28/06/2011 World News Today


28/06/2011

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


Similar Content

Browse content similar to 28/06/2011. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!

Transcript


LineFromTo

I am Jon Sopel live in Athens where violence has erupted on the city

:00:16.:00:24.

streets. Demonstrators clashed with riot police as parliament debates

:00:24.:00:32.

tough measures to slash savings. The IMF and the Europeans are

:00:32.:00:41.

trying to make us pay adept we did not create. I will bring you of the

:00:41.:00:45.

latest from Athens where in this square there is a party atmosphere

:00:45.:00:50.

but outside the parliament there have been fresh clashes in the last

:00:50.:00:56.

couple of minutes between police and protesters. Can China say the

:00:56.:01:04.

euro? The Chinese premier has hinted he might buy a geek debt.

:01:04.:01:11.

There is a first female head of the International Monetary Fund.

:01:11.:01:21.

executive board proceeded to except her by consensus. Going through

:01:21.:01:31.
:01:31.:01:32.

drought and war in Somalia has created a large refugee group. 75

:01:32.:01:42.
:01:42.:01:54.

years on we see a detailed record by MI5. Hello and welcome to Greece

:01:54.:02:01.

where you can probably see the flares being thrown at police and

:02:01.:02:07.

tear gas rising into the night sky here in Athens. This violence has

:02:07.:02:13.

just erupted in the last few moments taking away the joyous

:02:13.:02:21.

celebration here that was in deep square for the last hour and a half.

:02:21.:02:29.

He Rent-A-Center of Athens a small group of people are trying to shine

:02:29.:02:34.

lasers into the eyes of the police. The police are retaliating with

:02:34.:02:40.

tear gas. You can see the smoke rising as night falls here in

:02:40.:02:47.

Athens. There was a joyous party atmosphere but for some that has

:02:47.:02:54.

been dissipated by the violence that is just going on right next to

:02:54.:03:00.

the parliament building. For a report on today's events are let's

:03:00.:03:07.

hear now from our Europe Editor. The Greek police had expected

:03:07.:03:14.

trouble. This was the key moment when they were voting on further

:03:14.:03:20.

austerity measures. The protesters almost immediately turned violent.

:03:21.:03:29.

There is a 48 hour general strike. Satellite vans were attacked and

:03:29.:03:36.

set on fire. With all the tension in recent days it was almost

:03:36.:03:42.

inevitable there would be an outbreak of violence. The police

:03:42.:03:47.

fired hundreds of follies of stun grenades and tear gas to try to

:03:47.:03:56.

clear the crowds. There is feelings IT in the Greek Government about

:03:56.:04:04.

the extent of the violence. Away from this Squier large parts of the

:04:04.:04:11.

Greek economy were brought to a halt by strikes. Earlier in the day

:04:11.:04:16.

there were protest marches. The Government insist austerity

:04:16.:04:25.

measures are needed. Without them, Creek -- D Reyes is heading for a

:04:25.:04:30.

further crisis but many ordinary Greeks do not accept that. They are

:04:30.:04:37.

lying. Everybody knows that. Time and again I heard ordinary Greeks

:04:37.:04:44.

are telling me that they were not to blame for the debt crisis.

:04:44.:04:48.

the IMF and the European Union are trying to make us pay a debt that

:04:48.:04:58.
:04:58.:05:03.

we didn't create. As the afternoon wore on the violence continued. The

:05:03.:05:06.

question is whether the Government can implement spending cuts in the

:05:06.:05:16.
:05:16.:05:16.

face of such resistance. In the chaos some Greeks turned on each

:05:16.:05:22.

other to try to stop the violence. Many ordinary Greeks are deeply

:05:22.:05:32.
:05:32.:05:37.

angry. That violence has carried on into the evening. Stun grenades are

:05:37.:05:44.

being fired as well as tear gas. A whole corner of the square has now

:05:44.:05:52.

been cleared by the riot police. They are making something of a

:05:52.:06:02.
:06:02.:06:04.

crash in the corner. I am joined by one of the protesters, a peaceful

:06:04.:06:07.

protester, when I saw you you had rubber gloves on and were cleaning

:06:07.:06:17.
:06:17.:06:18.

the streets, why? I wanted to make a peaceful protest. It is what many

:06:18.:06:23.

thousands of these people are trying to do. What do you think of

:06:23.:06:28.

the people making the violence? They do not represent what I was

:06:28.:06:37.

trying to say to everyone. They are just trying to separate us as a

:06:37.:06:44.

country and show nothing but violence. And what do you think of

:06:44.:06:50.

the week today's demonstration has unfolded? It is unfortunate that a

:06:50.:06:56.

very small minority has been able to disrupt a protest that began

:06:56.:07:02.

peacefully, a very large protest. It is something the Government

:07:02.:07:08.

allowed to happen. When you say the Government allows it to happen, are

:07:08.:07:18.
:07:18.:07:19.

you saying there are Asha went provocateurs in the crowd? There

:07:19.:07:23.

are people smashing things up to have been seen consulting with the

:07:23.:07:28.

police. We do not know how rampant it is but it is certainly taking

:07:28.:07:35.

place. If you are watching you will be seeing green lights. There is

:07:35.:07:42.

somebody with a light down in deep crowd who is trying to shine the

:07:42.:07:46.

lights in our eyes up here. What do you think will happen tomorrow

:07:46.:07:50.

morning? What will happen if the Government does fought for further

:07:50.:07:59.

austerity measures? I do not know. I really hope that more people will

:07:59.:08:05.

come and more people will protest with no violence at all. Then we

:08:05.:08:12.

can show that we really want things in the best way. Do you think if

:08:12.:08:17.

the parliament votes for it will be the end of the protests? Absolutely

:08:17.:08:22.

not. There are no great number of people from very different

:08:22.:08:26.

backgrounds who are very upset about what is going on. Some of

:08:26.:08:32.

them right fully so, others less so. The great challenge for Government

:08:32.:08:38.

if the measures are passed tomorrow is to take some drastic measures

:08:38.:08:45.

firstly against tax cheats and secondly against social spending in

:08:45.:08:49.

the public sector to really reform Government and not try to continue

:08:49.:08:56.

in the old bankrupt ways. Whatever happens tomorrow, whether it is

:08:56.:09:01.

voted for or against, it seems the protests will continue? Yes,

:09:01.:09:06.

because we do not trust this Government at all, whatever the EC.

:09:06.:09:12.

The protests will go on because we want them to go away. Thank you for

:09:12.:09:20.

being with us. There is a kind of joyous atmosphere there in the

:09:20.:09:25.

square. If I can just show you that corner of the square which is now

:09:25.:09:30.

empty which is where the police have been firing tear gas in the

:09:30.:09:35.

past few minutes. They have just absolutely cleared that section of

:09:35.:09:40.

the crowd. There is a line of riot police stopping people getting

:09:40.:09:46.

anywhere close to the parliament. These green laser lights seemed to

:09:46.:09:53.

be being aimed at anyone at the moment. From here it is Athens

:09:53.:10:02.

ahead of tomorrow's crucial vote. Back you in the studio in London.

:10:02.:10:07.

It has just been announced that the next person to head the

:10:07.:10:14.

International Monetary Fund will be a woman who is at present the

:10:14.:10:24.
:10:24.:10:26.

French finance minister. Other reporter has more. With her jobs in

:10:26.:10:31.

law and finance, she is used to breaking glass ceilings. Now she

:10:31.:10:38.

shatters another, becoming the first female managing director of

:10:38.:10:43.

the International Monetary Fund. terms of being a woman I think I

:10:43.:10:49.

bring a new dimension that is not very often represented in financial

:10:49.:10:56.

circles. This was her main director -- competitor. Even he thought she

:10:56.:11:01.

was unstoppable, admitted during the race it was like starting a

:11:01.:11:07.

soccer game with a 5-seal score. is very difficult to break at

:11:07.:11:16.

tradition given the crisis in Europe, Europe thinks the needs it

:11:16.:11:20.

requires, are marginally instinctive. With the eurozone in

:11:20.:11:29.

crisis, Europe has never relied more on the IMF. While that may be

:11:29.:11:36.

a selling point for some, others will see it as a source of weakness.

:11:36.:11:40.

I have empathy in one sense for the European position but there is a

:11:40.:11:44.

danger it could be seen as favouritism rather than technically

:11:44.:11:50.

minded decision which will not serve Europe or the IMF well in the

:11:50.:11:57.

long run. Strauss can quit the post to fight sexual assault charges in

:11:57.:12:05.

New York. Many say Europeans have now got what they wanted but not

:12:05.:12:11.

without treading on many people's tours. It is a victory they may

:12:11.:12:18.

come to regret. To get the latest I am joined by a spokesperson from

:12:18.:12:24.

New York. We have just had a statement from her in the last few

:12:24.:12:30.

moments seeing how honoured she is to be chosen by the IMF to be the

:12:30.:12:36.

next managing director. There was an interesting reference to serving

:12:36.:12:41.

the entire membership of the International Monetary Fund. She

:12:41.:12:46.

mentions this in particular because during this race there have been

:12:46.:12:52.

questions about whether or not the tradition of having a European head

:12:53.:12:59.

of the IMF and an American head of the World Bank is really right in

:12:59.:13:05.

this day and age with emerging world markets. She was really

:13:05.:13:10.

trying to address that criticism. Did she get much support from

:13:10.:13:15.

emerging markets? In the end she did get some support particularly

:13:15.:13:20.

from countries like Russia and Brazil. There was a? About her

:13:20.:13:26.

candidacy among other smaller emerging markets. Really, her one

:13:26.:13:31.

opponent simply did not galvanised the emerging countries into

:13:31.:13:39.

supporting him, even though he himself is from Mexico. The other

:13:39.:13:44.

interesting statement that we have also had in the last few minutes is

:13:44.:13:49.

from the president of the World Bank. The World Bank and the IMF

:13:49.:13:54.

work closely together. The World Bank try to relieve poverty around

:13:54.:14:00.

the world. The top man here is talking about how closely they will

:14:00.:14:03.

work together and that he is looking forward to doing more of

:14:03.:14:10.

that in the future. The spectre of drought is once again haunting the

:14:10.:14:17.

Horn of Africa. It is said to be the worst dry spell in 60 years. In

:14:17.:14:21.

Somalia at the double hardship of war and drought has brought an

:14:21.:14:31.

unprecedented number of refugees. There are reports that every day at

:14:31.:14:41.
:14:41.:14:44.

They are arriving here, hungry, exhausted and awaiting health. Save

:14:44.:14:48.

the children says many people are turning up every day as keeping

:14:48.:14:54.

Somalia, many of them children. Some walk for weeks to reach the

:14:54.:14:59.

calm with almost no possessions. They have been coming here to

:14:59.:15:05.

escape the war in Somalia, but now a severe drought is hitting hard.

:15:05.:15:11.

Well some dried up in Somalia forcing people to flee. -- some

:15:11.:15:16.

wells have dried up. People are trekking through the deserts under

:15:16.:15:20.

the searing sun to arrive here at Dadaab to escape the drought and

:15:20.:15:23.

soaring food prices that have put people at risk throughout East

:15:23.:15:29.

Africa. Although made up of three settlements, Dadaab is often

:15:29.:15:35.

referred to as the largest refugee calm in the world. It is home to

:15:35.:15:40.

360,000 people, but designed for a quarter of that number. The

:15:40.:15:44.

conditions are terrible. The organisation, Medecins Sans

:15:44.:15:48.

Frontieres, is struggling to cope with the sharp rise in the number

:15:48.:15:52.

of arrivals. It says because of conditions in Somalia and the

:15:52.:15:58.

arduous journey, the refugees are arriving in urgent need of medical

:15:58.:16:02.

care. Almost half of the children have never had a vaccination. Plans

:16:02.:16:11.

to build a new refugee calm in the area have stalled. They are worried

:16:11.:16:16.

about the prospect of even more refugees turning up. The war in

:16:16.:16:20.

Somalia shows no sign of ending, and the drought is expected to

:16:20.:16:26.

continue for several months. Conditions in this overcrowded area

:16:26.:16:32.

at are likely to get even worse. -- overcrowded area.

:16:32.:16:36.

Some of the other news today, the Chinese have charities are

:16:36.:16:41.

demanding that the artist Ai Weiwei pays nearly $2 million in back

:16:41.:16:45.

taxes for fines following his release from detention. A friend of

:16:45.:16:48.

the art is said Ai Weiwei received a letter from Monday giving him

:16:48.:16:53.

three days to reply to the demand. Ai Weiwei has been banned from

:16:53.:16:57.

speaking in public since his release last week and it is unclear

:16:57.:17:02.

at the excepts the tax demand. He was part of a campaign against the

:17:02.:17:06.

commoners Party in China. Six men have pleaded not guilty to

:17:06.:17:10.

the attempted murder of form or Rwanda of army chief, General

:17:10.:17:14.

Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa. He fled to South Africa last year after

:17:14.:17:19.

falling out with the President. A piece of flying debris has

:17:19.:17:21.

narrowly missed the International Space Station for losing six

:17:21.:17:27.

members of the crew to rush to their rescue. -- forcing six

:17:27.:17:31.

members. Officials say that the debris past the station at 250

:17:31.:17:35.

metres distance. The crew got the all-clear to return to their work

:17:36.:17:40.

minutes after the collision was avoided.

:17:40.:17:46.

In Libya, the BBC has learned that a medical crisis is looming in the

:17:46.:17:49.

east. Hospitals and Ben Ghazni are running short of supplies and some

:17:49.:17:59.
:17:59.:18:01.

people have died for lack of life- saving medicines.

:18:01.:18:05.

This is a six-year-old cancer patient returning from a severe

:18:05.:18:12.

lung infections. -- covering. -- recovering. If she had been next in

:18:12.:18:18.

line for a vaccine, she would be dead now. This little boy is not so

:18:19.:18:23.

lucky. His cancer has spread but the doctor has said he is only

:18:23.:18:26.

getting a partial course of treatment. It will not be enough to

:18:26.:18:36.

save him. We tried to divide the drugs between the patients. Some

:18:36.:18:39.

drugs Cirque not enough, so we have to leave it for other patients, and

:18:39.:18:44.

it is not good. -- some drugs are not enough. The doctor's struggle

:18:44.:18:51.

their meagre supplies, Sheringham among the children. -- struggle

:18:51.:18:58.

with their meagre supplies. Across the city, medical supplies are

:18:58.:19:04.

running out. Here, only enough anaesthetic for 60 operations.

:19:04.:19:08.

Liquid paracetamol, crucial for intensive care, down to the last

:19:08.:19:15.

box. There is enough here only for a few patients. Even the basic

:19:15.:19:20.

supplies like medical equipment are needed. More than 20 patients have

:19:20.:19:25.

died because of this supply problem. The director of the hospital is at

:19:25.:19:28.

his wit's end with surgeons also treating frontline casualties from

:19:28.:19:37.

Misrata. Some of them are, toes. We are frustrated. -- some of them are

:19:37.:19:42.

in a coma. Nobody has given us anything. There has been some

:19:42.:19:47.

emergency medical aid from abroad, but not enough to restock the

:19:47.:19:51.

hospital. The Health Minister has said he is appealing to every

:19:51.:19:57.

foreigner I P that visits. We ask them, everyone I sit with them, we

:19:57.:20:05.

ask them for a list of medicines. We say, this is what I need. It is

:20:05.:20:09.

not just a crisis and the hospitals here, it is a symptom of a bigger

:20:09.:20:13.

problem. The rebel government has simply run out of money. They had

:20:13.:20:17.

made desperate appeals to the outside world to unlock funds, but

:20:17.:20:23.

so far, they say nothing has happened. A bureaucratic logjam

:20:23.:20:29.

that is putting vulnerable lives at risk.

:20:29.:20:34.

The Chinese premier has won many friends in Europe over the last few

:20:34.:20:38.

days by promising to help out struggling economies. Today he is

:20:38.:20:42.

in Germany, China's biggest European trading partner signing

:20:42.:20:47.

deals worth $15 billion. Wen Jiabao emphasised his confidence in the

:20:47.:20:51.

struggling economies and there are reports he may buy some of the

:20:51.:20:54.

Greek debts. These new deals contribute to the continuing

:20:54.:20:58.

investment that he has been bringing into Europe from China.

:20:58.:21:02.

Europe is currently their biggest trading partner overtaking their

:21:02.:21:07.

relationship with United States. In the last year, it is estimated

:21:07.:21:11.

China has bought 40 billion euros worth of European assets. It has

:21:11.:21:16.

already bought at least 6 billion euros worth of public debt in Spain

:21:16.:21:22.

and a billion Euros in Portugal. To get more on this, we are joined by

:21:22.:21:26.

chairman of the 48 Group Club, a business group that promotes

:21:26.:21:31.

positive relationships with China. Stephen Parry, can they saved the

:21:31.:21:38.

euro-zone? I think the Chinese are engaging in a positive way. There

:21:38.:21:41.

is the issue would trying to diversify their large reserves.

:21:41.:21:46.

They have three trillion dollars, they have too much in the US dollar,

:21:46.:21:50.

they are moving away from that and the euro is the next biggest

:21:50.:21:54.

opportunity. It also reflects a strategic relationship with Germany

:21:54.:21:59.

and with Europe that China has chosen to make and participate in

:21:59.:22:03.

trying to solve some of the European problems. How did that

:22:03.:22:07.

relationship with Germany, about? It is particularly close now? In

:22:07.:22:12.

quite a short space of time! could say it goes back to the

:22:12.:22:16.

Lehman Brothers and the breakdown in the financial system in the West.

:22:16.:22:20.

There is the situation were 18 of the last 20 centuries, some of the

:22:20.:22:25.

nations have been over 50 % of the world's economies. There are now 25

:22:25.:22:31.

% and going back to 50 %. Germany is deciding to engage with those

:22:31.:22:34.

countries in a very major way and China is responding to these

:22:34.:22:38.

overtures from Germany and we are seeing this relationship bonding in

:22:38.:22:42.

a very real way. It is not just Germany and China, it is Germany

:22:42.:22:48.

and Russia, Germany and Brazil. France, said Britain and United

:22:48.:22:52.

States are a bit hesitant. Germany is engaging, the rest are standing

:22:52.:22:57.

back a little bit. What about Greece, rumours, hopes that China

:22:57.:23:02.

might buy some of their debts. What interest with China have in that?

:23:02.:23:07.

They have already invested in a Greek infrastructure like one of

:23:07.:23:11.

their ports. China is very active in investing in Europe across the

:23:11.:23:16.

world. It starts in Germany, works from Eastern Europe, and Greece,

:23:17.:23:21.

Portugal and Spain, they are taking particular interest in debt rescue

:23:21.:23:26.

there. We do not know why lot of the terms. Is that because they are

:23:26.:23:29.

going cheap because they are in crisis? The Chinese are being

:23:29.:23:36.

careful not to make any major risks. Very few people are prepared, very

:23:36.:23:39.

few countries are prepared to lend into this situation. Britain is

:23:40.:23:44.

very hesitant. The Chinese being prepared to lend us a very good

:23:44.:23:48.

thing. I'm sure their terms will be to make sure that their investment

:23:48.:23:54.

is not frittered away. Is it not just a matter of time before China

:23:54.:23:59.

overtakes the United States as the world's biggest economy? If so, are

:23:59.:24:06.

we seeing China position itself strategically for that role? There

:24:06.:24:12.

are different dates, 2020, 2030, China's six trillion dollars, the

:24:12.:24:16.

United States, 15 trillion dollars. You are seeing a country expanding

:24:16.:24:20.

in a very measured way and another country that is in crisis, the

:24:20.:24:24.

United States, unable to handle its deficits and other problems

:24:24.:24:28.

effectively. Hopefully that could change. At the moment, tiny is

:24:28.:24:33.

mainly interested in China and it is participating in no way that it

:24:33.:24:37.

would do so without much of restrictions. -- China's many

:24:37.:24:42.

interested. The British citizens that went to

:24:42.:24:46.

the Spanish Civil War is a long list of distinguished people. The

:24:46.:24:50.

full extent has finally been released by the National Archives

:24:50.:24:54.

here in Britain to mark the 75th anniversary of the outbreak of war.

:24:54.:24:57.

The British government opposed intervention, but many volunteers

:24:57.:25:05.

were driven by political beliefs. Spain's civil war tore the country

:25:05.:25:10.

apart between 1936 and 1939. Defending the Republican government

:25:10.:25:14.

against fascists also became a rallying point for those on the

:25:14.:25:18.

political left, further afield, including Britain. A stream of

:25:18.:25:22.

volunteers were drawn in to fight for the so-called international

:25:22.:25:26.

brigade alongside the Republicans. Now for the first time, we have a

:25:27.:25:31.

glimpse of how many there were. Because Britain was officially

:25:31.:25:35.

neutral, some of the volunteers were Communists, the security

:25:35.:25:42.

service MI5 kept tabs on who they were. Until the mid- 1950s, it

:25:42.:25:45.

maintained this card index listing their personal details. Now, for

:25:45.:25:50.

the first time, it has been digitised and made available online

:25:50.:25:54.

by the National Archives. Among those that went out it was Eric

:25:54.:25:59.

Blair, better known as George Orwell. His file notes personal

:25:59.:26:03.

details and left-wing sympathies. He would write of his experiences

:26:03.:26:08.

in Spain in his book, homage to Catalonia. Hundreds of others are

:26:08.:26:13.

also listed and the files show that 4,000 people wanted to go to fight

:26:13.:26:18.

against the fascists. Far higher than the previous estimates of 2500

:26:18.:26:26.

volunteers. Hundreds of these people never made it back.

:26:26.:26:30.

Interesting history. The main news, police in Athens had been using

:26:30.:26:36.

tear gas against groups of youth during a series of protests against

:26:36.:26:40.

Greece's austerity measures. There is a vote in Parliament on

:26:40.:26:43.

Wednesday. That is all from the programme, Next, the weather, from

:26:44.:26:53.
:26:54.:27:03.

They heatwave in eastern England came to a stormy ends today, but

:27:03.:27:07.

this will clear overnight to become cooler and easier to sleep in. A

:27:07.:27:09.

more familiar British summer weather story tomorrow with

:27:09.:27:14.

sunshine and showers. High pressure trying to build in across the UK

:27:14.:27:19.

from the south-west to settle things down. The influence is not

:27:19.:27:23.

strong enough yet to stop the shower is getting going during the

:27:23.:27:28.

day. Some heavy showers possible. Hit-and-miss. Not everyone will get

:27:28.:27:33.

them. Some showers across the north-east of England, but again,

:27:33.:27:38.

some of us will avoid them and stay dry. Very few showers in the south-

:27:38.:27:41.

east and for Wimbledon, but we cannot rule out the odd one showing

:27:41.:27:45.

up, but nothing like the sundry rain that we had to date. In the

:27:45.:27:51.

south-west, sunny spells, very few showers. In Wales in the afternoon,

:27:51.:27:56.

the odd shower possible, but some sunshine around. Scattered showers

:27:56.:27:59.

into north-west England and Northern Ireland, some showers. But

:27:59.:28:06.

the two particularly heavy. 17 degrees in Belfast. A scattering of

:28:06.:28:10.

heavy downpours in Scotland during the day, maybe some thunder also.

:28:10.:28:14.

Download Subtitles

SRT

ASS