12/07/2011 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox.


Shocked and close to tears - the former British prime minister


Gordon Brown accuses News International of breaking the law


to gain access to his son's medical records. There is absolute proof


that News International is involved in hiring people to get this


information. I do know also that the people they work with are


criminals. Known criminals. Senior police officers accuse News


International of trying to block the original phone hacking


investigation. Rupert Murdoch, his son James, and Rebekah Brooks are


called to answer questions before Parliament next Tuesday.


Europe's financial nightmare scenario? The euro falls and shares


are under pressure amid fears the debt crisis could spread to Spain


and Italy. Mining for future technology - how


the computerised world is reviving an ailing industry in the United


States. She writes about life on the mean


streets of Zimbabwe. We speak to the winner of Africa's leading


Hello and welcome. Shocked and at times close to tears,


the former British prime minister Gordon Brown has accused News


International of being connected to the criminal underworld. It follows


allegations that the Sunday Times, along with the Sun, both owned by


News International, tried to obtain his family's private financial and


medical details. In an exclusive interview with the BBC, Gordon


Brown revealed he broke down when he read the revelations in the Sun


five years ago, telling the world that his son Fraser has cystic


fibrosis. Both the Sun and the Sunday Times maintain that the


information was obtained legally. James Landale looks now at the


allegations. This report contains flash photography.


Here are Gordon and Rupert at a conference. Here is Gordon again


with Rupert's daughter Elizabeth on his left and the top editor,


Rebekah Brooks, the editor on his Far left. For years, team Brown


stayed close to team Murdoch. But no more. Today, the smiles faded


away as Gordon Brown accused the Sunday Times of employing criminals.


I had my bank accounts broken into. I had my lawyers' files blagged as


they call it. My tax returns went missing at one point. Medical


records have been broken into. I don't know how all this happened,


but I do know one thing, that in two of these instances, there is


absolute proof that News International was involved in


hiring people to get this information. I do know also that


the people they work with, because this is what really concerns me


most, are criminals. Gordon Brown claimed they were looking for


information about a flat in this London Street that he bought in the


early 90s. He said he paid the market rate. The Sunday Times


claimed he got a knock-down price. This is the editor of the Sunday


Times. Mr Brown alleged his newspaper had been out to bring him


down as a government minister. Mr Brown also turned his fire on


another News International Paper, the Sun. He attacked the way it


reported that his youngest son Fraser was suffering from cystic


fibrosis. Mr Brown did not allege that his son's medical records were


stolen but he said the allegations have left him... In tears. Your son


is going to be broadcast across the media. Sarah and died are


incredibly upset about it. We are thinking about his long-term future.


We are thinking about our family but there is nothing you can do


about it, you are in public life. Other parents in public life with


children who had medical conditions were sympathetic. My heart goes out


to Gordon and Sarah Brown. To have your children's privacy invaded is


completely unacceptable and heartbreaking for the family


concerned. Tonight, the Sun said it had not accessed medical records


but had been given the story by a member of the public with


experience of cystic fibrosis and is said the article had been


written sensitively and appropriately. Above all, Gordon


Brown accused News International of having an agenda against him. He


said Rupert Murdoch wanted the BBC and the media regulator Ofcom


reformed. He, Gordon Brown, did not. When my record as time of Prime


Minister is look at, and all the records are there to see, it will


show that we stood up to News International. We refused to


support their commercial ambitions when we thought there against the


public interest. Four days, the Murdoch empire has faced


allegations about phone hacking by one newspaper, the News of the


World. But Mr Brown's interview has now widened the attack to other


newspapers in the group. Labour's current leader that the family of


Milly Dowler, whose phone was also allegedly hacked. Today, he will


table a motion calling for Mr Murdoch to withdraw his bid for


BSkyB. To I think what the public want us to do as a House of Commons,


is to stand up and say it is not conceivable that Mr Murdoch could


expand its reach in British media, while the issues that happened at


News International, while the issues of criminality are still


being investigated and wife - a while so much is coming out day-by-


day. Tomorrow, in an historic vote, Parliament has the chance to turn


its back on Murdoch. Rupert Murdoch, his son James and


the former News of the World editor Rebekah Brooks have all been called


to appear next week before MPs to answer questions over the hacking


scandal at the paper. Today, four senior police officers in charge of


past and present investigations into phone hacking told a


parliamentary committee that their work had been limited, because the


paper's owners had not been co- operative. The officer now leading


the investigation said they are looking into whether the phones of


4000 people were hacked. Tom Symonds looks now the police


investigation. A parade of past and serving police


top brass. Arriving by car and on for it to the Commons for a


grilling by MPs, still reeling after a week of relentless


revelations. Lord Blair was the Metropolitan Police Commissioner


when it first emerged royal aides were having their phones hacked.


How serious was it then? This was a tiny fragmentary event in the


events which were taking place across London at that time. Events


such as this. The met ran a swift phone hacking inquiry and moved on.


My apologies to you for keeping you waiting. Today, the senior officers


were having to explain why it was not widened out. Peter Clarke is a


former assistant deputy commissioner who led the first


investigation. His reasons: First, that the investigation would be


compromised. Second, that a much wider range of people who we were


learning were becoming victims of this activity, would continue to be


victimised while the investigation took its course. There was another


factor, resistance from News International. This is a global


organisation with access to the best legal advice and in my view,


are deliberately trying to thwart a criminal investigation. A common


theme. Also in the hot seat, John Yates, assistant commissioner. The


man who decided not to reopen the hacking inquiry into 1009. It is a


matter of great concern that for whatever reason, the News of the


World appears to have failed to co- operate in the way that we now know


they should have, with the relevant police inquiries up to January this


year. A lack of evidence left Mr Yates making this announcement in


2009. Our inquiries show that in the vast majority of cases there


was insufficient evidence to show that tapping had actually been


achieved. But many believe the case was dropped because senior officers


became too close to executives at News International. Enter Andy


Hayman, former assistant commissioner. He oversaw the first


phone hacking inquiry. To the continued astonishment for MPs,


left the police, to write a column for the Times, owned by News


International. Have you any idea how that looks to the public?


cannot think of anything in the background where the line has been


crossed or I have done anything wrong, as a result of being


employed by the Times. It is part of News International, it is a big


outfit but it was not the News of the World. The inquiry is not just


about Glenn Mulcaire the phone hacker, but about computer hacking


and even police corruption. Sue Akers, the deputy assistant


commissioner is leading it. She revealed there were 3,800 plus


targets for the hackers. Only 170 have been contacted so far.


confident we have got an excellent team who while working tirelessly


to get this right and I hope that I do not have to come here again in


five years' time to explain why we failed. For Rupert Murdoch and


Rebekah Brooks, pursued by the media for days, have now been asked


to give evidence themselves to another Commons committee. No


announcement yet but News International says it will co-


operate. Now a look at some of the other


news. A half-brother of the Afghan President, Hamid Karzai, has been


shot dead at his home in the city of Kandahar. Ahmad Wali Karzai was


regarded as one of the most powerful politicians in southern


Afghanistan. He was killed by his long-serving head of security, who


was then killed by other bodyguards. After a night of violent protests


in Northern Ireland, tens of thousands of Protestants are taking


part in traditional marches, amid heightened sectarian tensions. Last


night, police and youths clashed in the capital Belfast. Police have


more than 20 officers were injured. The founder of the whistleblower


and website, WikiLeaks, Julian Assange, has begun an appeal


against his extradition from Britain to Sweden, where he is


accused of sexual offences. His lawyers told the High Court in


London that the description of the charges in the Swedish arrest


warrant was misleading and unfair. Mr Assange denies any wrongdoing


and says the case against him is politically motivated, after his


website published tens of thousands of leaked American diplomatic


cables last year. Russia is observing a day of


mourning for the victims of Sunday's pleasure boat disaster on


the River Volga. It is feared that more than 120 people drowned, and


divers are still recovering bodies. It has been a bad day on the


European markets as fears of further contagion from Euros in


debt crisis continued to build. Both Italy and Spain's borrowing


costs soared to record highs earlier as investors fretted about


their finances. The worry is that the rest of the bloc would struggle


to bail out their economies which are much larger than Greece,


Portugal and Ireland's combined. Meanwhile, after a second day of


talks, euro-zone finance ministers have still yet to come to an


agreement on Greece's second bail- out, as Matthew Price reports from


Brussels. Europe's debt crisis spread


dangerously far today to Italy. There, the interest rates have been


rising sharply. Let's hope we do not end up like grease, this man


said. Spain also faced similar pressure, two huge economies being


rattled by the Greek debt crisis. In Brussels, Europe's finance


ministers gathered, not officially to discuss Italy but it did


overshadow the meeting. They used to be an assumption that if a


country uses the euro, lending money to that country is basically


say. The Greek debt crisis has changed all that. Many


international investors are worried they may not get back all the money


they lent to Greece, so by extension, they are rethinking the


terms on which they lend money to other euro countries which are


heavily in debt. That is why the interest payments for Italy and


others are going up. Sorting out Greece is crucial.


Finance ministers from the eurozone say they have now agreed to work


quickly on a second bail-out for Greece. They also said they would


increase the size of the rescue mechanism currently in place, and


adjust the terms of EU loans to countries currently indebted like


grease to make it cheaper for them to pay off their debt. We have made


significant process yesterday -- progress yesterday and I'm certain


we will be able to have concrete proposals so the ministers can take


the concrete decisions on this basis.


That, though, is an admission of how much work still needs to be


done. There are serious disagreements within Europe about


how to help Greece and all the while, other countries are getting


dragged into the crisis. We can go to Washington, we hope to


go to Rome in a moment as well. A can speak to the Co director of the


Centre for economic and Policy Research. Europe says it has got


this in hand, cheaper loans, more flexible Refuge funds, it should do


the trick, shouldn't it? Not really. The problem for quite some time is


the European authorities have been pushing countries like Greece


especially further into recession with these austerity powers. They


are basically doing the opposite of what countries in the world did


during the 2009 world recession, forcing them to cut spending, raise


taxes and in spite of depression levels of unemployment in places


like Greece and Spain. Greece is that the heart of all of this,


isn't it? If they could sort Greece at quickly, wouldn't it arrest


threat of contagion elsewhere? Certainly, but they cannot even


agree on the obvious which is that some of Greece's debt has to be


written off. Instead... I AM sorry to interrupt but there is talk now


that may be some sort of structured default might be acceptable?


and that would be a step forward. But as long as they continued to


squeeze the economy and try and squeeze as much debt payment, that


is what they're doing, they are putting it through another year of


recession and 16 % unemployment, laying off another 20 % of the


federal labour force and all to get as much as they can out of them


before they write off some of this debt. So they are making a mess and


they have been making a mess from If they could not afford to bail-


out Italy and Spain, despite the size of their economy, what is the


way forward? The way forward needs to be a default for Greece, one


that allows the economy to grow, and I do not know if Europe will


agree to that, given the last track record. The same is true for the


other weaker euro-zone economies. Portugal signed on to win agreement


a few weeks ago, giving and two more years of recession. They


cannot continue to prevent these economies recovery and expect this


crisis to recover itself. This isn't an economic solution at the


moment, it is a political solution in Brussels, and you don't think


the euro is worth saving because of the financial straitjackets it


imposes on countries that have problems at the moment. I think


that this crisis shows that the European Monetary Union, not the


European Union as a whole, the monetary union and those that run


it are implementing a right-wing project with a right-wing political


agenda. You look at privatisation in Greece, the labour market


reforms in Spain, the regressive nature of the tax increases that


they impose, all of these cases, and bailing out the banks, not


wanting the creditors to absorb any losses while putting this enormous


burden and social cost on the people of the indebted countries.


This is an agenda at that the sacrifice for these countries with


no end in sight, no light at the end of the tunnel, this is too


great to have a common currency. Thank you.


We hope to speak to Italy in a few moments as well.


Raw-materials like oil have been strategic assets fought over for


many years, but a vital ingredient is found in few parts of the world.


Scandium, Neodymium or Dysprosium may not be that familiar, but they


are earth elements and Darren everything from iPads to wind


turbines. Their cost has gone up, they are produced in China, and it


has gone up 1,000 % and this is worrying America, which has revived


some ailing industries. In a dusty old mine, high up in


California's Mojave Desert, they are digging to securing its


security. Been cut deeper Underground is a substance found in


very few places. In these rocks, there are rare earth elements,


essential hi-tech building blocks, and there is a shortage. We have


done enough expiration to know which will last at least 30 years.


This closed 10 years ago, but with prices jumping 10 fold in the year,


it is viable again, and the market is supplied by just one gigantic


play. China at the moment is producing 97 % of what the world


needs, but they are starting to consume more of their own elements


and their exporting less of them. We're looking at shortages of this


now, so this is why we are trying to get these minds up and running


as fast as possible. There is an urgent demand for these elements


that the world is fast becoming addicted to. There are digging for


this grey powder which is aware at Parliament, and each of these bags


is worth well over �100,000. -- a rare earth elements. The television


sets need these elements for a full-colour picture. They are


essential for the technology today. Wind turbines work more efficiently


with magnets made from these elements, and they also used in new


cars in a battery and in the fuels. The future technology including


solar power depends on these elements. Fighter jets and missiles


need them as well, so that affects American security. We get worried


when any country monopolises a raw material. They are using the


political leverage in China about to rise the corner of the market


that they have. -- that drives the corner. Natural resources will


become more important and the competition for them could reshape


local politics. -- global politics. We go back to the European markets,


and fears of contagion with the doubts concerning Italy and Spain.


We can cross to Rome and speak to Senator Lucio Malan, a member of


the Italian Freedom of People Party. It is pretty gloomy, this scenario,


the nightmare scenario potentially, for Italy, how do you get out of


this? I think we're getting out of it. There is a lot of hysteria at,


a lot of media generated panic. We are going to approve, in three days,


a budget programme to get a balanced budget by 2014 or even


2013. You could end up not being able to pay the interest on these


loans if it snowballs? Of chorus, the interest rates that we have


today, they are very high. They are too high for the market. Those that


voted for them today, they didn't do a good deal. Sorry to interrupt,


is that not the problem, the market senses blood. You're now the focus


of the international markets, and as a result of that, you have to


pay higher market interest. Today, because today, the bonds that we


place today, they have higher interest rates. That was a bad deal.


We're putting on the market, but once every few weeks, they will


have a much lower interest rates, that would be easier for us. You


cannot measure. The whole public debt on the basis of one day, you


cannot measure this. What about the social cost, the social


implications for the Italian people? High unemployment, low


growth, the debt load is very high, how do people enjoy work all of the


austerity measures that are necessary to get through this? --


headed people tolerate all the austerity measures? We need to find


ways to promote development, and not just balance the budget. The


budget doesn't just give to Parliament to a nation, in fact, we


have to work, we're improving urgent measures, but out of the


very emergency, in the next weeks or months, we have to promote


something to promote the growth. We cannot focus only on a balanced


budget. Thank you. We are glad to get hold of you or from Italy.


Something very different, she is described as a writer with moral


power and weight, and she takes delight in language. Now, NoViolet


Bulawayo has won the Caine Prize for literature, for her short story,


Hitting Budapest. It is set in her home country Zimbabwe, the tale of


a starving gang of shantytown children trying to survive. Let's


speak to NoViolet Bulawayo, congratulations. The awards were


last night at Oxford University. We heard the plaudits from the judges.


What made you write this book? short story, it was inspired by a


desire to engage with the world. Especially, in terms of issues that


I care about. I look good violence, humanity, a lack of it, in society.


And children, in a world of very poor opportunities. And shocking,


one young girl that was impregnated by her grandfather, some of the


judges thought there were similarities in terms of the gang


with some of the characters from Clockwork Orange. How do you answer


the critics that say, what you representing is quite a cliche,


this kind of view of shantytown children, the dispossessed, poor,


starving, a familiar face of Africa and particulars Zimbabwe. It is a


very familiar face, but at the same time, I have the right to write


what I want to write. As an artist, I write what news me and what


speaks to me. -- moves me. Some of this is taken from my own story.


I'm not saying that Hitting Budapest is autobiographical, but I


was around issues like those, and it gives me the right to tell my


story the way that I want to tell it. It's about a group of children,


had hunting guavas, and they go to different areas of town. There is


the body of a dead woman in a treat, I wondered if you sort


paradoxically, the political climate in Zimbabwe was something


that was actually a catalyst for writing, and terms of people


suffering so much that this was almost like a creative artist


expire? -- spire? These children are poverty-stricken because


something is wrong politically. But at the same time, I do not want it


to be considered as a Zimbabwe and story. It can take place anywhere


in the world. Did you think a prize for African literature is sometimes


counter-productive, it should be a prize for literature, not just


African literature, because all literature is literature. Yes, it


is all literature, regardless of third comes from, but the stages on


equal. I have to stop you there. Congratulations. Glad to see you.


In the next few days, the weather is staying and saddled with more


showers to talk about. This evening and overnight, the showers fade


away to return throughout the day tomorrow. If you look at the


forecast, low-pressure clearing away from the south-east corner. A


weak area of high pressure slowly becoming established on Wednesday.


We will still see the cloud bubbling up. Showers in the West.


Overcast, the south-east corner, with light, scattered showers. You


can see on the coast of eastern England, just here, looking at the


showers. Further inland, dry and cloudy with temperatures struggling


at around 15 or 16 degrees. Some bright spells at the West. One or


two showers breaking out here in the afternoon. A light wind across


parts of the south-west and for Wales. Drier and brighter spells in


between the showers. In Northern Ireland, some showers through the


day, a bit more cloud developing as well for the afternoon. In Scotland,


showers across western areas, eastern Scotland being drier, but


cloudy skies. A top temperature in Inverness and Glasgow at 60 degrees.


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