16/06/2011 World News Today


16/06/2011

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This is BBC World News Today, with me, Tim Willcox.

:00:09.:00:14.

Political paralysis in Greece over how to deal with the country's debt

:00:14.:00:18.

crisis. His this potentially the beginning of the end of the euro?

:00:18.:00:23.

What we need most today is unity. We need to move on from these

:00:23.:00:29.

national quarrels and get back to the sense of our common destiny.

:00:29.:00:33.

The long-time deputy to Osama Bin Laden is named as Al-Qaeda's new

:00:33.:00:38.

chief. He vows to continue the campaign against the West.

:00:38.:00:44.

Cashing in on the booming economies. What will it mean for Europe's

:00:44.:00:50.

energy supply if Russia plugs into China?

:00:50.:00:54.

And how Vancouver became a riot zone after a lost game of ice

:00:54.:01:04.
:01:04.:01:11.

Welcome. With Greece in political and financial turmoil, French

:01:11.:01:13.

President Nicolas Sarkozy has called on Europe to urgently reach

:01:13.:01:18.

an agreement in helping Athens and preserving the stability of the

:01:18.:01:23.

eurozone. Our task, he said, is to defend and safeguard the euro.

:01:23.:01:29.

Without the euro, there is no Europe. In Greece itself, Prime

:01:29.:01:33.

Minister George Papandreou is expected to announce a Cabinet

:01:33.:01:35.

reshuffle which she hopes will help get his austerity measures through

:01:36.:01:40.

Parliament. The streets of central Athens this

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morning. Like the eurozone itself, in a bit of a mess. A new

:01:46.:01:51.

government is coming and a vote of confidence in parliament. In a

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country all but bankrupt, people are reaching the end of their

:01:54.:01:57.

tether. TRANSLATION: And think the Prime

:01:57.:02:01.

Minister is trying, but when it actually achieve anything? -- I

:02:01.:02:07.

think. They should have taken action year ago, this woman says.

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Yesterday more frustration erupted onto the streets again. A violent

:02:10.:02:15.

protest against massive austerity measures and job losses, much of it

:02:15.:02:19.

couched in nationalist terms. Many Greeks wonder whether the high

:02:19.:02:22.

price of staying in the euro is still worth paying. And the rest of

:02:22.:02:26.

Europe is worried. They have already given billions degrees but

:02:26.:02:30.

the medicine has not worked. Now they need to raise more money to

:02:30.:02:37.

keep Greece afloat. There is a sense that nobody knows what to do

:02:37.:02:43.

next. A sense of paralysis. TRANSLATION: We need unity. We have

:02:43.:02:47.

got to move beyond national quarrels. We have to defend a

:02:47.:02:51.

single currency and a European institutions. Earlier this week,

:02:51.:02:55.

finance ministers spend hours discussing how to pay for a second

:02:55.:03:00.

Greig but could not agree. Germany and others want private bondholders

:03:00.:03:04.

like big banks to take their share of the pain. The European Central

:03:04.:03:07.

Bank and the French say imposing losses on the private sector could

:03:07.:03:13.

panic the markets and make financial jitters spread. European

:03:13.:03:16.

leaders on the -- meeting here next week to talk about Greece. They

:03:16.:03:21.

will probably find a compromise eventually. The stakes are too high

:03:21.:03:25.

for them to fail. But if the Greeks themselves no longer accept the

:03:25.:03:29.

terms of the deal, the crisis will deepen, and that could affect us

:03:29.:03:35.

all. Let's cross live to Athens and

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joined our correspondent. George Papandreou is announcing a

:03:39.:03:48.

reshuffle soon, we think. Will it make it less or more likely that

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these measures will work? We're waiting to see what the

:03:52.:03:57.

constitution of this new government will look like an there are many

:03:57.:04:00.

serious political commentators who believe George Papandreou is having

:04:00.:04:04.

trouble attracting the right calibre of people that will give

:04:04.:04:08.

the Socialists the confidence to pass these austerity measures. For

:04:08.:04:18.

example, one man touted as being a potential Finance Minister, who is

:04:18.:04:24.

a former vice-president of the Council, is out of the country, and

:04:24.:04:34.
:04:34.:04:39.

George Papandreou is hoping to have his counsel sworn in. Other members

:04:39.:04:43.

of the international community will be also struck by the possible

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appointment of a minister who does not speak English. Another minister

:04:48.:04:58.
:04:58.:04:58.

who does speak fluent English has been saying the same message.

:04:58.:05:02.

George Papandreou had his standing ovation from some of the socialist

:05:02.:05:06.

but others sat on their hands because they were not impressed.

:05:06.:05:10.

This will decide whether or not Greece will carry those austerity

:05:10.:05:19.

measures forward on Sunday. Will Athens get this latest amount

:05:19.:05:24.

of cash or will it have to default on its debt? We will discuss what

:05:24.:05:31.

it means for the eurozone and other general issues with Megan Greene.

:05:31.:05:41.
:05:41.:05:43.

Some people are describing this as a leaning moment? We might see the

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eurozone unravel with Greece. George Papandreou has a bit of time

:05:46.:05:51.

but only a little bit. Most ministers are against these

:05:51.:05:54.

austerity measures and most importantly, so is the public. So

:05:54.:06:02.

even if this next package is passed, the power of this government will

:06:02.:06:07.

be limited and see Greece plunged into a crisis soon. The economy has

:06:07.:06:11.

produced more globally compared with others, but does it have the

:06:11.:06:16.

potential to unleash a huge amount of destruction? It does. It could

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do this through general market jitters and contagion, although it

:06:22.:06:25.

is largely Greek banks and pension funds that are holding Greek

:06:26.:06:30.

government debt. But you also have to think, who is next? The answer

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to that is clearly Portugal and after that Ireland. If it agrees

:06:36.:06:40.

defaults, it is not clear that Ireland and Portugal would. But

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they might think that they could go through a few more pain for years

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or go through the same thing that Greece has done. The implications

:06:50.:06:53.

on the banking system in the eurozone are huge and I think we

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might start to see some of these peripheral countries move out of

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the eurozone. Would it not be cheaper in the long run for the

:07:06.:07:10.

banks to take a haircut and keep piling money in degrees? Absolutely.

:07:10.:07:15.

It is a question of who is paying for this. Some of the core

:07:15.:07:17.

countries would rather see the bridge for countries pay for it

:07:17.:07:27.
:07:27.:07:28.

than their banks. Thank you. If the new leader of Al-Qaeda, Ayman Al-

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Zawahiri, has vowed to continue the grip's holy war against the United

:07:32.:07:42.
:07:42.:07:48.

States, Israel and their allies. A familiar face, now in charge of

:07:48.:07:52.

Al-Qaeda. This is the most recent video of Ayman Al-Zawahiri,

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released only last week. He has been the group's strategic driving

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force the years, so no surprise that he has succeeded Bin Laden.

:08:02.:08:06.

The videotape was in collaboration of Bin Laden but if you read

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beneath the lines, he is saying, I am the boss now, listen to me, this

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is my instruction and strategy. two men were close but it was Al-

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Zawahiri to radicalised at Bin Laden in the 90s, got him to think

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big, broad and his message and took the fight for America. The 9/11

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attacks were masterminded by others but they were part of Al-Zawahiri's

:08:30.:08:35.

strategy to punish the West for supporting Israel. This conflict

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:08:45.:08:48.

for him has been personal. We have tried our best to establish an

:08:48.:08:53.

Islamic state and society. If here he is imprisoned after the

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assassination of Anwar Sadat, the Egyptian President. He fled to

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Afghanistan. He helped form their parliament. He is different from

:09:06.:09:10.

Bin Laden in terms of vision, so he will focus on the Middle East and

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already, I think, he will produce a series of five or 6 very long

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lectures. It is all about the Middle East and how the next

:09:22.:09:27.

generation, the Islamists and Al- Qaeda, will explode this

:09:27.:09:33.

opportunity. He may not have much time. Ayman Al-Zawahiri has a $25

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million bounty on his head and US intelligence has been closing in on

:09:37.:09:43.

key Al-Qaeda operatives, removing them one by one. He could well be

:09:43.:09:47.

next. Al-Qaeda has suffered many deadly

:09:47.:09:51.

blows in recent years, so what sort of organisation does Al-Zawahiri

:09:51.:10:01.
:10:01.:10:05.

inherit? The affiliates appear to be established. Indonesia appears

:10:05.:10:09.

to be seeking an Islamist state. Training camps have been

:10:09.:10:13.

established in Pakistan. In Yemen, several hundred people believed to

:10:13.:10:17.

be members of an affiliate are in the Arabian peninsula. All across

:10:17.:10:22.

North Africa, the group has been a bold and kidnap and ransom. Let's

:10:22.:10:30.

go it at Oxford studio, where we can speak to Dr Ishtiaq Ahmad, who

:10:30.:10:37.

is a widely published expert on security. It is said he was

:10:37.:10:41.

selected after consideration. Does that imply this was a fiercely

:10:41.:10:46.

competitive election? It was at absolutely clear right from the

:10:46.:10:52.

beginning when Bin Laden died that Ayman Al-Zawahiri will be the

:10:52.:10:57.

likely replacement, although there had been people within the

:10:57.:11:02.

organisation who have been critical of Al-Zawahiri, and obviously,

:11:02.:11:06.

anybody close to the founding charismatic personalities such as

:11:06.:11:13.

Bin Laden, they would be people who would be jealous of him. But I

:11:13.:11:18.

think it took six weeks for the leader and successor to Bin Laden

:11:18.:11:26.

to appear in Al-Qaeda and in my opinion, for now, we can only

:11:26.:11:31.

speculate as to whether it will help Al-Qaeda overcome the

:11:31.:11:39.

leadership crisis or it will take Al-Qaeda to awards the downward

:11:39.:11:47.

slide it has been on for some time. When you look at what has been

:11:47.:11:51.

happening across North Africa and the Arab Spring, they don't seem to

:11:51.:11:59.

have had any presence in that at all thus far? Al-Zawahiri's credit

:11:59.:12:05.

so far is that Al-Qaeda began as an organisation which was specific,

:12:05.:12:08.

meaning that they wanted the withdrawal of American troops from

:12:08.:12:14.

the Holy Land. And then Al-Zawahiri was the one who basically through

:12:14.:12:20.

his influence on Bin Laden. He globalised his world-view and

:12:20.:12:25.

brought in all of these Palestine, Kashmir macro and other world

:12:25.:12:35.
:12:35.:12:35.

issues. It was a broader and Middle-Eastern specific review.

:12:35.:12:41.

When the revolutions have taken place, we find that the radical

:12:41.:12:49.

Islam is no way. But it might be a temporary phenomenon. There is

:12:49.:12:53.

uncertainty as to which way these revolutions or emerging

:12:53.:12:58.

developments in the Middle East and North Africa will go. Al-Qaeda has

:12:58.:13:07.

historically tried on grievances, real or imaginary, as they emanate

:13:07.:13:11.

from these transitory and uncertain times in the Muslim world. Thank

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you. Let's have a look at the Bay's

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other news. The radical Muslim cleric, Abu Bakar Bashir, has been

:13:26.:13:30.

jailed for 15 years for organising an Islamic militant group and being

:13:30.:13:35.

involved in the 2002 barley bombings. His conviction was

:13:35.:13:39.

overturned. A Russian envoy says he can

:13:39.:13:42.

envisage a future for Libby were -- for Libya where coal Gaddafi

:13:43.:13:49.

remains in the country but power moves to the opposition. Mikhail

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Margelov said Gaddafi had lost credibility among his people.

:13:53.:13:57.

With the thousands of people already having fled northern Syria

:13:57.:14:01.

into Turkey, there reports the Syrian army is now moving in on

:14:01.:14:06.

another town in the north. Human rights activities said dozens of

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tanks, personnel carriers and trucks have moved into Jisr al-

:14:10.:14:14.

Shughour. In Britain, a juror who contacted a

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defender and five Facebook, causing a trial to collapse, has been

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jailed for eight months for contempt of court. In the first

:14:22.:14:25.

case of its kind in the UK, Joanne Fraill admitted breaking the rules

:14:25.:14:30.

covering trials which prevent jurors investigating cases and

:14:30.:14:34.

making direct contact with defendants.

:14:34.:14:41.

The BBC Trust has ordered the BBC to apologise after a programme

:14:41.:14:45.

revealing that the manufacturing of clothing for Primark. He is said it

:14:45.:14:49.

is more likely than not that footage of a Bangalore workshop and

:14:49.:14:55.

young boys working was not genuine. A bomb has exploded outside the

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Nigerian capital at police headquarters. It is claimed at

:14:58.:15:04.

least six people were killed. Police believe a suicide bomber was

:15:04.:15:09.

behind the attack. If Nigeria's police force is

:15:09.:15:14.

charged with protecting the country's citizens. But as plumes

:15:14.:15:18.

of dark smoke rose from the car- park of their own headquarters, it

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was clear they had failed to even protect themselves. A blast that

:15:23.:15:27.

was heard across the capital said buildings and other vehicles on

:15:27.:15:37.
:15:37.:15:38.

fire. This man was on his way to work as the bomb exploded.

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sought the blast in the air and that is when I knew it was a bomb.

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A fee emergency services scramble to the scene and began the big task

:15:46.:15:50.

of working out how many had died. The police said they believe the

:15:50.:15:55.

bombing to be the work of an Islamist group. They are believed

:15:55.:16:00.

to be opposed to Western education. Two years ago, hundreds of people

:16:00.:16:05.

died when a security force destroyed the compound and killed

:16:05.:16:09.

their leader. In the last few weeks, attacks on police stations have

:16:09.:16:19.
:16:19.:16:19.

On Tuesday, the head of the Nigerian police service travel to

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the north taking reinforcements and equipment and promising to end the

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Boko Haram problem within a few months. This bomb explosion in

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Abuja or may well have been their response.

:16:37.:16:40.

Vancouver has been voted one of the world's best cities for five years,

:16:41.:16:46.

after last night, that reputation might need reassessing all because

:16:46.:16:51.

of a lost ice hockey game. Angry fans set fire in the streets.

:16:51.:16:55.

According to the police force, it took a small army of offers to get

:16:55.:17:03.

the chaos under control. They had come expecting to see

:17:03.:17:11.

their team triumph. Instead of the Vancouver her fans

:17:11.:17:17.

experienced only humiliation as Boston one at the British just a

:17:17.:17:24.

Stanley Cup. He -- this prestigious the Cup.

:17:24.:17:29.

Are several hours, downtown Vancouver was turned into a riot

:17:29.:17:35.

zone. There were running battles between

:17:35.:17:42.

some fans and the police. Others a smashed shop windows and

:17:42.:17:46.

there were reports of widespread looting.

:17:46.:17:50.

For those not involved in the violence, there was only

:17:50.:17:55.

embarrassment. This is wrong for the city. This is not a reputation

:17:55.:18:00.

we want. After the Olympics, we did so much to bring the city to where

:18:00.:18:04.

it is today and this is what we do now? This is not what the City

:18:04.:18:08.

wants. Fire crews were called into action

:18:09.:18:13.

as the mob set light to vehicles and piles of rubbish. A plume of

:18:13.:18:18.

black smoke could be seen over the Vancouver skyline. The City has

:18:18.:18:22.

paid a high price for sporting defeat.

:18:22.:18:25.

One of Russia's richest men is planning to invest billions of

:18:25.:18:28.

dollars in a scheme to sell electricity to China. Oleg

:18:28.:18:30.

Deripaska wants to build a series of hydro-electric dams in Eastern

:18:30.:18:33.

Siberia and export the power southwards to cash in on Asia's

:18:33.:18:35.

booming economies. Our Moscow Correspondent, Daniel Sandford,

:18:35.:18:39.

travelled to Kodinsk to see one of the dams that is now almost

:18:39.:18:48.

complete. Putting the finishing touches to

:18:48.:18:54.

what will be one of the world's most powerful hydro-electric dams.

:18:54.:19:00.

This was built in their Siberian well done us. It is due to start

:19:00.:19:06.

generating next April. Producing electricity from Siberia's huge

:19:06.:19:11.

water resources is back in fashion. Russia has woken up to the huge

:19:11.:19:15.

market for power on its doorstep. This enormous network of hydro-

:19:15.:19:19.

electric dams that is planned for eastern Siberia has the potential

:19:19.:19:24.

to generate a vast amount of electricity. Where I am standing is

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a good deal closer to China than it is to the big population centres of

:19:29.:19:36.

European Russia and -- Russia. Leading the charge to turn water

:19:36.:19:45.

into cash is Oleg Deripaska. How soon do you think you can be

:19:45.:19:50.

shipping significant amounts of electricity to China. Five years.

:19:50.:19:57.

And how much could you be shipping within five years? Up to 15 key

:19:57.:20:07.

locks. I mean, 15 billion kilowatts. And the infrastructure in terms of

:20:07.:20:13.

grid infrastructure. You need to reinforce the three existing points

:20:13.:20:17.

and build one more bread. Russia already has an agreement

:20:17.:20:21.

with China to sell up to 60 billion kilowatt hours per year within a

:20:22.:20:27.

decade. More than enough to power Greece or Hong Kong. It could

:20:27.:20:34.

prevent the banning of 20 million tonnes of coal each year.

:20:34.:20:37.

Environmentalists say the experience from previous dams has

:20:37.:20:45.

been that great river stagnate and valuable Forest are wasted.

:20:45.:20:51.

They say they are building these new dams on Siberian rivers to save

:20:51.:20:54.

the planet than greenhouse gases, so the question is whether we are

:20:54.:21:04.
:21:04.:21:08.

ready to destroy the Siberian environment.

:21:08.:21:12.

And the new power station is coming at a price. Remote Siberian towns

:21:13.:21:20.

have had to be destroyed before the waters rise.

:21:20.:21:28.

Former residents are already mourning their way of life.

:21:28.:21:32.

TRANSLATION: The most tragic thing is the elderly people who started

:21:33.:21:37.

dying within a year because they lost their village houses and their

:21:37.:21:42.

neighbours. In return had been given flats with nothing but a

:21:42.:21:48.

television for company. In another almost abandoned village,

:21:48.:21:53.

we found another villager refusing to leave until he was paid

:21:53.:21:59.

compensation. TRANSLATION: Nobody needs this

:21:59.:22:02.

power plant anywhere. There are other plants on this weather that

:22:02.:22:07.

work at half capacity and now it turns out this is all about exports

:22:07.:22:13.

to China. At times the resources hidden in

:22:13.:22:18.

Russia as well done us seem almost endless. Hydro-electric power, oil,

:22:18.:22:26.

gas, coal, all there in abundance. Landscapes left almost untouched by

:22:27.:22:36.
:22:37.:22:40.

man will be swept aside in the rush for profits.

:22:40.:22:45.

Let's talk to James Nixey. With this irresistible riches

:22:45.:22:49.

potentially coming from China, what will this mean for Europe's power

:22:50.:22:57.

suppliers. It is tricky. Russia currently directs 95% of energy to

:22:57.:23:02.

Europe. That will change slowly. Russia itself is a difficult

:23:02.:23:05.

partner at times and that means it theoretically threatens to go east,

:23:06.:23:11.

but it cannot do that soon. Russia has a weak southern flank and the

:23:11.:23:17.

Arctic north. Russia is spread thinly. Should Europe be looking 10

:23:17.:23:20.

years down the line at what is going to be a depleted power

:23:20.:23:27.

supply? Very much so. Russia's own reserves are dwindling. It cannot

:23:27.:23:37.
:23:37.:23:38.

access reserves in the North just yet. So, really, Europe need to be

:23:38.:23:48.

looking at a Diversity of energy supply is. There is this pipeline

:23:48.:23:51.

which is being discussed between Russia and China at the moment, it

:23:51.:23:57.

has not been signed off, but these two countries are tricky

:23:57.:24:01.

negotiators, aren't they? It will be interesting to see he backs down

:24:01.:24:07.

in terms of pricing. They also not equal. China is a rising power. It

:24:07.:24:13.

looks upon Russia as something of a quarry. Russia, on the other hand,

:24:13.:24:20.

thinks of itself as an equal partner. So really it our

:24:21.:24:25.

perceptions of Russia and China need to alter. There is only one

:24:25.:24:29.

rising superpower in the world and that is China. Russia is a poor

:24:29.:24:35.

player in Asia. In terms of the volume of gas, I was reading

:24:35.:24:40.

somewhere that they might take the equivalent of all the gas consumed

:24:40.:24:47.

by the EU by 2030. We are talking about huge quantities. China

:24:47.:24:52.

requires huge quantities. The South East region requires it. It is not

:24:52.:24:58.

easy for Russia to get that energy from the EU or China. The pipelines

:24:58.:25:08.

have not been built yet. The lots of places have significant reserves

:25:08.:25:18.
:25:18.:25:21.

in the Caspian Sea, by example. Briefly on the gas prices in China,

:25:21.:25:25.

presumably that is under state control so does not reflect the

:25:25.:25:30.

market price. Does that mean they are selling the gas at a loss?

:25:30.:25:35.

is true. The Chinese drive a hard bargain. As far as this is

:25:35.:25:44.

concerned, china is indeed playing with the cards in its favour.

:25:44.:25:49.

A quick reminder of our main headline, Nicolas Sarkozy has urged

:25:49.:25:55.

European leaders to reach an urgent agreement on the best way to help

:25:55.:26:05.
:26:05.:26:07.

Greece preserve the Eurozone. I'll -- Al-Qaeda has planned to

:26:07.:26:14.

continue its holy war under its new leader Ayman al-Zawahiri. He was

:26:14.:26:19.

the second in command to a Osama Bin Laden.

:26:19.:26:25.

And so news just come in from the United States, up the congressmen

:26:25.:26:29.

Anthony Wheeler has just announced his resignation from Congress

:26:29.:26:36.

following there has text messages that he had sent to various people,

:26:36.:26:43.

various women, of himself in boxer shorts.

:26:43.:26:53.
:26:53.:27:00.

That is it from the programme. Goodbye.

:27:00.:27:04.

Sunshine and showers today, tomorrow you'll be lucky to stay

:27:04.:27:09.

dry. It will turn increasingly cloudy and wet and will be breezy

:27:09.:27:14.

cloudy and wet and will be breezy as well. This weather front well

:27:14.:27:16.

developed through the night edging its way towards the south-west of

:27:16.:27:22.

the UK. Isobars tightening up. Bright enough to start through

:27:22.:27:26.

eastern areas of the UK, then slowly clouds will gather in the

:27:26.:27:32.

vain band. Do easternmost areas it will be cloudy with patchy

:27:33.:27:37.

outbreaks of rain. The further south you are, a spell of heavy

:27:37.:27:43.

rain through the afternoon. As we have seen today, that could cause

:27:43.:27:49.

spray on the road. For the south- west of England, a grey and wet

:27:49.:27:55.

start stained wet throughout the day. 25 mm of rain. Cloudy across

:27:55.:28:03.

Wales. Northern Ireland having a different day. Sunny spells and

:28:03.:28:08.

scattered showers. The rain will start of heavy across

:28:08.:28:13.

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