05/02/2017 Sunday Politics North East and Cumbria


05/02/2017

Andrew Neil and Richard Moss with the latest political news, interviews and debate. Guests include Gavin Barwell MP, Charles Grant and Henry Newman.


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It's Sunday morning, and this is the Sunday Politics.

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Theresa May pledged to help people who are "just about managing",

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and this week her government will announce new measures to boost

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the number of affordable homes and improve conditions for renters.

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After a US court suspends Donald Trump's travel ban and rules

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it could be unconstitutional, one of the President's inner circle

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tells me there is no "chaos", and that Donald Trump's White House

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is making good on his campaign promises.

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As the Government gets into gear for two years

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of Brexit negotiations, we report on the haggling to come

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over the UK's Brexit bill for leaving the European Union -

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and the costs and savings once we've left.

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And with me, as always, a trio of top political

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journalists - Helen Lewis, Tom Newton Dunn

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They'll be tweeting throughout the programme,

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So, more anguish to come this week for the Labour party as the House

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of Commons continues to debate the bill which paves the way

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Last week, Labour split over the Article 50 bill,

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with a fifth of Labour MPs defying Jeremy Corbyn to vote against.

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Five shadow ministers resigned, and it's expected Mr Corbyn

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will have to sack more frontbenchers once the bill is voted

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Add to that the fact that the Labour Leader's close ally

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Diane Abbot failed to turn up for the initial vote -

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blaming illness - and things don't look too rosy

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The Shadow Foreign Secretary Emily Thornberry was asked

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about the situation earlier on the Andrew Marr show.

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The Labour Party is a national party and we represent the nation,

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and the nation is divided on this, and it is very difficult.

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Many MPs representing majority Remain constituencies have this very

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difficult balancing act between - do I represent my constituency,

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Labour, as a national party, have a clear view.

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We fought to stay in Europe, but the public have spoken,

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But the important thing now is not to give Theresa May a blank check,

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we have to make sure we get the right deal for the country.

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That was Emily Thornberry. Helen, is this like a form of Chinese water

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torture for the Labour Party? And for journalists, to! We are in a

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situation where no one really thinks it's working. A lot of authority has

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drained away from Jeremy Corbyn but no one can do anything about it.

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What we saw from the leadership contest is on the idea of a Blairite

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plot to get rid of him. You are essentially stuck in stasis. The

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only person that can remove Jeremy Corbyn is God or Jeremy Corbyn.

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Authority may have moved from Mr Corbyn but it's not going anywhere

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else, there's not an alternative centre of authority? Not quite, but

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Clive Lewis is name emerging, the Shadow Business Secretary. A lot of

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the Labour left, people like Paul Mason, really like him and would

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like to see him in Corbyn. I think that's why Jeremy Corbyn do

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something extraordinary next week and abstain from Article 50, the

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main bill itself, to keep his Shadow Cabinet together. That clip on

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Andrew Marr, point blank refusing to say if Labour will vote for Article

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50. The only way Jeremy Corbyn can hold this mess together now is to

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abstain, which would be catastrophic across Brexit constituencies in the

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North. The problem with abstention is everyone will say on the issue of

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our time, the official opposition hasn't got coherent or considered

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policy? I love the way Emily Thornberry said the country is

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divided and we represent the country, in other words we are

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divided at the party as well. The other thing that was a crucial

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moment this week is the debate over whether there should be a so-called

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meaningful vote by MPs on the deal that Theresa May gets. That is a

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point of real danger for Brexit supporters. It may well be there is

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a coalition of Labour and SNP and Remain MPs, Tory MPs, who vote for

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that so-called meaningful vote that could undermine Theresa May's

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negotiation. So Theresa May could have had troubles as well, not plain

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sailing for her? There is no point, apart from lonely Ken Clarke voting

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against Article 50, no point in Tory remainders rebelling. It would have

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been a token gesture with no support. But there might be

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meaningful amendments. One might be on the status of EU nationals... The

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government could lose that. There might be a majority for some of

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those amendments. The ins and outs of the Labour Party, it fascinates

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the Labour Party and journalists. I suspect the country has just moved

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on and doesn't care. You are probably quite right. To be honest I

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struggled to get Labour split stories in my paper any more, the

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bar is so high to make it news. Where it does matter is now not

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everyone will pay huge amounts to the -- of attention to the vote on

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Wednesday. But come the general election in 2020, maybe a little

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earlier, every Tory leaflet and every labour constituency will say

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this guy, this goal, they refuse to vote for Brexit, do you want them in

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power? That is going to be really hard for them. The story next week

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may be Tory splits rather than just Labour ones, we will see.

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Theresa May has made a big deal out of her commitment to help people

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on middle incomes who are "just about managing", and early this week

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we should get a good sense of what that means in practice -

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when plans to bring down the cost of housing and protect renters

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are published in the Government's new white paper.

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Theresa May has promised she'll kick off Brexit negotiations with the EU

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by the end of March, and after months of shadow-boxing

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Ellie Price reports on the battle to come over the UK's Brexit bill,

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and the likely costs and savings once we've left.

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It was the figure that defined the EU referendum campaign.

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It was also a figure that was fiercely disputed, but the promise -

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vote leave and Britain won't have to pay into the EU are any more.

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So, is that what's going to happen now?

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The trouble with buses is you tend to have to wait for them

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and when Theresa May triggers Article 50, the clock starts

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She needs something quicker, something more sporty.

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According to the most recent Treasury figures,

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Britain's gross contribution to the EU, after the rebate

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is taken into account, is about ?14 billion a year.

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There are some complicating factors that means it can go up

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or down year on year, but that's roughly how much the UK

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will no longer sending to Brussels post-Brexit.

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But, there are other payments that Britain will have to shell out for.

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First and foremost, the so-called divorce settlement.

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It is being said, and openly by Commissioner Barnier

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and others in the Commission, that the total financial liability

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as they see it might be in the order of 40-60 billion

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The BBC understands the figure EU negotiators are likely

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to settle on is far lower, around 34 billion euros,

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but what does the money they are going to argue

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Well, that's how much Britain owes for stuff in the EU budget that's

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already signed up for until 2020, one year after we are

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Historically, Britain pays 12% in contributions,

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so the cost to the UK is likely to be between ten

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Then they will look at the 200-250 billion euros of underfunded

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spending commitments, the so-called RAL.

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Britain could also be liable for around 5-7 billion euros

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for its share in the pensions bill for EU staff, that's again

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12% of an overall bill of 50-60 billion.

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Finally there's a share of our assets held by the EU.

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They include things like this building, the European Commission

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Britain could argue it deserves a share back of around 18 billion

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euros from a portfolio that's said to be worth 153 billion euros.

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So, lots for the two sides to discuss in two years of talks.

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They have a great opportunity with the Article 50 talks

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because actually they can hold us to ransom.

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They can say, "You figure out money, we will talk about your trade.

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But until you've figured out the money, we won't," so I think

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a lot of European states think they are in a very strong

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negotiating position at the moment and they intend to make

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The principle is clear, the days of Britain making vast

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contributions to the European Union every year will end.

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Theresa May has already indicated that she would want to sign back up

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to a number of EU agencies on a program-by-program basis.

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The Europol for example, that's the European crime

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agency, or Erasmus Plus, which wants student exchanges.

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If everything stays the same as it is now, it would cost the UK

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675 million euros a year, based on analysis by

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But there are likely to be agencies we don't choose to participate in.

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If we only opted back to those dealing with security,

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trade, universities and, say, climate change,

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it could come with a price tag of 370 million euros per year.

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Of course that's if our European neighbours allow us.

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I wonder if they're going to let me in!

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There will also be a cost to creating a new system to resolve

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trade disputes with other nations once we are no longer part

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Take the EFTA Court which rules on disputes

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between the EU and Norway, Iceland and Lichtenstein.

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That costs 4 million euros to run each year,

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though in the Brexit White Paper published this week,

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the Government said it will not be constrained by precedent

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Finally, would the EU get behind the idea of Britain making some

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contribution for some preferential access to its market?

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The sort of thing that Theresa May seems to be hinting

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at are sectoral arrangements, some kind of partial membership

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Switzerland, which has a far less wide-ranging deal than Norway,

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pays about 320 million a year for what it gets into the EU budget,

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but it's not exactly the Swiss deal that we're after.

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The EU institutions hate the Swiss deal because it is codified

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in a huge number of treaties that are messy, complicated

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and cumbersome, and they really don't want to replicate

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Theresa May has been at pains to insist she's in the driving seat

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when it comes to these negotiations, and that she's

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But with so much money up for discussion, it may not be such

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Sadly she didn't get to keep the car!

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And I've been joined to discuss the Brexit balance sheet

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by the director of the Centre for European Reform, Charles Grant,

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and by Henry Newman who runs the think tank Open Europe.

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Henry Newman, these figures that are being thrown about in Brussels at

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the moment, and exit bill of 40-60,000,000,000. What do you make

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of them? I think it is an opening gambit from the institutions and we

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should take them seriously. We listened to Mr Rogers, the former

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ambassador to Brussels in the House of Commons last week, speaking about

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the sort of positions the EU is likely to take in the negotiation. I

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personally think the Prime Minister should be more concerned about

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getting the right sort of trade arrangements, subsequent to our

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departure, than worrying about the exact detail of the divorce

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settlement and the Bill. They might not let them go on to trade until

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they resolve this matter. Where does the Brexit bill, the cost of exit,

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if there is to be one, in terms of a sum of money, where does that come

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in the negotiations, upfront or at the end? The European Commission has

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a firm line on this. You have to talk about the Brexit bill and the

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divorce settlement before you talk about the future relationship.

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Therefore they are saying if you don't sign up for 60 billion or

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thereabouts, we won't talk about the future. Other member states take a

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softer line than that and think you probably have to talk about the

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divorce settlement and Brexit bill as the same -- at the same time as

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the economic situation. If you can do both at the same time, the

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atmosphere may be better natured. You have spoken to people in

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Brussels and are part of a think tank, how Revista gives the figure

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or is it an opening gambit? Most member states and EU institutions

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believe they think it is the true figure but when the negotiations

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start adding the number will come down. As long as the British are

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prepared to sign up to the principle of we owe you a bit of money, as the

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cheque, then people will compromise. What is the ballpark? You had a

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figure of 34 billion, that is news to me, nobody knows because

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negotiations haven't started but I think something lower than 60. Even

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60 would be politically toxic for a British government? I think Theresa

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May is in a strong position, she has united the Conservative Party. You

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could expect coming into this year all the Conservative divisions would

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be laid bare by Gina Miller. But she is leading a united party. Labour

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Party are divided... Coogee get away with paying 30 billion? We should

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give her the benefit of the doubt going into these negotiations, let

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her keep her cards close to her chest. The speech he gave a few

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weeks ago at Lancaster House, our judgment was she laid out as much

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detail as we could have expected at that point. I don't think it's

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helpful for us now to say, we shouldn't be introducing further red

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line. I want you to be helpful and find things out. I would suggest if

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there is a bill, let's say it's 30 billion, let's make it half of what

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the current claims coming out of Brussels. And of course it won't

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have to be paid in one year, I assume it's not one cheque but

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spread over. But we will wait a long time for that 350 million a week or

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what ever it was that was meant to come from Brussels to spend on the

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NHS. That's not going to happen for the next five, six or seven years.

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Everyone has been clear there will be a phased exit programme. The

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question of whether something is political possible for her in terms

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of the divorce settlement will depend on what she gets from the

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European Union in those negotiations. If she ends up

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settling for a bill of about 30 billion which I think would be

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politically... No matter how popular she is, politically very difficult

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for her, it does kill any idea there is a Brexit dividend for Britain.

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Some of the senior officials in London and Brussels are worried this

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issue could crash the talks because it may be possible for Theresa May

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to accept a Brexit bill of 30 billion and if there is no deal and

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will leave EU without a settlement, there is massive legal uncertainty.

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What contract law applies? Can our planes take off from Heathrow?

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Nobody knows what legal rights there are for an EU citizen living here

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and vice versa. If there is no deal at the end of two years, it is quite

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bad for the European economy, therefore they think they have all

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the cards to play and they think if it is mishandled domestically in

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Britain than we have a crash. But there will be competing interests in

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Europe, the Baltic states, Eastern Europe, maybe quite similar of the

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Nordic states, that in turn different from the French, Germans

:17:03.:17:07.

or Italians. How will Europe come to a common view on these things? At

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the moment they are quite united backing a strong line, except for

:17:13.:17:20.

the polls and Hungarians who are the bad boys of Europe and the Irish who

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will do anything to keep us happy. We should remember their priority is

:17:27.:17:30.

not economics, they are not thinking how can they maximise trade with the

:17:31.:17:35.

UK, they are under threat. The combination of Trump and Brexit

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scares them. They want to keep the institutions strong. They also want

:17:40.:17:46.

to keep Britain. That is the one strong card we have, contributing to

:17:47.:17:51.

security. We know we won't be members of the single market, that

:17:52.:17:55.

was in the White Paper. The situation of the customs union is

:17:56.:18:00.

more complicated I would suggest. Does that have cost? If we can be a

:18:01.:18:07.

little bit pregnant in the customs union, does that come with a price

:18:08.:18:12.

ticket? We have got some clarity on the customs union, the Prime

:18:13.:18:17.

Minister said we would not be part of the... We would be able to do our

:18:18.:18:22.

own trade deals outside the EU customs union, and also not be part

:18:23.:18:26.

of the common external tariff. She said she is willing to look at other

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options and we don't know what that will be so as a think tank we are

:18:30.:18:33.

looking at this over the next few weeks and coming up with

:18:34.:18:36.

recommendations for the Government and looking at how existing

:18:37.:18:39.

boundaries between the EU customs union and other states work in

:18:40.:18:44.

practice. For example between Switzerland and the EU border,

:18:45.:18:48.

Norway and Switzerland, and the UK and Canada. We will want is a

:18:49.:18:54.

country the freedom to do our own free trade deals, that seems to be

:18:55.:19:01.

quite high up there, and to change our external tariffs to the rest of

:19:02.:19:05.

the world. If that's the case, we do seem to be wanting our cake and

:19:06.:19:10.

eating it in the customs union. Talking to some people in London, it

:19:11.:19:14.

is quite clear we are leaving the essentials of the customs union, the

:19:15.:19:20.

tariff, so even if we can minimise controls at the border by having

:19:21.:19:25.

mutual recognition agreements, so we recognise each other's standards,

:19:26.:19:27.

but there will still have to be checks for things like rules of

:19:28.:19:32.

origin and tariffs if tariffs apply, which is a problem for the Irish

:19:33.:19:36.

because nobody has worked out how you can avoid having some sort of

:19:37.:19:40.

customs control on the border between Northern Ireland and the

:19:41.:19:43.

South once we are out of the customs union. I think it's important we

:19:44.:19:47.

don't look at this too much as one side has to win and one side has to

:19:48.:19:53.

lose scenario. We can find ways. My Broadview is what we get out of the

:19:54.:19:57.

negotiation will depend on politics more than economic reality. Economic

:19:58.:20:00.

reality is strong, there's a good case for a trade deal on the

:20:01.:20:17.

solution on the customs deal, but Britain will need to come up with a

:20:18.:20:20.

positive case for our relationship and keep making that case. If it

:20:21.:20:22.

turns out the Government thinks the bill is too high, that we can't

:20:23.:20:25.

really get the free trade deal done in time and it's left hanging in the

:20:26.:20:28.

wind, what are the chances, how I as things stand now that we end up

:20:29.:20:32.

crashing out? I'd say there's a 30% chance that we don't get the free

:20:33.:20:35.

trade agreement at the end of it that Mrs May is aiming for. The very

:20:36.:20:41.

hard crash is you don't even do an Article 50 divorce settlement from

:20:42.:20:45.

you go straight to World Trade Organisation rules. The less hard

:20:46.:20:50.

crash is doing the divorce settlement and transitional

:20:51.:20:53.

arrangements would require European Court of Justice arrangements. We

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will leave it there. Thank you, both.

:21:00.:21:00.

Donald Trump's flagship policy of extreme vetting of immigrants

:21:01.:21:03.

and a temporary travel ban for citizens of seven mainly-muslim

:21:04.:21:05.

countries was stopped in its tracks this weekend.

:21:06.:21:07.

On Friday a judge ruled the ban should be lifted and that it

:21:08.:21:10.

That prompted President Trump to fire off a series of tweets

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criticising what he says was a terrible decision

:21:16.:21:18.

by a so-called judge, as he ordered the State Department

:21:19.:21:20.

Now the federal appeals court has rejected his request to reinstate

:21:21.:21:28.

the ban until it hears the case in full.

:21:29.:21:39.

Well yesterday I spoke to Sebastian Gorka, Deputy Assistant

:21:40.:21:44.

I asked him if the confusion over the travel ban

:21:45.:21:47.

was a sign that the President's two-week-old administration

:21:48.:21:49.

There is no chaos, you really shouldn't believe the spin, the

:21:50.:22:02.

facts speak for themselves. 109 people on Saturday were mildly

:22:03.:22:08.

inconvenienced by having their entry into the United States delayed out

:22:09.:22:14.

of 325,000. So let's not get carried away with the left-wing media bias

:22:15.:22:23.

and spin. Hold on, 60,000 - 90,000 people with visas, their visas are

:22:24.:22:27.

no longer valid. That's another issue. You need to listen to what

:22:28.:22:31.

I'm saying. The people who entered on the day of the executive order

:22:32.:22:37.

being implemented worth 109 people out of 325. Whether people won't

:22:38.:22:44.

travelling to America were affected is another matter, so there is no

:22:45.:22:53.

chaos to comment on. Following Iran's latest missile tests,

:22:54.:22:58.

National Security adviser Flint said the US was "Putting Iran on notice",

:22:59.:23:04.

what does that mean? It means we have a new president and we are not

:23:05.:23:07.

going to facilitate the rise of one of the most dangerous nations in the

:23:08.:23:13.

world. We are jettisoning this naive and dangerous policy of the Obama

:23:14.:23:21.

Administration to try and make the Shi'ite dictatorial democracy some

:23:22.:23:25.

kind of counter balance to extremist Sunni groups in the region and that

:23:26.:23:29.

they cannot continue to behave in the way they have behaved for the

:23:30.:23:33.

last 30 years. It is a very simple message. So are there any

:23:34.:23:39.

multilateral alliances that Mr Trump would like to strengthen?

:23:40.:23:45.

Absolutely. If we are looking at the region, if you listen to what

:23:46.:23:48.

President Trump has said and specifically to also the speeches of

:23:49.:23:53.

general Flint, his national security adviser, we are incredibly vested in

:23:54.:23:58.

seeing our Sunni allies in the region come together in a real

:23:59.:24:05.

coalition. The so-called vaunted 66 nation coalition that was created

:24:06.:24:11.

under the Obama administration... There was no coalition. But we want

:24:12.:24:16.

to help our Sunni allies, especially the Egyptians, the Jordanians, come

:24:17.:24:23.

together in a real partnership to take the fight to ISIS and groups

:24:24.:24:30.

like Al-Qaeda. But there is not a formal multilateral alliance with

:24:31.:24:35.

these countries. Which of the existing, formal multilateral

:24:36.:24:39.

alliances does Mr Trump wants to strengthen? If you are specifically

:24:40.:24:43.

talking about Nato, it is clear that we are committed to Nato but we wish

:24:44.:24:48.

to see a more equitable burden sharing among the nations that are

:24:49.:24:51.

simply not spending enough on their own defence so the gentleman 's

:24:52.:24:56.

agreement of 2% of GDP has to be stuck to, unlike the, I think it's

:24:57.:25:00.

only Six Nations that reach the standard today out of almost 30. So

:25:01.:25:05.

he does want to strengthen Nato then? Absolutely, he believes Nato

:25:06.:25:16.

is the most successful military alliances. You mustn't believe the

:25:17.:25:22.

spin and hype. EU leaders now see the Trump administration as a threat

:25:23.:25:26.

up there with Russia, China, terrorism. What's your response to

:25:27.:25:33.

that? I have to laugh. The idea that the nation that came to the

:25:34.:25:38.

salvation of Europe twice in the 20th century hummer in World War I

:25:39.:25:45.

and World War II, was central to the defeat of the totalitarian... It is

:25:46.:25:56.

not even worth commenting on. Would it matter to the Trump

:25:57.:26:00.

administration if the European Union broke up? The United States is very

:26:01.:26:04.

interested in the best relations possible with all the nations of the

:26:05.:26:11.

EU am a whether the European union wishes to stay together or not is up

:26:12.:26:16.

to the nations of the European Union. I understand that but I was

:26:17.:26:22.

wondering what the US view would be. Until Mr Trump, EU foreign policy

:26:23.:26:27.

was quite consistent in wanting to see the EU survive, prosper and even

:26:28.:26:31.

become more integrated. Now that doesn't seem to be the case, so

:26:32.:26:35.

would it matter to the Trump administration if the EU broke up? I

:26:36.:26:40.

will say yet again, it is in the interests of the United States to

:26:41.:26:43.

have the best relations possible with our European allies, and

:26:44.:26:48.

whether that is in the formation of the EU or if the EU by itself

:26:49.:26:52.

suffers some kind of internal issues, that's up to the European

:26:53.:26:56.

nations and not something we will comment on. Listening to that

:26:57.:27:01.

answer, it would seem as if this particular president's preference is

:27:02.:27:06.

to deal with individual nation states rather than multilateral

:27:07.:27:11.

institutions. Is that fair? I don't think so. There's never been an

:27:12.:27:18.

unequivocal statement by that effect by the statement. Does he share the

:27:19.:27:22.

opinion of Stephen Bannon that the 21st century should see a return to

:27:23.:27:27.

nation states rather than growing existing multilateral ways? I think

:27:28.:27:33.

it is fair to say that we have problems with political elites that

:27:34.:27:36.

don't take the interests of the populations they represent into

:27:37.:27:42.

account. That's why Brexit happened. I think that's why Mr Trump became

:27:43.:27:47.

President Trump. This is the connected phenomena. You are

:27:48.:27:52.

obsessing about institutions, it is not about institutions, it's about

:27:53.:27:55.

the health of democracy and whether political elites do what is in the

:27:56.:28:00.

interests of the people they represent. Given the

:28:01.:28:03.

unpredictability of the new president, you never really know

:28:04.:28:06.

what he's going to do next, would it be wise for the British Prime

:28:07.:28:11.

Minister to hitch her wagon to his star? This is really churlish

:28:12.:28:18.

questioning. Come on, you don't know what he's going to do next, listen

:28:19.:28:21.

to what he says because he does what he's going to say. I know this may

:28:22.:28:27.

be shocking to some reporters, but look at his campaign promises, and

:28:28.:28:31.

the fact that in the last 15 days we have executed every single one that

:28:32.:28:37.

we could in the time permissible so there is nothing unpredictable about

:28:38.:28:42.

Donald Trump as president. OK then, if we do know what he's going to do

:28:43.:28:48.

next, what is he going to do next? Continue to make good on his

:28:49.:28:52.

election promises, to make America great again, to make the economy are

:28:53.:28:59.

flourishing economy, and most important of all from your

:29:00.:29:03.

perspective in the UK, to be the best friend possible to our friends

:29:04.:29:08.

and the worst enemy to our enemies. It is an old Marine Corps phrase and

:29:09.:29:13.

we tend to live by it. Thank you for your time, we will leave it there.

:29:14.:29:20.

Doctor Gorka, making it clear this administration won't spend political

:29:21.:29:27.

capital on trying to keep the European Union together, a watershed

:29:28.:29:29.

change in American foreign policy. Theresa May has made a big deal out

:29:30.:29:31.

of her commitment to help people on middle incomes who are "just

:29:32.:29:35.

about managing", and early this week we should get a good sense

:29:36.:29:38.

of what that means in practice - when plans to bring down the cost

:29:39.:29:41.

of housing and protect renters are published in the Government's

:29:42.:29:44.

new white paper. The paper is expected to introduce

:29:45.:29:46.

new rules on building Communities Secretary Sajid Javid

:29:47.:29:48.

has previously said politicians should not stand in the way

:29:49.:29:54.

of development, provided all options Also rumoured are new measures

:29:55.:29:56.

to speed up building the 1 million new homes the Government promised

:29:57.:30:01.

to build by 2020, including imposing five-year quotas

:30:02.:30:03.

on reluctant councils. Reports suggest there will be

:30:04.:30:07.

relaxation of building height restrictions,

:30:08.:30:09.

allowing home owners and developers to build to the height

:30:10.:30:11.

of the tallest building on the block without needing to seek

:30:12.:30:14.

planning permission. Other elements trialled include

:30:15.:30:20.

new measures to stop developers sitting on parcels of land

:30:21.:30:24.

without building homes, land banking, and moving railway

:30:25.:30:26.

station car parks Underground, The Government today said it

:30:27.:30:28.

will amend planning rules so more homes can be built specifically

:30:29.:30:36.

to be rented out through longer term tenancies, to provide more stability

:30:37.:30:39.

for young families, alongside its proposed ban

:30:40.:30:41.

on letting agent fees. And the Housing Minister,

:30:42.:30:49.

Gavin Barwell, joins me now. Welcome to the programme. Home

:30:50.:30:58.

ownership is now beyond the reach of most young people. You are now

:30:59.:31:01.

emphasising affordable homes for rent. Why have you given up on the

:31:02.:31:06.

Tory dream of a property owning democracy? We haven't given up on

:31:07.:31:10.

that. The decline on home ownership in this country started in 2004. So

:31:11.:31:14.

far we have stopped that decline, we haven't reversed it but we

:31:15.:31:18.

absolutely want to make sure that people who want to own and can do

:31:19.:31:23.

so. The Prime Minister was very clear a country that works for

:31:24.:31:26.

everyone. That means we have to have say something to say to those who

:31:27.:31:29.

want to rent as well as on. Home ownership of young people is 35%,

:31:30.:31:34.

used to be 60%. Are you telling me during the lifetime of this

:31:35.:31:39.

government that is going to rise? We want to reverse the decline. We have

:31:40.:31:44.

stabilised it. The decline started in 2004 under Labour. They weren't

:31:45.:31:48.

bothered about it. We have taken action and that has stop the

:31:49.:31:52.

decline... What about the rise? We have to make sure people work hard

:31:53.:31:56.

the right thing have the chance to own their home on home. We have

:31:57.:32:00.

helped people through help to buy, shared ownership, that is part of

:32:01.:32:04.

it, but we have to have something to say to those who want to rent. You

:32:05.:32:08.

say you want more rented homes so why did you introduce a 3%

:32:09.:32:14.

additional stamp duty levied to pay those investing in build to rent

:32:15.:32:18.

properties? That was basically to try and stop a lot of the

:32:19.:32:22.

speculation in the buy to let market. The Bank of England raised

:32:23.:32:25.

concerns about that. When you see the white paper, you will see there

:32:26.:32:30.

is a package of measures for Bill to rent, trying to get institutional

:32:31.:32:37.

investment for that, different to people going and buying a home on

:32:38.:32:41.

the private market and renting out. You are trying to get institutional

:32:42.:32:45.

money to comment, just as this government and subsequent ones

:32:46.:32:48.

before said it would get pension fund money to invest in

:32:49.:32:51.

infrastructure and it never happened. Why should this happen? Is

:32:52.:32:56.

already starting to happen. If you go around the country you can see

:32:57.:32:59.

some of these builder rent scheme is happening. There are changes in the

:33:00.:33:03.

White Paper... How much money from institutions is going into bill to

:33:04.:33:14.

rent modular hundreds of millions. I was at the stock exchange the other

:33:15.:33:17.

day celebrating the launch of one of our bombs designed to get this money

:33:18.:33:19.

on. There are schemes being... There is huge potential to expand it. We

:33:20.:33:22.

need more homes and we are too dependent on a small number of large

:33:23.:33:25.

developers. -- to launch one of our bonds. You talk about affordable

:33:26.:33:32.

renting, what is affordable? Defined as something that is at least 20%

:33:33.:33:38.

below the market price. It will vary around the country. Let me put it

:33:39.:33:42.

another way. The average couple renting now have to spend 50% of

:33:43.:33:47.

their income on rent. Is that affordable? That is exactly what

:33:48.:33:50.

we're trying to do something about. Whether you're trying to buy or

:33:51.:33:53.

rent, housing in this country has become less and less affordable

:33:54.:33:57.

because the 30-40 years governments haven't built in times. This white

:33:58.:34:01.

Paper is trying to do something about that. You have been in power

:34:02.:34:05.

six, almost seven years. That's right. Why are ownership of new

:34:06.:34:13.

homes to 24 year low? It was a low figure because it's a new five-year

:34:14.:34:16.

programme. That is not a great excuse. It's not an excuse at all.

:34:17.:34:21.

The way these things work, you have a five-year programme and in the

:34:22.:34:24.

last year you have a record number of delivery and when you start a new

:34:25.:34:28.

programme, a lower level. If you look at the average over six years,

:34:29.:34:32.

this government has built more affordable housing than the previous

:34:33.:34:37.

one. Stiletto 24 year loss, that is an embarrassment. Yes. We have the

:34:38.:34:44.

figures, last year was 32,000, the year before 60 6000. You get this

:34:45.:34:46.

cliff edge effect. It is embarrassing and we want to stop it

:34:47.:34:52.

happening in the future. You want to give tenants more secure and longer

:34:53.:34:56.

leases which rent rises are predictable in advance. Ed Miliband

:34:57.:35:02.

promoted three-year tenancies in the 2015 general election campaign and

:35:03.:35:06.

George Osborne said it was totally economically illiterate. What's

:35:07.:35:12.

changed? You are merging control of the rents people in charge, which

:35:13.:35:16.

we're not imposing. We want longer term tenancies. Most people have

:35:17.:35:21.

six-month tenancies... Within that there would be a control on how much

:35:22.:35:25.

the rent could go up? Right? It would be set for the period of the

:35:26.:35:30.

tenancies. That's what I just said, that's what Ed Miliband proposed. Ed

:35:31.:35:34.

Miliband proposed regulating it for the whole sector. One of the reasons

:35:35.:35:39.

institutional investment is so attractive, if you had a spare home

:35:40.:35:43.

and you want to rent out, you might need it any year, so you give it a

:35:44.:35:48.

short tenancy. If you have a block, they are interested in a long-term

:35:49.:35:52.

return and give families more security. You have set a target,

:35:53.:35:59.

your government, to build in the life of this parliament 1 million

:36:00.:36:02.

new homes in England by 2020. You're not going to make that? I think we

:36:03.:36:10.

are. If you look at 2015-16 we had 190,000 additional homes of this

:36:11.:36:13.

country. Just below the level we need to achieve. Over five...

:36:14.:36:21.

2015-16. You were probably looking at the new homes built. Talking

:36:22.:36:27.

about completions in England. That is not the best measure, with

:36:28.:36:31.

respect. You said you will complete 1 million homes by 2020 so what is

:36:32.:36:36.

wrong with it? We use a national statistic which looks at new homes

:36:37.:36:40.

built and conversions and changes of use minus demolitions. The total

:36:41.:36:43.

change of the housing stock over that year. On that basis I have the

:36:44.:36:49.

figures here. I have the figures. You looking I just completed. 1

:36:50.:36:54.

million new homes, the average rate of those built in the last three

:36:55.:36:59.

quarters was 30 6000. You have 14 more quarters to get to the 1

:37:00.:37:03.

million. You have to raise that to 50 6000. I put it to you, you won't

:37:04.:37:08.

do it. You're not looking at the full picture of new housing in this

:37:09.:37:12.

country. You're looking at brand-new homes and not including conversions

:37:13.:37:16.

or changes of use are not taking off, which we should, demolitions.

:37:17.:37:21.

If you look at the National statistic net additions, in 2015-16,

:37:22.:37:27.

100 and 90,000 new homes. We are behind schedule. -- 190,000. I am

:37:28.:37:32.

confident with the measures in the White Paper we can achieve that. It

:37:33.:37:36.

is not just about the national total, we need to build these homes

:37:37.:37:40.

are the right places. Will the green belt remain sacrosanct after the

:37:41.:37:47.

white paper? Not proposing to change the existing protections that there

:37:48.:37:50.

for green belts. What planning policy says is councils can remove

:37:51.:37:55.

land from green belts but only in exceptional circumstances and should

:37:56.:37:57.

look at at all the circumstances before doing that. No change? No. We

:37:58.:38:03.

have a manifesto commitment. You still think you will get 1 million

:38:04.:38:09.

homes? The green belt is only 15%. This idea we can only fix our broken

:38:10.:38:13.

housing market by taking huge swathes of land out of the green

:38:14.:38:16.

belt is not true. We will leave it there, thank you for joining us,

:38:17.:38:19.

Gavin Barwell. It is coming up to 11.40.

:38:20.:38:21.

We say goodbye to viewers in Scotland, who leave us now

:38:22.:38:24.

Coming up here in 20 minutes, the Week Ahead...

:38:25.:38:34.

A Labour and Conservative MP join forces to try

:38:35.:38:44.

and save their local hospital services - but they don't agree

:38:45.:38:46.

With me to discuss the NHS, the Copeland by-election and that

:38:47.:38:52.

Brexit vote in Parliament - are my guests - the Labour MP

:38:53.:38:55.

for Houghton and Sunderland South, Bridget Phillipson.

:38:56.:38:58.

And the Conservative MP for Hexham, Guy Opperman.

:38:59.:39:02.

But let's kick off with Donald Trump.

:39:03.:39:09.

There's been protests across the North East this week over

:39:10.:39:11.

And 150 MPs think the President should be barred from addressing

:39:12.:39:15.

Parliament when he arrives here on his state visit.

:39:16.:39:22.

Bridget Phillipson, I didn't see your name on that Commons motion

:39:23.:39:25.

asking for the president to be barred from Parliament.

:39:26.:39:27.

I find Donald Trump's politics pretty offensive and what he has

:39:28.:39:31.

done in the last few weeks are borrowed, but we don't always

:39:32.:39:34.

get to choose who we work with and the American people have

:39:35.:39:37.

chosen to elect Donald Trump as their president.

:39:38.:39:39.

So I am sure that should the visit go ahead, that British people

:39:40.:39:43.

will make their views known in their usual traditions.

:39:44.:39:46.

That is not a matter for MPs to decide.

:39:47.:39:50.

I can't say I will be dashing along to listen to him,

:39:51.:39:53.

but these are matters in the hands of the government and rest

:39:54.:39:57.

Guy Opperman, is President Trump a man deserving of that honour?

:39:58.:40:05.

We always invite every US president to come and make

:40:06.:40:11.

That is their decision whether they wish to do so.

:40:12.:40:16.

But my point is that it is democracy.

:40:17.:40:19.

This man was elected by the American people.

:40:20.:40:21.

We need to work with him and move forward with America who is one

:40:22.:40:24.

A state visit so soon is pretty unusual, I would say that.

:40:25.:40:29.

It's one thing for him to come and visit the UK,

:40:30.:40:32.

You don't need to like him, but you have to work with him.

:40:33.:40:36.

OK. Some agreement, perhaps.

:40:37.:40:39.

The battle lines between the parties over the health

:40:40.:40:42.

Labour says the NHS is in crisis due to underfunding.

:40:43.:40:46.

The Government say more money is being put into

:40:47.:40:48.

So it's unusual, to say the least, when a Labour and a Conservative MP

:40:49.:40:52.

join forces to try and save services which they say are under

:40:53.:40:59.

It is usually a vicious battleground between Labour

:41:00.:41:07.

and Conservatives but in our region, the NHS has brought two

:41:08.:41:09.

And it matters hugely to everybody who lives in Darlington and beyond,

:41:10.:41:13.

that we keep our hospital the way it is.

:41:14.:41:15.

We don't want to see a downgrade of our A E,

:41:16.:41:18.

we don't want to lose our consultant-led maternity unit.

:41:19.:41:22.

If we were to lose certain services at Darlington Hospital,

:41:23.:41:27.

some of my constituents would be faced with a 120-mile

:41:28.:41:29.

round trip to get to the next available hospital.

:41:30.:41:34.

North Tees and Stockton faces the same threat whilst James Cook

:41:35.:41:38.

in Middlesbrough would be enhanced, providing round-the-clock

:41:39.:41:40.

The Tees, County Durham and North Yorkshire NHS area

:41:41.:41:44.

is projected to be ?281 million over budget by 2021.

:41:45.:41:49.

The clinicians say the proposals are not about cutting costs.

:41:50.:41:54.

Even if patients travel past the local hospital to get

:41:55.:41:57.

to the specialist centre, where there are specialists

:41:58.:41:59.

from multiple sites, the outcomes are improved.

:42:00.:42:03.

There is a 30% reduction in mortality with that change

:42:04.:42:06.

If we change services and provide better outcomes,

:42:07.:42:12.

we can actually do it with less cost.

:42:13.:42:15.

This weekend, people from across the region marched

:42:16.:42:18.

Campaigners feel these plans are not being fully explained.

:42:19.:42:24.

I don't think they have been clear with people.

:42:25.:42:27.

It is absolutely disingenuous beyond belief to say that there

:42:28.:42:30.

Ask anyone who has been to them who is a member of the public.

:42:31.:42:41.

It is difficult because we have got to try and be open and honest

:42:42.:42:44.

and describe what the issues are, we have also got to listen

:42:45.:42:48.

to the public with real concerns that you have already described

:42:49.:42:51.

and use their feedback to influence and modify

:42:52.:42:56.

So the clinicians who drew up these hospital plans insist

:42:57.:43:02.

they are about improving care but a near ?300 million black hole

:43:03.:43:06.

We know it is underfunded, we know it has been mismanaged.

:43:07.:43:16.

We know the government wasted ?3 billion reorganising the NHS

:43:17.:43:18.

in the last Parliament that wasn't needed, hasn't worked,

:43:19.:43:21.

hasn't given any single benefit whatsoever to patients.

:43:22.:43:26.

We have seen that there are 10,000 more doctors,

:43:27.:43:28.

10,000 more nurses in the NHS than there were five years ago.

:43:29.:43:31.

So this is not just about money, this is about the design

:43:32.:43:34.

So even when Labour and Conservative MPs can find a common

:43:35.:43:39.

cause in the NHS locally, cross-party harmony on the issue

:43:40.:43:42.

Guy Opperman, members of the public we saw there looking at this as NHS

:43:43.:43:53.

Services they value being potentially lost.

:43:54.:43:57.

What is your view of the plans and what is driving them?

:43:58.:44:00.

I think you need to listen to the doctor who you had on your clip.

:44:01.:44:04.

The doctor was saying this is about a clinical need

:44:05.:44:07.

and is about making sure that the services work

:44:08.:44:09.

I owe my life repeatedly as a patient to the NHS.

:44:10.:44:15.

I have seen the difference it makes when you have local decision-making.

:44:16.:44:18.

You have local clinicians making local decisions.

:44:19.:44:22.

And the reason you have got the two MPs involved

:44:23.:44:25.

is that they are representing their local community.

:44:26.:44:27.

And that local community is being engaged in a process

:44:28.:44:31.

which sees the best possible delivery of local food services.

:44:32.:44:41.

But we have a Conservative MP opposing these plans because it is

:44:42.:44:46.

Because there are hundreds of millions of pounds trying to be

:44:47.:44:51.

saved in this process. You are getting it wrong.

:44:52.:44:53.

What he is doing is that he is quite rightly standing up for his local

:44:54.:44:57.

As are repeated MPs up and down the country.

:44:58.:45:02.

That is making the case for how it is...

:45:03.:45:05.

But if it is about making patients safer, what is he objecting to it?

:45:06.:45:08.

No, he's merely saying that that particular hospital is the one

:45:09.:45:11.

that he prefers to have those particular services rather

:45:12.:45:13.

than any other hospital. Right, OK.

:45:14.:45:14.

Bridget Philipson, Labour MPs want to make a with this.

:45:15.:45:22.

-- Labour MPs want to make hay with this.

:45:23.:45:26.

But it is not a cuts operation, it is about trying to look

:45:27.:45:30.

at what is best for making sure that patients are safe.

:45:31.:45:33.

There are savings to be made, that is natural, isn't it?

:45:34.:45:35.

I think there is always a balance to strike in making sure that

:45:36.:45:38.

you have services that are accessible to local people

:45:39.:45:40.

But let's be clear about why these decisions are being taken.

:45:41.:45:44.

It is because the NHS is facing an unprecedented funding crisis.

:45:45.:45:47.

The chief executive of the NHS has been very clear that the NHS is not

:45:48.:45:50.

getting the money it needs and the amount of funding per head

:45:51.:45:53.

of population will be spent on each person within the NHS

:45:54.:45:56.

Whatever the NHS say about giving the NHS the money it needs.

:45:57.:46:00.

They are not. It is set to fall.

:46:01.:46:02.

I will he bring you back in a second, Guy.

:46:03.:46:05.

The point is, if you listen to Labour, no service

:46:06.:46:07.

would ever be altered, no saving would ever be made,

:46:08.:46:09.

everything would be kept as it is. And that is just not realistic.

:46:10.:46:14.

Your party wasn't pledging to do that at the last election.

:46:15.:46:17.

I think it is right that MPs represent the views

:46:18.:46:19.

of their constituents and as we saw in that piece, local campaigners

:46:20.:46:22.

in Darlington and other parts of the North East such as Tyneside

:46:23.:46:25.

have got real concerns about this process and don't feel

:46:26.:46:28.

But I think we need to be really clear about where the responsibility

:46:29.:46:32.

It is it is with the Tory government in Westminster,

:46:33.:46:35.

I think that sums up the labour position.

:46:36.:46:40.

The whole point about this, this is a local decision, all right?

:46:41.:46:44.

The reason it it is because the NHS themselves and wrote

:46:45.:46:47.

the five-year forward view. They created this.

:46:48.:46:49.

The government has given them more money.

:46:50.:46:52.

Not as much as they said they wanted.

:46:53.:46:54.

Then they have been in a position that there was a local consultation.

:46:55.:46:57.

I just think that you need to compare the situation here.

:46:58.:47:00.

We are engaging with the best way to provide the best

:47:01.:47:02.

Would you accept, though, that at the moment,

:47:03.:47:05.

they are not taking the public, the patients with them on this?

:47:06.:47:08.

I think they are. Are they?

:47:09.:47:10.

The whole process, the discussion that we are having, the local MP

:47:11.:47:12.

Marches on the street, taking patients with them?

:47:13.:47:15.

But the bottom line is this, there should be vociferous

:47:16.:47:19.

and robust engagement with this process.

:47:20.:47:21.

That is what we are doing, that is why beyond your programme,

:47:22.:47:27.

-- that is why we are on your programme,

:47:28.:47:33.

Bridget Philipson, they have been events which the public

:47:34.:47:37.

have been invited to. Plans have been published.

:47:38.:47:39.

Councils are getting to look at them.

:47:40.:47:41.

Any individual changes, such as removing A E or maternity

:47:42.:47:43.

would have to be consulted on the game.

:47:44.:47:45.

I don't think people feel there has been.

:47:46.:47:48.

But as I say, this is part of a much bigger picture

:47:49.:47:51.

I think people will tell you they see it with their own eyes.

:47:52.:47:56.

They know they are waiting longer and longer in A E.

:47:57.:47:59.

They can't get appointments to see their GP.

:48:00.:48:02.

Isn't some of this about tackling that?

:48:03.:48:03.

Looking sensibly about what services you provide where and what is

:48:04.:48:07.

It's right that would take action on things like health

:48:08.:48:11.

inequality in the North East, that we make sure that patients get

:48:12.:48:14.

We all want to be sure that when our loved ones

:48:15.:48:18.

This is what this is about, isn't it?

:48:19.:48:21.

The whole point is, this is what we are trying to do.

:48:22.:48:23.

..to get the best possible care they need.

:48:24.:48:25.

But this should not be about cost pressures,

:48:26.:48:27.

this shouldn't be just about saving money.

:48:28.:48:29.

The NHS, the Chief Executive and the Public Accounts Committee

:48:30.:48:31.

of which I'm a member, have been very clear the NHS is not

:48:32.:48:35.

getting the money it needs and funding per head is set to fall.

:48:36.:48:38.

The NHS budget is going up, even you accept that?

:48:39.:48:41.

I don't want to have an argument about figures.

:48:42.:48:44.

In real terms, from 2018, your Minister...

:48:45.:48:46.

I want to put one last question to Guy Opperman, which is,

:48:47.:48:49.

shouldn't you be braver about this and say, putting more and more

:48:50.:48:52.

money in isn't working, we need to do something different?

:48:53.:48:54.

No, I think what we are doing is we have put more money in.

:48:55.:48:57.

You then have to make a decision, local people, which is what this is,

:48:58.:49:01.

But is never going to be enough and you will have

:49:02.:49:04.

No, what you have is you have local doctors and local clinicians

:49:05.:49:08.

making those decisions. Why?

:49:09.:49:10.

Because the local people know best. All right.

:49:11.:49:12.

We will see what happens with those plans as they continue.

:49:13.:49:22.

It started as an embarrassment for the Government -

:49:23.:49:24.

forced by the courts to hold a vote on Brexit that it didn't

:49:25.:49:27.

But the week ended with Labour yet again in disarray after more

:49:28.:49:31.

than 50 of its MPs - including two in our region -

:49:32.:49:34.

defied a three-line whip imposed by Jeremy Corbyn.

:49:35.:49:36.

Its historic landmarks are testament to our past.

:49:37.:49:40.

But after parliament set the clock ticking on Brexit,

:49:41.:49:42.

public and politicians are looking to the future.

:49:43.:49:44.

For many of the region's MPs, the decision on Article

:49:45.:49:47.

Most of them campaigned to remain in the EU but found themselves

:49:48.:49:51.

But here in the university city of Durham, referendum opinion

:49:52.:49:55.

The local MP says the constituency chose to stay in,

:49:56.:49:58.

I really felt it was important for me as a member of Parliament not

:49:59.:50:03.

to ignore the national vote whilst at the same time trying to recognise

:50:04.:50:07.

And I felt it was very much being in between a rock and a hard

:50:08.:50:13.

place and I thought the best face to be was abstaining.

:50:14.:50:20.

Among local voters, differences about how MPs should respond.

:50:21.:50:23.

They asked for the referendum, they got the answer,

:50:24.:50:26.

At the end of the day, it was only a referendum

:50:27.:50:30.

and it was very close and there is the argument

:50:31.:50:32.

that it isn't really enough evidence for us to leave.

:50:33.:50:34.

While a majority of Labour's benches join Conservatives in backing

:50:35.:50:37.

Article 50 legislation, York's Rachel Maskell left

:50:38.:50:40.

While a Newcastle MP also defied a leader to oppose the bill.

:50:41.:50:48.

I voted against triggering Article 50 at this stage it

:50:49.:50:52.

until the government tell us what their plan is and what they

:50:53.:50:55.

are going to do to make sure our jobs and our industries

:50:56.:50:58.

Most of the region's Labour MPs did vote for the bill

:50:59.:51:03.

52% voted to leave the European Union, but they did not

:51:04.:51:11.

They did not vote to leave the customs union.

:51:12.:51:17.

There is a mandate for Britain's exit from the EU, but there is no

:51:18.:51:20.

mandate for the manner in which we leave.

:51:21.:51:23.

That is by the government must come to this house to inform Parliament

:51:24.:51:26.

of its progress throughout the negotiations and we must be

:51:27.:51:28.

For Teesside's James Wharton, extra reasons for satisfaction.

:51:29.:51:34.

The Conservative MP introduced a private members bill

:51:35.:51:37.

It is now very important that the government and the party,

:51:38.:51:52.

that everyone works together, not just to make this as excess

:51:53.:51:58.

but to respect the very clear message that the people

:51:59.:52:00.

But the fight is still being fought in parties as well as Parliament.

:52:01.:52:04.

This Tyneside Labour member and one-time Jeremy Corbyn

:52:05.:52:06.

supporter, helped organise an open letter to his leader, demanding

:52:07.:52:09.

Over 60% or 65% of the party actually voted to remain.

:52:10.:52:15.

The majority still want us to remain.

:52:16.:52:16.

So we need to become more clear and less confusing our message.

:52:17.:52:19.

The UK in the saddle and setting off in a new direction.

:52:20.:52:22.

But the battle over where that takes us is only just beginning.

:52:23.:52:31.

Bridget Philipson, you did vote for the bill, to trigger Article 50.

:52:32.:52:34.

But I suspect there are members of your local party who would have

:52:35.:52:37.

I think on issues like this, you have to weigh up

:52:38.:52:44.

what your constituents want, what you feel is in their best

:52:45.:52:46.

interest, and the national interest but also with your conscience.

:52:47.:52:50.

And I have been clear since the referendum that the people

:52:51.:52:53.

of Sunderland and the people of Britain voted to leave

:52:54.:52:55.

That was not a decision that I wanted.

:52:56.:52:58.

I campaigned very strongly for remain.

:52:59.:53:00.

Would you accept that your party is in a bit of a tangle,

:53:01.:53:10.

with losing Shadow Cabinet members, people forcing the resignation

:53:11.:53:14.

I do have real sympathy for colleagues, particularly those

:53:15.:53:32.

strongly for remain that they feel that they want

:53:33.:53:36.

And their constituents are telling them they don't want Britain

:53:37.:53:39.

to leave the European Union, they still don't.

:53:40.:53:41.

Was it a mistake to have the three line whip and force MPs

:53:42.:53:44.

No, I don't think it's a mistake to have a whip on such an important

:53:45.:53:49.

issue but I understand why some colleagues, especially

:53:50.:53:50.

those in areas that took a different view to my own,

:53:51.:53:53.

felt that they didn't want to support that.

:53:54.:53:55.

But this is just the start of a process.

:53:56.:53:57.

That is not to say we will accept everything the government put to us.

:53:58.:54:01.

There must be robust debate in the Commons about the form

:54:02.:54:03.

that this will take and we must do everything possible to protect

:54:04.:54:06.

jobs and to protect industry in the North East.

:54:07.:54:08.

Guy Opperman, if Labour MPs like Rachel Maskell

:54:09.:54:10.

and Catherine McKinnell honestly think that this will damage

:54:11.:54:12.

the prospect of their constituents, did they have every right to say,

:54:13.:54:15.

You don't get to choose which bit of democracy

:54:16.:54:22.

You either accept a democratic result, or you don't.

:54:23.:54:25.

We do that with general elections, we do that with parish

:54:26.:54:28.

council elections, we do it with referendums.

:54:29.:54:30.

I think it is naive to then say, well, I didn't like the result,

:54:31.:54:33.

it is entirely right that we look forward.

:54:34.:54:40.

The country has given us the direction, we must make the best

:54:41.:54:43.

of it and we will make a success of it.

:54:44.:54:50.

Once they pushed into this by the type of Brexit your

:54:51.:54:52.

government and Theresa May is pursuing, which is prioritising

:54:53.:54:55.

immigration over the economy and those MPs say, well

:54:56.:54:57.

if it is going to damage the prospects of my constituents,

:54:58.:54:59.

The country has decided, we are going to make

:55:00.:55:04.

They did not necessarily decide on the kind of Brexit

:55:05.:55:08.

that the government put out an White Paper.

:55:09.:55:10.

The White Paper has now been published.

:55:11.:55:11.

I think there is a huge about a detail in there

:55:12.:55:15.

and you have a position where we need to make a success

:55:16.:55:18.

of this but I certainly am going to forge a head with this.

:55:19.:55:21.

Is there anything to be concerned about in terms of jobs

:55:22.:55:25.

and the economy if the government in the White Paper says it

:55:26.:55:28.

will pursue the freest trade deal possible,

:55:29.:55:30.

something which already reassured as a few weeks ago, Nissan.

:55:31.:55:32.

I think there is still a lot to press the government on.

:55:33.:55:35.

We haven't had a great deal of detail.

:55:36.:55:37.

It has taken the government to come kicking and screaming

:55:38.:55:39.

to publish this White Paper, which doesn't necessarily

:55:40.:55:41.

tell us a great deal that we didn't know already.

:55:42.:55:43.

I think it is really important that we remain

:55:44.:55:45.

with the maximum possible access, tariff-free, to the single market,

:55:46.:55:48.

that we stay in the customs union and we protect workers' rights

:55:49.:55:51.

And I will resist anything that puts that at risk and put jobs at risk.

:55:52.:55:55.

Guy Opperman, briefly, Nissan is going to look at this.

:55:56.:55:58.

You have no reassurance for businesses that this

:55:59.:56:00.

is going to be great because you have a wish

:56:01.:56:02.

list without knowing whether you will achieve it.

:56:03.:56:04.

Well, clearly, the country has made a decision and we have got

:56:05.:56:07.

You can see that Nissan has very much endorsed the approach so far

:56:08.:56:11.

and I genuinely believe that we can sort this out.

:56:12.:56:14.

We will see what happens, because we will be

:56:15.:56:16.

Now, nominations have closed for the by-election in Copeland.

:56:17.:56:20.

And Sunderland's bid to be City of Culture was the talking

:56:21.:56:23.

Here's those stories - and the rest of the week's

:56:24.:56:26.

Labour's deputy leader, Tom Watson, was on the campaign

:56:27.:56:32.

He told nuclear workers the party was committed to the industry,

:56:33.:56:36.

despite Jeremy Corbyn's personal opposition to nuclear power.

:56:37.:56:38.

Say it loud, saying it clear, refugees are welcome here!

:56:39.:56:40.

Thousands of people gathered at Grey's Monument in Newcastle

:56:41.:56:42.

to protest against US President Donald Trump's

:56:43.:56:45.

A reception is being held at Westminster to promote

:56:46.:56:50.

Sunderland's bid to be City of Culture in 2021.

:56:51.:56:53.

MP Julie Elliott said it was all about harnessing the city's energy.

:56:54.:56:58.

It's a brilliant place and we have got lots to offer

:56:59.:57:00.

And also, getting people to meet people, to have

:57:01.:57:05.

The opportunities we have got, and the things we have already got.

:57:06.:57:10.

And finally, a 12-bed ward at Rothbury Community Hospital

:57:11.:57:14.

Northumberland's clinical commissioning group will now carry

:57:15.:57:19.

Bridget Phillipson, a couple of issues in there.

:57:20.:57:30.

I'm guessing some of your constituents might think there may

:57:31.:57:33.

be more important things for Sunderland to concentrate

:57:34.:57:35.

on than spending time of resources on what some might criticise

:57:36.:57:38.

I think you might get a few complaints about that

:57:39.:57:43.

but I would say it will be fantastic for Sunderland to get this.

:57:44.:57:47.

I think even going through the process of bidding really races

:57:48.:57:50.

There is a lot happening and this would bring further jobs

:57:51.:57:54.

and investment and really draw people into the city.

:57:55.:57:57.

And given that the North East has never had a successful bid,

:57:58.:58:00.

I think it is something that people across the Northeast can get behind.

:58:01.:58:03.

And even if you don't win, it is worth doing?

:58:04.:58:05.

Even though cities that are not successful, and I think Sunderland

:58:06.:58:08.

has a really strong case, even though that bid for it,

:58:09.:58:16.

-- even those cities that bid for it,

:58:17.:58:31.

We have got a lot happening and this will bring further investment.

:58:32.:58:36.

Guy Opperman, is Sunderland right to go for this?

:58:37.:58:38.

Of course they are. End of story.

:58:39.:58:40.

They should go for these things. You support it?

:58:41.:58:42.

Anything good for the North East, I support.

:58:43.:58:45.

This is something good for the North East,

:58:46.:58:47.

we should get behind it, including you, Richard!

:58:48.:58:49.

Now, Guy Opperman, you spent a lot of time in Copeland...

:58:50.:58:53.

I have, I have been a times to Copeland.

:58:54.:58:55.

All the bookies are making you favourites.

:58:56.:59:03.

Obviously, I never bet on these things, but should

:59:04.:59:05.

I think people should meet Trudy Harrison,

:59:06.:59:08.

our wonderful candidate, born in Seascale, lives in Bootle...

:59:09.:59:10.

We will not will get a chance to do that, so...

:59:11.:59:13.

Are you going to win? I think we have was a great chance.

:59:14.:59:18.

We have got a great candidate in Trudy and secondly,

:59:19.:59:21.

Jeremy Corbyn and his north London antinuclear

:59:22.:59:23.

I have to say that he has he has said this week that he does support

:59:24.:59:27.

Suddenly he has had a volte-face and changed his mind.

:59:28.:59:31.

You and I know he has repeatedly said he wants to decommission

:59:32.:59:39.

all nuclear power stations including Sellafield.

:59:40.:59:40.

I'm sure Jeremy Corbyn would not say he is anti-jobs!

:59:41.:59:47.

Well, he's certainly anti-jobs at Sellafield,

:59:48.:59:49.

Bridget Phillipson, win or lose, it's not great

:59:50.:59:54.

when you are opposition and you are having to fight tooth

:59:55.:59:56.

and nail to hold on to a seat that could be won by the government?

:59:57.:00:00.

And we all know what happened after that.

:00:01.:00:03.

By-elections are always tough and we are campaigning really hard.

:00:04.:00:06.

Whatever Guy says, the Labour Party's position is really clear.

:00:07.:00:10.

la candidate has made her views clear, we are behind the nuclear

:00:11.:00:18.

position. -- our candidate. I look forward to joining her. It's not

:00:19.:00:22.

good about being in a position to lose. By-elections are not always a

:00:23.:00:30.

good indicator. In 1995, will stay by-election and then in 19 seven, or

:00:31.:00:35.

we had a Labour government. You are accepting you are going to lose! I'm

:00:36.:00:41.

making the point that... If Labour loses Copeland and Stowe, were very

:00:42.:00:47.

questions for Jeremy Corbyn? The important thing in Copeland and

:00:48.:00:52.

instead give that we are making the case about jobs... If you lose, is

:00:53.:00:57.

Jeremy Corbyn safe? I will not get into a discussion about what might

:00:58.:01:01.

or might not happen? This is a referendum about Jeremy Corbyn. I'm

:01:02.:01:07.

joining this campaign and any speculation about what Orwell will

:01:08.:01:12.

not happen is pie in the sky. Thank you very much.

:01:13.:01:14.

Well, seven candidates are standing in the Copeland by-election

:01:15.:01:16.

There's a full list of them all on the BBC website.

:01:17.:01:20.

And next Sunday, we've a special programme focusing

:01:21.:01:22.

For now it's back to Andrew for the rest of the show.

:01:23.:01:27.

programme at another time an airport expansion, but thank you to both of

:01:28.:01:31.

you for being here. Back to you, Andrew.

:01:32.:01:37.

Will the Government's plan to boost house-building

:01:38.:01:40.

Could a handful of Conservative MPs cause problems for

:01:41.:01:43.

And what is President Trump going to do next?

:01:44.:01:48.

You have been following the genesis of this housing white paper. What do

:01:49.:02:06.

you make of it? I think it will be quite spectacular, pretty radical

:02:07.:02:11.

stuff. We heard bits about beating up on developers. I understand it

:02:12.:02:15.

will be a whack, walk, covering every single problem with housing

:02:16.:02:20.

supply and trying to solve it. Which means bad news if you are a huge fan

:02:21.:02:24.

of the green belt, because they will go round that the other way by

:02:25.:02:27.

forcing large quotas on councils are making it down to councils where

:02:28.:02:32.

they build. If you fill up your brown space in towns they will have

:02:33.:02:35.

to trigger the exceptional circumstances bit of the bill to

:02:36.:02:39.

beat on green belts. Beating up developers, opening up the market

:02:40.:02:43.

for renters across the board. And Theresa May, one of the most

:02:44.:02:49.

defining thing she could do on the domestic agenda. I am not as excited

:02:50.:02:54.

as Tom about this. I look back to 2004, do you remember the Kate

:02:55.:03:01.

Barker report? Successive governments, successive prime

:03:02.:03:05.

ministers have been promising to address the housing shortage. In

:03:06.:03:10.

2004 Kate Barker recommended hundreds of thousands new homes.

:03:11.:03:14.

Gordon Brown talked about 3 million new homes by 2020 in 2007. It never

:03:15.:03:19.

happens. The reason is at the end of the day this is local politics,

:03:20.:03:23.

local councillors need to keep their seats and they won't keep their

:03:24.:03:26.

seats if there are hugely controversial developments locally

:03:27.:03:30.

that they support. Yes, the government can and are proposing to

:03:31.:03:34.

overrule councils that don't back local developments, but they may

:03:35.:03:38.

find themselves completely inundated with those cases. I think that is

:03:39.:03:43.

the whole point of it, to take on those NIMBY often Tory councils and

:03:44.:03:47.

force them to build. I can't think of a better defining issue for

:03:48.:03:55.

Theresa May than sticking one in the eye of some quite well off half Tory

:03:56.:04:02.

countryside councils. The government gives councils a quota of homes they

:04:03.:04:06.

have to fill, if they don't have to fill that all run out overland to

:04:07.:04:09.

fill the quota, the government then comes in and tells them they have to

:04:10.:04:13.

built on the green belt? How is that going to work? At the moment the

:04:14.:04:18.

green belt is absolutely sacrosanct in British politics. They'll have to

:04:19.:04:21.

do some work on educating people on what green belts means. Potato

:04:22.:04:27.

farms, golf courses... At the moment the idea people have of the green

:04:28.:04:33.

belt being verdant fields needs to be dismantled. You are right. I

:04:34.:04:38.

agree with Tom, 11 million people in the private rental sector in the UK.

:04:39.:04:42.

In the last election more voted Labour than conservative. This is an

:04:43.:04:45.

area where Theresa May would look to expand her vote. The problem has

:04:46.:04:50.

always been, the same problem we have with pension policy and why

:04:51.:04:54.

pensioners have done better than working families in recent years.

:04:55.:04:57.

They are older and they vote more and anything to the detriment of

:04:58.:05:05.

older people. I wonder how they will get private money to come in on

:05:06.:05:10.

anything like this go they would need to have a huge expansion? There

:05:11.:05:15.

is a huge amount of speculation and one of the thing that locks up the

:05:16.:05:19.

system as you have people buying land, taking out a stake of land in

:05:20.:05:23.

the hope that one point it may at some point free up. At the end of

:05:24.:05:27.

the day, unless you have councils far more willing to quickly fast

:05:28.:05:31.

track these applications, which they won't for the reason I said before,

:05:32.:05:34.

it's a very long-term investment. Ed Miliband proposed three-year leases

:05:35.:05:42.

in which the rent could only go up by an agreed formula, probably the

:05:43.:05:47.

three years to give the young families a certain stability over

:05:48.:05:51.

that period. He had a use it or lose it rules for planning development,

:05:52.:05:55.

if you don't use it you lose the planning rights. Somebody else gets

:05:56.:06:00.

it. The Tories disparaged that at the time. This is at the centre of

:06:01.:06:04.

their policy now. This is probably item number four of

:06:05.:06:09.

Ed Miliband's policy book Theresa May has wholesale pinched in the

:06:10.:06:12.

last six months or so. Why not? I think if you look at the change in

:06:13.:06:17.

mood across housing and planning over the last 5-6 years, it used to

:06:18.:06:23.

be an issue very much of green belt versus London planners. Now you have

:06:24.:06:26.

grandparents living in houses in the countryside, knowing their

:06:27.:06:28.

grandchildren can't get on the housing ladder any longer. Maybe a

:06:29.:06:35.

bit more intervention in the market, tougher on renting conditions, maybe

:06:36.:06:38.

that is exactly what the country needs. Will they meet the 1 million

:06:39.:06:44.

target? It would be a defiance of every political thing that has

:06:45.:06:46.

happened in the last ten years. I think Tom is right, if there is only

:06:47.:06:52.

one difference between Theresa May and David Cameron it's the

:06:53.:06:54.

willingness of the state to intervene. When Ed Miliband said

:06:55.:07:01.

that he was seen as communism, but Theresa May can get away with it.

:07:02.:07:05.

How serious is this talk of a couple of dozen Tories who were very loyal

:07:06.:07:12.

over voting for the principle of Article 50 but may now be tempted to

:07:13.:07:18.

vote for some amendments to Article 50 legislation that they would find

:07:19.:07:23.

quite attractive? I think that threat has certainly been taken

:07:24.:07:27.

seriously by levers. I spoke to the campaign group Leaves Means Leave

:07:28.:07:32.

last night. The figure they mentioned was up to 20 remaining

:07:33.:07:36.

Tories. That sounds a lot to me but that is what they are concerned

:07:37.:07:38.

about and those Tories would come together with Labour and the SNP to

:07:39.:07:44.

vote for that amendment. Although that amendment sounds rather nice

:07:45.:07:48.

and democratic, actually in the eyes of many levers that is a wrecking

:07:49.:07:52.

amendment. Because what you are doing is giving Parliament a sort of

:07:53.:07:57.

veto over whatever deal Theresa May brings back. What they want is the

:07:58.:08:01.

vote to be before that deal is finalised. It isn't necessarily the

:08:02.:08:05.

case that if Parliament decided they didn't like that deal we would just

:08:06.:08:11.

go to WTO, we would fall out of the European Union. There are mixed

:08:12.:08:14.

views as to whether we might remain in and things could be extended. My

:08:15.:08:19.

understanding is the people making the amendments, they won any deal

:08:20.:08:25.

that is done to be brought to Parliament in time, so that if

:08:26.:08:30.

Parliament fancies it it's done, but if it does and it doesn't just mean

:08:31.:08:35.

go to WTO rules. There will be time to go back, renegotiate or think

:08:36.:08:40.

again? The question is where it puts Britain's negotiating hand. Nine of

:08:41.:08:45.

the options... Once we trigger Article 50 the two negotiation

:08:46.:08:50.

begins on the power switches to Europe. They can run out the clock

:08:51.:08:54.

and it will be worse for us than them. I don't think either option is

:08:55.:08:57.

particularly appealing. I think what seems like a rather Serena week for

:08:58.:09:02.

Article 50 this week isn't going to be reflective of what will happen

:09:03.:09:06.

next. The way the government's position is at the moment, if at the

:09:07.:09:09.

end the only choice Parliament has is to vote for the deal or crash out

:09:10.:09:14.

on WTO rules, then even the remainder is going to vote for the

:09:15.:09:17.

deal even if they don't like it, because they would regard crashing

:09:18.:09:21.

out as the worst of all possible results. Possibly. It will be a

:09:22.:09:28.

great game of bluff if Theresa May fights off any of these amendments

:09:29.:09:32.

on Wednesday and gets a straightforward deal or no Deal

:09:33.:09:35.

vote. I have a funny feeling this amendment, if it's chosen, we must

:09:36.:09:39.

remember because we don't know if they will choose this amendment, if

:09:40.:09:44.

it does go to a vote on Wednesday it will be very tight indeed. Remember,

:09:45.:09:48.

one final thing Theresa May can do if she gets Parliament voting

:09:49.:09:53.

against, as Isabel would have it, she could try to get a new

:09:54.:09:57.

parliament and go for a general election. And probably get a huge

:09:58.:10:03.

majority to do so. The Lords, it goes there after the February

:10:04.:10:10.

recess. They are very pro-Europe, but does their instinct for

:10:11.:10:18.

self-preservation override that? I think that is it. A Tory Lord said

:10:19.:10:23.

this morning I will vote to block it on a conscience measure, but you

:10:24.:10:27.

have the likes of Bill Cash, veteran Eurosceptics, suddenly converted to

:10:28.:10:32.

the Lords reform saying is an outrage. I doubt they will vote for

:10:33.:10:36.

their own demise, to hasten their own demise by blocking it. What did

:10:37.:10:44.

you make of Doctor Gorka smart fascinating. Cut from the same cloth

:10:45.:10:47.

as his boss. I thought it was extraordinary listening to him,

:10:48.:10:50.

saying everything is going dutifully to plan. But at the end of the day,

:10:51.:10:54.

what they are doing is what people in America voted for Trump to do. If

:10:55.:10:58.

you look at Lord Ashcroft's polling on why America voted for Trump, they

:10:59.:11:03.

went into this with their eyes wide open. One of the top fears among

:11:04.:11:09.

American voters, particularly Republican leading ones was

:11:10.:11:12.

America's immigration policy is or could be letting in terror arrests.

:11:13.:11:15.

As far as he is concerned, he is doing what he was elected to do.

:11:16.:11:20.

This whole year is turning into a wonderful year long lecture series

:11:21.:11:23.

on how democracy works at a fundamental level. I'm not sure

:11:24.:11:26.

anyone wanted it but it's what we've got. This same in the way we've been

:11:27.:11:32.

talking about direct democracy and Parliamentary democracy. The same is

:11:33.:11:37.

happening in America between executive and judicial branches. We

:11:38.:11:40.

are seeing the limits of presidential power. Regardless of

:11:41.:11:44.

the fact that people voted for Trump they voted for senators. The judge

:11:45.:11:47.

who blocks this was appointed by George W Bush. So-called Judge

:11:48.:11:55.

Eckert Mac so-called George W Bush! It's fascinating we're having all

:11:56.:11:57.

these conversations now that I never bought five years ago we would be

:11:58.:12:02.

having at such a fundamental level. Has the media yet worked out how to

:12:03.:12:07.

cover the Trump administration or has he got us behaving like headless

:12:08.:12:11.

chickens? He says something incendiary and we all run over to do

:12:12.:12:16.

that and when you pick it off it turns out not to be as incendiary as

:12:17.:12:20.

we thought? And then back doing something and we all rush over

:12:21.:12:24.

there. Is he making fools of us? Is exactly what he did in the election

:12:25.:12:31.

campaign. So many quick and fast outrageous comments frontrunner on a

:12:32.:12:35.

daily basis, no one single one of them had full news cycle time to be

:12:36.:12:38.

pored over and examined. I think there is a problem with this.

:12:39.:12:41.

Although he keeps the upper hand, keeps the agenda and keeps on the

:12:42.:12:46.

populist ground, the problem is it easy to campaign like that. If you

:12:47.:12:51.

are governing in a state of semi-hysteria, I wonder how long the

:12:52.:12:54.

American public will be comfortable with that. They don't really want

:12:55.:12:56.

their government to be swirling chaos all the time, as fascinating

:12:57.:13:02.

as it might be on TV. They will be exhausted by it, I already am. I

:13:03.:13:08.

have been interviewing White House administration official since 1976

:13:09.:13:10.

and that is the first time someone hasn't given me a straight answer on

:13:11.:13:14.

America supporting the EU. That is a different world.

:13:15.:13:16.

Jo Coburn will be on BBC Two tomorrow at midday with

:13:17.:13:20.

the Daily Politics - and I'll be back here

:13:21.:13:22.

Remember, if it's Sunday - it's the Sunday Politics.

:13:23.:14:01.

TV: He's not your father. WOMAN GASPS

:14:02.:14:14.

so why not pay your TV licence in weekly instalments, too?

:14:15.:14:28.

Andrew Neil and Richard Moss with the latest political news, interviews and debate. Andrew is joined by housing minister Gavin Barwell MP who talks about the government's plan to increase housebuilding in England and protect people who rent their homes. Plus Charles Grant from the Centre for European Reform and Henry Newman from Open Europe. Donald Trump adviser Sebastian Gorka discusses President Trump's first two weeks in the White House and Ellie Price reports on the negotiations to come with the EU over Brexit. On the political panel are The New Statesman's Helen Lewis and journalists Isabel Oakeshott and Steve Richards.


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