10/01/2017 BBC News at One


10/01/2017

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Immigration levels in the UK are not too high, says the Labour leader

:00:07.:00:13.

Jeremy Corbyn. But he says stopping the exploitation of workers would

:00:14.:00:18.

probably bring down the levels of migration. I want to deal with the

:00:19.:00:22.

worst aspects of exploitation first. Deal with that, that is a crucial

:00:23.:00:26.

one, which also would improve working conditions for people in

:00:27.:00:31.

this country as well. Mr Corbyn has also called for a cap on how much

:00:32.:00:35.

people can earn, saying it would lead to a fairer society. Struggling

:00:36.:00:57.

into work, hundreds of thousands of commuters across southern England

:00:58.:01:01.

are hit by the latest three-day strike by Southern Rail drivers. A

:01:02.:01:03.

15-year-old girl has been arrested after a seven-year-old girl was

:01:04.:01:04.

found with life-threatening injuries in York and has died. Festive cheer

:01:05.:01:07.

for Morrisons, as they record their best Christmas sales figures for

:01:08.:01:09.

seven years. Getting bigger, the World Cup will expand to 48 teams in

:01:10.:01:12.

less than a decade, as 16 more teams are allowed in. In sport, Johanna

:01:13.:01:15.

Konta's preparations for the Australian open go from strength to

:01:16.:01:18.

strength. She is through to the quarterfinals of the Sydney

:01:19.:01:19.

International. Good afternoon. The Labour leader

:01:20.:01:45.

Jeremy Corbyn has told the BBC he doesn't believe that immigration in

:01:46.:01:50.

the UK is too high. In a major speech, he is expected to suggest

:01:51.:01:54.

that Labour is no longer wedded to the principle of freedom of

:01:55.:01:57.

movement. When asked if he had changed his mind about the numbers

:01:58.:02:01.

coming to the UK this morning, he said no. He also addressed the issue

:02:02.:02:06.

of pay, saying he wanted to put a cap on the maximum amount people can

:02:07.:02:12.

earn in the UK, to create a more equal society. Our political

:02:13.:02:16.

correspondent reports. He has criticised the Prime Minister for

:02:17.:02:19.

not having a plan for Brexit but he has been under pressure to set out

:02:20.:02:25.

his stall. Today, he reached out for Labour voters worried about EU

:02:26.:02:27.

immigration by saying his party wasn't wedded to freedom of

:02:28.:02:32.

movement. In a BBC interview he didn't suggest any new restrictions,

:02:33.:02:38.

so how would he'd tackle the level of unskilled immigration? Ending

:02:39.:02:41.

exploitation of migrant workers, ending on cutting existing pay

:02:42.:02:45.

conditions, and enforcing the workers directive, which describes

:02:46.:02:52.

the way people are recruited to come to this country to undercut existing

:02:53.:02:56.

working conditions. With this cut the number of EU migrants? It

:02:57.:03:02.

probably means there would be fewer. Some in his own party said he should

:03:03.:03:05.

be flagging up more specific policies. We have to be clear and

:03:06.:03:10.

consistent about what our policy on immigration is. That's why it

:03:11.:03:14.

Stephen Kinnock and I'd put forward what was a well thought through

:03:15.:03:18.

proposal about retaining preference for EU workers over non-EU workers

:03:19.:03:23.

in order to get the best economic deal, but equally, there would be

:03:24.:03:27.

restrictions and quotas in low skilled areas of work. The

:03:28.:03:32.

Conservatives are accusing Jeremy Corbyn of swiftly changing his

:03:33.:03:37.

position on EU immigration. On the one hand it was trailed overnight in

:03:38.:03:40.

the newspapers that the Labour Party were committed to ending freedom of

:03:41.:03:44.

movement rules. By the time they hit the TV studios that had gone out the

:03:45.:03:49.

window. Those close to Jeremy Corbyn said he wanted to catch the

:03:50.:03:54.

antiestablishment mood sweeping through many Western companies. Not

:03:55.:04:00.

exactly a left-wing Donald Trump but someone for those political weather.

:04:01.:04:06.

He created a bit of a storm over his plans for those on high pay, too. I

:04:07.:04:19.

would like to see a maximum earnings limit because I think that would be

:04:20.:04:23.

a fairer thing to do. We can't set ourselves up as being a grossly

:04:24.:04:28.

unequal, bargain basement economy, on the shores of Europe. We have to

:04:29.:04:32.

be something that is more eager to her in. We don't think pay caps are

:04:33.:04:41.

the way to run a modern economy. We don't think politicians know what

:04:42.:04:47.

the correct level of pay is for the chief executive of a FTSE 100

:04:48.:04:50.

company which has hundreds of thousands of employees across the

:04:51.:04:54.

world. Jeremy Corbyn won't be that bothered that his high-paid cap is

:04:55.:04:58.

unpopular with business. His bigger challenge is to find policies that

:04:59.:05:01.

appeal to Labour supporters who voted to remain in the EU, as well

:05:02.:05:07.

as addressing the concerns of those who want to leave.

:05:08.:05:09.

Our Assistant Political Editor Norman Smith is in Westminster.

:05:10.:05:13.

His interview today is being billed as a relaunch, how has it gone down

:05:14.:05:21.

so far? With a good deal of head scratching, and confusion. Today was

:05:22.:05:25.

meant to be the day when Mr Corbyn rebooted his leadership with a more

:05:26.:05:29.

confident, popular, assertive leader, ready to take on the

:05:30.:05:36.

Westminster village. Even his closest Shadow Cabinet colleagues

:05:37.:05:40.

were taken by surprise by this idea of a pay cut. An absolute limit on

:05:41.:05:44.

the top salaries some people could earn. Similarly, his attempt to

:05:45.:05:54.

strike a more popular stance on Brexit, saying Brexit could be good

:05:55.:05:57.

for Britain and that Labour was no longer wedded to freedom of

:05:58.:06:03.

movement, confusion there, too. Because in interviews this morning,

:06:04.:06:07.

Mr Corbyn said, actually, I haven't changed my mind on immigration

:06:08.:06:11.

freedom of movement. Yes, there might be tighter labour market rules

:06:12.:06:15.

to stop EU workers undercutting British workers, but he shied away

:06:16.:06:19.

from any changes to freedom of movement. Just figured measure, he

:06:20.:06:24.

said he supported striking railway workers and would be happy to seen

:06:25.:06:26.

on the picket lines at Southern Rail. Mr Corbyn's people are quite

:06:27.:06:33.

relaxed. This is the new, unvarnished, confident Jeremy Corbyn

:06:34.:06:37.

telling it as it is. They think he can ride the popular,

:06:38.:06:42.

antiestablishment bandwagons we've seen in the Brexit referendum, and

:06:43.:06:45.

over the Atlantic in the United States election. The fear of his

:06:46.:06:49.

critics in the Labour Party, is that yes, he's getting the headlines all

:06:50.:06:53.

right, but these are not the headlines a Labour leader should

:06:54.:06:54.

want. Hundreds of thousands of commuters

:06:55.:06:56.

in the south of England have struggled to get to work today

:06:57.:06:59.

because of the latest strike The dispute - which has been

:07:00.:07:01.

going on for nearly 10 months - is about taking away guards

:07:02.:07:06.

and having driver only trains. Our transport correspondent

:07:07.:07:09.

Richard Westcott is at East Croydon station -

:07:10.:07:11.

how much of a service How much of a service has there been

:07:12.:07:22.

today, Richard? It has been quite limited. It's a bit calmer. You can

:07:23.:07:27.

see behind me. In rush hour this was a huge, snaking queue going hundreds

:07:28.:07:33.

of meters down the side of the station. No Southern services today

:07:34.:07:36.

so people were cramming on the services there were. This has been

:07:37.:07:43.

rumbling on now for ten months and it's not just the strike days that

:07:44.:07:48.

are bad, it's everyday. Drivers aren't working overtime, which is

:07:49.:07:52.

essential to running a railway line. Cancellations, delays, every day.

:07:53.:07:57.

Someone has got to step in to sort this out, people are saying

:07:58.:08:05.

universally. It's becoming all too familiar. Realistically we aren't

:08:06.:08:12.

going to get on this one so we'll wait for the next one. Commuters on

:08:13.:08:16.

one of Britain's busiest rail lines, struggling through a strike. The

:08:17.:08:21.

whole situation is a complete joke. Other like to know I'm going to end

:08:22.:08:25.

up at my destination at a certain time. It's the uncertainty of being

:08:26.:08:29.

able to say, I'll get back to meet someone, or might childcare or

:08:30.:08:36.

something. Southern normally runs 2200 services a day, today they

:08:37.:08:41.

managed 16. This is the queue just to get into East Croydon station.

:08:42.:08:44.

All of these people have been trying to get into London. It's about

:08:45.:08:50.

8:45am. The queue snakes around a lot, and goes down the side of the

:08:51.:08:58.

station, probably about 100 metres. It's taken me an hour to get to

:08:59.:09:03.

Croydon and now I've got to queue. I think we should all go on strike!

:09:04.:09:08.

For nearly a year, they've been Rowling about changes to the role of

:09:09.:09:13.

the on-board guard. Southern wants drivers to take over closing the

:09:14.:09:17.

train doors. The unions say that threatens safety and jobs. Southern

:09:18.:09:21.

says no one is losing their post, and the safety regulator is happy

:09:22.:09:24.

with the changes. There's no of a breakthrough. -- no sign of a

:09:25.:09:33.

breakthrough. This is a new million pound lab in Croydon. They moved

:09:34.:09:37.

hundreds of staff here last year because of the train service. But

:09:38.:09:42.

Southern's drivers aren't working overtime at the moment, causing

:09:43.:09:46.

delays and cancellations everyday. It's having a devastating effect on

:09:47.:09:50.

staff. They are having to pay the extra childcare, their children

:09:51.:09:54.

aren't safe getting home from clubs and school. They can't arrange

:09:55.:09:57.

meetings, they're having arguments at home, they are feeling stressed,

:09:58.:10:02.

tired and irritable. A number of people say they are getting more and

:10:03.:10:04.

more stressed every day about whether they are going to get home,

:10:05.:10:09.

or on time for their commitment that night. Back on board, several

:10:10.:10:13.

commuters said this. The government need to do something about it. It's

:10:14.:10:18.

ridiculous. So the BBC that the proper question to the Minister.

:10:19.:10:22.

What are you doing about it? Don't you have a duty to step in on

:10:23.:10:27.

behalf... The government is engaged in trying to find a way to get this

:10:28.:10:30.

issue resolved and we'll carry on doing that. In Merseyside, unions

:10:31.:10:35.

are fighting similar plans to bring in driver only operated trains. It's

:10:36.:10:39.

Southern today, but this issue threatens to spread across Britain.

:10:40.:10:44.

I said in that report, little sign of a breakthrough. I was talking to

:10:45.:10:50.

the boss of Aslef last week, one of the two unions involved. I said, how

:10:51.:10:54.

close are you to a deal when you are going into these talks with the

:10:55.:11:00.

company? He said we are a universe apart at the moment. It's hard to

:11:01.:11:03.

see how this whole dispute is going to be resolved.

:11:04.:11:07.

Police have arrested a 15-year-old girl

:11:08.:11:09.

in connection with the death of a seven-year-old child in York.

:11:10.:11:11.

Police found the girl with life-threatening

:11:12.:11:13.

injuries near a house in Woodthorpe yesterday afternoon.

:11:14.:11:15.

Our correspondent Danny Savage is in York.

:11:16.:11:24.

The seven-year-old girl was found at about 4:30pm yesterday, at the end

:11:25.:11:32.

of an alleyway just behind me on the outskirts of York, just inside the

:11:33.:11:37.

city's outer ring road. There has been a forensics tent there since

:11:38.:11:40.

the incident last night. It has just gone down this morning. People have

:11:41.:11:45.

been talking about the fact the girl's mother was one of the first

:11:46.:11:50.

on the scene yesterday, she was on her knees in the street shouting and

:11:51.:11:55.

sobbing about what had happened. After that, a 15-year-old girl was

:11:56.:11:59.

arrested. The seven-year-old girl was attended to by police officers

:12:00.:12:03.

and then taken to hospital. She died of her injuries a short time later.

:12:04.:12:07.

This morning, investigations have been ongoing. We know that a house

:12:08.:12:14.

half a mile from here is currently with police vehicles outside it. We

:12:15.:12:17.

believe that is connected to what happened here. The 15-year-old girl

:12:18.:12:24.

is being questioned by police officers at the moment. Police have

:12:25.:12:29.

been here to leave flowers, one message left reads, night night my

:12:30.:12:34.

darling princess, love Nan and grandad. People are very shocked

:12:35.:12:39.

about what happened here. Investigations are ongoing and

:12:40.:12:39.

hopefully we'll know more later. Football's world governing body Fifa

:12:40.:12:45.

has approved plans to expand The new format will be

:12:46.:12:48.

introduced from 2026. The bulk of the additional slots

:12:49.:12:52.

are likely to go to African Our sports news correspondent

:12:53.:12:54.

Richard Conway reports from Fifa's Fifa has been set on clearing

:12:55.:12:58.

a path to an expanded But from 2026, it will get its way,

:12:59.:13:04.

with 48 teams joining the party. There's China coming

:13:05.:13:13.

into the system, maybe in a couple of years India will also come

:13:14.:13:15.

into the system. Once China comes into the system,

:13:16.:13:20.

Thailand, Vietnam, any other country around it will also come up

:13:21.:13:25.

with a better infrastructure, to bring countries that can also

:13:26.:13:30.

have the chance to compete So how would a 48-team

:13:31.:13:32.

World Cup work? The first round would see teams

:13:33.:13:40.

divided into 16 groups of three. The top two countries would likely

:13:41.:13:44.

qualify into the knockout rounds. From there, it's win or go home,

:13:45.:13:49.

all the way to the final. All of which means the finalists

:13:50.:13:54.

will play seven games in total, the same number under the current

:13:55.:13:56.

format of 32 teams. With football now played

:13:57.:14:03.

almost all year round, Europe's big club teams have

:14:04.:14:05.

objected to any change. And there are others within

:14:06.:14:08.

the sport who think the current If you get to the final,

:14:09.:14:11.

you're still playing only seven But it's the early parts, where

:14:12.:14:18.

you've got a lot of teams involved. Group stages, groups

:14:19.:14:23.

of three, they are looking So the format is really strange,

:14:24.:14:25.

and I think you probably need a lawyer or a mathematician,

:14:26.:14:31.

an actuary, to actually work out It was 1998, the last time Fifa

:14:32.:14:33.

added teams to the World Cup. Such moves generate

:14:34.:14:40.

enormous extra revenues. Fifa will bring in ?800 million more

:14:41.:14:43.

in 2026, as a result of this move. But with 211 members,

:14:44.:14:48.

there is huge sporting and political There will be great opportunities

:14:49.:14:52.

too for British teams to qualify. From a Scotland perspective,

:14:53.:15:01.

it's good news, there's more However, it comes with a lot

:15:02.:15:03.

of caveats, and I think those caveats are, with an expansion,

:15:04.:15:08.

it is potentially travelling a far After a number of years when Fifa

:15:09.:15:13.

was rocked by corruption scandals, its new leadership seems determined

:15:14.:15:19.

to assert itself. But they must now convince critics

:15:20.:15:22.

of the merit in reforming The Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn says

:15:23.:15:41.

immigration levels in the UK are not too high.

:15:42.:15:45.

And still to come. Aping human behaviour -

:15:46.:15:47.

how these chimpanzees make and use tools to get access to water.

:15:48.:15:52.

Coming up in sport at half-past: Seven-time Paralympic champion

:15:53.:15:54.

Jody Cundy criticises cycling's world governing body, for deciding

:15:55.:15:56.

to hold the para-cycling Track World Championships in just

:15:57.:15:58.

seven weeks' time. The musical La La Land has picked up

:15:59.:16:10.

the most nominations for this year's Baftas,

:16:11.:16:13.

leading the field with 11. Alien drama Arrival and dark

:16:14.:16:16.

thriller Nocturnal Animals get nine nominations each -

:16:17.:16:19.

and British actors up for awards include Andrew

:16:20.:16:22.

Garfield and Emily Blunt. Entertainment correspondent

:16:23.:16:29.

Lizo Mzimba was at Bafta's central London headquarters where

:16:30.:16:31.

the nominations were announced. # City of stars, are

:16:32.:16:35.

you shining just for me? A musical love letter

:16:36.:16:41.

to Los Angeles, La La Land's 11 Bafta nominations come

:16:42.:16:45.

after the story of an aspiring actress and a talented jazz musician

:16:46.:16:51.

swept the board of the It's recognised in the Best Film

:16:52.:16:53.

and Best Director categories, nominations too for its stars

:16:54.:16:58.

Ryan Gosling and Emma Stone. Many British stars have been

:16:59.:17:01.

recognised, a Best Actress nod for Emily Blunt,

:17:02.:17:07.

as an alcoholic in A Best Actor nod for Andrew Garfield

:17:08.:17:09.

in World War II drama, Information, let's

:17:10.:17:20.

exchange information. The Supporting Performer nominations

:17:21.:17:24.

include Aaron Taylor Johnson, who said he was genuinely

:17:25.:17:32.

humbled to be recognised for the dark thriller,

:17:33.:17:34.

Nocturnal Animals... Why didn't you come home

:17:35.:17:36.

like you are supposed to? Naomi Harris, nominated

:17:37.:17:38.

for the coming of age I tried to explain to the woman,

:17:39.:17:40.

I've never been to Newcastle before, we've just moved up here from London

:17:41.:17:45.

for a few days. And Hayley Squires,

:17:46.:17:48.

who said she was so grateful to be nominated for I,

:17:49.:17:50.

Daniel Blake. Jesus Christ!

:17:51.:17:52.

Who's first in this queue? The welfare state drama received

:17:53.:17:53.

five nominations in total including Best Film and Best

:17:54.:17:56.

Director for Ken Loach. 50 years after his first

:17:57.:18:00.

Bafta nomination for TV Ken Loach has threatened retirement

:18:01.:18:02.

on a few occasions, hasn't he, but when a story grabs him,

:18:03.:18:08.

in this case, the script, While another veteran

:18:09.:18:16.

Meryl Streep's Best Actress nod for Florence Foster Jenkins means

:18:17.:18:22.

she now equals Dame Judi Dench's Morrisons supermarket chain has

:18:23.:18:42.

recorded its strongest sales for seven years. Like-for-like sales

:18:43.:18:49.

went up 3% at the end of the year. They said strong demand for their

:18:50.:18:54.

own brand products inspired the support. We like to treat ourselves

:18:55.:19:04.

at Christmas. At Morrisons, they lurid shoppers in and served up some

:19:05.:19:11.

great results. It's a remarkable performance. 2.9% growth last year,

:19:12.:19:19.

in this marketplace the team were to be congratulated at Morrisons. They

:19:20.:19:21.

delivered it through improved customer service and making products

:19:22.:19:27.

more available to the customers. No doubt about it, Morrisons was one of

:19:28.:19:31.

the big winners this Christmas. Judging by new figures out today,

:19:32.:19:34.

business was good for the supermarkets in general. Because

:19:35.:19:40.

Christmas fell on a Sunday, we had a whole week to shop. And it was huge.

:19:41.:19:46.

Round it all up, we spent ?480 million more on groceries than we

:19:47.:19:51.

did last year for the 12 weeks to the end of December. That's growth

:19:52.:19:57.

of nearly 2%. But for the first time in two years, prices rose by 0.2%. A

:19:58.:20:06.

sign of things to come. Food sales helped deliver a solid December for

:20:07.:20:13.

the retail sector overall. It was a goodish end to a roller-coaster

:20:14.:20:17.

year. Retail sales across the whole of 2016 grew more slowly than they

:20:18.:20:22.

had done in the previous year. That raises more questions in the minds

:20:23.:20:26.

of consumers and retailers as to what the outlook for 2017 might be

:20:27.:20:33.

shoppers left it late than ever this year but we did spend. The question

:20:34.:20:38.

is were we continue to do so in 2017?

:20:39.:20:40.

Tens of thousands of patients waited on trolleys at NHS hospitals

:20:41.:20:43.

in England during the first week of the new year - according

:20:44.:20:45.

Across 131 Trusts, 18,435 patients waited for more than four

:20:46.:20:52.

Our health editor Hugh Pym is here.

:20:53.:21:03.

with health secretary Jeremy Hunt's comments yesterday that most

:21:04.:21:07.

hospitals have been coping well with winter pressure?

:21:08.:21:11.

Yes, a lot of stories in the last few days about the NHS in England

:21:12.:21:17.

struggling with the pressures. At this time of year, there is always

:21:18.:21:21.

very high patient demand, particularly after the New Year

:21:22.:21:25.

holiday with people going into hospital having held off over the

:21:26.:21:29.

holiday season. Even so, this is a service under extreme pressure. The

:21:30.:21:33.

Red Cross said at the weekend there was a humanitarian crisis in health

:21:34.:21:36.

and social care, although that was strongly denied by the government.

:21:37.:21:41.

Jeremy Hunt in the Commons yesterday said there was unprecedented

:21:42.:21:54.

demand. The NHS has seen record days, but he said broadly speaking

:21:55.:21:57.

it was coping well. Figures leaked to the BBC from inside the NHS,

:21:58.:22:00.

covering the first week of January, show that on one particular gauge,

:22:01.:22:02.

the NHS was really struggling and not coping well. That is over

:22:03.:22:05.

so-called trolley waits, the length patience will have to stay having

:22:06.:22:09.

been admitted because there is no bed available, and the particularly

:22:10.:22:12.

serious situation when you have to wait more than 12 hours. The figures

:22:13.:22:18.

leaked to the BBC showed there were 485 waiting over 12 hours in the

:22:19.:22:23.

first week of the year compared to last January, when only 158

:22:24.:22:30.

patience. -- patients. Mr Hunt said only one or two trusts were under

:22:31.:22:34.

extreme pressure, but this seems to be rather at odds with that, with

:22:35.:22:38.

quite a few hospitals having to keep patients on trolleys before they

:22:39.:22:41.

could be formally admitted. Thank you.

:22:42.:22:48.

A senior unionist politician has said Northern Ireland is facing

:22:49.:22:50.

a "prolonged period" of direct rule from Westminster,

:22:51.:22:52.

following the resignation of the deputy first minister,

:22:53.:22:54.

It came after weeks of tensions between his party and their partners

:22:55.:22:58.

in the power-sharing government, the Democratic Unionists.

:22:59.:23:00.

Our Ireland Correspondent Chris Page is in Stormont.

:23:01.:23:02.

Is there any way this crisis can be resolved?

:23:03.:23:09.

There have been previous crisis situations here at Stormont over the

:23:10.:23:14.

last few years, when devolution has teetered on the brink but has

:23:15.:23:18.

survived. However I don't think that is going to happen this time.

:23:19.:23:22.

Northern Ireland is effectively without a devolved government,

:23:23.:23:27.

Martin McGuinness' resignation as Deputy First Minister yesterday

:23:28.:23:29.

effectively put the First Minister Arlene Foster out of her job because

:23:30.:23:34.

they were enjoyed office. Positions have hardened today, politicians are

:23:35.:23:37.

openly talking about preparing for the election campaign they think is

:23:38.:23:41.

coming. If there is an election and the DUP and Sinn Fein are returned

:23:42.:23:45.

again as the largest parties, it doesn't look as if they would go

:23:46.:23:48.

back into government with each other straight away, because the

:23:49.:23:51.

disagreement between them is so serious. So we could be into complex

:23:52.:23:56.

negotiations. Today the senior Democratic union MP Sir Jeffrey

:23:57.:23:59.

Donaldson said he thinks Northern Ireland is facing a prolonged period

:24:00.:24:03.

of direct rule from Westminster because he can't see devolution

:24:04.:24:07.

getting back up and running in a short period of time. But Sinn Fein

:24:08.:24:11.

have said it would be unacceptable in their eyes if Westminster were to

:24:12.:24:15.

take over running Northern Ireland like that. The Northern Ireland

:24:16.:24:18.

Secretary James Brokenshire is to make a statement to MPs about the

:24:19.:24:21.

crisis this lunchtime. Thank you. Two bombs have exploded

:24:22.:24:24.

near the Afghan parliament in Kabul, No group has claimed

:24:25.:24:27.

responsibility for the bombings, which struck as employees

:24:28.:24:30.

were leaving the The Brazilian government is planning

:24:31.:24:32.

to build dozens of dams It says it will boost the economy

:24:33.:24:39.

and provide clean energy. But critics say it will also

:24:40.:24:42.

mean deforestation, and the end of traditional life

:24:43.:24:44.

for many of Brazil's indigenous From the heart of the planet's

:24:45.:24:47.

greatest rainforest emerges one of the world's biggest

:24:48.:24:54.

civil engineering projects. The Belo Monte Dam is Brazil's

:24:55.:24:57.

answer to its growing energy needs. Mired in controversy

:24:58.:25:05.

and allegations of corruption, the $18 billion dam partially blocks

:25:06.:25:11.

the Xingu, a major Amazon tributary, and has flooded thousands

:25:12.:25:15.

of acres of rainforest. The local fishing industry has been

:25:16.:25:18.

decimated, and thousands of riverside dwellers

:25:19.:25:32.

have lost their land Forced into a completely

:25:33.:25:34.

alien, urban environment. We get angry, says Juma, showing us

:25:35.:25:41.

his now worthless fishing licence. We see these corporations making

:25:42.:25:44.

millions from what used to be ours, he says, and we can't even

:25:45.:25:47.

use the river any more. Building the dam brought

:25:48.:25:49.

hundreds of jobs to But it also led to increasing

:25:50.:25:51.

deforestation and the permanent loss Brazil says it wants to build at

:25:52.:26:09.

least 50 hydroelectric dams across the Amazon. The government says it

:26:10.:26:13.

is clean, sustainable energy, but the impact of so many of these

:26:14.:26:17.

structures on the world's greatest river system, its environment and

:26:18.:26:19.

people, will be immense. Next in line for development,

:26:20.:26:25.

the Tapajos, described as the most beautiful river

:26:26.:26:27.

in the Amazon region, A plan to build several

:26:28.:26:32.

dams along its length will transform this wide,

:26:33.:26:36.

shallow river into It would flood forests and islands

:26:37.:26:38.

used by the people for centuries. Tribal chiefs say they will resist

:26:39.:26:48.

any attempts to build TRANSLATION: The government always

:26:49.:26:50.

comes here with its lies. There's not one place where a dam

:26:51.:26:56.

has been built that has turned out These tattooed warriors

:26:57.:27:00.

of the Amazon are taking on powerful business

:27:01.:27:10.

and political interests. They want to weaken environmental

:27:11.:27:14.

legislation and fast track the construction

:27:15.:27:17.

of hydro-electric dams. Clean energy and the promise

:27:18.:27:19.

of jobs versus the rights And whether to exploit or protect

:27:20.:27:21.

this fragile ecosystem. A stretch of the M1

:27:22.:27:32.

in Northamptonshire is expected to remain closed for most of today,

:27:33.:27:34.

after a body was found on the road. The motorway's northbound

:27:35.:27:38.

carriageway was shut at about three o'clock this morning,

:27:39.:27:43.

from junctions 16 to 17 and a police investigation

:27:44.:27:45.

is under way. The Post Office is to close

:27:46.:27:48.

and franchise a further 37 The Communication Workers' Union

:27:49.:27:50.

says this could lead Crown post offices are

:27:51.:27:55.

the larger branches usually For the first time ever,

:27:56.:27:59.

researchers have filmed chimpanzees making and using tools to get access

:28:00.:28:04.

to water that no other The study of a critically endangered

:28:05.:28:07.

population of chimpanzees in the Ivory Coast discovered them

:28:08.:28:13.

using tree branches A mother and baby in

:28:14.:28:15.

Ivory Coast's Comoe National Park It's the dry season,

:28:16.:28:26.

so to reach a water supply hidden deep within these tree holes,

:28:27.:28:32.

they are making and using tools. It's just another insight

:28:33.:28:36.

into the remarkable behaviour If you think they've got 90-95%

:28:37.:28:38.

the same DNA as humans, We've seen it, working at Chester

:28:39.:28:45.

zoo with these animals, The different cultures

:28:46.:28:51.

of chimpanzees have So it's certainly not new to find

:28:52.:28:56.

chimpanzees using tools. The animals are already known to use

:28:57.:29:01.

sticks to fish for termites and to dip into beehives for honey,

:29:02.:29:05.

but the researchers were particularly impressed by how well

:29:06.:29:09.

crafted these drinking tools were. Chimps selected and stripped long

:29:10.:29:12.

thin sticks and chewed the ends And for captive breeding

:29:13.:29:16.

programmes like this one, zoos have to understand these

:29:17.:29:23.

natural behaviours to keep the animals as mentally

:29:24.:29:25.

stimulated as possible. And then we give them an area

:29:26.:29:28.

where they keep honey, And they have to use their sticks,

:29:29.:29:33.

make them into a certain way so they can put the stick

:29:34.:29:39.

in the hole and get the food out. It's all gone very quiet

:29:40.:29:43.

here at Chester zoo because it's feeding time for

:29:44.:29:48.

the chimpanzees, and these are actually Western chimpanzees,

:29:49.:29:50.

the same subspecies that was looked Nimble fingered, very clever,

:29:51.:29:53.

toolmaking and tool-using, but sadly, critically

:29:54.:29:58.

endangered primates. In the wild, the population of these

:29:59.:30:03.

great apes continues to decline, largely because of poaching

:30:04.:30:06.

and the destruction Findings like this show just how

:30:07.:30:09.

much more we have to learn A look at the weather with Louise.

:30:10.:30:14.

Some chilly weather heading our way. A lot to get in this forecast, some

:30:15.:30:34.

of it quite severe. Here and now, pretty dull out there. A lot of

:30:35.:30:39.

cloud, the best breaks have been to the east. A weather front is moving

:30:40.:30:44.

in and producing cloud and like patchy drizzle, nothing more. A

:30:45.:30:49.

quiet afternoon for many of us. Relatively mild. Temperatures will

:30:50.:30:54.

peak at highs of around 8-11d. As we go through the latter stages of the

:30:55.:30:59.

day and overnight, we start to see the severe weather. It arrives in

:31:00.:31:03.

the far north-west, with severe gales developing across Scotland,

:31:04.:31:08.

bringing heavy rain for a time, turning increasingly wintry, perhaps

:31:09.:31:11.

on higher ground through the night. Further south, we keep a lot of

:31:12.:31:15.

cloud and outbreaks of drizzle, but not quite as cold. As we go into

:31:16.:31:19.

tomorrow, the wind is going to be the real cause for concern. So we

:31:20.:31:24.

have got this travel warning. Be prepared if you are driving high

:31:25.:31:29.

sided vehicles, severe gales perhaps likely across Scotland. 625 mph

:31:30.:31:34.

gusts of wind, frequent showers which will turn increasingly wintry

:31:35.:31:39.

at lower levels. -- 65 five miles per hour. Potential across the peaks

:31:40.:31:45.

and Pennines of 65-70 mph gusts. Much of England and Wales,

:31:46.:31:49.

relatively quiet. A few light showers across west facing coasts. A

:31:50.:31:54.

windy start, but not bad, sunny spells coming through but it stays

:31:55.:31:58.

windy to the showers will turn increasingly wintry at lower levels.

:31:59.:32:02.

It will feel pretty cold into the far north, 3-4 degrees. 6-7 further

:32:03.:32:09.

south. Blizzard conditions as we go through the night on Thursday. Some

:32:10.:32:14.

accumulation will start to gather across lower levels, Scotland, maybe

:32:15.:32:18.

Northern Ireland for a time. Relatively more miles down to the

:32:19.:32:22.

south-west. A front bringing some rain as we push into the south-west.

:32:23.:32:26.

This could be interesting, as it moves south west, we could see some

:32:27.:32:30.

heavy rain, particularly across channel facing coasts and the M4

:32:31.:32:35.

corridor. The potential for some snow in the higher grounds and the

:32:36.:32:39.

hills of Wales, the Midlands and maybe the Home Counties, but it is

:32:40.:32:43.

mostly rain south of that. A windy and cold day, particularly when you

:32:44.:32:47.

factor in the strength of the wind in Scotland, -3 or 4 degrees. The

:32:48.:32:53.

low pressure will move out of the way on Friday. Things a little more

:32:54.:32:57.

quiet on Friday. It stays cold, so we could still have the risk of

:32:58.:32:58.

wintry showers. A reminder of our main

:32:59.:33:01.

story this lunchtime. The Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn

:33:02.:33:04.

says immigration levels That's all from the BBC News at One,

:33:05.:33:06.

so it's goodbye from me, and on BBC One we now join the BBC's

:33:07.:33:11.

news teams where you are.

:33:12.:33:13.