28/01/2017 Reporters


28/01/2017

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Transcript


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Welcome to Reporters, I'm Philippa Thomas.

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From here in the BBC News room, we send out correspondents

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In this week's programme: Is America's

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Justin Rowlatt asks what the Trump administration should do

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According to the American Government's own estimates, the

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Taliban still controls a third of the country,

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opium production is at record high and corruption is still

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Who are the happiest children in the world?

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Anna Holligan meets mums who have gone

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And the future of Formula One, as its legendary leader, Bernie

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Dan Roan examines his legacy, and meets the man

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It's been running as a one-man dictator for a long, long time.

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I think the sport needs a fresh perspective.

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As Donald Trump settles into his new home in

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the White House, one of his

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most pressing issues in is in-tray is Afghanistan.

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In the past he's described America's involvement as a

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disaster but he's also told the Afghan leader, the US will not

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The international combat mission there

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ended in 2014 but 13,000 Nato troops remain and most of them are

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With the Taliban and other militant groups gaining ground,

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Justin Rowlatt has been trying to find out if the US will cut its

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losses and bring America's longest war to an end.

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Another team of Afghan soldiers is flying in to Helmand province.

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The BBC got rare permission to join them.

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It has been hard going for the Afghan army since the US and its

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Nato allies pulled out most of their troops at the end of 2014.

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These days, the soldiers don't have far to

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It is right on the outskirts of the provincial capital, Lashkar Gah.

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The Taliban now control more than 80% of

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the province and, say the soldiers, supplies are low.

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TRANSLATION: For a month we have been saying we are running out of

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ammunition but we don't get any new supplies.

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Our enemy is firing at us but we don't have enough bullets to

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His commander urges President Trump to continue to

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TRANSLATION: As a soldier of Afghanistan, I ask his excellency,

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Donald Trump, to continue the fight here.

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If he can give us more support we can wipe the terrorists out.

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The West still has 13,000 troops in Afghanistan, most of them are

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This is their headquarters in Kabul but the truth

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The West has spent more in real terms on reconstruction

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here in Afghanistan than America spent on the

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reconstruction of Europe after the Second World War.

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Now despite that, according to the American

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government's own estimates, the Taliban still controls a third of

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the country, opium production is at a record high

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Nato commanders say America does have clear

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Afghanistan - Training and assisting the Afghan army and targeting

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So, specifically, Al-Qaeda, as well as

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the Islamic State, that is what really keeps direct

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pressure on the organisations that threaten the West and threaten our

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Nato commanders say America does have clear strategic

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interests in Afghanistan - Training and assisting

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the Afghan army and targeting terrorist organisations.

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And other powers are flexing their muscles in Afghanistan.

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Last month Russia hosted a meeting in Moscow about the country's future

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with senior officials from China and Pakistan and it makes no secret

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of the fact it has been talking to the Taliban.

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This doesn't take much, according to the Dutch. They have the most

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contented baby, the happiest kids and the best work life balance as

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adults. The lessons start with breakfast. They place a high value

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on family life, and communication between members of the family and

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part of eating together is about talking together. The Dutch scored

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the highest on children aged breakfast before school. That set

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them up for the day. Chocolate sprinklings clearly contradict

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healthy eating advice. It Dutch kids have some of the lowest obesity

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rates, which might be linked to the fact that so many cycle to school,

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but, as you can see, bikes and cars have separate lanes, so parents

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don't have the same worries about sending kids out on two wheels. When

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they get to school, Dutch pupils don't face academic pressure like

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tests and from work until much later. When there is not so much

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pressure, children start school in a positive way by enjoying it, by

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feeling this is something nice to do. That is backed up by the Unicef

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statistics would suggest these children are more likely to go on to

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further education than their British counterparts. You will see lots of

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fathers at the school gates. The Dutch government legislates for

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unpaid father Davies which encourage families to share the childcare.

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Then there is the freedom. We always read in all these books but they

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should play outside, so I am happy it is part of a culture where they

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are expected to go out and play. The by-product of giving kids a greater

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independence, more time for yourself, at least when they are

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older. Head west from here and you will reach Essex. The UK might be

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geographically close but there are fundamental differences between our

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societies and not all of the lessons here can simply be exported over

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there. But, they might just inspire you. Now, anxious times at Formula 1

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after the man who transformed the sport into a billion-dollar global

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business stood down this week. Bernie Ecclestone Road F1 for nearly

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40 years wit and irony crib and an astuteness that has been arguably

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unmatched across business and sporting worlds. But, he has been

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accused by his successor, Chase Carey, of running the sport like it

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one-man dictator. The new man at the top of Formula 1 has been talking to

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us about the future of the sport. There is Bernie Ecclestone, the Czar

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of Formula 1. He has been a driving force like no other. Having root of

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Formula 1 with an iron grip for decades, Bernie Ecclestone

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transformed into a global commercial phenomenon on. This is fantastic. At

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times it seemed as if he would go on for ever but with a

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multi-billion-dollar American takeover came a sudden change in

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direction. The new F1 boss said it is the end of the road for the man

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he has replaced. I expect this is difficult for Bernie, he has run the

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sport as a one-man, he calls himself a dictator, he has run it as a

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one-man dictator for a long time. I think the sport needs a fresh

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perspective. From second-hand car salesman to the martial rights

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holder, the rise of Ecclestone was remarkable. The 86-year-old's deal

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making skills quite powerful friends and billions in the bank. There was

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also controversy. Some comments caused offence and he was forced to

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settle a bribery case in 2014, but this diminutive figure will be

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remembered as a titan of the sport. You cannot have another Bernie. The

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conditions and circumstances will never exist and he will go down in

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history for what he has achieved. This is fantastic. Recently, F1 has

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struggled to match the thrills of the pass and with declining

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audiences, the sport needs a revamp. The most important thing is getting

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back to the basics of great racing, engaging with the fans, engaging

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with the public and, perhaps, making the cars less confident. I go back

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to man and machine being at the pinnacle. Formula 1 has been able to

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depend on its unique mix of speed, glamour and technology to guarantee

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true global appeal. There is a sense from within the sport that in an

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ultracompetitive and shifting sports market, there are now needs to be

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change. We need to use all the digital platforms available and are

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marketing capability to tell the stories of the rivalries. We have to

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make are even larger than ever, week-long events, cities at the

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tracks with music and entertainment, with the sport at the Centre. I have

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talked about 21 super Bowls and that is what we should have. This is a

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seismic moment. Ecclestone has been offered an advisory role, but the

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man is to bring the puppet master is no longer pulling the strings. The

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wood of the sport will never see his like again. And that is all from

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reporters this week. From me, goodbye for now.

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