04/02/2017 Reporters


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Welcome to Reporters, I am Phillipa Thomas.


From here in the world's newsroom we send out correspondents to bring


you the best stories from across the globe.


I think God led this country to put Donald Trump in office.


After week two of Donald Trump's unique style of diplomacy,


Nick Bryant travels to the Bible belt of Tennessee and finds


his supporters fully behind their new President.


There are two Americas right now and how you react to Donald Trump


The children of LA forced into prostitution.


Angus Crawford gets exclusive access to the US police operation to rescue


them and meets the girls stuck in a life of hell.


What sort of things have happened to you working on the street?


Raped, someone pulled a knife out on me, a gun, tried to rob me.


One year on from the outbreak, Camilla Costa reports on new health


fears for the thousands of babies infected with the disease.


Nancy Kacungira finds out how global warming is putting the livelihoods


of hundreds of thousands of people at risk.


This shoreline here at Lake Turkana has seen some drastic


It is here now but just a few months ago it was even


further back than this, beyond those trees.


We do advise that nobody enter the water.


Hywel Griffiths reports on how shark nets are keeping the swimmers safe


Last year, they trapped over 130 of the targeted more dangerous


sharks but they also trapped another 600 marine animals, including


It is two weeks since he took the oath of office


and President Trump's administration has already issued dozens


of orders, many of them sharply dividing opinion.


But the President's supporters say he's simply fulfilling the promises


he made on the campaign trail, whether people like them or not.


Nick Bryant has travelled to the southern state of Tennessee


to see how people are taking to their new President.


The hills of eastern Tennessee, a landscape that reminds us that it


wasn't just the rust belt that won Donald Trump the presidency,


Father God, we are so grateful to meet here together...


Chattanooga prides itself on being the buckle of that belt


and at this bible study group this morning praise for his socialist


conservative Supreme Court nominee and thanks to God for placing him


You can just see it in the people he surrounds himself with.


And I do believe he's brought a seriousness that people just


didn't think were going to come out of Donald Trump.


I think God led this country to put Donald Trump in office.


Mark West started out as a Never Trump Republican.


He is an evangelical Christian who looked upon the New Yorker


as a philandering playboy but he's become a convert.


Social conservatives and conservatives in general have


been so fed up with Washington for so long, for decades,


that we wanted someone to go to Washington and blow it up.


Whether I was a Trump supporter or not, so many of us are looking


for Trump to do exactly what he has been doing so far, to completely


change the landscape, figuratively blow up Washington


and give us a new American revolution.


It has been the pace of the Trump presidency,


it's felt like a final furlong gallop, that's impressed


We are excited to see what he will continue to do.


You think he is making good on his promises?


I think he is, I think the implementation of


the immigration policy showed that he was not a career politician,


but I think that's why he got voted into office,


because we don't want career politicians any more.


There's no sign here of buyer's remorse.


To travel from coastal cities like New York and Los Angeles


into these heartland communities feels like crossing


There are two Americas right now and how you react to Donald Trump


The cannons from the American civil war that dot this landscape can be


viewed both as relics of the past and reminders of how conflict


and divisiveness is almost written into this nation's DNA and once


again it feels like the people of America are sharing the same


Well, Donald Trump's election has emboldened Europe's far-right


parties ahead of elections this year in France, the Netherlands


and Germany where the Alternative Fur Deutschland Party,


the AFD is putting up its own candidate directly


against the Chancellor, Angela Merkel.


Jenny Hill has been to find out what's behind Germany's rising tide


Europe's right promises a patriotic spring in communities like this


It can be hard to make a living on Germany's north coast and it


They've little trust here in Angela Merkel,


after all, they say, she has little time for them.


TRANSLATION: They just look after the big cities but these small


communities up here, no, nothing is being done for us.


Nothing gets through to us, they've forgotten us.


Good news for Germany's right-wing party Alternative Fur Deutschland.


Polls suggest one in every ten voters supports AFD.


In this region it is even more popular.


TRANSLATION: The other parties avoid the real problems.


Merkel just sticks to her views even though she sees


what she's got us into, like the terror attacks.


If she hadn't brought those people into the country the victims


of the Berlin Christmas market would still be alive.


This former radio presenter is standing directly


against Angela Merkel in her own constituency.


He's unlikely to take her seat but it's not impossible.


TRANSLATION: We have a big problem with radical Islam


It's been taboo in Germany, the AFD broke that taboo.


Thank God people now talk about their fears.


Just look at who's carrying out terror attacks in Europe.


2017 may yet be the year Europe's political landscape


There are elections in France and the Netherlands, too.


The real election battles will be fought in communities like this


where people feel forgotten by their national


governments, left behind by the political establishment.


If Europe's leaders really want to stop the rise of the right,


they must meet this challenge, reconnect with those voters


A recent display of right-wing solidarity


AFD shares views and now a platform with the French presidential


candidate Marine Le Pen and the far-right Dutch


They're emboldened by Brexit and Donald Trump's victory


but in the shadow of a monument to German unity, AFD's bid


for election glory already divides this country.


It's thought to be the Los Angeles police department's biggest ever


operation to find girls, some as young as 11,


and young women who have been forced into a life of sexual exploitation.


Officers made almost 500 arrests and rescued more than 50 people.


Angus Crawford was given exclusive access to


Look beyond the handcuffs and the painted nails,


Arrested on the street for prostitution.


Once inside, no cell, no bars or locks, just a room.


A place of safety where young people can get help and support.


We find minors every day that we are out here working,


On the street they call The Blade, in the richest country in the world,


children are bought and sold at any time of day, every day.


Sergeant Brian Gallagher heads the area vice unit.


His job tonight - find those girls, get them off the street.


It is 4.00am and a routine patrol of the vice squad has pulled over


a car driven by a man they know is a pimp.


When they stopped it a young woman got out of the car and they're


Her parents have reported her missing.


A lot of these girls when we talk to them they'll tell us they're out


They get abused physically, sexually.


It's barbaric what's being done to these little kids.


My cousin grabbed me on the way home from school...


America is slowly waking up to reality.


Thousands of children are being sexually exploited for money.


That's why they launched Operation Reclaim and Rebuild,


Prostitutes and customers arrested, processed.


Just 18, caught for a second time, Treasure.


She started on the street in middle school.


You were a child when you first started doing this?


What sort of things have happened to you working on the street?


Raped, someone pulled a knife out on me, a gun, tried to rob me.


Crystal is in for an unpleasant surprise.


The caller is an undercover officer arranging a sting in a hotel room.


Police department, can you turn around.


This time the prostitute is an adult.


This is the only thing I can do to survive on the streets right now.


For detective Brian Gallagher, it seems neverending.


Children forced to work the streets turn into women who know only this,


Angus Crawford, BBC News, Los Angeles.


We have a report now from a region much of which has been closed


to the outside world for many years, Myanmar's Rakhine state.


It's home to one of the world's most persecuted communities,


the Rohingya Muslims who have accused the Burmese Army


of gross human rights violations against them,


A Government appointed commission set up to investigate these claims


Now journalists are normally banned from visiting conflict areas


of Rakhine but Jonah Fisher tried to take a trip there


It is 6.30am in the morning and I am at the ferry terminal in Sittwe,


the capital of Rakhine state and we are waiting to get on board


a ferry to go to the northern Rakhine state and where there's been


considerable violence in the last three months or so.


Up until now all independent observers and journalists have been


This time we had been given official permits and travelled


four hours up the river, north towards the conflict zone.


As our boat docked in one town it became clear


We were met by police and security officials.


We've been told that our trip has been cancelled,


We can't go into the areas where there's been violence over


Clearly there are still things they don't want journalists looking


into, things they don't want people finding out about.


Things like scores of Rohingya women testifying into smartphones that


they've been raped and looted by Burmese security forces.


Or video of unexplained piles of charred bodies in places


where Rohingya have clashed with the Armiy.


There is even footage filmed by the police themselves of officers


Before being turned back, we insisted that someone addressed


TRANSLATION: We have nothing to hide.


The national Government is releasing all the true facts


The teachings does not allow rapings.


The Burmese Government has set up a commission to investigate


but it is led by the vice-president who is a former General and seems


aimed at proving that the military has done nothing wrong.


This is a glimpse of the commission at work, interviewing a Rohingya


Incredibly, the footage was broadcast on state TV


without subtitles to prove that Rohingya claims of rape are false.


Myanmar's leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, seen here meeting British Foreign


Secretary Boris Johnson, has asked for time to solve


If, as many expect, the Burmese army is exonerated by the commission,


it will be clear that establishing the truth is not part


One year on since the World Health Organisation declared Zika a global


emergency scientists are only now beginning to understand just how


The mosquito-borne virus has caused almost 2,500 babies in Brazil to be


born with microcephaly, a condition identified


But doctors say thousands of other infants are showing signs they too


have health complications related to the virus, despite not


Camilla Costa reports from Recife in Brazil


This is Zika's devastating consequence.


These babies will need help for the rest of their lives.


Here's the best place for them to get the specialist care they need


but there isn't enough money to help all of them.


One of those on the waiting list is Jose Wesley.


He became the face of Zika after this photo went viral.


A year later, Jose is still very small for his age.


He has breathing difficulties, trouble swallowing and can't walk.


The only way his mother can feed him is through a tube.


TRANSLATION: I come here three times a week on Tuesday,


I wake up at 4.00am and arrive here at 6.00am because there is no


It's very difficult but it's not impossible.


If it is for my baby's health, nothing is impossible.


A year after Zika was declared a global emergency, doctors believe


the number of babies affected could be much higher.


I am with this 15-month-old baby and she's one of those cases doctors


She wasn't born with microcephaly but later on she showed signs


that she too was affected by the Zika virus


Her mother thought she had escaped Zika's devastating impact


but after a few months something didn't seem right.


TRANSLATION: When the doctor said it was Zika I was really surprised.


But also relieved, because I had noticed she had motor problems,


I wondered why she wasn't developing like other kids.


So from then on I knew I was wrong and could treat her


They call it congenital Zika syndrome.


Even if these babies are born with a normal sized head,


they can have poor vision, hearing loss, and other disabilities


Research shows that for every baby with microcephaly ten others might


We still have a lot to learn but we already know


that the microcephaly is just the tip of the iceberg.


We expect to determine the risk of early and later symptoms


Mirella is now getting the help she needs.


Doctors are rushing to identify the thousands of babies


like her who will also require treatment but the Brazilian health


system is already struggling to cope with Zika's legacy.


It's the world's largest desert lake but Kenya's Lake


Around 300,000 people live around its waters,


many make their living by fishing in it.


But now dam and irrigation projects in neighbouring Ethiopia combined


with climate change could see it reduced to a small pool of water.


The BBC's Nancy Kacungira has been to Lake Turkana to find out more.


Once part of Lake Turkana, this land is now as dry


About 90% of the lake's water comes from the Omar River in Ethiopia.


Water levels here are dropping, partly because dams and irrigation


plantations being built in Ethiopia are changing the flow


of the Omar River which is the lifeline of this lake.


This shoreline here at Lake Turkana has seen some drastica


It is here now but a few months ago it was even


further back than this, beyond those trees.


The low water levels are threatening their only


TRANSLATION: What we earn now is so much less.


We used to go fishing twice a day but now we only go once.


If the water levels keep going down, it will bring a lot of problems.


Many other livelihoods here also depend on the lake.


This boat-maker is working on the only job he's been able


TRANSLATION: I have a few customers now because there are no fish


If there are no fish, there is no way I can get business


Commercial fishing activity at Lake Turkana and the number


of people reliant on it has increased over the years


but now that lifeline is not what it used to be.


At a makeshift market just a few kilometres away from the lake


this is what's on offer, a few small mudfish.


You used to be able to get a fish the size of my forearm


here but the size of the fish and these women's earnings


Temperatures in Turkana have increased by two to three degrees


Celsius over the last four decades, a rate much higher than the global


average increase of less than one degree Celsius,


another factor contributing to changes in the lake's water levels.


Normally you have a level to which anybody will


This lake is serving the community around.


They're already in a hardship area as it is, and the source


of livlihood, the fish they sell all the way to the Congo, gone.


And as the only water source in what is otherwise a desert,


there is worry that if the lake continues to recede,


communities on either side will start to fight over


Nancy Kacungira, BBC News, Turkana in northern Kenya.


From the world's largest desert lake, to the sun-kissed


Campaigners there are calling for an end to the use of shark nets


because they're killing too many dolphins and turtles.


A recent spate of shark attacks on the east coast has forced


the authorities to put up more but some nets have


been cut deliberately by those who oppose them.


As Hywel Griffiths reports from Sydney, there is a fine line


between keeping swimmers safe and protecting marine life.


In a country where catching a wave is a national obsession,


As is the debate over how best to share these waters


Shark nets have been Australia's answer since the 1930s,


sections are set hundreds of metres out at sea.


They don't create an enclosure, but they do offer reassurance.


We have got to try to protect our kids.


So, that's what it's all about to me.


You see creatures in the wildlife getting stuck out there.


You take a risk swimming in the ocean and that's


That's what the nets are meant to keep out,


Great Whites are one of ten species targeted by the programme


The nets are put in place from September to April when these


Last year, they trapped over 130 of the targeted more dangerous


sharks but they also trapped another 600 marine animals including


This video shows what happens when one becomes entangled.


It group of tourists managed to set this turtle free but 19 others died


The nets have whale and dolphin alarms, they're


Around half of the animals are set free alive but some campaigners have


decided to take matters into their own hands.


This is their home, that's where they live.


We don't want to exclude them from where they live.


They're not coming up into the car parks to get us,


so let's not go into the ocean to kill them.


Diver Dave Thomas admits he's cut shark nets in the past


He argues they don't really protect humans,


It's not based on any science or factual data.


It is out there killing anything and everything and the risk


There hasn't been a fatal shark attack on these beaches in 60 years.


The local Government says it is a sign the nets do work


People who deliberately tamper with the nets,


that have cut the nets, released them from anchors,


obviously very dangerous, not only for the individuals


involved, but creating a real hazard for the swimmers


Finding the right balance between protecting humans


and preserving sea life is is as elusive as ever.


That's all from Reporters for this week.


From me, Phillipa Thomas, goodbye for now.


I'd now we have got some very big contrasts in our weather. Clear blue


skies across large swathes of the UK but also torrential rain in the


South West of England and tomorrow it is looking


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