01/10/2016 Reporters - Short Edition


01/10/2016

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From here in the BBC Newsroom, we send out correspondents to bring

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you the best stories from across the globe.

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Among everybody here, if you are considering taking a boat, raise

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your hands... And the leading building aimed at

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bridging America's racial divide. Nick Briant goes on a tour of

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Washington's new African American history Museum. I think the building

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comes at an opportune time in America to remind us of its

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incredible and rich history and contribution to the integration

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story. The tragic sinking of an Egyptian

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ship of the post last week has highlighted another route for

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migrants seduced by the Law of Europe. The number setting sail from

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the shores have almost doubled since last year. 12,000 made it to Italy

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so far in 2016. Orla Guerin reports from northern Egypt on what is

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driving so many young Egyptians to risk everything.

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The sons of this town are coming home. This village and other ones

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nearby have very 20 men and teenage boys. They fled the poverty of

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Egypt's Nile Delta, only to perish at sea. She grieves for her brother,

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who boarded the migrant ship. He was just 14. The women Telus people

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smugglers should be executed. Instead, they pay bribes and get

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released. His grandmother says that he wanted to help her get

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electricity and running water. She's been waiting for 20 years.

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This man says that his friends needed jobs. They paid with their

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lives. He was supposed to go, with 30 others, but he stayed behind

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because his aunt was ill. Among everybody here, if you are

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considering taking the boat, raise your hands. Even this 11-year-old

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wants to leave. Plenty of Egyptian children already have. Many of them

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are unaccompanied. But here is how the perilous journey across the

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Mediterranean to Italy can come to an end. A boat arrives with

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belongings of the victims. Some of them phoned home as they struggle to

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survive in the water. Relatives told us that the

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-- in the early hours, they got no crucial help from the Army base

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year. I come and ask the captain here, they say that he's sleeping,

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at 11 o'clock. No videos spoke to us here. This man lost his brother, he

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was 20. He gave him some money for the trip. A survivor brought it

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back. I ask him, have you seen my brother? He said he swam for one

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hour. He gave me your money, and says give it to you when I see you

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again. Maybe I will see my brother. Locals say the lack of opportunities

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on show will keep driving young men out to sea. They expect this tragedy

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to be repeated. -- lack of opportunities here.

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It is two years since the British air force joined

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the military campaign against Iraq. Now, they are talking about the

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campaign against Islamic State. They say that they've come under fire

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many times. Jonathan Beale reports from Cyprus.

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These are the crew 's leading Briton's fight against so-called

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Islamic State. The RAF has already carried out more than 1000 air

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strikes in and Syria. We watched as they prepared to do more. We cannot

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identify them, to protect their security and families back home. We

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know it is a dangerous job and we know the threat is there. There a

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whizzy peeling of adrenaline as you are about to do the job. -- there is

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always a feeling. They fly missions day and night from their base in

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Cyprus, and with missions and bonds, they've already dropped more than

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2000 -- bombs. But, for the first time, the RAF have confirmed that

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aircraft are being fired at too by the enemy they called Daesh. Every

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aeroplane that flies into those danger areas, in certain instance,

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UK aeroplanes have been targeted by Daesh, at no point have they posed a

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threat that has been catastrophic. They also have to stay alert in the

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search for new targets. Each mission can last for seven hours or more.

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Even above Iraq, the skies are crowded. Over Syria, they have to

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keep an eye for Russian warplanes. We are flying over northern Iraq

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where this tanker is refuelling British warplanes, providing close

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air support to Iraqi troops on the ground who are pushing their way

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forward to Mosul. We have seen one of the RAF tornadoes returning,

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having dropped one of their weapons. This is the cockpit video of what

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the bomb hit, a barge being used to ferry a truck bomb across the Tigre

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stripper. Do you -- to Chris River. Do you worry

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about mistakes? It would be too flippant to say it is a day in the

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office, but it is what we are trained to do. Two years on from the

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first British air strikes in Iraq, and there are signs of progress. But

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the mission is not over, and defeating IS in Syria would be

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harder still. Jonathan Beale, BBC News.

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The designer described it has the living building for the black

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American experience. Resident Obama opened the first-ever

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museum for African-American culture this week. -- president. It is a

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striking sculpture, built by a Brit. He took Lee Bryant on a tour of his

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iconic project. This is a building that not only occupies the first

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vacant plot -- last vacant plot on this land but seeks to fill a gap in

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America's national memory. For decades, African-Americans have

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campaigned for a museum that tells their epic story, opened by the

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country's first African-American president. It changed my career, and

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changed my life actually. The architect is British, David AJ, he

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sees it has his Opus work. And rather than designing a monument, he

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constructs a living building that contributes to the ongoing racial

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debate that reflects the ongoing struggle for equality. The building

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helps people understand each other, and understand how people are

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interrelated in many ways. The path is coexisting. It comes at

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an opportune time in America to really remind us of its incredible

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history and own contributions to it. Inside, the building chronicles and

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often traumatic journey to freedom. Shackles and whips of slavery, the

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clenched fists of the Black Power salute at the Mexico City Olympics.

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It's also a celebration of how black culture has come to define American

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culture. These are all real, nothing here is a reconstruction. That

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really is Chuck Berry's original Cadillac. Has it been a challenge

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for a British man to help tell an American story? I try not to think

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about that, if I did I would collapse! I would probably be in

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therapy, because it is such a weighty subject.

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But I bring professionalism about what I believe architecture can

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contribute to the issue. The building is steeped in symbolism.

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The form of eggs and African crown, and latticework recalls the ironwork

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of the freed slaves of the American South -- the framework reflects.

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This building has come in to completion as Barack Obama's

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presidency is coming to completion. Have you been struck by the irony of

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that? The irony has been beautiful. We started when he started his

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presidency, he was instrumental in helping get the first money through

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Congress and releasing it to get this going.

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It feels like a bar -- book end.

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From slavery comes a man who becomes the most powerful in the world. This

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is the most important public building to open in Washington in

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decades, and the structure, by one birth Briton's most celebrated

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Celebrated architects. -- by one of Britain's most celebrated

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architects. That's all from me this week.

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Goodbye.

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A weekly programme of stories filed by BBC reporters from all over the world, ranging from analyses of major global issues to personal reflections and anecdotes.


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