04/02/2017 Reporters


04/02/2017

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Welcome to Reporters, I am Phillipa Thomas.

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From here in the world's newsroom we send out correspondents to bring

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you the best stories from across the globe.

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I think God led this country to put Donald Trump in office.

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After week two of Donald Trump's unique style of diplomacy,

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Nick Bryant travels to the Bible belt of Tennessee and finds

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his supporters fully behind their new President.

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There are two Americas right now and how you react to Donald Trump

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The children of LA forced into prostitution.

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Angus Crawford gets exclusive access to the US police operation to rescue

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them and meets the girls stuck in a life of hell.

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What sort of things have happened to you working on the street?

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Raped, someone pulled a knife out on me, a gun, tried to rob me.

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One year on from the outbreak, Camilla Costa reports on new health

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fears for the thousands of babies infected with the disease.

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Nancy Kacungira finds out how global warming is putting the livelihoods

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of hundreds of thousands of people at risk.

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This shoreline here at Lake Turkana has seen some drastic

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It is here now but just a few months ago it was even

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further back than this, beyond those trees.

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We do advise that nobody enter the water.

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Hywel Griffiths reports on how shark nets are keeping the swimmers safe

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Last year, they trapped over 130 of the targeted more dangerous

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sharks but they also trapped another 600 marine animals, including

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It is two weeks since he took the oath of office

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and President Trump's administration has already issued dozens

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of orders, many of them sharply dividing opinion.

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But the President's supporters say he's simply fulfilling the promises

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he made on the campaign trail, whether people like them or not.

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Nick Bryant has travelled to the southern state of Tennessee

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to see how people are taking to their new President.

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The hills of eastern Tennessee, a landscape that reminds us that it

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wasn't just the rust belt that won Donald Trump the presidency,

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Father God, we are so grateful to meet here together...

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Chattanooga prides itself on being the buckle of that belt

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and at this bible study group this morning praise for his socialist

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conservative Supreme Court nominee and thanks to God for placing him

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You can just see it in the people he surrounds himself with.

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And I do believe he's brought a seriousness that people just

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didn't think were going to come out of Donald Trump.

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I think God led this country to put Donald Trump in office.

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Mark West started out as a Never Trump Republican.

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He is an evangelical Christian who looked upon the New Yorker

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as a philandering playboy but he's become a convert.

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Social conservatives and conservatives in general have

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been so fed up with Washington for so long, for decades,

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that we wanted someone to go to Washington and blow it up.

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Whether I was a Trump supporter or not, so many of us are looking

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for Trump to do exactly what he has been doing so far, to completely

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change the landscape, figuratively blow up Washington

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and give us a new American revolution.

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It has been the pace of the Trump presidency,

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it's felt like a final furlong gallop, that's impressed

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We are excited to see what he will continue to do.

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You think he is making good on his promises?

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I think he is, I think the implementation of

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the immigration policy showed that he was not a career politician,

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but I think that's why he got voted into office,

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because we don't want career politicians any more.

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There's no sign here of buyer's remorse.

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To travel from coastal cities like New York and Los Angeles

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into these heartland communities feels like crossing

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There are two Americas right now and how you react to Donald Trump

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The cannons from the American civil war that dot this landscape can be

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viewed both as relics of the past and reminders of how conflict

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and divisiveness is almost written into this nation's DNA and once

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again it feels like the people of America are sharing the same

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Well, Donald Trump's election has emboldened Europe's far-right

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parties ahead of elections this year in France, the Netherlands

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and Germany where the Alternative Fur Deutschland Party,

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the AFD is putting up its own candidate directly

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against the Chancellor, Angela Merkel.

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Jenny Hill has been to find out what's behind Germany's rising tide

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Europe's right promises a patriotic spring in communities like this

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It can be hard to make a living on Germany's north coast and it

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They've little trust here in Angela Merkel,

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after all, they say, she has little time for them.

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TRANSLATION: They just look after the big cities but these small

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communities up here, no, nothing is being done for us.

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Nothing gets through to us, they've forgotten us.

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Good news for Germany's right-wing party Alternative Fur Deutschland.

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Polls suggest one in every ten voters supports AFD.

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In this region it is even more popular.

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TRANSLATION: The other parties avoid the real problems.

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Merkel just sticks to her views even though she sees

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what she's got us into, like the terror attacks.

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If she hadn't brought those people into the country the victims

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of the Berlin Christmas market would still be alive.

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This former radio presenter is standing directly

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against Angela Merkel in her own constituency.

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He's unlikely to take her seat but it's not impossible.

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TRANSLATION: We have a big problem with radical Islam

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It's been taboo in Germany, the AFD broke that taboo.

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Thank God people now talk about their fears.

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Just look at who's carrying out terror attacks in Europe.

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2017 may yet be the year Europe's political landscape

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There are elections in France and the Netherlands, too.

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The real election battles will be fought in communities like this

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where people feel forgotten by their national

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governments, left behind by the political establishment.

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If Europe's leaders really want to stop the rise of the right,

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they must meet this challenge, reconnect with those voters

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A recent display of right-wing solidarity

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AFD shares views and now a platform with the French presidential

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candidate Marine Le Pen and the far-right Dutch

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They're emboldened by Brexit and Donald Trump's victory

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but in the shadow of a monument to German unity, AFD's bid

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for election glory already divides this country.

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It's thought to be the Los Angeles police department's biggest ever

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operation to find girls, some as young as 11,

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and young women who have been forced into a life of sexual exploitation.

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Officers made almost 500 arrests and rescued more than 50 people.

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Angus Crawford was given exclusive access to

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Look beyond the handcuffs and the painted nails,

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Arrested on the street for prostitution.

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Once inside, no cell, no bars or locks, just a room.

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A place of safety where young people can get help and support.

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We find minors every day that we are out here working,

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On the street they call The Blade, in the richest country in the world,

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children are bought and sold at any time of day, every day.

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Sergeant Brian Gallagher heads the area vice unit.

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His job tonight - find those girls, get them off the street.

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It is 4.00am and a routine patrol of the vice squad has pulled over

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a car driven by a man they know is a pimp.

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When they stopped it a young woman got out of the car and they're

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Her parents have reported her missing.

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A lot of these girls when we talk to them they'll tell us they're out

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They get abused physically, sexually.

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It's barbaric what's being done to these little kids.

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My cousin grabbed me on the way home from school...

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America is slowly waking up to reality.

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Thousands of children are being sexually exploited for money.

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That's why they launched Operation Reclaim and Rebuild,

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Prostitutes and customers arrested, processed.

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Just 18, caught for a second time, Treasure.

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She started on the street in middle school.

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You were a child when you first started doing this?

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What sort of things have happened to you working on the street?

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Raped, someone pulled a knife out on me, a gun, tried to rob me.

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Crystal is in for an unpleasant surprise.

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The caller is an undercover officer arranging a sting in a hotel room.

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Police department, can you turn around.

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This time the prostitute is an adult.

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This is the only thing I can do to survive on the streets right now.

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For detective Brian Gallagher, it seems neverending.

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Children forced to work the streets turn into women who know only this,

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Angus Crawford, BBC News, Los Angeles.

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We have a report now from a region much of which has been closed

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to the outside world for many years, Myanmar's Rakhine state.

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It's home to one of the world's most persecuted communities,

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the Rohingya Muslims who have accused the Burmese Army

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of gross human rights violations against them,

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A Government appointed commission set up to investigate these claims

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Now journalists are normally banned from visiting conflict areas

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of Rakhine but Jonah Fisher tried to take a trip there

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It is 6.30am in the morning and I am at the ferry terminal in Sittwe,

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the capital of Rakhine state and we are waiting to get on board

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a ferry to go to the northern Rakhine state and where there's been

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considerable violence in the last three months or so.

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Up until now all independent observers and journalists have been

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This time we had been given official permits and travelled

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four hours up the river, north towards the conflict zone.

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As our boat docked in one town it became clear

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We were met by police and security officials.

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We've been told that our trip has been cancelled,

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We can't go into the areas where there's been violence over

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Clearly there are still things they don't want journalists looking

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into, things they don't want people finding out about.

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Things like scores of Rohingya women testifying into smartphones that

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they've been raped and looted by Burmese security forces.

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Or video of unexplained piles of charred bodies in places

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where Rohingya have clashed with the Armiy.

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There is even footage filmed by the police themselves of officers

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Before being turned back, we insisted that someone addressed

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TRANSLATION: We have nothing to hide.

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The national Government is releasing all the true facts

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The teachings does not allow rapings.

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The Burmese Government has set up a commission to investigate

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but it is led by the vice-president who is a former General and seems

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aimed at proving that the military has done nothing wrong.

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This is a glimpse of the commission at work, interviewing a Rohingya

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Incredibly, the footage was broadcast on state TV

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without subtitles to prove that Rohingya claims of rape are false.

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Myanmar's leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, seen here meeting British Foreign

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Secretary Boris Johnson, has asked for time to solve

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If, as many expect, the Burmese army is exonerated by the commission,

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it will be clear that establishing the truth is not part

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One year on since the World Health Organisation declared Zika a global

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emergency scientists are only now beginning to understand just how

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The mosquito-borne virus has caused almost 2,500 babies in Brazil to be

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born with microcephaly, a condition identified

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But doctors say thousands of other infants are showing signs they too

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have health complications related to the virus, despite not

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Camilla Costa reports from Recife in Brazil

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This is Zika's devastating consequence.

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These babies will need help for the rest of their lives.

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Here's the best place for them to get the specialist care they need

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but there isn't enough money to help all of them.

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One of those on the waiting list is Jose Wesley.

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He became the face of Zika after this photo went viral.

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A year later, Jose is still very small for his age.

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He has breathing difficulties, trouble swallowing and can't walk.

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The only way his mother can feed him is through a tube.

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TRANSLATION: I come here three times a week on Tuesday,

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I wake up at 4.00am and arrive here at 6.00am because there is no

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It's very difficult but it's not impossible.

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If it is for my baby's health, nothing is impossible.

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A year after Zika was declared a global emergency, doctors believe

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the number of babies affected could be much higher.

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I am with this 15-month-old baby and she's one of those cases doctors

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She wasn't born with microcephaly but later on she showed signs

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that she too was affected by the Zika virus

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Her mother thought she had escaped Zika's devastating impact

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but after a few months something didn't seem right.

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TRANSLATION: When the doctor said it was Zika I was really surprised.

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But also relieved, because I had noticed she had motor problems,

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I wondered why she wasn't developing like other kids.

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So from then on I knew I was wrong and could treat her

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They call it congenital Zika syndrome.

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Even if these babies are born with a normal sized head,

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they can have poor vision, hearing loss, and other disabilities

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Research shows that for every baby with microcephaly ten others might

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We still have a lot to learn but we already know

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that the microcephaly is just the tip of the iceberg.

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We expect to determine the risk of early and later symptoms

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Mirella is now getting the help she needs.

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Doctors are rushing to identify the thousands of babies

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like her who will also require treatment but the Brazilian health

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system is already struggling to cope with Zika's legacy.

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It's the world's largest desert lake but Kenya's Lake

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Around 300,000 people live around its waters,

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many make their living by fishing in it.

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But now dam and irrigation projects in neighbouring Ethiopia combined

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with climate change could see it reduced to a small pool of water.

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The BBC's Nancy Kacungira has been to Lake Turkana to find out more.

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Once part of Lake Turkana, this land is now as dry

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About 90% of the lake's water comes from the Omar River in Ethiopia.

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Water levels here are dropping, partly because dams and irrigation

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plantations being built in Ethiopia are changing the flow

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of the Omar River which is the lifeline of this lake.

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This shoreline here at Lake Turkana has seen some drastica

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It is here now but a few months ago it was even

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further back than this, beyond those trees.

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The low water levels are threatening their only

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TRANSLATION: What we earn now is so much less.

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We used to go fishing twice a day but now we only go once.

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If the water levels keep going down, it will bring a lot of problems.

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Many other livelihoods here also depend on the lake.

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This boat-maker is working on the only job he's been able

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TRANSLATION: I have a few customers now because there are no fish

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If there are no fish, there is no way I can get business

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Commercial fishing activity at Lake Turkana and the number

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of people reliant on it has increased over the years

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but now that lifeline is not what it used to be.

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At a makeshift market just a few kilometres away from the lake

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this is what's on offer, a few small mudfish.

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You used to be able to get a fish the size of my forearm

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here but the size of the fish and these women's earnings

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Temperatures in Turkana have increased by two to three degrees

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Celsius over the last four decades, a rate much higher than the global

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average increase of less than one degree Celsius,

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another factor contributing to changes in the lake's water levels.

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Normally you have a level to which anybody will

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This lake is serving the community around.

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They're already in a hardship area as it is, and the source

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of livlihood, the fish they sell all the way to the Congo, gone.

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And as the only water source in what is otherwise a desert,

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there is worry that if the lake continues to recede,

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communities on either side will start to fight over

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Nancy Kacungira, BBC News, Turkana in northern Kenya.

:22:02.:22:12.

From the world's largest desert lake, to the sun-kissed

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Campaigners there are calling for an end to the use of shark nets

:22:15.:22:19.

because they're killing too many dolphins and turtles.

:22:20.:22:24.

A recent spate of shark attacks on the east coast has forced

:22:25.:22:27.

the authorities to put up more but some nets have

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been cut deliberately by those who oppose them.

:22:30.:22:34.

As Hywel Griffiths reports from Sydney, there is a fine line

:22:35.:22:36.

between keeping swimmers safe and protecting marine life.

:22:37.:22:43.

In a country where catching a wave is a national obsession,

:22:44.:22:46.

As is the debate over how best to share these waters

:22:47.:22:53.

Shark nets have been Australia's answer since the 1930s,

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sections are set hundreds of metres out at sea.

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They don't create an enclosure, but they do offer reassurance.

:23:04.:23:08.

We have got to try to protect our kids.

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So, that's what it's all about to me.

:23:12.:23:13.

You see creatures in the wildlife getting stuck out there.

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You take a risk swimming in the ocean and that's

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That's what the nets are meant to keep out,

:23:21.:23:25.

Great Whites are one of ten species targeted by the programme

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The nets are put in place from September to April when these

:23:28.:23:32.

Last year, they trapped over 130 of the targeted more dangerous

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sharks but they also trapped another 600 marine animals including

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This video shows what happens when one becomes entangled.

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It group of tourists managed to set this turtle free but 19 others died

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The nets have whale and dolphin alarms, they're

:23:58.:24:03.

Around half of the animals are set free alive but some campaigners have

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decided to take matters into their own hands.

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This is their home, that's where they live.

:24:15.:24:16.

We don't want to exclude them from where they live.

:24:17.:24:18.

They're not coming up into the car parks to get us,

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so let's not go into the ocean to kill them.

:24:22.:24:24.

Diver Dave Thomas admits he's cut shark nets in the past

:24:25.:24:26.

He argues they don't really protect humans,

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It's not based on any science or factual data.

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It is out there killing anything and everything and the risk

:24:38.:24:40.

There hasn't been a fatal shark attack on these beaches in 60 years.

:24:41.:24:53.

The local Government says it is a sign the nets do work

:24:54.:24:56.

People who deliberately tamper with the nets,

:24:57.:25:02.

that have cut the nets, released them from anchors,

:25:03.:25:05.

obviously very dangerous, not only for the individuals

:25:06.:25:07.

involved, but creating a real hazard for the swimmers

:25:08.:25:09.

Finding the right balance between protecting humans

:25:10.:25:17.

and preserving sea life is is as elusive as ever.

:25:18.:25:20.

That's all from Reporters for this week.

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From me, Phillipa Thomas, goodbye for now.

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I'd now we have got some very big contrasts in our weather. Clear blue

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skies across large swathes of the UK but also torrential rain in the

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South West of England and tomorrow it is looking

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