27/06/2011 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox.


Wanted by the International Criminal Court - these are Libyan


leader faces a in arrest warrant facing crimes -- charges of crimes


against Howe -- against humanity. In Libya, the rebels plead for more


help from you give. They did their best in the first few days but we


need more. China's premier tells Britain not


to. Its finger at his country's record on human rights as he signs


a �1.4 billion trade deal with the Abandoning ship - but what caused


the internet anarchists that caused panic at Sony and the CIA to set --


shot up shot. And how Australia is looking


Eastwards rather than relying on the west.


Welcome. Judges at the International Criminal Court in the


Hague have issued an arrest warrant for Colonel Gaddafi for crimes


against humanity. Warrants have been issued for his son, Saif al-


Islam, and his brother-in-law, the head of military intelligence. They


came on the 100th day of coalition intervention in Libyan. -- in Libya.


Although graduate -- rebels say they are making progress, they are


continuing to criticise NATO for acting too slowly.


This was his very first day on the front line. Already, nine -- this


19-year-old is being wheeled into surgery. A rocket has torn into his


leg. Yet another casualty in a besieged city where defiance is


curdling into frustration. I do not think NATO is helping as


much as they should be. There is a lot of delay. Last Friday we had so


many dead bodies. We have dead bodies every day.


The man's brother has just been told that amputation is the only


option. A 19-year-old boy. Still in college.


They are going to amputate his leg. For what? Because he is fighting


for his freedom, that is all. The city's weary defenders pause


for prayer. During a lull on the phone lines. Four weeks they have


held by ground, despite daily bombardment. -- held their ground.


Ahead of them, the road to Tripoli remains blocked.


We do not understand why Nato does not destroy Gaddafi's tanks, he


says. When a rebel general arrives to


inspect this rag-tag army, the men complain that they lack bullets and


guns. This front line visit is designed


to boost morale amongst fighters here but the general's message is


not encouraging. Without far greater Nato air support, he says,


to war is still going nowhere. Is Nato doing enough here? No. If we


need more from Nato. They did their best in the last few days but we


need more. We need more and more. As for his former boss, Colonel


Gaddafi, stepping down... He will not do it. If we do not kill him we


will not do anything. The gloom of another evening in


Misrata. A ruined, isolated city. Yet, just miles from here, in


neighbouring towns, Nato is starting to make a bigger impact.


We heard the sound of helicopters and the sound of bombs from the sea,


from ships in the sea. It is a sudden increase. Nato is


attacking more now? Yes. If they continue like these days for three


off for days more, the forces of Gaddafi will be decreased and the


rebels from Misrata can and -- can enter the city.


A so time may yet be on the side of the rebels. But, while the City


waits with shrines to the fallen, new faces are being added every day.


Let's speak to the Nato spokeswoman Oana Lungescu. Why is Nato so


painstakingly slow? Nato has to be painstakingly careful about


targeting because we are doing our utmost to avoid civilian casualties


on the ground, which is why sometimes it may seem to take


longer than maybe some would like it to, but remember that our


mission under Resolution 1973 is to protect civilians against attacks


and the threat of attacks. That is what we have been doing in the last


90 days. Is it anything to do with NATO being under-resourced?


Nato has the resources and the commitment and determination to


continue until we see this mission through. Tomorrow we will start an


extension of 90 days, another 90 days of this mission and there is


that clear commitment from all Nato allies and our contributing


partners, many from the region. It is important to see today the fact


that the International Criminal Court has issued three arrest


warrants for Colonel go after -- Colonel Gaddafi and two of his


closest associates. It shows why Nato past this resolution and


decided to act and why we are determined to keep up the pressure


until the mandate is fulfilled. said that Nato had to be


painstakingly careful but some would point out, when you compare


this with the operation in Kosovo in 1989, only a third of the number


of strikes have been carried out. do not think this is a contest


about how many strikes you can carry out on any given day. It is


according to the rebels. They want you to be far quicker. I do not


think we can compare the situation in Kosovo with the situation in


Libya. Did you is a vast country and we are taking, as we said, to


great pains to ensure that we avoid civilian casualties. -- Libya is a


vast country. Our record shows that, with over 12,000 sorties and over


5,000 strikes, they might have been very few casualties. We will


continue to take great care to avoid casualties because that is


our mission and that is what Colonel Gaddafi has been doing


deliberately from the start, to target civilians. Our mission is to


protect civilians. You have made that point several times but how


much of this is to do with the lack of consensus within Nato about


precisely what this operation should involve? There is actually


very strong consensus about what this mission is all about. All


decisions within Nato are taken by consensus and the decision to


extend his operation by another 90 days was taken by consensus, not


only by all 28 and allies but also by our operational partners in


Egypt... The Italian foreign minister was calling for a


suspension of hostilities to allow aid in. I think the Foreign


Minister, Mr fatty meat, was one of the 28 ministers who in April


decided very clearly what the three military goals are, and they are,


first, an immediate end to attacks on civilians, secondly, with rural


to bat -- garrison bases of Gaddafi's forces, and, third, free


humanitarian access to all who needed. Nato has done its utmost to


facilitate humanitarian deliveries across Libya, including many in


Misrata. They might have been just over 500 humanitarian missions in


the last three months. -- and there have been.


Let's get more on this in Misrata with Bridget Kendall. What is the


feeling about how this might complicate or speed up any


diplomatic outcome that could see Gaddafi leaving Tripoli? I must say,


the immediate reaction here in Benghazi is utter jubilation. The


whole city behind me has been resounding with the sound of


gunfire and blaring horns all afternoon and into the evening, as


particularly young men in pick-up trucks race around the town waving


flags to show their front -- satisfaction at the news that there


is an arrest warrant for Gaddafi. Those who think about things in a


little more seasoned way in the leadership are wondering whether


there might be a possibility of bringing, if not Gaddafi himself,


or at least his closest aides to the width -- negotiating table.


They may be wondering if this makes it harder because, if he knows


there is an international arrest warrant for him, he may be less


inclined to back down. Some rebel leaders have spoken optimistically


about maybe finishing despite the start of Ramadan. Is that what they


really feel privately? I think that is what they hope. They would like


to have it over because it is the holy month and they do not want


this still to be going on. If it has been 100 days of the Nato


campaign, for people in Benghazi it is over four months of normal life


suspended since the beginning of the uprising. The local government


is finding itself short of cash, the hospitals are finding that they


are running out of drugs. Everybody wants this to be over as soon as


possible because every -- ordinary life is difficult. None of the


children are at school. They look at the things they see happening,


the advance for example from the south-west of Tripoli, where it


seems as though rebel fighters have moved forward some 10: it has


perhaps been the last 24 hours. -- 10 kilometres. To rebel leaders


should say they are coming out with interesting information about


dwindling morale in those around Gaddafi. Overall, the international


pressure, of which the ICC and announcement is one aspect, there


is a hope in this city that things might be moving.


Let's look at some of the day's other news. The Syrian government


has invited the opposition to discuss the framework for a


national dialogue. It is shortly after a group of dissidents called


for a peaceful transition to democracy. The state news agency


said the door was being opened to all Syrians to take part in


building a pluralistic society. Print -- French President Nicolas


Sarkozy says that French banks are ready to offer new loans voluntary


to Greece to stop at dens defaulting. He said banks would


give Greece 30 years for to pay them back.


And there have been new outbreaks of violence in Northern Nigeria. On


Sunday, dozens of people were killed in three separate attacks


which police blamed on an Islamist sect.


A US congresswomen Michelle back man has formally started her


campaign for the 2012 presidential elections. She described herself as


a bold choice. She is among the favourites to secure the Republican


nomination. A group of computer hackers who


targeted website around the world has announced it is stopping its


campaign. Lulzsec deigned high- profile due to its targets,


including the CIA. -- gained a high profile. It will sign off by


releasing hundreds of files full of sensitive information.


It seems that the good ship has sailed for hackers are bought the


Lulzsec vessel. After 50 days of releasing vast cashs off data, it


is as moving on to new avenues. The announcement was as faceless as the


campaign itself, made in a posting on Twitter, leading many experts to


In the past few weeks rival hackers on the internet have been annoyed


by these guys. They have been trying to find out their identities


and out them to the public and potentially to law-enforcement. It


may be that it was getting to what in the kitchen and they decided it


was time to exit. It was at this home in the south of England that


Ryan Cleary was arrested on suspicion of organising the


bringing down of the serious organised crime agency. It is


thought that LulzSec was a front for disaffected members of


Anonymous, a much larger on-line community which took credit for


bringing down the MasterCard system last year. But with its faceless


nature, how long before the next anarchic crew comes to the fore and


how long before the next big four out?


I have been speaking to its Ian Brown of the Oxford internet


Institute. He explained why they might have decided to disband now.


Partly increasing pressure from investigations, we have seen one


person arrested although it is not clear how central he was to all of


this. Secondly, in some ways they have achieved what they set out to


do. They have got huge Jo Paul -- global publicity over the last few


weeks. They said that they were in it for laughs and to show off took


their fellows hackers and they have done that successfully. They have


been very audacious but it sounds like they were quite a vindictive


bunch. One person has already been arrested, could that have brought


it for the disbandment of this group? They were mainly doing this


not have that for crime, not to make money but to show off. It is


always going to be slightly worrying for a group like that if


someone is caught by the police. Beware publicity hungry, when


state? I wonder if the fact that it is a leaderless group makes it more


anarchic and potentially more dangerous. The difficulty with a


group like this is that even if you want to negotiate with them, make


them offers, can you do it effectively? They may be some


people within the group that would be willing to talk to but there may


be others that you have no ability to stop or influence. There are


much wider lessons to be learned here when it comes to internet


security. When you think that they managed to get into the Senate and


the CIA, what does that tell you about their defences? It is a


reminder that society is increasingly putting a great deal


of trust and dependence in internet contracted computer systems. --


internet connected. Governments and businesses really need to put a lot


more effort into designing systems that cannot be trivially taken over


by a group of, in some cases, teenage hackers. Are we looking at


people of a very young age group or people who have worked within the


organisation's who were trying to reach some sort of vengeance


against an organisation they might have been sacked from in the past?


It is hard to know because this group of people have been


reasonably successful in protecting their anonymity. From the type of


attack they have done I do not been they needed any particular


expertise or insider knowledge. It is quite feasible that they were a


group of largely young people are just doing it for laughs. As you


say, no financial gain but that is the worry when it comes to grips


like this because they could cause a lot of havoc and steal millions


of pounds if they get into the right systems. You do not know what


some of the members of this group might have been intending to do


with these very large quantities of data that they have managed to grab.


Of course, we have no idea what other groups who are less publicity


hungry have been doing. If this one group can breaking so easily to


these large importance sides, who knows what is going on behind the


scenes. China's Premier, Wen Jiabao, has


told Britain not to. Its finger at his country's record on human


rights. He has signed business deals worth more than $2 billion


with the UK. The British Prime Minister rejected suggestions that


it trade was being secured at the expense of human rights.


Marching bands, soldiers on parade and a man in a feathered hat. The


Foreign Office this morning, the Chinese Premier was given all the


ceremony that Britain can lay on for a foreign leader visiting.


There was a warning from David Cameron that China must do more to


respect human rights to ensure its stability and prosperity. We should


show each other respect. But we are very clear that political and


economic development should go hand in hand. One supports the other.


Downing Street said that Mr Cameron raise specific cases of human


rights concerns over lunch. Mr Wen was equally robust are saying that


states should not a lecture one another. TRANSLATION: On human


rights, China and the United Kingdom should respect each other,


respect the fact, treat each other as equals, engaged in more


corporation than finger-pointing and resolve properly our


differences are through dialogue. Sometimes diplomacy needs to be


decoded but not today. Diplomats said that Premier when's stern


words about Britain not pointing the finger at China reflected


genuine irritation at being repeatedly pressed over his


country's record. The question is whether his inept -- irritation got


in the way of the trade deals. For the moment it seems not, around the


table they agreed �1.4 billion of deals. All of this was to address


Britain's poor record of exploring goods to China. Wen Jiabao promised


a couple of pandas for Edinburgh Zoo, too. China had hoped that the


release of Ai Weiwei and other activists would a snooze Wen


Jiabao's of visit to the UK. His firm response today suggests that


he has got the message. As Europe tries to court China, one


that country that has benefited from the power of Asia is Australia.


Australia has not experienced a recession in 20 years, a large part


of the reason is the growth of a share. But Australia is still an


Anglophone country which has traditionally been reluctant to


In the heart of Sydney, the Chinese friendship garden. It was opened in


the late 1980s when Australia started we orientating itself


towards Asia. A region it had not quite shunned but had hardly


embraced. Now Australian schoolchildren come here to learn


about Chinese culture. By the time they reach adulthood, China could


be the biggest economy in the world. And one that is increasingly vital


to Australia's continuing prosperity. Australia is being


pulled in all sorts of different directions. There is still the


constitutional and sentimental attachment to Britain. The Queen is


still the head of state. There is the defence partnership with


America. Increasingly there is a commercial rapport with Beijing.


China is the country's biggest trading partner. From an economic


perspective Australia's future lies very much in Asia. This is one of


the country's most prestigious private schools were 15% of the


pupils are of Asian background. Each year it holds a cultural died


-- cultural diversity assembly. It is taking on an increasingly Asian


flavour. If Australia cannot succeed in Asia, it cannot survive


anywhere, the former prime minister once said. We know that by about


2030 the two major trading countries in the world will be


India and China. We need to ensure that our students have a good


understanding of the culture of these nations. We have introduced


of mandarin in our junior school and it will reach high school next


year. We have Japanese for our senior students. We also make sure


that we have an emphasis on Asia and Asian culture in our work here


so that our students feel very comfortable with that emphasis.


These are Asian Australian students being taught to learn Japanese. It


is the most widely studied foreign language in Australia. In recent


years there has been a surge in demand for Mandarin Chinese with


the teaching of other Asian languages in school here in decline.


To some that is evidence of a growing parochialism in national


life. And is certain reluctance to become affiliation literate. Part


of the complacency that has certain is that we have been incredibly


successful without really even trying to understand the region.


The very logical conclusion that people might have drawn from that


is that we really do not have to try that hard to succeed in Asia. I


think that is a very mistaken view to have.


Eight community festival in a once mainly white suburb of Sydney.


Almost 10% of the Australian population is now of Asian descent


and the number of Asian Chinese born Australians has increased


sixfold. Despite a heavy reliance on China this remains a very Anglo


centric nation. We all know in Australia how dependent we are now


with our prosperity on Asia in general and China in particular. We


have never really made the emotional or the cultural leap from


placing Europe and America at the centre of our consciousness. We


have never really done that and we certainly have not done it now.


That is what makes it so hard for those that advocate greater


cultural awareness and language ability to break away from those


very Anglophone tendencies that we have. Polls show that Australians


welcome the economic growth of China but feared that it could


become a military threat. They are watching its raised with a sense of


A quick reminder of our main news, the international criminal court


has issued arrest warrants form ma ma Gaddafi, his son, Saif, and also


his intelligence officer. All three are accused of crimes against


humanity in the uprising that began What a day it has been. Barely 13


degrees in Scotland, the low 30s in England. Tomorrow the temperatures


are down for much of the UK and it will feel fresher behind this


weather front. It will take thunderstorms across eastern


England overnight. There will be torrential downpour -- downpours in


places. There will be a cloudier day in the south-east. Let us take


a look at things at 4pm. It may keep a lot of cloud in Yorkshire


and the Midlands with patchy rain from time to time. A cloudy day for


East Anglia and the South West. The most noticeable feature for the


weather will be a temperature much lower compared with today. In the


south-west there will be a mixture of patchy cloud and sunny spells. A


similar story in Wales. Sunny spells in north-west England, for


Northern Ireland after a bright start we see a bit of cloud


building and triggering the odd shower. A few showers will pepper


the far north-west of Scotland. Elsewhere in Scotland it will be a


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