21/07/2011 World News Today


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4th this ears BBC World News Today we need him Wilcox. Will there be a


selective default for Greece? A bail-out could produce another


bail-out for the country. Having fired the imagination of a


generation, and its place in history secured, the space shuttle


palls into port for the last time. Its voyage is at an end. My show


and accomplished. Anand is lands safely bring in a the space shuttle


programme to a close -- Atlantis. They can be no whitewash at the


White House. Is the News Of The World phone hacking scandal Rupert


Murdoch's what -- Watergate? And the BBC has the first unrestricted


access to the north of Sri Lanka. Welcome. Euros in the leaders are


locked in discussion at an emergency summit to hammer out a


rescue package for three Greek economy. It is not just Greece that


is a concern, but the currency itself. Global markets and the


value of the euro rose as a draft was lead.


They arrived with warnings in their ears. Failure is not an option. The


survival of the single currency is at stake. What is emerging is a


series of measures to help countries before they get into


trouble and to buy back debt at discount prices. It has been


proposed that as part of a second bail-out for Greece, private


institutions like banks will agreed to buy more Greek bonds when they


expire or allow more time before they get their money back. There


needs to be a solution everyone can live with. The biggest decisions


will have to be made by the most powerful economy in the eurozone,


Germany. It has done well out of the single currency and its exports


have boomed. In one way or another, it will have to dig deep into its


pockets. That means this process is fraught with political and economic


Risk. It will be expensive and market reaction to any deal can


change quickly. The interest rate they will pay you will extend


maturity is but they need a cut on the value of greed that. It will go


into a selective default. That is if there is a bond swaps.


alternative is confusion leading to contagion. And economic troubles


spreading to bigger economies like Spain and Italy. That would prove


more expensive. The euro would be in mortal danger and instability


would friend the entire global economy.


-- it would threaten. We can go to art diplomatic correspondent. We


have been expecting a press conference. What is holding things


up? We have to accept this is a complex deal. It involves the


governments of the eurozone and the banks and central banks. And the


International Monetary Fund. The director of the IMF is here. It


puts money into these rescue packages as well. There is no


surprise we are going into the night. The markets seem reassured


by what appears to be emerging as a potential deal. The feeling is that


the eurozone has gone further than before to address those in the


markets to think that previous rescue packages have not been


adequate. We have not got a deal. But, it looks as if something


definite will emerge that could buy a serious time for the eurozone,


even if it does not resolve the doubt about long-term stability


about the eurozone. We can speak to a member of the


European Parliament. As you understand things, how much ground


has Angela Merkel had to give? her it was important to win the


battle. She has lost too many battles in the past to during the


Euro crisis. If she would have said in 2009 we will rescue Greece,


whatever happens, we would not have had that crisis. This is an


important signal to the markets. I think she has won the most


important point. How will German people react? It seems they are


split down the middle about what should be done. In Germany, if it


comes to the question of the euro rescue package, people are against.


But, they vote for parties in favour of the euro rescue package.


So, the Green Party and social democratic party wins, although


they are in favour. It is like a paradox in Germany. People expect a


leadership in Germany. That is what was missing in the past. It was not


a straight line and people want a clear line. We think of


institutions taking haircuts on this. What will it mean in terms of


the German taxpayers putting into this and the losses among private


institutions in Europe? To extend it is a myth that the German


taxpayer has paid. Until now Germany has taken 200 million euros


out of the crisis without paying one cent. It was an important issue


for Germany that private investors take part in the crisis. It seems


they are encouraged and will be encouraged on a volunteer basis to


Exchange bombs and by this and also to paid their dues -- bonds. There


will be a bank rescue fund with up to 30 billion at Euros in order to


rescue especially the Greek banks that might suffer if the selective


default prevails. Thank you. We can look at other


news. The President of Malawi has rejected calls to step down despite


the deaths of 18 people in anti- government riots. Protests in three


cities turned up violent after the beating of human rights activists


and journalists. The President promised to talk to the opposition.


Four Kenyan veterans of the 1950s Mau Mau uprisings have won the


right to sue the UK government relating to torture 50 years ago.


They say they were subjected to brutality including sexual assault.


TRANSLATION: I was castrated and humiliated and I have no family of


my own. I am happy they have accepted our case. They must pay me.


They have denied me a family that has tormented me all my life.


Japanese man was sentenced to life for the rape and murder of British


teacher Lindsay Ann Hawker whose body was found in a bath at Tatsuya


Ichihashi's flat in 2007. He went on the run for over two years.


The BBC understands that Prince Andrew is stepping down from his


job as a special representative for trade and investment. He has been


criticised for his association with an American businessman convicted


of sex offences involving a girl under the age of consent.


It is the end of an era. The US space shuttle has touched down for


the final time, bringing to an end NASA's 30 year shuttle programme.


The feet put satellites in orbit and launched the Hubble's telescope.


Our correspondent looks at the age of space travel.


Three-and-a-half minutes until touchdown. Two sonic booms as the


shuttle appears in the night sky. This thermal image captures the


nose cone in glowing white with extreme heat. Every landing is


tense. One of those ended in disaster. This is the pilot's view.


Emotions are running high for the final touchdown. Having fired the


imagination of a generation, a craft like no other, its place in


history secured, the shuttle comes into port for the last time. Its


voyages at an end. Dawn at Cape Canaveral and the shuttles are


flown for 30 years but now there is no immediate replacement. The


astronauts are welcomed home. The commander made a sentimental plea


for America to keep its role in space. I want the picture of a six-


year old boy looking at the space shuttle in the museum and saying,


daddy, I want to do something like that when I grow up. What did the


shuttles achieve? They built the International Space Station. They


launched the Hubble telescope, providing extraordinary glimpses of


distant black -- Alex's. What will America do next in space --


galaxies. Commercial operators with new spacecraft will be paid to do


the job of going into orbit. That should free up NASA to send


missions deeper into space, maybe as far as asteroids or even Mars,


but only if there is the money. This animation shows how NASA aims


to land on an asteroid. Planning is under way. It may be well --


wishful thinking on a sad day. Tonight, the slow journey to


retirement, watched by crowns. Thousands will lose jobs. 50 years


ago America launched its first astronaut. Now, nobody is sure what


will come next. We can talk to a scientist from


Mullard Space Science Laboratory at University College in London.


Flight commanders do not cry, but there will be sadness at the


development. Absolutely. The programme has dominated space


flight for three decades. It is sad to see it coming to an end.


practical implications are dire for skilled engineers, 3000 who are due


to lose their jobs. They are dedicated and highly trained.


Unfortunately, they will be losing their jobs. They have known this


was happening. The private sector, is that able to take those jobs?


I'm sure it will do eventually. Some companies, including one that


was in the lead to provide a replacement to take astronauts to


the International Space Station. But there will be a gap before


their spacecraft comes into service. What does it mean psychologically?


When America has ended space programmes, it has always had


another one. This is the first time in 50 years it has not. They have


not decided which programme will replace the shuttle. There was a


gap between the end of the Apollo programme and the shuttle, but they


knew the shuttle was coming. It is an uncertain time. There is focus


on what? Tyne and India, for example, and presumably Russia --


China and India. Russia is competent and stuck to the same


design since the 1960s. That was a better design and the shuttle?


retrospect, they saved many in the long run by having disposable


spacecraft. It was a basic but proficient design. The space


shuttle was sophisticated and capable, able to return to the


Hubble space telescope and fix it, at which she cannot do with any


other spacecraft at the moment. -- which you cannot. But the Russians


have probably run a more efficient The UK inquiry into phone hacking


by journalists may be widening beyond News International.


Detectives have asked for records of a 2003 inquiry which looked into


the use of private investigators by reporters. It found journalists


across the industry - working for broadsheets as well as tabloids -


had paid for illegally obtained information. Britain's Deputy Prime


Minister says the scandal has shaken the public's faith in the


police, press and politicians. think we have a once in a


generation opportunity to really clean up the murky practices and


dodgy relationships which have taken root at the very heart of the


British Establishment between press, politicians and the police. Some


are already calling the scandal Britain's very own Watergate. The


story about a burglary at a Washington hotel in 1972 ended with


the first resignation of an American President, most of the


corruption exposed by two young journalists at the Washington Post.


Watergate became a household word on the night of 17th June, when


five men were caught with burglary tolls and bugging devices and


$5,000 in new $100 notes in a set of sixth-floor offices rented as


its national headquarters by the Democratic Party. With the


indictments completed, the government declared the


investigation closed. That produced a cry of outrage from the Democrats.


Well, they demanded, worthies seven men working for? -- who'll. We do


not have hard evidence that the President had advance knowledge of


the bugging. We've only seen the tip of the iceberg. They can be no


whitewash at the White House. Watergate investigation has finally


begun inside the caucus room here. It attracted the kind of attention


that could only be given to a scandal of such magnitude. People


have got to know whether or not their President is a crook. I'm not


a crook. I shall resign the presidency effective at noon


Such iconic images. Together with Bob Woodward, Carl Bernstein


exposed the Watergate scandal in the Washington Post. He's just


written a paper asking whether this is Murdoch's Watergate? Mr


Bernstein joins us from our New York studio. Is it? We don't know


yet. What we do know is there are a lot of similarities, in that what


is happening in Britain is about a fast abuse of power and the


corruption of an institution, which is to say the low end of Rupert


Murdoch's newspapers, the News of the World, and others. In which an


agenda that has almost nothing to do with real journalism and instead


has to do with hacking and stories that have nothing to do with the


best obtain a Buerhrle version of the truth, which is really what


reporting and real journalism is about, have managed to take over a


newspaper and an institution that follows the precepts of its owner.


This is similar to what happened in Watergate in the White House, where


the institution and the presidency was taken over by a President who


corrupted it. In that sense, and they're also obviously has been an


ongoing cover-up in which the principle of the institution, Mr


Murdoch, says he knows nothing about the specific hacking that


happened, just as Nixon said he didn't know anything about the


specific burglary. And I think more important is the institutional


corruption. As I said in that piece that I wrote, which was written for


Newsweek and quoted some people that were close to Mr Murdoch in


the past, this really is about Murdoch culture. The kind of do


anything that it takes to get the story attitude. I wouldn't call it


a real journalism, I'd call it masquerading as journalism.


Presumably you are talking about celebrity journalism, gossip and


tittle-tattle. Mobile phones went around during the Watergate era


when you were working on that particular story, but would you


have phone hacked to actually bring about the result of the


investigation if you'd been able to do that, or would you have drawn a


line there, even if it was going to provide that essential plank of


information you needed? First of all, it's really wire-tapping. I


think wire-tapping is so far on the other side of the line that it's


unthinkable. How far would you go? Let me interrupt you for a minute.


I think that by concentrating on this one aspect as opposed to the


fact of what we have here and what we have seen in Britain, it's the


capture of basically the three most important institutions outside the


monarchy in Great Britain by a powerful individual. Which is to


say the political system, the media and the police. It is a remarkable


story. We don't know where it's going yet. I also think that it's


important that they're not be a witch hunt against Rupert Murdoch


carried out by the other tabloids, who also have some standards that


are in the sewer. You mentioned the colliding worlds of the police,


political establishment and the media. I wonder what you felt about


the Telegraph group, for example, who produced all those stories


about MPs' expenses. That came from a stolen computer disk. I think we


can go all the way through the sins of every newspaper from the top to


the bottom in the United States and in Great Britain. I think that what


we really need to be looking at here, you made an analogy a moment


ago, this is just about celebrities and this or that. There is no just


about this or that. What real reporting is about is the best


obtainable version of the truth. That is really about context. If


you -- your agenda becomes really about getting into the private


lives of people who really are of not particular importance or they


are celebrities, then that's pretty much all you do. Or if your agenda


is one that has little to do with the overall context of your country,


your city, your culture. And rather dwells on this lowest descending a


common denominator. Then you have a kind of culture that Murdoch has


specialised in at the bottom of his empire, very much like Mafia Dons,


he's got the legitimate parts of his empire at the top - Sky News,


Fox News, the TV entertainment network, Paramount. Other


institutions, the Wall Street Journal. Yet it's all been built on


this thing that a moment ago you kind of look that as a bit of


harmless fun. It's not harmless fun. It's indicative of culture. Thank


you for joining us. Two years after the civil war in Sri Lanka,


hundreds of thousands of displaced Tamil civilians are returning home


to their villages in the north. Access to the region for outsiders


has been heavily restricted by the military for years. But the rules


have recently been relaxed. Our correspondent, Charles Haviland, is


the first journalist to travel to Kilinochchi - the place that was


once the headquarters of the Tamil Tigers. For years, few outsiders


have come to these northern jungles. Waugh had driven out every person,


every animal, every building was flattened. Now people are returning,


rebuilding, trying to start afresh. This little boy is helping his


parents build a home. They were forced from this village then


displaced time and again before suffering bombardment in the final


war-zone. They got a small UN ground when they came out of their


refugee camp, but they've had to pawn their possessions to get by.


TRANSLATION: We are glad that we've come from the camp to our own


village, but I lost my mother, my little brother and my elder sister


and brother in the war. We've come here without our family, so we are


not really living happily. There is at least community spirit here.


Helping him build his house are his two friends, all our lucky to be


alive. Many of the men perished. Most of the civilians who were


confined in government-run camps at the end of the war have at last


returned to villages like this one. But all of them have had a


difficult homecoming, haunted by their traumas and their losses.


This widow lost a brother in the war. She and her mother are sick,


too ill to work. Nor can they afford transport to the hospital.


The government insists it's doing all it can to help people like her.


She disagrees. TRANSLATION: We've been here almost


three months. Since then, we have got nothing. We get less than a


dollar a month each in aid money. The government is not helping us. I


have sent a lot of letters but there's no reply. Just a few miles


away in Kilinochchi town, soldiers lovingly tended government war


victory monument. They are here 24 hours a day. The bullet represents


the army's triumph over the Tamil Tigers. The flower represents peace.


Let's return to those iconic images We have main engine start.


America's first space shuttle. The Lift off! Lift off of the 25th


We are looking very carefully at the situation. We have Buster


ignition and lift off of that space Colombia Houston. For me, the space


programme has always captured an essential part of what it means to


be an American. The question for us now is whether that was the


beginning of something or the end of something. I choose to believe


it was only the beginning. I believe we can send humans to orbit,


Mars and return them safely to work. -- to earth. I expect to be around


to see it. Having fired the imagination of a generation, a ship


like no other, its place in history should cured, the space shuttle


polls in support for the last time. It's voyage at Downend. -- its


It was yet again pretty cloudy today and there were a lot of


showers around as well. A similar forecast for tomorrow. There will


be further showers but a better chance of seeing things brighten up


a bit through tomorrow. We've got high pressure trying to nudge in


from the West. But a weak weather front sitting through southern


areas yet again on Friday brings the risk of showers. A call start


for some first thing with clear spells of a night, but at least a


dry, bright start. It won't last for long. The clouds will gather,


particularly through the South of England. Showers developing with


light winds. Probably not quite as heavy as the ones we saw today. In


between there is a glimmer of some brightness. A wetter day across the


south-west of England tomorrow. In between the sunny spells we could


get up to 17 degrees. For seven areas of Wales it is pretty cloudy


with a few showers. In the north- west it is looking dryer and


brighter. For Northern Ireland it is pretty hit and miss. Patchy


cloud, some sunny spells but always the risk of one or two showers,


though they should be pretty light and isolated. A gentle northerly


wind across Scotland brings the risk of a few scattered showers. On


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