11/02/2017 Reporters


11/02/2017

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Welcome to Reporters. I'm Karin Giaonone.

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From here in the BBC newsroom, we send out correspondents to bring

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you the best stories from across the globe.

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We report from Yemen as the United Nations launches

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A reporter joins the Kurds desperately trying to make a living

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Believe it or not, it is impossible to take a sip.

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They say the black is for the majority people like me.

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And yet, for some reason I don't feel that I am a part of it.

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Paying the price for speaking your mind in Mugabe's Zimbabwe.

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We profile the pastor facing up to 20 years in jail.

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His supporters believe that his case which will be heard here,

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will test the limits of freedom of expression in this country.

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Plans for a helping hand at one online supermarket,

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Rory Cellan Jones investigates the rise of the robot.

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The question is, just how many people are going to see their jobs

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taken by robots and what will happen to them?

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As Paris' Pompidou Centre celebrates its 40th birthday,

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It was only when it opened and people started to line

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up and started to come in and the figures were

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The UN has appealed for $2 billion to provide life-saving assistance

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to millions in Yemen, who it says face the threat of famine.

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Almost 3.3 million people are now suffering from acute malnutrition.

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More than 2 million of them are children.

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Aid workers say the situation is catastrophic

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and rapidly deteriorating. Now there is a new complication.

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Warplanes from the Saudi-led coalition battling the Houthi rebels

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who control the capital have hit a vital port, which means aid supplies

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Nawal Al-Maghafi is one of the few Western journalists to have

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travelled to Yemen in recent months and sent this report.

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Fatima is the face of hunger in Yemen.

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In the six months since we met her, every day has been

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Her mother says they are barely surviving.

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There are over two million children like her.

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90% of Yemen's food is imported and most of it arrives here,

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But all the cranes needed to off-load the ships have been

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The Saudis have imposed an aerial and naval blockade,

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controlling all imports to the country.

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They say they are stopping arms from getting to

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But that means that very little food is getting through.

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The World Food Programme has bought new cranes for Hodeda's port

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but we have been told the Saudi coalition has refused to allow them

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These delays in bringing foodstuffs onshore, either

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commercially or humanitarian, means there's less

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available and therefore, the prices will go up.

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From what I've heard, the Saudi argument is that firstly,

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the port is in control of the Houthis, so they are handing

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over cranes to a port that is in control of the rebels.

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They also say that these cranes could be used to off-load arms

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for the rebels and therefore, fuel the fight.

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Those cranes are brought in and funded for WFP,

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who are the logistics cluster, to bring those food goods off

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The port is controlled by the same people who have always

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controlled the port, the same as the sea

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offshore is controlled by the Saudi-led coalition.

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So we just want these cranes in so we can do our work,

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to make sure the humanitarian pipeline is a strong

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The fighting for control of the port has been

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going on for over six months, with neither side winning.

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And it's the most vulnerable that are left suffering.

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For centuries, smugglers have crossed the border

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It's a treacherous route that the current conflict

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in the region is making the practice more and more profitable and deadly.

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Kurdish human rights groups say more than 100 smugglers were shot dead

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But as one reporter found out, the smugglers say their work

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provides a lifeline for their communities.

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A four by four is the only way to reach the Iranian border

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Every day, hundreds of pick-up trucks carry goods to this camp.

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It is one of many dotted along the border.

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These smugglers are from poor Kurdish towns and villages in Iran.

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They are challenging me if I can carry this load,

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Believe it or not, it is impossible to even take a sip.

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Believe it or not, it is impossible to even take a step.

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The smugglers sometimes manage to bribe the Iranian border guards.

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But most of the time they have to take illegal

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Kurdish human rights groups say more than 100 smugglers have been shot

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dead by Iranian border guards just in the past year.

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The Islamic Republic of Iran says these people

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are hurting the economy, but for this man and thousands

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like him, it is the only way to feed their families.

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Asotthalom is a village in southern Hungary that you've probably

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Its population is dwindling, but it's hoping to persuade

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white Christian Europeans, who don't like the idea

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of living in a multicultural society to move there.

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The mayor has already banned Islamic dress and gay kissing in public.

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Leslie Ashmall has been to the village where Muslims

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Asotthalom, a village on the southern Hungary plains,

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just minutes from the Serbian border where in 2015 10,000 migrants a day

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The village population is declining and homesteads stand vacant.

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The mayor here wants to attract foreign investors

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TRANSLATION: We primarily welcome people from Western Europe.

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People who would not like to live in a multicultural society.

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We would not want to attract Muslim people.

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TRANSLATION: Asotthalom has a by-law which bans homosexual propaganda.

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Think about this, Europe is small, it cannot take in billions of people

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from Africa and South Asia where there is a population boom.

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This would soon lead to the disappearance of Europe.

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I would like Europe to belong to Europeans.

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Asia to Asians and Africa to Africans.

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He is so serious he has introduced local legislation banning public

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displays of affection by gay people, the wearing of Islamic dress

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like the hijab, and he wants to ban the building of mosques.

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And his views are being pushed by a British organisation called

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The former British National Party leader Nick Griffin is a member

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and the group is advertising smallholdings for sale

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Hungary is already seen by more and more Western Europeans

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as a place of refuge, a place to get away from the hell

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that is about to break loose in Western Europe.

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One of them agreed to speak to us but at the last minute pulled out.

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They have spoken of their fears to Hungarian media in the past

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but other villagers reject the laws are huge concern.

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However, they are the talk of the village pub.

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TRANSLATION: Important issues like this should be dealt

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with by the National government, not local legislation.

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If they take off the veil I'll accept them.

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It does not even matter if they are black, they should

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become Hungarian citizens even if they are

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Are you trying to create a white kind of supremacist village?

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I did not use this word white but because we are a white

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European Christian population, we want to stay this...

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The mayor of Asotthalom wants his village to be the vanguard

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in what he calls the war against Muslim culture.

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He has employed round-the-clock border patrols which he thinks

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The refugee crisis has contributed to the anti-immigrant sentiments

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in Europe, like the rise of the

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French Front National and the Dutch Party for Freedom.

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To Europe's forgotten war in eastern Ukraine now,

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where government forces and Russian backed rebels are accusing each

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Fighting intensified last week with the focus of some

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of the heaviest clashes on the government held city

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of Avdiivka, just ten miles from rebel held Donetsk.

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Tom Burridge sent this report from the front line of the conflict.

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A wait for food - part of their perpetual nightmare of war.

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But for thousands, the city of Avdiivka is still their home.

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It's now the epicentre of the worst fighting in eastern

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She says she sits at home trembling when the night-time routine

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Still in shock, her daughter was killed in the shelling last night.

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She still hadn't told her nine-year-old grandson.

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TRANSLATION: The child still doesn't know his mother is gone.

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"Who was firing?", asks the dead woman's cousin.

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"Who is responsible for eastern Ukraine being covered in blood?"

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We found Elena's husband clearing up the family's apartment

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The reality is, most of the civilians living in the city,

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are just a short distance from the front line

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They are stuck here, stuck in the madness

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It's why a woman - an innocent woman - died last night.

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There, in the same apartment block, was a British journalist.

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Freelancer Christopher Nunn was badly injured to the head.

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We met the Ukrainian army doctor who treated him.

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He had an injured face and injured eye.

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I think a fragment of rocket go into his eye.

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They are treating the injured and receiving the dead at Avdiivka's

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The Ukrainian army, which holds the city, is fighting

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Ukraine and Russia both blame each other for the increase in violence.

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Civilians have also been killed in the separatist-held city of Donetsk.

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Russia claims the authorities here, which it supports,

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But there is clear evidence the conflict, which has ruined

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cities like Avdiivka, has been fuelled by Russia.

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And countries like Britain accuse Moscow of violating

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War here has a familiar feel, but things could now once again

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Tom Burridge, BBC News in eastern Ukraine.

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A pastor from Zimbabwe who led protests against Robert Mugabe's

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government last year has been charged with trying

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Evan Mawarire, who started a movement criticising

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the government, using the Zimbabwean flag will stand trial

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If convicted, he faces up to 20 years in prison.

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It comes as President Mugabe prepares to celebrate his 93rd

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birthday with a lavish party against a backdrop

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As Shingai Nyoka reports from Harare.

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This is the man who dared to demand that Zimbabwe's

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He believes he is paying the price for speaking the truth.

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He is accused of being behind some of the biggest protests

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against President Mugabe in over a decade.

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His online rants against corruption went viral.

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They tell me that the black is for the majority of people like me.

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And yet, for some reason, I dead feel like I am a part of it.

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And soon, other Zimbabweans were venting their anger

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He left the country fearing for his safety.

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But in the last six months, the government

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Evan Mawarire has not received the same level of public support

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that he did when he stood on these same court grounds last year,

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but his supporters believe that his case, which will be heard

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here, will test the limits of freedom of expression

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I think a lot of people are still a little bit upset,

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disappointed and feel let down by the fact that he left

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in the first place, and perhaps they fear that he might do it again.

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But I think at its core, what must be remembered at all times

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The problem is that got everybody to rise up the first time

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Those problems include an over 80% unemployment rate.

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In this supermarket, Zimbabweans are weighing up

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the price increases, in a desperate measure

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the government has introduced a 15% tax on some basic goods.

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To is very, very unusual, it is very unprecedented.

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Most countries don't impose sales tax or VAT on basic commodities.

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It comes as they prepare to throw another lavish birthday party

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for the long-time leader President Mugabe later this month.

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He turns 93 and says he will stand again for elections in 2018.

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The This Flag pastor has not ruled out running for office,

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but his immediate fate lies in the hands

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The rise of the robot and the impact of automation on human workers

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is fast becoming one of the biggest challenges in the modern world.

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One report in the UK this week warned that nearly a quarter

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of a million public sector workers could be replaced by robots

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Rory Cellan Jones gained exclusive access to one firm where robots

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In a warehouse in Hatfield, a very complex operation is under way,

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assembling Ocado customer orders from 50,000 potential items.

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It still requires plenty of people but if the online supermarket

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is to make money from something shoppers used to do themselves,

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That's why there's a robotics lab in the corner of the warehouse.

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This robot arm designed to pick up fruit without damaging it,

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is one of their creations, though it is some years away

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But in another warehouse in Andover, Ocado says

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Swarms of robots move across a grid, collaborating to collect groceries

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It's a huge investment but the firm says there's no alternative.

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If the UK is to remain competitive on the world stage,

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then there is no option but to invest in not only automation

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but in this increasing move towards robotics

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because that is the only way we will be competitive.

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All kinds of businesses that want to prosper over the next decade

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are going to have to use artificial intelligence and automation to make

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The question is just how many people are going to see their jobs taken

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by robots and what's going to happen to them.

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At London Science Museum, a new exhibition traces the history

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of robots and shows how they are now encroaching on tasks once

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One academic has a startling forecast.

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35% of current UK employment is at high risk of being replaced

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by robots or similar technology by the year 2030.

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Truck drivers, taxi drivers, processing of things like invoices.

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But there's a more optimistic view, that our jobs are becoming more

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creative and complex and we will be able to keep ahead of the robots.

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Some of the best skills you can have are adaptability,

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ability to switch between tasks, emotional intelligence

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Those kind of things should protect our children

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for the labour market of tomorrow, whichever direction the robots take.

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The lesson of the past is that new technology usually creates more

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jobs than it destroys, but along the way a lot of people

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To its critics, it was a monstrosity resembling an oil refinery

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But as Paris' Pompidou Centre celebrates its 40th birthday this

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week, its reputation as an icon of modern architecture

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It has been popular with more than 100 million visitors passing

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Will Gompertz has been speaking to two of the original architects,

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Richard Rodgers and Renzo Piano, about the Pompidou's

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Ah, Paris, beautiful, romantic, and radical.

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A city of revolutions, riots and avant-garde ideas.

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Like the Pompidou Centre, which in 1977 was like an electric

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A daring, inside out building with its guts on show and weird

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caterpillar escalators crawling up its facade.

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These two self-confessed bad boys were behind its creation.

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Unknown iconoclasts back then, respected pillars of society today.

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They hadn't expected their design to beat the 680 competing proposals.

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And when it did, a steep learning curve awaited.

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I mean, we were young kids out of school, without work.

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But as very many naive people, we didn't realise how

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Had we realised, I doubt we would've done the competition.

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It was a miracle, we had court cases against us, everybody hated it,

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It was only when it opened and people started to line up

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and people started to come in and the figures were

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This building was a shift, it was celebrating a shift, a change.

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And when the change occurs in society, it's never

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You cannot expect to build a change like this that was not due to us.

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It was in the air of May '68, it was in the air of the time.

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We were just simply building the change.

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Where had you seen similar ideas executed?

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It was a cross between New York's Times Square,

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which was full of glitter and so on and sex and all the rest

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of it, but it was lovely because people wanted to get there,

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and the British Museum, a symbol of one of the greatest

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museums of the world, where you could sit down and do

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It can help to change the world, and become a unifying element.

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I think beauty is tremendously underrated.

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It is the glue which pulls us all togetther.

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Their Pompidou was a utopian project where people can

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A 40-year-old concept that they would argue is even

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From me, Karin Gionnone, it is goodbye for now.

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In an oblique sort of day up and down the UK. Not much

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