20/07/2011 World News Today


The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

Similar Content

Browse content similar to 20/07/2011. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



This is BBC World News Today with me, Tim Willcox. Regrets and the


benefit of hindsight. Prime Minister David Cameron says that


now he wouldn't have employed the former News of the World editor,


Andy Coulson, as his spokesman. You live and you learn, and,


believe you me, I have learnt. not about hindsight, Mr Speaker.


It's not about whether Mr Coulson lied to him. It's about all the


information and warnings that the Prime Minister ignored.


Dying of hunger - the United Nations declares a famine in


southern Somalia for the first time in nearly 20 years.


Closing a door on the past - the last Serbian war crimes fugitive is


arrested after seven years on the run.


Classic opera performed on a floating stage. We'll see how one


production lit up Austria's famous Hello and welcome. After a week


that's seen the Murdochs and the Metropolitan Police face tough


questions from MPs about the phone hacking scandal, today was the turn


of the British Prime Minister, David Cameron. Speaking in an


emergency recall of Parliament after cutting short a trade trip to


Africa, Mr Cameron again defended his appointment of former News of


the World editor Andy Coulson as his spokesman. But he added that in


hindsight he would not have offered him the job. Labour leader Ed


Miliband said his words on Mr Coulson, who was arrested nearly


two weeks ago over phone hacking allegations, were not enough. Our


political editor Nick Robinson reports. For for a friend in need


is a friend until they become a massive political headache.


David Cameron has always defended his decision to give Andy Coulson a


second chance until, that is, to date. With 20-20 hindsight and all


that has followed, I would not have offered him the job and I expect


that he wouldn't have taken it. But you don't make decisions in


hindsight. You make them in the present. You live and to learn and,


believe you me, I have learned. Prime Minister said he was


extremely sorry for the furore Andy Coulson's appointment had caused.


But was he ready to say sorry for hiring him? Not yet at least.


if it turns out I have been lied to, that would be a moment for a


profound apology and in that event, I can tell you why will not fall


short. Few had expected him to go that far, but it simply wasn't far


enough for the Labour leader. isn't good enough, because people...


It is not about hindsight, Mr Speaker. It is not about whether Mr


Coulson lied to him. It is about all the information and warnings


that the Prime Minister ignored. The warnings Ed Miliband claimed


came up -- both before and after David Cameron moved into Number Ten.


On that day, as director of clarification is tried very hard to


keep a low profile. It was a plan that would not last long. Police


are to examine fresh claims about phone hacking by the News of the


World. Last autumn, a New York Times investigation into phone


hacking claimed that Andy Coulson knew about it, something he has


always denied the money it. Despite the paper's claims, Andy Coulson


was not fired but any left Number Ten a few weeks later with the


Prime Minister's praise ringing in his ears. The Prime Minister was


caught in a tragic conflict of loyalty between the standards and


integrity that people should expect of him and his staff, and his


personal allegiance to Mr Coulson. He made the wrong choice. There


were questions about the Prime Minister's other choice of friends,


too. His many meetings with News International bosses with Rebekah


Brooks and with Rupert Murdoch, who left London today on the morning


after the most humble day of his life. As Prime Minister, did he


ever discuss the question of the BSkyB it with News International at


all the meetings they attended? never had one in appropriate


conversation. It was the third time of asking and Labour did not like


the answer. I completely took myself at off any decision-making


about this bid. I had no role in it. I had no role in when the


announcements were going to be made. In an increasingly confident mood,


David Cameron accused Labour of having their close relationships


with the Murdoch empire. The great contrast is, I have set out all of


the contacts and meetings that I've had in complete contrast to the


party opposite. I can say this to the honourable gentleman. I have


never held a slumber party was seen her in her pyjamas. David Cameron


says he has an old-fashioned view that a man is innocent until proven


guilty, but today he tried to separate his fate from Andy


Coulson's. To discuss David Cameron's


performance, let's go to Westminster and speak to two senior


British political journalists, Jason Beattie, deputy political


editor of the Daily Mirror, and Jim Pickard from the Financial Times.


Thank you both very much. Jason Beattie, the backbenchers in the


Tory party seemed to love this. He has sent them off with their tails


high, hasn't he? I am surprised by this. David Cameron did what he is


very good at. He kind of pretence that he is in charge of something.


He gives this impression he is open and transparent. When you've tried


to do this -- digest all the headlines tomorrow, he was actually


extraordinarily slippery, particularly on the BSkyB issue.


Let's stay with Andy Coulson for a minute. He has been arrested but


not for us to have anything. The Prime Minister cannot go any


further, can he? He could have done. A few days ago, David Cameron held


an emergency press conference in Downing Street when is a Andy


Coulson was and is a friend. Now he is trying after a lot of pressure


from Labour to try to disassociate himself from this man. But he


didn't really answer all the questions on it. There were still


too much good things raised again and again, you were warned not just


by Nick Clegg or Lord Ashdown, but by a new -- newspaper articles, by


the Guardian, bat Andy Coulson's behaviour after you appointed him


and used by him bus-stop he has not yet answered that question properly.


Jim Park card, why didn't you listen to those warnings? I think


the context you have to understand is that British politics for 20 to


40 years, the News International empire has been intertwined with


the British elite. If you go but Thatcher, John Major, Tony Blair,


Gordon Brown, they were all going it in and out of each other's


offices, they were having dinners and advising each other. David


Cameron wants to remain close to what is the most powerful media


organisation in the country. Hacking generally, investigative


journalism, sailing close to the world, is something quite a few


newspapers in Britain have been conducting of many years. Even the


Financial Times? The Financial Times is the only newspaper on a


list of drawn up in 2006 by the Information Commissioner showing


who had been paying private detectives for information for


various ways. I think the Mirror came up with 800 or 900 occasions.


The Financial Times was not on that list. But almost every other


newspaper was. PNE point at which the story suddenly gained enormous


attraction was when it was realised that some journalists were hacking


victims of crime, Milly Dowler, the dead teenager, when suddenly it was


realised that this was obscene and a vaulting. That Information


Commissioner's report, 305 incidents of blagging. Put that to


one side because Parliament did nothing at the time in 2006.


Specifically on the BSkyB-News International Relations, the Prime


Minister was not straight in his response, was he? Exactly. I


thought his response was very smooth in terms of generalities. He


had the sycophantic MPs behind him. Labour MPs repeatedly asked him,


have you had meetings with News International insect -- executives


where the issue Obertan to take control of BSkyB is discussed? All


he would say is that he had not had any inappropriate discussions,


implying he had had some. That made him look evasive. Jason Beattie,


the Labour Party is perceived to have done particularly well over


the past two weeks, Ed Miliband in particular. But the Prime Minister


has caused 12 or 13 separate inquiries. There is not much more


we can do. Has he not now regained control of this crisis? You are


right about the Labour Party. It has given Ed Miliband extraordinary


confidence. Just a few weeks ago, there were mutterings about how


long he could stay in the job. Those have all disappeared now. He


has banned voice as a leader. Whether he can keep going is


another question. In terms of the inquiries, they will help in some


way to dissipate the miles from around this story. There has been a


slight hysteria about it. I still think Cameron has a lot of


questions to answer. They will not go away. There was an extraordinary


claim made today in the Commons by Nick Raynsford, saying a senior


civil servant had his own act. These have been denied by the


Cabinet Office. But every time you think this story is going to calm


down, something else comes up. view would be that when you know


3000 people have been hacked, there is almost nothing left to surprise.


The fact that a government official was probably hack, I was mass of


the unsurprised. And also the fact that the MPs are breaking up for


the summer and that today Cameron basically so by the occasion means


that things will died down relative to this incredibly frenetic two


weeks. Jim Pickard and Jason Beattie, thank you both very much


for joining us from a rather soggy Westminster.


Famine will spread across Somalia within two months unless the


international community sends more aid to the region, according to the


UN. Famine has already been declared in two areas of southern


Somalia, which has been ravaged by conflict and the worst drought in


east Africa for more than half a century. The UN says up to ten


million people are affected. Our Africa correspondent Andrew Harding


sent this report. Now it is official, Somalia is


sinking into famine. It is the first time that compelling word has


been deployed in almost 20 years. The United Nations is hoping it


would Olga world into action. Thousands of Somalis continue to


three a lethal combination of drought, conflict and poverty.


Since I was here in 1992 and when I look around and icy yet again...


These are Brew resilient people. substantial aid operation is under


way. Supplies are arriving in neighbouring Kenya. But the UN is


asking for an extra �185 million immediately. The international


response has been mixed. Britain has given �23 million to Somalia


this year. The United States barely half that. Germany and France on


three and 1.6 million are among those accused of ignoring the alarm


bells. I think the contributions from other countries has been in


some cases derisory and overall dangerously inadequate. Britain is


setting a good lead and we expect others to contribute. There are


signs today that others are beginning to put their shoulder to


the wheel but we need that to happen rapidly and vigorously.


money is not the only problem here. Famine has taken hold in areas


controlled or influenced by a militant Islamist group, Al-Shabab.


They have made it too dangerous for foreign aid groups to operate


directly. Now they say a ban has been lifted, but the politics are


complicated and aid simply isn't getting to the right people fast


enough. And so the familiar images of hunger and helplessness and the


predictable scramble for money and access as famine bites into Somalia.


Joining me from Nairobi is Rozanne Chorlton, UNICEF representative for


Somalia. How bad are things? Are we looking at a similar famine --


famine to that of 91/92? numbers are certainly comparable


and comparable with other famines that have occurred in the last 10


years, but it is the worst, a severe food security crisis in


Africa in the last 20 years and it is currently the worst food


security crisis in the world. The number of children suffering from


malnutrition has doubled, and another number of those, or the


proportion of those who are severely malnourished is 50%. That


is generally much lower in -- even in an emergency situation. Our real


concern for those children is that they are nine times more likely to


die than a healthy child. For and no coincidence that famine has now


been declared in two areas controlled by Al-Shabab. The famine


is across the southern part of Somalia. Certainly, those areas are


largely controlled by Al-Shabab. They are also the areas where there


has been a crop failure, where there has been trapped and there


has been no possibility for people to benefit from their own harvest.


There has also been no food aid for a very long time. So one topple


whatever -- on top of whatever the government arrangements may be,


there are fundamental other issues to do with trout and to do with


economic collapse that are also coming into play here.


development secretary, Andrew Mitchell, has described the world's


response to this as derisory. Do you agree with that, and just as a


second thought, it is worth pointing out that there is food


there, isn't there, but it is very expensive and people are not able


to afford to buy it? That's absolutely correct. There is food


in the market. That is showing that the market is still working, but


there is not enough food and it has very, very high prices that the


majority of those who were weak and vulnerable cannot afford. What we


are hoping for is that the donors who have been present all along but


at a lower level are going to come in with much more substantial


contributions over the next month or two and that other donors who


have perhaps not yet contributed to Somalia were also see the need to


come in. This really does take a global response to manage the


enormity of the crisis. Rozanne The last suspected war criminal on


the rung after the conflict in the former Yugoslavia has been arrested.


Goran Hadzic a pipe smoking former warehouseman, was the leader of the


ethnic Serbs in the east of Croatia. He's accused of crimes against


humanity during the war. The EU has described his arrest as an


important step as Serbia's eventual step towards joining the union.


A brief glimpse of a man who'd been in hiding for the past seven years.


Goran Hadzic, the last remaining fugitive from the Yugoslav wars,


wanted by the UN tribunal in the Hague. Of 161 suspects dieted it


had been feared that Hadzic would be the one that got away. In the


early hours of Wednesday morning, he was seized in a forest near the


northern Serbian town. Announcing his arrest the Serbian President


said it had been his country's moral and legal responsibility.


Asked why it had taken so long to find him, the President drew


compare sons with another long hunted fugitive. If I have to


remind yourself about other cases, internationally very well known and


recognised, for example, the case about Osama Bin Laden, that is the


same situation. We've been working very hard. We've been working


systematically. When Croatia broke away from Yugoslavia in 1991, Goran


Hadzic led a rebellion by Croatian Serbs. He took charge of the


separatists in the region. The counts against him include murder,


torture and persecution, notably the massacre of 250 Croats in


Vukovar and the deportation of many thousands more. Here he is pictured


with the former Bosnian Serb leaders, Radovan Karadzic and Ratko


Mladic. Once they were caught in Serbia, Hadzic became the most


wanted. And so Goran Hadzic is now in custody in Belgrade, awaiting


transfer to the Hague. He says he won't appeal. The arrest the


fugitives from the 1990s had been a pre-condition for Serbia to move


towards European Union membership and the country will now expect a


date for accession talks. Beyond that, Serbia hopes this will


finally draw a line under its painful past and rehabilitate its


image within the international community.


The President of the European Commission has warned that history


will judge Europe's leaders harshly if they fail to find a solution to


the financial crisis facing the eurozone. Jose Manuel Barroso said


if leaders gathering for the summit in Brussels didn't respond


decisively, the negative consequences would be felt


throughout Europe and beyond. Gavin Hewitt is in Brussels. He says


finding a solution to this crisis will be a major challenge. This


summit is really crunchtime for the euro and the whole financial world


will be watching. There are two main challenges. First Greece needs


a second bail out and second, gros's debts which have mushroomed


to 360 billion euros and they need bringing down. Some measures are


easy to agree to, like reducing the interest that Greece pays on its


loan. In the past it's been the taxpayer who has stood behind these


bail outs. But the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, said


that's unfair. She wants private investors, the banks and pension


funds both to support the second bail out ond to help in reducing


those debts. Now, if those banks end up taking big losses, some will


say that in effect is a default and that would unsettle markets right


across Europe. Now, there is one other big fear here. Say it proves


difficult helping Greece, then what about Italy? A much bigger economy,


and one that also has huge debts, 120% of GDP. Now if they have


difficulties tomorrow, it will put further pressure on Italy. And if


Italy runs into trouble, then that could threaten the very survival of


the eurozone. Gavin Hewitt our Europe editor.


Some of the day's other news. The Libyan foreign minister said


Colonel Gaddafi's removal from power is not up for negotiation.


Abdelati Obeidi was speaking after talks in Moscow. Earlier the French


foreign ministers suggested Colonel Gaddafi might be able to remain in


Libya, if he stood down. In Britain, a nurse has been


arrested in connection with the deaths of three patients at a


hospital in Stockport, in the north of England. The 26-year-old woman


was detained in her home and is being questioned by detectives.


The Irish Prime Minister, Enda Kenny, has launched an


unprecedented attack on the Vatican for encouraging Roman Catholic


bishops not to report suspected paedophile priests to the Police.


Mr Kenny said a recrept report into abuse allegations showed, the


"dysfunction, elitism and narcissism" that dominated the


culture of the Vatican. International health experts say


goals to rid the world of polio by the end of next year is off track.


The World Health Organisation agreed to eradicate polio in 1988.


But it's been concluded that tackling the remaining cases will


prove the greatest challenge yet. British forces in Afghanistan have


handed over security in the capital of Helmand province to the Afghan


Police and army. Lashkar Gah city, where British forces have been


operating since 2006, is one of seven areas in the region to be


placed under government control over the next week. But as Jonathan


Beale reports, the handover has been accompanied by increasing


levels of violence from the Taliban. A moment of national pride. Afghans


taking responsibility for their own security. This ceremony designed to


send the message that they're up to the job. But the British soldiers


who've helped train them and who will now step back still have


concerns, not least about corruption within the Afghan Police.


There is certainly some elist it income generation and allegations


of corruption and it would be foolish to deny that exists. We're


trying to eradicate that from the police. If we get it wrong, the


police could push the locals away. Even if Afghanistan manages to root


out corruption, huge challenges remain. This is Bamiyan, another


province just handed over to the Afghans. Unlike Helmand, there's


been little fighting here for the past ten years. Bombs and bullets


aren't Bamiyan's biggest killers, it's diarrhoea and malnutrition.


Most of the aid agencies and NGOs will leave Bamiyan, after the


withdrawal of NATO forces. pressure's now on the government to


win the trust of its own people. They are going to be lots of


questions. There are going to be lots of concerns. We acknowledge


the concerns as legitimate. Our job is to change our institutions and


to change the perceptions. And this, in theory, is the easy phase. The


transition of just a few less violent parts of the country. For


NATO, it marks the beginning of the end, the exit strategy that will


see all British combat troops leave by 2015.


If transition doesn't succeed in Lashkar Gah or bannian -- Bamiyan,


what hope for the rest of the Afghanistan?


This is BBC World News today. The annual Bregenz Festival of arts and


music is opening in western Austria. One of this year's highlights is a


new production of the opera Andre Chenier. Our correspondent reports


from Vienna. A tale of love and death, staged on


a lake. Umberto Giordano's opera Andre Chenier is being performed


for the first time on the floating stage at the Bregenz Festival. The


action takes place both on and in the water. The opera is set at the


time of the French Revolution. It tells the story of a poet and his


lover caught up in the Reign of Terror. It's a very passionate


story with this backdrop of historical events going on. It's


written with tremendous economy and pace and drive from Giordano, so


there are no longer, I mean it is like watching a good film. That's


exactly what the experience out here should be like. The stage


design is based on the famous painting, the death of Marah by


Jacques-Louis David. It is high above the surface of the lake and


weighs 60 tones. Austria's President, Heinz Fischer, is to opt


festival and will attend the premiere.


The opera will be performed until Something quite spectacular. Our


main news: MPs have been holding a special session to debate the phone


hacking scandal, which has rocked the police, the political


establishment and the Murdoch media empire. The Prime Minister, David


Cameron, who's cut short a trip to Africa, said public trust in key


institutions had been shaken and that with hindsight, he wouldn't


have employed as his spokesman the former newspaper editor, Andy


Coulson, editor of the News Of The World, who was arrested over the


hacking allegations nearly a fortnight ago. And famine will


spread across Somalia within two months, unless the international


community sends more aid to the region. Famine has been declared in


two areas of southern Somalia. That's all from me and the team.


Next the weather. For now, good Hello. I'm hopeful that come the


weekend, most of us will be dry with sunshine and feeling a bit


warmer. But it's a struggle to get there. Tomorrow again will be a


rather cloudy day with some showers around and feeling cool as well.


The showers will be mostly closest to this low pressure, which is


crawling along northern parts of France. No sign of high pressure on


the horizon just yet. Still a lot of cloud around on Thursday. The


focus of the showers will be across southern and eastern areas. Further


north and west, a good chance of staying dry and bright. Mid-


afternoon, don't be surprised if you encounter a heavy and possibly


thundery shower across the southern third of the UK. They'll be slow


moving as well because the winds will be fairly light. A cool


feeling day, despite some reasonable spells of sunshine and


parts of the south-west will do well with relatively few showers


and some good sunshine here. So not too bad if you're off to the beach.


For parts of Wales too, it's looking OK. The showers reasonably


well scattered. Many places staying dry. It's a similar story across


Northern Ireland. You get the sense that these western parts of the UK


will seat best of the weather on Thursday. Head further east, it's a


different story. Further slow moving and sharp showers expected


Download Subtitles