26/07/2011 World News Today


The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

Similar Content

Browse content similar to 26/07/2011. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



This is BBC World News today with me, David Eades. Cold and come,


powered by drugs, pursuing his own revolution. It portrait of Anders


Behring Breivik by his lawyer. is in a war. He sinks that the rest


of the world cannot understand his point of view. -- she thinks.


happens if nobody blinks? The deadline looms on the US debt


crisis with growing signs of antagonism between Republicans and


Democrats. The Palestinian solution for


statehood, a negotiating chip or a genuine bid for UN recognition?


And new art but with a traditional Islamic influence, we look at the


shortlisted works for the Jameel Welcome to the programme. The


lawyer of the man who has admitted carrying out the mass killings in


Norway on Friday has said everything about the case suggests


his client is insane. He said it was too early to know whether


Anders Behring Breivik would pleasing sanity at his trial. He


said that he had used drugs before the attacks and expected to be


killed during the operation. He believes himself to be at war with


democracy. -- pleading insanity. The official naming of Norway's


debt is underway. A shocking reminder that most victims were


children or very young adults. Among them, Ismail Haji Ahmed, a


Among them, Ismail Haji Ahmed, a 20-year-old model and dancer. The


youngest, Johannes Buo, just 14. Among stores tipped as future stars,


Tore Eikeland, 21, and described as one of the country's most promising


use -- most promising youth politicians. Among those missing


trying to swim away was Hanne Kristine Fridtun, who addressed the


Labour Party conference in April. And Monica bowside, who had run the


And Monica bowside, who had run the summer camp for years. This is


their self-confessed killer, Anders Behring Breivik. Today, the lawyer


defending him described him as insane. This whole case, he has


indicated he is insane. What does he say? He says the rest of the


world does not understand his point of view. He thinks that in 60


years' time, we will understand him. He was asked if he showed any


remorse. He says that he is sorry that he had to do this but that it


was necessary to start the revolution in the Western world.


An exchange a text messages between a 16-year-old girl and her mother


at a height of the attack has been released by the family.


teenager believes that private is a The girl survived the massacre. And


this is part, just part of Norway's response to that. AC of flowers


outside Oslo Cathedral. -- A C. Norwegians say they are determined


to prove the killer wrong in every way. Wrong for what he did, and


also wrong if he really believed that the massacre would destroy


Norway or start some kind of revolution. But some Norwegians are


critical of the police and the Government. The police, for taking


too long to reach the island, and the Government for failing to


provide helicopters for a rapid response. I do not think this could


have gone faster. I cannot see how that could have been possible under


these conditions. By we will always try to be better, but I cannot see


how we could have done this faster. For now, Norway's focuses on the


dead and those still missing. Each evening, the police release more


names as the terrible process of identifying all of -- all who have


been lost goes on. As the days pass, events will be


seen with an ever more critical eye in Norway, hence the focus on the


speed with which the police reach the island where Breivik went on


that run page. The father of one young man who died spoke today of


the phone call he had with his son as the killing started. "Dad,


someone has started shooting", those were the last words he heard


his son utter. Gavin Hewitt has been talking to some of the


rescuers. Across from the island were so many


died, there are people still waiting with young people still


missing. What is emerging here is the story of those rescued and


questions about the police response. The heart of the rescue was a


campsite and small boats. This couple launched their boats to help


people swimming from the island when a man dressed as a policeman


was hunting down their friends. first thing was that they did not


trust us. They shouted from the water, "Can I trust you?" And we


had to give them some comfort, to say that yes, they could trust us.


The gunmen roamed the island for over an hour and many of the young


people were using their mobiles to call for help. So one had to call


the police and then some of the girls said that they had already


but they did not believe them. injured were driven to the nearby


town, where the police were waiting for assault units. The robot -- the


road block terrified those rescued. There was a police woman with a


black suit and a gun. And all the seven people in the car were


screaming. They shouted at me, don't stop, don't stop! Because


that is how the guy was dressed. When the Swat teams arrived, they


used a local police boat but it was too small for them. It quickly to


corn water and broke down so they have to turn to private boats like


this. This was the boat eventually used by the Swat teams. They


captured the gunman after just two minutes. It was a press helicopter


that took this picture of Breivik on the island. But the police


helicopter was to the south and the police team travelled by road. The


local community is reluctant to criticise the police response, but


it is the people of a small campsite who were the rescuers of


shivering and injured young people. I have seen things that nobody


should have to see. The overriding problem was that the gunman had


calculated that by setting off an explosion in Oslo, he would draw


the police there while he had time to massacre young people at a


summer camp. Aslak Sira Myhre is the former


leader of the Red Electoral Alliance Party who has often warned


about extreme right-wing sentiment in Norway. I put it to him that


this kind of violence was on a different level from the far right


debate that has been going on in recent years. This is extremely


special, rare and horrible in awe way. But the question of right-wing


terror is not new, neither in the world nor in Norway. We seem to be


starting to think that the act of violence against innocents is


something with the characteristics of the other, something that


fundamentalist Muslims, the other, not Europeans, have within them.


But if we look at our history, especially in Norway, the few acts


of terror that have been perpetrated in Norway have been


from Neil Nazis, racists and the extreme right. -- neo-Nazi is.


D Maycock you're fellow countrymen and women, who by and large


probably did think this was some sort of Islamic fundamentalist


attack. That is what Western Europe has come to expect. There are many


lessons to be learned from this and one of the lessons is that we all


fought in the beginning that this had to be Muslims. Some of us


because of the war that Norway has participated in in Afghanistan and


in Libya, but all too many because we think it is them, it is always


them. Secondly, it is interesting to learn from how we reacted. It


seemed to be a fundamentalist Islamic attack and probably does


said they would stand by Norway in the struggle and used the same


rhetoric as they used after 9/11 and as they have used in the war of


terror. And when it seems to not be a fundamentalist Muslim attack but


the opposite, it is not a Muslim butter muslin 80, then it changes


and it becomes storm back sorry to interrupt but you have a level of


criticism there of the knee-jerk response to a major event like this.


What about the proper response, the ways that Norwegians have come out


in hundred some -- in their hundreds of thousands and expressed


the need for greater openness and tolerance? I am extremely proud to


be Norwegian these days. It is fantastic to see how our country


has reacted and stood together, how people want to share the grief of


the wounded and the families of the dead, how people react as a nation.


There is only one thing to say, I am proud and hopefully we can use


this to change the way that we speak and discuss things in the


future. Unfortunately, I am not certain that we would have reacted


the same way if this was a Norwegian Muslim boy with


connections to Al-Qaeda. I am not certain that we would have been


able to react in the same collective way, but we should be


able to do that. I think this is one of the things that we can take


out of this tragic catastrophe, that this is the way that we should


act on all kinds off charges -- national tragedies.


To the story that everyone said was bound to end in a deal and yet,


like a classic thriller, the American debt crisis is moving ever


closer to the precipice. In seven days' time, the US government could


default on its debts if Republicans and Democrats fail to settle their


differences and raise the debt ceiling as required by law to allow


further borrowing. Seven days may sound like one enough but the two


sides are drifting further from a compromise.


-- like long enough. Six days and counting before the world's biggest


bore a were risks defaulting on its debts and a new global economic


crisis. -- borrow or risks. President Obama


and his opponents are at a stalemate.


Unfortunately, a Republican House met -- house members has said that


the only way they will vote to prevent the default is that if the


rest -- is it the rest of us agreed to... The battle is being fought


out on television with of Republican leaders saying that


Obama is holding up the deal. President wanted a blank cheque six


months ago and he wants a blank cheque today. As the threat of


meltdown draws closer, opinion poll numbers just favour Obama. More


Americans prefer his next of spending cuts and tax rises. With


world stock markets down, fears are growing that the US could actually


do fault and see its credit rating downgraded. -- actually default.


have a default or to have a significant downgrading of the


United States signature would be a very serious event, not for the


United States alone, but for the global economy at large. Behind


these windows, politicians are feeling the pressure. Four lines of


the US Congress are jammed after President Obama called on Americans


to lobby their representatives to get a deal done. -- form lines. For


the first time, there is the smell of panic in air. The inconceivable


could happen and America will be unable to pay its bills. After that,


no one is sure what will happen. Time for a look at some of the


day's other news. New figures suggest the British economy


achieved only feeble growth in the three months to June as output rose


just 0.2%. Experts think it may have been affected by one-off


factors including a bank holiday for the royal wedding in April.


Observers say the figures may increase pressure on the Government


to take steps to boost the recovery. 78 people were killed and three


seriously injured when a Moroccan military transport plane crashed


into a mountain in the south of the country. The Hercules C-130


aircraft was attempting to land near the city of Guelmim. The army


blames poor weather for the crash. There were nine crew, 60 troops and


12 civilians on board. NATO bombing raids in Libya are


putting the health service in Tripoli under strain according to


the United Nations mission in the country. They say that medical


supplies are running low and most foreign medical staff have left the


city. The mission has highlighted shortages in food, electricity and


petrol with power cuts rising prices and the queues at fuel


stations. China has ordered a rail safety


campaign amid public outrage following a train crash that killed


nearly 40 people. The cause of the crash is not yet known. Chinese


media say the government has begun to compensate victims' relatives.


The funeral has taken place in London of Amy Winehouse, found dead


at her home on Saturday. The service included prayers in both


English and Hebrew. It ended with the congregation being invited to


sing Amy Winehouse's favourite song, So Far Away, by Carol Kane. The


cause of her -- has not yet been Palestinians have the support of


the Arab state, but Israel and the United States to oppose the move.


They want peace talks to be be entered. Jon Donnison reports from


Ramallah. Palestinians. A people without a state. They conflict with


Israel, the Middle East's most difficult problem. Negotiations


have failed. President -- President Obama launched the most recent plea


for peace. But talks collapsed after less than a month. Now the


Palestinians have changed tack. territory has been occupied for 63


years now. We need best solution based on international doors like


other countries. We want to be represented in the United Nations


other country. The President is threatening to go to the UN's


general Assembly in October to pushed to become a member state.


Some in the international community are of similar mind. I want to get


Inigo see Asian restarted again at some point -- a negotiation. But at


a vote, Pallister -- Israel has a key ally in the United States. In


has the power of veto and can block the Palestinian move. But the


Palestinians say they are pushing ahead regardless. Most Palestinians


here know that the UN bid in September will not change reality


on the ground. Good will not end his role's occupation. But for the


Palestinian leadership, it is about putting pressure on Israel.


To discuss this some more I'm joined here in the studio by Manuel


Hassassian, the Palestinian ambassador to the UK, and from our


New York studio by Akram Baker, a Palestinian political analyst and


former advisor to Faisal Husseini, First Minister of Jerusalem Affairs


under Yasser Arafat. The Israelis will not take this. The Americans


don't want it. What is the point? Is well should understand that by


us going to the UN, it is a serious thing for it is rare to understand


that they have to have engaged back in the political process. But the


message coming back from the other side is that you must re-engage.


Our first and second and third options are negotiations. But we


have no option to go to the United Nations. But they should not be


understood that it is a substitute for negotiations. If the United


States is going to be towed this, we are going to pursue it in the


General Assembly -- if they are not going to allow this. Given the


situation at the moment, given the general state of operations with


the Palestinian Authority, are you in any position at all to declare


yourself the state? First of all, Hamas and feta are in the process


off peace talks. It has nothing to do with negotiations, this is our


right. It has to be about negotiations, doesn't it? We all


know you cannot get a solution and left -- unless everyone is in on it.


But we have to protect it from action by Israel. As soon as we get


recognition as a member of the United Nations, the whole ball game


will be different. In a political discussion, you have to end the


permanent status. Thank you for joining us. Do you see a genuine


purpose to pursuing this in the UN? I see there is no other alternative,


because the entire peace process is stalled. It doesn't even exist.


it is better than nothing? I don't think they have a choice because


they have not been any kind of progress, nothing on the part of


the United Nations or the United States government. -- there has not


been any kind of progress. Americans don't want it, let's not


be too surprised, the Israelis don't want it either. If the


Americans don't want it, it is not going to help. I think that the PA


should be dissolved any way. If they don't want a peace process,


nor do they want this thing, then throw them back the keys. If this


does not work, you have shot your bald. We have tried this, you have


further alienated the United States in Israel. First of all, this


process of going to the United Nations is not to do with the


United States. We still believe that United States should be the


broker for peace. You can't have someone who should be the broker


that you're not going to play it their way. The process has been


stalling for a long time. We have done our share. We haven't seen the


Israeli side doing anything and we haven't seen any pressure from the


United States against Israel. do seem to exude a sense of


frustration? 20 years ago, before the Oslo process, when I was a


spokesman, they had a Palestinian negotiator. All the meetings, we


were saying, stop the settlements. 20 years later, we're saying the


same thing. Nothing has gone forward. What do expect the


Palestinians to do? We have to end it on that question. Thank you are


very much for joining a. Some of the finest new works


influenced by the Islamic tradition and design are on show at the


Victoria and Albert Museum in London. They're all nominated for


the �25,000 Jameel Prize. The winner will be announced in


September and contenders come from countries as diverse as Iran, the


USA, Iraq and Pakistan. We had a There is a real relevance with all


of these traditions. A lot of artists are gradually being lost in


society, so by including this in their work they give it a new


meaning and celebrate its importance. We have an Arabian


artist best in the States and we have shortlisted to have her works.


-- based in the States. And another woman inserts her own fare -- a


photographic images of life in Iran. And we have the theme of fashion


Week, a fashion spectacle where she has used images of a woman walking


down the street. We have another Iranian artist, again one of the


youngest artists in her late twenties, based in the States. Her


practice over the last 10 years has involved hand writing and printing


the word -- love. We have another artist based in Canada, Iranian,


who has produced a new work for the prize. He has used the patterns of


the met -- nomadic carpet as a blueprint but architectural models


that sit on top of this. -- With all of the 10 artists and


designers, they show a real knowledge of Kraft and design and


the material itself. Some of these materials like brickwork have


traditionally been used as decoration, but now they have


become the subject for the work and not just as important as the


concept. What is great about the prize is that it really broadens


people's minds about what they think Islamic work entails. More


than anything, it shows that these traditions are very much alive,


very much relevant now. By integrating that in their work,


they give it new meaning and show that in -- interaction is really


Some powerful designs bear. I just want to remind you of our main news.


The lawyer for the man who's admitted carrying out the mass


killings in Norway on Friday has said everything about the case


suggests his client is insane. Meanwhile, police have defended


their handling of the event in which 76 people died in the bombing


in Oslo and a shooting spree on a nearby island. We have got the


There has been some unusual snow across parts of South Africa, but


things quieten him down throughout the day on Wednesday. Quite cloudy


skies at times in Cape Town. More hot sunshine as we would expect at


this time of year across much of North Africa. Some sunshine to the


east and West of the Mediterranean, but in the -- in between some brain.


Things cold and cloudy on Wednesday. But things tanning warm at the end


of the week. It is a drier forecast for the next couple of days. Across


Download Subtitles