27/06/2011 World News Today


27/06/2011

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox.

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Wanted by the International Criminal Court - these are Libyan

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leader faces a in arrest warrant facing crimes -- charges of crimes

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against Howe -- against humanity. In Libya, the rebels plead for more

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help from you give. They did their best in the first few days but we

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need more. China's premier tells Britain not

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to. Its finger at his country's record on human rights as he signs

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a �1.4 billion trade deal with the Abandoning ship - but what caused

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the internet anarchists that caused panic at Sony and the CIA to set --

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shot up shot. And how Australia is looking

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Eastwards rather than relying on the west.

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Welcome. Judges at the International Criminal Court in the

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Hague have issued an arrest warrant for Colonel Gaddafi for crimes

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against humanity. Warrants have been issued for his son, Saif al-

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Islam, and his brother-in-law, the head of military intelligence. They

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came on the 100th day of coalition intervention in Libyan. -- in Libya.

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Although graduate -- rebels say they are making progress, they are

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continuing to criticise NATO for acting too slowly.

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This was his very first day on the front line. Already, nine -- this

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19-year-old is being wheeled into surgery. A rocket has torn into his

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leg. Yet another casualty in a besieged city where defiance is

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curdling into frustration. I do not think NATO is helping as

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much as they should be. There is a lot of delay. Last Friday we had so

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many dead bodies. We have dead bodies every day.

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The man's brother has just been told that amputation is the only

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option. A 19-year-old boy. Still in college.

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They are going to amputate his leg. For what? Because he is fighting

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for his freedom, that is all. The city's weary defenders pause

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for prayer. During a lull on the phone lines. Four weeks they have

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held by ground, despite daily bombardment. -- held their ground.

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Ahead of them, the road to Tripoli remains blocked.

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We do not understand why Nato does not destroy Gaddafi's tanks, he

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says. When a rebel general arrives to

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inspect this rag-tag army, the men complain that they lack bullets and

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guns. This front line visit is designed

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to boost morale amongst fighters here but the general's message is

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not encouraging. Without far greater Nato air support, he says,

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to war is still going nowhere. Is Nato doing enough here? No. If we

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need more from Nato. They did their best in the last few days but we

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need more. We need more and more. As for his former boss, Colonel

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Gaddafi, stepping down... He will not do it. If we do not kill him we

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will not do anything. The gloom of another evening in

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Misrata. A ruined, isolated city. Yet, just miles from here, in

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neighbouring towns, Nato is starting to make a bigger impact.

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We heard the sound of helicopters and the sound of bombs from the sea,

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from ships in the sea. It is a sudden increase. Nato is

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attacking more now? Yes. If they continue like these days for three

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off for days more, the forces of Gaddafi will be decreased and the

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rebels from Misrata can and -- can enter the city.

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A so time may yet be on the side of the rebels. But, while the City

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waits with shrines to the fallen, new faces are being added every day.

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Let's speak to the Nato spokeswoman Oana Lungescu. Why is Nato so

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painstakingly slow? Nato has to be painstakingly careful about

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targeting because we are doing our utmost to avoid civilian casualties

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on the ground, which is why sometimes it may seem to take

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longer than maybe some would like it to, but remember that our

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mission under Resolution 1973 is to protect civilians against attacks

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and the threat of attacks. That is what we have been doing in the last

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90 days. Is it anything to do with NATO being under-resourced?

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Nato has the resources and the commitment and determination to

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continue until we see this mission through. Tomorrow we will start an

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extension of 90 days, another 90 days of this mission and there is

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that clear commitment from all Nato allies and our contributing

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partners, many from the region. It is important to see today the fact

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that the International Criminal Court has issued three arrest

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warrants for Colonel go after -- Colonel Gaddafi and two of his

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closest associates. It shows why Nato past this resolution and

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decided to act and why we are determined to keep up the pressure

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until the mandate is fulfilled. said that Nato had to be

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painstakingly careful but some would point out, when you compare

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this with the operation in Kosovo in 1989, only a third of the number

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of strikes have been carried out. do not think this is a contest

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about how many strikes you can carry out on any given day. It is

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according to the rebels. They want you to be far quicker. I do not

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think we can compare the situation in Kosovo with the situation in

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Libya. Did you is a vast country and we are taking, as we said, to

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great pains to ensure that we avoid civilian casualties. -- Libya is a

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vast country. Our record shows that, with over 12,000 sorties and over

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5,000 strikes, they might have been very few casualties. We will

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continue to take great care to avoid casualties because that is

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our mission and that is what Colonel Gaddafi has been doing

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deliberately from the start, to target civilians. Our mission is to

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protect civilians. You have made that point several times but how

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much of this is to do with the lack of consensus within Nato about

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precisely what this operation should involve? There is actually

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very strong consensus about what this mission is all about. All

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decisions within Nato are taken by consensus and the decision to

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extend his operation by another 90 days was taken by consensus, not

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only by all 28 and allies but also by our operational partners in

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Egypt... The Italian foreign minister was calling for a

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suspension of hostilities to allow aid in. I think the Foreign

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Minister, Mr fatty meat, was one of the 28 ministers who in April

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decided very clearly what the three military goals are, and they are,

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first, an immediate end to attacks on civilians, secondly, with rural

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to bat -- garrison bases of Gaddafi's forces, and, third, free

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humanitarian access to all who needed. Nato has done its utmost to

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facilitate humanitarian deliveries across Libya, including many in

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Misrata. They might have been just over 500 humanitarian missions in

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the last three months. -- and there have been.

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Let's get more on this in Misrata with Bridget Kendall. What is the

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feeling about how this might complicate or speed up any

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diplomatic outcome that could see Gaddafi leaving Tripoli? I must say,

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the immediate reaction here in Benghazi is utter jubilation. The

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whole city behind me has been resounding with the sound of

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gunfire and blaring horns all afternoon and into the evening, as

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particularly young men in pick-up trucks race around the town waving

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flags to show their front -- satisfaction at the news that there

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is an arrest warrant for Gaddafi. Those who think about things in a

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little more seasoned way in the leadership are wondering whether

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there might be a possibility of bringing, if not Gaddafi himself,

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or at least his closest aides to the width -- negotiating table.

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They may be wondering if this makes it harder because, if he knows

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there is an international arrest warrant for him, he may be less

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inclined to back down. Some rebel leaders have spoken optimistically

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about maybe finishing despite the start of Ramadan. Is that what they

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really feel privately? I think that is what they hope. They would like

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to have it over because it is the holy month and they do not want

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this still to be going on. If it has been 100 days of the Nato

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campaign, for people in Benghazi it is over four months of normal life

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suspended since the beginning of the uprising. The local government

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is finding itself short of cash, the hospitals are finding that they

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are running out of drugs. Everybody wants this to be over as soon as

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possible because every -- ordinary life is difficult. None of the

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children are at school. They look at the things they see happening,

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the advance for example from the south-west of Tripoli, where it

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seems as though rebel fighters have moved forward some 10: it has

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perhaps been the last 24 hours. -- 10 kilometres. To rebel leaders

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should say they are coming out with interesting information about

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dwindling morale in those around Gaddafi. Overall, the international

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pressure, of which the ICC and announcement is one aspect, there

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is a hope in this city that things might be moving.

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Let's look at some of the day's other news. The Syrian government

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has invited the opposition to discuss the framework for a

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national dialogue. It is shortly after a group of dissidents called

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for a peaceful transition to democracy. The state news agency

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said the door was being opened to all Syrians to take part in

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building a pluralistic society. Print -- French President Nicolas

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Sarkozy says that French banks are ready to offer new loans voluntary

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to Greece to stop at dens defaulting. He said banks would

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give Greece 30 years for to pay them back.

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And there have been new outbreaks of violence in Northern Nigeria. On

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Sunday, dozens of people were killed in three separate attacks

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which police blamed on an Islamist sect.

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A US congresswomen Michelle back man has formally started her

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campaign for the 2012 presidential elections. She described herself as

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a bold choice. She is among the favourites to secure the Republican

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nomination. A group of computer hackers who

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targeted website around the world has announced it is stopping its

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campaign. Lulzsec deigned high- profile due to its targets,

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including the CIA. -- gained a high profile. It will sign off by

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releasing hundreds of files full of sensitive information.

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It seems that the good ship has sailed for hackers are bought the

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Lulzsec vessel. After 50 days of releasing vast cashs off data, it

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is as moving on to new avenues. The announcement was as faceless as the

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campaign itself, made in a posting on Twitter, leading many experts to

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In the past few weeks rival hackers on the internet have been annoyed

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by these guys. They have been trying to find out their identities

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and out them to the public and potentially to law-enforcement. It

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may be that it was getting to what in the kitchen and they decided it

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was time to exit. It was at this home in the south of England that

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:15:09.:15:09.

Ryan Cleary was arrested on suspicion of organising the

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bringing down of the serious organised crime agency. It is

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thought that LulzSec was a front for disaffected members of

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Anonymous, a much larger on-line community which took credit for

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bringing down the MasterCard system last year. But with its faceless

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nature, how long before the next anarchic crew comes to the fore and

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how long before the next big four out?

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I have been speaking to its Ian Brown of the Oxford internet

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Institute. He explained why they might have decided to disband now.

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Partly increasing pressure from investigations, we have seen one

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person arrested although it is not clear how central he was to all of

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this. Secondly, in some ways they have achieved what they set out to

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do. They have got huge Jo Paul -- global publicity over the last few

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weeks. They said that they were in it for laughs and to show off took

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their fellows hackers and they have done that successfully. They have

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been very audacious but it sounds like they were quite a vindictive

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bunch. One person has already been arrested, could that have brought

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it for the disbandment of this group? They were mainly doing this

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not have that for crime, not to make money but to show off. It is

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always going to be slightly worrying for a group like that if

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someone is caught by the police. Beware publicity hungry, when

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state? I wonder if the fact that it is a leaderless group makes it more

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anarchic and potentially more dangerous. The difficulty with a

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group like this is that even if you want to negotiate with them, make

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them offers, can you do it effectively? They may be some

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people within the group that would be willing to talk to but there may

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be others that you have no ability to stop or influence. There are

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much wider lessons to be learned here when it comes to internet

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security. When you think that they managed to get into the Senate and

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the CIA, what does that tell you about their defences? It is a

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reminder that society is increasingly putting a great deal

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of trust and dependence in internet contracted computer systems. --

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internet connected. Governments and businesses really need to put a lot

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more effort into designing systems that cannot be trivially taken over

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by a group of, in some cases, teenage hackers. Are we looking at

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people of a very young age group or people who have worked within the

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organisation's who were trying to reach some sort of vengeance

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against an organisation they might have been sacked from in the past?

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It is hard to know because this group of people have been

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reasonably successful in protecting their anonymity. From the type of

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attack they have done I do not been they needed any particular

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expertise or insider knowledge. It is quite feasible that they were a

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group of largely young people are just doing it for laughs. As you

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say, no financial gain but that is the worry when it comes to grips

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like this because they could cause a lot of havoc and steal millions

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of pounds if they get into the right systems. You do not know what

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some of the members of this group might have been intending to do

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with these very large quantities of data that they have managed to grab.

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Of course, we have no idea what other groups who are less publicity

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hungry have been doing. If this one group can breaking so easily to

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these large importance sides, who knows what is going on behind the

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scenes. China's Premier, Wen Jiabao, has

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told Britain not to. Its finger at his country's record on human

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rights. He has signed business deals worth more than $2 billion

:18:59.:19:05.

with the UK. The British Prime Minister rejected suggestions that

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it trade was being secured at the expense of human rights.

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Marching bands, soldiers on parade and a man in a feathered hat. The

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Foreign Office this morning, the Chinese Premier was given all the

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ceremony that Britain can lay on for a foreign leader visiting.

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There was a warning from David Cameron that China must do more to

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respect human rights to ensure its stability and prosperity. We should

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show each other respect. But we are very clear that political and

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economic development should go hand in hand. One supports the other.

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Downing Street said that Mr Cameron raise specific cases of human

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rights concerns over lunch. Mr Wen was equally robust are saying that

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states should not a lecture one another. TRANSLATION: On human

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rights, China and the United Kingdom should respect each other,

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respect the fact, treat each other as equals, engaged in more

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corporation than finger-pointing and resolve properly our

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differences are through dialogue. Sometimes diplomacy needs to be

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decoded but not today. Diplomats said that Premier when's stern

:20:27.:20:33.

words about Britain not pointing the finger at China reflected

:20:33.:20:37.

genuine irritation at being repeatedly pressed over his

:20:37.:20:41.

country's record. The question is whether his inept -- irritation got

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in the way of the trade deals. For the moment it seems not, around the

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table they agreed �1.4 billion of deals. All of this was to address

:20:57.:21:04.

Britain's poor record of exploring goods to China. Wen Jiabao promised

:21:04.:21:14.
:21:14.:21:14.

a couple of pandas for Edinburgh Zoo, too. China had hoped that the

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release of Ai Weiwei and other activists would a snooze Wen

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Jiabao's of visit to the UK. His firm response today suggests that

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he has got the message. As Europe tries to court China, one

:21:32.:21:37.

that country that has benefited from the power of Asia is Australia.

:21:37.:21:41.

Australia has not experienced a recession in 20 years, a large part

:21:41.:21:45.

of the reason is the growth of a share. But Australia is still an

:21:45.:21:48.

Anglophone country which has traditionally been reluctant to

:21:48.:21:58.
:21:58.:22:07.

In the heart of Sydney, the Chinese friendship garden. It was opened in

:22:07.:22:12.

the late 1980s when Australia started we orientating itself

:22:12.:22:16.

towards Asia. A region it had not quite shunned but had hardly

:22:16.:22:22.

embraced. Now Australian schoolchildren come here to learn

:22:22.:22:27.

about Chinese culture. By the time they reach adulthood, China could

:22:27.:22:31.

be the biggest economy in the world. And one that is increasingly vital

:22:31.:22:35.

to Australia's continuing prosperity. Australia is being

:22:35.:22:40.

pulled in all sorts of different directions. There is still the

:22:40.:22:43.

constitutional and sentimental attachment to Britain. The Queen is

:22:43.:22:46.

still the head of state. There is the defence partnership with

:22:46.:22:56.

America. Increasingly there is a commercial rapport with Beijing.

:22:56.:23:00.

China is the country's biggest trading partner. From an economic

:23:00.:23:08.

perspective Australia's future lies very much in Asia. This is one of

:23:08.:23:12.

the country's most prestigious private schools were 15% of the

:23:12.:23:18.

pupils are of Asian background. Each year it holds a cultural died

:23:18.:23:23.

-- cultural diversity assembly. It is taking on an increasingly Asian

:23:23.:23:32.

flavour. If Australia cannot succeed in Asia, it cannot survive

:23:32.:23:40.

anywhere, the former prime minister once said. We know that by about

:23:40.:23:43.

2030 the two major trading countries in the world will be

:23:43.:23:47.

India and China. We need to ensure that our students have a good

:23:47.:23:54.

understanding of the culture of these nations. We have introduced

:23:54.:23:57.

of mandarin in our junior school and it will reach high school next

:23:57.:24:02.

year. We have Japanese for our senior students. We also make sure

:24:02.:24:06.

that we have an emphasis on Asia and Asian culture in our work here

:24:07.:24:14.

so that our students feel very comfortable with that emphasis.

:24:14.:24:19.

These are Asian Australian students being taught to learn Japanese. It

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is the most widely studied foreign language in Australia. In recent

:24:23.:24:27.

years there has been a surge in demand for Mandarin Chinese with

:24:27.:24:32.

the teaching of other Asian languages in school here in decline.

:24:32.:24:36.

To some that is evidence of a growing parochialism in national

:24:36.:24:44.

life. And is certain reluctance to become affiliation literate. Part

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of the complacency that has certain is that we have been incredibly

:24:48.:24:53.

successful without really even trying to understand the region.

:24:53.:24:56.

The very logical conclusion that people might have drawn from that

:24:56.:25:00.

is that we really do not have to try that hard to succeed in Asia. I

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think that is a very mistaken view to have.

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Eight community festival in a once mainly white suburb of Sydney.

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Almost 10% of the Australian population is now of Asian descent

:25:16.:25:22.

and the number of Asian Chinese born Australians has increased

:25:22.:25:31.

sixfold. Despite a heavy reliance on China this remains a very Anglo

:25:31.:25:39.

centric nation. We all know in Australia how dependent we are now

:25:39.:25:43.

with our prosperity on Asia in general and China in particular. We

:25:43.:25:50.

have never really made the emotional or the cultural leap from

:25:50.:25:53.

placing Europe and America at the centre of our consciousness. We

:25:53.:25:58.

have never really done that and we certainly have not done it now.

:25:58.:26:02.

That is what makes it so hard for those that advocate greater

:26:02.:26:06.

cultural awareness and language ability to break away from those

:26:06.:26:15.

very Anglophone tendencies that we have. Polls show that Australians

:26:15.:26:18.

welcome the economic growth of China but feared that it could

:26:18.:26:23.

become a military threat. They are watching its raised with a sense of

:26:23.:26:33.
:26:33.:26:36.

A quick reminder of our main news, the international criminal court

:26:36.:26:44.

has issued arrest warrants form ma ma Gaddafi, his son, Saif, and also

:26:44.:26:49.

his intelligence officer. All three are accused of crimes against

:26:49.:26:59.
:26:59.:27:04.

humanity in the uprising that began What a day it has been. Barely 13

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degrees in Scotland, the low 30s in England. Tomorrow the temperatures

:27:09.:27:14.

are down for much of the UK and it will feel fresher behind this

:27:14.:27:18.

weather front. It will take thunderstorms across eastern

:27:19.:27:23.

England overnight. There will be torrential downpour -- downpours in

:27:23.:27:29.

places. There will be a cloudier day in the south-east. Let us take

:27:29.:27:33.

a look at things at 4pm. It may keep a lot of cloud in Yorkshire

:27:33.:27:38.

and the Midlands with patchy rain from time to time. A cloudy day for

:27:38.:27:45.

East Anglia and the South West. The most noticeable feature for the

:27:45.:27:49.

weather will be a temperature much lower compared with today. In the

:27:49.:27:53.

south-west there will be a mixture of patchy cloud and sunny spells. A

:27:53.:27:59.

similar story in Wales. Sunny spells in north-west England, for

:27:59.:28:02.

Northern Ireland after a bright start we see a bit of cloud

:28:02.:28:06.

building and triggering the odd shower. A few showers will pepper

:28:06.:28:10.

the far north-west of Scotland. Elsewhere in Scotland it will be a

:28:10.:28:15.

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