22/07/2011 World News Today


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This is World News Today. Terror strikes no way. A bomb blast in


Oslo kills seven people. -- nor a way. There are also reports of a


shooting. The Prime Minister's office was badly damaged. Several


people at a youth convention of the ruling Labour Party were shot by a


man dressed as a policeman. One person was arrested. We will bring


you the latest. Also: There is no famine in Somalia. That is the


message from Al-Shabaab militants in the region. They say they will


not accept aid from Western agencies. And to meet the Pakistani


orchestra that is putting a new twist on classic jazz. Terror like


never before in Norway has caused shock and death in the country. A


huge explosion in the capital, Oslo, has killed at least seven people


and injured many others. The bomb blast ripped through many offices


and buildings including the Office of the Prime Minister. Seven people


have been -- several people have been killed by a man dressed as a


policeman at a youth camp. Police say they are linking the two


incidents. Our correspondent has more. Oslo this afternoon looked


like a war zone. A huge explosion blew out the windows of the


Norwegian prime minister's office. It caused casualties over a wide


area. The Prime Minister was unharmed and taken to a safe


hiding-place. It appears to have been a terrorist attack. We were


sitting at a cafe and it sounded like the building was going to fall


down around us. We ran out into the street and we saw all of the


buildings surrounding. The main building was completely ruined.


There was glass everywhere and people were bleeding. It was chaos.


If the bombing was a terrorist attack, why would gnaw away be


eight target? It could be because they have over 400 troops in


Afghanistan and the repainting of cartoons that have triggered


threats by a Jew harvests. -- jihadist says. We did see Sweden


being targeted last year. Al-Qaeda is trying to hit more pratfalls


targets than America. Said the investigation began. -- peripheral


targets. So the investigation begins. The important things to


find out will be who did this and why am. We will be joining to our


correspondent later. We can now speak to a journalist from Norway.


You were in the building -- a building that was evacuated full --


evacuated. Tell us more. We were on the main street. We had been


evacuated but we are not that directly close to where the


explosion happened. It is probably about 300 metres away. The whole


block has been completely shattered from this explosion. People are


just in shock after what has happened. The whole city centre is


completely evacuated by the police including the Central Station.


There are a lot of unanswered questions after this incident today.


To give viewers in the United Kingdom and idea, this would be


striking an area like Whitehall in London, very much at the heart of


government buildings here. Definitely. You have probably seen


the images of the devastation. This is the prime minister's office. It


is also the or oil minister's office and there are many other


offices located here. They are totally devastated. About 90 % of


the windows of the prime minister's offices have been shattered. There


are speculations about whether the bomb had been there for her whether


it was in a car. These are things that will be clearer throughout the


police investigation. There are reports about a shooting. It was at


a Labour Youth Party camp in Utoya which is about an hour west of Oslo.


There are reports that a person has been arrested. The man had been


walking around dressed as a policeman. The reports are that


people have been shot. Reports are now saying that there are at least


seven people dead in the bomb attacks. Behind you for giving us


the update on the situation in Oslo. -- thank you. Let's get more work


with our correspondent on the shooting. It was a youth convention


of the ruling Labour Party in our way. Yes. Reports have started to


emerge just as teams were arriving on the ground in Oslo. It appears


that someone dressed in a Norwegian police uniform took out a weapon


and started shooting at people at a youth convention that was being


held away from Oslo on an island. There were conflicting reports that


the Prime Minister or the former Prime Minister was supposed to be


at this. There is still some confusion about this. This man has


been arrested and I think it will be crucial, the interrogation. He


has been arrested alive rather then shot dead so who he turns out to be


will be significant. The police are apparently linking the attacks. If


you say the man arrested has got a Nordic features that would suggest


he might be behind these attacks. It does not suggest anything at the


moment. A lot of people are hoping that this is nothing to do with any


Islamic extremist attack. Let's hope it is not. It doesn't make a


difference to the casualties but it could turn out to be an artist or


right-wing extremists or it could be a Muslim convert. Let's hope


that is not the case. It is a possibility. There is a tendency


when this kind of terrorist out a range happens -- out rage happens.


I'm afraid there are solid grounds for that. There had been a number


of jihadist threats against Norway. A leader of Al-Qaeda has threatened


the country in the past because of its involvement with Afghanistan


and also for printing cartoons that they were considered to be


insulting to the Prophet Mohammed. There had been arrests of activists


in the a way which have upset a number of people. There have been


threats but no attacks so far in Norway. That would explain one


possible line of thinking. But I think we need to hear very soon


from the investigators what their initial thoughts are. A lot of


explosive was used in this attack. It was 100 kilograms. That is a lot


of explosive. Where did it come from? There is a lot of


investigating to do before there are any conclusions. Pink you very


much. We have been talking about the bomb blast in Oslo. -- 90 very


much. People have been reported to have been killed in this attack.


There have been some fatalities are by a gunman who apparently shot


inside a youth convention. You can see continuing coverage right now


if you want on BBC News. You can also see it on our website. Now to


bring you some of the day's otherness. The militants in Somalia


have given a -- D-Day's other news. The Al-Shabaab militants in Somalia


dispute the United nation statement that there is a famine in the


country. They accuse the UN Of saying it is worse than it is. You


might find some of these images distressing. In-year-old refugee


camp in Kenya, the body of a child lies close to those still fighting


for life. There is a lot of damage here. The combination of war and


drought have created a devastating emergency, displacing many as


Somalian people within their own country. The capital is not safe.


But it is still a magnet for people in need. This woman is 80 years old


and she is taking care of five people. She is a grandmother. The


father and mother died because of some diseases. The hardline


Islamist group Al-Shabaab, which has admitted links to Al-Qaeda, is


fighting against the Western aid that is coming to Somalia. This has


left the government in control of only the centre of the capital. It


is these areas where some Mullion people are starving to death and


the UN has now -- Somalian people are starving to death and the UN


has said there is a state of emergency. The agencies we banned


before are still banned. Some of those we band were involved in


political activities. Those were destroying the lives of our people


so we had to ban them as well. The biggest responsibility lies with


the United Nations. Their last report said there is famine in


Somalia and we say it is utter nonsense. It is 100 % baseless and


sheer propaganda. So the UN faces a mammoth challenge. It is very


dangerous and risky but we have to reach people. They are not making


it all the way here. These are the ones lucky enough to make it and


even these feeding centres are overrun. This crisis is not


confined to Somalia. In this part of Kenya many people need food is


simply to survive. But it is the conflict in Somalia that has


created the conflicts -- the problems as the famine continues.


One of the agencies operating in Somalia is Medecins sans Frontiers.


Its executive director Marc Dubois joins us now. Is there a famine in


your view? We are in nine areas of the southern region of Somalia and


that is where the UN has said that there is a famine. We do not have


an overview of the statistics to say yes or no. We do see a shocking


increase of severely malnourished children and it is a seasonal peak.


So people are in dire need Of Help whether you call it a famine or not.


There are aid agencies operating in a cheer -- Al-Shabaab parts of the


area. Are there enough agencies to do the work to help the starving


people? The capacity on the ground in that sudden central region of


Somalia is not enough. We need to scale up rapidly. It is not a


question of the number of agencies but a question of the capacity


those agencies have. We had been there continuously since 1991. We


have 1,400 international staff. We need to get worse Staffin and more


resources. So you need the Western agencies? -- get more staff in. Yes.


How do you get past the problem? It is a question of following --


following a very closely the statistics and looking at what is


happening in terms of the number of patients you are treating and


everything else. The staff have been trained by us. I will have to


cut you short now. Stockmarkets around the world seem to like the


agreement on Thursday for a second bail out for Greece. They ended the


week up. The deal is seen by many to see a step forward for the


country. There are questions about whether Ireland or Portugal will


need second bail-outs? We report It has been a massive challenge,


trying to end the crisis in the eurozone. Late yesterday, the


European leaders came up with a major deal to help Greece. But


markets today seemed impressed, but with reservations. In Greece, which


is struggling with huge debt, the government said the new bail-out


has made their debt problem much more. The agreed Cabinet gave Prime


Minister George Papandreou around of applause when he arrived back


from Brussels -- the Greek cabinet. We were on the edge of an abyss,


the Prime Minister told them, but we did not give up. We fought, just


as we had done in the past, during every critical moment in our


history. The size of the new bail- out, 109 billion euros. The


interest rates on crease's loans will be cut. Private investors will


take some losses, so reducing Greece's debts, and there will be


new powers to help banks and countries in the future. The big


question is whether these measures will significantly reduce Greece's


debts and doubts remain. The Germans, who will be the biggest


contributors, were anxiously eyeing the markets today. The bail-out was


defended by Chancellor Angela Merkel. TRANSLATION: We made this


decision yesterday because it is our historical duty to protect the


euro. The UK is not directly involved in this latest eurozone


rescue, but the government praised it as decisive. It is in Britain's


interests for the eurozone to sort out its issues. It has got some


real problems, real issues, and we want a strong, effective eurozone.


This deal edges Europe towards a closer economic union and some


believe there will have implications for Britain. There is


a real dysfunctional European Union. It is a failed project and however


important it is to stabilise the markets, we must keep ourselves out


of the whole of the eurozone. believe that this latest agreement


has bought the eurozone some time. What it hasn't done his fix its


underlying problems. Over the last five months, battles


have been fought right across Libya, with government and rebel forces


gaining and losing territory on a number of fronts. Still the battle


is deadlocked and Colonel Gaddafi remains in power weeks after the


uprising and NATO's actions against him began.


The drums of war have been beating for five months. There is a deadly


monotonous rhythm to this battle, a war of attrition that frustrates


the optimism the NATO commands. This was a Zlitan, the new front


line to the west of Misrata, filled with thousands of Colonel Gaddafi's


most loyal supporters. Bussed in from miles around, ready to be cast


-- ready to bestow on their elusive leader the image of rock star


status. With his government teetering, Colonel Gaddafi is


organising the tribes who stand by him. Gathering the loyalties that


have kept him in power these 41 years. The dogged resistance of the


rebels is matched on this side by the almost evangelical fervour of


people who can't imagine any other leader. Muammar is the love of


millions, is the message on her hands. In the past week we have


been taken to Zlitan, with rebels push from the east, Gary and to, to


the south, now the front line in the Nafusa mountains, and Zawiya,


set the scene of some of the heaviest fighting in the earliest


weeks of the conflict. -- Gary and. Big population centres,


strategically important to any financed -- final assault on the


capital. The colonel retains control was the message, the rebels


are outnumbered, it is a message for domestic consumption as much as


Colonel Gaddafi believes he can finesse this situation. If Keith --


if he can withstand the bombing, while showing the world this kind


of fervent support, then maybe public opinion in the West will


start to turn against this war. But appear on the rooftop there are


plenty of props are reminders there is significant opposition in this


town. It was a frontline position and the rebels believe it will be


again. In fact the carnival in the Square did little to mask the


tensions around at. -- around it. If propaganda has become the


government's principal weapon in this war, then this is the man who


wields it. His name is Dr Yusuf shakier. Five days a week he


presents the late night chat show on state television. He is one of


the regime's most passionate disciples. We are the first crew to


be invited on to this said. NATO has tried to take state television


offer. On one occasion, he told me, a bomb landed with -- within 100


metres of the building. Since then the studio has been rebuilt in the


bowels of the same hotel in which the international media is staying.


Gaddafi now, he is a symbol for the revolution and the executive can do


and choose what they want. criticise him? If there is a


mistake I will. You are not planning to criticise him? I'm not


frightened to criticise anyone. talk to him regularly? Yes, I have


talked to him. How often? Sometimes. I talked to him. A what does he


say? Where is he? Where is he? He is in my pocket! To curdle remains


a fugitive in his in City but he uses this travel to get out is


messages, broadcasting almost every week from wherever he hides -- the


colonel. With or without the colonel, the man describes an


endgame very different to the one painted by NATO and the rebels.


The scenario that is being sold to the Western public is that once the


rebels reach Tripoli it is over. way. Believe me, no way. But is an


uncomfortable prospect for NATO and its allies, a war that drags the


Arab Spring into the depths of winter. Hand to hand fighting in


the streets of Tripoli, where every citizen has access to a weapon. The


endgame is not imminent. It is not likely to be clean. The question is


whether NATO and its allies have the money, the resolve and their


own domestic support to see this through.


Christian Fraser in Libya. Hundreds of thousands of people in Syria


have been taking part in anti- government rallies. They took place


across the country despite an increasingly intense security


operation being used against demonstrators. Activists released


videos of the protests, the largest of which was in the city of Hama.


A new orchestra in the Pakistani city of Lahore is causing a stir in


the world of jazz. For years the country's classical musicians have


faced tough times. Most have been making music for Pakistani films,


but the increasing influence of religion in society and the easy


availability of Indian movies meant the industry had pretty much


collapsed. Now the satchel orchestra is enjoying something of


a revival with their first jazz album -- Sachal Orchestra. Aleem


It is a jazz classic that has a Pakistani twist. It is causing


something of a buzz. ORCHESTRA PLAYS: take five. This unique


rendition of take five is part of what this unlikely orchestra has


achieved. -- Take Five. Until recently Gulam Abbas had had to


abandon the music he was so passionate about just to make a


living. For years, is said of playing his beloved cello, he


sought T in Lahore's old city, but now he has somewhere to showcase


his talents. -- he sold tea. Here the musicians are trying out new


material. Until the 80s that many of them provided music for film


stores but the Pakistani music industry all but died and with its


classical music here went into rapid decline. But one music-loving


entrepreneur decided it was time to bring the musicians back together.


And to introduce them to jazz. All of the members of this orchestra


are from very modest backgrounds. Very few have had formal training.


Once again they are recording a song they had not heard before, in


this case the French standard. Every time this seemed to produce


results that are quite magical. But not without a few hiccups along the


way. They are experimenting after all. If we carry on like this, we


will achieve more Redmoor, says the cellist, Gulam Abbas. We will be


able to attract a new generation to this music. It is not just


livelihoods this project has given but hoped for the future and a


space for these musicians to express themselves at an otherwise


difficult time for them and their country. Of course it is also


provided some great music. -- it has also provided some great music.


A different take on Dave Brubeck's Take Five. Now More Four News. The


top story, the explosion in the centre of the Norwegian capital,


Oslo, which has killed at least seven people and injured many


others. Police said the blast was caused by a bomb which ripped


through government buildings including the Prime Minister's


office. A government minister told the BBC that some people were still


trapped. The police have been -- evacuated the centre of the city.


In another development which police say they believe is linked to the


attack in Oslo, a gunman opened fire retinues convention of


Norway's ruling Labour Party at Utoeya, about 50 kilometres north-


west of Oslo. The BBC has been told a number of young people were


killed. One man has been arrested. The prime minister Jens Stoltenberg


had been scheduled to attend the convention, so horror there and


terror on the streets of Norway. Hello. With the weekend upon as the


weather looks like it is finally going to turn in a positive


direction. Tomorrow is looking largely dried with some pretty


decent spells of sunshine around, it has to be said. That is thanks


to a week ridge of high pressure sitting in the West, keeping this


weather front at bay for the majority of the weekend and it


looks as though for Saturday, after a reasonably cool start, it will be


dry with a lot of sunshine to be had. One thing to notice across


eastern areas of the country, the breeze will be driving in from the


north as the low-pressure system tries to a gin. It will spell ahead


of its some cloud and with the cloud and the breed -- Breese, 13-


15 Celsius, disappointingly cool. In the south on Saturday, scattered


showers. But as heavy as the last few days. Most places will avoid


them. For the south-west of England and across Wales, dry day to come


tomorrow. Highs of 70 degrees Celsius, maybe 18 Celsius. A dry


day on Saturday and Northern Ireland to a with a gentle breeze,


17 or 18 Celsius. Feeling very nice. For northern Scotland, fairly


cloudy. Largely dry. More sunshine to be had in the south. Through the


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