09/01/2018 Breakfast


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09/01/2018

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LineFromTo

Hello, this is Breakfast,

with Dan Walker and Louise Minchin.

0:00:060:00:10

Theresa May's reshuffle

doesn't quite go to plan,

0:00:100:00:12

as the Health Secretary resists

a move and the Education Secretary

0:00:120:00:15

quits.

0:00:150:00:19

Justine Greening refused

the offer of a new job.

0:00:190:00:22

The Prime Minister will

announce more junior

0:00:220:00:24

appointments later today.

0:00:240:00:43

Good morning, it is

Tuesday 9 January.

0:00:430:00:45

Also this morning: North Korea

agrees to send a team

0:00:450:00:47

to the Winter Olympics in the South,

after the first high-level talks

0:00:470:00:51

for more than two years.

0:00:510:00:52

Smacking children could

be banned in Wales.

0:00:520:00:54

The Welsh Government has launched

a consultation on the plans.

0:00:540:00:58

Retailers haven't had the Christmas

they were hoping for,

0:00:580:01:00

with the weakest growth in non-food

sales since records began.

0:01:000:01:03

I'm looking at who were

the winners and losers.

0:01:030:01:06

In sport: A first

for English football.

0:01:060:01:08

The video assistant referee system

is used as Brighton beat

0:01:080:01:11

Crystal Palace 2-1 in

the FA Cup third round.

0:01:110:01:19

I am in Las Vegas for the greatest

gadget show on Earth. There are

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humanoid robots, self driving taxis.

There is even a suitcase which

0:01:260:01:30

follows you around the airport.

0:01:300:01:31

And Carol has the weather.

0:01:310:01:36

Good morning. It is not as exciting

as that. Today what we have is a

0:01:360:01:41

fairly cloudy, grey day ahead. Some

brightness and parts of the west,

0:01:410:01:45

and later the wind will strengthen

and we will see some rain arrive.

0:01:450:01:49

Further details in 15 minutes.

0:01:490:01:50

Good morning.

0:01:500:01:51

First, our main story:

The Education Secretary,

0:01:510:01:53

Justine Greening, has resigned

from the Government after refusing

0:01:530:01:56

a job as Work and Pensions Secretary

in Theresa May's Cabinet reshuffle.

0:01:560:01:59

It is also understood that

Jeremy Hunt was asked to become

0:01:590:02:02

business secretary, but persuaded

the Prime Minister to keep him

0:02:020:02:04

at the Department of Health.

0:02:040:02:06

Theresa May is expected to make more

changes to her Cabinet later today.

0:02:060:02:09

Leila Nathoo reports.

0:02:090:02:11

Are you confident of

staying in Government?

0:02:110:02:19

After a day of few surprises,

it was Education Secretary

0:02:190:02:26

Justine Greening who threw

the biggest spanner in the works

0:02:260:02:29

of Theresa May's cautious plans,

emerging from Downing Street

0:02:290:02:32

having quit the Government,

rather than move to take charge

0:02:320:02:35

of welfare, as she was asked to do.

0:02:350:02:37

And it is understood

the Health Secretary,

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Jeremy Hunt, who was also in line

for a move, this time to business,

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successfully argued

to stay where he was.

0:02:430:02:45

A reshuffle designed to breathe

new life into the Government did see

0:02:450:02:48

a few switch jobs,

a handful promoted.

0:02:480:02:50

But there was no movement

in the top positions,

0:02:500:02:52

and the Cabinet make-up

is largely unchanged.

0:02:520:02:56

Though there was a shakeup of staff

in charge of running

0:02:560:02:59

the Conservative Party,

to try to broaden its appeal

0:02:590:03:01

and revive the Tory

electoral machine.

0:03:010:03:04

Now, on day two of the reshuffle,

Theresa May's focus turns

0:03:040:03:07

to the junior ministerial roles.

0:03:070:03:09

Number Ten says the Prime Minister

will promote young talent

0:03:090:03:11

from the backbenches.

0:03:110:03:12

Downing Street is promising

the new ministerial team will be

0:03:120:03:17

more diverse, with more women

and MPs from minority backgrounds,

0:03:170:03:20

so it better reflects the country.

0:03:200:03:21

Our political correspondent

Alex Forsyth is in Westminster this

0:03:210:03:24

morning.

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These were long discussions last

night, and they are still not over.

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What do you make of what she has

been able to do and not able to do?

0:03:330:03:38

Well, this was never meant to be

some grand, dramatic transformation

0:03:380:03:42

of the Cabinet. There was never any

expectation that the big beasts, the

0:03:420:03:47

Foreign Secretary, the Chancellor or

the Home Secretary, would be moved.

0:03:470:03:50

But this was meant to be reset

moment and in two really. The first,

0:03:500:03:56

a chance for Theresa May to put the

troubles of the last 12 months

0:03:560:03:59

behind her, come back into the new

Year, stamping her authority and her

0:03:590:04:03

grip on government. And to try and

make the Conservative Party more

0:04:030:04:07

representative. It is pretty clear

that it didn't go exactly to plan.

0:04:070:04:11

Justine Greening leaving the

government and Jeremy Hunt

0:04:110:04:14

apparently refusing to move. Now,

Theresa May will not be the first or

0:04:140:04:18

last prime minister not to conduct a

reshuffle in exactly the way she had

0:04:180:04:22

hoped. But rather than tighten her

grip on the government, it shows she

0:04:220:04:26

is still constrained. And at the end

of the day, the Cabinet doesn't

0:04:260:04:30

really look that different. As my

colleague was saying, she was

0:04:300:04:35

expecting some more junior

appointments today, designed to be

0:04:350:04:39

more diverse and more reflective of

the country. Downing Street will be

0:04:390:04:42

hoping today goes more smoothly.

0:04:420:04:44

And at 7:10am we will be

talking to the new Chairman

0:04:440:04:47

of the Conservative

Party, Brandon Lewis.

0:04:470:04:49

South Korea has proposed holding

reunions during next month's

0:04:490:04:51

Winter Olympics for families

divided by the Korean War.

0:04:510:04:53

North and South are holding

their first official talks in more

0:04:530:04:56

than two years.

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Separated families are one

of the most emotive legacies

0:04:570:05:00

of the conflict,

which began in 1950.

0:05:000:05:02

And, in the next half-hour,

we will be talking to our news

0:05:020:05:05

reporter in Seoul about

the significance of the talks.

0:05:050:05:15

Parents in Wales could be banned

from smacking their children,

0:05:150:05:18

under new plans.

0:05:180:05:18

The Welsh Government

is consulting on the changes,

0:05:180:05:21

and people will be given 12 weeks

to make their views known.

0:05:210:05:24

Scotland is in the process

of introducing a similar ban.

0:05:240:05:27

Dan Johnson reports.

0:05:270:05:30

If it goes ahead, Wales would become

the second part of the UK to

0:05:300:05:37

effectively banned smacking, by

removing the defence of reasonable

0:05:370:05:40

punishment. After a decision to

change the law in Scotland last

0:05:400:05:45

year, the government in Wales

believes it is now long overdue. And

0:05:450:05:48

that many more parents now will say

that the approach to positive

0:05:480:05:52

parenting, not using physical

punishment, is what they do as a

0:05:520:05:55

matter of course. But I think it

will make that the absolute norm

0:05:550:05:59

right across society, to show that

physical punishment of children is

0:05:590:06:02

not only not necessary, but

shouldn't be allowed. So there will

0:06:020:06:06

be a 12 week consultation for people

across Wales to have their say.

No,

0:06:060:06:10

I don't think it is appropriate to

smack children, because I don't

0:06:100:06:14

think it is productive, really. I

don't think that stops them from

0:06:140:06:18

their having a certain way.

A little

tap like that on the hand I don't

0:06:180:06:22

think is terrible, but no, not...

Not, you no, a big whack.

If you are

0:06:220:06:29

teaching them not to be violent or

hit people, you shouldn't it them. I

0:06:290:06:34

guess, hypocritical.

A move to ban

smacking it already has the support

0:06:340:06:38

of the children's commissioner in

Wales, and charities like the NSPCC.

0:06:380:06:45

High street shops suffered a big

fall in sales in the run-up

0:06:450:06:48

to Christmas, although retailers

fared much better online.

0:06:480:06:50

Steph is here to tell us more.

0:06:500:06:52

Steph, how bad was it?

0:06:520:06:58

It is really interesting, this,

because when you actually look at

0:06:580:07:02

the figures, it looks like we have

been spending a lot more money on

0:07:020:07:06

food, and it is not because we have

been buying a lot more food but

0:07:060:07:10

because it has cost a lot more

money. That has meant because we

0:07:100:07:14

spent more on the rising cost of

food we have had less money to spend

0:07:140:07:18

on the things we normally buy at

Christmas. So we might not spend as

0:07:180:07:22

much on presents this year, or maybe

clothes for parties, that kind of

0:07:220:07:25

thing. Which means the supermarkets

have done quite well, but the

0:07:250:07:28

clothes retailers, the non-food

retailers, the likes of Debenhams,

0:07:280:07:33

have really been hit by this. So if

you look at some of the figures on

0:07:330:07:42

it, yesterday Mothercare saw their

shares fall to a record low, and

0:07:420:07:46

that is because they have had to put

out another warning. Similarly,

0:07:460:07:50

Debenhams has seen their share price

fall because of it as well. And it

0:07:500:07:55

is because the businesses with a big

online presence tend to do better

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than those which don't, and the big

department stores like Debenhams,

0:07:590:08:02

which are on high streets, which

have struggled, have seen their

0:08:020:08:06

sales be hit as well. But looking at

the figures, food sales were up by

0:08:060:08:10

just over 4% but non-food sales were

down by nearly 4%. So it shows that

0:08:100:08:16

that has really impacted the fact

that our food has cost a lot more,

0:08:160:08:21

meaning we don't have as much money

for everything else.

0:08:210:08:24

Five men and a woman have been

charged with being members

0:08:240:08:27

of the banned neo-Nazi

group National Action.

0:08:270:08:29

They will appear before

Westminster Magistrates later today.

0:08:290:08:31

National Action became the first

far-right group to be banned

0:08:310:08:33

in the UK, in December 2016,

after the Home Secretary,

0:08:330:08:36

Amber Rudd, said it was promoting

violence and acts of terrorism.

0:08:360:08:44

A UK-wide ban on the manufacturing

of cosmetics and care products

0:08:440:08:47

containing microbeads has

come into force today,

0:08:470:08:49

in an attempt to cut down

on the amount of plastic

0:08:490:08:52

in our oceans.

0:08:520:08:53

The beads that are used in hundreds

of facewashes and shower gels

0:08:530:08:56

are often ingested by sea animals,

and even end up entering

0:08:560:08:59

our food chain.

0:08:590:09:00

It will be followed by a wider ban

on the sale of products containing

0:09:000:09:04

microbeads later in the year.

0:09:040:09:09

The warning is very clear -

never work in television

0:09:090:09:12

with children and animals.

0:09:120:09:13

But this reporter clearly

hasn't heard the advice.

0:09:130:09:15

Alex Dunlop was filming a report

at Banham Zoo, in Norfolk.

0:09:150:09:18

But, as he attempted to tell

the story, the zoo's lemurs decided

0:09:180:09:21

that this was their moment of fame.

0:09:210:09:36

They are everywhere!

I think they

think he is a tree, don't they?

0:09:360:09:41

Maybe it is the colour of his

jumper, his jumper is a bit lemur

0:09:410:09:46

like, isn't it? And he remained

composed. I think he was all right

0:09:460:09:54

in the end. Otherwise we wouldn't

have shown it. And we were talking

0:09:540:09:59

yesterday about video assistant

refereeing.

We finally got a phrase

0:09:590:10:04

right.

And the call came through.

It

was in place. They did consult the

0:10:040:10:10

video assistant referee, but they

never actually reviewed it. It was

0:10:100:10:15

in controversial at all, really?

Palace fans are up in arms about why

0:10:150:10:21

have the review and not properly use

it? There are all kinds of teachers

0:10:210:10:26

on the back pages. Football fans

like to have their say about whether

0:10:260:10:30

the referee has got things right --

all kinds of pictures. One of the

0:10:300:10:34

criticisms of VAR is it made dumb

the game down, as there is no debate

0:10:340:10:42

about the referee's decision. But

still debate about the VAR referee's

0:10:420:10:47

decision.

0:10:470:10:48

An English football first last night

- the video assistant referee system

0:10:480:10:51

was in action as Brighton beat

Crystal Palace 2-1 in the FA

0:10:510:10:55

Cup third round.

0:10:550:10:55

Glenn Murray scored a late

winner for Brighton.

0:10:550:10:58

Referee Andre Marriner did consult

with the video referee team,

0:10:580:11:00

to see if Murray had handled

the ball over the line,

0:11:000:11:03

but concluded that he hadn't.

0:11:030:11:05

And Brighton will face Middlesbrough

in the fourth round.

0:11:050:11:07

The pick of the ties sees League two

Yeovil Town welcome 12-time winners

0:11:070:11:11

Manchester United.

0:11:110:11:12

The full draw is on

the BBC Sport website.

0:11:120:11:17

Liverpool fans, look away now.

0:11:170:11:18

Philippe Coutinho completed

his record-breaking

0:11:180:11:19

transfer to Barcelona.

0:11:190:11:22

He did thank his former side,

though, saying he would always have

0:11:220:11:25

Liverpool in his heart.

0:11:250:11:27

Andy Murray hopes to be playing

again by the summer,

0:11:270:11:30

after hip surgery in Melbourne.

0:11:300:11:31

He posted this on social media,

saying he is looking forward

0:11:310:11:34

to starting rehab.

0:11:340:11:35

The former world number one has not

played competitively

0:11:350:11:38

since he was knocked out

of Wimbledon last July.

0:11:380:11:45

He is hoping to be back for the

grasscourt season, which is

0:11:450:11:50

obviously queens, Wimbledon again.

So looking at about June. The

0:11:500:11:56

surgery seems to have gone well, and

the surgeon seems optimistic about

0:11:560:12:00

his chances.

He was wobbling around

at Wimbledon, is it part of the same

0:12:000:12:07

problem?

Yes, it is his right hip he

had an operation on. He had an

0:12:070:12:11

operation at the end of last year on

his growing, but this is the major

0:12:110:12:16

operation he has been trying to

avoid. He has gone for it and so he

0:12:160:12:20

will have to take some time off. He

says he wants to play in front of

0:12:200:12:24

his daughter.

He has been quite

honest, hasn't he, about how he

0:12:240:12:29

feels on how incredibly frustrating

it is.

It must be, mustn't it?

0:12:290:12:34

Especially since all of Britain's

hopes are pinned on Andy Murray, and

0:12:340:12:38

we don't have anyone representing

Great Britain at the Australian

0:12:380:12:42

Open, or at the French.

Back for the

grass season.

Fingers crossed.

0:12:420:12:47

You are watching

Breakfast from BBC News.

0:12:470:12:49

The main stories this morning:

The Education Secretary,

0:12:490:12:51

Justine Greening, has resigned

from the Government,

0:12:510:12:53

after refusing a job as Work

and Pensions Secretary

0:12:530:12:56

in Theresa May's Cabinet reshuffle.

0:12:560:12:57

South Korea has proposed holding

reunions during next month's

0:12:570:12:59

Winter Olympics for families

divided by the Korean War.

0:12:590:13:07

Here is Carol with a look

at this morning's weather.

0:13:070:13:11

It was really cold yesterday, I

0:13:110:13:13

It was really cold yesterday, I

don't know what is going to be like

0:13:130:13:15

today.

Well, you quite right. It was

cold yesterday. Today it will be

0:13:150:13:21

cold, but not as cold for most of us

as it was yesterday. There is going

0:13:210:13:25

to be a lot of cloud around. Quite a

grey day for most of the UK. One or

0:13:250:13:30

two exceptions to that, Northern

Ireland is not one of them. Quite a

0:13:300:13:34

lot of cloud to start the day, but

north-west Scotland is. Cold enough

0:13:340:13:37

for a touch of frost. Maybe some ice

on untreated surfaces as well. For

0:13:370:13:42

the rest of Scotland it is a cloudy,

grey start as it is across most of

0:13:420:13:47

northern England. The north-west

will see some brighter skies later

0:13:470:13:50

on, especially around Cumbria and

Carlisle. South of that we have

0:13:500:13:54

cloud here and there. It will be

thick enough for the odd spot of

0:13:540:13:58

drizzle. Across southern counties

are very similar story. It is a

0:13:580:14:02

cloudy, grey start to the day. And

as we move up into Wales, a lot of

0:14:020:14:08

cloud around first thing. Murky

conditions. Later Richard Wright and

0:14:080:14:11

up across the north-west of Wales.

The favourite places for some

0:14:110:14:16

brightness or some sunshine,

north-west Scotland, parts of

0:14:160:14:19

north-west England, north Wales, and

a little bit of brightness across

0:14:190:14:22

Kent, Sussex, Essex, that kind of

area as well. Through the afternoon

0:14:220:14:26

the cloud will thicken out towards

the west, heralding the arrival of a

0:14:260:14:30

weather front. That will introduce

some rain and also some

0:14:300:14:34

strengthening winds. At note the

temperatures. We are looking at ten

0:14:340:14:37

in Plymouth, and on the south coast,

seven, eight or nine. Still pretty

0:14:370:14:43

cool as we push up towards

Newcastle. Through the evening and

0:14:430:14:49

overnight, this weather front will

erratically move north eastwards. We

0:14:490:14:51

will see some heavy rain passing

through the Midlands for a time,

0:14:510:14:55

through Scotland as well. And also

depositing some snow across parts of

0:14:550:14:58

the hills of northern England and

Scotland through the course of the

0:14:580:15:02

night. Hide it, again a fair bit of

cloud around. As we move through

0:15:020:15:07

tomorrow, a little bit of a question

mark as to the timing of clearance

0:15:070:15:12

from eastern England. We think at

this stage through the afternoon it

0:15:120:15:15

will hang around across north-east

Scotland and the Northern Isles for

0:15:150:15:18

longer. Behind it, much righter

skies. More of us will see some

0:15:180:15:22

sunshine through the course of

tomorrow. Temperature-wise, still

0:15:220:15:26

ten across the south-west. Still

looking at four in Glasgow, so no

0:15:260:15:30

heat wave in prospect. As we go

through the end of the week we are

0:15:300:15:35

looking at fault, especially on

Wednesday night in the Thursday

0:15:350:15:37

morning across East Wales, the

Midlands and southern England. That

0:15:370:15:41

could take its time to clear during

Thursday. Some of it will lift into

0:15:410:15:45

low cloud anyway. Behind that there

will be some breaks in that cloud.

0:15:450:15:50

There will also be some sunshine,

and there will also be a lot of dry

0:15:500:15:54

weather around. Temperature still on

the low side in the north. We are

0:15:540:15:57

looking at eight or nine, so coming

down a touch in the south. A quick

0:15:570:16:01

look at what Friday holds, again we

see some fog first thing in the

0:16:010:16:05

morning which could take its time to

clear. A lot of dry weather, some

0:16:050:16:09

brighter breaks, but another weather

front coming in from the west. That

0:16:090:16:12

will also bring in some rain and

some stronger winds.

0:16:120:16:23

Let us look at the papers. At times.

Most of the papers are going with

0:16:230:16:30

the proposed reshuffle which is

extended into the day.

0:16:300:16:34

Lots about Jeremy Hunt being asked

to move. Getting a bit more beef to

0:16:390:16:47

his brief, with social care being

added. This is a photo of Princess

0:16:470:16:54

Charlotte taken outside Kensington

Palace.

The Daily Telegraph, this is

0:16:540:16:58

how they have written up the

reshuffle.

0:16:580:17:01

The Daily Mail, Princess Charlotte

again.

0:17:100:17:14

The front page of the Guardian. We

were talking about this yesterday

0:17:210:17:26

about Oprah Winfrey to speech at the

Golden Globe Awards. "But Before

0:17:260:17:32

President". Also, the BBC will be

written to about allegations are

0:17:320:17:44

discriminated -- discrimination over

the resignation of Carrie Gracie.

0:17:440:17:49

Again, Princess Charlotte on the

front page. Also, billions of pounds

0:17:490:17:55

should be devoted from Britain's

bloated foreign age Budget. Bill on

0:17:550:18:00

the sofa uses coconut oil?

I was

thinking, what for? I don't know

0:18:000:18:10

what to do with it.

It's good to

take your make-up off. I had really

0:18:100:18:18

soars high from scraping it away. It

didn't work well but I still have it

0:18:180:18:24

in the bathroom Cabinet.

We are

talking about this a bit later

0:18:240:18:31

because there is a new study, the

truth about coconut oil. The study

0:18:310:18:39

is working out whether it lowers

your cholesterol. We are comparing

0:18:390:18:44

it to olive oil. Olive oil producers

are really annoyed about it. Trying

0:18:440:18:51

to get the truth about what is the

best fat to use.

Or perhaps even

0:18:510:18:56

butter. I have been scouring the

papers because I've been looking to

0:18:560:19:04

some good news on business because

it's all depressing. Not much good

0:19:040:19:07

news. If you want to look away now

if you don't want to hear bad news.

0:19:070:19:14

A story in the Daily Mirror are

about workers in Boxall -- workers

0:19:140:19:19

at Boxall with 250 jobs to be lost.

This comes after redundancies at the

0:19:190:19:30

Cheshire factory of Vauxhall' which

produces the Astra. They are having

0:19:300:19:37

a tough time. I was talking about

how manufacturers are feeling a bit

0:19:370:19:42

more optimistic about the future. I

was talking about retailers, there

0:19:420:19:46

is some research on the times. The

number of retailers going into

0:19:460:19:51

administration has risen for the

first time in five years. Lots of

0:19:510:19:55

consumer confidence falling. Sorry

depressing bit of news.

Can you get

0:19:550:20:06

your lookalike of Ed Sheeran ready.

Lots of stories about the VAR, the

0:20:060:20:16

video assistant referee used in the

FA Cup last night. Did it touches

0:20:160:20:22

arm? No, so the goal stands. Andy

Murray wearing his panda bear

0:20:220:20:28

pyjamas. Very fetching.

Topless.

He

can pull off the topless look. In

0:20:280:20:36

The Daily Telegraph and lots of the

papers, the postmortem with the

0:20:360:20:42

papers picking over the tatters of

England's Ashes tour. Those pictures

0:20:420:20:47

down here of the ash is superimposed

onto the kind of sales of the Sydney

0:20:470:20:53

Opera House. -- boat sales. There

have been meetings about how to make

0:20:530:21:06

the cricket more competitive. If you

are at home, you tend to win the

0:21:060:21:11

Ashes. Now looking at how to make it

more competitive. They might stretch

0:21:110:21:19

out the Ashes. Instead of having

five tests in six weeks, they will

0:21:190:21:24

stretch it out even longer. A lot

more time away at home.

You want to

0:21:240:21:29

show you a photo of Ed Sheeran. His

girlfriend is absolutely raging. He

0:21:290:21:37

is loving it. This guy however is

not Ed Sheeran.

We will talk about

0:21:370:21:47

social media mistakes later. Jeremy

Hunt liked a tweet by accident and

0:21:470:21:56

had to apologise about it.

Oh, Lord.

0:21:560:22:03

South Korea has proposed holding

reunions during next month's

0:22:030:22:06

Winter Olympics for families

divided by the Korean War.

0:22:060:22:08

North and South are holding

their first official talks in more

0:22:080:22:11

than two years.

0:22:110:22:12

Seperated families is one

of the most emotive legacies

0:22:120:22:14

of the conflict which began in 1950.

0:22:140:22:16

Joining us from Seoul

is our reporter Sophie Long.

0:22:160:22:24

Good morning to you. Thank you

coming on the programme. These are

0:22:240:22:29

historic talks?

Our indeed. The

first government level talks to take

0:22:290:22:38

place between North Korea and South

Korea getting under way at ten

0:22:380:22:41

o'clock this morning, that South

Korean delegation travelling about

0:22:410:22:46

one hour to the meeting. It is a

series of buildings which actually

0:22:460:22:53

struggled the border in the

Demilitarised Zone. The North Korean

0:22:530:22:58

delegation just walked across the

border and they have been in these

0:22:580:23:02

talks. We have an update from the

Minister a little while ago in North

0:23:020:23:09

Korea and its been agreed that

Pyongyang will send a delegation to

0:23:090:23:14

the Winter Olympics which are taking

place in South Korea next month.

0:23:140:23:19

They are sending a full delegation

of high-ranking officials, a

0:23:190:23:23

taekwondo team, athletes, cheering

squad. That will take place and it

0:23:230:23:29

is hoped it will some breathing

space when tensions have been

0:23:290:23:35

seriously high, extremely high throw

the course of 2017. They have

0:23:350:23:40

reconvened after lunch and they are

not talking about humanitarian

0:23:400:23:44

issues. You mentioned divided

families. South Korea has proposed

0:23:440:23:50

that the reunion zombies divided

families. 65,000 people have their

0:23:500:23:56

families divided over the border.

One man has not seen his sister for

0:23:560:24:02

70 years. He feels he is lucky

because he has letters and has had

0:24:020:24:08

pictures seeing her growing up. A

lot of people don't even have that.

0:24:080:24:13

That is a highly emotive issue here.

That is what they are currently

0:24:130:24:17

discussing. We are expecting them to

touch on military issues and all

0:24:170:24:21

sorts of Korean issues. The talks

seem to be going well at the moment.

0:24:210:24:31

I imagine there would be a bit of

interest and observation as well.

0:24:310:24:41

What happens with the Olympic

delegation?

A huge amount of

0:24:410:24:46

interest in these talks and a huge

amount in the interests -- in the

0:24:460:24:50

Winter Olympics. Ticket sales have

gone up. They weren't selling slowly

0:24:500:24:57

but there is a huge amount of

interest and there will only be one

0:24:570:25:01

event in which they are competing.

That is the pairs figure skating.

0:25:010:25:05

Can you imagine the amount of

interest? The move has been welcomed

0:25:050:25:15

at the moment and outside the

sporting sphere it is hoped this

0:25:150:25:18

will create some breathing space in

which content -- in which tensions

0:25:180:25:23

can continue to ease and further

talks take place.

It would be a

0:25:230:25:34

great breakthrough for them.

0:25:340:25:37

Turning down our thermostats

and washing clothes at lower

0:25:370:25:39

temperatures - just two

of the ways we can save power.

0:25:390:25:42

It's something children

have been learning

0:25:420:25:44

about for a new science project.

0:25:440:25:46

Jayne McCubbin is at

Balcurvie Primary School for us this

0:25:460:25:48

morning to find out more.

0:25:480:25:52

To get that right?

You got it

exactly right. Didn't he? Good

0:25:520:26:01

morning from everybody. Good

morning, children. They woke up so

0:26:010:26:08

early this morning. Good morning

especially from our electric

0:26:080:26:12

detectives. They have been turning

into super sleuths in a school for

0:26:120:26:18

terrific scientific. If you have not

seen any more of the of the Terrific

0:26:180:26:28

Scientfic investigations, Terrific

Scientfic investigations upon the

0:26:280:26:30

BBC and may involve these children

and Linda from the University.

You

0:26:300:26:35

are gathering real data? We have

been monitoring our electricity and

0:26:350:26:41

gas consumption because what you

want to do is try to level it.

8000

0:26:410:26:45

schools. If you can lower it, you

are saving two things. Money and the

0:26:450:26:55

environment. Doctor Webber has come

up with the... Switched witch. Take

0:26:550:27:03

it away. I am going to leave it. If

we can get the music playing, there

0:27:030:27:12

it is, the switch twitch. Make sure

you switch off the lights and

0:27:120:27:16

computers and everything. I will

leave you with a dance at hand.

0:27:160:30:44

stubborn. The temperature stays

fairly cold but temperatures at

0:30:440:30:46

night time staying above zero.

That's it from us.

0:30:460:30:55

Hello, this is Breakfast

with Louise Minchin and Dan Walker.

0:30:560:30:58

It is 6:30am.

0:30:580:31:04

We will bring you all the latest

news and sport in a moment.

0:31:040:31:07

But also on Breakfast this morning:

Is it ever justified

0:31:070:31:10

to smack your children?

0:31:100:31:11

Wales plans to follow Scotland's

lead and ban the physical

0:31:110:31:14

punishment of youngsters.

0:31:140:31:15

We will ask parents

whether they should be able

0:31:150:31:17

to choose how to

discipline their children.

0:31:170:31:19

A day after the powerful stand

taken by female actors

0:31:190:31:22

at the Golden Globes,

the BAFTA nominations are revealed

0:31:220:31:24

in just over an hour.

0:31:240:31:26

We will be there for

the announcement.

0:31:260:31:28

And he is a former software engineer

who describes himself as a space

0:31:280:31:31

dork, but when Andy Weir

wrote The Martian, it

0:31:310:31:33

sent his career into orbit.

0:31:330:31:35

He will be here to tell us

about his new, moon-based thriller.

0:31:350:31:50

Good morning.

0:31:500:31:51

Here is a summary of today's main

stories from BBC News.

0:31:510:31:58

The Education Secretary,

Justine Greening, has resigned

0:31:580:32:00

from the Government after refusing

a job as Work and Pensions Secretary

0:32:000:32:03

in Theresa May's Cabinet reshuffle.

0:32:030:32:04

It is also understood that

Jeremy Hunt was asked to become

0:32:040:32:07

business secretary, but persuaded

the Prime Minister to keep him

0:32:070:32:10

at the Department of Health.

0:32:100:32:11

Theresa May is expected to make more

changes to her Cabinet later today.

0:32:110:32:15

And at 7:10am we will be

talking to the new Chairman

0:32:150:32:18

of the Conservative

Party, Brandon Lewis.

0:32:180:32:19

North Korea has agreed to send

athletes accompanied by senior

0:32:190:32:22

officials to the Winter Olympics

in South Korea next month.

0:32:220:32:25

The two countries have

held their first talks for more

0:32:250:32:28

than two years, in the Demilitarised

Zone that divides the Peninsula.

0:32:280:32:31

The South Korean delegation has also

proposed more contacts

0:32:310:32:33

between the two countries,

in what appears to be a significant

0:32:330:32:36

move to lower tension in the region.

0:32:360:32:38

Parents in Wales could be banned

from smacking their children,

0:32:380:32:41

under new plans.

0:32:410:32:43

The Welsh Government

is consulting on the changes,

0:32:430:32:46

and people will be given 12 weeks

to make their views known.

0:32:460:32:49

Scotland is in the process

of introducing a similar ban.

0:32:490:32:52

Rising food costs meant consumers

had less to spend on clothing

0:32:520:32:55

and gifts over Christmas this year,

according to retail industry

0:32:550:32:57

figures out today.

0:32:570:32:58

The British Retail Consortium said

food sales in the three months

0:32:580:33:01

to December were up over 4% on last

year, whereas sales of non-food

0:33:010:33:05

items were at a five-year low.

0:33:050:33:06

Mothercare and Debenhams have both

issued profit warnings

0:33:060:33:08

after disappointing Christmas sales.

0:33:080:33:09

Morrisons is due to report

its festive trading this morning.

0:33:090:33:25

Almost 100 firefighters have been

tackling a fire at a paint factory

0:33:250:33:28

in North London overnight. The

London Fire Brigade said 15 engines

0:33:280:33:32

were sent to the scene after

eyewitnesses heard explosions.

0:33:320:33:36

Workers left the factory safely

before crews arrived.

0:33:360:33:38

Workers left the factory safely

before crews arrived. The cause of

0:33:380:33:41

the fire, and you can see the flames

looking pretty dramatic, because it

0:33:410:33:44

is still being investigated. -- the

cause is still being investigated.

0:33:440:33:55

A UK-wide ban on the manufacturing

of cosmetics and care products

0:33:550:33:58

containing microbeads has

come into force today,

0:33:580:34:00

in an attempt to cut down

on the amount of plastic

0:34:000:34:03

in our oceans.

0:34:030:34:04

The beads that are used in hundreds

of facewashes and shower gels

0:34:040:34:07

are often ingested by sea animals,

and even end up entering

0:34:070:34:10

our food chain.

0:34:100:34:11

It will be followed by a wider ban

on the sale of products containing

0:34:110:34:15

microbeads later in the year.

0:34:150:34:16

That is a summary of all the latest

news. And we are talking about video

0:34:160:34:20

assistant refereeing technology.

I

can get the assistant right!

We have

0:34:200:34:26

struggled with that, haven't we? But

they did use it last night.

Not in

0:34:260:34:31

its fullest and most detailed

capacity, so you know, it has been

0:34:310:34:37

introduced. As in rugby, the referee

can make the TV sign, and refer

0:34:370:34:49

things, big, contentious decisions,

penalties, goals and offside

0:34:490:34:53

decisions, things like that. Last

night, Brighton versus Pallas, it

0:34:530:34:57

looked like it might have brushed

Glenn Murray's arm, but it wasn't

0:34:570:35:03

fully reviewed -- Palace. The

referee said to me it looks fine. So

0:35:030:35:11

it was a semi- use. But you will be

able to see it for Arsenal against

0:35:110:35:19

Chelsea and the League Cup final.

Last night was the first time it was

0:35:190:35:23

used, but it will be used in the

future.

0:35:230:35:25

An English football first -

the Video assistant referee,

0:35:250:35:28

or VAR, as it is known,

made its debut as Brighton beat

0:35:280:35:31

Crystal Palace 2-1 in

the FA Cup third round.

0:35:310:35:34

Screens were available for referee

Andre Marriner at the side

0:35:340:35:36

of the pitch, should he have needed

to see any replays of incidents.

0:35:360:35:40

And, when Glenn Murray scored a late

winner for Brighton,

0:35:400:35:43

did the final touch

come off his arm?

0:35:430:35:45

Well, Marriner consulted

the video referee team,

0:35:450:35:47

and they were happy it hadn't.

0:35:470:35:48

You can make your mind

up from the evidence,

0:35:480:35:51

although it didn't stop Palace

players making their feelings

0:35:510:35:53

known at full-time.

0:35:530:35:54

But manager Roy Hodgson

was more philosophical.

0:35:540:36:00

From where we were standing, and

watching, it looked for all the

0:36:000:36:07

world that he had handled it, and

the players who were close by, they

0:36:070:36:11

thought so too. But to be fair when

you see lots of times, there is a

0:36:110:36:16

very good case for the VAR, and the

referee to make, that he didn't

0:36:160:36:19

actually handle it. It was very,

very close, so I have no complaints

0:36:190:36:24

about that.

0:36:240:36:25

Brighton will face Middlesbrough

in the fourth round.

0:36:250:36:27

Among the standout ties,

Manchester United travel

0:36:270:36:29

to League two Yeovil.

0:36:290:36:30

The lowest-ranked side left,

Newport County, are at home

0:36:300:36:32

to Spurs, while Manchester City

have been drawn away

0:36:320:36:35

to Cardiff or Mansfield.

0:36:350:36:36

The full draw is on

the BBC Sport website.

0:36:360:36:40

Philippe Coutinho is now

officially a Barcelona player.

0:36:400:36:43

His £142 million transfer

from Liverpool was confirmed,

0:36:430:36:46

before showing off some

of his skills to the Barca fans

0:36:460:36:49

at the Nou Camp.

0:36:490:36:51

The 25-year-old Brazilian has

signed a 5.5-year deal.

0:36:510:36:53

He has a thigh injury,

so won't be able to make his debut

0:36:530:36:57

for another three weeks.

0:36:570:37:01

They have only just finished picking

up the confetti in Sydney,

0:37:010:37:04

after Australia's Ashes victory.

0:37:040:37:05

So where next for England?

0:37:050:37:06

Well, they name their Test squad

to face New Zealand later,

0:37:060:37:09

with head coach Trevor Bayliss

saying he plans to quit

0:37:090:37:12

after next year's Ashes.

0:37:120:37:19

I have already told Andrew Strauss,

probably 12 months ago, that

0:37:190:37:23

September 2019I am contracted to,

and that would see me out. I have

0:37:230:37:29

never been anywhere more than four

or five years. Whether you are going

0:37:290:37:33

well or not, I have always felt that

a roundabout that four year mark is

0:37:330:37:38

time to change, a new voice, and a

different approach, slightly

0:37:380:37:42

different approach from someone just

reinvigorates things.

0:37:420:37:46

Widnes Vikings centre Kato Ottio has

died at the age of 23,

0:37:460:37:49

after suffering what has been

described as a sudden health

0:37:490:37:52

issue in training.

0:37:520:37:53

The Papua New Guinea international

only joined the club in December,

0:37:530:37:56

and was to link up with his

new teammates next week,

0:37:560:37:59

ahead of the new season.

0:37:590:38:00

Widnes CEO James Rule said Kato

was an incredibly talented player,

0:38:000:38:03

with a bright future.

0:38:030:38:07

Defending champion Sam Sunderland

has retaken the lead

0:38:070:38:09

of the Dakar Rally,

after the third stage.

0:38:090:38:12

The man from Poole nicknamed

'Super Sam' had to negotiate his way

0:38:120:38:15

through the Peruvian desert in order

to regain the lead that he had lost

0:38:150:38:19

after stage two.

0:38:190:38:19

He finished over three minutes ahead

of his nearest riders,

0:38:190:38:22

and has a four-minute lead overall.

0:38:220:38:27

Johanna Konta's preparations

for this month's Australian Open

0:38:270:38:29

continued in Sydney,

but the defending champion

0:38:290:38:31

lost her opening match

to Poland's Agnieszka Radwanska.

0:38:310:38:33

Meanwhile, the other British

number one, Andy Murray,

0:38:330:38:36

has had hip surgery in Melbourne,

and says he hopes to be playing

0:38:360:38:39

again in time for the

grass-court season.

0:38:390:38:41

He posted this on social media

saying he is looking forward

0:38:410:38:44

to starting rehab.

0:38:440:38:45

He has not played a competitive

match since Wimbledon in July.

0:38:450:38:53

Now, spare a thought for Australian

tennis player Nick Kyrgios,

0:38:530:38:56

who was hit in the face

by Alex Zverev during a doubles

0:38:560:38:59

match in Sydney.

0:38:590:39:01

But luckily a cuddle from his German

opponent was enough to get Kyrgios

0:39:010:39:04

back on his feet.

0:39:040:39:14

That is very sweet, isn't it?

A

tennis ball can really hurt, then

0:39:140:39:19

and squash balls. I have loads of

bruises from squash balls.

I

0:39:190:39:24

remember some many saying that you

stood in front, if Boris Becker

0:39:240:39:29

served at you at full tilt and you

stood in front of him, the ball

0:39:290:39:34

would go through you. Is that made

up?

It has to be.

It would probably

0:39:340:39:40

hurt a lot. I remember thinking at

the time that has got to be garbage.

0:39:400:39:45

But who knows? I don't think you

would ever want to prove it. In the

0:39:450:39:52

weather, it was really cold

0:39:520:39:53

weather, it was really cold

yesterday, and slightly warmer

0:39:530:39:54

today.

Good morning all. Not as

cold.

0:39:540:39:58

today.

Good morning all. Not as

cold.

0:39:580:39:58

today.

Good morning all. Not as

cold. Yesterday in Strathalbyn it

0:39:580:40:03

was -10, and today it is minus

three. That is a whopping rise in

0:40:030:40:07

temperatures compared with yesterday

morning. Generally called Day,

0:40:070:40:10

something of a -- nothing of a heat

wave in prospect. Some patchy fog

0:40:100:40:17

and the cloud is big enough for the

odd spot of drizzle. One of the

0:40:170:40:22

exceptions to that is across

north-west Scotland where it is a

0:40:220:40:25

cold start. Clear skies by night, a

touch of frost around first thing

0:40:250:40:29

but you will see some sunshine. For

the rest of Scotland and most of

0:40:290:40:33

northern England it is cloudy. Again

some fog patches across the

0:40:330:40:36

Pennines, but north-west England,

especially around Cumbria, you have

0:40:360:40:40

some clearer skies. South of

England. Again the odd pocket of low

0:40:400:40:49

cloud or indeed some fog here and

there. Most of that will tend to

0:40:490:40:53

lift but not as cold as it was this

time yesterday morning. For Wales,

0:40:530:40:57

again, some fog patches with height

at north-west Wales seeing some

0:40:570:41:00

brighter breaks. Not just this

morning, but throughout the day. The

0:41:000:41:04

brightest breaks are likely to be

across north-west Scotland,

0:41:040:41:07

north-west England, around Carlisle,

north-west Wales, and we could see

0:41:070:41:12

some developing Kent, Essex and

Sussex. By the end of the afternoon,

0:41:120:41:17

rain coming in from the west

accompanied by strengthening winds.

0:41:170:41:19

And note the temperatures in

Plymouth, around ten. Along the

0:41:190:41:23

south coast we are looking at

between seven and nine but more

0:41:230:41:28

further north, three in Glasgow, and

cultural Newcastle. Through the

0:41:280:41:32

evening and overnight, this band of

rain erratically moves north

0:41:320:41:38

eastwards. It starts to lose some of

its energy and it will tend to

0:41:380:41:42

fragment. Across the Midlands and

parts of Scotland, heady bursts of

0:41:420:41:46

rain for a time. We will also see

some hills note in Scotland and the

0:41:460:41:50

hills of northern England as well. A

cold night in St Helier, the

0:41:500:41:55

temperatures dipping to eight

degrees. Tomorrow our weather front

0:41:550:42:00

continues its journey north

eastwards. A bit of a question mark

0:42:000:42:03

over the clearance time across East

of England. At the moment we think

0:42:030:42:07

it will be through the afternoon but

it will hang around through the day

0:42:070:42:11

across north-east Scotland and the

Northern Isles. Behind it, lovely

0:42:110:42:13

blue skies to look forward to. There

will be some sunshine, temperatures

0:42:130:42:18

in the south still nine or ten,

lower across the central swathes of

0:42:180:42:22

the UK. Aberdeen, you won't know

yourself. Seven degrees, still

0:42:220:42:26

connected with this band of rain.

And an overnight from Wednesday into

0:42:260:42:30

Thursday we are looking at fog,

especially East Wales, through the

0:42:300:42:35

Midlands and southern counties. Some

of that will be slow to clear, so

0:42:350:42:39

that lifting into slow cloud during

the course of Thursday. But there

0:42:390:42:42

will be a lot of brightness as well,

but temperatures by then starting to

0:42:420:42:46

dip a little bit.

Thank you very

much, we will see

0:42:460:42:49

dip a little bit.

Thank you very

much, we will see you later on this

0:42:490:42:50

morning. We will talk about the

reshuffle in a moment, but I want to

0:42:500:42:55

give you the news that the

journalist Toby Young has resigned

0:42:550:42:58

from the board of the office for

students after 200,000 people signed

0:42:580:43:03

a petition calling for him to go. He

wrote an article in the Spectator

0:43:030:43:09

saying that his appointment had

become a distraction from the work

0:43:090:43:15

in higher education.

It follows

revelations he had made offensive

0:43:150:43:20

comments on Twitter.

0:43:200:43:22

Theresa May's new year reshuffle

didn't quite go to plan yesterday.

0:43:220:43:25

Education Secretary Justine Greening

resigned after refusing a move

0:43:250:43:27

to business, and Jeremy Hunt,

who was tipped for a move,

0:43:270:43:30

remains as Health Secretary,

with added responsibilities.

0:43:300:43:32

Today, more ministerial roles

are expected to go to women,

0:43:320:43:35

younger MPs, and those

from ethnic minorities.

0:43:350:43:37

Let's speak to Rowena Mason,

deputy political editor

0:43:370:43:39

of the Guardian, and Joey Jones,

who was a speechwriter

0:43:390:43:41

for Theresa May during her

time as Home Secretary.

0:43:410:43:54

Good morning to you both, thank you

very much indeed for joining us.

0:43:540:43:59

First of all, you have seen the

reshuffle. What do you make of it?

0:43:590:44:03

Has she done what she set out to do?

Well, no is the short answer to

0:44:030:44:08

that, because she wanted to move

Jeremy Hunt from his position as

0:44:080:44:12

Health Secretary the business

secretary. He dug in his heels

0:44:120:44:15

yesterday after several hours in

Downing Street making what his

0:44:150:44:19

friends say was a passionate case

for staying in his role. And then

0:44:190:44:23

subsequently Justine Greening,

Theresa May wanted to move her to

0:44:230:44:30

the Department of Work and Pensions.

Rather than letting her stay in her

0:44:300:44:34

job, she was forced to quit, and now

it will be quite a powerful advocate

0:44:340:44:38

on the backbenches for some

pro-European views, potentially some

0:44:380:44:43

other kinds of centrist and more

liberal views than Theresa May

0:44:430:44:48

holds, joining some of the rebel

awkward squad.

0:44:480:45:01

Jones, you used to write speeches

for Theresa May. Will there

0:45:010:45:02

Jones, you used to write speeches

for Theresa May. Will there be

0:45:020:45:03

frustration? -- jelly Jones.

It must

be frustrating. The two potential

0:45:030:45:12

narratives built up were on the one

hand that she was going to use this

0:45:120:45:17

to assert authority of the

government and the country at large.

0:45:170:45:22

The other that she was going to

revitalise more reflect the

0:45:220:45:26

diversity of the country with a more

diverse Cabinet. Neither has

0:45:260:45:29

happened. In terms of asserting her

authority, you have a situation

0:45:290:45:35

where Cabinet colleagues have dug in

their heels and said no. The shape

0:45:350:45:42

of the Cabinet hasn't really

changed. Most people haven't stayed

0:45:420:45:46

in shape. That will pass the vast

majority and it varies the charts,

0:45:460:46:02

just steam could be hugely damaging.

She will have been infuriated.

0:46:020:46:09

Notably being described as deadwood.

Also another couple of Cabinet

0:46:090:46:14

colleagues. If she wants to make

some noise about social mobility,

0:46:140:46:22

that could be a big problem. It's

interesting that Toby Young, in the

0:46:220:46:29

resignation blocky put out a couple

of minutes ago, speaking very

0:46:290:46:33

favourably.

Let's talk about Jeremy

Hunt. We understand the Prime

0:46:330:46:42

Minister wanted to move him. What

sort of position does that put him

0:46:420:46:51

in?

It puts him in a strong

position. It shows that Theresa May

0:46:510:46:58

has not been able to stamp her

authority on him. Really, she has

0:46:580:47:08

been left with shuttling around a

very few number of posts. 17 Cabinet

0:47:080:47:13

ministers have stayed in place. It

looks like she has had to boost the

0:47:130:47:26

number of people attending Cabinet

to some more junior ministers. All

0:47:260:47:31

in all, it looks like a long day 's

work and not too much achieved.

0:47:310:47:35

Still more work to be done today,

Joey Jones.

What you expect from

0:47:350:47:44

today? An opportunity to bring lots

of younger MPs. People from diverse

0:47:440:47:51

backgrounds. Ultimately, people

couldn't judge it by the Cabinet.

0:47:510:47:59

There was a significant impact from

the Conservative Party apparatus.

0:47:590:48:10

Outside the door of number ten.

Really, people will look at the

0:48:100:48:15

Cabinet reshuffle and they will

combine this now. We are in the

0:48:150:48:19

middle of the reshuffle but Toby

Jones resigning, let's not forget

0:48:190:48:24

that Theresa May spoke about that.

She said she felt this could

0:48:240:48:28

continue.

You have heard it that he

has resigned. How do you work on

0:48:280:48:38

that news?

It looks like another

addition to what the newspapers have

0:48:380:48:44

been calling the shambles in the

chaos. You have the government

0:48:440:48:48

effectively depending -- defending

his appointment. Others would call

0:48:480:48:58

it offensive and sexist. There was

an urgent question in the House of

0:48:580:49:04

Commons. A briefing document was

handed out giving examples of how

0:49:040:49:08

they could defend his appointment.

It looks like the government is

0:49:080:49:13

being swept along by events rather

than shaping them.

Thank you very

0:49:130:49:17

much.

0:49:170:49:28

Drivers looking to buy a second hand

car may have been sold an ex-rental

0:49:280:49:32

without knowing it.

0:49:320:49:33

Steph has the details.

0:49:330:49:36

Good morning. There were about a

million ex- rental cars which are

0:49:360:49:41

sold in Britain every year and now

there is some debate about whether

0:49:410:49:45

buyers should be told or not. The

Advertising Standards Authority is

0:49:450:49:50

warning dealerships to be more clear

about the history of the car. I am

0:49:500:49:56

can you explain how this has come

about?

A test case with people

0:50:010:50:06

having trouble and it was found the

dealership had sold to ex- fleet

0:50:060:50:11

cars. One being used by a company

car driver and the other for

0:50:110:50:16

training. They had been driven by

multiple drivers but have been

0:50:160:50:20

described as one careful owner.

Is

there a way to people to find out?

0:50:200:50:27

They have to tell you if you ask.

Always ask the key questions. Look

0:50:270:50:32

at the documentation. See whether it

is a named person or unnamed

0:50:320:50:38

company.

Getting a car that wasn't

rental or fleet, is it bad news?

0:50:380:50:47

Loads of marls and worn out?

Not

necessarily. Quite often company

0:50:470:50:55

cars are the best in terms of being

looked after. Many of them now have

0:50:550:51:01

a black box recorder. They can be

among the best. You have to do your

0:51:010:51:06

homework. You how to apply some

commonsense and logic.

It's

0:51:060:51:11

interesting because you do think

when you going to buy a car, but it

0:51:110:51:15

says one previous owner, you don't

feel like you have to ask how many

0:51:150:51:20

people have driven it.

That is it,

you don't have to have the onus. If

0:51:200:51:28

you are going to make a large

purchase, it is slightly on you to

0:51:280:51:32

do your homework and to really do

research before you buy.

Will it

0:51:320:51:37

make a difference?

I think it will

because it gives reassurance to the

0:51:370:51:43

buyer. And now, with this ruling,

there is the potential for people

0:51:430:51:51

who have trouble with that cars.

It's about transparency.

0:51:510:51:58

Historically, second-hand car

dealers have not had the best

0:51:580:52:01

reputation in terms of transparency.

This can only help. These are two,

0:52:010:52:07

three-year-old cars. The better end

of the used car market. It brings a

0:52:070:52:16

bit more clarity.

Interesting, thank

you for your time.

0:52:160:52:27

The Consumer Electronics Show kicks

off and was Vegas. The biggest event

0:52:270:52:32

in the tech calendar.

0:52:320:52:36

This year it's exptected to draw

more than 170,000 people,

0:52:360:52:39

with to 4,000 exhibitor.

0:52:390:52:40

Our technology correspondent

Rory Cellan-Jones is live

0:52:400:52:42

in Las Vegas for us this morning.

0:52:420:52:51

You are promising us News of a

suitcase that follows you around the

0:52:510:52:56

airport.

We will come to that in a

moment. But he had just missed

0:52:560:53:05

something extraordinary. Behind me a

few minutes ago, a fleet of drones.

0:53:050:53:11

200 also, illuminated, all working

together above the famous downturns

0:53:110:53:19

of the Bellagio H. That feeds into

the theme of artificial

0:53:190:53:24

intelligence. And the companies

competing to show they can make

0:53:240:53:29

great products. I

0:53:290:53:31

have went to --I have gone to meet

one of those machines.

In a robotics

0:53:310:53:39

lag -- lab at the University of Las

Vegas, I have come to meet set the

0:53:390:53:45

who looks pretty human but is

learning to walk. Sir Theo, can we

0:53:450:53:48

shake hands? Really good to meet

you. You are quite warm actually.

0:53:480:53:56

How sophisticated RU as a robot?

I

want people to perceive me as a

0:53:560:54:03

robot. I don't want them to think

I'm human. I want to communicate

0:54:030:54:10

with people in the best possible way

which means looking like one.

Sophia

0:54:100:54:15

has few practical use is right now

that her creators, an American firm

0:54:150:54:21

employing Chinese scientists,

believe she represents a big step on

0:54:210:54:23

the road to artificial intelligence.

Our aspiration is to bring the

0:54:230:54:28

machines to life, to create living

intelligent Systems and there you

0:54:280:54:32

will see the greatest revolution in

artificial intelligence. We are

0:54:320:54:36

aspiring towards this. Do we know it

can be done?

We think it can. And

0:54:360:54:41

among the thousands of new gadgets

on show, artificial intelligence is

0:54:410:54:47

a constant theme. There is a seeing

suitcase which can follow its own

0:54:470:54:51

around the airport. This friendly

robot wanders around your home,

0:54:510:54:56

filming short bursts of video to

send to your phone. And Vincent,

0:54:560:55:01

developed in Cambridge, is a drawing

programme which learns to turn

0:55:010:55:05

simple sketches into works of art.

We already are on a million

0:55:050:55:10

different things already, a lot of

products. AI represents a whole new

0:55:100:55:14

wave of ways to make those

electronic products more

0:55:140:55:18

interesting. What that means that

the consumer electronics industry as

0:55:180:55:22

a whole new wave of products can

sell to us and they are a lot more

0:55:220:55:27

useful and helpful also the belief

goes.

And here is the most obvious.

0:55:270:55:31

The race to transform cities with

driverless cars. As autonomous still

0:55:310:55:38

has someone who can take over the

wheel but in a couple of years, this

0:55:380:55:43

company believes we will hop into it

will take us across town Hall on its

0:55:430:55:48

own. Rory Cellan-Jones, BBC News,

Las Vegas.

0:55:480:55:54

There has been a bit of breaking

news in the last few hours. The boss

0:55:540:56:00

of Intel has spoken about the

security scare. Chips in millions of

0:56:000:56:06

computers and smartphones apparently

vulnerable to intruders. He didn't

0:56:060:56:11

apologise, he said it was an

industrywide issue but he tried to

0:56:110:56:16

reassure people that no evidence had

been stolen from customers. If you

0:56:160:56:21

get a security update, you should

act upon it. Very handy advice.

0:56:210:56:28

Apologies that we missed the

illuminated drone show. Something

0:56:280:56:32

amazing just happened.

0:56:320:59:55

staying above zero.

0:59:550:59:57

I am back in half an hour.

0:59:571:00:04

Hello, this is Breakfast,

with Louise Minchin and Dan Walker.

1:00:051:00:07

Theresa May's reshuffle

doesn't quite go to plan,

1:00:071:00:10

as the Health Secretary resists

a move and the education secretary

1:00:101:00:13

quits.

1:00:131:00:14

Justine Greening refused

the offer of a new job.

1:00:141:00:17

The Prime Minister will

announce more junior

1:00:171:00:19

appointments later today.

1:00:191:00:31

Good morning, it is

Tuesday 9 January.

1:00:311:00:33

Also this morning: North Korea

agrees to send a team

1:00:331:00:36

to the Winter Olympics in the South,

after the first high-level talks

1:00:361:00:39

for more than two years.

1:00:391:00:43

Smacking children could

be banned in Wales.

1:00:431:00:45

The Welsh Government has launched

a consultation on the plans.

1:00:451:00:49

Retailers haven't had the Christmas

they were hoping for,

1:00:491:00:52

with the weakest growth in non-food

sales since records began.

1:00:521:00:56

I'm looking at who were

the winners and losers.

1:00:561:01:00

In sport: A first for English

football - the video assistant

1:01:001:01:03

referee system is used,

as Brighton beat Crystal Palace

1:01:031:01:05

in the FA Cup.

1:01:051:01:09

It is been touted as a "superfood",

but it contains more saturated

1:01:091:01:12

fat than lard.

1:01:121:01:13

So is coconut oil good for you?

1:01:131:01:17

We will be finding out.

1:01:171:01:23

Good morning. It is not quite as

cold today as it was yesterday.

1:01:231:01:28

There will be a lot of cloud around,

some drizzle coming out of that

1:01:281:01:33

cloud, brighter breaks in parts of

the west, but we have also got a

1:01:331:01:36

weather front coming in from the

west which later on will bring

1:01:361:01:40

strengthening winds and some rain. I

will have more in about 15 minutes.

1:01:401:01:44

Good morning.

1:01:441:01:46

First, our main story:

The education secretary,

1:01:461:01:48

Justine Greening, has resigned

from the Government after refusing

1:01:481:01:50

a job as Work and Pensions Secretary

in Theresa May's Cabinet reshuffle.

1:01:501:01:53

It is also understood that

Jeremy Hunt was asked to become

1:01:531:01:56

business secretary, but persuaded

the Prime Minister to keep him

1:01:561:01:59

at the Department of Health.

1:01:591:02:00

Theresa May is expected to make more

changes to her Cabinet later today.

1:02:001:02:04

Leila Nathoo reports.

1:02:041:02:05

Are you confident of

staying in Government?

1:02:051:02:10

After a day of few surprises,

it was Education Secretary Justine

1:02:101:02:12

Greening who threw the biggest

spanner in the works

1:02:121:02:16

of Theresa May's cautious plans,

emerging from Downing Street having

1:02:161:02:20

quit the Government,

rather than move to take charge

1:02:201:02:22

of welfare, as she was asked to do.

1:02:221:02:25

And it is understood

the Health Secretary,

1:02:251:02:26

Jeremy Hunt, who was also in line

for a move, this time to business,

1:02:261:02:30

successfully argued

to stay where he was.

1:02:301:02:33

A reshuffle designed to breathe

new life into the Government did see

1:02:331:02:36

a few switch jobs,

a handful promoted.

1:02:361:02:38

But there was no movement

in the top positions,

1:02:381:02:41

and the Cabinet make-up

is largely unchanged.

1:02:411:02:44

Though there was a shakeup of staff

in charge of running

1:02:441:02:47

the Conservative Party,

to try to broaden its appeal

1:02:471:02:50

and revive the Tory

electoral machine.

1:02:501:02:52

Now, on day two of the reshuffle,

Theresa May's focus turns

1:02:521:02:55

to the junior ministerial roles.

1:02:551:02:58

Number Ten says the Prime Minister

will promote young talent

1:02:581:03:01

from the backbenches.

1:03:011:03:02

Downing Street is promising

the new ministerial team will be

1:03:021:03:05

more diverse, with more women

and MPs from minority backgrounds,

1:03:051:03:08

so it better reflects the country.

1:03:081:03:13

Our political correspondent

Alex Forsyth is in Westminster this

1:03:131:03:15

morning.

1:03:151:03:21

Good morning to you once again.

Yesterday at this time we were

1:03:211:03:25

saying it was a day when Theresa May

could set out the agenda and get

1:03:251:03:29

herself back in the country's good

books. It is another date when it

1:03:291:03:33

seems like she has been reacting to

events rather than directing them.

1:03:331:03:38

Yes, this was meant to be reset

moment. A chance for Theresa May to

1:03:381:03:42

put the troubles of the last 12

months behind her, coming into the

1:03:421:03:45

New Year saying I am in charge, here

my government and let's get down to

1:03:451:03:50

business, and also to show that the

Conservative Party could be more

1:03:501:03:54

representative of the country. It

didn't go to plan. Justine Greening

1:03:541:03:57

ended up walking away from

government and Jeremy Hunt refused

1:03:571:04:00

to move jobs. And at the end of the

day the government doesn't look

1:04:001:04:05

lastly different than it did before.

So rather than a huge

1:04:051:04:08

transformation, Theresa May began

struggling to prove she can assert

1:04:081:04:11

her authority, showing she is

constrained by her position in

1:04:111:04:14

government. Today we are expecting a

whole host of junior ministerial

1:04:141:04:19

appointments, and Number Ten very

clear that they will be diverse,

1:04:191:04:23

that they will be representative and

reflective of the country, and show

1:04:231:04:27

what kind of party the Conservative

Party wants to be. And no doubt

1:04:271:04:31

Downing Street will hope today's

appointments go somewhat more

1:04:311:04:35

smoothly.

And some other news to

reflect on, journalist Toby Young

1:04:351:04:41

has stood down from his role with

the office of students. It has been

1:04:411:04:45

a lot of criticism, he has been

defended by some Conservative MPs as

1:04:451:04:49

well. Is that another blow for

Theresa May?

There was a huge

1:04:491:04:53

backlash at his appointment because

of offensive comments he had made on

1:04:531:04:59

Twitter in the past. And Theresa May

appeared to give him her support,

1:04:591:05:04

saying any further comments and he

would lose his job. Now he has

1:05:041:05:07

chosen to go because he says he had

become a distraction from the work

1:05:071:05:11

of the board of the office for

students. It is another unwelcome

1:05:111:05:15

signal that not all smooth sailing

at all times for Theresa May's

1:05:151:05:20

government.

Great to talk to you as

ever, as I throw my paper across the

1:05:201:05:26

table.

1:05:261:05:27

And at 7:10am we will be

talking to the new chairman

1:05:271:05:30

of the Conservative

Party, Brandon Lewis.

1:05:301:05:35

I know many of you are getting in

touch with us about this particular

1:05:351:05:39

story.

1:05:391:05:41

Parents in Wales could be banned

from smacking their children,

1:05:411:05:44

under new plans.

1:05:441:05:44

The Welsh Government

is consulting on the changes,

1:05:441:05:47

and people will be given 12 weeks

to make their views known.

1:05:471:05:50

Scotland is in the process

of introducing a similar ban.

1:05:501:05:53

Dan Johnson reports.

1:05:531:05:53

If it goes ahead, Wales would become

the second part of the UK

1:05:531:09:01

They will appear before

Westminster Magistrates later today.

1:09:011:09:03

National Action became the first

far-right group to be banned

1:09:031:09:06

in the UK, in December 2016,

after the Home Secretary,

1:09:061:09:08

Amber Rudd, said it was promoting

violence and acts of terrorism.

1:09:081:09:15

A UK-wide ban on the manufacturing

of cosmetics and care products

1:09:151:09:18

containing microbeads has

come into force today,

1:09:181:09:20

in an attempt to cut down

on the amount of plastic

1:09:201:09:23

in our oceans.

1:09:231:09:24

The beads that are used in hundreds

of facewashes and shower gels

1:09:241:09:27

are often ingested by sea animals,

and even end up entering

1:09:271:09:30

our food chain.

1:09:301:09:31

It will be followed by a wider ban

on the sale of products containing

1:09:311:09:35

microbeads later in the year.

1:09:351:09:38

The warning is very clear -

never work in television

1:09:381:09:41

with children and animals.

1:09:411:09:42

But this reporter clearly

hasn't heard the advice.

1:09:421:09:45

Alex Dunlop was filming a report

at Banham Zoo, in Norfolk.

1:09:451:09:47

But, as he attempted to tell

the story, the zoo's lemurs decided

1:09:471:09:51

that this was their moment of fame.

1:09:511:10:02

He is fine.

I do think it is the

shade of the jumper. He has worn

1:10:021:10:10

grey.

More now on our main story. We

were talking about this yesterday as

1:10:101:10:18

well, Theresa May's reshuffle which

seemingly didn't go according to

1:10:181:10:22

plan. It is unsurprisingly on the

front page of a lot of the papers.

1:10:221:10:26

Theresa May reshuffle in disarray,

as Justine Greening quits.

Night of

1:10:261:10:36

the blunt stiletto, as ministers

refuse to move in reshuffle. The

1:10:361:10:40

Daily Mail have said no, Prime

Minister. The Health Secretary

1:10:401:10:43

turning down a new job and Theresa

May forced to sack the Education

1:10:431:10:48

Secretary after she refuses to move.

And on the times, Greening quits in

1:10:481:10:55

shambolic reshuffle. Another

newspaper calling it a reshuffle

1:10:551:10:57

kerfuffle. Let's talk to Brendan

Lewis. Good morning to you. Thank

1:10:571:11:04

you for coming on Breakfast and

reflecting on yesterday and looking

1:11:041:11:07

ahead for us as well. I wonder, what

has what we saw and heard yesterday,

1:11:071:11:13

what does that say to the British

public about your party this

1:11:131:11:16

morning?

If you look at what the

Prime Minister outlined yesterday in

1:11:161:11:20

terms of how the departments are

working, there are some good people

1:11:201:11:23

coming in, more women around the

Cabinet table than we have ever had

1:11:231:11:27

before. We have actually very clear

focus, if you look at what we have

1:11:271:11:31

done with the Ministry of Housing

and local government, putting that

1:11:311:11:34

real focus, as the Prime Minister

herself has outlined, on delivering

1:11:341:11:38

the housing we need in the country.

And the important thing that we have

1:11:381:11:42

seen this delivering health and

social care. As someone who worked

1:11:421:11:45

in local government around better

funded social care, the importance

1:11:451:11:48

of having health and social

get-together is something most

1:11:481:11:52

people will welcome. We have seen

that widely welcomed in the industry

1:11:521:11:56

already.

The problem is, this is not

the prime minister being in control,

1:11:561:12:00

is it? Shias reacting to events

rather than directing them. You say

1:12:001:12:04

it is together those two

departments, but that was not the

1:12:041:12:08

initial plan. The plan was the

Justine Greening the move, and she

1:12:081:12:12

said no thanks, I am off. And for

Jeremy Hunt to move, and he said

1:12:121:12:17

that her decision was the wrong one,

and this is what he would be doing.

1:12:171:12:21

That is not a prime minister in

control.

Well, as tempting as it is

1:12:211:12:26

to get into speculation and gossip

about what may have happened, what I

1:12:261:12:29

am focused on is, as we set on the

Andrew Marr Show, driving that

1:12:291:12:34

domestic agenda, making sure we are

recognising and dealing with some of

1:12:341:12:39

the real challenges we face in the

country, providing the homes that we

1:12:391:12:43

need, with a brilliant Secretary of

State in Sajid Javvid, and doing

1:12:431:12:50

that important piece of work about

bringing health and social care

1:12:501:12:53

together, to make sure we are able

to deliver a really coherent package

1:12:531:12:57

for people in the health sector

going forward. If you look at some

1:12:571:13:01

of the outlines today, the Health

Secretary has warmly welcome this

1:13:011:13:05

change.

I understand where you are

coming from, and I am not trying to

1:13:051:13:10

undermine the prime minister. I am

asking genuine questions, and a lot

1:13:101:13:15

of politics is about perception. The

perception after what we saw

1:13:151:13:18

yesterday is that Theresa May is not

in control of this government.

1:13:181:13:22

Obviously you won't be surprised to

know I entirely disagree with that.

1:13:221:13:25

In a reshuffle, by definition,

people change. My role has changed,

1:13:251:13:30

becoming chairman of the party, and

moving forward, it is a great party

1:13:301:13:35

with some great people and while

wonderful volunteers activists

1:13:351:13:40

around the country. We have seen

some great new faces, brilliant

1:13:401:13:44

people, having more women around the

Cabinet table than we have had

1:13:441:13:49

before, something the Prime Minister

is very focused on doing. And we are

1:13:491:13:52

blessed to have some great talent

across the Conservative Party in

1:13:521:13:55

Parliament, and you will see more of

that as the reshuffle continues.

1:13:551:13:58

We're only just getting into the

wider part the reshuffle, with our

1:13:581:14:03

ministers and Parliamentary

undersecretary is being appointed

1:14:031:14:05

through the course of the day.

You

will know that polling data

1:14:051:14:08

suggested your party struggle to

reach those under the age of 30. In

1:14:081:14:12

your new role, how do you rebrand

the party? How do you sell the Tory

1:14:121:14:17

party to those voters in particular?

Well, we have got a job to do to

1:14:171:14:21

make sure that we are able to

outline the people across the

1:14:211:14:25

country, of all age groups, about

why what we are doing in government

1:14:251:14:28

and what we offer in the future in

government is good for the United

1:14:281:14:32

Kingdom as a whole, regardless of

age, sex, or where you live in the

1:14:321:14:36

United Kingdom. We want to deliver

for everybody. I have been very

1:14:361:14:40

fortunate to be joined by a really

good team, with Ben, and Andrew

1:14:401:14:47

Jones, and a whole team of people

looking at how we get the message

1:14:471:14:51

out, about why what we are doing in

government is so important to our

1:14:511:14:54

country. To make sure that people

have the security of a job for them

1:14:541:14:59

and their family in the future. The

confidence of having a health

1:14:591:15:02

service which can deliver and look

after them and their families. And

1:15:021:15:05

that why the strength of the economy

to deliver for the United Kingdom in

1:15:051:15:09

the future as we leave the European

Union.

With that in mind, and

1:15:091:15:12

returning to what happened with

Justine Greening, and that diversity

1:15:121:15:15

you are talking about, how damaging

is it to have the sacking of a

1:15:151:15:19

prominent female minister? With this

mail, stale and pale looking

1:15:191:15:22

Conservative Party, that really

hasn't happened.

Well, you have more

1:15:221:15:27

women around the Cabinet table than

you have before.

In senior

1:15:271:15:30

positions?

These are really powerful

people. I have worked with Claire

1:15:301:15:34

Perry in the past, she is a

fantastic addition to the Cabinet,

1:15:341:15:38

and the equality and diversity

agenda, which the Home Secretary

1:15:381:15:42

will now take care of, the brilliant

Home Secretary, Amber Rudd, and with

1:15:421:15:48

a woman as our Home Secretary and

prime minister, it is a really

1:15:481:15:55

diverse Cabinet with a wide range of

interests. Not just about whether it

1:15:551:15:58

is male or female, but the

backgrounds they come from, which we

1:15:581:16:02

as a country represent, and that we

all have something in common, which

1:16:021:16:05

is doing the best thing for the

United Kingdom and of a body in it.

1:16:051:16:15

The junior ministers will be working

across

1:16:151:16:18

The junior ministers will be working

across departments. You can look

1:16:181:16:19

forward to seeing some good fresh

talent coming through and a really

1:16:191:16:22

diverse government being put in

place across all departments.

1:16:221:16:26

Brandon Lewis, thank you for your

time. All the best for your new job.

1:16:261:16:33

It's still not over yet. The longest

reshuffle, isn't it?

1:16:331:16:39

Retailers haven't had the Christmas

they were hoping for -

1:16:391:16:42

the weakest growth in non-food sales

since records began.

1:16:421:16:49

We have spent more money on food.

It's cost us more. The supermarket

1:16:491:16:56

sales figures look good. Morrison's

figures have come out. They have had

1:16:561:17:00

a good Christmas. Their sales are up

2.8%. They have had a particularly

1:17:001:17:12

good Christmas. If you look at the

retailers which are not selling

1:17:121:17:16

food, they are the ones who have

struggled because we haven't had as

1:17:161:17:20

much money to spend on things like

clothes. Even gifts as well. If you

1:17:201:17:27

compare the supermarket to the non-

feud retails.

I was talking about

1:17:271:17:36

the importance of discounting. When

Mothercare tried to recoup money

1:17:361:17:42

after not discounting, that was

interesting.

They have had a tough

1:17:421:17:48

time. They share price has gone to

the lowest average has ever been.

1:17:481:17:54

Debenhams as well. It's also about

the ones which don't have a big on

1:17:541:18:02

line presence. Morrison's say their

sales on line are up 10%. They were

1:18:021:18:06

seen as being a bit behind the

times. If you look at someone like

1:18:061:18:11

Debenhams, they are still very old

school and the fact they have the

1:18:111:18:15

big stores on High Street which is

struggling. That has really hit them

1:18:151:18:20

hard. It is a story of two halves

but it's a lot to do with the fact

1:18:201:18:26

that we are spending more money on

food. That's meant we have had to

1:18:261:18:30

cut back on other areas.

Good

morning. This is Breakfast. It's

1:18:301:18:39

about time we got some weather with

Carol. It's a bit chilly out there.

1:18:391:18:54

A cold start but not as cold as it

was yesterday. In Perth, it is 13

1:18:541:19:02

degrees warmer than it was

yesterday. The cloud is thick enough

1:19:021:19:05

for some drizzle.

1:19:051:19:06

yesterday. The cloud is thick enough

for some drizzle. The most of

1:19:061:19:09

Scotland, that is also the case.

Across the north-west, under clear

1:19:091:19:13

skies by night, a cold start to the

day. Some frost around as well. For

1:19:131:19:20

northern England and north-west

England, around Cumbria, the skies.

1:19:201:19:23

A touch of frost. For the rest of

northern England, it is cloudy. As

1:19:231:19:29

we comes out through the Midlands,

again, a lot of cloud around. Again,

1:19:291:19:38

some hill fog. A murky start to the

day. Northwest Wales, seeing some

1:19:381:19:48

brightness. Northwest Wales, we

should see it brighten up a time

1:19:481:19:58

across parts of sex. By the end of

the afternoon, a weather front will

1:19:581:20:04

be coming in across western parts of

the UK. Southwest England, also

1:20:041:20:13

Southwest Wales. Strengthening winds

will accompany this. Along Southern

1:20:131:20:19

counties, about seven, nine degrees.

Still cold implies, Newcastle.

1:20:191:20:26

Through the evening, this weather

front will push through the

1:20:261:20:30

north-east. It will break up as it

does. The rain will be heavy. We

1:20:301:20:37

will see some snow across higher

ground. Generally, it is a weakening

1:20:371:20:42

feature. Behind it, ice on surfaces

and also some patchy fog. As we head

1:20:421:20:49

on through tomorrow, a bit of?. We

think through the afternoon, it will

1:20:491:20:57

tend to linger across north-east

Scotland and the Northern Isles.

1:20:571:21:00

Lovely blue sky. A fair bit of

sunshine around tomorrow. Nothing

1:21:001:21:06

great to write home about tomorrow.

We're looking at between eight and

1:21:061:21:13

10 degrees. Around this band of

rain, hanging on to the miles

1:21:131:21:17

around. It's quite unsettled and

mobile as we head towards the rest

1:21:171:21:22

of the week. I was unsure which

screen to look.

1:21:221:21:34

of the week. I was unsure which

screen to look. We are talking about

1:21:341:21:36

what we can do to save electricity.

Turning down the thermostat? All

1:21:361:21:45

sorts of things.

1:21:451:21:50

It's something children

have been learning

1:21:501:21:52

about for a new BBC science project.

1:21:521:21:54

Jayne McCubbin is at

Balcurvie Primary School for us this

1:21:541:21:56

morning to find out more.

1:21:561:22:00

Yes, good morning. Should we give

Balcurvie whoop whoop? Thank you. If

1:22:001:22:10

you've never been involved or seen

the terrific scientific project from

1:22:101:22:14

BBC, let me fill you in. It involves

real schoolchildren. 8000 schools

1:22:141:22:20

across the country taking part in

real experiments. Doctor Linda Webb

1:22:201:22:28

here from the University of

Edinburgh. To come up with some

1:22:281:22:33

really interesting scientific

results. Have a look at this. This

1:22:331:22:42

is what they are looking into.

Power. Not this kind of power but

1:22:421:22:51

the stuff used to power up a school

like this school in Fife.

1:22:511:22:56

Experiments have been taking place

here and in hundreds of other

1:22:561:23:00

schools involving thousands of

children in collaboration with

1:23:001:23:04

academics at Edinburgh University.

The results of which will give you a

1:23:041:23:08

good idea of what is happening

across the country.

Absolutely, the

1:23:081:23:11

children are sending in their metre

readings. We are also getting an

1:23:111:23:16

idea about the temperatures and the

clouds. It impacts how could they

1:23:161:23:20

are at the moment. We will look at

that date across the whole of the UK

1:23:201:23:26

all the schools sending us the

information.

Children have learnt

1:23:261:23:30

which power sources help protect the

environment. From the wind and the

1:23:301:23:35

sun. And those which cause the most

harm. That is fossil fuels. Oil,

1:23:351:23:42

gas, coal. And they have become

electric detectives, working out how

1:23:421:23:49

much power is being used and how

much power can be saved. But around

1:23:491:23:53

30% of power in the UK wasted every

year, the potential is huge.

Science

1:23:531:23:59

and maths and designing posters.

Hopefully, we are going to have a

1:23:591:24:07

big impact on the school.

Because

the ultimate aim is to try and make

1:24:071:24:12

some savings, isn't it? This week,

we are going to do it again.

1:24:121:24:19

Hopefully after assembly, we do a

big mission around the school and we

1:24:191:24:24

will have a drop in the nil -- the

energy we have used. I have been

1:24:241:24:29

chatting. I have been chatting to

some of the children. I know they

1:24:291:24:34

are keen to dob in some of the

grown-ups. At any of the grown-ups

1:24:341:24:41

been misbehaving in this regard?

Yes.

Miss Lisa computer on the lot.

1:24:411:24:49

I've seen Miss Stevenson that the

phone on standby. She never did.

1:24:491:24:58

Miss, you must do better.

Everyone

can do their bit. We've heard the

1:24:581:25:03

adage save the pennies, look after

the pounds. But we want to save the

1:25:031:25:07

Watts to look after the kilowatts.

And hopefully reduce carbon

1:25:071:25:11

emissions and help save the planet.

More power to them.

1:25:111:25:16

ROARS!

1:25:161:25:20

Well, the results are in. We know

what the results are. Don't give

1:25:201:25:26

anything away. Doctor Linda Webb is

outside. We would chat you a bit

1:25:261:25:32

more in a moment as we go

head-to-head. We will see who can

1:25:321:25:35

generate the most power to win the

race. We will chat about these

1:25:351:25:39

results. Very interesting. That is

chat to Mrs McDougal. The kids have

1:25:391:25:47

really engage with this science

project. They absolutely have. They

1:25:471:25:53

have become champion nags.

Constantly telling us to turn it

1:25:531:25:59

off. It is that simple. I am told by

the Carbon Trust that 6% of all

1:25:591:26:08

electricity usage is used by schools

so the potential for savings. It's

1:26:081:26:13

huge.

Can we have the drum roll

please? They worked really hard. The

1:26:131:26:25

result was what? I am really afraid

to see we use more energy. You have

1:26:251:26:37

the analysis. Cody, what went wrong?

We have parties with the Christmas

1:26:371:26:44

lights and amplifiers. What happened

to the temperatures? No wonder. Let

1:26:441:26:51

us go chat to Doctor Linda Webb. Can

you start the lap monitor? Let's

1:26:511:27:00

race as we chat. Go. In science,

things don't always go exactly as

1:27:001:27:07

you expect. Why is it so useful.

It's really difficult. Not many

1:27:071:27:20

smart metres around. Having the

children send all the data means

1:27:201:27:25

they can do the analysis.

And make

loads of savings. Thank you kids in

1:27:251:27:33

the classroom. Give everybody away

from home. More later. The last time

1:27:331:27:47

we played Scalectrix, it was so

hard. There must have been a dodgy

1:27:471:27:52

connection. Right

1:27:521:31:21

staying above zero.

1:31:211:31:21

I am back in half an hour.

1:31:211:31:23

Hello, this is Breakfast,

with Louise Minchin and Dan Walker.

1:31:301:31:32

Here is a summary of this morning's

main stories from BBC News:

1:31:321:31:36

The newly appointed chairman

of the Conservative Party,

1:31:361:31:38

Brandon Lewis, is insisting

Theresa May is fully in control

1:31:381:31:41

of her Cabinet, despite

yesterday's reshuffle not

1:31:411:31:43

going according to plan.

1:31:431:31:44

Education secretary Justine Greening

resigned after refusing an offer

1:31:441:31:46

to become Work and Pensions

Secretary, and Jeremy Hunt turned

1:31:461:31:49

down a move to business,

to remain as Health Secretary,

1:31:491:31:52

with added responsibilities.

1:31:521:31:53

The reshuffle will continue today,

with more ministerial roles expected

1:31:531:31:55

to go to women, younger MPs,

and those from ethnic minorities.

1:31:551:32:12

If you look at what the Prime

Minister outlined yesterday in terms

1:32:121:32:17

of how the departments are working,

there's some good people coming in.

1:32:171:32:20

We've got more women around

the Cabinet table than we have

1:32:201:32:23

ever had before.

1:32:231:32:24

We have actually very clear focus.

1:32:241:32:30

Toby Young has resigned after a

petition calling for him to go. In

1:32:301:32:35

an article in the Spectator he says

his appointment had become a

1:32:351:32:39

distraction from the board's vital

work of broadening access to higher

1:32:391:32:43

education. It follows accusations he

made offensive comments on Twitter.

1:32:431:32:47

In an interview with the Andrew Marr

Show on Sunday, Theresa May appeared

1:32:471:32:52

to back Mr Young, saying he had done

exceedingly good work in relation to

1:32:521:32:56

Free Schools.

1:32:561:32:58

North Korea has agreed to send

athletes accompanied by senior

1:32:581:33:00

officials to the Winter Olympics

in South Korea next month.

1:33:001:33:03

The two countries have

held their first talks for more

1:33:031:33:06

than two years, in the Demilitarised

Zone that divides the Peninsula.

1:33:061:33:09

The South Korean delegation has also

proposed more contacts

1:33:091:33:11

between the two countries,

in what appears to be a significant

1:33:111:33:14

move to lower tension in the region.

1:33:141:33:16

Parents in Wales could be banned

from smacking their children,

1:33:161:33:19

under new plans.

1:33:191:33:20

The Welsh Government

is consulting on the changes,

1:33:201:33:22

and people will be given 12 weeks

to make their views known.

1:33:221:33:25

Scotland is in the process

of introducing a similar ban.

1:33:251:33:32

Almost 100 firefighters have been

tackling a fire at a paint factory

1:33:321:33:35

in North London overnight.

1:33:351:33:36

London Fire Brigade said 15 engines

were sent to the scene,

1:33:361:33:39

after eyewitnesses heard explosions.

1:33:391:33:40

Workers left the factory safely

before crews arrived.

1:33:401:33:43

The cause of the fire

is still being investigated.

1:33:431:33:47

A UK-wide ban on the manufacturing

of cosmetics and care products

1:33:471:33:50

containing microbeads has

come into force today,

1:33:501:33:52

in an attempt to cut down

on the amount of plastic

1:33:521:33:55

in our oceans.

1:33:551:34:00

The beads, that are used in hundreds

of facewashes and shower gels,

1:34:001:34:03

are often ingested by sea animals,

and can even end up entering

1:34:031:34:07

our food chain.

1:34:071:34:08

It will be followed by a wider ban

on the sale of products containing

1:34:081:34:11

microbeads later in the year.

1:34:111:34:21

Still to come a little bit later on,

we will be talking to Natalie Dormer

1:34:211:34:25

on the BAFTA nominations. We had the

speech from Oprah Winfrey, and even

1:34:251:34:32

in the papers this morning people

are talking about Oprah Winfrey for

1:34:321:34:36

president, again.

And thank you for

your comments on smacking, Wales are

1:34:361:34:41

considering banning it. Donna says

teaching respect and strong

1:34:411:34:46

boundaries are always needed, but

smacking is not ever, and many

1:34:461:34:53

different views as well.

We will be

discussing both sides on that one.

1:34:531:34:59

And in sports, yesterday at this

time we were talking about video

1:34:591:35:04

assisted refereeing. The first game

using it in this country took place

1:35:041:35:10

yesterday, and it has been greatly

discussed.

The discussion rages

1:35:101:35:15

about whether football needs it,

whether it is making the game more

1:35:151:35:20

bland, that you can't rely on the

referee, that everyone weighs in on

1:35:201:35:25

whether things were offside or

handball. This could well eradicate

1:35:251:35:29

any kind of discussion over

decisions like that. Typically, last

1:35:291:35:35

night, it was Glenn Murray's goal,

and there was vague doubt about

1:35:351:35:40

whether it was a handball when it

went in for Brighton. It wasn't a

1:35:401:35:45

full use of the video assisted

refereeing. He didn't have to go

1:35:451:35:48

over to the screen and watch the

replays himself. At the video

1:35:481:35:54

assistant referee popped up and said

that was fine, I don't think it was

1:35:541:36:00

handball. But we will get to see how

it is used more competently in the

1:36:001:36:04

next few days, with the League Cup

game coming up.

1:36:041:36:08

An English football first -

the Video assistant referee,

1:36:081:36:10

or VAR, as it is known,

made its debut as Brighton beat

1:36:101:36:14

Crystal Palace 2-1 in

the FA Cup third round.

1:36:141:36:16

Screens were available for referee

Andre Marriner at the side

1:36:161:36:19

of the pitch, should he have needed

to see any replays of incidents.

1:36:191:36:22

And, when Glenn Murray scored a late

winner for Brighton,

1:36:221:36:25

did the final touch

come off his arm?

1:36:251:36:27

Well, Marriner consulted

the video referee team,

1:36:271:36:29

and they were happy it hadn't.

1:36:291:36:31

You can make your mind

up from the evidence,

1:36:311:36:33

although it didn't stop Palace

players making their feelings

1:36:331:36:36

known at full-time.

1:36:361:36:36

But manager Roy Hodgson

was more philosophical.

1:36:361:36:45

From where we were standing,

and watching, it looked

1:36:451:36:47

for all the world

that he had handled it.

1:36:471:36:50

And the players who were close by,

they thought so too.

1:36:501:36:53

But, to be fair, when you see

lots of times there's a very good

1:36:531:36:56

case for the VAR and the referee

to make that he didn't

1:36:561:37:00

actually handle it.

1:37:001:37:01

It was very, very close,

so I have no complaints about that.

1:37:011:37:05

Brighton will face Middlesbrough

in the fourth round.

1:37:051:37:07

Among the standout ties,

Manchester United travel

1:37:071:37:09

to League two Yeovil.

1:37:091:37:10

The lowest-ranked side left,

Newport County, are at home

1:37:101:37:12

to Spurs, while Manchester City

have been drawn away

1:37:121:37:15

to Cardiff or Mansfield.

1:37:151:37:16

The full draw is on

the BBC Sport website.

1:37:161:37:28

They have only just finished picking

up the confetti in Sydney,

1:37:281:37:30

after Australia's Ashes victory.

1:37:301:37:32

So where next for England?

1:37:321:37:33

Well, they name their Test squad

to face New Zealand later,

1:37:331:37:36

with head coach Trevor Bayliss

saying he plans to quit

1:37:361:37:39

after next year's Ashes.

1:37:391:37:40

I've already told Andrew Strauss,

probably 12 months ago,

1:37:401:37:42

that September 2019 I'm contracted

to, and that would see me out.

1:37:421:37:45

I've never been anywhere more

than four or five years.

1:37:451:37:48

Whether you're going well or not,

I've always felt that around

1:37:481:37:51

about that four-year

mark is time to change.

1:37:511:37:53

A new voice and a different

approach, slightly different

1:37:531:37:56

approach from someone,

just reinvigorates things.

1:37:561:38:07

Widnes Vikings centre Kato Ottio has

died at the age of 23,

1:38:071:38:10

after suffering what has been

described as a sudden health

1:38:101:38:13

issue in training.

1:38:131:38:14

The Papua New Guinea international

only joined the club in December,

1:38:141:38:17

and was to link up with his

new teammates next week,

1:38:171:38:20

ahead of the new season.

1:38:201:38:21

Widnes CEO James Rule said Kato

was an incredibly talented player,

1:38:211:38:24

with a bright future.

1:38:241:38:32

Defending champion Sam Sunderland

has retaken the lead

1:38:321:38:34

of the Dakar Rally,

after the third stage.

1:38:341:38:36

The man from Poole nicknamed

'Super Sam' had to negotiate his way

1:38:361:38:39

through the Peruvian desert in order

to regain the lead that he had lost

1:38:391:38:43

after stage two.

1:38:431:38:44

He finished over three minutes ahead

of his nearest riders,

1:38:441:38:47

and has a four-minute lead overall.

1:38:471:38:48

Johanna Konta's preparations

for this month's Australian Open

1:38:481:38:50

continued in Sydney,

but the defending champion

1:38:501:38:52

lost her opening match

to Poland's Agnieszka Radwanska.

1:38:521:38:54

Meanwhile, the other British

number one, Andy Murray,

1:38:541:38:57

has had hip surgery in Melbourne,

and says he hopes to be playing

1:38:571:39:00

again in time for the

grass-court season.

1:39:001:39:02

He posted this on social media

saying he is looking forward

1:39:021:39:05

to starting rehab.

1:39:051:39:10

He has not played a competitive

match since Wimbledon in July.

1:39:101:39:13

Now, spare a thought for Australian

tennis player Nick Kyrgios,

1:39:131:39:16

who was hit in the face

by Alex Zverev during a doubles

1:39:161:39:19

match in Sydney.

1:39:191:39:20

But luckily a cuddle from his German

opponent was enough to get Kyrgios

1:39:201:39:24

back on his feet.

1:39:241:39:28

Kind of point-blank range. We were

talking earlier about whether Boris

1:39:281:39:36

Becker could hit a ball through you.

That was this that you believed

1:39:361:39:40

you'd uncovered.

Someone told me at

when I was much younger, and I

1:39:401:39:47

questioned it...

We have consulted

the finest positions and

1:39:471:39:53

aerodynamicists in the country, and

I don't think it can happen. People

1:39:531:39:58

have been saying if you hit a stone

really hard... But not a soft tennis

1:39:581:40:03

ball.

Thank you for clearing that

up.

And we are talking sport of a

1:40:031:40:10

kind, because nutrition is a part of

sport.

1:40:101:40:14

It is the latest superfood endorsed

by bloggers and celebrities,

1:40:141:40:16

yet it contains more

saturated fat than lard.

1:40:161:40:18

Is coconut oil really

all it's cracked up to be?

1:40:181:40:21

Well, the first human trial

comparing its health benefits

1:40:211:40:24

with that of butter and olive oil

has been carried out in the UK,

1:40:241:40:27

and the results are surprising.

1:40:271:40:29

Professor Katie Khaw,

from Cambridge University,

1:40:291:40:30

where the study was conducted,

joins us from our London newsroom,

1:40:301:40:33

and dietician Nichola Ludlam-Raine

is here in the studio.

1:40:331:40:36

Good morning, both. Thank you very

much for joining us. First of all,

1:40:361:40:40

what have you found?

Good morning.

Well, we were rather surprised

1:40:401:40:47

because coconut oil, as you know, is

that only 5% saturated fat. We

1:40:471:40:51

expected it to raise LDL

cholesterol, the bad cholesterol

1:40:511:40:56

which increases risk of heart

disease but in this short-term trial

1:40:561:41:00

we found that in fact it didn't

raise LDL compared with butter and

1:41:001:41:05

were similar to olive oil. The other

surprising finding was that it

1:41:051:41:08

seemed to raise HDL cholesterol,

which is the good cholesterol, in

1:41:081:41:16

comparison to both olive oil and

butter.

And it has been recommended

1:41:161:41:22

in a lot of new cook books. What

does that mean for people who use

1:41:221:41:26

coconut oil?

I think it means we

don't necessarily have to stop using

1:41:261:41:30

it, because if we are concerned

about health, but I don't think it

1:41:301:41:35

changes current dietary

recommendations, in terms of being

1:41:351:41:39

prudent to limit saturated fat. But

what it does point to is the need to

1:41:391:41:43

have much more evidence on all the

new foods being introduced into our

1:41:431:41:48

diets. We are using lots of new oils

such as coconut oil and soya bean

1:41:481:41:52

oil, and we know very little about

the health effects of them. The

1:41:521:41:57

other thing it points to is that

most recommendations are now focused

1:41:571:42:02

on health patterns, dietary

patterns, if we are interested in

1:42:021:42:06

health, rather than just specific

foods.

On the studio table we have

1:42:061:42:11

some coconut oil, some olive oil,

and some butter. Coconut oil has a

1:42:111:42:18

lovely whiff to it, and it is trendy

to use at the moment. If I was to

1:42:181:42:23

offer you these to go home with

tonight, the cook with, which would

1:42:231:42:27

you choose and why?

Well, coconut

oil is very trendy, but the one I

1:42:271:42:31

would choose the heart health is

olive oil. We are trying to get the

1:42:311:42:36

message across that olive oil,

unsaturated fats, is best for heart

1:42:361:42:39

health, and the practical

recommendation is to have two kinds

1:42:391:42:43

of olive oil, the more refined

yellow one for cooking, and

1:42:431:42:49

extra-virgin olive oil, the green

one, which is good for salad

1:42:491:42:52

dressing and pass the sources. It

will say that on the label -- pasta

1:42:521:43:00

sauces.

Were you surprised that it

didn't affect cholesterol level, as

1:43:001:43:04

people would expect that it might?

It is really interesting research

1:43:041:43:09

but what we have to keep in mind is

that it is a relatively small study.

1:43:091:43:13

There were 30 participants in each

group. The study was not controlled

1:43:131:43:17

so we don't know what other foods

that participants were eating and it

1:43:171:43:20

was a relatively short duration, so

it only lasted four weeks.

Would you

1:43:201:43:25

like to look further into it?

Yes, I

think this highlights how important

1:43:251:43:30

it is to understand a lot more about

the foods we eat, and the whole

1:43:301:43:34

story about that is far more

nuanced. It used to be don't eat a

1:43:341:43:39

lot of fat, then it was saturated

fat, and now the evidence is

1:43:391:43:43

increasingly clear that different

saturated fatty acids have different

1:43:431:43:48

health effects and they need to be

taken in the context of an entire

1:43:481:43:52

diet.

Because NHS recommendations

would say olive oil, and is that

1:43:521:43:57

simply because it is unsaturated

rather than saturated?

Exactly, and

1:43:571:44:02

the benefits of olive oil go beyond

the effect of cholesterol, so it has

1:44:021:44:06

anti-inflammatory properties to it

as well. So the recommendations are

1:44:061:44:12

to limit saturated fat to 20 g a day

and on the basis of this one small

1:44:121:44:16

study, the research will not be

changing national guidelines.

What

1:44:161:44:19

does 20 g look like?

A tablespoon of

olive oil has only two grams of

1:44:191:44:28

saturated fat, so quite a small

amount.

Some people have been

1:44:281:44:33

getting in contact, some use coconut

oil to brush their teeth and some

1:44:331:44:38

give it to their dogs as well.

If it

is good for your hair and skin, keep

1:44:381:44:42

it to that, but put olive oil inside

your body.

Thank you very much.

1:44:421:44:49

Those olive oil producers I was

telling you about will be happy with

1:44:491:44:52

the guidelines.

For more information

on the actual study, it will feature

1:44:521:44:57

on Trust Me, I am a Doctor, or you

can catch it on iPlayer as well.

We

1:44:571:45:07

could be a island. Carol can tell us

we are quite clearly not.

1:45:071:45:28

of us. Nonetheless, it's going to be

a grey day ahead. A lot of cloud

1:45:281:45:31

around. The clouds and spots of

drizzle.

1:45:311:45:38

fog as well. Later on in the day, a

front comes in from the West.

1:45:381:45:45

rain. You feel that across western

parts of Northern Ireland. One of

1:45:451:45:47

two showers. Four Northwest

Scotland, a cold and frosty start.

1:45:471:45:53

Sunshine from the word go. The rest

of Scotland looking at a mostly

1:45:531:45:58

cloudy day. Again, will murky

conditions. Some sunshine from the

1:45:581:46:05

word go. The rest of northern

England, a lot of cloud. As we sink

1:46:051:46:12

further south, cloudy. Parts of

Essex and Kent could brighten up

1:46:121:46:17

this afternoon. The win

strengthening across the south-west

1:46:171:46:22

of England. That is heralding the

arrival of rain. Now, the ramble

1:46:221:46:32

erratically moved eastwards as we

head through the evening. It will be

1:46:321:46:37

heavy as it battles across. Some

hill snow in northern England.

1:46:371:46:44

Behind it, the risk of ice. We'll

also see some patchy fog. Tomorrow,

1:46:441:46:54

the weather front continues. We

think at the moment, it will clear

1:46:541:47:00

eastern England. It will not be here

until overnight. Around this band of

1:47:001:47:10

rain, relatively mild. In Glasgow in

Newcastle kindly -- only six

1:47:101:47:20

degrees. A lot of blue sky coming

in. As we had from Wednesday night

1:47:201:47:27

into Thursday morning, there is

going to be some fog around.

1:47:271:47:32

Especially across Northern Ireland

and East Wales. Some of that will

1:47:321:47:37

take its time to clear. Some of that

will lift into low cloud. Quite grey

1:47:371:47:41

once again. Further north, brighter

skies. Some sunshine. Temperatures

1:47:411:47:49

again, nothing to write home about.

As we have into Friday, once again,

1:47:491:48:01

some patchy fog first thing. A lot

of dry weather around. Some sunshine

1:48:011:48:05

coming through. Wet and windy

weather. Thank you very much and see

1:48:051:48:15

you

1:48:151:48:15

weather. Thank you very much and see

you shortly. Hopefully you didn't

1:48:151:48:19

hear that at home. I was sneezing.

One in five travellers have been

1:48:191:48:27

approached the compensation claim

even if they had not been ill. This

1:48:271:48:31

is like if you get one of those cold

calls, you have been involved in a

1:48:311:48:36

car crash. It's a bit like that.

This is all to do with holiday

1:48:361:48:46

sickness. It's to do with a loophole

in the law which means legal firms

1:48:461:48:50

can charge whatever they like. It

can be so lucrative. Some companies

1:48:501:48:57

are cold calling people. Funny that

they can be ill. There has been a

1:48:571:49:07

sixfold increase. The regulator is

trying to crack down. This is

1:49:071:49:17

interesting. If you are sick on

holiday, tells bit about it. Some

1:49:171:49:28

people can do it.

Any compensation

will not be covered by claims

1:49:281:49:35

management company. What's happening

is genuine cases have been lost. All

1:49:351:49:42

these fake claims. Bombarding people

of phone calls, texts, they stop

1:49:421:49:49

messages.

That is flawed.

It is

broad and most people don't know

1:49:491:50:00

that. We did some research. The vast

majority of people don't know that

1:50:001:50:05

you can be fined it. A couple from

Merseyside just last year, they were

1:50:051:50:10

jailed. The evidence showed they

were dancing around the pool, having

1:50:101:50:18

drinks, while they should have been

in bed with diarrhoea. These people,

1:50:181:50:24

unfortunately people have been told

there was this money they can claim.

1:50:241:50:29

They are not told about the risks of

it. The government has been taking

1:50:291:50:34

action. What we need to do is make

sure these changes, so it's not so

1:50:341:50:39

lucrative to go on foreign holidays

to claim against those. Any changes

1:50:391:50:43

are brought in in April. That

clampdown is needed as soon as

1:50:431:50:48

possible.

How they getting away with

it, these claims management

1:50:481:50:53

companies?

One of the things we have

been calling for, cold calling

1:50:531:50:59

generally. Cold calling, we see

whiplash cages -- whiplash cases.

1:50:591:51:06

Holiday sickness as part of that.

There should be a ban on that type

1:51:061:51:15

of cold calling. Phone calls, com --

being bombarded with research. These

1:51:151:51:25

calls are made every single year. We

hope that MPs will seek cold calling

1:51:251:51:31

in general.

What about if you are

somebody who has been on holiday.

1:51:311:51:37

You get a call from one of these

claims managers. What would your

1:51:371:51:41

advice be?

If you take evidence of

what has happened, go to a claims

1:51:411:51:50

management company. They take a big

cut of it. If you have been ill and

1:51:501:51:56

it happens, you can go to your

holiday. What's happening is, those

1:51:561:52:07

cases have been done. How would you

define it? People are eating their

1:52:071:52:18

Breakfast, if you have lost time

because you are stuck in bed. Those

1:52:181:52:27

of the sort of things that people

will claim. If you just sort of were

1:52:271:52:34

contacted out of the blue and were

told there is a pot of money. It is

1:52:341:52:39

risk-free. That is not actually

true. People aren't aware of those

1:52:391:52:43

risks.

They give it putting that

diplomatically. A bit of

1:52:431:53:02

clarification needed.

1:53:021:53:07

An eventful night of the globe -- at

the Golden Globes yesterday. The

1:53:071:53:13

announcement of this year 's BAFTA

award nominations. Who has been

1:53:131:53:18

nominated? Which films are up?

Update us.

Thank you very much.

1:53:181:53:27

Those nominations have just been

announced. The film leading the way

1:53:271:53:36

is Sophia, were a mute clean-up

played by Sally Hawkins falls in

1:53:361:53:43

love with a mysterious sea creature.

-- the film is The Shape of the

1:53:431:53:51

Water. I am joined by the film

writer Jason Solomons.

It led the

1:53:511:53:57

way with nominations at the Golden

Globes. It won the Golden Lion in

1:53:571:54:01

Venice. Of course the Hobbit. It is

an interspecies romance.

Does Sally

1:54:011:54:28

Hawkins stand a chance of winning?

She is a big favourite with

1:54:281:54:34

adapters. She is also in the second

Paddington film, she plays the mum

1:54:341:54:37

as well. She does stand a chance. I

think as we saw the Golden Globes,

1:54:371:54:45

trouble converting 12 nominations

into something collating that. She

1:54:451:54:50

is up against a powerful position.

She is up against Three Billboards,

1:54:501:55:00

which is out this week. A powerful

performance from Frances McDormand.

1:55:001:55:06

She won an Oscar in 1997. Probably

the favourite to do so again.

Equal

1:55:061:55:14

in the number of nominations is

Darkest Hour, at the Best Film, but

1:55:141:55:20

-- Best British film and Best Actor

the Gary Oldfield.

Is he favourite

1:55:201:55:25

question mark after the Golden

Globes, he is. The Best Actor is the

1:55:251:55:30

most patriotic category. We have

Daniel Day Lewis. He is back. Also,

1:55:301:55:43

the horror film Get Out, with Daniel

Kaluuya, he is British. So many in

1:55:431:55:54

that acting category.

You talk about

the Washington Post's effort to

1:55:541:56:00

publish the Vietnam's war. Meryl

Streep, Tom Hanks. It's interesting.

1:56:001:56:09

I thought that might be a favourite

with adapters. Those old-fashioned

1:56:091:56:14

movies, newspapers, what are they?

It's sort of been sidelined in

1:56:141:56:20

favour of something a bit more

experimental. That is becoming a bit

1:56:201:56:24

more mainstream. Shape of Water is

quite interesting. We see that with

1:56:241:56:35

Three Billboards. Something that

would come out at Sundance. Those

1:56:351:56:39

kinds of films are seizing the

mainstream. They give are talking to

1:56:391:56:43

us. We'll find out who the winners

are on Sunday the 18th of February.

1:56:431:56:47

A bit later. We will speak to

Natalie Dormer. We will speak with

1:56:471:57:00

Natalie Dormer, who is also known

for Game of Thrones. Joanna Lumley

1:57:001:57:06

will host it. Thank you very much. I

will recycle, I promise.

1:57:062:00:39

I am back in half an hour.

2:00:392:00:40

Hello, this is Breakfast,

with Louise Minchin and Dan Walker.

2:00:462:00:49

Theresa May's reshuffle

doesn't quite go to plan

2:00:492:00:51

as the Health Secretary

resists a move,

2:00:512:00:52

and the Education

Secretary quits.

2:00:522:00:53

Justine Greening refused

the offer of a new job.

2:00:532:00:56

Most other senior positions

remain unchanged.

2:00:562:01:05

Speaking to Breakfast in the last

hour, the new Conservative Party

2:01:052:01:09

chairman defended the reshuffle.

More women around the Cabinet table

2:01:092:01:12

than ever before, very clear focus.

2:01:122:01:15

Good morning, it's Tuesday

the ninth of January.

2:01:292:01:35

Also for you on the programme this

morning, North Korea agrees to send

2:01:352:01:39

a team to the Winter Olympics in the

South after the first high-level

2:01:392:01:43

talks for more than two years.

2:01:432:01:45

The supermarkets have had a good

Christmas this year,

2:01:452:01:47

but other retailers

have been struggling -

2:01:472:01:49

I'll be explaining why.

2:01:492:01:52

In sport, a first

for English football

2:01:522:01:53

the video assistant referee

system is used

2:01:532:01:55

as Brighton beat Crystal

Palace in the FA Cup.

2:01:552:01:58

And Carol has the weather.

2:01:582:02:06

A cold start, not as cold as for

some of us yesterday, a cloudy day

2:02:062:02:10

with spots of drizzle, some bright

skies in the north-west, later some

2:02:102:02:14

rain coming in from the West,

accompanied by strengthening winds.

2:02:142:02:18

More detail on all of that in 15

minutes.

2:02:182:02:22

The newly appointed chairman

of the Conservative Party,

2:02:222:02:24

Brandon Lewis,

is insisting Theresa May

2:02:242:02:26

is fully in control of her Cabinet,

2:02:262:02:28

despite yesterday's reshuffle

not going according to plan.

2:02:282:02:31

Education Secretary Justine Greening

resigned after

2:02:312:02:35

refusing an offer to become

Work and Pensions Secretary,

2:02:352:02:38

and Jeremy Hunt turned down

a move to Business

2:02:382:02:41

to remain as Health Secretary

with added responsibilities.

2:02:412:02:45

The reshuffle will continue today,

2:02:452:02:47

with more ministerial roles

expected to go to women,

2:02:472:02:49

younger MPs and those

from ethnic minorities.

2:02:492:02:56

I think, if you look at what the

Prime Minister outlined yesterday in

2:02:562:03:00

terms of how departments are

working, some really good new people

2:03:002:03:04

coming in, more women around the

Cabinet table than ever before,

2:03:042:03:07

we've got very clear focus.

2:03:072:03:10

Our political correspondent

Alex Forsyth

2:03:102:03:11

is in Westminster this morning.

2:03:112:03:14

We were talking about this and our

ago, how the Government might

2:03:142:03:19

respond, I am sure you heard from

the new Conservative Party chairman

2:03:192:03:22

on our programme, what did you make

of his defence of what took place

2:03:222:03:26

yesterday?

Peas pointing out that

what Theresa May is trying to do is

2:03:262:03:32

diversify the Cabinet, and also the

Conservative Party more generally,

2:03:322:03:35

and that was really the aim of

yesterday's reshuffle, the one that

2:03:352:03:40

will continue today. And the first

thing was for Theresa May to say,

2:03:402:03:44

look, whatever happened last year,

this is a new year, I will stab my

2:03:442:03:48

authority on government, and the

other arm of it was the idea of

2:03:482:03:53

reinvigorating the party, for the

Government to be more reflective and

2:03:532:03:56

representative. It did not go to

plan as, Justine Greening quit the

2:03:562:04:02

Government rather than take the job

she was offered, and Jeremy Hunt

2:04:022:04:05

reportedly refused to move from his

position as Health Secretary. When

2:04:052:04:10

you look at the Cabinet now, there

is no vast difference. There are a

2:04:102:04:14

couple more women who will sit

around the Cabinet table, but not in

2:04:142:04:18

the most senior positions. Number

Ten says there will be a host of

2:04:182:04:21

junior appointments today, and they

will be diverse, they will be

2:04:212:04:26

representative of the country, and

they will show the direction that

2:04:262:04:29

Theresa May wants to take the party.

Now, you can imagine there are some

2:04:292:04:34

in Downing Street hoping that this

continuation of the reshuffle goes

2:04:342:04:37

more smoothly.

Another slight hiccup

this morning, those who watched the

2:04:372:04:43

Andrew Marr programme on Sunday,

Theresa May was asked about Toby

2:04:432:04:46

Young and his appointment to the

Office For Students, and today he

2:04:462:04:51

has been throwing doubt on that

role.

Peas a well-known figure in

2:04:512:04:55

the field of education, there was an

immediate backlash after comments he

2:04:552:05:00

had made on Twitter in the past,

which people said were highly

2:05:002:05:05

offensive, about women and disabled

people, and there was a lot of

2:05:052:05:08

pressure for him to go from that

role. The Prime Minister said, as

2:05:082:05:12

long as he doesn't make comments

like that in the future, he can take

2:05:122:05:16

the job, but he has decided to quit

today, saying that while some of the

2:05:162:05:21

reporting has made a caricature of

him, he recognises what he said was

2:05:212:05:25

wrong and he apologises for that. He

said his position had become a

2:05:252:05:29

distraction and he has chosen to go.

What I think this shows is that not

2:05:292:05:33

everything is plain sailing in

Downing Street, and this will allow

2:05:332:05:37

critics of Theresa May to question

her judgment again.

We shall

2:05:372:05:42

continue to follow the reshuffle day

two across the BBC throughout the

2:05:422:05:46

rest of the day.

2:05:462:05:47

North Korea has agreed to send

athletes accompanied by senior

2:05:472:05:49

officials to the Winter Olympics

in South Korea next month.

2:05:492:05:53

The two countries have held their

first talks for more than two years

2:05:532:05:56

in the demilitarised zone

that divides the peninsula.

2:05:562:06:02

Sophie Long told us what else was on

the agenda.

They are broadening the

2:06:022:06:06

areas of discussion, we know they

are talking about humanitarian

2:06:062:06:10

issues, like the reunion of families

who have been divided since the

2:06:102:06:13

Korean War. I spoke to one man a few

days ago who has not seen his sister

2:06:132:06:18

for 70 years, so it is a hugely

emotive issue in South Korea, and

2:06:182:06:22

the South has proposed that reunions

will take place over the lunar New

2:06:222:06:27

Year, which coincides with the

Winter Olympics. They are also set

2:06:272:06:30

to discuss military issues as well,

things like re-establishing the

2:06:302:06:34

communication lines. We have one

re-established last week, but there

2:06:342:06:39

were, at their peak, 33 different

lines connecting them. They will

2:06:392:06:48

want to re-establish those lines so

they can discuss the minor

2:06:482:06:52

altercation that sometimes take

place in the demilitarised zone,

2:06:522:06:55

where these talks are taking place.

2:06:552:06:59

Five men and a woman have been

charged with being members of the

2:06:592:07:07

banned group National Action, which

was banned in December of 2016 after

2:07:072:07:11

the Home Secretary, Amber Rudd, said

it was promoting violence and acts

2:07:112:07:14

of terrorism. Almost 100

firefighters have been tackling a

2:07:142:07:19

fire at a paint factory in North

London overnight. London Fire

2:07:192:07:23

Brigade said 15 engines were sent to

the scene after eyewitnesses heard

2:07:232:07:26

explosions. Workers left the factory

safely before the crews arrived. The

2:07:262:07:30

cause of the fire is still being

investigated.

2:07:302:07:35

A UK-wide ban on the manufacturing

of cosmetics and care products

2:07:352:07:37

containing microbeads has come

into force today, in an attempt

2:07:372:07:40

to cut down on the amount

of plastic in our oceans.

2:07:402:07:42

The beads that are used in hundreds

of face washes and shower gels

2:07:422:07:46

are often ingested by sea animals,

and can even end up

2:07:462:07:48

entering our food chain.

2:07:482:07:49

It will be followed by a wider ban

on the sale of products containing

2:07:492:07:53

microbeads later in the year.

2:07:532:07:58

The warning is very clear -

2:07:582:08:00

never work in television

with children and animals.

2:08:002:08:03

But this reporter clearly

hasn't heard the advice.

2:08:032:08:10

But we miss out on stuff like this!

2:08:102:08:12

Alex Dunlop was filming a report

at Banham Zoo in Norfolk

2:08:122:08:15

but as he attempted

to tell the story,

2:08:152:08:17

the zoo's lemurs decided

that this was their moment of fame.

2:08:172:08:19

I just think that he -- they thought

he was part of the foliage.

2:08:192:08:27

He has done well, that is some

serious speed!

2:08:272:08:32

It is eight minutes past eight. So

many people have contacted the

2:08:322:08:36

programme on this issue.

2:08:362:08:38

Most parents will have a view

on smacking, whether it's

2:08:382:08:41

wrong or right, and if so,

in what circumstances?

2:08:412:08:43

And now plans which could see

smacking children outlawed in Wales

2:08:432:08:46

are being put out to consultation.

2:08:462:08:47

If implemented, the ban would make

Wales the second area of the UK

2:08:472:08:50

to end the physical punishment

of children after Scotland

2:08:502:08:52

announced its plans to do the same.

2:08:522:08:54

Joining us now from Cardiff

2:08:542:08:55

is the Welsh Minister for Children

and Social Care, Huw Irranca-Davies.

2:08:552:09:03

Good morning to you, thank you for

joining us. First of all, widely

2:09:032:09:07

want to look at this? You want to

enshrine it in law?

That is right,

2:09:072:09:11

we are launching a 12 week

consultation today looking at two

2:09:112:09:16

aspects. One is removing what is

currently a defence of reasonable

2:09:162:09:20

chastisement, the ability for

parents to physically punish their

2:09:202:09:23

children. The other aspect is

looking at, if we do remove that

2:09:232:09:28

defence, what support do we need to

put in place for parents to allow

2:09:282:09:32

them to have, if you like, a

different approach, a more positive

2:09:322:09:36

approach to parenting? It is

something that over 50 countries

2:09:362:09:39

have done, including our new

neighbours in Ireland, Scotland are

2:09:392:09:43

consulting on it as well with the

help of introducing a law. So we

2:09:432:09:47

think society has moved on, and it

is time for a modern Wales to put in

2:09:472:09:52

place a modern structure for

parenting.

What do you say to people

2:09:522:09:56

who say you might be in danger of

criminalising parents?

Well, the

2:09:562:10:01

first thing to say is we are not

introducing a new piece of law to

2:10:012:10:05

criminalise parents. What we're

doing is taking away what currently

2:10:052:10:08

can be used as a defence of

reasonable chastisement. It is worth

2:10:082:10:13

pointing out macro, Louise, as well

that this has been taken in other

2:10:132:10:16

places of work and school

environments already, and we will

2:10:162:10:22

not be the first country to consider

doing this either. But it is not

2:10:222:10:28

about criminalising parents at all -

it is about promoting positive

2:10:282:10:32

parenting. Here in Wales, we do a

lot of positive programme for

2:10:322:10:36

parents, things like the flying

start programme. In England, you

2:10:362:10:40

were quite familiar with the sure

start programme? Working with

2:10:402:10:45

parents about parenting skills, how

you bring up a child with positive

2:10:452:10:50

reinforcement to improve their

behaviour without having to resort

2:10:502:10:53

to physical punishment. So I think

it is just a thing that society has

2:10:532:10:57

moved on, and you speak to a lot of

parents nowadays, and they don't see

2:10:572:11:02

the need for what a previous

generation might have seen, to

2:11:022:11:05

actually physically chastise the

child.

We are getting a lot of

2:11:052:11:09

people, some of them against

smacking, some reflecting what you

2:11:092:11:13

said, that perhaps they were smacked

in the past. Do you think you will

2:11:132:11:18

see, if this goes ahead, that

parents will be prosecuted for

2:11:182:11:23

smacking?

Well, we hope that, but

you can't rule it out. If children

2:11:232:11:28

face physical punishment and this

defence of reasonable chastisement

2:11:282:11:31

is withdrawn, which is our hope,

then what we hope is that when you

2:11:312:11:35

put that alongside wider parenting

programmes, and also the cultural

2:11:352:11:41

change that will need to go

alongside this, which is happening,

2:11:412:11:45

I have to say, anyway, Louise, as we

speak, and has been happening for

2:11:452:11:49

the last couple of decades, then we

won't see those prosecutions. But

2:11:492:11:53

you can't rule it out, and part of

this is a clear message to parents

2:11:532:11:57

that says there is a different way

to bring up children in a modern

2:11:572:12:04

Wales, a modern society, and as I

say, 50 countries have done this. I

2:12:042:12:08

have just come back from holidays

with my cousins and nephews in

2:12:082:12:12

Ireland, where they put this ban in

place, and they are saying, what is

2:12:122:12:16

your problem with this? This is a

reflection of modern families and

2:12:162:12:20

modern parenting.

Huw

Irranca-Davies, thank you very much,

2:12:202:12:24

the Welshman Esther for children and

social care. -- Welsh Minister.

2:12:242:12:33

Listening to that was

mum of two and blogger Anna

2:12:332:12:35

MacGowan, who joins us now.

2:12:352:12:37

I think most people would say that

what he was saying made sense, very

2:12:372:12:44

few of us would say, I am going to

raise my child by smacking it at

2:12:442:12:47

least once a day. Most of us end up

doing it because we run out of

2:12:472:12:52

options, run out of choices, and I

don't think a piece of...

Is it the

2:12:522:12:57

sort of thing that you disagree with

the idea that government should

2:12:572:13:01

legislate on? Is it a parental

issue, or do you understand the

2:13:012:13:05

concerns?

I understand it but I have

a few problems with it, the idea of

2:13:052:13:10

this being an aggressive modern

society, where the kids who go to

2:13:102:13:13

the same school as my kids have to

go to breakfast club because they do

2:13:132:13:16

not have enough money to be fed at

home - that seems to be a much

2:13:162:13:21

greater child protection issue. But

there is the slight worry of where

2:13:212:13:23

this might end, are they going to

have legislation that says the kids

2:13:232:13:28

must have five portions of fruit and

veg a day? Last night I gave my kids

2:13:282:13:32

a packet of crisps at 11 o'clock at

night because he was doing my head

2:13:322:13:36

in. It is not ideal, but could I

face prosecution for that?

I suppose

2:13:362:13:41

other people would say it is the

Government's role to protect

2:13:412:13:45

vulnerable children.

I think that is

absolutely true, and there's nothing

2:13:452:13:49

wrong with that, but this is a

curious thing to focus on when, in

2:13:492:13:53

that same society, we have got kids

who are being abused in all kinds of

2:13:532:13:58

different ways, suffering from lack

of food and money, and yet here

2:13:582:14:01

comes this heavy legislation which

is penalising parents, rather than

2:14:012:14:06

supporting us, giving us the tools

we need to crack on and do the best

2:14:062:14:10

job we can.

Lots of people getting

in contact this morning, quite on

2:14:102:14:17

both sides of the debate, many

parents making your point saying

2:14:172:14:20

they do not plan to make sure they

admonish their children in this way,

2:14:202:14:23

but there are sometimes they see it

as a legitimate parenting tool.

2:14:232:14:28

Personally, I don't smack my kids,

even though they well deserve it,

2:14:282:14:31

both of them! But I have pulled,

pushed, I sat on my little boy wants

2:14:312:14:37

because he just wouldn't do what he

was supposed to. We don't feel proud

2:14:372:14:42

of ourselves, but the idea that the

follow on from that could be that

2:14:422:14:45

the country I live in will tell me

that I have broken the law, that

2:14:452:14:50

doesn't feel like a progressive way

of dealing with that problem.

Denise

2:14:502:14:55

says, for example, lots of people

saying that in a Geoff -- in a

2:14:552:15:03

different generation they did get

smacked, but she says it is

2:15:032:15:05

demeaning, humiliating, and teaches

you to deal with life with your

2:15:052:15:10

fists up, children need positive

reinforcement.

Does she have

2:15:102:15:15

children?

I don't know.

We should

find that out before we take that

2:15:152:15:19

advice!

2:15:192:15:24

That's a legitimate point?

Of

course, it is. Especially if you are

2:15:242:15:29

facing hardship and you are on your

own, you end up doing stuff that

2:15:292:15:35

you're not proud of.

What flavour of

crisps?

Walker's ready salted.

I

2:15:352:15:44

would go for prawn cocktail at that

time of night!

Would you?

Thank you

2:15:442:15:49

for your messages. There are so many

people saying they were smacked as

2:15:492:15:54

children and perhaps it is a change

of society, that's what the

2:15:542:15:59

minister's point was, wasn't it?

Many people will be saying it never

2:15:592:16:02

did me any harm and it did teach me

the discipline that I've now used in

2:16:022:16:07

later life, but maybe wouldn't do it

to my own children. It is a really

2:16:072:16:11

interesting debate.

Some of you feel

strongly about this. Get in touch,

2:16:112:16:15

you can tweet us and e-mail as well.

2:16:152:16:22

It's 8.16am and you're watching

Breakfast from BBC News.

2:16:232:16:25

The main stories:

2:16:252:16:26

The Education

Secretary Justine Greening has

2:16:262:16:27

resigned from the Government

after refusing a job as Work

2:16:272:16:30

and Pensions Secretary

in Theresa May's Cabinet reshuffle.

2:16:302:16:32

North Korea has agreed to send

a team to next month's

2:16:322:16:34

Winter Olympics in the South

after high-level talks

2:16:342:16:36

between the two countries.

2:16:362:16:46

I had a look at Carol's moody

weather picture. I imagine that's

2:16:462:16:53

astro-turf pitches behind you!

2:16:532:16:54

weather picture. I imagine that's

astro-turf pitches behind you!

It is

2:16:542:16:56

a beautiful picture and it shows the

weather nicely. Good morning. It's a

2:16:562:17:00

lovely shot from Luton. There is a

lot of cloud and mist around as

2:17:002:17:03

well. Generally today, it will be a

cloudy day. It will be grey. There

2:17:032:17:07

will be drizzle coming out of that

cloud and it will be cold, not as

2:17:072:17:12

cold as yesterday, but cold

nonetheless. This morning we're

2:17:122:17:14

starting off on that cloudy note.

We've got hill fog around, but some

2:17:142:17:19

clearer skies across north-west

Scotland where there is a touch of

2:17:192:17:22

frost, but you will have sunshine,

sunshine across Cumbria and

2:17:222:17:26

north-west Wales. Into the afternoon

the cloud continues across Northern

2:17:262:17:30

Ireland, with spots of rain ahead of

the main band of rain and

2:17:302:17:34

strengthening winds later.

North-west Scotland hangs on to the

2:17:342:17:37

sunshine, but for the rest of

Scotland it will be cloudy. Again

2:17:372:17:40

some murky conditions. Around

Cumbria, Carlisle, you should see

2:17:402:17:44

some sunshine today. That's hard to

say, but for the rest of northern

2:17:442:17:48

England there is patchy fog around

especially in the Pennines this

2:17:482:17:51

morning. Some of that will be with

us this afternoon and low cloud and

2:17:512:17:54

the same as we come further south.

Generally cloudy. We could see some

2:17:542:18:02

brightness, Kent, Essex and Sussex,

but it will remain cloudy with'

2:18:022:18:05

strengthening wind and rain coming

into. That's courtesy of a weather

2:18:052:18:10

front which through the evening and

overnight is going to continue to

2:18:102:18:14

push erratically north-east wards.

It will weaken a touch and fragment

2:18:142:18:17

through the course of the night. But

it will bring some heavier rain

2:18:172:18:21

across the Midlands and in through

Scotland. Again, depositing snow

2:18:212:18:25

across the hills of Scotland and

northern England. Behind it, there

2:18:252:18:28

will be patchy fog forming. There is

the risk of ice across Northern

2:18:282:18:32

Ireland, where we've had the rain

moving through. So tomorrow, we

2:18:322:18:36

start off with our weather front. It

will bring rain, weakening all the

2:18:362:18:40

time, clearing we think eastern

England through the afternoon, not

2:18:402:18:46

clearing north-east Scotland and the

Northern Isles until through the

2:18:462:18:48

course of the following night.

Behind it, lovely blue skies,

2:18:482:18:52

temperatures in the south-west and

the Channel Islands ten Celsius.

2:18:522:18:55

Around this band of rain we have got

warmer conditions. I use that word

2:18:552:18:59

loosely, it will only be seven

Celsius, but across Northern

2:18:592:19:03

Ireland, Southern Scotland and

northern England, we are only

2:19:032:19:05

looking at between four and six

Celsius. Now, by the time we get to

2:19:052:19:08

the end of the week, but especially

Wednesday night and into Thursday,

2:19:082:19:12

we are looking at overnight fog. And

the areas most likely to be affected

2:19:122:19:19

is Northern Ireland, east Wales and

southern England. Some of it will

2:19:192:19:22

take its time to clear. Move north,

brighter skies, sunshine, but look

2:19:222:19:27

at the temperatures, fours and fives

in the north. Maybe six to nine as

2:19:272:19:30

we move further south, Dan and Lou.

2:19:302:19:35

Has it been a good Christmas for the

supermarkets?

We spent £1 billion

2:19:422:19:50

more in the supermarkets in the

run-up to December compared to last

2:19:502:19:54

year. Actually food prices have been

going up. So it has meant we have

2:19:542:20:03

not necessarily bought loads more.

It has been more expensive for a lot

2:20:032:20:07

of people in terms of buying the

food they needed for Christmas. In

2:20:072:20:10

the run-up to it. It is interesting

when you look at who has done well

2:20:102:20:14

out of it though. The supermarkets

have done well because they sell

2:20:142:20:17

food and normally at Christmas time

we go back to rather than shopping

2:20:172:20:21

around, we will go and do one big

shop in our favourite supermarket.

2:20:212:20:26

Generally through the year we'll

shop around a bit, but interestingly

2:20:262:20:31

this year, Aldi and Lidl have done

well. They have attracted one

2:20:312:20:35

million new households this

Christmas to their shops, but still

2:20:352:20:39

they are not as big as Tesco and

Tesco is the dominant one by far,

2:20:392:20:44

but what all this meant is we've

spent more on food, but we haven't

2:20:442:20:48

had as much money to spend on gifts

or clothes that we might buy in the

2:20:482:20:53

run-up to Christmas and that's meant

shops like Debenhams, they have put

2:20:532:20:58

out a profits warning, Mothercare

have seen their share price fall 30%

2:20:582:21:02

yesterday because they have had to

put out another profit warning and

2:21:022:21:10

Toys R Us so it is one of those

times of year which is crucial to

2:21:102:21:14

retailers and there is a difference

between the food side of it, and the

2:21:142:21:20

general other merchandise we buy

from the shops.

A stark difference,

2:21:202:21:23

isn't it? Steph, thank you very

much. We will see you tomorrow.

You

2:21:232:21:28

will.

2:21:282:21:34

I didn't get sent to Las Vegas, did

I?

2:21:342:21:40

The Consumer Electronics Show kicks

off in Las Vegas today.

2:21:402:21:43

It's the biggest event in the tech

calendar showcasing the latest

2:21:432:21:45

developments in gadgets,

smart phones, robotics,

2:21:452:21:47

and autonomous cars.

2:21:472:21:49

This year it's expected to draw

more than 170,000 people

2:21:492:21:51

with to 4,000 exhibitor.

2:21:512:21:56

Rory Cellan-Jones is in Las Vegas.

2:21:562:22:01

In a robotics lab at the university

of Las Vegas, I have

2:22:012:22:04

come to meet Sophia,

who looks pretty human

2:22:042:22:06

and is just learning to walk.

2:22:062:22:08

Hey Sophia, can we shake hands?

2:22:082:22:11

Oh, really good to meet you.

2:22:112:22:12

You are quite warm actually.

2:22:122:22:14

How sophisticated do

you think you are as a robot?

2:22:142:22:16

I want people to perceive

me as the robot I am.

2:22:162:22:21

However, I wouldn't want to trick

people into thinking I'm human.

2:22:212:22:24

I want to communicate with people

in the best possible ways

2:22:242:22:27

which includes looking like one.

2:22:272:22:28

Sophia, who's had advanced

notice of my questions,

2:22:282:22:32

has few practical uses right now

but her creators, an American firm

2:22:322:22:37

employing Chinese scientists,

believe she represents a big step

2:22:372:22:39

on the road to artificial

intelligence.

2:22:392:22:43

Our aspiration is to bring

the machines to life,

2:22:432:22:52

to create living intelligent systems

and there you'll see

2:22:522:22:54

the greatest revolution

in artificial intelligence.

2:22:542:22:56

We are aspiring towards this.

2:22:562:22:57

Do we know for sure it can be done?

We think it can.

2:22:572:23:00

And among the thousands

of new gadgets on show

2:23:002:23:02

in Las Vegas this week,

artificial intelligence

2:23:022:23:04

is a constant theme.

2:23:042:23:07

There's a seeing suitcase which can

follow its owner around the airport!

2:23:072:23:10

This friendly robot wanders

around your home, filming short

2:23:102:23:12

bursts of video to send

to your phone.

2:23:122:23:16

And Vincent, developed in Cambridge,

is a drawing programme that learns

2:23:162:23:18

to turn simple sketches

into works of art.

2:23:182:23:22

We all own a million things

already, a lot of different

2:23:222:23:25

electronic products.

2:23:252:23:27

AI represents a whole new wave

of ways to make those electronic

2:23:272:23:32

products a lot more interesting.

2:23:322:23:35

What that means for the consumer

electronics industry is a whole

2:23:352:23:41

new wave of products that they can

sell to us and they are a lot

2:23:412:23:44

more useful and helpful,

or so the belief goes.

2:23:442:23:46

And here is the most

obvious example of AI -

2:23:462:23:49

the race to transform cities

with driverless cars.

2:23:492:23:51

Autonomous driving.

2:23:512:23:54

This autonomous cab from Uber's

rival Lyft still has someone who can

2:23:542:24:01

take over the wheel,

but within a couple of years,

2:24:012:24:04

this company believes

we will hop into a cab

2:24:042:24:06

which will take us across town

all on its own.

2:24:062:24:09

I like all that stuff.

I love

watching it. Thank you very much for

2:24:122:24:18

sending in, we have been talking

about smacking and Wales is talking

2:24:182:24:21

about consulting on whether or not

to ban it. Lots of you getting in

2:24:212:24:24

touch. Lots of you feel really

strongly about it. Dean says, "I'm a

2:24:242:24:28

dad of two. I've never raised my

hand to my kids and one has ADHT. It

2:24:282:24:41

doesn't make sense." Howard says, "I

have four boys. I never smacked

2:24:412:24:45

them. I felt the moment I raise my

hand to them I had lost the

2:24:452:24:51

argument."

I was smacked as a child

says one viewer, I brought up my

2:24:512:24:56

child in the same way. I only had to

smack her twice. She is nearly

2:24:562:25:00

seven. We are not talking about a

backhand, but the slap on the back

2:25:002:25:07

of a hand, but kids need to learn

their boundaries. Sometimes a

2:25:072:25:12

naughty step or time-out doesn't cut

it.

A mum of two says, "I feel by

2:25:122:25:19

banning smacking, we will be putting

parents in fear as sometimes parents

2:25:192:25:23

use it as a last resort. The

Government is controlling parents by

2:25:232:25:26

telling them what they can and can't

do, but when children misbehave in

2:25:262:25:31

society parents are held

accountable." Thank you, I feelings

2:25:312:25:35

are strong out there.

We will be

talking about the BAFTA nominations.

2:25:352:25:40

A Shape Of Water is nominated and

Three Billboards. Toit

Let's talk

2:25:402:25:54

about what you can do to save

electricity, save power and this is

2:25:542:25:59

part of a terrific scientific

project. Children have been helping

2:25:592:26:04

out with this and Jayne McCubbin is

with them for us this morning. Good

2:26:042:26:06

morning.

Good morning. Good morning

from everyone here in Fife. Can we

2:26:062:26:13

have a good morning.

ALL:

Good morning.

They have been

2:26:132:26:16

brilliant. They have been up since

silly o'clock. What time?

2:26:162:26:21

ALL:

Five o'clock.

Who normally gets

up at five? Nobody. Who said yes?

2:26:212:26:27

This is what we're learning about

today. In this terrific scientific

2:26:272:26:32

investigation, we have been learning

about power. Guys, can you start

2:26:322:26:35

pedalling. This is pedal power to

make the cars go around the track.

2:26:352:26:40

Drew and Frazer take it away.

Pedal power makes these cars go.

2:26:402:26:46

Amazing, but what these kids have

been looking into is the kind of

2:26:462:26:50

power that goes into powering up

their school and whether or not they

2:26:502:26:54

can get their power usage down? If

they can, they can save millions of

2:26:542:26:58

pounds because thousands of schools

are taking part in this. Anyway, we

2:26:582:27:01

will leave you with this. Take it

away kids, but first the news, the

2:27:012:27:06

travel and weather where you are.

More from us later.

2:27:062:30:26

Bye for now.

2:30:262:30:27

Hello, this is Breakfast

with Louise Minchin and Dan Walker.

2:30:332:30:40

Let's get the latest news.

2:30:402:30:42

The newly appointed chairman

of the Conservative Party,

2:30:422:30:44

Brandon Lewis, is insisting

Theresa May is fully

2:30:442:30:45

in control of her Cabinet,

despite yesterday's reshuffle not

2:30:452:30:48

going according to plan.

2:30:482:30:50

Education Secretary Justine Greening

resigned after refusing

2:30:502:30:54

an offer to become Work

and Pensions Secretary,

2:30:542:30:55

and Jeremy Hunt turned down a move

to business to remain

2:30:552:30:58

as Health Secretary,

with added responsibilities.

2:30:582:31:00

The reshuffle will continue today,

with more ministerial roles

2:31:002:31:02

expected to go to women,

younger MPs and those

2:31:022:31:05

from ethnic minorities.

2:31:052:31:11

Journalist Toby Young has resigned

from the

2:31:112:31:14

Journalist Toby Young has resigned

from the board of the Office for

2:31:142:31:15

Students after more than 200,000

people signed a petition calling for

2:31:152:31:18

him to go. In an article in the

Spectator, he says his appointment

2:31:182:31:23

had become a distraction from the

board's vital work of broadening

2:31:232:31:27

access to higher education. It

follows accusations that he had made

2:31:272:31:31

offensive comments on Twitter. In an

interview with Andrew Marr on

2:31:312:31:36

Sunday, Theresa May appeared to back

Mr Young, saying he had done

2:31:362:31:40

exceedingly good work in relation to

free schools.

2:31:402:31:42

North Korea has agreed to send

athletes accompanied by senior

2:31:422:31:45

officials to the Winter Olympics

in South Korea next month.

2:31:452:31:47

The two countries have

held their first talks for more

2:31:472:31:50

than two years in the demilitarised

zone that divides the peninsula.

2:31:502:31:55

The South Korean delegation has also

proposed more contact between the

2:31:552:31:58

countries in what appears to be a

significant move to lower tension in

2:31:582:32:02

the region.

2:32:022:32:04

Parents in Wales could be

banned from smacking

2:32:042:32:05

their children under new plans.

2:32:052:32:07

The Welsh government is consulting

on the changes and people

2:32:072:32:09

will be given 12 weeks

to make their views known.

2:32:092:32:12

Scotland is in the process

of introducing a similar ban.

2:32:122:32:20

Five men and a woman has been

charged with being members of the

2:32:202:32:24

band neo-Nazi group National action.

They will appear before Westminster

2:32:242:32:28

magistrates later today. National

captain action became the first far

2:32:282:32:31

right group to be banned in the UK

in December 2016 after the Home

2:32:312:32:35

Secretary Amber Rudd said it was

promoting violence and acts of

2:32:352:32:38

terrorism.

2:32:382:32:39

Almost 100 firefighters have been

tackling a fire at a paint

2:32:392:32:42

factory in North London overnight.

2:32:422:32:43

London Fire Brigade said 15 engines

were sent to the scene

2:32:432:32:46

after eyewitnesses heard explosions.

2:32:462:32:47

Workers left the factory safely

before crews arrived.

2:32:472:32:50

The cause of the fire

is still being investigated.

2:32:502:32:55

A UK-wide ban on the manufacturing

of cosmetics and care products

2:32:552:32:57

containing microbeads has come

into force today, in an attempt

2:32:572:33:00

to cut down on the amount

of plastic in our oceans.

2:33:002:33:05

The beads that are used in hundreds

of face washes and shower gels

2:33:052:33:08

are often ingested by sea animals,

and can even end up

2:33:082:33:11

entering our food chain.

2:33:112:33:12

It will be followed by a wider ban

on the sale of products containing

2:33:122:33:15

microbeads later in the year.

2:33:152:33:25

In the last hour or so, we have

heard about the nominations for this

2:33:262:33:29

year 's BAFTA awards, announced

about 40 minutes ago. Gary Oldman is

2:33:292:33:33

nominated for best actor for his

role in The Darkest Hour in which he

2:33:332:33:39

plays Winston Churchill. Five

minutes ago can because your fingers

2:33:392:33:42

and said you had to speak to him,

but Gary Oldman can join a

2:33:422:33:46

Thunderbird from Los Angeles this

morning. Good morning. Thank you for

2:33:462:33:49

joining us. Congratulations on your

Golden Globe and the BAFTA

2:33:492:33:52

nomination.

Thank you very much. It

is very early morning here, about

2:33:522:34:03

12:30am, 12:45am, something like

that.

Thank you very much for coming

2:34:032:34:06

on, we won't keep you too long but

we wanted to sell a break and get a

2:34:062:34:11

bit of detail on what happened last

night as well but tell is a bit more

2:34:112:34:14

about the role because it involved

hours and hours of make-up and is it

2:34:142:34:18

right that your wife had to persuade

you to take it?

Yes, I was, you

2:34:182:34:24

know, a little... I was a bit

fearful of taking on the great man.

2:34:242:34:32

You know, he is this famous icon. He

has been mythologised and arguably,

2:34:322:34:39

you know, the greatest Briton that

ever lived. It was quite a daunting

2:34:392:34:43

thing. Many wonderful actors have

played him so brilliantly before. I

2:34:432:34:52

think it was just, I was a little

scared. But she said to me, "You

2:34:522:34:59

can't give up the chance of standing

in a room and saying "We shall fight

2:34:592:35:06

them on the beaches, we shall fight

them on the landing grounds", you

2:35:062:35:09

know". The language is, you know,

you've just got to step out onto the

2:35:092:35:15

wire. Go for it.

It was good advice

and many people who have seen the

2:35:152:35:21

film will say that you have

absolutely nailed it so

2:35:212:35:24

congratulations on that.

Thank you.

I wonder, last night, did you think

2:35:242:35:30

that the ceremony would get as

political as it did and what was it

2:35:302:35:33

like being in a room for the Golden

globes?

It was a very nice room. I

2:35:332:35:38

have to say, I think I was on a very

lucky table. We were on table number

2:35:382:35:44

two. We had the crowd of... The

Three Billboards and my good friend

2:35:442:35:59

Sam Rockwell was across from me. I

reconnected with Francis McDormand,

2:35:592:36:05

whom I had worked with many years

ago. Helen Mirren was also there.

2:36:052:36:12

Martin, the director. It was a

lovely table, although we had Ron

2:36:122:36:18

Howard on our table and I felt very

sorry for him because he came on

2:36:182:36:25

after Oprah Winfrey's extraordinary

speech. It was like an aria and then

2:36:252:36:35

he had to follow her. I think that

was tough for him.

And one of the

2:36:352:36:45

phrases that she used was, "A new

day is on the horizon". Do you think

2:36:452:36:50

that there has been a notable change

in the industry? Do you think it

2:36:502:36:54

will be different going forward

after what we have seen in the last

2:36:542:36:57

few months?

Yeah, I think, yes,

without a doubt. It is changing and

2:36:572:37:02

not just here, you know, not just in

the film industry but across the

2:37:022:37:07

board. I mean, I sort of see it as

evolution. We are just not we are

2:37:072:37:19

just moving forward and I think it

is a good thing that we check what

2:37:192:37:28

we say, how we say it, what we do,

who we do it too, who we say to. --

2:37:282:37:35

say it to. I think only good can

come from it.

Gary Oldman, really

2:37:352:37:43

good to talk to this morning. I was

going to say, thank you for staying

2:37:432:37:48

up so late getting up so early,

whichever it is, thank you for

2:37:482:37:52

coming on Breakfast and the

graduation is once again for the

2:37:522:37:54

Golden Globe award and the BAFTA

nomination.

Thank you, we are

2:37:542:37:58

thrilled, thanks very much.

2:37:582:38:01

And coming up here

on Breakfast this morning.

2:38:012:38:03

I'm black.

2:38:032:38:04

I need to find out how

black people live.

2:38:042:38:06

I get it.

2:38:062:38:07

Darling, if this was just

about race, it would be much

2:38:072:38:10

more straightforward.

2:38:102:38:10

New drama Kiri tackles the issues

of race, adoption and abduction.

2:38:102:38:13

We'll speak to the writer

and one of the stars on how

2:38:132:38:16

they hope the show will spark

a national debate.

2:38:162:38:23

We have just talked about the BAFTA

awards, and the bullet has been

2:38:232:38:27

revealed. Gary Oldman is on the list

for best actor for his depiction of

2:38:272:38:31

Winston Churchill in The Darkest

Hour. We will bring you the reaction

2:38:312:38:35

and we will have a chat with Joanna

Lumley, who will host the BAFTA

2:38:352:38:39

awards on the 18th of February.

2:38:392:38:42

He's a former software

engineer who describes

2:38:422:38:44

himself as a "space dork".

2:38:442:38:45

But when Andy Weir wrote

The Martian, it sent

2:38:452:38:47

his career into orbit.

2:38:472:38:48

He'll be here to tell us

about his new moon-based thriller.

2:38:482:38:53

We are a little late to the sport.

We had Gary Oldman on the phone!

2:38:532:38:58

That's OK, I can take second billing

to Gary Altman, no problem. Doesn't

2:38:582:39:02

he look different as Winston

Churchill with the make up?

I think

2:39:022:39:06

he got up at 3am and that in make up

for hours, hardly saw the director

2:39:062:39:10

during the film because he was

getting into not only the character

2:39:102:39:13

but just physically developing.

A

bit like as in the morning!

Takes

2:39:132:39:19

hours of make-up to get these faces!

I am talking about VAR, we had a

2:39:192:39:26

long discussion about the pros and

cons yesterday but turns out it is

2:39:262:39:29

here to stay. The first time it was

used in an English league match, I

2:39:292:39:34

think we saw it in an England

friendly a few months ago.

2:39:342:39:36

An English football first.

2:39:362:39:41

The video assistant referee

2:39:412:39:45

made its debut as Brighton beat

Crystal Palace 2-1 in

2:39:452:39:48

the FA Cup third round

And when Brighton scored the winner

2:39:482:39:50

through Glenn Murray -

the technology was needed

2:39:502:39:52

as the referee consulted the VAR

team who decided it hadn't

2:39:522:39:55

hit his arm and awarded the goal.

2:39:552:39:57

Palace manager Roy Hodgson

had no complaints.

2:39:572:39:58

From where we were standing

and watching it, it looked

2:39:582:40:01

for all the world that he'd

handballed it, and the players

2:40:012:40:03

who were close by,

they thought so too.

2:40:032:40:05

But to be fair, when you see it

lots of times, there's a very good

2:40:052:40:10

case for the VAR and the referee

to make that he didn't

2:40:102:40:13

actually handball it.

2:40:132:40:15

It's very, very close,

I have no complaints about that.

2:40:152:40:25

The draw for the fourth Round has

paired League 2 Yeovil -

2:40:252:40:27

the lowest ranked side left -

against Manchester United.

2:40:272:40:30

Newport County are at home to Spurs,

while Manchester City have been

2:40:302:40:32

drawn away to Cardiff or Mansfield.

2:40:322:40:34

The full draw is on the

BBC Sport website.

2:40:342:40:36

They've only just finished picking

up the confetti in Sydney

2:40:362:40:38

after Australia's Ashes victory.

2:40:382:40:39

So where next for England?

2:40:392:40:41

Well, they name their Test squad

to face New Zealand later -

2:40:412:40:44

with head coach Trevor Bayliss

saying he plans to quit

2:40:442:40:46

after next year's Ashes.

2:40:462:40:47

I've already told Andrew Strauss,

probably 12 months ago,

2:40:472:40:49

that September 2019 I'm contracted

to, and that would see me out.

2:40:492:40:54

I've never been anywhere more

than four or five years.

2:40:542:40:57

Whether you're going

well or not, you know.

2:40:572:41:03

I've always felt that

round about that four-year mark

2:41:032:41:05

it's time to change,

you know, a new voice

2:41:052:41:07

and a different approach,

slightly different approach

2:41:072:41:09

from someone just

reinvigorates things.

2:41:092:41:13

Johanna Konta's preparations

for this month's Australian Open

2:41:132:41:15

continued in Sydney.

2:41:152:41:16

But the defending champion

lost her opening match

2:41:162:41:18

to Poland's Agnieska Radwanska.

2:41:182:41:25

Meanwhile the other British No 1

Andy Murray has had hip surgery

2:41:252:41:28

in Melbourne and says he hopes to be

playing again in time

2:41:282:41:31

for the grass-court season.

2:41:312:41:32

He posted this on social media

in his panda pyjamas.

2:41:322:41:34

He's not played a competitive match

since Wimbledon in July.

2:41:342:41:42

The Winter Olympics

are just a few weeks away.

2:41:422:41:44

Later this morning,

UK Sport will announce

2:41:442:41:47

its official medals target

for the Games, which take place next

2:41:472:41:50

month in the South Korean

city of Pyeongchang.

2:41:502:41:53

After earning a record four medals

in the Sochi Games back in 2014,

2:41:532:41:57

Team GB and Paralympic GB are keen

to do even better this year.

2:41:572:42:00

Let's speak now to Liz Nicholl,

Chief Executive of UK

2:42:002:42:02

Sport, and Dame Katherine Granger,

Chair of UK Sport and

2:42:022:42:05

the most decorated female

Olympian, who join us live

2:42:052:42:07

from the Korean Cultural Centre

in central London.

2:42:072:42:14

Good morning. Thank you for joining

us. Katherine

2:42:142:42:20

Good morning. Thank you for joining

us. Katherine, I'll come to you

2:42:202:42:22

first, a record four medals last

time out in Sochi, can we go any

2:42:222:42:25

better this time in Pyeongchang?

I

don't think we can and out

2:42:252:42:32

officially what the medal target is.

That is what everyone is waiting for

2:42:322:42:35

later this morning but everything is

looking fantastic. The ambitions are

2:42:352:42:39

always really strong in every

Olympics, we go on and on so we can

2:42:392:42:43

be hugely optimistic.

That will do

for now until we get the official

2:42:432:42:47

announcement. Why do you think we

can be optimistic this time around?

2:42:472:42:51

What have UK sport been doing to

support the Winter Olympics?

To

2:42:512:42:58

start with, we have invested twice

as much money as we put into the

2:42:582:43:01

Sochi campaign where we did so well

with four Olympic and six Paralympic

2:43:012:43:05

medals but that is on the back of

real talent emerging through a range

2:43:052:43:09

of disciplines now, some of the new

disciplines in ski and snowboard,

2:43:092:43:14

looking fantastic, while the curling

is looking good as well. It is all

2:43:142:43:18

about the potential we have got

across a wider range of sports.

It

2:43:182:43:21

is fair to say there has been a

couple of funding blunders,

2:43:212:43:25

particularly the high profile one

with the women's bobsleigh pair, who

2:43:252:43:31

had to crowdfund to raise money for

their qualification campaign. What

2:43:312:43:36

would you say was the problem there?

Why is it, do you think, some winter

2:43:362:43:41

sports may have been neglected

perhaps when it comes to funding?

I

2:43:412:43:48

think I should probably answer that

one because it is... This is about

2:43:482:43:52

British bobsleigh acknowledging poor

financial management over a period

2:43:522:43:57

of time. And so the resources that

were available to them to see them

2:43:572:44:02

through to Pyeongchang ran out

sooner than they had planned. And so

2:44:022:44:08

there were a number of adjustments

they had to make but sadly it meant

2:44:082:44:12

that they could not support all of

the sleds and particularly this

2:44:122:44:16

campaign, to get through to

Pyeongchang and it was a great

2:44:162:44:20

initiative that Misha took to see

crowdfunding, and fantastic support

2:44:202:44:23

from the general public so we hope

the story has a happy ending.

It

2:44:232:44:27

would be great to see them in action

if they get selected. Katherine

2:44:272:44:31

would be great to see them in action

if they get selected. Katherine, we

2:44:312:44:32

have heard that North Korea have

decided to send their athletes and

2:44:322:44:36

delegates to the Olympics. What do

you think that means in terms of the

2:44:362:44:39

power of sport, how significant is

it for the Winter Olympics?

I think

2:44:392:44:45

it is hugely significant. As an

athlete or anyone involved in sport,

2:44:452:44:49

obviously you focus on your own

performance for most of the time but

2:44:492:44:52

when you get close to a massive

event like the Olympics and

2:44:522:44:56

Paralympics, winter or summer, you

get the scale of sport on a much

2:44:562:44:58

more global level and how it unites

the world and countries that would

2:44:582:45:04

not normally come together come

together under the neutral flag of

2:45:042:45:08

sport. Anyone who loves and adores

sport to watch or take part, it is

2:45:082:45:12

really inspiring to know it can make

a difference on a political level as

2:45:122:45:15

much as on the snow.

Thank you for

joining us. We are looking forward

2:45:152:45:20

to hearing a bit more about Team GB

when the athletes are announced and

2:45:202:45:25

looking forward to the Winter

Olympics in February, just a few

2:45:252:45:27

weeks to go. Very exciting!

It

really is, I love the Winter

2:45:272:45:33

Olympics.

I love the mogul.

I like

the ski cross. Over the jumps and

2:45:332:45:41

the bonds and round corners.

That

was a bit like Sherard. -- charades.

2:45:412:45:47

I want to joi this, snow in the

Sahara for the second time in 40

2:45:522:45:56

Greers. It looks amazing on the sand

dunes. I don't think we have much of

2:45:562:46:01

that going on at the moment. It has

been a chilly start to the moment.

2:46:012:46:05

that going on at the moment. It has

been a chilly start to the moment.

2:46:052:46:05

Good morning. It has been cold.

Yesterday particularly was cold,

2:46:052:46:09

today is going to be cold not as

cold, there is more cloud round, we

2:46:092:46:13

have drizzle and we have some fog

this morning, beautiful weather

2:46:132:46:19

watchers' picture sent in from

Hampshire. Cloudy is the name of the

2:46:192:46:23

game for most. We will see some

drizzle. Burr there are exceptions

2:46:232:46:27

to the rule because we have clear

sky, again you can see from another

2:46:272:46:31

gorgeous picture from one of our

weather watchers off to be Mori.

2:46:312:46:36

North-west Scotland favoured with

clear skies today, as is Cumbria,

2:46:362:46:43

north-west Wales and brightening in

Kent and Sussex but there is a lot

2:46:432:46:46

of cloud for the rest of us and

through the afternoon we will see a

2:46:462:46:52

weather front introducing

strengthening and wind and rain

2:46:522:46:55

that, rain will push

north-eastwards, note the

2:46:552:46:58

temperature, 10 in Plymouth, nine in

Barnstaple. That is a bit above

2:46:582:47:02

Avram for January. In Wales a lot of

cloud round, hill fog but if you can

2:47:022:47:07

see in north-west Wales we will see

brightness. A few showers ahead of

2:47:072:47:11

the band of rain and winds, coming

into the west of Northern Ireland

2:47:112:47:15

understanding through the afternoon,

north-west Scotland hanging on to

2:47:152:47:18

the successful after that cold

start, the rest of Scotland fairly

2:47:182:47:23

cloudy, again, with some low cloud,

hill force, Cumbria seeing brighter

2:47:232:47:29

sky, sunshine, fog across the

Pennines and south, we are looking

2:47:292:47:33

at cloud, but it could brighten up,

and temperatures along the south

2:47:332:47:38

coast seven to eight. Fairly cool

everywhere else. Through this

2:47:382:47:42

evening and overnight. There goes

the rain moving north-eastwards,

2:47:422:47:45

fragmenting as it does so s and it

will deposit snow on the hills in

2:47:452:47:51

northern England and Scotland.

Behind it, especially where we have

2:47:512:47:55

had damp surface there's the risk of

ice so once again we will see patchy

2:47:552:48:03

fog forming with showers across the

English Channel. So tomorrow, we

2:48:032:48:07

pick up this weather front, we think

it will clear eastern England,

2:48:072:48:11

probably through the afternoon, hang

round North East Scotland, and the

2:48:112:48:15

Northern Isles through the day and

there is milder conditions

2:48:152:48:18

associated with this band of rain so

we are looking at highs of seven,

2:48:182:48:22

behind the it, despite the fact

there is sunshine, we are only

2:48:222:48:26

looking at four in Glasgow, seven in

Manchester. Milder in the

2:48:262:48:29

south-west. Now, as we head from

Wednesday night, into Thursday, in

2:48:292:48:34

particular, we will see some fog

form. We are see fog towards the end

2:48:342:48:38

of the week as well, but overnight

the most prone areas will be

2:48:382:48:44

Northern Ireland, east Wales, the

Midlands and southern counties where

2:48:442:48:46

it could be widespread and slow to

clear during the course of Thursday.

2:48:462:48:50

Move away from that drier, brighter,

some sunshine, but ding-dong only

2:48:502:48:55

four degrees in Hull and Manchester,

so that is not anything to be

2:48:552:48:59

writing home about.

2:48:592:49:01

so that is not anything to be

writing home about.

2:49:012:49:06

Race, identity and the intervention

of social workers are not

2:49:062:49:08

the easiest themes to represent

on primetime television.

2:49:082:49:10

But award-winning writer

Jack Thorne tackles those very

2:49:102:49:12

issues in his latest

four part drama Kiri.

2:49:122:49:14

It follows an inter-racial adoption

that goes terribly wrong.

2:49:142:49:16

Before we speak to Jack Thorne

and Bafta winning actress Wunmi

2:49:162:49:19

Musaku who stars in the series,

2:49:192:49:20

let's take a look at this clip

from tomorrow's first episode.

2:49:202:49:30

So, you can't tell me

where she's gone?

2:49:372:49:38

Can we wait until we are

somewhere more discreet?

2:49:382:49:41

Yeah, of course, Doug.

2:49:412:49:47

It's probably better

if you don't use my first name.

2:49:472:49:50

You don't seem very concerned.

2:49:502:49:51

Well, I'm worried but

I don't think panic

2:49:512:49:53

helps anyone.

2:49:532:49:54

You know, Kiri's resilient,

she'll turn up.

2:49:542:49:56

We have some witnesses

who have placed her

2:49:562:49:58

at the Downs.

2:49:582:49:59

OK, and what is your

hunch telling you?

2:49:592:50:01

You must have a hunch.

2:50:012:50:05

So let's try and do this

formally, shall we?

2:50:052:50:07

You drove her from her

foster parents to her

2:50:072:50:09

biological grandparents.

2:50:092:50:10

If we're going to do

this formally, we call

2:50:102:50:12

it birth.

2:50:122:50:13

Biological makes them sound

like washing powder.

2:50:132:50:15

Birth grandparents.

2:50:152:50:18

It was an arranged visit.

2:50:182:50:19

I told her to call me

if she got concerned.

2:50:192:50:22

She clearly did but

she didn't call me.

2:50:222:50:24

She just scarpered instead.

2:50:242:50:25

Stupid girl.

2:50:252:50:26

You have her phone number?

2:50:262:50:27

And she has mine.

2:50:272:50:29

You see, why is that interesting?

2:50:292:50:30

That's standard practice.

2:50:302:50:31

Look, she's just run away.

2:50:312:50:33

She gets scared by stuff.

2:50:332:50:34

But she'll come home.

2:50:342:50:35

Doug?

2:50:352:50:37

What's going on?

2:50:372:50:43

Series writer Jack Thorne and Bafta

winning actress Wunmi Musaku,

2:50:432:50:46

who plays the role of a detective

inspector in the series,

2:50:462:50:48

join us now.

2:50:482:50:50

Thank you both very much for joining

us, we will talk to you in a moment.

2:50:522:50:56

Jack, tell us a bit about the story

and, so the starting point for the

2:50:562:51:01

story.

So, the starting point of the

story was my mum, my mum spent many

2:51:012:51:07

years as a care worker, she worked

with adults with learning

2:51:072:51:12

difficulties and it always

fascinated me the idea of people

2:51:122:51:17

underpaid people, generally, my mum

retired on 4.60 an hour, taking

2:51:172:51:21

responsibility for our vulnerable

people in our society. And, I wanted

2:51:212:51:27

to find a way of telling a Tory

about what she did for a long time.

2:51:272:51:31

We were talking, I did a TV show

last year called National Treasure I

2:51:312:51:38

was talking to the produce other of

Kiri on theest of that and we

2:51:382:51:44

started talking about adoption and

the difficulty of interracial

2:51:442:51:50

adoption and it spiralled from

there.

It is wonderfully told and

2:51:502:51:54

dark in places. You played the

Detective Inspector, although your

2:51:542:51:58

mum has been a care worker and you

have a friend who is a social

2:51:582:52:01

worker, so you have seen that side

of it, and, did that help in the way

2:52:012:52:06

you played the Detective Inspector?

I think it helps in regards to the

2:52:062:52:11

empathy of the, that you feel for

social workers.

As a police officer,

2:52:112:52:15

you, you do come in contact with

social workers all the time, so yes,

2:52:152:52:20

my friend was a great source of

resource and like just seeing her

2:52:202:52:27

every day, like, decisions, that,

the stress Sunnis for making

2:52:272:52:32

decisions, and how her kids keep her

up at night because she cares so

2:52:322:52:37

greatly for them. And wants to do

best. It helped for empathy.

That

2:52:372:52:44

comes out clearly in the piece, from

Sarah than cast e how deeply she

2:52:442:52:48

cares for the children she is

looking after. It brings up some

2:52:482:52:53

interesting and important themes as

well doesn't it.

Yes, and ones where

2:52:532:52:58

I don't necessarily know the answers

to the question, the sort of drama I

2:52:582:53:02

like, is the drama where a writer

posts a question and doesn't

2:53:022:53:07

necessarily know the answer to it.

In this case I have no idea how we

2:53:072:53:10

should deal with this problem. But I

hope that the show provokes people

2:53:102:53:15

to talk on the sofa after and think

about our country.

One of the

2:53:152:53:21

problems is, you refer to, is about

interracial adoption, that is one of

2:53:212:53:28

the central themes isn't it.

. I

think it is such a topical issue and

2:53:282:53:36

I think there are no right or wrong

answers to it. It is all very

2:53:362:53:42

individual, and yes, I think

everyone, the social...

Do you

2:53:422:53:45

think, I mean you know, I watched it

and it is fascinate, do you think it

2:53:452:53:52

might be uncomfortable watching for

some people?

I think so, yes.

It is

2:53:522:53:58

to promote discussion isn't it. You

go what did you think of that, what

2:53:582:54:02

would you do in that situation. That

is the thing I get excited by. In

2:54:022:54:10

this, the one of the things that we

do in the show is we have got right

2:54:102:54:16

life journalists featuring on the

show. An interesting thing happened

2:54:162:54:20

after we had shot. We wanted a radio

interview to play, and we had John

2:54:202:54:28

Humphreys interviewing Trevor

Phillips about this very issue, we

2:54:282:54:32

have got this Sarah Lancashire gives

us, she is amazing giving a speech

2:54:322:54:37

at the end of episode two and why

she thought she was right, why she

2:54:372:54:40

thought he was right to give access

to this birth family, even though

2:54:402:54:46

that have a chaotic history, and,

we, I wrote some lines for Trevor

2:54:462:54:51

Phillips and I wrote some for John

Humphreys but we briefed them what

2:54:512:54:55

the show was about and we showed

them a speech, and Trevor disagreed

2:54:552:55:02

with her entirely and said he did

not believe that it was important

2:55:022:55:07

that, that he thought that when he

was commissioned commissioner for

2:55:072:55:13

racial equality he made mistakes

about trying to place black kids in

2:55:132:55:16

black families and he wouldn't have

an issue with black kids and white

2:55:162:55:20

family, so it is very interesting.

Hit the nail on the head in terms of

2:55:202:55:24

that discussion. It

It is

fascinating.

You won a Bafta last

2:55:242:55:29

year, which was fantastic, just tell

us a bit about, watching the Golden

2:55:292:55:34

Globe, do you think there will be

the same sense of protest with the

2:55:342:55:38

Baftas this year?

I hope that people

really recognise and applaud the

2:55:382:55:44

women who came forward, and, yes, I

have no idea if they, there is going

2:55:442:55:50

to be an all black red carpet but I

do hope that the discussion keeps

2:55:502:55:54

going and it is not forgotten about,

just because of the glamour, you

2:55:542:55:58

know.

One thing that is interesting

on the red carpet yesterday nobody

2:55:582:56:02

got asked about their nail, the

lipstick, hair, the dress.

About

2:56:022:56:07

time.

I appreciate no-one has asked

me that question! Thank you for

2:56:072:56:15

coming to see us.

2:56:152:56:16

Thank you for coming to see us.

2:56:162:56:17

And Kiri is on tomorrow night at 9

o'clock on Channel 4.

2:56:172:56:20

Joanna Lumley is to replace

Stephen Fry as host of this

2:56:202:56:23

year's Bafta Film Awards.

2:56:232:56:24

The Absolutely Fabulous actress

will be the first female host

2:56:242:56:26

since Mariella Frostrup co-presented

with Fry in 2001.

2:56:262:56:36

Thank you for joining us. I don't

know where to start. Shall we start

2:56:432:56:48

with you Joanna? I am delighted you

are going to be host, how will you

2:56:482:56:51

approach it?

I am so thrilled I

can't tell you, I have to get over

2:56:512:56:56

the extreme excitement and calm down

on the night so I can be a proper

2:56:562:57:00

and gorgeous host. My job is to make

feefshl at home, to say what they

2:57:002:57:05

want, wear who they want, be who

they want but to celebrate film,

2:57:052:57:09

which is migrate passion in life.

You mention, and I just want to ask

2:57:092:57:14

you, wear what they want, so many

people were wearing black, do you

2:57:142:57:18

think the same sort of thing might

happen at the Baftas?

It is going to

2:57:182:57:22

be interesting to see, it is only

maybe just about a month ahead of

2:57:222:57:25

all of that, I think if people like

Oprah Winfrey and Meryl Streep are

2:57:252:57:30

wearing black, a lot of people will

take the lead from that, perhaps we

2:57:302:57:35

will see an all black gowned Bafta,

people can wear what they want.

I am

2:57:352:57:40

sure Amanda we will talk about the

politics but in terms of the films,

2:57:402:57:45

what have been some of the

highlights for you over the last

2:57:452:57:47

year?

I think you know the

nominations today are proof of an

2:57:472:57:53

amazing year in film, we saw UK box

office breaking records, we had more

2:57:532:57:58

British films entered this year than

last year, if you look at our best

2:57:582:58:04

film category, we have Darkest Hour

can nine nomination, that is

2:58:042:58:12

British, Three Billboards also a

British film and Dunkirk, directed

2:58:122:58:17

by a British director and British

producer.

Tell us about The Shape of

2:58:172:58:23

Water, it has 12 nominations?

That

is a film that has really captured

2:58:232:58:28

the imagination, and Sally Hawkins

nominated for her amazing role in

2:58:282:58:32

that.

It was dazzling, that was one

which came rather like the The Shape

2:58:322:58:40

of Water it came from nowhere. It is

complete fantasy, fiction and so

2:58:402:58:44

many of the things that true stories

retold or stories reflected in the

2:58:442:58:49

historical sense, this year, I think

is dazzling, don't you think the

2:58:492:58:52

nomination.

It is an extraordinary

year, we also have eight of the 20

2:58:522:58:58

performance nominees are British. We

have Daniel Day-Lewis, Gary Oldman

2:58:582:59:04

aurn and one of my favourite stories

we have Hugh Grant nominated for

2:59:042:59:12

Paddington 2 and Kristin Scott

Thomas nominated for Darkest Hour

2:59:122:59:16

they last won for four weddings and

a funeral in 1995.

2:59:162:59:23

You have said how much you love

film, Joanna, and you mentioned Gary

2:59:232:59:27

Oldman and we spoke to him a few

minutes ago to congratulate him on

2:59:272:59:30

his Golden Globe winner and the

BAFTA nomination and he said with

2:59:302:59:32

regards to the Winston Churchill

role, he only took it after his wife

2:59:322:59:36

persuaded him because he was worried

about the responsibility of playing

2:59:362:59:39

Churchill. I wonder, taking on the

hosting role, when you were offered

2:59:392:59:44

it, did you say yes straightaway or

did you think it was a big one?

I

2:59:442:59:50

said, "This is a big one", and then

said yes straightaway, within decent

2:59:502:59:55

taste! I was so thrilled! I love

Stephen Fry more than anyone else in

2:59:552:59:59

the world, I have to say, and how he

has hosted the awards in the past 12

2:59:593:00:03

years has been staggering and

unbeatable and matchless but the

3:00:033:00:06

fact they chose me as a woman this

year because it is 100 years since

3:00:063:00:10

women got the vote, women over 30, I

might add, which includes me, 100

3:00:103:00:15

years, it is only 100 years since we

got the vote and to be standing up

3:00:153:00:19

on the stage of the BAFTA film

awards and hosting it, it's not

3:00:193:00:22

about me... Well, it is obviously

but it's mostly about all the other

3:00:223:00:26

fabulous people who will be coming

and the greatest thrill of all

3:00:263:00:30

witches films, which can change our

lives. Films can take you into a

3:00:303:00:33

place you can't believe. You jump

into it and you have gone for two

3:00:333:00:37

hours or however long it is. You

simply belong to a different

3:00:373:00:41

country. I think that is what is so

utterly thrilling. You usually see

3:00:413:00:45

films in a theatre where you can't

turn them off or down or diminish

3:00:453:00:48

those people. We are at their mercy.

I love it. I'm going to be the host

3:00:483:00:53

at the mercy of the guests. I just

made that up now!

Beautiful! Someone

3:00:533:00:58

write that down. Thank you for

joining us. We will very much look

3:00:583:01:02

forward to you presenting those

awards. Thank you both for your

3:01:023:01:05

time.

It is on Sunday the 18th of

3:01:053:01:09

February. I love Joanna Lumley, am I

allowed to say that!

You tell me

3:01:093:01:16

that every time she comes on!

But

she's just great!

3:01:163:01:20

Turning down our thermostats

and washing clothes

3:01:203:01:22

at lower temperatures -

just two of the ways

3:01:223:01:24

we can save power.

3:01:243:01:25

It's something children have

been learning about for

3:01:253:01:27

a new BBC science project.

3:01:273:01:29

Jayne McCubbin is at

Balcurvie Primary School for us this

3:01:293:01:32

morning to find out more.

3:01:323:01:35

They have been super active and

giving us all or some ideas.

3:01:353:01:40

Good morning from everybody here.

They have been learning about one

3:01:403:01:45

thing.

Power!

Exactly, power, not

just what Briony is going to do with

3:01:453:01:53

me in a second witches pedal power

to make the cars race around the

3:01:533:01:57

track but they have been learning

about the power that goes into

3:01:573:02:01

powering up their school, this

school, and 8000 more schools across

3:02:013:02:05

the country for this really

important experiment to gather data

3:02:053:02:08

to see how they can get their power

usage down. Briony, doing it for the

3:02:083:02:14

sisterhood, you are the top of the

leaderboard. Give me a high five.

3:02:143:02:18

Let's see if I can beat you. Before

we go through into the other room.

3:02:183:02:23

Are you ready? Hold on, I'm going to

have to put the microphone down to

3:02:233:02:26

do this seriously. Ready to go, Tom?

Steady, go. Can I beat the leader?

3:02:263:02:33

No chance! Kids, I think Briony did

it again. High five. APPLAUSE

3:02:333:02:42

Come on! Come with me now, we are

going to go into the hall because

3:02:423:02:47

the kids have got something very

special planned. This is all about

3:02:473:02:51

trying to change power usage in

schools like this in Fife and those

3:02:513:02:56

8000 schools around the country. Go

on through. What they have been

3:02:563:03:00

doing here, they had a week where

they studied exactly what energy

3:03:003:03:05

usage was used in school and then a

week where you tried to get that

3:03:053:03:09

down, didn't you? They are getting

ready to dance in a minute.

3:03:093:03:13

Therewith. Mrs McDougal, we have the

results of the experiment. It is

3:03:133:03:17

worth a little drum roll with the

feet. The results are in and what

3:03:173:03:23

happened in week two?

I hate to be

the bearer of bad news but sadly...

3:03:233:03:29

We used more energy!

This is what

happens in science, you don't always

3:03:293:03:35

get the results. They worked really

hard to try to get the power usage

3:03:353:03:38

down. O'Dea, what happened? Why did

it go up?

We had four parties and

3:03:383:03:47

they had amplifiers and music and

Christmas lights and the temperature

3:03:473:03:53

dropped 5 degrees so the heating

went up.

Fair enough so you will do

3:03:533:03:56

it again on a Morecambe parable

week, along with the 8000 schools,

3:03:563:04:00

to try to get your power usage down?

I think we need to start dancing

3:04:003:04:05

now. Take it away. Can you bring the

music up? I want to bring in the

3:04:053:04:11

academic from the University of

Edinburgh. Dr Web. Why is this so

3:04:113:04:16

important? What do you hope to

achieve with the data?

It's really

3:04:163:04:20

important because it is difficult to

get hold of data, there are not

3:04:203:04:24

smart meters or anything so the

children sending in a data helps us

3:04:243:04:27

understand what is going on in

schools so hopefully we can reduce

3:04:273:04:30

the power. Up to £44 million can be

saved in schools and other education

3:04:303:04:36

institute by switching off the

power.

That is all they have to do

3:04:363:04:40

and that is the message we will

leave you with today. You need to

3:04:403:04:43

switch it off! Before we hang back,

check out the dancing, it's ace,

3:04:433:04:47

have a look. Take it away!

3:04:473:04:51

Switch, Dan and Louise, can you do

this at home? Switch! Switch!

3:05:023:05:09

The trouble is, I will remember the

dance and then but I can't member

3:05:093:05:13

dances.

A bit of that and this, bit

of switching.

3:05:133:05:19

Let's get a last, brief

look at the headlines

3:05:193:05:21

where you are this morning.

3:05:213:05:22

at bbc.co.uk/london.

3:06:553:06:56

Now though, it's back

to Dan and Louise.

3:06:563:06:58

Bye for now.

3:06:583:07:00

We are talking already, sorry! We

are very excited

3:07:073:07:09

about this.

3:07:093:07:10

about this.

3:07:103:07:10

Our next guest is a self-confessed

computer geek, whose book

3:07:103:07:13

The Martian was made

into a Hollywood blockbuster.

3:07:133:07:15

Author Andy Weir first published

the sci-fi survival novel

3:07:153:07:17

as an online serial for his fan base

of affectionately named "space

3:07:173:07:20

dorks", but it ended up

as a bestseller and a box office

3:07:203:07:23

smash starring Matt Damon.

3:07:233:07:26

Let's take a look at

a clip from the film.

3:07:263:07:30

He's 50 million miles away

from home, he thinks he's totally

3:07:333:07:36

alone, he thinks we gave up on him,

what does that do to

3:07:363:07:39

a man psychologically?

3:07:393:07:42

What the hell is he

thinking right now?

3:07:423:07:46

I'm definitely going to die up

here if I have to listen to any more

3:07:463:07:49

God-awful disco music.

3:07:493:07:52

My God, Commander Lewis,

couldn't you have packed

3:07:523:07:54

anything from this century?

3:07:543:07:57

# And your arms have held me safe

from a rolling sea

3:07:573:08:01

# There's always been a quiet place

to harbour you and me

3:08:013:08:08

# Our love is like a

ship on the ocean...#

3:08:083:08:13

I'm about to leave for

the Schiaparelli crater,

3:08:133:08:16

where I'm going to commandeer

the Aries four lander.

3:08:163:08:18

Nobody explicitly gave me

permission to do this,

3:08:183:08:22

and they can't until I'm

3:08:223:08:23

onboard the Aries 4,

so that means I'm going to be taking

3:08:233:08:26

a craft over in international

waters without permission.

3:08:263:08:28

Which by definition,

makes me a pirate.

3:08:283:08:32

Mark Watney, space pirate.

3:08:323:08:36

It is a brilliant film and a great

book. We will talk about your new

3:08:403:08:44

book as well but on writing that,

how do you go for writing that as

3:08:443:08:48

you say, for geeks online to it then

becoming a bestseller and ending up

3:08:483:08:52

as a great Hollywood film?

I've no

idea! Honestly, I have no idea what

3:08:523:08:58

I did right. I thought I was writing

a book for a tiny, niche audience of

3:08:583:09:02

people who literally like to see the

maths in the text which I thought

3:09:023:09:08

was like 0.0001% of the global

reader base or something but it

3:09:083:09:15

turned out it still had broad

appeal. I will give you £10 if you

3:09:153:09:19

can tell me what I did right so I

can keep doing it!

You are doing it

3:09:193:09:23

again, you've written another book.

This one is called Artemis and it is

3:09:233:09:27

about people living on the moon,

more people.

Yes, it takes place in

3:09:273:09:33

humanity's first city on the moon,

not earth, about 40 monitors from

3:09:333:09:38

the Apollo 11 landing site. It is a

tourist destination. -- 40

3:09:383:09:43

kilometres. It has the economy of

you would expect from a Caribbean

3:09:433:09:47

resort town, high-quality hotels and

casinos and then the more austere

3:09:473:09:50

conditions that the people who live

and work there exist in and the main

3:09:503:09:54

character is a woman who is a

small-time criminal, smuggler

3:09:543:09:57

mostly, who agrees to do a job for a

one big score kind of thing and gets

3:09:573:10:03

in way over her head.

One of the

things people loved about the

3:10:033:10:07

Martian was the attention to detail

and the accuracy, the scientific

3:10:073:10:10

accuracy of what you were saying as

well. Have you followed it into this

3:10:103:10:16

book?

Absolutely, I would say

Artemis is even more scientifically

3:10:163:10:19

accurate than the Martian even

though it takes place further in the

3:10:193:10:22

future. That is my personal style of

writing. I love being scientifically

3:10:223:10:28

accurate. The engineering, maths and

science is fun for me, the pesky

3:10:283:10:32

character and plot stuff is the hard

part!

Do people still pick you up?

3:10:323:10:37

People use it as a textbook as well.

The Martian, yeah.

Do people pick

3:10:373:10:43

you up on some of the things in the

book and ask you if you are sure you

3:10:433:10:48

are right?

Absolutely.

How much of

your life is taken up with defence?

3:10:483:10:52

Not so much defence but

acknowledgement, I bring it on

3:10:523:10:56

myself by putting a book out there

and saying that the science in it is

3:10:563:11:04

completely accurate so if people

call me out on it, I've earned it.

3:11:043:11:06

Let's talk about the signs in the

new book because they supposedly

3:11:063:11:09

live on the moon in a big city.

It

is quite small, only 2000.

It seems

3:11:093:11:14

bigger in the book! But you think

this is scientifically possible?

3:11:143:11:18

Absolutely, everything in there is

real science from the way they smelt

3:11:183:11:22

the aluminium from the local

resources, how they get oxygen and

3:11:223:11:25

deal with life support, all that

stuff is based on real science, in

3:11:253:11:29

fact, we could do it today, it would

just be prohibitively expensive.

I

3:11:293:11:34

read somewhere you have a fear of

flying.

I do.

So if there was an

3:11:343:11:39

option I don't know how money is

down the line to go and live in a

3:11:393:11:42

lunar city, would you do it?

No, I

would not go into space or the moon,

3:11:423:11:46

it is not the fear of flying, which

I can deal with with medication and

3:11:463:11:50

stuff, that is how I got here. But

yes, going into space, no. I write

3:11:503:11:58

about brave people. I'm not one of

them.

Talking about brave people,

3:11:583:12:03

the hero is Jazz, a young lady so

how was it writing from a female

3:12:033:12:08

perspective? You said you were

slightly concerned about how women

3:12:083:12:11

see that.

Of course, the last thing

you want to do is knock the reader

3:12:113:12:15

out of the story, you don't want

them to see something that makes

3:12:153:12:18

them lose the suspension of

disbelief. I was very worried that

3:12:183:12:21

female readers would read Jazz and

not believe her as a woman because I

3:12:213:12:26

can look up as much engineering

stuff as I want but I have no idea

3:12:263:12:30

what it's like to be a woman. I did

the only thing I could which was

3:12:303:12:34

after I wrote the book, my first.

Anyway, I gave it to every woman in

3:12:343:12:39

my circle of trust, all the women I

knew who I could trust not to put it

3:12:393:12:43

up on a website or something. I got

their feedback.

I like her because

3:12:433:12:49

she's feisty.

Like you like Joanna

Lumley!

I watch that interview and

3:12:493:12:56

she did not say Darling wants and

I'm very upset.

Briefly, how does

3:12:563:13:02

the fear of flying manifest itself?

Can you not take off without being

3:13:023:13:06

knocked out?

Pretty much. Nowadays,

it has got a lot better in that I no

3:13:063:13:12

longer have the preflight anxiety

because I know the medication I have

3:13:123:13:16

from my Doctor will keep me from

panicking on the plane. I take the

3:13:163:13:20

medication about the time I board

the plane and then I am off in happy

3:13:203:13:23

land for a while.

We are glad you

could make it.

Thank you for having

3:13:233:13:27

me.

It's a great book. And it's

going to be made into a film? Brake

3:13:273:13:32

Fox bought the film rights we will

see.

3:13:323:13:34

Andy's new book is called Artemis.

3:13:343:13:36

That's it from us today.

3:13:363:13:37

We'll be back tomorrow

morning from 6am.

3:13:373:13:39

Have a lovely day.

3:13:393:13:41