13/07/2011 World News Today


13/07/2011

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me Tim Willcox, live at Westminster.

:00:10.:00:12.

Bowing to public and political pressure, Rupert Murdoch's News

:00:12.:00:22.
:00:22.:00:26.

Corporation dramatically pulls out of its bid for BSkyB. This a

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company needs to sort out the problems at News International and

:00:30.:00:35.

News of the World. One inquiry, in two parts. David

:00:35.:00:38.

Cameron announces who will lead the investigation into the phone

:00:38.:00:40.

hacking scandal amid ferocious criticism of News International in

:00:40.:00:50.
:00:50.:00:56.

Parliament. Not be missed conduct, but law-breaking and its links with

:00:56.:00:59.

the criminal underworld. Also in this programme:

:00:59.:01:02.

A co-ordinated terrorist attack in Mumbai. Three explosions have

:01:02.:01:05.

killed at least 17 people. With fish numbers running low, The

:01:05.:01:08.

EU presents a policy to stop fishermen from throwing their catch

:01:08.:01:18.
:01:18.:01:23.

Hello and welcome to Westminster on what has been another day that has

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seen a seismic and humiliating reversal for Rupert Murdoch and his

:01:26.:01:33.

media empire. Bowing to public pressure, and faced with rare

:01:33.:01:35.

political unity behind an opposition debate here at

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Westminster, he has withdrawn News Corporation's bid to take full

:01:37.:01:47.
:01:47.:01:48.

control of BSkyB. The man who for decades was courted by the

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political establishment, and viewed by many as a kingmaker, now reaping

:01:51.:01:59.

the whirlwind of public and political opprobrium. On a dramatic,

:01:59.:02:01.

fast-moving day at Westminster, David Cameron also announced

:02:01.:02:03.

details about a far-reaching inquiry into recent events,

:02:03.:02:06.

regulation of the press, and the relationship between politicians

:02:06.:02:14.

and the Fourth Estate. More on that and the debate in a minute, but

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first, this report on a multi- billion pound deal now in tatters

:02:17.:02:27.
:02:27.:02:31.

from our business editor. Rupert Murdoch, the news mogul, in

:02:31.:02:36.

the news for the wrong reasons. Putting on a brave face before one

:02:36.:02:42.

of the great humiliations of his career, his abandonment to own all

:02:42.:02:52.
:02:52.:03:02.

of British broadcasting. Here is Minutes before, this was the

:03:02.:03:11.

climate. When such a serious cloud hangs over News Corporation, a does

:03:11.:03:17.

he agree with me that it would be wrong for them to expand their

:03:17.:03:23.

stake in the British media? And this was the Prime Minister a

:03:23.:03:29.

little bit later. This is the right decision. This company needs to

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sort out the problems at News International, at the News of the

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World. That must be the priority pulls up it is the second setback

:03:42.:03:46.

for Mr Murdoch. Days ago, he closed the News of the

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World. 10 days ago, there are allegations that the News of the

:03:55.:04:00.

World hacked into the phone of Milly Dowler, and that the privacy

:04:00.:04:04.

of the families of soldiers had been invaded along with other

:04:04.:04:09.

shocking revelations. This is a victory for people up and down this

:04:09.:04:13.

country, who had been appalled by the revelations, who have thought

:04:13.:04:19.

it is beyond belief that Mr Murdoch could expand his stake in the

:04:19.:04:25.

British media. Rupert Murdoch was keen to increase

:04:25.:04:30.

his ownership, because it would have given him access to the vast

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amounts of cash generated by the UK's television industry. BSkyB's

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profits were around �1 billion, which would have been very useful

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to News Corporation, at a time when his newspapers had been struggling

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to maintain their revenues. As for the other shareholders, they have

:04:49.:04:57.

also paid a big prize. BSkyB's share price has fallen by 20%,

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wiping almost �3 billion from the value of the company. So what has

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Rupert Murdoch lost? This was a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to

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acquire 100% of a business which has a very good prospects, a growth

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Tribbeck Cherie, it would have increased the company by 25%. --

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Mr Murdoch would see himself as the founder of BSkyB. To be told by

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politicians who were seen as some as his creatures, that he should

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not press ahead, and them to do as they insisted, it is a very

:05:43.:05:53.
:05:53.:05:54.

embarrassing setback. It is extremely rare to have an

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opposition day motion being supported by all political parties.

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That debate has just broken up. There was no vote. There were

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stinging criticisms of News International and the tactics it

:06:11.:06:15.

used in getting stories, in particular from the former Prime

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Minister, at Gordon Brown. Quite a rise in this debate not to speak

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about myself, but for those who cannot defend themselves. For the

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grieving families have a lot more dead, for survivors of the July

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seventh bombings, the many victims of crime, and most recently, the

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victims of the violation of the rides of a missing and murdered

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child. Many innocent men, women and children, who at their darkest hour,

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the most abominable moment in their lives, with no one and nowhere to

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turn, found their private lives treated as the public property of

:07:01.:07:11.
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News International. That curious intervention by Gordon

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Brown. He believes that the medical records of his son, who has cystic

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fibrosis, were accessed by News International. That denies the

:07:26.:07:34.

report. I have been run -- talking to Alastair Campbell about the

:07:34.:07:44.
:07:44.:07:45.

relationship of the press and the political establishment. I began by

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asking him how important he thought this development was today, the

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fact that News Corporation had pulled out of the bed.

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opposition, the Labour Party has always had a rough ride. Successive

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leaders have been battered by the right-wing press. Going out and

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doing this speech to a very influential audience of editors and

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executives, I can give them why we did that, and it did help us a

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level that playing field. We won the election in 1997. We did not

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win the election because the summer backed us. What I do accept, as we

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got into government, the relations between parts of government and

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News International did get too close. If we had been beholden to

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Murdoch, we would have had a very anti-European policy. I think that

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what I would accept, in my own defence, I have been arguing about

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this for some time. The relationship between politics and

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the media isn't a very bad place. We should have done more to change

:09:06.:09:15.

it. So much amber -- anger, by Gordon Brown. Is there a risk the

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result of this is that it would not be good for deep state of the press

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or democracy if tighter press regulations come in? There is a

:09:28.:09:31.

risk. It is important that parliamentarians and the media have

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a reasonable, or rational debate about this. I think Gordon made a

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very powerful speech. I was with him during the election campaign,

:09:42.:09:50.

and I know how angry he was by how News International treated him. It

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was hate, hate, hate. I hope we can get back to a more reasonable

:09:59.:10:05.

debate. I do think, however, I can remember as a journalist in the

:10:05.:10:15.

'80s, most members of the public will think they have been drinking

:10:15.:10:19.

in the last chance saloon and getting drunk for a very long time.

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The idea that the sort of self regulation that the press are one,

:10:23.:10:32.

where they run it, they have the its senior jobs, I think that will

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have to go. However, I accept we have got to be very careful that we

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do not then go so far as to have a press there were not be able to do

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what decent press can do. The question is, do we have that decent

:10:47.:10:57.
:10:57.:10:58.

press? The other thing we will see, once this inquiry gets underway, it

:10:58.:11:03.

does not stop at the doors of News International.

:11:03.:11:09.

Alastair Campbell speaking to me a little earlier. Let us speak to the

:11:09.:11:19.
:11:19.:11:24.

What did you make of today's development? Is this the biggest

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humiliation of Rupert Murdoch's Korea? It probably is. All

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political careers end in failure. Mr Murdoch is 80, and is looking

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like a tea. He seems to have lost it. -- like a to. A tiny corner of

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my brain says, he will be back. There are reports, in some

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newspapers, that News International might look to jettison some of

:11:58.:12:08.

these titles. That would be disastrous, wanted? There is a

:12:08.:12:18.
:12:18.:12:18.

paradox in all of this. The Guardian exposed Ron Dearing. --

:12:18.:12:28.
:12:28.:12:29.

wrongdoing. The News of the World closes. Our industry is in trouble.

:12:29.:12:36.

We hope that will not happen. They may be bluffing. Murdoch is a big

:12:36.:12:42.

card player. What about the inquiry and future of press regulation.

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Should be independent? Is there another risk that this country

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might end up with a much more controlled, less three press?

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is the fear this country. Free press, we just want them to behave.

:13:05.:13:09.

David Cameron worked in television, and knows the difficulty of Bury

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had feared he regulated media. My feeling is that the law should be

:13:17.:13:23.

enforced. We saw it enforced the other day would be Johanna Yates

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murder case. Regulation should be better, with them a souped-up Press

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Complaints Commission, it is to follow up editors. We contribute

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the money and control the money. In is to be handled by a third party.

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In that way, you can have a more believable and falls for industry

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regulation. It is not impossible. The world has to be there, maybe it

:13:55.:14:05.
:14:05.:14:07.

Michael White of the Guardian. Let us get an idea of the sort of

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financial impact. We can go to New York. What have the effects been in

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terms of share price and sentiment there? The share price reaction

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suggests to us that investors are starting to look beyond this BSkyB

:14:31.:14:41.
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bid. This company has 50 billion US dollars in cash. This has to be

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deployed. While this scandal overhang is likely to linger, the

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reality is that the company's fundamentals have been driven by

:14:58.:15:01.

the television networks which are nothing to do with the newspapers.

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There is a rumour that News Corporation would jettison the

:15:07.:15:14.

English newspapers. What do you make of those reports, of class

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actions, about the handling and control of News Corporation, so

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heavily influenced by the Murdoch family? I do not think investors

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are losing sleep about those kinds of losses. The bigger question here

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is what does a company to, given the sell-off we have seen in the

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past week, and that is why I think the spin-off of the newspaper

:15:44.:15:54.
:15:54.:15:54.

business becomes increasingly plausible. Now I think the options

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are on the table, and the danger is the company does not react

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decisively to prevent the scandal from having collateral consequences

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in other business. This is the situation in at

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Westminster this evening. The debate has finished. There was no

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vote on that. Extremely angry words, in particular from the former Prime

:16:23.:16:32.

Minister Gordon Brown. Gordon Brown's son who had cystic fibrosis

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and was convinced the medical records were access by part of the

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News International empire. They deny that. The Sun newspaper

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produced the source who they say was behind that story. News

:16:49.:16:59.
:16:59.:17:03.

Corporation withdrawing their bid At least 21 people have been killed

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and 80 wounded in three separate but simultaneous explosions in the

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heart of Mumbai's business district. India's home minister com are P

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Chidambaram, has called it a coordinated terrorist attack. The

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blasts were several kilometres apart. The first was at the

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celebrated jewellery market, Zaveri Bazaar. The second at the Opera

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House district and the third in its Dadar. 166 people were killed when

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6 -- 10 militants attacked two major hotels, the main railway

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stations and the main Jewish centre several years ago. Our

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correspondent has been to the location of one of the explosions.

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This site of Dadar North is one of three situations where explosions

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have gone off in Mumbai. A vehicle reportedly part with explosives was

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located here and decorated. This, along with two other blasts, took

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place at 7pm local time in highly densely populated areas. Lots of

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traffic around peak time. We are hearing of many injuries across the

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three blast site. The injured have been taken to local hospitals.

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Priority, according to the police and those leaders who have been

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coming to these areas saying that the priority is for those to make

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sure that the injured are taking care of. It is yet unclear as to

:18:38.:18:43.

who is behind these attacks, as to what has taken place and whether

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there is any correlation to those attacks in 2008 indoor my and those

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five years ago in this city. The Afghan President has led

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thousands of mourners at the funeral of his half-brother at the

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family's home village. Hamid Karzai wept openly during the ceremony and

:18:59.:19:03.

appealed to his countrymen to stop the violence. Ahmad Wali Karzai was

:19:03.:19:07.

one of the most powerful figures in the southern Afghanistan. He was

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shot dead by his own head of security. From Kabul, Sanjoy

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Majumder reports. It was an emotional moment for

:19:19.:19:23.

President Hamid Karzai. Burying his half-brother a day after a shocking

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killing. How Ahmad Wali Karzai was laid to rest here, at his ancestral

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village in Kandahar. Afterwards, a plea from the President to those

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behind his death. My message for them is, my

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countrymen, my brothers. Stop killing your own people. It is easy

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to kill and everyone can do it but the real man is the one who can

:19:48.:19:53.

save people's lives. The funeral drew many. Top members

:19:53.:19:59.

of the Afghan government, tribesmen and ordinary citizens. All here for

:19:59.:20:03.

a last glimpse at one of Afghanistan's most powerful men.

:20:03.:20:11.

Even as the funeral was taking place, a bomb targets at the

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governor of Helmand. He escaped unhurt but four policemen were

:20:14.:20:19.

injured. It is a grim reminder of the tense situation unfolding in

:20:19.:20:24.

the aftermath of Ahmad Wali Karzai's death. Questions have been

:20:24.:20:29.

raised on the manner he was killed and you could have carried it out.

:20:29.:20:33.

Ahmad Wali Karzai was seen as somebody who could come to the

:20:33.:20:37.

Taliban, especially in this part of the country where they are greatly

:20:37.:20:42.

influential. He was chosen as a close ally, overlooking serious

:20:42.:20:46.

allegations against him. Thousands of NATO troops would have left

:20:46.:20:50.

Afghanistan by the end of the yeah. His killing leaves a power vacuum

:20:50.:20:56.

it -- a power vacuum in the south and comes at a sensitive time.

:20:56.:20:58.

Now a look at some of the days other news:

:20:59.:21:01.

The next head of the European Central Bank has criticised the way

:21:02.:21:03.

politicians have handled the Eurozone debt crisis, saying

:21:04.:21:06.

partial and temporary solutions have only increased uncertainty. It

:21:07.:21:09.

comes as concerns are growing about the danger of the crisis spreading

:21:10.:21:15.

to Italy. The police in Northern Ireland say

:21:15.:21:19.

16 officers were injured during last night's violence. There were

:21:19.:21:21.

26 arrests following trouble in Belfast, Londonderry, Armagh and

:21:21.:21:24.

County Antrim. Nationalist youths attacked the police at the end of

:21:24.:21:29.

the busiest day in the Orange Order marching season.

:21:29.:21:31.

British judges have deferred a decision on whether to allow

:21:31.:21:34.

WikiLeaks' founder Julian Assange to be extradited to Sweden. He is

:21:34.:21:38.

wanted there to face allegations of sexual misconduct. The decision

:21:38.:21:48.
:21:48.:21:50.

will now be made at a later date. It is one of the most controversial

:21:50.:21:53.

areas of European policy but now the rules governing fishing in

:21:53.:21:59.

Europe are set to change. The EU has proposed radical changes

:21:59.:22:06.

proposing to stop over fishing in European waters.

:22:06.:22:12.

The mysterious movements of fish remain an enigma...

:22:12.:22:16.

Back in 1967, it all seemed so simple. Fishermen bringing in their

:22:16.:22:21.

catch and selling it all at the local market. By the 1970s, this

:22:21.:22:28.

was history. Today it is clear that the common fisheries policy,

:22:28.:22:34.

brought in to promote sustainable fishing, is a failure. Its rules

:22:34.:22:38.

are a major reason why there is so much of this. They call it discard,

:22:39.:22:43.

hundreds of thousands of perfectly good fish are being thrown back

:22:43.:22:50.

into the sea, dead. Rick Smith can look back at a 35 year career as a

:22:50.:22:55.

skipper. For him, discards are a direct result of EU rules.

:22:55.:23:00.

When there is a ban or a quota on court, for instance, you are still

:23:00.:23:05.

catching all the other species, and you catch cod. You have no

:23:05.:23:08.

alternative but to throw it away, dead.

:23:08.:23:14.

That must be heartbreaking? Yes. That is what the law states.

:23:14.:23:17.

Discards are the most obvious problem with the common fisheries

:23:17.:23:20.

policy but there are many other issues as well. The EU commissioner

:23:20.:23:24.

is today proposing a radical programme of reform, including

:23:24.:23:29.

banning discards. Our proposal is to change the

:23:29.:23:35.

system so that all catches are landed and counted against quotas.

:23:35.:23:41.

A third element is giving an alternative to overfishing.

:23:41.:23:45.

UK ministers describe the regulations as fundamentally broken,

:23:45.:23:48.

it is welcome news to them. They know the hard bargain is just

:23:48.:23:53.

beginning. We have now got a very busy year to

:23:53.:23:57.

make sure that the commissioner's proposals, many of which we have

:23:57.:24:03.

been pushing for, will see the light of day. We also need to

:24:03.:24:09.

reverse the hugely damaging effects of the common fishing policy.

:24:09.:24:13.

The debate in Europe will be protected, potentially better, with

:24:13.:24:18.

so much vested national interest, there is no guarantee that any of

:24:18.:24:22.

the proposed reforms will come into force.

:24:22.:24:25.

Many conservationists say the basic problem is there are too many

:24:25.:24:30.

fishing boats going after too few fish. Their logic is there should

:24:30.:24:34.

be slimmed down European fishing fleet. That is a difficult message

:24:34.:24:38.

for any politician to deliver to a community like Brixham, so

:24:38.:24:47.

dependent on the fishing industry. Welcome back to Westminster, where

:24:47.:24:50.

the the bed -- where the debate which was tabled by the opposition

:24:50.:24:54.

leader Ed Miliband, saying there was no public confidence in the

:24:54.:24:59.

News Corporation taking over steep -- BSkyB, had ended. It didn't go

:24:59.:25:06.

to a vote because News Corp decided to pull out of that bid for BSkyB.

:25:06.:25:10.

Some very strong, passionate language in the chamber today.

:25:10.:25:14.

Yes. We heard Gordon Brown talking about how News International had

:25:14.:25:18.

descended from the gutters into the sewers. That is the problem for

:25:18.:25:24.

Rupert Murdoch. There is no end in sight to MPs piling into damage the

:25:24.:25:27.

reps is eight -- the reputation of News International.

:25:27.:25:32.

What a change in nine days. A lot of party leaders were falling over

:25:32.:25:39.

themselves to court Rupert Murdoch after those of his emotions --

:25:39.:25:44.

before those revelations. Yes. David Cameron was saying just

:25:44.:25:49.

a few days ago that MPs shouldn't confuse the issue of the BSkyB bid

:25:49.:25:53.

with the issue of phone hacking. And yet, this morning, in the House

:25:53.:25:59.

of Commons, he was saying they should do that. A massive U-turn.

:25:59.:26:03.

It hasn't been a good nine days for No. 10, has it?

:26:03.:26:07.

It hasn't. They look like they have been at the back foot for most of

:26:07.:26:12.

this crisis since those allegations about Milly Dowler first arose. On

:26:12.:26:15.

the one hand they point out that David Cameron was outside the

:26:15.:26:19.

country when they first broke but even so, it has been Ed Miliband

:26:19.:26:22.

who has made the running on this one.

:26:22.:26:26.

Thank you. It has been a dramatic day at Westminster. It has also

:26:26.:26:31.

been a day of a humiliation for Rupert Murdoch. Forced by public

:26:31.:26:35.

opinion to withdraw that bid for BSkyB. He wanted that takeover

:26:35.:26:39.

because it is a huge potential money spinner for the company. It

:26:39.:26:44.

could be resurrected, perhaps, in the next few months, but who knows

:26:44.:26:54.
:26:54.:26:59.

quite what will happen? That is it Hello. Most of the United Kingdom

:26:59.:27:02.

will be dry on Thursday. The cloud will be broken and sunshine will

:27:02.:27:06.

come through but this isn't the whole story because there is a

:27:06.:27:10.

notable wet exception and that is in eastern most parts of England,

:27:10.:27:14.

courtesy of an area of low pressure on the Continent, pushing rain into

:27:14.:27:20.

coastal Norfolk and Suffolk. It will be an unpleasant day here. The

:27:20.:27:25.

brain are starting to hack. A cool feel to the weather. Elsewhere, you

:27:25.:27:29.

can see some of that sunshine on offer. Good sunny spells across the

:27:29.:27:34.

North of England but Lincolnshire south, you are in the cloudy and

:27:34.:27:40.

wet zone in parts of Essex and East Kent. The windy his own and cool

:27:41.:27:46.

where the rain is heavy. Maybe just 12 degrees. In stark contrast we

:27:46.:27:51.

have the south-west of England and Wales, dry with good sunny spells.

:27:51.:27:55.

Feeling warmer than it did today. That is the case in north-west

:27:55.:27:58.

England as well. Northern Ireland will get increasing clout through

:27:59.:28:04.

the afternoon. Some of that cloud pushing into Scotland. Elsewhere in

:28:04.:28:08.

Scotland, one or two showers developing but few and far between.

:28:08.:28:12.

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