20/08/2016 Reporters - Short Edition


20/08/2016

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Hello, and welcome to Reporters.

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I'm David Eades and, from here in the world's newsroom,

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we send out correspondents to bring you the best stories

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from across the globe.

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In this week's programme...

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Kashmir on a knife edge.

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As the violence spirals out of control, Justin Rowlatt asks

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if there is any hope for peace in the troubled territory.

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The problem for India is that it's running out of options

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here in Kashmir.

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It's ruled out independence, it says it won't talk to hard-line

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separatists and has already devolved considerable powers to the region.

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We've got to go, come on.

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Watching over Crimea.

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Tom Burridge reports from the border as tensions between Russia

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and Ukraine over the territory spill onto the beach.

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The idea of Russian military action here,

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just across the water from Crimea, is, on paper at least, unlikely.

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The increase in tension and rhetoric from Moscow is probably part

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of a wider strategy.

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And Rio, the next generation.

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As the Games reach their climax, Chris Mitchell asks what will be

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Brazil's lasting Olympic legacy?

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This place is just a few hundred metres from the Olympic Park in Rio.

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And yet this is where you might find Olympic champions of the future.

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India marked the 65th anniversary of its independence

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from Britain this week.

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But the celebrations came as its troubled region of Kashmir

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has been consumed by some of its worst violence for years.

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Around 60 people have been killed, more than 5,000 injured

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in Indian-administered Kashmir this month, as the police are pitted

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against stonethrowing protesters who want independence

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for the region.

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Justin Rowlatt filed this report from the troubled region.

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Kashmir is at a standstill during the day.

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Every evening, the troops pull out.

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Then, it's the protesters' turn.

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Tear gas and smoke can't protect the soldiers from the stones that

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come from all directions.

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We don't know where the stones are coming from.

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The problem for India is it is running out of options

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here in Kashmir.

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It's ruled out independence, it says it won't talk to hardline

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separatists and has already devolved considerable powers to the region.

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We've got to go, come on.

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So it has little option but to pour in more forces and hope

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the anger dies away.

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But it shows few signs of doing that.

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This spate of violence in this Muslim majority region,

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the worst in years, began more than a month ago when a young

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militant, Burhan Wani, was killed by security forces.

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Tens of thousands turned out for his funeral.

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This is the first time Burhan Wani's father has spoken on television.

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TRANSLATION: His death has triggered a revolution,

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to get freedom from India.

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India is determined that won't be the case and, last week,

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the Indian Prime Minister tried to calm Kashmir.

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The independence every Indian has, every Kashmiri

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has too, Mr Modi said.

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But there is a danger the Indian strategy will just entrench

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militancy and violence.

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In the hospitals, the sunglasses hide horrific eye injuries,

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the result of the shotguns used to control the crowds.

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And it isn't just shotguns.

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This is his blood?

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You say this is the bullet that killed your son?

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Yes.

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Today it is my son, tomorrow it will be somebody else's, he says.

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The police defend their tactics.

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Our boys are not doing that.

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They wear firearms, and they're not using them.

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That is restraint, what else?

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There are claims that those weapons have been used on protesters,

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that protesters have been shot.

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Very rarely.

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But it has happened?

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Yes, very rare, but it has happened only in those

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cases where the troops, isolated troops, are almost lynched.

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But India's approach doesn't look restrained and Kashmir

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is not just a local issue.

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India and Pakistan, both nuclear powers, claim the region.

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Until a long-term solution can be found here, Kashmir will remain

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a potential flash point for a much wider and much

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more dangerous conflict.

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Justin Rowlatt, BBC News, Kashmir.

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The festering tensions between Ukraine and Russia took

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a sudden turn for the worse this week over Crimea.

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The two neighbouring nations have been in bitter dispute over

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the peninsula since Russia took control of it two years ago.

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It's fuelled a conflict between Russian-backed separatists

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and Ukrainian forces that has killed nearly 10,000 people.

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Now, Moscow has accused Kiev of armed attacks on Crimea.

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Tom Burridge has travelled to the Ukrainian seaside

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border to investigate.

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This is how a summer holiday here starts or ends.

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This is not an international border for much of the world.

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Everyone here is Ukrainian.

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Their homes, hotels or family on the other side in

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Russian controlled Crimea.

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After Russian claims of a Ukrainian inspired plot there,

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relations between the two countries have hit a new low.

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Russia's security agency, the FSB, claims hidden explosives

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in its video here were intended for targets in Crimea.

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Ukraine says the whole story is a fake.

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This FSB video shows one of the accused, Yevgeny Panov.

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It's too official language, too official.

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The way that he talks?

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Yes.

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His brother believes that he is talking under

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duress and shows signs of torture in another FSB film

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in which he makes an apparent confession.

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His brother thinks he was abducted and says the idea that he was in

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a special forces team, sneaking into Crimea,

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is preposterous.

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Physically, he couldn't do it.

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He's overweight.

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He has a knee injury and hard breath.

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He is a victim of big political action.

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Truth or fake, Ukraine has put its military on high alert

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after Russia said it would respond.

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But in the Ukrainian region next to Crimea, few fret.

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The atmosphere here in southern Ukraine is relaxed.

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Because the idea of Russian military action here, just across

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the water from Crimea, is, on paper at least, unlikely.

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The increase in tension and rhetoric from Moscow is probably part

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of a wider strategy.

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Russia has moved surface-to-air missiles on to Crimea.

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The S-400 can shoot down a plane 400 kilometres away.

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At the end of last week, the Russian Navy held drills

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to deal with saboteurs in Crimea.

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And more Russian war games began today in the eastern Mediterranean.

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Crimea's administrative border disrupts Ukrainian lives.

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Ratcheting up the tension here destabilises the country.

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In the south of Ukraine, calm.

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But after Russia's annexation of Crimea more than two years ago,

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Ukraine, and its allies like Britain, have learned

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to expect the unexpected.

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Moscow's strategy is rarely crystal clear.

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Before we go, let's not forget the Olympics.

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As if we could.

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The Rio Games reach their climax, of course, and for the past two

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weeks, all that focus on the competition and champions

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like Usain Bolt and Simone Biles.

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But what happens when they all go?

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Will these Rio Games have any long-term impact?

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Chris Mitchell has been to see a new project in the very shadows

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of the Olympic Stadium, which is hoping to develop Brazil's

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next generation of sports stars.

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This place is just a few hundred metres from the Olympic Park in Rio

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and yet this is where you might find Olympic champions of the future.

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That's because thousands of dollars have been invested

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here to provide sporting facilities for underprivileged locals

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in the hope that it might inspire them to become active.

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The Olympic villages are the heartbeat of their communities.

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This is where they come to play.

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They own this, the community owns this.

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It's a safe space for them.

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And, with the five-year commitment, what we're making very sure

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of is that we are working together with the city and the community

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to make it sustainable.

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Ultimately, we want to help transform the community and impact

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the lives of these kids so that they grew up loving sport

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and being active kids.

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It really helps the community.

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We believe in that unlimited potential of the kids.

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And if you want to inspire a new generation, then why not get

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in an athletics superstar?

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I'm going to show you how to be a world record sprinter.

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Carl Lewis won ten medals at the Olympics for the USA,

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nine of them gold.

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Getting kids involved in sports young, you can teach

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all kinds of lessons, physical activity and

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engagement that you can't get a few start older.

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And, for me, it's personal because I have a youth programme,

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an athletic programme in the United States,

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and I started at eight years old in a youth programme

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that my parents started.

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So, this is really personal to me and I think it is wonderful.

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I'm just happy they can bring it into these neighbourhoods

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and utilise spaces like this which, in many cases, would not

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even be utilised.

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The fact that the money for this regeneration is coming

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from a sponsor and not the state tells its own story.

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Rio is putting on a good show for now but the real test will be

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whether it has the vision to make the Olympics pay for years to come.

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And that's all from Reporters for this week.

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So, from me, David Eades, bye for now.

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A weekly programme of stories filed by BBC reporters from all over the world, ranging from analyses of major global issues to personal reflections and anecdotes.


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