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4th this ears BBC World News Today we need him Wilcox. Will there be a
selective default for Greece? A bail-out could produce another
bail-out for the country. Having fired the imagination of a
generation, and its place in history secured, the space shuttle
palls into port for the last time. Its voyage is at an end. My show
and accomplished. Anand is lands safely bring in a the space shuttle
programme to a close -- Atlantis. They can be no whitewash at the
White House. Is the News Of The World phone hacking scandal Rupert
Murdoch's what -- Watergate? And the BBC has the first unrestricted
access to the north of Sri Lanka. Welcome. Euros in the leaders are
locked in discussion at an emergency summit to hammer out a
rescue package for three Greek economy. It is not just Greece that
is a concern, but the currency itself. Global markets and the
value of the euro rose as a draft was lead.
They arrived with warnings in their ears. Failure is not an option. The
survival of the single currency is at stake. What is emerging is a
series of measures to help countries before they get into
trouble and to buy back debt at discount prices. It has been
proposed that as part of a second bail-out for Greece, private
institutions like banks will agreed to buy more Greek bonds when they
expire or allow more time before they get their money back. There
needs to be a solution everyone can live with. The biggest decisions
will have to be made by the most powerful economy in the eurozone,
Germany. It has done well out of the single currency and its exports
have boomed. In one way or another, it will have to dig deep into its
pockets. That means this process is fraught with political and economic
Risk. It will be expensive and market reaction to any deal can
change quickly. The interest rate they will pay you will extend
maturity is but they need a cut on the value of greed that. It will go
into a selective default. That is if there is a bond swaps.
alternative is confusion leading to contagion. And economic troubles
spreading to bigger economies like Spain and Italy. That would prove
more expensive. The euro would be in mortal danger and instability
would friend the entire global economy.
-- it would threaten. We can go to art diplomatic correspondent. We
have been expecting a press conference. What is holding things
up? We have to accept this is a complex deal. It involves the
governments of the eurozone and the banks and central banks. And the
International Monetary Fund. The director of the IMF is here. It
puts money into these rescue packages as well. There is no
surprise we are going into the night. The markets seem reassured
by what appears to be emerging as a potential deal. The feeling is that
the eurozone has gone further than before to address those in the
markets to think that previous rescue packages have not been
adequate. We have not got a deal. But, it looks as if something
definite will emerge that could buy a serious time for the eurozone,
even if it does not resolve the doubt about long-term stability
about the eurozone. We can speak to a member of the
European Parliament. As you understand things, how much ground
has Angela Merkel had to give? her it was important to win the
battle. She has lost too many battles in the past to during the
Euro crisis. If she would have said in 2009 we will rescue Greece,
whatever happens, we would not have had that crisis. This is an
important signal to the markets. I think she has won the most
important point. How will German people react? It seems they are
split down the middle about what should be done. In Germany, if it
comes to the question of the euro rescue package, people are against.
But, they vote for parties in favour of the euro rescue package.
So, the Green Party and social democratic party wins, although
they are in favour. It is like a paradox in Germany. People expect a
leadership in Germany. That is what was missing in the past. It was not
a straight line and people want a clear line. We think of
institutions taking haircuts on this. What will it mean in terms of
the German taxpayers putting into this and the losses among private
institutions in Europe? To extend it is a myth that the German
taxpayer has paid. Until now Germany has taken 200 million euros
out of the crisis without paying one cent. It was an important issue
for Germany that private investors take part in the crisis. It seems
they are encouraged and will be encouraged on a volunteer basis to
Exchange bombs and by this and also to paid their dues -- bonds. There
will be a bank rescue fund with up to 30 billion at Euros in order to
rescue especially the Greek banks that might suffer if the selective
default prevails. Thank you. We can look at other
news. The President of Malawi has rejected calls to step down despite
the deaths of 18 people in anti- government riots. Protests in three
cities turned up violent after the beating of human rights activists
and journalists. The President promised to talk to the opposition.
Four Kenyan veterans of the 1950s Mau Mau uprisings have won the
right to sue the UK government relating to torture 50 years ago.
They say they were subjected to brutality including sexual assault.
TRANSLATION: I was castrated and humiliated and I have no family of
my own. I am happy they have accepted our case. They must pay me.
They have denied me a family that has tormented me all my life.
Japanese man was sentenced to life for the rape and murder of British
teacher Lindsay Ann Hawker whose body was found in a bath at Tatsuya
Ichihashi's flat in 2007. He went on the run for over two years.
The BBC understands that Prince Andrew is stepping down from his
job as a special representative for trade and investment. He has been
criticised for his association with an American businessman convicted
of sex offences involving a girl under the age of consent.
It is the end of an era. The US space shuttle has touched down for
the final time, bringing to an end NASA's 30 year shuttle programme.
The feet put satellites in orbit and launched the Hubble's telescope.
Our correspondent looks at the age of space travel.
Three-and-a-half minutes until touchdown. Two sonic booms as the
shuttle appears in the night sky. This thermal image captures the
nose cone in glowing white with extreme heat. Every landing is
tense. One of those ended in disaster. This is the pilot's view.
Emotions are running high for the final touchdown. Having fired the
imagination of a generation, a craft like no other, its place in
history secured, the shuttle comes into port for the last time. Its
voyages at an end. Dawn at Cape Canaveral and the shuttles are
flown for 30 years but now there is no immediate replacement. The
astronauts are welcomed home. The commander made a sentimental plea
for America to keep its role in space. I want the picture of a six-
year old boy looking at the space shuttle in the museum and saying,
daddy, I want to do something like that when I grow up. What did the
shuttles achieve? They built the International Space Station. They
launched the Hubble telescope, providing extraordinary glimpses of
distant black -- Alex's. What will America do next in space --
galaxies. Commercial operators with new spacecraft will be paid to do
the job of going into orbit. That should free up NASA to send
missions deeper into space, maybe as far as asteroids or even Mars,
but only if there is the money. This animation shows how NASA aims
to land on an asteroid. Planning is under way. It may be well --
wishful thinking on a sad day. Tonight, the slow journey to
retirement, watched by crowns. Thousands will lose jobs. 50 years
ago America launched its first astronaut. Now, nobody is sure what
will come next. We can talk to a scientist from
Mullard Space Science Laboratory at University College in London.
Flight commanders do not cry, but there will be sadness at the
development. Absolutely. The programme has dominated space
flight for three decades. It is sad to see it coming to an end.
practical implications are dire for skilled engineers, 3000 who are due
to lose their jobs. They are dedicated and highly trained.
Unfortunately, they will be losing their jobs. They have known this
was happening. The private sector, is that able to take those jobs?
I'm sure it will do eventually. Some companies, including one that
was in the lead to provide a replacement to take astronauts to
the International Space Station. But there will be a gap before
their spacecraft comes into service. What does it mean psychologically?
When America has ended space programmes, it has always had
another one. This is the first time in 50 years it has not. They have
not decided which programme will replace the shuttle. There was a
gap between the end of the Apollo programme and the shuttle, but they
knew the shuttle was coming. It is an uncertain time. There is focus
on what? Tyne and India, for example, and presumably Russia --
China and India. Russia is competent and stuck to the same
design since the 1960s. That was a better design and the shuttle?
retrospect, they saved many in the long run by having disposable
spacecraft. It was a basic but proficient design. The space
shuttle was sophisticated and capable, able to return to the
Hubble space telescope and fix it, at which she cannot do with any
other spacecraft at the moment. -- which you cannot. But the Russians
have probably run a more efficient The UK inquiry into phone hacking
by journalists may be widening beyond News International.
Detectives have asked for records of a 2003 inquiry which looked into
the use of private investigators by reporters. It found journalists
across the industry - working for broadsheets as well as tabloids -
had paid for illegally obtained information. Britain's Deputy Prime
Minister says the scandal has shaken the public's faith in the
police, press and politicians. think we have a once in a
generation opportunity to really clean up the murky practices and
dodgy relationships which have taken root at the very heart of the
British Establishment between press, politicians and the police. Some
are already calling the scandal Britain's very own Watergate. The
story about a burglary at a Washington hotel in 1972 ended with
the first resignation of an American President, most of the
corruption exposed by two young journalists at the Washington Post.
Watergate became a household word on the night of 17th June, when
five men were caught with burglary tolls and bugging devices and
$5,000 in new $100 notes in a set of sixth-floor offices rented as
its national headquarters by the Democratic Party. With the
indictments completed, the government declared the
investigation closed. That produced a cry of outrage from the Democrats.
Well, they demanded, worthies seven men working for? -- who'll. We do
not have hard evidence that the President had advance knowledge of
the bugging. We've only seen the tip of the iceberg. They can be no
whitewash at the White House. Watergate investigation has finally
begun inside the caucus room here. It attracted the kind of attention
that could only be given to a scandal of such magnitude. People
have got to know whether or not their President is a crook. I'm not
a crook. I shall resign the presidency effective at noon
Such iconic images. Together with Bob Woodward, Carl Bernstein
exposed the Watergate scandal in the Washington Post. He's just
written a paper asking whether this is Murdoch's Watergate? Mr
Bernstein joins us from our New York studio. Is it? We don't know
yet. What we do know is there are a lot of similarities, in that what
is happening in Britain is about a fast abuse of power and the
corruption of an institution, which is to say the low end of Rupert
Murdoch's newspapers, the News of the World, and others. In which an
agenda that has almost nothing to do with real journalism and instead
has to do with hacking and stories that have nothing to do with the
best obtain a Buerhrle version of the truth, which is really what
reporting and real journalism is about, have managed to take over a
newspaper and an institution that follows the precepts of its owner.
This is similar to what happened in Watergate in the White House, where
the institution and the presidency was taken over by a President who
corrupted it. In that sense, and they're also obviously has been an
ongoing cover-up in which the principle of the institution, Mr
Murdoch, says he knows nothing about the specific hacking that
happened, just as Nixon said he didn't know anything about the
specific burglary. And I think more important is the institutional
corruption. As I said in that piece that I wrote, which was written for
Newsweek and quoted some people that were close to Mr Murdoch in
the past, this really is about Murdoch culture. The kind of do
anything that it takes to get the story attitude. I wouldn't call it
a real journalism, I'd call it masquerading as journalism.
Presumably you are talking about celebrity journalism, gossip and
tittle-tattle. Mobile phones went around during the Watergate era
when you were working on that particular story, but would you
have phone hacked to actually bring about the result of the
investigation if you'd been able to do that, or would you have drawn a
line there, even if it was going to provide that essential plank of
information you needed? First of all, it's really wire-tapping. I
think wire-tapping is so far on the other side of the line that it's
unthinkable. How far would you go? Let me interrupt you for a minute.
I think that by concentrating on this one aspect as opposed to the
fact of what we have here and what we have seen in Britain, it's the
capture of basically the three most important institutions outside the
monarchy in Great Britain by a powerful individual. Which is to
say the political system, the media and the police. It is a remarkable
story. We don't know where it's going yet. I also think that it's
important that they're not be a witch hunt against Rupert Murdoch
carried out by the other tabloids, who also have some standards that
are in the sewer. You mentioned the colliding worlds of the police,
political establishment and the media. I wonder what you felt about
the Telegraph group, for example, who produced all those stories
about MPs' expenses. That came from a stolen computer disk. I think we
can go all the way through the sins of every newspaper from the top to
the bottom in the United States and in Great Britain. I think that what
we really need to be looking at here, you made an analogy a moment
ago, this is just about celebrities and this or that. There is no just
about this or that. What real reporting is about is the best
obtainable version of the truth. That is really about context. If
you -- your agenda becomes really about getting into the private
lives of people who really are of not particular importance or they
are celebrities, then that's pretty much all you do. Or if your agenda
is one that has little to do with the overall context of your country,
your city, your culture. And rather dwells on this lowest descending a
common denominator. Then you have a kind of culture that Murdoch has
specialised in at the bottom of his empire, very much like Mafia Dons,
he's got the legitimate parts of his empire at the top - Sky News,
Fox News, the TV entertainment network, Paramount. Other
institutions, the Wall Street Journal. Yet it's all been built on
this thing that a moment ago you kind of look that as a bit of
harmless fun. It's not harmless fun. It's indicative of culture. Thank
you for joining us. Two years after the civil war in Sri Lanka,
hundreds of thousands of displaced Tamil civilians are returning home
to their villages in the north. Access to the region for outsiders
has been heavily restricted by the military for years. But the rules
have recently been relaxed. Our correspondent, Charles Haviland, is
the first journalist to travel to Kilinochchi - the place that was
once the headquarters of the Tamil Tigers. For years, few outsiders
have come to these northern jungles. Waugh had driven out every person,
every animal, every building was flattened. Now people are returning,
rebuilding, trying to start afresh. This little boy is helping his
parents build a home. They were forced from this village then
displaced time and again before suffering bombardment in the final
war-zone. They got a small UN ground when they came out of their
refugee camp, but they've had to pawn their possessions to get by.
TRANSLATION: We are glad that we've come from the camp to our own
village, but I lost my mother, my little brother and my elder sister
and brother in the war. We've come here without our family, so we are
not really living happily. There is at least community spirit here.
Helping him build his house are his two friends, all our lucky to be
alive. Many of the men perished. Most of the civilians who were
confined in government-run camps at the end of the war have at last
returned to villages like this one. But all of them have had a
difficult homecoming, haunted by their traumas and their losses.
This widow lost a brother in the war. She and her mother are sick,
too ill to work. Nor can they afford transport to the hospital.
The government insists it's doing all it can to help people like her.
She disagrees. TRANSLATION: We've been here almost
three months. Since then, we have got nothing. We get less than a
dollar a month each in aid money. The government is not helping us. I
have sent a lot of letters but there's no reply. Just a few miles
away in Kilinochchi town, soldiers lovingly tended government war
victory monument. They are here 24 hours a day. The bullet represents
the army's triumph over the Tamil Tigers. The flower represents peace.
Let's return to those iconic images We have main engine start.
America's first space shuttle. The Lift off! Lift off of the 25th
We are looking very carefully at the situation. We have Buster
ignition and lift off of that space Colombia Houston. For me, the space
programme has always captured an essential part of what it means to
be an American. The question for us now is whether that was the
beginning of something or the end of something. I choose to believe
it was only the beginning. I believe we can send humans to orbit,
Mars and return them safely to work. -- to earth. I expect to be around
to see it. Having fired the imagination of a generation, a ship
like no other, its place in history should cured, the space shuttle
polls in support for the last time. It's voyage at Downend. -- its
It was yet again pretty cloudy today and there were a lot of
showers around as well. A similar forecast for tomorrow. There will
be further showers but a better chance of seeing things brighten up
a bit through tomorrow. We've got high pressure trying to nudge in
from the West. But a weak weather front sitting through southern
areas yet again on Friday brings the risk of showers. A call start
for some first thing with clear spells of a night, but at least a
dry, bright start. It won't last for long. The clouds will gather,
particularly through the South of England. Showers developing with
light winds. Probably not quite as heavy as the ones we saw today. In
between there is a glimmer of some brightness. A wetter day across the
south-west of England tomorrow. In between the sunny spells we could
get up to 17 degrees. For seven areas of Wales it is pretty cloudy
with a few showers. In the north- west it is looking dryer and
brighter. For Northern Ireland it is pretty hit and miss. Patchy
cloud, some sunny spells but always the risk of one or two showers,
though they should be pretty light and isolated. A gentle northerly
wind across Scotland brings the risk of a few scattered showers. On