With guests Iain Duncan Smith, Chi Onwurah and Haras Rafiq of the Quilliam Foundation. Isabel Oakeshott, Steve Richards and Tim Shipman are on the political panel.
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Morning folks. Welcome to the Sunday Politics.
Theresa May says she wants to help people who are
"just about managing" - so should she reverse
George Osborne's cuts to benefits that are supposed to help people
Prominent London Imam Shakeel Begg is an extremist speaker,
says the High Court, after claims made on this programme.
So why is Mr Begg still being allowed to advise the Police?
Hillary Clinton fights back over the FBI's renewed investigation
into her use of a private email server - is this the boost
Cleaner air for our cities. chances of winning the White House?
Plans to crack down on polltting vehicles and bring in
Now it is just a question of building that runway with the
political problems that lie ahead. And haunting the studio
on this Halloween weekend, the most terrifying political
panel in the business - Tim 'Ghost' Shipman,
'Eerie' Isabel Oakeshott and First this morning, two
new models of car to be built, securing 7,000 jobs at the car plant
in Sunderland and a further 28, 00 The news from Nissan on Thursday
was seized on by Leave campaigners as evidence that the British
economy is in rude health This morning, the Business
Secretary, Greg Clark, was asked what assurances were given
to the Japanese firm's bosses Well, it's in no-one's the interest
for there to be tariff barriers to the continent
and vice versa. So, what I said is that our
objective would be to ensure that we have continued access to the markets
in Europe and vice versa, without tariffs and without
bureaucratic impediments. That is how we will approach
those negotiations. We're joined now from Newcastle
by the Shadow Business Welcome to the programme. Labour has
been a bit sceptical about this Nissan decision. Can we begin by
making it clear just what a great achievement this is, above all for
the workers of Sunderland who have some of the highest productivity in
the world, have never been on strike for 30 years, and produce cars of
incredible quality. This is their victory, isn't it? Andrew, you are
absolutely right. The Nissan plant in Sunderland is among the most
productive in the world. The workers of Nissan are amongst the most
productive as well. And it's really a victory for them and for the trade
unions and the business organisations, and everybody who
campaigned to make sure that the government couldn't ignore their
future. It's our future. I'm the MP for Newcastle. It makes a huge
difference to the region. We are a region that still likes to make
things that work. It is a huge part of our advanced manufacturing
sector. So it's really something we welcome as well as the job security.
I'm glad we have got that on the record from the Labour shadow
business secretary. But your Shadow Chancellor, John McDonnell, claims
the government is ignoring manufacturers and cares only about a
small banking elite. In what way is safeguarding 30,000 industrial jobs
in the North safeguarding a financial elite? As I said, we're
really pleased that the campaigning by trade unions and the workforce,
and business organisations, meant the government felt they couldn t
ignore Nissan workers. Let's also be clear that we want that kind of job
security for all of those working in manufacturing and in other sectors
as well. And sweetheart deals for one company, no matter how important
they are, that does not an industrial strategy make. Why'd you
say it is a sweetheart deal? Greg Clark told the BBC this morning that
what was assured to Nissan is an assurance he gives to the whole
industrial sector? I was really pleased to see Greg Clark felt he
had to say something, even though it's sad that we having our
industrial strategy, you like, or our approach to Brexit delivered
piecemeal to the media rather than to the British people and Nissan,
actually. But he want published the letter. He said he has told us what
is in the letter and that reassurances given on training, on
science and on supporting the supply chain for the automated sector. You
must be in favour all -- of all of that? We are in favour of an
industrial strategy. Greg Clark unlike Sajid Javid, cannot say
industrial strategy. I'm still puzzling to find out what it is you
disagree with. Let me put the question. You said the assurances he
has given to Nissan are available to the car manufacturing sector in
general and indeed to industry in general. What is your problem with
that? Two things. Let him publish the letter so we can see that, let
him have the transparency he's pretending to offer. But also, we
need an industrial strategy that values -- that is values based and
joined. He talked about electric cars and supporting green cars. That
was in regard to Nissan. At the same time the government has slashed
support for other areas of green technology. So what is it? That is
not to do with the Nissan deal. Labour implied at some stage there
was some financial inducement, some secret bribes, that doesn't seem to
be the case. You are not claiming that any more -- any more. Then you
claimed it was a sweetheart deal for one company. That turns out not to
be the case. What criticism are you left with on this Nissan deal? I
would be really surprised if all that Nissan got was the reassurances
that Greg Clark is shared with us. He didn't answer the question of
what happens if we can't get continued tariff free access to the
single market, if we are not within the single market or the Customs
Union. Do you really think a negotiator like Nissan, who are very
good at negotiating, they would have excepted making this significant
investment without some further reassurances? Do you think there is
some kind of financial bride and if so what is the evidence? I would
like to see the letter published and I would also like to understand what
would happen... There are 27 countries which need to agree with
the deal we have from Brexit. What will Nissan, how will Nissan remain
competitive? How will the automotive industry remain competitive? Greg
Clark says he reassured them on that. But how will that be so if we
do not get access? We haven't heard anything about that. He talks about
reassurances given to Nissan. We need to make -- to know where we're
going to make sure Brexit is in the interest of all workers, not only
those who work for a Nissan and not only those who can get the attention
of Greg Clark. He assured Nissan that Britain would remain a
competitive place to do business. That was the main assurance he gave
them. He would help with skills and infrastructure and all the rest
Since you are -- intend to repeal the trade union laws that have made
strikes in Britain largely a thing of the past, and you plan to raise
corporation tax, you couldn't give Nissan the same assurance, could
you? We could absolutely give Nissan the assurance that we will be, our
vision of the future of the UK, is based on having a strong
manufacturing sector. Repealing trade union laws? As we have seen at
Nissan, the industrial sector is dependent on having highly trained,
well skilled workers. -- highly skilled, well-trained. You don't
have that by getting -- having an aggressive policy and trade union
laws or by slashing corporation tax and not supporting manufacturing
investment. Remember, the last government took away the
Manufacturing allowances which supported Manufacturing and slashed
corporation tax. That is their solution. It is a low tax, low skill
economy they want. Thank you. Sorry I had to rush you.
I'm grateful for you joining us I'm still struggling to see what is
left of Labour's criticism? Yeah, except for this. This was a valid
point she just made. What we know for sure is that Greg Clark could
say to Nissan, my aim is to get tariff free deal. There is no way he
could guarantee that. None of us know that. I don't think that was
enough. I think clearly there was a more detailed package involving
training and other things. He has acknowledged this, albeit we do not
know the precise mechanism. What I think is interesting about this is
if you reverse what happened this week, at a time when the government
says Britain is open for business and it is going to have an
industrial strategy, so far it is a bit vaguely defined. Nissan hadn't
made this commitment. Imagine what would have happened? It is an
impossible scenario. The government seems to me was obliged to make sure
this didn't happen. Let's not forget Nissan has invested hundreds of
millions in the north-east. It has been a huge success story. When I
spoke to workers from Nissan, they were so proud because they went to
Japan to teach the Japanese had to be more productive. The idea that
Nissan was just going to walk away from this given its track record,
its importance, wasn't really credible. The government had some
bargaining chips. Absolutely, of course they weren't going to walk
away. The majority of people in the area in which Nissan is braced -
based, voted for Brexit. Nissan knows it is in a powerful position
because it is an emotive sector Clearly the government didn't want
to have some big showdown. I honestly don't think this is a
smoking gun. The Labour Shadow minister really struggled to
articulate what exactly she thinks the government is hiding. I think
the reassurances were given were pretty anodyne, really. They were
anodyne and general. And what Greg Clark was setting out was an
objective and he made the right noises, and Nissan exercised its
right to sabre rattle. It does have a history of doing that. The one
thing that would now be clear given Greg Clark's performance this
morning on the BBC, is that if we were to discover some kind of
financial incentive directly linked to this investment, not more for
skills or infrastructure, that is fine, but some direct financial
investment, compensation for tariffs, which would be illegal
under World Trade Organisation rules, what you might call a
financial bride, the sect -- the business Secretary's position would
be untenable? He would be in a very difficult position indeed. Just
released the letter. There is nothing to hide. Put it out there.
The most revealing thing is that people are getting wildly excited
about the fact Greg Clark announced Britain's negotiating position would
be that we would like tariff free trade with Europe. This is regarded
as an insight into what this comment is doing and it says a great deal
about how little we have been told in Parliament and the media about
what they are up. Do you think it is exciting we are going for tariff
free trade? We're easily excited these days. We don't know. This is
where these things are at such a tentative phase. We don't know how
the rest of the European Union is going to respond to Britain's
negotiating hand. We know Britain once the best of everything, please.
It is a starting point. But that is not how it is going to end up. We
are getting wider than that. We have will have to see.
Now, Universal Credit, a single payment made to welfare
claimants that would roll together a plethora of benefits whilst
encouraging people into work by making work pay.
But have cuts to the flagship welfare scheme reduced work
incentives and hit the incomes of the least well-off?
Well, some of the government's own MPs think so, and,
as Mark Lobel reports, want the cuts reversed.
Theresa May says she wants a country that works
for everyone, that's on the side of ordinary, working people.
It means never writing off people who can work and consigning them
to a life on benefits, but giving them the chance to go out
and earn a living and to enjoy the dignity that comes
But now some in her party are worried that the low earners
will be hit by changes to Universal Credit benefit system
originally set up to encourage more people into work.
We also need to focus tax credits and Universal Credit
Concern centred on the Government's decision in the July 2015 budget
to find ?3 billion worth of savings from the Universal Credit bill.
Conservative MP Heidi Allen is working on a campaign to get MPs
in her party to urge the Prime Minister to think again.
I want her to understand for herself what the outcomes might
be if we press ahead with the Universal Credit,
Do you think Theresa May, right now, understands what you understand
To be fair, unless you really get into the detail,
and I have through my work on the Work and Pensions
Select Committee, I don't think anybody does.
Independent economic analysts at the IFS agree with Heidi Alan
that cuts to Universal Credit weaken incentives to work.
One of the key parts of the Universal Credit system
That is how much you can earn before your credit
As the Government has sought to save money,
both under the Coalition and now they Conservative Government,
both under the Coalition and now the Conservative Government,
that work allowance has been cut, time and time again.
The biggest cuts happened in the summer budget of 2015.
That basically reduces the amount of earnings you get to keep
It weakens the incentive people have to move into work.
What do changes to the Universal Credit system mean?
The Resolution Foundation think tank has crunched the numbers.
If you compare what would have happened before the July 2015 summer
budget to what will happen by 2 20, even if you take into account gains
in the National Living Wage and income tax cuts,
recipients will be hit by annual deductions.
Couples and parents would receive, on average, ?1000 less.
A dual-earning couple with two children under four,
with one partner working full-time on ?10.50 an hour and the other
working part-time on the minimum wage for around 20
hours a week, they would receive ?1800 less.
Hit most by the changes would be a single parent
with a child under four, working full-time
I think, if I'm honest, it is unrealistic, given
the economic climate, to expect everything to be reversed.
What I would like to see is an increase in the work
allowances to those people who will be hardest hit.
That is single parents and second earners hoping to return to work,
because they are the people we need to absolutely make
The Sunday Politics understands that about 15 to 20 Conservative MPs
are pushing for changes ahead of the Autumn Statement.
A former cabinet minister told us that they believed further impact
analysis should be done to find out if any mitigation measures
Former Work and Pensions Secretary Iain Duncan Smith, an architect
of the system, now says the cuts should be reversed.
But his former department has told us that it has no plans to revisit
the work allowance changes announced in the budget last year.
What I would say to Heidi Allen and IDS, they got it right the first
time and they should stick to the vote they cast last year
because these reforms actually do make sense.
What interests me is the fact we are trying to move people
off welfare into work, we are raising the wages people
earn by massively increasing the minimum wage and this
People are coming off welfare and into work.
Campaigners are pushing for savings to come from other areas to relieve
The other thing we have to start looking at is the triple
Financially it has been a great policy, and it was absolutely right
that we lifted pensioners who were significantly behind,
for many years, in terms of income levels, but they have
I think it is time for us to look at that policy again,
because is costing us an awful lot of money.
With just over three weeks to wait until the Conservative leadership's
new economic plan is unveiled in the Autumn Statement,
its top team is under pressure from within its own ranks to use it
And I'm joined now by former Work and Pensions Secretary,
Welcome back to the programme. Theresa May said she is on the side
of the just managing, the working poor. But they are about to be hit
from all sides. Their modest living standards are going to be squeezed
as inflation overtakes pay rises, they will be further squeezed
because top-up benefits in work are frozen. Incentives to work are going
to be reduced by the cuts in universal benefits. So much for
being on the side of those just managing? Theresa was right to focus
on this group. The definition has to be the bottom half, in economic
terms, of the social structure. It doesn't look good for them? This is
the point I am making, it is an opportunity to put some of this
right. One of the reasons I resigned in March is because I felt the
direction of travel we had been going in had been to take far too
much money out of that group of people when there are other areas
which, if you need to make some of those savings, you can. The key bit
is that the group needs to be helped through into work and encouraged to
stay in work. There was a report done with the IFS, when we were
there, at Universal Credit. It said Universal Credit rolled out, as it
should have been before the cuts, people would be much more likely to
stay in work longer and earn more money. It is a net positive, but
that is now called into question. Let's unpick some of the detail but
first, do you accept the words of David Willets? It says on the basis
of the things I read out to you that the just managing face a significant
and painful cut in real terms if we continue on the way we are going. I
do, in essence. That is the reason why I resigned. I felt Heidi raised
that issue as well, that we got the balance wrong. It is right that
pensioners get to a certain point, when they are on a level par, doing
the right thing over five years Staying with that process has cost
us ?18 billion extra this year, in total. It will go on costing another
5 billion. Then there is the issue of tax allowances. I want to remind
you and viewers what David Cameron told the Conservative conference in
2009. If you are a single mother with two children, earning ?150 a
week, the withdrawal of your benefits and the additional taxes
that you pay me on that for every extra you earn, you keep just 4p.
What kind of incentive is that? 30 years ago, this party won and
election fighting against 98% tax rates for the Rex richest. I want us
today to show even more anger about 96% tax rates for the very poorest
in our country. Real anger, and effective rate of over 90%.
Universal Credit reduces that. Some will still face, as they lose
benefits and pay tax, a marginal rate of over 75%. That is still too
high? Yes, it is the collision between those going into work at the
moment they start paying tax. A racial Universal Credit is set at
65%. You can call that the base marginal tax rate. 1.2 million will
face 75%? That is the point about why the allowances are so important.
The point about the allowances which viewers might not fully understand
is that it was set, as part of Universal Credit, to allow you to
get certain people, with certain difficulties, as they cross into
work, to retain more benefit before it is tapered away as they go up in
hours. A lone parent, who might have various issues, you want her to have
a bigger incentive than a single person that does not have the same
commitments. It is structured so that somebody who has difficulty
going to work, they all have slightly different rates. What
happened is that last year a decision was taken to reduce tax
credits, and, on the back of that, to reduce allowances. I believe
given everything that happened now, we need to restore that to the point
where it helps those people crossing over. You say a decision was taken,
it was a decision by the former Chancellor George Osborne in the
summer budget. Other decisions were taken in successive Budgets to raise
the Universal Credit budget, which resulted in the disincentive being
higher than many people wanted. Do you accept that has been the
consequence of his decisions? I was in the Government, we take
collective responsibility. I argued this was not the right way to go,
but when you are in you have to stay with it if you lose that argument.
There was another attempt before the spending review last year to
increase the taper, so the marginal rate would have gone up. I managed
to stop that. I'm Sibley saying what we made as a decision last
year, given the circumstances and given that the net effect of all of
that, I think it is time for the Government to ask the question, if
we are in this to help that group of people, Universal Credit is
singularly the most powerful tool. One of the Argentine aid in the
paper published on Thursday, we are set going on doing two more races of
the tax threshold, taking more people out of tax. That has a
diminishing effect on the bottom section. Only 25p in that tax rate
will help any of those. Most of it goes to middle income? You and I
will benefit more from that. With Universal Credit, every pound you
put into that will go to the bottom five tenths. That is why I designed
it like that. He pressed the button and immediately start to changed
circumstances. Should the cuts in Universal Credit that Mr Osborne
introduced, against your argument, should they be reversed? I believe
so. I believe you can do it even if there is concern about spending I
don't believe you need to go through with the continuing raise the tax
threshold. Cost is dependent on inflation, but give or take. It is
in the Tory manifesto? Has more than doubled. What is in the manifesto,
and Lasse Prime Minister made this clear in conference, we want to
improve the life chances of people. Today's announcement on the Green
paper is what I wrote over the last two and a half years. Big changes
necessary to how we deal with sickness benefit. That can now be
done because of Universal Credit, because people can go back to work
and it tapers away their benefits. It is the most powerful tool to sort
our people that live in poverty Universal Credit. We need to make
sure it lands positively. If Mr Osborne's cuts were reversed, what
you and some of your backbench Tory colleagues want to do, how would
that improve the incentives of the working poor, as they try to get on
in life? They have to pay more tax, they lose some benefits. How would
it improve it? Would many still face a 75% rate? The key question is
first and foremost, as people move through income to the point where
they are getting taxed, that group will be enormously benefited by the
re-emergence of these allowances at the right level. That is what the
IFS have said, that is what the Resolution Foundation are saying,
and the Centre For Social Justice is saying. You have to get that group,
because they are most likely to be drifting into poverty and less
incomes are right. Would it help those who face a 75% margin? We
don't face that. Exactly right. People much poorer than us do. I
would love to get the marginal rate down to testify percent, and lower,.
-- down to 65%. It is a balance of how you spend the money. I would
prefer to do that rather than necessarily go ahead with threshold
razors. I think the coronation of the marginal reduction of 65%,
getting it down to 60%, plus more allowances, will allow Universal
Credit to get to the group that is going to be, and the report written
by the IFS and ourselves, it shows it is going to be the most dynamic
and direct ability of a Government to be able to influence the way that
people improve their incomes in the bottom five deciles. Would you take
on extra work if you knew you were going to lose 75% of it? Even 6 %?
This has been my argument all along. Universal Credit can help that
enormously. One point that goes missing, 70% of the bottom five
deciles will be on Universal Credit. Whatever change you make to
Universal Credit has a dramatic and immediate effect I am arguing,
genuinely, it is time to rethink this. The Prime Minister wants to
make this a priority. I am completely with her on this. I think
she made a really good start. To deliver this, we need to... You have
a lot of work to do to deliver it. Because it is a manifesto
commitment, or because they want to do it, stopping increasing the
personal allowances are not acceptable, what about bringing to
an end, by the end of the parliament, the pension triple lock
that pensioners enjoy to improve and put more money to the working poor?
What about that? Well, you are absolutely right that there is now
the danger, I think, of a mess balance between the generations
Quite rightly at the beginning, when we came in, we have a commitment as
a Conservative Party in a manifesto to get pensions back onto earnings.
It was moved to a triple lock that guaranteed a minimum. What about
ending up now? I understand it is a promise through the Parliament, but
after 2020? I am in favour of getting it back to innings and
allowing it to rise at reasonable levels. Moving from earnings to the
triple lock has cost ?18 billion this year. Here was a high, under
pressure, as the Government was scratching around to pay more money
out of working age areas, when the budget was almost out of control on
the pension side. I'm in favour of helping pensioners, but now they are
up to a reasonable level, at a steady rate, that can be afforded by
Government, which takes the pressure off, working age people have to pay
for that. In years to come, time to end the triple lock
and use the savings to help these people we have been talking about?
As part of a load of packages, yes. It would also help with the
intergenerational fairness argument. Thank you for being with us.
Now, a prominent London Imam called Shakeel Begg -
who is Chief Imam the Lewisham Islamic Centre - is an extremist.
That was the verdict of the judge in a libel action that Mr Begg took
against the BBC, after we described him as an Islamic extremist
Mr Begg had complained about a short segment in an interview in November
2013 with Farooq Murad, the then head of the Muslim Council
of Britain, an organisation which claims to represent British
In that interview, we described Mr Begg as an extremist speaker
who had hailed jihad is the greatest of deeds.
From his base of the Lewisham Islamic Centre, Mr Begg has been
involved in a number of community organisations, including
the Police Independent Advisory Group in Lewisham,
Lewisham Council's Advisory Council on Religious Education
and as a volunteer chaplain at Lewisham Hospital.
But in his judgment, Mr Justice Haddon-Cave called
Mr Begg a Jekyll and Hyde character - a trusted figure in his local
community, but when talking to predominantly Muslim audiences
he shed the cloak of respectability and revealed the horns of extremism.
The judge cited one speech made by Mr Begg at a rally
outside Belmarsh Prisonm- the high security prison that houses
terrorists - as particularly sinister.
The judge said the imam was expressing admiration and praise
Following Friday's judgment, the hospital trust have told us that
Mr Begg's status as a voluntary chaplain has been terminated.
We have been told by Lewisham Council he is no longer
on their Religious Education Committee.
The Metropolitan Police have confirmed that
Mr Begg remains a member of their Independent Advisory Group
in Lewisham, as well as the borough's faith group.
I am joined by Haras Rafiq, chief executive of the Quilliam
Foundation. Welcome to the programme. I have here in my hand a
statement from the trustees of the Lewisham Islamic Centre. They reject
the judge's ruling as fanciful and say they are unequivocal and
unwavering in their support of Shakeel Begg as their head imam
What do you make of that? To be honest, it doesn't surprise me. At
the end of the day he is only the imam of that mosque because he
belongs to the same theological fundamentalist views that the mosque
would portray. If they were to say he was an extremist, they would be
saying in fact that they have allowed extremist preaching and
extremist theology within their walls. I think this is a very
important decision and a very important judgment by the judge
First of all, these people like to operate in a linear, under a veneer
of respectability. When that veneer is taken away, there are a number of
things that can happen. First of all, the BBC did very well to stand
by their guns and say, we're not going to be intimidated by somebody
who is threatening to taking -- to take us to court for potential
libel. Many other media companies have done that in the past and
people have capitulated. Also, this has exposed him. Legally now, here's
some deal can be classified as an extremist preacher, somebody who
promotes religious violence. I think the mosque really needs to take a
step back and say, how we part of the problem that we are facing
within society? Or are we going to be part of the solution? It really
concerns me. The High Court judge says that Mr Begg's speeches were
consistent with an extremist Salafist is the most worldview. What
is Salafist is and how widespread is it in UK mosques? -- mosque. It
comes from the Middle East. It is from Saudi Arabia. The enemy for
them was the old colonial Ottoman Empire. There is the quiet Salafist
to get some with their lives, lives outside society. There is a
revolutionary who tries to convert other people to their worldview And
then there is the Salafist jihad ease. People like Islamic State etc.
We have seen of increased in recent decades because of money that has,
growing from the Middle East. When that is mixed with a political
ideology, it becomes potent. Do we have a political -- particular
problem in Britain with this in our mosques? Absolutely. Without the
theology that says hate the other, hate other Muslims, that
excommunicate other people, that says it is OK to fight and is good
to fight when you have got an enemy, we wouldn't really have a jihadi
problem. Really that is something we have to tackle. The number of
mosques and institutions supporting Salafist and Islam is has been on
the increase. Do we have a problem with what the judge called Jekyll
and Hyde characters who hide their extremism except when they are
speaking to specific groups? Absolutely. One of the things we
have focused on in the past, a number of hate preachers now in
prison, people like Anjem Choudary, and everybody focused on them. But
there is a range of people operating under that level. People who will
show one face to the community because they actually need that for
a respectability. They need that for a legitimacy. They need that to
operate. When they are behind closed doors and talking to their
constitution, that is when you will see the real face of what these
people believe. It is an increasing phenomenon. We are seeing it more.
And we're going to carry on seeing it. Not just has the Lewisham mosque
stuck by him, but given the clarity of the judge's ruling, are you
surprised that the Metropolitan police would wish to continue with
Mr Begg as an adviser? I'm absolutely shocked that that
decision. What Uzzy going to do Advise them on how to deal with
extremist preachers and promote religiously motivated violence? I
don't know what he's going to advise them on. Because we now have a judge
that has ruled against him and actually classified him as an
extremist and somebody who promotes religious violence, we actually have
a possibility for the CPS to actually prosecute him. There is a
law that has been in place since 2005 called religiously motivated
violence. If he has been classified as somebody who promotes this, there
is a potential for the CPS to prosecute. I want to called into
question other organisations, interfaith organisations, other
Muslims groups, who say they want to fight extremism, I call on them to
say, this guy is an extremist preacher, we should cut our ties
from him. This was a very high risk strategy by the BBC. The exposure
could have been over ?1.5 million of licence payers money. Will this make
it more difficult for Jekyll and Hyde characters to behave as Mr Begg
has behaved? Absolutely. It will do. One of the things they will now have
to make sure is that they are a lot more careful. Careful with what they
say to their own constituency. It won't solve the theological problem.
But it will actually stop other people from operating in this manner
and allow other media organisations to have the confidence to expose
them when they do. Haras Rafiq, thank you for joining us.
It's just gone 11.35, you're watching the Sunday Politics.
We say goodbye to viewers in Scotland, who leave us now
Cleaner air for our cities. the Week Ahead.
Plans to crack down on polltting vehicles and bring in
The price of freeing our cities from air pollution.
Is it worth paying to invest in electric?
And, what happens when the hairdressers who never vote went
Simplify it a little bit more for us, definitely.
Just speak as a normal person would rather than using all the f`ncy
I'm Marie Ashby, and our gudsts this week, two politicians whose
seats could disappear under boundary changes.
Sitting comfortably now, Pauline Latham, Conservativd
MP for Mid Derbyshire, and Vernon Coaker, who's
First, a delegation of East Midlands businesses and politicians will be
The idea is to make new contacts and sell the region
It follows the news this wedk that the East Midlands has
seen their second lowest growth in wages in the country.
So, Pauline Latham, this trhp to China is being organised
It sounds like they've got puite a big job on their hands
here if they want to improve our economy.
Well, obviously, we'd all lhke wages to be higher but this investment
going into China will be good news for the whole region.
In fact, Derby has a lot of trade with China.
I think it's worth ?4.5 billion a year into Derbyshire.
We need to build on that and, certainly in our area,
we have John from Marketing Derby and some of his team,
and the university are going, and the councils.
I think that's really good news to go and promote Derbyshird.
We need to promote the whold of the East Midlands.
To be able to bring people in to invest in this area.
That's really important for the whole region,
We need to stimulate that and making sure we are working hard
Vernon Coaker, we may be lagging behind in the East Midlands
Nationally, it's the joint biggest rise since the financial crhsis
I think, first of all, I think it's a really good hdea
and very supportive of the concept of the Midlands Engine
In the context in which we `re in, post-Brexit, in this world,
we move to wherever we are going to end up as a country,
it's important we fight for investment, we go out
It's not just going to come into the East Midlands just
The Chinese are looking for places to invest.
We have big companies, Bomb`rdier, Rolls-Royce, JCB,
as well as a plus of medium and small businesses.
The plea I'd make, I think it's important,
We need to see what we can do for medium and small
How much of a difference cotld it make to our economy?
It could make a huge differdnce if we can sell to China,
which is an enormous market, and growing,
and other countries as well, we need to go through the whole
But that's a really important market.
Companies like, as you say, the small and medium size,
like Royal Crown Derby, they can go out there
and sell their wares but yot have to build on these relationships
You can't just go in and sax, I'm going to sell this,
It takes a long time to build up a relationship.
Another thing just to say vdry quickly, we shouldn't forget
the huge number of students that come into higher
To continue that is really hmportant for our region as well.
Two of our cities have been told to bring in restrictions on vehicles
The clean air zones will be introduced in Nottingham and Derby,
which are in danger of failhng to meet European standards
As our political editor, Tony Rowe, reports, there is a big push
to encourage more environmentally friendly tr`vel
A glimpse of the future or ` wrong turn which could hit business?
As you can hear, there's a little bit of rolling noise,
a bit of wind noise, but you can't hear anything
Nottingham City Council is promoting electric cars, using them
in the council's fleet and putting in charging points across the city.
The main benefit for the city will be reduced emissions.
Nottingham has an air quality problem, along with
Electric cars means there are no emissions at source.
This is one of 13 new electric buses on the streets of
It gives the city the largest electric bus fleet in Europd.
It's quite an investment at 300 grand a bus.
Soon, they will be able to drive along here,
Britain's first electrical vehicle only lane.
Nottingham and Derby are among six cities the Government has ordered
to cut down on air pollution to comply with European
Low emission vehicles will have priority.
High emission commercial vehicles like buses, HGVs and bands,
vans, could be banned, or face a charge.
This is something that is bding driven by government,
We are supportive of it dond in the right way.
We are supportive of the idda of controlling car usage,
controlling certain types of high emissions vehicles.
More importantly, prioritishng and incentivising
The project in Nottingham and Derby is being backed by ?6 million
Critics say it is more cash for costly green policies.
The amount of subsidies going in to fighting climatd change,
we are subsidising wind farms, subsidising
We are now subsidising power points to connect our electric cars.
I have no problem with electric cars and power points if they ard
The point is, they're not commercially viable, otherwhse
the local authority wouldn't be having to subsidise them.
Environmentalists say the plans don't go far enough and all city
Campaigners claim the Government had planned to include ten other
city clean air zones, including Leicester,
but dropped the idea after objections from the Treasury.
It may be a glimpse of the future but it's not a vision
Joining us now is Kat Boettge from the Green Party
Will this emphasis on improving -- this emphasis on improving `ir
quality and Nottingham and Derby, it's got to be good news,
I don't think this is going far enough.
Bear pollution is a huge issue for all of us.
It's estimated over 50,000 people die a year down to air
The Government of course would say are quality
Since 2011, it's spent ?2 bhllion on greener transport.
2013, Leicester was ninth and Nottingham elevenths
for the worst cities in Europe regarding air pollution.
Pauline Latham, it's not good enough.
But we have to do it incremdntally because we can't afford
We have to make improvements all the time.
I'm very pleased that Derby is going to start tackling the poor
quality are in the city and obviously Nottingham as well.
The big criticism of this is it only for six cities.
Once they sort themselves ott, there will probably be another six
cities and another six cities on that.
The country does not have enough money at the moment.
People can make the change themselves.
We can't take it any further because there is an enough loney.
That's why the Treasury didn't expand this project and include
It would be great if we did but we don't.
We have to do it a bit at the time and to improve each city as we go
I don't we can afford, economically speaking,
We see floods and so on and so forth.
A lot of people have asthma and other allergic reactions.
We need to think long-term `nd do as much as possible because we can't
What should be done on this, Vernon Coaker?
First of all, I think it's ` really exciting step forward on thd part
of the city and county councils here in Nottinghamshire.
There are other authorities like Derby that are making
Of course we always want to see more and we need to accelerate that
process and the progress that's being made.
Electric buses, electric cars, eco-expressways.
All of those things are happening, as well as changes to indivhdual
They are really exciting and all of us have to say how can
we do this much more quicklx than we are doing at present?
Isn't there a worry that restricting things like HGVs
and vans in city centres, that could have a knock on,
There's all with a balance to be made between economic
Some of us would say of course there's a need for a balancd.
Doing nothing is not an option for our country
We need the politically move goods around.
We can also change a lot of the things we do locally
and indeed regionally and nationally, indeed
internationally, to ensure we make sure we don't do damage
You're seeing it with electric cars you're seeing it with
the electrification that's coming of the Midland Main line.
The point I make is how all of us accelerate that process.
It doesn't have to be just councils and government.
Individuals can do their bit as well.
Electric cars, for example, are very expensive still.
It's not really an option for most people.
And there aren't any restrictions on private cars, as such,
Services have been cut in Nottinghamshire.
We do need, as politicians were to change this.
There needs to be a cultural change as well.
People are simply using public transport.
Sadly, that needs to be dond by some enforcement and finances so it
What should we do to try to restrict them?
I think we should have car free zones in the inner city
and we should charge people who come in with cars.
So it becomes cheaper to use the bus.
Is that the way we should bd going, Vernon Coaker?
The council here has alreadx used the word placed parking levx,
which was quite controversi`l, very controversial at the thme
What the council here and authorities across our region
are trying to do, how you b`lanced economic growth and ensure people
can move around but at the same time recognise you have to do
You have to do something about climate change these
But it's not impossible and there is progress being made.
What Kat Boettge said earlidr, figures show that air pollution
Therese Coffey, your Environment Minister,
says real progress is being made but there is an awful
There is real progress made but we need to get on with ht.
I do believe that councils are beginning to tackle it.
If we damage business, we don't have any money
We have to do it so it works for everybody.
We have to make sure that the worst vehicles are tackled first.
A lot of the vehicles that are coming into cities,
the large HGVs, the big companies have already started to tackle it.
You can't damage those smaller companies too quickly.
You can't just do sticks, you can do carrots as well.
We can't afford to not do something about it.
For example, looking at altdrnative, green sources of energy,
that would give us a good, industrial kind of basis and growth.
We know fossil fuel, for example, solar, sorry,
worldwide, produces more jobs than the entire fossil fuel
If we were to have a proper transition to cleaner energx,
that would economically also stimulate our country greatly.
Kat Boettge, thank you very much for joining us in the studio.
Next, how do we bridge the growing gap between votdrs
It's a question that's becole more urgent since the referendum debate
which revealed a large part of the Electric, particularly
in parts of the East Midlands, is feeling alienated
Our political reporter has taken two hairdressers who say politicians
are out of touch down to Westminster to meet their MP.
For one day only, a politic`l rally with everyone in knots batthng
There were 45 events throughout the Palace of Westminster.
In the Speaker's words, Nottingham in Parliament
Day really was a first.
It wasn't just local dignit`ries who descended on the capital.
Emma, my right I have never voted before the EU referendum.
In an effort to close the g`p between the East Midlands
and Parliament, we arrange for them to meet their MP for the first time.
What do think we can do to change the way politics is?
Simplify it a little bit more for us, definitely,
and speak as a normal person would, rather than using all the f`ncy
You hear all these different opinions.
It's so hard to understand, to take it all in, to be honest
It's easier just to sit on the fence or not have an opinion at all.
We invent a language that locks people out of the whole thing.
It makes a disconnect through politicians
Like all hairdressers, these two spend their days
Politics is one topic of conversation I'd rather `void.
People just get angry straightaway and get on their high
horse and start arguing. We're a bit like, calm down
It's the first time we've seen new or met you.
If the people ask you to do things, we want you to work
For now, at least they feel closer to the democratic process.
Nottingham may have come to Parliament this week but,
to many back home, this place is still seems 1 million miles away.
Vernon Coaker, you played a big role in this Nottingham
in Parliament Day as we are about to see full stop what would it mean
What it's trying to do is to make Parliament real.
The process is what the problem is, as much as the language.
A feeling of remoteness from political decision-makhng.
As even the hairdressers were saying, everyone
They will argue about it, debate it, discuss it.
But it's this sense of, what difference does it makd?
Part of what Nottingham in Parliament day was about
and on the other days that other cities and regions well org`nising
It was about saying to people, you can get involved and it does
make the difference was we had students from Nottingham Trdnt
That's why I got a pink timd because they were a pink te`m.
Peter's report showed the bhg disconnect between Westminster
and ordinary voters, as we saw in Emma and Sarah.
I am trying very hard to persuade as many schools as possible to use
the education programme in Parliament.
It's beginning to pay off because many of the schools
I'm also hosting a series of meet your MP events
The recent one, I had somebody, saying, I voted for 40 odd xears.
I've never met an MP and I'l really pleased to have met you.
Today's MPs are out and abott far more than those of yesterye`r.
Is it the language you're speaking that's a problem?
That's certainly what Emma `nd Sarah told Gloria del Piero.
They don't feel that politicians speak their language.
You don't express things pl`inly enough for the ordinary person.
I hope I do because I don't know any long words.
I tried to use words people understand because I think
I think people do feel we are all too posh and that's not
So, yes, we probably have to speak in a more ordinary way.
I still think there are ways we can go out and about and meet pdople.
The more people who meet thdir MP, which I think is very important
the more people realise we are real people just
Is it a reaction to austerity, do you think?
I don't think it's austeritx, it's something that's
The trouble is, as politici`ns now, particularly female politichans
since the death of Jo Cox, I feel more vulnerable going out
and about and I am more cautious maybe then I used to be.
Somebody dies and then we all start to feel worried
I don't know about men, whether they feel that as wdll,
but I feel more honourable than I used to.
I'm sure some of your femald colleagues have spoken about that.
This is a problem for Labour as well.
We heard, didn't we, in Peter's reports, the first time
Sarah had ever voted was in the EU referendum.
Yet, there they are, in Sutton in Ashfield
and that is Labour heartland territory, isn't it?
It does go back to the point, people are interested in politics
if you debate immigration or debate Europe, what the problem is,
which is expressed in a way, politicians are removed,
part of an elite, I think it's a sense in which people
actually get into the polithcal system and make that differdnce
That's what I think the polhtical system as a whole
What people are saying is, just by voting, they're not sure how
It's a sense in which, how do I influence what's going on?
Not just at election time but all the time in between as well.
Both are serious side of Nottingham Parliament dax but it
isn't all hard work and policy discussions.
Here's Vernon having a game of cricket on the green.
Quite a good catch from Nottingham East MP,
And our favourite of course, Dennis Skinner putting away
Just for balance, he missed one as well.
Let's hope I get this one, Coker caught Leslie 0,
I think it was a first ball as well, actually.
Not a bad penalty for 84-year-old Dennis Skinner.
Somebody will sign him up if he carries on like that, I think.
45 events were held throughout the day.
What we're just talking about is making Parliament
It's the breadth of the people that came.
You had students, captains of industry.
You couldn't get into that event.
It was from industry to civhc society to citizens.
For all of them to come togdther and get a common sense of ptrpose
about how we would do more, obviously for Nottingham
and Nottinghamshire but our region as a whole as well.
Another important thing, how do we make sure we use this
we all reflect upon and say, this is brilliant, what
Should other cities be following in Nottingham's steps
We've had a Derby food day for a number of years.
It was much smaller but it worked really well we had
What Nottinghamshire did is a really good idea.
I'm sure there will be other counties and cities who will decide
to go down that route for top it is certainly something
I would like for Derby and Derbyshire to have a dax
To be fair to the media, the media reported it reallx well.
Time for a round-up of some of the other political storhes
MPs from all sides have paid tribute to the Grantham and Stamford MP
Nick Bowles, who is revealed he s being treated for cancer
In a tweet announcing he had a tumour in his head, he joked.
Critics might think it expl`ins some of his recent behaviour.
In Strasbourg, the East Midlands Labour MEP, Glenis Willmott,
criticised the British government handling of Brexit.
The reality is Britain's future prosperity depends on having
sensible negotiations with other EU countries.
Membership of the single market on which many jobs depend,
East Midlands Airport has announced it has plans for a major expansion.
The airport wants to double passenger numbers and tripld
There will be a shortage of Christmas cheer in Derby thhs year.
The city council has decided not to stage a big switch
The council says cuts means it cannot afford the event.
Our best wishes to Nick Bowles as he begins his treatment
and thanks to Pauline Lathal and Vernon Coaker for being my
Next week will be taking a closer look at those plans
Barely more than a week now until polling day,
and a new revelation rocks the US Presidential election campaign.
If it wasn't bizarre enough, it just got more bizarre.
The FBI have reopened their investigation into Hillary Clinton's
use of private email servers whilst she was Secretary
of State, after the discovery of further emails.
Though not on her laptop or even the State Department.
Donald Trump is saying that it's bigger than Watergate -
so could it swing the election in his favour?
We spoke to top US pollster, Frank Luntz.
The FBI investigation is happening so late in the election process
that it would be very difficult to derail a Clinton victory.
That said, if there is one thing that could keep Hillary Clinton
from the presidency, it's an FBI investigation.
But there's still only four states that really matter, Florida, Ohio,
Right now, Clinton has beyond the margin of error leads
This would have to have a truly significant impact for the election
There is a point about a week ago when I was prepared to say that
Clinton had a 95% chance of winning this election.
Based on what has happened in the last 48 hours,
It is still very likely, but I wouldn't bet on it.
I thought the 2000 election would be the best election of my lifetime,
And then I thought 2008 would be amazing, because we had two
challenger candidates and the first African-American President.
It is ugly, it's painful, it is as negative as anything
The public is angry, the country, overall, is frustrated.
But for entertainment value, these candidates probably should
have charged us money, because it's better than any movie
at ever seen, it's better than any TV show.
That was Frank Luntz. He may be right or wrong about Mrs Clinton
still having an 80% chance of winning. I would bet on an 80%
chance? Yes, absolutely. I spoke to a high-profile American pollster and
strategist last night and he took a rather different view to Frank
Luntz. He thought, and I think some other high-profile commentators
agree, that this is actually much more serious than some people
realise. There are an awful lot of undecided voters out there looking
for an excuse to vote Trump. They do not like what they see in either
candidate. But because this FBI probe is not going to conclude
before the election, the question, the doubt over Hillary Clinton,
gives them an excuse to back Trump. The thing that will play on the
minds of the voters is, could the 100 day honeymoon turning to the 100
day divorce? Which even be impeached? It may give some people
an excuse not to vote for Mrs Clinton. It could provide a problem
in terms of energising her base The battle ground almost matters more
than the polls. Florida and Pennsylvania have been trending to
Mrs Clinton. Mr Trump needs to win both. He does not get in without
both. He needs both. Just coming up in the latest BBC News, the
Washington Post tracking poll, Mrs Clinton is now only one point ahead
in the national poll. One point Even given my caveat that the state
battles are most important. That is incredibly close? It is. Polls
yesterday showed Trump nationally closing of. -- up. There is a clear
trend and movement. This has reinforced everything that people
who have a problem with Hillary Clinton know about Hillary Clinton.
Trump is running this insurgent campaign. We have seen at here with
Brexit. If you are running an insurgent campaign, you want to be
against the ultimate establishment insider and that is what Hillary
Clinton is. I suggested it was bizarre. Fathoming the behaviour of
the FBI is interesting as well. This is a separate investigation into a
former congressman, Anthony Wiener, who had done all sorts of things. He
seemed to be sex text thing a minor. A 15-year-old girl. The FBI
investigate. They get his laptop to see what else he has been too. In
the course of that, his wife, now separated, the closest adviser to
Hillary Clinton, they find on the laptop e-mails involving the Clinton
server to her. And yet the FBI cannot, it needs now a separate
warrant to access these e-mails It hasn't got that yet. It has got a
warrant to do the congressman e-mails. On the basis of not knowing
the content, this has happened. Yeah. Who knows? He is a Republican,
this guy. Earlier this year he was being praised to the hilt by
Democrats. Absolutely. The timing is a nightmare for her. You described
the whole sequence. There is nothing definitive to doubt in this
sequence. All he is saying is he has discovered more e-mails in effect.
They are from the congressman's former wife. On Anthony Wiener's
laptop, which apparently she used sometimes. But what that shows is
that for all the scrutiny of modern politicians, they cannot escape
caricature. And as Tim was just saying, her weakness is perceived to
be secretive, elitism and complacency about that elitism. And
so just the announcement of a reopening of the investigation so
fuels that caricature, you have just revealed a poll giving her a 1%
lead. That must be related to what has happened. It is without a shred
of evidence that she has done anything wrong. You can see how
because people only see things encourage kids, that is deadly
serious. -- in caricature. An American friend of mine said we have
got our October surprise but we don't know what it is. The FBI must
surely come under massive pressure. It did its -- it did this against
the Justice Department. The difficulty the FBI had was that this
information, for what it's worth, it came to them. Were they not to have
said something and it worked to have come out later, they would have been
accused of a massive cover-up. They are dammed if they do, dammed if
they don't. There is still time for another surprise. And early November
surprise. Who knows if there might still be something that comes out on
Donald Trump? This is the first election where I can remember we
have had two October surprises already. There are is stuff about
tapes knocking around about Donald Trump saying racist things. The
Clintons have got a lot of friends. It would be a big surprise if we did
not see anything else in the next few days.
Just when you think it could not get more interesting, it has. There has
been plenty in the papers lately about the Ukip leadership saying
unpleasant things about each other. But what about Mr Farage himself?
What's he up to? Well, on BBC Two tonight we may
find out the answer. Well, I'm led to believe
she's very experienced. But I don't think Strictly Come
Dancing is for me. That is, unless, of course,
you fancy popping a cheeky zero No, I don't think Strictly
Come Dancing is for me. Well, you tell Mr Balls he has just
lost your programme one viewer. I might have nothing to do these
days but, realistically, Well, that wasn't Nigel Farage. It
is a BBC comedy on tonight. Nigel Farage gets his life back. A number
of runners and riders. Let's come straight down to it. Who would be
the next leader of Ukip? Probably Paul Nuttall. He is the favourite.
The one who has the backing, not very enthusiastic backing, is Rahim
Cassandra. And also Aaron Banks a big donor. The best of a rather weak
lot. I think Paul Nuttall should squeak through. I interviewed all
three of them this week. Mr Cassandra is a lively character and
he knows how to make a few headlines. With a bit of money
behind him, anything is possible. This is a guy who has been to the
States, who has literally studied what Trump has done. Pees on
secondment for the time being. The guy who is his line manager is one
of Donald Trump's campaign stop He is extraordinarily right-wing. I am
told he kept a picture of Enoch Powell by his bed. Barry Goldwater
is one of his heroes, for example. There are other candidates. I would
suggest, put out as a hypothesis, Paul Nuttall is Labour's worst
nightmare. They are more vulnerable in the North. Paul Nuttall is from
Merseyside, a working-class background, performs well on
television. He is a really good interviewee. He is one of the best
around in politics at the moment. However, I think whoever gets it has
a massive task. The clip of this Nigel Farage satire partly shows
why. His dominance was overwhelming. He, in many ways, did a brilliant
job at keeping the show on the road. The trouble for all new political
parties is keeping it going is tough. A very different party, the
SDP, with all those glamorous figures in it, lasted eight years,
something like that. I think they are in real trouble at the moment
because of the implosion we have been seeing in front of our eyes and
the ideal -- ideological splits Whoever gets it will face a tough
tussle. All three of the main contenders want to put Nigel Farage
in the House of Lords. They were falling over themselves to soak up
two farads. That is how you win this election.
Mr Aaron Banks, who is he putting his money on? He said he supports
Rahim. I know Mr Banks is utterly fed with the shenanigans in Ukip. He
thinks it is terribly disorganised, dysfunctional and doesn't want a
great deal to do with it for the foreseeable future.
It is not quite Trump the Clinton but it is interesting. That is it.
The Daily Politics is back tomorrow. And all of next week. Jo Coburn will
be your next Sunday because I am off to the United States to begin to
rehearse presenting the BBC's US election night coverage on the th
of November. It will be here on BBC One, BBC
world, BBC News Channel and BBC online.
Remember if it's Sunday, it's the Sunday Politics.
A stone stained with blood and beset with a curse.
The Moonstone is of inestimable value in India.
Its appointed guardians would move heaven and earth to reclaim it
Let us not let the past haunt all of our actions.
You've got to do something! It's only you that can!
He's a scientist, brilliant apparently.
But you may be bringing people over here who did things during the war.
I will not work for you. I will not work for the British Government
Let us not let the past haunt all of our actions.
You've got to do something! It's only you that can!
'We're the Raintown Superheroes Keep the streets safe.'
You can trust me. What the hell are you dressed as?
So, it seems my boyfriend saved you from a horrendous attack.
How can she not know? No-one knows.
Andrew Neil and Marie Ashby are joined by Iain Duncan Smith, Chi Onwurah and Haras Rafiq of the Quilliam Foundation. The Daily Mail's Isabel Oakeshott, commentator Steve Richards and Tim Shipman of The Sunday Times are on the political panel.