05/12/2017 Breakfast


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05/12/2017

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LineFromTo

Hello, this is Breakfast,

with Dan Walker and Louise Minchin.

0:00:030:00:10

The Prime Minister will brief

the Cabinet this morning

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after Brexit talks stall.

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An agreement with Brussels has been

put on hold over what happens

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to the Irish border

when Britain leaves the EU.

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We'll be live in Downing Street

and Belfast to assess

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what happens next.

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Good morning.

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It's Tuesday, December 5.

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Also this morning: Parents

are warned of the danger

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of their children using live,

online streaming services,

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after scores of men

are arrested in an operation

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against child sex abuse.

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A crisis in our oceans -

the United Nations warns

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of irreparable damage caused

by a rising tide of plastic waste.

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Today we are talking about whether

financial education should be

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compulsory in schools. This school

in Manchester is a centre for

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excellent when it comes to teaching

young people about money, so I will

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chat to them a little bit later.

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In sport: England bowl out

Australia in Adelaide.

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They've just started batting

and need 354 to win the second Test

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and level the Ashes.

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Come on!

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And Carol has the weather.

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It is a fairly quiet day weatherwise

for most of us. It will be cloudy

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with a little brightness and showers

in the west. Later, persistent rain

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across the north-west of the country

accompanied by strengthening wind.

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Then it is all change. I will have

more details in 15 minutes. Thank

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you. See you later on.

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Good morning.

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First, our main story.

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Theresa May will meet

with her cabinet this morning

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after returning from Brussels last

night with no deal to push forward

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the Brexit talks.

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Negotiations came to a halt

after the Democratic Unionist Party,

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who support the Conservative

government, rejected a proposal

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to avoid a hard border

between Northern Ireland

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and the Republic.

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We'll get reaction from our Ireland

correspondent Chris Page

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in a moment, but first let's speak

to our political correspondent

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Iain Watson, who is in Westminster

for us this morning.

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Good morning. This time yesterday we

thought the deal was imminent. When

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it comes to Brexit, things are not

simple. Where are we with the talks

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it comes to Brexit, things are not

simple. Where are we with the talks?

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It is not simple. Negotiations with

the EU always go to the wire and

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that is the case here as well.

Theresa May has to explain to her

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cabinet what went wrong. There were

very positive noises yesterday.

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Instead of moving forward, she has

two main problems. If she wants the

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green light on trade talks at next

week's European summit, to get these

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other European leaders to do so, in

effect, she has to convince Ireland

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there will be no hard border with

Northern Ireland. They could veto

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the trade talks if they are

convinced. The problem she has as

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suggested is with the DUP, the

Democratic Unionist Party from

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Northern Ireland who are propping up

Theresa May's minority government so

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they are vitally important and what

they were concerned about is a

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compromise floated in Brussels could

in effect, in their view, see an

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internal border between Northern

Ireland and the rest of the UK,

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which is unacceptable to them, so

they have to have more talks with

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the DUP to date. Even yesterday of

course Theresa May's negotiations in

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Brussels were into pop --

interrupted with the leader of the

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DUP. She has another problem as

well, and that is what happens with

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the European Court of Justice, will

it have a continuing role and for

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how long after Brexit? It might seem

technical and not as important as

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the Ireland issue. It is important

to her MPs. Many of them want to see

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jurisdiction by Brussels ending

after we leave the EU. So she has a

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lot on her plate. Success today I

think is no longer guaranteed.

Thank

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you for the moment.

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Thank you for the moment.

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Let's speak to our Ireland

correspondent Chris Paige.

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So that is the perspective from

Westminster. It looks like the DUP

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has scuppered the deal. Is it the

view of other parties in Northern

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Ireland this morning?

Yes, people in

Northern Ireland are very much of

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the view that it was the DUP's

intervention that made a difference

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yesterday as the focus was on

Brussels and that the deal seemed

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imminent, then the centre of gravity

switched to Stormont when Arlene

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Foster quite dramatically made a

very pointed statement to reporters

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to make it clear the deal reported

to be on the table was not

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acceptable to her and her party. The

DUP the largest party in Northern

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Ireland and they are the only one of

five main parties here who supported

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Brexit in the referendum last year.

So the other main parties, the Irish

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nationalist parties who want

Northern Ireland in the single

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market after Brexit have argued that

the DUP need to put the interests of

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Northern Ireland and the need to

protect the Good Friday peace

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agreement before the DUP's interest.

Going forward, what will make a

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difference to the DUP? The

government has to find a form of

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words that satisfy the Irish

government, as Iain said, there will

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not be any border post on the

frontier between Northern Ireland

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and the Irish Republic under any

circumstances, but the DUP will say

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they won't accept anything to create

the potential for new checks between

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Northern Ireland and the rest of the

UK. So it is all about finding a

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warm of -- form of words that will

satisfy both of those sites and that

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is no easy task.

Thank you for the

moment and it is good to speak to

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you, Iain, from Westminster as well.

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A total ban on plastic

waste entering the ocean

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is being considered by environment

ministers from around the world

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at a UN meeting in the Kenyan

capital Nairobi this week.

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The UN's head of oceans has

described plastic pollution

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as a planetary emergency.

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Our environment analyst

Roger Harrabin sent this report

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from Kenya.

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Plastic waste is a global scourge.

At this speech in eastern Kenya

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plastic fragments from as far as

Japan harmed the totals which eat

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them. Half of the total brought in

for treatment here from eating

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plastics and up dead. He is a lucky

total being measured before being

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released into sea. It was brought in

seat by a fisherman. Now after

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treatment it is being set free. The

UN is discussing what to do about

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plastics. Some nations are banning

plastic bags completely. Others are

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more reticent. Environmental workers

want more action.

The tremendous

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amount of plastic we use in the

economies ends up in the ocean,

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which has been seen as a trash dump,

where we dump everything we don't

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need and that plastic never goes

away. Mostly it floats on the

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surface, it falls down to the bottom

and we urgently need to do something

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about it.

Many of the plastics

industry have been carried thousands

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of miles from cities inland. In

Nairobi for instance they banned

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plastic bags, but look at this

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Nairobi for instance they banned

plastic bags, but look at this. The

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UN grinds slowly while government

figure out how to progress, ordinary

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people have simply got to stop doing

this.

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More on that this morning.

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Up to one in five patients

are regularly missing GP

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appointments, with younger people

being the worst offenders,

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according to a new study

by the Lancet Public Health journal.

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Three years ago, NHS England

estimated more than 12 million GP

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appointments are missed

every year in the UK,

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costing in excess of

£162 million annually.

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Here's our health

correspondent Dominic Hughes.

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At a busy GP surgery in Stockport,

time is precious.

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But 10% of the appointments

booked here are missed,

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at around a cost of £60 each.

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This GP believes it reflects

a changing attitude

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towards the NHS among

younger patients.

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The NHS is now for our younger

population seen as a consumer

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service, a bit like John Lewis.

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Perhaps valued differently

to the way our older population

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see the NHS.

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So I can't remember the last

time my older patients ever

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missed an appointment.

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That judgement is backed up

by a new research on missed

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appointments, patients aged 16-

30 are some of the most likely

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to skip an appointment,

with one in five failing to show up

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at their local surgery

more than twice.

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Appointments that fell within a few

days were more likely to be

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missed than those booked

two weeks in advance.

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Some of those solutions might

include to better management

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to thsoe

who might not attend,

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so, for example, that might mean

giving more patients on the day then

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up to 2-3 days in advance.

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Because we have a profile

of what those patients look

0:09:100:09:16

like who are more likely

to maintain, that is where

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they can be targeted.

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Missed appointments represent

a waste of time and money.

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Changing the way we look at it might

sustain the NHS into the future.

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And we will talk about

that later as well.

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Senior judges in the United States

have ruled that President Donald

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Trump's travel ban on six mainly

Muslim countries can go into full

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effect, pending legal challenges.

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President Trump originally imposed

the ban on travellers from Chad,

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Iran, Libya, Somalia,

Syria and Yemen in January,

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prompting mass protests

and several legal challenges.

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The Supreme Court has now ruled

by seven votes to two in favour

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of the ban.

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A 14-year-old boy has been charged

with causing the death of an elderly

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woman by dangerous driving.

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May Laidlaw, who was 78,

was struck by a motorbike

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in Liverpool on Saturday.

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The teenager is also accused

of failing to stop at the scene

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of a collision and driving

without insurance.

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Campaigning for snap elections

in Catalonia begins today,

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following the constitutional crisis

sparked by a declaration

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of independence.

0:10:150:10:15

Ousted Catalan leader

Carles Puigdemont says he will try

0:10:150:10:18

and win voters from Brussels,

where he fled fearing arrest.

0:10:180:10:21

Deposed vice president

Oriol Junqueras will campaign

0:10:210:10:22

from jail after a judge

refused to give him bail.

0:10:220:10:36

Owning a historic castle

is something many of us might dream

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of, but few could make a reality,

unless you're Meghan Markle that is,

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but thousands of people

across the world have joined forces

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to do just that.

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By contributing as little as 45

pounds each, participants raised 500

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thousand euros to buy a neglected

13th century chateau in France.

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The buyers responded to an online

fundraising call and intend

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to restore it to its former glory.

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That is gorgeous.

Who can live

there?

Even less than one day a

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year. 15 minutes each.

Absolutely

beautiful.

Proper project, that.

It

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would cost a lot of money.

Good

morning. One eye on the cricket. I

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have just been making notes about

England's performance. Can you see

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what I have written? Lucky.

Have we

escaped the couple already?

Well,

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they were not lucky yesterday, so

maybe this is payback. There is a

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faint glimmer of hope for England's

cricketers.

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Five wickets for James Anderson

helped them bowl Australia

0:11:580:12:01

out for 138.

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They've just started batting

in Adelaide and need 354 to win

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the second test and level

the Ashes series.

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That was an appeal turned down

against Alastair Cook and I can tell

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you had they reviewwd it,

it would have been out,

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no umpireses call, just defintely

out, so a bit of a let off already.

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The International Olympic Committee

will meet in Lausanne this evening

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to decide whether to ban Russia

from the 2018 Winter Olympic Games

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in PyeongChang, South Korea

following the state-sponsored doping

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programme in operation

during the last Winter Games hosted

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in Russia.

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Top seed Judd Trump has been

knocked out of the UK

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Snooker Championship in York.

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The world number two was beaten six

frames to two in the third

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round by Graeme Dott.

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Liverpool against Everton looks

to be the stand out tie from the FA

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Cup third round draw.

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Holders Arsenal are away

to Nottingham Forest.

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To see all the fixtures,

go to the BBC sport website.

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That is the one everyone will be

quite excited about, Liverpool

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versus Everton, and sometimes the FA

Cup is the more random matches that

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are exciting.

Football fans get

miffed when you put them on TV and

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think, well, I could watch it in the

Premier League every season.

Why not

0:13:090:13:13

put a small club in? I wonder if

anyone is listening.

It is about the

0:13:130:13:18

guaranteed audience.

They are

downstairs, not upstairs.

They are

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everywhere!

16 for no wicket right

now.

I don't know how you can see

0:13:220:13:29

that.

It is a long way away.

We are

watching the cricket just for the

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news purposes.

Yes.

0:13:350:13:36

Shall we have a look at the weather?

It is not going to be mild.

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cloudy and mild. It's wet and windy.

Some of

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cloudy and mild. It's wet and windy.

Some of seeing a mixture of sweet,

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snow and also some pale but not

everywhere. Back to this morning

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first of all. It's the cloudy start

and relatively mild. It won't rise

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that much more. Parts of north-west

England and Ireland. The main theme

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is the cloudy one. The squad pocket

but nothing too substantial. As we

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go through the course of the day,

some brightness will develop. Fairly

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limited. Elsewhere, some brightness.

Fairly transient. The emphasis is on

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a fair bit of cloud. And we have

more persistent rain coming in

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across the north-west and the wind

he was also going to strengthen.

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Temperatures at between eight and 10

degrees. If anything, it is great to

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be with us the rest of the day.

Again, a breezy night. In they will

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be the exception rather than the

rule. Temperature-wise, 6-8 or nine

0:15:130:15:17

degrees. For Wednesday, the weather

around, especially across central

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parts of England and through the

Wiest -- through the east. Two bands

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of rain. Later in the day, the

second. Windy as well. Those bands

0:15:290:15:34

of rain will rattle through quite

quickly. I want to focus on the

0:15:340:15:38

wind. You can see the pressure

chart. Storm force winds across the

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north and west. All that rattling

through quite quickly. We got some

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showers coming in behind. Look how

falling. So, by the end of the week.

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This cold air filters in. Some of us

will see some snow.

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This cold air filters in. Some of us

will see some snow. We have been

0:16:200:16:24

warned. Wind, snow on the way. Quite

a bit to get through.

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The icy blast leads some of the

front pages. The Express.

I'm sure I

0:16:320:16:37

saw it.

I'm sure it was in the

Express. This is what is happening

0:16:370:16:46

today.

0:16:460:16:47

The Prime Minister will brief her

Cabinet this morning,

0:16:470:16:49

after returning from Brussels

without a deal to push forward

0:16:490:16:52

the Brexit talks.

0:16:520:16:53

The world's environment ministers

are gathered in Kenya,

0:16:530:16:55

debating what to do about plastic

waste in our oceans.

0:16:550:16:58

debating what to do about plastic

waste in our oceans.

0:16:580:17:07

That

waste in our oceans.

0:17:070:17:07

That story

waste in our oceans.

0:17:070:17:08

That story Louise

waste in our oceans.

0:17:080:17:08

That story Louise mentioned

waste in our oceans.

0:17:080:17:08

That story Louise mentioned is

waste in our oceans.

0:17:080:17:08

That story Louise mentioned is on

waste in our oceans.

0:17:080:17:09

That story Louise mentioned is on

the front pages of some of the

0:17:090:17:11

newspapers. The battle to save our

blue planet. Duped, however you

0:17:110:17:20

would like to say it, the DUP

scuppered Brexit talks after

0:17:200:17:24

blocking a deal and you are bored.

We will both sides of the debate at

0:17:240:17:33

the press conference is followed by

phone calls by meeting the rest of

0:17:330:17:38

it, so much going on yesterday.

Theresa May said there were other

0:17:380:17:41

things that had not been quite

worked out. This is what has come

0:17:410:17:45

out of those

0:17:450:17:46

She has come back home, and how put

a difficult conversations. Talking

0:17:530:18:00

about that track the morning. The

front page of the Sun. Meghan Markle

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talks about the fractured

relationship with her dad. The

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Telegraph talking about what

happened yesterday with the European

0:18:120:18:17

Union.

They are saying this is from

Google. The head of planning at

0:18:170:18:24

Twitter? What is he?

We can check

for you. Google has pledged to

0:18:240:18:30

deploy an army of 10,000 staff to go

through violent extremist content

0:18:300:18:36

that endangers children on YouTube.

Very interesting. They talk about

0:18:360:18:41

payments, the big moments of the

year. Will let you know later.

This

0:18:410:18:51

is another story we've mentioned.

Almost 200 paedophiles arrested in

0:18:510:18:56

one week after stalking children on

on line streaming apps.

We will play

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with when there is a nine-year-old

girl on line. Periscope, I think.

0:19:010:19:07

They say the number of those 100

people watching who were grown man

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is quite alarming. The front page of

the Guardian. DUP Rex Theresa May's

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Brexit deal, a day of chaos as the

Irish border agreement fails and a

0:19:200:19:25

snapshot of Theresa May.

On the back

page of the times, a story about

0:19:250:19:34

Newcastle united and Amanda Staveley

who's given Mike catchily a

0:19:340:19:37

fortnight to accept £250 million to

buy the club. She says it has to

0:19:370:19:43

happen now or the whole deal will

have to be rejigged. She'd have to

0:19:430:19:47

find new people. He is stalling,

saying it doesn't isn't quite enough

0:19:470:19:51

cash. Interestingly, if they were to

be relegated, the value of the club

0:19:510:20:00

would be halved. Staying with cash,

let's look at the back page of the

0:20:000:20:06

mirror. Rahim Sterling has stalled

his talks with Manchester City

0:20:060:20:11

because there is the possibility of

reviving the bid with rearm Madrid.

0:20:110:20:18

I do a medal when he moved to

Manchester City, lots of stories in

0:20:180:20:22

the papers at the time about lots of

different clubs being interested in

0:20:220:20:26

him. That is something we will see

at the moment as his contract talks

0:20:260:20:32

have hit a bit of a moment, if you

like.

I have to bird stories.

I have

0:20:320:20:38

the Vladimir Putin story.

And I have

a robot therapist story.

Pigeons can

0:20:380:20:46

understand space and time.

They are

good at getting back home.

We never

0:20:460:20:52

thought they would have that part of

the brain were they can judge a

0:20:520:20:56

length of lines and which lines

stayed on the computer screens is

0:20:560:21:00

the longest. Also, DNA or chit chat

from your Dartford warbler? There is

0:21:000:21:06

a little taste for you. -- do you

know your chief chaff? The one

0:21:060:21:14

degree of rising temperature means

birds like the night heron, cattle

0:21:140:21:22

egrets, the black winged stilts on

the Dartford warbler are back.

Let's

0:21:220:21:26

look at the Dartford warbler, it's

very beautiful.

Very beautiful.

0:21:260:21:32

Their numbers were terribly low for

a North -- an awful long time. They

0:21:320:21:36

are migrating back. I think we may

have mentioned this. This is about

0:21:360:21:44

therapists. I will show you a

picture. It is a robot. Apparently,

0:21:440:21:49

we talked about it before, but they

really are quite an effective way of

0:21:490:21:55

helping people with cognitive

behavioural therapy, asking people

0:21:550:21:58

questions.

Is this what you would

like the Christmas? This is Vladimir

0:21:580:22:07

Putin's 2018 calendar. Its

bestselling calendar the next year.

0:22:070:22:13

You can see Vladimir Putin with his

top off holding a gun, cuddling a

0:22:130:22:17

small snow Leopard, forming karate,

hugely popular in Russia and the

0:22:170:22:25

Russian news agency claiming it is

also selling out very quickly in

0:22:250:22:28

Britain.

He needs a giant scarf.

Just £210. Would you fancy that? No

0:22:280:22:36

armholes.

I would wear that all --

all day.

I would wear that watching

0:22:360:22:43

tally.

Its Bulgarian, apparently.

0:22:430:22:53

Parents are being warned

about the dangers of live streaming

0:22:530:22:55

apps, after it emerged paedophiles

are increasingly using it

0:22:550:22:58

to manipulate their victims.

0:22:580:22:59

The caution from the National

Crime Agency follows

0:22:590:23:01

a week-long operation by UK

authorities, which led to the arrest

0:23:010:23:04

of more than 190 people for child

sexual abuse offences,

0:23:040:23:07

as Angus Crawford reports.

0:23:070:23:16

Hands up all those who have used

live streaming? Aged 13 and 14, they

0:23:160:23:24

know about apps which let children

broadcast live from their phones.

0:23:240:23:28

Today, they are talking about how to

do it safely. Somebody could be

0:23:280:23:33

trying to take you. The apps are

quick to download, easy to use.

0:23:330:23:37

These pupils could go live in the

playground, the street or even their

0:23:370:23:42

own bedrooms.

Sometimes it can be

quite dangerous because if someone

0:23:420:23:45

is following someone they don't

know, they will be able to see it.

0:23:450:23:49

Like, you don't know who is watching

you. The real problem with some of

0:23:490:23:53

these apps is there is no proper

checking of age identification is

0:23:530:23:57

that means a live streaming service

with a 17 rating could be used by

0:23:570:24:01

children as young as this or even

younger, eight or nine. Look at

0:24:010:24:05

this. A boy and a girl on the

Periscope. Now read the comments. We

0:24:050:24:12

don't want to identify them. She is

just nine. Almost a thousand people

0:24:120:24:17

are watching and they're mostly

adult men. We can't show you the

0:24:170:24:22

worst of the comments. Periscope

told us it had zero tolerance for

0:24:220:24:26

this kind of behaviour but we found

it on other apps to and the children

0:24:260:24:31

caught up in it, the consequences

can be devastating.

I found her

0:24:310:24:37

inconsolable.

This is an actress but

the words are true. Those of a

0:24:370:24:41

mother whose 10-year old daughter

tried out the act Omegle for fun.

He

0:24:410:24:49

switched his web cam on, showed him

her private parts and asked her to

0:24:490:24:56

take photos of herself, which she

did. She was terrified by what had

0:24:560:25:02

happened and scared of what she'd

done.

It offers offenders an

0:25:020:25:08

immediate connection to children and

young people that is one allows them

0:25:080:25:12

to manipulate children and young

people, often excitement, sympathy,

0:25:120:25:18

connection, emotional connection,

involve them with games and trickery

0:25:180:25:21

and we see children getting

basically Matteck related to do

0:25:210:25:25

things that ultimately they are very

uncomfortable about and don't want

0:25:250:25:29

to do.

A campaign video launched

today warning about the dangers of

0:25:290:25:35

live streaming aimed at young people

and their parents and posing a stark

0:25:350:25:41

question: when children broadcast

live to the world from their own

0:25:410:25:45

bedrooms, can they really stay safe?

Angus Crawford, BBC News.

0:25:450:25:55

But send us in your thoughts on that

one.

0:25:550:25:59

And you can see the latest advice

for keeping children safe online

0:25:590:26:02

on CEOP's Think You Know website.

0:26:020:26:08

Carol has loads of weather, she

keeps telling us. A very interesting

0:26:080:26:12

picture this week. And we will bring

you up-to-date with the second test

0:26:120:26:17

in the Ashes. Sally and about seven

minutes' time. We still haven't lost

0:26:170:26:21

a wicket, which is very good news.

Hold on to the coach -- the couch.

0:26:210:26:30

No doubt is going to be exciting.

0:26:300:26:40

Steph is in a primary school talking

about money and what age children

0:26:400:26:45

should know about it.

We have some

keen beans hard at work and learning

0:26:450:26:53

about money. There should be more

financial education taught in

0:26:530:26:59

schools. Tell us what you've been

learning about.

We've been learning

0:26:590:27:08

about foreign currencies and

exchange rates.

What currencies have

0:27:080:27:16

you got so far?

Dollars in America,

pounds in the UK and yen to use in

0:27:160:27:24

China. We will be talking about why

all of this is so important. Hearing

0:27:240:27:33

all about financial education. More

from us later.

0:27:330:30:58

Vanessa is on BBC Radio London. I

will be back.

0:30:580:31:02

Hello, this is Breakfast,

with Louise Minchin and Dan Walker.

0:31:050:31:08

Coming up on Breakfast today:

As the amount of plastic in the sea

0:31:080:31:12

is described as a global crisis.

0:31:120:31:13

We'll ask the head of oceans

for the UN what can be done.

0:31:130:31:22

We'll also find out why one in five

patients regularly miss their GP

0:31:220:31:26

appointments, and why it's usually

young men who don't turn up.

0:31:260:31:31

And from political memes to chicken

nuggets, we'll talk to Twitter

0:31:310:31:34

about this year's top re-tweets.

0:31:340:31:39

Good morning.

0:31:390:31:40

Here's a summary of this morning's

main stories from BBC News.

0:31:400:31:44

Theresa May will meet

with her cabinet this morning

0:31:440:31:46

after returning from Brussels last

night with no deal to push forward

0:31:460:31:50

the Brexit talks.

0:31:500:31:51

Negotiations came to a halt

after the Democratic Unionist Party,

0:31:510:31:53

who support the Conservative

government, rejected a proposal

0:31:530:31:55

to avoid a hard border

between Northern Ireland

0:31:550:31:57

and the Republic.

0:31:570:31:58

Our political correspondent

Iain Watson is at Westminster

0:31:580:32:01

for us this morning.

0:32:010:32:08

for us this morning.

0:32:080:32:08

It was an extraordinary day. There

was a deal that seemed nearly done

0:32:080:32:14

and then suddenly it wasn't and now

the PM is empty-handed. How

0:32:140:32:18

embarrassing is this?

It looked

positive yesterday, far less now of

0:32:180:32:23

course and Theresa May has two big

political headaches at the moment,

0:32:230:32:27

the political migraine, the big one

is dealing with the Democratic

0:32:270:32:33

Unionist Party, relatively small in

Westminster terms, they are propping

0:32:330:32:36

up the government, and they were

worried yesterday she would

0:32:360:32:40

compromise with the Irish Republic

on keeping regulations very similar,

0:32:400:32:43

north and south of the border, after

Brexit. They thought it might create

0:32:430:32:49

an internal border between Northern

Ireland and the rest of the UK. So

0:32:490:32:52

now she has to focus effort on

getting them on board and finding

0:32:520:32:56

some form of words that will keep

them happy. If she can't do that it

0:32:560:33:00

is only half of the problem. That

has to be acceptable to the Irish

0:33:000:33:04

government. They could in effect

veto import and trade talks that

0:33:040:33:09

need to take place in Theresa May's

view if they believe she is not

0:33:090:33:15

guaranteeing there will be no hard

border on the republic of Ireland.

0:33:150:33:23

Thank you.

0:33:230:33:24

A total ban on plastic

waste entering the ocean

0:33:240:33:26

is being considered by environment

ministers from around the world

0:33:260:33:29

at a UN meeting in the Kenyan

capital Nairobi this week.

0:33:290:33:32

More than eight million tons

of plastic is dumped in the ocean

0:33:320:33:35

annnually, with China responsible

for around a quarter of it.

0:33:350:33:38

The UN has described the issue

as a planetary emergency.

0:33:380:33:42

New research shows that nearly

a fifth of patients are regularly

0:33:420:33:45

missing GP appointments.

0:33:450:33:48

The study, published

in the journal, The Lancet Public

0:33:480:33:50

Health, says that poorer,

younger men living in affluent areas

0:33:500:33:53

are the least likely to turn up.

0:33:530:33:55

The problem's estimated to cost

the NHS at least £162

0:33:550:33:58

million a year.

0:33:580:34:00

Senior judges in the United States

have ruled that President Donald

0:34:000:34:03

Trump's travel ban on six mainly

Muslim countries can go into full

0:34:030:34:06

effect, pending legal challenges.

0:34:060:34:07

President Trump originally imposed

the ban on travellers from Chad,

0:34:070:34:10

Iran, Libya, Somalia,

Syria and Yemen in January,

0:34:100:34:12

prompting mass protests

and several legal challenges.

0:34:120:34:14

The Supreme Court has now ruled

by seven votes to two in favour

0:34:140:34:18

of the ban.

0:34:180:34:25

A 14-year-old boy has been charged

with causing the death of an elderly

0:34:250:34:28

woman by dangerous driving.

0:34:280:34:30

May Laidlaw, who was 78,

was struck by a motorbike

0:34:300:34:32

in Liverpool on Saturday.

0:34:320:34:33

The teenager is also accused

of failing to stop at the scene

0:34:330:34:37

of a collision and driving

without insurance.

0:34:370:34:45

Campaigning for snap elections

in Catalonia begins today,

0:34:450:34:47

following the constitutional crisis

sparked by a declaration

0:34:470:34:50

of independence.

0:34:500:34:50

Ousted Catalan leader

Carles Puigdemont says he will try

0:34:500:34:53

and win voters from Brussels,

where he fled fearing arrest.

0:34:530:34:55

The deposed vice president

will campaign from jail

0:34:550:34:58

after a judge refused

to give him bail.

0:34:580:35:10

If you're away on a long trip

you can really start to crave

0:35:100:35:17

a taste of home...

0:35:170:35:21

Post for me.

I missed eight beans.

Toast and baked bean.

0:35:210:35:27

and that's exactly what

happened to Paolo Nespoli,

0:35:270:35:29

an Italian astronaut who's aboard

the International Space Station.

0:35:290:35:31

He missed his favourite food so much

that he brought it up with his boss

0:35:310:35:35

back on earth.

0:35:350:35:36

The result?

0:35:360:35:37

Pizza in space.

0:35:370:35:38

That is a strange...

That does not

look like Epico that I think I want.

0:35:380:35:43

They are in space, apparently. --

that does not look like a pizza but

0:35:430:35:50

I think I want.

0:35:500:35:51

Without a delivery service nearby,

NASA sent up the ingredients

0:35:510:35:54

to construct some pizzas that

were out of this world.

0:35:540:35:56

Paolo and the rest of the Expedition

53 crew wasted no time

0:35:560:36:00

putting them together.

0:36:000:36:00

It looks like a scene from Read

Dwarf.

Yes, and how do the loose

0:36:000:36:04

stay on the Peter?

The first one was

definitely pepperoni.

That wasn't a

0:36:040:36:08

pizza.

When you have been eating

space food for an awful long time,

0:36:080:36:13

pepperoni can send you over the

edge. Now, I don't want to get too

0:36:130:36:18

excited, but we haven't lost a week

at!

I can see a twinkle in those

0:36:180:36:23

eyes -- wicket!

It is like being a

rollercoaster with Dan.

Yesterday,

0:36:230:36:33

it even yesterday, Dan said we had a

chance.

I said that we were going to

0:36:330:36:39

win it. It could change. It is a

good start.

I can explain it. The

0:36:390:36:45

maths is simple. It is 354 to win

and it has been done before. 418 is

0:36:450:36:51

the highest successful run chase.

0:36:510:36:53

There is a faint glimmer of hope

for England's cricketers.

0:36:530:36:56

James Anderson finished with five

wickets as Australia were bowled

0:36:560:36:59

out for 138.

0:36:590:37:00

That means England need 354 to win

the second test and level

0:37:000:37:03

the Ashes series.

0:37:030:37:07

They've been batting since just

before 6am our time and have had

0:37:070:37:11

a bit of luck but so far so good.

0:37:110:37:16

They are into the 30s, I think 36,

without losing a wicket with one of

0:37:160:37:21

the half days left. There will be a

result one way or another. I am

0:37:210:37:25

looking at my colleague, no.

Just

watching replays of early wickets to

0:37:250:37:30

inspire the Australian.

We will keep

you posted, I promise you.

0:37:300:37:34

Batsman Alex Hales has been told

he won't face criminal charges over

0:37:340:37:37

an incident outside a Bristol

nightclub in September,

0:37:370:37:39

and is available for

immediate selection.

0:37:390:37:41

Hales could join the squad

for England's ODI and T20

0:37:410:37:43

matches in Australia.

0:37:430:37:44

He was with Ben Stokes,

who was arrested on suspicion

0:37:440:37:47

of causing actual

bodily harm in Bristol.

0:37:470:37:50

Arsenal will begin the defence

of their FA Cup title with a a trip

0:37:500:37:54

to Nottingham Forest.

0:37:540:37:55

Liverpool will play Everton

at Anfield in the pick

0:37:550:37:57

of the third round ties.

0:37:570:37:58

Elsewhere Middlesbrough

take on Sunderland.

0:37:580:38:00

To see all the fixtures,

go to the BBC sport website.

0:38:000:38:10

We'll know later whether Russia

will be banned from the Winter

0:38:100:38:13

Olympics.

0:38:130:38:14

They missed Rio because of

state-sponsored doping.

0:38:140:38:15

The International Olympic Committee

will meet in Lausanne this evening

0:38:150:38:18

to decide if they've changed enough

to compete in South Korea.

0:38:180:38:23

You make a mistake, you took the

doping, you have to be punished. It

0:38:230:38:30

is exactly what the World

Anti-Doping Agency do and what the

0:38:300:38:33

IOC do. Collective responsibility,

it is not possible especially for

0:38:330:38:40

clean athletes who really dream

about the Olympic Games.

0:38:400:38:43

We are a principled organisation.

Here are the facts. The conduct was

0:38:430:38:52

unacceptable and a country acting in

that matter should not participate

0:38:520:38:56

in the next games.

0:38:560:38:58

Nine years late but Britain's Kelly

Sotherton is to be awarded a bronze

0:38:580:39:01

medal from the 2008 Olympic Games.

0:39:010:39:03

It comes after Russian heptathlete

Tatyana Chernova lost an appeal

0:39:030:39:06

against a doping violation.

0:39:060:39:07

Sotherton originally

finished fifth but as two athletes

0:39:070:39:10

have now had their scores annulled

Sotherton will now offically be

0:39:100:39:13

awarded third place.

0:39:130:39:13

She won Heptathlon bronze four years

previously in Athens.

0:39:130:39:22

She found out about it on Twitter

yesterday.

0:39:220:39:25

Top seed Judd Trump has been knocked

out of the UK Snooker Championship

0:39:250:39:28

in York, beaten six frames

to two by Graeme Dott.

0:39:280:39:31

The world number two won the first

two frames of their third

0:39:310:39:34

round contest but then spent much

of the match in his seat

0:39:340:39:37

as Scotland's Dott took the next six

to move into the fourth round.

0:39:370:39:41

Neil Robertson also went out,

losing 6-5 to world number 42 Mark

0:39:410:39:44

Joyce.

0:39:440:39:49

England I believe in the cricket are

39 without loss.

Thank you.

Just had

0:39:490:39:57

a successful appeal turned down as

well, so not out, Alistair Cook! No

0:39:570:40:02

idea what you're talking about. I

was watching the cricket.

Getting

0:40:020:40:06

added value from damp today.

-- Dan.

0:40:060:40:11

As we've been hearing this morning,

the cost of missed GP appointments

0:40:110:40:15

in the UK is estimated to be 162

million pounds each year.

0:40:150:40:18

A study by the Lancet Public Health

found the patients

0:40:180:40:21

who are most likely not to turn up

are young adults and people

0:40:210:40:24

from the most deprived areas.

0:40:240:40:26

One of the lead researchers,

Ross McQueenie, from the University

0:40:260:40:29

of Glasgow, joins us now.

0:40:290:40:30

Good morning. Thank you for coming

in to discuss it with us this

0:40:300:40:33

morning. Generally speaking, why are

so many appointments being missed?

0:40:330:40:38

It is quite difficult to quantify

exactly what is happening to allow

0:40:380:40:42

people to miss appointments. We know

from research that people most

0:40:420:40:48

likely to miss appointments are

those from the most deprived areas.

0:40:480:40:52

We know that these people in

particular have levels of a net

0:40:520:40:58

need, so they don't feel they are

getting the most out of the health

0:40:580:41:03

service and they are socially

vulnerable -- unmet need. They tend

0:41:030:41:06

to have undergone significant

adversity in their lives. So all of

0:41:060:41:09

these factors contribute to the

likelihood of non-attendance.

And it

0:41:090:41:17

seems the serial non-attendance,

would that be fair?

Yes. It tends to

0:41:170:41:22

be that people from deprived

areas...

They don't attend again and

0:41:220:41:29

again?

Yes, 46% miss appointments

over the course of three years we

0:41:290:41:34

looked at.

Which is worrying.

It is

quite a high level. As we have

0:41:340:41:39

already said, it is important that

we allow people who miss

0:41:390:41:44

appointments to properly re-engage

with the health service. They have

0:41:440:41:48

significant levels of unmet need and

they feel they are not moving

0:41:480:41:52

through the health system or they

are not getting adequate treatment

0:41:520:41:55

so it is a big health issue.

It

seems so sure economic factors are a

0:41:550:42:02

contributing factor to this

research. Yes, certainly. We found

0:42:020:42:08

people in the most deprived areas

are about twice as likely to miss

0:42:080:42:12

appointments as people in the most

affluent areas.

In research we

0:42:120:42:17

looked at both the patient factors

driving people to miss appointments

0:42:170:42:20

and also the practices as well. It

is a bit of a two way St. There are

0:42:200:42:27

aspects that cause you to miss

appointments as a patient and also

0:42:270:42:31

things at gigabits practices that

they can do to help people attend.

0:42:310:42:35

Do you think it is a generational

difference from the way people see

0:42:350:42:38

the health service? -- GP practices.

It is hard to know what's going on.

0:42:380:42:44

We know that older people tend to

have long-term conditions.

0:42:440:42:48

Effectively the long-term conditions

mean you are likely to attend the

0:42:480:42:53

appointment because it would be for

a particularly serious condition. He

0:42:530:42:57

mentioned the system, and I see from

the research it is cheekily

0:42:570:43:01

appointments booked two to three

days in advance which I missed. Is

0:43:010:43:05

there a need to seriously look at

the way that appointments can be

0:43:050:43:08

made?

I think so. We found from the

research that you are twice as

0:43:080:43:14

likely to turn up if you book on the

day. We don't think all appointments

0:43:140:43:19

should be on the day. We think if

someone has missed a lot of

0:43:190:43:23

appointments, or someone who is

likely to miss appointments,

0:43:230:43:27

offering them something on the day

they make the appointment makes it

0:43:270:43:30

likely to turn up.

And given what

you have said about the people

0:43:300:43:34

missing appointments, that it should

ring alarm bells in the surgery if

0:43:340:43:39

someone is continually missing

appointments?

Yes, but we think that

0:43:390:43:43

there needs to be consultation

between GPs and patients to find out

0:43:430:43:49

what's going on to make people miss

appointments. No one wants to miss

0:43:490:43:53

an appointment and not be treated

properly and not feel you are

0:43:530:43:56

getting the health service. That

level of unmet need is to be looked

0:43:560:44:04

at.

Thank you.

0:44:040:44:06

Let's find out what's happening with

the weather this morning.

0:44:060:44:09

Good

0:44:090:44:09

the weather this morning.

Good morning. It is certainly very

0:44:090:44:11

busy. We have almost everything in

the forecast. We have a fine and

0:44:110:44:17

mild start today. It will be fairly

cloudy for most of us. Wet and

0:44:170:44:22

windy, very windy in fact, midweek

in the north and west with

0:44:220:44:27

Stormforce Coaching is and then it

is turning cold with some snow at

0:44:270:44:30

low levels -- storm force winds. We

start with relatively mild weather,

0:44:300:44:37

the odd pocket of four is the

exception rather than the rule, and

0:44:370:44:41

in the west of the UK there is the

odd shower -- wide pocket of fog.

0:44:410:44:47

Then we have a band of rain across

the Northern Isles. Through the

0:44:470:44:50

course of the day we will see some

brightness develop, albeit fairly

0:44:500:44:56

limited, the best out of seeing it

across north-east Scotland, down

0:44:560:45:00

into north-east England, elsewhere

at with brightness it will be

0:45:000:45:04

transient and it will be breezy. The

wind strengthening through the day

0:45:040:45:07

in the north and here we will see

persistent rain setting in. When the

0:45:070:45:11

rain set in, it will be with us not

just through the afternoon and

0:45:110:45:15

evening but also overnight as well.

Through the overnight period, still

0:45:150:45:20

quite windy, particularly in the

north with the rain. Quite a bit of

0:45:200:45:24

cloud where the cloud breaks. Patchy

mist and fog forming. That will be

0:45:240:45:28

the exception rather than the rule.

Temperatures between six and nine

0:45:280:45:31

degrees. As we move into Wednesday

itself, we are looking at a lot of

0:45:310:45:39

dry weather, cloudy, quite windy,

then a band of rain comes from the

0:45:390:45:43

west, moving through quickly, driven

along by the wind, then later in the

0:45:430:45:48

day the second band comes in.

Temperatures nine to about 12

0:45:480:45:51

degrees. The wind will become a

feature of the weather. I will show

0:45:510:45:55

you that on the pressure chart. We

have the first band of rain coming

0:45:550:46:00

through, the second coming in. Look

at the isobars. We have a squeeze on

0:46:000:46:05

the isobars across the north and

north-west of Scotland. This is

0:46:050:46:08

where we could look at storm force

winds with gusts up to 90 miles an

0:46:080:46:12

hour. The wind is coming in from the

north-west. That is a cold

0:46:120:46:17

direction. As we start Thursday

morning there will be wintry showers

0:46:170:46:21

at low levels to the north and west.

Meanwhile the rain rattles through

0:46:210:46:25

with the strong wind into the

south-eastern corner with showers

0:46:250:46:28

left in its wake in the north-west.

We could have a wintry flavoured

0:46:280:46:32

with them. You will notice the

difference in temperature, 4-6 in

0:46:320:46:37

the north, ten in the south. The

cold air winds out against the warm

0:46:370:46:41

air. You can see the yellow pushing

away, right across the UK, so as we

0:46:410:46:48

head into Friday, it will be a

fairly windy day with a lot of dry

0:46:480:46:52

weather and around. Also, some

wintry showers in the west. Away

0:46:520:46:56

from the coast we will see some of

the snow accumulating some parts of

0:46:560:47:00

the west. And Newcastle will feel

more like -3, so it is getting

0:47:000:47:07

colder.

A big coat and everything to

prepare. Thank you.

0:47:070:47:24

how children learn about money. She

has gone to a primary school that is

0:47:240:47:27

teaching children as young as five

about finance.

0:47:270:47:42

Good morning and welcome

to Sacred Heart Primary in Gorton -

0:47:420:47:45

these guys have been learning

about money in their classes -

0:47:450:47:48

and this school has been awarded

a Centre of Excellence on the topic

0:47:480:47:52

This school is a centre that at all.

I went to join one of their lessons.

0:47:520:48:08

Good morning Year 6 and welcome to

your young money lesson. We have a

0:48:080:48:13

special student in today. Come,

Steph.

Good morning, Steph.

0:48:130:48:17

special student in today. Come,

Steph.

Good morning, Steph.

Good

0:48:170:48:19

morning, everyone. Today, we are

looking at foreign currency. Talk to

0:48:190:48:23

the person on your table about all

the currencies you know. Can you

0:48:230:48:30

tell me the official name of the

currency we use in Great Britain?

0:48:300:48:35

Well done, Steph. Steph has a little

drawing on there. OK, this table,

0:48:350:48:46

give me one.

Do you like this class?

We learn about money and saving it

0:48:460:48:58

and what to do with it. And D think

that's useful?

Yes. It helps me with

0:48:580:49:04

maps and I think I'm pretty good at

maths saunter no, if I'm travelling

0:49:040:49:10

somewhere, I want to know how much I

need and the convergence between

0:49:100:49:14

everything.

It helps of my grandma

because she is Polish and she

0:49:140:49:20

sometimes asked me about pounds. So

I tell her in English.

Oh, that's

0:49:200:49:26

lovely. Good. Right, guys, I've got

to go back to work but before I go,

0:49:260:49:31

what do I need I'm going to spend?

Pounds. What about America?

Dollars.

0:49:310:49:38

See you.

0:49:380:49:49

We are going to talk to some adults

now about all of this. Gloria's dad.

0:49:490:49:55

For you, tell us about why you think

it's important your daughter learns

0:49:550:50:00

about money. The me, it is very

important. A different part of the

0:50:000:50:11

country, they are using different

money. When she grows up, she needs

0:50:110:50:17

to know, if she saved some money

goes, this country is dollars all.

0:50:170:50:31

When she is travelling around. A

supraclavicular as well. I was

0:50:310:50:38

chatting to her review -- earlier

on. Financial education is

0:50:380:50:41

important. You run lots of schemes.

Part of the problem is, it's not

0:50:410:50:50

compulsory in England and therefore,

lots of different things going on.

0:50:500:50:54

Tells about some of the schemes. In

secondary schools, we have financial

0:50:540:51:01

education on the national curriculum

but they don't have to adhere to the

0:51:010:51:06

national curriculum. That's not to

say they are not doing it. In

0:51:060:51:10

primary school, we don't have

financial education. We feel it's

0:51:100:51:14

really important that it is fair.

And we are doing that today, this

0:51:140:51:18

school, Sacred Heart, a fantastic

example. The school has really shown

0:51:180:51:24

commitment to financial education.

Now supporting other schools. It's

0:51:240:51:30

fair to say the area we are in is a

deprived area. Even more important.

0:51:300:51:40

In deprived areas and those more

affluent areas, the focus is

0:51:400:51:43

slightly different on what we are

trying to achieve. It's not about

0:51:430:51:54

what we have done in schools only.

Obviously. Mums have a part to play

0:51:540:51:59

in teaching kids how to deal with

money. I think probably one of the

0:51:590:52:03

things to do is to give the kids

pocket money and to help them manage

0:52:030:52:07

that small Budget and make decisions

about spending it on seats or a

0:52:070:52:13

magazine. These are useful lessons.

To you give Gloria pocket money?

0:52:130:52:23

Yes, I give her some. Very good,

different country. She knows that

0:52:230:52:37

money is Congolese. She is very

clear what to use.

Well, thank you

0:52:370:52:46

very much. You have been super site

in the background. Should we say

0:52:460:52:54

goodbye to run? Thank you very much.

Excellently you about that. She does

0:52:540:53:11

cajole children, doesn't she?

She

would make an excellent teacher but

0:53:110:53:19

we don't want her to do that.

You

might want to bury in mind a tweet

0:53:190:53:26

written by Hayley Webster.

0:53:260:53:31

She wrote about the most treasured

festive gift she was given -

0:53:310:53:34

a sheet of music for "We're Walking

in the Air", from The Snowman.

0:53:340:53:37

It was given to her

by her dad's girlfriend.

0:53:370:53:40

Within 24 hours, her words

were retweeted more

0:53:400:53:42

than 12-thousand times.

0:53:420:53:43

So we thought we'd ask Christmas

shoppers what thoughtful

0:53:430:53:45

gifts they'd received.

0:53:450:53:49

I was just talking about Advent

calendars and how I don't eat

0:53:490:53:53

chocolate ones and he surprised me

with a beauty calendar with my

0:53:530:53:58

favourite make upset.

A trip to

Australia was one of the best ones.

0:53:580:54:03

My name is quite thoughtful, she

tries to think of stuff that is just

0:54:030:54:09

from her so a couple of years ago,

she gave me a bracelet that was

0:54:090:54:13

owned by her mum.

As silk shirt, I

didn't expect that.

I had a

0:54:130:54:25

beautiful photo album that my friend

may be -- made me, and when I was a

0:54:250:54:29

baby and all my family, it was a

lovely present.

I'm quite practical,

0:54:290:54:33

to be honest, so I don't get me

thoughtful presents.

There is always

0:54:330:54:39

a list that you get. Any present is

good, really, at the end of the day.

0:54:390:54:51

One of my favourites last year was

an enormous packet of wine gums

0:54:510:54:55

because I don't go by the myself

that the person who gave them to me

0:54:550:55:00

knows that I really love them. So

much so, that I can't buy them.

0:55:000:55:05

Black or red. My two favourites.

We

are similar on this issue. When it

0:55:050:55:15

went to Brazil last year, but the

Olympics, my eldest daughter made me

0:55:150:55:20

a bracelet. She had the same

bracelet. It was incredibly

0:55:200:55:24

thoughtful. Bank is telling us about

your thoughtful gifts. When were

0:55:240:55:32

poor and struggling when I was

younger, my parents wrapped up

0:55:320:55:37

individual cans of soft drinks so we

have lots of presents to open. It

0:55:370:55:41

was in the mid-1990s but back then,

it was incredibly thoughtful.

And

0:55:410:55:47

they don't need to cost a lot of

money, thoughtful gifts. That is

0:55:470:55:51

when you hit the jackpot. When you

find something somebody really wants

0:55:510:55:56

or is historically important was

really touching and meaningful, it's

0:55:560:56:00

the look on the face when you open

it. I remember I got a bottle of

0:56:000:56:04

ketchup a few years ago from 90 to

Christmas. My mum looked at me to

0:56:040:56:08

say, you should be grateful. It's

something that means so much.

Share

0:56:080:56:18

your thoughts on our Facebook page.

We love hearing from you. Right now,

0:56:180:56:24

the news

0:56:240:59:43

afternoon and then the tablature

really starts to drop.

0:59:430:59:45

Coming very cold through

Friday and Saturday.

0:59:450:59:47

I will be back.

0:59:470:59:48

Hello, this is Breakfast,

with Dan Walker and Louise Minchin.

1:00:081:00:12

The Prime Minister will brief

the Cabinet this morning

1:00:121:00:14

after Brexit talks stall.

1:00:141:00:16

An agreement with Brussels has been

put on hold over what happens

1:00:161:00:20

to the Irish border

when Britain leaves the EU.

1:00:201:00:24

We'll be live in Downing Street

and Belfast to assess

1:00:241:00:27

what happens next.

1:00:271:00:37

Good morning.

1:00:371:00:39

It's Tuesday, December 5.

1:00:391:00:47

Also this morning: Parents

are warned of the danger

1:00:471:00:49

of their children using live,

online streaming services,

1:00:491:00:51

after scores of men

are arrested in an operation

1:00:511:00:54

against child sex abuse.

1:00:541:00:58

A crisis in our oceans -

the United Nations warns

1:00:581:01:01

of irreparable damage caused

by a rising tide of plastic waste.

1:01:011:01:08

Good morning. I am here at...

Sacred

Heart.

And today we are talking

1:01:081:01:17

about...

Money.

We are going to tell

you all about this school as a

1:01:171:01:24

centre of education. I love that!

1:01:241:01:27

In sport: England bowl out

Australia in Adelaide.

1:01:271:01:29

They've just started batting

and need 354 to win the second Test

1:01:291:01:32

and level the Ashes.

1:01:321:01:37

I think this is, like, modern art,

because you can't really see what it

1:01:371:01:41

is.

1:01:411:01:41

Could these be the UK's

toughest critics?

1:01:411:01:43

As the winner of the prestigious

Turner prize is announced we put

1:01:431:01:46

the condenders throught their paces

with our very own panel of experts.

1:01:461:01:50

And Carol has the weather.

1:01:501:01:53

Good morning. It is a fairly cloudy

day today with some brightness and

1:01:531:02:02

showers in the west. Then the wind

strengthens. Through the middle of

1:02:021:02:05

the week the wind will be a feature

of the weather. Stormforce Coaching

1:02:051:02:09

is in the north and then at the end

of the week it will turn much more

1:02:091:02:13

cold with some of our seeing some

snow -- storm force winds.

1:02:131:02:17

Good morning.

1:02:171:02:18

First, our main story.

1:02:181:02:19

Theresa May will meet

with her cabinet this morning

1:02:191:02:21

after returning from Brussels last

night with no deal to push forward

1:02:211:02:25

the Brexit talks.

1:02:251:02:26

Negotiations came to a halt

after the Democratic Unionist Party,

1:02:261:02:28

who support the Conservative

government, rejected a proposal

1:02:281:02:30

to avoid a hard border

between Northern Ireland

1:02:301:02:33

and the Republic.

1:02:331:02:33

We'll get reaction from our Ireland

correspondent Chris Page

1:02:331:02:36

in a moment, but first let's speak

to our political correspondent

1:02:361:02:39

Iain Watson, who is in Westminster

for us this morning.

1:02:391:02:45

Now, we really thought yesterday at

some point that a deal was imminent,

1:02:451:02:49

then it wasn't. What is going on,

and how embarrassing is it for

1:02:491:02:53

Theresa May to come back with no

deal?

Theresa May is putting a brave

1:02:531:02:58

face on it. She will meet her

Cabinet this morning and tell them

1:02:581:03:02

what has gone wrong. She is keen to

keep negotiations going this week.

1:03:021:03:05

She will talk directly with the DUP

today because they are absolutely

1:03:051:03:11

vital, they are propping up her

minority government. They were

1:03:111:03:16

unhappy with the idea that the

compromise floated in Brussels could

1:03:161:03:20

potentially create an internal

border between Northern Ireland and

1:03:201:03:23

the rest of the UK. That wasn't

acceptable to them. It is a

1:03:231:03:29

difficult circle for Theresa May

Tahrir Square because if she keeps

1:03:291:03:32

the DUP happy, will she upset the

Irish government? They want a

1:03:321:03:37

guarantee that there will be no hard

border. They want to see regulations

1:03:371:03:44

remaining the same in Northern

Ireland and the Republic of Ireland

1:03:441:03:47

as they are now. The DUP might see

that as a continuation of EU rules.

1:03:471:03:55

Effectively, staying in the customs

union or single market would be

1:03:551:03:59

unacceptable. She has a huge

challenge to meet. To sort out this

1:03:591:04:03

problem and other problems

outstanding in Brussels.

Absolutely.

1:04:031:04:05

Thank you.

1:04:051:04:07

Let's speak to our Ireland

correspondent Chris Paige.

1:04:071:04:11

As Iain said, Theresa May taking

care with the other problems, but it

1:04:111:04:17

seems it hangs on the DUP. So what

do they want exactly?

Northern

1:04:171:04:22

Ireland say it was the DUP

intervention that made the

1:04:221:04:28

difference. The focus was on

Brussels and then it switched

1:04:281:04:31

dramatically to Stormont with Arlene

Foster flanked by MPs who hold the

1:04:311:04:36

balance of power at Westminster. She

was not happy with the proposals on

1:04:361:04:41

the table in the Brexit talk. So the

DUP to their supporters have stood

1:04:411:04:47

up for their principles, they

protected Northern Ireland from some

1:04:471:04:50

degree of separation from the rest

of the UK. The DUP are the largest

1:04:501:04:54

party in Northern Ireland. They are

the only one of the fighters

1:04:541:04:58

supported Brexit at the referendum.

Other parties, the Irish

1:04:581:05:02

nationalists, who want to stay in

the single market, said the DUP did

1:05:021:05:06

not act in the best interest of

Northern Ireland and that the

1:05:061:05:10

government should stand up to them.

As far as a way forward goes, the

1:05:101:05:14

government have to find words to

satisfy the Irish government that

1:05:141:05:17

there will not be any border post.

If they want to keep the DUP on

1:05:171:05:21

board they have to find something to

convince them that there will not be

1:05:211:05:25

any checks between Northern Ireland

and the rest of the UK. It will be a

1:05:251:05:29

very difficult negotiating task.

Yes. We will watch it here. After

1:05:291:05:35

you.

Sorry. In about ten minutes, we

will discuss the breakdown over

1:05:351:05:44

Brexit talks and what it means for

Theresa May and the future... If we

1:05:441:05:48

knew that, that would be great,

wouldn't it?

Yes.

1:05:481:05:51

Within the last few minutes,

it's been announced that train fares

1:05:511:05:56

are set to rise by an average

of 3.4% from the start

1:05:561:06:00

of next year.

1:06:001:06:00

Sorry for that news this morning.

1:06:001:06:02

It was confirmed back in August

that regulated fares,

1:06:021:06:05

that's regular journeys at peak

times would go up by 3.6%.

1:06:051:06:08

The new figure reflects a slightly

lower increase to unregulated fares,

1:06:081:06:11

which covers advanced

off-peak trips.

1:06:111:06:12

Andy Moore has just spoken

to the Rail Delivery Group,

1:06:121:06:15

representing train operators.

1:06:151:06:18

Andy, how did they

arrive at this figure?

1:06:181:06:21

As you say, it is a calculation in

two parts. In August we heard about

1:06:211:06:29

the regulated fares are set by the

government where you don't have much

1:06:291:06:32

choice about buying your train fare

when you commit to a big city

1:06:321:06:37

purchasing a season ticket. That was

set at 3.6% based on the rate of

1:06:371:06:44

inflation, the highest figure in

several years. Today the companies

1:06:441:06:47

have set the other half of fares,

the unregulated section, where you

1:06:471:06:51

have a choice about whether you want

to buy the ticket or not and they

1:06:511:06:55

set the fares at under the rate of

inflation, giving the average of

1:06:551:07:02

3.4% overall. The body representing

the train company says this is what

1:07:021:07:06

passengers will be getting for their

money.

Over the next 18 months it

1:07:061:07:11

has been a truly unprecedented time

of investment improvement. People

1:07:111:07:14

are starting to see it coming

through. There will be more trains

1:07:141:07:19

across the country, more carriages

across the country, more reliable,

1:07:191:07:23

providing more seats, exactly what

customers want, so that we can boost

1:07:231:07:31

economic growth and provide better

jobs for people.

And these fares

1:07:311:07:35

come into effect on January the

second for England and way. No

1:07:351:07:39

increase is planned in Northern

Ireland. Scotland sets its own fares

1:07:391:07:44

and they will be a bit lower than

the headline figure.

It is good to

1:07:441:07:48

talk to you this morning. Thank you.

1:07:481:07:50

A total ban on plastic

waste entering the ocean

1:07:501:07:52

is being considered by environment

ministers from around the world

1:07:521:07:55

at a UN meeting in the Kenyan

capital Nairobi this week.

1:07:551:07:58

The UN's head of oceans has

described plastic pollution

1:07:581:08:01

as a planetary emergency.

1:08:011:08:02

Our environment analyst

Roger Harrabin sent this report

1:08:021:08:04

from Kenya.

1:08:041:08:09

Plastic waste is a global scourge.

1:08:091:08:17

At this beach in eastern Kenya,

plastic fragments from as far

1:08:171:08:24

as Japan harm the turtles

which eat them.

1:08:241:08:27

Half of the turtles brought

in for treatment here from eating

1:08:271:08:30

plastics and up dead.

1:08:301:08:34

Here is a lucky turtle

being measured before

1:08:341:08:36

being released into sea.

1:08:361:08:38

It was brought in by a fisherman.

1:08:381:08:40

Now after treatment

it is being set free.

1:08:401:08:42

The UN is discussing

what to do about

1:08:421:08:45

plastics.

1:08:451:08:45

Some nations are banning

plastic bags completely.

1:08:451:08:47

Others are more reticent.

1:08:471:08:50

Environmentalists want

much faster action.

1:08:501:08:51

The tremendous amount of plastic

we use in the economies ends up

1:08:511:08:54

in the ocean, which has been

seen as a trash dump,

1:08:541:08:57

where we dump everything we don't

need and that plastic never goes

1:08:571:09:01

away.

1:09:011:09:01

Mostly it floats on the surface,

it falls down to the bottom

1:09:011:09:04

and we urgently need

to do something about it.

1:09:041:09:09

Many of the plastics in the sea have

been carried thousands of miles

1:09:091:09:13

from cities inland.

1:09:131:09:14

In Nairobi, for instance,

they banned plastic bags,

1:09:141:09:16

but look at this.

1:09:161:09:20

The UN grinds slowly,

while governments figure out how

1:09:201:09:23

to progress, ordinary people have

simply got to stop doing this.

1:09:231:09:38

More on that this morning.

1:09:381:09:39

Up to one in five patients

are regularly missing GP

1:09:391:09:42

appointments, with younger people

being the worst offenders,

1:09:421:09:44

according to a new study

by the Lancet Public Health journal.

1:09:441:09:47

Three years ago, NHS England

estimated more than 12 million GP

1:09:471:09:50

appointments are missed

every year in the UK,

1:09:501:09:52

costing in excess of

£162 million annually.

1:09:521:09:54

Senior judges in the United States

have ruled that President Donald

1:09:541:09:57

Trump's travel ban on six mainly

Muslim countries can go into full

1:09:571:10:01

effect, pending legal challenges.

1:10:011:10:02

President Trump originally imposed

the ban on travellers from Chad,

1:10:021:10:04

Iran, Libya, Somalia,

Syria and Yemen in January,

1:10:041:10:07

prompting mass protests

and several legal challenges.

1:10:071:10:09

The Supreme Court has now ruled

by seven votes to two in favour

1:10:091:10:12

of the ban.

1:10:121:10:15

A 14-year-old boy has been charged

with causing the death of an elderly

1:10:151:10:19

woman by dangerous driving.

1:10:191:10:19

woman by dangerous driving.

1:10:201:10:21

May Laidlaw, who was 78,

was struck by a motorbike

1:10:211:10:24

in Liverpool on Saturday.

1:10:241:10:25

The teenager is also accused

of failing to stop at the scene

1:10:251:10:28

of a collision and driving

without insurance.

1:10:281:10:39

How do you feel about owning a

historic castle?

I would love that.

1:10:391:10:43

It is many people's dream.

1:10:431:10:45

Owning a historic castle

is something many of us might dream

1:10:451:10:47

of, but few could make a reality,

unless you're Meghan Markle that is,

1:10:471:10:51

but thousands of people

across the world have joined forces

1:10:511:10:54

to do just that.

1:10:541:10:55

By contributing as little as 45

pounds each, participants raised 500

1:10:551:10:58

thousand euros to buy a neglected

13th century chateau in France.

1:10:581:11:01

The buyers responded to an online

fundraising call and intend

1:11:011:11:04

to restore it to its former glory.

1:11:041:11:08

What a fabulous idea. It shows the

power of putting a little money

1:11:081:11:11

together.

1:11:111:11:20

Let's return to our main story this

morning, and the fallout from the UK

1:11:201:11:23

and the EU failing to reach a deal,

that would have allowed them to move

1:11:231:11:27

on to the next phase

of Brexit negotiations.

1:11:271:11:30

As we've been reporting,

it is understood the talks broke

1:11:301:11:32

down after the DUP refused

to accept concessions

1:11:321:11:35

on the Irish border issue.

1:11:351:11:38

The story dominates the papers

here and in Ireland.

1:11:381:11:40

The Irish Times its running with

the line that Ireland's President

1:11:401:11:43

says that Mrs May reneged

on Brexit Border deal.

1:11:431:11:46

And the Irish Daily Star says

the Irish President has come out

1:11:461:11:49

fighting and that the DUP

and Mrs May have messed up the deal.

1:11:491:11:58

The Belfast Telegraph merely says

"May Day".

1:11:581:12:03

Let's discuss this in more detail

with Kathryn Simpson,

1:12:031:12:06

a Politics lecturer

at Manchester Metropolitan

1:12:061:12:08

University.

1:12:081:12:08

Thank you once again for coming on

the programme this morning. We will

1:12:081:12:14

have a look at the papers here as

well while speaker you. Can you

1:12:141:12:17

remind us first up what the various

sides of this discussion are

1:12:171:12:23

demanding?

It is inherently complex.

We have talked about it at length.

1:12:231:12:27

What the Irish government and Dublin

would like to see is the all Ireland

1:12:271:12:33

free border. So staying in the

customs union and in the single

1:12:331:12:38

market. And in ensuring that free

trade that we see at the moment as

1:12:381:12:42

EU member states between the UK and

the Republic of Ireland.

Continued

1:12:421:12:47

as is.

Absolutely. They would have

seen that in policy papers as well

1:12:471:12:52

that have come through. This is

obviously very unpalatable for the

1:12:521:12:58

DUP who campaigned very hard for a

high Brexit and they are currently

1:12:581:13:02

propping up the UK government at the

moment. They would see that as more

1:13:021:13:07

alignment towards Ireland which they

don't want to see. This is what we

1:13:071:13:11

saw Arlene Foster come out to say

yesterday that there would be no

1:13:111:13:14

diverted on the UK position of

leaving the European Union. We will

1:13:141:13:20

be leaving the union as a UK - there

will be no special status for

1:13:201:13:26

Northern Ireland. That is something

that Sinn Fein called for straight

1:13:261:13:31

after the EU referendum result for

Northern Ireland. The UK government

1:13:311:13:36

meanwhile has said it wants an open

flexible border between the Republic

1:13:361:13:40

of Ireland and Northern Ireland, but

hasn't given any clear solutions as

1:13:401:13:45

to what that will be. They are the

three positions we are dealing with.

1:13:451:13:50

As you have highlighted, it is a

delicate balance. You might presume

1:13:501:13:53

that before the government had gone

to the European Union that they

1:13:531:14:00

might have worked that out, but it

doesn't seem that was necessarily

1:14:001:14:04

the case.

The reason Theresa May

went to Brussels was she would get a

1:14:041:14:08

deal. I believe that is why she

went. In the morning they were very

1:14:081:14:13

confident when she came out with

Jean-Claude Juncker to say we are

1:14:131:14:17

confident of a deal by lunchtime.

That started to waver. At teatime it

1:14:171:14:21

was all off. It was extraordinary

for politics and for Brexit

1:14:211:14:26

negotiations. There is indication

that the DUP did know. The

1:14:261:14:30

complexity about this is over the

language. We haven't said that we

1:14:301:14:34

are staying in the union, but there

is this kind of alignment so to

1:14:341:14:40

speak, which is what the DUP are

struggling with, the alignment and

1:14:401:14:44

the shift towards Dublin as opposed

to London.

Let me show you the Times

1:14:441:14:50

this morning, Theresa May fights to

save the deal after the veto. In the

1:14:501:14:54

front of the Telegraph, Theresa

May's push for deal ends in chaos.

1:14:541:14:59

This is how it is being reflected in

the UK. Yes, this is an Irish issue

1:14:591:15:05

at the moment. It could have

ramifications for Scotland and Wales

1:15:051:15:09

and others as well.

Absolutely.

Yesterday on Twitter Carwyn Jones,

1:15:091:15:16

Nicola Sturgeon, said if there is

special status or arrangement for

1:15:161:15:21

Northern Ireland, then the other

devolved administrations have to

1:15:211:15:23

have the same thing. This is one of

the complexities of Brexit

1:15:231:15:28

negotiations, there has been a clear

emphasis on economics and trade

1:15:281:15:32

after the referendum and going

forward, but what we are seeing now

1:15:321:15:37

is politics is equally as important

as economics and this is what the

1:15:371:15:42

political diversity and the

difficulty of that in all the

1:15:421:15:45

constituent parts of the UK is

something that will have to be

1:15:451:15:48

addressed.

The DUP has been so

influential in this because of the

1:15:481:15:53

general election.

Absolutely, front

and centre of this because of the

1:15:531:15:57

result of the general election,

because they are propping up Theresa

1:15:571:16:01

May's government. They have a strong

hand in all of this, which would

1:16:011:16:05

have been the case if we didn't have

the general election in June.

There

1:16:051:16:10

is so much to talk about and I know

we will continue to have this

1:16:101:16:14

conversation.

1:16:141:16:21

I tell you who won't be back

1:16:211:16:24

I tell you who won't be back in this

Test match, Alistair Cooke is out.

1:16:241:16:26

That is sad news from Adelaide.

Dan

is in a state of optimism.

We are in

1:16:261:16:33

a very good position. Let us find

out if

1:16:331:16:35

a very good position. Let us find

out if the weather is good. The sum

1:16:351:16:38

of others, it not too bad at all. A

quiet weather. Barely cloudy with

1:16:381:16:45

some brighter breaks but as we head

into the mid-week period, wet and

1:16:451:16:49

windy, particularly windy in the

north. With some of us seeing some

1:16:491:16:57

snow. We got the odd pocket of fog.

Again, nothing too sinister at all.

1:16:571:17:08

And the odd shower. We do have some

rain across the Northern Isles.

1:17:081:17:17

Breezy, not particularly so. That

will strengthen as we go through the

1:17:171:17:21

course of the day and it will become

windy. When the rain sets in the

1:17:211:17:27

north-west, we've got it not just

the rest of the day, and the most of

1:17:271:17:33

the UK, it will be dry. We will see

some breaks developed in the cloud.

1:17:331:17:40

Do this evening in overnight, the

rain, still quite gusty winds.

1:17:401:17:50

Again, we have reason the Southee.

Patchy mist and fog. Not a

1:17:501:17:57

particularly cold night. Tomorrow,

to weather fronts coming our way.

1:17:571:18:01

After a dry start to most, the first

weather front comes in from the

1:18:011:18:07

west. The rain will go through quite

quickly. Things will start to liven

1:18:071:18:20

up. Rattling through quickly on the

wind. The isobars, is going to be

1:18:201:18:28

windy. There is a potential, looking

at those isobars here. Gust of wind,

1:18:281:18:36

80 miles an hour. It's going to be

particularly windy. It is coming

1:18:361:18:48

from a cold direction, the Northwest

itself. Those wintry showers will

1:18:481:18:52

progressively be following. We see

the rain in the strong winds rattled

1:18:521:18:59

through quite quickly. Showers in

the West. Some of those will be

1:18:591:19:04

wintry in nature. That opens the

door to this cold air to push right

1:19:041:19:08

the way across the UK. Some of us

are seeing some snow.

Carroll, thank

1:19:081:19:18

you very much. Tonight, the best

winners of the UK. The first time,

1:19:181:19:30

it is being in Hull.

To decide who

would be a worthy winner. Our arts

1:19:301:19:45

and entertainment respondent went to

meet the

1:19:451:19:48

judges of the tiny Turner. We are

here

1:19:481:19:58

judges of the tiny Turner. We are

here to judge the Tiny Turner. 12 of

1:19:581:20:02

Britain's most honest art critics.

Their task, examine the work of the

1:20:021:20:07

four Turner prize nominees and pick

their favourites. This is the Tiny

1:20:071:20:11

Turner. First to be examined by our

junior judges,... I don't get this

1:20:111:20:21

one. She paints on everyday

materials to explore black identity.

1:20:211:20:28

I like caching is put wooden pieces

into it.

I think the message is to

1:20:281:20:35

use your recycling things.

She says,

like, slavery would have been a big

1:20:351:20:46

thing back in the olden days. Next,

Rosalind Nashashibi.

It depicts a

1:20:461:20:59

mother and daughter in quite a mile.

I thought it was quite random. There

1:20:591:21:06

was like dogs fighting and people

walking along. And people having an

1:21:061:21:14

argument. How did it make you feel?

It made me sad. Time to move on our

1:21:141:21:31

two Hurvin Anderson. It's like

modern art. You can't see what it

1:21:311:21:35

is.

His paintings explore nationhood

and identity.

I like all the

1:21:351:21:38

paintings because all of them are

very colourful.

I like them because

1:21:381:21:47

it took them a long time to make it.

This one is very cool. It's like

1:21:471:21:52

nature. And I kind of like nature. I

have tried to grow flowers in my

1:21:521:22:00

garden but I've failed.

In the final

can do -- contender, Andrea Buttner.

1:22:001:22:08

It looks like fish and chips. She

often chooses subjects which are

1:22:081:22:14

overlooked and undervalued within

contemporary art.

That looks like

1:22:141:22:19

potato.

I don't really like them

because they are kind of creepy with

1:22:191:22:27

the pointy fingers.

I really like

this one because it looks like dark

1:22:271:22:31

then do -- darkling helmets and I

like Star Wars.

Tie the judges to

1:22:311:22:37

gather around and pick the winner of

the first ever macro -- of the first

1:22:371:22:44

ever Tiny Turner. Andrea Buttner.

Rosalind Nashashibi. Lubaina Himid.

1:22:441:23:05

And Hurvin Anderson. In a clear

winner.

I like it because there are

1:23:051:23:10

nice, bright colours.

And it makes

me think of mine craft. Find out if

1:23:101:23:15

the actual Turner prize goes the

same way tonight. Tiny Turner!

1:23:151:23:28

I negated an excellent job. The

actual Turner prize announcement on

1:23:281:23:34

BBC News Channel from half past nine

this evening.

We will be at another

1:23:341:23:40

primary school in a moment but we

are getting an unbelievable amount

1:23:401:23:43

of comments. We are talking about

Hayley Webster who put on social

1:23:431:23:48

media that she received a sheet of

music from her father's girlfriend

1:23:481:23:53

and it made a real difference, a

really thoughtful present and it was

1:23:531:23:58

shared thousands of times and Sami

people are talking about thoughtful

1:23:581:24:01

gifts that they have received.

It's

the thought that counts. Every year

1:24:011:24:08

my son and husband 's take on the

cooking so I can relax with my glass

1:24:081:24:12

of sherry. That is all the presents

I need. At Canvas picture of my

1:24:121:24:16

cocker spaniel who we lost earlier

that year. I cried a lot but it was

1:24:161:24:21

the most thoughtful gift ever

received.

Mike says, my great-niece

1:24:211:24:25

won a certificate at school, telling

a mum at home that she wanted to go

1:24:251:24:30

to the boy in class and never gets

one so she made a certificate for

1:24:301:24:34

the boy and she is only seven years

old. And she is one of the most

1:24:341:24:38

considerate kids I know. And says in

2011, I was diagnosed with cancer

1:24:381:24:44

and by 2012, I was told it was

terminal. No one understands how it

1:24:441:24:48

happened that it was found the

tumour had responded belatedly to

1:24:481:24:53

the treatment. The best Christmas

present I had was a few years later

1:24:531:24:57

when my niece gave me a 5- year

diary.

There is one particularly

1:24:571:25:03

emotional one. I found a ring box on

the tree on our first Christmas. 35

1:25:031:25:11

years ago. Inside it, it wasn't a

ring, it -- it was a Rolo. I will

1:25:111:25:26

always go from Rolo over a ring. And

so many have been responding to this

1:25:261:25:30

message. My wife died just four

years ago but she was well prepared,

1:25:301:25:38

she bought our daughter 's advent

calendars. I gave them to both my

1:25:381:25:41

daughters are now found one of them

on my bed. Under the circumstances,

1:25:411:25:46

it meant the world. Thank you so

much to that message.

It is the

1:25:461:25:52

thought that counts, isn't it?

We

are asking as well, what age

1:25:521:25:59

children should be taught about

money and finance. Steph is at a

1:25:591:26:03

primary school asking exactly that

with some help. These people are

1:26:031:26:12

from Sacred Heart School in

Manchester and this is a school for

1:26:121:26:15

excellent when it comes to learning

all about money.

What e-learning? We

1:26:151:26:21

are learning about currencies so

when you go on holiday you know what

1:26:211:26:24

currency to spend. What else? We are

learning about cards and scams when

1:26:241:26:32

you go on websites. Credit cards.

We

are learning about how to spend

1:26:321:26:38

different money in supermarkets.

What have you learned about

1:26:381:26:43

currencies?

Why the pound in the UK

has gone down in worth. It's because

1:26:431:26:52

we let the European Union.

There is

no decision on that yet. But very

1:26:521:26:58

intelligent young people. We will be

here throughout the morning learning

1:26:581:27:02

about why this is important.

1:27:021:30:29

Vanessa is talking about obese

nurses.

1:30:291:30:34

Hello, this is Breakfast,

with Louise Minchin and Dan Walker.

1:30:351:30:38

Here's a summary of this morning's

main stories from BBC News.

1:30:381:30:41

Theresa May will brief

the Cabinet this morning,

1:30:411:30:43

after returning from Brussels

where a much-anticipated deal

1:30:431:30:45

with the EU to advance the Brexit

talks failed to materialise.

1:30:451:30:48

Discussions stalled yesterday

when Northern Ireland's Democratic

1:30:481:30:50

Unionist Party, who support

the government in Westminster

1:30:501:30:52

rejected a proposed solution

to avoid a hard border

1:30:521:30:55

between Northern Ireland

and the Republic.

1:30:551:31:10

It has been announced rail fares

will rise on average 3.4%, below the

1:31:101:31:15

rate of inflation, to take effect

from the second of January. The

1:31:151:31:19

group representing train operators

said 97% of money from fares goes

1:31:191:31:23

into improving and running the

railway.

Over the next 18 months it

1:31:231:31:27

has been a truly unprecedented time

of investment improvement so people

1:31:271:31:32

can start to see that coming

through. There will be more trains

1:31:321:31:36

across the country, more carriages

across the country, more reliable,

1:31:361:31:41

providing more seats, exactly what

customers want, enabling communities

1:31:411:31:47

to become connected across the

country to boost economic growth and

1:31:471:31:50

provide better jobs for people.

1:31:501:31:52

A total ban on plastic

waste entering the ocean

1:31:521:31:55

is being considered by environment

ministers from around the world

1:31:551:31:58

at a UN meeting in the Kenyan

capital Nairobi this week.

1:31:581:32:01

More than eight million tons

of plastic is dumped in the ocean

1:32:011:32:04

annnually, with China responsible

for around a quarter of it.

1:32:041:32:07

The UN has described the issue

as a planetary emergency.

1:32:071:32:10

New research shows that nearly

a fifth of patients are regularly

1:32:101:32:13

missing GP appointments.

1:32:131:32:14

The study, published

in the journal, The Lancet Public

1:32:141:32:16

Health, says that poorer,

younger men living in affluent areas

1:32:161:32:19

are the least likely to turn up.

1:32:191:32:21

The problem's estimated to cost

the NHS at least £162

1:32:211:32:23

million a year.

1:32:231:32:29

Senior judges in the United States

have ruled that President Donald

1:32:291:32:32

Trump's travel ban on six mainly

Muslim countries can go into full

1:32:321:32:35

effect, pending legal challenges.

1:32:351:32:36

President Trump originally imposed

the ban on travellers from Chad,

1:32:361:32:39

Iran, Libya, Somalia,

Syria and Yemen in January,

1:32:391:32:41

prompting mass protests

and several legal challenges.

1:32:411:32:43

The Supreme Court has now ruled

by seven votes to two in favour

1:32:431:32:46

of the ban.

1:32:461:32:56

A 14-year-old boy has been charged

with causing the death of an elderly

1:32:561:33:00

woman by dangerous driving.

1:33:001:33:01

May Laidlaw, who was 78,

was struck by a motorbike

1:33:011:33:03

in Liverpool on Saturday.

1:33:031:33:05

The teenager is also accused

of failing to stop at the scene

1:33:051:33:08

of a collision and driving

without insurance.

1:33:081:33:14

Campaigning for snap elections

in Catalonia begins today,

1:33:141:33:16

following the constitutional crisis

sparked by a declaration

1:33:161:33:18

of independence.

1:33:181:33:18

Ousted Catalan leader

Carles Puigdemont says he will try

1:33:181:33:21

and win voters from Brussels,

where he fled fearing arrest.

1:33:211:33:24

The deposed vice president

will campaign from jail

1:33:241:33:26

after a judge refused

to give him bail.

1:33:261:33:38

If you're away on a long trip

you can really start to crave

1:33:381:33:42

a taste of home.

1:33:421:33:47

And that's exactly what

happened to Paolo Nespoli,

1:33:471:33:49

an Italian astronaut who's aboard

the International Space Station.

1:33:491:33:51

He missed his favourite food so much

that he brought it up with his boss

1:33:511:33:55

back on earth.

1:33:551:34:02

Without a delivery service nearby,

NASA sent up the ingredients

1:34:021:34:05

to construct some pizzas that

were out of this world.

1:34:051:34:08

Paolo and the rest of the Expedition

53 crew wasted no time

1:34:081:34:11

putting them together.

1:34:111:34:14

I was just watching them. They

really are going for it.

Thank you

1:34:141:34:19

for all of your pizza puns.

It was

an Marsguerita. And another one, the

1:34:191:34:30

problem with an Marsguerita is it is

obviously a vegetarian option, don't

1:34:301:34:36

you need something a little meteor?

OK. Since I

1:34:361:34:49

walked into the studio, things

changed. Half an hour ago we felt

1:34:491:34:53

really positive.

Still positive!

A

little bit less positive. England

1:34:531:34:59

are at the moment 55- two. The

wicket that has just fallen was

1:34:591:35:05

Alistair Cook.

And Stoneman as well.

Well done. Yes. Things are changing

1:35:051:35:12

slightly. England have been lucky

for the last couple of hours, which

1:35:121:35:16

they deserved. The maths is simple.

354 to win. We could have been

1:35:161:35:21

tumbling to date, originally mainly

Australia, so there is a faint hope

1:35:211:35:26

for England.

1:35:261:35:26

James Anderson finished with five

wickets as Australia were bowled

1:35:261:35:29

out for 138.

1:35:291:35:30

That means England need 354 to win

the second test and level

1:35:301:35:33

the Ashes series.

1:35:331:35:39

They started well, 53 for the first

wicket, but as I mentioned Alistair

1:35:391:35:43

Cook was given out leg before wicket

after Australia review the umpire's

1:35:431:35:48

decision and Mark Stoneman has just

literally just a moment ago gone as

1:35:481:35:53

well. There is still one of the half

days. There will be a result one or

1:35:531:35:57

another. It is quite tense, I can

tell you, at the moment, watching it

1:35:571:36:03

back here. I wonder what it is like

over there.

1:36:031:36:06

Andy Swiss is in Adelaide.

1:36:061:36:07

What has it been like there today?

1:36:071:36:09

Good morning. Yes, England's hopes

seem to be fading. They played so

1:36:091:36:18

well. The bowlers had it a quick

wickets and they did that precisely.

1:36:181:36:22

James Anderson, five wickets, back

to his best. If only England bowled

1:36:221:36:27

like that over the first couple of

days. It might be a very different

1:36:271:36:31

Test match. Pulling out Australia

for just 138. It is a massive target

1:36:311:36:37

for England. England have never

chased down that total in their

1:36:371:36:42

entire test history. They began

well. Mark Stoneman, Alistair Cook

1:36:421:36:46

putting on 50 for the first wicket.

Those two wickets going in quick

1:36:461:36:51

succession, Alistair Cook on 16,

Mark Stoneman out for 36. England

1:36:511:36:56

need something very special. At

least they can take some hard and

1:36:561:37:01

encouragement from that performance.

Lots of criticism of Steve Smith for

1:37:011:37:06

putting his batsmen in under the

floodlights. England will have to

1:37:061:37:10

bat shortly. What difference will

that make?

It will be very

1:37:101:37:14

interesting. The next three hours

could be key if England have any

1:37:141:37:18

hope of winning this Test match. The

pink ball has a habit of swinging

1:37:181:37:22

more under the floodlights. It makes

it difficult for the batsmen. It

1:37:221:37:26

takes a while for the batsman's thy

sight to adjust and we saw that for

1:37:261:37:32

Australia yesterday. Australia will

look at what Jimmy Anderson did and

1:37:321:37:35

they will be confident Mitchell

Starc can hoop it around under the

1:37:351:37:39

floodlights and if he can England

will be in deep trouble at the end

1:37:391:37:43

of the day and Australia are in the

driving seat and they should go 2-0

1:37:431:37:47

up in the Ashes series.

You have

said it. Thank you.

What does he

1:37:471:37:53

know, Sally?

LAUGHTER.

1:37:531:37:58

Walker thinks we are going to win.

You have to stay positive.

Exactly.

1:37:581:38:05

We still feel positive. Just ignore

the wickets. Let's hope there are no

1:38:051:38:09

more.

1:38:091:38:11

Arsenal will begin the defence

of their FA Cup title with a a trip

1:38:111:38:15

to Nottingham Forest.

1:38:151:38:16

Liverpool will play Everton

at Anfield in the pick

1:38:161:38:18

of the third round ties.

1:38:181:38:20

Elsewhere Middlesbrough

take on Sunderland.

1:38:201:38:21

To see all the fixtures,

go to the BBC sport website.

1:38:211:38:24

We'll know later whether Russia

will be banned from the Winter

1:38:241:38:27

Olympics.

1:38:271:38:27

They missed Rio because of

state-sponsored doping.

1:38:271:38:29

The International Olympic Committee

will meet in Lausanne this evening

1:38:291:38:32

to decide if they've changed enough

to compete in South Korea.

1:38:321:38:35

You make a mistake,

you took the doping,

1:38:351:38:37

you have to be punished.

1:38:371:38:38

It is exactly what the World

Anti-Doping Agency do

1:38:381:38:41

and what the IOC do.

1:38:411:38:42

Collective responsibility,

it is not possible especially

1:38:421:38:44

for clean athletes who really dream

about the Olympic Games.

1:38:441:38:51

We are a principled organisation.

1:38:511:38:52

Here are the facts.

1:38:521:38:54

The conduct was unacceptable

and a country acting in that matter

1:38:541:38:57

should not participate

in the next games.

1:38:571:39:07

Nine years late but Britain's Kelly

Sotherton is to be awarded a bronze

1:39:071:39:10

medal from the 2008 Olympic Games.

1:39:101:39:12

It comes after Russian heptathlete

Tatyana Chernova lost an appeal

1:39:121:39:15

against a doping violation.

1:39:151:39:16

Sotherton originally

finished fifth but as two athletes

1:39:161:39:18

have now had their scores annulled

Sotherton will now offically be

1:39:181:39:21

awarded third place.

1:39:211:39:22

She won Heptathlon bronze four years

previously in Athens.

1:39:221:39:38

It is a difficult moment for her.

Obviously delighted to hear the

1:39:381:39:43

news, but she would say it should

have been fixed a long time ago.

And

1:39:431:39:47

to find out on Twitter as well is

just extraordinary. Thank you.

1:39:471:39:54

You are watching Breakfast on the

BBC.

1:39:541:39:56

Parents are being warned

about the dangers of live streaming

1:39:561:39:59

apps, after it emerged paedophiles

are increasingly using them

1:39:591:40:01

to manipulate their victims.

1:40:011:40:03

The caution from the National Crime

Agency follows a week-long operation

1:40:031:40:05

by UK authorities, which led

to the arrest of more than 190

1:40:051:40:11

people for child sexual abuse,

as Angus Crawford reports.

1:40:111:40:13

Hands up all those who have

used live streaming?

1:40:131:40:21

Aged 13 and 14, they know

about apps, which let children

1:40:211:40:24

broadcast live from their phones.

1:40:241:40:26

Today, they're talking

about how to do it safely.

1:40:261:40:31

Somebody could be

trying to trick you.

1:40:311:40:33

The apps are quick to

download, easy to use.

1:40:331:40:36

These pupils could go

live in the playground,

1:40:361:40:38

the street, or even

their own bedrooms.

1:40:381:40:41

Sometimes it can be quite

dangerous, because if someone

1:40:411:40:44

is following someone they don't

know, they will be able to see it.

1:40:441:40:47

Like, you don't know

who is watching you.

1:40:471:40:50

The real problem with some of these

apps is there's no proper checking

1:40:501:40:57

of age or identification,

so that means a live streaming

1:40:571:41:00

service with a 17

rating could be used by children

1:41:001:41:03

as young as this, or even younger,

eight or nine.

1:41:031:41:05

Look at this.

1:41:051:41:06

A boy and a girl

on the app Periscope.

1:41:061:41:09

Now read the comments.

1:41:091:41:10

We don't want to identify them.

1:41:101:41:11

She is just nine.

1:41:111:41:12

Almost a thousand people

are watching and they're

1:41:121:41:15

mostly adult men.

1:41:151:41:17

We can't show you the

worst of the comments.

1:41:171:41:21

Periscope told us it had zero

tolerance for this kind of behaviour

1:41:211:41:27

but we found it on other apps, too,

and the children caught up in it,

1:41:271:41:31

the consequences can be devastating.

1:41:311:41:33

I found her inconsolable.

1:41:331:41:34

This is an actress,

but the words are true.

1:41:341:41:42

Those of a mother whose 10-year-old

daughter tried out the app

1:41:421:41:44

Omegle for fun.

1:41:441:41:45

He switched his web cam on,

showed him her private parts

1:41:451:41:48

and asked her to take photos

of herself, which she did.

1:41:481:41:51

She was terrified by what had

happened and scared

1:41:511:41:54

of what she'd done.

1:41:541:42:03

It offers offenders an immediate

connection to children and young

1:42:031:42:06

people that is one allows them

to manipulate children and young

1:42:061:42:08

people, often excitement,

sympathy, connection,

1:42:091:42:17

emotional connection,

involve them with games and trickery

1:42:171:42:21

and we see children getting

basically Matteck related to do

1:42:211:42:22

-- and we see children getting

basically manipulated to do things

1:42:271:42:30

that ultimately they are very

uncomfortable about and don't

1:42:301:42:33

want to do.

1:42:331:42:33

A campaign video launched today

warning about the dangers of live

1:42:331:42:36

streaming aimed at young people

and their parents and posing a stark

1:42:361:42:40

question: when children

broadcast live to the world

1:42:401:42:42

from their own bedrooms,

can they really stay safe?

1:42:421:42:44

Angus Crawford, BBC News.

1:42:441:42:54

We're joined now by John Woodley,

an internet safety trainer

1:42:541:42:56

and former police officer.

1:42:561:43:00

And we were just sitting watching

that, it seems really scary actually

1:43:001:43:05

in many ways. The biggest issue we

were talking about seems to be at

1:43:051:43:09

this point, it changes all the time,

about live streaming.

Live streaming

1:43:091:43:15

is quite horrendous at the moment.

The main problem is lots of young

1:43:151:43:19

children, many of them from young

ages using live streaming apps and

1:43:191:43:28

parents are totally unaware of it.

If things go wrong then the children

1:43:281:43:32

won't tell their parents for fear of

punishment from parents, so it

1:43:321:43:36

leaves it wide open for people to do

that -- bad thing. How can you

1:43:361:43:44

encourage parents to talk to the

children and vice-versa? It is

1:43:441:43:49

difficult. And we talked to large

groups of parents, if you sum it the

1:43:491:43:56

-- up in one line, talk about

stranger danger, and revisit it. It

1:43:561:44:04

it is not about sweets, it is about

gold coins for dancing and

1:44:041:44:11

unfortunately at primary school age

no one has ever told them that is

1:44:111:44:15

risky behaviour. And if you ask any

group of young children to it

1:44:151:44:21

explain stranger danger, they will

say it is about sweets and puppies

1:44:211:44:24

and that has to change if we are

going to make a difference.

That is

1:44:241:44:28

a clear way to put it, just

imagining that it might be likes, it

1:44:281:44:34

might be, whatever it is on the apps

you are using, and let's be clear,

1:44:341:44:41

the children have done nothing

wrong.

No.

So if a child is feeling

1:44:411:44:47

concerned, or a parent sees

something may have been going on,

1:44:471:44:50

how can you address that to make

sure your child knows that there is

1:44:501:44:54

nothing they have done wrong?

It

sounds crazy. The first piece of

1:44:541:44:58

advice is to have a coffee, take a

deep breath and think about the

1:44:581:45:03

situation. Don't shout at the young

person. Don't tell them off. The

1:45:031:45:06

next time that that person goes

after them, then they will be on

1:45:061:45:11

their own. They know that they will

be told off. The first advice is to

1:45:111:45:16

take a deep breath, sit down and

think about it carefully, really.

1:45:161:45:21

Don't punish the child.

We saw a

nine-year-old girl on Periscope. The

1:45:211:45:28

vast majority of people watching

were grown men. There has been a

1:45:281:45:31

crackdown where we saw 200 people

arrested. Is that a drop in the

1:45:311:45:35

ocean?

What concerns me is when we

hear about arresting paedophiles in

1:45:351:45:41

the UK, it will sound outrageous,

you could arrest every paedophile in

1:45:411:45:45

the UK, then it would make little

difference to children being

1:45:451:45:49

targeted with live streaming. The

majority of offenders we have seen

1:45:491:45:52

are operating overseas, targeting

children. Unless we get education

1:45:521:45:58

right, we have a big problem.

And we

mention in that report parental

1:45:581:46:02

controls, which have a role.

Yes.

They have a role. And on many

1:46:021:46:07

devices it is easy to do. What we

are seeing is parents quite frankly

1:46:071:46:12

not having a clue what children are

using. It would appear in the old

1:46:121:46:17

days, if you had a primary school

child who wasn't talking about

1:46:171:46:21

stranger danger until they were ten

or 11 years old. Unfortunately,

1:46:211:46:27

Father Christmas will give them a

tablet at the age of five or six. No

1:46:271:46:31

one sits down and has the discussion

with them. So it becomes wide open

1:46:311:46:35

for people to do bad things.

1:46:351:46:47

Or things like that. Very helpful.

Let us talk about the weather.

1:46:471:46:52

Carole King gives, today is the last

quite a weather? Mostly cloudy

1:46:521:47:04

today. We return

1:47:041:47:05

quite a weather? Mostly cloudy

today. We return to wet and windy

1:47:051:47:06

weather through the midweek period.

Storm force winds likely across the

1:47:061:47:12

far north of Scotland. Much colder.

Some of us will see snow at lower

1:47:121:47:17

levels. This morning, it is a cloudy

start. We see some rain arrived. Any

1:47:171:47:27

breaks in the cloud further south

will be fairly transient. The cloud

1:47:271:47:30

will come and go as we go through

the day but temperature-wise, pretty

1:47:301:47:34

good shape but this time of

December. A lot of cloud, the

1:47:341:47:39

emphasis on a cloudy day. We'll see

some breaks across north-east

1:47:391:47:44

England. Some showers on some of the

hills. By then, the rain will be

1:47:441:47:51

ensconced across the north-west of

Scotland and you will have it as we

1:47:511:47:54

go through the evening and overnight

period. You will notice the wind is

1:47:541:47:58

going to strengthen. Overnight, away

from the north. We will see some

1:47:581:48:08

patchy fog forming. Again, some

showers dotted around. Temperatures

1:48:081:48:14

between six and 10 degrees. No

problems with frost. Our first

1:48:141:48:22

weather front Koreans in from the

west. The second one follows on

1:48:221:48:26

behind. We still have the first one

from today across the far north of

1:48:261:48:33

Scotland. It is not going to be

cold. Moving quickly, taking the

1:48:331:48:40

rain but it is the window wants to

focus on. As you can see from the

1:48:401:48:46

isobars, this chart ends. It's going

to be windy. But particularly so

1:48:461:48:50

across the north-west. The squeeze

on those isobars, an indication of

1:48:501:48:56

80, possibly more than that. Storm

force winds. The wind is

1:48:561:49:01

coming from a cold direction. Some

showers. Increasingly through the

1:49:011:49:10

course of Thursday morning, wintry

at lower levels. A wry weather

1:49:101:49:16

following on from behind. Still

windy. Especially through western

1:49:161:49:21

areas. Still in double figures

across the south-east. The cold air

1:49:211:49:32

coming in from the North will move

right the way across the UK and

1:49:321:49:37

across northern parts of Europe as

well and that leads us into some

1:49:371:49:41

snow as we head through Friday and

into the weekend will some of us.

1:49:411:49:45

Thank you

1:49:451:49:45

into the weekend will some of us.

Thank you for that. We might have to

1:49:451:49:49

reconsider plans. Made me think very

carefully this week, step has been

1:49:491:49:58

looking at how children learn about

money, about finance, at what age

1:49:581:50:02

she should be learning. She has gone

to a primary school that teaches

1:50:021:50:09

kids very early. Good morning. Good

morning to you. Good morning,

1:50:091:50:16

everybody. I am here at... Sacred

Heart. They have got these guys

1:50:161:50:23

well-trained. They are part of the

team here, who are learning all

1:50:231:50:29

about money. They have lessons and

everything to do with Lords, credit

1:50:291:50:32

cards. This morning, learning all

about currency. But first, let's

1:50:321:50:38

have a quick chat to John. Good

morning. Telstra did about why you

1:50:381:50:46

think it's important to Lily does

lessons like this?

It's extremely

1:50:461:50:51

important because it gets them to

learn the true value of money. It's

1:50:511:50:55

a big, wide world and the more they

learn, the better it is. Did you

1:50:551:51:01

learn anything about credit cards?

Absolutely not. I bet she can tell

1:51:011:51:06

you a few things. More than likely.

I went to join one of the lessons

1:51:061:51:13

earlier in the week. Let's have a

look.

1:51:131:51:21

Good morning Year 6 and welcome

to your young money lesson.

1:51:211:51:23

We have a special student in today.

1:51:231:51:25

Morning Steph.

1:51:251:51:26

Good morning, Steph.

1:51:261:51:27

Good morning, everyone.

1:51:271:51:28

Today, we are looking

at foreign currency.

1:51:281:51:30

Talk to the person

on your table about all

1:51:301:51:33

the currencies you know.

1:51:331:51:35

Can you tell me the official name

of the currency we use

1:51:351:51:38

in Great Britain?

1:51:381:51:41

Do you know?

1:51:411:51:42

Well done, Steph.

1:51:421:51:43

Steph has a little drawing on there.

1:51:431:51:47

Symbol on there.

1:51:471:51:55

Turkey, yes.

1:51:551:51:56

OK, this table, give me one.

1:51:561:51:57

Do you like this class?

1:51:571:52:00

We learnt about money and saving it

and what to do with it.

1:52:001:52:03

And do you think that's useful?

1:52:031:52:05

Yes.

1:52:051:52:15

It helps me learn maths and I think

I'm pretty good at maths

1:52:151:52:18

so I want to know, if I'm

travelling somewhere,

1:52:181:52:20

I want to know how much I need and

the convergence between everything.

1:52:201:52:24

I help my grandma because she is

Polish and she sometimes

1:52:241:52:27

asks me about pounds.

1:52:271:52:31

If that is five or fifteen.

1:52:311:52:32

So I tell her in English.

1:52:321:52:34

Oh, that's lovely.

1:52:341:52:35

Good.

1:52:351:52:35

Right, guys, I've got to go back

to work but before I go,

1:52:351:52:40

what do I need if I'm

going to Spain?

1:52:401:52:42

Euros!

1:52:421:52:44

What about America?

1:52:441:52:45

Dollars!

1:52:451:52:47

Thank you.

1:52:471:52:48

See you.

1:52:481:53:07

Russell, you're part of the

enterprise group. Tell us about

1:53:071:53:11

financial education. It is embedded

into the curriculum of Scotland,

1:53:111:53:16

Northern Ireland and Wales.

That is

one of our focus is at the moment.

1:53:161:53:23

Can we get financial education

delivered in every single primary

1:53:231:53:27

school as well are secondary.

What

are the types of things they should

1:53:271:53:31

be learning?

There was a whole

range, starting really early from

1:53:311:53:35

reception nursery which is about

coin recognition, the value of

1:53:351:53:39

money, but leading overlap to

prioritise in, budgeting, some

1:53:391:53:43

products such as mortgages.

And you

mentioned about nursery teaching. At

1:53:431:53:53

what age are they learning and what

are they learning?

1:53:531:54:03

We are already looking at coin

recognition, money, keeping it safe,

1:54:031:54:08

the size and shape. As children go

through the school, they will learn

1:54:081:54:12

more. Making choices with money,

saving it.

This is not something you

1:54:121:54:21

have to do, is it? You've chosen it.

The importance here where we work

1:54:211:54:27

closely with parents and we see the

importance of learning about money,

1:54:271:54:33

keeping it spending safe, it wisely

and making good choices with it so

1:54:331:54:38

we've been doing it for about six

years now at Sacred Heart in Gorton.

1:54:381:54:42

And this area is classed as a quite

deprived area. It is one where you

1:54:421:54:48

think it's more important, don't

you?

Yes, it is. That is why we

1:54:481:54:54

started as young as nursery. And the

children learn about money. Some

1:54:541:54:58

aspects of money throughout the

school. By the time they leave

1:54:581:55:01

Sacred Heart and go to secondary

school, they can make full on

1:55:011:55:05

decisions about money and spending

it wisely. This is key because we

1:55:051:55:11

are a country which is in a lot of

debt. A lot of people who struggle

1:55:111:55:16

with money.

Absolutely. Making those

informed money choices rather than

1:55:161:55:21

something which you are just not

sure you are getting into. Knowing

1:55:211:55:25

to ask the right questions, and

where to go to help. Those are

1:55:251:55:29

really helpful. Let's see how good

these guys are. Can you draw mere $?

1:55:291:55:46

We will say goodbye. Good-bye! Thank

you so much. We could do everything.

1:55:461:56:01

Should we tested out?

1:56:011:56:15

This guise, during the one about

saving news and travel?

Say it for

1:56:151:56:19

me. First, let's get

1:56:191:59:41

Hello, this is Breakfast,

with Dan Walker and Louise Minchin.

2:00:092:00:12

The Prime Minister will brief

the Cabinet this morning

2:00:122:00:14

after Brexit talks stall.

2:00:142:00:17

An agreement

with Brussels has been put on hold

2:00:172:00:19

over what happens to the Irish

border when Britain leaves the EU.

2:00:192:00:22

We'll be live in Westminster and

Belfast to assess what happens next.

2:00:222:00:26

Good morning, it's Tuesday

the 5th of December.

2:00:402:00:42

Also this morning...

2:00:422:00:44

Parents are warned of the danger

of their children using live,

2:00:442:00:47

online streaming services,

after scores of men

2:00:472:00:49

are arrested in an operation

against child sex abuse.

2:00:492:00:53

A crisis in our oceans -

the United Nations warns

2:00:532:00:56

of irreparable damage caused

by a rising tide of plastic waste.

2:00:562:01:06

Good morning, today we are talking

about money because the school is

2:01:162:01:26

the centre of

2:01:262:01:36

excellence when it comes to

financial education. So...

See you

2:01:402:01:49

in a minute.

I'm talking about the

cricket.

I think this is like modern

2:01:492:01:54

art because you can't really see

what it is.

2:01:542:02:01

Could these be the UK's

toughest critics?

2:02:012:02:03

As the winner of the prestigious

Turner prize is announced we put

2:02:032:02:06

the condenders through their paces

with our very own panel of experts.

2:02:062:02:08

And Carol has the weather.

2:02:082:02:10

It will be turning unsettled but I

will have more on that in 15

2:02:102:02:12

minutes.

2:02:122:02:16

First, our main story.

2:02:162:02:18

Theresa May will meet

with her cabinet this morning

2:02:182:02:20

after returning from Brussels last

night with no deal to push

2:02:202:02:23

forward the Brexit talks.

2:02:232:02:24

Negotiations came to a halt

after the Democratic Unionist Party,

2:02:242:02:26

who support the Conservative

government, rejected a proposal

2:02:262:02:28

to avoid a hard border

between Northern Ireland

2:02:282:02:30

and the Republic.

2:02:302:02:32

We'll get reaction from our

Ireland Correspondent,

2:02:322:02:35

Chris Page in a moment,

but first, let's speak

2:02:352:02:37

to our Political Correspondent,

Iain Watson who is in Westminster

2:02:372:02:40

for us this morning.

2:02:402:02:45

If we didn't know already, these

Brexit talks are not simple in any

2:02:452:02:51

shape or form. I'm sure the Prime

Minister is aware of that.

2:02:512:02:58

Absolutely, keeping a brave face on

what happened yesterday. She has big

2:02:582:03:02

problems but I think at the moment

Downing Street think this may yet be

2:03:022:03:07

resolved and allowed trade talks to

begin when there is a meeting of all

2:03:072:03:11

of the EU leaders next week.

Basically the problem Theresa May

2:03:112:03:16

has is she called an election, she

lost a majority, she is dependent on

2:03:162:03:31

the DUP to prop her up and they are

not happy with a compromise that was

2:03:402:03:44

floated in negotiations yesterday.

They are worried it might in effect

2:03:442:03:46

creating internal border between

Northern Ireland and the rest of the

2:03:462:03:48

UK after Brexit. However Theresa May

also has to keep the Irish Republic

2:03:482:03:51

happy and otherwise they will veto

these talks so I will be highly

2:03:512:03:53

surprised if the Prime Minister

doesn't meet the DUP leader Arlene

2:03:532:03:55

Foster today. They are working on a

form of words which they help bridge

2:03:552:04:02

the gulf which seems to be opening

up.

Thank you for the moment.

2:04:022:04:09

Let's speak to our Ireland

Correspondent, Chris Paige.

2:04:092:04:11

It looks like the DUP

have scuppered the deal.

2:04:112:04:16

I wonder what the response has been

from other political parties in

2:04:162:04:20

Northern Ireland.

The view is the

DUP's intervention yesterday was a

2:04:202:04:26

highly significant moment and if you

look at the front pages in Belfast

2:04:262:04:29

it shows how things are going down.

The Belfast Telegraph talk about

2:04:292:04:34

Mayday, they say Theresa May is in a

corner. This newspaper talks about

2:04:342:04:43

the Brexit border breakdown. And

this one with the unionist Outlook

2:04:432:04:51

says "DUP says no". Questioned --

questions asked about how much the

2:04:512:05:04

DUP new. Other political parties

here who wants Northern Ireland to

2:05:042:05:08

stay in the single market would say

the DUP have not acted in the best

2:05:082:05:12

interests of Northern Ireland and

the government half to stand up to

2:05:122:05:16

them.

Thank you.

2:05:162:05:19

Within the last half hour it's been

announced that rail fares are set

2:05:192:05:22

to rise by an average of 3.4%.

2:05:222:05:24

The increase, which is below

the rate of inflation, will take

2:05:242:05:27

effect from January 2nd.

2:05:272:05:30

The group, which represents train

operators, said 97% of money

2:05:302:05:33

from fares goes back into improving

and running the railway.

2:05:332:05:36

Actually over the next 18 months

it's been a truly unprecedented time

2:05:362:05:45

of improvement which people will

start to see coming through. There

2:05:452:05:49

will be more trains and garages

across the country, more reliable,

2:05:492:05:54

more seats, exactly what customers

want. Allowing communities to be

2:05:542:05:58

connected across the country,

boosting growth and allowing better

2:05:582:06:02

jobs for people.

2:06:022:06:04

A total ban on plastic

waste entering the ocean

2:06:042:06:06

is being considered by environment

ministers from around the world

2:06:062:06:09

at a UN meeting in the Kenyan

capital Nairobi this week.

2:06:092:06:11

More than 8 million tonnes

of plastic is dumped

2:06:112:06:13

in the ocean annnually,

with China responsible

2:06:132:06:15

for around a quarter of it.

2:06:152:06:17

The UN has described the issue

as a planetary emergency.

2:06:172:06:23

Parents are being warned

about the dangers of live streaming

2:06:232:06:26

apps, after it emerged paedophiles

are using it to

2:06:262:06:28

manipulate their victims.

2:06:282:06:31

The caution from the National Crime

Agency follows a week-long

2:06:312:06:33

operation by UK authorities,

which led to the arrest of more

2:06:332:06:36

than 190 people for child

sexual abuse offences.

2:06:362:06:42

Zoe Hilton, Head of Safeguarding

for the Child Exploitation

2:06:422:06:44

and Online Protection Command,

explains how paedophiles

2:06:442:06:46

are using certain apps

to target children.

2:06:462:06:56

It offers offenders an immediate

connection to children, one-to-one.

2:06:582:07:03

It allows them to manipulate

children and young people, offer

2:07:032:07:07

them excitement, sympathy, emotional

connection, involve them with games

2:07:072:07:10

and trickery.

2:07:102:07:12

Senior judges in the United States

have ruled that President Donald

2:07:122:07:15

Trump's travel ban on six mainly

Muslim countries can

2:07:152:07:17

go into full effect,

pending legal challenges.

2:07:172:07:19

President Trump originally imposed

the ban on travellers from Chad,

2:07:192:07:21

Iran, Libya, Somalia,

Syria and Yemen in January,

2:07:212:07:23

prompting mass protests

and several legal challenges.

2:07:232:07:27

The Supreme Court has now ruled

by seven votes to two

2:07:272:07:29

in favour of the ban.

2:07:292:07:34

Up to one in five patients

are regularly missing GP

2:07:342:07:37

appointments, with younger people

being the worst offenders,

2:07:372:07:39

according to a new study

by The Lancet Public Health journal.

2:07:392:07:45

Three years ago, NHS England

estimated more than 12 million GP

2:07:452:07:47

appointments are missed every year

in the UK, costing in excess

2:07:472:07:51

of £162 million annually.

2:07:512:07:54

Here's our health

correspondent Dominic Hughes.

2:07:542:07:57

At a busy GP surgery

in Stockport, time is precious.

2:07:572:08:00

But 10% of the appointments

booked here are missed,

2:08:002:08:02

at around a cost of £60 each.

2:08:022:08:10

This GP believes it reflects

a changing attitude towards the NHS

2:08:102:08:12

among younger patients.

2:08:122:08:20

The NHS is now, for our younger

population, seen as a consumer

2:08:202:08:23

service, a bit like John Lewis.

2:08:232:08:26

So perhaps valued differently

to the way our older population

2:08:262:08:28

see the NHS.

2:08:282:08:38

So I can't think of the last time

one of my older patients ever

2:08:382:08:41

missed an appointment.

2:08:412:08:42

That judgment is backed up

by a new research on missed

2:08:422:08:45

appointments - patients aged 16-

30 are some of the most likely

2:08:452:08:48

to skip an appointment,

with one in five failing to show up

2:08:482:08:50

at their local surgery

more than twice.

2:08:502:08:52

Appointments that fell within a few

days were more likely to be missed

2:08:522:08:55

than those booked two

weeks in advance.

2:08:552:09:04

Some of the solutions might include

to better manage patients

2:09:042:09:07

who might not attend, so,

for example, that might mean giving

2:09:072:09:11

more patients on the day then up

to 2-3 days in advance.

2:09:112:09:14

Because we have a profile

of what those patients look

2:09:142:09:16

like who are more likely

to maintain, that is where

2:09:162:09:18

they can be targeted.

2:09:182:09:19

Missed appointments represent

a waste of time and money.

2:09:192:09:25

Changing the way we think

about the NHS might sustain

2:09:252:09:29

it into the future.

2:09:292:09:32

It's cheap, durable and has

revolutionised the way we live.

2:09:322:09:34

But it's also disposable,

and waste plastic is now

2:09:342:09:36

filling our seas and oceans

at an alarming rate.

2:09:362:09:39

Today ministers from 100 countries

are meeting at a United Nations

2:09:392:09:41

summit to tackle the problem.

2:09:412:09:44

In a moment we'll speak to one

of the organisers but first let's

2:09:442:09:47

get an idea of the scale

of the problem.

2:09:472:09:52

This is the situation described

by the United Nations

2:09:522:09:58

as a "planetary emergency".

2:09:582:09:59

An estimated eight millions tonnes

2:09:592:10:03

of plastic enters

the ocean every year.

2:10:032:10:09

It kills more than 1 million birds

and 100,000 sea mammals

2:10:092:10:11

and turtles annually.

2:10:112:10:12

We use 20 times more

plastic now than we did

2:10:122:10:15

in the 1960s and that figure

is likely to triple or even

2:10:152:10:18

quadruple over the next 30 years.

2:10:182:10:19

Whatever is agreed at this

week's conference will not

2:10:192:10:21

be legally binding, but the UN

hopes it will provide

2:10:212:10:26

guidelines on how to reduce plastic

through methods including taxation,

2:10:262:10:28

education and improved technology.

2:10:282:10:31

Lisa Svensson is the Director

for Ocean at the United Nations

2:10:312:10:34

Environment Programme,

which is hosting the summit

2:10:342:10:36

in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi.

2:10:362:10:37

She joins us from there now.

2:10:372:10:44

You have called it a planetary

emergency, why have you called it

2:10:442:10:47

that and what do you mean by that?

It's the way we have developed in

2:10:472:10:54

the last couple of decades. If you

look at south-east Asia with the

2:10:542:10:59

growing economic growth which is

very unsustainable, as I said

2:10:592:11:05

initially plastic has been used for

packaging for this sort of

2:11:052:11:11

productivity but we haven't thought

about how plastic ends up. Most of

2:11:112:11:15

it ends up in the ocean, and what

the consequences will be. If you

2:11:152:11:21

actually think about the number you

mentioned, everyone minute there is

2:11:212:11:26

a garbage truck of plastic into the

ocean so this tremendous trash dump,

2:11:262:11:32

we see the ocean not as a resource

and the benefit it gives us it has

2:11:322:11:39

been seen as totally waste and this

is what we need to change. And if we

2:11:392:11:43

think about economic growth, we have

come to the rest of the world, which

2:11:432:11:48

we are hoping for, how will their

production and the plastic issue be

2:11:482:11:53

handled when it comes to continents

like Africa which has a tremendous

2:11:532:11:58

population growth. Numbers show that

every minute, 80 people will be

2:11:582:12:05

added to the African continent. Of

course we want Africa to be part of

2:12:052:12:10

the growth, but how do we make sure

it is sustainable that uses

2:12:102:12:17

resources. We hope the ocean will

feed the planet and give energy so

2:12:172:12:22

rather than see it as something that

is far out, use its resources to

2:12:222:12:29

benefit our economies. It is a cast

-- catastrophe.

What would be the

2:12:292:12:41

most effective way to tackle this?

Is it about productivity and

2:12:412:12:46

changing our whole mindset about

what we use plastic fork?

There is

2:12:462:12:50

not just one solution to this

problem, we have to work on so many

2:12:502:12:55

different levels. Here in Nairobi

today it is a governmental meeting,

2:12:552:12:59

that the need to have a strong

direction from the Government on

2:12:592:13:03

giving us and environment to work on

this issue. The Government can do

2:13:032:13:13

taxes but we also need to work with

the other sectors including the

2:13:132:13:20

business sector. The private sector

wants to be part of this solution

2:13:202:13:22

and we need to come up with a

solution for what they can do

2:13:222:13:26

tomorrow and medium and long-term.

And society to drive the change,

2:13:262:13:32

look at local communities, as well

as media clearly a responsibility.

2:13:322:13:38

As we have here, get the message out

to the public audience and change

2:13:382:13:42

behaviour. Consumers and even

private individuals can make the

2:13:422:13:45

change even today right after this

programme.

So many people in our

2:13:452:13:51

audience are watching a documentary

at the moment called Blue Planet,

2:13:512:13:55

and we have seen the effect on

marine life of plastics. You are

2:13:552:14:03

talking about ministers and so on

but you really think individuals can

2:14:032:14:06

start making a difference?

Absolutely, it obviously depends

2:14:062:14:11

where you are in the world and this

weekend we were in Kenya and we saw

2:14:112:14:17

how the local communities really

engaged in the problem. Of course

2:14:172:14:23

turtles, just an animal, but an

indicator of what is going on in the

2:14:232:14:28

ocean so helping to rescue them

because they are eating plastic,

2:14:282:14:32

they get it in their stomach, then

let it out and let them out in

2:14:322:14:38

nature again. That is one example.

If you live in another part of the

2:14:382:14:44

world such as England or northern

Sweden or Europe you can stop using

2:14:442:14:51

unnecessary plastic like drinking

straws. There are so many

2:14:512:14:57

alternatives to daily plastic. That

is a simple thing to do, and of

2:14:572:15:02

course we want to work on a

long-term redesign stop plastic

2:15:022:15:07

coming out, sewage 's, all of the

systemic thinking solutions to the

2:15:072:15:12

problem.

Lisa Svensson, thank you

for joining us.

2:15:122:15:21

It's 8.15am.

2:15:212:15:21

You're watching

Breakfast from BBC News.

2:15:212:15:23

The main stories:

2:15:232:15:24

The Prime Minister will brief her

Cabinet this morning

2:15:242:15:26

after returning from Brussels

without a deal to push

2:15:262:15:28

forward the Brexit talks.

2:15:282:15:31

The world's environment ministers

are gathered in Kenya,

2:15:312:15:33

debating what to do about plastic

waste in our oceans.

2:15:332:15:37

Here's Carol with a look

at this morning's weather.

2:15:422:15:46

If you are planning something for

the weekend pay attention one and

2:15:512:15:54

all.

2:15:542:15:57

As we head towards the end of the

week, it will turn colder. Some of

2:15:592:16:02

us will see some snow. It is mild.

There is a lot of cloud around

2:16:022:16:06

today. One or two brighter breaks.

From tomorrow, it turns wetter and

2:16:062:16:09

windier and then the end of the week

and into the weekend, turning colder

2:16:092:16:14

with snow at low levels for some

parts of the UK. You can see a lot

2:16:142:16:18

of cloud this morning. Some breaks

developing here and there. There are

2:16:182:16:22

showers mainly on the hills

particularly Snowdonia and the

2:16:222:16:25

Pennines and through the day we will

see heavier and more persistent rain

2:16:252:16:30

arrive in north-west Scotland. Where

you see the breaks further south

2:16:302:16:34

develop, they will be trance yet.

The cloud will be coming and going.

2:16:342:16:38

Temperatures roughly where they

should be at this stage in December.

2:16:382:16:40

The best of the breaks in England

will be across the north-east and in

2:16:402:16:44

Scotland across the east and the

north-east. Elsewhere, as we drift

2:16:442:16:47

over towards the west through Wales

and north-west England and Northern

2:16:472:16:50

Ireland, a lot of cloud. Transient

breaks and then we have got rain and

2:16:502:16:56

also strengthening winds. That will

be with us as we head through the

2:16:562:17:00

night. Quite a windy night

generally. A lot of cloud. Where the

2:17:002:17:06

cloud thins and breaks, we should

see the odd pocket of fog. We

2:17:062:17:11

shouldn't have problems with frost

with temperatures between six and

2:17:112:17:13

nine Celsius. So we start tomorrow

on a relatively dry note. Again, a

2:17:132:17:18

relatively mild note. But still

windy. Here is our first band of

2:17:182:17:21

rain across Scotland. The second one

comes in from the west, moving east

2:17:212:17:25

through the course of the day and

then a third one follows in behind

2:17:252:17:29

it to Northern Ireland. At this

stage we are in the milder air.

2:17:292:17:32

Again, temperatures nine to about 12

Celsius. Then things start to really

2:17:322:17:37

change. Here are our two weather

fronts producing rain, moving

2:17:372:17:41

swiftly through and being driven on

in the wind and if you look at the

2:17:412:17:46

isobars, this is Wednesday night and

into Thursday morning, the chart

2:17:462:17:50

finishes at eight o'clock. The

isobars are close together. It will

2:17:502:17:54

be windy wherever you are. There

will be gales in the west, but where

2:17:542:17:57

we have got the squeeze on the

isobars across northern and north

2:17:572:18:01

Western Scotland we could have gusts

80mph or so. Storm force winds.

2:18:012:18:05

Something to bear in mind if you are

travelling. The other thing is the

2:18:052:18:09

wind is coming from a cold

direction. The showers will be

2:18:092:18:12

falling even at lower levels as snow

in the north-west. The rain rattles

2:18:122:18:17

through accompanied by the strong

winds through the South East of

2:18:172:18:21

England, clearing, leaving behind it

a dry day. Still a windy day. Still

2:18:212:18:25

blustery with showers coming in in

the west. Some of those will be

2:18:252:18:28

wintry. Starting to accumulate away

from the coasts and then as we move

2:18:282:18:33

through the rest of Thursday and

into Friday, the milder conditions

2:18:332:18:36

in the south are pushed away by this

colder air coming our way from the

2:18:362:18:41

north-west and that's what will

bring in some snow showers as we

2:18:412:18:44

head through Friday and into the

weekend for some of us, Dan and Lou.

2:18:442:18:49

Thank you very much indeed, Carol.

I'm going on a bike ride.

2:18:512:18:58

Perhaps no one other

than Barack Obama's body guards

2:19:002:19:03

followed his every move

while he was President,

2:19:032:19:05

in the way Pete Souza did

for eight years in his role

2:19:052:19:07

as the President's

official photographer.

2:19:072:19:09

Covering everything from flights

on Air Force One, to the tense

2:19:092:19:11

anxiety in the situation room

during the raid on Osama bin Laden,

2:19:112:19:14

through to a meeting with a future

King, Prince George,

2:19:142:19:17

Pete captured the

Commander-in-Chief's

2:19:172:19:18

life on celluloid.

2:19:182:19:19

Let's take a look.

2:19:192:19:24

MUSIC.

2:19:412:19:46

Some amazing pictures.

2:20:242:20:26

And the man responsible for those

images, Pete Souza, joins us now

2:20:262:20:29

from our London newsroom.

2:20:292:20:30

Thank you very much for coming on

and talking to us on BBC Breakfast

2:20:302:20:34

this morning. We will take a look

through those pictures that you have

2:20:342:20:37

taken and many people have seen. Can

you give us an idea of the ground

2:20:372:20:40

rules? What are you allowed to take

pictures of?

Anything, anywhere.

2:20:402:20:48

That was one thing I asked for in

terms of truly documenting the

2:20:482:20:53

presidency for history I needed to

have that unfettered access. So,

2:20:532:20:57

essentially I did.

I think you didn't take a day off in

2:20:572:21:02

all of those, in the years you were

working for him. The pictures are

2:21:022:21:07

beautiful and what I love about it,

you caught so much about the man

2:21:072:21:10

himself that we don't see. You're in

some ways behind the camera and he

2:21:102:21:17

seems very charismatic and

personable. Give us an idea of what

2:21:172:21:20

you were trying to capture?

I was

trying to capture the authentic

2:21:202:21:25

person, not just him as president,

but him as a person and a human

2:21:252:21:29

being and I think because I had the

trust, he gave me access to

2:21:292:21:37

essentially everything he did. In my

job I looked at trying to capture

2:21:372:21:40

the authentic moments as they

happened.

One of those authentic

2:21:402:21:44

moments is the image which is the

most liked on Twitter of all time.

2:21:442:21:48

We'll show our viewers that this

morning. This is President Obama

2:21:482:21:52

talking to a nursery school children

in Maryland back from 2011 and the

2:21:522:21:57

quote on this was, "No one is born

hating another person because of the

2:21:572:22:01

colour of his skin or his background

or his religion." This is after the

2:22:012:22:08

events in sharl lots vil. When you

took that, did you know it was going

2:22:082:22:11

to be a powerful image?

This picture

was taken in 2013 or 20138. He had

2:22:112:22:18

gone to a parent teacher meeting at

Sasha's school. He saw the kids

2:22:182:22:26

hanging out the window, but it

didn't gain notoriety until this

2:22:262:22:30

year when President Obama and the

former president used it and

2:22:302:22:36

commenting about sharl lots vil.

It

is a stunning image. There is

2:22:362:22:39

another one of the president with

Angela Merkel. Talk us through this

2:22:392:22:43

one. I think it reminds you of the

musical and I can see why!

Well, in

2:22:432:22:49

my public presentations I joke that

he was at the remake of the Sound Of

2:22:492:22:56

Music, but it was at a G20 summit in

Germany and they were about to do a

2:22:562:23:00

photo with all the leaders and he

happened to sit down first and

2:23:002:23:05

Angela Merkel came over to talk to

him and it is reminiscent of the

2:23:052:23:11

Sound Of Music.

I think she is

telling him to forward every stream

2:23:112:23:15

at that moment! We have another one

of President Obama at the resolute

2:23:152:23:19

desk which is the same desk that

President Reagan used. A man you

2:23:192:23:24

also took photographs of during his

time in office. Would you be able to

2:23:242:23:28

compare their styles and

personalities. Where they similar

2:23:282:23:30

presidents in any ways?

The one

similarity between the two of them,

2:23:302:23:35

they were both even keeled. They had

an even temper. It would take a lot

2:23:352:23:40

to get each of them riled up. That

was the biggest similarity. The

2:23:402:23:44

differences were, you know, I was a

young man when I photographed

2:23:442:23:48

President Reagan and he was in his

mid to late 70s and you know with

2:23:482:23:52

President Obama we had a much

younger president, of course, I had

2:23:522:23:56

been through a lot in my career so,

you know, it's hard to compare the

2:23:562:24:02

two, but I find that their

personalities, having, you know,

2:24:022:24:08

been even tempered was very similar.

We are familiar with lots of your

2:24:082:24:13

photos including this one which we

can show you which was the situation

2:24:132:24:16

and I'm sure many of you will

remember this during the Osama Bin

2:24:162:24:21

Laden raid. I mean when you were in

that situation, what are you

2:24:212:24:25

thinking? It's an extremely serious

moment and in some ways historic as

2:24:252:24:31

well?

I mean that's one of the cases

where I knew that day was going to

2:24:312:24:35

be historic, whether it turned out

good or bad, I knew history was

2:24:352:24:39

taking place right before my eyes

and all I'm doing is trying to

2:24:392:24:45

capture the essential mood of the

moment and that was unusual in that

2:24:452:24:50

they had already made their decision

and there was nothing they could do

2:24:502:24:54

really to affect the outcome other

than watch what happened, but they

2:24:542:24:58

couldn't effect what was going on on

the ground. That's why you see the

2:24:582:25:02

tension and anxiety on their faces

because they were helpless for the

2:25:022:25:05

most part.

You had a high level of

clearance. I wonder in a position

2:25:052:25:09

like that, are you listening at the

same time as watching? Obviously,

2:25:092:25:13

there is some quite high level

discussions which must take place in

2:25:132:25:17

rooms like that where you are and

looking for the key picture at any

2:25:172:25:21

time?

Well, I mean I'm listening in

terms of the general discussion. So

2:25:212:25:27

I can hopefully authentically

document what's taking place. I

2:25:272:25:32

couldn't recall specific

conversations, but I had a sense of

2:25:322:25:35

what was taking place.

I want to show viewers another one

2:25:352:25:39

that they will be familiar with when

Obama met Prince George. This is a

2:25:392:25:45

really, it's a sweet photograph

this, isn't it?

Yes. This is a

2:25:452:25:50

two-year-old Prince George. I think

he was two at the time wearing his

2:25:502:25:53

little bath robe which a lot of

people appreciated and then I also

2:25:532:25:57

had pictures ever him later on

playing with a rocking horse that

2:25:572:26:01

the Obamas had given him.

And also,

of course, you took pictures of his

2:26:012:26:08

grandmother dancing with John

Travolta?

Yes, that's kind of crazy

2:26:082:26:11

really. There is 30 years apart and

it is the book ends of my White

2:26:112:26:16

House career, you know, the one with

Princess Diana dancing with John

2:26:162:26:22

Travolta in 1985 and then last year

with Prince George meeting President

2:26:222:26:27

Obama at Windsor Castle.

You can see

the Reagans in the background of

2:26:272:26:31

that as well. I know you did this

job for eight years with President

2:26:312:26:34

Obama and interesting, I read that

you had said you wouldn't have

2:26:342:26:38

stayed on with either Trump or

Hillary Clinton depending on who

2:26:382:26:42

would have won, what was your reason

for that?

Because I was born out!

2:26:422:26:48

LAUGHTER

It's a really taxing job on your

2:26:482:26:50

personal and family life. So, eight

years was long enough.

2:26:502:26:54

I can imagine and they are fabulous

photos. Pete Souza thank you very

2:26:542:26:58

much for talking to us. The book, it

is really insightful, isn't it? It

2:26:582:27:03

is called Obama An Intimate in

photographs. Here is some news and

2:27:032:27:15

travel and weather wherever you are

watching this morning. See you in a

2:27:152:30:36

newsroom in half an hour.

2:30:362:30:37

Plenty more on our website.

2:30:372:30:38

Hello, this is Breakfast

with Dan Walker and Louise Minchin.

2:30:432:30:51

The headlines:

2:30:512:30:52

Theresa May will brief

the Cabinet this morning,

2:30:522:30:54

after returning from Brussels

where a much-anticipated deal

2:30:542:30:56

with the EU to advance the Brexit

talks failed to materialise.

2:30:562:30:59

Discussions stalled yesterday

when Northern Ireland's

2:30:592:31:00

Democratic Unionist Party,

who support the government

2:31:002:31:02

in Westminster, rejected a proposed

solution to avoid a hard border

2:31:022:31:05

between Northern Ireland

and the Republic.

2:31:052:31:13

Within the last hour it's been

announced that rail fares are set

2:31:132:31:16

to rise by an average of 3.4%.

2:31:162:31:18

The increase, which is below

the rate of inflation, will take

2:31:182:31:21

effect from January the second.

2:31:212:31:24

The group which represents train

operators said 97% of money

2:31:242:31:26

from fares goes back into improving

and running the railway.

2:31:262:31:31

A total ban on plastic

waste entering the ocean

2:31:312:31:33

is being considered by environment

ministers from around the world

2:31:332:31:36

at a UN meeting in the Kenyan

capital Nairobi this week.

2:31:362:31:40

More than 8 million tonnes

of plastic is dumped

2:31:402:31:42

in the ocean annnually,

with China responsible

2:31:422:31:44

for around a quarter of it.

2:31:442:31:48

The UN has described the issue

as a 'planetary emergency'.

2:31:482:31:53

New research shows that nearly

a fifth of patients are regularly

2:31:532:31:56

missing GP appointments.

2:31:562:32:03

The study, published in the journal,

The Lancet Public Health,

2:32:032:32:06

says that poorer, younger men living

in affluent areas are

2:32:062:32:08

the least likely to turn up.

2:32:082:32:10

The problem's estimated

to cost the NHS at least

2:32:102:32:12

£162 million a year.

2:32:122:32:18

Senior judges in the United States

have ruled that President Donald

2:32:182:32:21

Trump's travel ban on 6 mainly

Muslim countries can

2:32:212:32:23

go into full effect,

pending legal challenges.

2:32:232:32:25

President Trump originally imposed

the ban on travellers from Chad,

2:32:252:32:28

Iran, Libya, Somalia,

Syria and Yemen in January,

2:32:282:32:30

prompting mass protests

and several legal challenges.

2:32:302:32:33

The Supreme Court has now ruled

by seven votes to two

2:32:332:32:35

in favour of the ban.

2:32:352:32:38

A 14-year-old boy has been charged

with causing the death of an elderly

2:32:382:32:41

woman by dangerous driving.

2:32:412:32:43

May Laidlaw, who was 78,

was struck by a motorbike

2:32:432:32:46

in Liverpool on Saturday.

2:32:462:32:48

The teenager is also

accused of failing to stop

2:32:482:32:50

at the scene of a collision

and driving without insurance.

2:32:502:32:58

Campaigning for snap elections

in Catalonia begins today,

2:32:582:32:59

following the constitutional crisis

sparked by a declaration

2:32:592:33:01

of independence.

2:33:012:33:10

The ousted Catalan leader,

Carles Puigdemont, says he will try

2:33:102:33:12

and win voters from Brussels,

where he fled fearing arrest.

2:33:122:33:15

The deposed vice president

will campaign from jail

2:33:152:33:17

after a judge refused

to give him bail.

2:33:172:33:23

We were showing the pictures of an

American Stadium yesterday which was

2:33:232:33:28

defying odds and remaining standing

after several explosions have failed

2:33:282:33:32

to demolish it. Was this the first

go?

2:33:322:33:38

This is the second. They are trying

to get rid of the top level. And

2:33:382:33:42

they have been successful. This is

the former home of the Detroit

2:33:422:33:46

Lions. The demolition company said a

wiring issues were the culprit.

2:33:462:33:54

The's failed attempt. Did they just

forget them entirely? It doesn't

2:33:542:33:59

matter how many times you see it, it

is still mesmerising, isn't it? I

2:33:592:34:04

know there are reasons why, I know

it seems wasteful, but I know it

2:34:042:34:07

isn't for many reasons.

All of the cricket information with

2:34:072:34:12

Sally. An Toby Roland-Jones will be

here later.

2:34:122:34:17

Victoria Derbyshire is on at 9

o'clock this morning on BBC2.

2:34:172:34:20

Let's find out what's

on the programme today.

2:34:202:34:22

She is the second contestant voted

out of the jungle. Kezia Dugdale

2:34:222:34:25

tells us it was worth it and she

knows she now has to make amends

2:34:252:34:29

with Labour colleagues and voters

for the decision to take part in I'm

2:34:292:34:35

A Celebrity. Join us later.

2:34:352:34:41

That brings you up to date.

2:34:412:34:42

Coming up on Breakfast

this morning...

2:34:422:34:44

From political memes

to chicken nuggets.

2:34:442:34:46

We'll talk to Twitter about this

year's top re-tweets.

2:34:462:34:50

We'll also discuss if children

as young as five should be taught

2:34:502:34:52

about saving and borrowing money.

2:34:522:34:59

It looks like a potato with a face

helmet on it.

2:34:592:35:06

And, we've sent our

mini judges to tell us

2:35:062:35:08

what they think of this year's

Turner Prize entries,

2:35:082:35:10

before the winner of the prestigious

prize is announced tonight.

2:35:102:35:12

All that still to come.

2:35:122:35:14

But first let's get the sport

with Sally Nugent...

2:35:142:35:19

And an update on the Ashes, what are

we looking at? Potential triumph.

2:35:192:35:24

Come on!

Hangeland other potential.

2:35:242:35:29

You do not need to give me any more

positivity. -- hang on, I said

2:35:292:35:35

potential. I'm a bit more realistic.

It is a simple figure. Quite a big

2:35:352:35:42

one. It is 354, that is what England

need to win.

2:35:422:35:47

Wickets have been tumbling

in Adelaide today.

2:35:472:35:48

Lots of Australians,

but some English ones too.

2:35:482:35:50

There is a faint glimmer of hope

for England's cricketers

2:35:502:35:53

but it may be fading.

2:35:532:35:55

James Anderson finished with five

wickets as Australia

2:35:552:35:57

were bowled out for 138.

2:35:572:35:59

That means England have a chance,

354 would win the second test

2:35:592:36:02

and level the Ashes series.

2:36:022:36:07

They started well -

53 for the first wicket.

2:36:072:36:12

But, Alastair Cook has been given

out leg before wicket

2:36:122:36:15

after Australia reviewed

the umpires' decision.

2:36:152:36:16

One run later Mark

Stoneman was also out.

2:36:162:36:18

They were 68-2 when they went

off for their dinner.

2:36:182:36:22

And are just back out now.

2:36:222:36:30

Toby Roland-Jones, actually, you

should be there. He joins us this

2:36:302:36:37

morning. Good morning.

Good morning.

You should be there.

I certainly

2:36:372:36:43

would like to be. It's been nice to

watch a more positive day for

2:36:432:36:47

England.

OK. Explain why you are not

there.

I suffered a stress fracture

2:36:472:36:57

in my lower back in the penultimate

game of the season for Middlesex.

2:36:572:37:00

Not ideal timing on an injury which

requires lots of rest and recovery.

2:37:002:37:07

I'm on the mend now and back

training and bowling. And targeting

2:37:072:37:11

a return in the New Year.

What do

you make of down's positivity this

2:37:112:37:15

morning?

Don't smash me down.

In fairness to

2:37:152:37:21

England, they've given people a

reason to be positive. They have

2:37:212:37:24

shown a lot of fight. I think it's

important to have that belief in the

2:37:242:37:30

team. And I am with him, to be

honest.

Are you frustrated, we can

2:37:302:37:35

see a fight now, but where was it a

couple of days ago?

It is

2:37:352:37:39

frustrating to see a performance

like that and you question if it is

2:37:392:37:44

that day late. They've certainly

given themselves a chance. They

2:37:442:37:50

probably did not think they had a

chance in this Test match. It

2:37:502:37:54

remains an uphill struggle, but it

is something that whatever happens

2:37:542:37:57

in this Test match they can look to

take confidence from it and

2:37:572:38:01

hopefully for the rest of the

series.

Lots of people talking about

2:38:012:38:06

decisions. Joe Root's decision to

put the Australians into bat.

2:38:062:38:09

Everybody said that was a terrible

choice. Steve Smith's decision not

2:38:092:38:14

to make England follow-on. The pitch

looks relatively flat. It doesn't

2:38:142:38:18

look like it is doing much. I

basically building up to the fact

2:38:182:38:23

that England are in a good position.

If they can hold on and stay at the

2:38:232:38:27

crease there is more of a chance

isn't there?

Absolutely. A lot has

2:38:272:38:31

been said. The follow-on with Smith,

watching another board acted under

2:38:312:38:37

the lights, that got put under a lot

of scrutiny. Probably rightly so.

2:38:372:38:43

England have the trickiest part of

the day coming up with those lights

2:38:432:38:47

coming on. Hopefully they've taken

the new ball, but it'll certainly be

2:38:472:38:51

the hardest time right now. I think

this is going to be a decisive

2:38:512:38:56

session.

Would you explain why it is

the hardest time to bat now wants

2:38:562:39:00

the lights come on?

When the lights

come on it seems to bring extra

2:39:002:39:05

moisture to the surface. As a result

the ball certainly seems to move a

2:39:052:39:11

little bit more off the pitch, if

you like, and as a batsman it is the

2:39:112:39:18

hardest thing to react to. In

Australia that happens less. It

2:39:182:39:23

offers a challenge which, as we saw

last night, can prove tricky.

Is it

2:39:232:39:28

just harder to see, as well?

There

is certainly that. Lights on, glad,

2:39:282:39:33

and you have a pink ball which is

coming down at you 90 mph, bit of a

2:39:332:39:39

flash. It certainly brings something

different. Watching it has been a

2:39:392:39:46

great spectacle and an advert for

the day night tests.

What will the

2:39:462:39:49

atmosphere be like at the moment,

and the chatter?

Having played at

2:39:492:39:54

the Edgbaston won this year, the day

night, that was certainly the best

2:39:542:39:58

atmosphere I played in front of.

I

mean the team.

Well, as far as that

2:39:582:40:04

goes, I mean, there has been a lot

spoken of. In this test England have

2:40:042:40:09

looked to react to a bit of the

Australian aggression which has come

2:40:092:40:15

their way. Now England are batting

last it is coming out in pretty hard

2:40:152:40:20

right now.

The reason why it is so

pivotal. If England lose this test

2:40:202:40:25

they are 2-0 down in a five match

series. If they can level things up

2:40:252:40:29

it changes the complexion of the

whole series, doesn't it?

2:40:292:40:31

Absolutely. Also in a way England

would have done it, Australia would

2:40:312:40:39

have been confident after the first

couple of days play. If they can

2:40:392:40:43

find a way to turn this around it

puts the ball firmly into England's

2:40:432:40:48

court with regards to momentum.

There was scope of a turnaround. 2-0

2:40:482:40:53

is a tricky place to come back from.

There are definitely signs that this

2:40:532:40:59

England team could really compete

with the Australians. Trouble is

2:40:592:41:02

they are struggling to put it

together for five days in a row at

2:41:022:41:05

the moment.

Thanks very much.

I know there is very little chance!

2:41:052:41:10

We are all optimistic now!

Very few teams win from this

2:41:102:41:17

position, it is rare...

Records are

there to be broken.

Jess!

2:41:172:41:21

We will see. -- yes!

2:41:212:41:27

Arsenal will begin the defence

of their FA Cup title with a a trip

2:41:282:41:31

to Nottingham Forest.

2:41:312:41:32

Liverpool will play Everton

at Anfield in the pick

2:41:322:41:35

of the third round ties.

2:41:352:41:36

Elsewhere Middlesbrough

take on Sunderland.

2:41:362:41:37

To see all the fixtures,

go to the BBC sport website.

2:41:372:41:40

Nine years late but Britain's Kelly

Sotherton is to be awarded a bronze

2:41:402:41:43

medal from the 2008 Olympic Games.

2:41:432:41:44

It comes after Russian heptathlete

Tatyana Chernova lost an appeal

2:41:442:41:47

against a doping violation.

2:41:472:41:48

Sotherton originally finished

fifth but as two athletes

2:41:482:41:50

have now had their scores annulled

Sotherton will now offically be

2:41:502:41:53

awarded third place.

2:41:532:41:54

She won Heptathlon bronze four years

previously in Athens.

2:41:542:42:02

We will know later if Russia will be

banned from the Winter Olympics.

2:42:022:42:08

They missed Rio because of

state-sponsored doping.

2:42:082:42:19

Our correspondent is in Lausanne

awaiting the decision. What people

2:42:192:42:27

expecting today?

Potentially a moment -- momentous

2:42:272:42:34

decision today. Things get underway

in two months' time. This is one of

2:42:342:42:41

the Olympic superpower is in danger

from being banned from an Olympic

2:42:412:42:45

Games because of doping violations.

That's never happened before.

2:42:452:42:48

Professor Richard McLaren released a

report commissioned by the

2:42:482:42:52

anti-doping agency in which the

professor accused Russia of

2:42:522:43:00

state-sponsored doping. He said it

reached its peak at the sort you

2:43:002:43:03

Winter games where Russia topped the

medals table. He said an elaborate

2:43:032:43:07

system was in place to protect

Russian drug cheats. The IOC at the

2:43:072:43:11

time was not convinced. The time was

not convinced. They commissioned

2:43:112:43:13

their own investigation. One of the

investigations has cooperated the

2:43:132:43:20

findings. At the second enquiry is

crucial because it examines the

2:43:202:43:24

wider issue of state-sponsored

doping. Whether it went all the way

2:43:242:43:28

up to the sports ministry, even

Vladimir Putin himself. The IOC will

2:43:282:43:32

also hear from a Russian delegation

before it makes its decision

2:43:322:43:36

sometime later this afternoon.

Would a potential ban be fair on

2:43:362:43:41

clean athletes?

That's the big debate around this.

2:43:412:43:46

Before the Rio Olympics the IOC were

faced with a similar decision.

2:43:462:43:53

Thomas back left and up to the

individual sports federations to

2:43:532:43:56

make decisions. He said individuals

shouldn't be held responsible for

2:43:562:44:01

what has gone on. His opinion might

have changed. It showed signs of

2:44:012:44:05

changing since then. It has hardened

against Russia. The evidence is

2:44:052:44:10

mounting up. Now the pressure is on

for the IOC to get really tough with

2:44:102:44:14

Russia. We will find out what they

do, what decision they make, later

2:44:142:44:18

this afternoon.

Thanks very much. I

know it is cold there, but he was

2:44:182:44:24

frozen for a lot of that.

CHUCKLES

2:44:242:44:28

Apologies for the technical problems

there.

2:44:282:44:29

We could hear him.

That's all that matters, stay

2:44:292:44:33

positive, that's what we like.

Always.

2:44:332:44:36

Tonight it's the Turner Prize,

the UK's best-known art award.

2:44:362:44:39

Previous winners have

included Damien Hirst,

2:44:392:44:40

Grayson Perry and Steve McQueen.

2:44:402:44:41

For the first time it's

being held in Hull as part

2:44:412:44:44

of its year as City of Culture.

2:44:442:44:46

Rather than simply previewing

the four nominees up

2:44:462:44:48

for the £25,000 prize,

we decided to create our own contest

2:44:482:44:51

by asking a group of

primary-school children

2:44:512:44:53

to decide who would be

a worthy winner.

2:44:532:44:55

Our arts and entertainment

correspondent Colin Paterson went

2:44:552:44:56

to meet the judges

of the Tiny Turner.

2:44:562:45:06

We are here to judge

the Tiny Turner!

2:45:062:45:12

12 of Britain's most

honest art critics.

2:45:122:45:16

Their task - examine the work

of the four Turner Prize nominees

2:45:162:45:22

and pick their favourite.

2:45:222:45:24

This is the Tiny Turner.

2:45:242:45:29

First to be examined by

our junior judges, Lubaina Himid.

2:45:292:45:33

I don't get this one.

2:45:332:45:35

It's like made out of like wood.

2:45:352:45:37

She paints on everyday materials

to explore black identity.

2:45:372:45:40

I like how she's put

wooden pieces into it.

2:45:402:45:44

And she just loves art.

2:45:442:45:51

I think the message is to

use your recycling things

2:45:512:45:53

to make better

things for other people.

2:45:532:45:56

She says slavery would

have been a big thing

2:45:562:45:59

back in the olden days.

2:45:592:46:03

Next, Rosalind Nashashibi,

who works primarily in film.

2:46:032:46:07

Vivian's Garden depicts a mother

and daughter in Guatemala.

2:46:072:46:12

To be honest, I thought

it was really random.

2:46:122:46:15

The movie was quite interesting,

but not that much.

2:46:152:46:17

There was like dogs fighting

and somebody walking along.

2:46:172:46:24

And there was a lot of people

having an argument.

2:46:242:46:30

How did it make you feel?

2:46:302:46:31

It made me feel sad.

2:46:312:46:36

Time to move on to Hurvin Anderson.

2:46:362:46:39

I think this is like modern art.

2:46:392:46:41

Cos you can't really see what it is.

2:46:412:46:46

His paintings explore themes

of memory, identity and nationhood.

2:46:462:46:50

I like all the paintings because

all of them are very colourful.

2:46:502:46:54

I like the pictures

because they have a lot of detail

2:46:542:46:58

on them, it took a long time

for the artist who made it.

2:46:582:47:04

This one is very cool.

2:47:042:47:06

It's like nature.

2:47:062:47:07

And I kind of like nature.

2:47:072:47:10

I have tried to grow flowers

in my garden, but I failed.

2:47:102:47:15

And the final contender,

Andrea Buttner.

2:47:152:47:19

The hand looks like fish and chips.

2:47:192:47:21

Or maybe dinosaur hands.

2:47:212:47:24

She often chooses subjects

which are overlooked and undervalued

2:47:242:47:26

within contemporary art.

2:47:262:47:29

That looks like a potato.

2:47:292:47:32

And like a police helmet on it.

2:47:322:47:37

I don't really like them,

2:47:372:47:38

because they are kind of creepy

with their pointy fingers.

2:47:382:47:41

I really like this one, because

it looks like Darth Vader helmets,

2:47:412:47:44

and I really like Star Wars.

2:47:442:47:49

Time for the judges

to gather around

2:47:492:47:53

and pick the winner

of the first ever Tiny Turner.

2:47:532:47:57

Andrea Buttner.

2:47:572:47:58

Four!

2:47:582:48:00

Rosalind Nashashibi.

2:48:002:48:03

Five.

2:48:032:48:05

Lubaina Himid.

2:48:052:48:06

Six!

2:48:062:48:08

And Hurvin Anderson.

2:48:082:48:10

Ten!

2:48:102:48:13

Yes, a clear victory

for the 52-year-old from Birmingham.

2:48:132:48:16

And the reason behind

the judges' choice?

2:48:162:48:19

I like Hurvin Anderson's paintings

because it's full of nature.

2:48:192:48:22

Because he has nice, bright colours.

2:48:222:48:26

The painting makes me

think of Minecraft.

2:48:262:48:27

Find out if the actual Turner Prize

goes the same way tonight.

2:48:272:48:31

Tiny Turner!

2:48:312:48:32

Colin Paterson, BBC News, Hull.

2:48:322:48:42

Brilliant judges!

I think they should actually judge

2:48:452:48:46

it.

2:48:462:48:48

And there will be live coverage

of the Turner Prize announcement

2:48:482:48:51

on the BBC News Channel

from 9:30 this evening.

2:48:512:48:55

I am sure we will have more on

Breakfast tomorrow.

2:48:552:48:59

Here's Carol with a look

at this morning's weather.

2:48:592:49:06

A fairly mild start to the day, some

10s in the forecast today, but the

2:49:072:49:14

temperature will drop, into Thursday

particularly windy, and as it turns

2:49:142:49:17

colder into the weekend, some of us

will see some snow even at lower

2:49:172:49:22

levels, but of course not all of us.

A cloudy start, a few showers dotted

2:49:222:49:27

around, some breaks in the cloud,

but most fairly transient. Then the

2:49:272:49:33

rain setting in across northern and

western Scotland, and it will be

2:49:332:49:36

accompanied by a strengthening wind.

So that is the scenario for Scotland

2:49:362:49:40

this afternoon, the brightest breaks

in the East, north-east England,

2:49:402:49:45

transient breaks across the north

coast of Northern Ireland, but there

2:49:452:49:48

is a lot of cloud as we traversed

further south. Having said that,

2:49:482:49:53

some brighter breaks, but the cloud

will come and go through the day,

2:49:532:49:57

like it did yesterday. Top

temperatures up to about ten or 11

2:49:572:50:02

at Celsius. As we had through the

evening and overnight, we continue

2:50:022:50:06

with the rain across the North West

of Scotland, blustery for the rest

2:50:062:50:10

of us, quite a lot of cloud with the

odd shower across the south-west and

2:50:102:50:15

Wales. Where the cloud breaks,

pockets of fog forming, certainly no

2:50:152:50:19

issues with frost, lose 6-9 Celsius.

Tomorrow, a relatively dry start, a

2:50:192:50:28

front in the north, a second one

coming from the West, being blown

2:50:282:50:31

along quite quickly with the wind

strength, and then another one

2:50:312:50:36

following on behind across western

Scotland and Northern Ireland. If we

2:50:362:50:40

look at the pressure chart, these

are the culprits, the fronts

2:50:402:50:45

continuing to drift overnight into

the south-eastern corner, but the

2:50:452:50:50

isobars, stopping at eight o'clock

on Thursday morning, it will be

2:50:502:50:54

windy wherever you are, gales in the

West, and with a squeeze across the

2:50:542:50:58

North West of Scotland and also the

north of Scotland, looking at gusts

2:50:582:51:03

up to 80 mph, so storm force winds,

bear that in mind if you are

2:51:032:51:07

travelling. Coming from a northerly

direction, so wintry weather across

2:51:072:51:15

the north-west, and that wet and

windy weather rattles into the near

2:51:152:51:19

continent, leaving dry weather

behind. Temperatures coming down in

2:51:192:51:22

the north of the country, some

wintry showers, and away from the

2:51:222:51:27

coast, again, we start to see a

tumour late. Through the rest of the

2:51:272:51:32

week, Thursday into Friday, the

weekend, the cold air winds out,

2:51:322:51:35

pushing out milder air in the south.

Again, looking at a wind chill

2:51:352:51:40

through the weekend, lots of dry

weather to start with, but a

2:51:402:51:44

peppering of wintry showers will be

a mixture of hail, sleet and some

2:51:442:51:48

snow, but more snow across the West,

and away from the coast, it will be

2:51:482:51:53

lying, and it will feel cold. Plus

three in Newcastle will feel more

2:51:532:51:59

like minus three. All change through

the week.

2:51:592:52:03

We have me have to make changes to

our plans! Minus temperatures all

2:52:052:52:09

over the place there.

2:52:092:52:11

A quarter of people in the UK

experience a mental health problem

2:52:112:52:14

each year, but many still struggle

to talk openly about what they are

2:52:142:52:17

feeling and experiencing.

2:52:172:52:18

Now four young people have

recorded their personal battles

2:52:182:52:20

with conditions such as depression

and anxiety for a documentary

2:52:202:52:23

by BBC Radio 1's Newsbeat

to try to get others talking too.

2:52:232:52:27

We're joined now by Mat,

2:52:272:52:28

who speaks frankly about the impact

alcohol has on his anxiety,

2:52:282:52:31

and Laura, who has set herself

2:52:312:52:33

monthly goals to help

battle anorexia.

2:52:332:52:39

Good morning to you both, we are

talking about talking about mental

2:52:392:52:45

health - we know from experience of

having other people on the sofa that

2:52:452:52:49

can be difficult at times, it is

great to have you here to talk about

2:52:492:52:53

this. Laura, your battles with

anorexia, how long have you

2:52:532:52:57

struggled with it for, and much of a

strain has it been?

So I have

2:52:572:53:02

struggled with anorexia for about

three years, I first started to

2:53:022:53:06

notice a problem a year into it, I

started quite overweight, and I just

2:53:062:53:10

wanted to lose some weight

healthily, so I started exercising

2:53:102:53:14

and eating well. And it was great at

first, I got really healthy, and

2:53:142:53:20

about a year into it, when I was

probably, you know, at my

2:53:202:53:24

healthiest, I started to notice that

it was more of a compulsion and a

2:53:242:53:28

restriction, rather than a healthy

eating plan. That is when I started

2:53:282:53:32

to realise that I couldn't eat or do

anything without intense,

2:53:322:53:37

overwhelming guilt. And that is what

the eating disorder is, nothing to

2:53:372:53:41

do with the weight. Even overweight,

I still had those thoughts, and I

2:53:412:53:47

can see that now looking back. Since

then, I have been trying to get

2:53:472:53:52

myself better, but as I started

spiralling down, I realised it was

2:53:522:53:55

getting worse, and it was the guilt

and the control, and it is almost an

2:53:552:54:00

addiction.

What helps you?

What

helps me is my business, I live and

2:54:002:54:07

breathe my job, my photography, I

adore it, I have an incredible

2:54:072:54:12

support network around me, family,

friends and partner are all

2:54:122:54:15

incredible, and so understanding,

and they are the ones that get me

2:54:152:54:20

out of bed every day.

And from your

perspective, when did you first saw

2:54:202:54:24

the realise he was struggling with

anxiety?

Yeah, it was years ago, I

2:54:242:54:31

was in the Navy at the time, working

in the dockyard, and I had this

2:54:312:54:36

overwhelming compression of my

chest, I felt very emotional, I

2:54:362:54:40

started crying. I remember running

through the dockyard uncontrollably,

2:54:402:54:44

I couldn't understand why, I thought

I had gone mad. I went to see one of

2:54:442:54:49

the doctors on base, I got some

counselling, I thought it was the

2:54:492:54:54

Navy that caused it, but when I left

and became a civilian, it still

2:54:542:54:58

grabbed me, and I just thought,

yeah, maybe I struggle more than I

2:54:582:55:04

thought. It can be debilitating at

times, but other times it makes me

2:55:042:55:08

who I am, so people love me for who

I am, so I don't want to change.

2:55:082:55:13

That is a very good point. I know

you have both taken part in this

2:55:132:55:18

year-long documentary, which is

really helpful for people going

2:55:182:55:20

through similar things. You have

filmed yourself having a panic

2:55:202:55:24

attack. I want to give people at

home a warning, you may find this

2:55:242:55:29

distressing, so you come to this,

and it is important that people see

2:55:292:55:33

this perhaps?

It is hard, because

you never know when it is going to

2:55:332:55:42

happen, but I was sitting on my

couch when it happened, and you

2:55:422:55:45

could feel it coming on, your heart

starts racing, you breathe deeply,

2:55:452:55:47

so I set my phone up and put it on

my lap, and then obviously it

2:55:472:55:52

happened from there. It was one of

the hardest things I had to do,

2:55:522:55:55

knowing so many people would have to

see it.

OK, thank you, here it is.

2:55:552:56:03

HE SOBS.

2:56:032:56:06

Oh, Mat, how long does that last for

you?

It feels like it last a

2:56:112:56:16

lifetime while it is going, you feel

like you are having a heart attack,

2:56:162:56:21

but then you will notice when you

watch it, I have to say, after a

2:56:212:56:24

minute or so I start to calm down,

and then I start crying for about 20

2:56:242:56:28

minutes. But fortunately I don't

have lots of them. They are quite

2:56:282:56:34

sporadic. But when I do have them,

it can be... Fortunately, I have got

2:56:342:56:40

a good support network, my mum, dad,

sister and friends. It is huge.

2:56:402:56:48

Laura, you have been talking about

monthly challenges, what is your

2:56:482:56:52

challenge this month?

I am going

travelling at the end of the month,

2:56:522:56:55

so at the moment it is just to buy

clothes - that sounds strange, like

2:56:552:57:01

the most simple thing, but a huge

part of this is not wanting to do

2:57:012:57:05

anything for your self, and you

spend your whole time focusing on

2:57:052:57:08

making other people happy, so it was

something I just wanted to do for

2:57:082:57:14

myself, get myself back into adult

clothes again and treat myself to

2:57:142:57:19

something ready for this travelling

I am doing.

Do you find that the

2:57:192:57:22

setting of goals is helpful, for the

way you deal with what is going on

2:57:222:57:26

with you?

Absolutely, it is not

going to work for everybody, but it

2:57:262:57:30

is working for me, to focus on

something that was not all of the

2:57:302:57:34

negative sides of it, so even if it

is just a small goals, it is an

2:57:342:57:38

achievement, rather than the

achievement of how many calories I

2:57:382:57:42

can burn, or how long I can spend on

a cross trainer, or how little I can

2:57:422:57:46

eat or whatever it is that day. This

was a new way of trying to find

2:57:462:57:51

myself again, as cheesy as that

sounds!

It is not cheesy. Not at

2:57:512:57:56

all. Thank you. From your

perspective, Mat, you have this

2:57:562:58:02

important network around you, but

watching that video, it must give

2:58:022:58:05

people who do not know what you are

going through an idea of how it

2:58:052:58:09

affects you, and just buy you being

here, taking part in the

2:58:092:58:12

documentary, as you say, it might

help someone get the opportunity to

2:58:122:58:17

speak to somebody going through the

same process.

Well, that it, I am

2:58:172:58:22

very open about it in every realm of

life, and work, with friends, and

2:58:222:58:27

social media, and a few lives

serving in the Navy have said to me,

2:58:272:58:31

if were not for you, I wouldn't know

what to do. But it is nice to help

2:58:312:58:37

some biddy I don't know.

And if you

see somebody having a panic attack,

2:58:372:58:43

what is your advice?

Just do what

they want, if they just want you to

2:58:432:58:47

be by them, just let them support

you, don't say, you will be better

2:58:472:58:51

in a minute, that is properly the

worst thing you can say.

Very handy

2:58:512:58:55

advice as well, thank you both very

much.

Thanks for having us.

2:58:552:59:03

You can watch My Mind And Me

on the BBC iPlayer.

2:59:032:59:11

There might have been no wicket in

the cricket, but I don't want to

2:59:112:59:15

talk about it...

CHUCKLES

2:59:152:59:18

England are 92-3, yes...

2:59:182:59:20

This week, Steph has been looking

at how children learn about money.

2:59:202:59:23

This morning she's gone to meet

a primary school that's teaching

2:59:232:59:26

kids as young as five

about the world of finance.

2:59:262:59:29

These children are absolutely

fantastic. Good morning.

2:59:292:59:31

Good morning and welcome

to Sacred Heart Primary in Gorton.

2:59:312:59:36

We are talking about?

Money!

2:59:362:59:41

These guys have been learning

about money in their classes,

2:59:412:59:43

and this school has been awarded

a centre of excellence on the topic.

2:59:432:59:46

There is a school of thought that

this should be compulsory in the

2:59:462:59:50

education system which doesn't exist

in England at the moment. Tell us

2:59:502:59:54

what you've been doing, Gloria?

We've been learning about different

2:59:543:00:01

currencies and symbols.

We can see

that there. What else have you been

3:00:013:00:05

learning about?

About credit cards

and how to keep safe online, as

3:00:053:00:10

well.

Really important stuff. We're

going to chat to Mrs O'Dwyer. This

3:00:103:00:14

starts from a young age, doesn't it?

You start at nursery level, don't

3:00:143:00:19

you?

Our children started in

September. We've looked at money,

3:00:193:00:23

coins, the shapes, the sizes, how do

we keep it safe. Over their school

3:00:233:00:29

life here through the programme they

will learn about managing money, the

3:00:293:00:32

feelings about money, and making

good, wise, safe money choices.

You

3:00:323:00:39

don't have to do this, it's

compulsory, but you have chosen to

3:00:393:00:42

do it. Why have you made the choice?

As adults we know the importance of

3:00:423:00:47

money and how we need to make wise,

educated choices about it. We see

3:00:473:00:50

the importance of starting as young

as three. We deliver the programme

3:00:503:00:55

all the way up to year six, getting

them ready for secondary school when

3:00:553:00:59

they go there.

Thanks very much. I

joined one of their lessons early in

3:00:593:01:03

the week, take a look at this.

3:01:033:01:06

Good morning, year six, and welcome

to your young money lesson.

3:01:063:01:09

We have a very special student

in today, OK, we have Steph,

3:01:093:01:11

can everyone welcome Steph?

3:01:113:01:12

Good morning, Steph!

3:01:123:01:14

Morning, everyone!

3:01:143:01:15

Today, year six, we are going to be

looking at foreign currency.

3:01:153:01:19

Talk to the person on your

table about what other

3:01:193:01:21

currencies you know.

3:01:213:01:23

Can you tell me the official

name of the currency

3:01:233:01:25

we use in Great Britain?

3:01:253:01:28

Do you know?

3:01:283:01:31

OK, well done, Steph,

a little drawing on there,

3:01:313:01:33

a symbol on there as well.

3:01:333:01:36

What country uses lira?

3:01:363:01:37

Go on.

3:01:373:01:38

Turkey.

3:01:383:01:39

Turkey, yeah, Turkey

use lira, Turkish lira.

3:01:393:01:41

OK, this table, give me one.

3:01:413:01:42

Guys, do you like this class?

3:01:423:01:44

Yeah!

3:01:443:01:45

We learn about, like, how to save

money and what to do with it.

3:01:453:01:50

And do you think that is useful?

3:01:503:01:52

Yeah, for later on in life.

3:01:523:01:56

It helps you learn maths,

and I want to know, like,

3:01:563:01:59

if I'm travelling somewhere,

I want to know how much I need

3:01:593:02:01

and the conversions.

3:02:013:02:09

I help with my grandma,

because she's Polish,

3:02:093:02:12

and she sometimes asks me

about pounds, "Is that £5,

3:02:123:02:16

is that 15, is that 20?"

3:02:163:02:17

So I tell her in English.

3:02:173:02:19

Oh, that is lovely, good.

3:02:193:02:21

Right, guys, I've got

to go back to work.

3:02:213:02:26

Before I go, can you remember, what

do I need if I'm going to Spain?

3:02:263:02:30

Euros!

3:02:303:02:31

Brilliant!

3:02:313:02:32

What about America?

3:02:323:02:33

Dollars!

3:02:333:02:34

Thank you, see you!

3:02:343:02:35

Bye!

3:02:353:02:43

Seriously clever and happy kids

there. Let's talk more about this.

3:02:433:02:48

Russell and Jane joined me. Tell us

what it is like, the wider picture

3:02:483:02:55

of financial education.

It is

embedded in the curriculum for

3:02:553:02:58

Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland,

throughout all phases of education.

3:02:583:03:01

For England we have a situation

where it is embedded into secondary,

3:03:013:03:06

but not within primary, which is

really important.

Why is it so

3:03:063:03:10

important?

That learning begins from

an early age. Money experiences

3:03:103:03:16

begin from age three, and habits are

beginning to be formed by age seven.

3:03:163:03:20

It's crucial you begin financial

education within primary schools.

3:03:203:03:25

Personal finance blog, Jane, what

are your thoughts on this?

We know

3:03:253:03:30

there are a lot of young people in

debt now. There is a survey by the

3:03:303:03:35

young woman's trust this year which

found that a quarter of 18 to

3:03:353:03:39

30-year-olds are permanently in

debt. That suggests that we need to

3:03:393:03:45

get people educated about debt as

soon as possible. Before they fall

3:03:453:03:50

into trouble.

And you think it

should partly be something to do

3:03:503:03:57

with the parents, pocket money,

things like that.

That's right.

3:03:573:04:01

Schools can only do so much. Parents

can reinforce at home by giving

3:04:013:04:06

pocket money, helping kids to down

like a Budget that. Simple things

3:04:063:04:11

like taking them to the supermarket,

asking them if they can find out the

3:04:113:04:15

best deal. -- helping kids to

3:04:153:04:22

this is a centre of excellence, this

school.

It's in a deprived

3:04:253:04:29

Are we doing enough to get young

people educated on finance?

A huge

3:04:323:04:38

amount goes on. Even primary schools

where it isn't on the curriculum,

3:04:383:04:42

there many that are doing this. What

we need to target are those who are

3:04:423:04:46

not and really show them how it can

be done. Make it easy for teachers,

3:04:463:04:51

and headteachers. And we need a more

co-ordinated approach for primary

3:04:513:04:55

schools. And secondary schools, as

well. The national curriculum, that

3:04:553:05:00

doesn't apply for academies and free

schools. That is over 50% of our

3:05:003:05:04

secondary schools now, so we need to

develop that and embed it into all

3:05:043:05:10

schools.

That put these guys to the

test. Are you ready? I would like

3:05:103:05:15

you to draw the symbol of the

dollar. Go on. Well done. Excellent,

3:05:153:05:20

Gloria. Can you do the symbol for

yen? Look at that! Final one, Euro.

3:05:203:05:31

Speed Demons, look at that. Amazing.

Thank you. They are so clever, these

3:05:313:05:37

guys. Thank you so much for letting

me into your school this morning.

3:05:373:05:40

They've actually got to go and do

lessons now. They have been here

3:05:403:05:44

since six o'clock this morning. A

couple of pieces of toast has got

3:05:443:05:48

them through it. Shall we say

goodbye to everyone?

Goodbye!

3:05:483:05:56

Brilliant. Thanks for letting us be

in the classroom.

3:05:563:06:01

She organises her fellow humans like

nobody else on the planet.

3:06:013:06:05

She would make a wonderful teacher,

but we are keeping her.

3:06:053:06:09

Yes.

3:06:093:06:09

Let's take a last, brief

look at the headlines

3:06:093:06:12

where you are this morning.

3:06:123:06:13

We will be back in a moment to

3:06:133:07:50

-- at lunch.

3:07:503:07:51

Are you addicted to social media?

I think maybe. I think we both are.

3:07:593:08:07

You might be slightly more.

It's a very important way of finding

3:08:073:08:12

out what is going on in the world.

That is what I tell my family.

3:08:123:08:16

In the UK alone, the social media

platform has more than 26 million

3:08:163:08:20

users who send half

a billion tweets a day.

3:08:203:08:22

But what are the most

memorable ones?

3:08:223:08:24

Let's take a look at some

of the most popular tweets

3:08:243:08:26

in the UK from this year.

3:08:263:08:29

At number three...

3:08:323:08:35

Following the tragic terror attack

on Manchester back in May, the tweet

3:08:403:08:44

by pop singer Arianna Granda whose

pop concert was targeted is the

3:08:443:08:48

second most retweeted in the UK this

year.

3:08:483:08:52

Finally, Carter Wilkinson holds the

record for the most retweeted tweet

3:08:523:08:56

of 2017. That is in the UK and of

all time. He asked his 100 followers

3:08:563:09:03

to help him win a lifetime supply of

chicken nuggets from a fast food

3:09:033:09:07

chain if he got to 18 million

retweets. To date, he has 3.6

3:09:073:09:12

million. Just 15.4 million to go...

I want him to get there.

3:09:123:09:20

He might make it today.

3:09:203:09:21

David Wilding, director of planning

at Twitter UK, welcome.

3:09:213:09:25

The once we were looking at are the

most retweeted in the UK. -- the

3:09:253:09:30

ones.

That's right, of 2017.

They

could not be more different, those

3:09:303:09:39

top three.

It reflects the breadth

of things you see on Twitter. Almost

3:09:393:09:46

inexplicable, nuggs for Carter. It

caught people's imagination. It is

3:09:463:09:53

the most retweeted of the year. He

has got his chicken nuggets. 115,000

3:09:533:09:58

followers now on twitter.

He started

with 100.

Yes, and he has become a

3:09:583:10:05

star.

What I notice about social

media, and Twitter this year, people

3:10:053:10:09

are talking about stories that

haven't come from famous faces. They

3:10:093:10:14

are every man and every woman

tweets, campaigns, something which

3:10:143:10:18

strikes a nerve at the right moment

and goes viral.

That's right. What

3:10:183:10:24

we see this year is the tweet that

made the top ten reflect the year we

3:10:243:10:27

have had. It's been a difficult year

for a number of people. You saw the

3:10:273:10:33

tweet on the top three, the Arianna

Granda a tweet, for example, which

3:10:333:10:38

struck a nerve. People felt very raw

after the Manchester attacks. --

3:10:383:10:46

Ariana Grande. We saw things like

rooms for Manchester, people

3:10:463:10:53

offering rooms. People share how

they are feeling. There is a sense

3:10:533:10:56

of community, as well.

There is

other social media available, I know

3:10:563:11:00

we are talking a lot about Twitter.

CHUCKLES

3:11:003:11:04

When something starts taking off, do

you have an alert system? Are you

3:11:043:11:09

thinking what is going on? How does

it work from your point of view?

3:11:093:11:13

Sometimes it is something we can

predict. But sometimes you see

3:11:133:11:17

inexplicable tweet in the top ten.

It's a combination of both. It helps

3:11:173:11:21

to have a lot of followers. We also

have people in our top ten, I think

3:11:213:11:27

with the fewest amount of followers

somebody had he made the top ten was

3:11:273:11:32

46. It's quite remarkable that by

really capturing the moment as that

3:11:323:11:38

particular tweeter did, the person

was called Fiona, and it was about

3:11:383:11:46

spotting the signs of cancer with

her tweet.

I got a tweet from Niall

3:11:463:12:00

from One Direction. He had a go at

me, I went back at him, then his

3:12:003:12:06

army of fans went at me. I had to

come off twitter. It was carnage.

3:12:063:12:12

Some things to talk about. The blue

tick. That has come under criticism.

3:12:123:12:19

This is for verified users. It tends

to be for celebrities, journalists,

3:12:193:12:24

people along those lines.

We are

reviewing it at the moment. It

3:12:243:12:30

started out to authenticate that you

are who you say you are. What has

3:12:303:12:34

happened is people has taken it as a

sign of endorsement from Twitter.

3:12:343:12:38

There have been some incidences

where we have had to look at it

3:12:383:12:41

again. We will be working on that

again very soon.

Are you saying that

3:12:413:12:47

it is not an endorsement?

I think we

have caused confusion about how we

3:12:473:12:51

have applied the rule. We will be

providing clear guidelines on the

3:12:513:12:57

way it is about authentication of

who you are, essentially.

As the

3:12:573:13:00

president made you think about that?

It interesting. He did not feature

3:13:003:13:06

in our top three. He is not the most

followed President on twitter, which

3:13:063:13:10

I'm sure, much to his chagrin. Obama

has twice as many followers as he

3:13:103:13:16

does. We have users from across the

political spectrum.

Might you remove

3:13:163:13:24

some blue ticks?

We have from

certain individuals. We are

3:13:243:13:28

reviewing the whole thing.

Good to

talk to you. He doesn't follow us,

3:13:283:13:33

he told us

3:13:333:13:33

he told us that.

CHUCKLES

3:13:333:13:34

Thanks very much. It's OK, we are

not hurt.

3:13:343:13:38

That's all from us this morning.

3:13:383:13:40

We'll both be back

tomorrow from six.

3:13:403:13:42

Now it's time for Island Medics,

which takes us behind the scenes

3:13:423:13:44