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It's Sunday morning and this is the Sunday Politics.
Was Fidel Castro a revolutionary hero or a murderous dictator?
After the Cuban leader's death, politicians divide over his legacy.
Can the NHS in England find billions of pounds' worth of efficiency
The Shadow Health Secretary joins me live.
Should we have a second Brexit referendum on the terms
of the eventual withdrawal deal that's struck with the EU?
Former Lib Dem leader Paddy Ashdown and former Conservative cabinet
minister Owen Paterson go head-to-head.
Here in the East: Years of cuts in subsidies for buses puts
transport in rural areas at risk, so will the new bus bill
And with me, Tom Newton Dunn, Isabel Oakeshott and Steve Richards.
They'll be tweeting throughout the programme
Political leaders around the world have been reacting to the news
of the death of Fidel Castro, the Cuban revolutionary who came
to power in 1959 and ushered in a Marxist revolution.
Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson described the former leader
as an "historic if controversial figure" and said his death marked
Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn said Castro was "a champion of social
justice" who had "seen off a lot of US presidents"
President-elect Donald Trump described the former Cuban leader
as a "brutal dictator", adding that he hoped his death
would begin a new era "in which the wonderful Cuban people
finally live in the freedom they so richly deserve".
Meanwhile, the President of the European Commission,
Jean-Claude Juncker, said the controversial leader
was "a hero for many" but "his legacy will be judged
I guess we had worked that out ourselves. What do you make of the
reactions so far across the political divide? Predictable. And I
noticed that Jeremy Corbyn has come in for criticism for his tribute to
Castro. But I think it was the right thing for him to do. We all know he
was an admirer. He could have sat there for eight hours in his house,
agonising over some bland statement which didn't alienate the many
people who want to wade into attacked Castro. It would have been
inauthentic and would have just added to the sort of mainstream
consensus, and I think he was right to say what he believed in this
respect. Elsewhere, it has been wholly predictable that there would
be this device, because he divided opinion in such an emotive way.
Steve, I take your point about authenticity and it might have
looked a bit lame for Jeremy Corbyn to pretend that he had no affection
for Fidel Castro at all, but do you think he made a bit of an error
dismissing Castro's record, the negative side of it as just a floor?
He could have acknowledged in more elaborate terms the huge costs. He
wanted to go on about the health and education, which if you actually
look up the indices on that, they are good relative to other
countries. But they have come at such a huge cost. He was not a
champion of criminal justice. If he had done that, it would have been
utterly inauthentic. He doesn't believe it. And he would have
thought there would be many other people focusing on all the epic
failings. So he focused on what he believed. There are times when
Corbyn's prominence in the media world now as leader widens the
debate in an interesting and important way. I am not aware of any
criticisms that Mr Corbyn has ever announced about Mr Castro. There
were four words in his statement yesterday which is spin doctor would
have forced him to say, for all his flaws. He was on this Cuban
solidarity committee, which didn't exist to criticise Castro. It
existed to help protect Castro from those, particularly the Americans,
who were trying to undermine him. And Corbyn made a big deal yesterday
saying he has always called out human rights abuses all over the
world. But he said that in general, I call out human rights abuses. He
never said, I have called out human rights abuses in Cuba. In the weeks
ahead, more will come out about what these human rights abuses were. The
lid will come off what was actually happening. Some well authenticated
stories are pretty horrendous. I was speaking to a journalist who was
working there in the 1990s, who gave me vivid examples of that, and there
will be more to come. I still go back to, when a major figure diet
and you are a leader who has admired but major figure, you have to say
it. That is the trap he has fallen into. He has proved every criticism
that he is a duck old ideologue. But he is not the only one. Prime
Minister Trudeau was so if uses that I wondered if they were going to
open up a book of condolences. I think it reinforces Corbyn's failing
brand. It may be authentic, but authentic isn't working for him.
When I was driving, I heard Trevor Phillips, who is a Blairite, saying
the record was mixed and there were a lot of things to admire as well as
all the terrible things. So it is quite nuanced. But if you are a
leader issuing a sound bite, there is no space for new ones. You either
decide to go for the consensus, which is to set up on the whole, it
was a brutal dictatorship. Or you say, here is an extraordinary figure
worthy of admiration. In my view, he was right to say what he believed.
There was still a dilemma for the British government over who they
sent to the funeral. Do they sent nobody, do they say and Boris
Johnson as a post-ironic statement? There is now a post-Castro Cuba to
deal with. Trump was quite diplomatic about post-Castro Cuba.
And Boris Johnson's statement was restrained. The thing about Mr
Castro was the longevity, 50 years of keeping Marxism on the island.
That was what made it so fascinating.
Before the last election, George Osborne promised the NHS
in England a real-terms funding boost of ?8 billion per year by 2020
on the understanding that NHS bosses would also find ?22 billion worth
Since last autumn, NHS managers have been drawing up what they're calling
"Sustainability and Transformation Plans" to make these savings,
but some of the proposals are already running into local
opposition, while Labour say they amount to huge cuts to the NHS.
Help is on the way for an elderly person in need in Hertfordshire.
But east of England ambulance call operators
they're sending an early intervention vehicle
with a council-employed occupational therapist on board.
It's being piloted here for over 65s with
When they arrive, a paramedic judges if the patient can be
treated immediately at home without a trip to hospital.
Around 80% of patients have been treated this way,
taking the strain off urgently-needed hospital beds,
So the early intervention team has assessed the patient and decided
The key to successful integration for Hertfordshire being able
to collaboratively look at how we use our resources,
to have pooled budgets, to allow us to understand
where spend is, and to let us make conscientious decisions about how
best to use that money, to come up with ideas to problems
that sit between our organisations, to look at things collaboratively.
This Hertfordshire hospital is also a good example of how
You won't find an A unit or overnight beds here any more.
The closest ones are 20 minutes down the road.
What's left is nurse-led care in an NHS-built hospital.
Despite a politically toxic change, this reconfiguration went
through after broad public and political consultation
with hospital clinicians and GPs on board.
It's a notable achievement that's surely of interest to 60% of NHS
trusts in England that reported a deficit at the end of September.
It's not just here that the NHS needs to save money and provide
The Government is going to pour in an extra ?8 billion into the NHS
in England, but it has demanded ?22 billion
worth of efficiencies across the country.
In order to deliver that, the NHS has created 44 health
and care partnerships, and each one will provide
a sustainability and transformation plan, or STP, to integrate care,
provide better services and save money.
So far, 33 of these 44 regional plans, drawn up by senior people
in the health service and local government,
The NHS has been through five years of severely constrained spending
growth, and there are another 4-5 years on the way at least.
STPs themselves are an attempt to deal in a planned way
But with plans to close some A units and reduce the number
of hospital beds, there's likely to be a tough political battle
ahead, with many MPs already up in arms about proposed
This Tory backbencher is concerned about the local plans for his
I wouldn't call it an efficiency if you are proposing to close
all of the beds which are currently provided for those coming out
of the acute sector who are elderly and looking
That's not a cut, it's not an efficiency saving,
All 44 STPs should be published in a month's time,
But even before that, they dominated this week's PMQs.
The Government's sustainability and transformation plans
for the National Health Service hide ?22 billion of cuts.
The National Health Service is indeed looking for savings
within the NHS, which will be reinvested in the NHS.
There will be no escape from angry MPs for the Health Secretary either.
Well, I have spoken to the Secretary of State just this week
about the importance of community hospitals in general,
These are proposals out to consultation.
What could happen if these plans get blocked?
If STPs cannot be made to work, the planned changes don't come
to pass, then the NHS will see over time a sort of unplanned
deterioration and services becoming unstable and service
The NHS barely featured in this week's Autumn Statement
but the Prime Minister insisted beforehand that STPs
are in the interests of local people.
Her Government's support will now be critical for NHS England
to push through these controversial regional plans,
which will soon face public scrutiny.
We did ask the Department of Health for an interview,
I've been joined by the Shadow Health Secretary,
Do you accept that the NHS is capable of making ?22 billion of
efficiency savings? Well, we are very sceptical, as are number of
independent organisations about the ability of the NHS to find 22
billion of efficiencies without that affecting front line care. When you
drill down into the 22 billion, based on the information we have
been given, and there hasn't been much information, we can see that
some of it will come from cutting the budget which go to community
pharmacies, which could lead, according to ministers, to 3000
pharmacies closing, which we believe will increase demands on A and
GPs, and also that a lot of these changes which are being proposed,
which was the focus of the package, we think will mean service cuts at a
local level. Do they? The chief executive of NHS England says these
efficiency plans are "Incredibly important". He used to work from
Labour. The independent King's Fund calls them "The best hope to improve
health and care services. There is no plan B". On the sustainable
transformation plans, which will be across England to link up physical
health, mental health and social care, for those services to
collaborate more closely together and move beyond the fragmented
system we have at the moment is important. It seems that the ground
has shifted. It has moved into filling financial gaps. As we know,
the NHS is going through the biggest financial squeeze in its history. By
2018, per head spending on the NHS will be falling. If you want to
redesign services for the long term in a local area, you need to put the
money in. So of course, getting these services working better
together and having a greater strategic oversight, which we would
have had if we had not got rid of strategic health authority is in the
last Parliament. But this is not an attempt to save 22 billion, this is
an attempt to spend 22 billion more successfully, don't you accept that?
Simon Stevens said we need 8 billion, and we need to find 22
billion of savings. You have to spend 22 billion more efficiently.
But the Government have not given that 8 billion to the NHS which they
said they would. They said they would do it by 2020. But they have
changed the definitions of spending so NHS England will get 8 billion by
2020, but they have cut the public health budgets by about 4 million by
20 20. The budget that going to initiatives to tackle sexually
transmitted diseases, to tackle smoking have been cut back but the
commissioning of things like school nurses and health visitors have been
cut back as well. Simon Stevens said he can only deliver that five-year
project if there is a radical upgrade in public health, which the
Government have failed on, and if we deal with social care, and this week
there was an... I understand that, but if you don't think the
efficiency drive can free up 22 billion to take us to 30 billion by
2020, where would you get the money from? I have been in this post now
for five or six weeks and I want to have a big consultation with
everybody who works in the health sector, as well as patients, carers
and families. Though you don't know? I think it would be surprised if I
had an arbitrary figure this soon into the job. Your party said they
expected election of spring by this year, you need to have some idea by
now, you inherited a portfolio from Diane Abbott, did she have no idea?
To govern is to make choices and we would make different choices. The
budget last year scored billions of giveaways in things like
co-operating -- corporation tax. What I do want to do... Is work on a
plan and the general election, whenever it comes, next year or in
2020 or in between, to have costed plan for the NHS. But your party is
committed to balancing the books on current spending, that is currently
John McDonnell, the Shadow Chancellor's position. What we are
talking about, this extra 30 billion, that is essentially current
spending so if it doesn't come from efficiency savings, where does the
money come from? Some of it is also capital. Mainly current spending. If
you look at the details of the OBR, they have switched a million from
the capital into revenue. Why -- how do you balance spending?
That is why we need to have a debate. Every time we ask for
Labour's policy, we are always told me a debate. Surely it is time to
give some idea of what you stand for? There's huge doubts about the
Government 's policy on this. You are the opposition, how would you do
it? I want to work with John McDonnell to find a package to give
the NHS the money it needs, but of course our Shadow Chancellor, like
any Shadow Chancellor at this stage in the cycle, will want to see what
the books look like a head of an election before making commitments.
I am clear that the Labour Party has to go into the next general election
with a clear policy to give the NHS the funding it needs because it has
been going through the largest financial squeeze in its history.
You say Labour will always give the NHS the money it needs, that is not
a policy, it is a blank cheque. It is an indication of our commitment
to the NHS. Under this Conservative government, the NHS has been getting
a 1% increase. Throughout its history it has usually have about
4%. Under the last Labour government it was getting 4%, before that
substantially more. We think the NHS should get more but I don't have
access to the NHS books in front of me. The public thinks there needs to
be more money spent on health but they also think that should go cap
in hand with the money being more efficiently spent, which is what
this efficiency drive is designed to release 22 billion. Do you have an
efficiency drive if it is not the Government's one? Of course we
agree. We agree the NHS should be more efficient, we want to see
productivity increased. Do know how to do that? One way is through
investments, maintenance, but there is a 5 million maintenance backlog.
One of the most high risk backlogs is something like 730 million. They
are going to switch the capital spend into revenue spend. I believe
that when you invest in maintenance and capital in the NHS, that
contribute to increasing its productivity. You are now talking
about 5 billion the maintenance, the chief executive says it needs 30
billion more by 2020 as a minimum so that 35 billion. You want to spend
more on social care, another for 5 billion on that so we have proper
care in the community. By that calculation I'm up to about 40
billion, which is fine, except where do you get the and balance the
account at the same time? We will have to come up with a plan for that
and that's why I will work with our Shadow Treasury team to come up with
that plan when they head into the general election. At the moment we
are saying to the NHS, sorry, we are not going to give you the
investment, which is why we are seeing patient care deteriorating.
The staff are doing incredible things but 180,000 are waiting in
A beyond four hours, record levels of people delayed in beds in
hospitals because there are not the beds in the community to go to save
the NHS needs the investment. We know that and we know the
Government's response to that and many think it is inadequate. What
I'm trying to get from you is what your response would be and what your
reaction will be to these efficiency plans. Your colleague Heidi
Alexander, she had your job earlier this year, she warned of the danger
of knee jerk blanket opposition to local efficiency plans. Do you agree
with that? Yes. So every time a hospital is going to close as a
result of this, and some will, it is Labour default position not just
going to be we are against it? That is why we are going to judge each of
these sustainability plans by a number of yardsticks. We want to see
if they have the support of local clinicians, we want to see if they
have the support of local authorities because they now have a
role in the delivery of health care. We want to see if they make the
right decisions for the long-term trends in population for local area.
We want to see if they integrate social care and health. If they
don't and therefore you will not bank that as an efficiency saving,
you will say no, that's not the way to go, you are left then with
finding the alternative funding to keep the NHS going. If you are
cutting beds, for example the proposal is to cut something like
5000 beds in Derbyshire and if there is the space in the community sector
in Derbyshire, that will cause big problems for the NHS in the long
term so it is a false economy. An example like that, we would be very
sceptical the plans could work. Would it not be honest, given the
sums of money involved and your doubts about the efficiency plan,
which are shared by many people, to just say, look, among the wealthy
nations, we spend a lower proportion of our GDP on health than most of
the other countries, European countries included, we need to put
up tax if we want a proper NHS. Wouldn't that be honest? I'm not the
Shadow Chancellor, I don't make taxation policy. You are tempting me
down a particular road by you or I smile. John McDonnell will come up
with our taxation policy. We have had an ambition to meet the European
average, the way these things are measured have changed since then,
but we did have that ambition and for a few years we met it. We need
substantial investment in the NHS. Everyone accepts it was
extraordinary that there wasn't an extra penny for the NHS in the
Autumn Statement this week. And as we go into the general election,
whenever it is, we will have a plan for the NHS. Come back and speak to
us when you know what you are going to do. Thank you.
Theresa May has promised to trigger formal Brexit negotiations
before the end of March, but the Prime Minister must wait
for the Supreme Court to decide whether parliament must vote
If that is the Supreme Court's conclusion, the Liberal Democrats
and others in parliament have said they'll demand a second EU
referendum on the terms of the eventual Brexit deal before
And last week, two former Prime Ministers suggested
that the referendum result could be reversed.
In an interview with the New Statesman on Thursday,
Tony Blair said, "It can be stopped if the British people decide that,
having seen what it means, the pain-gain cost-benefit analysis
John Major also weighed in, telling a meeting
of the National Liberal Club that the terms of Brexit
were being dictated by the "tyranny of the majority".
He also said there is a "perfectly credible case"
That prompted the former Conservative leader
Iain Duncan Smith to criticise John Major.
He told the BBC, "The idea we delay everything simply
because they disagree with the original result does
seem to me an absolute dismissal of democracy."
So, is there a realistic chance of a second referendum on the terms
of whatever Brexit deal Theresa May manages to secure?
Lib Dem party leader Tim Farron has said, "We want to respect
the will of the people and that means they must have their say
in a referendum on the terms of the deal."
But the Lib Dems have just eight MPs - they'll need Labour support
One ally is former Labour leadership candidate Owen Smith.
He backs the idea of a second referendum.
But yesterday the party's deputy leader, Tom Watson, said that,
"Unlike the Lib Dem Brexit Deniers, we believe in respecting
To discuss whether or not there should be a second referendum
on the terms of the Brexit deal, I've been joined by two
In Somerset is the former Lib Dem leader Paddy Ashdown,
and in Shropshire is the former Conservative cabinet minister
Paddy Ashdown, let me come to you first. When the British people have
spoken, you do what they command, either you believe in democracy or
you don't. When democracy speaks, we obey. Your words on the night of the
referendum, what's changed? Nothing has changed, Andrew, that's what I
said and what I still believe in. The British people have spoken, we
will not block Parliament debating the Brexit decision, Article 50, but
we will introduce an amendment to say that we need to consult the
British people, not about if we go out but what destination we would
then achieve. There is a vast difference in ordinary people's
lives between the so-called hard Brexit and soft Brexit. Soft Brexit,
you remain in the single market, you have to accept and agree on
immigration. Hard Brexit you are out of the single market, we have many
fewer jobs... Why didn't you say before the referendum there would be
a second referendum on the terms? Forgive me, I said it on many
occasions, you may not have covered it, Andrew, but that's a different
thing. In every speech I gave I said this, and this has proved to be
true, since those who recommended Brexit refused to tell us the
destination they were recommending, they refuse to give any detail about
the destination, if we did vote to go out, it would probably be
appropriate to decide which destination, hard Brexit or soft
Brexit we go to. They deliberately obscure that because it made it more
difficult to argue the case. It wasn't part of the official campaign
but let me come to Owen Paterson. What's wrong with a referendum on
the terms of the deal? We voted to leave but we don't really know on
what conditions we leave so what's wrong with negotiating the deal and
putting that deal to the British people? This would be a ridiculous
idea, it would be a complete gift to the EU negotiators to go for an
impossibly difficult deal because they want to do everything to make
sure that Brexit does not go through. This nonsense idea of hard
Brexit and soft Brexit, it was never discussed during the referendum
campaign. We made it clear we wanted to take back control, that means
making our own laws, raising and spending the money agreed by elected
politicians, getting control of our own borders back, and getting
control of our ability to do trade deals around the world. That was
clear at all stages of the referendum. We got 17.4 million
votes, the biggest vote in history for any issue, that 52%, 10% more
than John Major got and he was happy with his record number of 14
million, more than Tony Blair got, which was 43%, so we have a very
clear mandate. Time and again people come up to me and say when are we
going to get on with this. The big problem is uncertainty. We want to
trigger Article 50, have the negotiation and get to a better
place. OK, I need to get a debate going.
Paddy Ashdown, the EU doesn't want us to leave. If they knew there was
going to be a second referendum, surely there was going to be a
second referendum, surely their incentive would be to give us the
worst possible deal would vote against it would put us in a
ridiculous negotiating position. On the contrary, the government could
go and negotiate with the European Union and anyway, the opinion of the
European Union is less important than the opinion of the British
people. It seems to me that Owen Paterson made the case for me
precisely. They refuse to discuss what kind of destination. Britain
voted for departure, but not a destination. Because Owen Paterson
and his colleagues refused to discuss what their model was. So the
range of options here and the impact on the people of Britain is huge.
There is nothing to stop the government going to negotiate,
getting the best deal it can and go into the British people and saying,
this is the deal, guys, do you agree? Owen Paterson? It is simple.
The British people voted to leave. We voted to take back control of our
laws, our money, our borders. But most people don't know the shape of
what the deal would be. So why not have a vote on it? Because it would
be a gift to the EU negotiators to drive the worst possible deal in the
hope that it might be chucked out with a second referendum. The
biggest danger is the uncertainty. We have the biggest vote in British
history. You have said all that. It was your side that originally
proposed a second referendum. The director of Leave said, there is a
strong democratic case for a referendum on what the deal looks
like. Your side. Come on, you are digging up a blog from June of 2015.
He said he had not come to a conclusion. He said it is a distinct
possibility. No senior members of the campaign said we would have a
second referendum. It is worth chucking Paddy the quote he gave on
ITV news, whether it is a majority of 1% or 20%, when the British
people have spoken, you do what they command. People come up to me and
keep asking, when are you going to get on with it? What do you say to
that, Paddy Ashdown? Owen Paterson has obviously not been paying
attention. You ask me that question at the start. Owen and his kind have
to stick to the same argument. During the referendum, when we said
that the Europeans have it in their interest to picket tough for us,
they would suffer as well. And that has proved to be right. The European
Union does not wish to hand as a bad deal, because they may suffer in the
process. We need the best deal for both sides. I can't understand why
Owen is now reversing that argument. Here is the question I am going to
ask you. If we have a second referendum on the deal and we vote
by a very small amount, by a sliver, to stay in, can we then make it
best-of-3? No, Andrew! Vince Cable says he thinks if you won, he would
have to have a decider. You will have to put that income tax, because
I don't remember when he said that. -- you have to put that in context.
Independent, 19th of September. That is a decision on the outcome. The
central point is that the British people voted for departure, not a
destination. In response to the claim that this is undemocratic, if
it is democratic to have one referendum, how can it be
undemocratic to have two? Owen Paterson, the British government, on
the brink of triggering article 50, cannot tell us if we will remain
members of the single market, if we will remain members of the customs
union. From that flows our ability to make trade deals, our attitude
towards freedom of movement and the rest of it. Given that the
government can't tell us, it is clear that the British people have
no idea what the eventual shape will be. That is surely the fundamental
case for a second referendum. Emphatically not. They have given a
clear vote. That vote was to take back control. What the establishment
figures like Paddy should recognise is the shattering damage it would do
to the integrity of the whole political process if this was not
delivered. People come up to me, as I have said for the third time now,
wanting to know when we will get article 50 triggered. Both people
who have voted to Remain and to Leave. If we do not deliver this, it
will be disastrous for the reputation and integrity of the
whole political establishment. Let me put that you Paddy Ashdown. It is
very Brussels elite - were ask your question but if we don't like the
answer, we will keep asking the question. Did it with the Irish and
French. It is... It would really anger the British people, would it
not? That is an interesting question, Andrew. I don't think it
would. All the evidence I see in public meetings I attended, and I
think it is beginning to show in the opinion polls, although there hasn't
been a proper one on this yet, I suspect there is a majority in
Britain who would wish to see a second referendum on the outcome.
They take the same view as I do. What began with an open democratic
process cannot end with a government stitch up. Contrary to what Owen
suggests, there is public support for this. And far from damaging the
government and the political class, it showed that we are prepared to
listen. We shall see. Paddy Ashdown, have you eaten your hat yet? Andrew,
as you well know, I have eaten five hats. You cannot have a second
referendum until you eat your hat on my programme. We will leave it
there. Paddy Ashdown and Owen Paterson, thank you much. I have
eaten a hat on your programme. I don't remember!
It's just gone 11.35, you're watching the Sunday Politics.
We say goodbye to viewers in Scotland, who leave us now
Hello and welcome to Sunday Politics East.
Later in the programme, the devolution deal
for Cambridgeshire and Peterborough goes through, after all of the local
Getting those seven councils together to face the problems
that the city and the county faces - tackling affordable housing,
sorting out transport issues and equality issues
on a bigger geography - is right for our residents.
What hope is there for our rural bus services in
Here with me today, Shadow Transport Minister
and MP for Cambridge, Daniel Zeichner,
and Ian Stewart, Conservative MP for Milton Keynes,
who is parliamentary private secretary to Liam Fox,
So let's start with the Autumn Statement,
the first since the vote to leave the EU.
The economy may be slowing down, but there was some good
Business rate relief for rural areas is going up from 50% to 100%,
which could mean an extra ?2,000 a year for some businesses.
And there is another ?2 billion nationally for research spending,
which may reassure science and technology firms in this region,
who get much of their funding from the EU at the moment.
More money was announced for broadband, too -
?1 billion nationally to help reach "not spots".
But road and rail were the main winners.
The Chancellor confirmed millions of pounds to transport links
between Cambridge and Oxford via Milton Keynes.
110 million is going towards developing the east-west rail link.
And Philip Hammond promised ?27 million to make the case
for a road expressway along what he called
"a transformational tech corridor" between the two university cities,
a development that has already proved controversial in the Commons.
Mr Speaker, this Autumn Statement is a statement for the elite.
The Chancellor said that Oxford and Cambridge expressway will become
a "transformational tech corridor", drawing on the world-class research
strengths of our two best-known universities.
I think the honourable lady fell into the trap
of believing this rather stale, antiquated class-war rhetoric
that she gets from the leadership of her party.
I mean, the Oxford to Cambridge expressway will benefit places
I think the point that Valerie was making is that, yes,
it is good that we are getting these transport improvements,
but what about the people who are really struggling to get
by on the estates in Cambridge, who are seeing their benefits cut,
There are people on disability allowance having to live on very
You have been making the case for more money for science
in Cambridge for a long time, so now you have got it.
Absolutely, and that I certainly welcome, the extra money
But the key issue is, why is it that people
who are struggling at the moment should be having to struggle
And that is why this is an unfair Autumn Statement -
it is not helping people at the bottom.
Ian Stewart, I mean, Milton Keynes was mentioned
as benefiting from this Oxford-Cambridge road,
Absolutely, and I've been campaigning for the east-west
This won't just be a local transport project, this will be a key part
And the BCR, the benefit cost ratio of this project,
it is something like six to one, so it will be an enormous boost
Yes, benefiting Oxford, yes, benefiting Cambridge, but also
And it will unlock a lot of housing development
so I was very, very pleased with this announcement.
You must have a lot of people in Milton Keynes who are struggling,
Do you think it was an elitist Autumn Statement?
No, I think it was an Autumn Statement that was very
cleverly focused on getting our economy match-fit.
And there is going to be a lot of economic turbulence
in the world going forward, and we need to make sure we've got
the resilience, we've got the skills, and we are investing
in the productive part of our economy.
We need to close the productivity gap we have with some
So I was very pleased that there was a specific focus
on infrastructure and other areas, which will obviously
This science money, as I say, you have been
going on about for a long time - surely the more successful
Cambridge is, the more successful this region is,
and that money trickles down to the poorest in society.
No, trickle-down absolutely does not work, and that is part of the reason
we have seen what has happened with Brexit and with Trump,
actually because trickle-down does not work.
And actually this was a really rather...
It wasn't nearly bold enough, this Autumn Statement.
We have actually lifted up our investment in research
and development from 1.7% of GDP to 1.8%, which isn't good,
but when you look at the rest of the world, where it is getting
where it is getting closer to 3%, this was not enough for the kind
You want to just say anything about that and then we will move on?
Well, we are still dealing with the legacy of debt
that we inherited from the past Labour Government.
But what we are balancing within those constraints
is carefully targeting investments in the productive
Well, after months of debate and argument, we now know devolution
for Cambridgeshire and Peterborough will happen and happen soon.
Power and money will be transferred from Whitehall and there will be
There was talk of a deal involving Suffolk and Norfolk,
Cambridgeshire was tempted back to the table with the promise
The green light was given to go it alone this summer.
This week, the last council to say yes, Cambridge City,
We are part of a county geography which has always been a bit
more blue than other, and we have to stand up
for Cambridge particularly because Cambridge is the centre
of the growth, so the Government wanted to Cambridge in the deal,
and that is why we got such a good offer on housing.
We need now to work together because the geography
of Cambridgeshire means that all of our problems have to be
Certainly for the future, Cambridge cannot cope with the level
We actually want to work with others to share the benefits and to share
Well, the new authority will start work in February,
with the first mayor being elected in May.
In the meantime, the leader of Cambridgeshire County Council
will be interim chairman of the shadow combined authority.
He is councillor Steve Count and he's here now.
It is an interesting question and it is one I have been
I'm still actually thinking about that.
So that is quite close to a yes, isn't it?
We are still in the process but I think the important thing
here is that the people of Cambridgeshire and Peterborough
will ultimately get to decide, whoever that might be,
and I think that the task in front of that mayor is a complicated task,
but it will make a difference in peoples lives.
It has been quite a long process, before you got to this?
And it was difficult to get Cambridge city on board.
Is that a political argument or is that an economic argument?
Cambridge city wasn't the only authority that actually walked
In fact, I would say that virtually every authority at some time walked
away and said it was not good enough for them.
That whole journey has taken a number of years now,
two or three years, but where we are now
it is a cracking deal for all of us and that is why we have signed
Do you ever wished that you had gone in with Norfolk and Suffolk?
In retrospect, I am very glad of where we are now.
I think that fine tuning us and helping us to unite over
what was a common economic than refer many of us actually
But what we will do in the future is find ways to work
over our borders, because a lot of the investment decisions
Were you one of those who always accepted the need for an elected
mayor, or did you change your mind as you went along?
Where I have been, and I think a lot of people on this journey,
And, are you sure you want a mayor for this?
And it was always said to us, if you want a serious deal,
So we kept saying, what does a serious deal look like?
And eventually we got to a place where we are saying,
if that is what you are offering us, then we are happy to have a mayor.
But, remember, we did go out to the people with the consultation
and the people said, we have looked at the entire deal.
It involves all of these fantastic benefits, so, yes,
Now, he is saying, Ian Stewart, that actually he would
like to welcome in people from outside the boundary.
And that actually is where you come in with devolution,
because you would like this arm between Cambridge and Oxford
Absolutely, because if you look at that corridor, you're going
to have a lot of infrastructure investment on the new housing,
covering many different local authorities, and indeed regions -
Milton Keynes and Oxford being in the South East,
South Northamptonshire being in the East Midlands
and Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire in the east of England.
I think we are going to have to construct some new authority.
I don't have the precise model in mind but some interlocking model
that will allow all of these authorities to be able to cooperate
on developing infrastructure that will be of mutual benefit.
So I very much look forward to working with the new combined area,
with all of the existing bodies, and taking forward the conclusions
I mean, I congratulate my colleagues on
Cambridge City Council and Lewis Herbert for extracting
?17 million for a much-needed council housing,
but you look at all of this and we are going to end up
with a situation where we are going to have a
directly elected mayor and we've got county council elections next year,
and an elected leader of the county council.
Frankly, Brussels looks like a model of simplicity and
So, do you not agree with devolution or do you not agree with this
Devolution in general, yes, than you a regional level,
and that is what Labour had and that is what Labour
will do in the future because this will all have to be completely torn
But the point is that the old regional boundaries have got nothing
to do with this Oxford-Cambridge corridor, which as I have said
that is why I am saying we need to construct a new
model that looks at the new economic area
that has nothing to do with the boundaries
But they are going to have to make it work.
What do you make of these two arguments?
I think it is quite sad that people are trying to pull apart what we
have already managed to construct over a long period of time.
This is what the local people want, what the
local politicians have built upon what the Government has agreed to.
Here is a local politician who has not agree with it.
No, he has not, and there are six MPs my area
as Cambridgeshire County Council leader, not just one.
Not just one way that we are going to accommodate all of them and work
But take the talk about the Milton Keynes, Oxford and that's...
We have already formed, not myself but I am on it,
the Economic Heartland Alliance, which is actually working together
very well and that will be one of the mechanisms that we see how
we can work together even better in the future.
He is saying that the MPs, you are alone in that,
You should ask most of the other MPs who are of the Conservative
persuasion, who are not on the Government payroll -
they are pretty unhappy about this too.
But Cambridge doesn't just look to the east,
Cambridge looks to London as well, and that is the point.
But he is saying to look to the west.
East-west, but it also looks north-south.
The links with London are crucial as well.
So, basically, I don't think this model works at all.
I think you need to pay attention to what is actually going on
We have the M11, the London Stansted Cambridge corridor...
If we look at the east we have the Cambridge to
Norwich A11 Tech corridor, and then we look out to the west,
Well, you see, this is exactly the work that the infrastructure
It is actually headed by someone from your
They are looking at how we can put together the
different bits of governance across this corridor
It will work in conjunction with these new bodies.
It goes on causing argument and debate.
Well, any new mayor will have significant new powers and more
money to deal with things like transport, including buses.
Since 2010, 45% of bus subsidies in this region have been cut.
Add those cuts up and it comes to ?13 million.
Luton and Southend have cut subsidies completely.
And Bedford, Milton Keynes and Northamptonshire have
The aim of the Bus Services Bill, which is going through Parliament
at the moment, is to improve services for things
But some of the new powers will only be available to elected mayors.
At the moment, we only have one of those.
It is a sight villages in Murrow see only once a week,
the number 390 bus coming to take them for their weekly shop.
It runs between Wisbech and Peterborough,
This service does not pay for itself, because so many
The council subsidises the route, but with increasingly tight budgets,
Cambridgeshire County Council has considered cutting the funding.
I do not drive since my husband died.
I do not drive and the bus is a lifeline for me.
It is the only bus to Peterborough from where we live in Murrow.
And I do my food shopping, so I just need the bus
There are people in the village who never go anywhere, really.
And OK, it is only Peterborough, but it is a larger city.
You have got the cathedral, and you have got a mixture of shops,
you have got people from all over the world, and it provides
This service may be safe for now, but with increasingly tight budgets,
there is no doubt that all of our councils will consider
making more cuts to bus services in the future.
That is bad news for the rural communities that rely on them.
Bus travel remains the most popular form of public transport,
so could the Bus Services Bill provide an opportunity for a rethink
about how they are operated and paid for?
The bill aims to increase passenger numbers and improve services
through measures like allowing councils to partner with local bus
operators and have more involvement over routes,
integrated ticketing like Oyster cards, which would make one ticket
and areas with an elected mayor will get powers to bring in bus
franchising and invite operators to bid for routes.
But that rules out areas that do not have the devolution.
Some people might think, yeah, actually, we want an elected mayor,
but people in other areas might think, no, we don't really want this
extra layer of Government, and we think that no matter
whether or not you have an elected mayor you should be able
to depend on a regular, frequent and affordable bus service.
Suffolk County Council has cut its spending
But they are hoping that this bill will help them improve bus services
without having to pay out more money.
The bus bill does give you that opportunity you have more data
available to the local operators, so we can have through ticketing.
We can actually have more visibility of life timescales on the buses,
and actually then you actually can actually start placing orders
on these sort of things, and book a ticket and actually
place a ticket and use this on the vehicle.
Arriving back home laden with shopping bags, these passengers
have a rather more simple hope for the bill - that the bus that has
become their lifeline will not disappear.
Daniel Zeichner, you have become quite a bus fan over
If you are in a rural area and you rely on the bus,
and the only people using it have a bus pass, it doesn't pay.
Basically, when the buses were privatised by the Conservatives
30 years ago, London was left different and it was regulated.
And the London bus system has succeeded since then.
But the London system succeeds because it has got lots of people
using it because it is very busy and it is very difficult
But also it allows the authorities to cross-subsidise.
In the areas on the outer edges of London, It is exactly
That is because most of our region has cities like Cambridge
So it will put all these things right?
Well, it will not unfortunately because the Government does not
want to make those powers available to any area that does not
So I have been talking to councillors in Hertfordshire
and Essex who aren't really disappointed that there will not be
Now, the bill started in the House of Lords.
Labour has introduced positive amendments.
Now, the bill, when it comes to the Commons in a few weeks' time,
if it is passed as it is now than we will have those powers
but I fear that the Government will try another overturn those changes.
This elected mayor thing causes problems wherever
Why is the Government so wedded to the elected mayors?
Personally, I am more flexible on what the Government's arrangement
I think the important thing to realise with this buses bill,
it gives lots of flex abilities, because different parts
of the country need different structures.
Every part of the country, if they have got rural areas
they need buses for people who do not...
Granted, but the structure that works in a cathedral city
like Cambridge or Oxford is different to the model that works
in my area like Milton Keynes, which is a much more complex
system, which is different to what works in London.
And the bill which I think as a whole commands quite a wide
cross-party support is designed to give that flexibility.
So, would you give those powers to local authorities,
Think it is something I'm personally happy to look at.
I sit on the transport select committee, and we just
I think this will be an evolutionary process.
As different models of devolution get set up around the country,
I think this, through secondary legislation, this flexibility
But there will be a lot of people who, while all of this is going on,
will worry that they will not have a bus service.
Well, what we want to see is to give each local area at the flexibility
What we have also got to bear in mind going forward is that
new technology will offer different solutions to this.
On transport policy, there actually is a lot of good
Well, I am very encouraged by what Ian is saying, and hoping
that any non-confrontational way, we might be able to come
to an agreement in the Commons on this, which would be
But one thing I would finish by saying is that part
of the problem is actually the amount of money that has been
That is what has really cut the subsidy in rural areas.
Our round-up of the political week now in 60 seconds
The Prime Minister came to Cambridge to announce research and
development investment to ensure that the country remains at the
cutting edge of scientific discovery.
What I've seen here at Cambridge is this
excellent example of the knowledge base of the university coming
Police and Crime Commissioners have warned that they will be asking for
more money from council tax payers next year.
They claimed they need extra cash to protect front line
It is for them to tell me what they want from the police service.
It is my responsibility to tell them the
Major changes into health services have been published.
Peterborough and pinching the hospitals are to merge.
And in Essex, three hospitals in Basildon, Chelmsford and Southend
could be completely reorganised, including accident and emergency
And in the wake of the Trump victory, the MP for Chelmsford
The best person to fill the vacancy for the ambassador to the United
Kingdom next year would be Hillary Rodham Clinton.
Though I suspect the last thing she'd want to do is be associated
I saw him with a big rosette for her.
Well, Simon wears a Hillary Clinton watch.
What I wonder is whether Hillary Clinton wears a Simon Burns watch.
Just one comment from both of you on the Trump thing.
The President-elect Donald Trump, sorry.
For me, what worries me most is America becoming more
protectionist at a time that we need to be remaking the case
So I hope that is going to be one item that is top of the agenda.
We agree on some things but I think it is a reflection
of a very uncertain world that we are in the moment,
and I would urge the Government to think again about Brexit
such a dangerous situation from the United States.
Thank you, both of you, for being with us today.
You can keep in touch via our website.
We are back at the same time next week,
but, for now, from all of us, back to Andrew in the studio.
article 15 noticed this served. We have got to make sure London is
open. Thank you. Andrew, back to you.
Is Theresa May serious about curbing executive pay?
Who will be crowned Nigel Farage's successor as Ukip leader?
And can the Lib Dems pull off a by-election upset in Richmond?
So,,, on pay talk about the executive of what executives get
compared to the average worker in the company, giving shareholders
real power to vote down pay rises if they don't like them, which is
pretty much what Ed Miliband proposed in the general election in
2015. Is she serious about this? She is very serious, and the Tory party
probably does owe Ed Miliband an apology for trashing his ideas and
2015 and then putting them all up for votes in November 20 16. She is
very serious, and this all comes back to her desperate fear that
unless capitalism reforms itself and becomes more acceptable to the just
about managing or even 78% of the country who are not earning vast
wealth at anywhere near the figures you see in the City, serious things
will happen and the political sense of trust will implode. She has
already been bartered down by her own Cabinet on this. She wanted to
go further and make workers on the board mandatory. They have managed
to stop that. What will her fallback position be on workers on the board
if she is not able to get it into some claw? We would like to have
workers on the board, but whatever they do on the board there will have
no voting powers on the board. When you look at what was leaked out over
the weekend, that we should know the ratio of the top to the average and
that shareholders who own the company should determine, in the
end, the highest-paid salaries, you kind of think, what could the
possible objection be to any of that? Two things. One, I agree with
Tom that she is deadly serious about this agenda and it comes under the
banner, that sentence in the party conference speech about "It's time
to focus on the good that government can do". She is by instinct more of
an interventionist than Cameron and Osborne. But she is incredibly
cautious, whether it is through the internal constraints of opposition
within Cabinet, or her own small C Conservative caution in implementing
this stuff. Part of the problem is the practicalities. George Osborne
commission will Hutton to do a report which came out with similar
proposals, which were never implemented. It is quite hard to
enforce. It will antagonise business leaders when she's to woo them again
in this Brexit furore. So there are problems with it. And judging by
what has happened so far, my guess is that the aim will be genuinely
bold and interesting, and the implementation incredibly cautious.
Does it matter if she annoys some business leaders? Isn't that part of
her brand? Will there be problems on the Tory backbenches with it? I
think there will be and I think it does matter at this sensitive time
for when we are positioning ourselves as a country and whether
we are going to brand ourselves as a great city of business, implementing
quite interventionist policies. Any suggestion that the government can
control how much the top earners get, I think would be received in a
hostile way. What would be wrong with the shareholders, who own the
company, determining the pay of the higher hands, the executives?
Morally, you can absolutely make that argument but to business
leaders, they will not like it. Ultimately, this will not come down
to more than a row of beans. There was a huge debate about whether
there should be quotas of women on boards. In the end, that never
happened. All we get is figures. But quotas of women, for which there is
a case and a case against too, that was a government mandate. This is
not, this is simply empowering shareholders who own the company to
determine the pay of the people they hire. There is a strong moral
argument for it. Strong economic argument. But the Tory backbenchers
will not like this. The downside is that this is a world where companies
are thinking about upping sticks to Europe. No, they say they are
thinking of that. Not one has done it yet. Others have made massive
investments in this country. But is it not an incentive for those making
these threats to actually do it? In Europe, bankers' pay is now mandated
by Brussels. It is a vivid way of showing you are addressing the issue
of inequality. I think she will go with it, but let's move on to Ukip.
I think we will get the result tomorrow. There are the top three
candidates. Paul Nuttall, Suzanne Evans and on my right, John Reid
Evans. One of them will be the next leader. Who is going to win? It is
widely predicted to be Paul Nuttall and is probably the outcome that the
Labour Party fears most. Paul Nuttall is a very effective
communicator. He is not a household name, far from it, but people will
begin to learn more about him and find that he is actually quite a
strong leader. Can people Ukip together again after this shambolic
period since the referendum? If anyone can, he can. And his brand of
working collar, Northern Ukip is the thing that will work for them. Do
you think he is the favourite? It would be amazing if he doesn't win.
His greatest problem will be getting Nigel Farage off his back. He is
going on a speaking tour of North America. A long speaking tour. Ukip
won this EU referendum. They had the chance to hoover up these
discontented Labour voters in the north, and all he has done is
associated with Ukip with Farage. But Nigel Farage is fed up of Ukip
and will be glad to be hands of it. The bigger problem is money. If it
is Paul Nuttall, and we don't know the results yet, but he is the
favourite, if it is him, I would suggest that that is the result
Labour is frightened of most. To be honest, I think they are frightened
of Ukip whatever the result. Possibly with good cause. The reason
I qualify that is that what you call a shambles over the summer has been
something that goes beyond Monty Python in its absurdity and madness.
That calls into question whether it can function as a political party
when you have what has gone on. The number of leaders itself has been an
act of madness. In a context which should be fantastic for them. They
have won a referendum. There is a debate about what form Brexit should
take, it is a dream for them, and they have gone bonkers. If he can
turn it around, I agree that he is a powerful media communicator, and
then it is a threat to Labour. But he has got to show that first.
Indeed. The by-election in Richmond in south-west London, called by Zac
Goldsmith over Heathrow. Has it turned out to be a by-election about
Heathrow, or has it turned into a by-election, which is what the Lib
Dems wanted, about Brexit? We will know on Thursday. If the Lib Dems
win, they will turn it into an EU referendum. It seems incredibly
close now. The Lib Dems are swamping Richmond. They had 1000 activists
there yesterday. That is getting on for 100th of the population of the
place! If the Lib Dems don't manage to win on Thursday and don't manage
to turn it into an EU referendum despite all their efforts, it will
probably be a disaster for the party. What do you hear, Isabel? I
hear that the Lib Dems have absolutely swamped the constituency,
but this may backfire. I saw a bit of this myself, living in Witney,
when the Lib Dems also swamped and people began to get fed up of their
aggressive tactics. I understand that Zac Goldsmith is cautiously
optimistic that he will pull this one off. Quick stab at the result? I
don't know. But we are entering a period when by-elections are
acquiring significant again. If the Lib Dems were to make a game, it
would breathe life into that near moribund party like nothing else.
Similarly, other by-elections in this shapeless political world we
are in are going to become significant. We don't know if we are
covering it live on Thursday night yet because we have to find at the
time they are going to declare. Richmond are quite late in
declaring, but if it is in the early hours, that is fine. If it is on
breakfast television, they be not. I want to show you this. Michael Gove
was on the Andrew Marr Show this morning. In the now notorious
comment that I made, I was actually cut off in midstream, as politicians
often. The point I made was not that all experts are that is nonsense.
Expert engineers, doctors and physicists are not wrong. But there
is a subclass of experts, particularly social scientists, who
have to reflect on some of the mistakes they have made. And the
recession, which was predicted that we would have if we voted to leave,
has gone like a puff of smoke. So economic experts, he talks about.
The Chancellor has based all of his forward predictions in this Autumn
Statement on the economic expert forecasters. The Office for Budget
Responsibility has said it is 50-50, which is the toss of a coin. But
what was he supposed to do? You would ideally have to have a Budget
that had several sets of scenarios, and that is impossible. Crystal ball
territory. But you do wonder if governments are right to do so much
of their fiscal projections on the basis of forecasts which turn out to
be wrong. They have nothing else to go on. The Treasury forecast is to
be wrong. No doubt the OBR forecast will prove not to be exact. As you
say, they admitted that they are navigating through fog at the
moment. But he also added that it was fog caused by Brexit. So Brexit,
even if you accept that these forecasts might be wrong, is causing
such a level of uncertainty. He put the figure at 60 billion. That could
come to haunt him. He hasn't got a clue. He admitted it. He said,
Parliament mandates me to come up with something, so I am going to
give you a number. But I wouldn't trust it if I were you, he basically
said. I agree with you. The man who borrowed 122 billion more off the
back of a coin toss was Philip Hammond. It begs the question, what
does that say about the confidence Philip Hammond has in his own
government's renegotiation? Not a huge amount. I agree. Philip Hammond
quoted the OBR figures. He basically said, this is uncertain and it looks
bad, and on we go with it. It is a very interesting situation, he said.
He was for Remain and he works in a department which regards it as a
disaster, whatever everyone else thinks. I have just been told we are
covering the by-election. We are part of the constitution.
Jo Coburn will have more Daily Politics tomorrow
And I'll be back here on BBC One next Sunday at 11.
Remember - if it's Sunday, it's the Sunday Politics.
to signify the Africans who were here.
The story of Henry VIII and his six wives