30/10/2016 Sunday Politics East Midlands


30/10/2016

With guests Iain Duncan Smith, Chi Onwurah and Haras Rafiq of the Quilliam Foundation. Isabel Oakeshott, Steve Richards and Tim Shipman are on the political panel.


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Transcript


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Morning folks. Welcome to the Sunday Politics.

:00:36.:00:39.

Theresa May says she wants to help people who are

:00:40.:00:42.

"just about managing" - so should she reverse

:00:43.:00:45.

George Osborne's cuts to benefits that are supposed to help people

:00:46.:00:47.

Prominent London Imam Shakeel Begg is an extremist speaker,

:00:48.:00:54.

says the High Court, after claims made on this programme.

:00:55.:00:57.

So why is Mr Begg still being allowed to advise the Police?

:00:58.:01:02.

Hillary Clinton fights back over the FBI's renewed investigation

:01:03.:01:07.

into her use of a private email server - is this the boost

:01:08.:01:10.

Cleaner air for our cities. chances of winning the White House?

:01:11.:01:17.

Plans to crack down on polltting vehicles and bring in

:01:18.:01:20.

Now it is just a question of building that runway with the

:01:21.:01:25.

political problems that lie ahead. And haunting the studio

:01:26.:01:32.

on this Halloween weekend, the most terrifying political

:01:33.:01:34.

panel in the business - Tim 'Ghost' Shipman,

:01:35.:01:36.

'Eerie' Isabel Oakeshott and First this morning, two

:01:37.:01:39.

new models of car to be built, securing 7,000 jobs at the car plant

:01:40.:01:48.

in Sunderland and a further 28, 00 The news from Nissan on Thursday

:01:49.:01:51.

was seized on by Leave campaigners as evidence that the British

:01:52.:01:58.

economy is in rude health This morning, the Business

:01:59.:02:00.

Secretary, Greg Clark, was asked what assurances were given

:02:01.:02:04.

to the Japanese firm's bosses Well, it's in no-one's the interest

:02:05.:02:07.

for there to be tariff barriers to the continent

:02:08.:02:14.

and vice versa. So, what I said is that our

:02:15.:02:19.

objective would be to ensure that we have continued access to the markets

:02:20.:02:22.

in Europe and vice versa, without tariffs and without

:02:23.:02:28.

bureaucratic impediments. That is how we will approach

:02:29.:02:32.

those negotiations. We're joined now from Newcastle

:02:33.:02:35.

by the Shadow Business Welcome to the programme. Labour has

:02:36.:02:49.

been a bit sceptical about this Nissan decision. Can we begin by

:02:50.:02:53.

making it clear just what a great achievement this is, above all for

:02:54.:02:58.

the workers of Sunderland who have some of the highest productivity in

:02:59.:03:03.

the world, have never been on strike for 30 years, and produce cars of

:03:04.:03:08.

incredible quality. This is their victory, isn't it? Andrew, you are

:03:09.:03:14.

absolutely right. The Nissan plant in Sunderland is among the most

:03:15.:03:16.

productive in the world. The workers of Nissan are amongst the most

:03:17.:03:21.

productive as well. And it's really a victory for them and for the trade

:03:22.:03:28.

unions and the business organisations, and everybody who

:03:29.:03:30.

campaigned to make sure that the government couldn't ignore their

:03:31.:03:36.

future. It's our future. I'm the MP for Newcastle. It makes a huge

:03:37.:03:41.

difference to the region. We are a region that still likes to make

:03:42.:03:45.

things that work. It is a huge part of our advanced manufacturing

:03:46.:03:50.

sector. So it's really something we welcome as well as the job security.

:03:51.:03:55.

I'm glad we have got that on the record from the Labour shadow

:03:56.:04:00.

business secretary. But your Shadow Chancellor, John McDonnell, claims

:04:01.:04:03.

the government is ignoring manufacturers and cares only about a

:04:04.:04:09.

small banking elite. In what way is safeguarding 30,000 industrial jobs

:04:10.:04:12.

in the North safeguarding a financial elite? As I said, we're

:04:13.:04:17.

really pleased that the campaigning by trade unions and the workforce,

:04:18.:04:21.

and business organisations, meant the government felt they couldn t

:04:22.:04:25.

ignore Nissan workers. Let's also be clear that we want that kind of job

:04:26.:04:29.

security for all of those working in manufacturing and in other sectors

:04:30.:04:34.

as well. And sweetheart deals for one company, no matter how important

:04:35.:04:39.

they are, that does not an industrial strategy make. Why'd you

:04:40.:04:44.

say it is a sweetheart deal? Greg Clark told the BBC this morning that

:04:45.:04:50.

what was assured to Nissan is an assurance he gives to the whole

:04:51.:04:54.

industrial sector? I was really pleased to see Greg Clark felt he

:04:55.:05:00.

had to say something, even though it's sad that we having our

:05:01.:05:05.

industrial strategy, you like, or our approach to Brexit delivered

:05:06.:05:08.

piecemeal to the media rather than to the British people and Nissan,

:05:09.:05:13.

actually. But he want published the letter. He said he has told us what

:05:14.:05:17.

is in the letter and that reassurances given on training, on

:05:18.:05:21.

science and on supporting the supply chain for the automated sector. You

:05:22.:05:26.

must be in favour all -- of all of that? We are in favour of an

:05:27.:05:31.

industrial strategy. Greg Clark unlike Sajid Javid, cannot say

:05:32.:05:40.

industrial strategy. I'm still puzzling to find out what it is you

:05:41.:05:46.

disagree with. Let me put the question. You said the assurances he

:05:47.:05:49.

has given to Nissan are available to the car manufacturing sector in

:05:50.:05:54.

general and indeed to industry in general. What is your problem with

:05:55.:06:00.

that? Two things. Let him publish the letter so we can see that, let

:06:01.:06:04.

him have the transparency he's pretending to offer. But also, we

:06:05.:06:10.

need an industrial strategy that values -- that is values based and

:06:11.:06:17.

joined. He talked about electric cars and supporting green cars. That

:06:18.:06:24.

was in regard to Nissan. At the same time the government has slashed

:06:25.:06:28.

support for other areas of green technology. So what is it? That is

:06:29.:06:32.

not to do with the Nissan deal. Labour implied at some stage there

:06:33.:06:38.

was some financial inducement, some secret bribes, that doesn't seem to

:06:39.:06:42.

be the case. You are not claiming that any more -- any more. Then you

:06:43.:06:47.

claimed it was a sweetheart deal for one company. That turns out not to

:06:48.:06:52.

be the case. What criticism are you left with on this Nissan deal? I

:06:53.:06:58.

would be really surprised if all that Nissan got was the reassurances

:06:59.:07:05.

that Greg Clark is shared with us. He didn't answer the question of

:07:06.:07:10.

what happens if we can't get continued tariff free access to the

:07:11.:07:13.

single market, if we are not within the single market or the Customs

:07:14.:07:18.

Union. Do you really think a negotiator like Nissan, who are very

:07:19.:07:23.

good at negotiating, they would have excepted making this significant

:07:24.:07:25.

investment without some further reassurances? Do you think there is

:07:26.:07:31.

some kind of financial bride and if so what is the evidence? I would

:07:32.:07:36.

like to see the letter published and I would also like to understand what

:07:37.:07:42.

would happen... There are 27 countries which need to agree with

:07:43.:07:46.

the deal we have from Brexit. What will Nissan, how will Nissan remain

:07:47.:07:50.

competitive? How will the automotive industry remain competitive? Greg

:07:51.:07:56.

Clark says he reassured them on that. But how will that be so if we

:07:57.:08:00.

do not get access? We haven't heard anything about that. He talks about

:08:01.:08:09.

reassurances given to Nissan. We need to make -- to know where we're

:08:10.:08:13.

going to make sure Brexit is in the interest of all workers, not only

:08:14.:08:16.

those who work for a Nissan and not only those who can get the attention

:08:17.:08:24.

of Greg Clark. He assured Nissan that Britain would remain a

:08:25.:08:26.

competitive place to do business. That was the main assurance he gave

:08:27.:08:31.

them. He would help with skills and infrastructure and all the rest

:08:32.:08:36.

Since you are -- intend to repeal the trade union laws that have made

:08:37.:08:40.

strikes in Britain largely a thing of the past, and you plan to raise

:08:41.:08:43.

corporation tax, you couldn't give Nissan the same assurance, could

:08:44.:08:48.

you? We could absolutely give Nissan the assurance that we will be, our

:08:49.:08:53.

vision of the future of the UK, is based on having a strong

:08:54.:08:57.

manufacturing sector. Repealing trade union laws? As we have seen at

:08:58.:09:08.

Nissan, the industrial sector is dependent on having highly trained,

:09:09.:09:16.

well skilled workers. -- highly skilled, well-trained. You don't

:09:17.:09:20.

have that by getting -- having an aggressive policy and trade union

:09:21.:09:24.

laws or by slashing corporation tax and not supporting manufacturing

:09:25.:09:28.

investment. Remember, the last government took away the

:09:29.:09:31.

Manufacturing allowances which supported Manufacturing and slashed

:09:32.:09:36.

corporation tax. That is their solution. It is a low tax, low skill

:09:37.:09:40.

economy they want. Thank you. Sorry I had to rush you.

:09:41.:09:45.

I'm grateful for you joining us I'm still struggling to see what is

:09:46.:09:55.

left of Labour's criticism? Yeah, except for this. This was a valid

:09:56.:09:59.

point she just made. What we know for sure is that Greg Clark could

:10:00.:10:03.

say to Nissan, my aim is to get tariff free deal. There is no way he

:10:04.:10:09.

could guarantee that. None of us know that. I don't think that was

:10:10.:10:13.

enough. I think clearly there was a more detailed package involving

:10:14.:10:20.

training and other things. He has acknowledged this, albeit we do not

:10:21.:10:24.

know the precise mechanism. What I think is interesting about this is

:10:25.:10:28.

if you reverse what happened this week, at a time when the government

:10:29.:10:31.

says Britain is open for business and it is going to have an

:10:32.:10:36.

industrial strategy, so far it is a bit vaguely defined. Nissan hadn't

:10:37.:10:40.

made this commitment. Imagine what would have happened? It is an

:10:41.:10:43.

impossible scenario. The government seems to me was obliged to make sure

:10:44.:10:50.

this didn't happen. Let's not forget Nissan has invested hundreds of

:10:51.:10:53.

millions in the north-east. It has been a huge success story. When I

:10:54.:10:58.

spoke to workers from Nissan, they were so proud because they went to

:10:59.:11:02.

Japan to teach the Japanese had to be more productive. The idea that

:11:03.:11:06.

Nissan was just going to walk away from this given its track record,

:11:07.:11:10.

its importance, wasn't really credible. The government had some

:11:11.:11:16.

bargaining chips. Absolutely, of course they weren't going to walk

:11:17.:11:20.

away. The majority of people in the area in which Nissan is braced -

:11:21.:11:24.

based, voted for Brexit. Nissan knows it is in a powerful position

:11:25.:11:29.

because it is an emotive sector Clearly the government didn't want

:11:30.:11:32.

to have some big showdown. I honestly don't think this is a

:11:33.:11:38.

smoking gun. The Labour Shadow minister really struggled to

:11:39.:11:41.

articulate what exactly she thinks the government is hiding. I think

:11:42.:11:44.

the reassurances were given were pretty anodyne, really. They were

:11:45.:11:49.

anodyne and general. And what Greg Clark was setting out was an

:11:50.:11:52.

objective and he made the right noises, and Nissan exercised its

:11:53.:11:56.

right to sabre rattle. It does have a history of doing that. The one

:11:57.:12:03.

thing that would now be clear given Greg Clark's performance this

:12:04.:12:06.

morning on the BBC, is that if we were to discover some kind of

:12:07.:12:09.

financial incentive directly linked to this investment, not more for

:12:10.:12:14.

skills or infrastructure, that is fine, but some direct financial

:12:15.:12:19.

investment, compensation for tariffs, which would be illegal

:12:20.:12:21.

under World Trade Organisation rules, what you might call a

:12:22.:12:27.

financial bride, the sect -- the business Secretary's position would

:12:28.:12:31.

be untenable? He would be in a very difficult position indeed. Just

:12:32.:12:34.

released the letter. There is nothing to hide. Put it out there.

:12:35.:12:38.

The most revealing thing is that people are getting wildly excited

:12:39.:12:44.

about the fact Greg Clark announced Britain's negotiating position would

:12:45.:12:47.

be that we would like tariff free trade with Europe. This is regarded

:12:48.:12:51.

as an insight into what this comment is doing and it says a great deal

:12:52.:12:54.

about how little we have been told in Parliament and the media about

:12:55.:13:00.

what they are up. Do you think it is exciting we are going for tariff

:13:01.:13:04.

free trade? We're easily excited these days. We don't know. This is

:13:05.:13:11.

where these things are at such a tentative phase. We don't know how

:13:12.:13:15.

the rest of the European Union is going to respond to Britain's

:13:16.:13:21.

negotiating hand. We know Britain once the best of everything, please.

:13:22.:13:26.

It is a starting point. But that is not how it is going to end up. We

:13:27.:13:31.

are getting wider than that. We have will have to see.

:13:32.:13:33.

Now, Universal Credit, a single payment made to welfare

:13:34.:13:35.

claimants that would roll together a plethora of benefits whilst

:13:36.:13:38.

encouraging people into work by making work pay.

:13:39.:13:40.

But have cuts to the flagship welfare scheme reduced work

:13:41.:13:42.

incentives and hit the incomes of the least well-off?

:13:43.:13:48.

Well, some of the government's own MPs think so, and,

:13:49.:13:50.

as Mark Lobel reports, want the cuts reversed.

:13:51.:13:57.

Theresa May says she wants a country that works

:13:58.:14:00.

for everyone, that's on the side of ordinary, working people.

:14:01.:14:04.

It means never writing off people who can work and consigning them

:14:05.:14:07.

to a life on benefits, but giving them the chance to go out

:14:08.:14:10.

and earn a living and to enjoy the dignity that comes

:14:11.:14:13.

But now some in her party are worried that the low earners

:14:14.:14:19.

will be hit by changes to Universal Credit benefit system

:14:20.:14:24.

originally set up to encourage more people into work.

:14:25.:14:26.

We also need to focus tax credits and Universal Credit

:14:27.:14:29.

Concern centred on the Government's decision in the July 2015 budget

:14:30.:14:36.

to find ?3 billion worth of savings from the Universal Credit bill.

:14:37.:14:45.

Conservative MP Heidi Allen is working on a campaign to get MPs

:14:46.:14:47.

in her party to urge the Prime Minister to think again.

:14:48.:14:55.

I want her to understand for herself what the outcomes might

:14:56.:14:58.

be if we press ahead with the Universal Credit,

:14:59.:15:00.

Do you think Theresa May, right now, understands what you understand

:15:01.:15:04.

To be fair, unless you really get into the detail,

:15:05.:15:07.

and I have through my work on the Work and Pensions

:15:08.:15:10.

Select Committee, I don't think anybody does.

:15:11.:15:11.

Independent economic analysts at the IFS agree with Heidi Alan

:15:12.:15:17.

that cuts to Universal Credit weaken incentives to work.

:15:18.:15:22.

One of the key parts of the Universal Credit system

:15:23.:15:24.

That is how much you can earn before your credit

:15:25.:15:28.

As the Government has sought to save money,

:15:29.:15:31.

both under the Coalition and now they Conservative Government,

:15:32.:15:33.

both under the Coalition and now the Conservative Government,

:15:34.:15:35.

that work allowance has been cut, time and time again.

:15:36.:15:37.

The biggest cuts happened in the summer budget of 2015.

:15:38.:15:40.

That basically reduces the amount of earnings you get to keep

:15:41.:15:42.

It weakens the incentive people have to move into work.

:15:43.:15:46.

What do changes to the Universal Credit system mean?

:15:47.:15:48.

The Resolution Foundation think tank has crunched the numbers.

:15:49.:15:51.

If you compare what would have happened before the July 2015 summer

:15:52.:15:55.

budget to what will happen by 2 20, even if you take into account gains

:15:56.:15:58.

in the National Living Wage and income tax cuts,

:15:59.:16:00.

recipients will be hit by annual deductions.

:16:01.:16:05.

Couples and parents would receive, on average, ?1000 less.

:16:06.:16:09.

A dual-earning couple with two children under four,

:16:10.:16:11.

with one partner working full-time on ?10.50 an hour and the other

:16:12.:16:14.

working part-time on the minimum wage for around 20

:16:15.:16:17.

hours a week, they would receive ?1800 less.

:16:18.:16:24.

Hit most by the changes would be a single parent

:16:25.:16:27.

with a child under four, working full-time

:16:28.:16:28.

I think, if I'm honest, it is unrealistic, given

:16:29.:16:42.

the economic climate, to expect everything to be reversed.

:16:43.:16:45.

What I would like to see is an increase in the work

:16:46.:16:51.

allowances to those people who will be hardest hit.

:16:52.:16:54.

That is single parents and second earners hoping to return to work,

:16:55.:16:57.

because they are the people we need to absolutely make

:16:58.:16:59.

The Sunday Politics understands that about 15 to 20 Conservative MPs

:17:00.:17:04.

are pushing for changes ahead of the Autumn Statement.

:17:05.:17:07.

A former cabinet minister told us that they believed further impact

:17:08.:17:11.

analysis should be done to find out if any mitigation measures

:17:12.:17:13.

Former Work and Pensions Secretary Iain Duncan Smith, an architect

:17:14.:17:20.

of the system, now says the cuts should be reversed.

:17:21.:17:24.

But his former department has told us that it has no plans to revisit

:17:25.:17:29.

the work allowance changes announced in the budget last year.

:17:30.:17:34.

What I would say to Heidi Allen and IDS, they got it right the first

:17:35.:17:38.

time and they should stick to the vote they cast last year

:17:39.:17:40.

because these reforms actually do make sense.

:17:41.:17:42.

What interests me is the fact we are trying to move people

:17:43.:17:45.

off welfare into work, we are raising the wages people

:17:46.:17:47.

earn by massively increasing the minimum wage and this

:17:48.:17:50.

People are coming off welfare and into work.

:17:51.:17:53.

Campaigners are pushing for savings to come from other areas to relieve

:17:54.:17:56.

The other thing we have to start looking at is the triple

:17:57.:18:02.

Financially it has been a great policy, and it was absolutely right

:18:03.:18:06.

that we lifted pensioners who were significantly behind,

:18:07.:18:08.

for many years, in terms of income levels, but they have

:18:09.:18:11.

I think it is time for us to look at that policy again,

:18:12.:18:16.

because is costing us an awful lot of money.

:18:17.:18:18.

With just over three weeks to wait until the Conservative leadership's

:18:19.:18:21.

new economic plan is unveiled in the Autumn Statement,

:18:22.:18:24.

its top team is under pressure from within its own ranks to use it

:18:25.:18:28.

And I'm joined now by former Work and Pensions Secretary,

:18:29.:18:37.

Welcome back to the programme. Theresa May said she is on the side

:18:38.:18:45.

of the just managing, the working poor. But they are about to be hit

:18:46.:18:50.

from all sides. Their modest living standards are going to be squeezed

:18:51.:18:54.

as inflation overtakes pay rises, they will be further squeezed

:18:55.:18:58.

because top-up benefits in work are frozen. Incentives to work are going

:18:59.:19:01.

to be reduced by the cuts in universal benefits. So much for

:19:02.:19:06.

being on the side of those just managing? Theresa was right to focus

:19:07.:19:11.

on this group. The definition has to be the bottom half, in economic

:19:12.:19:18.

terms, of the social structure. It doesn't look good for them? This is

:19:19.:19:22.

the point I am making, it is an opportunity to put some of this

:19:23.:19:26.

right. One of the reasons I resigned in March is because I felt the

:19:27.:19:28.

direction of travel we had been going in had been to take far too

:19:29.:19:32.

much money out of that group of people when there are other areas

:19:33.:19:36.

which, if you need to make some of those savings, you can. The key bit

:19:37.:19:40.

is that the group needs to be helped through into work and encouraged to

:19:41.:19:43.

stay in work. There was a report done with the IFS, when we were

:19:44.:19:47.

there, at Universal Credit. It said Universal Credit rolled out, as it

:19:48.:19:53.

should have been before the cuts, people would be much more likely to

:19:54.:19:57.

stay in work longer and earn more money. It is a net positive, but

:19:58.:20:01.

that is now called into question. Let's unpick some of the detail but

:20:02.:20:06.

first, do you accept the words of David Willets? It says on the basis

:20:07.:20:09.

of the things I read out to you that the just managing face a significant

:20:10.:20:16.

and painful cut in real terms if we continue on the way we are going. I

:20:17.:20:21.

do, in essence. That is the reason why I resigned. I felt Heidi raised

:20:22.:20:29.

that issue as well, that we got the balance wrong. It is right that

:20:30.:20:33.

pensioners get to a certain point, when they are on a level par, doing

:20:34.:20:37.

the right thing over five years Staying with that process has cost

:20:38.:20:42.

us ?18 billion extra this year, in total. It will go on costing another

:20:43.:20:51.

5 billion. Then there is the issue of tax allowances. I want to remind

:20:52.:20:55.

you and viewers what David Cameron told the Conservative conference in

:20:56.:21:02.

2009. If you are a single mother with two children, earning ?150 a

:21:03.:21:07.

week, the withdrawal of your benefits and the additional taxes

:21:08.:21:11.

that you pay me on that for every extra you earn, you keep just 4p.

:21:12.:21:19.

What kind of incentive is that? 30 years ago, this party won and

:21:20.:21:24.

election fighting against 98% tax rates for the Rex richest. I want us

:21:25.:21:34.

today to show even more anger about 96% tax rates for the very poorest

:21:35.:21:39.

in our country. Real anger, and effective rate of over 90%.

:21:40.:21:45.

Universal Credit reduces that. Some will still face, as they lose

:21:46.:21:49.

benefits and pay tax, a marginal rate of over 75%. That is still too

:21:50.:21:54.

high? Yes, it is the collision between those going into work at the

:21:55.:21:58.

moment they start paying tax. A racial Universal Credit is set at

:21:59.:22:03.

65%. You can call that the base marginal tax rate. 1.2 million will

:22:04.:22:09.

face 75%? That is the point about why the allowances are so important.

:22:10.:22:13.

The point about the allowances which viewers might not fully understand

:22:14.:22:16.

is that it was set, as part of Universal Credit, to allow you to

:22:17.:22:20.

get certain people, with certain difficulties, as they cross into

:22:21.:22:23.

work, to retain more benefit before it is tapered away as they go up in

:22:24.:22:31.

hours. A lone parent, who might have various issues, you want her to have

:22:32.:22:34.

a bigger incentive than a single person that does not have the same

:22:35.:22:38.

commitments. It is structured so that somebody who has difficulty

:22:39.:22:42.

going to work, they all have slightly different rates. What

:22:43.:22:45.

happened is that last year a decision was taken to reduce tax

:22:46.:22:48.

credits, and, on the back of that, to reduce allowances. I believe

:22:49.:22:52.

given everything that happened now, we need to restore that to the point

:22:53.:22:58.

where it helps those people crossing over. You say a decision was taken,

:22:59.:23:01.

it was a decision by the former Chancellor George Osborne in the

:23:02.:23:06.

summer budget. Other decisions were taken in successive Budgets to raise

:23:07.:23:10.

the Universal Credit budget, which resulted in the disincentive being

:23:11.:23:13.

higher than many people wanted. Do you accept that has been the

:23:14.:23:19.

consequence of his decisions? I was in the Government, we take

:23:20.:23:21.

collective responsibility. I argued this was not the right way to go,

:23:22.:23:25.

but when you are in you have to stay with it if you lose that argument.

:23:26.:23:28.

There was another attempt before the spending review last year to

:23:29.:23:32.

increase the taper, so the marginal rate would have gone up. I managed

:23:33.:23:37.

to stop that. I'm Sibley saying what we made as a decision last

:23:38.:23:41.

year, given the circumstances and given that the net effect of all of

:23:42.:23:46.

that, I think it is time for the Government to ask the question, if

:23:47.:23:49.

we are in this to help that group of people, Universal Credit is

:23:50.:23:54.

singularly the most powerful tool. One of the Argentine aid in the

:23:55.:23:56.

paper published on Thursday, we are set going on doing two more races of

:23:57.:24:02.

the tax threshold, taking more people out of tax. That has a

:24:03.:24:08.

diminishing effect on the bottom section. Only 25p in that tax rate

:24:09.:24:14.

will help any of those. Most of it goes to middle income? You and I

:24:15.:24:19.

will benefit more from that. With Universal Credit, every pound you

:24:20.:24:22.

put into that will go to the bottom five tenths. That is why I designed

:24:23.:24:26.

it like that. He pressed the button and immediately start to changed

:24:27.:24:31.

circumstances. Should the cuts in Universal Credit that Mr Osborne

:24:32.:24:34.

introduced, against your argument, should they be reversed? I believe

:24:35.:24:40.

so. I believe you can do it even if there is concern about spending I

:24:41.:24:43.

don't believe you need to go through with the continuing raise the tax

:24:44.:24:47.

threshold. Cost is dependent on inflation, but give or take. It is

:24:48.:24:55.

in the Tory manifesto? Has more than doubled. What is in the manifesto,

:24:56.:25:00.

and Lasse Prime Minister made this clear in conference, we want to

:25:01.:25:06.

improve the life chances of people. Today's announcement on the Green

:25:07.:25:09.

paper is what I wrote over the last two and a half years. Big changes

:25:10.:25:13.

necessary to how we deal with sickness benefit. That can now be

:25:14.:25:17.

done because of Universal Credit, because people can go back to work

:25:18.:25:20.

and it tapers away their benefits. It is the most powerful tool to sort

:25:21.:25:24.

our people that live in poverty Universal Credit. We need to make

:25:25.:25:30.

sure it lands positively. If Mr Osborne's cuts were reversed, what

:25:31.:25:32.

you and some of your backbench Tory colleagues want to do, how would

:25:33.:25:37.

that improve the incentives of the working poor, as they try to get on

:25:38.:25:43.

in life? They have to pay more tax, they lose some benefits. How would

:25:44.:25:49.

it improve it? Would many still face a 75% rate? The key question is

:25:50.:25:53.

first and foremost, as people move through income to the point where

:25:54.:25:58.

they are getting taxed, that group will be enormously benefited by the

:25:59.:26:01.

re-emergence of these allowances at the right level. That is what the

:26:02.:26:07.

IFS have said, that is what the Resolution Foundation are saying,

:26:08.:26:11.

and the Centre For Social Justice is saying. You have to get that group,

:26:12.:26:15.

because they are most likely to be drifting into poverty and less

:26:16.:26:19.

incomes are right. Would it help those who face a 75% margin? We

:26:20.:26:25.

don't face that. Exactly right. People much poorer than us do. I

:26:26.:26:29.

would love to get the marginal rate down to testify percent, and lower,.

:26:30.:26:38.

-- down to 65%. It is a balance of how you spend the money. I would

:26:39.:26:41.

prefer to do that rather than necessarily go ahead with threshold

:26:42.:26:49.

razors. I think the coronation of the marginal reduction of 65%,

:26:50.:26:54.

getting it down to 60%, plus more allowances, will allow Universal

:26:55.:26:57.

Credit to get to the group that is going to be, and the report written

:26:58.:27:01.

by the IFS and ourselves, it shows it is going to be the most dynamic

:27:02.:27:05.

and direct ability of a Government to be able to influence the way that

:27:06.:27:09.

people improve their incomes in the bottom five deciles. Would you take

:27:10.:27:16.

on extra work if you knew you were going to lose 75% of it? Even 6 %?

:27:17.:27:22.

This has been my argument all along. Universal Credit can help that

:27:23.:27:27.

enormously. One point that goes missing, 70% of the bottom five

:27:28.:27:32.

deciles will be on Universal Credit. Whatever change you make to

:27:33.:27:34.

Universal Credit has a dramatic and immediate effect I am arguing,

:27:35.:27:40.

genuinely, it is time to rethink this. The Prime Minister wants to

:27:41.:27:44.

make this a priority. I am completely with her on this. I think

:27:45.:27:48.

she made a really good start. To deliver this, we need to... You have

:27:49.:27:53.

a lot of work to do to deliver it. Because it is a manifesto

:27:54.:27:57.

commitment, or because they want to do it, stopping increasing the

:27:58.:28:02.

personal allowances are not acceptable, what about bringing to

:28:03.:28:05.

an end, by the end of the parliament, the pension triple lock

:28:06.:28:11.

that pensioners enjoy to improve and put more money to the working poor?

:28:12.:28:17.

What about that? Well, you are absolutely right that there is now

:28:18.:28:21.

the danger, I think, of a mess balance between the generations

:28:22.:28:24.

Quite rightly at the beginning, when we came in, we have a commitment as

:28:25.:28:28.

a Conservative Party in a manifesto to get pensions back onto earnings.

:28:29.:28:34.

It was moved to a triple lock that guaranteed a minimum. What about

:28:35.:28:39.

ending up now? I understand it is a promise through the Parliament, but

:28:40.:28:43.

after 2020? I am in favour of getting it back to innings and

:28:44.:28:47.

allowing it to rise at reasonable levels. Moving from earnings to the

:28:48.:28:52.

triple lock has cost ?18 billion this year. Here was a high, under

:28:53.:28:56.

pressure, as the Government was scratching around to pay more money

:28:57.:29:00.

out of working age areas, when the budget was almost out of control on

:29:01.:29:04.

the pension side. I'm in favour of helping pensioners, but now they are

:29:05.:29:07.

up to a reasonable level, at a steady rate, that can be afforded by

:29:08.:29:11.

Government, which takes the pressure off, working age people have to pay

:29:12.:29:16.

for that. In years to come, time to end the triple lock

:29:17.:29:27.

and use the savings to help these people we have been talking about?

:29:28.:29:31.

As part of a load of packages, yes. It would also help with the

:29:32.:29:33.

intergenerational fairness argument. Thank you for being with us.

:29:34.:29:36.

Now, a prominent London Imam called Shakeel Begg -

:29:37.:29:39.

who is Chief Imam the Lewisham Islamic Centre - is an extremist.

:29:40.:29:42.

That was the verdict of the judge in a libel action that Mr Begg took

:29:43.:29:45.

against the BBC, after we described him as an Islamic extremist

:29:46.:29:48.

Mr Begg had complained about a short segment in an interview in November

:29:49.:29:52.

2013 with Farooq Murad, the then head of the Muslim Council

:29:53.:29:55.

of Britain, an organisation which claims to represent British

:29:56.:29:57.

In that interview, we described Mr Begg as an extremist speaker

:29:58.:30:03.

who had hailed jihad is the greatest of deeds.

:30:04.:30:06.

From his base of the Lewisham Islamic Centre, Mr Begg has been

:30:07.:30:09.

involved in a number of community organisations, including

:30:10.:30:13.

the Police Independent Advisory Group in Lewisham,

:30:14.:30:15.

Lewisham Council's Advisory Council on Religious Education

:30:16.:30:20.

and as a volunteer chaplain at Lewisham Hospital.

:30:21.:30:23.

But in his judgment, Mr Justice Haddon-Cave called

:30:24.:30:28.

Mr Begg a Jekyll and Hyde character - a trusted figure in his local

:30:29.:30:32.

community, but when talking to predominantly Muslim audiences

:30:33.:30:35.

he shed the cloak of respectability and revealed the horns of extremism.

:30:36.:30:40.

The judge cited one speech made by Mr Begg at a rally

:30:41.:30:43.

outside Belmarsh Prisonm- the high security prison that houses

:30:44.:30:46.

terrorists - as particularly sinister.

:30:47.:30:49.

The judge said the imam was expressing admiration and praise

:30:50.:30:51.

Following Friday's judgment, the hospital trust have told us that

:30:52.:30:57.

Mr Begg's status as a voluntary chaplain has been terminated.

:30:58.:31:02.

We have been told by Lewisham Council he is no longer

:31:03.:31:05.

on their Religious Education Committee.

:31:06.:31:07.

The Metropolitan Police have confirmed that

:31:08.:31:09.

Mr Begg remains a member of their Independent Advisory Group

:31:10.:31:14.

in Lewisham, as well as the borough's faith group.

:31:15.:31:23.

I am joined by Haras Rafiq, chief executive of the Quilliam

:31:24.:31:28.

Foundation. Welcome to the programme. I have here in my hand a

:31:29.:31:35.

statement from the trustees of the Lewisham Islamic Centre. They reject

:31:36.:31:41.

the judge's ruling as fanciful and say they are unequivocal and

:31:42.:31:43.

unwavering in their support of Shakeel Begg as their head imam

:31:44.:31:50.

What do you make of that? To be honest, it doesn't surprise me. At

:31:51.:31:54.

the end of the day he is only the imam of that mosque because he

:31:55.:31:58.

belongs to the same theological fundamentalist views that the mosque

:31:59.:32:03.

would portray. If they were to say he was an extremist, they would be

:32:04.:32:08.

saying in fact that they have allowed extremist preaching and

:32:09.:32:12.

extremist theology within their walls. I think this is a very

:32:13.:32:17.

important decision and a very important judgment by the judge

:32:18.:32:24.

First of all, these people like to operate in a linear, under a veneer

:32:25.:32:28.

of respectability. When that veneer is taken away, there are a number of

:32:29.:32:33.

things that can happen. First of all, the BBC did very well to stand

:32:34.:32:37.

by their guns and say, we're not going to be intimidated by somebody

:32:38.:32:44.

who is threatening to taking -- to take us to court for potential

:32:45.:32:48.

libel. Many other media companies have done that in the past and

:32:49.:32:53.

people have capitulated. Also, this has exposed him. Legally now, here's

:32:54.:32:58.

some deal can be classified as an extremist preacher, somebody who

:32:59.:33:02.

promotes religious violence. I think the mosque really needs to take a

:33:03.:33:06.

step back and say, how we part of the problem that we are facing

:33:07.:33:10.

within society? Or are we going to be part of the solution? It really

:33:11.:33:19.

concerns me. The High Court judge says that Mr Begg's speeches were

:33:20.:33:24.

consistent with an extremist Salafist is the most worldview. What

:33:25.:33:31.

is Salafist is and how widespread is it in UK mosques? -- mosque. It

:33:32.:33:41.

comes from the Middle East. It is from Saudi Arabia. The enemy for

:33:42.:33:44.

them was the old colonial Ottoman Empire. There is the quiet Salafist

:33:45.:33:53.

to get some with their lives, lives outside society. There is a

:33:54.:33:55.

revolutionary who tries to convert other people to their worldview And

:33:56.:33:59.

then there is the Salafist jihad ease. People like Islamic State etc.

:34:00.:34:06.

We have seen of increased in recent decades because of money that has,

:34:07.:34:09.

growing from the Middle East. When that is mixed with a political

:34:10.:34:15.

ideology, it becomes potent. Do we have a political -- particular

:34:16.:34:19.

problem in Britain with this in our mosques? Absolutely. Without the

:34:20.:34:25.

theology that says hate the other, hate other Muslims, that

:34:26.:34:28.

excommunicate other people, that says it is OK to fight and is good

:34:29.:34:33.

to fight when you have got an enemy, we wouldn't really have a jihadi

:34:34.:34:37.

problem. Really that is something we have to tackle. The number of

:34:38.:34:45.

mosques and institutions supporting Salafist and Islam is has been on

:34:46.:34:49.

the increase. Do we have a problem with what the judge called Jekyll

:34:50.:34:54.

and Hyde characters who hide their extremism except when they are

:34:55.:35:00.

speaking to specific groups? Absolutely. One of the things we

:35:01.:35:05.

have focused on in the past, a number of hate preachers now in

:35:06.:35:09.

prison, people like Anjem Choudary, and everybody focused on them. But

:35:10.:35:13.

there is a range of people operating under that level. People who will

:35:14.:35:17.

show one face to the community because they actually need that for

:35:18.:35:22.

a respectability. They need that for a legitimacy. They need that to

:35:23.:35:26.

operate. When they are behind closed doors and talking to their

:35:27.:35:30.

constitution, that is when you will see the real face of what these

:35:31.:35:35.

people believe. It is an increasing phenomenon. We are seeing it more.

:35:36.:35:39.

And we're going to carry on seeing it. Not just has the Lewisham mosque

:35:40.:35:46.

stuck by him, but given the clarity of the judge's ruling, are you

:35:47.:35:50.

surprised that the Metropolitan police would wish to continue with

:35:51.:35:55.

Mr Begg as an adviser? I'm absolutely shocked that that

:35:56.:35:58.

decision. What Uzzy going to do Advise them on how to deal with

:35:59.:36:04.

extremist preachers and promote religiously motivated violence? I

:36:05.:36:06.

don't know what he's going to advise them on. Because we now have a judge

:36:07.:36:12.

that has ruled against him and actually classified him as an

:36:13.:36:15.

extremist and somebody who promotes religious violence, we actually have

:36:16.:36:20.

a possibility for the CPS to actually prosecute him. There is a

:36:21.:36:25.

law that has been in place since 2005 called religiously motivated

:36:26.:36:28.

violence. If he has been classified as somebody who promotes this, there

:36:29.:36:34.

is a potential for the CPS to prosecute. I want to called into

:36:35.:36:38.

question other organisations, interfaith organisations, other

:36:39.:36:41.

Muslims groups, who say they want to fight extremism, I call on them to

:36:42.:36:48.

say, this guy is an extremist preacher, we should cut our ties

:36:49.:36:57.

from him. This was a very high risk strategy by the BBC. The exposure

:36:58.:37:01.

could have been over ?1.5 million of licence payers money. Will this make

:37:02.:37:07.

it more difficult for Jekyll and Hyde characters to behave as Mr Begg

:37:08.:37:13.

has behaved? Absolutely. It will do. One of the things they will now have

:37:14.:37:17.

to make sure is that they are a lot more careful. Careful with what they

:37:18.:37:24.

say to their own constituency. It won't solve the theological problem.

:37:25.:37:28.

But it will actually stop other people from operating in this manner

:37:29.:37:32.

and allow other media organisations to have the confidence to expose

:37:33.:37:36.

them when they do. Haras Rafiq, thank you for joining us.

:37:37.:37:39.

It's just gone 11.35, you're watching the Sunday Politics.

:37:40.:37:41.

We say goodbye to viewers in Scotland, who leave us now

:37:42.:37:44.

Cleaner air for our cities. the Week Ahead.

:37:45.:37:56.

Plans to crack down on polltting vehicles and bring in

:37:57.:37:59.

The price of freeing our cities from air pollution.

:38:00.:38:06.

Is it worth paying to invest in electric?

:38:07.:38:09.

And, what happens when the hairdressers who never vote went

:38:10.:38:11.

Simplify it a little bit more for us, definitely.

:38:12.:38:17.

Just speak as a normal person would rather than using all the f`ncy

:38:18.:38:20.

I'm Marie Ashby, and our gudsts this week, two politicians whose

:38:21.:38:27.

seats could disappear under boundary changes.

:38:28.:38:29.

Sitting comfortably now, Pauline Latham, Conservativd

:38:30.:38:31.

MP for Mid Derbyshire, and Vernon Coaker, who's

:38:32.:38:35.

First, a delegation of East Midlands businesses and politicians will be

:38:36.:38:43.

The idea is to make new contacts and sell the region

:38:44.:38:48.

It follows the news this wedk that the East Midlands has

:38:49.:38:52.

seen their second lowest growth in wages in the country.

:38:53.:38:57.

So, Pauline Latham, this trhp to China is being organised

:38:58.:38:59.

It sounds like they've got puite a big job on their hands

:39:00.:39:03.

here if they want to improve our economy.

:39:04.:39:05.

Well, obviously, we'd all lhke wages to be higher but this investment

:39:06.:39:12.

going into China will be good news for the whole region.

:39:13.:39:16.

In fact, Derby has a lot of trade with China.

:39:17.:39:24.

I think it's worth ?4.5 billion a year into Derbyshire.

:39:25.:39:26.

We need to build on that and, certainly in our area,

:39:27.:39:33.

we have John from Marketing Derby and some of his team,

:39:34.:39:36.

and the university are going, and the councils.

:39:37.:39:38.

I think that's really good news to go and promote Derbyshird.

:39:39.:39:40.

We need to promote the whold of the East Midlands.

:39:41.:39:51.

To be able to bring people in to invest in this area.

:39:52.:39:54.

That's really important for the whole region,

:39:55.:39:55.

We need to stimulate that and making sure we are working hard

:39:56.:39:59.

Vernon Coaker, we may be lagging behind in the East Midlands

:40:00.:40:03.

Nationally, it's the joint biggest rise since the financial crhsis

:40:04.:40:06.

I think, first of all, I think it's a really good hdea

:40:07.:40:09.

and very supportive of the concept of the Midlands Engine

:40:10.:40:12.

In the context in which we `re in, post-Brexit, in this world,

:40:13.:40:16.

we move to wherever we are going to end up as a country,

:40:17.:40:19.

it's important we fight for investment, we go out

:40:20.:40:21.

It's not just going to come into the East Midlands just

:40:22.:40:25.

The Chinese are looking for places to invest.

:40:26.:40:39.

We have big companies, Bomb`rdier, Rolls-Royce, JCB,

:40:40.:40:41.

as well as a plus of medium and small businesses.

:40:42.:40:43.

The plea I'd make, I think it's important,

:40:44.:40:45.

We need to see what we can do for medium and small

:40:46.:40:49.

How much of a difference cotld it make to our economy?

:40:50.:40:53.

It could make a huge differdnce if we can sell to China,

:40:54.:40:56.

which is an enormous market, and growing,

:40:57.:40:57.

and other countries as well, we need to go through the whole

:40:58.:41:00.

But that's a really important market.

:41:01.:41:03.

Companies like, as you say, the small and medium size,

:41:04.:41:07.

like Royal Crown Derby, they can go out there

:41:08.:41:09.

and sell their wares but yot have to build on these relationships

:41:10.:41:12.

You can't just go in and sax, I'm going to sell this,

:41:13.:41:15.

It takes a long time to build up a relationship.

:41:16.:41:19.

Another thing just to say vdry quickly, we shouldn't forget

:41:20.:41:21.

the huge number of students that come into higher

:41:22.:41:23.

To continue that is really hmportant for our region as well.

:41:24.:41:27.

Two of our cities have been told to bring in restrictions on vehicles

:41:28.:41:30.

The clean air zones will be introduced in Nottingham and Derby,

:41:31.:41:34.

which are in danger of failhng to meet European standards

:41:35.:41:37.

As our political editor, Tony Rowe, reports, there is a big push

:41:38.:41:41.

to encourage more environmentally friendly tr`vel

:41:42.:41:43.

A glimpse of the future or ` wrong turn which could hit business?

:41:44.:41:52.

As you can hear, there's a little bit of rolling noise,

:41:53.:42:00.

a bit of wind noise, but you can't hear anything

:42:01.:42:03.

Nottingham City Council is promoting electric cars, using them

:42:04.:42:07.

in the council's fleet and putting in charging points across the city.

:42:08.:42:10.

The main benefit for the city will be reduced emissions.

:42:11.:42:15.

Nottingham has an air quality problem, along with

:42:16.:42:17.

Electric cars means there are no emissions at source.

:42:18.:42:24.

This is one of 13 new electric buses on the streets of

:42:25.:42:30.

It gives the city the largest electric bus fleet in Europd.

:42:31.:42:36.

It's quite an investment at 300 grand a bus.

:42:37.:42:41.

Soon, they will be able to drive along here,

:42:42.:42:43.

Britain's first electrical vehicle only lane.

:42:44.:42:47.

Nottingham and Derby are among six cities the Government has ordered

:42:48.:42:50.

to cut down on air pollution to comply with European

:42:51.:42:52.

Low emission vehicles will have priority.

:42:53.:43:00.

High emission commercial vehicles like buses, HGVs and bands,

:43:01.:43:05.

vans, could be banned, or face a charge.

:43:06.:43:08.

This is something that is bding driven by government,

:43:09.:43:10.

We are supportive of it dond in the right way.

:43:11.:43:15.

We are supportive of the idda of controlling car usage,

:43:16.:43:18.

controlling certain types of high emissions vehicles.

:43:19.:43:22.

More importantly, prioritishng and incentivising

:43:23.:43:23.

The project in Nottingham and Derby is being backed by ?6 million

:43:24.:43:30.

Critics say it is more cash for costly green policies.

:43:31.:43:36.

The amount of subsidies going in to fighting climatd change,

:43:37.:43:39.

we are subsidising wind farms, subsidising

:43:40.:43:42.

We are now subsidising power points to connect our electric cars.

:43:43.:43:50.

I have no problem with electric cars and power points if they ard

:43:51.:43:53.

The point is, they're not commercially viable, otherwhse

:43:54.:43:56.

the local authority wouldn't be having to subsidise them.

:43:57.:43:59.

Environmentalists say the plans don't go far enough and all city

:44:00.:44:02.

Campaigners claim the Government had planned to include ten other

:44:03.:44:14.

city clean air zones, including Leicester,

:44:15.:44:15.

but dropped the idea after objections from the Treasury.

:44:16.:44:18.

It may be a glimpse of the future but it's not a vision

:44:19.:44:21.

Joining us now is Kat Boettge from the Green Party

:44:22.:44:35.

Will this emphasis on improving -- this emphasis on improving `ir

:44:36.:44:39.

quality and Nottingham and Derby, it's got to be good news,

:44:40.:44:42.

I don't think this is going far enough.

:44:43.:44:46.

Bear pollution is a huge issue for all of us.

:44:47.:44:50.

It's estimated over 50,000 people die a year down to air

:44:51.:44:52.

The Government of course would say are quality

:44:53.:44:55.

Since 2011, it's spent ?2 bhllion on greener transport.

:44:56.:44:59.

2013, Leicester was ninth and Nottingham elevenths

:45:00.:45:02.

for the worst cities in Europe regarding air pollution.

:45:03.:45:05.

Pauline Latham, it's not good enough.

:45:06.:45:09.

But we have to do it incremdntally because we can't afford

:45:10.:45:13.

We have to make improvements all the time.

:45:14.:45:17.

I'm very pleased that Derby is going to start tackling the poor

:45:18.:45:20.

quality are in the city and obviously Nottingham as well.

:45:21.:45:25.

The big criticism of this is it only for six cities.

:45:26.:45:29.

Once they sort themselves ott, there will probably be another six

:45:30.:45:34.

cities and another six cities on that.

:45:35.:45:36.

The country does not have enough money at the moment.

:45:37.:45:44.

People can make the change themselves.

:45:45.:45:46.

We can't take it any further because there is an enough loney.

:45:47.:45:50.

That's why the Treasury didn't expand this project and include

:45:51.:45:52.

It would be great if we did but we don't.

:45:53.:45:58.

We have to do it a bit at the time and to improve each city as we go

:45:59.:46:03.

I don't we can afford, economically speaking,

:46:04.:46:09.

We see floods and so on and so forth.

:46:10.:46:19.

A lot of people have asthma and other allergic reactions.

:46:20.:46:24.

We need to think long-term `nd do as much as possible because we can't

:46:25.:46:31.

What should be done on this, Vernon Coaker?

:46:32.:46:38.

First of all, I think it's ` really exciting step forward on thd part

:46:39.:46:41.

of the city and county councils here in Nottinghamshire.

:46:42.:46:43.

There are other authorities like Derby that are making

:46:44.:46:47.

Of course we always want to see more and we need to accelerate that

:46:48.:46:52.

process and the progress that's being made.

:46:53.:46:53.

Electric buses, electric cars, eco-expressways.

:46:54.:46:54.

All of those things are happening, as well as changes to indivhdual

:46:55.:46:57.

They are really exciting and all of us have to say how can

:46:58.:47:01.

we do this much more quicklx than we are doing at present?

:47:02.:47:10.

Isn't there a worry that restricting things like HGVs

:47:11.:47:12.

and vans in city centres, that could have a knock on,

:47:13.:47:15.

There's all with a balance to be made between economic

:47:16.:47:19.

Some of us would say of course there's a need for a balancd.

:47:20.:47:22.

Doing nothing is not an option for our country

:47:23.:47:25.

We need the politically move goods around.

:47:26.:47:32.

We can also change a lot of the things we do locally

:47:33.:47:36.

and indeed regionally and nationally, indeed

:47:37.:47:38.

internationally, to ensure we make sure we don't do damage

:47:39.:47:40.

You're seeing it with electric cars you're seeing it with

:47:41.:47:44.

the electrification that's coming of the Midland Main line.

:47:45.:47:49.

The point I make is how all of us accelerate that process.

:47:50.:47:55.

It doesn't have to be just councils and government.

:47:56.:47:59.

Individuals can do their bit as well.

:48:00.:48:01.

Electric cars, for example, are very expensive still.

:48:02.:48:04.

It's not really an option for most people.

:48:05.:48:13.

And there aren't any restrictions on private cars, as such,

:48:14.:48:15.

Services have been cut in Nottinghamshire.

:48:16.:48:18.

We do need, as politicians were to change this.

:48:19.:48:25.

There needs to be a cultural change as well.

:48:26.:48:27.

People are simply using public transport.

:48:28.:48:31.

Sadly, that needs to be dond by some enforcement and finances so it

:48:32.:48:34.

What should we do to try to restrict them?

:48:35.:48:40.

I think we should have car free zones in the inner city

:48:41.:48:43.

and we should charge people who come in with cars.

:48:44.:48:45.

So it becomes cheaper to use the bus.

:48:46.:48:49.

Is that the way we should bd going, Vernon Coaker?

:48:50.:48:52.

The council here has alreadx used the word placed parking levx,

:48:53.:48:58.

which was quite controversi`l, very controversial at the thme

:48:59.:49:03.

What the council here and authorities across our region

:49:04.:49:08.

are trying to do, how you b`lanced economic growth and ensure people

:49:09.:49:11.

can move around but at the same time recognise you have to do

:49:12.:49:14.

You have to do something about climate change these

:49:15.:49:17.

But it's not impossible and there is progress being made.

:49:18.:49:23.

What Kat Boettge said earlidr, figures show that air pollution

:49:24.:49:25.

Therese Coffey, your Environment Minister,

:49:26.:49:36.

says real progress is being made but there is an awful

:49:37.:49:39.

There is real progress made but we need to get on with ht.

:49:40.:49:43.

I do believe that councils are beginning to tackle it.

:49:44.:49:46.

If we damage business, we don't have any money

:49:47.:49:49.

We have to do it so it works for everybody.

:49:50.:49:52.

We have to make sure that the worst vehicles are tackled first.

:49:53.:49:55.

A lot of the vehicles that are coming into cities,

:49:56.:50:06.

the large HGVs, the big companies have already started to tackle it.

:50:07.:50:08.

You can't damage those smaller companies too quickly.

:50:09.:50:16.

You can't just do sticks, you can do carrots as well.

:50:17.:50:19.

We can't afford to not do something about it.

:50:20.:50:22.

For example, looking at altdrnative, green sources of energy,

:50:23.:50:24.

that would give us a good, industrial kind of basis and growth.

:50:25.:50:27.

We know fossil fuel, for example, solar, sorry,

:50:28.:50:32.

worldwide, produces more jobs than the entire fossil fuel

:50:33.:50:35.

If we were to have a proper transition to cleaner energx,

:50:36.:50:43.

that would economically also stimulate our country greatly.

:50:44.:50:44.

Kat Boettge, thank you very much for joining us in the studio.

:50:45.:50:50.

Next, how do we bridge the growing gap between votdrs

:50:51.:50:52.

It's a question that's becole more urgent since the referendum debate

:50:53.:50:55.

which revealed a large part of the Electric, particularly

:50:56.:50:59.

in parts of the East Midlands, is feeling alienated

:51:00.:51:01.

Our political reporter has taken two hairdressers who say politicians

:51:02.:51:11.

are out of touch down to Westminster to meet their MP.

:51:12.:51:14.

For one day only, a politic`l rally with everyone in knots batthng

:51:15.:51:17.

There were 45 events throughout the Palace of Westminster.

:51:18.:51:24.

In the Speaker's words, Nottingham in Parliament

:51:25.:51:44.

Day really was a first.

:51:45.:51:45.

It wasn't just local dignit`ries who descended on the capital.

:51:46.:51:47.

Emma, my right I have never voted before the EU referendum.

:51:48.:51:50.

In an effort to close the g`p between the East Midlands

:51:51.:51:52.

and Parliament, we arrange for them to meet their MP for the first time.

:51:53.:51:56.

What do think we can do to change the way politics is?

:51:57.:51:59.

Simplify it a little bit more for us, definitely,

:52:00.:52:01.

and speak as a normal person would, rather than using all the f`ncy

:52:02.:52:04.

You hear all these different opinions.

:52:05.:52:08.

It's so hard to understand, to take it all in, to be honest

:52:09.:52:11.

It's easier just to sit on the fence or not have an opinion at all.

:52:12.:52:14.

We invent a language that locks people out of the whole thing.

:52:15.:52:17.

It makes a disconnect through politicians

:52:18.:52:19.

Like all hairdressers, these two spend their days

:52:20.:52:22.

Politics is one topic of conversation I'd rather `void.

:52:23.:52:33.

People just get angry straightaway and get on their high

:52:34.:52:41.

horse and start arguing. We're a bit like, calm down

:52:42.:52:43.

It's the first time we've seen new or met you.

:52:44.:52:47.

If the people ask you to do things, we want you to work

:52:48.:52:50.

For now, at least they feel closer to the democratic process.

:52:51.:52:55.

Nottingham may have come to Parliament this week but,

:52:56.:52:58.

to many back home, this place is still seems 1 million miles away.

:52:59.:53:01.

Vernon Coaker, you played a big role in this Nottingham

:53:02.:53:03.

in Parliament Day as we are about to see full stop what would it mean

:53:04.:53:07.

What it's trying to do is to make Parliament real.

:53:08.:53:11.

The process is what the problem is, as much as the language.

:53:12.:53:14.

A feeling of remoteness from political decision-makhng.

:53:15.:53:16.

As even the hairdressers were saying, everyone

:53:17.:53:18.

They will argue about it, debate it, discuss it.

:53:19.:53:22.

But it's this sense of, what difference does it makd?

:53:23.:53:25.

Part of what Nottingham in Parliament day was about

:53:26.:53:27.

and on the other days that other cities and regions well org`nising

:53:28.:53:43.

It was about saying to people, you can get involved and it does

:53:44.:53:49.

make the difference was we had students from Nottingham Trdnt

:53:50.:53:51.

That's why I got a pink timd because they were a pink te`m.

:53:52.:53:55.

Peter's report showed the bhg disconnect between Westminster

:53:56.:54:02.

and ordinary voters, as we saw in Emma and Sarah.

:54:03.:54:04.

I am trying very hard to persuade as many schools as possible to use

:54:05.:54:09.

the education programme in Parliament.

:54:10.:54:13.

It's beginning to pay off because many of the schools

:54:14.:54:15.

I'm also hosting a series of meet your MP events

:54:16.:54:22.

The recent one, I had somebody, saying, I voted for 40 odd xears.

:54:23.:54:28.

I've never met an MP and I'l really pleased to have met you.

:54:29.:54:31.

Today's MPs are out and abott far more than those of yesterye`r.

:54:32.:54:42.

Is it the language you're speaking that's a problem?

:54:43.:54:50.

That's certainly what Emma `nd Sarah told Gloria del Piero.

:54:51.:54:53.

They don't feel that politicians speak their language.

:54:54.:54:55.

You don't express things pl`inly enough for the ordinary person.

:54:56.:54:57.

I hope I do because I don't know any long words.

:54:58.:55:00.

I tried to use words people understand because I think

:55:01.:55:02.

I think people do feel we are all too posh and that's not

:55:03.:55:06.

So, yes, we probably have to speak in a more ordinary way.

:55:07.:55:10.

I still think there are ways we can go out and about and meet pdople.

:55:11.:55:14.

The more people who meet thdir MP, which I think is very important

:55:15.:55:17.

the more people realise we are real people just

:55:18.:55:19.

Is it a reaction to austerity, do you think?

:55:20.:55:31.

I don't think it's austeritx, it's something that's

:55:32.:55:33.

The trouble is, as politici`ns now, particularly female politichans

:55:34.:55:37.

since the death of Jo Cox, I feel more vulnerable going out

:55:38.:55:40.

and about and I am more cautious maybe then I used to be.

:55:41.:55:44.

Somebody dies and then we all start to feel worried

:55:45.:55:47.

I don't know about men, whether they feel that as wdll,

:55:48.:55:51.

but I feel more honourable than I used to.

:55:52.:55:55.

I'm sure some of your femald colleagues have spoken about that.

:55:56.:56:04.

This is a problem for Labour as well.

:56:05.:56:07.

We heard, didn't we, in Peter's reports, the first time

:56:08.:56:09.

Sarah had ever voted was in the EU referendum.

:56:10.:56:12.

Yet, there they are, in Sutton in Ashfield

:56:13.:56:14.

and that is Labour heartland territory, isn't it?

:56:15.:56:15.

It does go back to the point, people are interested in politics

:56:16.:56:21.

if you debate immigration or debate Europe, what the problem is,

:56:22.:56:23.

which is expressed in a way, politicians are removed,

:56:24.:56:26.

part of an elite, I think it's a sense in which people

:56:27.:56:31.

actually get into the polithcal system and make that differdnce

:56:32.:56:36.

That's what I think the polhtical system as a whole

:56:37.:56:38.

What people are saying is, just by voting, they're not sure how

:56:39.:56:53.

It's a sense in which, how do I influence what's going on?

:56:54.:56:57.

Not just at election time but all the time in between as well.

:56:58.:57:00.

Both are serious side of Nottingham Parliament dax but it

:57:01.:57:08.

isn't all hard work and policy discussions.

:57:09.:57:11.

Here's Vernon having a game of cricket on the green.

:57:12.:57:13.

Quite a good catch from Nottingham East MP,

:57:14.:57:15.

And our favourite of course, Dennis Skinner putting away

:57:16.:57:18.

Just for balance, he missed one as well.

:57:19.:57:23.

Let's hope I get this one, Coker caught Leslie 0,

:57:24.:57:27.

I think it was a first ball as well, actually.

:57:28.:57:32.

Not a bad penalty for 84-year-old Dennis Skinner.

:57:33.:57:37.

Somebody will sign him up if he carries on like that, I think.

:57:38.:57:40.

45 events were held throughout the day.

:57:41.:57:45.

What we're just talking about is making Parliament

:57:46.:57:49.

It's the breadth of the people that came.

:57:50.:57:56.

You had students, captains of industry.

:57:57.:57:57.

You couldn't get into that event.

:57:58.:58:20.

It was from industry to civhc society to citizens.

:58:21.:58:23.

For all of them to come togdther and get a common sense of ptrpose

:58:24.:58:27.

about how we would do more, obviously for Nottingham

:58:28.:58:29.

and Nottinghamshire but our region as a whole as well.

:58:30.:58:34.

Another important thing, how do we make sure we use this

:58:35.:58:39.

we all reflect upon and say, this is brilliant, what

:58:40.:58:47.

Should other cities be following in Nottingham's steps

:58:48.:58:57.

We've had a Derby food day for a number of years.

:58:58.:59:00.

It was much smaller but it worked really well we had

:59:01.:59:04.

What Nottinghamshire did is a really good idea.

:59:05.:59:07.

I'm sure there will be other counties and cities who will decide

:59:08.:59:10.

to go down that route for top it is certainly something

:59:11.:59:13.

I would like for Derby and Derbyshire to have a dax

:59:14.:59:15.

To be fair to the media, the media reported it reallx well.

:59:16.:59:20.

Time for a round-up of some of the other political storhes

:59:21.:59:25.

MPs from all sides have paid tribute to the Grantham and Stamford MP

:59:26.:59:34.

Nick Bowles, who is revealed he s being treated for cancer

:59:35.:59:37.

In a tweet announcing he had a tumour in his head, he joked.

:59:38.:59:46.

Critics might think it expl`ins some of his recent behaviour.

:59:47.:59:48.

In Strasbourg, the East Midlands Labour MEP, Glenis Willmott,

:59:49.:59:50.

criticised the British government handling of Brexit.

:59:51.:59:52.

The reality is Britain's future prosperity depends on having

:59:53.:59:54.

sensible negotiations with other EU countries.

:59:55.:59:57.

Membership of the single market on which many jobs depend,

:59:58.:00:07.

East Midlands Airport has announced it has plans for a major expansion.

:00:08.:00:17.

The airport wants to double passenger numbers and tripld

:00:18.:00:19.

There will be a shortage of Christmas cheer in Derby thhs year.

:00:20.:00:27.

The city council has decided not to stage a big switch

:00:28.:00:29.

The council says cuts means it cannot afford the event.

:00:30.:00:38.

Our best wishes to Nick Bowles as he begins his treatment

:00:39.:00:41.

and thanks to Pauline Lathal and Vernon Coaker for being my

:00:42.:00:44.

Next week will be taking a closer look at those plans

:00:45.:00:57.

Barely more than a week now until polling day,

:00:58.:01:02.

and a new revelation rocks the US Presidential election campaign.

:01:03.:01:11.

If it wasn't bizarre enough, it just got more bizarre.

:01:12.:01:15.

The FBI have reopened their investigation into Hillary Clinton's

:01:16.:01:17.

use of private email servers whilst she was Secretary

:01:18.:01:19.

of State, after the discovery of further emails.

:01:20.:01:27.

Though not on her laptop or even the State Department.

:01:28.:01:32.

Donald Trump is saying that it's bigger than Watergate -

:01:33.:01:34.

so could it swing the election in his favour?

:01:35.:01:37.

We spoke to top US pollster, Frank Luntz.

:01:38.:01:39.

The FBI investigation is happening so late in the election process

:01:40.:01:42.

that it would be very difficult to derail a Clinton victory.

:01:43.:01:47.

That said, if there is one thing that could keep Hillary Clinton

:01:48.:01:50.

from the presidency, it's an FBI investigation.

:01:51.:01:55.

But there's still only four states that really matter, Florida, Ohio,

:01:56.:01:57.

Right now, Clinton has beyond the margin of error leads

:01:58.:02:03.

This would have to have a truly significant impact for the election

:02:04.:02:10.

There is a point about a week ago when I was prepared to say that

:02:11.:02:17.

Clinton had a 95% chance of winning this election.

:02:18.:02:22.

Based on what has happened in the last 48 hours,

:02:23.:02:28.

It is still very likely, but I wouldn't bet on it.

:02:29.:02:33.

I thought the 2000 election would be the best election of my lifetime,

:02:34.:02:36.

And then I thought 2008 would be amazing, because we had two

:02:37.:02:41.

challenger candidates and the first African-American President.

:02:42.:02:45.

It is ugly, it's painful, it is as negative as anything

:02:46.:02:54.

The public is angry, the country, overall, is frustrated.

:02:55.:02:59.

But for entertainment value, these candidates probably should

:03:00.:03:06.

have charged us money, because it's better than any movie

:03:07.:03:10.

at ever seen, it's better than any TV show.

:03:11.:03:12.

That was Frank Luntz. He may be right or wrong about Mrs Clinton

:03:13.:03:24.

still having an 80% chance of winning. I would bet on an 80%

:03:25.:03:33.

chance? Yes, absolutely. I spoke to a high-profile American pollster and

:03:34.:03:36.

strategist last night and he took a rather different view to Frank

:03:37.:03:42.

Luntz. He thought, and I think some other high-profile commentators

:03:43.:03:45.

agree, that this is actually much more serious than some people

:03:46.:03:50.

realise. There are an awful lot of undecided voters out there looking

:03:51.:03:55.

for an excuse to vote Trump. They do not like what they see in either

:03:56.:03:59.

candidate. But because this FBI probe is not going to conclude

:04:00.:04:04.

before the election, the question, the doubt over Hillary Clinton,

:04:05.:04:09.

gives them an excuse to back Trump. The thing that will play on the

:04:10.:04:14.

minds of the voters is, could the 100 day honeymoon turning to the 100

:04:15.:04:18.

day divorce? Which even be impeached? It may give some people

:04:19.:04:24.

an excuse not to vote for Mrs Clinton. It could provide a problem

:04:25.:04:28.

in terms of energising her base The battle ground almost matters more

:04:29.:04:35.

than the polls. Florida and Pennsylvania have been trending to

:04:36.:04:42.

Mrs Clinton. Mr Trump needs to win both. He does not get in without

:04:43.:04:47.

both. He needs both. Just coming up in the latest BBC News, the

:04:48.:04:53.

Washington Post tracking poll, Mrs Clinton is now only one point ahead

:04:54.:04:59.

in the national poll. One point Even given my caveat that the state

:05:00.:05:04.

battles are most important. That is incredibly close? It is. Polls

:05:05.:05:10.

yesterday showed Trump nationally closing of. -- up. There is a clear

:05:11.:05:18.

trend and movement. This has reinforced everything that people

:05:19.:05:21.

who have a problem with Hillary Clinton know about Hillary Clinton.

:05:22.:05:25.

Trump is running this insurgent campaign. We have seen at here with

:05:26.:05:30.

Brexit. If you are running an insurgent campaign, you want to be

:05:31.:05:34.

against the ultimate establishment insider and that is what Hillary

:05:35.:05:38.

Clinton is. I suggested it was bizarre. Fathoming the behaviour of

:05:39.:05:44.

the FBI is interesting as well. This is a separate investigation into a

:05:45.:05:48.

former congressman, Anthony Wiener, who had done all sorts of things. He

:05:49.:05:53.

seemed to be sex text thing a minor. A 15-year-old girl. The FBI

:05:54.:06:01.

investigate. They get his laptop to see what else he has been too. In

:06:02.:06:08.

the course of that, his wife, now separated, the closest adviser to

:06:09.:06:12.

Hillary Clinton, they find on the laptop e-mails involving the Clinton

:06:13.:06:21.

server to her. And yet the FBI cannot, it needs now a separate

:06:22.:06:28.

warrant to access these e-mails It hasn't got that yet. It has got a

:06:29.:06:31.

warrant to do the congressman e-mails. On the basis of not knowing

:06:32.:06:38.

the content, this has happened. Yeah. Who knows? He is a Republican,

:06:39.:06:45.

this guy. Earlier this year he was being praised to the hilt by

:06:46.:06:50.

Democrats. Absolutely. The timing is a nightmare for her. You described

:06:51.:06:55.

the whole sequence. There is nothing definitive to doubt in this

:06:56.:07:00.

sequence. All he is saying is he has discovered more e-mails in effect.

:07:01.:07:07.

They are from the congressman's former wife. On Anthony Wiener's

:07:08.:07:14.

laptop, which apparently she used sometimes. But what that shows is

:07:15.:07:21.

that for all the scrutiny of modern politicians, they cannot escape

:07:22.:07:26.

caricature. And as Tim was just saying, her weakness is perceived to

:07:27.:07:30.

be secretive, elitism and complacency about that elitism. And

:07:31.:07:35.

so just the announcement of a reopening of the investigation so

:07:36.:07:41.

fuels that caricature, you have just revealed a poll giving her a 1%

:07:42.:07:45.

lead. That must be related to what has happened. It is without a shred

:07:46.:07:50.

of evidence that she has done anything wrong. You can see how

:07:51.:07:56.

because people only see things encourage kids, that is deadly

:07:57.:08:01.

serious. -- in caricature. An American friend of mine said we have

:08:02.:08:05.

got our October surprise but we don't know what it is. The FBI must

:08:06.:08:13.

surely come under massive pressure. It did its -- it did this against

:08:14.:08:20.

the Justice Department. The difficulty the FBI had was that this

:08:21.:08:23.

information, for what it's worth, it came to them. Were they not to have

:08:24.:08:28.

said something and it worked to have come out later, they would have been

:08:29.:08:32.

accused of a massive cover-up. They are dammed if they do, dammed if

:08:33.:08:37.

they don't. There is still time for another surprise. And early November

:08:38.:08:41.

surprise. Who knows if there might still be something that comes out on

:08:42.:08:46.

Donald Trump? This is the first election where I can remember we

:08:47.:08:50.

have had two October surprises already. There are is stuff about

:08:51.:08:55.

tapes knocking around about Donald Trump saying racist things. The

:08:56.:09:00.

Clintons have got a lot of friends. It would be a big surprise if we did

:09:01.:09:03.

not see anything else in the next few days.

:09:04.:09:06.

Just when you think it could not get more interesting, it has. There has

:09:07.:09:12.

been plenty in the papers lately about the Ukip leadership saying

:09:13.:09:13.

unpleasant things about each other. But what about Mr Farage himself?

:09:14.:09:17.

What's he up to? Well, on BBC Two tonight we may

:09:18.:09:19.

find out the answer. Well, I'm led to believe

:09:20.:09:22.

she's very experienced. But I don't think Strictly Come

:09:23.:09:28.

Dancing is for me. That is, unless, of course,

:09:29.:09:31.

you fancy popping a cheeky zero No, I don't think Strictly

:09:32.:09:37.

Come Dancing is for me. Well, you tell Mr Balls he has just

:09:38.:09:41.

lost your programme one viewer. I might have nothing to do these

:09:42.:09:47.

days but, realistically, Well, that wasn't Nigel Farage. It

:09:48.:10:09.

is a BBC comedy on tonight. Nigel Farage gets his life back. A number

:10:10.:10:14.

of runners and riders. Let's come straight down to it. Who would be

:10:15.:10:20.

the next leader of Ukip? Probably Paul Nuttall. He is the favourite.

:10:21.:10:25.

The one who has the backing, not very enthusiastic backing, is Rahim

:10:26.:10:30.

Cassandra. And also Aaron Banks a big donor. The best of a rather weak

:10:31.:10:41.

lot. I think Paul Nuttall should squeak through. I interviewed all

:10:42.:10:52.

three of them this week. Mr Cassandra is a lively character and

:10:53.:10:55.

he knows how to make a few headlines. With a bit of money

:10:56.:10:59.

behind him, anything is possible. This is a guy who has been to the

:11:00.:11:02.

States, who has literally studied what Trump has done. Pees on

:11:03.:11:14.

secondment for the time being. The guy who is his line manager is one

:11:15.:11:20.

of Donald Trump's campaign stop He is extraordinarily right-wing. I am

:11:21.:11:23.

told he kept a picture of Enoch Powell by his bed. Barry Goldwater

:11:24.:11:31.

is one of his heroes, for example. There are other candidates. I would

:11:32.:11:39.

suggest, put out as a hypothesis, Paul Nuttall is Labour's worst

:11:40.:11:45.

nightmare. They are more vulnerable in the North. Paul Nuttall is from

:11:46.:11:50.

Merseyside, a working-class background, performs well on

:11:51.:11:54.

television. He is a really good interviewee. He is one of the best

:11:55.:11:58.

around in politics at the moment. However, I think whoever gets it has

:11:59.:12:03.

a massive task. The clip of this Nigel Farage satire partly shows

:12:04.:12:10.

why. His dominance was overwhelming. He, in many ways, did a brilliant

:12:11.:12:14.

job at keeping the show on the road. The trouble for all new political

:12:15.:12:19.

parties is keeping it going is tough. A very different party, the

:12:20.:12:24.

SDP, with all those glamorous figures in it, lasted eight years,

:12:25.:12:28.

something like that. I think they are in real trouble at the moment

:12:29.:12:31.

because of the implosion we have been seeing in front of our eyes and

:12:32.:12:37.

the ideal -- ideological splits Whoever gets it will face a tough

:12:38.:12:47.

tussle. All three of the main contenders want to put Nigel Farage

:12:48.:12:49.

in the House of Lords. They were falling over themselves to soak up

:12:50.:12:54.

two farads. That is how you win this election.

:12:55.:12:58.

Mr Aaron Banks, who is he putting his money on? He said he supports

:12:59.:13:05.

Rahim. I know Mr Banks is utterly fed with the shenanigans in Ukip. He

:13:06.:13:10.

thinks it is terribly disorganised, dysfunctional and doesn't want a

:13:11.:13:14.

great deal to do with it for the foreseeable future.

:13:15.:13:16.

It is not quite Trump the Clinton but it is interesting. That is it.

:13:17.:13:21.

The Daily Politics is back tomorrow. And all of next week. Jo Coburn will

:13:22.:13:27.

be your next Sunday because I am off to the United States to begin to

:13:28.:13:31.

rehearse presenting the BBC's US election night coverage on the th

:13:32.:13:38.

of November. It will be here on BBC One, BBC

:13:39.:13:39.

world, BBC News Channel and BBC online.

:13:40.:13:41.

Remember if it's Sunday, it's the Sunday Politics.

:13:42.:14:12.

A stone stained with blood and beset with a curse.

:14:13.:14:15.

The Moonstone is of inestimable value in India.

:14:16.:14:19.

Its appointed guardians would move heaven and earth to reclaim it

:14:20.:14:23.

Let us not let the past haunt all of our actions.

:14:24.:14:31.

You've got to do something! It's only you that can!

:14:32.:14:31.

He's a scientist, brilliant apparently.

:14:32.:14:33.

But you may be bringing people over here who did things during the war.

:14:34.:14:42.

I will not work for you. I will not work for the British Government

:14:43.:14:47.

Let us not let the past haunt all of our actions.

:14:48.:14:51.

You've got to do something! It's only you that can!

:14:52.:14:54.

'We're the Raintown Superheroes Keep the streets safe.'

:14:55.:15:03.

You can trust me. What the hell are you dressed as?

:15:04.:15:08.

So, it seems my boyfriend saved you from a horrendous attack.

:15:09.:15:11.

How can she not know? No-one knows.

:15:12.:15:16.

Andrew Neil and Marie Ashby are joined by Iain Duncan Smith, Chi Onwurah and Haras Rafiq of the Quilliam Foundation. The Daily Mail's Isabel Oakeshott, commentator Steve Richards and Tim Shipman of The Sunday Times are on the political panel.


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