29/10/2016 Reporters - Short Edition


29/10/2016

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Welcome to a special edition of Reporters.

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I am Simon Jones, here at the Jungle camp in Calais.

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As the French authorities complete their operation to clear the site,

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we have a range of reports looking at the issues now facing France

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and Britain and what lessons Britain can learn from the crisis.

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Coming up, the exodus begins.

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Lucy Williamson joins some of the thousands of migrants

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as they leave the Calais camp in search of a better life and finds

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many desperate to get out.

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Their motivation for coming here to Calais was once

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all about the final destination, their dreams of England.

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Now many are ready to go anywhere just to get out.

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Life after the Jungle.

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Hugh Schofield reports from a reception centre for refugees

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from the camp near Paris.

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And welcome to Britain.

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Daniel Sandford follows the hundreds of children who have arrived

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in the UK but finds reaction to their arrival mixed.

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It's not their doing, not their fault.

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I have got a little chap of my own.

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Ultimately you want any child to be safe.

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Send them back where they come from.

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Why is it our problem?

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We cannot look after our own.

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It has become a potent symbol of Europe's migration crisis.

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This week a major operation began to clear this massive migrant camp

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here in Calais known as the Jungle.

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Many of its 7,000 or so inhabitants began queueing for buses before

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dawn to be resettled in centres across the country.

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They face either deportation or the opportunity to apply for asylum.

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Calais's position as a gateway to Britain has given it

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an irresistible magnetism for many seeking a new life.

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Lucy Williamson was here in Calais as the exodus began.

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They crossed continents to get here.

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Thousands queued to leave.

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Hours standing in the cold, a better bet than one more day

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in the Jungle camp.

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The reward, a seat on one of 60 buses.

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But a ticket out of Calais does not guarantee asylum, either

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in France or in the UK.

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Even those, like this man, who are impatient to leave,

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reserve the right to come back.

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I will go with the people, and maybe I will come

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back and try again.

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I like France but it is not my dream.

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Next to him, this man says he is finished with his dreams

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of England and wants to settle in France.

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I hate England now, he said.

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They do not like people from the Jungle and they closed

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the border.

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People have been queueing here since 4:00am to board one

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of the buses bound for reception centres across France.

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Their motivation for coming here to Calais was once

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all about the final destination, their dreams of England.

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Now many are ready to go anywhere just to get out.

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Inside the processing centre, people are split into queues.

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The vulnerable, families, lone children, and everyone else.

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Their names, ages and origins noted, but not checked.

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They are 14.

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They should be there.

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They are given a choice of destination.

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French names in unfamiliar places.

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A new temporary address.

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Hours later, migrants began arriving at towns across France, watched,

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warily, by their new neighbours, here in the village of Chardonnay.

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"What are all these young men going to do

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in a place like this?"

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one said.

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There is not even a shop here.

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President Hollande said he wanted to send the message that Calais

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was not a staging post for migrants, but a dead end.

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Many here say that much is already clear.

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The UK has become harder to reach, and there was optimism among some

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of those who have decided to leave.

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But a local MP told us that did not mean Britain's role here was over.

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TRANSLATION: It is an international scandal that there are

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several hundred children, some as young as ten,

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stuck here, despite having family in the UK.

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Britain is not meeting its obligations.

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Among those joining the queues were four

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siblings from Afghanistan, clinging to an

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English-speaking friend.

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Their mother had asked him to take her children and make their case

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for asylum in England.

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Four small lives among the thousands saying goodbye to Calais,

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unsure of what the future has in store.

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Lucy Williamson, BBC News, Calais.

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The next stop for most people who have left the Jungle will be one

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of the many reception centres for refugees across France.

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The town of Villeblevin is one of those that is taking migrants

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from the Calais camp, where they have been housed

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in an old convent.

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From there, Hugh Schofield sent this report.

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In the grounds of a former convent in rural France, Afghans

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are teaching Sudanese to play the English game of cricket.

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Three days after they arrived from Calais, the 45 migrants

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are slowly acclimatising to the gentler, safer world

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of northern Burgundy.

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There are sports - before, this was a holiday camp

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for Paris schoolchildren - television, and regular hot meals,

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laid on by the Red Cross and French social services.

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Talking to the people here, you get the sensation

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they are pretty shell-shocked.

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They have no idea where they are in France,

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but one thing is clear, they do want to stay in France.

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They have given up on the idea of ever getting to England.

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I love you France.

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I love you, France.

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I love you.

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Once, they saw France as just a stepping stone

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on their route to the UK.

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No more.

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Now it is the country that is offering them the refuge

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that was turned down by London.

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I like France.

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The government in France is very good.

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But the government in England is no good.

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They close the door to all refugees.

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For now, the migrants are staying inside the convent grounds.

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They are worried about local reaction.

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Not unreasonably, because the people of the village of Villeblevin

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were highly suspicious when told of their uninvited guest.

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The deputy mayor told me that the decision to house

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the migrants here had been taken by Paris without any attempt

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to consult with the people who live here.

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It was fine for the migrants to walk around the village, he said,

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but only as long as they left the people here alone.

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The people were afraid.

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What of the children walking home from school in the dark

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and bumping into the migrants?

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Maybe they are very good people but we do not know anything

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about them and it is wrong to take this kind of risk.

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The fears are exaggerated.

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Centres like this may only be open for a few months,

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the time needed to process applications for asylum in France,

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after which the migrants will be moved on.

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In the meantime, it is more of the boredom that they have grown

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so accustomed to.

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Now a safer, perhaps even a happier kind of boredom.

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Hugh Schofield, BBC News.

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Hundreds of children from the Calais camp have now arrived in Britain.

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They include dozens of girls said to be at risk of sexual

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exploitation, resettled under an agreement to help

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particularly vulnerable children who have no links to the UK.

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Daniel Sandford reports.

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Journey's end for one recent resident of the Calais Jungle,

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a pizza takeaway in South London.

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Haris, who says he is 16, fled the fighting in Afghanistan

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and travelled over land and sea for over a year.

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Last Monday, he was brought to Britain to join his uncle,

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who owns the restaurant.

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He told me he was trying to forget everything that had happened to him.

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All the difficulties and problems should go away soon,

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now I am starting a new life, he said.

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Although some new arrivals will go into care or foster homes,

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Haris will stay with his relatives.

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I am not here just to be an uncle to him.

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I am here to be his mum, his dad, his brother,

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his sister, his friend.

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I will support him emotionally, that is what he needs.

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Secretary Amber Rudd.

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The Home Secretary updated the Commons on what Britain had done

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in the last fortnight in the buildup to the closure of the Jungle.

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We have transferred almost 200 children.

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This includes more than 60 girls, many of whom had been identified

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as being at high risk of sexual exploitation.

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They are receiving the care and support they need in the UK.

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She said hundreds more children from the Jungle had been

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interviewed, and more would come to the UK in the coming weeks.

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These were some of the arrivals from Calais last week.

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The Home Office pays local authorities up to ?40,000 per child,

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but councils say the true cost is sometimes much more.

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Here at a discreet location in Devon, 20 of the recently

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arrived boys are staying at a respite centre.

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Decisions are being made about whether they should go

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into care or join family members.

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The local reaction, mixed.

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It is not their doing, not their fault.

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I have a little chap of my own and ultimately you want

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any child to be safe.

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If we have got the ability to do that, then why not?

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Send them back where they come from, why is it our problem?

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We cannot look after our own so why look after everybody else?

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It is disgusting.

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Back in London, Haris, who is desperate to return

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to education after his time in the Jungle, has his first meeting

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with immigration officials tomorrow, as he starts the formal

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process of claiming refugee status in Britain.

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Daniel Sandford, BBC News, South London.

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That is all from this special edition of Reporters for this week.

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From me, Simon Jones, here at the now empty jungle camp

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in Calais, goodbye for now.

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Good

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Good evening.

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Good evening. It

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A weekly programme of stories filed by BBC reporters from all over the world, ranging from analyses of major global issues to personal reflections and anecdotes.


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