City of Fear Spotlight


City of Fear

Stephen Dempster investigates the actions of Derry's self-styled vigilante group Republican Action Against Drugs, as it prepares to become City of Culture next year.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to City of Fear. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

Turmoil on the streets of Londonderry. A battle that is

:00:32.:00:39.

creating a new threat to the police. And a trail of victims whose lives

:00:39.:00:49.
:00:49.:00:51.

have been shattered. He fell to the floor. I couldn't feel my legs.

:00:51.:01:01.

brutal impact of vigilantes today. We challenge the gunmen themselves.

:01:01.:01:07.

They tell spoth spot They have to understand this, is terrible.

:01:08.:01:17.
:01:18.:01:18.

What's going on in Derry at the moment is absolutely disgrace.

:01:18.:01:28.
:01:28.:01:57.

Parts of this city are in the grip of fear. For four years, Derry's

:01:57.:02:07.

estates are plagued by a vigilante group, in February, this year, they

:02:07.:02:16.

claimed their first murder Vic dim. Andrew Allen was a 20-year-old

:02:16.:02:22.

father of two from the Waterside area. He was on the radar of

:02:22.:02:27.

republic and vigilantes for some time. Then one night in February,

:02:27.:02:33.

this year, Andrew's enemies tracked him down to bun drana, where he was

:02:33.:02:40.

living with his girlfriend Arlene. Arlene has never spoken publicly

:02:40.:02:43.

before what happened that evening. We were lying in the bed, he was

:02:43.:02:48.

playing the PlayStation, next hear I heard Big Bangs, I didn't know

:02:48.:02:53.

what it was. The Big Bangs again, when I got out, I looked out the

:02:53.:03:00.

window and there's this fellas, kicking and kicking at the door,

:03:00.:03:05.

but I seen the gun. I said to Andi, there's a fella at the door with a

:03:05.:03:11.

gun. He jumped out of bed, I was over beside the bedroom door, and

:03:11.:03:16.

he shouted out to me to phone the guards. I had to run back to my

:03:16.:03:22.

locker to get the phone, just as I was running back to the bedroom

:03:22.:03:30.

door, the fella was kicking at the door. The next thing I looked over

:03:30.:03:40.
:03:40.:03:59.

and I heard a smash and shots being And a... He fell to the floor. He

:03:59.:04:04.

shouted at me "Arlene I can't feel my legs". I phoned the guards, and

:04:04.:04:14.

there was blood he was where. So, he slid eever beside me. I phoned

:04:14.:04:20.

the guards. I was shouting for help. I was trying to hold his head out

:04:20.:04:26.

because the blood was coming out. I tried and tried, I couldn't get him

:04:26.:04:34.

over on his back. Arlene ran to get help from a neighbour. They came

:04:34.:04:40.

over running with me And the man helped me get a hand on his back. I

:04:41.:04:46.

started giving him CPR. But I knew, because I had to pull

:04:46.:04:51.

the blood out of his mouth and away from his nose. I tried for as long

:04:51.:05:01.
:05:01.:05:06.

Minutes later, Andrew's mother, Donna had learnt what had happened.

:05:06.:05:11.

I was sitting watching television and I got a phone call from my

:05:11.:05:16.

sister to say that Andrew had been shot and within minutes she rang me

:05:16.:05:21.

back to say they can't get a pulse, that Andrew's dead. I was here, and

:05:21.:05:28.

I just fell to the ground. weeks later the killers reveal

:05:28.:05:33.

themselves. RAAD said they had killed Andrew because he was a drug

:05:33.:05:40.

dealer. Andrew was no big time drug dealer, Andrew never had a penny,

:05:40.:05:45.

he was always borrowing money off people. Donna says Andrew was an

:05:45.:05:49.

innocent victim. Taken from his family in cold blood. REPORTER: Can

:05:49.:05:57.

you explain what it is like to have that taken away from your family?

:05:57.:06:01.

Devastation. Complete devastation. So it is.

:06:01.:06:08.

Like I've lost a son, and they've lost a brother and my two

:06:08.:06:11.

grandchildren, they've lost their father now, they have to go the

:06:11.:06:17.

rest of their life now without their father. When you hear your

:06:17.:06:23.

grandson saying, he's six, to say that, he misses his daddy, and why

:06:23.:06:28.

did these bad men do this. I have no answer for that, because I don't

:06:28.:06:34.

know why. Andrew's family say they know who killed them. Everybody

:06:34.:06:40.

knows who done it, the guards know who has done it, the PSNI knows who

:06:40.:06:45.

done it. But four months later, the killers have still not been caught.

:06:45.:06:51.

I don't know how they sleep at night. They have no conscience, and

:06:51.:06:56.

the people... They've wives, you know what I mean like, and they've

:06:56.:07:00.

mothers as well. They've got to understand, that this, this is

:07:01.:07:05.

terrible, what's going on in Derry at the moment is absolutely a

:07:05.:07:10.

disgrey. Since their formation, four years ago, RAAD have carried

:07:10.:07:18.

out dozens of shootings and beatings, but Andrew Allen was the

:07:18.:07:24.

first murder, it brought crowds on to the city, calling on RAAD to

:07:24.:07:29.

stop. But RAAD responded with defiance. Within a month the group

:07:29.:07:33.

unleashed a new form of ruthlessness, forcing parents to

:07:34.:07:37.

participate of the shooting of their own parents. I'm still

:07:37.:07:43.

stressed over it, and probably will be for the rest of my life. Ciaran

:07:43.:07:48.

McFadden says his son and nephew Sean were among a group who got

:07:48.:07:53.

into a fight with a well known RAAD member. A few days later, RAAD

:07:54.:07:58.

presented Ciaran and his family with an appalling dilemma. I got

:07:58.:08:04.

the message to be sent to my conto Creggan to get shot. And between

:08:04.:08:12.

that, Sean was sent word through a third party, that if he didn't

:08:12.:08:18.

present himself, that he would be shot. Ciaran is a former member of

:08:18.:08:23.

the provisional member of the IRA and a well known figure. But for

:08:23.:08:28.

him and his family, it seemed the only option was to meet the demand.

:08:28.:08:34.

If.I said come and get him, they would have put a pipe bomb under my

:08:34.:08:41.

car, or under my wife, killed my wife, me, my Sean or anybody

:08:41.:08:46.

visiting. Word spread throughout the Creggan,

:08:47.:08:51.

that RAAD were ordering parents to bring their parents to be shot.

:08:51.:08:56.

That evening, people in the city again rallied in an effort to stop

:08:56.:09:00.

the shootings. We are here for dissency and justice and peace. We

:09:00.:09:05.

want to say no to RAAD. This expression of public anger, didn't

:09:05.:09:11.

stop RAAD. We were sitting, a knock came to the door, about 10.30pm,

:09:11.:09:16.

last man, take your son to the back of the garden square. The back of

:09:17.:09:23.

my head, maybe they're going to scare him. I really thought this.

:09:23.:09:27.

So I said do you really want to do this. He said let get it over and

:09:27.:09:34.

done with. At 11pm, Ciaran brought his son a back street area in

:09:35.:09:40.

Derry's Bogside. His cousin Sean was already there. Ciaran agreed to

:09:40.:09:48.

show us what happened next. This is where Ciaran was sat and cousin

:09:48.:09:55.

Sean. I was here for 15-20 minutes, I saw a guy stick his head. I

:09:55.:10:00.

walked down, and I said guys, get this over and done with. They ran

:10:00.:10:05.

past me, Ciaran was standing here, against the rail ilgs, Sean was

:10:05.:10:11.

standing a few feet away. They came up behind, shot Ciaran in the left

:10:11.:10:16.

calf and shot Sean twice in the ankles. Sean came through, no great

:10:16.:10:22.

damage, and Ciaran is left with bullet wound in his calf. How far

:10:22.:10:26.

were you. A few feet away. Towards the square, walking towards them on

:10:26.:10:31.

the phone for an ambulance. So you literally phone the ambulance while

:10:31.:10:37.

they're being shot? Yeah. Is that not crazy? It is crazy, but we live

:10:37.:10:43.

in a crazy society. Do you know who they are is this I know. Two months

:10:43.:10:48.

later, Ciaran and his family are tormented by the decision. How can

:10:48.:10:54.

a father stand here and see his son getting shot. It is eating me away.

:10:54.:10:58.

People ask me why didn't I go to the police. We don't live in a

:10:59.:11:02.

normal society. I could have gone to the police, I could be burnt,

:11:02.:11:07.

blew up, living in fear, I don't want to live like that. City of

:11:07.:11:13.

culture, city of fear! So, what effect is all this having on Derry

:11:13.:11:20.

now. Sn The impact of RAAD on Derry, can't be underestimated. Since

:11:20.:11:24.

we've been here, we've met young men and their families who are

:11:24.:11:30.

living constantly in fear. One of them agreed to be interviewed. His

:11:30.:11:35.

words are spoken by an actor to protect his identity. He's also

:11:35.:11:43.

asked us not to use his real name. So we've called him John. Well I'm

:11:43.:11:46.

under threat because I was dabbleling in a bit of drugs, it

:11:46.:11:52.

was not major, I was making �100 a week, even to do it, to feed his

:11:52.:11:55.

own habit. This brought John to the attention of RAAD now he is living

:11:55.:12:00.

in fear, since threatened by the vigilantes. But John refuses to

:12:00.:12:04.

leave Derry, and now lives in a permanent state of terror, waiting

:12:04.:12:10.

for the moment when RAAD will attack. I've machetes, swords,

:12:10.:12:16.

anything pointy on them, I move house, every three months, I'm

:12:16.:12:22.

moving today actually. I have drop boards made up, alarms off police

:12:22.:12:27.

from the door, keep the light up, sitting up until 4 or 5 in the

:12:27.:12:37.
:12:37.:12:37.

morning. John says living this way has left him mentallytor tuerd.

:12:38.:12:42.

was going to kill myself, but I don't want to do that. I have two

:12:42.:12:46.

kids. We spoke to his mother who didn't want to be identified.

:12:46.:12:50.

not only what they're doing to the young fellas, they're doing the

:12:50.:12:56.

families. They'retor tuerd mothers, at the minute, I'm one of them.

:12:56.:13:03.

Like John, his mother spends each night in her home. I take my

:13:03.:13:08.

medication in the morning, that calms me down. I have to wait to my

:13:08.:13:12.

next fix before my hands stop shaking, my body stops shaking.

:13:12.:13:18.

is clear that John's mother is also being terrorised by RAAD's threats.

:13:18.:13:23.

My worst fear is they pull up near somewhere in a car, van, getting

:13:23.:13:30.

him into it, taking him away andtor touring him and murdering him, and

:13:30.:13:36.

throwing his body away so I don't have it. What I might say, I would

:13:36.:13:42.

go and stand at the bottom of the grave and talk to my son, than they

:13:42.:13:46.

put their hands on him. Everywhere you go, people are talking about

:13:46.:13:51.

RAAD so who are they and what are police doing to tackle them? They

:13:51.:13:58.

are led by two former Provisional IRA members of some standing, and

:13:58.:14:02.

the organisation, exists, almost exclusively of form era are a

:14:02.:14:06.

members, with some new recruit, who weren't involved in that

:14:06.:14:09.

organisation. What size of membership have this

:14:09.:14:16.

group? I don't think it is helpful for me to get into range of numbers.

:14:16.:14:23.

But I assure you they are a small group. The pist pist may know who

:14:23.:14:31.

they are, but - PSNI may know, but there are four murders. We haven't

:14:31.:14:35.

been as good as we should have been, and I'm disappoint. We have,

:14:35.:14:40.

currently another man before the court in relation to RAAD-relate

:14:40.:14:44.

actively, but it is not good enough. So, we recognise that, and we

:14:45.:14:49.

recognise we need to do more. means more money, more manpower,

:14:49.:14:56.

and more resources. Including, a new appeal Ejiofor information.

:14:56.:15:02.

have spoken to the Chief Constable personally at length around RAAD

:15:02.:15:06.

and I can assure you we are going to do everything we can, as an

:15:06.:15:11.

organisation, to tackle RAAD in the coming weeks and months. But we

:15:11.:15:13.

will be more successful if the community give us the information

:15:13.:15:19.

that I need. I would urge them, urge them, please for the sake of

:15:19.:15:24.

your community and Derry, help us to make RAAD go away, and give us

:15:24.:15:30.

that information. The police appear to be oping the -- uping the

:15:30.:15:35.

offensive but help is low. It means many those under threat look

:15:35.:15:41.

elsewhere for help. Most of the meet in the community centre,

:15:41.:15:48.

called the Rose Mount resource centre. It secured funding from the

:15:48.:15:51.

International Red Cross, for its work with threat victims. I went

:15:51.:15:58.

there to meet the man for many of those in RAAD's hit list as their

:15:58.:16:02.

only hope. Since we began regarding our statistics in June last year,

:16:02.:16:08.

we've dealt with up until today, 112 cases, for the individuals

:16:08.:16:14.

coming in it here, it is seriously stressful. They're really concerned,

:16:14.:16:19.

they think that their family member is going to be shot or hurt,

:16:19.:16:26.

certainly. Within hours. Hugh is no ordinary community workers, he is a

:16:26.:16:31.

former member of the Provisional IRA, and several of RAAD's members

:16:31.:16:36.

are his former comrades. It gives them a level of RAAD that few have.

:16:36.:16:40.

Whenever we are contacted by somebody under threat, then we

:16:40.:16:47.

would contact RAAD. You then deal directly with RAAD? Yeah. So how do

:16:47.:16:52.

they rationalise, shooting people, and acting in what many people say

:16:52.:16:58.

is a barbaric fashion? They rationalise it easy, they're saying

:16:58.:17:02.

they're preventing these people selling drugs to children in our

:17:02.:17:08.

community. That's how they rationalise it. The Mubarakity of

:17:08.:17:13.

their actions, I don't think they rationalise at all. Hugh's contact

:17:13.:17:17.

with RAAD makes his work controversial, some accused him and

:17:17.:17:23.

the centre, of being too close to the group, and as acting as RAAD's

:17:23.:17:28.

messenger. But he says his purpose is simple. Our soul function is to

:17:28.:17:34.

shop those shootings. Where we are intervened and unsuccessful, we

:17:34.:17:38.

would be angry at ourselves that maybe we could have done something

:17:38.:17:42.

else, that may have persuaded RAAD to prevent the shooting. Brady's

:17:42.:17:46.

work takes place behind the scenes. There are those that believe the

:17:46.:17:51.

best way to respond to RAAD is to challenge the group publicly, and

:17:51.:17:56.

directly. For three months, one group of women has been at the

:17:56.:18:01.

forefront of this campaign. They call themselves Move On. They

:18:01.:18:09.

agreed to meet me. How much support to RAAD were other groups who carry

:18:09.:18:13.

on punishment attacks, how much support do they have? RAAD do not

:18:13.:18:19.

have the support of the majority of people of our communities. They

:18:19.:18:24.

don't have any type of following, that it shows any type of

:18:24.:18:30.

credibility. The women of Move On aren't the only ones challenging

:18:30.:18:33.

RAAD publicly. Attacking RAAD's credibility has been a tactic of

:18:33.:18:38.

the police, inity battle for hearts and minds. Well, you know, I don't

:18:38.:18:46.

see any big time drug dealers, being targeted by RAAD. This is a

:18:46.:18:49.

criminal gang who brutalise and shoot people. If you fall out with

:18:49.:18:55.

them in a pub or street, they'll exile you and order you out of the

:18:55.:18:59.

city. Some people have been allow today return, only when they paid

:18:59.:19:03.

thousands of pounds, sometimes to RAAD. Or, maybe, RAAD have taken

:19:04.:19:09.

their motor vehicle off them. This is pure criminality that is

:19:09.:19:13.

inflicting horrible effects on the community. We want to challenge

:19:13.:19:17.

RAAD ourselves about their violent activities. So we made contact with

:19:17.:19:22.

the group, through an intermediary. We put a number of questions to

:19:22.:19:27.

RAAD. They supplied us with a series of statements and

:19:27.:19:31.

photographs. We began by asking RAAD why they were shooting people.

:19:31.:19:41.
:19:41.:19:42.

RAAD why they were shooting people. They alleged are drug dealers. They

:19:42.:19:52.
:19:52.:20:13.

RAAD believes it has support in this community. So does it? And if

:20:13.:20:18.

it does, where does that support it does, where does that support

:20:18.:20:25.

come from? While filming in Derry, we found people reluctant people

:20:25.:20:30.

they support RAAD until this happened. Ten days ago, police

:20:30.:20:33.

investigating RAAD mounted a search operation within cegdepan. Within

:20:33.:20:40.

minutes a crowd gathered outside. Then this.

:20:40.:20:44.

Bomb. Around the corner, a police vehicle was hit by a blast bomb.

:20:44.:20:54.
:20:54.:21:01.

So what do people here, think about RAAD? I support RAAD fully. I'd

:21:01.:21:06.

probably be lifted for saying that, I support them, because I can see

:21:06.:21:11.

what people do with drugs. Do RAAD have support? Only people are

:21:11.:21:15.

afraid to say they pour RAAD because you're looked at as a bad

:21:15.:21:19.

person. My heart and soul support RAAD. I would trust them. If my

:21:19.:21:24.

grandson was involved in drugs, I would go straight to them and I

:21:24.:21:28.

know they'd sort him out. Not shooting him but in other ways,

:21:28.:21:34.

that's the last resort. This woman wasn't the only one here who agreed

:21:34.:21:39.

to be interviewed by RAAD. Shortly afterwards, we spotted Gary

:21:39.:21:42.

Donnelly, a hardline Republican, opposed to the peace process. We

:21:43.:21:47.

asked him whether RAAD has support in the area. There's without doubt

:21:47.:21:53.

support for RAAD in these communities. People, some people in

:21:53.:21:58.

these communities would see RAAD at the forefront of the battle against

:21:58.:22:02.

drugs. Could you agree with shooting people, that's barbaric?

:22:03.:22:07.

When people look at that, it is a form of justice. It is barbaric, it

:22:07.:22:11.

is not nice, but the drug problem in this community, there's people

:22:11.:22:17.

who want swift just dis, and that's the way they look at it. Shortly

:22:17.:22:27.
:22:27.:22:37.

But these scenes in the Creggan were about something deeper and

:22:37.:22:41.

more fundamental than RAAD. Police is not welcome in our community

:22:41.:22:48.

this. Is not a normal police force that you would see in Ireland or

:22:48.:22:53.

England, this is a paramilitary police force. RAAD claimed

:22:53.:22:58.

responsibility for a blast bomb on the police. This is the first time

:22:58.:23:04.

RAAD attacked on the pist pist, it put the group on an I - PSNI and

:23:04.:23:09.

put it on another level. When RAAD emerged, it had no political agenda,

:23:09.:23:15.

but of course, in recent years, RAAD are in conflict with the PSNI,

:23:15.:23:20.

they're hunted by the PSNI, and denounced now by Sinn Fein, and all

:23:20.:23:30.
:23:30.:23:30.

that. I think it creates the potential at least an overlap of

:23:30.:23:35.

interest with RAAD and people called dissident Republicans, one

:23:35.:23:39.

question is how will that develop, in the next couple of years.

:23:40.:23:44.

asked RAAD through the intermediary, if they work with dissent? They

:23:44.:23:49.

refused to comment. What's clear is that RAAD is a new faction in an

:23:49.:23:53.

already divided Republican family in Derry. So, where is Sinn Fein in

:23:54.:23:59.

all of this and what is it doing about RAAD? We are voicing our

:23:59.:24:05.

opposition to what they do. We have always said they have no meaningful

:24:05.:24:12.

role to play with life in Derry. We highlighted what RAAD is about. We

:24:12.:24:15.

said they're under Sinn Fein, under the peace process, and called on

:24:15.:24:18.

the community to voice their opposition, to show their

:24:18.:24:21.

opposition, be it in public demonstrations or co-operateing

:24:21.:24:25.

with the PSNI. But how realistic are Sinn Fein's calls to co-operate

:24:25.:24:29.

with the police? Sinn Fein is in a difficult position, it is their

:24:29.:24:33.

line, publicly and I understand, privately to tell people, you have

:24:33.:24:38.

problems with RAAD or generally, with illegal, or antisocial

:24:38.:24:44.

behaviour, to go to the PSNI. That is not always welcome advice. So to

:24:44.:24:50.

tell people to go to PSNI appear in court and give evidence against

:24:50.:24:54.

particulars, that's easy to say, but difficult for people to do on

:24:54.:24:58.

the ground. RAAD it seems has become the focus, of a battle for

:24:58.:25:04.

the very soul of the community, within Republicanism in Derry.

:25:04.:25:07.

Feign are attempting to get together, you know, people in the

:25:07.:25:12.

community, many of whom will be associated with Sinn Fein, to form

:25:12.:25:17.

community groups and give a voice who are oppose today RAAD. How

:25:17.:25:22.

successful that is, remains to be seen., we got a phenomenonan now,

:25:22.:25:28.

where community groups are emerging, some hostile ter raed, and some in

:25:28.:25:32.

effect, defending RAAD or the dissident Republicans or both, so

:25:32.:25:39.

you have a community which is split. What is the answer to RAAD? We've

:25:39.:25:45.

learnted on the ground, quiet diplomacy has been going on. There

:25:45.:25:49.

are conversations taking place, these have been taking place

:25:49.:25:55.

formally and informally over a period of time. We have reacheded

:25:55.:25:58.

understandings. Seamus is a social worker, and believes there are

:25:58.:26:03.

circumstances in which RAAD will scale back their activities. RAAD

:26:03.:26:07.

said if there was some other means of dealing effectively with the

:26:07.:26:11.

drugs problem they would no longer be in existence. If we can get a

:26:11.:26:17.

strong community voice in place, that says "we will take

:26:17.:26:25.

responsibility for dealing with the issues, and no-one else, ""RAAD

:26:25.:26:29.

will listen. There are people to take on that role. The women said

:26:29.:26:33.

when it comes to takeling the social problems and drugs, they

:26:33.:26:37.

have more to offer than RAAD. Throughout Northern Ireland there's

:26:37.:26:40.

drug problems, alcohol problems, misuse of prescription drugs, we're

:26:40.:26:45.

to different here in this city. But young people have to grow up, they

:26:46.:26:50.

make mistakes, but they have to learn from them and being shot

:26:50.:26:56.

won't learn them. Are you naive, that some people would say you'll

:26:56.:27:00.

never solve the drug problem, if you're going to try and do it as a

:27:00.:27:05.

community, there are a million xaxs it hasn't worked. Do you feel you

:27:05.:27:08.

will make a difference? We wouldn't be here if we couldn't make a

:27:08.:27:12.

difference. The community to us is everybody getting involved, the

:27:12.:27:16.

whole community getting together. We are not superheroes, it won't

:27:16.:27:19.

happen overnight. We need everybody together as one, regardless of who

:27:19.:27:24.

you are, what you are, where you're fro, we want everybody to come

:27:24.:27:29.

together, unite and sort out the problem together. What are your

:27:29.:27:35.

hopes for the future, in terms of RAAD and Derry? My hope is that

:27:35.:27:40.

RAAD disband and all other armed vigilante groups. Disband and

:27:40.:27:47.

disarm, and go away, and let us be the community that we want to be.

:27:47.:27:54.

So, will RAAD soften its position So, will RAAD soften its position

:27:54.:28:04.
:28:04.:28:11.

in response to these calls? We It is a sign that RAAD has no

:28:11.:28:15.

intention of going away. It seems that there will be further

:28:15.:28:24.

suffering at the hands of the vigilantes. I still wait for that

:28:24.:28:34.

text or phone call, from Andrew. 24 years of age, a young man. Starting

:28:34.:28:44.
:28:44.:28:45.

to turn his life around. And they murder him. Where's the justice?

:28:45.:28:50.

RAAD are a relic of repian parliamentarianism, apart from the

:28:50.:28:56.

misery of their victims, it is hard to tell what they are trying to

:28:56.:29:01.

Derry is the City of Culture next year - but it's a city plagued by the actions of the self-styled vigilante group Republican Action Against Drugs (RAAD). Stephen Dempster investigates.


Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS