28/06/2011 World News Today


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I am Jon Sopel live in Athens where violence has erupted on the city


streets. Demonstrators clashed with riot police as parliament debates


tough measures to slash savings. The IMF and the Europeans are


trying to make us pay adept we did not create. I will bring you of the


latest from Athens where in this square there is a party atmosphere


but outside the parliament there have been fresh clashes in the last


couple of minutes between police and protesters. Can China say the


euro? The Chinese premier has hinted he might buy a geek debt.


There is a first female head of the International Monetary Fund.


executive board proceeded to except her by consensus. Going through


drought and war in Somalia has created a large refugee group. 75


years on we see a detailed record by MI5. Hello and welcome to Greece


where you can probably see the flares being thrown at police and


tear gas rising into the night sky here in Athens. This violence has


just erupted in the last few moments taking away the joyous


celebration here that was in deep square for the last hour and a half.


He Rent-A-Center of Athens a small group of people are trying to shine


lasers into the eyes of the police. The police are retaliating with


tear gas. You can see the smoke rising as night falls here in


Athens. There was a joyous party atmosphere but for some that has


been dissipated by the violence that is just going on right next to


the parliament building. For a report on today's events are let's


hear now from our Europe Editor. The Greek police had expected


trouble. This was the key moment when they were voting on further


austerity measures. The protesters almost immediately turned violent.


There is a 48 hour general strike. Satellite vans were attacked and


set on fire. With all the tension in recent days it was almost


inevitable there would be an outbreak of violence. The police


fired hundreds of follies of stun grenades and tear gas to try to


clear the crowds. There is feelings IT in the Greek Government about


the extent of the violence. Away from this Squier large parts of the


Greek economy were brought to a halt by strikes. Earlier in the day


there were protest marches. The Government insist austerity


measures are needed. Without them, Creek -- D Reyes is heading for a


further crisis but many ordinary Greeks do not accept that. They are


lying. Everybody knows that. Time and again I heard ordinary Greeks


are telling me that they were not to blame for the debt crisis.


the IMF and the European Union are trying to make us pay a debt that


we didn't create. As the afternoon wore on the violence continued. The


question is whether the Government can implement spending cuts in the


face of such resistance. In the chaos some Greeks turned on each


other to try to stop the violence. Many ordinary Greeks are deeply


angry. That violence has carried on into the evening. Stun grenades are


being fired as well as tear gas. A whole corner of the square has now


been cleared by the riot police. They are making something of a


crash in the corner. I am joined by one of the protesters, a peaceful


protester, when I saw you you had rubber gloves on and were cleaning


the streets, why? I wanted to make a peaceful protest. It is what many


thousands of these people are trying to do. What do you think of


the people making the violence? They do not represent what I was


trying to say to everyone. They are just trying to separate us as a


country and show nothing but violence. And what do you think of


the week today's demonstration has unfolded? It is unfortunate that a


very small minority has been able to disrupt a protest that began


peacefully, a very large protest. It is something the Government


allowed to happen. When you say the Government allows it to happen, are


you saying there are Asha went provocateurs in the crowd? There


are people smashing things up to have been seen consulting with the


police. We do not know how rampant it is but it is certainly taking


place. If you are watching you will be seeing green lights. There is


somebody with a light down in deep crowd who is trying to shine the


lights in our eyes up here. What do you think will happen tomorrow


morning? What will happen if the Government does fought for further


austerity measures? I do not know. I really hope that more people will


come and more people will protest with no violence at all. Then we


can show that we really want things in the best way. Do you think if


the parliament votes for it will be the end of the protests? Absolutely


not. There are no great number of people from very different


backgrounds who are very upset about what is going on. Some of


them right fully so, others less so. The great challenge for Government


if the measures are passed tomorrow is to take some drastic measures


firstly against tax cheats and secondly against social spending in


the public sector to really reform Government and not try to continue


in the old bankrupt ways. Whatever happens tomorrow, whether it is


voted for or against, it seems the protests will continue? Yes,


because we do not trust this Government at all, whatever the EC.


The protests will go on because we want them to go away. Thank you for


being with us. There is a kind of joyous atmosphere there in the


square. If I can just show you that corner of the square which is now


empty which is where the police have been firing tear gas in the


past few minutes. They have just absolutely cleared that section of


the crowd. There is a line of riot police stopping people getting


anywhere close to the parliament. These green laser lights seemed to


be being aimed at anyone at the moment. From here it is Athens


ahead of tomorrow's crucial vote. Back you in the studio in London.


It has just been announced that the next person to head the


International Monetary Fund will be a woman who is at present the


French finance minister. Other reporter has more. With her jobs in


law and finance, she is used to breaking glass ceilings. Now she


shatters another, becoming the first female managing director of


the International Monetary Fund. terms of being a woman I think I


bring a new dimension that is not very often represented in financial


circles. This was her main director -- competitor. Even he thought she


was unstoppable, admitted during the race it was like starting a


soccer game with a 5-seal score. is very difficult to break at


tradition given the crisis in Europe, Europe thinks the needs it


requires, are marginally instinctive. With the eurozone in


crisis, Europe has never relied more on the IMF. While that may be


a selling point for some, others will see it as a source of weakness.


I have empathy in one sense for the European position but there is a


danger it could be seen as favouritism rather than technically


minded decision which will not serve Europe or the IMF well in the


long run. Strauss can quit the post to fight sexual assault charges in


New York. Many say Europeans have now got what they wanted but not


without treading on many people's tours. It is a victory they may


come to regret. To get the latest I am joined by a spokesperson from


New York. We have just had a statement from her in the last few


moments seeing how honoured she is to be chosen by the IMF to be the


next managing director. There was an interesting reference to serving


the entire membership of the International Monetary Fund. She


mentions this in particular because during this race there have been


questions about whether or not the tradition of having a European head


of the IMF and an American head of the World Bank is really right in


this day and age with emerging world markets. She was really


trying to address that criticism. Did she get much support from


emerging markets? In the end she did get some support particularly


from countries like Russia and Brazil. There was a? About her


candidacy among other smaller emerging markets. Really, her one


opponent simply did not galvanised the emerging countries into


supporting him, even though he himself is from Mexico. The other


interesting statement that we have also had in the last few minutes is


from the president of the World Bank. The World Bank and the IMF


work closely together. The World Bank try to relieve poverty around


the world. The top man here is talking about how closely they will


work together and that he is looking forward to doing more of


that in the future. The spectre of drought is once again haunting the


Horn of Africa. It is said to be the worst dry spell in 60 years. In


Somalia at the double hardship of war and drought has brought an


unprecedented number of refugees. There are reports that every day at


They are arriving here, hungry, exhausted and awaiting health. Save


the children says many people are turning up every day as keeping


Somalia, many of them children. Some walk for weeks to reach the


calm with almost no possessions. They have been coming here to


escape the war in Somalia, but now a severe drought is hitting hard.


Well some dried up in Somalia forcing people to flee. -- some


wells have dried up. People are trekking through the deserts under


the searing sun to arrive here at Dadaab to escape the drought and


soaring food prices that have put people at risk throughout East


Africa. Although made up of three settlements, Dadaab is often


referred to as the largest refugee calm in the world. It is home to


360,000 people, but designed for a quarter of that number. The


conditions are terrible. The organisation, Medecins Sans


Frontieres, is struggling to cope with the sharp rise in the number


of arrivals. It says because of conditions in Somalia and the


arduous journey, the refugees are arriving in urgent need of medical


care. Almost half of the children have never had a vaccination. Plans


to build a new refugee calm in the area have stalled. They are worried


about the prospect of even more refugees turning up. The war in


Somalia shows no sign of ending, and the drought is expected to


continue for several months. Conditions in this overcrowded area


at are likely to get even worse. -- overcrowded area.


Some of the other news today, the Chinese have charities are


demanding that the artist Ai Weiwei pays nearly $2 million in back


taxes for fines following his release from detention. A friend of


the art is said Ai Weiwei received a letter from Monday giving him


three days to reply to the demand. Ai Weiwei has been banned from


speaking in public since his release last week and it is unclear


at the excepts the tax demand. He was part of a campaign against the


commoners Party in China. Six men have pleaded not guilty to


the attempted murder of form or Rwanda of army chief, General


Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa. He fled to South Africa last year after


falling out with the President. A piece of flying debris has


narrowly missed the International Space Station for losing six


members of the crew to rush to their rescue. -- forcing six


members. Officials say that the debris past the station at 250


metres distance. The crew got the all-clear to return to their work


minutes after the collision was avoided.


In Libya, the BBC has learned that a medical crisis is looming in the


east. Hospitals and Ben Ghazni are running short of supplies and some


people have died for lack of life- saving medicines.


This is a six-year-old cancer patient returning from a severe


lung infections. -- covering. -- recovering. If she had been next in


line for a vaccine, she would be dead now. This little boy is not so


lucky. His cancer has spread but the doctor has said he is only


getting a partial course of treatment. It will not be enough to


save him. We tried to divide the drugs between the patients. Some


drugs Cirque not enough, so we have to leave it for other patients, and


it is not good. -- some drugs are not enough. The doctor's struggle


their meagre supplies, Sheringham among the children. -- struggle


with their meagre supplies. Across the city, medical supplies are


running out. Here, only enough anaesthetic for 60 operations.


Liquid paracetamol, crucial for intensive care, down to the last


box. There is enough here only for a few patients. Even the basic


supplies like medical equipment are needed. More than 20 patients have


died because of this supply problem. The director of the hospital is at


his wit's end with surgeons also treating frontline casualties from


Misrata. Some of them are, toes. We are frustrated. -- some of them are


in a coma. Nobody has given us anything. There has been some


emergency medical aid from abroad, but not enough to restock the


hospital. The Health Minister has said he is appealing to every


foreigner I P that visits. We ask them, everyone I sit with them, we


ask them for a list of medicines. We say, this is what I need. It is


not just a crisis and the hospitals here, it is a symptom of a bigger


problem. The rebel government has simply run out of money. They had


made desperate appeals to the outside world to unlock funds, but


so far, they say nothing has happened. A bureaucratic logjam


that is putting vulnerable lives at risk.


The Chinese premier has won many friends in Europe over the last few


days by promising to help out struggling economies. Today he is


in Germany, China's biggest European trading partner signing


deals worth $15 billion. Wen Jiabao emphasised his confidence in the


struggling economies and there are reports he may buy some of the


Greek debts. These new deals contribute to the continuing


investment that he has been bringing into Europe from China.


Europe is currently their biggest trading partner overtaking their


relationship with United States. In the last year, it is estimated


China has bought 40 billion euros worth of European assets. It has


already bought at least 6 billion euros worth of public debt in Spain


and a billion Euros in Portugal. To get more on this, we are joined by


chairman of the 48 Group Club, a business group that promotes


positive relationships with China. Stephen Parry, can they saved the


euro-zone? I think the Chinese are engaging in a positive way. There


is the issue would trying to diversify their large reserves.


They have three trillion dollars, they have too much in the US dollar,


they are moving away from that and the euro is the next biggest


opportunity. It also reflects a strategic relationship with Germany


and with Europe that China has chosen to make and participate in


trying to solve some of the European problems. How did that


relationship with Germany, about? It is particularly close now? In


quite a short space of time! could say it goes back to the


Lehman Brothers and the breakdown in the financial system in the West.


There is the situation were 18 of the last 20 centuries, some of the


nations have been over 50 % of the world's economies. There are now 25


% and going back to 50 %. Germany is deciding to engage with those


countries in a very major way and China is responding to these


overtures from Germany and we are seeing this relationship bonding in


a very real way. It is not just Germany and China, it is Germany


and Russia, Germany and Brazil. France, said Britain and United


States are a bit hesitant. Germany is engaging, the rest are standing


back a little bit. What about Greece, rumours, hopes that China


might buy some of their debts. What interest with China have in that?


They have already invested in a Greek infrastructure like one of


their ports. China is very active in investing in Europe across the


world. It starts in Germany, works from Eastern Europe, and Greece,


Portugal and Spain, they are taking particular interest in debt rescue


there. We do not know why lot of the terms. Is that because they are


going cheap because they are in crisis? The Chinese are being


careful not to make any major risks. Very few people are prepared, very


few countries are prepared to lend into this situation. Britain is


very hesitant. The Chinese being prepared to lend us a very good


thing. I'm sure their terms will be to make sure that their investment


is not frittered away. Is it not just a matter of time before China


overtakes the United States as the world's biggest economy? If so, are


we seeing China position itself strategically for that role? There


are different dates, 2020, 2030, China's six trillion dollars, the


United States, 15 trillion dollars. You are seeing a country expanding


in a very measured way and another country that is in crisis, the


United States, unable to handle its deficits and other problems


effectively. Hopefully that could change. At the moment, tiny is


mainly interested in China and it is participating in no way that it


would do so without much of restrictions. -- China's many


interested. The British citizens that went to


the Spanish Civil War is a long list of distinguished people. The


full extent has finally been released by the National Archives


here in Britain to mark the 75th anniversary of the outbreak of war.


The British government opposed intervention, but many volunteers


were driven by political beliefs. Spain's civil war tore the country


apart between 1936 and 1939. Defending the Republican government


against fascists also became a rallying point for those on the


political left, further afield, including Britain. A stream of


volunteers were drawn in to fight for the so-called international


brigade alongside the Republicans. Now for the first time, we have a


glimpse of how many there were. Because Britain was officially


neutral, some of the volunteers were Communists, the security


service MI5 kept tabs on who they were. Until the mid- 1950s, it


maintained this card index listing their personal details. Now, for


the first time, it has been digitised and made available online


by the National Archives. Among those that went out it was Eric


Blair, better known as George Orwell. His file notes personal


details and left-wing sympathies. He would write of his experiences


in Spain in his book, homage to Catalonia. Hundreds of others are


also listed and the files show that 4,000 people wanted to go to fight


against the fascists. Far higher than the previous estimates of 2500


volunteers. Hundreds of these people never made it back.


Interesting history. The main news, police in Athens had been using


tear gas against groups of youth during a series of protests against


Greece's austerity measures. There is a vote in Parliament on


Wednesday. That is all from the programme, Next, the weather, from


They heatwave in eastern England came to a stormy ends today, but


this will clear overnight to become cooler and easier to sleep in. A


more familiar British summer weather story tomorrow with


sunshine and showers. High pressure trying to build in across the UK


from the south-west to settle things down. The influence is not


strong enough yet to stop the shower is getting going during the


day. Some heavy showers possible. Hit-and-miss. Not everyone will get


them. Some showers across the north-east of England, but again,


some of us will avoid them and stay dry. Very few showers in the south-


east and for Wimbledon, but we cannot rule out the odd one showing


up, but nothing like the sundry rain that we had to date. In the


south-west, sunny spells, very few showers. In Wales in the afternoon,


the odd shower possible, but some sunshine around. Scattered showers


into north-west England and Northern Ireland, some showers. But


the two particularly heavy. 17 degrees in Belfast. A scattering of


heavy downpours in Scotland during the day, maybe some thunder also.


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