11/07/2011 World News Today


11/07/2011

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today. The scandal surrounding Rupert

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Murdoch's newspapers intensifies, New evidence suggests the personal

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details of senior royals were sold to the News Of The World by a Royal

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Protection officer. The big prize though gets kicked

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into the long grass. Rupert Murdoch's bid for BSkyB is referred

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to the regulators, delaying any decision for months. I am now going

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to refer this to the Competition Commission with immediate effect,

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and will be writing to them this afternoon.

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The UN calls the drought in East Africa the World's worst

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humanitarian crisis. But why is this refugee camp sitting empty in

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Kenya? The party's over - so what's the

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morning after like for the world's newest nation? In an exclusive

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interview with the BBC, Sudan's President says there could still be

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war with the South over oil-rich Abyei.

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More than 600 victims of the Srebrenica massacre in Bosnia are

:01:06.:01:16.
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re-buried on the 16th anniversary Welcome to the programme. The

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scandal surrounding the murder of British newspapers took another

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turn today with evidence a News Of The World reporter tried to buy

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highly confidential telephone numbers of the royal family from a

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royal protection officer. Another title, the Sunday Times, is alleged

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to have targeted personal information of the former Prime

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Minister, Gordon Brown, when he was Chancellor. He also fears medical

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records relating to their son that has cystic fibrosis may also have

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been obtained. The head of state, the royal family,

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her and their security is the duty of the police in the Royal

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Protection Branch. The integrity of those officers must surely be

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beyond doubt, but this morning, we learned that news of the world's e-

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mails uncovered by News International in 2007, but kept

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secret, contained evidence that they were paying a royal protection

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officers for private information about the royal family. It later

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emerged in the Guardian that the telephones of Prince Charles and

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the Duchess of Cornwall may have been hacked. In one of these e-

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mails, Clive Goodman, the former royal editor, was requesting cash

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from Andy Coulson, the editor, to buy a confidential directory called

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The Green Book of the royal family's landline telephone numbers

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and all of the mobile numbers of the household staff. Now implies

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that a police officer had stolen the directory and wanted �1,000 for

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it. These latest disclosures about systematic wrong doing at the News

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Of The World could not have come for a worse time for the owner,

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News Corporation. They are trying to buy all of one of the most

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important media businesses in the UK, British Sky Broadcasting.

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Rupert Murdoch is creditors as the founder of BSkyB, his News

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Corporation owns just 39 % of it, and the reason he wants 100 % is

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because BSkyB is a growing business generating huge amounts of cash.

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Profits this year are expected to be close to �1 billion, whereas

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revenue from his famous newspapers, those left out to the closure, they

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are under pressure. For the past year, he has argued that his

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takeover should be allowed to go through without a lengthy

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investigation by the Commission. He gave undertakings to protect the

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independence of Sky News to have secured the agreement of Jeremy

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Hunt for the deal. This afternoon, he withdrew those undertakings,

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asking for the deal to go to the Competition Commission. The delay

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in the takeover is better for him than the alternative of abandoning

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it altogether. As a result of the announcement from News Corporation

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this afternoon, I will refer this to the Competition Commission with

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immediate effect. I would be writing to them this afternoon.

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Rupert Murdoch, of this week has been an eternity in business, and

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along to late in the BSkyB bid is now for him, perhaps the best he

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can hope for. -- a long delay. Two other papers allegedly targeted

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so Gordon Brown. Documents and telephone recordings suggest

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illegal attempts were made by the Sunday Times to find out about his

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private financial and property details when he was the Chancellor.

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This contains flash photography. The allegations relate to the

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period before Gordon Brown became the Prime Minister, when he was

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Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Guardian of the finances of the

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nation. In 1992, he bought a flat in this block in Westminster, and

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the Sunday Times, pages later, ran a story that it was purchased very

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reduced price. Now, the BBC has received a tape of a phone call

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which appears to show how the The man interested in the flat was

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Barry be a dull, and man adept at getting information for newspapers.

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He was working for the Sunday Times, it is claimed. In the year 2,000,

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somebody called an Abbey National Centre in Bradford six times

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pretended to be Gordon Brown. He obtained financial details. There

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is no suggestion of any failings of the building society. Letters

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obtained by the BBC show somebody was masquerading as cent. A letter

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was sent to the Sunday Times setting out concerns, but they

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could not prove that the newspaper was involved. All of this goes

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beyond the original phone hacking allegations to another of the dark

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arts of journalism, so-called Bull again. A newspaper pays somebody to

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bring up a medical centre Rory bank and get the person that answers the

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phone to be about private information. This requires a steady

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nerve and a degree of acting ability. Obtaining personal

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information about another person from a company that controls that

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information, that has that information, that is quite clearly

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a criminal offence. What is unclear is the extent to which a journalist

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can say, I have a defence, because I am doing this, getting this

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information in the public interest. One of the most disturbing

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interests for the Brown family was surrounding their son, year in the

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arms of Gordon Brown in 2006. A newspaper article revealed he had

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cystic fibrosis. The family are worried that the information was

:07:29.:07:39.
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obtained from his medical records. They were told that the details of

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Gordon Brown were in the notebook of the investigator, Glenn Mulcare.

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There are investigating the allegations.

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Let's speak to Paul Connew, a former deputy editor of the News Of

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The World, he is an editor of the Sunday Mirror and has worked on the

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Daily Mirror as well. He is now a media consultant. Picking up on

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what Gordon Brown alleges, is this an acceptable journalistic tool?

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depends how it's done and for what story. I would not totally say that

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blogging was out of order. -- blagging. I do not know enough

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about the allegation of the Sunday Times to comment on this case, but

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it has now thrust a flagship broadsheet, another murder title,

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into the flames. It so, in certain circumstances, it is acceptable,

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even though it is illegal? One of the finest journalists in the UK,

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in the public interest, if we look at the MPs expenditure scandal, and

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some people went to jail, that was the result of the Daily Telegraph

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buying stolen information, stolen documents from a whistleblower.

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Initially, MPs were saying, this is outrageous, let's find out and

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prosecute the whistleblower. But the media as well, they were

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threatened for receiving the documents. There was an outcry from

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the public, so bad died away. was a legitimate story in the

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public interest. What about finding out about medical records of a very

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sick young child? That would be completely out of order, on

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acceptable, and obviously criminal, and I would not seek to defend that

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at all. How high up with the provenance of this information go

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in terms of the editorial control? When you were editor, which you

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want to know how you got that information? Yes, absolutely. What

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is baffling to me and most other editors and ex-editor is, is how

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the editor allegedly did not know, that applies to Andy Coulson and

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Rebecca Brooks. Rebecca Brooks is somebody you worked with. Starting

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out, so I cannot judge. How would you explain that Rebecca Brooks is

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still in this position and has this incredible loyalty as far as Rupert

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Murdoch is concerned? A number of things there, Rupert Murdoch can be

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ruthless, but also amazingly loyal. He obviously believes her denials.

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He also believes that she is the victim of information withheld from

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her and on a number of levels, at conspiracy by a junior executives

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and possibly she was not put into the loop, possibly, of internal

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investigation reports. These reports that she may not have seen.

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This is one line being spun out of Wapping, rightly or wrongly. He is

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very fond of virtue, and for that reason, he is standing by her. She

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is probably the only person between James Murdoch being the front

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person for the ongoing investigation. She could be there

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to take the flak. A possibly. Thank you. Some of the other news:

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The defence minister and head of the Army in Cyprus have both

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resigned after a huge explosions at a munitions dump killed 12 people.

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The report say be Commander of the Navy was among those killed. The

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blast near Limassol was blamed on a bush fire. It contained explosives

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confiscated from a ship. Supporters of the Syrian President,

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Bashar Al-Assad, has attracted the French embassy in Damascus. -- has

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attacked. They demanded compensation for the damage. At the

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French embassy, guards fired into the year when staff for wounded in

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a similar attack. Victoria Beckham has given birth to

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a girl that she and her husband David have named Harper Seven. She

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is the fourth child for the family, Harper Seven was delivered at the

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Cedars Sinai Hospital in Los Angeles on Sunday. The couple's

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three sons are delighted to have a sister.

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The United Nations High Commission for Refugees has described the

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drought in East Africa as the worst humanitarian disaster in the world.

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Antonio Guterres today urged Kenya to open a new refugee camp

:12:30.:12:40.
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completed last year but not used. Today, 350,000 people are refugees

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in the Dadaab camp. Still they come, weary and hungry.

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More than 1,000 people turned up at the Dadaab refugee camp every day,

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some having walked for weeks. This story is tragic but depressingly

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familiar. The jet in Somalia drove this for many year when her husband

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was too sick to travel. -- the drought in Somalia. He said, save

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yourself, save our children, to not stay here to die. Some in the

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village were already dead. Too many refugees are now converging on this

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camp, built to also 90,000 people, almost 400,000 people call it home.

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-- bid to has 90,000 people. Another refugee camp sits empty.

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The UN was allowed to build this last year. There is enough water

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here for 80,000 people, but the Nairobi government at fearing that

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refugees may not want to come home and they stopped construction and

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close the place down. Meanwhile at the Dadaab camp, sleeping mats,

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pots and pans are being collected. When this woman will see her

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husband again, nobody knows. Six months as the Arabs bring

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exploded across North Africa and the Middle East, the chopping of

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the Tunisian President, Ben Ali, started a string of uprising. Now,

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people are asking if they have the changes they wanted. The BBC has

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been gauging the mood in Cairo's Tahrir Square.

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Yes, Tahrir Square is once again alive with the sound of protests.

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You cannot see it now, it is getting dark, but there are banners

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and slogans and placards everywhere. That is because in Egypt, people

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are talking about their revolution being at a crossroads. The

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revolution is being betrayed, people says. What is happening here,

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happened after the momentous events in Tunisia. That is where one man,

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Mohammad Bouazizi, a fruit salad, set himself alight. This sparked a

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fire right across the region. The Tunisian people have said that the

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revolution, the uprising would probably have happens...

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Apologies, we seem to have lost George. I think we can go to a

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report from Tunisia, because he was talking about the revolution

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starting in Tunisia, and the BBC's Middle-East editor has been there

:15:22.:15:32.
:15:32.:15:32.

This man's radio show lampoons Tunisia's leaders. Political jokes

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would have put him in prison before the revolution. Now Tunisians are

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allowed to laugh at him. He does all the voices in a satirical

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phone-in. His Colonel Gaddafi is a regular caller. Tunisia's former

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president Ben Ali, who fled in January, argues with the colonel

:15:55.:16:03.

about who is most popular. They love me off. After the show, what

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seems as Tunisians were lucky. TRANSLATION: Ben Ali was a coward.

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He just ran away. We lit the fuse for the other revolutions.

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Tunisia's is the most complete of all the Arab revolutions, but it is

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still disappointing some of the people who fought for it. In

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January, Tunisia showed the rest of the Arab world that it was possible

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to remove a leader despite a police state and despite his powerful

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Western friends. Since then, Tunisia has also shown that getting

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rid of a dictator does not solve all of a country's problems. The

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years of corruption and mismanagement leave a difficult

:16:49.:16:55.

legacy. The country is unstable enough for the army still to guard

:16:55.:16:58.

government buildings in Tunis, and elections in October will not on

:16:58.:17:06.

their own fix the biggest problem, unemployment. Mohammed, whose deft

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started the uprising, killed himself after years without a

:17:10.:17:17.

proper job. This is where he died, about three hours' drive from Tunis.

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The people here are proud that they started the revolution after word

:17:20.:17:26.

spread that he had set fire to himself. He did it after these

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government inspectors confiscated the food he was selling without a

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licence. This woman spent 110 days in prison, she says unjustly, after

:17:37.:17:40.

Mohammed became the people's hero. These officials were symbols of a

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repressive regime, but even they agree that a revolution was waiting

:17:45.:17:51.

to happen. TRANSLATION: He was just the first

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spark. It was like a full glass of water,

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and he was the drop that made it overflow. This town is full of men

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killing time. Still frustrated and angry that they cannot earn money

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for their families. TRANSLATION: I am in the cafe all

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day. I want a job. The problem, I'm

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afraid, is that our dreams will not come true. The old Arab world could

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not satisfy the people. They have shown that they will not be ignored

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any more. So how long will their patience last if the new world does

:18:33.:18:42.

not deliver? As I was saying before our

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technical difficulties, the people here in Tahrir Square are beginning

:18:46.:18:51.

to feel that their revolution is losing its way. You cannot read the

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banners, but they are basically saying that they want to see more

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of the perpetrators of the violence that happened during the protests

:18:58.:19:04.

brought to trial. They want to see tangible signs of change. To

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discuss that with me I have a spokesperson from the Human Rights

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Watch group in Egypt. Looking at these banners, one gets the

:19:13.:19:17.

impression that the Egyptian revolution is losing its way.

:19:17.:19:20.

think people are in the Square today because they do not have

:19:20.:19:24.

faith in the way the military has been handling the transition. They

:19:24.:19:28.

do not have faith that the justice system will punish those police

:19:28.:19:33.

officers. Animal Bira, police officers enjoyed impunity from

:19:33.:19:38.

torture and abuse. They feel they have to come back to the square to

:19:38.:19:41.

make the justice system work properly. They do not understand

:19:41.:19:46.

why police officers have not been suspended, those who should have

:19:46.:19:50.

been on trial. And that have been a lot of incidents of families of

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victims of the revolution being pressured into withdrawing

:19:53.:20:02.

complaints. If someone from the military tribunal were here,

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presumably they would say that these tribunals are speeding up

:20:05.:20:09.

justice in this country? All the trials for the killings that took

:20:09.:20:13.

place have been held in civilian courts. But the military has been

:20:13.:20:17.

using military courts to try thousands of civilians, more than

:20:17.:20:21.

9000. And those convictions are unsound under international law,

:20:21.:20:26.

because they do not meet basic standards. That is the longer term

:20:26.:20:32.

challenge in Egypt. Protesters want things to happen properly. They

:20:32.:20:36.

want trials to be fair. We have also seen cases of protesters being

:20:36.:20:41.

arrested and tried before military tribunals. You speak about the rule

:20:41.:20:46.

of law and you look at it from the point of view of an organisation

:20:46.:20:49.

like Human Rights Watch. But I have spoken to ordinary Egyptians who

:20:49.:20:54.

have been glad that somebody who indulged in burglary and rape cases

:20:54.:20:59.

have been put away quickly through these military tribunals. In Egypt

:20:59.:21:03.

at the moment, we have a general sense of insecurity because of

:21:03.:21:08.

rising crime. And the military itself has been very clever at

:21:08.:21:12.

managing its PR strategy around military tribunals, saying this is

:21:12.:21:17.

the only guarantee of security. But he regular systems are not

:21:17.:21:21.

functioning. Low-level crimes can be tried before regular courts, and

:21:21.:21:24.

will not leave us with the problem of thousands of people being

:21:24.:21:32.

arbitrarily did paint -- detained. If you are that critical, can you

:21:32.:21:36.

trust the military to organise a free and fair election, which is

:21:36.:21:42.

supposed to happen in September? think people are out in the Espace

:21:42.:21:45.

Pacific Quay because they do not trust the military. The military

:21:45.:21:52.

does not consult. To what extent the military will listen to the

:21:52.:21:55.

demands of various political parties out there and not just

:21:55.:22:00.

specific sections, we will see. But they have insisted that they will

:22:00.:22:04.

stick to elections. From our perspective, we are worried that

:22:04.:22:06.

the environment for elections is not one which will allow free and

:22:06.:22:10.

fair elections, because there are still laws which restrict freedom

:22:10.:22:13.

of assembly and freedom of expression, and that is not the

:22:14.:22:23.
:22:24.:22:26.

environment we need. You get an impression from what heather was

:22:26.:22:30.

saying is that things are so different from the carnival

:22:30.:22:33.

atmosphere some five months ago. The truth is that the protesters

:22:33.:22:38.

who got rid of Hosni Mubarak all those months ago are now beginning

:22:38.:22:42.

to to realise that toppling him was perhaps the easy part, and that

:22:42.:22:46.

building a new Egypt is the real challenge and one that this country

:22:46.:22:53.

is struggling with. It was a weekend of celebration for the

:22:53.:22:56.

people of South Sudan, the world's newest nation. Tens of thousands

:22:56.:22:59.

watched the raising of their new country's flag at an independence

:22:59.:23:01.

ceremony in the capital, Juba, where their President, Salva Kiir,

:23:01.:23:04.

signed the constitution and took his oath of office. Now the

:23:04.:23:07.

challenge is to maintain stability, both in the south and in the

:23:07.:23:10.

northern Republic of Sudan. After decades of civil war which ended

:23:10.:23:12.

with the peace agreement in 2005, there still remains disagreement

:23:12.:23:16.

over the oil-rich area of Abyei. Speaking exclusively to Zeinab

:23:16.:23:19.

Badawi in his first interview since the break-up of Sudan, President

:23:19.:23:21.

Omar al-Bashir said his country wants a peaceful resolution to the

:23:21.:23:28.

disputed border region. But he did not rule out the use of force if

:23:28.:23:38.
:23:38.:23:38.

South Sudan were to take up arms to keep Abyei.

:23:38.:23:47.

TRANSLATION: When we achieve peace, it was based on the last battle in

:23:47.:23:52.

which we decimated southern troops. We were fighting peace and we

:23:52.:23:57.

divided Sudan for peace and we are keen on preserving peace. We should

:23:57.:24:07.

never fight unless compelled to do so. But if Abyei were to stay with

:24:07.:24:11.

the south, it is a simple question. Do you foresee any possibility that

:24:11.:24:15.

north and south Sudan could take up arms against each other over this

:24:15.:24:24.

issue of Abyei? TRANSLATION: There is a protocol on

:24:24.:24:27.

Abyei that governs if there is a peaceful solution.

:24:27.:24:31.

But in the past, we were forced to fight when they tried to impose a

:24:31.:24:34.

new reality. Thousands of mourners have flocked

:24:35.:24:37.

to the eastern Bosnian town of Srebrenica so to mark the 16th

:24:38.:24:41.

anniversary of the massacre there. Around 8000 Bosnian Muslim men and

:24:41.:24:44.

boys were killed in Srebrenica when Bosnian Serb troops overran an

:24:44.:24:48.

enclave guarded by Dutch UN soldiers. Burials took place today

:24:48.:24:58.
:24:58.:25:02.

for the remains of another 613 victims unearthed from mass graves.

:25:02.:25:08.

16 years on, the pain is just as raw. A mother overwhelmed by

:25:08.:25:15.

anguish at finding the remains of her son. Two pelvic bones -- bones

:25:15.:25:19.

and a fragment of his jaw was all that could be recovered. At 29

:25:19.:25:24.

years old, he was one of those killed at Srebrenica in 1995. Today,

:25:24.:25:29.

just another green coffin lowered into the ground. Over 600 were

:25:29.:25:34.

buried on this anniversary, identified through DNA analysis.

:25:34.:25:39.

Statistics, perhaps, but for those grieving, sons, fathers, husbands.

:25:39.:25:43.

It was the worst atrocity in Europe since the Second World War.

:25:43.:25:47.

Thousands of Bosnian Muslims had crowded into the UN safe haven of

:25:47.:25:52.

Srebrenica as the war raged on. But the lightly armed Dutch troops were

:25:52.:25:56.

easily overrun by Bosnian Serb soldiers. The men and boys were led

:25:56.:26:00.

off to be slaughtered, around 8000 of them within the space of five

:26:00.:26:04.

days. It is the only part of the Balkan wars to be labelled genocide.

:26:04.:26:09.

The Bosnian Serb commander Ratko Mladic was filmed reassuring Muslim

:26:09.:26:13.

children that all would be fine. It was his troops who carried out the

:26:13.:26:18.

killing. General Mladic was indicted for genocide in 1995, but

:26:18.:26:22.

evaded justice until this year. In May he was arrested in Serbia and

:26:22.:26:26.

now awaits trial at the UN tribunal in the Hague. But at his initial

:26:26.:26:31.

appearance, he was defiant. The charges were obnoxious, he said,

:26:31.:26:36.

claiming he had only defended his people. 16 years on, Bosnia remains

:26:36.:26:43.

deeply divided between its main ethnic groups. The Muslim member of

:26:43.:26:47.

the country's apartheid presidency spoke of the commotion.

:26:47.:26:51.

TRANSLATION: Shrubbery so is the deepest wound on the body of the

:26:51.:26:55.

tortured Bosnian people. Of the winds may heal in time, but

:26:55.:27:00.

Srebrenica so will never heal. It is a dark stain on the face of the

:27:00.:27:04.

international community. That stain will never fade. As the digging

:27:04.:27:10.

goes on, the names of victims were read out. Their families gathered,

:27:10.:27:13.

yelling for closure. This is a nation still struggling to recover

:27:13.:27:18.

from a conflict that tore it apart. Each side lost thousands, but so

:27:18.:27:22.

Bonita remains undoubtedly the most potent and agonising symbol of

:27:22.:27:32.
:27:32.:27:32.

Bosnia's devastating war. A reminder of our main news.

:27:32.:27:35.

There have been further allegations about the behaviour of journalists

:27:35.:27:39.

working for Rupert Murdoch's News International company. The BBC has

:27:39.:27:42.

learnt that a police protection officer was bribed to get private

:27:42.:27:47.

contact details of the British royal family.

:27:47.:27:57.
:27:57.:28:02.

Through the night, it will be mostly dry, with clear spells. But

:28:02.:28:07.

for tomorrow, those showers will make a return. Scattered, but we

:28:07.:28:11.

could see heavier downpours at times. We also need to watch the

:28:11.:28:15.

developing feature across the Bay of Biscay. It is pushing northwards,

:28:15.:28:19.

developing into an area of low pressure. It could threaten the

:28:19.:28:24.

south-east corner on Tuesday. We will see more cloud in the sky

:28:24.:28:28.

tomorrow. South-west England, the showers here could be heavy and

:28:28.:28:33.

thundery. In north-east England, fewer showers, with a good deal of

:28:33.:28:38.

sunshine. Some doubt about the exact extent of this cloud and rain,

:28:38.:28:41.

but it is certainly bringing some showers in the afternoon across

:28:41.:28:45.

south-east England. We are looking at heavy and banned -- under it

:28:45.:28:53.

downpours through south-west England. In South Wales, some

:28:53.:28:55.

showers will be developed to be quite torrential during the

:28:55.:28:59.

afternoon. But for Northern Ireland, the showers are light and scattered,

:28:59.:29:04.

with sunny spells in between. Across Scotland, a scattering of

:29:04.:29:09.

light showers through many central areas and northern Scotland should

:29:09.:29:15.

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