01/10/2016 Reporters - Short Edition


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From here in the BBC Newsroom, we send out correspondents to bring


you the best stories from across the globe.


Among everybody here, if you are considering taking a boat, raise


your hands... And the leading building aimed at


bridging America's racial divide. Nick Briant goes on a tour of


Washington's new African American history Museum. I think the building


comes at an opportune time in America to remind us of its


incredible and rich history and contribution to the integration


story. The tragic sinking of an Egyptian


ship of the post last week has highlighted another route for


migrants seduced by the Law of Europe. The number setting sail from


the shores have almost doubled since last year. 12,000 made it to Italy


so far in 2016. Orla Guerin reports from northern Egypt on what is


driving so many young Egyptians to risk everything.


The sons of this town are coming home. This village and other ones


nearby have very 20 men and teenage boys. They fled the poverty of


Egypt's Nile Delta, only to perish at sea. She grieves for her brother,


who boarded the migrant ship. He was just 14. The women Telus people


smugglers should be executed. Instead, they pay bribes and get


released. His grandmother says that he wanted to help her get


electricity and running water. She's been waiting for 20 years.


This man says that his friends needed jobs. They paid with their


lives. He was supposed to go, with 30 others, but he stayed behind


because his aunt was ill. Among everybody here, if you are


considering taking the boat, raise your hands. Even this 11-year-old


wants to leave. Plenty of Egyptian children already have. Many of them


are unaccompanied. But here is how the perilous journey across the


Mediterranean to Italy can come to an end. A boat arrives with


belongings of the victims. Some of them phoned home as they struggle to


survive in the water. Relatives told us that the


-- in the early hours, they got no crucial help from the Army base


year. I come and ask the captain here, they say that he's sleeping,


at 11 o'clock. No videos spoke to us here. This man lost his brother, he


was 20. He gave him some money for the trip. A survivor brought it


back. I ask him, have you seen my brother? He said he swam for one


hour. He gave me your money, and says give it to you when I see you


again. Maybe I will see my brother. Locals say the lack of opportunities


on show will keep driving young men out to sea. They expect this tragedy


to be repeated. -- lack of opportunities here.


It is two years since the British air force joined


the military campaign against Iraq. Now, they are talking about the


campaign against Islamic State. They say that they've come under fire


many times. Jonathan Beale reports from Cyprus.


These are the crew 's leading Briton's fight against so-called


Islamic State. The RAF has already carried out more than 1000 air


strikes in and Syria. We watched as they prepared to do more. We cannot


identify them, to protect their security and families back home. We


know it is a dangerous job and we know the threat is there. There a


whizzy peeling of adrenaline as you are about to do the job. -- there is


always a feeling. They fly missions day and night from their base in


Cyprus, and with missions and bonds, they've already dropped more than


2000 -- bombs. But, for the first time, the RAF have confirmed that


aircraft are being fired at too by the enemy they called Daesh. Every


aeroplane that flies into those danger areas, in certain instance,


UK aeroplanes have been targeted by Daesh, at no point have they posed a


threat that has been catastrophic. They also have to stay alert in the


search for new targets. Each mission can last for seven hours or more.


Even above Iraq, the skies are crowded. Over Syria, they have to


keep an eye for Russian warplanes. We are flying over northern Iraq


where this tanker is refuelling British warplanes, providing close


air support to Iraqi troops on the ground who are pushing their way


forward to Mosul. We have seen one of the RAF tornadoes returning,


having dropped one of their weapons. This is the cockpit video of what


the bomb hit, a barge being used to ferry a truck bomb across the Tigre


stripper. Do you -- to Chris River. Do you worry


about mistakes? It would be too flippant to say it is a day in the


office, but it is what we are trained to do. Two years on from the


first British air strikes in Iraq, and there are signs of progress. But


the mission is not over, and defeating IS in Syria would be


harder still. Jonathan Beale, BBC News.


The designer described it has the living building for the black


American experience. Resident Obama opened the first-ever


museum for African-American culture this week. -- president. It is a


striking sculpture, built by a Brit. He took Lee Bryant on a tour of his


iconic project. This is a building that not only occupies the first


vacant plot -- last vacant plot on this land but seeks to fill a gap in


America's national memory. For decades, African-Americans have


campaigned for a museum that tells their epic story, opened by the


country's first African-American president. It changed my career, and


changed my life actually. The architect is British, David AJ, he


sees it has his Opus work. And rather than designing a monument, he


constructs a living building that contributes to the ongoing racial


debate that reflects the ongoing struggle for equality. The building


helps people understand each other, and understand how people are


interrelated in many ways. The path is coexisting. It comes at


an opportune time in America to really remind us of its incredible


history and own contributions to it. Inside, the building chronicles and


often traumatic journey to freedom. Shackles and whips of slavery, the


clenched fists of the Black Power salute at the Mexico City Olympics.


It's also a celebration of how black culture has come to define American


culture. These are all real, nothing here is a reconstruction. That


really is Chuck Berry's original Cadillac. Has it been a challenge


for a British man to help tell an American story? I try not to think


about that, if I did I would collapse! I would probably be in


therapy, because it is such a weighty subject.


But I bring professionalism about what I believe architecture can


contribute to the issue. The building is steeped in symbolism.


The form of eggs and African crown, and latticework recalls the ironwork


of the freed slaves of the American South -- the framework reflects.


This building has come in to completion as Barack Obama's


presidency is coming to completion. Have you been struck by the irony of


that? The irony has been beautiful. We started when he started his


presidency, he was instrumental in helping get the first money through


Congress and releasing it to get this going.


It feels like a bar -- book end.


From slavery comes a man who becomes the most powerful in the world. This


is the most important public building to open in Washington in


decades, and the structure, by one birth Briton's most celebrated


Celebrated architects. -- by one of Britain's most celebrated


architects. That's all from me this week.




A weekly programme of stories filed by BBC reporters from all over the world, ranging from analyses of major global issues to personal reflections and anecdotes.

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