12/07/2011 World News Today


12/07/2011

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox.

:00:08.:00:11.

Shocked and close to tears - the former British prime minister

:00:11.:00:13.

Gordon Brown accuses News International of breaking the law

:00:13.:00:23.
:00:23.:00:24.

to gain access to his son's medical records. There is absolute proof

:00:24.:00:27.

that News International is involved in hiring people to get this

:00:27.:00:34.

information. I do know also that the people they work with are

:00:34.:00:37.

criminals. Known criminals. Senior police officers accuse News

:00:37.:00:39.

International of trying to block the original phone hacking

:00:39.:00:42.

investigation. Rupert Murdoch, his son James, and Rebekah Brooks are

:00:42.:00:47.

called to answer questions before Parliament next Tuesday.

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Europe's financial nightmare scenario? The euro falls and shares

:00:53.:00:55.

are under pressure amid fears the debt crisis could spread to Spain

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and Italy. Mining for future technology - how

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the computerised world is reviving an ailing industry in the United

:01:04.:01:06.

States. She writes about life on the mean

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streets of Zimbabwe. We speak to the winner of Africa's leading

:01:09.:01:19.
:01:19.:01:29.

Hello and welcome. Shocked and at times close to tears,

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the former British prime minister Gordon Brown has accused News

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International of being connected to the criminal underworld. It follows

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allegations that the Sunday Times, along with the Sun, both owned by

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News International, tried to obtain his family's private financial and

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medical details. In an exclusive interview with the BBC, Gordon

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Brown revealed he broke down when he read the revelations in the Sun

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five years ago, telling the world that his son Fraser has cystic

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fibrosis. Both the Sun and the Sunday Times maintain that the

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information was obtained legally. James Landale looks now at the

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allegations. This report contains flash photography.

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Here are Gordon and Rupert at a conference. Here is Gordon again

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with Rupert's daughter Elizabeth on his left and the top editor,

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Rebekah Brooks, the editor on his Far left. For years, team Brown

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stayed close to team Murdoch. But no more. Today, the smiles faded

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away as Gordon Brown accused the Sunday Times of employing criminals.

:02:30.:02:39.

I had my bank accounts broken into. I had my lawyers' files blagged as

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they call it. My tax returns went missing at one point. Medical

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records have been broken into. I don't know how all this happened,

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but I do know one thing, that in two of these instances, there is

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absolute proof that News International was involved in

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hiring people to get this information. I do know also that

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the people they work with, because this is what really concerns me

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most, are criminals. Gordon Brown claimed they were looking for

:03:09.:03:12.

information about a flat in this London Street that he bought in the

:03:12.:03:17.

early 90s. He said he paid the market rate. The Sunday Times

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claimed he got a knock-down price. This is the editor of the Sunday

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Times. Mr Brown alleged his newspaper had been out to bring him

:03:27.:03:32.

down as a government minister. Mr Brown also turned his fire on

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another News International Paper, the Sun. He attacked the way it

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reported that his youngest son Fraser was suffering from cystic

:03:40.:03:45.

fibrosis. Mr Brown did not allege that his son's medical records were

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stolen but he said the allegations have left him... In tears. Your son

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is going to be broadcast across the media. Sarah and died are

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incredibly upset about it. We are thinking about his long-term future.

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We are thinking about our family but there is nothing you can do

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about it, you are in public life. Other parents in public life with

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children who had medical conditions were sympathetic. My heart goes out

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to Gordon and Sarah Brown. To have your children's privacy invaded is

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completely unacceptable and heartbreaking for the family

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concerned. Tonight, the Sun said it had not accessed medical records

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but had been given the story by a member of the public with

:04:33.:04:36.

experience of cystic fibrosis and is said the article had been

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written sensitively and appropriately. Above all, Gordon

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Brown accused News International of having an agenda against him. He

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said Rupert Murdoch wanted the BBC and the media regulator Ofcom

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reformed. He, Gordon Brown, did not. When my record as time of Prime

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Minister is look at, and all the records are there to see, it will

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show that we stood up to News International. We refused to

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support their commercial ambitions when we thought there against the

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public interest. Four days, the Murdoch empire has faced

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allegations about phone hacking by one newspaper, the News of the

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World. But Mr Brown's interview has now widened the attack to other

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newspapers in the group. Labour's current leader that the family of

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Milly Dowler, whose phone was also allegedly hacked. Today, he will

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table a motion calling for Mr Murdoch to withdraw his bid for

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BSkyB. To I think what the public want us to do as a House of Commons,

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is to stand up and say it is not conceivable that Mr Murdoch could

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expand its reach in British media, while the issues that happened at

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News International, while the issues of criminality are still

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being investigated and wife - a while so much is coming out day-by-

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day. Tomorrow, in an historic vote, Parliament has the chance to turn

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its back on Murdoch. Rupert Murdoch, his son James and

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the former News of the World editor Rebekah Brooks have all been called

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to appear next week before MPs to answer questions over the hacking

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scandal at the paper. Today, four senior police officers in charge of

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past and present investigations into phone hacking told a

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parliamentary committee that their work had been limited, because the

:06:19.:06:22.

paper's owners had not been co- operative. The officer now leading

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the investigation said they are looking into whether the phones of

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4000 people were hacked. Tom Symonds looks now the police

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investigation. A parade of past and serving police

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top brass. Arriving by car and on for it to the Commons for a

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grilling by MPs, still reeling after a week of relentless

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revelations. Lord Blair was the Metropolitan Police Commissioner

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when it first emerged royal aides were having their phones hacked.

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How serious was it then? This was a tiny fragmentary event in the

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events which were taking place across London at that time. Events

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such as this. The met ran a swift phone hacking inquiry and moved on.

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My apologies to you for keeping you waiting. Today, the senior officers

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were having to explain why it was not widened out. Peter Clarke is a

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former assistant deputy commissioner who led the first

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investigation. His reasons: First, that the investigation would be

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compromised. Second, that a much wider range of people who we were

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learning were becoming victims of this activity, would continue to be

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victimised while the investigation took its course. There was another

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factor, resistance from News International. This is a global

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organisation with access to the best legal advice and in my view,

:07:59.:08:05.

are deliberately trying to thwart a criminal investigation. A common

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theme. Also in the hot seat, John Yates, assistant commissioner. The

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man who decided not to reopen the hacking inquiry into 1009. It is a

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matter of great concern that for whatever reason, the News of the

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World appears to have failed to co- operate in the way that we now know

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they should have, with the relevant police inquiries up to January this

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year. A lack of evidence left Mr Yates making this announcement in

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2009. Our inquiries show that in the vast majority of cases there

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was insufficient evidence to show that tapping had actually been

:08:41.:08:47.

achieved. But many believe the case was dropped because senior officers

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became too close to executives at News International. Enter Andy

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Hayman, former assistant commissioner. He oversaw the first

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phone hacking inquiry. To the continued astonishment for MPs,

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left the police, to write a column for the Times, owned by News

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International. Have you any idea how that looks to the public?

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cannot think of anything in the background where the line has been

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crossed or I have done anything wrong, as a result of being

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employed by the Times. It is part of News International, it is a big

:09:20.:09:24.

outfit but it was not the News of the World. The inquiry is not just

:09:24.:09:30.

about Glenn Mulcaire the phone hacker, but about computer hacking

:09:30.:09:35.

and even police corruption. Sue Akers, the deputy assistant

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commissioner is leading it. She revealed there were 3,800 plus

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targets for the hackers. Only 170 have been contacted so far.

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confident we have got an excellent team who while working tirelessly

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to get this right and I hope that I do not have to come here again in

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five years' time to explain why we failed. For Rupert Murdoch and

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Rebekah Brooks, pursued by the media for days, have now been asked

:10:02.:10:06.

to give evidence themselves to another Commons committee. No

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announcement yet but News International says it will co-

:10:10.:10:13.

operate. Now a look at some of the other

:10:13.:10:17.

news. A half-brother of the Afghan President, Hamid Karzai, has been

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shot dead at his home in the city of Kandahar. Ahmad Wali Karzai was

:10:21.:10:23.

regarded as one of the most powerful politicians in southern

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Afghanistan. He was killed by his long-serving head of security, who

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was then killed by other bodyguards. After a night of violent protests

:10:30.:10:33.

in Northern Ireland, tens of thousands of Protestants are taking

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part in traditional marches, amid heightened sectarian tensions. Last

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night, police and youths clashed in the capital Belfast. Police have

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more than 20 officers were injured. The founder of the whistleblower

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and website, WikiLeaks, Julian Assange, has begun an appeal

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against his extradition from Britain to Sweden, where he is

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accused of sexual offences. His lawyers told the High Court in

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London that the description of the charges in the Swedish arrest

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warrant was misleading and unfair. Mr Assange denies any wrongdoing

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and says the case against him is politically motivated, after his

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website published tens of thousands of leaked American diplomatic

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cables last year. Russia is observing a day of

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mourning for the victims of Sunday's pleasure boat disaster on

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the River Volga. It is feared that more than 120 people drowned, and

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divers are still recovering bodies. It has been a bad day on the

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European markets as fears of further contagion from Euros in

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debt crisis continued to build. Both Italy and Spain's borrowing

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costs soared to record highs earlier as investors fretted about

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their finances. The worry is that the rest of the bloc would struggle

:11:38.:11:41.

to bail out their economies which are much larger than Greece,

:11:41.:11:44.

Portugal and Ireland's combined. Meanwhile, after a second day of

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talks, euro-zone finance ministers have still yet to come to an

:11:47.:11:49.

agreement on Greece's second bail- out, as Matthew Price reports from

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Brussels. Europe's debt crisis spread

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dangerously far today to Italy. There, the interest rates have been

:12:01.:12:07.

rising sharply. Let's hope we do not end up like grease, this man

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said. Spain also faced similar pressure, two huge economies being

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rattled by the Greek debt crisis. In Brussels, Europe's finance

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ministers gathered, not officially to discuss Italy but it did

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overshadow the meeting. They used to be an assumption that if a

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country uses the euro, lending money to that country is basically

:12:30.:12:35.

say. The Greek debt crisis has changed all that. Many

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international investors are worried they may not get back all the money

:12:38.:12:42.

they lent to Greece, so by extension, they are rethinking the

:12:42.:12:46.

terms on which they lend money to other euro countries which are

:12:46.:12:51.

heavily in debt. That is why the interest payments for Italy and

:12:51.:12:56.

others are going up. Sorting out Greece is crucial.

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Finance ministers from the eurozone say they have now agreed to work

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quickly on a second bail-out for Greece. They also said they would

:13:04.:13:08.

increase the size of the rescue mechanism currently in place, and

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adjust the terms of EU loans to countries currently indebted like

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grease to make it cheaper for them to pay off their debt. We have made

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significant process yesterday -- progress yesterday and I'm certain

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we will be able to have concrete proposals so the ministers can take

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the concrete decisions on this basis.

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That, though, is an admission of how much work still needs to be

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done. There are serious disagreements within Europe about

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how to help Greece and all the while, other countries are getting

:13:44.:13:52.

dragged into the crisis. We can go to Washington, we hope to

:13:52.:13:57.

go to Rome in a moment as well. A can speak to the Co director of the

:13:57.:14:01.

Centre for economic and Policy Research. Europe says it has got

:14:01.:14:06.

this in hand, cheaper loans, more flexible Refuge funds, it should do

:14:06.:14:12.

the trick, shouldn't it? Not really. The problem for quite some time is

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the European authorities have been pushing countries like Greece

:14:16.:14:20.

especially further into recession with these austerity powers. They

:14:20.:14:27.

are basically doing the opposite of what countries in the world did

:14:27.:14:32.

during the 2009 world recession, forcing them to cut spending, raise

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taxes and in spite of depression levels of unemployment in places

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like Greece and Spain. Greece is that the heart of all of this,

:14:41.:14:46.

isn't it? If they could sort Greece at quickly, wouldn't it arrest

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threat of contagion elsewhere? Certainly, but they cannot even

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agree on the obvious which is that some of Greece's debt has to be

:14:57.:15:03.

written off. Instead... I AM sorry to interrupt but there is talk now

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that may be some sort of structured default might be acceptable?

:15:09.:15:14.

and that would be a step forward. But as long as they continued to

:15:15.:15:18.

squeeze the economy and try and squeeze as much debt payment, that

:15:18.:15:23.

is what they're doing, they are putting it through another year of

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recession and 16 % unemployment, laying off another 20 % of the

:15:28.:15:32.

federal labour force and all to get as much as they can out of them

:15:32.:15:36.

before they write off some of this debt. So they are making a mess and

:15:36.:15:46.
:15:46.:15:47.

they have been making a mess from If they could not afford to bail-

:15:47.:15:52.

out Italy and Spain, despite the size of their economy, what is the

:15:52.:15:56.

way forward? The way forward needs to be a default for Greece, one

:15:57.:16:01.

that allows the economy to grow, and I do not know if Europe will

:16:01.:16:06.

agree to that, given the last track record. The same is true for the

:16:06.:16:11.

other weaker euro-zone economies. Portugal signed on to win agreement

:16:11.:16:17.

a few weeks ago, giving and two more years of recession. They

:16:17.:16:25.

cannot continue to prevent these economies recovery and expect this

:16:25.:16:30.

crisis to recover itself. This isn't an economic solution at the

:16:30.:16:33.

moment, it is a political solution in Brussels, and you don't think

:16:33.:16:38.

the euro is worth saving because of the financial straitjackets it

:16:38.:16:43.

imposes on countries that have problems at the moment. I think

:16:43.:16:48.

that this crisis shows that the European Monetary Union, not the

:16:48.:16:53.

European Union as a whole, the monetary union and those that run

:16:53.:16:57.

it are implementing a right-wing project with a right-wing political

:16:57.:17:03.

agenda. You look at privatisation in Greece, the labour market

:17:03.:17:10.

reforms in Spain, the regressive nature of the tax increases that

:17:10.:17:17.

they impose, all of these cases, and bailing out the banks, not

:17:17.:17:22.

wanting the creditors to absorb any losses while putting this enormous

:17:22.:17:25.

burden and social cost on the people of the indebted countries.

:17:25.:17:30.

This is an agenda at that the sacrifice for these countries with

:17:30.:17:34.

no end in sight, no light at the end of the tunnel, this is too

:17:34.:17:38.

great to have a common currency. Thank you.

:17:38.:17:45.

We hope to speak to Italy in a few moments as well.

:17:45.:17:49.

Raw-materials like oil have been strategic assets fought over for

:17:49.:17:54.

many years, but a vital ingredient is found in few parts of the world.

:17:54.:18:01.

Scandium, Neodymium or Dysprosium may not be that familiar, but they

:18:01.:18:04.

are earth elements and Darren everything from iPads to wind

:18:04.:18:10.

turbines. Their cost has gone up, they are produced in China, and it

:18:10.:18:16.

has gone up 1,000 % and this is worrying America, which has revived

:18:16.:18:22.

some ailing industries. In a dusty old mine, high up in

:18:22.:18:26.

California's Mojave Desert, they are digging to securing its

:18:26.:18:30.

security. Been cut deeper Underground is a substance found in

:18:30.:18:37.

very few places. In these rocks, there are rare earth elements,

:18:37.:18:42.

essential hi-tech building blocks, and there is a shortage. We have

:18:42.:18:46.

done enough expiration to know which will last at least 30 years.

:18:46.:18:51.

This closed 10 years ago, but with prices jumping 10 fold in the year,

:18:51.:18:55.

it is viable again, and the market is supplied by just one gigantic

:18:55.:19:00.

play. China at the moment is producing 97 % of what the world

:19:00.:19:07.

needs, but they are starting to consume more of their own elements

:19:07.:19:11.

and their exporting less of them. We're looking at shortages of this

:19:11.:19:16.

now, so this is why we are trying to get these minds up and running

:19:16.:19:22.

as fast as possible. There is an urgent demand for these elements

:19:22.:19:26.

that the world is fast becoming addicted to. There are digging for

:19:26.:19:31.

this grey powder which is aware at Parliament, and each of these bags

:19:32.:19:39.

is worth well over �100,000. -- a rare earth elements. The television

:19:39.:19:47.

sets need these elements for a full-colour picture. They are

:19:47.:19:52.

essential for the technology today. Wind turbines work more efficiently

:19:52.:19:56.

with magnets made from these elements, and they also used in new

:19:56.:20:02.

cars in a battery and in the fuels. The future technology including

:20:02.:20:06.

solar power depends on these elements. Fighter jets and missiles

:20:06.:20:11.

need them as well, so that affects American security. We get worried

:20:11.:20:18.

when any country monopolises a raw material. They are using the

:20:18.:20:22.

political leverage in China about to rise the corner of the market

:20:22.:20:29.

that they have. -- that drives the corner. Natural resources will

:20:29.:20:32.

become more important and the competition for them could reshape

:20:32.:20:41.

local politics. -- global politics. We go back to the European markets,

:20:41.:20:46.

and fears of contagion with the doubts concerning Italy and Spain.

:20:46.:20:51.

We can cross to Rome and speak to Senator Lucio Malan, a member of

:20:51.:20:57.

the Italian Freedom of People Party. It is pretty gloomy, this scenario,

:20:57.:21:01.

the nightmare scenario potentially, for Italy, how do you get out of

:21:01.:21:07.

this? I think we're getting out of it. There is a lot of hysteria at,

:21:07.:21:14.

a lot of media generated panic. We are going to approve, in three days,

:21:15.:21:21.

a budget programme to get a balanced budget by 2014 or even

:21:21.:21:26.

2013. You could end up not being able to pay the interest on these

:21:26.:21:32.

loans if it snowballs? Of chorus, the interest rates that we have

:21:32.:21:42.
:21:42.:21:44.

today, they are very high. They are too high for the market. Those that

:21:44.:21:49.

voted for them today, they didn't do a good deal. Sorry to interrupt,

:21:49.:21:55.

is that not the problem, the market senses blood. You're now the focus

:21:55.:21:58.

of the international markets, and as a result of that, you have to

:21:58.:22:05.

pay higher market interest. Today, because today, the bonds that we

:22:05.:22:11.

place today, they have higher interest rates. That was a bad deal.

:22:11.:22:21.

We're putting on the market, but once every few weeks, they will

:22:21.:22:25.

have a much lower interest rates, that would be easier for us. You

:22:26.:22:30.

cannot measure. The whole public debt on the basis of one day, you

:22:30.:22:34.

cannot measure this. What about the social cost, the social

:22:34.:22:38.

implications for the Italian people? High unemployment, low

:22:38.:22:44.

growth, the debt load is very high, how do people enjoy work all of the

:22:44.:22:48.

austerity measures that are necessary to get through this? --

:22:48.:22:53.

headed people tolerate all the austerity measures? We need to find

:22:53.:23:01.

ways to promote development, and not just balance the budget. The

:23:02.:23:05.

budget doesn't just give to Parliament to a nation, in fact, we

:23:05.:23:09.

have to work, we're improving urgent measures, but out of the

:23:09.:23:14.

very emergency, in the next weeks or months, we have to promote

:23:14.:23:19.

something to promote the growth. We cannot focus only on a balanced

:23:19.:23:27.

budget. Thank you. We are glad to get hold of you or from Italy.

:23:27.:23:31.

Something very different, she is described as a writer with moral

:23:31.:23:36.

power and weight, and she takes delight in language. Now, NoViolet

:23:36.:23:41.

Bulawayo has won the Caine Prize for literature, for her short story,

:23:41.:23:46.

Hitting Budapest. It is set in her home country Zimbabwe, the tale of

:23:46.:23:52.

a starving gang of shantytown children trying to survive. Let's

:23:52.:23:55.

speak to NoViolet Bulawayo, congratulations. The awards were

:23:55.:24:01.

last night at Oxford University. We heard the plaudits from the judges.

:24:01.:24:11.

What made you write this book? short story, it was inspired by a

:24:11.:24:17.

desire to engage with the world. Especially, in terms of issues that

:24:17.:24:27.
:24:27.:24:27.

I care about. I look good violence, humanity, a lack of it, in society.

:24:27.:24:32.

And children, in a world of very poor opportunities. And shocking,

:24:32.:24:37.

one young girl that was impregnated by her grandfather, some of the

:24:37.:24:40.

judges thought there were similarities in terms of the gang

:24:40.:24:43.

with some of the characters from Clockwork Orange. How do you answer

:24:43.:24:49.

the critics that say, what you representing is quite a cliche,

:24:49.:24:54.

this kind of view of shantytown children, the dispossessed, poor,

:24:54.:24:59.

starving, a familiar face of Africa and particulars Zimbabwe. It is a

:24:59.:25:04.

very familiar face, but at the same time, I have the right to write

:25:04.:25:10.

what I want to write. As an artist, I write what news me and what

:25:10.:25:20.
:25:20.:25:20.

speaks to me. -- moves me. Some of this is taken from my own story.

:25:20.:25:28.

I'm not saying that Hitting Budapest is autobiographical, but I

:25:28.:25:31.

was around issues like those, and it gives me the right to tell my

:25:31.:25:36.

story the way that I want to tell it. It's about a group of children,

:25:36.:25:43.

had hunting guavas, and they go to different areas of town. There is

:25:43.:25:50.

the body of a dead woman in a treat, I wondered if you sort

:25:51.:25:54.

paradoxically, the political climate in Zimbabwe was something

:25:54.:25:58.

that was actually a catalyst for writing, and terms of people

:25:58.:26:02.

suffering so much that this was almost like a creative artist

:26:02.:26:12.
:26:12.:26:14.

expire? -- spire? These children are poverty-stricken because

:26:14.:26:18.

something is wrong politically. But at the same time, I do not want it

:26:18.:26:22.

to be considered as a Zimbabwe and story. It can take place anywhere

:26:22.:26:28.

in the world. Did you think a prize for African literature is sometimes

:26:28.:26:34.

counter-productive, it should be a prize for literature, not just

:26:34.:26:39.

African literature, because all literature is literature. Yes, it

:26:39.:26:43.

is all literature, regardless of third comes from, but the stages on

:26:43.:26:49.

equal. I have to stop you there. Congratulations. Glad to see you.

:26:49.:26:59.
:26:59.:27:02.

In the next few days, the weather is staying and saddled with more

:27:02.:27:06.

showers to talk about. This evening and overnight, the showers fade

:27:06.:27:11.

away to return throughout the day tomorrow. If you look at the

:27:11.:27:15.

forecast, low-pressure clearing away from the south-east corner. A

:27:15.:27:19.

weak area of high pressure slowly becoming established on Wednesday.

:27:19.:27:24.

We will still see the cloud bubbling up. Showers in the West.

:27:24.:27:28.

Overcast, the south-east corner, with light, scattered showers. You

:27:28.:27:33.

can see on the coast of eastern England, just here, looking at the

:27:33.:27:38.

showers. Further inland, dry and cloudy with temperatures struggling

:27:38.:27:43.

at around 15 or 16 degrees. Some bright spells at the West. One or

:27:43.:27:47.

two showers breaking out here in the afternoon. A light wind across

:27:48.:27:52.

parts of the south-west and for Wales. Drier and brighter spells in

:27:52.:27:56.

between the showers. In Northern Ireland, some showers through the

:27:56.:28:01.

day, a bit more cloud developing as well for the afternoon. In Scotland,

:28:01.:28:05.

showers across western areas, eastern Scotland being drier, but

:28:05.:28:10.

cloudy skies. A top temperature in Inverness and Glasgow at 60 degrees.

:28:10.:28:14.

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