22/07/2011 World News Today


22/07/2011

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This is World News Today. Terror strikes no way. A bomb blast in

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Oslo kills seven people. -- nor a way. There are also reports of a

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shooting. The Prime Minister's office was badly damaged. Several

:00:32.:00:37.

people at a youth convention of the ruling Labour Party were shot by a

:00:37.:00:43.

man dressed as a policeman. One person was arrested. We will bring

:00:43.:00:50.

you the latest. Also: There is no famine in Somalia. That is the

:00:50.:00:54.

message from Al-Shabaab militants in the region. They say they will

:00:54.:01:00.

not accept aid from Western agencies. And to meet the Pakistani

:01:00.:01:10.
:01:10.:01:17.

orchestra that is putting a new twist on classic jazz. Terror like

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never before in Norway has caused shock and death in the country. A

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huge explosion in the capital, Oslo, has killed at least seven people

:01:28.:01:33.

and injured many others. The bomb blast ripped through many offices

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and buildings including the Office of the Prime Minister. Seven people

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have been -- several people have been killed by a man dressed as a

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policeman at a youth camp. Police say they are linking the two

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incidents. Our correspondent has more. Oslo this afternoon looked

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like a war zone. A huge explosion blew out the windows of the

:02:03.:02:07.

Norwegian prime minister's office. It caused casualties over a wide

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area. The Prime Minister was unharmed and taken to a safe

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hiding-place. It appears to have been a terrorist attack. We were

:02:18.:02:25.

sitting at a cafe and it sounded like the building was going to fall

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down around us. We ran out into the street and we saw all of the

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buildings surrounding. The main building was completely ruined.

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There was glass everywhere and people were bleeding. It was chaos.

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If the bombing was a terrorist attack, why would gnaw away be

:02:51.:03:01.
:03:01.:03:01.

eight target? It could be because they have over 400 troops in

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Afghanistan and the repainting of cartoons that have triggered

:03:06.:03:16.
:03:16.:03:18.

threats by a Jew harvests. -- jihadist says. We did see Sweden

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being targeted last year. Al-Qaeda is trying to hit more pratfalls

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targets than America. Said the investigation began. -- peripheral

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targets. So the investigation begins. The important things to

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find out will be who did this and why am. We will be joining to our

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correspondent later. We can now speak to a journalist from Norway.

:03:51.:03:59.

You were in the building -- a building that was evacuated full --

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evacuated. Tell us more. We were on the main street. We had been

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evacuated but we are not that directly close to where the

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explosion happened. It is probably about 300 metres away. The whole

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block has been completely shattered from this explosion. People are

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just in shock after what has happened. The whole city centre is

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completely evacuated by the police including the Central Station.

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There are a lot of unanswered questions after this incident today.

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To give viewers in the United Kingdom and idea, this would be

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striking an area like Whitehall in London, very much at the heart of

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government buildings here. Definitely. You have probably seen

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the images of the devastation. This is the prime minister's office. It

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is also the or oil minister's office and there are many other

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offices located here. They are totally devastated. About 90 % of

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the windows of the prime minister's offices have been shattered. There

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are speculations about whether the bomb had been there for her whether

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it was in a car. These are things that will be clearer throughout the

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police investigation. There are reports about a shooting. It was at

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a Labour Youth Party camp in Utoya which is about an hour west of Oslo.

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There are reports that a person has been arrested. The man had been

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walking around dressed as a policeman. The reports are that

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people have been shot. Reports are now saying that there are at least

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seven people dead in the bomb attacks. Behind you for giving us

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the update on the situation in Oslo. -- thank you. Let's get more work

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with our correspondent on the shooting. It was a youth convention

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of the ruling Labour Party in our way. Yes. Reports have started to

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emerge just as teams were arriving on the ground in Oslo. It appears

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that someone dressed in a Norwegian police uniform took out a weapon

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and started shooting at people at a youth convention that was being

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held away from Oslo on an island. There were conflicting reports that

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the Prime Minister or the former Prime Minister was supposed to be

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at this. There is still some confusion about this. This man has

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been arrested and I think it will be crucial, the interrogation. He

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has been arrested alive rather then shot dead so who he turns out to be

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will be significant. The police are apparently linking the attacks. If

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you say the man arrested has got a Nordic features that would suggest

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he might be behind these attacks. It does not suggest anything at the

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moment. A lot of people are hoping that this is nothing to do with any

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Islamic extremist attack. Let's hope it is not. It doesn't make a

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difference to the casualties but it could turn out to be an artist or

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right-wing extremists or it could be a Muslim convert. Let's hope

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that is not the case. It is a possibility. There is a tendency

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when this kind of terrorist out a range happens -- out rage happens.

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I'm afraid there are solid grounds for that. There had been a number

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of jihadist threats against Norway. A leader of Al-Qaeda has threatened

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the country in the past because of its involvement with Afghanistan

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and also for printing cartoons that they were considered to be

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insulting to the Prophet Mohammed. There had been arrests of activists

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in the a way which have upset a number of people. There have been

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threats but no attacks so far in Norway. That would explain one

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possible line of thinking. But I think we need to hear very soon

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from the investigators what their initial thoughts are. A lot of

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explosive was used in this attack. It was 100 kilograms. That is a lot

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of explosive. Where did it come from? There is a lot of

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investigating to do before there are any conclusions. Pink you very

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much. We have been talking about the bomb blast in Oslo. -- 90 very

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much. People have been reported to have been killed in this attack.

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There have been some fatalities are by a gunman who apparently shot

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inside a youth convention. You can see continuing coverage right now

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if you want on BBC News. You can also see it on our website. Now to

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bring you some of the day's otherness. The militants in Somalia

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have given a -- D-Day's other news. The Al-Shabaab militants in Somalia

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dispute the United nation statement that there is a famine in the

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country. They accuse the UN Of saying it is worse than it is. You

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might find some of these images distressing. In-year-old refugee

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camp in Kenya, the body of a child lies close to those still fighting

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:10:35.:10:36.

for life. There is a lot of damage here. The combination of war and

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drought have created a devastating emergency, displacing many as

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Somalian people within their own country. The capital is not safe.

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But it is still a magnet for people in need. This woman is 80 years old

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and she is taking care of five people. She is a grandmother. The

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father and mother died because of some diseases. The hardline

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Islamist group Al-Shabaab, which has admitted links to Al-Qaeda, is

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fighting against the Western aid that is coming to Somalia. This has

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left the government in control of only the centre of the capital. It

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is these areas where some Mullion people are starving to death and

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the UN has now -- Somalian people are starving to death and the UN

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has said there is a state of emergency. The agencies we banned

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before are still banned. Some of those we band were involved in

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political activities. Those were destroying the lives of our people

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so we had to ban them as well. The biggest responsibility lies with

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the United Nations. Their last report said there is famine in

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Somalia and we say it is utter nonsense. It is 100 % baseless and

:12:02.:12:12.
:12:12.:12:13.

sheer propaganda. So the UN faces a mammoth challenge. It is very

:12:13.:12:17.

dangerous and risky but we have to reach people. They are not making

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it all the way here. These are the ones lucky enough to make it and

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even these feeding centres are overrun. This crisis is not

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confined to Somalia. In this part of Kenya many people need food is

:12:34.:12:39.

simply to survive. But it is the conflict in Somalia that has

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created the conflicts -- the problems as the famine continues.

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One of the agencies operating in Somalia is Medecins sans Frontiers.

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Its executive director Marc Dubois joins us now. Is there a famine in

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your view? We are in nine areas of the southern region of Somalia and

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that is where the UN has said that there is a famine. We do not have

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an overview of the statistics to say yes or no. We do see a shocking

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increase of severely malnourished children and it is a seasonal peak.

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So people are in dire need Of Help whether you call it a famine or not.

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There are aid agencies operating in a cheer -- Al-Shabaab parts of the

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area. Are there enough agencies to do the work to help the starving

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people? The capacity on the ground in that sudden central region of

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Somalia is not enough. We need to scale up rapidly. It is not a

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question of the number of agencies but a question of the capacity

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those agencies have. We had been there continuously since 1991. We

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have 1,400 international staff. We need to get worse Staffin and more

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resources. So you need the Western agencies? -- get more staff in. Yes.

:14:18.:14:28.
:14:28.:14:48.

How do you get past the problem? It is a question of following --

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following a very closely the statistics and looking at what is

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happening in terms of the number of patients you are treating and

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everything else. The staff have been trained by us. I will have to

:15:03.:15:08.

cut you short now. Stockmarkets around the world seem to like the

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agreement on Thursday for a second bail out for Greece. They ended the

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week up. The deal is seen by many to see a step forward for the

:15:20.:15:25.

country. There are questions about whether Ireland or Portugal will

:15:25.:15:33.

need second bail-outs? We report It has been a massive challenge,

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trying to end the crisis in the eurozone. Late yesterday, the

:15:36.:15:40.

European leaders came up with a major deal to help Greece. But

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markets today seemed impressed, but with reservations. In Greece, which

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is struggling with huge debt, the government said the new bail-out

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has made their debt problem much more. The agreed Cabinet gave Prime

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Minister George Papandreou around of applause when he arrived back

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from Brussels -- the Greek cabinet. We were on the edge of an abyss,

:16:03.:16:06.

the Prime Minister told them, but we did not give up. We fought, just

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as we had done in the past, during every critical moment in our

:16:10.:16:17.

history. The size of the new bail- out, 109 billion euros. The

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interest rates on crease's loans will be cut. Private investors will

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take some losses, so reducing Greece's debts, and there will be

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new powers to help banks and countries in the future. The big

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question is whether these measures will significantly reduce Greece's

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debts and doubts remain. The Germans, who will be the biggest

:16:38.:16:43.

contributors, were anxiously eyeing the markets today. The bail-out was

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defended by Chancellor Angela Merkel. TRANSLATION: We made this

:16:48.:16:51.

decision yesterday because it is our historical duty to protect the

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euro. The UK is not directly involved in this latest eurozone

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rescue, but the government praised it as decisive. It is in Britain's

:17:02.:17:05.

interests for the eurozone to sort out its issues. It has got some

:17:05.:17:10.

real problems, real issues, and we want a strong, effective eurozone.

:17:10.:17:14.

This deal edges Europe towards a closer economic union and some

:17:14.:17:17.

believe there will have implications for Britain. There is

:17:18.:17:23.

a real dysfunctional European Union. It is a failed project and however

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important it is to stabilise the markets, we must keep ourselves out

:17:27.:17:32.

of the whole of the eurozone. believe that this latest agreement

:17:33.:17:38.

has bought the eurozone some time. What it hasn't done his fix its

:17:38.:17:44.

underlying problems. Over the last five months, battles

:17:44.:17:49.

have been fought right across Libya, with government and rebel forces

:17:49.:17:54.

gaining and losing territory on a number of fronts. Still the battle

:17:54.:17:57.

is deadlocked and Colonel Gaddafi remains in power weeks after the

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uprising and NATO's actions against him began.

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The drums of war have been beating for five months. There is a deadly

:18:11.:18:16.

monotonous rhythm to this battle, a war of attrition that frustrates

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the optimism the NATO commands. This was a Zlitan, the new front

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line to the west of Misrata, filled with thousands of Colonel Gaddafi's

:18:27.:18:32.

most loyal supporters. Bussed in from miles around, ready to be cast

:18:32.:18:36.

-- ready to bestow on their elusive leader the image of rock star

:18:36.:18:45.

status. With his government teetering, Colonel Gaddafi is

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organising the tribes who stand by him. Gathering the loyalties that

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have kept him in power these 41 years. The dogged resistance of the

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rebels is matched on this side by the almost evangelical fervour of

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people who can't imagine any other leader. Muammar is the love of

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millions, is the message on her hands. In the past week we have

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been taken to Zlitan, with rebels push from the east, Gary and to, to

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the south, now the front line in the Nafusa mountains, and Zawiya,

:19:15.:19:18.

set the scene of some of the heaviest fighting in the earliest

:19:18.:19:24.

weeks of the conflict. -- Gary and. Big population centres,

:19:24.:19:28.

strategically important to any financed -- final assault on the

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capital. The colonel retains control was the message, the rebels

:19:32.:19:36.

are outnumbered, it is a message for domestic consumption as much as

:19:36.:19:46.
:19:46.:19:51.

Colonel Gaddafi believes he can finesse this situation. If Keith --

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if he can withstand the bombing, while showing the world this kind

:19:54.:19:57.

of fervent support, then maybe public opinion in the West will

:19:57.:20:00.

start to turn against this war. But appear on the rooftop there are

:20:00.:20:04.

plenty of props are reminders there is significant opposition in this

:20:04.:20:08.

town. It was a frontline position and the rebels believe it will be

:20:08.:20:16.

again. In fact the carnival in the Square did little to mask the

:20:16.:20:25.

tensions around at. -- around it. If propaganda has become the

:20:25.:20:27.

government's principal weapon in this war, then this is the man who

:20:27.:20:33.

wields it. His name is Dr Yusuf shakier. Five days a week he

:20:33.:20:36.

presents the late night chat show on state television. He is one of

:20:36.:20:40.

the regime's most passionate disciples. We are the first crew to

:20:40.:20:43.

be invited on to this said. NATO has tried to take state television

:20:43.:20:49.

offer. On one occasion, he told me, a bomb landed with -- within 100

:20:49.:20:53.

metres of the building. Since then the studio has been rebuilt in the

:20:53.:20:58.

bowels of the same hotel in which the international media is staying.

:20:58.:21:04.

Gaddafi now, he is a symbol for the revolution and the executive can do

:21:04.:21:08.

and choose what they want. criticise him? If there is a

:21:08.:21:13.

mistake I will. You are not planning to criticise him? I'm not

:21:13.:21:17.

frightened to criticise anyone. talk to him regularly? Yes, I have

:21:17.:21:22.

talked to him. How often? Sometimes. I talked to him. A what does he

:21:22.:21:31.

say? Where is he? Where is he? He is in my pocket! To curdle remains

:21:31.:21:35.

a fugitive in his in City but he uses this travel to get out is

:21:35.:21:39.

messages, broadcasting almost every week from wherever he hides -- the

:21:39.:21:44.

colonel. With or without the colonel, the man describes an

:21:44.:21:48.

endgame very different to the one painted by NATO and the rebels.

:21:48.:21:52.

The scenario that is being sold to the Western public is that once the

:21:52.:22:02.
:22:02.:22:02.

rebels reach Tripoli it is over. way. Believe me, no way. But is an

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uncomfortable prospect for NATO and its allies, a war that drags the

:22:06.:22:11.

Arab Spring into the depths of winter. Hand to hand fighting in

:22:11.:22:20.

the streets of Tripoli, where every citizen has access to a weapon. The

:22:20.:22:25.

endgame is not imminent. It is not likely to be clean. The question is

:22:25.:22:30.

whether NATO and its allies have the money, the resolve and their

:22:30.:22:38.

own domestic support to see this through.

:22:38.:22:41.

Christian Fraser in Libya. Hundreds of thousands of people in Syria

:22:41.:22:45.

have been taking part in anti- government rallies. They took place

:22:45.:22:48.

across the country despite an increasingly intense security

:22:48.:22:51.

operation being used against demonstrators. Activists released

:22:51.:22:58.

videos of the protests, the largest of which was in the city of Hama.

:22:58.:23:01.

A new orchestra in the Pakistani city of Lahore is causing a stir in

:23:01.:23:05.

the world of jazz. For years the country's classical musicians have

:23:05.:23:09.

faced tough times. Most have been making music for Pakistani films,

:23:09.:23:13.

but the increasing influence of religion in society and the easy

:23:13.:23:16.

availability of Indian movies meant the industry had pretty much

:23:16.:23:20.

collapsed. Now the satchel orchestra is enjoying something of

:23:20.:23:25.

a revival with their first jazz album -- Sachal Orchestra. Aleem

:23:25.:23:35.
:23:35.:23:38.

It is a jazz classic that has a Pakistani twist. It is causing

:23:38.:23:48.
:23:48.:23:49.

something of a buzz. ORCHESTRA PLAYS: take five. This unique

:23:49.:23:52.

rendition of take five is part of what this unlikely orchestra has

:23:52.:24:00.

achieved. -- Take Five. Until recently Gulam Abbas had had to

:24:00.:24:03.

abandon the music he was so passionate about just to make a

:24:03.:24:09.

living. For years, is said of playing his beloved cello, he

:24:09.:24:14.

sought T in Lahore's old city, but now he has somewhere to showcase

:24:14.:24:22.

his talents. -- he sold tea. Here the musicians are trying out new

:24:22.:24:26.

material. Until the 80s that many of them provided music for film

:24:27.:24:31.

stores but the Pakistani music industry all but died and with its

:24:31.:24:38.

classical music here went into rapid decline. But one music-loving

:24:38.:24:44.

entrepreneur decided it was time to bring the musicians back together.

:24:44.:24:52.

And to introduce them to jazz. All of the members of this orchestra

:24:52.:24:55.

are from very modest backgrounds. Very few have had formal training.

:24:55.:24:59.

Once again they are recording a song they had not heard before, in

:24:59.:25:03.

this case the French standard. Every time this seemed to produce

:25:03.:25:11.

results that are quite magical. But not without a few hiccups along the

:25:11.:25:21.
:25:21.:25:22.

way. They are experimenting after all. If we carry on like this, we

:25:22.:25:26.

will achieve more Redmoor, says the cellist, Gulam Abbas. We will be

:25:26.:25:33.

able to attract a new generation to this music. It is not just

:25:33.:25:37.

livelihoods this project has given but hoped for the future and a

:25:37.:25:41.

space for these musicians to express themselves at an otherwise

:25:41.:25:45.

difficult time for them and their country. Of course it is also

:25:45.:25:55.

provided some great music. -- it has also provided some great music.

:25:55.:26:00.

A different take on Dave Brubeck's Take Five. Now More Four News. The

:26:00.:26:04.

top story, the explosion in the centre of the Norwegian capital,

:26:04.:26:07.

Oslo, which has killed at least seven people and injured many

:26:07.:26:10.

others. Police said the blast was caused by a bomb which ripped

:26:10.:26:13.

through government buildings including the Prime Minister's

:26:13.:26:17.

office. A government minister told the BBC that some people were still

:26:17.:26:21.

trapped. The police have been -- evacuated the centre of the city.

:26:21.:26:25.

In another development which police say they believe is linked to the

:26:25.:26:29.

attack in Oslo, a gunman opened fire retinues convention of

:26:29.:26:33.

Norway's ruling Labour Party at Utoeya, about 50 kilometres north-

:26:33.:26:37.

west of Oslo. The BBC has been told a number of young people were

:26:37.:26:42.

killed. One man has been arrested. The prime minister Jens Stoltenberg

:26:42.:26:46.

had been scheduled to attend the convention, so horror there and

:26:46.:26:56.
:26:56.:26:59.

terror on the streets of Norway. Hello. With the weekend upon as the

:26:59.:27:03.

weather looks like it is finally going to turn in a positive

:27:03.:27:06.

direction. Tomorrow is looking largely dried with some pretty

:27:06.:27:10.

decent spells of sunshine around, it has to be said. That is thanks

:27:10.:27:14.

to a week ridge of high pressure sitting in the West, keeping this

:27:14.:27:17.

weather front at bay for the majority of the weekend and it

:27:17.:27:20.

looks as though for Saturday, after a reasonably cool start, it will be

:27:20.:27:25.

dry with a lot of sunshine to be had. One thing to notice across

:27:25.:27:30.

eastern areas of the country, the breeze will be driving in from the

:27:30.:27:33.

north as the low-pressure system tries to a gin. It will spell ahead

:27:33.:27:37.

of its some cloud and with the cloud and the breed -- Breese, 13-

:27:37.:27:42.

15 Celsius, disappointingly cool. In the south on Saturday, scattered

:27:42.:27:46.

showers. But as heavy as the last few days. Most places will avoid

:27:46.:27:50.

them. For the south-west of England and across Wales, dry day to come

:27:50.:27:57.

tomorrow. Highs of 70 degrees Celsius, maybe 18 Celsius. A dry

:27:57.:28:01.

day on Saturday and Northern Ireland to a with a gentle breeze,

:28:01.:28:06.

17 or 18 Celsius. Feeling very nice. For northern Scotland, fairly

:28:06.:28:12.

cloudy. Largely dry. More sunshine to be had in the south. Through the

:28:12.:28:15.

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