18/07/2011 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi. The phone-


hacking scandal leads to another high-profile police resignation in


Britain. Assistant Commissioner John Yates steps down a day after


his boss. The Prime Minister, David Cameron, returns early from an


official trip Africa to brief MPs on the crisis. The relationship


between politicians and media has not been right and this issue, it


has stopped on my watch and I am determined to get to the bottom of


it. And to put these things right. Sean Hoare, a formula Note -- news


of the will reporter and source of some phone hacking allegations, has


been found dead. -- News of the World. A leaked UN report accuses


the Sudanese government of committing a series of atrocities


in South Kordofan. It rejects the findings. Why the government in


Madrid believes this monument to the Spanish dictator General Franco


may have outlived its sell-by date. Hello and welcome. There has been a


further development in the phone hacking scandal. In the past few


minutes, the former News of the World reporter, Sean four, has been


found dead at his home. He was at the heart of the scandal after


accusing the former editor Andy Coulson of an encouraging staff to


intercept phone messages in pursuit of the stories. Andy Coulson has


denied allegations of wrongdoing. The government here has instigated


a review into police corruption in the wake of the phone-hacking


scandal. The two most senior police officers in London, Sir Paul


Stephenson and his deputy, John Yates, resigned within a day of


each other. Both men have insisted they've done nothing wrong and have


not themselves been accused of committing illegal acts. Let's get


more on the development of the death of Sean whore. -- Hoare. He


was one of the very first people to speak up on us? He was found dead


this morning at 10:40am by police after reports that somebody was


unwell at his property. He was a man who was a former News of the


World journalist, the showbiz reporter, who initially was one of


the first people to claim that Andy Coulson, the editor, had known


about the phone hacking. He made his claims when interviewed by the


BBC, he was somebody that hoped the whole issue of phone hacking would


lead to tabloid journalism being cleaned up. Recently he said the


process of pinging it mobile phones by journalists to enable them to


find out what the targets were at any one time. Has anyone said


there's anything suspicious about his death? It isn't being treated


as suspicious, he had a serious drink and drugs problem and a


colleague who spoke to him 10 days ago was told that he had actually


until recently been told he was terminally ill. That might explain


a possible cause of his death, he might have taken his own life or


some other cause. None of that has been confirmed. Police say that the


death of this man isn't suspicious. Whatever the circumstances, it does


add to the sense of drama? Thank you very much indeed. There is


widespread unease in Britain that the relationship between the police,


the press and the politicians has become too cosy. Nick Robinson


looks at the main developments... He is no longer, resounding one day


after his bus. The Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police, Sir Paul


Stephenson. Both paying the price for failing to get to grips with


the hacking scandal. So said the mayor of London. I regret to say


that I have come off the phone to John Yates, who is tendering his


resignation. I believe that both decisions are regrettable but I'm


afraid that in both cases, the right call has been it. Boris


Johnson insisted that both men had jumped and were not pushed. But he


made it abundantly clear that he had done everything to encourage


them. It became clear to both men that the issues of questions and


circumstances would make it difficult for them to continue to


do their jobs in the way that they wanted. John Yates began the day


determined not to resign. Telling colleagues he would not submit to


trial by media. He ended it explaining why he was going. Those


obviously take and the most difficult jobs clearly have to


stand up and be counted when things go wrong. However, when we get


things wrong, we say so. And we try to put them out. As I have said


recently, it is a matter of great personal regret that this


potentially affected by the phone hacking were not dealt with


appropriately. Sadly, there continues to be a huge amount of


inaccurate, ill-informed and on occasions downright malicious


gossip being published about me personally. This has the potential


to be as significant distraction in my current role as the National


League for counter-terrorism. is the man who unwittingly caused


the crisis at the net. Neil Wallace, arrested last week, was a deputy


editor of the News of the world's. Scotland Yard had to would net that


they had hired the man they had arrested to help improve their


public relations, but it was rather too late for that. Last week, Sir


Paul Stephenson went to Downing Street to discuss how to restore


the image of the net. He been no mention of the force's relationship


with the walls and when the Prime Minister found out he was furious.


What has divided David Cameron and the men from the Metropolitan


Police is oddly what also connects them - both hired the former News


of the World meant to improve their image. David Cameron with Andy


Coulson, the editor, and Andy Coulson's deputy, Neil Wallis,


insisted he knew nothing about it and was hired by John Yates and Sir


Paul Stephenson. Welcome. The Prime Minister is on an awkwardly timed


trip to South Africa, cutting it a day short to return home to make


David Cameron insisted there was no comparison between his behaviour


and the Metropolitan Police. This situations are not the same in any


shape or form. In terms of Andy Coulson, no one has argued that the


work he did in government in any way was inappropriate or bad. He


worked well in government, he then left government. There is a


contrast, I would say, with the situation at the Metropolitan


Police, were clearly the issues have been around, whether or not


the investigation is being pursued properly. That is why I think Sir


Paul reached a different conclusion. Tomorrow, the Murlough father-and-


son fierce cross-questioning in the Commons and the hacking headlines


just keep on coming. As the phone- hacking scandal develops here, what


is already clear is that it has thrown light on the connections


between the police, the politicians and the press. To talk about that,


we're joined in the studio by former Scotland Yard undercover


detective Peter Bleksey and from our Westminster studio by the


Conservative MP Peter Bone. Some people have said this is the


biggest crisis of confidence for decades in Scotland Yard?


certainly has been an extraordinary day with the resignations and the


fact that Parliament is being recalled and the Prime Minister


changing his plans to deal with the issue. It is definitely a crisis


and I think the Prime Minister was quite right to recall Parliament.


Peter Bleksey, we have heard about corruption, nepotism, they will be


a review into looking into this thing, but should people be


surprised that there are allegations like this in the police


force? Surely it has always been around? Corrupt cops or a way of


life, and as much as there are purges from time to time,


successful prosecutions from time to time, whenever there is


opportunity, there will live corruption and that is a fact of


life. Do you think that what we're seeing now, just the fact that it


is as business as normal, or is it worse? Even somebody like you would


have guessed? The rank and file officers that ice-pick to regularly


complain to me that senior management at Scotland Yard seems


to have lost its way. It seems to have become more obsessed with spin,


with its PR image, and that side of what it does, rather than the


actual policing. Which the troops on the ground would like them to


focus on. Peter Bone, what to your constituents say to you? Do you


think public trust in the forces in Britain has been severely


undermined by this war are people saying, this is just isolated


cases? Over the weekend, I was not being asked about this a lot. But I


did meet with the grip of Northamptonshire Police officers


and they were very concerned, the basic summary is that they are


honest, of the highest integrity but of course every police officer


is now accrued. Like every MP during the expenses scandal. In


reality, it is only a very small number that are bent and it seems


that you do need to have the inquiries and you need to get to


the bottom of things and have prosecutions but you must remember


that the vast bulk of police are doing a public service band putting


their necks on the line every day. We have to get perspective.


this into global perspective. You were in the force, you trained


police officers all over the world and the British policeman has this


reputation of probity. Internationally, how do our police


compare? The compared to some of the forces I worked alongside, I


think British police generally speaking can hold their heads up


high. Certainly there was more endemic corruption in other


countries that I experienced. However, when I went to the FBI


headquarters in quanta coal into Jeannette and spent a lot of time


out there with law enforcement officers, it was surprising how at


the corruption over their was often the same as ours in the UK. But


this particular episode, were we're talking about perhaps uncomfortable


relationships with members of the press and perhaps the police being


too politicised, their brother knew in the way they have come out.


will be a hard job to do? Detectives need the media and the


immediate needs detectives but just because that is how it has always


been does not mean it should always be like that in the future. We need


a wider structure and governance of policing, as Iain Blair has said?


What we need is a different relationship between the police and


the press and the Government and MPs. The relationship has gone


completely wrong and amateur you can do that by regulation but if we


can expose what is wrong, we can struck to deal with it. Thank you


both very much. Tomorrow the focus will shift from Scotland Yard back


to Parliament. Rupert Murdoch, his son, James, and one of his former


executives, Rebekah Brooks, are due to appear before a Commons


committee for what could be some hostile questioning. Tim Willcox


looks at how quickly and suddenly the sands of British public life


have shifted. Rupert Murdoch, for decades this political kingmaker


has towered over British politics. But what is his influence now after


a momentous 10 days? His bid for Britain's main satellite


broadcaster withdrawn, his most profitable newspaper shot down and


Rebekah Brooks, his former News International chief executive,


arrested. Has this shifted the balance between politicians and the


media in Britain? The relationship that became too close and cosy, we


were all in this world wanting the support of newspaper groups and


even broadcasting organisations. And when we're doing that, do we


spend enough time asking questions about how they are regulated and


malpractices and the rest of it? We did not and there is a new chance


to do that. A spotlight has been focused on the relationship between


the British political and media elite and revelations of private


lunches and weekend invitations to Chequers. Now, politicians and


former leaders are distancing themselves from the Murdoch empire.


We have seen this shift the centre of gravity. I would also say that


the politicians are probably quite pleased about that. They feel


they're getting the Beast of their back. As Rupert and James Murlough


and Rebekah Brooks prepare for Tuesday's Commons Select Committee,


some describe this as a moment of catharsis for politicians that they


say have feared and quoted the Murdoch empire in equal measure.


But will the day-to-day dealings between politicians and lobby


correspondents change? I do not think it will changed one bit. It


will die down and the dust will settle and life will go on. Up the


road, the House of Commons, the journalists and MPs all work under


the same roof and the MPs ply their trade through us and they want


their stories about and they want to attack upon it -- opposition and


for the public to read about their policies. It's the only way. While


some find the day-to-day relationship between hacks and MPs


unpalatable, the real focus of public anger has been the


undocumented meetings between media proprietors and Prime Minister is


here at Number 10. Until last Friday, a private dinner with the


Prime Minister in his flat upstairs match just that. Off the record,


nobody knew what was discussed. have to distinguish between


journalism on the one hand and what I listed call the press barons.


What has gone wrong in the last 50 years is the press barons and


proprietors, the people who own newspapers, have been cordon The


Shots and deciding the editorial policy and even telling journalists


had to write stories. That is wrong and that has to stop. The pressure


on Rupert Murdoch remains intense. And on Tuesday, there are two key


questions to be answered. Did they had any knowledge of the illegal


activity at the News of the World and are they now committed to


exposing it? How they answer these questions could have a significant


impact on the future of British Now a look at some of the days


other news. Seven Afghan policemen have been killed in southern


Afghanistan. The attack happened in Lashkar Gar, an area due to be


handed over to Afghan control later this week. The attack took place


even as the American commander of Nato forces, General David Petraeus,


handed over to his successor General John Allen. General


Petraeus is leaving to become head of the CIA.


The British Army is to be cut by nearly twenty thousand - reducing


it to its smallest size in more than a hundred years. The defence


secretary, Liam Fox, said reservists like the Territorial


Army, would form nearly a third of the army by 2020.


The authorities in Romania have been reassuring the public after


more than sixty missile warheads were stolen from a train on


Saturday. Security officials say the stolen warheads cannot be


detonated because they are in component form without explosives.


Nelson Mandela has been celebrating his 93rd birthday. He's been


spending the day with family but his foundation urged people to do


67 minutes of voluntary work - to represent the 67 years he devoted


to South Africa's political struggle.


The split of Sudan last week has left a host of problems in its wake.


A South Kordofan which is on the border between the two countries


has seen bloody fighting in recent weeks. Now a leaked UN report


accuses Sudan of committing a series of atrocities in South


Kordofan. The document talks of aerial bombardment and contains


eyewitness reports of mass graves. The government told the BBC that it


only bombed rebels, many of whom had sided with South Sudan during


the long civil war between north and south. Images taken on a bar


phones and smuggled out of the mountains but the government denies


it is indiscriminately bombing civilians. The other accusations


made in a leaked report include eyewitness statements about the


massacre of men and shelling of civilian areas. Most of the rebels


fighting the government in South Kordofan are from the mountains and


see themselves as African rather than Arab and feel under threat.


The authors of the report conclude if the acts of proven they may


amount war crimes and crimes against humanity. The Sudanese


government rejects the charges. Against civilians and people but


the government, what is done by the government is for security to


facilitate everything for civilians to live normal lives. It be


accusations continue to pile up. An American campaign group set up by


George Clooney says it has identified three sites consistent


with mass graves. And a member of the House of Lords known for a


strong condemnation of Khartoum holds President Bashir responsible.


When he talked peace, his people were bombing the civilians up in


the mountains. And the situation is a re-run of what happened in the


war against the South, in Darfur, dropping bombs and sadly in the


mountains at the moment the specific targeting and terrorising


of civilians who have been known to support the southern government.


UN report came to light at a difficult time for President Bashir.


They are trying to get more than $40 billion debt cancelled and


sanctions removed to help of an ailing economy. These accusations


of government abuses in South Kordofan make this harder.


Joining me from Washington is Jonathan Hutson from the Sentinel


Project, which includes the actor George Clooney, an outspoken critic


of President Bashir. It's a US based organisation set up to


monitor conflicts in Sudan. Those pictures which you say are


consistent with a mass graves be you cannot be sure what you're


seeing all we might be buried there and responsible for putting them


there? Well, it shocks the conscience, the


evidence mounting day-by-day, we have at least four independent


eyewitness statements detailing seeing the digging of spits


consistent with mass graves, high resolution of satellite imagery


from digital globe showing pits measuring at 25 by five metres


exactly where the witnesses said they would be, the witnesses


described piles of bodies wrapped in body bags south of the Episcopal


Church complex in the capital of the region. The satellite imagery


is seeing that and the witnesses mentioned me to Bessie trucks and


vehicles picking up the bodies and moving them -- Mitsubishi trucks.


Yes, the United Nations report makes it player there is fighting


on both sides, by the rebels and the Sudanese government although it


does say the actions of the government forces are much more


egregious. How can you verify who was responsible for the civilians


fleeing, from the pictures you have taken it is not always clear?


not just the pictures but we also have detailed eyewitness statements


of the organised house-to-house search for civilians believed to


support the Sudan People's Liberation Movement, and we had


seen detailed statements from eyewitnesses detailing at the


slaughter of men, women and children, civilians. What is


fuelling the conflicts? State-sponsored ethnic cleansing to


rid the mountains of the people. thank you.


It's 75 years since General Franco led the military uprising that


sparked the Spanish Civil War. Hundreds of thousands were killed


in the fighting, and the political repression that followed. Despite


this a huge monument to Franco still towers over modern Spain.


Well, now the government wants an expert commission to suggest


changes to the site, which could include removing the remains of


Franco himself. Sarah Rainsford reports from Spain.


It is a striking symbol of four decades of dictatorship. Of General


Franco commissioned the monument to his victory in the civil war. But


there is a vast basilica carved into the mountain. Inside, the tomb


of General Franco. Still decorated with fresh flowers. It is 75 years


since Franco led an armed revolt against the republican government.


Hundreds of thousands have died in the war and in the repression. When


Spain transmit -- went to democracy there was a pact of silence over


its past. It has taken their to six years to consider the fate of the


memorial. The this place was built to impress. The cross Towers 150


metres high in the mountains, it is what it symbolises that is


problematic, for years it has been a rallying point for the far right


and the government wants to make it a place of a reconciliation. That


will be hard,... He is one of many who cannot bear to visit the place,


his father were shot by a fascist Execution Squad and the remains


were taken years later to Frank his memorial. It is a mass grave for


30,000 dead from both sides. Now he wants to give his father a proper


burial. TRANSLATION: For me, this is excruciating.


It is right painful my father is buried in a place built for the


glory of the victors in a military coup. It feels like a double crime,


his murder in 1936 and removing his remains without permission to a


place which is totally inappropriate.


And expect commission is considering moving the grave of


Franco himself to this municipal some grit -- cemetery. Right wings


-- right wing groups say they will contest it in court. The government


admits it is handling this with kid gloves.


TRANSLATION: Spain's transition to democracy was an act of prudence


after the deep wounds of the war. One reason it succeeded was we


addressed the pass little by little. People want the site to change.


Maybe it is happening late but prudence has been key to the


transition. The challenge then is to transform


this device insight into a national memorial to the horror of the Civil


War. And in honour of all its victims. 75 years on, it would be


the first of its kind here. A reminder of our main news: It has


been announced the former News of the World reporter Sean Hoare has


been found dead. He was at the heart of the scandal accusing the


former editor Andy Coulson of encouraging staff to intercept


phone messages in pursuit of stories, Andy Coulson rejected the


accusations. The government has instigated a review into police


corruption, this comes after the Assistant Commissioner John Yates


quit. 24 hours after his boss Sir Paul Stephenson announced he was


standing down. Both were involved in the appointment of a former


deputy editor to work as a media consultant for the fours. Both men


insist they have done nothing wrong. They have not been accused of


committing illegal acts. That is all. Next, the weather. A really


Hello, Monday it continued with cloud and rain across the country,


tomorrow still quite cloudy and call but not so many showers. Many


places escaping with a dry day. The weather is being driven by a low


sitting on the North Sea. The wind coming down from the north or


north-west, the isobars open out on to state so the wind not as strong.


Most of the showers focused across eastern Scotland and north-east


England. When the showers are going they will be slow moving, heavy and


thundery. Torrential downpours possible through the afternoon.


Towards the West, although the cloud, limited sunshine it will be


a mostly dry day. One or two places escaping with a dry day.


Temperatures in Cardiff the 20. The odd light shower but on the whole a


much drier day across Northern Ireland. With the north-westerly


breeze temperatures struggling at 15. Some thick cloud across


northern Scotland bringing outbreaks of rain but in the south-


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