30/06/2011 World News Today


30/06/2011

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today. The biggest walkout in Britain for

:00:13.:00:16.

years. Hundreds of thousands of public sector workers come out on

:00:16.:00:21.

strike in protest at changes to their pensions. A day after their

:00:21.:00:24.

general strike and latest riots, Greek MPs pass a second vote on the

:00:24.:00:34.

deeply unpopular austerity programme. Things will only get

:00:34.:00:39.

uglier and worse than they already are. There is no future. Speaking

:00:39.:00:44.

up and speaking out: France sees a huge increase in the number of

:00:44.:00:46.

women claiming sexual harassment following the arrest of Dominique

:00:46.:00:48.

Strauss-Kahn. Still not officially a nation, and

:00:48.:00:51.

still under attack, we hear from one of the Sudanese rebel groups

:00:51.:01:01.
:01:01.:01:03.

posing a threat to the soon-to-be independent South Sudan.

:01:03.:01:06.

And how to behave in front of your prospective mother-in-law: what

:01:06.:01:16.
:01:16.:01:20.

The largest strikes in Britain for many years are taking place as

:01:20.:01:22.

public sector workers stage industrial action against proposed

:01:22.:01:26.

cuts to their pensions. Unions say 750,000 civil servants, one fifth

:01:26.:01:32.

of all public sector employees, have stopped work. The government

:01:32.:01:35.

is disputing the scale of the walk- out, and called the strike by

:01:35.:01:45.
:01:45.:01:46.

teachers totally unjustifiable. The BBC's political editor reports.

:01:46.:01:51.

Strike day. The one that saves their pensions, or the first in a

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bitter battle with the government. For some, this was a protest

:01:56.:02:01.

against the cuts. For most, it was about their retirement. They say

:02:01.:02:06.

they should not pay more to pay for bankers's mistakes. Ministers say

:02:06.:02:13.

their pensions are unaffordable. Here they come: Public sector Merck

:02:13.:02:18.

-- public sector workers on of the march.

:02:18.:02:28.

It was in schools where the main impact was felt. This, one of

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12,000 which closed in England and Wales. One parent debate teacher

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for the day, but he was the Education Secretary. -- play

:02:39.:02:49.

teacher. We are here because we are very

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angry, and because we see this as an assault on our pensions. Is I

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did you into any office or shop, they would think your pension is

:03:00.:03:05.

very good. They certainly would. You need to look after public

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sector workers because they are doing tough jobs. How do you

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explain to an office worker over there, or in a shop or restaurant,

:03:17.:03:21.

that they should pay more tax, so that you do not have to pay more

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for your pension? Pen shown are a right for people, and we should all

:03:26.:03:36.
:03:36.:03:53.

We have to have reform to make sure pensions are fair, sustainable and

:03:53.:03:59.

affordable. They are now affordable. You need extra cash, and quickly,

:03:59.:04:04.

to pay off the deficit. The cost of pensions have risen dramatically.

:04:05.:04:11.

Over the last 10 years, the costs have increased over one-third.

:04:11.:04:16.

The public servants union said it was the biggest strike, but the

:04:16.:04:26.
:04:26.:04:28.

ministers said many had ignored the picket lines. I understand the

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anger of workers who feel they have been singled out by a reckless and

:04:32.:04:38.

provocative government. I also believe this action is wrong.

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Negotiations are ongoing, so it is a mistake to go on strike because

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of the effect on the people who rely on those services.

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That condemnation infuriated one teaching union. The response of the

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Labour leader, Ed Miliband, has been a disgrace!

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The police were out in force, blocking protesters from going off

:05:05.:05:13.

the agreed you, and using stop and search powers. -- the agreed route.

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The political trouble may only just have begun. This is the physical

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side of the dispute. What really counts is what is happening away

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from the cameras, negotiations about what the unions will except

:05:27.:05:34.

doctor, and what ministers insist the country or a Ford. -- unions

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will accept. The Greek government has passed a second austerity bill

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in Parliament, a crucial step in getting the European Union and the

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International Monetary Fund to release funds the country

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desperately needs. The EU and the IMF will now approve a $17 billion

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tranche from a package of rescue loans, saving Greece from

:05:48.:05:51.

defaulting on its massive debt. Many Greeks are already angry at

:05:51.:05:53.

the government's current austerity measures. And as Malcolm reports

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from Athens, today's vote was met with little enthusiasm.

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The final vote that saved Greece from the fort was passed by a

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majority. -- the boat. The demonstration who caused mayhem on

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Wednesday knew this was little more than a rubber-stamping. This

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procedure will vote means Greece has done as it was told by the EU

:06:19.:06:26.

and IMF. In return, it will receive $17 billion, and will be able to

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:06:36.:06:56.

pay its bills. The nude nor Before the vote, crews are worked

:06:56.:07:02.

to clear the damage caused by the anarchists. Stale tear-gas was

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stone the air. High-profile targets like bank, and the Post Office,

:07:08.:07:18.
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needed most of the tension. Saving Greece from defaulting may have

:07:19.:07:23.

cured politicians in eurozone capitals, but it has depressed many

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Athenians. TRANSLATION: It will not bring any results. It will only

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make the situation worse. Things will only get uglier and

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worse than they already are. There is no future.

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An ironic poster near Parliament: With two yes votes in his pocket,

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the finance minister can look forward to meeting his partners

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this weekend to show what he called real proof of Greece's credibility.

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Let us look at the implications of this crisis for the rest of Europe.

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:08:18.:08:28.

In terms of whether Greece defaults or not, what does this mean for the

:08:28.:08:34.

eurozone project as a whole? think Greece will default. They are

:08:34.:08:41.

just kicking the her and down the road. It is all ironic. -- the

:08:41.:08:51.
:08:51.:08:52.

burner. What does it mean in terms of the country's that should not

:08:52.:08:58.

have gone in? Germany have done incredibly well out of the euro,

:08:58.:09:05.

but Euro-scepticism is growing. is. The creditors are not satisfied.

:09:05.:09:13.

The creditors do not think they will be repaid. Greece feel very

:09:13.:09:21.

resentful. Historically speaking, no country with this debt has ever

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got back from something like this. He need to cut the debt in half. A

:09:27.:09:37.
:09:37.:09:38.

note monetary union has ever gone into a political union. He in terms

:09:38.:09:42.

of a political question, are we looking at some sort of the US

:09:42.:09:50.

Federal stop political unity with the euro 1/2 off into two parts?

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The countries that could have a political union with each other do

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not need it. For example, the Germans and Dutch. The ones that do

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need it, are poles apart. The Germans will not share their good

:10:07.:10:10.

monetary constitution with the Greeks, and the Greeks were not put

:10:10.:10:15.

up with all these conditions. relevant is the eurozone? How

:10:15.:10:23.

relevant is Europe Nawal? Unless something is finalised, could you

:10:23.:10:30.

be subsumed in the shadow of China? It will probably be anyway. Germany

:10:30.:10:36.

is trying to make good by itself. In 2013, China will become the

:10:36.:10:41.

biggest trade power of Germany and will eclipse France. The Germans

:10:41.:10:46.

are still keen on Europe, but less keen than they were 10 years ago,

:10:46.:10:51.

and less keen to pay for the faults of others. Countries which are

:10:51.:10:57.

becoming more insolvent and irrelevant to their trading future.

:10:57.:11:00.

Where do you see the euro in a few years' time? It will still be there,

:11:00.:11:07.

but it will be a small and less ambitious project.

:11:07.:11:13.

It is not just Greek debt to Europe is having problems with. The EU's

:11:13.:11:23.
:11:23.:11:45.

budget is also dividing the euro The European Commission hopes to

:11:45.:11:51.

boost the budget. The plans also earmark more than $23 billion to

:11:51.:11:57.

promote democracy and growth in Nantes EU countries.

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Let us go to Brussels and speed took Patrizio Fiorilli. -- speak to.

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At a time when most European countries are embarking on

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austerity measures, why should the EU be immune? The 5% increase, I

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have heard it, but I am not sure it is the right calculation. It is

:12:25.:12:31.

often the case that people take figures the way they want. The way

:12:31.:12:37.

we have calculated it is that it is at virtually 0% increase over seven

:12:37.:12:47.
:12:47.:12:49.

years. We have used the same method we have been using for 20 years.

:12:49.:12:53.

According to Alan a club calculations, it is at virtually 0%

:12:53.:12:59.

increase. The largest economies are convinced this is the not the right

:12:59.:13:06.

time. It would be difficult get this through, won't it? If you

:13:06.:13:10.

remember in December, there was a letter initiated by David Cameron

:13:10.:13:15.

on the future it EU budget, in which he has said that in the

:13:15.:13:21.

future, he would like the future budget to beat a restraint in

:13:21.:13:29.

growth, probably under inflation rate. Fork our calculations, that

:13:29.:13:34.

have been accepted by everybody, we are well below the inflation rate.

:13:34.:13:42.

It is at virtually 0% increase. Robin Hood tax as it is known as

:13:42.:13:47.

another proposal. That will be very difficult to in force, won't it?

:13:47.:13:55.

is a very difficult one. This is mainly due to the way the EU works.

:13:55.:14:01.

On this issue, you need unanimity between member states, but you also

:14:01.:14:07.

need each member state to ratify it nationally. That means that it is

:14:07.:14:13.

very difficult to find solutions that would please everybody. Our

:14:13.:14:19.

idea rests on a few principles. Firstly, there was a survey made

:14:19.:14:25.

across Europe that indicated that 66% of Europeans were in favour of

:14:25.:14:32.

a taxing the financial sector. We also see that tend member states in

:14:32.:14:37.

Europe have this sort of tax and do not suffer from it. The big

:14:37.:14:42.

advantage from and what point of view, is that it would go hand in

:14:42.:14:47.

hand with a reduction of member states's contributions. But it will

:14:47.:14:52.

be very difficult to find an agreement among everybody. Coming

:14:52.:15:01.

back to my first point, you have got 27 billion euros down for non

:15:01.:15:04.

EU countries. This is not the right time to be doing something like

:15:04.:15:14.
:15:14.:15:15.

this, is it? That his debut. Our view is that in the light of recent

:15:15.:15:25.

events in North Africa, which could happen again, you find that

:15:25.:15:31.

probably, the best way is to invest it in those countries that are not

:15:31.:15:36.

want a common borders so that they have reached both A-level of

:15:36.:15:41.

democracy, but also economic and social stability. That would mean

:15:41.:15:46.

they would be less likely to go through a people and have

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immigration that is most of the time clandestine. Also sometimes in

:15:53.:16:03.
:16:03.:16:04.

Europe. It could be a good Now a look at some of the day's

:16:04.:16:05.

other news. A United Nations tribunal

:16:05.:16:07.

investigating the murder of the former Lebanese prime minister

:16:07.:16:10.

Rafiq Hariri in 2005 has delivered a sealed indictment to Lebanon's

:16:10.:16:15.

prosecutor-general Saeed Mirza. Mr Mirza said he had also received

:16:15.:16:25.
:16:25.:16:27.

four arrest warrants. The suspects have not been officially named.

:16:27.:16:30.

Two French journalists kidnapped by the Taliban 18 months ago have

:16:30.:16:35.

returned home. Stephane Taponier and Herve Ghesquiere have been

:16:35.:16:38.

returned to France amid jubilation. The pair and three Afghan

:16:38.:16:44.

associates were kidnapped in Kabul in 2009 while working for French TV.

:16:44.:16:47.

In the last three minutes, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge have

:16:47.:16:52.

landed in Canada, their first overseas tour as a married couple.

:16:52.:16:56.

During their nine-day stay table lay a wreath at the National War

:16:56.:17:00.

Memorial, take part in a cookery class and a rodeo, then they will

:17:00.:17:09.

fly on to California for a three- day visit.

:17:09.:17:12.

Women's groups in France say they have seen a huge increase in the

:17:12.:17:15.

number of females coming forward to claim sexual harassment following

:17:15.:17:18.

the arrest of Dominique Strauss- Kahn. The French former head of the

:17:18.:17:21.

International Monetary Fund was arrested in New York and has been

:17:21.:17:24.

charged with trying to rape a hotel maid, a claim he has denied. The

:17:24.:17:28.

reporting of the trial has lifted the lid on a darker side to French

:17:28.:17:32.

society, as Christian Fraser reports from Paris.

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Dare and yellow is a chambermaid from Guinea, a former employee of

:17:37.:17:42.

the Park Hyatt Hotel in Paris. -- Dan Pallett. Last year, she claims

:17:42.:17:47.

to have been sexually assaulted in a hotel room by someone within the

:17:47.:17:53.

circle of the Qatari royal family. It has similarities to the alleged

:17:53.:17:55.

assault for which Dominique Strauss-Kahn was arrested last

:17:55.:18:02.

month. The difference is in the attitude of the French authorities.

:18:02.:18:07.

TRANSLATION: The French police did not want to do anything. They let

:18:07.:18:12.

me know quickly that they wanted me to drop it. In any case they said

:18:12.:18:19.

if I did not, they would. I was shocked, in tears. I told them it

:18:19.:18:23.

wasn't right, that because a person is rich and important he can treat

:18:23.:18:30.

people as he likes? But the group representing her says that suddenly

:18:30.:18:35.

the investigation has been reopened by the prosecutor's office,

:18:35.:18:39.

although the authorities have yet to inform Diane. Perhaps it is a

:18:39.:18:42.

result of the widespread indignation that has followed

:18:42.:18:49.

events in New York. TRANSLATION: there has been a real impact in the

:18:49.:18:52.

number of cases coming to us since the media coverage of the Strauss-

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Kahn affair and the issue of sexual violence at work. We have had

:18:58.:19:01.

double the number of complaints, and most of these women seem

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determined to go to court. Some of the fiercest criticism is targeted

:19:09.:19:15.

at the attitude and behaviour of the country's elite. Until now,

:19:15.:19:18.

there seemed to exist in this country a culture of impunity,

:19:18.:19:22.

where politicians were above scandal. Ministers rarely resign

:19:22.:19:26.

quickly and such was the deference shown by the French media, there

:19:26.:19:30.

was practically a conspiracy of silence protecting them. But

:19:31.:19:39.

perhaps things are starting to change. Georges Tron, President

:19:39.:19:42.

Sarkozy's junior civil service minister, resigned last month when

:19:42.:19:47.

two former employees from the town halls accused him of serious sexual

:19:47.:19:53.

assault. Last week, some four years after the first alleged incident

:19:53.:19:58.

took place, he was formally charged with rape. His spokesman said he

:19:58.:20:03.

denies the accusations, and he argued that France should not be

:20:03.:20:06.

importing America's puritanical attitudes to touching in the

:20:06.:20:16.

workplace. TRANSLATION: It is a shame that France's image has been

:20:16.:20:20.

tarnished in the eyes of countries like the United States. There are

:20:20.:20:24.

cultural differences about our behaviour with women, we may make

:20:24.:20:29.

jokes and touch people with no sexual meaning at all. But,

:20:29.:20:33.

whatever the quarter, rape should we dealt with by the law. But the

:20:33.:20:37.

editor of Elle magazine says these archaic notions of heavy-handed

:20:37.:20:41.

seduction are an excuse. So entrenched his sexual harassment in

:20:41.:20:45.

the workplace that most women, she said, believe they have no option

:20:45.:20:50.

but to go along with it. TRANSLATION: Women's mentality

:20:50.:20:54.

needs to change, too. We need to clarify the situation so you can

:20:54.:20:59.

still be seductive but also to say no when someone abuses their

:20:59.:21:03.

authority. French women do not want to be feminine or feminist, they

:21:03.:21:11.

want to be both. Dominique Strauss- Kahn, step of. Whether the

:21:11.:21:14.

accusations Mr Strauss-Kahn faces turn out to be true or not, the

:21:14.:21:18.

decision of several French women to go to the police after years of

:21:18.:21:24.

keeping quiet raises an intriguing question. Have the allegations from

:21:24.:21:30.

an African chambermaid in New York changed forever what French women

:21:30.:21:35.

are prepared to tolerate? South Sudan will become independent

:21:35.:21:41.

in nine days' time, following a two decade war with the North. But

:21:41.:21:43.

while the anticipation is almost at fever pitch, already several rebel

:21:44.:21:47.

groups are fighting the Southern government. The UN says 1400

:21:47.:21:50.

civilians have been killed by rebel or government troops, or in inter-

:21:50.:21:55.

ethnic fighting, in this year alone. Our correspondent in Khartoum,

:21:55.:21:57.

James Copnall, obtained footage of one of the major rebel movements,

:21:57.:22:07.

the South Sudan Liberation Army. Here's his report.

:22:07.:22:11.

The party started. But these men are not celebrating South Sudan's

:22:11.:22:19.

upcoming independence. Instead, they are in training to overthrow

:22:19.:22:28.

the fledgling sudden government. -- seven government. Most, but not all,

:22:28.:22:35.

come from the Nuer group, who had a troubled relationship with de Dinka.

:22:35.:22:39.

Ethnic rivalry is one reason for the rebellion. Others said they

:22:39.:22:43.

took up arms because they believed last year's elections were rigged.

:22:44.:22:49.

But the soldiers say they are fighting Dinka domination, and

:22:49.:22:54.

corruption. The group has been involved in several battles with

:22:54.:22:58.

the southern Armenia at lucrative oilfields. Both sides accuse the

:22:58.:23:05.

other of killing civilians -- with the southern army. The leader of

:23:05.:23:08.

this rebel movement, a dissident Southern General, motivates his new

:23:08.:23:16.

recruits. TRANSLATION: our problem will not go far. They go to crime

:23:16.:23:20.

than we start the fighting. They will say that they need peace, they

:23:20.:23:24.

told today did not want to, be rejected use. Did they know where

:23:24.:23:33.

they were telling you to go? -- very rejected you. Their uniforms

:23:33.:23:37.

look fresh out of the box and their weapons seemed brand new. The

:23:38.:23:41.

southern authorities say these and other rebels are being supplied by

:23:41.:23:46.

their old enemies in Khartoum. The North frequently armed rival groups

:23:46.:23:52.

in the last civil war to divide the south. Analysts believe the new

:23:52.:23:55.

country of South Sudan's ethnic and military divisions will be one of

:23:55.:24:00.

its greatest weaknesses. In the capital of the North, Khartoum, one

:24:00.:24:04.

of President Omar al-Bashir's officials dismisses the latest

:24:04.:24:11.

accusations, linking his party to the southern rebels. They were not

:24:11.:24:18.

part of the NCP, they were not part of the South Sudan Armed Forces.

:24:18.:24:23.

They were the South Sudan Liberation Army militia, who

:24:23.:24:27.

abandoned them following the rigging in the south. This is the

:24:27.:24:34.

South's business. Despite the denial, the allegations about

:24:34.:24:37.

Khartoum's involvement seems certain to continue. Whoever they

:24:37.:24:41.

are getting their weapons from, the rebels are making a huge impact on

:24:42.:24:45.

the south. In fact, some people feel they are the greatest threat

:24:45.:24:55.
:24:55.:24:57.

to stability that -- as South Sudan moves rapidly towards independence.

:24:57.:25:01.

They can be tricky meetings, and for bride-to-be Heidi Withers, the

:25:01.:25:04.

meeting with her mates future mother-in-law was a disaster. She

:25:04.:25:09.

sent a scathing e-mail from her fiance's mother to friends, and it

:25:09.:25:13.

has gone for viral. I will give you easy tips on how to

:25:13.:25:18.

look after your pink. A bit of gardening advice from nursery and a

:25:18.:25:20.

Carolyn Bourne. But it is her lessons in etiquette that have made

:25:21.:25:26.

her name. -- nursery owner. A few weeks ago her stepson Freddie took

:25:26.:25:32.

his fiancee, Heidi Withers, back to the family home in Devon. But after

:25:32.:25:36.

which she received their e-mail from a prospective mother-in-law

:25:36.:25:40.

apparently criticising her table manners and attacking a brash

:25:40.:25:47.

celebrity behaviour. In the message, Mrs Bourne told Heidi Withers, or

:25:47.:25:50.

you do not lie in bed until late morning in households that rise

:25:50.:25:54.

early. You do not remark that you do not have enough food. And she

:25:54.:25:57.

went on to say, you have never written to thank me when you have

:25:57.:26:02.

stayed. It seems the e-mail Carolyn Bourne

:26:02.:26:05.

sent from here to her daughter-in- law to be was meant to be private,

:26:05.:26:10.

but somehow it was forwarded on to other people, who then sent it on

:26:10.:26:14.

to more people, and then it went viral and has now been seen by

:26:14.:26:18.

millions of people all over the world. The family were keeping a

:26:19.:26:23.

very polite silence today, but neighbours said lessons had been

:26:23.:26:30.

learned. To put it in a E-mail puts it in the public domain. It is not

:26:30.:26:34.

a clever thing to do. Today, internet users have described

:26:34.:26:38.

Carolyn Bourne as the mother-in-law from hell and defender of the

:26:38.:26:45.

nation's manners. The wedding takes place in the autumn.

:26:45.:26:49.

Or maybe not! That is all from the programme.

:26:49.:26:59.
:26:59.:27:01.

Next, the weather, but from all of Hello, good evening. Heavy showers

:27:01.:27:05.

affecting eastern parts of the UK will die away overnight, then a

:27:05.:27:13.

Chile night. More of the UK will stay dry tomorrow -- a chilly night.

:27:13.:27:17.

High pressure builds over the UK, but north-western areas get more

:27:17.:27:21.

cloud and the odd spot of drizzly rain, so a rather dull start to the

:27:21.:27:27.

day. After early sunshine, cloud will increase, but very few showers.

:27:27.:27:32.

This is the picture at 4pm. Down the eastern side of England, the

:27:32.:27:38.

art, light shower might be about, but demand far between -- the odd

:27:38.:27:43.

light shower. Only a slim chance of catching a shower at Wimbledon. In

:27:43.:27:47.

south-west England there will be a lot of cloud in the sky, especially

:27:47.:27:51.

over the moors, possibly rain over the higher ground of Wales and

:27:51.:27:55.

north-west England. Count yourself lucky few seem much sunshine. For

:27:55.:27:59.

Northern Ireland, after a cloudy start a bit brighter in the

:27:59.:28:06.

afternoon and plenty of try weather in Scotland over the Western Isles,

:28:06.:28:10.

but you may still catch a road showered in eastern Scotland, but

:28:10.:28:15.

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