01/07/2011 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me Zeinab Badawi. The former head


of the IMF Dominque Strauss Kahn has his bail relaxed. At the same


time there's speculation that the sexual assault case against him


could be collapsing. Today it is a giant step in the right direction.


The air-defence that Dominique Strauss-Kahn has is that this


sexual encounter was consensual - that is alive.


-- a lie. Colonel Gaddafi gives a chilling audio message to his


supporters in Tripoli. He warns NATO to stop its strikes against


his forces or he'll carry out attacks on Europe.


Venezuela's President Chavez reveals he's being treated for


cancer in Cuba, he insists he's still running the country, but


doubts rise. Give young Britons a chance - the Work and Pensions


Secretary urges UK businesses not to rely on foreign workers.


Xenophobia or sound economic sense? Celebrating Canada Day - the fans


turn out once again for the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.


And are 3D movies beginning to lose their audience appeal? Why


Hollywood bosses are getting Hello and welcome. Whatever the


outcome of the sexual assault case against Dominque Strauss Kahn, he


is now at liberty to move freely within the United States. A judge


in New York relaxed the terms of his bail, which had seen him


confined to his daughter's apartment in Manhattan since his


arrest in May, over his alleged rape of a chamber maid. Also, media


speculation is mounting about the viability of the case against him,


after the New York Times newspaper reported that the prosecution's


investigators had questioned the maid's credibility. This report


contains some flash photography. From New York, Laura Trevelyan


reports. Another turbulent day in the life of Dominique Strauss-Kahn


- the former head of the IMF was back in court for a hastily


scheduled appearance, looking confident and relaxed. His wife was


there in support. As media gathered outside, inside the court the man


accused of raping a hotel maid heard the prosecution admit they


now had doubts about her story. Although it is clear the strength


of the case has been affected by the substantial credibility issues


relating to the witness, we are not moving to dismiss the case this


time. We are consenting to the defendant's bail application.


case still stands, said the judge, but he freed Dominique Strauss Kahn


from bail. He can now travel around the US. His former lawyers are


delighted. We have maintained from the beginning that Mr Strauss-Kahn


is innocent of these charges and these recent disclosures reinforced


our conviction that he will be exonerated. But lawyers for the


chambermaid insist her story is accurate. The medical evidence


supports the victim's account. The forensic evidence supports her


account. She was taken from the hotel to the hospital in an


ambulance. A grand jury has already found her account credible. This


all began at a hotel in the heart of Manhattan on May 14th, when a


maid accused Mr Strauss-Kahn of attempting to rape her. He was


arrested on an plane bound for Paris. Five days later, he resigned


as head of the International Monetary Fund. Today, in a dramatic


development, the New York Times reported that the prosecution case


against him may collapse because of doubts about the credibility of the


made. She reportedly has links to drug dealers and money laundering.


In France, this is headline news. Mr Strauss-Kahn was a contender for


the French presidency. Supporters are already hoping he could return


to political life. He would be welcome in France. I think the


people here will have for him greater admiration than before


because he has shown during this period great qualities of courage.


It has been a gruelling six weeks for Mr Strauss-Kahn. From top


global finance official to criminal defendant, now he is hoping to


rehabilitate his reputation. And Matt Wells joins us from


outside the court now. The defence say one thing, the prosecution say


another. Is there a case against him or not? The case still exists


and the charges are still there. He left court a lot freer than when he


went into court but the charges still stand and he will be back


later in the month to answer to them. The entire credibility of the


case relies on the good character and the believability of this woman,


and that has been severely tested in the last 24 hours by these


reports leaked to newspapers from law enforcement authorities. It is


the prosecution itself that is expressing these doubts. The


defence all along was saying she had questions to answer and was


going to be an unreliable witness potentially, but the power of her


testimony will be the thing that that is brought into question,


there will be further erosion that will be difficult for these charges


to stick. The Libyan leader Colonel Gaddafi


has threatened to carry out attacks in Europe unless NATO stops its


campaign of air strikes against his regime in Libya. Colonel Gaddafi,


whose voice you can hear, delivered the warning on Friday in a message


played to thousands of his supporters gathered in the main


square of the capital, Tripoli. It was one of the apparently largest


pro-government rallies in recent weeks. Our correspondent is in


Tripoli and joins us now. This is the first time, it would seem, that


Colonel Gaddafi has made this direct threat to the West. Yes, I


think it is and it was, as far as we can tell from this speech, which


was made by telephone life to the square this evening to tens of


thousands of his supporters gathered in the middle of Tripoli,


during that live speech via telephone he made some very direct


threat to NATO and European countries taking part in the


campaign. He said "we will take this battle to Europe to target


your homes, offices and families. We can move on you like locusts".


This is the first time we have heard from Colonel Gaddafi in quite


some time and it is the largest rally we have seen here in Tripoli


for some weeks. The regime is claiming there were up to 2 million


people, that seems a large exaggeration, but there were tens


of thousands of supporters out here in what was clearly an attempt by


the regime to show it still enjoys widespread support in the Libyan


capital. Thank you. In Syria, tens of thousands of


people have again taken to the streets calling for President


Bashar al-Assad to leave office. Demonstrations were held across the


country after Friday prayers. According to one human rights


agency three people were killed during a military operation near to


the Turkish border. Moroccans have been voting in a referendum on a


draft constitution put forward by King Mohammed in response to pro-


democracy protests. The king says the new constitution would give


more power to the prime minister and parliament. Critics say it does


not go far enough and called for a boycott.


The Chinese Communist Party is marking its 90th anniversary. Gala


performances and special television programmes have been part of the


celebrations. In an address, President Hu Jintao has warned


Party members that they must fight corruption to retain the support


and trust of the people. The mystery surrounding the health


of the Venezuelan President took another twist when he revealed he


is being treated for cancer in Cuba. Previously he had said he had been


operated on for a pelvic abscess. His government insists he is fully


it's a rat -- exercising his authority but his opponents are


questioning his ability to do so and the constitutional legality of


his actions. Since President Hugo Chavez was first sworn into office


over 12 years ago, he has been the strong man a Venezuelan politics. A


charismatic talker who understands the power of publicity, the


President has remained the one and only focal point of the government.


Potential rivals from within his own party have been kept from the


limelight by regular cabinet reshuffles. Those who have retained


their jobs are completely loyal, but his announcement that he is


being treated for cancer has shown a chink in his armour. TRANSLATION:


This is a major intervention performed without complications,


after which I am recovering successfully while I keep receiving


complementary therapies to combat the various types of cells found,


and so continue on the path to my full recovery. Opposition


politicians have called into question his ability to govern from


abroad while he is recovering. But the President insists he has been


able to carry out his duties as head of state while he recuperates.


A top military official went on Venezuelan television to give


assurances that the President had the full support of the army, and


that President Chaves remains in charge of the country. After the


President won a pivotal referendum in 2009 to scrap presidential term


limits, many thought he would be in power for years to come but his


ill-health now calls that into question.


With me now from Washington is the President Emeritus of the Inter-


American Dialogue, Peter Hakim. Taking the President out of the


equation, what does that mean? means you have no leader, no rules,


and after 12 years of Hugo Chavez, no real institutions in the country.


You have a classic political vacuum and very difficult to predict how


this will work the room. Does the Venezuelan constitution have


anything to say about whether her head of state can perform his


duties from a different country? Whatever the constitution says on


that, I think that no one would take that as a terribly strong


restriction. The rules have been broken so often, and what Hugo


Chavez says is what is taken as the rule. With his control over the


judicial system and virtually every other source of power and decision


in Venezuela, I wouldn't think that would beat any obstacle. If he can


sit up in bed and communicate orders, he will essentially try to


manage things from Venezuela, less well than he would obviously from


Caracas. Was it 2002 when there was that failed coup attempt against


him? You speak of this vacuum - could his opponents try to mount


something similar again? I suspect not. A lot of time has gone by. For


the first time the opposition really has been able to organise


itself. They are promising now to run a single candidate. There are


elections next year. I don't think they will want to do anything that


will upset their plans for contesting the 2012 elections.


about other people trying to fill the vacuum in his absence? Isn't


there his older brother? Isn't he already a governor in the country?


Could he exploit the family name at this moment? That is a clever


Association of Venezuela's and Cuba, Fidel Castro's brother took over


from him but I think it is a stretch in Venezuela. He has


occupied very secondary positions in the government, rarely mentioned


as a successor. In fact nobody is mentioned as a successor to Hugo


Chavez and he doesn't really have any strong institutional base, the


brother. I think what you will be seeing in Venezuela or effete Hugo


Chavez remains outside the country for much longer, you are going to


see the beginnings of a struggle for position, for striving to put


one's self- in the position to replace Hugo Chavez. This has


happened in numerous other situations and I think it is clear


that the people in the top Tia of the government will be jockeying


for position with each other. Thank you for your analysis. Kate-


mania has broken out in Canada, as the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge


embark on their first official tour overseas as a married couple.


Prince William, who's second in line to the British throne, had


lasted visited Canada as a young teenager with his mother, the late


Princess Diana. But this was his wife, Catherine's first visit to


North America. At some point today he would have thought of her. The


mother whom he lost when he was 15, and his 50th birthday would have


been today. So much has come into William's life since then, most


importantly, this woman, Catherine. On this second day of their first


overseas tour together on Canada's national day, she was dressed in


Canada's national colours of red and white. They went first to a


ceremony to grant Canadian citizenship to 25 people from


countries around the world. Each one was presented with Canadian


flags by the couple. Then into a horse-drawn carriage. What memories


that may have evoked of central London two months ago, for the ride


to Parliament Hill in Ottawa, where every year Canada's National Day is


celebrated with an outdoor pageant. This year the crowds were possibly


bigger than ever before. There to celebrate their country's 144th


birthday, and to welcome the guests of honour. While Canada's Governor-


General concentrated on the guard of honour, but -- the crowds


shouted for Will and Kate. The couple made their way to the stage,


where they stood together to sing the British national anthem, and to


celebrate the nearly 150 years of Canadian heritage and a crown which


is based across the ocean. According to opinion polls, around


50 % of Canadians think the monarchy is a relic from colonial


times. So, a question. Can William and Kate make the monarchy seem


more relevant to people here? think William and Kate can put a


new face to the monarchy. They are very approachable, they are young,


vibrant. I think they are a lot like all of us. That's what


attracts people to them. They remind me of a Lady Diana. They


carried the same charm and dignity that she carried, and the way they


are able to connect with the people. On July 1st, 2011, the day Diana


would have been 50, her eldest son can reassure himself that judging


by this crowd he and his wife, Catherine, are ensuring her legacy


lives on in today's Royal Family. From the newly wed British royal


couple to another Royal Wedding. The principality of Monaco saw its


ruler Prince Albert marry his bride, the South African Olympic swimmer


Charlene Wittstock. The couple had a civil marriage today, and on


Saturday they will have a Church ceremony. Lavish celebrations are


planned for the weekend. Here, a senior cabinet minister has caused


a bit of a stir by calling on businesses in the UK to take on


more British workers rather than hiring from abroad. The Work and


Pensions Secretary, Iain Duncan Smith, says young people here


should be given a chance. But business groups insist that firms


need the best people and that migrants often have a better work


ethic and skills. Give the Brits a chance. That's the minister's


demand. He's promising we will get the workless of benefits, but


British businesses need to help get them out of the jobs queue by


actively looking for UK employees. What Iain Duncan Smith wants is


this. An immigration system that gives the unemployed, particularly


the young unemployed, a level playing field so they have a chance


to take the work when it's available. If we don't get this


right, I think in our country and I suspect here as well, then we risk


leaving our citizens, particularly young people, out of work.


Duncan Smith made this beach in Spain. 1000 miles away in York, he


reached a supportive audience. shouldn't be able to come in our


country and get a job what people like me, other people like me in


York need jobs desperately. I don't mind them coming over here, I've


got nothing against them coming here. But I think it should go to


us first. So who gets the extra jobs created in the UK? Last year,


an extra 416,000 people were employed in Britain. Of those,


77,000 were born in the UK. But 334,000 were born overseas. Over


half of those were from the EU, partly the result of the decision


to allow the new eastern European members of the Union the automatic


right to work here. But as Polish supermarkets appeared in Britain,


one reason there were more jobs is that more migrants were here


looking for work, and doing the jobs that Brits wouldn't do. Having


lunch at a Polish cafe in London, his accountant is here. Her clients


are mainly small, Polish run businesses. Far from taking jobs,


she says... Of they employed people, they create jobs. English people


demand quite a lot because they feel they can. I understand that is


fine. But the Polish people are coming over and having a job, they


are very happy they've got the job. The Polish builder has firmly


entered the popular consciousness. But businesses have got used to


looking for employees overseas. Clearly, when you have these bright,


young Eastern Europeans who really want to work, have very good


customer services skills, employers are going to turn to them. Quite


rightly. These businesses are competing in a globalised economy.


The government has introduced a new cap on skilled workers from outside


the EU. Labour says that policy is in disarray. But today's speech


seemed designed to convince businesses that home-grown is


better. Joining us to talk about the global workforce is Jonas


Prisin, he was born in Sweden and has worked for Manpower all over


the world. Does it make sense when a country is in top times, high


unemployment and that kind of thing, to say, let our own people get the


jobs even if it's at the expense of other European workers? It's a


challenging paradox because we are coming out of a recession with high


unemployment in particular in developed countries. But at the


same time, an increasing number of employers are finding it difficult


to find the right talent. And talent mobility in general, and we


believe also strategic Migration in particular, is a good idea to fill


some of that gap. But you know some people say that immigrants,


particularly those from Eastern Europe, have a stronger work ethic


and perhaps they do jobs that the locals don't want to do. What do


you do - forced the locals to do those jobs even if they don't want


to? I think that the aspects of... Do have a number of different


things happening. You have a talent and skills mismatch a caring, which


means there are not enough people with the right skills who are able


to do the job that companies want them to do. And you also have


aspects of the local labour force, who may choose not to do some of


the work. You have to approach this with policies that clearly


encourage the local labour force to want to and to have to get into


those kinds of positions. But at the same time, allow companies to


access talent pools where ever they may be, within a country or outside


the country if that is a requirement. You've worked in


several continents, is there any country you can think of that


really says, we are going to pick the best people for this job


regardless of class, colour, race, ethnicity, nationality - we're just


going to pick the best people for the job? There are a number of


countries that have a very clearly articulated strategic immigration


policy. If you think of countries such as Australia, Singapore... But


also within Europe itself we have a great deal of mobility. A mobility


of skills that are in need, where for various reasons they cannot be


filled locally. I think the European Union in itself is a very


good example of what labour mobility can do in terms of


allowing individuals find gainful employment whenever they wish, as


well as companies attracting talent that have the right skills as well


as the predisposition to go and work in those positions where ever


they may live or come from Wateridge any -- originally. This


weekend, Hollywood studio executives will be closely


monitoring the box office returns of a newly released 3D film -


Transformers: Dark of the Moon. Although they're expecting ticket


sales to be strong, the interest of American audiences in most 3-D


movies is down, so the big studios are worried. Talking Movies' Tom


Brook reports. Transformers: Dark Of The Moon was just one of 163 D


pictures being released by the studios during Hollywood's


blockbuster season. Here we go! Everybody involved in the film has


been relentlessly touting its 3D credentials. I don't like 3D, I


haven't yet to see a movie that has enhanced the medium. But this is


different. I'm not just saying that because I'm in it. This is the


perfection of 3D. The reason for the hype, an attempt to overcome


audience apathy. When James Cameron's 3D Avatar arrived 18


months ago, audiences were damp -- ballast -- dazzled by its imagery.


But since then most 3D films have disappointed. The special effects


on worth that much more money. think it's a waste of money. People


are being robbed. Declining interest in 3D films has made the


studios nervous. I think that the honeymoon for 3D is over. The


percentage of gross coming from the Prix de Ski -- screens is getting


less and less with every film. What was a novelty and interesting a


year ago was now becoming commonplace. Part of the problem


has been too many 3D films not conceived in 3D but converted up


from to be in post production as an afterthought. I think 3D as a


format has been hurt by a lot of mediocrity. It's important for the


industry that this format gets to see it handled the right way.


Strangely, while interest in 3D is winning in the US, its flourishing


in many countries outside America where exploitation of the format is


at an earlier stage. Analysts think interest could soon dwindle.


people see up to five bad 3D movies in a row, no matter what country or


continent you live on, you are going to get sick of 3D. Industry


insiders see Transformers: Dark Of The Moon as a significant movie in


the evolution of 3D. The film's director boasts his film will


reacquaint audiences what the full potential of 3D not witnessed since


Avatar. To do 3D well costs a lot of money, takes a lot of time and


takes a lot of people. Many of these movies, they are doing this


as an afterthought. This movie is doing it from the beginning.


even a 3D ticket sales for Transformers: Dark Of The Moon are


very strong, experts say it's going to be the exception rather than the


rule. Three-day -- 3D they say is I must go and take a look at one


myself and put those spectacles on. We've got a very settled spell of


weather currently with most places being dry, fined and with more


sunshine around. As we look to the weekend, that will continue with


the dry theme, some sunny spells, or due to high pressure which is


well and truly in charge of our weather. The cloud is picking up


across Eastern Counties and there's the risk of a few light showers.


After a sunny start on Saturday, again the cloud does tend to


increase. We can't rule out a light shower across eastern counties of


England. They are very few and far between, they will be short-lived.


Most places will be dry Anne Fine. Temperatures in London on Saturday


a bit like Friday at 22 degrees. Most places having light winds but


through the afternoon we will see some sea breezes developing around


the south coast. Temperatures in Barnstaple about 19 Celsius. The


afternoon is looking a bit cloudier but the sun is still quite strong,


so it's going to stay bright through the afternoon. But Northern


Ireland, the best of that sunshine across the south-east corner. It's


day is always more of a cast through north-west Scotland with a


few spots of patchy, light rain. Further south across Scotland it


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