04/07/2011 World News Today


04/07/2011

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Mississippi is BBC World News Today with any Tim Willcox. -- this is.

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No, I am not going to listen to this. Could security police escort

:00:21.:00:26.

Mr Mladic out of the court. And agree, defiant and refusing to

:00:26.:00:36.
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enter a plea. We report from the largest refugee camp in the world.

:00:49.:00:59.
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And what dangers ahead for the Amazon rainforest. Read in agreed

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Apology for the loss of subtitles for 65 seconds

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This is the military lawyer that represented him in Belgrade. The

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court is still examining them eligibility. This allowed Mr Milap

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it to say he would not take part in the proceedings until the defence

:02:38.:02:48.
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team is changed. The you are I am not going to listen to this at

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all. Without my lawyer, I am not going to listen any more. You are

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:03:12.:03:14.

talking in vain. By are not going to listen to anything. The court

:03:14.:03:24.
:03:24.:03:38.

orders that you will be removed We adjourn for a moment, canoe and

:03:38.:03:48.
:03:48.:04:20.

The chamber enters a plea of not guilty on behalf of the Mr Mladic.

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If he had hoped to delay the proceedings, he did not manage it.

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The judge entered not guilty pleas on his behalf.

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Let speak now to the former un war crimes of charge Geoffrey Robertson.

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We have seen these antics before. What will happen next?

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The Today was a good example. The The Today was a good example. The

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court is gaining strength. -- today. They will not put up with him at

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shouting and making jesters as -- gestures as Ratko Mladic did. This

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court will not put up with those antics, and quite rightly, when the

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defendant was like this. It sent him downstairs. He does not have

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legal advice yet. He wants a particular individual. -- legal

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counsel. He is entitled to legal counsel of his choice, as long as

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the lawyer is capable and also in good standing with his local bar.

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What is happening is the Registrar of the court, an experienced lawyer,

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is checking out and then Russian lawyer he has nominated. Indeed,

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one would have thought that the event could have been avoided if

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they had postponed it for a week. Anyway, it has been entered, not

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guilty, and once it -- the lawyer checks out, if he is in good

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standing and capable, he will represent him. Of course, if he is

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no good, the court could, not impose council on him, but do what

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they did before and a. What is called a friend of the court,

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usually a distinguished QC to argue his points of law on his behalf.

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he did not want to appear at the tribunal, could they impose...

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Could they forced him to listen to the evidence?

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This is much debated. In my view, they cannot. Longer go, the Chicago

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conspiracy Trial when one defendant was bound and gagged. He was a

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forced, in that way, to listen to the evidence against him. And

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international courts cannot humiliate defendants if they do not

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want to face the evidence against them. They are entitled to go

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downstairs. But, at all costs, the trial must go on. And the

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misbehaviour and delaying tactics of defendants can no longer be put

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up with. Thank you for talking to With the case against him in the

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:07:46.:07:48.

you -- in New York on -- unravelling, Dominic Strauss-Kahn

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faces a more allegations. A French writer said he attempted to rape

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her in 2003. We can go to Paris has been to our correspondent. The

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latest charge against him, which presumably complicate any political

:08:05.:08:08.

attempt to at some sort of government or presidential position

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even more? The timing is fascinating. Over the weekend we

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had a snap poll as to what French people think and whether they could

:08:18.:08:21.

contemplate a scenario when he would come back into French

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politics. 49% said they could. The figures are stronger among the

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Socialists, 60%. We have heard from the Socialist Party and there has

:08:35.:08:39.

been relief expressed that the cases on the verge of collapse.

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This is a different case to the one in New York. This involves a woman

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within the circle of the family, known to his daughter and the god-

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daughter of his second wife. In that sense, she has a different

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profile to the chambermaid in New York. The attack allegations go

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back to 2002. The prosecutors will look at it over the next couple of

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weeks and asked why she did not come back sooner.

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The statute allows a case to be brought within ten years and she

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has made the allegations before. You yes, she is inside it because I

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should correct myself, it is 2003. She made the allegations before on

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a programme in 2007, a chat show, a bizarre programme. The editors

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believed about his own name but it was an open secret in French

:09:35.:09:41.

society that the man she alleged who attempted to rape her up was

:09:41.:09:44.

Dominique Strauss-Kahn. The allegations have been sitting there.

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She came out of the woodwork just after his arrest. There was a

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question about why she did not proceed then. The lawyer said he

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held off because he could not see a scenario where the two trials would

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run concurrently. Now, if this ends in New York, they want to press

:10:03.:10:07.

ahead. Thank you.

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We can look at some of the other news. Syrian security forces have

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moved into the city of Hama to try to reassert control. It comes after

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a huge demonstration against President Assad. Residents say

:10:22.:10:32.
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police and soldiers were fighting running battles with protesters.

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Hugo Chavez has returned home from Cuba to Venezuela after admitting

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he had treatment for cancer. He spent almost a month in Cuba way

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had a cancerous tumour removed. A A British soldier who went missing

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from his base in Afghanistan has been found dead. He left the base

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alone early on Monday morning. His body was discovered after and a

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massive search. The United Nations say urgent action is needed to

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tackle the worst drought in the Horn of Africa in 60 years. 10

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million people in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya and Uganda

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are affected. The threat of famine is forcing thousands to walk to

:11:17.:11:27.
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refugee camps in Kenya. Dadaab camp is a place where life hangs in the

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balance. This six-month old is a malnourished and feverish. And this

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is a baby who is even weaker. He has malnutrition, diarrhoea and a

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chest infection. If he dies, the drought will have killed him. In

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2011, once again, this corner of Africa is cursed, teetering on the

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brink of disaster. This doctor is fighting a constant battle to save

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life and it does not -- he does not always win. They come in very bad

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shape. Sometimes the prognosis is poor. Her you do not stop there.

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You have to look at the next one -- you do not. You do the best and go

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ahead with the next one. the drought is killing livestock. The

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animals are the only assets for many. To escape this drought people

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macros are pouring into the refugee camp that is the biggest in the

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world and getting bigger all the time. The United Nations say this

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is not yet a famine, but it could be. They are classifying it as a

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humanitarian emergency, a situation they say is deteriorating. It has

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not rained properly around the region for two years. These people

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are facing their worst drought for decades. Aid workers say they do

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now have an earlier warning system to alert the world to impending

:13:21.:13:31.
:13:31.:13:32.

famine. The trouble is the world has not been listening.

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Aden Duale is the deputy minister for livestock development in Kenya

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and represents one of the affected areas. I spoke to him and Matthew

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Wingate, and emergencies adviser for Save the children. I asked how

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bad the situation was. The drought is very acute. Animals

:13:53.:14:03.
:14:03.:14:03.

are dying. There is no water. There is no pasture. The water pans are

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dry. There is no pasture for the animals and no food for the people.

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There is a huge migration of people to refugee camps and to urban

:14:14.:14:21.

centres. Children and women. We expect the rain in late October. We

:14:21.:14:31.
:14:31.:14:31.

are thinking of the time in between, a drought, which has not been seen

:14:32.:14:34.

in the past 20 years. The this needs an international

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response. Is the international community stepping up to the plate?

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It is beginning to. It is happening slowly. We have been responding to

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the crisis for many months. We are signalling a trigger to say this

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situation is so acute, the international community must scale

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up. We are reaching hundreds of thousands of women and children at

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the moment, but we must reach millions of children today, and we

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will not see the situation improve in months before it gets better.

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Time is of the essence. We have been calling for the community to

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What are the figures form malnourished children at the

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moment? As many as one in four in some places. We see many children

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coming into the feeding centres, children who need to go to hospital

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to be admitted as in-patients and be treated with therapeutic care.

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That situation will only deteriorate unless we can get to

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them immediately. It is expensive place to operate, it is very rural,

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very diverse in areas, so to get to those places with difficult

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infrastructure it takes a massive amount of resources and effort. We

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are finding new ways of doing that but the challenge is immediate

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right now. The harvest is three months away, is there a risk that

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the drought could be, famine as well? Yes, the situation now is

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turning to famine. The situation in the next three months is going to

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turn into a major humanitarian crisis in the region. A region that

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already had its share of conflict and what we are seeing again in

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many parts of the pastoral ecosystem in the North and in the

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Horn of Africa is that this crisis, this lack of pasture and water, and

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the movement taking place is again leading to more conflict among the

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pastoral communities. Conflict and insecurity will be the order of the

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day in the next three months and you are asking government, as my

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colleague said, time is essence. The government were meeting today,

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they need to pull their socks up. The international community must

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come and save the situation. If you look across the region, across the

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pastoral setting up mainly in northern Kenya, the roads are in

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bad shape. The environment is in very dire need in terms of the last

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three-year as, that you see children and women very vulnerable

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along the highways. They are looking for water, so the situation

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as we have today, and focusing the next three months, it is a major,

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major humanitarian crisis. Matthew, this is exacerbated by conflict in

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Somalia and rising food prices. In terms of the number of people who

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have actually died as a result of this, do you have any reliable

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figures? No, they are extremely difficult to come by, but we know

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that this is a very complex crisis. There is a simple solution - we

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need to get food, water and urgent health care to the people affected.

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The complexities of it, whether that is the conflict, the lack of

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infrastructure, or the global food price problems which are

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compounding the situation, are very much issues which the international

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community is working on. We are working to protect people from the

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nutritional final outcomes of these crisis, the final outcome being

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death, but the moment now is to reconsider how we act and that is

:18:50.:19:00.
:19:00.:19:01.

about a simple solution. Thank you. The European Union says it will

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resume emergency food aid to North Korea which is suffering its worst

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food crisis in years. An unusually cold winter has devastated recent

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harvests, while food aid from China, which has suffered recent droughts

:19:10.:19:13.

and floods, has also declined. The EU says more than half a million

:19:13.:19:18.

people are at risk of dying from malnutrition. When she came to

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power as Brazil's first female president, Dilma Roussef promised

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to prevent any changes in the law that would lead to more

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deforestation. Within the next few months, the Brazilian government is

:19:30.:19:33.

going to have to decide whether to approve proposals to relax the

:19:33.:19:35.

Forest Code, which is designed to protect the Amazon rain forest.

:19:35.:19:38.

Farmers and agricultural businesses want to be allowed to cultivate

:19:38.:19:40.

more of their land, but environmentalists say the code

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should be strengthened, not weakened. The lungs of the world,

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where millions of trees absorb carbon dioxide and save the planet

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from more dramatic changes to weather patterns. The forest is

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home to countless unique species of animals and plants, but years of

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deforestation have left them vulnerable, as farmers clear the

:20:04.:20:09.

land to provide pasture for their cattle and to grow valuable cash

:20:09.:20:15.

crops like soya and corn. The indigenous tribes who live here say

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their traditional way of life is under threat. TRANSLATION: Today

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everybody is destroying the forest or around, I don't want this. I

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told many people that if we destroy the forest, there will be no shade.

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There will be a great wind and the ground will overheat. That is my

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fear. This gives you a pretty good idea of what deforestation looks

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like. Over there, as far as the eye can see, virgin rainforest. But

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right here, this road that has been cleared illegally and down there,

:20:55.:21:00.

cattle grazing. Within the next few years, the cattle may have gone on

:21:00.:21:06.

this could be used for growing soya. It is corn harvest time now, and

:21:06.:21:10.

with food prices are at record levels, farmers want to expand to

:21:10.:21:15.

grow more. The world needs more food, and they are more than happy

:21:15.:21:22.

to provide it. The Forest Code says that here, close to the Amazon,

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farmers can cultivate only 20% of the land they own. The other 80%

:21:27.:21:31.

has to be left untouched to protect the forest. That is what they want

:21:31.:21:37.

to change. TRANSLATION: I feel cheated because 80% of my money is

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tied up in protecting the environment for the rest of the

:21:40.:21:45.

world but I don't get anything out of it. Environmentalists want the

:21:45.:21:49.

laws to be strengthened to protect this, but the government is coming

:21:49.:21:52.

under enormous pressure from agricultural business interests who

:21:52.:21:56.

want to be able to develop more of their land. The government says it

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will veto any proposal that threatens the rainforest, but the

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next few months will be a crucial test - can Brazil really protected

:22:05.:22:13.

environment? A statue of the former US President

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Ronald Reagan has been unveiled outside the American embassy in

:22:16.:22:21.

London. The three-metre bronze monument is to mark 100 years since

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the birth of the man who led the United States since the Cold War.

:22:26.:22:30.

Just what Londoners were calling out for, another statue of an

:22:30.:22:38.

American President. But today that is what they got, a 10 ft Ronald

:22:38.:22:44.

Reagan was unveiled in London. statue of Ronald Reagan is quite

:22:44.:22:48.

clearly a memorial and a commemoration of the glorious past,

:22:48.:22:57.

but more importantly it is a call to an even more glorious future.

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is the end of a series of events to mark 100 years since Ronald

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Reagan's birth. He was like a mountain. If you stand on the

:23:06.:23:11.

mountain, it doesn't look that impressive, but if you travel away

:23:11.:23:15.

from the mountain, and turn to look back, you can really see how that

:23:15.:23:22.

mountain changed the landscape. Missing from the audience, Reagan's

:23:22.:23:26.

political soulmate Baroness Thatcher. She had hoped to return

:23:26.:23:32.

but couldn't because of ill-health. There were plenty of other

:23:32.:23:38.

Conservatives in attendance. I am a big fan of Ronald Reagan. When I

:23:38.:23:41.

was a very young Conservative, I went to America and witnessed him

:23:41.:23:46.

winning the election against Jimmy Carter. He has been an inspiration

:23:46.:23:56.

to anyone on the centre right of politics. It is not all Stars and

:23:56.:23:59.

Stripes, guessed after the ceremony can enjoy some independence Day

:23:59.:24:09.
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treats like hot dogs, candyfloss and doughnuts.

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Bowler hats, blue skies, apples, images that defy logic - Rene

:24:17.:24:20.

Magritte's pictures can be seen on bedroom walls, CD covers and

:24:21.:24:25.

adverts but he has not always been taken seriously in the art world.

:24:25.:24:30.

Now when you exhibition in the Tate in Liverpool has been put on to

:24:30.:24:38.

show how good the art by the man in the bowler hat really was. The

:24:38.:24:44.

bowler hats, the apples, and the sense that something is not quite

:24:44.:24:53.

right. We are in the strange world of Rene Magritte. This one, where

:24:53.:24:59.

it is daylight at the top, night time at the bottom. And it feels

:24:59.:25:06.

very, very familiar indeed. These images have been seen all over the

:25:06.:25:12.

world in all sorts of places. Isn't that right? Yes indeed, it is one

:25:12.:25:19.

of his best images. It is fascinating because it is so simple.

:25:19.:25:24.

Perfectly executed. The image appears at first to be normal, but

:25:24.:25:28.

on closer inspection it is not. It is familiar perhaps because it has

:25:28.:25:33.

been used as an album cover and it is not the only one. Once you start

:25:33.:25:40.

looking, Rene Magritte is everywhere. Album covers, Jackson

:25:40.:25:48.

Browne, many others, endlessly exploited. It is getting quite

:25:48.:25:51.

boring in the way advertising in particular commercial art is using

:25:51.:25:56.

Rene Magritte. Adverts for love Rene Magritte. Britain pioneered

:25:56.:26:01.

strange, funny, intriguing adverts in the 60s and took inspiration

:26:01.:26:07.

from Rene Magritte. As did the Beatles with Apple Records. However,

:26:07.:26:13.

the art world was not so keen. art world generally is not good

:26:13.:26:17.

with levity. Rene Magritte has probably been undone by his

:26:17.:26:23.

popularity. His used in advertising, and the general sense of liberty in

:26:23.:26:27.

the work. That is why this exhibition is taking place - his

:26:28.:26:32.

ideas are everywhere from billboards to children's TV, but

:26:32.:26:36.

this is a way of honouring just how good the bowler-hatted Belgian

:26:36.:26:45.

really was. That is it from the programme. Next,

:26:45.:26:55.
:26:55.:27:02.

It has been a warm day in the sunshine right across the UK.

:27:02.:27:06.

Tomorrow the want is limited to eastern part of England, elsewhere

:27:06.:27:12.

it will be turning cooler. This area of low pressure is pushing

:27:12.:27:18.

away the high pressure that has given us fine days. This will be

:27:18.:27:23.

staying for the rest of the week, keeping it unsettled. Tomorrow this

:27:23.:27:27.

band of rain spread eastwards during the day, behind it showers

:27:27.:27:31.

will be following. This is the position of the rain at 4 o'clock

:27:31.:27:35.

in the afternoon. Ahead of that, for eastern counties of England, it

:27:35.:27:41.

will be even warmer than today. Some places could see 28 degrees

:27:41.:27:45.

Celsius before the rain comes in for the evening. In the south-west

:27:45.:27:48.

it will be brightening up in the afternoon, the temperatures will be

:27:48.:27:55.

much lower than today. In Gloucester, closer to 17, maybe 18

:27:55.:28:00.

degrees tomorrow afternoon. For Northern Ireland, some afternoon

:28:00.:28:04.

Sally spells but even here the temperature will be a good five

:28:04.:28:08.

degrees down on today. That band of rain will start to feed into

:28:08.:28:13.

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