some of those you treat

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in the worst in military in trade

they call allies, or analysed is

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what they like to call it.

He has in

the past singled out Germany in

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particular, he did that this morning

in a separate event correcting what

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he sees as their lack of willingness

to pay nothing to the defence

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budget, even though they are a rich

country. That's probably what he had

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in mind. There are some very big

decisions to be made in those

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capitals in the next 15 days, do

they retaliate, do they, as some of

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the commissioners in the EU have

said, smack duty on products that

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come from states represented by

senior Republicans, that was one of

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the highly bellicose politicised

that that was made already? They

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will be thinking very hard about

this in Beijing as well. Their steel

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imports, though they don't directly

export a great deal of steel to

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America, a lot of Chinese steel does

end up here, coming to third

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countries. That's what President

Trump was talking about in terms of

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dumping steel. He says the Chinese

have dumped steel on the world

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market for a long time. Big

decisions to be made and also, big

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decisions to be made by the domestic

industries here, do they go full

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steam ahead now and start opening

smelters and furnaces straightaway?

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Do they see how it goes, we know

that Canada is for the time exempt

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from tax. It is America's biggest

importer, exporter of steel. Most of

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its steel comes from Canada and it

is exempt at moment. It will depend

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on the Nafta, the Free Trade

Agreement. In a sense, America

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holding Canada and Mexico over the

barrel to say, if we don't get the

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new Nafta deal we want and then you

get these tariffs. It will send

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enormous reverberations through the

world and you will see trade

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representatives crisscrossing the

planet trying to work out how to

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react.

Another key moment for me was

when the president talked about

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reciprocal tariff arrangements, he

said if India puts this tariff on

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one of our products, we will put an

equivalent tariff coming back. That

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really undercuts the whole idea of

free trade where developed

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countries, by supporting developing

countries, in turn create markets

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for their own products.

You are

right that out in particular because

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that is an extra spin on what we've

been hearing in the last few days,

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that has not really been in the play

that until now. That is something

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that will be highly controversial,

but it is part of what Donald Trump

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sees as the fairness. He has a

narrative in his head which goes

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back a long time, that says America

has already always been on the

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receiving end of the wrong deal, has

been far too lax, far too generous

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with other countries. He used the

example repeatedly during his speech

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of American cars being taxed at 25%

when they go to China and Chinese

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cars being taxed at two and a half

percent when they come into the US.

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He said that was going to end, that

had to end. It's a very forthright

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position to take, it will have

enormous implications, not just in

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terms of potential trade wars but

also it could have inflationary

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concerns here at home, the commerce

Department saying it does not

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matter, don't worry, steel tariffs

will mean 2 cents on a six-pack is

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the way they put it but it could

have inflationary pressures on the

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economy here.

Let's talk about the

politics. I want to show everyone

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watching this a letter signed by

around 100 Republicans were outlined

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their concerns on tariffs, saying we

are writing about the prospect of

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broad global tariffs on aluminium,

steel.

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Also seeing some copy telling us the

US Republican Senator Jeff Blake, in

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fact I can show you that here... I

guess the context we should put in

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here is that Senator Flake and the

residents have some history.

Yeah,

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there is no love lost between

Senator Flake and the president.

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Senator Flake is leaving the Senate

this year. He is going to get

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challenged from the right and will

lose. The interesting point about

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that is that Congress does have

powers in terms of trade, and it's

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one of those powers to the

president, to negotiate things, to

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impose tariffs like that. It is

possible for Congress to try to take

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back some of these powers, and that

is certainly something that has been

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muted on Capitol Hill in the last

few days. Whether or not the

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Republican Party will generally want

to have that kind of confrontation

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at this point in time, I'm not sure.

There will also know that this

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policy will be very popular in those

blue-collar areas, places like

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Pennsylvania, Michigan, Wisconsin,

those kinds of areas where Donald

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Trump won, when no one thought he

would.

Thank you very much.

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It's international

women's day.

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Millions of people have been

involved in marking it.

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Let's start in Spain.

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Women AND men staged the country's

first 'feminist' general strike.

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This was Madrid.

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The message - if the

world stops, we stop.

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Thousands walked out of their jobs

and hit the streets.

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Organisers urged them these

ditch chores for the day.

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This was inside

the offices of the El Pais

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newspaper - also in Madrid.

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Hardly any journalists to be seen.

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Next Barcelona.

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Congested roads.

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Train delays.

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And flight cancellations.

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Another huge protest. One reason

these strikes have scaled up so much

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is because they are backed by ten

unions and a number of prominent

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politicians.

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This was the scene in

the past hour in Madrid.

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Tens of thousands of people are out.

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Making a point about unequal pay,

violence against women and a range

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of issues. If you want a statistic,

some estimates say women are paid as

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much as 19% less than men in the

public and private sectors. Other

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estimates put it as low as 14 but

nonetheless there is undoubtedly a

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gender pay gap.

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Here are some of those

taking part in the strike.

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It has been interesting seeing these

pictures coming in, how different

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women in different parts of the

world have marked this day. This is

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a manila in the Philippines. Some

signs reading, this is the rise

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against match over fascism, a direct

shot against their president. This

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is Islamabad in Pakistan. Both men

and women in this rally, objecting

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to a staggering, upsetting

statistics about violence against

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women. Nearly 1000 women killed by

close relatives every single year in

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so-called honour killings.

Protesting human rights as well, and

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this is Gaza where people were

turning out to highlight the

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mistreatment of Palestinian women in

detention. We know the Middle East

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is certainly a place where women are

not treated equally to men.

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Earlier I spoke to BBC Women

Affair's Journalist Feranak Amidi

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and put that to her.

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It is one of the most challenging

places in the world but also a place

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where not much happens on

International Women's Day, there are

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some state events, countries like

Jordan and Afghanistan we witnessed

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for the past week the government is

holding some events for women, but

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basically Afghanistan was the only

place where just a few hundred women

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in Cobble March for women's rights

and focusing mostly on activism in

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rural and urban areas. In Iran, the

most interesting thing happened as

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well. After 11 years, for the first

time in 11 years, Iranians women's

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movement, women's groups asked

people to come to the streets and

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they did come. A few dozen people

but around 80 people have been

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arrested. It is one of those tricky

things. In the middle east, like in

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Saudi Arabia, women's rights issues

are an important challenging issue,

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but nothing is happening. I am not

saying nothing is happening, of

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course there are some changes, but

we don't see that sort of activism

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on the streets. On the streets of

Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, different

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Middle Eastern countries.

An

interesting distinction, you say

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there are some improvements in

women's experiences but there is not

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much change in how women can express

themselves.

Exactly, that's the

0:14:310:14:36

tricky part, the tricky thing about

the Middle East, there is progress

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and then there are setbacks. Let's

take a country like Afghanistan, you

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have 27% female representation in

the parliaments, just a bit over

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Canada, but it's also one of the

worst places in the world to be a

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woman. You have people in the

government talking about passing a

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law against protecting women against

violence. It's been going on for

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eight years and the law has not been

passed. It's up in the air. --

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passing a law protecting women

against violence.

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When you see a country like Iran,

lots of social progress but the

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State acts as the main barrier. In

Afghanistan the state tries to push

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by the cultural thing in the

barrier, and in Iran it's the

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opposite. In society people want to

push for progress but the Islamic

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ideological state does not allow

that to happen, so we have seen

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protests by women in the past year

in a country like Iran, but it's

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going really slowly.

Jason is

watching in Mumbai and asks where

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that studio is, to explain, we have

access to a different studio early

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in the day so if colleagues are

leaving before we come on air cannot

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speak to us later in the day, we

speak to them earlier in that studio

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but normally it is used by BBC World

Service programmes, BBC Ukraine and

0:16:040:16:08

Russia by example. Just a couple of

floors from where I'm talking to you

0:16:080:16:13

from.

0:16:130:16:13

Stay with us

on Outside Source -

0:16:130:16:15

still to come of OS business...

0:16:150:16:16

We'll look trade and tariffs

and help everyone understand

0:16:160:16:18

the the Trans Pacific Partnership

and Donald Trump's

0:16:180:16:20

latest moves on tariffs.

0:16:200:16:24

Here, the UK government has

set a budget for Northern Ireland

0:16:300:16:33

in the absence of a power-sharing

administration at Stormont.

0:16:330:16:36

It includes 410 million pounds

of a 1 billion pound package

0:16:360:16:39

negotiated by the DUP -

in return for its backing for

0:16:390:16:41

the Conservatives at Westminster.

0:16:410:16:44

Let's get the thoughts

of our Northern Ireland Political

0:16:440:16:46

Editor, Mark Devenport...

0:16:460:16:54

That is quite right,

the Stormont Assembly

0:16:540:16:55

is in mothballs at the moment,

none of the politicians are meeting

0:16:550:16:58

and we had those talks that

collapsed last month

0:16:580:17:00

and after the collapse,

officials in the Stormont

0:17:000:17:02

departments were really getting

quite frantic, needing that

0:17:020:17:05

clarity with the start

of a new financial year looming,

0:17:050:17:08

so Karen Bradley, the Secretary

of State, has stepped in now.

0:17:080:17:11

She has set a budget

which will allow for around

0:17:110:17:17

£10 billion worth of expenditure

over the course of the next

0:17:170:17:19

financial year, which has been eased

by that confidence and supply money,

0:17:190:17:22

although these remain tight times,

so there are still complaints

0:17:220:17:25

from some of the parties.

0:17:250:17:30

This is Outside Source live

from the BBC newsroom.

0:17:380:17:40

Our lead story:

0:17:400:17:43

President Trump pushes ahead

with a 25% tax on imported steel

0:17:430:17:45

and 10% on aluminium -

with the measures coming

0:17:450:17:47

into effect in 15 days.

0:17:470:17:57

The former Colombian rebel movement

the FARC is now a political party,

0:18:000:18:03

and it says its candidate

is dropping out of the

0:18:030:18:06

Presidential election in May

because of ill health.

0:18:060:18:13

In South Africa a crowdfunding

campaign has started

0:18:130:18:14

for the triathlete Mhlengi Gwala.

0:18:140:18:16

He was attacked in Durban

by a gang which tried to cut

0:18:160:18:18

off his legs with a chainsaw.

0:18:190:18:22

30,000 dollars have already been

raised to help with medical bills.

0:18:220:18:27

An initial operation has been

described as successful.

0:18:270:18:35

Best wishes to him.

0:18:350:18:36

Thousands of fans gathered

in florence for the funeral

0:18:360:18:39

of footballer Davide Astori -

he died of sudden

0:18:390:18:41

illness on March 3rd.

0:18:410:18:45

So as we've heard, President Trump

imposing steep tariffs on steel

0:18:450:18:47

and aluminium imports,

claiming the "American steel

0:18:470:18:50

industry has been decimated

during the past decades".

0:18:500:19:00

He says he will put that right.

0:19:000:19:01

Economists estimate billions of

dollars of trade will be affected.

0:19:010:19:06

The US stock markets have closed

higher after the news.

0:19:060:19:09

Kim Gittleson is in New York.

0:19:090:19:13

Some people may be surprised by

that?

Yeah, I've been waiting for

0:19:130:19:18

markets to react as well. I think

the way you can read American

0:19:180:19:23

investor sentiment towards these

tariffs is, as you mentioned, their

0:19:230:19:25

work are about four Mexico and

Canada, saying as negotiations were

0:19:250:19:33

ongoing they would not impose these

tariffs on those two countries.

0:19:330:19:36

Trump also said all countries would

be invited to submit proposals to

0:19:360:19:40

justify why they should be allowed

to be exempt from these tariffs,

0:19:400:19:44

according to the proclamation, they

must prove they are not a threat to

0:19:440:19:47

national security in the US. Some

have seen this as a bit of a

0:19:470:19:51

softening and as such investors

thought there could be little room

0:19:510:19:56

regarding the implementation of

these tariffs, perhaps indicating

0:19:560:19:58

they may not have this full-blown

trade war we've been worried about.

0:19:580:20:03

Then again we have seen the EU has

already drawn up a list of American

0:20:030:20:07

industry is that it plans to target

if it is not given sufficient

0:20:070:20:09

exemptions. It remains to be seen

how these tariffs will go into

0:20:090:20:15

effect. We have 15 days to see how

the cards play out.

Let me pick up

0:20:150:20:20

on one of those points, the

expectation this will not happen in

0:20:200:20:27

quite the form the president has

announced. Mrs Jeff Flake saying he

0:20:270:20:31

will introduce a law to nullify

these tariffs. The Republican

0:20:310:20:34

chairman of the finance committee

also criticised what is happening. I

0:20:340:20:42

don't suppose the White House would

put it that way, mitigating the

0:20:420:20:45

damage. There is an expectation the

political process has some way to

0:20:450:20:49

go.

We saw on Wednesday a letter

signed by over 100 members of House

0:20:490:20:56

Republicans who said they were

deeply concerned by the

0:20:560:20:58

implementation of these tariffs, I

want to say that the Congress

0:20:580:21:01

granted the president the powers to

do these proclamations, to institute

0:21:010:21:06

these tariffs that Congress could

take these powers away from

0:21:060:21:09

President Trump should they decide

they needed to act unilaterally. We

0:21:090:21:13

are obviously not at that stage yet

but we are seeing a significant

0:21:130:21:17

amount of this agreement within the

Republican party here in the US.

In

0:21:170:21:21

terms of the steel and aluminium

industry in the US, the president

0:21:210:21:24

would like to present this as the

clearest possible boost for these

0:21:240:21:29

industries, is that how they see it.

The steel industry has come out in

0:21:290:21:35

support of it, the aluminium

industry has said they are deeply

0:21:350:21:39

concerned about these tariffs and

were not sure this was the best way

0:21:390:21:42

to help their industry. Yesterday I

was that a brewery down the street

0:21:420:21:46

from our offices here in Brooklyn

and there were lots of industries

0:21:460:21:49

that will be impacted by these

tariffs in the US that aren't just

0:21:490:21:51

in the steel and aluminium sectors.

The cost of this brewery's plans

0:21:510:21:57

will go up and they may have to pass

that cost along to their consumers.

0:21:570:22:02

They have to bide his steel cakes

that may also have a cost increase.

0:22:020:22:09

-- they also have to buy these steel

cakes.

0:22:090:22:11

Thank you very much.

0:22:150:22:16

Despite Trump's actions,

a new global trade pact

0:22:160:22:18

with was signed in Chile today.

0:22:180:22:21

The US pulled out

of the Trans Pacific Partnership

0:22:210:22:23

but the pact still has clout with 11

nations from Canada to Japan

0:22:230:22:31

making up a marketplace

of 500 million people worth

0:22:310:22:33

nearly to $14 trillion.

0:22:330:22:43

Donald Trump did not think it was a

good deal which is why he got out.

0:22:490:22:55

Here is our South America

correspondent.

Now comes the hard

0:22:550:23:00

part for all these countries. They

had to prove it to their

0:23:000:23:03

constituents, to their citizens that

this is worth doing. This deal must

0:23:030:23:07

be approved in each of these

countries parliaments and then if

0:23:070:23:10

the deal is successful they can come

and ask for other countries like the

0:23:100:23:14

US, even the UK or anyone to join

the rebranded deal.

0:23:140:23:20

Should global car makers

still be using models to sell cars?

0:23:200:23:25

It's still common to see beautiful,

elaborately dressed models at motor

0:23:250:23:27

shows but is this still appropriate?

0:23:280:23:37

Standing up to the competition with

the three lovely it out for

0:23:420:23:46

comfort...

0:23:460:23:47

It's not a good situation right now,

to find some women like that but at

0:24:020:24:07

the same time, women are responsible

for themselves, they make their

0:24:070:24:10

choice.

Ideally you give

non-knowledgeable people, the ball

0:24:100:24:14

back and talk about the products,

everyone is here to see cars. --

0:24:140:24:19

ideally you give knowledgeable

people.

I was a glamour model myself

0:24:190:24:25

when I was very young. I actually

quite liked it, I think the cars are

0:24:250:24:31

beautiful but you need a bit extra

to bring them to life. I'm not

0:24:310:24:36

against it, I think they add just a

bit of a spice.

0:24:360:24:40

Plenty to discuss there, I'm saying

nothing.

0:24:510:24:53

China dominates

a list of global self-made

0:24:530:24:55

woman billionaires again.

0:24:550:24:56

The top four women in

the report by Hurun come

0:24:560:24:58

from the Asian superpower.

0:24:580:25:07

One Chinese technology billionaire

has a rags to riches story.

Female

0:25:070:25:15

leaders at the top ranks of China's

Communist Party are almost

0:25:150:25:18

nonexistent particular at companies

and the rich list, it is home to

0:25:180:25:22

most of the world's self-made female

billionaires. The number one spot is

0:25:220:25:26

held by a woman who grew up in a

really poor village but she is now

0:25:260:25:31

working in $10 billion, after she

founded a company that makes glass

0:25:310:25:36

covers for laptops and smartphones,

and Apple and Samsung are now among

0:25:360:25:40

her biggest customers.

We will be

turning our attention is to the

0:25:400:25:48

Russian election next week in the

next half hour of Outside Source,

0:25:480:25:53

and the details on that Russian spy

who was living in the south of

0:25:530:25:57

England.

0:25:570:25:58

We say goodbye to most of the snow

as we head towards the weekend. We

0:26:100:26:14

are about to say hello to some

higher temperatures. Smoke was some

0:26:140:26:18

disruption of across parts of

northern England but many more

0:26:180:26:25

places turned into a sunny one. --

snow caused some disruption. Where

0:26:250:26:31

we had sunny skies by day we will

have clear skies by night, allowing

0:26:310:26:35

temperatures to drop. Some showers

in the North West of Scotland,

0:26:350:26:40

wintry over high ground and more

cloud into the far south-west. Not

0:26:400:26:45

as cold here, for degrees in

Plymouth but other areas down below

0:26:450:26:47

freezing. The mist patch as well to

take us tomorrow morning. After the

0:26:470:26:56

mist has cleared, the majority will

see large amounts of sunshine

0:26:560:26:59

tomorrow. These showers still

feeding in across the western side

0:26:590:27:03

of Scotland with wintry nests over

high ground. Southern parts of

0:27:030:27:07

England and a good part of Wales

will cloud over with some outbreaks

0:27:070:27:11

of rain beginning to splash in by

the middle of the afternoon.

0:27:110:27:15

Friday's rush hour does look like a

soggy one from Plymouth to Cardiff

0:27:150:27:19

to London as these outbreaks of rain

pushed north. Much of the rain will

0:27:190:27:23

be light and patchy but it could

turn a bit heavier as we get deeper

0:27:230:27:27

into the evening. That rain courtesy

of this frontal system working

0:27:270:27:36

North, all driven by an area of low

pressure sitting in the south-west.

0:27:360:27:39

The positioning of this low means

that into the weekend we will be

0:27:390:27:42

getting southerly winds across the

country, feeding in a mild air.

0:27:420:27:45

Miles is the big theme for our

weekend forecast. Some rain at times

0:27:450:27:49

but not all the time, Natalie rain

to start on Saturday across the

0:27:490:27:54

Midlands and into Northern Ireland.

As that drifts into Scotland, could

0:27:540:27:58

give some snow over the high ground

but at low levels we expect this to

0:27:580:28:03

fall as rain. All the while, milder

air up from the south. 14, 15, maybe

0:28:030:28:11

16 degrees if things brighten up in

the south-east. South-eastern areas

0:28:110:28:16

may get a glancing blow from this

rain on Sunday, generally southern

0:28:160:28:20

parts will see showers that further

north, the fog clears and we should

0:28:200:28:27

see spells of sunshine, temperatures

for most in double figures.

0:28:270:28:31

Hello, I'm Ros Atkins,

this is Outside Source,

0:30:110:30:12

and these are the main stories

here in the BBC Newsroom.

0:30:120:30:15

President Trump is pushing ahead

with a 25% tax on imported

0:30:150:30:18

steel and 10% on aluminium -

with the measures coming

0:30:180:30:21

into effect in 15 days.

0:30:210:30:30

The American steel industry has been

ravaged by aggressive foreign trade

0:30:300:30:36

practices. It is really an assault

on our country.

0:30:360:30:41

Up to five million people stopped

work in Spain to take

0:30:410:30:44

part in a day of protest

against unequal pay, sexism,

0:30:440:30:46

and violence against women.

0:30:460:30:53

The use of a nerve agent on a UK

soil as a brazen act. This was

0:31:260:31:32

attempted murder any cruel and

public way and people are right to

0:31:320:31:36

know who to hold to account. If we

are to be rigorous in this

0:31:360:31:41

investigation we must avoid

speculation and a the police to

0:31:410:31:43

carry on the investigation.

0:31:430:31:53

The US Government said today is

ready to support the UK and other

0:32:550:32:58

action takes about the size of what

that means in practice is not clear.

0:32:580:33:04

This is the US undersecretary for

public diplomacy who is in London.

I

0:33:040:33:14

have heard quite a lot about this

and talk to a number of people in

0:33:140:33:18

the UK Government to have mentioned

in this episode to me and it is very

0:33:180:33:21

concerning and we'd respect the work

of the British investigators and

0:33:210:33:24

trying to get to the bottom of this.

0:33:240:33:33

We now know that Twenty-one people

have been been treated

0:33:330:33:36

in hospital after the incident.

0:33:360:33:37

This is the police officer,

who was in intensive care:

0:33:370:33:40

Detective Sergeant Nick Bailey.

0:33:410:33:51

He is now said to be

conscious and stable.

0:33:520:33:54

BBC Russian's Olga Ivshina has just

come back from the crime scene.

0:33:540:33:57

I spoke to her earlier.

0:33:570:34:04

It depends on the new reaction from

the UK. A lot of loud voices and

0:34:040:34:16

concerns but actually petition it

all became quiet and go back to the

0:34:160:34:23

usual state of events. Relations

between the UK and Russia are at a

0:34:230:34:29

low point already so it is hard to

make them even worse but once again

0:34:290:34:34

it would depend on the UK's reaction

because Moscow say they know nothing

0:34:340:34:41

about that so they are taking it

easy.

We have seen you talking to

0:34:410:34:49

colleagues of Sergei Skripal, what

have you heard?

They told us some

0:34:490:34:54

details about his wife and said he

was actually dreaming about working

0:34:540:34:59

for the military intelligence since

was a child and tried to go to the

0:34:590:35:08

Russian equivalent of Sandhurst and

was trained and join the

0:35:080:35:12

paratroopers and serve their

brightly and managed to join the

0:35:120:35:19

Russian military intelligence and we

were told he was quite proud of that

0:35:190:35:25

by his relatives. They could not

believe he was working for the

0:35:250:35:29

bullets and condemn the allegations.

His friends and relatives thought he

0:35:290:35:32

was living modestly so he and his

wife and children were living and a

0:35:320:35:41

one-bedroom apartment in Moscow. He

had an old car for example. Everyone

0:35:410:35:45

describes as a Russian patriot,

heart and soul of the company

0:35:450:35:53

optimistic and ended positively a

loud man.

At any of his relatives

0:35:530:35:56

able to visit him on isolated?

He

was living in England with his son.

0:35:560:36:04

Initially the whole family moved

here his wife and son and daughter.

0:36:040:36:09

His wife died in 2012 and son

stadium but his daughter missed

0:36:090:36:15

Moscow because Salisbury is very

quiet compared to most which she

0:36:150:36:18

went back and was based here and

what they are but she was coming

0:36:180:36:22

back and forth visiting him quite

often especially in the last two

0:36:220:36:24

years because there were

particularly hard for survey. His

0:36:240:36:34

elder brother died and next year his

son died and he was very close to

0:36:340:36:38

him. This year to day he is in a

critical situation hospital.

0:36:380:36:50

We're getting very

close to the Russian

0:36:500:36:53

election - it's next week.

0:36:530:36:53

We know who's going to win but it

still raises many important issues -

0:36:530:36:57

And Sarah Rainsford is going to be

at the heart of our coverage.

0:36:570:37:00

She's based in Moscow but has

travelled to Rostov -

0:37:000:37:02

as you'll see in her latest report.

0:37:020:37:04

They see themselves as born

warriors, the Cossacks,

0:37:040:37:06

defenders of their country

through the centuries.

0:37:060:37:10

It is a past they are fiercely proud

of, replayed in the muddy

0:37:100:37:13

borderlands of southern Russia.

0:37:130:37:14

These days, the Cossacks' brand

of patriotism is on the rise.

0:37:140:37:17

TRANSLATION: Cossacks

want to serve their country

0:37:170:37:26

part in the war because,

if they didn't, their cities

0:37:260:37:29

would be shelled next.

0:37:290:37:39

He paints the uprising in Kiev

as a coup, backed by the West -

0:37:510:37:55

views that sound radical

are now mainstream here.

0:37:550:37:56

TRANSLATION: Volunteer fighters

felt they had to take

0:37:560:37:58

part in the war because,

if they didn't, their cities

0:37:580:38:01

would be shelled next.

0:38:010:38:02

Ukraine is just the beginning.

0:38:020:38:03

We know who this is done by,

it is the West that wants

0:38:030:38:06

to divide up our country.

0:38:060:38:07

In Rostov there's a memorial to

those who died fighting in Ukraine.

0:38:070:38:10

Despite all the evidence, Russia

still denies sending soldiers there.

0:38:100:38:14

Russia's relations with the West

have been cooling for some time

0:38:140:38:17

but it was the war in Ukraine that

really marked a breaking point.

0:38:170:38:21

Whilst for many here,

those who fought are seen

0:38:210:38:23

as patriots and as heroes,

for the West this was the moment

0:38:230:38:26

that marked Russia as an aggressor.

0:38:260:38:32

The West imposed sanctions

but Russia did not

0:38:320:38:34

buckle, it retaliated.

0:38:340:38:37

It banned fresh meat from Europe,

among other things, so no one

0:38:370:38:40

here is too flustered by sanctions.

0:38:400:38:43

They have boosted local production

and staff think Western

0:38:430:38:46

firms would struggle

to recapture the market.

0:38:460:38:52

We are ready for the

competition, Dimitri says.

0:38:520:38:55

Russia today looks more

Western than ever,

0:38:550:38:59

with similar tastes and styles.

0:38:590:39:02

The crowd in this bar see their

country as European, culturally.

0:39:020:39:05

This young owner would like to be

closer politically too but

0:39:050:39:08

the climate has cooled dramatically.

0:39:080:39:11

Maria also has a fashion label

and big plans for the future,

0:39:110:39:14

including expanding sales

to the West.

0:39:140:39:19

But under Vladimir Putin,

she fears Russia will only

0:39:190:39:21

increase its isolation,

with assertive policies

0:39:210:39:24

sold to the public by

a powerful state-run media.

0:39:240:39:30

TRANSLATION: Instead

of talking about problems

0:39:300:39:33

we have inside the country,

they talk about how

0:39:330:39:36

we are surrounded by enemies

who all want the worse for us.

0:39:360:39:39

It is really scary because it whips

everything up and then people think

0:39:390:39:43

you need to push back otherwise

we will be overrun and destroyed.

0:39:430:39:51

That siege mentality is growing

here, as is the sense that Russia

0:39:510:39:55

has chosen a deliberate path away

from the West, with no sign

0:39:550:39:58

that it plans to turn back.

0:39:580:40:08

The election is next week and we

know that Vladimir Putin is going to

0:40:170:40:21

win that doesn't mean that are not

interesting questions about Russia

0:40:210:40:25

is positioning itself and how its

article environment is evolving or

0:40:250:40:29

not.

I've just seen a tweet saying

it is International Women's Day and

0:40:290:40:42

with ten minutes of Donald Trump and

then three or four minutes of the

0:40:420:40:49

national women's Day can stop when

the president says he is greater

0:40:490:40:53

than is back on the principles of

free trade that is a moment of

0:40:530:40:58

future Americans particularly when

he points his finger straight at

0:40:580:41:02

America was my closest allies, some

of the biggest economies and the EU

0:41:020:41:06

and it had just happened so

inevitably be were going to talk

0:41:060:41:09

about that but in terms of

International Women's Day we brought

0:41:090:41:12

you coverage already from Gaza and

Turkey and Spain and the Philippines

0:41:120:41:18

and a couple of other stories to

come between now and the end of the

0:41:180:41:21

programme.

0:41:210:41:27

This is from earlier in the week -

0:41:270:41:29

there's Kim Jong Un.

0:41:290:41:30

And this is South Korea's head

of National Security.

0:41:300:41:32

Then this is today.

0:41:320:41:33

The head of National Security

with South Korea's head

0:41:330:41:36

of National Intelligence.

0:41:360:41:37

They're at the airport in Seoul -

and they're about to fly

0:41:370:41:39

to Washington to pass on a message

from Kim Jong Un.

0:41:390:41:42

America has been clear

that is prepared

0:41:420:41:44

to have direct talks -

but only if there is a commitment

0:41:440:41:47

to denuclearisation.

0:41:470:41:53

And unless it's it that letter,

North Korea hasn't offered that.

0:41:530:41:56

This is the US Secretary

of State Rex Tillerson speaking

0:41:560:41:58

during a visit to Ethiopia.

0:41:580:42:02

I think as President Trump has

indicated potentially positive

0:42:020:42:07

signals coming from North Korea

about the dialogue with South Korea.

0:42:070:42:15

We maintain a very close

communication with the Republic of

0:42:150:42:21

Korea, president we are keeping us

well informed of the content of

0:42:210:42:27

those meetings and we are providing

them input as well. In terms of

0:42:270:42:32

direct talks with the United States

and US that was huge and we are a

0:42:320:42:36

long way from negotiations. We need

to be realistic about that.

0:42:360:42:43

And then this is China's

foreign minister

0:42:430:42:45

who became a little poetic.

0:42:450:42:54

It's takes more than one called

today to freeze three feet of ice

0:42:560:43:00

despite light at the end of the

tunnel the journey I will not be

0:43:000:43:03

smooth. Ashley has remained at this

time and time again that whenever

0:43:030:43:09

tensions survey did the situation

would become cloudy again. Now is

0:43:090:43:12

the crucial moments to test the

sincerity of the parties to solve

0:43:120:43:16

the nuclear issue.

0:43:160:43:17

Su Min Hwang, editor of BBC

Korean, told me more

0:43:170:43:19

about the diplomatic mission.

0:43:190:43:25

The special envoys the diplomats

have flown into the USA Today and

0:43:250:43:30

allegedly they have a very private

message from Kim Jong Un and nobody

0:43:300:43:36

knows apart from five people and

South Korea including these

0:43:360:43:41

diplomats and the president. Nobody

knows what is in it. We can guess at

0:43:410:43:46

and a lot of people think that

rather than containing detailed

0:43:460:43:51

action plans that contains the

sincerity of Kim Jong Un's message

0:43:510:43:57

about denuclearisation.

The

Americans have been cleared of that

0:43:570:44:02

is not a commitment talks do not

happen.

That has stayed the same,

0:44:020:44:05

they have asked for a complete

irreversible digitalisation and it

0:44:050:44:14

is whether North Korea is willing to

provide that.

We talk a lot about

0:44:140:44:20

North Korea, South Korea could do

chain Atherton? -- where do chain

0:44:200:44:25

Atherton? Where do China fit in?

It

is the priority that it is no war on

0:44:250:44:38

the Korean peninsula and they are

very willing to see the tension

0:44:380:44:41

being diffused.

People will think

the reason Kim Jong Un wants nuclear

0:44:410:44:47

weapons as it makes him secure, why

would he even think about agreeing

0:44:470:44:52

to stop that programme when it is

the one thing that makes sure she is

0:44:520:44:56

safe?

You are correct, nuclear

weapons and importance to North

0:44:560:45:01

Korea, not only a national symbol of

power and advanced country to the

0:45:010:45:08

citizens, it also acts as a

deterrent from the foreign invasion.

0:45:080:45:10

For North Korea to give up will be a

revolutionary change but if they are

0:45:100:45:17

sincere about giving up the weapons

it could mean tough sanctions that

0:45:170:45:20

have been imposed actually working

so they want some sort of breather

0:45:200:45:24

out of that and the economy to

flourish. On the other hand it is

0:45:240:45:28

also the view that this is another

tactic from North Korea to buy time

0:45:280:45:33

to fully develop the nuclear

weapons. They need time to develop

0:45:330:45:38

it to the full extent. One would be

building more facilities to equip

0:45:380:45:42

this and they need the warhead

re-entry technology to be fully

0:45:420:45:47

developed for them to have a

complete nuclear weapon.

0:45:470:45:55

A top European trade official

says... While they may think that

0:45:550:46:04

that doesn't mean Donald Trump will

agree. He has been very critical of

0:46:040:46:07

the EU and said it was being

impossible to do business with. It

0:46:070:46:11

did not mention it by name today but

said some countries and

0:46:110:46:16

organisations supposed to be allies

are not behaving in that way in

0:46:160:46:18

terms of the military and trade. He

is clearly not happy and the idea

0:46:180:46:24

that the EU should be excluded, we

will see. A couple of points, Canada

0:46:240:46:29

and Mexico are being temporarily

exempted from these tariffs because

0:46:290:46:32

of the ongoing negotiations, the

North American Free Trade Agreement

0:46:320:46:38

which Donald Trump said of getting

rid of and then tied to the fashion

0:46:380:46:41

it and that is what is going on.

Some people are suggesting the

0:46:410:46:45

tariff introduction as a way of

saying to all of America's trading

0:46:450:46:49

partners will have to revisit a lot

of issues so perhaps the EU will get

0:46:490:46:52

what it wants, and exemption. But

there are only 15 days so there's

0:46:520:46:59

not too much time for that to be

resolved.

0:46:590:47:07

The Danish Inventor accused

of murdering the Swedish journalist

0:47:070:47:09

Kim Wall has gone on trial

today in Denmark.

0:47:090:47:11

Peter Madsen admitted

dismembering her body

0:47:110:47:13

and throwing it out to sea...

0:47:130:47:19

but denies murder.

0:47:190:47:20

This all relates to last August.

0:47:200:47:21

Kim Wall boarded Mr Madsen's

self-built submarine off the East

0:47:210:47:23

coast of Copenhagen at 7pm.

0:47:230:47:25

She'd arranged to conduct

an interview aboard the sub.

0:47:250:47:30

At 2am her boyfriend

reported her missing.

0:47:300:47:33

We know the submarine was spotted

travelling south over night.

0:47:330:47:38

It sank here at 11am next morning -

and Mr Madsen had to be rescued.

0:47:380:47:42

When asked where Kim Wall was, he

said he'd dropped her off earlier.

0:47:420:47:46

Eleven days later Kim

Wall's torso was found

0:47:460:47:51

here in a nearby bay.

0:47:520:47:55

Weeks later, police divers

discovered more parts of her body.

0:47:550:48:02

Now Mr Madsen has changed his

story multiple times.

0:48:020:48:06

And the prosecutor wants

convictions for murder,

0:48:060:48:09

dismemberment and aggravated sexual

assault.

0:48:090:48:15

If that happens he could face 15

to 17 years in prison.

0:48:150:48:18

Maddy Savage has more.

0:48:180:48:20

I should warn you that

the details are disturbing.

0:48:200:48:28

Court proceedings for the first day

of what is one of the most

0:48:280:48:32

high-profile murder trials in

Scandinavia for years have now

0:48:320:48:34

wrapped up. More than 100

journalists from around the world

0:48:340:48:37

turned up to see a Peter Madsen the

Danish inventor giving evidence in

0:48:370:48:41

the court room. The day started with

prosecutors outlining the argument,

0:48:410:48:47

some of the evidence they have

collected that they hope will see

0:48:470:48:51

Peter Madsen locked up for life for

Kim Wall's murder. That included a

0:48:510:48:57

back-up of his phone which showed he

had googled beheading and the days

0:48:570:49:01

and months before Kim Wall died and

I was before she was on her

0:49:010:49:07

submarine he had watched a video of

someone slitting the throat of a

0:49:070:49:12

woman. When he took to the stand he

was dressed in black with casual

0:49:120:49:17

jeans and a stuck to the story that

Kim Wall had died in an accident due

0:49:170:49:21

to carbon monoxide poisoning, she

had inhaled the fumes filled he had

0:49:210:49:26

been on another part of the 70 metre

long submarine. He denied having any

0:49:260:49:30

kind of sexual act with Kim Wall or

himself while he was on the

0:49:300:49:36

submarine despite evidence presented

I prosecutors showed that sperm had

0:49:360:49:41

been found in his underpants. He

said there was simply no sexual

0:49:410:49:46

attraction between them. The trial

continues with the verdict expected

0:49:460:49:48

next month.

0:49:480:49:56

The UN has released research that

shows that women are much more

0:49:560:49:59

likely than men to be affected

by climate change.

0:49:590:50:01

For example, 80 percent

of people displaced

0:50:010:50:03

by climate change are women.

0:50:030:50:04

Here are two examples

the UN highlights.

0:50:040:50:06

Take Chad, nomadic groups close

to Lake Chad have had to move

0:50:060:50:09

as 90 percent of it has disappeared.

0:50:090:50:19

Now women go further collect water

and men go to towns for work.

0:50:200:50:24

Or there's Hurricane

Katrina in New Orleans.

0:50:240:50:28

Flooding hit low lying

areas of the city,

0:50:280:50:32

and many were low income.

0:50:320:50:36

More than half the lower income

families in the city

0:50:360:50:39

were headed by single mothers.

0:50:390:50:41

Here's the BBC science reporter

Mary Halton giving me more details.

0:50:410:50:50

Quite often the problem with climate

change as we struggle to humanise it

0:50:500:50:54

and the real issue here is that it

is affecting women globally so often

0:50:540:50:58

we estimate is happening in places

like Lake Chad with the effects of

0:50:580:51:03

climate change are very visible but

in the example of New Orleans and

0:51:030:51:09

urban population and places like

Jakarta and globally woman and would

0:51:090:51:16

like to be in poverty and socially

deprived than men so they will be

0:51:160:51:23

more impacted when infrastructure is

damaged.

That is an issue about our

0:51:230:51:29

societies are constructed rather

than being an issue specific to

0:51:290:51:34

climate change?

Absolutely, we tend

to talk about natural disasters but

0:51:340:51:37

these events do not impact everybody

equally and the impact according to

0:51:370:51:41

the structures we have in place as a

society so climate change is

0:51:410:51:45

affecting indigenous women and women

of colour disproportionately to the

0:51:450:51:48

rest of the population.

Reading your

article you are seeing Europe the

0:51:480:51:54

Paris climate change agreement

acknowledges this.

Any small

0:51:540:52:03

paragraph, disabled people and

indigenous groups and mentioned

0:52:030:52:07

alongside women. More probably needs

to be done to set out how specific

0:52:070:52:11

way it can be...

Can we understand

how that can be done practically.

0:52:110:52:19

Countries decided to acknowledge

women are disproportionately

0:52:190:52:22

affected by climate change and will

do X and Y, what options are

0:52:220:52:27

available?

Involving women really.

The need to be involved in

0:52:270:52:31

policy-making decisions and the

power to access educational levels

0:52:310:52:35

of Government. Once they are

involved from local to national

0:52:350:52:37

levels and global levels the

sessions will be made that they

0:52:370:52:43

benefit women.

I do not mean to be

awkward but that would be something

0:52:430:52:46

people would aspire to but it is not

going to happen tomorrow, it'll take

0:52:460:52:49

a long while for those wheels to

happen tomorrow, it'll take a long

0:52:490:52:52

while for those wheel straight

answer other practical measures

0:52:520:52:54

known to the Mac now?

That might not

take as long as people think and

0:52:540:53:00

people are actively engaged and

climate change policy and we have

0:53:000:53:03

seen a lot of change recently of

policies friendly at women and basic

0:53:030:53:08

moves are making more economic than

empowered within their own countries

0:53:080:53:12

and better able to access these

solidly basic level things I can

0:53:120:53:17

people need to evacuate from a

severe weather events people who add

0:53:170:53:20

economic deprived are less able to

do that. Putting structures in place

0:53:200:53:24

that looked to AIDS particular

groups when they need to evacuate

0:53:240:53:26

from certain areas. After hurricane

Jeanne things like they did not have

0:53:260:53:33

enough sanitary products and all

these small things can be done to

0:53:330:53:37

improve the situation and longer

term change might take a longer time

0:53:370:53:41

but I think it should not take as

long as people think.

0:53:410:53:48

We've talked about this picture

a lot on Outside Source.

0:53:480:53:51

It was taken in December in Tehran -

and the woman has her hijab off -

0:53:510:53:54

and is holding it in the air.

0:53:540:53:56

The picture went viral.

0:53:560:53:57

On Wednesday prosecutors

found her guilty of 'encouraging

0:53:570:53:59

moral corruption' and ordered her

to seek psychiatric help.

0:53:590:54:06

Most of her two year jail

sentence was suspended.

0:54:060:54:11

Many pictures of support come in.

0:54:110:54:15

This was taken in Hungary.

0:54:150:54:16

This is from France.

0:54:160:54:17

And this in Germany.

0:54:170:54:20

More than 30 women have been

arrested in Iran since December.

0:54:200:54:22

More again from Feranak Amidi.

0:54:220:54:32

The first centre thing happened

yesterday and one of the women was

0:54:380:54:46

sentenced to two years in prison and

another one the first woman who went

0:54:460:54:52

and did that iconic protests were

she took off her scarf and put it on

0:54:520:54:57

a stick and stood on a platform in a

busy street was sentenced to getting

0:54:570:55:05

psychiatric help and medication so

what we are seeing that the state is

0:55:050:55:10

doing and are run is giving them

heavy sentencing and labelling them

0:55:100:55:18

loose women who are promoting and

decency and society and labelling

0:55:180:55:21

them as insane and mentally ill

people. That is quite worrying

0:55:210:55:26

because our round 20 other women are

waiting to go on trial and this is a

0:55:260:55:36

worrying time, a lot of anxiety

right now among women and women's

0:55:360:55:39

rights activists in Iran.

Thank you

for watching, we will be back next

0:55:390:55:49

time next week. More news on the BBC

website.

0:55:490:55:58