25/07/2011 World News Today


25/07/2011

The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.


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This is BBC World News Today with Zeinab Badawi. The man accused of

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the shooting massacre and bomb attack in Norway tells the court

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that he was not acting alone. As Norwegians gather at a rally

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against violence, the Prime Minister tells the BBC how Norway

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has been changed by the tragedy. People are in deep grief of. They

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are still shocked. But we are also seeing a Norway that is very

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unified and people are really standing together.

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As drought in East Africa leaves millions starving, we ask the head

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of the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation y mass hunger like

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this still happens. Playing politics with the global

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economy. Can American leaders find a way to make sure the country

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carries on paying its bills? If we go inside Chile's giant

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telescopes, leading the way in Well come. Today the man accused of

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carrying out the two deadly attacks in Norway on Friday was denied the

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publicity he was seeking for his opinions. At a private remand

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hearing in Oslo, Anders Behring Breivik said he had not acted alone

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and there are two more cells in his organisation. He admitted

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responsibility but pleaded not guilty to the charges of terrorism.

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Our European editor sent this report.

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This was the moment when a man accused of Norway's mass killings

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headed to court. Anders Behring Breivik, wearing a dark red top,

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sitting next to police officers. Outside the court house, crowds had

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gathered, most of them fiercely opposed to him being allowed to use

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his court appearance as a platform for his opinions. As he himself had

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wanted. Do not give him attention, have the doors closed. It should

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not be an open hearing. This is what he wants and I don't see why

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we should allow him to have his way. Lines formed to go inside the court

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room but the police opposed an open hearing, fearful Anders Behring

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Breivik might use it to send signals to others, and the judge

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agreed it should be a closed session. In court, he was told he

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would be held in voluntary confinement for four weeks. --

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solitary confinement. And his next court appearance would be in eight

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weeks' time. Later, the judge revealed what he had told the court.

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He said the goal of his attack was to send a strong signal to the

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people. He also said he wanted to save Western Europe from a Muslim

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take-over. And he wanted to prevent future recruitment to the Labour

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Party, which he said had but -- betrayed the country. This is what

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his lawyer told me of his mood. How was your client in court today?

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Calm. As he was driven away from the court, Anders Behring Breivik

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left the police with a major new line of investigation. He claimed

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his organisation had two more cells, but provided no further details.

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Close to the time of the court appearance, they held one minute's

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silence for those that had died, in a bomb blast in the capital and on

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the island of Utoeya. On the lake, they are still searching for the

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missing, although they have revised down the number of those killed to

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76. Among those that died, it was this man, a relative of Norway's

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crown Princess. And the faces of others unaccounted for peer out

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from the newspapers, all of them young people, attending summer camp.

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People on the streets today speak of innocence lost, shadow falling

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across the country. People in Norway are in deep grief. They are

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still shocked. But we also see a in a way which is very unified and

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where people really are standing together. -- a Norway. Even as

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people remembered those that had lost their lives, the police

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reported that the man that had admitted the killings was calm, not

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affected by events, a clear -- clinging to his distorted belief

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that he needed to shake up this country.

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We can go live now to Oslo to our correspondent. Richard, thousands

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of people attended that Feigel for those that died and were injured.

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What is going on in Oslo? They cannot be going about business as

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normal. They are not. That commemoration is still going on,

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actually. It was very impressive, I have to say. I was right in the

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middle of it. There were tens of thousands of people. Really, as far

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as the eye could see. All of the streets around me were jam-packed.

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You could hardly move. Then they started moving off towards the

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cathedral area, walking very slowly, because it was so packed and trying

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to move was difficult. Eventually they got there and it took about

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half an hour to move literally about a kilometre. Maybe 600 metres.

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And then they laid their flowers in what is now an absolutely huge

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mound of flowers and candles, which is expanding all of the time. It

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was a tremendous sense of solidarity, and unity. It makes you

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realise how small this community is, only about 5 million people across

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the whole country. Everybody feels deeply affected by what has

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happened. They want to express their solidarity and I think they

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have done that very powerfully here tonight. In fact, the coincidence

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is, as you are talking to me, we have seen several people going

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behind you carrying flowers. Perhaps they are en route and want

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to lay them themselves. You have been talking to people in Oslo.

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What has been the overwhelming sentiment, do you think?

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overwhelming sentiment is horror, shock, anger, but also defiance. We

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are going to come together, and they have proved that tonight. They

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have sent a very strong message out that they are together and they

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will not allow their society to be damaged by this. And talking about

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Anders Behring Breivik's court appearance, and dismissing his

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claims that there are other cells out there. They say he is lying.

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They refuse to believe that. Really, he is an insane man with an insane

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ideology. Thank you very much. As we saw in our report earlier,

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the Norwegian Prime Minister, Jens Stoltenberg, has been talking about

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the impact of the attacks on his country in an exclusive interview

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with the BBC in Oslo. Jon Sopel asked him whether he had raised any

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issues about the police operation to catch the gunmen, especially on

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Utoeya island where the suspect went on a shooting spree for up to

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90 minutes before he was apprehended. So far, we have not

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see anything that did not work as expected or planned. But now is the

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time for taking care of those that a window. There are several people

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in hospital wounded. To take care and give consultants is to people

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whose family members have died. And then we will go through everything

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that has happened and go through the experiences. Every time a

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nation experiences something like this, there will be something that

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could have been done better. There will always be something where we

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can point at something that could have been better prepared. I think

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later on there will be a process that we have to go through and

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learn from these experiences. what about intelligence failures?

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It seems that this man may have been preparing this for nine years.

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And yet he does not appear to have been on the Security Services'

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radar screens at all. The police investigation is ongoing. We will

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know much more when we have finished that investigation. Then

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we have more facts, then we know more. So far the police believe

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that this was one man doing it alone. When the police

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investigations are finished we also have a better basis for knowing if

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we could have done anything better, for instance with intelligence, to

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be able to tell of this before it happened. Did anybody know anything

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about it? At least as far as I know, well, the police, they don't have

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any records. They don't have any information about him being a

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threat or a dangerous person. One possible explanation for that is of

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course if he acted alone it was more difficult to discover and to

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see and to know it beforehand. Jens Stoltenberg, talking to my

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colleague Jon Sopel earlier on today.

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The ban on some aid agencies by the Al Shabaab militants in parts of

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Somalia has left many vulnerable in the country. The UN says that

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massive and urgent action as well as millions of dollars are needed

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to save millions of people. In a moment we will be hearing from the

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Food and Agriculture Organisation. More than 1 million people are

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affected in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia by the worst drought in 60

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years. In Somalia, one-third of the population is on the brink of

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starvation. Our correspondent reports from Dolow, close to the E

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-- Ethiopian border. Clouds over Somalia but no rain. We are heading

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to the region close to the famine zone. Gunmen on the ground, but

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these men work force Somalian governments, backed by the West.

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They control a small pocket of territory here. It has become a

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magnet for families desperate for food and safety. First, we see some

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makeshift camps in the wilderness. Then the latest arrivals. This

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family got here a few hours ago, escaping from their town controlled

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by the Islamist militant group Al Shabaab. They are exhausted but

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they count themselves lucky. They are killing people at home, says

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Mamat. Al Shabaab are preventing aid from reaching our area, that is

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why we had to flee. Those left behind will dive. The battle now is

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to stop more people fleeing their homes by getting paid directly into

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the heart of Somalia's famine zone. That is not impossible but because

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of Al Shabaab it is slow, complicated and very dangerous. It

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is also imperative. With the famine set to spread and the refugee camps

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overloaded, Western aid officials are exploring every option. This

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idea that Al Shabaab areas are no- go zones, that is not true?

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Categorically not true. We already have evidence of organisations that

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have never left Somalia. They are able to expand their operations. I

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am confident that as long as we rely on experienced organisations

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and on the local chiefs, where local chiefs are determined to help

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their communities, we can help many people inside Somalia. So a race

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has begun to reach those unable to escape the famine. And time is on

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nobody's side. Trying to deal with the crisis, the

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UN Food and Agriculture Organisation has been holding

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emergency talks in Rome. We can get the latest on the outgoing director

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general, Jacques Diouf. When we look at Somalia, worst affected,

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are people suffering more as a result of political instability and

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violence rather than the drought itself? Well, it is a combination

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of the two. This region has always been very vulnerable. By the year

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2000, I had been asked by the Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, to

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preside over a task force to prepare a study on how to eliminate

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definitively hunger from this part of the world. And we identified two

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problems. The conflicts, but also the fact that only 1% of the arable

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land is irrigated. Therefore, if there is any drought, and naturally

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it immediately impacts on the lively -- lively heard of people

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that foreign food production. you look at this 11 years ago with

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Kofi Annan, you work out what needed to be done, why have you not

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make sure that it happened? Well, because the follow up at the

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meeting in March, 2001, under the leadership of the World Bank, did

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not allow us to mobilise the resources that would have needed to

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be invested to move from a 1% at least 27%, which is the average for

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Africa. -- at least 7%. Not to talk of the 38% average in Asia. Water

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is the source of life, for human beings animals and crops, and we

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have not address that. Jacques Diouf, you have been head of his

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organisation for 20 years. You started this job in the 80s when

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there was famine in Africa. You are leaving now and there is yet again

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a famine in East Africa. How does that make you feel when you look

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back at your record? You must be a disappointed man? Well, is

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appointed for what is happening in the Horn of Africa. And not in all

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the Horn of Africa. We have seen tremendous progress in agricultural

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products in Ethiopia and they are now investing heavily in irrigation,

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which should change their environment. We have seen progress

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in Tanzania, Malawi, in Ghana. And I could go on. Although 14

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countries in Africa out of the 54 have made progress to actually get

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food security, out we are not seeing all of the Continent achieve

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that. Naturally our work is not any in Africa, but Latin America and

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Asia and we have seen what happened in Brazil. We have seen what

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happened in China. And also Bangladesh. So there has been some

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progress, not to the level that we would have liked to see. I really

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meant the 90s when you started at that organisation. Thank you for

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The Vatican has taken the rare stab of recalling its ambassador to

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Ireland amid unprecedented attention with the Irish government

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over the issue of child abuse by Roman Catholic priests. Enda Kenny

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fiercely criticised the Roman Catholic Church last week.

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The hotel made to accuse the former head of the IMF Dominique Strauss-

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Kahn of trying to sexually assault her has spoken publicly for the

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first time. In an interview, the 32-year-old from West Africa are

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said that she told the truth about the alleged assault. Dominique

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Strauss-Kahn has denied the charges, including attempted rape.

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The Israeli Chamber Orchestra says it will break a long-standing taboo

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and play a piece of music by Hitler's favourite composer,

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Richard Wagner. The composer's works are widely Sharratt -- widely

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shunned in Israel because of his anti-Semitic beliefs.

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In Washington, President Obama and congressional leaders are trying to

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thrash out a grand bargain as we speak on how to tackle the US debt.

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They have just over one week to do so or risk seeing the world's

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largest economy, with GDP or 15 trillion dollars, failing to pay

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its bills. The IMF has weighed into the debate, warning the US that it

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must resolve its debt crisis quickly or risk a severe shock to

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the American economy and therefore also global finance. There is no

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choice, there is no alternative. have a 14.5 trillion dollar

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national debt and it is time to get serious about stopping the spending.

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We have never defaulted on our dead and we are not going to do it now.

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A war of words is taking place in Washington. The US government is

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spending more money than it receives in taxes and revenue and

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it has national debt stretching to it has national debt stretching to

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14 digits. In 2002, the debt when it was a manageable 6.5 trillion

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dollars. As the global financial crisis reached a peak in October

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2008, it stood at 11.3 trillion 2008, it stood at 11.3 trillion

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dollars. Congress has the power to raise the debt ceiling. It has done

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raise the debt ceiling. It has done so 78 times in the last 50 years.

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Current debt has now hit the ceiling agreed on last year. But

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this is not just about numbers. It is as much to do with politics.

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Democrats favour tackling the debt through tax rises, principally.

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Republicans, on the other hand, favour government spending cuts in

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big areas like the social insurance programme, Medicare. If there is no

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agreement, then the US is in uncharted waters. The White House

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has so far refused to say what it would do, but with a US default on

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debt, a real possibility, governments and financial markets

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around the world are watching the countdown to the August 2nd

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deadline with increased nervousness. Let us talk more about this with

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Edward Harrison from the Finance and economic website, Credit

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Writedowns, of which monitors the US global economy. There are two

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issues here, raising the debt ceiling, and cutting the massive

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debt. Is that right? But all of them seem to be becoming embroiled

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in politics. -- but both of them. They are two separate dishes. The

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one issue is the budget issue, and every year there is a budget

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appropriations process that Congress and the President go

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through. That is separate from the debt ceiling, which is a different

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thing, a self-imposed constraint on the United States that many other

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countries do not have been ordered to keep the United States from

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deficit spending. Somehow, these two have become connected and

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created what we see now, a political stalemate. The US has got

:20:46.:20:51.

plenty of money to meet the interest payments on its debts? Is

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the message to people all over the world that investors should not get

:20:55.:21:02.

worried? That would not necessarily be my message. My message would be

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that it is good that we have parties like the IMF saying that it

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would be a negative thing for the United States not to deal with this

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stalemate. I think that there are other parties that have said

:21:16.:21:20.

similar things. Business leaders in the United States, we need to have

:21:20.:21:25.

this solved. That will bring confidence back to the markets. We

:21:25.:21:35.

can put these issues aside, back to the budget positions -- budget

:21:35.:21:39.

appropriations process. Are the public aware of what is at stake,

:21:39.:21:45.

the global reputation of the United States q macro -- Republicans will

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say it is consent government spending versus increase taxes, or

:21:49.:21:53.

will they strike a bargain before the deadline? We hope they do. I do

:21:53.:21:58.

not think they know what is at stake. The two sides have got

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caught up in the political posturing, especially on the

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Republican side. They do not trust the President. They do not trust

:22:06.:22:11.

his deadlines and the believe that these are false deadlines and that

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there is more manoeuvrability. There are many within the

:22:15.:22:17.

Republican Party that believe that there are other things that could

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happen that are not so bad if the debt ceiling is breached. As a

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result, you have this intractable problem. It is difficult to say

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whether it is going to be resolved. The family of the British singer

:22:35.:22:37.

Amy Winehouse have thanked fans for the support they have received

:22:37.:22:42.

since her death. The 27-year-old, who had a history of drug and

:22:42.:22:46.

alcohol abuse was found dead at her home in London or on Saturday.

:22:46.:22:51.

Today a post-mortem failed to establish how she died. More tests

:22:51.:22:58.

are being carried out. Flowers, tributes, quiet reflection.

:22:58.:23:06.

This woman, like many others, had met Amy Winehouse many times.

:23:06.:23:16.
:23:16.:23:18.

on a wasted life. -- a wasted life. So sad. A multi-million selling

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artist, winner of five Grammy awards. She had had lunch with her

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mother on Thursday. Today, Janice and wine has's father, paid a visit

:23:31.:23:38.

on -- a visit to the shrine for her daughter. I cannot tell you what

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this means to last. This is making it a lot easier. Amy Winehouse was

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about one thing, and that was love. Among the group, her manager and

:23:47.:23:52.

boyfriend. Those who had lived with the ups and downs. But this was

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unexpected. There had been no signs of crisis. She was seen by a doctor

:23:57.:24:00.

on Friday night. The last person to speak to her was a security guard

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in the early hours of Saturday morning. On Saturday afternoon,

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they were unable to wake her. Today's post-mortem was

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inconclusive. More tests are needed. Bob Russell brand, her friend, said

:24:15.:24:19.

he had long feared the worst, as his wife explained. When you know

:24:19.:24:24.

somebody that is dealing with addiction, you dread that phone-

:24:24.:24:30.

call but there will always be a phone call. But should more have

:24:30.:24:34.

been done? Alan McGee, former manager of Oasis, dared set.

:24:34.:24:40.

Ultimately, people are responsible for their own destiny. -- doubts it.

:24:40.:24:43.

At the end of the day, if you do not want to get clean, you will not

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get clean. It is understood that the funeral

:24:47.:24:53.

will take place tomorrow. This was supposed to have been the summer of

:24:53.:24:57.

Amy Winehouse's comeback tour, but instead, her backing singers were

:24:57.:25:05.

today paying their respects. Amy Winehouse, who died on Saturday.

:25:05.:25:11.

Last month, the skies over southern Chile were turned a murky state --

:25:12.:25:17.

colour of grey by ash following the eruption of the Puyehue volcano in

:25:17.:25:24.

the north of the country. The skies are usually the clearest in the

:25:24.:25:27.

world, one of the reasons why the area has become a global attraction

:25:27.:25:32.

for astronomers. Gideon along went to one Observatory to take a look.

:25:33.:25:38.

If you recognise this observatory, it may be because part of the James

:25:38.:25:42.

Bond film Quantum of Solace was filmed here. When it is not playing

:25:42.:25:45.

host for British secret agents, this place is home to serious

:25:45.:25:49.

stargazers. These telescopes are among the most powerful and the

:25:49.:25:53.

world and have changed the way that we look at the heavens. -- powerful

:25:53.:26:00.

in the world. We're looking at the galactic centre, and we are able to

:26:00.:26:06.

measure the mass of the black hole at the centre of the galaxy. Also,

:26:06.:26:11.

we made the first image of an exoplanet. This was done right here.

:26:11.:26:15.

And there have been other discoveries. It was with images

:26:15.:26:19.

taken here that astronomers worked out the age of the older star in

:26:19.:26:25.

the Milky Way. It is more than 13 billion years old.

:26:25.:26:28.

Scientists here want more. They are planning to build an even bigger

:26:28.:26:32.

telescope, out in the desert just a few kilometres from here. It will

:26:32.:26:36.

be the size of a football pitch, and when its dome opens up, it will

:26:36.:26:42.

reveal a few of the sky it measuring 40 metres from one side

:26:42.:26:46.

to another, four times bigger than any other optical telescope

:26:46.:26:50.

currently in operation. This is what the telescope will look like.

:26:50.:26:55.

The images it captures will be 15 times sharper than those from the

:26:55.:26:59.

Hubble Space Telescope. Scientists are confident that within the next

:26:59.:27:03.

25 years or so, it will lead to the discovery of life on planets other

:27:03.:27:08.

than our own. But it is not the only ambitious space project in

:27:08.:27:14.

Chile. The world's largest radio telescope is also being built. Once

:27:14.:27:17.

an international pariah, chilly now has the infrastructure and the

:27:17.:27:22.

political and economic stability that is essential for these long

:27:22.:27:28.

term billion Dolli Project. It also has the perfect natural environment.

:27:28.:27:36.

Chile is the dream place. -- bn dollar project. It has the clearest

:27:36.:27:40.

sky and if you want to do modern, professional astronomy, and you

:27:40.:27:44.

want to do it in the southern hemisphere, you have to do it here.

:27:44.:27:48.

A quick reminder of our top story. People in Oslo or holding a vigil

:27:48.:27:52.

for the victims of Friday's devastating attacks in Normandy --

:27:52.:27:55.

Norway. The man accused of the attacks claimed he is not acting

:27:55.:27:59.

attacks claimed he is not acting alone. That is it from me.

:27:59.:28:04.

Throughout the day on Monday we had a contrast in our weather. One

:28:04.:28:08.

sunshine for some, but cooler and cloudier for others. Similar

:28:08.:28:12.

weather takes us through tomorrow but once again, we will see sunny

:28:12.:28:15.

spells breaking through. The variation in the cloud is because

:28:15.:28:23.

of the weak weather fronts across the United Kingdom. We may see some

:28:23.:28:25.

light showers in the east. It is keeping the cloud going through

:28:25.:28:29.

eastern Scotland and eastern England, becoming more extensive

:28:29.:28:36.

across the Midlands. Certainly, were you have got the call cloud, -

:28:36.:28:40.

- where you have got the cloud, rather cool. More cloud in the

:28:40.:28:46.

south during the day but tending to break. Temperatures responding

:28:46.:28:53.

through the afternoon. A brighter day in prospect for western areas

:28:53.:28:57.

of Wales tomorrow. We will have lost the cloudier weather with the

:28:57.:29:01.

showers. For Northern Ireland, most places you dry with brightness

:29:01.:29:08.

through the afternoon. -- north -- most places dry. For Scotland, the

:29:08.:29:12.

best temperatures in the West. Disappointing temperatures in the

:29:12.:29:16.

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