20/07/2011 World News Today


20/07/2011

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox. Regrets and the

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benefit of hindsight. Prime Minister David Cameron says that

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now he wouldn't have employed the former News of the World editor,

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Andy Coulson, as his spokesman. You live and you learn, and,

:00:20.:00:27.

believe you me, I have learnt. not about hindsight, Mr Speaker.

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It's not about whether Mr Coulson lied to him. It's about all the

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information and warnings that the Prime Minister ignored.

:00:37.:00:39.

Dying of hunger - the United Nations declares a famine in

:00:39.:00:43.

southern Somalia for the first time in nearly 20 years.

:00:43.:00:47.

Closing a door on the past - the last Serbian war crimes fugitive is

:00:47.:00:57.
:00:57.:00:59.

arrested after seven years on the run.

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Classic opera performed on a floating stage. We'll see how one

:01:02.:01:12.
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production lit up Austria's famous Hello and welcome. After a week

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that's seen the Murdochs and the Metropolitan Police face tough

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questions from MPs about the phone hacking scandal, today was the turn

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of the British Prime Minister, David Cameron. Speaking in an

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emergency recall of Parliament after cutting short a trade trip to

:01:31.:01:34.

Africa, Mr Cameron again defended his appointment of former News of

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the World editor Andy Coulson as his spokesman. But he added that in

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hindsight he would not have offered him the job. Labour leader Ed

:01:42.:01:44.

Miliband said his words on Mr Coulson, who was arrested nearly

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two weeks ago over phone hacking allegations, were not enough. Our

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political editor Nick Robinson reports. For for a friend in need

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is a friend until they become a massive political headache.

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David Cameron has always defended his decision to give Andy Coulson a

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second chance until, that is, to date. With 20-20 hindsight and all

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that has followed, I would not have offered him the job and I expect

:02:14.:02:18.

that he wouldn't have taken it. But you don't make decisions in

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hindsight. You make them in the present. You live and to learn and,

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believe you me, I have learned. Prime Minister said he was

:02:28.:02:32.

extremely sorry for the furore Andy Coulson's appointment had caused.

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But was he ready to say sorry for hiring him? Not yet at least.

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if it turns out I have been lied to, that would be a moment for a

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profound apology and in that event, I can tell you why will not fall

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short. Few had expected him to go that far, but it simply wasn't far

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enough for the Labour leader. isn't good enough, because people...

:02:58.:03:03.

It is not about hindsight, Mr Speaker. It is not about whether Mr

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Coulson lied to him. It is about all the information and warnings

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that the Prime Minister ignored. The warnings Ed Miliband claimed

:03:11.:03:16.

came up -- both before and after David Cameron moved into Number Ten.

:03:16.:03:20.

On that day, as director of clarification is tried very hard to

:03:20.:03:27.

keep a low profile. It was a plan that would not last long. Police

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are to examine fresh claims about phone hacking by the News of the

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World. Last autumn, a New York Times investigation into phone

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hacking claimed that Andy Coulson knew about it, something he has

:03:38.:03:42.

always denied the money it. Despite the paper's claims, Andy Coulson

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was not fired but any left Number Ten a few weeks later with the

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Prime Minister's praise ringing in his ears. The Prime Minister was

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caught in a tragic conflict of loyalty between the standards and

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integrity that people should expect of him and his staff, and his

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personal allegiance to Mr Coulson. He made the wrong choice. There

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were questions about the Prime Minister's other choice of friends,

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too. His many meetings with News International bosses with Rebekah

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Brooks and with Rupert Murdoch, who left London today on the morning

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after the most humble day of his life. As Prime Minister, did he

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ever discuss the question of the BSkyB it with News International at

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all the meetings they attended? never had one in appropriate

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conversation. It was the third time of asking and Labour did not like

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the answer. I completely took myself at off any decision-making

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about this bid. I had no role in it. I had no role in when the

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announcements were going to be made. In an increasingly confident mood,

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David Cameron accused Labour of having their close relationships

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with the Murdoch empire. The great contrast is, I have set out all of

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the contacts and meetings that I've had in complete contrast to the

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party opposite. I can say this to the honourable gentleman. I have

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never held a slumber party was seen her in her pyjamas. David Cameron

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says he has an old-fashioned view that a man is innocent until proven

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guilty, but today he tried to separate his fate from Andy

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Coulson's. To discuss David Cameron's

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performance, let's go to Westminster and speak to two senior

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British political journalists, Jason Beattie, deputy political

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editor of the Daily Mirror, and Jim Pickard from the Financial Times.

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Thank you both very much. Jason Beattie, the backbenchers in the

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Tory party seemed to love this. He has sent them off with their tails

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high, hasn't he? I am surprised by this. David Cameron did what he is

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very good at. He kind of pretence that he is in charge of something.

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He gives this impression he is open and transparent. When you've tried

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to do this -- digest all the headlines tomorrow, he was actually

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extraordinarily slippery, particularly on the BSkyB issue.

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Let's stay with Andy Coulson for a minute. He has been arrested but

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not for us to have anything. The Prime Minister cannot go any

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further, can he? He could have done. A few days ago, David Cameron held

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an emergency press conference in Downing Street when is a Andy

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Coulson was and is a friend. Now he is trying after a lot of pressure

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from Labour to try to disassociate himself from this man. But he

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didn't really answer all the questions on it. There were still

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too much good things raised again and again, you were warned not just

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by Nick Clegg or Lord Ashdown, but by a new -- newspaper articles, by

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the Guardian, bat Andy Coulson's behaviour after you appointed him

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and used by him bus-stop he has not yet answered that question properly.

:07:04.:07:09.

Jim Park card, why didn't you listen to those warnings? I think

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the context you have to understand is that British politics for 20 to

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40 years, the News International empire has been intertwined with

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the British elite. If you go but Thatcher, John Major, Tony Blair,

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Gordon Brown, they were all going it in and out of each other's

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offices, they were having dinners and advising each other. David

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Cameron wants to remain close to what is the most powerful media

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organisation in the country. Hacking generally, investigative

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journalism, sailing close to the world, is something quite a few

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newspapers in Britain have been conducting of many years. Even the

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Financial Times? The Financial Times is the only newspaper on a

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list of drawn up in 2006 by the Information Commissioner showing

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who had been paying private detectives for information for

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various ways. I think the Mirror came up with 800 or 900 occasions.

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The Financial Times was not on that list. But almost every other

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newspaper was. PNE point at which the story suddenly gained enormous

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attraction was when it was realised that some journalists were hacking

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victims of crime, Milly Dowler, the dead teenager, when suddenly it was

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realised that this was obscene and a vaulting. That Information

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Commissioner's report, 305 incidents of blagging. Put that to

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one side because Parliament did nothing at the time in 2006.

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Specifically on the BSkyB-News International Relations, the Prime

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Minister was not straight in his response, was he? Exactly. I

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thought his response was very smooth in terms of generalities. He

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had the sycophantic MPs behind him. Labour MPs repeatedly asked him,

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have you had meetings with News International insect -- executives

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where the issue Obertan to take control of BSkyB is discussed? All

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he would say is that he had not had any inappropriate discussions,

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implying he had had some. That made him look evasive. Jason Beattie,

:09:28.:09:31.

the Labour Party is perceived to have done particularly well over

:09:31.:09:36.

the past two weeks, Ed Miliband in particular. But the Prime Minister

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has caused 12 or 13 separate inquiries. There is not much more

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we can do. Has he not now regained control of this crisis? You are

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right about the Labour Party. It has given Ed Miliband extraordinary

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confidence. Just a few weeks ago, there were mutterings about how

:09:53.:09:57.

long he could stay in the job. Those have all disappeared now. He

:09:57.:10:00.

has banned voice as a leader. Whether he can keep going is

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another question. In terms of the inquiries, they will help in some

:10:09.:10:12.

way to dissipate the miles from around this story. There has been a

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slight hysteria about it. I still think Cameron has a lot of

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questions to answer. They will not go away. There was an extraordinary

:10:20.:10:24.

claim made today in the Commons by Nick Raynsford, saying a senior

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civil servant had his own act. These have been denied by the

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Cabinet Office. But every time you think this story is going to calm

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down, something else comes up. view would be that when you know

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3000 people have been hacked, there is almost nothing left to surprise.

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The fact that a government official was probably hack, I was mass of

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the unsurprised. And also the fact that the MPs are breaking up for

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the summer and that today Cameron basically so by the occasion means

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that things will died down relative to this incredibly frenetic two

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weeks. Jim Pickard and Jason Beattie, thank you both very much

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for joining us from a rather soggy Westminster.

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Famine will spread across Somalia within two months unless the

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international community sends more aid to the region, according to the

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UN. Famine has already been declared in two areas of southern

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Somalia, which has been ravaged by conflict and the worst drought in

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east Africa for more than half a century. The UN says up to ten

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million people are affected. Our Africa correspondent Andrew Harding

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sent this report. Now it is official, Somalia is

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sinking into famine. It is the first time that compelling word has

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been deployed in almost 20 years. The United Nations is hoping it

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would Olga world into action. Thousands of Somalis continue to

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three a lethal combination of drought, conflict and poverty.

:11:54.:12:04.
:12:04.:12:06.

Since I was here in 1992 and when I look around and icy yet again...

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These are Brew resilient people. substantial aid operation is under

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way. Supplies are arriving in neighbouring Kenya. But the UN is

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asking for an extra �185 million immediately. The international

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response has been mixed. Britain has given �23 million to Somalia

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this year. The United States barely half that. Germany and France on

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three and 1.6 million are among those accused of ignoring the alarm

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bells. I think the contributions from other countries has been in

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some cases derisory and overall dangerously inadequate. Britain is

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setting a good lead and we expect others to contribute. There are

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signs today that others are beginning to put their shoulder to

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the wheel but we need that to happen rapidly and vigorously.

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money is not the only problem here. Famine has taken hold in areas

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controlled or influenced by a militant Islamist group, Al-Shabab.

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They have made it too dangerous for foreign aid groups to operate

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directly. Now they say a ban has been lifted, but the politics are

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complicated and aid simply isn't getting to the right people fast

:13:17.:13:24.

enough. And so the familiar images of hunger and helplessness and the

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predictable scramble for money and access as famine bites into Somalia.

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Joining me from Nairobi is Rozanne Chorlton, UNICEF representative for

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Somalia. How bad are things? Are we looking at a similar famine --

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famine to that of 91/92? numbers are certainly comparable

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and comparable with other famines that have occurred in the last 10

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years, but it is the worst, a severe food security crisis in

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Africa in the last 20 years and it is currently the worst food

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security crisis in the world. The number of children suffering from

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malnutrition has doubled, and another number of those, or the

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proportion of those who are severely malnourished is 50%. That

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is generally much lower in -- even in an emergency situation. Our real

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concern for those children is that they are nine times more likely to

:14:24.:14:29.

die than a healthy child. For and no coincidence that famine has now

:14:29.:14:37.

been declared in two areas controlled by Al-Shabab. The famine

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is across the southern part of Somalia. Certainly, those areas are

:14:42.:14:46.

largely controlled by Al-Shabab. They are also the areas where there

:14:46.:14:50.

has been a crop failure, where there has been trapped and there

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has been no possibility for people to benefit from their own harvest.

:14:55.:15:03.

There has also been no food aid for a very long time. So one topple

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whatever -- on top of whatever the government arrangements may be,

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there are fundamental other issues to do with trout and to do with

:15:11.:15:16.

economic collapse that are also coming into play here.

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development secretary, Andrew Mitchell, has described the world's

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response to this as derisory. Do you agree with that, and just as a

:15:23.:15:27.

second thought, it is worth pointing out that there is food

:15:27.:15:32.

there, isn't there, but it is very expensive and people are not able

:15:32.:15:37.

to afford to buy it? That's absolutely correct. There is food

:15:37.:15:41.

in the market. That is showing that the market is still working, but

:15:41.:15:45.

there is not enough food and it has very, very high prices that the

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majority of those who were weak and vulnerable cannot afford. What we

:15:49.:15:53.

are hoping for is that the donors who have been present all along but

:15:53.:15:57.

at a lower level are going to come in with much more substantial

:15:57.:16:01.

contributions over the next month or two and that other donors who

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have perhaps not yet contributed to Somalia were also see the need to

:16:05.:16:10.

come in. This really does take a global response to manage the

:16:10.:16:19.

enormity of the crisis. Rozanne The last suspected war criminal on

:16:19.:16:24.

the rung after the conflict in the former Yugoslavia has been arrested.

:16:24.:16:28.

Goran Hadzic a pipe smoking former warehouseman, was the leader of the

:16:28.:16:32.

ethnic Serbs in the east of Croatia. He's accused of crimes against

:16:32.:16:37.

humanity during the war. The EU has described his arrest as an

:16:37.:16:42.

important step as Serbia's eventual step towards joining the union.

:16:42.:16:47.

A brief glimpse of a man who'd been in hiding for the past seven years.

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Goran Hadzic, the last remaining fugitive from the Yugoslav wars,

:16:51.:16:56.

wanted by the UN tribunal in the Hague. Of 161 suspects dieted it

:16:56.:17:01.

had been feared that Hadzic would be the one that got away. In the

:17:01.:17:08.

early hours of Wednesday morning, he was seized in a forest near the

:17:08.:17:16.

northern Serbian town. Announcing his arrest the Serbian President

:17:16.:17:19.

said it had been his country's moral and legal responsibility.

:17:19.:17:22.

Asked why it had taken so long to find him, the President drew

:17:22.:17:27.

compare sons with another long hunted fugitive. If I have to

:17:28.:17:32.

remind yourself about other cases, internationally very well known and

:17:32.:17:37.

recognised, for example, the case about Osama Bin Laden, that is the

:17:38.:17:43.

same situation. We've been working very hard. We've been working

:17:43.:17:52.

systematically. When Croatia broke away from Yugoslavia in 1991, Goran

:17:52.:17:58.

Hadzic led a rebellion by Croatian Serbs. He took charge of the

:17:58.:18:02.

separatists in the region. The counts against him include murder,

:18:02.:18:07.

torture and persecution, notably the massacre of 250 Croats in

:18:07.:18:12.

Vukovar and the deportation of many thousands more. Here he is pictured

:18:12.:18:17.

with the former Bosnian Serb leaders, Radovan Karadzic and Ratko

:18:17.:18:21.

Mladic. Once they were caught in Serbia, Hadzic became the most

:18:21.:18:24.

wanted. And so Goran Hadzic is now in custody in Belgrade, awaiting

:18:24.:18:29.

transfer to the Hague. He says he won't appeal. The arrest the

:18:29.:18:33.

fugitives from the 1990s had been a pre-condition for Serbia to move

:18:34.:18:38.

towards European Union membership and the country will now expect a

:18:38.:18:41.

date for accession talks. Beyond that, Serbia hopes this will

:18:41.:18:45.

finally draw a line under its painful past and rehabilitate its

:18:45.:18:49.

image within the international community.

:18:49.:18:52.

The President of the European Commission has warned that history

:18:52.:18:57.

will judge Europe's leaders harshly if they fail to find a solution to

:18:57.:19:01.

the financial crisis facing the eurozone. Jose Manuel Barroso said

:19:01.:19:04.

if leaders gathering for the summit in Brussels didn't respond

:19:04.:19:07.

decisively, the negative consequences would be felt

:19:07.:19:11.

throughout Europe and beyond. Gavin Hewitt is in Brussels. He says

:19:11.:19:15.

finding a solution to this crisis will be a major challenge. This

:19:15.:19:19.

summit is really crunchtime for the euro and the whole financial world

:19:19.:19:27.

will be watching. There are two main challenges. First Greece needs

:19:27.:19:31.

a second bail out and second, gros's debts which have mushroomed

:19:31.:19:36.

to 360 billion euros and they need bringing down. Some measures are

:19:36.:19:40.

easy to agree to, like reducing the interest that Greece pays on its

:19:40.:19:44.

loan. In the past it's been the taxpayer who has stood behind these

:19:44.:19:48.

bail outs. But the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, said

:19:48.:19:51.

that's unfair. She wants private investors, the banks and pension

:19:51.:19:55.

funds both to support the second bail out ond to help in reducing

:19:55.:19:59.

those debts. Now, if those banks end up taking big losses, some will

:19:59.:20:05.

say that in effect is a default and that would unsettle markets right

:20:05.:20:09.

across Europe. Now, there is one other big fear here. Say it proves

:20:10.:20:14.

difficult helping Greece, then what about Italy? A much bigger economy,

:20:14.:20:22.

and one that also has huge debts, 120% of GDP. Now if they have

:20:22.:20:25.

difficulties tomorrow, it will put further pressure on Italy. And if

:20:25.:20:29.

Italy runs into trouble, then that could threaten the very survival of

:20:29.:20:33.

the eurozone. Gavin Hewitt our Europe editor.

:20:33.:20:38.

Some of the day's other news. The Libyan foreign minister said

:20:38.:20:42.

Colonel Gaddafi's removal from power is not up for negotiation.

:20:43.:20:47.

Abdelati Obeidi was speaking after talks in Moscow. Earlier the French

:20:47.:20:49.

foreign ministers suggested Colonel Gaddafi might be able to remain in

:20:49.:20:53.

Libya, if he stood down. In Britain, a nurse has been

:20:53.:20:56.

arrested in connection with the deaths of three patients at a

:20:56.:21:00.

hospital in Stockport, in the north of England. The 26-year-old woman

:21:00.:21:07.

was detained in her home and is being questioned by detectives.

:21:07.:21:10.

The Irish Prime Minister, Enda Kenny, has launched an

:21:10.:21:13.

unprecedented attack on the Vatican for encouraging Roman Catholic

:21:13.:21:18.

bishops not to report suspected paedophile priests to the Police.

:21:18.:21:24.

Mr Kenny said a recrept report into abuse allegations showed, the

:21:24.:21:27.

"dysfunction, elitism and narcissism" that dominated the

:21:27.:21:30.

culture of the Vatican. International health experts say

:21:30.:21:37.

goals to rid the world of polio by the end of next year is off track.

:21:37.:21:41.

The World Health Organisation agreed to eradicate polio in 1988.

:21:41.:21:44.

But it's been concluded that tackling the remaining cases will

:21:44.:21:49.

prove the greatest challenge yet. British forces in Afghanistan have

:21:49.:21:52.

handed over security in the capital of Helmand province to the Afghan

:21:53.:21:57.

Police and army. Lashkar Gah city, where British forces have been

:21:57.:22:01.

operating since 2006, is one of seven areas in the region to be

:22:01.:22:05.

placed under government control over the next week. But as Jonathan

:22:05.:22:08.

Beale reports, the handover has been accompanied by increasing

:22:08.:22:18.
:22:18.:22:19.

levels of violence from the Taliban. A moment of national pride. Afghans

:22:19.:22:23.

taking responsibility for their own security. This ceremony designed to

:22:23.:22:28.

send the message that they're up to the job. But the British soldiers

:22:28.:22:33.

who've helped train them and who will now step back still have

:22:33.:22:36.

concerns, not least about corruption within the Afghan Police.

:22:36.:22:41.

There is certainly some elist it income generation and allegations

:22:41.:22:44.

of corruption and it would be foolish to deny that exists. We're

:22:44.:22:47.

trying to eradicate that from the police. If we get it wrong, the

:22:47.:22:54.

police could push the locals away. Even if Afghanistan manages to root

:22:54.:22:59.

out corruption, huge challenges remain. This is Bamiyan, another

:22:59.:23:03.

province just handed over to the Afghans. Unlike Helmand, there's

:23:03.:23:10.

been little fighting here for the past ten years. Bombs and bullets

:23:10.:23:17.

aren't Bamiyan's biggest killers, it's diarrhoea and malnutrition.

:23:17.:23:23.

Most of the aid agencies and NGOs will leave Bamiyan, after the

:23:23.:23:27.

withdrawal of NATO forces. pressure's now on the government to

:23:27.:23:32.

win the trust of its own people. They are going to be lots of

:23:32.:23:35.

questions. There are going to be lots of concerns. We acknowledge

:23:35.:23:39.

the concerns as legitimate. Our job is to change our institutions and

:23:39.:23:45.

to change the perceptions. And this, in theory, is the easy phase. The

:23:45.:23:49.

transition of just a few less violent parts of the country. For

:23:49.:23:55.

NATO, it marks the beginning of the end, the exit strategy that will

:23:55.:24:01.

see all British combat troops leave by 2015.

:24:01.:24:07.

If transition doesn't succeed in Lashkar Gah or bannian -- Bamiyan,

:24:07.:24:12.

what hope for the rest of the Afghanistan?

:24:12.:24:17.

This is BBC World News today. The annual Bregenz Festival of arts and

:24:17.:24:21.

music is opening in western Austria. One of this year's highlights is a

:24:21.:24:27.

new production of the opera Andre Chenier. Our correspondent reports

:24:27.:24:36.

from Vienna. A tale of love and death, staged on

:24:36.:24:46.
:24:46.:24:47.

a lake. Umberto Giordano's opera Andre Chenier is being performed

:24:47.:24:54.

for the first time on the floating stage at the Bregenz Festival. The

:24:54.:25:03.

action takes place both on and in the water. The opera is set at the

:25:03.:25:08.

time of the French Revolution. It tells the story of a poet and his

:25:09.:25:12.

lover caught up in the Reign of Terror. It's a very passionate

:25:12.:25:19.

story with this backdrop of historical events going on. It's

:25:19.:25:23.

written with tremendous economy and pace and drive from Giordano, so

:25:24.:25:29.

there are no longer, I mean it is like watching a good film. That's

:25:29.:25:32.

exactly what the experience out here should be like. The stage

:25:32.:25:41.

design is based on the famous painting, the death of Marah by

:25:41.:25:46.

Jacques-Louis David. It is high above the surface of the lake and

:25:46.:25:52.

weighs 60 tones. Austria's President, Heinz Fischer, is to opt

:25:52.:25:54.

festival and will attend the premiere.

:25:54.:26:04.
:26:04.:26:06.

The opera will be performed until Something quite spectacular. Our

:26:06.:26:11.

main news: MPs have been holding a special session to debate the phone

:26:11.:26:14.

hacking scandal, which has rocked the police, the political

:26:14.:26:17.

establishment and the Murdoch media empire. The Prime Minister, David

:26:17.:26:22.

Cameron, who's cut short a trip to Africa, said public trust in key

:26:22.:26:26.

institutions had been shaken and that with hindsight, he wouldn't

:26:26.:26:29.

have employed as his spokesman the former newspaper editor, Andy

:26:29.:26:33.

Coulson, editor of the News Of The World, who was arrested over the

:26:33.:26:37.

hacking allegations nearly a fortnight ago. And famine will

:26:37.:26:41.

spread across Somalia within two months, unless the international

:26:42.:26:45.

community sends more aid to the region. Famine has been declared in

:26:45.:26:48.

two areas of southern Somalia. That's all from me and the team.

:26:48.:26:58.
:26:58.:27:00.

Next the weather. For now, good Hello. I'm hopeful that come the

:27:00.:27:03.

weekend, most of us will be dry with sunshine and feeling a bit

:27:03.:27:07.

warmer. But it's a struggle to get there. Tomorrow again will be a

:27:07.:27:10.

rather cloudy day with some showers around and feeling cool as well.

:27:10.:27:15.

The showers will be mostly closest to this low pressure, which is

:27:15.:27:18.

crawling along northern parts of France. No sign of high pressure on

:27:18.:27:23.

the horizon just yet. Still a lot of cloud around on Thursday. The

:27:23.:27:26.

focus of the showers will be across southern and eastern areas. Further

:27:26.:27:30.

north and west, a good chance of staying dry and bright. Mid-

:27:30.:27:35.

afternoon, don't be surprised if you encounter a heavy and possibly

:27:35.:27:38.

thundery shower across the southern third of the UK. They'll be slow

:27:38.:27:41.

moving as well because the winds will be fairly light. A cool

:27:41.:27:43.

feeling day, despite some reasonable spells of sunshine and

:27:43.:27:46.

parts of the south-west will do well with relatively few showers

:27:46.:27:50.

and some good sunshine here. So not too bad if you're off to the beach.

:27:50.:27:55.

For parts of Wales too, it's looking OK. The showers reasonably

:27:55.:27:58.

well scattered. Many places staying dry. It's a similar story across

:27:58.:28:01.

Northern Ireland. You get the sense that these western parts of the UK

:28:01.:28:05.

will seat best of the weather on Thursday. Head further east, it's a

:28:05.:28:09.

different story. Further slow moving and sharp showers expected

:28:09.:28:13.

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