25/07/2011 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today with Zeinab Badawi. The man accused of


the shooting massacre and bomb attack in Norway tells the court


that he was not acting alone. As Norwegians gather at a rally


against violence, the Prime Minister tells the BBC how Norway


has been changed by the tragedy. People are in deep grief of. They


are still shocked. But we are also seeing a Norway that is very


unified and people are really standing together.


As drought in East Africa leaves millions starving, we ask the head


of the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation y mass hunger like


this still happens. Playing politics with the global


economy. Can American leaders find a way to make sure the country


carries on paying its bills? If we go inside Chile's giant


telescopes, leading the way in Well come. Today the man accused of


carrying out the two deadly attacks in Norway on Friday was denied the


publicity he was seeking for his opinions. At a private remand


hearing in Oslo, Anders Behring Breivik said he had not acted alone


and there are two more cells in his organisation. He admitted


responsibility but pleaded not guilty to the charges of terrorism.


Our European editor sent this report.


This was the moment when a man accused of Norway's mass killings


headed to court. Anders Behring Breivik, wearing a dark red top,


sitting next to police officers. Outside the court house, crowds had


gathered, most of them fiercely opposed to him being allowed to use


his court appearance as a platform for his opinions. As he himself had


wanted. Do not give him attention, have the doors closed. It should


not be an open hearing. This is what he wants and I don't see why


we should allow him to have his way. Lines formed to go inside the court


room but the police opposed an open hearing, fearful Anders Behring


Breivik might use it to send signals to others, and the judge


agreed it should be a closed session. In court, he was told he


would be held in voluntary confinement for four weeks. --


solitary confinement. And his next court appearance would be in eight


weeks' time. Later, the judge revealed what he had told the court.


He said the goal of his attack was to send a strong signal to the


people. He also said he wanted to save Western Europe from a Muslim


take-over. And he wanted to prevent future recruitment to the Labour


Party, which he said had but -- betrayed the country. This is what


his lawyer told me of his mood. How was your client in court today?


Calm. As he was driven away from the court, Anders Behring Breivik


left the police with a major new line of investigation. He claimed


his organisation had two more cells, but provided no further details.


Close to the time of the court appearance, they held one minute's


silence for those that had died, in a bomb blast in the capital and on


the island of Utoeya. On the lake, they are still searching for the


missing, although they have revised down the number of those killed to


76. Among those that died, it was this man, a relative of Norway's


crown Princess. And the faces of others unaccounted for peer out


from the newspapers, all of them young people, attending summer camp.


People on the streets today speak of innocence lost, shadow falling


across the country. People in Norway are in deep grief. They are


still shocked. But we also see a in a way which is very unified and


where people really are standing together. -- a Norway. Even as


people remembered those that had lost their lives, the police


reported that the man that had admitted the killings was calm, not


affected by events, a clear -- clinging to his distorted belief


that he needed to shake up this country.


We can go live now to Oslo to our correspondent. Richard, thousands


of people attended that Feigel for those that died and were injured.


What is going on in Oslo? They cannot be going about business as


normal. They are not. That commemoration is still going on,


actually. It was very impressive, I have to say. I was right in the


middle of it. There were tens of thousands of people. Really, as far


as the eye could see. All of the streets around me were jam-packed.


You could hardly move. Then they started moving off towards the


cathedral area, walking very slowly, because it was so packed and trying


to move was difficult. Eventually they got there and it took about


half an hour to move literally about a kilometre. Maybe 600 metres.


And then they laid their flowers in what is now an absolutely huge


mound of flowers and candles, which is expanding all of the time. It


was a tremendous sense of solidarity, and unity. It makes you


realise how small this community is, only about 5 million people across


the whole country. Everybody feels deeply affected by what has


happened. They want to express their solidarity and I think they


have done that very powerfully here tonight. In fact, the coincidence


is, as you are talking to me, we have seen several people going


behind you carrying flowers. Perhaps they are en route and want


to lay them themselves. You have been talking to people in Oslo.


What has been the overwhelming sentiment, do you think?


overwhelming sentiment is horror, shock, anger, but also defiance. We


are going to come together, and they have proved that tonight. They


have sent a very strong message out that they are together and they


will not allow their society to be damaged by this. And talking about


Anders Behring Breivik's court appearance, and dismissing his


claims that there are other cells out there. They say he is lying.


They refuse to believe that. Really, he is an insane man with an insane


ideology. Thank you very much. As we saw in our report earlier,


the Norwegian Prime Minister, Jens Stoltenberg, has been talking about


the impact of the attacks on his country in an exclusive interview


with the BBC in Oslo. Jon Sopel asked him whether he had raised any


issues about the police operation to catch the gunmen, especially on


Utoeya island where the suspect went on a shooting spree for up to


90 minutes before he was apprehended. So far, we have not


see anything that did not work as expected or planned. But now is the


time for taking care of those that a window. There are several people


in hospital wounded. To take care and give consultants is to people


whose family members have died. And then we will go through everything


that has happened and go through the experiences. Every time a


nation experiences something like this, there will be something that


could have been done better. There will always be something where we


can point at something that could have been better prepared. I think


later on there will be a process that we have to go through and


learn from these experiences. what about intelligence failures?


It seems that this man may have been preparing this for nine years.


And yet he does not appear to have been on the Security Services'


radar screens at all. The police investigation is ongoing. We will


know much more when we have finished that investigation. Then


we have more facts, then we know more. So far the police believe


that this was one man doing it alone. When the police


investigations are finished we also have a better basis for knowing if


we could have done anything better, for instance with intelligence, to


be able to tell of this before it happened. Did anybody know anything


about it? At least as far as I know, well, the police, they don't have


any records. They don't have any information about him being a


threat or a dangerous person. One possible explanation for that is of


course if he acted alone it was more difficult to discover and to


see and to know it beforehand. Jens Stoltenberg, talking to my


colleague Jon Sopel earlier on today.


The ban on some aid agencies by the Al Shabaab militants in parts of


Somalia has left many vulnerable in the country. The UN says that


massive and urgent action as well as millions of dollars are needed


to save millions of people. In a moment we will be hearing from the


Food and Agriculture Organisation. More than 1 million people are


affected in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia by the worst drought in 60


years. In Somalia, one-third of the population is on the brink of


starvation. Our correspondent reports from Dolow, close to the E


-- Ethiopian border. Clouds over Somalia but no rain. We are heading


to the region close to the famine zone. Gunmen on the ground, but


these men work force Somalian governments, backed by the West.


They control a small pocket of territory here. It has become a


magnet for families desperate for food and safety. First, we see some


makeshift camps in the wilderness. Then the latest arrivals. This


family got here a few hours ago, escaping from their town controlled


by the Islamist militant group Al Shabaab. They are exhausted but


they count themselves lucky. They are killing people at home, says


Mamat. Al Shabaab are preventing aid from reaching our area, that is


why we had to flee. Those left behind will dive. The battle now is


to stop more people fleeing their homes by getting paid directly into


the heart of Somalia's famine zone. That is not impossible but because


of Al Shabaab it is slow, complicated and very dangerous. It


is also imperative. With the famine set to spread and the refugee camps


overloaded, Western aid officials are exploring every option. This


idea that Al Shabaab areas are no- go zones, that is not true?


Categorically not true. We already have evidence of organisations that


have never left Somalia. They are able to expand their operations. I


am confident that as long as we rely on experienced organisations


and on the local chiefs, where local chiefs are determined to help


their communities, we can help many people inside Somalia. So a race


has begun to reach those unable to escape the famine. And time is on


nobody's side. Trying to deal with the crisis, the


UN Food and Agriculture Organisation has been holding


emergency talks in Rome. We can get the latest on the outgoing director


general, Jacques Diouf. When we look at Somalia, worst affected,


are people suffering more as a result of political instability and


violence rather than the drought itself? Well, it is a combination


of the two. This region has always been very vulnerable. By the year


2000, I had been asked by the Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, to


preside over a task force to prepare a study on how to eliminate


definitively hunger from this part of the world. And we identified two


problems. The conflicts, but also the fact that only 1% of the arable


land is irrigated. Therefore, if there is any drought, and naturally


it immediately impacts on the lively -- lively heard of people


that foreign food production. you look at this 11 years ago with


Kofi Annan, you work out what needed to be done, why have you not


make sure that it happened? Well, because the follow up at the


meeting in March, 2001, under the leadership of the World Bank, did


not allow us to mobilise the resources that would have needed to


be invested to move from a 1% at least 27%, which is the average for


Africa. -- at least 7%. Not to talk of the 38% average in Asia. Water


is the source of life, for human beings animals and crops, and we


have not address that. Jacques Diouf, you have been head of his


organisation for 20 years. You started this job in the 80s when


there was famine in Africa. You are leaving now and there is yet again


a famine in East Africa. How does that make you feel when you look


back at your record? You must be a disappointed man? Well, is


appointed for what is happening in the Horn of Africa. And not in all


the Horn of Africa. We have seen tremendous progress in agricultural


products in Ethiopia and they are now investing heavily in irrigation,


which should change their environment. We have seen progress


in Tanzania, Malawi, in Ghana. And I could go on. Although 14


countries in Africa out of the 54 have made progress to actually get


food security, out we are not seeing all of the Continent achieve


that. Naturally our work is not any in Africa, but Latin America and


Asia and we have seen what happened in Brazil. We have seen what


happened in China. And also Bangladesh. So there has been some


progress, not to the level that we would have liked to see. I really


meant the 90s when you started at that organisation. Thank you for


The Vatican has taken the rare stab of recalling its ambassador to


Ireland amid unprecedented attention with the Irish government


over the issue of child abuse by Roman Catholic priests. Enda Kenny


fiercely criticised the Roman Catholic Church last week.


The hotel made to accuse the former head of the IMF Dominique Strauss-


Kahn of trying to sexually assault her has spoken publicly for the


first time. In an interview, the 32-year-old from West Africa are


said that she told the truth about the alleged assault. Dominique


Strauss-Kahn has denied the charges, including attempted rape.


The Israeli Chamber Orchestra says it will break a long-standing taboo


and play a piece of music by Hitler's favourite composer,


Richard Wagner. The composer's works are widely Sharratt -- widely


shunned in Israel because of his anti-Semitic beliefs.


In Washington, President Obama and congressional leaders are trying to


thrash out a grand bargain as we speak on how to tackle the US debt.


They have just over one week to do so or risk seeing the world's


largest economy, with GDP or 15 trillion dollars, failing to pay


its bills. The IMF has weighed into the debate, warning the US that it


must resolve its debt crisis quickly or risk a severe shock to


the American economy and therefore also global finance. There is no


choice, there is no alternative. have a 14.5 trillion dollar


national debt and it is time to get serious about stopping the spending.


We have never defaulted on our dead and we are not going to do it now.


A war of words is taking place in Washington. The US government is


spending more money than it receives in taxes and revenue and


it has national debt stretching to it has national debt stretching to


14 digits. In 2002, the debt when it was a manageable 6.5 trillion


dollars. As the global financial crisis reached a peak in October


2008, it stood at 11.3 trillion 2008, it stood at 11.3 trillion


dollars. Congress has the power to raise the debt ceiling. It has done


raise the debt ceiling. It has done so 78 times in the last 50 years.


Current debt has now hit the ceiling agreed on last year. But


this is not just about numbers. It is as much to do with politics.


Democrats favour tackling the debt through tax rises, principally.


Republicans, on the other hand, favour government spending cuts in


big areas like the social insurance programme, Medicare. If there is no


agreement, then the US is in uncharted waters. The White House


has so far refused to say what it would do, but with a US default on


debt, a real possibility, governments and financial markets


around the world are watching the countdown to the August 2nd


deadline with increased nervousness. Let us talk more about this with


Edward Harrison from the Finance and economic website, Credit


Writedowns, of which monitors the US global economy. There are two


issues here, raising the debt ceiling, and cutting the massive


debt. Is that right? But all of them seem to be becoming embroiled


in politics. -- but both of them. They are two separate dishes. The


one issue is the budget issue, and every year there is a budget


appropriations process that Congress and the President go


through. That is separate from the debt ceiling, which is a different


thing, a self-imposed constraint on the United States that many other


countries do not have been ordered to keep the United States from


deficit spending. Somehow, these two have become connected and


created what we see now, a political stalemate. The US has got


plenty of money to meet the interest payments on its debts? Is


the message to people all over the world that investors should not get


worried? That would not necessarily be my message. My message would be


that it is good that we have parties like the IMF saying that it


would be a negative thing for the United States not to deal with this


stalemate. I think that there are other parties that have said


similar things. Business leaders in the United States, we need to have


this solved. That will bring confidence back to the markets. We


can put these issues aside, back to the budget positions -- budget


appropriations process. Are the public aware of what is at stake,


the global reputation of the United States q macro -- Republicans will


say it is consent government spending versus increase taxes, or


will they strike a bargain before the deadline? We hope they do. I do


not think they know what is at stake. The two sides have got


caught up in the political posturing, especially on the


Republican side. They do not trust the President. They do not trust


his deadlines and the believe that these are false deadlines and that


there is more manoeuvrability. There are many within the


Republican Party that believe that there are other things that could


happen that are not so bad if the debt ceiling is breached. As a


result, you have this intractable problem. It is difficult to say


whether it is going to be resolved. The family of the British singer


Amy Winehouse have thanked fans for the support they have received


since her death. The 27-year-old, who had a history of drug and


alcohol abuse was found dead at her home in London or on Saturday.


Today a post-mortem failed to establish how she died. More tests


are being carried out. Flowers, tributes, quiet reflection.


This woman, like many others, had met Amy Winehouse many times.


on a wasted life. -- a wasted life. So sad. A multi-million selling


artist, winner of five Grammy awards. She had had lunch with her


mother on Thursday. Today, Janice and wine has's father, paid a visit


on -- a visit to the shrine for her daughter. I cannot tell you what


this means to last. This is making it a lot easier. Amy Winehouse was


about one thing, and that was love. Among the group, her manager and


boyfriend. Those who had lived with the ups and downs. But this was


unexpected. There had been no signs of crisis. She was seen by a doctor


on Friday night. The last person to speak to her was a security guard


in the early hours of Saturday morning. On Saturday afternoon,


they were unable to wake her. Today's post-mortem was


inconclusive. More tests are needed. Bob Russell brand, her friend, said


he had long feared the worst, as his wife explained. When you know


somebody that is dealing with addiction, you dread that phone-


call but there will always be a phone call. But should more have


been done? Alan McGee, former manager of Oasis, dared set.


Ultimately, people are responsible for their own destiny. -- doubts it.


At the end of the day, if you do not want to get clean, you will not


get clean. It is understood that the funeral


will take place tomorrow. This was supposed to have been the summer of


Amy Winehouse's comeback tour, but instead, her backing singers were


today paying their respects. Amy Winehouse, who died on Saturday.


Last month, the skies over southern Chile were turned a murky state --


colour of grey by ash following the eruption of the Puyehue volcano in


the north of the country. The skies are usually the clearest in the


world, one of the reasons why the area has become a global attraction


for astronomers. Gideon along went to one Observatory to take a look.


If you recognise this observatory, it may be because part of the James


Bond film Quantum of Solace was filmed here. When it is not playing


host for British secret agents, this place is home to serious


stargazers. These telescopes are among the most powerful and the


world and have changed the way that we look at the heavens. -- powerful


in the world. We're looking at the galactic centre, and we are able to


measure the mass of the black hole at the centre of the galaxy. Also,


we made the first image of an exoplanet. This was done right here.


And there have been other discoveries. It was with images


taken here that astronomers worked out the age of the older star in


the Milky Way. It is more than 13 billion years old.


Scientists here want more. They are planning to build an even bigger


telescope, out in the desert just a few kilometres from here. It will


be the size of a football pitch, and when its dome opens up, it will


reveal a few of the sky it measuring 40 metres from one side


to another, four times bigger than any other optical telescope


currently in operation. This is what the telescope will look like.


The images it captures will be 15 times sharper than those from the


Hubble Space Telescope. Scientists are confident that within the next


25 years or so, it will lead to the discovery of life on planets other


than our own. But it is not the only ambitious space project in


Chile. The world's largest radio telescope is also being built. Once


an international pariah, chilly now has the infrastructure and the


political and economic stability that is essential for these long


term billion Dolli Project. It also has the perfect natural environment.


Chile is the dream place. -- bn dollar project. It has the clearest


sky and if you want to do modern, professional astronomy, and you


want to do it in the southern hemisphere, you have to do it here.


A quick reminder of our top story. People in Oslo or holding a vigil


for the victims of Friday's devastating attacks in Normandy --


Norway. The man accused of the attacks claimed he is not acting


attacks claimed he is not acting alone. That is it from me.


Throughout the day on Monday we had a contrast in our weather. One


sunshine for some, but cooler and cloudier for others. Similar


weather takes us through tomorrow but once again, we will see sunny


spells breaking through. The variation in the cloud is because


of the weak weather fronts across the United Kingdom. We may see some


light showers in the east. It is keeping the cloud going through


eastern Scotland and eastern England, becoming more extensive


across the Midlands. Certainly, were you have got the call cloud, -


- where you have got the cloud, rather cool. More cloud in the


south during the day but tending to break. Temperatures responding


through the afternoon. A brighter day in prospect for western areas


of Wales tomorrow. We will have lost the cloudier weather with the


showers. For Northern Ireland, most places you dry with brightness


through the afternoon. -- north -- most places dry. For Scotland, the


best temperatures in the West. Disappointing temperatures in the


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