24/11/2017 Breakfast


24/11/2017

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Hello - this is Breakfast,

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with Charlie Stayt

and Naga Munchetty.

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A new era for Zimbabwe -

in the next few hours,

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a new leader will be sworn in.

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Tens of thousands of people

are expected to witness

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the official end of 37 years

of rule by Robert Mugabe.

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Good morning.

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It's Friday 24 November.

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Also this morning, it's

Black Friday, when we're expected

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to spend more than a

billion pounds online.

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Ben has more.

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Today is Black Friday, like it or

loathe it. Does it live up to the

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hype? Home at Amazon's new warehouse

in SX. --I am at Amazon's new

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warehouse in SX.

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Britain offers its condolences

as hopes fade for the crew

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of a missing Argentinian submarine.

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In sport, England get on top,

down under.

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After Davvide Malan,

made a half-century for England,

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in the opening ashes test,

the bowlers are now having an impact

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- they've taken four

wickets already.

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And Nick has the weather.

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It may be Black Friday that this

weekend's weather is brought to you

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by the colour blue. It's going to be

a cold one. The bully on wintry

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showers but quite of the blue sky.

It is colder this morning. Some icy

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patches to watch out for. More

coming up.

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Good morning.

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First, our main story.

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In the next few hours,

Zimbabwe is preparing to swear

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in a new President, after ten days

of extraordinary drama that

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culminated in the resignation

of Robert Mugabe after 37

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years in power.

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60,000 people will gather

at a sports stadium in Harare

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to witness Emmerson

Mnangagwa taking control

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of the country.

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The opposition is urging him to end

the culture of corruption.

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Tom Burridge has this report.

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The reaction when Robert Mugabe

resigned shows how high expectations

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are about what comes next in

Zimbabwe. With a crumbling economy,

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most people want jobs.

We have

degrees but we don't have jobs. We

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are looking for jobs. The other day,

we were sending CDs but we don't

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have jobs at all.

The man who will

be inaugurated as president today

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and is tasked with changing that is

Emmerson Mnangagwa, hailed as a hero

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by supporters when he returned two

days ago. Here, being sworn in as

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vice president, he was once Mugabe's

right-hand man but when Mugabe

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sacked him, the army stepped in and

carried out what was, in the end, a

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peaceful and popular coup. A

crocodile... Mnangagwa's support is

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caught in the crocodile for his

political cunning. His opponents

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question whether he represents real

change.

The first thing that needs

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to be transformed is the culture.

The culture of violence, the culture

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of corruption.

We need to change

that culture. So a new president

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today. Hope that life you can

improve. But the challenge is vast

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for Zimbabwe in a new political era.

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Shoppers are expected to spend more

than one billion pounds online

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during Black Friday.

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It is the custom that originated

in America a few years

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ago but there is evidence

that shoppers are tiring

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with the annual event.

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Ben is at an Amazon centre in Essex

for us this morning.

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Some people don't like Bail -- Black

Friday that it's become a phenomenon

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on?

You're right, love it or loathe

it, it is a discount shopping day

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before Christmas and as you said, an

American import, traditionally

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coming after Thanksgiving in the

United States but something we have

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adopted. Black Friday and cyber

Monday. We do a lot of shopping on

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line. Let me run you through some of

the numbers. Statistics show how

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popular

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the numbers. Statistics show how

popular it's become. We are expected

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to spend about £1.3 million at all

sorts of retailers but it's become

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an on line phenomenon on. More

people going on line to shop. About

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one in five of us expected to take

part in the discounts on offer

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today, down a bit on last year but

nonetheless, it shows how much it

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has grown. But falling popularity,

in some respects, and that is a bit

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of cynicism. More than a quarter of

us think the deals on offer aren't

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maybe all they are made out to be.

The discounts aren't that great,

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it's a way of getting us to

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The discounts aren't that great,

it's a way of getting us to shop

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more but over the course of the

morning, we will find out what it

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means the places like this. This is

Amazon's new facility in Essex. You

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will be able to see all these robots

doing amazing things, all sorts of

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products you can buy on line and it

stops staff having to walk around,

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they don't have to go to the

shelves. The robots bring the

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shelves. They managed not to crash

into each other. I want to give

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shelves. They managed not to crash

into each other. I want to give you

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a sense of where we are. We will

show you over the course of the day.

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I am the green blob. Giving you a

sense of the scale, this is the

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warehouse and all of the blue

squares, they are shelves. There are

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two of these on every floor

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squares, they are shelves. There are

two of these on every floor and

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there are three floors. 34 football

pitches worth of storage. We'll have

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a look around and show you how it

works.

Very interesting. Speculator.

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We were waiting for those to crash

and they didn't. Theresa May will

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meet the president of the European

Council as EU leaders gather for a

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summit. Alan Fleming is in Brussels.

-- Adam Fleming. Good morning.

What

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should we expect? The reason this

summit is happening in Brussels

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today is the EU leaders are meeting

six leaders from other countries

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outside the EU to the east,

Azerbaijan and Ukraine and Georgia,

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places like that, and a big focus on

security and regional stability and

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that is where the UK will send the

message that even after Brexit, the

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UK is still unconditionally

committed to Europe's security and

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its stability and they think they

have a strong card to play there.

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Example, we will hear the Prime

Minister talking about a fund worth

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£100 million to be spent over five

years to fight this information,

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they can use and propaganda coming

from Russia. In other words, the UK

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being very involved, even after

Brexit. Brexit is not on the

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official agenda but it will come up

a bit later on when the Prime

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Minister meets Donald Tusk, the

chairman of the council. He will

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chair the summits in the middle of

December make a crucial --a crucial

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decision. Moving on from the divorce

related issues to the big stuff

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about trade and the future

relationship and the transition

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deal.

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Families of the 44 crew on a missing

submarine in the South Atlantic say

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they've given up hope.

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The statement comes

after the Argentine navy said

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there was a suspected explosion

hours after the San Juan was last

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seen nine days ago.

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The Defence Secretary,

Gavin Williamson has offered

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Britain's "sincerest condolences"

A huge international search effort

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has been taking place to find

the vessel that disappeared almost

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two weeks ago.

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Jonathan Beale reports.

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It's known as the Silent service but

there's been no communication from

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the San Juan and her 44 crew for

more than a week. The search had

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already reached a critical phase

with peers this submarine would soon

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be running out of air. Now, more

worrying news, scientists confirm

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detected an abnormal -- an abnormal

sound in the water in her last known

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location. An Argentine navy

spokesman said it was a short single

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violent event, consistent with an

explosion. It's a bitter blow for

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relatives. Just a few days ago, they

had been wrongly told them they have

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been attempts by the submarine to

make contact. Now feel betrayed.

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TRANSLATION: I feel cheated. They

are swine.

They manipulated us. The

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San Juan left the southern tip of

Argentina almost two weeks ago. She

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was on a 2000 mile journey back to

Mar del Plata when she reported an

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electrical failure. Last

communication home was last

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Wednesday, the same day they have

identified that sound like an

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explosion. It now seems unlikely

their prayers will be answered. For

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the families of the 44 crew, hopes

of a miraculous rescue have all but

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disappeared.

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A BBC investigation has been told

of a flaw with one of the ways

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YouTube deals with inappropriate

comments aimed at children

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on the site.

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Volunteers who monitor and report

the comments say the issue means

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potentially predatory behaviour

has not been removed -

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even after it has been

reported to moderators.

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The site has denied any technical

failure, and says content that

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endangers children is

abhorrent and unacceptable.

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Andy Burrows, from the NSPCC,

is calling on ministers to act.

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We think it's really important the

government now steps in to require

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all social media firms to take

consistent steps to make children's

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sake. What should that look like?

That children have the highest

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literacy settings established as

default. That should mean the social

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network employs specialist people to

moderate reports that come through

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from children and that those reports

are prioritised. They shouldn't sit

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at the queue.

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Let us return to laptops Derek --

the top story, the inauguration of

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the Zimbabwean President. Ben Brown

is there. What is the mood there in

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terms of building up to this and in

terms of a new leader? Other -- are

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they expecting a new era?

They

really are. Whether they will get

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one, we don't know but Emmerson

Mnangagwa is promising what he

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called a new and unfolding

democracy. Let us show you the

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stadium where he is about to be

inaugurated in the next few hours.

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It's empty now that is already

beginning to fill. A few hours

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before, he swears that both of

allegiance and becomes only the

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second leader of Zimbabwe 37 years.

He has promised not only a new era

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of democracy but also huge economic

reforms. He has said his central

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policy will be jobs, jobs, jobs

because this is a country where

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there is economic devastation,

frankly, after four decades of

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Robert Mugabe rule and 90%

unemployment.

Then, lets you a

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little bit more about Emmerson

Mnangagwa. I struggle to say his

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name. Apologies. What is how much of

a change?

To be honest, not known as

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a champion of and human rights. He

was nicknamed the crocodile, a

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pretty ruthless henchmen under

Robert Mugabe, accused of complicity

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in massacres in 1980 in

Matebeleland, where people were

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killed. The opposition say he was

complicit in that survey will cast a

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wary, --a wary, beady eye on him.

People wonder if he will bring out

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-- bring about a whole new rule,

open up Zimbabwe to the

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international community, bring

investment and allow free and fair

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elections next year but we will have

to wait and see.

OK, good to talk to

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you. Thank you very much. Time to

look at all the sport.

Yes, that is

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what they are going for down under.

The Gabba in Brisbane is where

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Australia expect to win. They are so

confident. They have not lost for

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over 30 years but England's young

players don't know the meaning of

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fear. It has been England's day so

far. The bowlers have been doing

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damage.

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England have shocked Australia's

batsmen with early wickets

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on the second day of

the opening Ashes test.

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They had been 76/ forward with its

spring in the months the England

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attack.

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-- 76/4.

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A dreadful night for Everton -

already out of the Europa League,

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they were thrashed 5-1

at home by Atalanta,

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with the stands less than half

full and they still have

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no permanent manager.

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Arsenal "got the job done" according

to manager Arsene Wenger -

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despite a one-nil defeat at Cologne,

they still finished top

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of their group because

of results elsewhere.

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Nd there's a new adventure

for former England striker

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Michael Owen - he became

a successful racehorse breeder

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and owner after retiring

from football.

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Today, he'll be the jockey

in a charity race at Ascot.

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We all know how difficult that is.

Well, you do. I filmed my colleagues

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with him.

Getting ready. Speak to

you soon.

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Good morning. The much advertised

cold spell is about to arrive, even

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in southern and eastern parts of

England, temperatures five to ten

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lower than they were compared to

this time yesterday, close to

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freezing in Scotland, Northern

Ireland and northern England and icy

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patches around where we have frost

and wintry showers bawling in

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places. Let's look at things over

the next few hours, at 8am, showers

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coming into Scotland tend to be

rain, sleet and hill snow, Northern

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Ireland as well but cold air moving

in the night so these will start to

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turn to smoke even at lower levels

but parts of Scotland, Northern

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Ireland, north-west England, icy

patches so be aware of that on

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untreated surfaces. A lot of

sunshine to come when the sun is up

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in England and Wales but a clutch of

showers in parts of south-west

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England to start the day, rain

showers, and they will run east

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along the south coast through the

day, a bit more cloud into southern

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England compare that to further

north where we see the sunshine.

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Lighter winds but still breezy in

Scotland, into the Northern Isles in

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particular, and we will see more

showers in Scotland and Northern

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Ireland and northern England and

north Wales through the day, rain,

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sleet and hill snow out of these

with temperatures getting up to ten,

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few up to double figures, even fewer

by the weekend, in fact nobody I

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would imagine. As we go through the

night, some showers southwards,

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rain, sleet and hill snow again but

those coming in across Scotland,

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Northern Ireland and north-west

England as the night goes on Will

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Studd to see snow at lower levels

even mixed in with these and in

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towns and cities with temperatures

like this, in the country seed it

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will be even lower dashcam preside.

A widespread frost on the weekend.

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Caught between -- countryside. There

is a stronger wind as well, which

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adds an extra chilled for the

weekend. The frost to begin with,

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icy patches again where we've had

overnight showers and further wintry

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showers -- extra chill. The rain,

sleet and snow into Northern

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Scotland, north-west England, and

some into Wales. Southern and

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eastern parts stay dry with

sunshine, this is what it will feel

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like when you factor in the wind. A

definite chill enhanced by the wind,

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another frost on Sunday morning,

plenty of sunshine down the eastern

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side on Sunday, a few showers in the

west, more of rain and hill snow by

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day and increasing cloud here,

perhaps a little bit less chilly in

0:16:540:16:57

the west by the end of Sunday.

That's how your weekend is shaping

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up, the coldest of the autumn so

far.

Thanks, I'm glad you're tie

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matches the weather colour today.

I

didn't get dressed in the dark, did

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I?

I certainly didn't, we've been

accused of that many times before on

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here! Let's look at the front pages.

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accused of that many times before on

here! Let's look at the front pages.

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The Daily Telegraph leads with

Theresa May on her way to Brussels

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for another meeting today, the

question is really how close they

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are two that December deadline about

moving talks on the big picture. A

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Thanksgiving gathering of the Obama

family.

You know why they're saying

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awkward conversation? She had been

kissing her boyfriend in another

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forecast.

Mali, her boyfriend, there

was a picture knocking around last

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week of her kissing her boyfriend.

She is 19! The Times, the picture is

0:17:480:17:57

of Emily Cilliers, Emile Cilliers,

to face a retrial for the attempted

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murder of his wife, Victoria, her

parachute failed when she fell 4000

0:18:040:18:09

feet on a skydive. This is because

to juror is have been discharged

0:18:090:18:15

with stress-related illness in that

case. The main story, some of the

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well's biggest brands advertising on

YouTube showing scantily clad

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children -- the world's -- two juror

is. Looking at the budget yesterday

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and the statistic showing we are

losing two decades of wage growth --

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two juror is. The sun is speculating

about whether or not Prince Harry

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has popped the question, the reason

it says it like that is because

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Meghan Markle has moved her dogs to

the UK. What have you got?

One of

0:18:480:18:53

the most iconic sporting venues

these days, 320 metres up in the

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year on top of that big hotel in

Dubai, remember Roger Federer and

0:18:570:19:02

Rafa Nadal had a game up there?

Anthony Joshua has been up there, as

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speculation grows he will be

fighting in March, a unification

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fight against Joseph Parker, they

will use this setting to make the

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announcement. Having a bit of ace

barring match. Tennis is more

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difficult because it goes out of

play. Meet the new Formula 1

0:19:190:19:24

sensation, only 19, but unusually

George Russell is six foot two.

How

0:19:240:19:28

does he get in the car?

A good

question. He's very light, just over

0:19:280:19:34

tenst, incredible, he is driving for

Force India today in practice at Abu

0:19:340:19:38

Dhabi but he's been signed up by

Mercedes.

Have you been in a Formula

0:19:380:19:43

1 car? It was an adapted one where

two people go in.

I sat in a normal

0:19:430:19:49

one but I couldn't drive it but I've

been in a two seater one.

It is

0:19:490:19:54

pretty cramped?

Even for me.

They

made everything to fit the drivers.

0:19:540:19:59

But again, you are taking weight

into consideration. He's only tends

0:19:590:20:10

to when he is six but to. But his

legs will be squashed. -- ten stone

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when he is six foot to. You know you

find something in your jacket

0:20:190:20:26

pocket, you find some money?

This is

a bit like that, years ago you go to

0:20:260:20:31

a cashpoint and you asked for some

money, £10, £20, and you didn't take

0:20:310:20:35

it away, you didn't take it away. It

seems unlikely but lots of people

0:20:350:20:41

do. Now it seems Lloyds bank has

admitted there are all sorts of

0:20:410:20:45

glitches going back a long time,

nine or ten years, going back to

0:20:450:20:50

2008. People who didn't take the

money away from the cash machines

0:20:500:20:54

out of the blue now are getting

checks saying here's the £20 you

0:20:540:20:59

didn't take in 2009.

I thought they

automatically refunded the money, I

0:20:590:21:03

thought it was taken back into the

machine.

They're saying that didn't

0:21:030:21:08

happen, it should have happened.

Even after all this time people are

0:21:080:21:14

getting these letters saying this is

some money with a bit of interest,

0:21:140:21:18

someone got £20 after £6 80 interest

from 2008. There you go.

Someone

0:21:180:21:24

asked in my ear, what happened if

the person behind you took the

0:21:240:21:27

money?

Then it is taken. You are

doing this and the cash comes out,

0:21:270:21:34

but no one takes it, it goes back

in.

I've done that probably three

0:21:340:21:39

times in the last year.

Have you got

more money than sense?

I get

0:21:390:21:43

distracted by someone talking to me,

I forget and it goes back in. On

0:21:430:21:48

every occasion I have contacted the

banks and remembered six hours later

0:21:480:21:51

and they have checked and it's gone

back in.

The next time Mike is at

0:21:510:21:55

the cashpoint there will be a

massive queue of people.

I did it

0:21:550:21:59

when I was doing a crime story and

drove off! We will have another

0:21:590:22:05

sport bulletin with Mike later on

and all the weather coming up and

0:22:050:22:09

looking ahead to the weekend.

0:22:090:22:17

The charity Wonen's Aid has told

this programme that on just one day

0:22:170:22:20

this year almost 100 women

and children were turned

0:22:200:22:23

away

from refuges because there weren't

0:22:230:22:25

enough beds to meet demand.

0:22:250:22:26

The latest crime survey

for England and Wales shows

0:22:260:22:30

1.2 million women and more

than 700,000 men reported some

0:22:300:22:33

form of domestic abuse

in the last year.

0:22:330:22:35

Fiona Lamden reports.

0:22:350:22:36

When people say, why didn't you just

leave, I want them to understand

0:22:360:22:39

that it's just not that simple. How

could I leave this man, he was going

0:22:390:22:43

to kill me. It's so complex and

people just don't understand. For

0:22:430:22:52

that person to have so much power

over you makes it impossible.

It

0:22:520:22:58

took Charlotte nine years to find

the courage to leave her husband and

0:22:580:23:03

finally report him to the police.

She and her children went first to a

0:23:030:23:08

refuge and later to a new home.

Shala's husband was convicted and

0:23:080:23:12

given a seven-year prison sentence

in. But her two daughters say the

0:23:120:23:16

memories of what he did will stay

with them for ever -- Shala's.

We

0:23:160:23:22

ended up going into hiding while the

court case was on -- Charlotte's.

I

0:23:220:23:27

was very confused because I grew up

with this man and to me you was my

0:23:270:23:31

dad. I've felt abandoned, it was

sort of a loss for me.

The latest

0:23:310:23:35

crime survey for England and Wales

shows 1.2 million women and more

0:23:350:23:41

than 700,000 men reported some form

of domestic abuse in the last year.

0:23:410:23:46

With one in ten women between 16 and

19 saying they've experienced abuse.

0:23:460:23:52

Charity Women's Aid says on one day

this year they were helping more

0:23:520:23:56

than 4500 women and children at

refuges in England. But on that same

0:23:560:24:02

day had to turn away almost 200 more

because they didn't have enough

0:24:020:24:06

room. Years after the charity help

her and her family, Charlotte now

0:24:060:24:11

works for a Women's Aid refuge in

Surrey.

There's always a waiting

0:24:110:24:16

list here.

The last family left an

hour ago and I'm told a mother and

0:24:160:24:20

her three children are on their way

here now. It's expected they'll

0:24:200:24:24

arrive with very little. So here are

just a few basics to get them start

0:24:240:24:28

their new life.

Women's lives are

already at risk and I think this

0:24:280:24:32

statistic is something like over to

women a week are murdered in England

0:24:320:24:36

and Wales. If there weren't the

refuges that there are now, that

0:24:360:24:40

figure will go up. I already fear

when we have to say to somebody,

0:24:400:24:47

sorry, no, we're full, I already

fear, where's that woman going to

0:24:470:24:51

go?

The government has said it's

committed £40 million until 2020 and

0:24:510:24:56

is introducing a domestic violence

and abuse bill to protect and

0:24:560:25:00

support victims and their children.

Meanwhile, Charlotte says do

0:25:000:25:04

everything she can to help other

women like her.

I could sit here and

0:25:040:25:10

not tell you my story, but if I gave

into that and gave into that fear of

0:25:100:25:19

thinking, is he watching, what's he

going to do? Then I've lost and he's

0:25:190:25:23

won, and that's not going to happen.

I'm continuing to speak out and

0:25:230:25:28

that's why I'm talking to you,

because it's really important and

0:25:280:25:32

nobody's going to stop me doing

that.

0:25:320:25:35

Very powerful stories.

0:25:350:25:36

Fiona Lamdin with that report.

0:25:360:25:38

Details of organisations offering

information and support

0:25:380:25:46

with domestic violence are available

at BBC.co.auk/actionline.

0:25:460:25:50

Or you can call for free

at any time to hear

0:25:500:25:53

recorded information

on 0800 888 809.

0:25:530:25:55

Time now to get the news,

travel and weather where you are.

0:25:590:26:00

momentarily before we return to the

cooler conditions after that.

0:29:180:29:20

I'm back with the latest

from the BBC London newsroom

0:29:200:29:23

in half an hour.

0:29:230:29:24

Bye for now.

0:29:240:29:25

Hello - this is Breakfast

with Naga Munchetty

0:29:280:29:30

and Charlie Stayt.

0:29:300:29:31

We'll bring you the latest news

and sport in just a moment.

0:29:310:29:35

Coming up:

0:29:350:29:36

Could reports of an explosion dash

hopes that the 44 crew

0:29:360:29:39

of a missing Argentine submarine

might still be alive?

0:29:390:29:44

We'll get the assessment

of a former submariner.

0:29:440:29:49

That's lovely.

0:29:490:29:50

Liverpool legend

'King Kenny' Dalgleigh will be

0:29:500:29:56

here to talk about his life

0:29:560:30:00

on and off the pitch as a new film

explores what he achieved

0:30:000:30:04

and endured during

his time at Anfield.

0:30:040:30:12

On the march.

0:30:120:30:14

We'll find out how this

extraordinary footage of an army

0:30:140:30:17

of spider crabs evading

the detection of stingrays

0:30:170:30:19

was captured for Blue Planet Two.

0:30:190:30:20

Good morning.

0:30:200:30:21

Here's a summary of this morning's

main stories from BBC News.

0:30:210:30:24

Zimbabwe's new president is due

to be sworn in later this morning

0:30:240:30:27

in the country's capital, Harare.

0:30:270:30:29

60,000 people will gather

at a sports stadium

0:30:290:30:31

to witness Emmerson

Mnangagwa taking control

0:30:310:30:33

of the country following

the resignation of Robert Mugabe

0:30:330:30:35

after 37 years in power.

0:30:350:30:36

Mr Mnangagwa says the

country is witnessing

0:30:360:30:38

a "new and unfolding democracy".

0:30:380:30:43

Theresa May will meet the President

of the European Council,

0:30:430:30:45

Donald Tusk in Brussels later as EU

leaders gather for a summit.

0:30:450:30:49

It will be the first

high-level discussion

0:30:490:30:51

between the two sides

since the Prime Minister secured

0:30:510:30:53

the backing of her cabinet

to offer more money

0:30:530:30:56

for the so-called divorce bill.

0:30:560:30:57

There will be another in December

where EU leaders will decide

0:30:570:31:00

whether to trigger

the next phase of talks.

0:31:000:31:02

Families of the 44 crew members

on board the missing submarine say

0:31:020:31:05

they've given up hope.

0:31:050:31:06

The Argentinian Navy said

an explosion was detected

0:31:060:31:08

near to the vessel's last known

position over a week ago,

0:31:080:31:14

but relatives and the media

were only told yesterday.

0:31:140:31:19

The Defence Secretary

Gavin Williamson has

0:31:190:31:21

offered sincere condolences.

0:31:210:31:26

Shoppers are expected to spend more

than £1 billion online

0:31:260:31:29

during Black Friday.

0:31:290:31:32

It is the custom that originated

in America a few years

0:31:320:31:35

ago but there is evidence

that shoppers are tiring

0:31:350:31:37

with the annual event.

0:31:370:31:38

A handful of stores are keeping out

of the promotion with one suggesting

0:31:380:31:42

it is bonkers to cut prices now.

0:31:420:31:48

A BBC investigation has been told

of a flaw with one of the ways

0:31:480:31:52

YouTube deals with inappropriate

comments aimed at children

0:31:520:31:54

on the site.

0:31:540:31:54

Volunteers who monitor

and report the comments

0:31:540:31:56

say

the issue means potentially

0:31:560:31:58

predatory behaviour has not been

0:31:580:31:59

removed, even after it has been

reported to moderators.

0:31:590:32:02

The site has denied any technical

failure, and says content that

0:32:020:32:05

endangers children is

abhorrent and unacceptable.

0:32:050:32:06

Andy Burrows, from the NSPCC,

is calling on ministers to act.

0:32:060:32:13

We think it's really important

the government now steps

0:32:130:32:16

in to require all social media firms

to take consistent steps

0:32:160:32:19

to make children sake.

0:32:190:32:20

What should that look like?

0:32:200:32:25

That should ensure that children

have the highest privacy settings

0:32:250:32:27

established as default.

0:32:270:32:29

That should mean that the social

network employs specialist people

0:32:290:32:32

to moderate reports that come

through from children and that those

0:32:320:32:35

reports are prioritised.

0:32:350:32:38

They shouldn't just sit

at the back of the queue.

0:32:380:32:49

Millions of small savers may be hit

by a little noticed tax change

0:32:490:32:52

announced in this week's Budget,

according to a leading insurer.

0:32:520:32:55

Royal London Insurance says it

affects long term policies sold

0:32:550:32:58

by companies and sometimes

collected door-to-door.

0:32:580:32:59

In the long run losses could add up

to hundreds of millions of pounds.

0:32:590:33:03

Our Personal Finance Correspondent,

Simon Gompertz reports.

0:33:030:33:05

Sometimes chancellors say things in

the Budget people don't quite

0:33:050:33:08

understand at the time and this, the

abolition of an ex- -- and a skua

0:33:080:33:12

tax break which appears to benefit

many small savers, could have been

0:33:120:33:15

one of those occasions.

There is a

case now for removing the anomaly of

0:33:150:33:19

the indexation allowance for capital

gains, bringing the corporate tax

0:33:190:33:23

system in line with the capital

gains tax system. I will therefore

0:33:230:33:27

brings this allowance so companies

receive relief for inflation up to

0:33:270:33:31

January 20 -- 2018 but not

thereafter.

Insurers say there is an

0:33:310:33:37

impact on traditional savings

policies often sold door-to-door at

0:33:370:33:40

the workplace. They include

endowments which pay you a lump sum,

0:33:400:33:43

whole of life-insurance which pays

out after you die, and other

0:33:430:33:47

investment policies which have had

some other annual growth tax-free.

0:33:470:33:51

From early numbers we've looked at,

we think that millions of people

0:33:510:33:55

have these policies and will now be

losing relatively modest amounts of

0:33:550:33:59

money, perhaps £20, £50 each, some a

lot more by this all adds up to a

0:33:590:34:04

huge amount, hundreds of millions of

pounds for the Chancellor.

The

0:34:040:34:07

Budget document said no individuals

will be affected and the Treasury

0:34:070:34:11

adds: but a Royal London argues that

this is a tax grab from people who

0:34:110:34:21

have done the right thing and saved

and it should be reversed.

0:34:210:34:32

A former British soldier is due

to appear in court in Turkey today,

0:34:320:34:35

charged with terrorism offences.

0:34:350:34:37

Joe Robinson, from Lancashire,

is accused of joining the Kurdish

0:34:370:34:39

militia in Syria to fight

the so-called Islamic State group.

0:34:390:34:42

He denies the charge,

claiming he was there in 2015

0:34:420:34:45

as a medic.

0:34:450:34:46

A teddy bear that was lost

in an airport has been flown 200

0:34:460:34:50

miles to be reunited

with a young girl in Orkney.

0:34:500:34:52

4-year-old Summer accidentally

left Teddy behind

0:34:520:34:54

at Edinburgh Airport,

but luckily a member of Loganair's

0:34:540:34:57

cabin crew spotted a social media

plea to find the bear.

0:34:570:34:59

Kirsty Walter tracked down

the toy and Teddy was even

0:34:590:35:02

given his own seat on a flight back

to Kirkwall to be reunited

0:35:020:35:06

with his owner.

0:35:060:35:19

Nice light, get your own seat, get a

biscuit, some chocolate.

0:35:190:35:25

Donning his trademark stripy scarf,

these are the first pictures

0:35:250:35:29

of Tom Baker stepping back

into the Tardis to reprise his most

0:35:290:35:32

famous role as The Doctor.

0:35:320:35:33

The 83-year-old actor has completed

work on the unfinished

0:35:330:35:36

Doctor Who episode Shada

which was left uncompleted 38 years

0:35:360:35:38

ago because of industrial action.

0:35:380:35:40

Some parts have been animated,

with Baker providing his distinctive

0:35:400:35:45

voice, and he's also starring

in one live action scene.

0:35:450:35:53

What they have done, it was an

unfinished Doctor Who. Doctor Who

0:35:530:35:57

fans know about this. They used

animation alongside real stuff.

I

0:35:570:36:04

wonder what kind of monster he was

facing.

And how it's going to fit

0:36:040:36:08

in. You have to watch it as part of

a series? You watch a little bit of

0:36:080:36:16

it and it is to be released.

I would

love to hear about how superstitious

0:36:160:36:26

people get in sport. I've worn this

Tayport -- this type for two days

0:36:260:36:31

running, especially to commemorate

the Ashes. The kangaroos and the

0:36:310:36:34

Lions. If it continues like this,

will I be able to take it off for

0:36:340:36:39

the next six weeks? So far today,

the reason I have the time, England

0:36:390:36:45

are going well.

0:36:450:36:53

Australia's captain has come to the

rescue. When Steve Smith came to the

0:36:530:36:58

crease, they were in trouble at the

Gabba. But he made a half-century.

0:36:580:37:03

Past 120. Starting to swing back

towards the hosts. The wickets have

0:37:030:37:09

been shared with the England

bowlers. 132/ for now, Steve Smith

0:37:090:37:16

50 not out.

0:37:160:37:24

-- 132/4.

0:37:240:37:25

Everton were thrashed

5-1 at home to Atalanta

0:37:250:37:28

in the Europa League last night.

0:37:280:37:29

They were already out

but in front of a half-empty

0:37:290:37:32

stadium, they finished

bottom of their group -

0:37:320:37:34

and it wasn't a great entry

on the CV for caretaker manager

0:37:340:37:37

David Unsworth, who wants

the job permanently.

0:37:370:37:39

Arsene Wenger said it was job done,

0:37:390:37:41

after Arsenal won their

Europa League group

0:37:410:37:43

despite losing in Cologne.

0:37:430:37:44

A second half penalty won it

for the home side but results

0:37:440:37:47

elsewhere meant

Arsenal finished top.

0:37:470:37:51

You feel you haven't -- you have

done the job to finish top of the

0:37:510:37:57

group and after that, we plan our

final game at home against

0:37:570:38:04

Nottingham with not much at stake

apart from the fact that we want to

0:38:040:38:08

win the game but what does it really

mean, I don't know. But that's what

0:38:080:38:13

you wanted.

0:38:130:38:15

A possible link between heading

a football and brain

0:38:150:38:17

damage will be the subject

of a study commissioned

0:38:170:38:20

by the Football Association.

0:38:200:38:21

It will begin in January

and will look at whether players

0:38:210:38:24

are at an increased

risk of dementia.

0:38:240:38:26

The former England captain

Alan Shearer recently made a BBC

0:38:260:38:29

documentary on the issue.

0:38:290:38:32

I think this is a huge day for

football. As I said, it's been a

0:38:320:38:38

long time coming. Delighted that the

associations have now backed it and

0:38:380:38:46

we can get the answers but football

needs.

0:38:460:38:50

England's women take

on Bosnia Herzegovina in a World Cup

0:38:500:38:53

qualifier tonight -

it's interim coach Mo Marley's

0:38:530:38:55

first competitive match in charge.

0:38:550:38:56

England beat Russia 6-0

in their opening qualifyer

0:38:560:38:59

in September but they'll be

without experienced defender Casey

0:38:590:39:01

Stoney.

0:39:010:39:01

Wales are also playing tonight,

at home to Kazhakstan.

0:39:010:39:06

In around an hour, England will play

hosts New Zealand for a place

0:39:060:39:10

in the final of the Women's

Hockey World League Final.

0:39:100:39:14

They beat the USA to make it

through to the semis.

0:39:140:39:17

The England side includes eight

of the squad who won Olympic gold

0:39:170:39:21

with Team GB last summer,

and it was Rio Olympian Sophie Bray,

0:39:210:39:24

who scored both the goals.

0:39:240:39:27

We're in the run-up

to the Winter Olympics

0:39:270:39:29

in PyeongChang, and Scotland's

curlers are warming up nicely.

0:39:290:39:34

They've made the final

of the European Championships

0:39:340:39:37

in Switzerland after

beating the hosts 9-8 -

0:39:370:39:39

they'll face Sweden

for the title on Saturday.

0:39:390:39:44

Later, Scotland's women also take

on the hosts in their semifinal.

0:39:440:39:50

And finally, it's a journey

from Anfield to Ascot for former

0:39:500:39:53

Liverpool and England

striker Michael Owen.

0:39:530:39:54

At lunchtime, he will ride

for the first time as a jockey

0:39:540:39:57

in a charity race at Ascot.

0:39:570:39:59

Owen owns horses and a training

stables but has never got

0:39:590:40:02

into the saddle before.

0:40:020:40:12

And he's had to lose nearly a stone

in weight to do that because it is

0:40:120:40:16

it -- as a jockey, you need to make

the right weight.

Right weight.

0:40:160:40:20

Kenny Dalglish, the new film about

what he's been through.

Thank you

0:40:200:40:26

very much.

0:40:260:40:28

It is 10 days since Zimbabwe's army

took control of the capital,

0:40:280:40:31

Harare, in a move they insisted

wasn't a coup, now the country

0:40:310:40:34

is preparing to swear

in a new leader.

0:40:340:40:37

That's Robert Mugabe's

former right-hand-man,

0:40:370:40:40

75-year-old Emmerson Mnangagwa

will take control,

0:40:400:40:42

whether he ushers in

a new democratic future remains

0:40:420:40:44

to be seen.

0:40:440:40:48

He's known as 'the Crocodile'

for his fearsome reputation

0:40:480:40:50

and was at Mr Mugabe's side

during the war of independence

0:40:500:40:54

and post-liberation government.

0:40:540:40:59

During the 1980s, he was

the country's spymaster

0:40:590:41:01

but denies any involvement

in the massacre of civilians

0:41:010:41:04

in that time.

0:41:040:41:05

He's accused of masterminding

attacks on opposition supporters

0:41:050:41:07

after the 2008 election.

0:41:070:41:08

So what does the future hold?

0:41:080:41:09

Let's speak to Sara Rich Dorman,

a senior lecturer in

0:41:090:41:12

African Politics at

the University of Edinburgh.

0:41:120:41:19

Thank you for your time this

morning. All of this came to many

0:41:190:41:24

people by those scenes of jubilation

and they were real scenes of

0:41:240:41:29

jubilation as Robert Mugabe

officially said he was standing

0:41:290:41:31

down. This is a very important date

the Zimbabwe. Absolutely. People

0:41:310:41:38

were delighted. They are delighted.

It opens up a real window of

0:41:380:41:42

possibility for people in Zimbabwe

who have suffered tremendously.

0:41:420:41:48

Economically, politically and in

terms of abuses.

All those things we

0:41:480:41:55

tend to take the granted. People in

Zimbabwe aren't stupid. They

0:41:550:42:03

understand that is just one man. A

bigger system that also needs to

0:42:030:42:09

change. Official events taking

place. The stadium has a few people

0:42:090:42:16

in it. The main event, 60,000 people

will be packed in there for the

0:42:160:42:22

inauguration itself. What will

happen next?

Tells about the man who

0:42:220:42:30

will succeed Robert Mugabe and a lot

of people say there are an awful lot

0:42:300:42:35

of similarities in what they have

been involved in in the past and

0:42:350:42:38

what he might be like as leader.

Emmerson Mnangagwa has been around a

0:42:380:42:48

long time, he goes back to the

liberation struggle, the armed

0:42:480:42:53

struggle and was in jail for ten

years. Like Robert Mugabe, he

0:42:530:42:57

studied for a law degree while he

was in jail. And then after

0:42:570:43:02

independence, he took up a

ministerial post. What is striking

0:43:020:43:07

is not how far back he goes but

actually how consistently he has

0:43:070:43:12

been in power. He was one of the

only two remaining figures of Robert

0:43:120:43:18

Mugabe's original Cabinet. He has

been there from the start of the new

0:43:180:43:25

state, the liberated state of

Zimbabwe. He has carried through

0:43:250:43:29

until his sacking about two weeks

ago in a range of different

0:43:290:43:33

portfolios. He has had ups and

downs, very senior posts but is

0:43:330:43:39

always bounced back from those.

Such

an area of expectation about what

0:43:390:43:45

the future might be like the

Zimbabwe, with so many problems for

0:43:450:43:49

its infrastructure. His Emmerson

Mnangagwa don't have to reinvent

0:43:490:43:56

himself as a proper democratic

leader as the world watches on?

He

0:43:560:44:01

has a reputation for someone who

gets things done. Is not much of a

0:44:010:44:04

speaker. He doesn't have the same

sort of charisma that other

0:44:040:44:07

contenders had. I don't think he's

the best speaker. He is not perhaps

0:44:070:44:15

as diplomatic or is rhetorical but

he does have the reputation for

0:44:150:44:20

getting things done. That's what

people are counting on an hour

0:44:200:44:23

hoping for. They are hoping that he

will be to bring that sort of

0:44:230:44:28

fundamental change. By bringing in

investment, strengthening the

0:44:280:44:34

economy. That is a huge ask for any

leader, particularly one with his

0:44:340:44:39

baggage.

Sarah, thank you very much

for your time.

0:44:390:44:43

We saw those events through the

morning this morning and we will go

0:44:490:44:53

to our correspondent Ben Brown in

Zimbabwe later on.

0:44:530:44:55

Here's Nick with a look

at this morning's weather.

0:44:550:45:00

It's getting really chilly, neck,

it's feeling like we have definitely

0:45:000:45:04

changed?

-- Nick.

0:45:040:45:06

Absolutely, we've talked about it

all week, the cold air coming south,

0:45:080:45:12

that process is under way, a cold

morning this morning than recent

0:45:120:45:17

mornings, -3, minor score at their

lowest, Scotland and Northern

0:45:170:45:21

Ireland, the cold theme staying

through the weekend, enhanced by a

0:45:210:45:26

colder stronger wind on Saturday

especially. Lot of sunshine around

0:45:260:45:30

but there will be wintry showers, so

some will see some snow out of the

0:45:300:45:35

showers as they move through quite

quickly on the wind but quite a lot

0:45:350:45:38

of dry and sunny weather to come

this weekend. As there is today, but

0:45:380:45:42

we've already got wintry showers,

this is 8am pushing into Scotland,

0:45:420:45:46

north of the Central Belt, lots of

this will fall asleep or snow and

0:45:460:45:51

icy patches around as well, into

Northern Ireland and north-west

0:45:510:45:54

England -- falling as sleek. A Met

Office a weather warning out there

0:45:540:45:59

this morning so take care -- falling

as sleek. Dry weather in England and

0:45:590:46:05

Wales but here temperatures lower

than for some. These are going to

0:46:050:46:14

trundle further along southern

coastal counties as we go through

0:46:140:46:17

the days. We will take these

showers, some rain but sleet, snow,

0:46:170:46:21

perhaps fail in more of Scotland,

Northern Ireland and parts of

0:46:210:46:24

northern England, maybe some into

Wales later in the afternoon and

0:46:240:46:29

although the winds are lighter than

they've been, it will be quite

0:46:290:46:32

Priskin Northern Scotland and the

Northern Isles and temperatures

0:46:320:46:39

colder than the weekend -- brisk in.

We will bring more wintry showers

0:46:390:46:46

further south, rain, sleet, hill

snow out of these two and

0:46:460:46:51

increasingly in Scotland and

Northern Ireland and north-west

0:46:510:46:53

England as the night goes on, sleet

and snow in lower levels and icy

0:46:530:46:58

patches with a widespread frost to

start Saturday. The big picture, the

0:46:580:47:02

reason why it is so cold, high

pressure here and low pressure to

0:47:020:47:06

the north, a flow of air around the

system is coming down from the

0:47:060:47:10

Arctic so it's going to be a cold

direction. -- the systems. More

0:47:100:47:15

sleet and snow showers affecting

parts of Scotland, Northern Ireland

0:47:150:47:19

and north-west England, one or two

for Wales, the Midlands and the

0:47:190:47:24

south-west but in a large swathe of

the east of the UK into southern

0:47:240:47:28

England, we will stay dry, some

sunshine but if you factor in the

0:47:280:47:32

wind to the temperatures, that's

what it will feel like on Saturday

0:47:320:47:35

so feeling like the coldest weekend

of the season so far with another

0:47:350:47:39

frost on Sunday morning. A fine,

dry, sunny day down the ease on

0:47:390:47:44

Sunday, still wintry showers in the

west, fading later in the day as the

0:47:440:47:48

cloud increases and it becomes a bit

less J-League -- the east. A lot of

0:47:480:47:52

people like this fine, dry, sunny

weather that many will have this

0:47:520:47:56

weekend even though it's going to be

cold -- a bit less chilly.

Are we

0:47:560:48:01

stuck with this for a while?

We are,

less cold on Monday as the weather

0:48:010:48:06

system moves through but next week

looks like single figures for most.

0:48:060:48:09

On the cold side of average but it's

the time of year for it!

I don't

0:48:090:48:14

know why I'm always disappointed, it

does happen, doesn't happen, doesn't

0:48:140:48:18

it? Nick, thanks very much.

0:48:180:48:23

Retailers are gearing

up for Black Friday,

0:48:230:48:26

it's the spending spree that

originated in America and has caught

0:48:260:48:29

it's the spending spree that

originated in America and has caught

0:48:290:48:29

on over here in the last few years.

0:48:290:48:31

Do you know who decides? Ben? He

knows everything.

Good morning and

0:48:310:48:39

welcome to Tilbury, Amazon's

brand-new facility and it's

0:48:390:48:43

absolutely huge, it's the size of 34

football pitches and it's full of

0:48:430:48:47

this kind of stuff. You might be

able to see some of the robots

0:48:470:48:51

moving around here, these are the

robots that take stuff from the

0:48:510:48:55

warehouse and they bring the entire

shelf to the Packer rather than

0:48:550:49:00

having to walk to the shelf and

picked the stuff off, they bring the

0:49:000:49:04

shelf itself, full of all sorts that

we can buy online. As you said,

0:49:040:49:11

Black Friday traditionally an online

shopping day. Were expected to spend

0:49:110:49:17

£1.3 billion before the holiday --

we're expected. Katie are with me.

0:49:170:49:31

Good morning to you. Andy, we talk

about Black Friday, imported from

0:49:310:49:38

the US, it's funny, we don't have

the Thanksgiving day before that

0:49:380:49:42

traditionally fracked Friday comes

after?

We've ended up enablers are

0:49:420:49:48

situation -- Black Friday. Its

globalisation, which is what the

0:49:480:49:51

Internet does, it allows you to

bring things over like this that

0:49:510:49:56

doesn't make any sense -- we've

ended up in Eber is our situation.

0:49:560:50:05

-- we've ended up in a bizarre

situation.

This is a strange day, it

0:50:050:50:14

was meant to be after Christmas that

he would get the clearance sale, but

0:50:140:50:19

Black Friday brings forward

opportunities to get great discounts

0:50:190:50:21

at a time that can be very expensive

in the run-up to Christmas.

What are

0:50:210:50:26

the discounts going to be like, are

they all cracked up to be? Is it old

0:50:260:50:32

stuff, they were having?

I've been

shopping plenty myself, we've got

0:50:320:50:39

great feedback, people know when

they come to Amazon they get great

0:50:390:50:42

prices and great deals, not only on

the products we have but we've got

0:50:420:50:46

hundreds of small businesses taking

part and offering their products.

0:50:460:50:51

Andy, we've always associated Black

Friday with electricals, TVs and

0:50:510:50:56

computers, but now more and more

retailers are taking part, there's

0:50:560:50:59

sort of an expectation that whatever

type of shop you are you will to

0:50:590:51:03

offer a sale?

Black Friday is a

complete and all me in the retail

0:51:030:51:09

calendar, everyone has to get

involved -- is a complete anomaly.

0:51:090:51:14

It started out as a electricals, now

everyone is aware this is the day to

0:51:140:51:20

get discounts, lots more people are

shopping today than on any other day

0:51:200:51:23

of the year and consequently

everyone is trying to get as much of

0:51:230:51:27

that share sale as they can.

If you

don't take part, do you lose as a

0:51:270:51:31

retailer?

Some people have died in

their heels and said we refuse, some

0:51:310:51:35

people have made a bit of a virtue

of it -- dug in their heels. It's

0:51:350:51:43

hard to say as to whether they lose

customers. Everyone has to do

0:51:430:51:47

something, you don't have to

discount but you have to be very

0:51:470:51:51

active today.

What about this

facility, we're looking at these

0:51:510:51:55

robots, incredible investment from

Amazon in this part of the country,

0:51:550:51:59

a huge site, you must have the

demand to need this?

In previous

0:51:590:52:03

years we get 84 items a second,

we've added 50 facilities like this,

0:52:030:52:10

more than 5000 people, we're getting

ready for Christmas and days like

0:52:100:52:14

this to get all the products to

customers on time -- three

0:52:140:52:18

facilities.

We will talk more later.

You might be able to see these guys

0:52:180:52:23

loading up the big yellow shelving

units, all the stuff comes in from

0:52:230:52:27

the manufacturers and the big

suppliers around the country and

0:52:270:52:30

these guys put it onto the shelves

and they get put into this huge

0:52:300:52:35

facility. 34 football pitches'

worth, this is one flaw, there are

0:52:350:52:40

three like this, it goes back four

miles. -- this is one flaw. I will

0:52:400:52:46

take you on a tour later.

I hope you

got comfy shoes on?

I've got the big

0:52:460:52:52

boots on.

Big boots, Big Ben. Thanks

very much.

See you later on.

0:52:520:53:00

The actor Gary Oldman,

best known for his performances

0:53:000:53:04

in Bram Stoker's Dracula

and in the spy film Tinker,

0:53:040:53:06

Tailor, Soldier, Spy says his latest

role has been the most daunting

0:53:060:53:10

challenge of his career.

0:53:100:53:11

In Darkest Hour Oldman plays

Winston Churchill as a jolly,

0:53:110:53:13

idiosyncratic, sometimes conflicted

0:53:130:53:14

version of the British Prime

Minister.

0:53:140:53:16

Our Entertainment correspondent

Lizo Mzimba has been talking to him

0:53:160:53:19

about the part which is widely

tipped for an Oscar.

0:53:190:53:22

You cannot reason with a tiger when

your head is in its mouth!

Gary

0:53:220:53:29

Oldman, perhaps his most powerful

and charismatic.

Would you stop

0:53:290:53:35

interrupting me while I'm

interrupting you?

Almost

0:53:350:53:39

unrecognisable for a performance he

hopes truly embodies Churchill.

I

0:53:390:53:46

knew I didn't look like him but I

thought with some work I could

0:53:460:53:50

approximate the voice. You get to a

point where it has two become

0:53:500:53:58

creation rather than impersonation,

you try and get the spirit and the

0:53:580:54:04

essence of the man.

Let me see your

true qualities, your courage.

Like

0:54:040:54:16

Churchill out of public view,

Altmann did have occasional doubts

0:54:160:54:19

the yellow -- of the Fox H --

Goldman. -- Oldman.

It seemed

0:54:190:54:33

insurmountable.

Churchill has been

played semi- times by so many.

0:54:330:54:37

You've got this image of Churchill,

but is that contaminated or in

0:54:370:54:42

anyway influenced by Albert Finney

as Churchill -- Churchill has been

0:54:420:54:46

played so many times by so many. Or

Robert Hardy as Churchill.

They will

0:54:460:54:53

soon be looking for war.

Site I went

to the newsreel, I saw a man who was

0:54:530:54:59

dynamic -- so I went to the

newsreel. Youthful, full of energy.

0:54:590:55:05

I believe we are to meet regularly.

Darkest Hour doesn't reach UK

0:55:050:55:09

cinemas until next January, but Gary

Oldman is already odds-on favourite

0:55:090:55:14

to win the Academy Awards for Best

actor.

If I was going to get an

0:55:140:55:19

Oscar I can't think of a better part

to get it for, let's put it that

0:55:190:55:24

way.

We shall fight on the

beaches...

A portrayal of the past

0:55:240:55:29

that many expect to make history in

the film world too.

We will never

0:55:290:55:34

surrender!

Lizo Mzimba, BBC News.

0:55:340:55:38

You're watching Breakfast.

0:55:380:55:39

Still to come:

0:55:390:55:46

This is Little Miss inventor, we

will speak to the author of the new

0:55:460:55:51

book about challenging stereotypes

and creating an engineer as a

0:55:510:55:54

positive role model for girls and

we're asking you what little Miss or

0:55:540:55:58

Mr men you would be. Which one would

you be?

I have no idea, haven't

0:55:580:56:03

thought about it yet.

I've thought

about it.

Good!

0:56:030:59:28

Now, though, it's back

to Charlie and Naga.

0:59:280:59:31

Bye for now.

0:59:310:59:31

Hello - this is Breakfast,

1:00:071:00:09

with Charlie Stayt

and Naga Munchetty.

1:00:091:00:11

A new era for Zimbabwe -

in the next few hours,

1:00:111:00:14

a new leader will be sworn in.

1:00:141:00:15

Tens of thousands of people

are expected to witness

1:00:151:00:18

the official end of 37 years

of rule by Robert Mugabe.

1:00:181:00:20

Good morning.

1:00:381:00:39

It's Friday 24 November.

1:00:391:00:52

A warning that YouTube's system

further reporting comments against

1:00:521:00:58

children is flawed. Black Friday, is

it all it's cracked up to be? I'm at

1:00:581:01:09

Amazon's new warehouse in Essex. And

Australia's captain comes to their

1:01:091:01:13

rescue. After at one point,

Australia were 76/ four earlier on

1:01:131:01:22

today. And Nick has the weather.

Black Friday followed by a blue

1:01:221:01:30

weekend. We are in the cold air this

weekend. A frosty night. By day,

1:01:301:01:34

quite a bit of blue sky. Some wintry

showers around. The weekend weather

1:01:341:01:42

coming up in the next half-hour.

1:01:421:01:48

In the next few hours,

Zimbabwe is preparing to swear

1:01:481:01:51

in a new President, after ten days

of extraordinary drama that

1:01:511:01:54

culminated in the resignation

of Robert Mugabe after 37

1:01:541:01:56

years in power.

1:01:561:01:57

60,000 people will gather

at a sports stadium in Harare

1:01:571:02:00

to witness Emmerson

Mnangagwa taking control

1:02:001:02:01

of the country.

1:02:011:02:02

The opposition is urging him to end

the culture of corruption.

1:02:021:02:05

Tom Burridge has this report.

1:02:051:02:06

The reaction when Robert Mugabe

resigned shows how high expectations

1:02:061:02:14

are about what comes

next in Zimbabwe.

1:02:141:02:17

With a crumbling economy,

most people want jobs.

1:02:171:02:21

We have degrees but

we don't have jobs.

1:02:211:02:28

We are looking for jobs.

1:02:281:02:31

The other day, we were sending CVs

but we don't have jobs at all.

1:02:311:02:34

The man who will be inaugurated

as president today and is tasked

1:02:341:02:38

with changing that is

Emmerson Mnangagwa, hailed as a hero

1:02:381:02:42

by supporters when he

returned two days ago.

1:02:421:02:48

Here, being sworn in

as vice-president,

1:02:481:02:50

he was once Mugabe's

right-hand man but when Mugabe

1:02:501:02:55

sacked him, the army stepped

in and carried out what was,

1:02:551:02:58

in the end, a peaceful

and popular coup.

1:02:581:03:03

A crocodile...

1:03:031:03:04

Mnangagwa's supporters

call him 'the Crocodile'

1:03:041:03:07

for his political cunning.

1:03:071:03:12

His opponents question

whether he represents real change.

1:03:121:03:16

The first thing that needs to be

transformed is the culture.

1:03:161:03:19

The culture of violence,

the culture of corruption.

1:03:191:03:23

We need to change that culture.

1:03:231:03:26

So a new president today.

1:03:261:03:30

Hope that life here can improve.

1:03:301:03:33

But the challenge is vast

for Zimbabwe in a new political era.

1:03:331:03:41

Shoppers are expected to spend more

than one billion pounds online

1:03:411:03:44

during Black Friday.

1:03:441:03:44

It is the custom that originated

in America a few years

1:03:441:03:50

ago but there is evidence

that shoppers are tiring

1:03:501:03:53

with the annual event.

1:03:531:03:54

Ben is at an Amazon centre in Essex

for us this morning.

1:03:541:04:04

Welcome to Tilbury in Essex, we are

at Amazon's new facility. This

1:04:041:04:13

covers the equivalent of 34 football

pitches and gearing up for what is a

1:04:131:04:18

busy weekend. As you said, Black

Friday, that import from the United

1:04:181:04:22

States, were a lot of discounts are

offered, on things like TVs, washing

1:04:221:04:26

machines and computers but it now

been spun out to all sorts of

1:04:261:04:31

different shops and services. We are

expected to spend about £1.3 billion

1:04:311:04:38

over the day also of course on

Monday, cyber Monday. There is a

1:04:381:04:46

suggestion we are growing a bit

tired of it. Just one in five of us

1:04:461:04:50

back to take part in the sale is on

offer today. That is down a little

1:04:501:04:54

bit on this time last year. Why?

Maybe we are growing a bit more

1:04:541:04:59

cynical. 28%, more than one quarter,

think that the deals are on -- the

1:04:591:05:05

deals that are on offer are not all

they are cracked up to be, not such

1:05:051:05:09

great discounts after all. Maybe we

are shying away from spending so

1:05:091:05:13

much. We might be feeling more of a

squeeze in our pockets. We are here

1:05:131:05:18

at Amazon's facility. You might be

able to see some of the robots

1:05:181:05:22

moving. These are the shelves that

are brought to the pickers rather

1:05:221:05:27

than the pickers actually going to

the shelves. The orange robot brings

1:05:271:05:32

a big yellow shelving unit. All

sorts of things you can buy on line.

1:05:321:05:36

We will show you around a little

later. They have told me there is no

1:05:361:05:42

way that one can run into me. We are

safe yet an hour.

How does it know

1:05:421:05:49

not to run into you?

They have got a

very clever tracking. An area has

1:05:491:05:56

been roped off, sort of an invisible

area. Within the packing facility.

1:05:561:06:02

We are quite safe. This one is not

moving anywhere just yet. Adam

1:06:021:06:20

Fleming is our correspondent in

Brussels, telling us what happens

1:06:201:06:23

when Theresa May meets the President

of the European Council, Donald

1:06:231:06:29

Tusk. This summit is called the

Eastern Partnership Summit, with

1:06:291:06:37

leaders meeting countries to the

east of the EU, talking about closer

1:06:371:06:41

cooperation and of course, Russia

further to the east.

Theresa May

1:06:411:06:45

will use this as an opportunity to

say even though the UK's leading the

1:06:451:06:50

structures of the EU, it is

committed to stability and security

1:06:501:06:53

across the continent of Europe. She

will talk about the fact that the UK

1:06:531:06:58

will be spending £100 million over

the next five years to counter

1:06:581:07:02

disinformation, fake news and

propaganda from Russia in those

1:07:021:07:05

Eastern countries. While Brexit is

on the agenda, it will come up later

1:07:051:07:11

on when Theresa May sits down with

Donald Tusk, the president of the

1:07:111:07:16

European Council. He will be

chairing that next crucial summit in

1:07:161:07:20

the middle of December when they

decided there has been enough

1:07:201:07:22

progress in the first phase of

Brexit talks to move on to the

1:07:221:07:26

second phase, which is all about

trade and future cooperation. We

1:07:261:07:31

will be looking for clues they how

that process is going.

1:07:311:07:36

Families of the 44 crew on a missing

submarine in the South Atlantic say

1:07:361:07:40

they've given up hope.

1:07:401:07:41

The statement comes

after the Argentine navy said

1:07:411:07:43

there was a suspected explosion

hours after the San Juan was last

1:07:431:07:46

seen nine days ago.

1:07:461:07:51

The Defence Secretary,

Gavin Williamson has offered

1:07:511:07:53

Britain's "sincerest condolences"

A huge international search effort

1:07:531:07:55

has been taking place to find

the vessel that disappeared almost

1:07:551:07:58

two weeks ago.

1:07:581:07:59

Jonathan Beale reports.

1:07:591:08:02

It's known as the silent service

but there's been no communication

1:08:021:08:10

from the San Juan and her 44 crew

for more than a week.

1:08:101:08:13

The search had already reached

a critical phase

1:08:131:08:16

with fears this submarine would soon

be running out of air.

1:08:161:08:20

Now, more worrying news -

1:08:201:08:30

scientists confirm they detected

an abnormal sound in the water

1:08:301:08:41

in her last known location.

1:08:411:08:42

An Argentine navy spokesman

said it was a short,

1:08:421:08:44

single, violent event,

consistent with an explosion.

1:08:441:08:46

It's a bitter blow for relatives.

1:08:461:08:48

Just a few days ago,

they had been wrongly told trhat

1:08:481:08:51

there had been attempts

by the submarine to make contact.

1:08:511:08:53

Now they feel betrayed.

1:08:531:08:56

TRANSLATION:

I feel cheated.

1:08:561:08:57

They are swines.

1:08:571:08:57

They manipulated us.

1:08:571:08:58

The San Juan left the southern tip

of Argentina almost two weeks ago.

1:08:581:09:03

She was on a 2,000-mile journey back

to Mar del Plata

1:09:031:09:07

when she reported

an electrical failure.

1:09:071:09:11

The last communication

home was last Wednesday,

1:09:111:09:14

the same day they have identified

that sound like an explosion.

1:09:141:09:17

It now seems unlikely

their prayers will be answered.

1:09:171:09:20

For the families of the 44 crew,

1:09:201:09:22

hopes of a miraculous rescue have

all but disappeared.

1:09:221:09:25

Jonathan Beale, BBC News.

1:09:251:09:42

Joe Robinson from Lancashire is

accused of joining the Kurdish

1:09:421:09:46

militia in Syria to fight Islamic

state and -- however he claims he

1:09:461:09:52

was there as a medic. A member of

the cabin crew spotted a young

1:09:521:10:07

girl's teddy bear. Kirsty Walter

tracked it down and Teddy was given

1:10:071:10:12

his own seat on the flight to be

reunited with his owner.

Those are

1:10:121:10:18

the main stories.

The weather and

sport coming up a little later on.

1:10:181:10:25

That is returned to the inauguration

of the President.

Let's go straight

1:10:251:10:32

to our correspondence, Ben Brown.

You're in the stadium where the

1:10:321:10:37

inauguration will take place. A very

significant date the Zimbabwe.

1:10:371:10:49

Outside Harare, it is filling up. We

are about to slash three hours away

1:10:491:10:53

from the inauguration itself of MSN

and then -- Amazon Manangagwa. The

1:10:531:11:00

people want to be careful what they

believe is a historic moment. --

1:11:001:11:04

Emmerson Mnangagwa. There will be a

21- gun salute. A fly past. Lots of

1:11:041:11:12

excitement and euphoria as the new

man comes in. A lot of questions as

1:11:121:11:16

well about whether he will be better

than Robert Mugabe. He has come in

1:11:161:11:20

saying he wants a new era of

democracy in this country. And that

1:11:201:11:24

he wants to create jobs, jobs, jobs

but he also has a dark history. He

1:11:241:11:29

is one of the most ruthless

henchmen. He has been implicated in

1:11:291:11:35

massacres, vote rigging, corruption.

Then, give us a sense of the

1:11:351:11:43

problems Zimbabwe is facing in terms

of the economy and people's daily

1:11:431:11:47

lives. We saw those scenes of

jubilation. There is a sense of

1:11:471:11:54

expectation about what could happen

in future. The problems are not just

1:11:541:12:00

that there has been political

repression here and no real freedom

1:12:001:12:03

in elections that have been rigged

but the economy is on its knees.

1:12:031:12:07

There is 90% unemployment here. When

you think about it, only one in ten

1:12:071:12:13

people has a job.

It's

extraordinary. We've been out on the

1:12:131:12:18

streets talking to people. Highly

educated graduates who are selling

1:12:181:12:22

flowers, selling anything they can

in the streets just to make ends

1:12:221:12:26

meet. It's a desperate situation.

People here are desperately hoping

1:12:261:12:30

that the new president will not only

bring in political reform but

1:12:301:12:34

economic reform investment as well.

Ben Brown reporting from the stadium

1:12:341:12:43

which is filling up as we speak.

1:12:431:12:49

A BBC investigation has been told

of a flaw with one of the ways

1:12:491:12:53

YouTube deals with inappropriate

comments aimed at children

1:12:531:12:55

on the site.

1:12:551:12:56

Volunteers who monitor and report

the comments say the issue means

1:12:561:12:59

Volunteers who monitor and report

the comments say the issue means

1:12:591:13:02

potentially predatory behaviour

has not been removed -

1:13:021:13:04

even after it has been

reported to moderators.

1:13:041:13:11

We can talk to the children -- the

children's commissioner and parrot

1:13:111:13:19

zone, who works with children to

make the Internet safe. They give

1:13:191:13:24

are joining us. What is the problem

here, what kind of content is on

1:13:241:13:29

there and what is being done about

it?

I have seen some of this

1:13:291:13:35

content. This is a site where

children spend hours a day looking

1:13:351:13:39

and going through videos but also

loading their own content, often

1:13:391:13:42

quite inoffensive and often just a

part of their everyday life. Adults

1:13:421:13:52

who want to get access to children

are using some of these videos and

1:13:521:13:56

the comments facility, posing quite

suggestive, very sexualised comments

1:13:561:14:02

that are in children potentially and

potentially encouraging them to take

1:14:021:14:07

part in very risky activities.

What's been reported is that YouTube

1:14:071:14:13

aren't responding adequately and are

leaving these comments there were

1:14:131:14:17

clearly they should be removed.

YouTube has given us a response,

1:14:171:14:23

saying the content that endangers

children is borrowed an unacceptable

1:14:231:14:27

to us, we have clear policies

against videos with comments that

1:14:271:14:32

sexualise exploit children and we

enforce them aggressively whenever

1:14:321:14:35

alerted. YouTube has made clear that

it has responded once this has been

1:14:351:14:40

flagged.

Well, what the reports are

saying is that that response has not

1:14:401:14:46

been swift enough so as a result, we

really are talking here about a

1:14:461:14:52

channel which is used every day for

hours at a time. Three quarters of

1:14:521:14:58

5- 15 -year-olds say they would

rather be on YouTube ban on TV so

1:14:581:15:02

this is a trusted part of life for

many families. They will need

1:15:021:15:08

reassurance, and myself, that

YouTube are proactively monitoring

1:15:081:15:12

and identifying and proactively

removing content whenever there is

1:15:121:15:14

any doubt.

Vicki, this is the

territory that you look at. We have

1:15:141:15:25

heard this before about technology

being ahead of the curve, there is a

1:15:251:15:29

gap between how you monitor what is

going on. Is that what is happening?

1:15:291:15:36

Partly. This is an interesting story

because parents say all the time

1:15:361:15:41

it's hard to monitor what children

are doing, they don't want us

1:15:411:15:44

checking accounts and we can't

follow their instant messages, this

1:15:441:15:47

is different, this is a broadcast

medium and this is a scenario where

1:15:471:15:51

I would say to parents you should

know what your children are posting

1:15:511:15:55

online, it's possible to see what's

on YouTube, its public.

As an

1:15:551:16:00

organisation, WADA you see as the

responsibilities of YouTube, you've

1:16:001:16:03

heard the statement, what are their

responsibilities in connection with

1:16:031:16:08

these comments that are left -- what

do you.

As a parent I would turn off

1:16:081:16:13

comments on my child's channel,

that's a sensible safety precaution

1:16:131:16:19

to turn off comments, as far as

YouTube is concerned, they've got a

1:16:191:16:23

huge responsibility to make sure

they have policies in place in a

1:16:231:16:28

timely fashion.

This isn't just

YouTube, this is a conversation

1:16:281:16:32

about social media in general and

how parents monitor or advice

1:16:321:16:40

children, and technology is changing

all the time, the rules change and

1:16:401:16:43

shift really quickly?

They do, and

it isn't just the technology but our

1:16:431:16:47

social norms and behaviour online.

One thing I've found shocking about

1:16:471:16:52

this story is that this content even

exists, sometimes it's parents who

1:16:521:16:56

create content that is prank content

as they would describe it. It isn't

1:16:561:17:02

nice, it isn't illegal, but it's

certainly not very nice. We should

1:17:021:17:06

question ourselves about what sort

of content we think is OK to post

1:17:061:17:11

online.

Anne Longfield, as

children's commissioner, Vicky was

1:17:111:17:15

going through the thought process of

switching off comments for examples

1:17:151:17:19

so they aren't there, parents are

having that battle between how much

1:17:191:17:22

is in their control, but equally

questions have to be asked of big

1:17:221:17:28

organisations about how seriously

they are taking the issue.

That's

1:17:281:17:31

right. Parents absolutely have to

take responsibility and make sure

1:17:311:17:35

they know what their children are

doing and make sure they can see

1:17:351:17:39

what's going on. But the companies

are part of everyday life now for so

1:17:391:17:44

many children. Their multibillion

pound companies that really have a

1:17:441:17:50

huge impact on children's lives.

They are clever people, they can

1:17:501:17:54

employ people who can make this sort

of stuff stop, remove it from the

1:17:541:17:58

content and that's what I'm asking

them to do.

What if they don't?

1:17:581:18:03

Well, I think they're looking then

at potential regulation. We're

1:18:031:18:06

looking at minimum standards

potentially. Again, they won't be a

1:18:061:18:12

trusted part of peoples lives if

children and families can't have

1:18:121:18:16

that confidence. -- people's. It's a

balance and they need to keep on the

1:18:161:18:21

right side of this.

Thanks very

much, Anne Longfield and Vicki,

1:18:211:18:24

thanks for your time.

1:18:241:18:28

Let's talk to Nick and find out what

is happening with the weather. Is

1:18:281:18:32

that snow?

1:18:321:18:33

It

1:18:341:18:34

It is, this is what it's looking

like in some parts of Scotland this

1:18:341:18:39

morning after some overnight wintry

showers, one from our Weather

1:18:391:18:42

Watcher in Aberdeenshire, watch out

for icy patches. That's the case

1:18:421:18:47

this morning after the showers

overnight and those coming in. It

1:18:471:18:50

sets the theme for a cold weekend

ahead across the UK, the coldest of

1:18:501:18:55

the season so far, temperatures

below average for the time of year.

1:18:551:18:58

A lot of dry, sunny weather around

but also more wintry showers and

1:18:581:19:02

more of us will see snow after the

showers moving through quite quickly

1:19:021:19:06

on the breeze. Look at things this

morning and we will see more of

1:19:061:19:12

these showers of sleet and snow

particularly in Northern Scotland

1:19:121:19:14

spreading east through the morning,

and again with those temperatures

1:19:141:19:17

close to freezing, icy patches in

Northern Ireland, bringing in

1:19:171:19:21

showers here, the frozen ground in

places, and in north-west England,

1:19:211:19:26

watch out for icy patches on

untreated surfaces in the morning. A

1:19:261:19:30

lot of fine weather to come on

Friday in many parts of England and

1:19:301:19:35

Wales, some showers affecting parts

of south-west England, tracking

1:19:351:19:38

further east as we go through the

day. Bringing wintry showers across

1:19:381:19:44

Scotland, Northern Ireland and parts

of northern England, rain, sleet,

1:19:441:19:47

snow and hail out of these, a brisk

wind in Northern Scotland and a

1:19:471:19:51

light breeze elsewhere. A large part

of England and Wales will bring low

1:19:511:19:55

temperatures. Single figures through

most of the weekend. We bring a few

1:19:551:20:03

more of these showers southwards

across the UK through the night,

1:20:031:20:07

sleet and snow through higher ground

possible out of this and the breeze

1:20:071:20:10

picks up as well. Temperatures

dropping again so they will be a

1:20:101:20:14

widespread frost, temperatures lower

in rural spots and the cold theme

1:20:141:20:19

through the weekend is because we

have high pressure to the

1:20:191:20:23

south-west, low pressure to the

north, and a flow of air around

1:20:231:20:26

these pressure systems is dragging

the air down from Arctic and of

1:20:261:20:31

course that will be cold. A frosty

start, lot of sunshine, some

1:20:311:20:36

showers, wintry flavour into parts

of Scotland, the north and west,

1:20:361:20:40

north-west England, the whales, the

Midlands and the far south-west.

1:20:401:20:43

Many southern and eastern parts of

the UK will be cold with cold wind

1:20:431:20:48

but lots of dry sunny weather --

east Wales. For some temperatures

1:20:481:20:52

will be lower than what the

thermometer might suggest, so in the

1:20:521:20:56

wind despite the sunshine it will be

feeling like it is close to freezing

1:20:561:21:00

in some spots. Part two of the

weekend, Sunday, a frosty start with

1:21:001:21:05

sunny weather down the east. Wintry

showers affecting western parts why

1:21:051:21:10

time, seen cloud increasing through

the day, perhaps becoming a little

1:21:101:21:13

less chilly at the end of Sunday and

into Monday. That's how your weekend

1:21:131:21:18

is shaping up, Naga and Charlie.

Thanks, Nick.

1:21:181:21:21

14% of children in English schools

have a special educational need

1:21:211:21:24

or disability, that's according

to government figures but that

1:21:241:21:26

number only tells part of the story.

1:21:261:21:28

New analysis given to this programme

1:21:281:21:30

by the Education Policy Institute

show almost 40% of children

1:21:301:21:33

in England are identified as having

special educational needs at some

1:21:331:21:35

point between the age of five

and 16, significantly higher

1:21:351:21:38

than the estimate.

1:21:381:21:39

Breakfast's Jayne McCubbin reports.

1:21:391:21:41

Breakfast's Jayne McCubbin reports.

1:21:411:21:51

Children at this special school

might have different needs to most

1:21:511:21:55

pupils in mainstream education, but

they still have the same kinds of

1:21:551:21:59

hopes and dreams. What's the plan,

Jacob?

I want to become a football

1:21:591:22:05

manager.

I want to be a pet store

manager.

I.e. The one to be a doctor

1:22:051:22:10

or a spike!

-- I want to be. I like

this ambition, two completely

1:22:101:22:15

different things -- spy.

It was previously thought only 14%

1:22:151:22:20

of children have a special

educational need or disability,

1:22:201:22:23

that's any need that has to be met

outside of the normal curriculum at

1:22:231:22:27

either a mainstream or a special

school. But today a report from the

1:22:271:22:32

Education Policy Institute says that

number is actually much higher. That

1:22:321:22:37

official government statistics of

14% is taken from a snapshot of just

1:22:371:22:41

one year. But if you look across the

lifetime of a child, then 40% are

1:22:411:22:47

registered at some point with a

special educational need. But

1:22:471:22:50

government policy and sen did

provision is based on that much

1:22:501:22:55

lower official figure, which leads

some to ask if that provision is

1:22:551:23:00

anywhere near enough.

I don't think

there are things in place, I don't

1:23:001:23:03

think there's the budget to put

things in place, I don't think

1:23:031:23:06

there's the political will to put

anything in place because I think

1:23:061:23:10

what needs to happen for these

children costs money.

David and

1:23:101:23:14

Carrie have four children with SEND.

They say they've had to fight for

1:23:141:23:19

the right support.

I will not accept

this child that has anything

1:23:191:23:24

different, they all have to fit into

a box and if they don't fit inside a

1:23:241:23:28

box we will squash them until they

do. And that is the biggest issue

1:23:281:23:32

that children with SEN face.

Children's commissioners in England,

1:23:321:23:37

Wales, Ireland and Scotland say

despite differences in their systems

1:23:371:23:42

they all have significant concerns,

concerns shared by TV presenter

1:23:421:23:46

Chris Packham, who as autism.

When

you think 40% of young people have

1:23:461:23:51

those requirements or needs at some

point in their education, I can't

1:23:511:23:55

believe they're being effectively

addressed.

But the Department for

1:23:551:24:00

Education tell us the 14% figure

allow schools to plan year-on-year,

1:24:001:24:05

while 40% represents the changing

nature of needs. But some believe

1:24:051:24:09

SEN kids are being let down.

It's

just sad seeing people have this

1:24:091:24:15

condition and it's not being treated

right.

Because when it is treated

1:24:151:24:21

right everything just goes that

brilliantly?

Yeah.

These young

1:24:211:24:26

people deserve a chance and their

amazing young people with lots and

1:24:261:24:31

lots to give.

Anything's possible?

Absolutely.

1:24:311:24:34

That was Jayne McCubbin reporting

and she's now here in the studio.

1:24:341:24:38

Hearing from those young people

brings it home why it is so

1:24:381:24:42

important, the statistics tell a

confusing picture?

The data, the

1:24:421:24:48

Institute, they looked at the data

and they looked that the data across

1:24:481:24:51

the lifetime of a child instead of

one year, so the niche issue isn't

1:24:511:24:55

niche at all, at one point in a

trial's like it will affect a lot of

1:24:551:25:00

kids.

This is why next week we will

shine the light on these issues --

1:25:001:25:06

trial's life. Let's look at the

numbers. -- child's life.

1:25:061:25:13

So the Government says that

right now 1.4m kids have

1:25:131:25:15

Special Educational Needs

1:25:151:25:16

in England, Wales and Northern

Ireland.

1:25:161:25:24

In most cases that is growing mild.

1:25:241:25:26

In Scotland we're told that around

170,000 children are registered

1:25:261:25:29

as having additional support needs.

1:25:291:25:30

They have a much broader definition

of need in Scotland.

1:25:301:25:33

But of course, there will be a very

small proportion of students

1:25:331:25:36

across the UK with much more complex

needs which require a 'statement'

1:25:361:25:39

or EHC plan.

1:25:391:25:43

That's a legal document which says

exactly how a child's needs

1:25:431:25:47

must be supported.

1:25:471:25:49

27% in England are on the autistic

spectrum and 14% have speech and

1:25:491:25:54

language communication problems.

1:25:541:25:56

These are the figures for that

smaller group in England.

1:25:561:25:58

The majority are on

the autistic spectrum.

1:25:581:26:05

But what we've learnt

today is this 40% figure.

1:26:051:26:08

We are going to look

at this all in more

1:26:081:26:11

detail next week.

1:26:111:26:11

One thing that is good about the 40%

number, it may be very surprising

1:26:111:26:16

and shocking, but it will make a lot

of parents and children go, it's not

1:26:161:26:20

just me.

It will, and they will

breathe a sigh of but only if the

1:26:201:26:25

support is there.

That's one thing

you are going to look at.

When we

1:26:251:26:30

look at the parents who say, we are

sick of the system and the support

1:26:301:26:34

isn't there, but we will look in a

special school where the most

1:26:341:26:37

serious needs are met. It costs a

fortune to put children in a special

1:26:371:26:41

school but you wouldn't believe the

results, if you keep this money on

1:26:411:26:46

the needs and the expertise, some of

the reports over the week will make

1:26:461:26:50

you cross, some will fill you with

hope for the potential of the

1:26:501:26:54

children. So much to share and I

hope you will watch.

1:26:541:26:59

You're watching Breakfast.

1:26:591:27:09

Injury has played

a big part in England cricket

1:27:091:27:12

squad's selection for the Ashes.

1:27:121:27:13

A back problem precluded

Toby Roland-Jones's inclusion,

1:27:131:27:15

he'll be on the sofa with his take

1:27:151:30:35

to rise momentarily before we return

to the cooler conditions after that.

1:30:351:30:38

I'm back with the latest

from the BBC London newsroom

1:30:381:30:41

in half an hour.

1:30:411:30:42

Plenty more on our website

at the usual address.

1:30:421:30:44

Now, though, it's back

to Charlie and Naga.

1:30:441:30:47

Bye for now.

1:30:471:30:47

Hello - this is Breakfast

with Naga Munchetty

1:30:521:30:54

and Charlie Stayt.

1:30:541:30:55

Coming up:

1:30:551:30:57

Zimbabwe's new president is due

to be sworn in later this morning

1:30:571:31:00

in the country's capital, Harare.

1:31:001:31:02

60,000 people will gather

at a sports stadium

1:31:021:31:04

to witness Emmerson

Mnangagwa taking control

1:31:041:31:05

of the country following

the resignation of Robert Mugabe

1:31:051:31:08

after 37 years in power.

1:31:081:31:09

Mr Mnangagwa says the

country is witnessing

1:31:091:31:12

a "new and unfolding democracy".

1:31:121:31:15

Theresa May will meet the President

of the European Council,

1:31:151:31:18

Donald Tusk in Brussels later as EU

leaders gather for a summit.

1:31:181:31:21

It will be the first

high-level discussion

1:31:211:31:23

between the two sides

since the Prime Minister secured

1:31:231:31:34

the backing of her cabinet

to offer more money

1:31:341:31:37

for the so-called divorce bill.

1:31:371:31:38

There will be another in December

where EU leaders will decide

1:31:381:31:41

whether to trigger

the next phase of talks.

1:31:411:31:43

These are like images coming in from

Brussels. We will keep you

1:31:431:31:47

up-to-date if Theresa May arrives.

Group she makes any comments in

1:31:471:31:52

connection. -- or if she makes any

comments in connection.

1:31:521:31:58

Families of the 44 crew members

on board the missing submarine say

1:31:581:32:10

they've given up hope.

1:32:101:32:11

The Argentinian Navy said

an explosion was detected

1:32:111:32:13

near to the vessel's last known

position over a week ago,

1:32:131:32:16

but relatives and the media

were only told yesterday.

1:32:161:32:19

The Defence Secretary

Gavin Williamson has

1:32:191:32:20

offered sincere condolences.

1:32:201:32:21

A BBC investigation has been told

of a flaw with one of the ways

1:32:211:32:25

YouTube deals with inappropriate

comments aimed at children

1:32:251:32:27

on the site.

1:32:271:32:28

The Children's Commissioner has said

more needs to be done. There is a

1:32:281:32:31

flaw with what other ways YouTube

deals inappropriate comments.

1:32:311:32:36

Volunteers who monitor and report

the comments the site has denied any

1:32:361:32:46

technical failure. Anything the

dangers children is abhorrent or

1:32:461:32:52

unacceptable.

The companies are part

of everyday and light. They are

1:32:521:33:00

multibillion pound companies which

have a huge impact on children's

1:33:001:33:03

lives. They are clever people, they

can employ people who make this sort

1:33:031:33:08

of stuff, stop and remove the

content and that is what I'm asking

1:33:081:33:12

them to do. What if they don't? I

think they are looking at

1:33:121:33:16

potentially regulation, looking at

minimum standards potentially but

1:33:161:33:21

again, they won't be a trusted part

of people's lives of children and

1:33:211:33:26

families can't have that confidence

it's a balance there and they need

1:33:261:33:29

to keep on the right side of this.

1:33:291:33:36

A former British

1:33:361:33:36

Joe Robinson, from Lancashire,

is accused of joining the Kurdish

1:33:361:33:39

militia in Syria to fight

the so-called Islamic State group.

1:33:391:33:43

He denies the charge,

claiming he was there in 2015

1:33:431:33:46

as a medic.

1:33:461:33:52

Donning his trademark stripy scarf,

these are the first pictures

1:33:521:33:54

of Tom Baker stepping back

into the Tardis to reprise his most

1:33:541:33:58

famous role as The Doctor.

1:33:581:33:59

The 83-year-old actor has completed

work on the unfinished

1:33:591:34:08

Doctor Who episode Shada

which was left uncompleted 38 years

1:34:081:34:10

ago because of industrial action.

1:34:101:34:12

Some parts have been animated,

with Baker providing his distinctive

1:34:121:34:18

voice, and he's also starring

in one live action scene.

1:34:181:34:30

Some of those pictures were from him

when he was on the set.

I wonder how

1:34:301:34:34

it is going to work. I do how it is

going to feel. I've never watched a

1:34:341:34:39

programme that was half and half. By

many, many years ago with more

1:34:391:34:43

modern animation.

The cast are

reunited. If you got Tom Baker, it

1:34:431:34:50

would be amazing, don't you think?

The old monsters, the Sea Devils,

1:34:501:34:56

that would be good. I don't remember

that. What have you got us? The test

1:34:561:35:05

cricket comedy ebbs and flows. Maybe

I cursed it by saying England were

1:35:051:35:09

doing so well. In the last hour, no

more wickets to England. It's not

1:35:091:35:16

even Stevens. They are about to

finish for the day.

1:35:161:35:27

Australia's captain has

come to their rescue,

1:35:271:35:31

after England made 302

in their first innings.

1:35:311:35:33

It

could have been even better,

1:35:331:35:34

but for a late flurry

1:35:341:35:36

of wickets.

1:35:361:35:37

Moeen Ali, was out l.b.w,

and Johnny Bairstow,

1:35:371:35:40

paid the price for aiming

for the sky but England's

1:35:401:35:43

bowlers didn't let that

affect their confidence,

1:35:431:35:45

as Stuart Broad had

Cameron Bancroft, caught behind,

1:35:451:35:47

and there was a debut wicket,

for Jake Ball, who stopped

1:35:471:35:50

The Aussies were 76-4

1:35:501:35:51

until Captain Smith

showed how its done

1:35:511:36:01

century.

1:36:011:36:05

That is the final score for the day.

It's what England could have done

1:36:051:36:11

with. Jones, sadly is injured but

good news, he is here.

What is your

1:36:111:36:18

injury?

I had a stress fracture. It

sounds a little bit worse than it

1:36:181:36:25

is.

It's not too painful.

How long

to recover? I am back bowling again

1:36:251:36:30

on a light scale are probably around

the New Year.

What about the strain

1:36:301:36:42

the body goes through?

It is among

fast bowlers in particular. It is

1:36:421:36:53

one of those where it comes on the

adverse stress at any time, it can

1:36:531:37:00

just appear.

How frustrating is it

for you?

It's mixed feelings with

1:37:001:37:09

that. It's been really nice to watch

the guys, I really interesting

1:37:091:37:15

start, ebbing and flowing. There is

always that bit in the back of your

1:37:151:37:20

mind whether you would be out there

and playing. It's got a little bit

1:37:201:37:24

of a tint on it. But it's been great

to sort of see it get under way. The

1:37:241:37:35

first session has been my target. I

watched most of it last night and

1:37:351:37:42

certainly really interesting to see

the way the game has sort of changed

1:37:421:37:45

so quickly from yesterday. The pace

has seemed to quicken up.

There was

1:37:451:37:52

a lot of hype is always is ahead of

the Ashes, that there are some

1:37:521:37:57

Australian bowlers in the kind of

thing that was going to happen when

1:37:571:38:00

they first walked out onto the

pitch. What made the atmosphere

1:38:001:38:03

around the Ashes this year?

It's

been interesting. It seems people

1:38:031:38:08

have been tried to force the issue

in terms of creating the media

1:38:081:38:13

rivalry, if you like, but there is a

real barrage of quick bowlers and

1:38:131:38:18

return. -- turned up and it's quite

a slow wicket. They haven't really

1:38:181:38:23

come to the poor as much as people

want. Explain to people who are not

1:38:231:38:29

overpay. It means having a team of

fast bowlers is negated.

1:38:291:38:37

Particularly any intimidation factor

is, the ball sticking in the week at

1:38:371:38:42

a little bit more. Therefore, it's a

bit easier for the batsmen to deal

1:38:421:38:46

with. It seems to have been a bit of

a strange pitch in that regard.

1:38:461:38:52

Certainly watching the Australian

attack on this, I think that got

1:38:521:38:56

them on a faster pitch. It could be

very interesting to watch.

What is

1:38:561:39:01

the language like between the two?

I've never personally played against

1:39:011:39:06

Australia. It would be really

competitive out there. There would

1:39:061:39:13

be a few subtle exchanges. Both

sides will have guys who are

1:39:131:39:20

particularly vocal and some prefer

to quietly go about their business.

1:39:201:39:24

You watch the likes of David Warner

in the field.

What's been excellent

1:39:241:39:31

to see is how well England's

debutants have done, going to the

1:39:311:39:34

Gabba was something like 30 years

since Australia lost. But the

1:39:341:39:40

debutants are playing without fear.

What is it? The reputations get

1:39:401:39:46

forgotten about? Such a great

atmosphere.

It's almost time to get

1:39:461:39:53

a start in the game. Starting the

innings off nicely. And he suddenly

1:39:531:40:00

start getting back into all the

processes that have got you there in

1:40:001:40:04

the first place.

The three guys who

scored 50s, they showed great

1:40:041:40:09

composure. It's a shame, really,

that neither of them kicked on, I

1:40:091:40:15

guess, to get that really big score.

I think looking at the game now, it

1:40:151:40:21

is really important the

contributions they have all made.

1:40:211:40:25

Absolutely, they have surprised the

Australians.

Have we got a

1:40:251:40:29

prediction from you? On the series?

2-1, England. We would settle for

1:40:291:40:34

that.

Toby, all the best for your

recovery. Thank you so much.

1:40:341:40:45

Everton were thrashed

5-1 at home to Atalanta

1:40:451:40:47

in the Europa League last night.

1:40:471:40:49

They were already out

but in front of a half-empty

1:40:491:40:52

stadium, they finished

bottom of their group

1:40:521:40:54

and it wasn't a great entry

on the CV for caretaker manager

1:40:541:40:57

David Unsworth, who wants

the job permanently.

1:40:571:41:01

Arsene Wenger said it was job done,

1:41:081:41:10

after Arsenal won their

Europa League group

1:41:101:41:12

despite losing in Cologne.

1:41:121:41:13

A second half penalty won it

for the home side but results

1:41:131:41:16

elsewhere meant

Arsenal finished top.

1:41:161:41:24

And finally, it's a journey

from Anfield to Ascot for former

1:41:241:41:27

Liverpool and England

striker Michael Owen.

1:41:271:41:29

At lunchtime, he will ride

for the first time as a jockey

1:41:291:41:32

in a charity race at Ascot.

1:41:321:41:34

Owen owns horses and a training

stables but has never got

1:41:341:41:37

into the saddle before.

1:41:371:41:39

What we are dealing with here is

500, 550 kilos of pure muscle, that

1:41:391:41:44

has spread and trained to just

exploded into life. I was about 13

1:41:441:41:50

stone, six six weeks ago and had to

get my head down and start losing

1:41:501:41:54

some weight. I would like to eat

something to get that energy but I

1:41:541:41:58

just can't.

He really wants to win

as well. They don't lose that

1:41:581:42:03

competitive spirit. Talking about

Liverpool legends, if I set to

1:42:031:42:08

people, who would you like -- most

like to chat to, they would say

1:42:081:42:14

Kenny Dalglish. When I was growing

up, he was the number you would put

1:42:141:42:18

on your back, number seven. Even as

an England -based player or

1:42:181:42:23

youngster, but he has been through

the highs and the lows.

The

1:42:231:42:26

Hillsborough disaster. And you talk

about his life as you said but it's

1:42:261:42:32

worth saying, he doesn't give a lot

of interviews. He is one of those

1:42:321:42:38

old school players.

That's right, it

would be fascinating, after 8:30

1:42:381:42:44

a.m..

He doesn't like the media, or

he didn't when he was a player

1:42:441:42:49

manager. The time is 7:42 a.m.. Nick

is taking a look at the weather. It

1:42:491:42:56

is getting much colder.

1:42:561:43:00

Winter is coming. It's the time of

year when we don't expect it should

1:43:041:43:08

be less careful -- you should be

less careful. The theme continues

1:43:081:43:16

throughout the weekend. The coldest

weekend of the season so far so it

1:43:161:43:20

will be frosty. A lot of dry and

sunny weather. Further wintry

1:43:201:43:24

showers. The strong wind will move

through quite quickly. That is how

1:43:241:43:30

the weekend is shaping up. Got to

get through Friday first of all.

1:43:301:43:33

Heading out of the door, the weather

looks at eight o'clock, this is the

1:43:331:43:38

scene across the UK. Some high

routes you have snow on them. Icy

1:43:381:43:47

patches as well. Bringing these

showers and rain and sleet and snow

1:43:471:43:51

again. Icy patches but in north-west

England, that begins the day. A

1:43:511:43:58

large part of England and Wales with

a fine, dry start but a scattering

1:43:581:44:03

of showers affecting parts of

England and it will run eastwards. A

1:44:031:44:07

bit more cloud here. Sunny spells in

Scotland and Northern Ireland. These

1:44:071:44:14

showers ahead of them. A bit further

south. Going into the late afternoon

1:44:141:44:21

and evening. These are the

temperatures. Particularly across

1:44:211:44:25

southern areas. Much colder compared

to recent days. Widespread frost

1:44:251:44:30

kicking in. We will have some of

these wintry showers heading further

1:44:301:44:35

south. Rain, sleet, snow. Coming

into Scotland and Northern Ireland.

1:44:351:44:41

Increasingly sleet and snow into

lower levels. As the start of the

1:44:411:44:48

weekend. High pressure to the

south-west of others. Arctic air

1:44:481:44:53

coming down across the UK. Greater

visibility, mind you. Clean, Arctic

1:44:531:44:58

air. A further scattering of wintry

showers into northern and western

1:44:581:45:03

Scotland. A few into the Midlands

and the far south-west of England.

1:45:031:45:08

Actually through southern and

eastern parts of the UK, very likely

1:45:081:45:11

to stay dry. Plenty of sunshine but

yes, feeling cold. This is what it

1:45:111:45:17

tends to feel like. These

temperatures come down even more if

1:45:171:45:22

you get some of these showers moving

on through. Another frosty start on

1:45:221:45:25

Sunday morning. Can see it in parts

of the UK, a lot of dry sunny

1:45:251:45:31

weather on Sunday. Still some wintry

showers in the north and west,

1:45:311:45:35

increasing cloud late in the day.

Monday will be less cold. Then the

1:45:351:45:40

cold air comes right back next week.

1:45:401:45:42

Retailers are gearing

up for Black Friday,

1:45:451:45:47

it's the spending spree that

originated in America and has caught

1:45:471:45:50

on over here in the last few years.

1:45:501:45:51

You have learned

1:45:541:45:55

You have learned this morning? It's

the first Friday after Thanksgiving.

1:45:551:45:59

We think it's a US based thing but

today is the day.

1:45:591:46:03

Ben's is at a new Amazon centre

for us this morning.

1:46:031:46:09

Good morning. Welcome to Tilbury in

Essex. You might notice these

1:46:091:46:15

shelving units are moving, they are

robots, you might be able to see the

1:46:151:46:20

orange bit at the bottom, that's the

robot and the shelf comes to the

1:46:201:46:24

person who picks the items and puts

them in the box and sends them out

1:46:241:46:28

to you, such is the technology here,

a new site Amazon has invested in.

1:46:281:46:34

It is huge, let me give you an idea

of how big. You can see on the map,

1:46:341:46:39

we are the green blog here, but the

blue bits are the shelving units you

1:46:391:46:44

can see behind me. Look how many

there are, there are two of these

1:46:441:46:49

things on every floor and there are

three floors in the entire facility.

1:46:491:46:54

This site is absolutely vast, full

of all the stuff we might want to

1:46:541:46:58

buy over the course of the next 24

hours Stoppila Sunzu just more about

1:46:581:47:02

how this works. For the big

retailers, they've got to gear up to

1:47:021:47:07

make sure they've got the right

stuff in the right place at the

1:47:071:47:11

right time. How does it all work?

Katie is one of the bosses and

1:47:111:47:25

Helen, we will talk about the

psychology in a moment. Katie, Black

1:47:251:47:29

Friday, a busy time for you, but do

we really need it?

The great

1:47:291:47:35

advantage of Black Friday is it gets

customers great value and prices in

1:47:351:47:39

the run-up to Christmas, which can

be a really expensive time of year

1:47:391:47:42

for many. We get great feedback from

customers, it's really popular. One

1:47:421:47:46

of the busiest days of the year, in

previous years we've done 84 orders

1:47:461:47:51

a second, to give you an idea of how

many orders are coming in.

A bigger

1:47:511:47:56

vestment for you here, one of a

number of sites you've opened up

1:47:561:47:59

around the country, and when we look

at the robots, quite an investment

1:47:591:48:03

in the technology -- big investment.

We have invested £24 billion since

1:48:031:48:09

2010 in the UK, this is one of three

facilities opened this year and the

1:48:091:48:13

robots we have here work with the

team to make sure we can pick and

1:48:131:48:17

pack everything and get it out to

the customers on time. We have added

1:48:171:48:21

5000 staff this year so we are

geared up and ready for Christmas.

1:48:211:48:25

It will save them walking to the

shelves, those robots. Helen,

1:48:251:48:30

psychologically speaking, it is

fascinating, when you offers online

1:48:301:48:39

they often have a countdown clock

and things to make you by now, some

1:48:391:48:43

say our willpower needs to be

stronger and if we'd to buy

1:48:431:48:46

something then don't but that's not

the case for everyone?

It's hard

1:48:461:48:50

enough to resist the deals on a

normal day, when you see the

1:48:501:48:53

countdown clock ticking down, you

only have three items left in... We

1:48:531:48:57

all want something to make us feel

better and the marketing tells you

1:48:571:49:00

it's the latest product or buying

more gifts and Christmas will make

1:49:001:49:03

you a better parent, it's

understandable people could end up

1:49:031:49:06

buying things they don't want or

need and getting into a spiral of

1:49:061:49:10

financial difficulty.

What is the

solution? The retailers say it's a

1:49:101:49:14

great time of year for them, they're

in business to make money, they are

1:49:141:49:18

going to sell things and if they

sell them more cheaply people might

1:49:181:49:21

buy them.

Online shopping has

benefits for many people, gives them

1:49:211:49:25

access to goods they might not

otherwise have, but it's about

1:49:251:49:28

making sure online shopping remains

something easier and more

1:49:281:49:32

pleasurable for everyone. We want to

see beyond online retailers and

1:49:321:49:36

banks giving people the tools to

make shopping fun and safe -- the

1:49:361:49:40

online retailers. There's setting a

spending limit, so you don't have to

1:49:401:49:45

risk ending up with spiralling

costs, all limit in their shopping

1:49:451:49:48

in the middle of the night when

impulse control is more reduced --

1:49:481:49:52

or limit.

Thanks for you much both

of you. Let me look at what else is

1:49:521:49:59

coming down the production line. As

we said, some floodlights here, and

1:49:591:50:04

something we might find very useful,

an alarm clock. Back to you guys.

1:50:041:50:10

That would be very good for all of

us. I do need a new alarm clock.

1:50:101:50:15

Little Miss Chatterbox

and Little Miss Magic have delighted

1:50:151:50:18

young readers for years but have

they inspired young girls

1:50:181:50:21

in their future careers?

1:50:211:50:21

A new addition to the series

could be set to do just that.

1:50:211:50:25

This is Little Miss Inventor,

she's an engineer

1:50:251:50:27

and has been created as a positive

role model for girls.

1:50:271:50:30

So is this a canny

reinvention or a sea change

1:50:301:50:33

in the portrayal

of female characters?

1:50:331:50:35

Adam Hargreaves

is the book's author.

1:50:351:50:36

He's in our Tunbridge Wells

1:50:361:50:38

studio and Helen Wollaston,

the chief executive of WISE,

1:50:381:50:40

a campaign for gender balance

in science and engineering joins us

1:50:401:50:43

here in the studio.

1:50:431:50:50

Good morning.

Adam, let's talk to

you about what was the inspiration

1:50:501:50:59

behind Little Miss Inventor?

Principally it's the idea of a

1:50:591:51:05

positive role model for children,

although essentially Mr men and

1:51:051:51:13

Little Miss books are about

entertaining children and having fun

1:51:131:51:16

with different perspectives of our

personalities.

Some people will be

1:51:161:51:22

watching and saying, do we need to

PC everything, was that in your

1:51:221:51:27

mind? Do you feel there's a pressure

for illustrators and authors to

1:51:271:51:33

reflect and offer some roles for

children to aspire to?

I think

1:51:331:51:38

that's important but quite a small

factor in terms of my job as it

1:51:381:51:44

were. I see it principally as

entertaining children with fun

1:51:441:51:49

stories.

Helen, what do you make of

it, Little Miss Inventor?

I think it

1:51:491:51:55

is great. I'm really pleased to see

a character that's a girl that's

1:51:551:52:01

inventing things because I want to

encourage more girls to explore

1:52:011:52:05

different things and be able to make

things and feel confident they can

1:52:051:52:09

do that.

Has there traditionally

been a problem? I'm very careful to

1:52:091:52:14

say this, these are entertainment,

children's books, but has there been

1:52:141:52:18

traditionally a problem of

stereotypes we all said and many

1:52:181:52:22

people like yourself complained

about four years, is there a problem

1:52:221:52:25

in the way children's stories are

told?

I do. I have a niece and

1:52:251:52:30

nephew in Bristol and it shocks me

all the girls toys are pink and the

1:52:301:52:35

boys' toys are very different. To

have that gendered split is wrong

1:52:351:52:43

because it limits the choices and

the messages we are sending about

1:52:431:52:47

what children can be and what they

can do. It's not I'm saying every

1:52:471:52:52

girl should be an engineer or an

inventor, but I want to encourage

1:52:521:52:56

all girls to explore that creative

and inventive and curious side. A

1:52:561:53:00

book that is a character that does

that is going to encourage that.

1:53:001:53:07

Adam, can I ask you, are you going

to play with the theme of the other

1:53:071:53:12

way round? Are you going to have a

Mr Men character who does a role...

1:53:121:53:19

A storyline attached to something

people traditionally associate with

1:53:191:53:23

a female role?

I can't see anything

wrong with that. It's not something

1:53:231:53:29

I have thought of particularly. When

I'm thinking about writing a new

1:53:291:53:34

character or writing a story, I'm

thinking about human nature because

1:53:341:53:39

that's what Mr Men's all about in

terms of what gender you are applied

1:53:391:53:44

to it, it can easily go either way.

How do you come up with the ideas?

1:53:441:53:51

This is a select group of little

people and children and adults who

1:53:511:53:55

enjoy the books like to know who

they are and feel familiar with

1:53:551:54:01

them. Introducing a new one, you

have to be quite careful.

I guess

1:54:011:54:06

so. My inspiration is human nature

because Mr Men are based upon our

1:54:061:54:13

personalities. Their

personifications of happiness,

1:54:131:54:19

nosiness, being accidental. -- they

are. That's really where my

1:54:191:54:24

inspiration comes from. It's a point

of trying to create something that

1:54:241:54:30

is really fun and entertaining but

also has... Shows what we're all

1:54:301:54:35

about in a way.

It's a bit like

asking their parent which is their

1:54:351:54:39

favourite child, have you got a

favourite?

I think that has to be Mr

1:54:391:54:44

Silly. He's the character that

personifies my father's sense of

1:54:441:54:48

humour most of all and I think

that's what Mr Men in a way is

1:54:481:54:53

really about, that daft, silly sense

of humour.

Helen, you're running

1:54:531:54:58

this competition to encourage

toymakers to disrupt the whole

1:54:581:55:02

gender stereotype. What's the point

of that?

We hope to encouraged more

1:55:021:55:07

toy manufacturers to create toys

that aren't so stereotyped -- to

1:55:071:55:14

encourage. That an pink and blue,

girls' toys and boys' toys.

Is it as

1:55:141:55:22

simple as flipping the gender

stereotypes or is it being more

1:55:221:55:25

creative than that?

More creative I

think. The toy that won is called

1:55:251:55:31

the Cure city Box, it isn't for

girls or boys, it is neutral

1:55:311:55:38

colours, it's been tested with girls

and more than half the children that

1:55:381:55:41

use it are girls -- the Cure city

Box. I thought of a different

1:55:411:55:47

character last night, because of

technology, you could have Little

1:55:471:55:53

Miss Coder -- the Curiosity Box.

That's the future. Thank you very

1:55:531:56:04

much, Helen and Adam, thanks for

your time this morning. Just a

1:56:041:56:08

little bit of news, we will update

you about it more through the

1:56:081:56:14

programme, the South African appeals

court has increased Oscar Pistorius'

1:56:141:56:20

sentence to a period of 13 years and

five months we understand, that was

1:56:201:56:24

under review and that decision has

just come through. Oscar Pistorius'

1:56:241:56:29

sentence has been increased to 13

years and five months. We will

1:56:291:59:52

in half an hour.

1:59:521:59:53

Plenty more on our website

at the usual address.

1:59:531:59:56

Now, though, it's back

to Charlie and Naga.

1:59:561:59:58

Bye for now.

1:59:581:59:59

Hello this is Breakfast, with

Charlie Stayt and Naga Munchetty.

2:00:182:00:21

A new era for Zimbabwe as thousands

gather ahead of the swearing

2:00:212:00:24

in ceremony for a new president.

2:00:242:00:28

It will mark the official end of 37

years of rule by Robert Mugabe.

2:00:282:00:36

And this is the scene live

in the National Stadium in Harare

2:00:362:00:41

where the cveremony is due

to get underway shortly.

2:00:412:00:44

Good morning, it's

Friday 24th November.

2:00:562:01:02

A South African court has increased

the sentence on Oscar Pistorius

2:01:022:01:08

to 13 years and five months

for killing his girlfriend.

2:01:082:01:13

The Children's Commisioner

for England tells Breakfast social

2:01:132:01:15

media companies need to do more

to monitor their sites

2:01:152:01:18

or face more regulation.

2:01:182:01:27

Like it or not, today is Black

Friday, the discounted shopping days

2:01:272:01:32

before Christmas but does it really

lived up to the hype? I am at the

2:01:322:01:36

Amazon headquarters in Essex.

2:01:362:01:38

In sport, Australia's captain

comes to their rescue.

2:01:382:01:43

England had torn into the hose with

Jake Ball taking the prized wicket

2:01:432:01:46

of David Warner. A half-century from

Steve Smith meant it is Evelyn

2:01:462:01:52

Stevens.

2:01:522:01:53

And Nick has the weather.

2:01:532:01:56

After Black Friday it is a blue

weekend ahead, cold air but plenty

2:01:582:02:01

of sunshine and also wintry showers

and some of us with a dusting of

2:02:012:02:06

snow this morning, I patches to

watch out for, all of that coming up

2:02:062:02:10

in the next half-hour.

2:02:102:02:12

Good morning.

2:02:152:02:16

First, our main story.

2:02:162:02:17

Later this morning, Zimbabwe

will swear in a new president

2:02:172:02:19

after ten days of extraordinary

drama that culminated

2:02:192:02:21

in the resignation of Robert Mugabe

who was in power for 37 years.

2:02:212:02:25

60,000 people will gather

at a sports stadium in Harare

2:02:252:02:28

to witness Emmerson Mnangagwa taking

control of the country.

2:02:282:02:30

Our correspondent Ben Brown

is there for us this morning.

2:02:302:02:39

Good morning.

Good morning, they

have been packing in here since

2:02:392:02:48

about six o'clock in the morning and

the inauguration is still a couple

2:02:482:02:52

of hours away. 60,000 seater stadium

on the outskirts of Harare and there

2:02:522:03:00

are scenes of great joy because this

is a new era for Zimbabwe after all

2:03:002:03:08

the years of the Mugabe, the

dictatorship and economic

2:03:082:03:12

mismanagement and brutal repression,

now Emmerson Mnangagwa will be in

2:03:122:03:16

charge. People here hope he will be

a better president but he does have

2:03:162:03:21

a record some would say of human

rights abuses, people say he has

2:03:212:03:27

blood on his hands from a massacre

in the 1980s and that he was

2:03:272:03:33

involved in corruption. I can talk

to a couple of people, Nathan is

2:03:332:03:38

here, why did you want to come?

I

came to witness a great moment, a

2:03:382:03:43

new dawn for Zimbabwe. We're ahead

to experience the inauguration of

2:03:432:03:48

the second president of Zimbabwe so

I wanted to be here to make

2:03:482:03:53

ourselves part of this big event and

very happy. Zimbabwe has been

2:03:532:03:58

liberated and emancipated from the

tyrant Mugabe. We're expecting a lot

2:03:582:04:05

from the new president, expecting

him to deal with issues of

2:04:052:04:11

corruption and unemployment and

development and also helps. We're

2:04:112:04:16

waiting for a change from the new

president and we have faith in him

2:04:162:04:21

so it is high time he has to deliver

what we expect.

Ashley, your broad

2:04:212:04:27

your children, why did you want to

come? -- brought your children.

I

2:04:272:04:33

came because I am very happy there

is a new president. Always Mugabe

2:04:332:04:40

was president. Now I have my

children and they have been asking

2:04:402:04:45

me, what is the name of the new

Mugabe and Isaac is not Mugabe. It

2:04:452:04:52

is a new president. -- and I say it

is not Mugabe.

A lot of happy faces,

2:04:522:05:00

60,000 people will be here, there

will be a 21 gun salute and a fly

2:05:002:05:04

past.

Thank you for the moment. Ben

Brown in Harare.

2:05:042:05:09

Shoppers are expected to spend more

than £1 billion online

2:05:092:05:11

during Black Friday.

2:05:112:05:16

This is a custom that originated

in America a few years ago

2:05:162:05:19

but there is evidence that shoppers

are tiring with the annual event.

2:05:192:05:24

Ben is at a warehouse in Essex

for us this morning.

2:05:242:05:29

We can almost become immune to all

those e-mails that come in telling

2:05:292:05:35

us about Black Friday.

And it is all

about that pressure to feel that you

2:05:352:05:42

have to buy because time is running

out to snap up a special offer, get

2:05:422:05:46

it in the next 12 hours. We have

been talking about that because

2:05:462:05:52

Black Rider is the discount shopping

day before Christmas and places like

2:05:522:05:55

this will be pretty busy -- Black

Friday. We are expected to spend 1.3

2:05:552:06:02

brilliant

2:06:022:06:02

-- 1.3 billion browns today that you

are right that there is a suggestion

2:06:052:06:10

that we might be tiring -- £1.3

billion. The numbers are actually

2:06:102:06:18

down on this time last year. Maybe

we are getting a bit cynical about

2:06:182:06:23

those so-called offers. 28% of us

think those sales might not be all

2:06:232:06:28

they are cracked up to be but here

they are gearing up for up pretty

2:06:282:06:32

busy day also to explain about what

you can see, these yellow units are

2:06:322:06:38

full of all sorts of things you can

buy online. You might be able to see

2:06:382:06:43

the orange robots, they transport

the entire unit around this massive

2:06:432:06:50

warehouse. It is the size of 34

football pitches and rather than

2:06:502:06:55

workers having to go to shelves, the

robots go and get the shelves and

2:06:552:06:59

bring it to the people so you take

it off and put it in the box and

2:06:592:07:03

send it out. It is a busy time for

them right now as the deals kick off

2:07:032:07:09

for all retailers across the

country.

We will speak to you later,

2:07:092:07:13

thank you. In the last few minutes,

the severed an Appeal Court has

2:07:132:07:20

increased the sentence of Paralympic

athlete Oscar Pistorius to 15 years

2:07:202:07:24

for killing his girlfriend. He had

been sentenced to six years in

2:07:242:07:27

prison for the murder of Reeva

Steenkamp in 2013. He was initially

2:07:272:07:33

found guilty of manslaughter but

that was changed to murder on

2:07:332:07:37

appeal. He will now spend 13 years

in prison due to time already

2:07:372:07:43

served. In total it is now 15 years,

his sentence. We will have more on

2:07:432:07:52

that story in the next few minutes.

2:07:522:07:54

Theresa May will meet the President

of the European Council,

2:07:542:07:56

Donald Tusk, in Brussels later as EU

leaders gather for a summit.

2:07:562:07:59

Adam Fleming is in Brussels

for us this morning.

2:07:592:08:03

We saw some arrivals earlier.

2:08:032:08:05

What can we expect to happen today?

2:08:052:08:09

Theresa May arrived here and she did

what we expected, stick to the

2:08:092:08:15

subject that this summit is all

about, not Brexit, it is about

2:08:152:08:20

helping and building a relationship

with six countries to the east of

2:08:202:08:24

the EU. Azerbaijan, Ukraine,

Georgia, places like that. There is

2:08:242:08:30

a big focus on regional security and

stability and Theresa May made the

2:08:302:08:33

point that although the UK is

leaving the EU it is still

2:08:332:08:37

unconditionally committed to things

like that. She will be pointing for

2:08:372:08:43

example to the £100 million that the

UK is preparing to spend over the

2:08:432:08:48

next five years in that region to

counteract Russian propaganda,

2:08:482:08:51

disinformation and fake news, making

the point that the UK is leaving the

2:08:512:08:56

institutions of the EU but is still

committed to working with its

2:08:562:08:58

neighbours. She will have that

meeting with Donald Tusk this

2:08:582:09:03

afternoon. I don't expect any big

developments or leaps forward in the

2:09:032:09:08

Brexit process, this is about a

series of little diplomatic steps

2:09:082:09:12

leading up to the next time we will

all be here on the 14th of December

2:09:122:09:17

when EU leaders will decide if

enough progress has been made in the

2:09:172:09:20

Brexit talks to start talking about

trade and the future relationship

2:09:202:09:23

with the UK.

Thank you.

2:09:232:09:26

The Children's Commisioner

for England has told BBC Breakfast

2:09:262:09:29

social media companies need to do

more to monitor their sites

2:09:292:09:32

or face more regulation.

2:09:322:09:35

It comes after a BBC investigation

was told of a flaw with one

2:09:352:09:38

of the ways YouTube deals

with inappropriate comments.

2:09:382:09:40

Volunteers who monitor those

comments say it means potentially

2:09:402:09:43

predatory behaviour has not been

removed, even after it

2:09:432:09:45

has been reported.

2:09:452:09:47

The site has denied any technical

failure, and says content

2:09:472:09:52

that endangers children

is abhorrent and unacceptable.

2:09:522:09:58

The companies are part of everyday

life now fought so many children,

2:09:582:10:03

they are multi-billion pound

companies that really have a huge

2:10:032:10:07

impact on children's lives. They are

clever people and can employ people

2:10:072:10:10

who can make this sort of stuff

stopped, removing it from the

2:10:102:10:14

content and that is what I am asking

them to do.

And what if they don't?

2:10:142:10:19

I think they are looking at

potentially regulation, minimum

2:10:192:10:24

standards potentially, but again

they will not be a trusted part of

2:10:242:10:29

peoples lives is children and

families cannot have that

2:10:292:10:32

confidence. It is a balance and they

need to keep on right side of this.

2:10:322:10:37

That was the Children's Commissioner

speaking to us earlier.

2:10:372:10:41

Relatives of the 44 crew members

on board the missing Argentine

2:10:432:10:45

submarine had their hopes dashed

yesterday when it was revealed

2:10:452:10:48

an explosion had been detected

near its last known location.

2:10:482:10:54

The San Juan left the southern tip

of Argentina almost two

2:10:542:10:57

weeks ago heading back

to the Mar Del Plata naval base.

2:10:572:11:00

The last contact with the submarine

was on the 15th of November.

2:11:002:11:03

The UK, the USA and Russia are just

some of the countries involved

2:11:032:11:07

in the rescue effort.

2:11:072:11:12

The submarine was built in 1983,

and relatives are now blaming

2:11:122:11:15

the government for allowing the crew

on board the vessel

2:11:152:11:17

they say was "unsafe".

2:11:172:11:19

Joining us now is the former

submariner Kevin Errington.

2:11:192:11:24

Thank you for talking to us. I am

assuming you have been following

2:11:242:11:28

these events and the confusion is,

it does feel like hopes have been

2:11:282:11:35

dashed because of this noise with

some are interpreting as an

2:11:352:11:37

explosion on board.

The feeling at

the moment among the submarine

2:11:372:11:45

community nationally and

internationally, all the chaps and

2:11:452:11:49

the girls as well, is that we are

still hoping that they will be found

2:11:492:11:56

successfully. The longer it goes on,

the less likely the outcome will be

2:11:562:12:04

because of the lack of

communication.

Can you explain what

2:12:042:12:07

is different about this vessel? My

limited understanding is that oxygen

2:12:072:12:13

can be produced on submarines but

not with this one?

This one should

2:12:132:12:22

have, both nuclear and diesel

submarines have oxygen generating

2:12:222:12:29

capabilities and also CO2 absorption

capabilities so you can scrub the

2:12:292:12:34

air. On our boat we had something

called an oxygen generator which

2:12:342:12:42

could generate oxygen for you.

Unfortunately, you only have a

2:12:422:12:46

limited time that this will work.

Because the air inside will get

2:12:462:12:52

increasingly foul and difficult to

breathe. But it does give you that

2:12:522:12:59

moment where you can buy time with

it. There are various things, it is

2:12:592:13:05

difficult, we don't speculate, none

of us on our website are speculating

2:13:052:13:09

about what has gone on, it is just

our thoughts are with the crew and

2:13:092:13:14

their families. You have to

remember, our families also serve

2:13:142:13:19

even though they are not out there

doing the job itself. They waved

2:13:192:13:23

goodbye to their loved ones and

hopefully they will return.

2:13:232:13:29

Unfortunately in case they have gone

missing. But we still have hope,

2:13:292:13:33

until the moment the boat is found

and they can say yes or no, we still

2:13:332:13:37

hope.

We are seeing the images, the

desperate situation for the families

2:13:372:13:44

of those on board. Give us a thought

about the search operation. People

2:13:442:13:49

might think on the face of it, they

think of submarines as things with

2:13:492:13:55

amazing technological innovations on

board, including communication

2:13:552:14:00

devices, so why can't we locate it?

By the very nature of the job, it is

2:14:002:14:06

called the Silent service. When a

submarine goes to see, it slips

2:14:062:14:10

below the waves and it has a patrol

area and we don't give away where we

2:14:102:14:16

are and what we are doing.

Generally, in peace time can you

2:14:162:14:22

give a diving signal, we are diving

and we are expected to surface at a

2:14:222:14:28

particular time and you wait for

that signal. Wartime is different,

2:14:282:14:32

they used to go out and say, we will

be back in six weeks, they would

2:14:322:14:37

have a patrol area but you would not

know where they were. They could

2:14:372:14:41

receive but not transmit because you

would give away your position. And

2:14:412:14:44

if you are on exercise, they try to

find you, you are in a certain

2:14:442:14:49

operating area, it could be massive

or small, but you are in that spot

2:14:492:14:54

and until you pop up and say hello,

we are back again, you don't know

2:14:542:15:01

where they are. It can be difficult.

Nobody on any of our forums, and we

2:15:012:15:10

have people from all over the world

on them, are speculating about this

2:15:102:15:16

has gone wrong or this has happened

or what we just want their safe

2:15:162:15:20

return.

Thank you for your expertise

this morning. That is Kevin

2:15:202:15:23

Errington. Let's talk to Nick and

find out about what is happening

2:15:232:15:28

with the weather. Good morning.

2:15:282:15:36

Many of us having a sunny start this

morning, but cold air across the UK

2:15:402:15:45

today, and it is staying with us

through the weekend. A lot of us

2:15:452:15:50

will see dry weather, some lovely

crisp sunshine in the Arctic air,

2:15:502:15:53

but there will be some of these

wintry showers to be had. A lot of

2:15:532:15:59

them falling over the weekend as

sleet and snow, this is the picture

2:15:592:16:02

this morning in Scotland. Snow on

the higher routes this morning, and

2:16:022:16:08

icy patches for Northern Ireland as

well as we see showers coming

2:16:082:16:13

eastwards over the next few hours.

Across northern England, the

2:16:132:16:19

Midlands, Wales, East Anglia, good

sunshine to begin with, but southern

2:16:192:16:22

parts of England have more cloud

around. A scattering of heavy

2:16:222:16:26

showers across parts of the

south-west, especially Cornwall and

2:16:262:16:30

Devon. One or two more to come,

running east along the coastal

2:16:302:16:34

counties, particularly near the

south coast the day. Elsewhere, the

2:16:342:16:38

sunshine continuing, moving across

Northern Ireland and into parts of

2:16:382:16:47

England, 10 degrees in London but

most of us falling well short of

2:16:472:16:51

that. Light winds for many of us

today, still breezy in northern

2:16:512:16:56

Scotland. We will find tonight the

wind picking up a bit of blowing

2:16:562:16:59

more showers south-east across the

UK. Some sleet and snow to hills,

2:16:592:17:04

but to lower levels, and rural

temperatures will be lower than

2:17:042:17:10

this. Expecting a widespread frost

is the weekend begins, some of us

2:17:102:17:15

will be scraping ice off the cars

again. Low pressure to the north of

2:17:152:17:19

us, so it is the flow of air around

these pressure systems are bringing

2:17:192:17:24

the air down the Arctic, but great

visibility in this clean Arctic air,

2:17:242:17:30

lots of sunshine to come, but a

stronger, colder wind and more of

2:17:302:17:34

these sleet and snow showers, parts

of Wales, pushing into the Midlands,

2:17:342:17:39

a few into the far south-west.

Temperatures come down a little

2:17:392:17:43

further, but the wind is stronger

and it will feel colder as a result,

2:17:432:17:47

some of us will feel like it is

below freezing. There will be

2:17:472:17:52

another frost for the second part of

the weekend on Sunday to begin with,

2:17:522:17:56

a lot of dry, sunny weather to come

especially in the east. Still a

2:17:562:18:01

scattering of wintry showers to the

west, they will tend to become more

2:18:012:18:05

rain at lower levels, snow and sleet

on the hills. And briefly, less cold

2:18:052:18:10

on Monday, but don't get used to it,

temperatures come down again next

2:18:102:18:14

week, single figures pretty much

throughout. Cold air with us for the

2:18:142:18:18

weekend.

2:18:182:18:19

Thank you, Nick.

2:18:242:18:27

1.2 million women and more

than 700,000 men reported some form

2:18:272:18:30

of domestic abuse last year

in England and Wales.

2:18:302:18:32

For those who need a safe place

to go to, refuges are a lifeline.

2:18:322:18:36

But the charity Women's Aid has

told this programme that

2:18:362:18:39

on just one day this year,

nearly 200 women and children

2:18:392:18:41

were turned away from their refuges

because they didn't

2:18:412:18:43

have enough beds.

2:18:432:18:45

Fiona Lamden has been

hearing one woman's story.

2:18:452:18:46

When people say, why

didn't you just leave,

2:18:462:18:48

I want them to understand that it's

just not that simple.

2:18:482:18:51

How could I leave?

2:18:512:18:52

This man he was going to kill me.

2:18:522:19:02

You know, it's so complex,

and people just don't understand.

2:19:032:19:06

For that person to have so much

power over you makes it impossible.

2:19:062:19:09

It took Charlotte nine years to find

the courage to leave her husband

2:19:092:19:12

and finally report him

to the police.

2:19:122:19:15

She and her children went first

to a refuge and later to a new home.

2:19:152:19:20

Charlotte's husband was convicted

and given a seven-year

2:19:202:19:23

prison sentence.

2:19:232:19:25

But her two daughters say

the memories of what he did

2:19:252:19:27

will stay with them forever.

2:19:272:19:31

We ended up going into hiding

while the court case was on.

2:19:312:19:34

I was very confused

because I grew up with this man

2:19:342:19:36

and to me he was my dad.

2:19:362:19:41

I've felt abandoned,

it was sort of a loss for me.

2:19:412:19:44

The latest crime survey for England

and Wales shows 1.2 million women

2:19:442:19:49

and more than 700,000 men reported

some form of domestic

2:19:492:19:52

abuse in the last year.

2:19:522:19:58

With one in ten women

between 16 and 19 saying

2:19:582:20:00

they've experienced abuse.

2:20:002:20:04

Charity Women's Aid says on one day

this year they were helping more

2:20:042:20:07

than 4,500 women and children

at refuges in England.

2:20:072:20:14

But on that same day had

to turn away almost 200

2:20:142:20:16

more because they didn't

have enough room.

2:20:162:20:20

Years after the charity

helped her and her family, Charlotte

2:20:202:20:22

now works for a Women's Aid

refuge in Surrey.

2:20:222:20:24

There's always a waiting list here.

2:20:242:20:27

The last family left an hour ago

and I'm told a mother and her three

2:20:272:20:30

children are on their way here now.

2:20:302:20:32

It's expected they'll

arrive with very little.

2:20:322:20:42

So here, just a few basics to help

them start their new life.

2:20:432:20:46

Women's lives are already at risk

and I think this statistic

2:20:462:20:48

is something like over to women

a week are murdered

2:20:482:20:52

in England and Wales.

2:20:522:20:53

If there weren't the refuges

that there are now,

2:20:532:20:56

that figure will go up.

2:20:562:20:57

I already fear when we have to say

to somebody, sorry, no,

2:20:572:21:00

we're full, I already fear,

where's that woman going to go?

2:21:002:21:07

The Government says it has committed

£40 million until 2020

2:21:072:21:10

and is introducing a domestic

violence and abuse bill

2:21:102:21:12

to protect and support

victims and their children.

2:21:122:21:19

Meanwhile, Charlotte says she'll do

everything she can to help

2:21:192:21:21

other women like her.

2:21:212:21:23

I could sit here and not tell

you my story, but if I gave

2:21:232:21:28

in to that and gave in to that fear

of thinking, is he watching,

2:21:282:21:32

what's he going to do?

2:21:322:21:37

Then I've lost and he's won,

and that's never going to happen.

2:21:372:21:41

So I'm continuing to speak out,

and that's why I'm talking to you,

2:21:412:21:44

because it's really important

and nobody's going to

2:21:442:21:46

stop me doing that.

2:21:462:21:56

Katie Ghose is the CEO

of Women's Aid.

2:21:562:22:01

A very brave story, to try to

finally make that break, but when

2:22:012:22:07

they get somewhere, there are no

places.

It is a tragedy. Domestic

2:22:072:22:15

abuse is an epidemic, and we know

that many women and children would

2:22:152:22:19

be in that situation of having to

flee in abusive relationship and to

2:22:192:22:23

start all over again. I have been to

her refuge and it does amazing work,

2:22:232:22:28

they are already operating on a

shoestring and have already had to

2:22:282:22:32

close their doors in many cases, and

we are looking to the Government to

2:22:322:22:35

work with us and to guarantee the

future of refugees so that any woman

2:22:352:22:40

and child in Charlotte's situation

will have somewhere to go to and

2:22:402:22:43

they can recover from the trauma and

rebuild their lives.

You say it is

2:22:432:22:48

an epidemic, so how many beds, how

many rooms to you need on a

2:22:482:22:53

permanent basis so that they are

available for any person, male or

2:22:532:22:56

female, in trouble?

13,000 women and

13,000 children were in refuges last

2:22:562:23:03

year. We don't know what they need

is because so many women cannot

2:23:032:23:10

speak out or sometimes tragically

they do speak out but they are not

2:23:102:23:14

always believed. We know that the

demand will only go up as we have a

2:23:142:23:18

society where people can be brave

like Charlotte and speak out and get

2:23:182:23:22

the help they need. We are looking

to the Government to give a

2:23:222:23:26

cast-iron guarantee that they will

abandon the proposals they have come

2:23:262:23:28

up with a round funding so far, and

work with us and everyone else to

2:23:282:23:32

come up with a sustainable solution.

How much will that cost?

It will

2:23:322:23:38

cost far more if the money is spent

on the refuges and places. Think

2:23:382:23:41

about the human cost, the financial

costs if you wait.

Unfortunately we

2:23:412:23:45

do have to talk about figures, we

have just had the budget this week,

2:23:452:23:48

talking to Philip Hammond, he is

under immense pressure to find that

2:23:482:23:52

money, so what figure do you need to

put on this for the Government to

2:23:522:23:55

say, we can meet that?

You are

absolutely right, we do need to put

2:23:552:24:00

a figure on it, but the Government

is just about to announce a law

2:24:002:24:03

which is fantastic on domestic abuse

and violence, and we think that will

2:24:032:24:07

make demand go up, that is a good

thing if people are coming forward

2:24:072:24:16

for the support they need. Other

moment we spend pennies on domestic

2:24:162:24:18

abuse services in this country. If

we spent pounds, the cost, the

2:24:182:24:24

health and education costs, would be

reduced, if everybody had the right

2:24:242:24:29

response the first time around.

Presumably if women or men in these

2:24:292:24:33

situations don't feel the confidence

of having a place to go to, that is

2:24:332:24:36

a deterrent from doing anything

about the situation you are in the

2:24:362:24:40

first place, because you feel you

have nowhere to go, so you would

2:24:402:24:44

maybe stay in a terrible

circumstance for longer.

I meet

2:24:442:24:47

women and children every week who

have been put in that situation

2:24:472:24:50

where they have wanted to seek help

and go to a service, and the

2:24:502:24:54

services are not there. We can have

the best police response in the

2:24:542:24:57

world when a woman calls out for

help. If that isn't the local

2:24:572:25:01

support there, the emergency place

of safety, the other practical

2:25:012:25:04

support that she needs to get her

life together, then more women will

2:25:042:25:10

stay in abusive relationships.

The

Department for Communities and Local

2:25:102:25:12

Government has said it has already

committed £40 million until 202476

2:25:122:25:18

domestic abuse project across

England, providing more than 2200

2:25:182:25:21

beds and helping 19,000 people. --

until 2020, for 76 domestic abuse

2:25:212:25:33

projects.

That means some projects

have been able to stay open and not

2:25:332:25:37

close their doors, but what we need

now is a long-term solution. Two

2:25:372:25:42

thirds of women flee outside of

their area because they fear being

2:25:422:25:47

hunted down by the perpetrator, so

we need a government to come forward

2:25:472:25:52

with a solution that recognises that

refuges are a national network.

2:25:522:25:59

Katie, thank you very much, Katie

Ghose is from Women's Aid.

2:25:592:26:04

Details of organisations offering

information and support

2:26:042:26:05

with domestic violence

are available at

2:26:052:26:07

bbc.co.uk/actionline.

2:26:072:26:08

And you can call for free at any

time to hear recorded

2:26:082:26:11

information on 08000 888 809.

2:26:112:26:13

The time now is 8:26am. We will be

speaking to Kenny Dalglish later in

2:26:252:26:32

the programme. It is rare for him to

give interviews, and he will be

2:26:322:26:35

looking back on what was an

extraordinary football career, but

2:26:352:26:39

also talking in a new film and

talking to us this morning about

2:26:392:26:41

some of the events he has been

involved in, including of course

2:26:412:26:46

Hillsborough, and the Ibrox Stadium

tragedies that have peppered his

2:26:462:26:52

career in football. He will be here

later on.

2:26:522:26:55

Time now to get the news,

travel and weather where you are.

2:26:552:26:58

to rise momentarily before we return

to the cooler conditions after that.

2:30:172:30:20

We'll be back in half an hour,

2:30:202:30:22

there's more news travel

and weather on our website

2:30:222:30:24

at the usual address,

bbc.co.uk/london or BBC radio

2:30:242:30:26

Bye bye.

2:30:262:30:31

Hello this is Breakfast with

Charlie Stayt and Naga Munchetty.

2:30:312:30:38

In the last hour the South

African appeal court has

2:30:382:30:41

increased the sentence of Paralympic

athlete Oscar Pistorius to 15 years

2:30:412:30:43

for killing his girlfriend.

2:30:432:30:44

Pistorius had been sentenced

to six years in prison

2:30:442:30:46

for the murder of his girlfriend

Reeva Steenkamp in 2013.

2:30:462:30:51

He was initially found

guilty of manslaughter,

2:30:512:30:52

but that charge was changed

to murder on appeal.

2:30:522:30:56

And called for the sentencing this

morning. A spokesperson for the

2:30:562:31:00

family of Reeva Steenkamp says the

ruling has verified that there is

2:31:002:31:04

justice.

2:31:042:31:07

Zimbabwe's new president is due

to be sworn in later this morning

2:31:072:31:09

in the country's capital,

Harare.

2:31:092:31:11

This is after ten days of

extraordinary drama that culminated

2:31:112:31:14

in the resignation of Robert Mugabe

who was in power for 37 years.

2:31:142:31:18

60,000 people will gather

at a sports stadium to witness

2:31:182:31:21

Emmerson Mnangagwa taking control

of the country following

2:31:212:31:23

the resignation of Robert Mugabe

after 37 years in power.

2:31:232:31:25

Bernat Brown is there. -- Ben Brown

is there. We got a glimpse of how

2:31:252:31:34

many people filling the stadium

ahead of the swearing in. Good

2:31:342:31:36

morning.

Yes, amazing scenes, this

sports stadium has a capacity of

2:31:362:31:45

60000 and is still filling up, I

think it will be full for the

2:31:452:31:49

inauguration in about an hour. Let's

show you the scene. A lot of people

2:31:492:31:57

in the stadium and on the big

screen, shots of the motorcade now

2:31:572:32:01

bringing in the new president of

Zimbabwe, Emmerson Mnangagwa. His

2:32:012:32:09

motorcade is on its way to the

stadium for a day of history in this

2:32:092:32:15

country, a new president after the

3070 rule, or misrule, many would

2:32:152:32:19

say, of Robert Mugabe. It's going to

be an extraordinary day. Mr Mann and

2:32:192:32:27

Aguero -- Amazon Amana gaga has

promised a new dawn of democracy,

2:32:272:32:34

and economic reform -- Emmerson

Mnangagwa. We can speak to one

2:32:342:32:38

person who has come to watch the

inauguration, Alex. Why did you want

2:32:382:32:42

to come here?

I'm here to witness

the dawn of a new era. From the old

2:32:422:32:48

system into the new system.

2:32:482:32:58

It has been done in a revolutionary

manner that preserves our legacy.

Is

2:32:592:33:07

the new president going to be better

than Robert Mugabe. Yes, he's going

2:33:072:33:15

to be better. You are optimistic?

Nepotism, that was what was wrong,

2:33:152:33:32

are a sting in the criminals,

detaining the criminals, some people

2:33:322:33:35

might think. ...

OK, enjoy the day,

Alex. We've had it confirmed from

2:33:352:33:52

government sources, possibly not a

surprise but Robert Mugabe will not

2:33:522:33:55

be due to witness this inauguration.

We have heard reports that he has

2:33:552:34:00

been granted immunity from

prosecution and that he will be

2:34:002:34:04

given guarantees about his safety so

he will stay in Zimbabwe and not go

2:34:042:34:09

into exile. Back to the studio.

Ben,

thank you. Ben Brown in Zimbabwe.

2:34:092:34:18

Theresa May will meet the President

of the European Council,

2:34:182:34:21

Donald Tusk, in Brussels later as EU

leaders gather for a summit.

2:34:212:34:24

It will be the first high-level

discussion between the two sides

2:34:242:34:26

since the Prime Minister secured

the backing of her Cabinet

2:34:262:34:29

to offer more money

for the so-called divorce bill.

2:34:292:34:31

There will be another in December,

where EU leaders will decide

2:34:312:34:33

whether to trigger the next

phase of talks.

2:34:332:34:38

I am looking forward to today to

renewed commitments from European

2:34:382:34:41

countries. To working together, to

tackle shared challenges in both

2:34:412:34:46

security and development and I'm

here to say again that the United

2:34:462:34:49

Kingdom is unconditionally committed

to continuing to play our leading

2:34:492:34:55

role in maintaining Europe's

security. We may be leaving the

2:34:552:34:58

European Union but we are not

leaving Europe.

2:34:582:35:03

Families of the 44 crew members

members on a missing submarine

2:35:032:35:06

in the South Atlantic say they've

given up hope.

2:35:062:35:08

The statement comes

after the Argentinian navy said

2:35:082:35:10

there was a suspected explosion

hours after the San

2:35:102:35:12

Juan was last seen.

2:35:122:35:13

The Defence Secretary Gavin

Williamson has offered Britain's

2:35:132:35:15

"sincerest condolences".

2:35:152:35:17

A huge international search effort

has been taking place to find

2:35:172:35:20

the vessel that disappeared almost

two weeks ago.

2:35:202:35:30

The South African Appeal Court has

increased the sentence of Paralympic

2:35:312:35:34

athlete Oscar Pistorius for killing

his girlfriend. Our reporter is in

2:35:342:35:41

Johannesburg. We knew this appeal

was going on, so much anger over his

2:35:412:35:46

initial sentence, Milton.

What the

supreme court did today, remember

2:35:462:36:04

the prosecution had said that the

trial judge had imposed a shockingly

2:36:042:36:10

lenient sentence for the crime of

murder, and they wanted the

2:36:102:36:14

prosecution and the courts,

particularly the appeals court, to

2:36:142:36:20

impose the prescribed minimum

sentence of 15 years. So this

2:36:202:36:24

morning they handed Oscar Pistorius

13 years and five months in prison

2:36:242:36:28

but they have taken into account the

time he's already spent in prison

2:36:282:36:33

and under house arrest.

Milton,

we've been waiting for family

2:36:332:36:43

reaction. He wasn't in court that

his girlfriend 's family say they

2:36:432:36:48

feel this is justice.

There is some

feeling around the family and

2:36:482:36:53

friends of Reeva Steenkamp was shot

and killed by Oscar Pistorius on

2:36:532:36:57

Valentine's Day 2013 that this is a

much more appropriate sentence for

2:36:572:37:03

her murder. They think that Oscar

Pistorius, receiving six years in

2:37:032:37:08

prison, was far too lenient for the

type of crime committed. He shot

2:37:082:37:15

four bullets into a closed bathroom

door into an unarmed and frightened

2:37:152:37:21

Reeva Steenkamp, as we heard in the

trial.

Milton Nkosa, thank you.

2:37:212:37:29

Milton Nkosa reporting on the

extension of Oscar Pistorius's

2:37:292:37:32

prison sentence to 15 years. It's

837. Let's see what's happening in

2:37:322:37:38

the rest of the programme.

COMMENTATOR: That's lovely!

2:37:382:37:45

Liverpool legend Kenny Dalglish will

talk about the highs and lows at

2:37:452:37:51

Anfield, and the tragedy of the

Hillsborough disaster when 96

2:37:512:37:56

football fans never came home. We'll

be speaking to Gary Oldman about his

2:37:562:38:09

new role playing Winston Churchill

and why it is the most daunting

2:38:092:38:12

challenge of his career so far. And,

on the march, this footage of spider

2:38:122:38:19

crabs invading stingrays was

captured for Blue Planet Two.

2:38:192:38:27

Let's start with the sport. Doing

our best to rival those dramatic

2:38:272:38:35

pictures from Blue Planet Two.

England ahead, Australia fighting

2:38:352:38:40

back, and now it's pretty much even

the Stephen after Stephen, the

2:38:402:38:44

capital of Australia, Steve Smith,

came to their rescue. It could have

2:38:442:38:48

been better thinking and except for

a flurry of kits for the home side,

2:38:482:38:53

Moeen Ali add LBW and Jonny Bairstow

ain't too high and was caught but

2:38:532:38:57

the England bowlers didn't let it

affect them as Stuart Broad had

2:38:572:39:01

Bancroft caught behind and there was

a debut wicked for Jake Ball who got

2:39:012:39:05

David Warner just as he was getting

going. So Australia were 76-4 at one

2:39:052:39:11

point until their captain Steve

Smith showed them how it was done

2:39:112:39:19

with an unbeaten half-century,

Australia closed 165-4. Andy Swiss

2:39:192:39:21

is at the Gabba Stadium in Brisbane.

What a brilliant match. First going

2:39:212:39:26

England's way and then back to

Australia, is back to the taking for

2:39:262:39:31

both sides now.

Yes, an enthralling

day. The Pentagon has been swinging

2:39:312:39:35

to and fro and it has ended with

honours pretty much even. England

2:39:352:39:41

began in a decent position, getting

off to a good start, Dawid Malan and

2:39:412:39:45

Moeen Ali batting nicely for an hour

and a half. Then it all went

2:39:452:39:50

terribly wrong, a classic England

collapse. They lost six wickets in

2:39:502:39:53

barely one hour. It was led by

lunchtime. So at lunch Australian

2:39:532:40:00

fans thought they were very much in

control. But the England bowlers

2:40:002:40:06

helped them bounce back, Broad

setting the tone, and Australia were

2:40:062:40:14

soon in deep trouble, 76-4 at one

point. Then captain Steve Smith and

2:40:142:40:19

Shaun Marsh guided Australia through

to the close, 165-4, Steve Smith on

2:40:192:40:26

an unbeaten half-century, he's the

man England will have to remove in

2:40:262:40:29

the morning. So it evens, really,

going into day three. These are the

2:40:292:40:34

thoughts of England bowler Jake

Ball.

I think it's pretty much in

2:40:342:40:39

the middle. It could go either way.

But I think we are in a decent

2:40:392:40:44

position. If we can come out in the

morning, get a good nights sleep and

2:40:442:40:48

come out ready in the morning, if we

get a couple out, then I think

2:40:482:40:53

that's a good position for us to be

in.

What has been refreshing for

2:40:532:40:58

England is how the new boys have

been handling all the pressure,

2:40:582:41:02

given Australia's record at the

Gabba Stadium, with Jake Ball taking

2:41:022:41:04

a wicket.

That's right. When England

arrived in Australia at the start of

2:41:042:41:11

the two are the media had fun with

some of the players, calling the

2:41:112:41:16

players the unnameable is because a

lot of people hadn't heard of James

2:41:162:41:21

Vince, Mark Stoneman and Dawid

Malan. And yet all three of them got

2:41:212:41:26

half centuries in the first England

innings, a real coup for the

2:41:262:41:32

selectors, who were criticised.

James Vince was particularly

2:41:322:41:35

impressive yesterday. The key for

England is now to get Steve Smith

2:41:352:41:38

and early. He is the number-1 bat in

the world for reason. -- the number

2:41:382:41:44

one batsman. England could perhaps

rattled through the tail, get a

2:41:442:41:49

first innings lead and put

themselves in a strong position. But

2:41:492:41:52

Steve Smith will be the key wicket

tomorrow.

Absolutely, Andy, we have

2:41:522:41:58

to leave it there, can't wait for it

to start again at midnight, what a

2:41:582:42:02

session. In football Everton were

thrashed 5-1 at home by Atalanta in

2:42:022:42:07

the Europa League. In front of a

half empty stadium they finished

2:42:072:42:13

bottom of the group, not a great CV

entry for David Unsworth, the

2:42:132:42:18

caretaker manager, wants the job

permanently. Arsene Wenger said it

2:42:182:42:24

was job done when Arsenal won their

match despite losing last night,

2:42:242:42:30

they still finished up with a group

-- Arsenal won their group. From

2:42:302:42:35

Anfield to Arscott for Michael Owen.

At lunchtime he be riding for the

2:42:352:42:39

first time as a jockey in a charity

race. He owns horses and has a

2:42:392:42:45

training stable but he's never again

been in the saddle.

What we are

2:42:452:42:50

dealing with is 500, 550 kilos, half

a tonne of pure muscle that is fed

2:42:502:42:57

and bred and trained to explode into

life. I was about 13 stone, six

2:42:572:43:03

weeks ago, and I really had to lose

weight. I wanted to eat something to

2:43:032:43:08

give me energy but I can't!

Good

luck to Michael today. From one

2:43:082:43:13

Anfield legend to another. The term

is bandied about these days but to

2:43:132:43:18

his fans who saw him on the pitch

and then in the dugout at Anfield he

2:43:182:43:22

is a legend.

2:43:222:43:24

His trophy haul speaks for itself -

three European Cups

2:43:242:43:27

and eight League titles.

2:43:272:43:28

However, the highs were

matched by heartache.

2:43:282:43:29

He witnessed three footballing

disasters, including Hillsborough,

2:43:292:43:31

where 96 football fans

never came home.

2:43:312:43:35

Now, a new documentary charts

the life of the man the supporters

2:43:352:43:38

nicknamed "King Kenny".

2:43:382:43:43

He is here with us. I am delighted

to say.

2:43:432:43:48

We'll speak to him in a moment

but first, let's take

2:43:482:43:50

a look at the film.

2:43:502:43:52

Straightaway you could tell,

this fella is something special.

2:43:522:44:02

COMMENTATOR:

Dalglish.

2:44:062:44:07

Yes!

2:44:072:44:08

He's a king.

2:44:082:44:09

There was a lot going

on that no-one knew about,

2:44:092:44:11

and he wouldn't tell anyone.

2:44:112:44:13

TV REPORT:

The news

is very bad from Brussels.

2:44:132:44:15

You'd no idea that

people had been killed?

2:44:152:44:17

No.

2:44:172:44:18

They asked if I'd

like to become manager.

2:44:182:44:20

Kenny, if you don't know him,

can be a very awkward guy.

2:44:202:44:23

He's a very private person,

he's only got time for his family

2:44:232:44:25

and people that he really knows.

2:44:252:44:27

He galvanised the players

from really nowhere.

2:44:272:44:29

It's one of his

greatest achievements.

2:44:292:44:30

Probably the greatest.

2:44:302:44:32

Hillsborough, it's not

something we ever discuss.

2:44:322:44:34

There was a lot of people that went

to that game that never came home.

2:44:342:44:38

He was falling apart

after Hillsborough.

2:44:382:44:43

Only Kenny can tell us what that

journey was really like.

2:44:432:45:01

We get a sense of how moving this

film is, Kenny, and what is

2:45:012:45:05

different is in the past you have

never given much away emotionally,

2:45:052:45:09

but here we see how difficult those

tragic events were through the eyes

2:45:092:45:15

of your family. How difficult was it

for you in terms of making the film?

2:45:152:45:18

Was it helpful in coming to terms

with the emotion?

We opened the

2:45:182:45:28

doors and let people burst through

them. The important thing for us was

2:45:282:45:32

to do it as a family. For us, for

the family, that is what it was

2:45:322:45:40

basically done for, to have

something on record for them, they

2:45:402:45:44

can put it in the bin if they are

not happy with it!

What some people

2:45:442:45:48

will not know is just how much

involvement you made sure, how

2:45:482:45:53

present you were, for many of the

families who lost the 96 people at

2:45:532:45:59

Hillsborough, you went to each of

their funerals?

I didn't go to 96,

2:45:592:46:05

but we all went to, at least one

player was that every funeral, but

2:46:052:46:11

we did not go to -- but I did not go

to all of them.

But that was partly

2:46:112:46:21

led by you, letting the families

know how much it meant.

They were

2:46:212:46:23

hugely supportive to us, so we

turned supporter and we tried to be

2:46:232:46:31

helpful to them. And if we helped

them, then we felt a lot better for

2:46:312:46:36

it. People think that the outsiders

have suffered, but what have the

2:46:362:46:43

family suffered, not only did they

lose someone they loved but they

2:46:432:46:46

have lost their own lives fighting

for justice and it has been hard.

2:46:462:46:51

One of the things that emerges,

Kenny, people absolutely respect

2:46:512:46:57

your position, people have been

through much worse than you, but

2:46:572:47:01

your own family, very interesting

watching the film, your family safe

2:47:012:47:05

for you, personally, I think it was

your daughter who said, Christmas

2:47:052:47:10

1990, 18 months after Hillsborough,

they said that you wouldn't tell

2:47:102:47:14

anyone but you were falling apart,

inside there was a great deal going

2:47:142:47:20

on, that is what they said about you

at that time.

Obviously there was a

2:47:202:47:25

great deal going on inside, I had

the hesitation about signing a new

2:47:252:47:28

contract from Liverpool, not because

I wanted to go somewhere else but

2:47:282:47:32

because I was going to have a break,

that was the summer, and January,

2:47:322:47:37

February it came to fruition so I

don't think you had to be a rocket

2:47:372:47:44

scientist to see there was something

happening there. But whatever

2:47:442:47:47

happened to me was minimal compared

to what happened to everybody who

2:47:472:47:51

had a family member there, a loved

one.

To what extent do the various

2:47:512:47:55

events you have been close to,

Ibrox, for example, Hillsborough of

2:47:552:48:01

course, to what extent does that

colour your feeling about football,

2:48:012:48:05

the tragedies you have seen and then

the highs that you have seen as

2:48:052:48:08

well?

I think any of these tragedies

is totally unfair, they should never

2:48:082:48:13

have happened, especially

Hillsborough, Ibrox was a little bit

2:48:132:48:20

different, somebody scored a late

goal, people had left to go about

2:48:202:48:25

the exit and then tried to come back

up the stairs and the two met each

2:48:252:48:30

other, but Hillsborough was

different. There was a lot of stuff

2:48:302:48:34

that was in the video which we had

to take out because of the upcoming

2:48:342:48:38

trials and the last thing you want

to do is jeopardise the families

2:48:382:48:45

that have been through it. I just

got on as normal, as did my wife,

2:48:452:48:53

that is the way we were brought up,

that is what we felt was right.

When

2:48:532:48:59

we introduced you, Mike outlined

your career, a remarkable career.

2:48:592:49:02

One of the things I had forgotten

when we were privileged enough to

2:49:022:49:05

watch the film before you came on,

you had player managers, you don't

2:49:052:49:10

have those now?

Not so much, some of the lower

2:49:102:49:13

leagues do but it was a thing at the

time, it was common for a while.

I

2:49:132:49:18

was only 34, I thought I was playing

OK!

I think you were!

They must have

2:49:182:49:25

wanted me out of the strip and into

a tracksuit!

Did you think one of

2:49:252:49:31

the reasons it doesn't happen now is

because management is a much more

2:49:312:49:35

difficult, the pay scales, the

owners, the time as a manager is

2:49:352:49:39

shorter, do you miss that day to day

involvement, could you imagine

2:49:392:49:44

managing a dead?

You missed the day

involvement, the dressing room, what

2:49:442:49:50

goes on but there is a lot of time

that managers have to give their

2:49:502:49:54

time up, it is the price you pay for

the size of the game has gone now.

2:49:542:50:00

It is enormous, so obviously the

media need to be fed, they need some

2:50:002:50:08

stuff to print or film and you

haven't got a responsibility to do

2:50:082:50:16

that -- you have got a

responsibility to do that.

But you

2:50:162:50:19

don't need a headline every day. You

talk about the relationship with the

2:50:192:50:23

media, it props up a few times in

the film, Graeme Souness says, if

2:50:232:50:28

you don't know Kenny, he can be a

bit awkward.

2:50:282:50:30

I think you said you can be very

awkward. Very, very awkward!

2:50:302:50:38

Were you deliberately holding back

from the media? All your family say

2:50:382:50:42

what they thought of you on screen

had no, didn't correspond at all to

2:50:422:50:47

the person they knew.

Would you

deliberately holding some of

2:50:472:50:50

yourself by? As I said before, I am

a representative of the club.

2:50:502:50:54

Whether I represented them good or

bad is debatable but, for me, I

2:50:542:51:00

didn't want the club involved in a

scandal, I didn't want to be

2:51:002:51:03

involved in the scandal, I didn't

want headlines. I had the

2:51:032:51:08

responsibility, I never fail to go

to a press conference, they might

2:51:082:51:13

not have got what they wanted to get

but I was always conscious I did not

2:51:132:51:18

want to let anybody down, so, for

me, I just got on with it but the

2:51:182:51:26

good thing about the movie, you see

some of the private stuff we have

2:51:262:51:32

made, the kids at Christmas, growing

up. We only ever saw ourselves as a

2:51:322:51:36

normal family. How somebody else

sees you is not important to me. For

2:51:362:51:41

us it was important to us that we

brought our kids up as well as we

2:51:412:51:44

could.

You said you shouldn't give a

headline, managers shouldn't be

2:51:442:51:49

under pressure to give a headline

every day to the press, what about

2:51:492:51:52

the pressure on the players in terms

of social media, they are on, or

2:51:522:51:57

they should have to be performing

almost all the time now off the

2:51:572:52:00

pitch?

The players, after a game,

need today, I don't want to say

2:52:002:52:07

anything, and they can walk away. I

did that when I was playing.

I'm

2:52:072:52:12

thinking more about their private

lives, seen out in a bar or

2:52:122:52:16

whatever, at party.

And you don't

know that picture has been taken the

2:52:162:52:20

night before, you don't know when

that picture has been taken. But the

2:52:202:52:23

players I think it is much more

difficult now for them because they

2:52:232:52:26

don't have any privacy. They say

players have lost touch with the

2:52:262:52:31

fans, in a lot of cases it is

basically because they cannot let

2:52:312:52:37

themselves get out, they don't get

the freedom. But that is the price

2:52:372:52:40

you pay for being a footballer. It

is something you've just got to live

2:52:402:52:45

with and put up with. It is a great

life.

George Best is in the film,

2:52:452:52:51

great archive footage. In one of the

quotes about you, he says, he is the

2:52:512:52:55

one player I would always have on my

team sheet.

Maybe that is why he was

2:52:552:53:00

never a manager!

LAUGHTER.

2:53:002:53:05

It has been a delight talking to

you, thank you so much. The film is

2:53:052:53:09

called Kenny, and you are happy with

it?

Really happy with it, I think

2:53:092:53:13

the producers have done a great job.

I was approached by the lads, John

2:53:132:53:19

Owen, Steve Younger, who I know

really well, and they said, would

2:53:192:53:24

you fancy doing it? I felt really

comfortable with them so I thought,

2:53:242:53:29

well, you know.

You do get a glimpse

of you that perhaps people would not

2:53:292:53:32

have seen, so thank you.

Nick has the weather, let's find out

2:53:322:53:36

what is going on. It is chilly out

there.

2:53:362:53:39

what is going on. It is chilly out

there.

2:53:392:53:43

Absolutely right, another snowy

scene from Scotland this morning,

2:53:432:53:46

nothing unusual about that at this

time of year and there are more

2:53:462:53:49

wintry showers to come today and

through the weekend, we will all be

2:53:492:53:53

called this weekend, cold air across

the UK, many of us will be dry, see

2:53:532:53:58

plenty of sunshine, wintry showers

across northern and western parts of

2:53:582:54:01

the UK which sets the scene for the

weekend. Let's look at what we can

2:54:012:54:05

expect today, this is 10am this

morning, an

2:54:052:54:18

area of sleet, snow showers across

northern Scotland, lots of this

2:54:232:54:25

falling snow and the higher routes

affected by this, icy patches as

2:54:252:54:28

well. A risk of ice in Northern

Ireland as wintry showers spread

2:54:282:54:30

east over the next few hours. Much

of England and Wales getting off to

2:54:302:54:33

a sparkling start, some of us are

frosty, rain showers into south-west

2:54:332:54:36

England but some of these will push

on through the day. Much of England

2:54:362:54:38

and Wales staying dry until this

afternoon brings a few of the rain,

2:54:382:54:41

sleet showers into northern England

and North Wales. Quite the wind for

2:54:412:54:43

many others but breezy across the

far north of Scotland into the

2:54:432:54:46

Northern Isles, and the

temperatures, some of us around the

2:54:462:54:49

mid-teens earlier this week, 17

Celsius, but ten at best today.

2:54:492:54:53

Through the weekend, single figure

temperatures and the wind picks up

2:54:532:54:57

tonight, showers south eastwards

against the snow tops of the hills,

2:54:572:55:02

even across southern part as they

move through, and icy patches as

2:55:022:55:05

temperatures dipped to give a

widespread frost again. As ever,

2:55:052:55:09

temperatures are lower away from

town and city centres, some rural

2:55:092:55:13

spots will end up a good few degrees

below freezing on Saturday morning.

2:55:132:55:18

Why is it called? Arctic air around

high pressure and low pressure close

2:55:182:55:23

to the UK, the isobars are close

together so it is a windy day

2:55:232:55:27

tomorrow, that makes it feel colder.

Who will get the wintry showers of

2:55:272:55:32

rain, sleet, snow, hail? Northern

and western Scotland, Northern

2:55:322:55:36

Ireland, a few for Northern England,

northern Wales, many southern and

2:55:362:55:41

eastern parts will just have the

cold wind but a lot of blue sky and

2:55:412:55:44

sunshine to come, but it will feel

colder than the thermometer might

2:55:442:55:48

suggest, expecting some spots to

feel at or below freezing,

2:55:482:55:52

temperatures drop further when the

wintry showers moved three. Frosty

2:55:522:55:56

start to Sunday, the best of the dry

Brad Webb across eastern parts once

2:55:562:56:00

again, a scattering of showers in

the rest, clouding over later in the

2:56:002:56:03

day, becoming less chilly. I am

trying not to be too negative about

2:56:032:56:09

the cold weather, if it is a choice

of cloudy, damp, muggy weather or

2:56:092:56:13

something which has loads of

sunshine but is chilly, I know what

2:56:132:56:16

a lot of people prosper and if you

like the cold weather and crisp

2:56:162:56:21

sunshine, have a smashing weekend.

Back to you. Nick, enjoy your

2:56:212:56:24

weekend, thank you very much.

2:56:242:56:31

14% of children in English schools

have a special educational needs or

2:56:312:56:34

14% of children in English schools

have a special educational needs or

2:56:342:56:35

difficulty but that only tells part

of the story.

2:56:352:56:38

New announcements we have received

from the education policy Institute

2:56:382:56:43

show 40% of children, four in ten in

England, will be identified as

2:56:432:56:48

having special educational needs at

some point in their school life

2:56:482:56:50

between the age of five and 16,

significantly higher than the

2:56:502:56:54

estimate. Jane McCubbin has more.

2:56:542:56:58

Children at this special school

might have different needs to most

2:56:582:57:01

pupils in mainstream education,

but they still have the same kinds

2:57:012:57:04

of hopes and dreams.

2:57:042:57:05

What's the plan, Jacob?

2:57:052:57:07

I want to become a football manager.

2:57:072:57:09

I want to be a pet store manager.

2:57:092:57:14

I either want to be

a doctor or a spy!

2:57:142:57:19

I like this ambition!

2:57:192:57:21

Two completely different things.

2:57:212:57:27

It was previously thought only 14%

of children have an SEND,

2:57:272:57:31

a special educational

need or disability -

2:57:312:57:34

that's any need that has to be met

outside of the normal curriculum

2:57:342:57:38

at either a mainstream

or a special school.

2:57:382:57:39

But today a report from

the Education Policy Institute says

2:57:392:57:42

that number is actually much higher.

2:57:422:57:43

That official Government

statistics of 14% is taken

2:57:432:57:45

from a snapshot of just one year.

2:57:452:57:47

But if you look across the lifetime

of a child, then 40%

2:57:472:57:50

are registered at some point

with a special educational need.

2:57:502:57:58

But Government policy and SEND

provision is based on that much

2:57:582:58:00

lower official figure,

which leads some to ask if that

2:58:002:58:03

provision is anywhere near enough.

2:58:032:58:06

I don't think there are things

in place, I don't think there's

2:58:062:58:09

the budget to put things in place,

I don't think there's the political

2:58:092:58:14

will to put anything in place,

because I think what needs to happen

2:58:142:58:17

for these children costs money.

2:58:172:58:21

David and Carrie Grant have

four children with SEN.

2:58:212:58:24

They say they've had to fight

for the right support.

2:58:242:58:34

People think, "I will not

accept this child that

2:58:442:58:47

has anything different,

they all have to fit into a box

2:58:472:58:49

and if they don't fit inside a box,

we will squash them until they do."

2:58:492:58:53

And that is the biggest issue that

children with SEN face.

2:58:532:58:56

Children's commissioners in England,

Wales, Ireland and Scotland say

2:58:562:58:58

despite differences in their systems

they all have significant concerns,

2:58:582:59:00

concerns shared by TV

presenter Chris Packham,

2:59:002:59:02

who has autism.

2:59:022:59:03

When you think 40% of young people

have those requirements or needs

2:59:032:59:06

at some point in their education,

I can't believe they're

2:59:062:59:08

being effectively addressed.

2:59:082:59:09

But the Department for Education

tell us the 14% figure allow schools

2:59:092:59:12

to plan year-on-year,

while 40% represents

2:59:122:59:14

the changing nature of needs.

2:59:142:59:16

Some, though, believe SEN

kids are being let down.

2:59:162:59:18

It's just sad seeing people have

this condition and it's not

2:59:182:59:20

being treated right.

2:59:202:59:25

Because when it is treated

right, everything just

2:59:252:59:28

goes that...brilliantly?

2:59:282:59:30

Yeah.

2:59:302:59:36

These young people deserve a chance

and they're amazing young people

2:59:362:59:38

with lots and lots to give.

2:59:382:59:40

Anything's possible?

2:59:402:59:41

Absolutely.

2:59:412:59:43

Jane is with us now, seeing those

young people and hearing the

2:59:432:59:46

problems they are facing a really

brings it home?

2:59:462:59:48

Death, because we are talking about

the potential for these kids to

2:59:482:59:52

reach their potential if they get

the right support. Let's have a

2:59:522:59:55

little look at the numbers of kids

we are talking about right now this

2:59:552:59:58

second. 1.4 million children, we are

told, have special educational needs

2:59:583:00:03

or disability in England, Wales and

Northern Ireland. That might be

3:00:033:00:07

quite minor in most cases but might

be far more serious. In Scotland the

3:00:073:00:13

number is 170,000, they have a much

broader definition there of what

3:00:133:00:18

additional needs are. A small

proportion of all of those kids in

3:00:183:00:22

the UK will have way more serious

needs. They will be on either a

3:00:223:00:26

statement all and EHCP plan, that is

the legal document they have to have

3:00:263:00:33

in order to get their needs met. We

have got the numbers for that small

3:00:333:00:37

proportion in England, 27% of that

small proportion will be on the

3:00:373:00:41

autistic spectrum, 14% will have

speech and language problems.

3:00:413:00:44

Because we now know that these

issues affect, over the course of

3:00:443:00:48

the Child's life, far more children

than previously thought, we are

3:00:483:00:52

going to take some time next week to

look at these issues, so many

3:00:523:01:02

stories next week, many of them will

make your blood boil but many of

3:01:023:01:05

them will fill you with absolute

hope about the potential of these

3:01:053:01:07

children to do their very best. If

the right support is there, and what

3:01:073:01:10

needs to change to make sure that

happens?

3:01:103:01:18

Retailers are gearing up for Black

Friday, a spending spree for some

3:01:183:01:23

people, the idea originated in

America of course. Ben is at a

3:01:233:01:28

warehouse. On your bicycle, Ben?

Morning, earlier we were talking

3:01:283:01:34

about some of the high-tech robots

that they've got to get stuff

3:01:343:01:38

around. Well I have found some

low-tech ways of getting around but

3:01:383:01:43

this place is so huge they need

these are the stuff to get around.

3:01:433:01:47

We are at the Amazon warehouse in

Tilbury in Essex for Black Friday.

3:01:473:01:52

Let me introduce you to a couple of

guests, let me get my microphone out

3:01:523:01:56

of the basket! Katie and Helen,

Katie, you are one of the bosses and

3:01:563:02:02

Helen we will talk about the

psychology of this. Black Friday is

3:02:023:02:06

one of the busiest shopping days of

the year, you've got to get up to

3:02:063:02:09

get these orders out.

This is a

really busy day, it started at

3:02:093:02:18

midnight, 63,000 orders for toys,

33,000 beauty products, really busy

3:02:183:02:22

day and very popular with customers.

It is a great time to get great

3:02:223:02:27

value in the run-up to Christmas.

Both on Christmas shopping and

3:02:273:02:32

everyday treats they want for

themselves.

When we hear numbers

3:02:323:02:36

like this, Helen, it sounds exciting

but it is not quite so much fun for

3:02:363:02:40

everyone. Does the stress level, as

with this, limited time off, so if

3:02:403:02:46

you can't take part and is a

stressful time.

It can be hugely

3:02:463:02:51

stressful and it is hard for all of

us to resist deals when they say

3:02:513:02:56

that there's a limited offer and

time left in stock, if you are

3:02:563:03:00

feeling low and struggling with your

mental health the marketing tells

3:03:003:03:02

you that what will make you feel

better is this this next product, if

3:03:023:03:05

you buy your family more presents at

Christmas and makes you a better

3:03:053:03:09

paid and so it is no surprise that

people end up in financial

3:03:093:03:13

difficulty, this is why we want to

see retail firms and banks giving

3:03:133:03:17

people the tools to enjoy online

shopping yet that the difficulty.

3:03:173:03:20

Let them said spending limits and

stop sending out marketing e-mails

3:03:203:03:25

in the middle of the mad when those

people who are awake are more likely

3:03:253:03:29

to be buying things they don't need.

Helen, Katie, thank you both. Let me

3:03:293:03:36

show you the engineers's lab. Where

all the robotic stuff happens.

3:03:363:03:40

Impressive because rather than

making people walk around to get

3:03:403:03:43

things they use amazing robots.

Martin and Andy, if I could

3:03:433:03:49

interrupt you a second, let's talk

about Black Friday. We've heard

3:03:493:03:52

about the dangers of encouraging

people to spend money that perhaps

3:03:523:03:55

they don't have. Black Friday is an

American import. Why do we have it

3:03:553:03:59

here?

Amazon brought it over, they

started in 2010. It took some time

3:03:593:04:06

to kick him, 2014 was the when it

reached that consensus where

3:04:063:04:13

everybody expected something good to

happen and now we can't get rid of

3:04:133:04:16

it!

People like the deals but are

they all they are cracked up to be,

3:04:163:04:25

people will say, I'm not taking part

this year because it is last year 's

3:04:253:04:29

stuff they are trying to sell

cheaply!

It's different from a

3:04:293:04:33

clearance sale because we are not

clearing, we are just creating noise

3:04:333:04:38

around sales. Some of the stuff

discounted is quite desirable stuff

3:04:383:04:42

which is why it is so different

because you've got to try to stand

3:04:423:04:47

out and grab the attention away from

your competitors because everyone is

3:04:473:04:50

doing it.

Andy, thank you so much.

Martin, this is your tablet, you

3:04:503:04:55

operate biscuit. This is us, in the

green...

Yes and if I zoom out

3:04:553:05:03

slowly you can see that there are

more than 9000 pods on the floor.

3:05:033:05:07

You've got two on each floor.

And

every one of those blue shelves is a

3:05:073:05:15

shelf with stuff to sell and there

are six in the place.

Each one of

3:05:153:05:19

these blue things is one of these.

Incredible, Martin and Andy, thank

3:05:193:05:26

you. Clearly a lot of money at

stake, people are hoping to buy over

3:05:263:05:30

the next few days and we are

expected to spend £1.3 billion over

3:05:303:05:35

the next day or so. I will see you

very soon.

Don't forget to get my

3:05:353:05:40

present, Ben! I still haven't got

used to those robotic cupboard

3:05:403:05:45

things. It is a bit bizarre. He was

fine. In a moment we'll find out

3:05:453:05:51

about the secrets of the deep, the

team began the extraordinary second

3:05:513:07:27

about the secrets of the deep, the

Mostly dry across London with good

3:07:273:07:28

sunny spells, temperatures reaching

10 Celsius. I will be back at half

3:07:283:07:32

one with the lunchtime news, joining

me then. Bye bye.

3:07:323:07:40

Welcome back. For the last few weeks

we have been mesmerised as Blue

3:07:403:07:47

Planet Two Texas to the bottom of

the sea bed.

3:07:473:07:54

This Sunday's 'Blue Planet Two' will

3:07:543:07:56

introduce us to the 'green seas' -

where half of the world's

3:07:563:07:59

oxygen is produced.

3:07:593:08:00

The team looks at some

of the extraordinary ways animals

3:08:003:08:02

protect themselves in the murkier

waters as well as the recovery

3:08:023:08:05

of sea otters from near extinction.

3:08:053:08:06

Let's take a look.

3:08:063:08:08

VOICEOVER: In the past,

sea otters were hunted

3:08:083:08:10

so intensively for their fur

that they came close to extinction.

3:08:103:08:15

With them gone, many kelp forests

were replaced with urchin barrens.

3:08:153:08:25

Today, sea otters are protected.

3:08:293:08:33

And, as their numbers slowly return,

many of the kelp forests

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are recovering, too.

3:08:353:08:40

Such magical images.

3:08:403:08:43

With us now is Kathryn Jeffs,

the producer of the fifth episode,

3:08:433:08:46

"Green Seas", and Yolly Bosiger,

one of the senior researchers.

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Good morning.

3:08:483:08:50

Everyone loves otters. What is it

about them.

You can't get tired of

3:08:503:08:55

them, they are just super cute.

But

they nip.

They've got a strong bite,

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you would not want to get too close

but they are beautiful.

On the

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surface, people might think, we know

quite a bit about otters, Blue

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Planet has shown is amazing images,

what did you discover about them.

3:09:153:09:20

They super cute but trying to get

close to them is very hard because

3:09:203:09:27

they are incredibly wary. It is

their environment and the waters are

3:09:273:09:31

tracking them through complex cup

forests and trying to get close to

3:09:313:09:36

them, often they don't want you to

get close, it is very tricky to get

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close to them.

Kathryn you have been

a researcher on this episode.

Yes.

3:09:413:09:47

Did you have to pitch the ideas in

terms of, this is worth seeing...

3:09:473:09:53

For example, otters, was it your

pitch?

It wasn't, there's a number

3:09:533:09:59

of researchers working on Blue

Planet, I am just one of them but

3:09:593:10:02

that is one of our primary jobs,

will read a lot of scientific

3:10:023:10:07

papers, the contact a lot of

scientists, and then we took to

3:10:073:10:10

producers like Kathryn and pitch our

ideas and hopefully they are

3:10:103:10:15

accepted but a lot of the time they

are not!

So you are trawling through

3:10:153:10:20

some quite complicated research that

to anybody who doesn't watch the

3:10:203:10:25

Blue Planet they might find it a bit

dry so you'll have to have the

3:10:253:10:29

vision to transform it and convince

the producers to sell it to us.

3:10:293:10:36

Absolutely, most of us on Blue

Planet of a Marine science we are

3:10:363:10:40

able read scientific papers. But we

also have this passion for

3:10:403:10:45

communicating science. That is

something we really enjoy, being

3:10:453:10:50

able to communicate.

Can we talk

about the octopus sequence. I'm

3:10:503:10:54

always fascinated by, is it

octopuses, octopi?

Octopuses!

They

3:10:543:11:03

are very clever, aren't they? And in

this sequence one of them hides from

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a predator in an extraordinary way.

Absolutely, we were looking for new

3:11:083:11:13

stories, new behaviours, so we

started, negating with an incredible

3:11:133:11:20

naturalist called Craig Foster works

in the South African kelp forest,

3:11:203:11:24

and came to know the octopus there,

and we were tracking them but they

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live in an environment rich in

predators, so they have ingenious

3:11:293:11:32

ways of avoiding getting eaten!

These images we are seeing, it

3:11:323:11:39

brings the shells around.

Is

incredible behaviour, using shelves

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and stones as tools to create this

incredible armour to give it

3:11:453:11:50

camouflage and protection from

sharks. The shark may bite it but it

3:11:503:11:54

can drop all those shells and slip

away. That's what gives it time to

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escape. Incredible complex behaviour

from an animal which is a close

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relative of a snail or a slug, it is

a mollusc. It is amazing.

And his

3:12:033:12:09

beautiful footage of the march of

the crabs, Yolly, tell us about

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this. The sea bed looks a bit creepy

but it is actually quite

3:12:143:12:19

mesmerising. What is happening.

These are hundreds of thousands of

3:12:193:12:25

crabs coming out of the deep sea,

off the coast of Australia. Coming

3:12:253:12:29

into the shallow waters to moult

their shelves. Crabs have a hard

3:12:293:12:35

skeleton so to be able to grow they

need to expand their shelves and

3:12:353:12:39

this leaves them really vulnerable

to predators. When you think of a

3:12:393:12:44

crab, you often think of spiky

creatures with big clause. But

3:12:443:12:50

actually they really need that

protection. They need that armour

3:12:503:12:54

because there are a lot of

predators. And you can see these

3:12:543:12:58

really big stingrays that come in

and basically pick off any of these

3:12:583:13:04

soft vulnerable crabs.

It's catching

that moment.

It is, absolutely, it

3:13:043:13:10

is about spending time in the field

with the animals and also working

3:13:103:13:13

with the science community and the

naturalists who are local and know

3:13:133:13:17

what's going on.

Has special is that

when that moment, if done all the

3:13:173:13:23

filming and then the voice of David

Attenborough, you hear it on your

3:13:233:13:26

pictures because it makes a big

difference.

Absolutely, it brings a

3:13:263:13:30

tear to your eyes when you have

worked so hard to get these

3:13:303:13:34

sequences, as a team, but so

3:13:343:13:35

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