13/05/2017 BBC World News


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13/05/2017

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This is BBC World News Today. I'm Alpa Patel.

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After the attack - the investigation.

:00:08.:00:11.

Europol says Friday's ransomware hack was unprecented in its scale -

:00:12.:00:16.

and officials round the world say they will hunt down

:00:17.:00:18.

people at this time but we have a people at this time but we have a

:00:19.:00:31.

number of lines of enquiry. We'll have the latest on the attack,

:00:32.:00:35.

plus details on how you can work out if your computer is at risk,

:00:36.:00:38.

and what you can do Donald Trump says

:00:39.:00:41.

he could announce his replacement for the man he sacked as Director

:00:42.:00:45.

of the FBI within a week - with 11 names said to

:00:46.:00:48.

be on the shortlist. The grand final of the Eurovision

:00:49.:01:02.

Song test. Stand by for outrageous contest, a live up date from the

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Eurovision Song contest. We'll find out which world

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leader gave his son a look at what his father does

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for a living. Hello and welcome

:01:14.:01:23.

to World News Today. The global cyber attack

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affecting organsiations in almost 100 countries

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is on an unprecedented scale. That's the assessment of Europe's

:01:34.:01:36.

police agency - EuroPol. More than 24 hours after the hack

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attack, the authorities say they are getting to grips

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with the problem. In the UK for instance,

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the government says most hospitals Other high-profile victims include

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the US courier company FedEx. Megafon was also affected -

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that's the second largest mobile And Spanish Telecoms giant

:02:03.:02:07.

Telefonica also hacked. The cyber attack which wreaked such

:02:08.:02:19.

chaos in Britain's health service was a global assault,

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affecting Russia worst of all but also countries

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as far apart as the US, The two British agencies tackling it

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said a complex international investigation would be needed

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to catch the culprits. We haven't identified the culprit

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at this time but we are deploying all covert and overt means available

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to us and we have a number It is important that we pursue those

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quickly so we can reassure the public we are taking

:02:47.:02:51.

this very seriously. At the heart of this attack

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was a software worm which spreads itself from computer to computer

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using code originally designed by US It encrypts all the files

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on infected computers By last night at least,

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75,000 computers had been infected At that point, a cyber security

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expert managed almost by chance All the data is still unusable

:03:17.:03:24.

until a ransom is paid. Any modern computer that

:03:25.:03:33.

had its software regularly updated was safe but some NHS trusts use

:03:34.:03:37.

old operating systems that were particularly vulnerable

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and others may simply have failed to take a security update

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released in March. Today, the National Security

:03:44.:03:47.

Centre had this advice. The first is to make

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sure your security software The second is to employ proper good

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anti-virus software and the third and most important for ransomware

:04:01.:04:08.

protection is to back up your data because you cannot be held to ransom

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if you have a back-up. It has been a reminder of how

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vulnerable organisations are to attack by organised criminals

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seeking to raise money or by hostile states and terrorist groups trying

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to cause maximum disruption. There are thousands

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of vulnerabilities. For example, if we were to look

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at a company of 50,000 computers, we might find hundreds of thousands

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of vulnerabilities It is also reminder that computers

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are not a one-off investment. Well, here in the UK,

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hospitals and doctor's surgeries were disrupted as a result

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of the hack. Well, as we heard briefly

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in Daniel's report, the global cyber attack was halted,

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almost by accident, after a 22-year-old in the UK

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checked the code and found a reference to an

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unregistered website name. The researcher who goes

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by the pseudonym MalwareTech then paid ten dollars to register

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the domain which caused much of the malicious

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programming to stop. He then reached out to the cyber

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security expert Darien Huss to confirm that he had indeed found

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a way to stop it. Mr Huss joined us earlier

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to tell us what happened. My colleague first pointed me to

:05:23.:05:32.

this malicious cyber attack and I started researching the incident and

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immediately discovered there was the domain hard-coded in the militias

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sample and the code is so simplistic that I realised that there is a kill

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switch functionality in the malware and so I proceeded to tweet about it

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and started conversing with other security researchers and that is

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when malware tech reached out to me to confirm that by sequencing that

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domain that was hard-coded in the malware, they were stopping

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infections. He has been called an accidental hero, hasn't he? He

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stopped the spread that those computers that were already

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infected, it was too late for them? Yes, that is correct. Unfortunately,

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many of the computers that were already infected by sequencing the

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domain that actually doesn't help those computers and many of those

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computers had all of their files encrypted so really the only way to

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recover from an attack like that is to either pay the ransom or to

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restore from a back-up that was previously made of those computers.

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Well, here in the UK, hospitals and doctor's surgeries

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were disrupted as a result of the hack.

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The BBC's health editor, Hugh Pym looks into how the cyber attack -

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affected Britain's huge state-run health sector.

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The news shocked staff and patients alike.

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The cyber attack shut down key systems.

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Ron Grimshaw won't forget it in a hurry.

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He was in the middle of having an MRI scan but it was abruptly

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I was stunned, obviously stunned, and the nurse said this is the first

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Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt was at a meeting of the emergency

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Cobra committee along with the Home Secretary,

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who denied there were weaknesses in NHS systems.

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I don't believe it is to do with being prepared.

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There is always more we can all do to make sure we are secure

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against viruses but I think there had already been good

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preparations in place by the NHS to make sure that they were ready

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In England, hospital and ambulance services have been affected at 48

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In Scotland, 11 out of 14 health boards have felt the impact,

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including health boards and GP surgeries.

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The Scottish Ambulance Service was also affected.

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2,000 PCs have been taken out of commission.

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It will take a few days but we will be working

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round-the-clock to do that as fast as we can.

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All but five of the English trusts have restored their networks.

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There could be more cancellations of routine surgery

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Well, so serious was the attack that finance ministers -

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meeting at the G7 summit - have called on banks around

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the world to test their systems and ensure they're protected.

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You can find much more on this story on our website,

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including how you can check if your computer is vulnerable

:09:23.:09:24.

and what you can do to protect yourself.

:09:25.:09:30.

President Donald Trump says he could announce a replacement

:09:31.:09:33.

for fired FBI Director James Comey by late next week.

:09:34.:09:35.

He told reporters on board Air Force One he could name

:09:36.:09:38.

Lucy Grey has been looking at the possible nominations.

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The sacking of the director of the FBI sent shock waves through

:09:50.:09:58.

Washington. President Trump accused James Kobe of being a showboat and

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Grandstand. Trump says the decision could be made quickly. People love

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every well-known, the highest level, we can make a decision. US media

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reports that around 11 people in all are being considered for the role

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but four people are expected to meet the Attorney General Jeff Sessions

:10:26.:10:30.

and his deputy. They include acting FBI director Andrew McCabe, he has

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worked in the FBI for over 20 years, running the Washington yield of

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before coming deputy director. He defended his former boss and cast

:10:40.:10:46.

out White House claims that Mr Comey had lost the confidence of his

:10:47.:10:52.

staff. I hold Mr Comey in the highest regard, I have the highest

:10:53.:10:54.

respect for his considerable abilities and his integrity and it

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has been the greatest privilege and honour of my professional life to

:11:01.:11:04.

work with him. Also reported to be in the frame is Republican Senator

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John Corning, he is now the Senate Jo Riches whip. Alex Fisher,

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lawyer who previously read -- let lawyer who previously read -- let

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the just this department criminal division. Also, Michael Garcia, a

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judge on the New York State Court of Appeal. He has worked on

:11:26.:11:29.

high-profile terrorism investigations and was chairman of

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an investigation committee on at Fifa.

:11:35.:11:40.

One man following this story closely is Callum Borshures

:11:41.:11:43.

Thank you for being with us. We saw some of the candidates there. Who do

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you think front runners? Certainly the biggest names are John Corning

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and Andrew McCabe and Mike Rogers. They all represent different types

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of candidates. John Corning is loyal to Trump, and we know he prizes

:12:08.:12:16.

loyalty. McCabe is the incumbent. He was perfectly willing to consider

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the White House this past week. Mike Rogers is the pick of the union that

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represents FBI retired and current agents. Agents really like him

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because he used to be an FBI agent himself. They are probably the front

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runners. John Corning, tell us about him and what the reaction would be

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if he were to get the job? Well, I think that pig would be viewed

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sceptically by Democrats and others because he is so loyal to Trump.

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There is this ongoing investigation of Russian tampering in the election

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last fall and whether there was any collusion with the Trump campaign.

:12:59.:13:02.

So, putting John Corning in that role would have the appearance of

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trying to shutdown or stalled Gatt investigation, it might look as if

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Trump were trying to put somebody in the role who would make sure that

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nothing bad happened to him. This has been such a fast and fear this

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week in Washington politics, Democrats are furious, what has the

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response been from Republicans and Trump supporters? Well, they have

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said it is that about time and they have said Democrats are being

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hypocritical by objecting and they have a point, quite frankly, because

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Democrats were very critical of James Comey and the way he handled

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the Hillary Clinton e-mail investigation during the campaign.

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But Democrats have said we didn't like the way he handled the

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investigation but we don't believe that is why the Trump administration

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is why they fired him, we think they fired him because he was trying to

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get him off his tail. So, this sort of act and forth is doubly

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complicated. Mr Comey wasn't very popular at times in either party. He

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was due to testify, we now know he isn't on Tuesday, will we hear from

:14:13.:14:17.

him any time soon? I suspect we will. We have had James Clapper who

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has been called to testify a couple of times, so there is a precedent

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for bringing in these folks who works in various intelligence

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leadership roles to hear what they have to say. It certainly was

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probably a bit too fresh for Mr Comey to come in and testify on

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Thursday of this week. Andrew McCabe went in his place but I suspect we

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will be hearing from Mr Comey at some point down the line. Thank you

:14:45.:14:53.

for being with us. Still to come, all the sport, including Manchester

:14:54.:14:59.

City's push for a Champions League place as Pep Guardiola sends out an

:15:00.:15:04.

unchanged team for the first time as a Premier League manager.

:15:05.:15:16.

The Pope was shot, the Pope will live. The man they called the

:15:17.:15:30.

Butcher of legal went on trial today in the French town where he was the

:15:31.:15:34.

Gestapo chief in the Second World War.

:15:35.:15:41.

Winnie Mandela had been sentenced to six years in jail. The judge told

:15:42.:15:44.

her there was no indication she felt remorse.

:15:45.:15:50.

It is the worst earthquake to hit the country for years.

:15:51.:15:59.

A machine has defeated Garry Kasparov.

:16:00.:16:06.

America's first legal same-sex marriages have taken place in

:16:07.:16:08.

Massachusetts. The police agency Europa League has

:16:09.:16:31.

described the cyber attack on security systems around the world as

:16:32.:16:35.

unprecedented. Donald Trump says he could announce the replacement for

:16:36.:16:37.

the EI direct in a week. The Eurovision Song Contest

:16:38.:16:45.

is under way in Ukraine. Italy's entry, an act involving

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a man dressed as a gorilla, The BBC's Steve Rosenberg

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is in Kiev for us and he's Over to you, Steve.

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Thank you very much indeed. I'm in the press centre which is full of

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journalists and fans and loggers. This is what the United Nations

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should be like. Lots of different countries and cultures joking and

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chatting, and having a good time. We've got Poland suitably dressed

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for the occasion. Wonderful costumes. It is almost as if this

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was the Eurovision Song contest in this room. When the musicians appear

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cheers. I think we've got Spain cheers. I think we've got Spain

:17:38.:17:43.

singing now. You look around here, with got Spanish fans waving their

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flags. It really is a big party. People knock the Eurovision Song

:17:49.:17:52.

contest a lot but the idea behind it is a very noble one, in other words,

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bringing people together, bringing different countries together,

:17:58.:18:01.

knocking down borders and using music to do it. Who is the

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favourite? Well, bog area, Italy, Portugal, they are the front

:18:08.:18:12.

runners. We should be hearing from Lucie Jones initial while. It is the

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Eurovision Song contest, it is so unpredictable, I have never been

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able to edit a winner in my life and I don't know who is going to winds

:18:24.:18:26.

this year's contest. Steve Rosenberg, thank you very

:18:27.:18:30.

much. Here was the sport. Hello, we start with football news -

:18:31.:18:34.

Manchester City are up to third in the Premier League table

:18:35.:18:37.

after a 2-1 win against Leicester Pep Guardiola's side are now three

:18:38.:18:40.

points ahead of Arsenal in the race for a Champions League spot but can

:18:41.:18:44.

count themselves fortunate after Riyad Mahrez's penalty

:18:45.:18:47.

was disallowed after his slipped - making a 'double

:18:48.:18:50.

contact' with the ball. In the second half, wouldn't know if

:18:51.:19:06.

we defend the attack. It is not easy, to be in Europe next season,

:19:07.:19:12.

sometimes it is not easy to play this kind of game.

:19:13.:19:16.

Arsenal are now just 1 point behind fourth placed Liverpool

:19:17.:19:18.

after their 4-1 win away at Stoke City.

:19:19.:19:20.

It means Arsene Wenger's side have now won 6 of their last 8 league

:19:21.:19:24.

games and were increase the pressure on Jurgen Klopp's team,

:19:25.:19:26.

France international Olivier Giroud got 2 of their goals

:19:27.:19:31.

as they also go level on goal difference with Liverpool.

:19:32.:19:38.

We had a difficult week, we played Sunday, Wednesday, Saturday, and we

:19:39.:19:47.

had three winds, in a very convincing way, over the three

:19:48.:19:54.

games. The desire to play together, the fighting spirit is there, and we

:19:55.:20:00.

are very pleased. There was a huge win for Swansea City, they have a

:20:01.:20:05.

real chance for survival with a 2-0 win away at Sunderland. They are now

:20:06.:20:14.

unbeaten in their last four league games and Paul Clement' site will

:20:15.:20:21.

stay up if Crystal Palace can beat Hull City tomorrow. A great effort

:20:22.:20:26.

today. We will watch the game tomorrow and see what happens. The

:20:27.:20:29.

season is not finished, absolutely not. They could still beat with an

:20:30.:20:35.

terms, we did a good job today, we've got a good cushion going into

:20:36.:20:39.

the final week but we have to be mindful that they could get a result

:20:40.:20:44.

there, and we have to be ready and well-prepared to finish the job next

:20:45.:20:46.

week. Elsewhere, Bournemouth moved

:20:47.:20:50.

into the top half with a 2-1 win over Burnley Middlebrough lost

:20:51.:20:52.

for the 8th time in their last 10 games, beaten 2-1

:20:53.:20:55.

at home by Southampton Saracens have beaten the French side

:20:56.:21:14.

Clermont. Chris Ashley scored with his 37th try in the competition.

:21:15.:21:22.

Clermont edged to within a point but Alex Gould was sealed -- sealed win.

:21:23.:21:31.

Lewis Hamilton has taken pole position in the Spanish Grand Prix

:21:32.:21:33.

after edging out Sebastian Vettel by the smallest of margins.

:21:34.:21:36.

Hamilton couldn't improve on his first lap in his final

:21:37.:21:38.

attempt but it proved enough, beating Ferrari's Vettel by just

:21:39.:21:40.

0.051 seconds after the German locked up in the final chicane.

:21:41.:21:43.

Hamilton's Mercedes team-mate Valtteri Bottas took third ahead

:21:44.:21:45.

The third round of the players championship is underway. It is

:21:46.:21:59.

considered as the unofficial fifth major.

:22:00.:22:21.

Simona Halep has defended her title and she is now up to number four in

:22:22.:22:29.

the world. That is all the sport. Back to you.

:22:30.:22:36.

Think drought and Africa comes to mind.

:22:37.:22:38.

But years of low rainfall - due to climate change -

:22:39.:22:41.

have left 3.5 million people across Central America in need

:22:42.:22:43.

In Guatemala - one of the worst-affected countries,

:22:44.:22:46.

hundreds of thousands are at risk of malnutrition, as

:22:47.:22:48.

Clamshells and an abandoned boat, the last vestiges of this leak which

:22:49.:23:03.

once supported many livelihoods and helped feed local communities. After

:23:04.:23:09.

five years of below-average rainfall and high temperatures, the two

:23:10.:23:12.

rivers which fed the lake no longer reach it. This is all that remains

:23:13.:23:17.

the body of water which once covered five and a half square kilometres.

:23:18.:23:22.

Formerly a tourist attraction, the local council used this image of the

:23:23.:23:27.

lake on its Twitter account, idle since 2012. It makes you want to cry

:23:28.:23:34.

to see the whole lake dry. We will have to see whether it fills up

:23:35.:23:38.

again with the rain that falls. The outlook for rainfall remains bleak.

:23:39.:23:42.

This is the so-called strike corridor extending from southern

:23:43.:23:49.

macro 3/ southern Guatemala to Nicaragua. It is likely to feel the

:23:50.:24:00.

effects of drought. Wells and springs have also dried up, along

:24:01.:24:05.

with any hope of a corn or bean harvest. We have children dying for

:24:06.:24:10.

a lack of food, it isn't visible, that aren't pictures highlighting

:24:11.:24:15.

the problem but we should be in Paris to. In many communities

:24:16.:24:22.

achieved malnutrition is being staved off by hand-outs. Campaigners

:24:23.:24:29.

say climate change is here to stay, it may not be a case of weathering

:24:30.:24:34.

the storm. And longer term solutions are needed.

:24:35.:24:41.

Michelle Obama has launched a strong defence of the healthy eating

:24:42.:24:48.

initiative she championed as First Lady. At her first public appearance

:24:49.:24:53.

since leaving the White House, she had back at the Trump administration

:24:54.:24:59.

which has lowered the drizzle standards. The former First Lady who

:25:00.:25:03.

has been a standard aerofoil fighting childhood obesity asked why

:25:04.:25:07.

anyone would want to deny children healthy food.

:25:08.:25:11.

He's a world leader and already an internet favourite

:25:12.:25:13.

so just who could outshine Canadian Prime Minister

:25:14.:25:15.

Well, his adorable toddler, that's who.

:25:16.:25:18.

Three-year-old Hadrien Trudeau has melted hearts around the world

:25:19.:25:20.

and stolen the limelight after a day of work experience with his dad.

:25:21.:25:26.

The prime minister finding time for a game of hide-and-seek

:25:27.:25:30.

with his son before the duo were photographed handling

:25:31.:25:34.

45-year-old Trudeau has proved before he has knack for grabbing

:25:35.:25:40.

global attention on the internet and not surprisingly,

:25:41.:25:45.

these photos shared on his Facebook page have also gone viral.

:25:46.:25:53.

Thank you for being with us. Goodbye.

:25:54.:26:11.

Good evening. There is some much needed

:26:12.:26:13.