23/10/2016 Sunday Politics East Midlands


23/10/2016

Andrew Neil and Marie Ashby are joined by former Ukip deputy leader Paul Nuttall, international development minister Rory Stewart and shadow defence secretary Nia Griffith.


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Transcript


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There's another candidate in the race to become Ukip's next

:00:35.:00:40.

leader: Suzanne Evans, the party's former deputy chairman,

:00:41.:00:43.

This man might have something to say about that.

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Paul Nuttal was Nigel Farage's deputy for many years.

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So is he now ready to throw his hat in the ring?

:00:53.:00:55.

The battle for Mosul: the Iraqi army and its allies advane

:00:56.:01:00.

on the country's second city which has been in the hands of

:01:01.:01:03.

In the East Midlands: from this key clash?

:01:04.:01:10.

Three of our police forces working more closely,

:01:11.:01:12.

but will it mean more bobbies on the beat?

:01:13.:01:14.

And universities fear tougher immigration rules

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one of the richest cities in the world. Should all private landlords

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be licensed to help tackle the squalor?

:01:24.:01:28.

And with me - as always - the best and the brightest political

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panel in the business: Toby Young, Polly Toynbee and Tom Newton Dunn -

:01:32.:01:34.

The last leader was in the job a mere 18 days before she decided

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The favourite to succeed her then quit the party after a now infamous

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Ukip's biggest donor says the party is at "breaking point".

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This morning, the former Deputy Chairman, Suzanne Evans,

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announced that she would be running for the leadership.

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I've thought long and hard about this leadership bid,

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and one of the reasons I've perhaps delayed announcing it is

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because I wanted to be absolutely sure that I had the support

:02:12.:02:14.

And I can confirm that I have more than enough signatures

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on the nomination form already to be able to go forward.

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Let's not forget that 3,000 people signed a petition in support of me

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I know head office was besieged with letters in support.

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I would not be doing this if I didn't have the backing

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of our members, because our members are the most important

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Well, Paul Nuttall was Nigel Farage's deputy for many years

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and plenty of people saw him as a leader-in-waiting.

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Let's ask the man himself - Paul Nuttall joins me now.

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Yes. I've made the decision that I'm going to put my name forward to be

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the next leader of Ukip. I have huge support across the country, not only

:03:04.:03:08.

amongst people at the top of the party in Westminster and with the

:03:09.:03:13.

MEPs, but also the grassroots. I want to be the unity candidate. Ukip

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needs to come together. I'm not going to gild the lily. Ukip is

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looking over a political cliff at the moment. It will either step four

:03:22.:03:33.

step back, and I want to tell us to step backwards. You say it faces an

:03:34.:03:36.

ex-distension or threat, which means it's possible it has no future at

:03:37.:03:38.

all. Students of political history know that political parties take a

:03:39.:03:44.

long time to get going. They can disappear pretty quickly. Ukip is

:03:45.:03:49.

facing an existential crisis. What happened over the summer has put us

:03:50.:03:54.

on a... We could be on a spiral that we can't get off. But I believe I am

:03:55.:03:59.

the man to bring the factions together, to create unity within the

:04:00.:04:03.

party, and to build on the structure and get us ready for the common

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challenges. Why didn't you stand last time? Because I have spent the

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last four or five years of my life travelling around the country. I

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have done more Ukip meetings than anybody else, spending a lot of time

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away from home. With Brexit, I felt that my job and Nigel's job was done

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and we could hand over to the next generation. That doesn't seem to be

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the case, and maybe it's time for someone who is an old hand. I'm very

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experienced and I know the party inside out. Maybe it's time to step

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in and bring the party together. You told the Liverpool Echo on the night

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of July that you didn't wish to take on Nigel Farage, you didn't want

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that to happen to your family and friends. What has changed? The party

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is facing an existential crisis, and I want to make sure that Ukip is on

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the pitch to keep the ball into the open net we have in politics. We

:05:05.:05:11.

have a Conservative Party who is moving toward Brexit, but we have to

:05:12.:05:17.

be there too. Why would you be better than Suzanne Evans? Suzanne

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would be an excellent candidate. I thought the 2015 manifesto was the

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best out of all the political parties. I would be the best

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candidate because of my experience. I am not part of any faction within

:05:31.:05:36.

the party. Is she? I get on well with everybody, and I believe I

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could be the man to bring the party together. Do you get on with Iain

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Banks, -- Aaron Banks, who is supporting one of your rivals? Yes,

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I get on well with him. He is able to choose whoever he wants to be the

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next leader of the party. After November 28, the leadership

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election, we all say, the past the past. It becomes Daisy row for the

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new leader. We forget all that has before and move on. You won the

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referendum. Mrs May is adopting some of your policies, like grammar

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schools. What is the point of Ukip these days? Twofold. We don't have

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Brexit. Mrs May said she would not invoke Article 50 until the end of

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March, and we don't know if that will happen. We need to ensure a

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strong Ukip to make sure that Brexit really does mean Brexit. We have a

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huge opportunity in working class communities where the Labour Party

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no longer represents them. I believe Ukip can become the voice of working

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people. If you were the leader, would Ukip be a bigger threat to

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Labour in the north or the Tories in the South? You save Labour in the

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north, and people often to make that mistake. There's working class

:06:57.:07:00.

communities right across the country is. There are working-class

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communities in Bristol just as in Newcastle. We are second in a

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number of northern seats, and southern seats as well, and I

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believe the party can move into these communities. It can only do so

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if Ukip is on the pitch, and I intend to make sure that's the case.

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I don't think we have portrayed a good image over the summer. Is that

:07:26.:07:32.

called British understatement? A bit. It is dysfunctional. We have to

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move on beyond Nigel Farage. We have to build a strong national Executive

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Committee. We need to ensure our branches are ready for the fight and

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concentrate on local elections. I've got the experience. I'm now throwing

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my hat into the ring, and I'm the only person who can keep Ukip in the

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game. What role would you give Nigel Farage, if any? I will be the

:08:00.:08:03.

candidate of compromise. I would see what Nigel wanted to do. Would you

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keep in the leader of the freedom and democracy group in the European

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Parliament? There would have to be compromise on both sides, and we

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would need to talk about it. I don't know what Nigel wants to do. Do you

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think his support, his association with Donald Trump, helps Ukip win

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female votes in this country? Personally, I would not have gone

:08:28.:08:31.

out and campaigned or said anything about Donald Trump, but I don't

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think Ukip has come out and backed Donald Trump 100%. Personally, I

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wouldn't have even spoken about the American election, because I think

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the two candidates are quite appalling. Some up for us. If you

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win, what would be the hallmark of your Ukip leadership? The first

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couple of months would be ensuring that Ukip unifies. Saying no to

:08:57.:09:02.

factions, bringing people together. Suzanne Evans, Nigel Farage, all of

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the MEPs, and ensuring that Ukip can move forward. If we don't unify,

:09:09.:09:13.

Ukip will not be around for much longer. Thanks for being with us

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this morning. We won't have to wait too long

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to find out who Ukip's new leader will be -

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the winner will be announced Who would be the best leader for

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Ukip? I think the difference between the field a few weeks ago and today

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is that this field is a lot stronger. Whether it's Paul or

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Suzanne, I think... It is hard to say, with Aaron Banks and apparently

:09:42.:09:49.

Nigel Farage hacking another candidate, Raheem, but I want Ukip

:09:50.:09:56.

to be a strong force in British politics. I think the fact there is

:09:57.:10:03.

a stronger field now is good news for Ukip. Is it a Labour's worst

:10:04.:10:11.

nightmare in the north of England? It is. I think the personality

:10:12.:10:17.

difference and presentational difference is interesting. Suzanne

:10:18.:10:21.

Evans is going for the Conservative county vote. There's a lot to be

:10:22.:10:25.

taken there by Ukip. He would probably be more appealing to the

:10:26.:10:32.

Labour vote. It is interesting. At the moment, pollsters say that the

:10:33.:10:39.

Ukip vote splits pretty easily between Labour and Tory. But things

:10:40.:10:50.

always collapse. When they have made inroads into Tower Hamlets and

:10:51.:10:54.

Barking, they collapse, because they fight amongst each other so much.

:10:55.:11:02.

But not always with fists! Does Ukip have a future? And who would best

:11:03.:11:11.

secure that future? It does for at least two years, until we Brexit. We

:11:12.:11:14.

have to believe that that will happen. That was an impressive pitch

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there from Paul, certainly as the unity candidate, after the car crash

:11:22.:11:25.

we have seen on TV screens this morning. But it doesn't go beyond

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May 20 19. What then? There is no point being called the United

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Kingdom Independence party any longer. What will happen after May

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2019? If you want to hoover up votes of the back of Brexit, you need to

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start looking further ahead than two years. The person who wins that

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leadership contest is the person who will sum that up the best. We shall

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see. In June 2014, the group which calls

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itself the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant captured Iraq's

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second city, Mosul. Later that month the group announced

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it was establishing a 'caliphate', or an Islamic state,

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on the territories it This week 30,000 Iraqi troops, aided

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by Iranian-backed Shia fighters, Kurdish Peshmerga and Western air

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support, began the assault Then they spot a truck bomb

:12:15.:12:19.

from so-called Islamic State. They destroy it before

:12:20.:12:37.

it destroys them. These are the first steps

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in the battle for Mosul, the Northern Iraqi city IS has

:12:42.:12:44.

made its stronghold since 2014. Controlling the city of around

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2 million people means that they established governance,

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they establish a territorial base. This is what has obsessed everyone,

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because with a territorial base you are capable of doing more

:12:59.:13:01.

than if you are simply an insurgency movement in the fabric

:13:02.:13:06.

of another society. It's being billed as the biggest

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military operation in Iraq since the war in 2003, the biggest

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moment in the international effort Here is how the various forces

:13:15.:13:18.

are approaching the city. Heading to Mosul from the south,

:13:19.:13:23.

the elite troops of the Iraqi army. Known as the Golden division,

:13:24.:13:28.

trained and accompanied From the North, a force made up

:13:29.:13:30.

of Kurds, known as the Peshmerga, Also from the South,

:13:31.:13:37.

a militia made up of Shia fighters who have been accused

:13:38.:13:43.

of human rights abuses. British planes have bombed outlying

:13:44.:13:45.

villages, reportedly guided in by British personnel

:13:46.:13:49.

on the ground. To the North West, a corridor

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has been left for some of the 3000 plus IS fighters,

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in theory an escape route which could limit the bloodshed

:14:00.:14:01.

when fighting starts in the city. We've had 4-5 days of battle

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and it's taking place in the outlying villages

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and there have been some successes and some failures,

:14:08.:14:09.

but the momentum is building. And the real question will be

:14:10.:14:12.

when the attackers get towards the city itself,

:14:13.:14:15.

how strong are the defences? It will crack but it might crack

:14:16.:14:19.

within 48 hours or 2-3 weeks. IS has fought back,

:14:20.:14:26.

on Friday they attack sites in the city of Kirkuk,

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including a power station. The United Nations believes hundreds

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of thousands of families have been rounded up

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as potential human shields. The battle could be bloody,

:14:36.:14:38.

but what about when it's over? The Shia militias, the Iraqi army,

:14:39.:14:43.

the Peshmerga guerrillas, some of the Turkish elements,

:14:44.:14:45.

they all want a share of the action. They are in Mosul, not

:14:46.:14:48.

for altruistic reasons. They are there because they want

:14:49.:14:52.

to be part of whatever happens next. The biggest issue is how the Sunni

:14:53.:14:55.

majority in Mosul reacts to the Shia militias which have

:14:56.:15:00.

helped to liberate them. ARCHIVE FOOTAGE: When Sir Francis

:15:01.:15:04.

Humphrey went to Mosul If it all seems like something

:15:05.:15:06.

from the archive, when the Middle East went up in flames

:15:07.:15:10.

and was then carved up, it is because that is what is

:15:11.:15:13.

happening in Iraq right now. National identity has been cut

:15:14.:15:16.

across by other identities such And that means that putting together

:15:17.:15:21.

a so-called nation state again Almost certainly there will be

:15:22.:15:31.

a new form of Kurdish state, almost certainly in northern Iraq

:15:32.:15:37.

at the end of this crisis, and what is happening in Mosul

:15:38.:15:40.

is a microcosm of what is happening elsewhere across the Levant

:15:41.:15:43.

which is that it is melting down. Big questions, questions that

:15:44.:15:47.

come after the battle. The coalition forces are advancing

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but this is just the beginning. I'm joined now by the International

:15:51.:15:52.

Development Minister Rory Stewart. In a former life he was

:15:53.:16:02.

the coalition Deputy-Governor of two provinces in Southern Iraq following

:16:03.:16:05.

the Iraq intervention of 2003. Is there any doubt that at some

:16:06.:16:20.

stage Mosul will fall to the forces of Iraq and its allies? The first

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thing is that war is very uncertain and there are cliches about it being

:16:31.:16:33.

the graveyard of predictions and we don't want to make confident

:16:34.:16:36.

predictions but the basic structure is that there are 30,000 Iraqi

:16:37.:16:45.

forces outside and only a few thousand Daesh fighters inside and I

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would say it is overwhelmingly likely that the batter will one

:16:52.:17:00.

STUDIO: -- the battle the won by the Iraqi forces.

:17:01.:17:03.

June 2014 was a great success, they took a city of over in people and

:17:04.:17:11.

they created what they tried to create a million state of 7 million

:17:12.:17:15.

people, stretching across the Iraqi Syrian border, but since then they

:17:16.:17:20.

have lost territory quite rapidly. Now they are losing the outskirts of

:17:21.:17:23.

Mosul, and that is a fundamental blow. Islamic State is all about

:17:24.:17:28.

territory and holding state, that is what makes it different from

:17:29.:17:31.

Al-Qaeda. If they lose Mosul that will be a cynic -- significant blow

:17:32.:17:39.

to their credibility. Hillary Clinton said on Wednesday's

:17:40.:17:43.

presidential debate that when Iraqi forces with their allies including

:17:44.:17:46.

the United Kingdom gain control of Mosul they should continue to press

:17:47.:17:52.

into Syria to take back Raqqa which is the de facto capital of the

:17:53.:17:58.

caliphate, what is left of it, do we want Iraqi forces to pursue IS into

:17:59.:18:05.

Syria? Very important question. Delayed in Raqqa needs to come from

:18:06.:18:09.

people on the Syrian side of the border and that is an important

:18:10.:18:15.

principle -- the lead. In the end of that enemy, Islamic State, is a

:18:16.:18:20.

common enemy for odd members of the coalition including the Iraqi

:18:21.:18:26.

government. -- all members. There is likely to be a humanitarian crisis

:18:27.:18:31.

especially if it ends up with street to street fighting and IS are

:18:32.:18:33.

difficult to dislodge what are we doing about that? We are doing very

:18:34.:18:40.

detailed scenario planning. It is very uncertain what the scenario

:18:41.:18:44.

will be but much investment has gone into creating a network of camps,

:18:45.:18:52.

refugees STUDIO: Refugee camps around cash refugee camps, and that

:18:53.:19:01.

is where money, British money, ?40 million has gone recently into

:19:02.:19:04.

supporting that, especially in terms of medical support to people. The

:19:05.:19:12.

United nation's emergency response budget is ?196 million but only one

:19:13.:19:14.

third funded which sounds like we are putting up a big chunk of what

:19:15.:19:18.

is already being funded. Why is that? The international committee

:19:19.:19:23.

can't say they haven't seen this assault coming, and the humanitarian

:19:24.:19:28.

fallout they may see from it. You are absolutely right. We have seen

:19:29.:19:33.

it coming and we have been planning since debris and we have put in

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about ?167 million into this -- planning since February. There has

:19:37.:19:42.

been a change in the nature of the appeal, and if there is a lag in the

:19:43.:19:46.

accounting of it, but the money we need at this stage is in place and

:19:47.:19:49.

we do have the support structure in place for those refugees. You are

:19:50.:19:53.

right the United Nations is continuing with its appeal and is

:19:54.:19:58.

asking for more money at the moment. The converse magazine wrote this

:19:59.:20:00.

week that preparations for a big exodus of people leaving the city

:20:01.:20:05.

have been made -- Economist magazine. But confidence is not high

:20:06.:20:10.

in the preparations, is that a unfair conclusion? If you can

:20:11.:20:16.

imagine the different scenarios, it could be a few thousand and it could

:20:17.:20:19.

be a few hundred thousand coming out of the city through a front line

:20:20.:20:22.

where the war is going on, that is very difficult. You have to screen

:20:23.:20:27.

those people and disarm them, and keep families together, and

:20:28.:20:31.

transport them and you have to bring them into the refugee camps. The

:20:32.:20:35.

people working on this have been working on this for long time, we

:20:36.:20:38.

have mapped the different routes we have good camp infrastructure in

:20:39.:20:45.

place and we have people who have worked in south to dam and other

:20:46.:20:48.

areas who are putting their structures in place -- South Sudan.

:20:49.:20:53.

It is never easy but I think we have done everything we can in the

:20:54.:20:56.

preparation for this. What is the British role in what will probably

:20:57.:21:03.

be an even bigger issue, assuming that Mosul is liberated and retaken,

:21:04.:21:08.

the humanitarian crisis is dealt with, what role will we play in the

:21:09.:21:14.

rebuilding of Mosul? That will be crucial to the future of Iraq, the

:21:15.:21:18.

second-biggest city and it will need to be rebuilt. It will need to be

:21:19.:21:24.

rebuilt as a community as well as bricks and mortar. And eight Sunni

:21:25.:21:29.

community that is not harassed by the Shia. -- and eight. You are

:21:30.:21:37.

right. One of the core drivers is that the Sunni community felt

:21:38.:21:39.

excluded and they did not feel they have the trust from the Baghdad

:21:40.:21:43.

government. A lasting solution is stopping some of Islamic State

:21:44.:21:51.

coming back, that involves making sure the Sunni community have a

:21:52.:21:55.

stake in their future. That is making sure that the governing

:21:56.:22:00.

structures are in place. The UK's response is twofold, we have got to

:22:01.:22:05.

get the humanitarian aid right, that is the short term, people who might

:22:06.:22:08.

be malnourished, coming out of the front line. The second thing is

:22:09.:22:13.

working with the Iraqi government to make sure that as we rebuild Mosul

:22:14.:22:18.

we do so in a way that that population feels a connection to the

:22:19.:22:23.

Iraqi state. Islamic State is losing territory everywhere in the Levant,

:22:24.:22:28.

it is almost finished in Iraq, we think. It is down to one district in

:22:29.:22:33.

Libya, as well, just one small part of the town. I suppose the risk is,

:22:34.:22:40.

if life is becoming more difficult across these areas, it can start to

:22:41.:22:45.

look more in Europe and the United Kingdom as a place to continue its

:22:46.:22:49.

terrorist attacks? That is a real danger. You are right. This is a

:22:50.:22:55.

group which has proved over the last five years very unpredictable and it

:22:56.:22:59.

changes for it quickly full stop often it does unexpected things. In

:23:00.:23:05.

2009 its predecessor had been largely wiped out in Iraq and when

:23:06.:23:10.

it was under pressure in Syria it went back into Iraq, and in the past

:23:11.:23:13.

it didn't hold territory but now it holds territory, so you are right.

:23:14.:23:18.

There is a serious risk that as it gets squeezed in the middle East it

:23:19.:23:22.

will try to pop up somewhere else and Mac could include Europe and the

:23:23.:23:26.

United States -- that could. They say that is something they have

:23:27.:23:30.

focused on full stop we also have a big focus on counterterrorism

:23:31.:23:35.

security and making sure that we keep the United Kingdom and Europe

:23:36.:23:43.

say. One final question. -- say. -- safe. Maybe events in Mosul could

:23:44.:23:49.

add to the migration crisis in Europe, is that a possibility?

:23:50.:23:54.

Again, you are right, we have seen in Syria it can push migration, the

:23:55.:24:00.

biggest push the migration was the conflict in Syria, and that's the

:24:01.:24:03.

reason why we have but so much energy into getting those refugee

:24:04.:24:07.

camps in place and getting the humanitarian response in place --

:24:08.:24:12.

put so much energy. People will want to remain in their homes, this is

:24:13.:24:15.

their country, but we have got to make it possible for them and that

:24:16.:24:18.

means in the short term looking after their shelter and in the

:24:19.:24:23.

medium to long-term making sure they have livelihoods, jobs and an

:24:24.:24:27.

economic development which is why our support in Iraq is in the UK

:24:28.:24:31.

National interests because it deals with these issues of migration and

:24:32.:24:37.

terrorists. Thanks for joining us. I'm joined now by the Shadow Defence

:24:38.:24:41.

Secretary. Does Labour support British

:24:42.:24:58.

participation in this offensive? We fully support the participation in

:24:59.:25:02.

this offensive, extremely important move forward and we voted for this

:25:03.:25:07.

back in 2014. We are asking the government question is, of course, I

:25:08.:25:11.

was asking the Secretary of State this week about this very offensive

:25:12.:25:17.

but we are fully behind our RAF pilots out there and be trading that

:25:18.:25:20.

has been going on to help the forces on the ground. -- the training full

:25:21.:25:27.

stop that is very clear. I wonder if you'll lead it shares that clarity

:25:28.:25:32.

and that position. -- is your leader. This is what Jeremy Corbyn

:25:33.:25:35.

has said. What's been done in Iraq

:25:36.:25:37.

is done by the Iraqi government, and currently

:25:38.:25:39.

supported by the British government. I did not support it

:25:40.:25:41.

when it came up. Well, I'm not sure how successful

:25:42.:25:43.

it's been, because most of the action now appears to be

:25:44.:25:47.

moving in to Syria, so I think we He doesn't sound very supportive.

:25:48.:25:59.

The issue about Mosul, it has been very carefully prepared as Rory

:26:00.:26:01.

Stewart said and I hope we have learned the lessons from previous

:26:02.:26:07.

offensives where we haven't learnt sufficiently, and that is going to

:26:08.:26:11.

be crucial in this context. How the aftermath is going to be dealt with.

:26:12.:26:16.

Of course will stop that clip was from November last year, and things

:26:17.:26:21.

have changed. Two weeks ago he told the BBC" I'm not sure it is

:26:22.:26:27.

working", in reference to air strikes in Iraq, but it is working.

:26:28.:26:31.

We have got to see what happens in Mosul, it is a very high-risk

:26:32.:26:35.

operation, but we also have to face the fact that the people there are

:26:36.:26:39.

living under tyranny at the moment. We have to ask very cirrus question

:26:40.:26:46.

shall stop he says he's not sure it is working, when Mosul is the last

:26:47.:26:50.

major target be cleared of Islamic State in Iraq. The combination of

:26:51.:26:54.

Allied air power has worked, why is he not sure it is working? Because

:26:55.:26:59.

we have seen difficulties in the past. But this was two weeks ago. It

:27:00.:27:05.

is essential that the work is done, both planning for the refugees as

:27:06.:27:08.

Rory Stewart referred to, but also in terms of reconstruction of the

:27:09.:27:11.

city and its community as you mentioned. These are vital. This was

:27:12.:27:17.

about the ability to make progress with Allied air power, special

:27:18.:27:22.

forces in Iraq, on the ground, do you accept so far that has a

:27:23.:27:27.

strategy that seems to be working to read Iraq of Islamic -- to read Iraq

:27:28.:27:39.

of Islamic State the question of the car began placement. Ulloa -- we

:27:40.:27:52.

can't be complacent. The problems they are creating where ever they

:27:53.:27:54.

are urged that we must continue to pursue them. This is the first time

:27:55.:28:00.

we have spoken to since you have become the Shadow Defence Secretary.

:28:01.:28:03.

I hope we will have a longer interview. Will Labour's next

:28:04.:28:09.

manifesto include a commitment to the renewal of Trident? It will. We

:28:10.:28:15.

made that commitment in 2007, that is a firm commitment and we will

:28:16.:28:18.

honour that to our coalition allies and our industrial partners and that

:28:19.:28:21.

is the vote which was taken democratically and repeatedly has

:28:22.:28:25.

been reaffirmed by Labour conference and we are a democratic party vote

:28:26.:28:31.

up you have squared that with Jeremy Corbyn? He's in favour of democracy

:28:32.:28:37.

and he understands the situation, but we also want to push for the UK

:28:38.:28:41.

to play a much bigger role on the international stage on multilateral

:28:42.:28:46.

disarmament talks. You were very clear there, I thank you for that.

:28:47.:28:50.

Support for Trident will be in the next Labour manifesto. What has

:28:51.:28:55.

happened to Labour's review of Trident policy? That review has been

:28:56.:29:00.

taking place over the year, we had a very clear reaffirmation in the

:29:01.:29:05.

conference boat this year, we are reaffirming our commitment to

:29:06.:29:08.

Trident -- vote. The review can't change that? There is a process of

:29:09.:29:15.

review and a fair number of issues related to defence, all parties do

:29:16.:29:21.

this. Of course. The review can't change the commitment to Trident? We

:29:22.:29:25.

are not changing the commitment to Trident. Russia is now the main

:29:26.:29:31.

strategic threat to this country? It is a major strategic threat and we

:29:32.:29:33.

have got to work with our Nato allies very closely and make sure

:29:34.:29:37.

that we respond and that we do not let things pass. For example, we

:29:38.:29:41.

should be calling out Russia for the way it has been a bombing

:29:42.:29:47.

humanitarian aid and we should be taking them to international court

:29:48.:29:49.

over this, but we should also be strengthening sanctions, somewhat

:29:50.:29:57.

imposed over Ukraine. We try to do that, but the Italians wouldn't let

:29:58.:30:02.

us. The Italians did not want to participate in the European

:30:03.:30:03.

initiative but that doesn't stop individual countries for the Britain

:30:04.:30:10.

should step up? Yes, we should look at what is practical to impose.

:30:11.:30:13.

Thanks for joining us. Mosul is not the only major battle

:30:14.:30:19.

being waged in the Middle East. The city of Aleppo in northern Syria

:30:20.:30:21.

has seen some of the heaviest bombardment since Syria's

:30:22.:30:25.

five-year-long civil war began. This week Russian warships,

:30:26.:30:28.

in a deliberate show of power, sailed west through the English

:30:29.:30:31.

channel en route to Syria. Nato says it's Russia's "largest

:30:32.:30:35.

surface deployment" since the end of the Cold War in what is thought

:30:36.:30:38.

to be preparation for a final assault

:30:39.:30:41.

on the besieged city of Aleppo. In the city itself fighting

:30:42.:30:45.

resumed overnight - following a 3-day ceasefire -

:30:46.:30:49.

with more air strikes and heavy clashes in the city's

:30:50.:30:54.

rebel-held eastern districts. Almost 500 people have been

:30:55.:30:57.

killed and 2,000 injured since Syrian government forces,

:30:58.:31:00.

backed by Russian air strikes, This week Theresa May condemned

:31:01.:31:04.

Vladimir Putin's involvement in Syria, accusing Moscow

:31:05.:31:12.

of being behind "sickening atrocities" in support

:31:13.:31:14.

of President Assad's regime. But European leaders are divided

:31:15.:31:17.

on how to respond and, with the United States preoccupied

:31:18.:31:22.

with domestic politics, President Putin senses this

:31:23.:31:24.

is his moment to bring the Syrian I'm joined now by the BBC's former

:31:25.:31:28.

Diplomatic and Moscow Correspondent, Bridget Kendall, who is now Master

:31:29.:31:36.

of Peterhouse College in Cambridge. Welcome. Good to see you in the BBC

:31:37.:31:50.

studio again. Let me put up this satellite image of Aleppo here, to

:31:51.:31:56.

get an idea of the scale. It was the biggest city in Syria. It was the

:31:57.:32:01.

commercial capital and a huge cultural hub as well. Almost the New

:32:02.:32:06.

York of Syria, to give you an idea of its significance to the country.

:32:07.:32:11.

Let me show you now how it's been divided. The rebels are now in

:32:12.:32:16.

control of the eastern part, about eight miles long and three miles

:32:17.:32:23.

wide there, they're in purple. They are under great attacks still. Is it

:32:24.:32:27.

inevitable that that purple part falls to the regime? That is what

:32:28.:32:36.

President as Saad, the Russians and the Iranians hope. The fierce

:32:37.:32:42.

bombardments we have seen is part of that. I'm reminded very much in the

:32:43.:32:46.

Russian tactics of what happened in grudgingly in Chechnya in 2000, when

:32:47.:32:51.

the Russians said, a warning for all civilians to lead, and then they

:32:52.:32:57.

went ahead and they basically raised it to the ground. They are talking

:32:58.:33:02.

about Al Nusrah as being one of the rebel groups. They got rid of all of

:33:03.:33:08.

the terrorists. They talk about it being an Al-Qaeda offshoot. The

:33:09.:33:12.

purpose of going in is to get rid of them. You get the civilians out and

:33:13.:33:16.

then you take it. But this isn't like Chechnya. It is much more

:33:17.:33:22.

complex. We have seen an attempt to take Aleppo before, and then there

:33:23.:33:26.

was a rebel counter offensive. It's not so certain. And there are so

:33:27.:33:30.

many different parties involved. We have seen the alarm in the west of

:33:31.:33:34.

the extent of the civilian casualties. There have been

:33:35.:33:44.

rumblings in the west of, shouldn't the United States do something?

:33:45.:33:47.

Shouldn't they stop the Syrian air force? This Russian aircraft carrier

:33:48.:33:50.

steaming its way towards the Eastern Mediterranean is a symbolic gesture,

:33:51.:33:56.

both to its own people, but also to the West, to say, don't get involved

:33:57.:34:02.

in Aleppo if we go ahead. Don't try and stop us because we could up the

:34:03.:34:08.

ante. They have not been great visual pictures, because the

:34:09.:34:12.

aircraft carrier looks a bit clapped out, belching out smoke! If the

:34:13.:34:19.

rebel controlled area does fall, it would be seen as a great victory for

:34:20.:34:23.

President as Saad and his Russian allies. What is the aim of Russia

:34:24.:34:28.

here? What would they then do, if Aleppo Falls? It is part of a plan

:34:29.:34:33.

that President Putin set out in his UN speech in 2014, before Russia

:34:34.:34:40.

went into Syria. The aim is to put President Assad back in charge.

:34:41.:34:43.

President Putin said this weekend that either is Assad in Damascus, or

:34:44.:34:48.

its Al Nusrah. There is nothing in between. They want to eliminate the

:34:49.:34:53.

argument for a moderate opposition. They want to make it plain that the

:34:54.:34:59.

only way to get a stable Syria is to have Assad back in charge. Even sue

:35:00.:35:07.

argue for a rump steak lit, leaving aside what is happening with IAS.

:35:08.:35:15.

They have already said they want to have an enlarged military presence

:35:16.:35:19.

at their bases. And they have a big naval base. It is. It is a chance to

:35:20.:35:27.

push for this when he sees the West is being distracted and divided.

:35:28.:35:33.

Europe and America, by elections and so on. Just before the US elections.

:35:34.:35:38.

The Americans are worried about that, Europeans are being distracted

:35:39.:35:43.

by Brexit. He can push to his maximum advantage now, before there

:35:44.:35:48.

is a new US president. If they do take that part of Aleppo, and that

:35:49.:35:59.

part of northern Syria, does Mr Putin want us to recognise, to

:36:00.:36:03.

admit, that that is now his sphere of influence? I think the rhetoric

:36:04.:36:09.

from the Russians is that they want the West to recognise that they are

:36:10.:36:14.

an equal powerful partner. It's not just the US that runs the writ in

:36:15.:36:18.

the Middle East. Russia is as important as it is. It is engaging

:36:19.:36:25.

with Saudi Arabia and has mended fences with Turkey. Syria is the

:36:26.:36:29.

place from which it can launch its message that it is a big player in

:36:30.:36:35.

the Middle East. Russia wants the West to understand that this isn't a

:36:36.:36:40.

country that was dismembered after the end of the Soviet Union and is

:36:41.:36:44.

now a week. It is back, and it is strong. That is an important

:36:45.:36:50.

message. Looking at the economy. It is in recession. GDP has been

:36:51.:36:55.

falling, partly because of the price of oil. It is highly dependent on

:36:56.:37:00.

hydrocarbons, and is expected to fall again. Its people are falling

:37:01.:37:05.

again. People don't realise how small the Russian economy is. Its

:37:06.:37:11.

GDP is about the size of Italy's. It is smaller than the UK economy.

:37:12.:37:16.

Bigger than it was 15 or 20 years ago. But so is Britain's does it

:37:17.:37:26.

help to take people's mind of this? A huge shock to the Russian economy

:37:27.:37:32.

was a drop in the price of oil and a price of gas. A drop in the price of

:37:33.:37:37.

the ruble as well. This is hurting the people of Russia. On the one

:37:38.:37:42.

hand, it is the war in Syria, which is very important for Russia to sort

:37:43.:37:47.

out that part of the world and dispensed terrorists who might be

:37:48.:37:55.

danger to -- is dangerous to Russia. But he had also has presidential

:37:56.:38:00.

election is going up. They are supposed to be 2018, but some feel

:38:01.:38:04.

he will bring them forward to 2017, because the economy is not doing so

:38:05.:38:09.

well. But you need a good story for the Russian people. Thank you very

:38:10.:38:11.

much. We say goodbye to viewers

:38:12.:38:13.

in Scotland who leave us now In the East Midlands: A step towards

:38:14.:38:23.

an East Midlands Police force? Three forces agree

:38:24.:38:26.

to work more closely. Changing how the police work -

:38:27.:38:29.

will greater cooperation between the And could Brexit put the brakes

:38:30.:38:31.

on our fast-growing universities? The students who come

:38:32.:38:40.

in here are genuine, motivated, and want to succeed,

:38:41.:38:42.

and not necessarily, certainly Hello, I'm Marie Ashby,

:38:43.:38:47.

and casting their eyes over the political week

:38:48.:38:52.

here in the East Midlands are Edward Garnier,

:38:53.:38:54.

the Conservative MP for Harborough, and Roger Helmer, a Ukip MEP

:38:55.:38:56.

representing the East First, let's look at some

:38:57.:38:59.

of the voting patterns and polls Safe seats for the Conservatives

:39:00.:39:06.

and Labour respectively in this Edward Garnier, your party didn't do

:39:07.:39:12.

as well as expected. Yes, and the new member

:39:13.:39:16.

of Parliament got the same majority as David Cameron got

:39:17.:39:26.

when he first stood for that seat, way back in 2005,

:39:27.:39:30.

so that is all right. But by-elections are by-elections

:39:31.:39:32.

and every Government I am sure every Opposition member

:39:33.:39:36.

will say how dreadful The Liberal Democrats

:39:37.:39:40.

are getting wildly overexcited. We are 18% percentage points ahead

:39:41.:39:43.

of the Labour Party nationally. The Liberal Democrats had eight

:39:44.:39:52.

seats on Wednesday night and they have got eight

:39:53.:39:54.

seats on Sunday morning. I am sure the leader

:39:55.:39:56.

of the Liberal Democrats is very overexcited,

:39:57.:39:59.

but, frankly, I don't think there is much to read

:40:00.:40:00.

from the Whitney by-election, other than the fact that

:40:01.:40:04.

a Conservative MP was replaced Since Roger is here,

:40:05.:40:06.

I could say that Ukip, the poor dears, lost their deposit,

:40:07.:40:14.

but that would be terribly rude. Ukip are slipping in

:40:15.:40:16.

the polls, though, Roger. Have all the recent events,

:40:17.:40:18.

and has that altercation Let's be honest, we had a terrible

:40:19.:40:22.

week, in which a newly elected leader of the party decided not

:40:23.:40:26.

to go ahead with the position, and in which two of my colleagues

:40:27.:40:30.

behaved in a way which I think most I think perhaps they are

:40:31.:40:34.

ashamed of it as well. We had a bad week, and I am sure

:40:35.:40:38.

that had some impact. But both of these two by-election

:40:39.:40:41.

results we are looking One is a former Prime Minister,

:40:42.:40:44.

and the other one is following a real tragedy,

:40:45.:40:49.

when the major Opposition party took I think the conclusion we can draw

:40:50.:40:51.

from those two by-elections No, I think Steven Woolfe

:40:52.:40:59.

is possibly in a crisis. And there are those

:41:00.:41:05.

who might think that So, would you fancy

:41:06.:41:10.

going for leader? I mean, you are a long serving

:41:11.:41:13.

member of the party. I appreciate the invitation,

:41:14.:41:15.

but I think... I was just asking whether you

:41:16.:41:18.

would like to go for it. It is a bigger job than I would wish

:41:19.:41:22.

to take over at my time of life. The other point I would make

:41:23.:41:26.

is that we are seeing more and more arguments around Brexit,

:41:27.:41:32.

about how Brexit should be done. So the need for Ukip and for a clear

:41:33.:41:34.

voice saying we want out of the European Union,

:41:35.:41:38.

with no conditions, please, is stronger

:41:39.:41:41.

than ever. Next, three police forces covering

:41:42.:41:43.

the East Midlands have announced that they're

:41:44.:41:47.

going to work more closely. Nottinghamshire, Leicestershire

:41:48.:41:49.

and Northamptonshire will look at combining resources

:41:50.:41:51.

to become more efficient. But will it mean more

:41:52.:41:54.

bobbies on the beat, and is it a step towards

:41:55.:41:56.

an East Midlands police force? Here's our political

:41:57.:41:59.

editor, Tony Roe. There was a time when

:42:00.:42:03.

policing was local. In the days of the Nottingham city

:42:04.:42:05.

force, a powerful Chief Constable and ex-military man called

:42:06.:42:08.

Athelstan Popkess ruled with a rod An innovator, the city had the first

:42:09.:42:12.

police dogs and the first cars We have, of course, moved

:42:13.:42:17.

on from the days of the 1920s police box made famous

:42:18.:42:25.

by Doctor Who. They even had a gas lamp on top

:42:26.:42:27.

to summon the police. They were made redundant

:42:28.:42:30.

when phone boxes came in. And people may not like it,

:42:31.:42:33.

but we have moved on from stopping The type of crime the police

:42:34.:42:36.

are needed for has changed. When did you last see

:42:37.:42:40.

a policeman on your street? Never.

:42:41.:42:51.

Oh, yeah, but they weren't just patrolling.

:42:52.:42:57.

I have not seen a PC on the beat, as such.

:42:58.:42:59.

I can't recall seeing a policeman on my street.

:43:00.:43:04.

And would you know how to contact the police if you needed to?

:43:05.:43:08.

I don't know the number, but, yes, I get by, yeah.

:43:09.:43:12.

I think there is another number that you can ring, but I haven't

:43:13.:43:17.

When you ring 111, or whatever it is...

:43:18.:43:24.

I think the whole point of this is that we shouldn't know

:43:25.:43:36.

There are even fewer police stations.

:43:37.:43:46.

They are being closed around the country to save money.

:43:47.:43:48.

Not all will be saved like this one, which will be open to people

:43:49.:43:52.

This is now part of the Galleries of Justice in Nottingham.

:43:53.:43:58.

Next year, it will be renamed the National Justice Museum.

:43:59.:44:01.

Will we ever have a national police force?

:44:02.:44:03.

The plan now is forces working together with greater collaboration,

:44:04.:44:10.

There was a time when serious crimes like murder would mean

:44:11.:44:15.

And during the miners' strike, they were flying police in

:44:16.:44:18.

from all over the country to combat the pickets.

:44:19.:44:23.

And, just in case you're wondering, the number to ring for

:44:24.:44:25.

111 will get you the NHS helpline, though.

:44:26.:44:29.

So what's driving the plans for more cooperation

:44:30.:44:31.

Here's the Chief Constable of Nottinghamshire, Sue Fish.

:44:32.:44:37.

I think we see crime changing quite significantly,

:44:38.:44:39.

and it has been doing that for some time.

:44:40.:44:41.

The internet has absolutely transformed how we police,

:44:42.:44:44.

And that does not respect geographic boundaries.

:44:45.:44:50.

I think, again, the threat around terrorism continues

:44:51.:44:52.

to evolve and change, and challenge us.

:44:53.:44:58.

The threats that are posed by child sexual exploitation...

:44:59.:45:01.

Let's be honest, the public purse is tight.

:45:02.:45:04.

We are bringing in a new cadre of recruits next month in November,

:45:05.:45:10.

and that is really exciting, because it has been two years now,

:45:11.:45:13.

and we have had to stop recruiting because it has not been affordable.

:45:14.:45:18.

And one of the reasons why we cannot afford to recruit is because of

:45:19.:45:24.

the level of cooperation that has saved the money.

:45:25.:45:29.

Let's find out more about this with Willy Bach, the Labour Police

:45:30.:45:33.

and Crime Commissioner for Leicestershire and Rutland.

:45:34.:45:35.

So, how far will this co-operation go?

:45:36.:45:37.

Are we talking about eventual merger of forces?

:45:38.:45:39.

At a time of reduced resources, it is really just a sensible thing

:45:40.:45:46.

to do, to bring together, for example, back office staff, IT,

:45:47.:45:48.

You work together if you can to save money, so that you can do

:45:49.:45:58.

the things in your own locality that you really need to do.

:45:59.:46:01.

We have to wait and see what the position is.

:46:02.:46:07.

I hope there will be very few job losses.

:46:08.:46:10.

I have not come into this job in order that other police officers

:46:11.:46:13.

or police staff should lose their jobs.

:46:14.:46:14.

But 500 officers have been lost over the last ten years.

:46:15.:46:18.

Oh, a huge number in my patch in Leicestershire

:46:19.:46:21.

20% less police officers and 20% staff, which is one of the reasons

:46:22.:46:25.

why it is absolutely crucial to collaborate now.

:46:26.:46:28.

So there is still money for local policing.

:46:29.:46:31.

It is local policing, neighbourhood policing that matters

:46:32.:46:33.

Because we heard, didn't we, they are, from Nottingham's

:46:34.:46:37.

Chief Constable Sue Fish, saying that the public

:46:38.:46:39.

So this is what this is about, then, isn't it?

:46:40.:46:42.

As Tony said in his report, there has always been collaboration

:46:43.:46:47.

between police forces, and it makes sense.

:46:48.:46:49.

Across the five East Midlands forces, there is a lot

:46:50.:46:51.

of collaboration on serious organised crime, on murder come

:46:52.:46:54.

of collaboration on serious organised crime, on murder,

:46:55.:46:55.

on forensics and all of that works extremely well.

:46:56.:46:58.

Now, this is it, kind of, practical step, to collaborate a bit

:46:59.:47:01.

And I am only going to go with it if it is practical

:47:02.:47:07.

I am not going with it just for the sake of it.

:47:08.:47:12.

It seems to me that people want to see their own police forces

:47:13.:47:16.

Edward Garnier, tri-force cooperation, as it has been called,

:47:17.:47:20.

might be good news if our police forces are becoming more efficient.

:47:21.:47:23.

But if it is because they are having to make cuts,

:47:24.:47:26.

I do not know what the reason for it is, but it is a sensible

:47:27.:47:31.

The Army has, let's say, ten tank regiments, and they do not

:47:32.:47:35.

The MoD buys the tanks and distributes them.

:47:36.:47:39.

They may all fight in different places.

:47:40.:47:40.

Similarly, the Leicestershire and the other two police

:47:41.:47:42.

forces seems to be, let's all buy their cars from the same

:47:43.:47:45.

place and distribute them sensibly amongst the three police forces.

:47:46.:47:47.

Willy and I have had a discussion about a spate of shop thefts...

:47:48.:48:02.

Yes, because you have been talking about this very recently

:48:03.:48:04.

I do not mind where Willy buys his police cars,

:48:05.:48:08.

but what I want is to make sure that he distributes the police

:48:09.:48:11.

officers and the investigators so that they are concentrating

:48:12.:48:14.

on places like Market Harborough and rural Harborough...

:48:15.:48:17.

So why don't you give them more money to do

:48:18.:48:19.

Speaking to a former Labour minister who

:48:20.:48:23.

The serious point is that at a time of financial constraint,

:48:24.:48:32.

every public organisation has to think about how

:48:33.:48:35.

And I think administrative cooperation between the forces,

:48:36.:48:40.

not just the three forces we have been talking about, but right

:48:41.:48:42.

across the East Midlands, is a sensible idea if it frees up

:48:43.:48:45.

money to allow police officers to be there

:48:46.:48:48.

Roger Helmer, Ukip policy is for more cooperation,

:48:49.:48:52.

but fewer PCCs like Willy Bach, but it is people like

:48:53.:48:55.

Willy Bach you are driving through this collaboration.

:48:56.:48:57.

Well, I think we can well do that with cooperation between police

:48:58.:49:02.

forces without necessarily creating additional administrative posts.

:49:03.:49:03.

I think in principle, the idea of local policing is excellent.

:49:04.:49:06.

Clearly, the idea of combining back office functions to increase

:49:07.:49:14.

efficiency and therefore you have more money

:49:15.:49:16.

I think there is an outbreak of consensus on that point.

:49:17.:49:20.

But I would be very interested to know whether Willy has a view

:49:21.:49:24.

about the opinion expressed by the Leicestershire force that

:49:25.:49:26.

perhaps they should not investigate burglaries

:49:27.:49:27.

where the householder has not locked up.

:49:28.:49:31.

My view is, as is the Leicestershire police force's, of course

:49:32.:49:40.

you investigate all burglaries, whether of domestic

:49:41.:49:42.

That is progress. Thank you.

:49:43.:49:47.

Derbyshire's police Chief Constable Mick Creedon tells

:49:48.:49:50.

us that his force is not considering joining this alliance.

:49:51.:49:52.

I mean, actually what he has told us is that there is no

:49:53.:49:57.

financial benefit to them, but they are keen to collaborate.

:49:58.:49:59.

Is it disappointing that Derbyshire won't come to the party,

:50:00.:50:02.

I'm hoping that in due course Derbyshire in the venture will.

:50:03.:50:05.

I am watching as one of the three PCCs, to see that the suggestions

:50:06.:50:12.

that come through from full business cases, as they are called,

:50:13.:50:15.

It was once called, this three for staying, strategic alliance.

:50:16.:50:23.

That was much too highfalutin a phrase for what is a bit of

:50:24.:50:26.

It is made necessary, I'm afraid, by the huge,

:50:27.:50:34.

huge cuts that were made to all three police forces over

:50:35.:50:38.

What about the people in our report who basically said that...

:50:39.:50:42.

Some of them actually said they had never seen a police officer

:50:43.:50:45.

Does that matter, Edward Garnier, that there are not bobbies

:50:46.:50:48.

on the beat, and not as visible as they used to be?

:50:49.:50:51.

Because policing has changed, hasn't it?

:50:52.:50:54.

Visible policing creates confidence amongst the law-abiding public,

:50:55.:50:57.

and that is again what we want to see in Market Harborough.

:50:58.:51:00.

Clearly, even if you are in the Metropolitan Police in London,

:51:01.:51:03.

where there are 20, or 30,000 police officers,

:51:04.:51:05.

the chances of a police officer coming across a burglary red-handed

:51:06.:51:07.

during his working hours is very, very slight.

:51:08.:51:09.

But what we do need is intelligent deployment of police officers.

:51:10.:51:12.

This is difficult in big rural areas.

:51:13.:51:19.

In market towns like Market Harborough...

:51:20.:51:22.

Most of the bad guys, I am afraid, and most of the easy crime

:51:23.:51:26.

So it is difficult for the Chief Constable to deploy his forces

:51:27.:51:33.

where everyone would like them, but we do need, and I hope that this

:51:34.:51:36.

collaboration between the three forces on admin will allow

:51:37.:51:38.

the Chief Constable and Willy to distribute police officers.

:51:39.:51:43.

Edward is quite right that the average police officer

:51:44.:51:45.

on the beat is unlikely to come across a burglary in the act

:51:46.:51:49.

The visible policing on the street is a great deterrent to burglary

:51:50.:51:52.

It is no good to say, he will not catch the odd criminal.

:51:53.:51:58.

He will deter crime to a considerable extent.

:51:59.:52:00.

He can help deter crime, but of course a lot of criminal does

:52:01.:52:03.

not happen on the street in the way that it used to happen.

:52:04.:52:06.

We all know about the terrible amount of child sexual

:52:07.:52:09.

We know about how grooming takes place.

:52:10.:52:12.

The police have very limited resources, and have got to use those

:52:13.:52:16.

Personally, I am absolutely committed to visible policing.

:52:17.:52:20.

What people want is to see police in their town.

:52:21.:52:27.

But I'm afraid that the resources are such that police cannot forget

:52:28.:52:31.

the other jobs that they have got to do to protect us all.

:52:32.:52:35.

And it is very important that they know how

:52:36.:52:37.

to get in touch with the police, as well.

:52:38.:52:39.

That has got to be a priority.

:52:40.:52:42.

999 in an emergency, and 101 in other cases.

:52:43.:52:47.

Thank you very much for doing that for me.

:52:48.:52:49.

They're economic powerhouses, employing tens of thousands

:52:50.:52:51.

of people and pumping billions into the East Midlands economy.

:52:52.:52:55.

No, they're not high-flying businesses, they're universities.

:52:56.:52:57.

Across the region they've been through spectacular growth

:52:58.:53:00.

in the last ten years, but now senior academics are worried

:53:01.:53:02.

that the Government's crackdown on immigration could threaten that.

:53:03.:53:07.

Here's our political reporter, Tim Parker.

:53:08.:53:12.

You would be forgiven for thinking it is boomtime for our universities.

:53:13.:53:16.

There is a serious amount of building work going on here at

:53:17.:53:18.

Also, up at Leicester University and at Nottingham.

:53:19.:53:24.

Loughborough University is considering spending ?40 million

:53:25.:53:26.

Last year, Derby and Nottingham Trent University open

:53:27.:53:32.

But is all of this construction work going to be worth it if plans

:53:33.:53:38.

by the Home Secretary to tighten up on student visas goes ahead?

:53:39.:53:42.

In her recent speech, the Tory party conference speech,

:53:43.:53:45.

the Home Secretary Amber Rudd talking about student

:53:46.:53:48.

immigration rules said, the current system allows students

:53:49.:53:51.

irrespective of their talents and the University's quality

:53:52.:53:54.

favourable employment prospects when they stop studying.

:53:55.:53:58.

She questions whether that is adding value to our economy.

:53:59.:54:03.

Now, she goes on to say it is not about pulling up the drawbridge,

:54:04.:54:06.

but that is not the impression that some of our universities

:54:07.:54:09.

It has been coming out for the last seven, eight or nine years,

:54:10.:54:15.

but I really do feel that universities now have

:54:16.:54:17.

That the students who come in here are genuine, motivated,

:54:18.:54:20.

And not necessarily, and certainly the majority, not in the UK.

:54:21.:54:25.

They want to go home and take their new skills

:54:26.:54:28.

And it is not just University staff who have concerns.

:54:29.:54:33.

The students at De Monfort University in Leicester

:54:34.:54:36.

from inside and outside the EU say that the vote to leave

:54:37.:54:40.

My friends and I were so disgusted, because,

:54:41.:54:44.

Well, it belongs to the European Union.

:54:45.:54:49.

It is weird to think that it is going to get out

:54:50.:54:52.

Yeah, we will need a passport to come and...

:54:53.:54:55.

For future generations, I would still encourage them to come

:54:56.:55:02.

here, because you get to meet people from all over and exchange ideas.

:55:03.:55:06.

To come here and have the intelligent experience,

:55:07.:55:08.

Studying abroad is always the best choice to make.

:55:09.:55:18.

What we are looking for is messaging that supports the fact that the UK

:55:19.:55:23.

is indeed not just open but welcoming to international students.

:55:24.:55:28.

That they do bring something that we in the UK, as well as in

:55:29.:55:31.

Universities across the region will be hoping their expanding

:55:32.:55:35.

campuses can still welcome students from the EU,

:55:36.:55:39.

and run the world, whatever the eventual Brexit deal.

:55:40.:55:44.

So, Edward Garnier, there are around 26,000 foreign

:55:45.:55:48.

students at universities in the East Midlands, generating

:55:49.:55:50.

The universities want a positive message from Government

:55:51.:55:55.

about foreign students, and that doesn't seem

:55:56.:55:57.

Well, I think at the moment while they are trying to work out

:55:58.:56:01.

Don't get me on "Brexit means Brexit".

:56:02.:56:05.

But whilst we are trying to work out how we are going to leave

:56:06.:56:08.

the European Union, and whether we will

:56:09.:56:10.

have a stupid departure or an intelligent departure...

:56:11.:56:12.

Soft or hard, I think they are saying.

:56:13.:56:14.

Stupid or better or intelligent, is the better phrasing.

:56:15.:56:19.

It is confusing for universities and for students.

:56:20.:56:24.

I would want to see Britain open to trade and I want to see it open

:56:25.:56:28.

to intellectual research and scientific research

:56:29.:56:30.

and so forth, and I want to see foreign students coming to make use

:56:31.:56:34.

of our brilliant universities here in the East Midlands.

:56:35.:56:36.

But it is confusing, then, isn't it?

:56:37.:56:38.

When there are reports this week that the Chancellor Philip Hammond

:56:39.:56:40.

He says he wants students to be counted in immigration

:56:41.:56:45.

I thought it was the other way around.

:56:46.:56:49.

But you are demonstrating the confusion.

:56:50.:56:51.

I do not think this sort of confusion is helpful.

:56:52.:56:54.

I wish the Government was more clear about what it meant,

:56:55.:56:57.

You are correct, actually, it is the other way around.

:56:58.:57:01.

That will either confuse the correction or correct the confusion.

:57:02.:57:05.

But the short point is that we have superb universities right

:57:06.:57:08.

across the UK and particularly here in the East Midlands,

:57:09.:57:11.

and in the county of Leicestershire as well.

:57:12.:57:14.

I want to see students from Europe and I want to see students

:57:15.:57:17.

from across the world coming to our universities.

:57:18.:57:20.

Both because they then go home and think well of our country,

:57:21.:57:24.

but also because they bring money into this country and it creates

:57:25.:57:27.

a form of internationalism which I think is very important.

:57:28.:57:29.

I happen to be a trustee of a thing called the China

:57:30.:57:32.

Oxford Scholarship Fund, which brings about 10-20 Chinese

:57:33.:57:36.

postgraduates and Hong Kong postgraduates to Oxford every year.

:57:37.:57:40.

So you can see the benefits of that

:57:41.:57:42.

What I do not see the benefit of is an absence of certainty,

:57:43.:57:47.

and that I'm afraid is going to continue until the Government

:57:48.:57:50.

We are almost agreeing with each other here.

:57:51.:57:53.

I think it is critical that the Government is clear

:57:54.:57:56.

We need to understand that education is a vitally visible

:57:57.:58:01.

We must not allow anything to stand in its way and the student

:58:02.:58:06.

who comes here for, say, three years and then goes home

:58:07.:58:08.

is entirely different to an economic migrant who comes intending to live

:58:09.:58:11.

So we have got to focus on reassuring the universities

:58:12.:58:16.

that we want them to continue to educate foreign students...

:58:17.:58:20.

Saw how will an EU student be able to come here post Brexit?

:58:21.:58:23.

On exactly the same basis as a Chinese student or a Japanese

:58:24.:58:26.

We need some kind of arrangement for student visas, but the important

:58:27.:58:31.

thing is that we are reassured that on completion of their course,

:58:32.:58:36.

either they go home, as Edward has suggested,

:58:37.:58:39.

or they may well wish to stay here, and this educated person may wish

:58:40.:58:44.

In that case, they should be subject to the same selection criteria that

:58:45.:58:49.

would apply to anybody else seeking to come into our country.

:58:50.:58:52.

And if they are contributing to our economy, we should be

:58:53.:58:55.

I think we are agreeing with each other.

:58:56.:58:59.

The problem we face at the moment is that the Government have yet

:59:00.:59:02.

to work out what they intend to achieve by the end of March,

:59:03.:59:06.

Throughout this period, we will have confusion.

:59:07.:59:08.

It is aggravated by ministers saying different things,

:59:09.:59:13.

and then being told by number ten they should not have said

:59:14.:59:16.

I want to see a uniform approach to this and an organised approach,

:59:17.:59:22.

and an approach which is welcoming and internationalist.

:59:23.:59:24.

So, students, as you say, should be able to carry on coming

:59:25.:59:27.

The essence of Brexit is that European students will not be

:59:28.:59:35.

treated in a different way from students from the Commonwealth

:59:36.:59:38.

Like Edward, I too want to see a free

:59:39.:59:43.

We could not be that within the protectionist European Union.

:59:44.:59:48.

Time now for a round-up of some of the other political stories

:59:49.:59:52.

Rushcliffe Borough Council has defended a policy to fine

:59:53.:00:03.

After we revealed the plan last Sunday, there was criticism from

:00:04.:00:08.

The council says that the fines are a last resort and only

:00:09.:00:13.

The East Midlands has the worst hand-over times from ambulances

:00:14.:00:18.

Figures from the Labour Party show that the number of people waiting

:00:19.:00:25.

for more than one hour has trebled in two years.

:00:26.:00:28.

The debate at Westminster over proposals to close the children

:00:29.:00:30.

heart surgery unit at Leicester's Glenfield Hospital heard

:00:31.:00:32.

cross-party opposition to the plans from East Midlands MPs.

:00:33.:00:36.

If this proposal goes ahead, the East Midlands will be the only

:00:37.:00:39.

region in the country without a children's

:00:40.:00:40.

Businesses affected by construction work on Nottingham's tram

:00:41.:00:49.

system have received ?3.5 million in compensation.

:00:50.:00:54.

The average pay-out was ?27,000, but some companies say

:00:55.:00:57.

That's the Sunday Politics in the East Midlands.

:00:58.:01:09.

Thanks to Edward Garnier and Roger Helmer.

:01:10.:01:10.

Next week, Pauline Latham and Vernon Coaker will be here.

:01:11.:01:13.

go ahead with this policy, I know. And now back to Andrew.

:01:14.:01:26.

So, Brexit, airports, Calais and the chances

:01:27.:01:27.

With what Rory Stewart was saying there, it is clear that Islamic

:01:28.:01:50.

State is losing territory in Iraq now, and could come under pressure

:01:51.:01:56.

in Syria as well. It used to control a whole swathe of the coast of

:01:57.:02:04.

Libya, and is now down to a small area of Sirte in Libya. But

:02:05.:02:08.

curiously, it could make them more dangerous here if they are being

:02:09.:02:13.

driven out of the Maghreb and the Levant, they could be more dangerous

:02:14.:02:18.

here. Discuss. That was a very interesting admission from a

:02:19.:02:24.

government minister, of all people, and a well-informed one. Chasing

:02:25.:02:29.

Isis around the Middle East is about... Like chasing Al-Qaeda

:02:30.:02:34.

around Afghanistan and Pakistan. You smash them somewhere, and they pop

:02:35.:02:43.

up somewhere else. He is right to warn that these guys will go

:02:44.:02:50.

somewhere. And it may well be, in Sirte, for example, across the magic

:02:51.:02:59.

oration -- across the Mediterranean into Italy. A lot of the foreign

:03:00.:03:04.

fighters in Mosul have already gone, we heard, which raises the question,

:03:05.:03:12.

to where? I think it is quite right for government ministers to warn

:03:13.:03:15.

that it might have repercussions here. We have been involved in this,

:03:16.:03:20.

with full public consent, as far as we can tell. If it doesn't happen,

:03:21.:03:25.

if there are horrors and outrages here and in the rest of Europe,

:03:26.:03:31.

that's fine. If it does happen, at least the government is prepared. We

:03:32.:03:35.

knew surprised about how categorical Nia Griffith was? She was

:03:36.:03:46.

categorical about support for the Allied action in Iraq, and

:03:47.:03:52.

categorical about Russia. So much so that perhaps written should take

:03:53.:03:58.

tougher sanctions on its own, even if it can't get the Europeans to

:03:59.:04:02.

fall in line. I found that interesting. I was surprised by

:04:03.:04:07.

that. Tom may be right that Rory said more than perhaps he was

:04:08.:04:11.

intending, but I thought that some of what she said sounded politically

:04:12.:04:16.

imprudent in the current context of the Labour Party. I'm not sure she

:04:17.:04:21.

cleared those lines with the Labour office. I'm not sure she and Jeremy

:04:22.:04:26.

are in the same place about it. I'm not sure there is that much

:04:27.:04:31.

leadership. People at the moment get out there and say what they think

:04:32.:04:34.

it's right for the party. She sounded dead right to me. Whether it

:04:35.:04:40.

is ill-advised or not, people should answer... I want to move on, because

:04:41.:04:48.

Brexit never goes away. This week we saw Hilary Benn, former Shadow

:04:49.:04:51.

Foreign Secretary. He is going to be the chair of the select committee in

:04:52.:04:55.

the Commons which will monitor the Department for Brexit. All sorts of

:04:56.:04:59.

people will be coming to give testimony and so one. Let's hear

:05:00.:05:00.

what he told Andrew Marr. I think it will be very important

:05:01.:05:04.

for the government to indicate that if it is not possible within the two

:05:05.:05:07.

years provided for by Article 50 to negotiate both our withdrawal

:05:08.:05:10.

agreement and a new trading relationship, market access,

:05:11.:05:13.

including for services, 80% of our economy, million jobs,

:05:14.:05:14.

in financial services, that it should tell the House

:05:15.:05:16.

of Commons that it will seek a transitional arrangement

:05:17.:05:19.

with the European Union. If the deal is not done at the end

:05:20.:05:31.

of the two-year Article 50 process, would the government go for an

:05:32.:05:37.

interim agreement, or would it fall back on WTO, World Trade

:05:38.:05:42.

Organisation, Rawls? My understanding is the article 15

:05:43.:05:45.

negotiation doesn't specifically include what Britain's future

:05:46.:05:49.

trading relationship with the EU would be. It is perfectly possible

:05:50.:05:54.

that Article 50 could be triggered, and after two years we don't have a

:05:55.:05:59.

trade deal, but the trade deal negotiations are ongoing when we are

:06:00.:06:12.

outside the EU. But the trade deal negotiations are the most important

:06:13.:06:14.

thing. If Article 50 doesn't cover it, what is it about? Absolutely

:06:15.:06:16.

essential. The trade deal with Canada has taken nine years, and now

:06:17.:06:22.

it looks like it is fading, because of the Walloons. Just one small part

:06:23.:06:31.

of the country. If you cannot do a free-trade deal with Canada, a

:06:32.:06:36.

progressive, social Democratic Canada, who can the EU do a trade

:06:37.:06:40.

deal with? You would think it would be easy with us, because we have all

:06:41.:06:45.

of the level playing field agreements in place. You would hope

:06:46.:06:49.

it would be easier, but it may not be, because in the end, it will

:06:50.:06:54.

hinge on the single market and if we are in or out. If we are in, can we

:06:55.:07:03.

have a small break on immigration? It looks like not. What is

:07:04.:07:07.

interesting about the opinion polls is, in the last two opinion polls

:07:08.:07:10.

there was a significant change in public opinion, where people are now

:07:11.:07:14.

saying they think that actually trade, the economy, the single

:07:15.:07:19.

market is more important than immigration. If it is really true,

:07:20.:07:23.

as the observer is reporting today, that banks are on the move, and in a

:07:24.:07:28.

year's time there could be a significant collapse in the income

:07:29.:07:33.

we get from finance, the income that the Treasury gets, then public

:07:34.:07:45.

opinion might change. They may say, we don't want more immigration, but

:07:46.:07:47.

this isn't a price worth paying. Everything tends to be seen through

:07:48.:07:53.

the Brexit lens at the moment. Things are not always as they seem.

:07:54.:07:59.

The Canadian- EU free trade agreement was about increasing free

:08:00.:08:03.

trade between the EU and Canada, and therefore subject to the

:08:04.:08:07.

ratification of all members. Any deal we do will not give us the same

:08:08.:08:12.

access we have at the moment. The question is, how much will it be

:08:13.:08:17.

diminished? It may not be subject to the same ratification process.

:08:18.:08:22.

Absolutely right. Another unbelievably technical point that we

:08:23.:08:28.

still don't know is, if we can get this free-trade deal with the EU at

:08:29.:08:33.

the same time as our Brexit talks and deal, the divorce deal as well

:08:34.:08:40.

as the remarriage deal, then one gets signed off by QM V. The trade

:08:41.:08:50.

deal may still need all 28, all 27, including the people from the

:08:51.:08:55.

Walloons. And the MEPs. The majority of parliament. This is exactly why

:08:56.:08:59.

Theresa May would like the transitional deal to push this one

:09:00.:09:04.

deeper. I was surprised to hear Hilary Benn pushing this line this

:09:05.:09:08.

morning. The remainers have been all over the place. They wanted a vote

:09:09.:09:13.

after Article 50 had been triggered about the deal. Then they wanted a

:09:14.:09:17.

vote before Article 50. Now they are talking about a vote before article

:09:18.:09:25.

Article 50 is triggered about a trade deal. They need to make up

:09:26.:09:30.

their minds about what it is they are pushing for, and what their best

:09:31.:09:34.

hope of obstructing Brexit is, and stick with it. Something else we see

:09:35.:09:40.

through the Brexit lens, which isn't always helpful, is Calais. The

:09:41.:09:44.

French bulldozers will move in tomorrow. We will see some pretty

:09:45.:09:50.

disturbing scenes on the TV. We will see some horrible scenes. The

:09:51.:09:54.

government has handled this very badly. Having passed an amendment in

:09:55.:09:59.

April saying we would take something like 3000 children, a lot of those

:10:00.:10:03.

children have disappeared. Save the Children, one of the charities

:10:04.:10:07.

there, are very worried that people traffickers have been in there, and

:10:08.:10:16.

a lot of those children have vanished. We haven't sent social

:10:17.:10:18.

workers in. No preparations have been made what ever. You are raising

:10:19.:10:24.

an interesting point. We don't know how many we are meant to be taking.

:10:25.:10:30.

The huge argument has arisen over what the age is of some of the ones

:10:31.:10:37.

coming in. Is this another problem for the Home Office? To some extent.

:10:38.:10:42.

Didn't Theresa May 's too well to survive six weeks of this? Amber

:10:43.:10:46.

Rudd has been there for three months. It is clear that the Home

:10:47.:10:51.

Office didn't prepare for this. They didn't prepare for the age

:10:52.:10:58.

verification or when it will go. It needs to be an perfect. We don't

:10:59.:11:02.

know how many we will take, because the Home Office will not say. I want

:11:03.:11:09.

to talk about airport capacity, but I won't, because I don't think we

:11:10.:11:13.

have anything to say about it until the statement on Tuesday from

:11:14.:11:16.

Transport Minister Grayling. When you look at the polls and see the

:11:17.:11:21.

decision on airport runway expansion being kicked into the long grass for

:11:22.:11:26.

a year, are we heading for an early election next year or not? I think

:11:27.:11:30.

Theresa May will do everything she can to avoid it. If there is an

:11:31.:11:36.

election before 2020, it is bound to be about Europe, and that is a much

:11:37.:11:42.

harder case for her to win than just a question of who is the best Prime

:11:43.:11:46.

Minister. She will have a tough time, because it will be a general

:11:47.:11:51.

election about in or out of the single market. Half of her party

:11:52.:11:56.

will peel away. How do she conduct a general election when the likes of

:11:57.:12:01.

Anna Soubry will not stand on the same platform? It will be difficult.

:12:02.:12:06.

But she may reach such a stalemate that she just calls one. No general

:12:07.:12:14.

election next year because it will split the Tory party. There will be

:12:15.:12:18.

won in 2019 when she cannot get Brexit through the House of Commons.

:12:19.:12:22.

You really can have too much of a good thing. I just want to show a

:12:23.:12:27.

little clip of the former Shadow Chancellor, Ed Balls, from Strictly

:12:28.:12:33.

last night. Let's just watch this. There he is.

:12:34.:12:39.

Where is the hand? That is the worrying bit! We will no longer be

:12:40.:12:47.

saying that Ed Balls is a safe pair of hands! Can we agree on that?

:12:48.:12:55.

Remarkable that he was once the man most feared by David Cameron! Labour

:12:56.:13:03.

leader 2021. He has hit popular culture in the way that many few

:13:04.:13:10.

politicians do. Charm, gusto, bravery, no worries about being

:13:11.:13:15.

embarrassed. All the things that you don't like about being a politician.

:13:16.:13:21.

We have run out of time. You can get it on social media.

:13:22.:13:24.

Jo Coburn will be back with the Daily Politics tomorrow

:13:25.:13:26.

And I'll be back here next Sunday at the same time.

:13:27.:13:30.

Remember if it's Sunday, it's the Sunday Politics.

:13:31.:14:04.

Everyone's living these amazing lives,

:14:05.:14:06.

You're like a... Different person?

:14:07.:14:17.

Delve deeper. Ordinary Lives continues...

:14:18.:14:26.

They have something on me that I can actually remember.

:14:27.:14:27.

They have something on me that I can actually remember.

:14:28.:14:31.

The final chapter between Gibson and Spector.

:14:32.:14:36.

Andrew Neil and Marie Ashby are joined by minister of state for international development Rory Stewart, shadow secretary of state for defence Nia Griffith and Paul Nuttall MEP. Political panellists include The Sun's Tom Newton Dunn, The Guardian's Polly Toynbee and The Spectator's Toby Young.


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