29/06/2011 World News Today


29/06/2011

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This is BBC World News Today with me, Kirsty Lang.

:00:08.:00:10.

Riots in Athens as the Greek parliament approves another

:00:10.:00:18.

austerity plan. But how will they implement it in the teeth of such

:00:18.:00:22.

opposition? But Greece's prime minister says

:00:22.:00:24.

the only other option is bankruptcy. Without the austerity plan there

:00:25.:00:29.

will be no EU bail-out. They're protesting and that is

:00:29.:00:32.

their democratic right. But the crucial thing is that no-one, not

:00:32.:00:37.

one of us, lives through the consequences of collapse.

:00:37.:00:40.

Austerity unrest is set to hit the UK. Hundreds of thousands of

:00:40.:00:42.

teachers and civil servants are threatening to strike tomorrow

:00:42.:00:47.

against pension reforms. A warning to the Burmese democracy

:00:47.:00:50.

leader to keep quiet, just a day after the BBC broadcasts her views

:00:50.:01:00.
:01:00.:01:05.

And a classical repertoire with pop star showmanship. We hear how Lang

:01:05.:01:15.
:01:15.:01:24.

Lang strikes the right note between Hello and welcome.

:01:24.:01:27.

It wasn't unexpected, but there has been huge anger, nonetheless, over

:01:27.:01:30.

the Greek parliament's approval of a controversial austerity plan to

:01:30.:01:34.

save the country from bankruptcy. It includes pay cuts of up to 30%

:01:34.:01:40.

for some public sector workers and tax hikes for everyone. 155 MPs out

:01:40.:01:43.

of 300 voted for the plan which aims to slash 28 billion Euros from

:01:43.:01:47.

the country's budget. But, outside, protestors made their feelings

:01:47.:01:57.

known, as our Europe editor, Gavin Hewitt, reports.

:01:57.:02:01.

Greek MPs debated and voted behind shattered windows well outside

:02:01.:02:07.

there were fierce clashes on the streets. In Parliament Square,

:02:07.:02:12.

protesters had arrived early, hoping to interrupt a vote which

:02:12.:02:15.

would bring in a hard line austerity measures. Clashes with

:02:15.:02:20.

police quickly broke out as thousands of protesters lined up

:02:20.:02:25.

outside parliament. Even before the vote has started, there are volleys

:02:25.:02:29.

of tear gas been aimed at the crowd and the crowd here certainly has a

:02:29.:02:33.

sense of tension, knowing that within an hour, the MPs are so

:02:34.:02:39.

close to vote. The violence was far more serious than yesterday. Dozens

:02:39.:02:44.

of police and protesters were injured. There were running battles

:02:44.:02:51.

with the protesters charging police lines. The police used tear gas and

:02:51.:02:55.

stun grenades. Some of the protesters flu blast bombs and the

:02:55.:03:02.

fighting spread to nearby neighbourhoods. Inside, the Prime

:03:02.:03:07.

Minister said it was time to face up to a challenge. He said that

:03:07.:03:10.

they did not want their government to fail, because if the measures

:03:10.:03:17.

fail, Greece will fail. In the event, the austerity measures

:03:17.:03:24.

passed by just a handful of votes. The way is now clear for �10

:03:24.:03:30.

billion of emergency loans. The response on the streets was one of

:03:30.:03:39.

fury. This woman said, "Let the Prime Minister come down here and

:03:39.:03:49.
:03:49.:03:49.

see if he can live on it 300 euros a month.". These budget cuts have

:03:49.:03:54.

very little popular support and there is real but and this here.

:03:54.:04:01.

Tonight, crowds were herded into a Metro station. Yes, the government

:04:01.:04:04.

won, but there are serious doubts were that the austerity measures

:04:04.:04:08.

can be fully implemented. We can speak on the phone now from

:04:08.:04:16.

the centre of Athens to the Greek journalist, Matina Stevis.

:04:16.:04:23.

What has the atmosphere been like? It has been so tense. I was born

:04:23.:04:28.

and raised in the city, I was here for the 2008 riots and I have never

:04:28.:04:35.

felt so at peril. I have never seen this kind of intensity on the

:04:35.:04:39.

streets and the violence erupting what right and centre.

:04:39.:04:45.

I understand that there was even an MP attacked outside the parliament.

:04:45.:04:50.

The EU know anything about that? am afraid I do not know what about

:04:50.:04:57.

that. I had been in transit all day. I have only been informed by

:04:57.:05:01.

Twitter and what I have seen on the ground. How representative D think

:05:01.:05:06.

these people are of the Greek public? The peaceful demonstrators,

:05:06.:05:16.
:05:16.:05:19.

not the small agitated and groups - - agitating groups, they had been

:05:19.:05:24.

protesting for weeks now and they are quite a representative of the

:05:24.:05:32.

majority of the Greek population. 70 to 80% of Greeks reject the

:05:32.:05:38.

austerity measures. What is their response when the Prime Minister

:05:38.:05:45.

says that bankruptcy would be a lot worse? I am not saying that these

:05:45.:05:53.

people are accusing in favour of bankruptcy, what I am saying is

:05:53.:05:56.

that these cuts are hitting the working and middle classes hardest

:05:56.:06:00.

in a way that is unsustainable. They are not convinced and nobody

:06:00.:06:06.

has bothered to convince them that this is the mid- way forward.

:06:06.:06:16.
:06:16.:06:16.

you think these demonstrations will carry on? To be honest, I have been

:06:16.:06:25.

shocked and I believe they protests will carry on. I think there will

:06:25.:06:31.

all in all this will see these picking up again. -- I think in

:06:31.:06:40.

August, this poppycock again. -- this will pick up again.

:06:40.:06:43.

Joining me now is Vicky Pryce, senior managing director and chief

:06:43.:06:44.

macro-economic commentator at FTI Consulting.

:06:44.:06:47.

Isn't this austerity programme going to be hard to implement when

:06:47.:06:51.

the Greek people are not behind it? Yes, I think there has been a real

:06:51.:06:56.

problem in terms of explaining, or rather not explaining to the

:06:56.:07:01.

population what it is all about. There were only really a handful of

:07:01.:07:05.

anarchists involved and the vast majority of the protests have been

:07:05.:07:10.

peaceful. I think where someone to explain why the situation was, they

:07:10.:07:14.

would look at it slightly differently. There has been a huge

:07:14.:07:19.

gap in the political development over the last few months. Greeks

:07:19.:07:27.

are basically do not know why they have to suffer. We'd just heard

:07:27.:07:31.

that something like 70% of them opposed the austerity plan. One of

:07:31.:07:36.

the reasons is that they have already had 18 months of austerity

:07:36.:07:41.

and things have only got worse. The economy has shrunk and there is a

:07:41.:07:45.

fear that - going to depression, they will be even less able to pay

:07:45.:07:52.

off their debts. I think what Greece needs is something of a path

:07:52.:08:01.

to growth. We need to have the vault of today and the vote --

:08:01.:08:05.

tomorrow's College at lot of the vault to release the funds. -- like

:08:05.:08:15.

it was lit -- legislative of fault. The need to make sure they can get

:08:15.:08:22.

the next package, the bail-out package which has been set at 100

:08:22.:08:26.

billion euros. That is absolutely essential, so they can look at what

:08:26.:08:31.

has to be done to get back to some kind of sustainable growth path.

:08:31.:08:35.

The need the money to do that and with a bit of luck, the banks will

:08:35.:08:42.

agree to roll over some of the debt. Some kind of debt repayment will

:08:42.:08:46.

make the situation easier. They might start to see light at the end

:08:47.:08:51.

of the tunnel, but it will need to be explained to the population,

:08:51.:08:56.

which has already suffered quite a lot. The needs to be explained to

:08:57.:09:01.

them that the alternative is much worse. The pain that Greece would

:09:01.:09:07.

have to go through if it left the D Udal, or if it was a lot to default,

:09:07.:09:12.

probably has not been contemplated by anybody or understood by their

:09:12.:09:17.

population. In fairness to the Prime Minister, I think he has been

:09:17.:09:21.

tried to lay out what the alternative would be. When you look

:09:21.:09:30.

at the austerity plan, the range of tax hikes, combined with cuts in

:09:30.:09:35.

pay of up to 30%, people are feeling the pain and it is

:09:35.:09:39.

difficult to see how there can be any growth in that situation,

:09:39.:09:46.

because people are not going to spend. If income tax is not paid,

:09:46.:09:51.

taxes need to be collected in a certain way. The tea or property

:09:51.:10:01.
:10:01.:10:03.

taxes might be the best way of doing it. - -- V A T. The real

:10:04.:10:12.

problem is that if you tax people and cut spending is, any you might

:10:12.:10:21.

get in a visual -- a vicious cycle of not being able to tax properly.

:10:21.:10:26.

Basically, you would be in a worse situation. That is why it think

:10:26.:10:33.

that there needs to be a voluntary restructuring that takes place. If

:10:33.:10:39.

it is not done, down this government will fall.

:10:39.:10:42.

Greek public sector workers are not the only ones on strike. Travellers

:10:42.:10:45.

arriving at British ports and airports tomorrow have been warned

:10:45.:10:47.

to expect delays as immigration and customs officers take industrial

:10:47.:10:50.

action. They will join about 600,000 teachers and civil servants

:10:50.:10:55.

due to walk out, over planned pension changes. Prime Minister

:10:55.:10:58.

David Cameron has said the changes are fair and appealed for the

:10:58.:11:01.

strike to be called off. Our business correspondent, John Moylan,

:11:01.:11:08.

reports. Thousands of schools will be closed

:11:08.:11:13.

and many Jobcentres will be shut. Air travellers will face long

:11:13.:11:18.

queues at airports. That is to some of the likely impact tomorrow as

:11:18.:11:22.

hundreds of thousands of public sector workers go on strike over

:11:22.:11:25.

changes to their pensions. On the eve of the biggest industrial

:11:25.:11:30.

action to be seen in years, the Prime Minister at again attacked

:11:30.:11:33.

the planned walkout. I do not believe there is any case for

:11:33.:11:37.

industrial action tomorrow, not least because talks are still

:11:37.:11:42.

ongoing. It is only a minority of unions that have taken the decision

:11:42.:11:46.

to goal lead and strike, but what I want to see tomorrow is as many

:11:46.:11:51.

parents as possible being able to take their children to school.

:11:51.:11:55.

the same time in London and elsewhere, unions were rallying the

:11:55.:12:01.

troops. The reject the government claimed that the changes are affair.

:12:01.:12:04.

We are striking because the government has been made it clear

:12:04.:12:10.

that the intent to make or members work eight years longer and get

:12:10.:12:14.

have the pension be sued. It is unfair and we're treating to try

:12:14.:12:24.
:12:24.:12:25.

and stop it. -- striking. There is a �9.7 billion funding black hole.

:12:25.:12:31.

It wants walkers to contribute around 3% more, to work longer,

:12:31.:12:37.

taking their pension at 66, and to move to less generous career

:12:37.:12:42.

average schemes. It means that millions of public sector workers,

:12:42.:12:45.

including these three in Birmingham, will have to rethink their

:12:45.:12:50.

retirement plans. I am going on strike tomorrow because I care

:12:50.:12:53.

about education and my pension and I feel it is the only way that we

:12:53.:12:58.

will get her voices heard. Been to take a stand and say it is not

:12:58.:13:01.

acceptable to keep on living in fear and wondering if you will keep

:13:01.:13:06.

your job or be able to pay your mortgage. How much so that the is

:13:06.:13:11.

there for the strike? Business groups warned that tomorrow's

:13:11.:13:16.

action could damage hour already fragile recovery. It could have an

:13:16.:13:21.

enormous destructive effect on our businesses. The fact that thousands

:13:21.:13:24.

of schools will be closed means that parents will have to take time

:13:24.:13:29.

off work to look after their children. It will hit businesses

:13:29.:13:33.

and their pockets as well. In the coming hours, the walkouts will

:13:33.:13:38.

begin. In a dispute that has so far been played out behind the scenes

:13:39.:13:48.
:13:49.:13:54.

France has confirmed its military has been dropping weapons to the

:13:54.:13:57.

rebels fighting in Libya. The Defence Ministry says light arms

:13:57.:14:00.

and ammunition were airdropped to the Berber, who are fighting in the

:14:00.:14:03.

Western Mountains. France says food and medicine was also sent to the

:14:03.:14:07.

rebels to help them resist Colonel Gaddafi's forces.

:14:07.:14:09.

Egyptian authorities have ordered a probe into clashes between police

:14:09.:14:11.

and protesters in Cairo's Tahrir Square.

:14:11.:14:13.

Running battles raged overnight between riot police and

:14:13.:14:15.

demonstrators who pelted officers with stones and firebombs. Hundreds

:14:15.:14:18.

of people were injured. The riots are the most serious violence in

:14:18.:14:25.

Egypt in weeks. A BBC reporter being held in

:14:25.:14:27.

Tajikistan is both physically and psychologically frail, according to

:14:27.:14:29.

a colleague who was allowed to visit him in prison.

:14:29.:14:32.

The Tajik authorities have charged Urunboy Usmonov with association

:14:32.:14:34.

with the banned Islamist group Hizb ut-Tahrir. The BBC says the

:14:34.:14:43.

allegations against him are unfounded.

:14:43.:14:46.

It took a five-hour gun fight and some help from NATO helicopters,

:14:46.:14:49.

but Afghan security forces are now back in control at the

:14:49.:14:52.

Intercontinental Hotel in Kabul. The hotel was the target of a

:14:52.:14:55.

surprise raid by militants, which began with a suicide bombing at the

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main entrance. At least 21 people are now reported to have been

:14:58.:15:00.

killed, including nine militants and two policemen. Bilal Sarwary

:15:00.:15:02.

reports from Kabul.The authorities in Burma have warned the pro-

:15:03.:15:06.

democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi to stop all political activities.

:15:06.:15:10.

Almost five ours after Afghan security forces fault and a vicious

:15:10.:15:14.

attack launched by a group of suicide attackers, smoke was still

:15:15.:15:20.

billowing from the 4th and 5th floors of the hotel. Thick attack

:15:20.:15:25.

on the hotel took place throughout the 9th as several Afghan governors

:15:25.:15:31.

and politicians had gathered in the hotel. There are enough Afghan

:15:32.:15:36.

security forces on the scene, fighting the attackers floor by

:15:36.:15:43.

floor. Support from the NATO forces blues decisive. Among those killed

:15:43.:15:49.

where musicians playing at the hotel and waiters. The Kabul police

:15:49.:15:54.

chief concern - - confirmed this morning the one attacker was still

:15:54.:15:58.

under hotel after it had supposed to be cleared. He killed two police

:15:58.:16:02.

officers and the Spanish civilian. The question people are asking now

:16:02.:16:08.

is how did the insurgent managed to get themselves and their weapons

:16:08.:16:12.

into one of the most heavily guarded international hotels.

:16:12.:16:17.

believe there was a little and the security. The insurgents are using

:16:17.:16:23.

every means to infiltrate into tight security areas. This attack

:16:23.:16:27.

will draw attention to the capability of Afghan forces to

:16:27.:16:30.

handle security once their international allies had over to

:16:30.:16:34.

them. Afghan officials said that attacks can happen at any time and

:16:34.:16:43.

they have shown that they can deal with them.

:16:43.:16:46.

The Burmese government has warned the pro-democracy leader Aung San

:16:46.:16:48.

Suu Kyi to stop all political activities. The military-backed

:16:48.:16:51.

government has said her National League for Democracy party is

:16:51.:16:54.

breaking the law and has no right to maintain offices or issue

:16:54.:16:57.

statements. This report from our Southeast Asia correspondent,

:16:57.:17:04.

Rachel Harvey. This was the moment hope return to

:17:04.:17:09.

Burma. Aung San Suu Kyi, free at last. Still a symbol of the

:17:09.:17:14.

struggle for democracy, still a powerful voice of challenge to the

:17:14.:17:20.

leaders in Burma. At first she was given the way, seen here shortly

:17:20.:17:25.

after her release a dressing adoring crowds outside the

:17:25.:17:29.

headquarters of her party, the National League for Democracy. That

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Hardy, officially banned after failing to register for last year's

:17:32.:17:38.

elections, and now told firmly to stop all political activity. Burma

:17:38.:17:42.

is no longer under military rule. There is a new parliament and a new

:17:43.:17:47.

civilian led government, a chance perhaps, some say, for tentative

:17:47.:17:52.

steps towards change, but the old reflexes of suppression have not

:17:52.:17:57.

been lost. Aung San Suu Kyi has been issued an official warning.

:17:57.:18:02.

This may be partly to blame. The pro democracy leader is this year

:18:02.:18:06.

delivering it that Reith lectures for the BBC, recorded secretly

:18:06.:18:11.

inside Burma. The parallels she draws between her homeland and the

:18:11.:18:15.

recent a people's in Egypt and Tunisia are perhaps uncomfortable

:18:15.:18:21.

for the Burmese a parties. similarities between Tunisia and

:18:21.:18:26.

Burma are the same as those all over the world who long for freedom.

:18:26.:18:31.

There would be similarities, too, and it is because of these that the

:18:31.:18:36.

outcome of the two revolutions have been so different. The first

:18:36.:18:41.

dissimilarity is what the Tunisian army did not fire on their people,

:18:41.:18:47.

the Burmese army did. Aung San Suu Kyi has said she plans to travel so

:18:47.:18:51.

into the countryside to meet supporters outside her Rangoon home,

:18:52.:19:00.

those close to her feel for her safety issue tries. The Burmese ad

:19:00.:19:10.
:19:10.:19:14.

authorities, it seems, have decided to clip Aung San Suu Kyi's wings.

:19:14.:19:17.

Now to Spain, which hasn't had a lot of good news on the economic

:19:17.:19:20.

front recently. However, the Spanish film industry is doing well,

:19:20.:19:22.

particularly overseas. In fact, last year Spanish films performed

:19:22.:19:24.

better outside Spain than inside. One example is Daniel Monzon's

:19:24.:19:28.

prison thriller Cell 211. This is about a guard who on his first day

:19:28.:19:32.

of work finds himself caught up in a prison riot and on the wrong side

:19:32.:19:42.
:19:42.:20:11.

The Spanish film CELL 211. I'm now joined in the studio by its

:20:11.:20:20.

director, Daniel Monzon. Do you think... what do you think

:20:20.:20:28.

it is about your film that has made a successful outside Spain as well?

:20:28.:20:38.
:20:38.:20:40.

This movie talks about human beings. When I was in a theatre with an

:20:40.:20:44.

audience in Italy, Canada, America, here in England, the audience react

:20:45.:20:54.
:20:55.:20:56.

in the same way. Somehow the movie grabs the audience by the neck and

:20:56.:21:01.

it doesn't let them free until the end. It is talking about human

:21:01.:21:07.

beings. So what is a universal theme? Somehow. When I wrote it I

:21:07.:21:12.

never thought it was going to be such a success. In Spain it was a

:21:12.:21:20.

huge success, but now it has been released in the whole world's. On

:21:20.:21:25.

15th July it is coming out in the UK. I love England and British

:21:25.:21:35.
:21:35.:21:35.

cinema, so to be here for me is a good, good, good prize. Why do you

:21:36.:21:40.

think we're seeing this resurgence of Spanish cinema and the export of

:21:40.:21:45.

Spanish films abroad? Where does that come from? Now in Spain we

:21:45.:21:55.
:21:55.:21:56.

have a lot of different visions. There is not I unique genre of

:21:56.:22:06.
:22:06.:22:10.

Spanish cinema. There are a lot of options and books. Spain has a

:22:10.:22:16.

strong young generation doing new things, but working at the same

:22:16.:22:22.

time as old people who are proposing interesting things.

:22:22.:22:29.

American cinema is giving up a lot of directors as well. Your film

:22:29.:22:38.

might be remade by Hollywood. Does that upset you? It is a compliment.

:22:38.:22:47.

I really admire the director who is going to do it. He loved the film.

:22:47.:22:54.

He is probably in his room now writing his adaptation! I will go

:22:54.:23:01.

to the cinema, buy a ticket and see his version. Thank you very much.

:23:01.:23:04.

Classical music can be a pretty conservative world where it's not

:23:04.:23:06.

easy to attract young audiences. But 29-year-old Chinese pianist

:23:06.:23:09.

Lang Lang has broken that mould with his pop-star showmanship. The

:23:09.:23:12.

Chinese prodigy trained in the US as a teenager and now lives in New

:23:12.:23:15.

York, but maintains close ties with his home country. He has been

:23:15.:23:18.

telling BBC World News about the role music can play in connecting

:23:18.:23:28.
:23:28.:23:41.

people from different backgrounds MUSIC.

:23:41.:23:48.

As a pianist, I really don't feel nervous or feel that there are so

:23:48.:23:52.

much intensity. For me it is a great thing to do and I love to do

:23:53.:24:02.
:24:03.:24:05.

it, it is natural. The important thing is that I want to be bomb

:24:05.:24:11.

macro to keep doing the things I always wanted to do, making music.

:24:11.:24:21.
:24:21.:24:28.

I want to connect as many people as possible. I think the music should

:24:29.:24:36.

help to smooth things. It should build bridges between cultures.

:24:36.:24:40.

Sometimes people don't understand cultures, but through music they

:24:40.:24:49.

could find a beautiful connection. One of my mentors, Daniel Beragh

:24:49.:24:57.

Bohm, so bomb macro took orchestras from Arabic countries and then at

:24:58.:25:05.

least they got them to play together. Music should have the

:25:05.:25:14.

ability to do that. I really don't think music should be used to

:25:14.:25:24.
:25:24.:25:33.

destroy world peace or separate I grew up there, and then went to

:25:33.:25:42.

America. Coming back I can see that China is already much closer to the

:25:42.:25:49.

Western world than it was before. Of course, China will never become

:25:49.:25:53.

the United States or United Kingdom. It will not happen because the

:25:53.:25:59.

culture is quite different in the end. But the globalisation will

:25:59.:26:09.
:26:09.:26:10.

help that to bomb macro will help to open us more and more. When I

:26:10.:26:20.
:26:20.:26:25.

A reminder of our main news: There have been violent clashes on the

:26:26.:26:28.

streets of the Greek capital, Athens, after the parliament voted

:26:28.:26:31.

in favour of a drastic package of austerity measures. The measures

:26:31.:26:33.

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