27/07/2011 World News Today


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This is BBC World News Today, with me, David Eades. Out with the old,


in with the new, as Britain expels Libya's remaining diplomats and say


that the rebel councillors the sole governmental authority.


We are inviting the National Transitional Council to appoint a


new diplomatic envoy to take over the embassy.


Learning the lessons while the pain persists - Norway's government


announces a commission to discover how the killings could have


happened. London makes a splash as it begins


the countdown to the 2012 Olympics. Uniting the world and sound - the


BBC Proms celebrates the universal appeal of music. -- uniting the


world in sound. Hello and welcome. The


international drive to remove Muammar Gaddafi from power has been


reinforced today. Britain has declared that the National


Transitional Council is the legitimate government authority. It


is expelling the remaining diplomats in London and a new


ambassador has been named. It is preparing to unfreeze millions of


pounds of Libyan assets. The rebels have turned the screw on Gaddafi.


They say they are no longer prepared to allow him to stay in


the country if he does stand down. The green flag of Colonel Gaddafi's


Libya. Today's moved to treat the rebels as the government is a


significant boost for them, Britain following the US and France in


intensifying the pressure on the regime.


We no longer read -- recognise them as the representatives of the


Libyan government and we invite the National Transitional Council to


appoint a new Libyan diplomatic envoy to take over the embassy in


London. Libya's Embassy in London is in


Knightsbridge. The ambassador was expelled in. Now the charge


d'affaires has three days to leave. Other diplomats must go as well and


Britain will unlock �91 million of assets from the Libyan oil


companies -- oil company. This is an important symbolic moment,


especially for the small group of rebel supporters who have come here


hoping to replace the flag of Colonel Gaddafi's regime with their


own. The question is what difference it will make underground.


Joining the demonstrators, a former financial adviser at the embassy,


who was sacked when he showed his support for the rebels.


Translation mack this is very positive. It is a psychological


boost. We will be able to use the fund to help the Libyan people and


hopefully this is just the beginning.


Colonel Gaddafi still commands support in Libya, particularly in


Tripoli, the capital. It is difficult to gauge how much in a


regime like his but increasingly the Benghazi based National


Transitional Council is being recognised internationally and the


political battle against the regime is heating up amid a military


stalemate. There are several front lines. Close to Brega, to the west


of Misrata, and to the West of Tripoli. But there has been no


decisive shift to give the rebels the momentum they need. They might


have been four months of Nato bombing, much longer than Britain


hoped Gaddafi would last. So instead it is turning up the


diplomatic pressure. The Government, under pressure itself under the


lead -- over the Libyan campaign. Let's get some more on this. We can


cross to our Oxford studio and speak to Oliver Miles, the former


British ambassador to Libya. Why do you think it has taken this long


for the government to follow suit after the Americans and the French


and others? I think William Hague partly explained that. I think


there are a number of reasons. The circumstances of each country are


different. One important Ewan was that the large number of Libyan


students in Britain who are dependent on money coming through


the embassy. It would have been wrong, I think, to have rushed to a


solution which would have left them without support. I have done


nothing wrong, they don't support - - don't deserve to lose their


support. William Hague said that he was pretty confident that the way


this has been handled means they will not suffer. You're looking


more at the practicalities of the decision rather than a strategic


move? Yes, the two are not really to be separated. It has its


symbolic importance of course and it is all part of a movement to


increase the pressure on Gaddafi. There were to decisions taken by


the British government today. -- two. If you can sift out two points


from the quite long presentation that William Hague gave, one was


the decision to recognise the National Transitional Council as


the only legitimate authority in Libya, which is new. Previously


they were recognised as legitimate but not the only legitimate


authority. Secondly, the decision to dismiss from Britain the


remaining diplomats in the Libyan embassy. Neither of those are


tremendously important in themselves but taken together with


other actions we have been taking and our allies have been taking


they are increasing the pressure. We are talking about four months


after the bombing campaign began. Are you surprised by what some


people would say is how little has been achieved? No. I think that


anybody who thought this matter could be settled by air power was


deceiving himself. There are very strong reasons for thinking it


would be difficult and it would take time. Nobody could tell how


long it would take. What was interested to see that William


Hague was emphasising not only that we can't predict how long it will


take but also that we will go on as long as it takes, and I think that


is an important political point as well as being true, I imagine. But


it increases the pressure -- the idea that the military pressure is


not going to go away. Transparency, openness, and a


commission to investigate how Norway's nightmare happened. If


that is the message the Prime Mr Jens Stoltenberg delivered today.


He said the country would not be intimidated by Friday's killings.


Police continue fit -- to search for people reported missing after


the shooting on the motorway or Ireland. -- b Utoeya Island.


Norway's bomb squad. Abandoned suitcase has been spotted and the


bus is empty. It was harmless but Norwegians are haunted by what


happened five days ago. This was the moment last Friday when a


massive car-bomb launched a massacre. Anders Breivik went on to


shoot scores of young people on the island of Utoeya. They were


supporters of the governing Labour Camp -- Labour Party. More


survivors told their stories today. Was there a time when you thought


you would not have -- survive? Are you through the worst? I think


the worst of it will be to know all of the names of people who are dead.


It will be hard to go to the funerals, to meet the families, and


I think it will be hard to one day wake up and realise that we have to


get back to light, back to work and try to function as normal.


This woman was lucky. She left the island two hours before the


shootings. She wants to stress her pride in Norway's multiculturalism


and the tolerance that Breivik wanted to destroy.


My story tells a lot about the opportunities that Norway gives to


all youngsters. Including Muslims? Yes. In how many other countries


can you be the daughter of immigrants and become a


parliamentary servant at the age of 28. In Oslo, the buildings scarred


by the bombing started to be patched up but Norway's collective


sense of shock is still profound. The physical damage will take


months to prepare. The government is warning that some buildings will


have to be demolished but of course it is the psychological damage that


is of far greater concern. But most Norwegians seem certain that it is


their strong shared values that will get them through the difficult


days and weeks to come. We can go to Oslo live now and


speak to Mohammad Usman Rana, a Muslim commentator. We heard that


Norway is the land of opportunity for all sorts of backgrounds. Has


this change to Norway for you? -- changed. No. Norway will not change


with its multiculturalism and unique openness. Norwegians are


very certain that we can't change our openness, we can't change our


liberal state and we will try to preserve that. When you first heard


of this appalling event, did you have a sense of anxiety that people


would start, at least symbolically, pointing the finger at you and


other Muslims in the country? think the terrorist attack is


serious and devastating for Norwegians independent of whether


it was a Muslim extremist or her right wing extremists, but of


course, since this was an attack committed by a Norwegian extremist,


this emphasises that terrorists do not have religion and that


Norwegians have to unify. Actually, be positive outcome of this


terrorist attack is that we Norwegians stand even more united.


I just wondered if you feel in any way that Norway has perhaps


perversely paid the price here for being... You have described it as a


well-functioning multicultural society. Perhaps it is that ability


to bring everybody else into the community that in this case has


cost it dear. Yes, I mean, Norway compared to other European


countries is a very well- functioning multicultural society.


We do not have get the widest neighbour heard lights you have in


London and Bradford. - Matt Giteau neighbourhoods. -- ghetto


neighbourhoods. What is important now is to analyse what radicalised


this not -- young Norwegian to become a terrorist, exactly like


Muslims have to examine how some Muslim terrorists misuse Islam to


commit terrorism we also have to examine why some right-wing


extremists, where they get their ideology from and what made them


radicalised. I am sure there will be a long period of analysis. Thank


you very much. Let's take a look at some of the


day's other news. Reports from Syria say that security forces have


launched an attack on a town near Damascus. Troops reinforced by


tanks killed at least 11 civilians in Kay, activists say. -- in


Kanaker. A suicide bomber has killed the


mayor of the southern Afghan city of Kandahar. Ghulam Haidar Hameedi


was meeting tribal elders when he died. A spokesman for the Taliban


said that they carried out the attack.


Police in China say they have rescued 89 kidnapped babies during


operations to break up child smuggling gangs. The police told


state media that they had arrested more than 100 people in southern


provinces on suspicion of trafficking baby girls. The report


said some of the babies had been brought into China from Vietnam.


Torrential rain described as the worst in a century has triggered


landslides in South Korea, killing at least 28 people. Worst hit was


the northern city of Chuncheon. Buildings were hit by a torrent of


mud and debris. Parts of the capital were also flooded.


The Arab Spring protests in Yemen have left the country in political


you -- political limbo. President Ali Abdullah Saleh was badly burned


in a bomb attack last month and is recuperating in Saudi Arabia.


Political opponents say that the President refuses to enter into


negotiations for political change. Now, look at the country's


political impasse. Army tanks are regular sight on the


streets in Yemen. These elite forces in Taiz have been battling


with opposition protesters. The President, President Ali Abdullah


Saleh, has not been in the country for weeks. His palace became a


battle zone in June and he was airlifted to Saudi Arabia for


medical treatment for serious burns. This picture of him was broadcast


on Yemen -- Yemeni television three weeks ago. The country has been in


political stalemate since he left. Before his departure, Western


governments had been pressurising the President to sign a plan to


hand over power but he backed out of signing three times.


TRANSLATION: there is political will with a large number of leaders


and they are what -- are aware that the situation has worsened so much


that the people can't tolerate these conditions.


A militants associated with Crewe have been ramping up their efforts


in the south. -- with Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula. Opponents


see it as a ploy to convince foreign governments that only the


government can deal with the militants. Both its -- it seems


that the calls of the opponents to change are being ignored, with


I'm now joined here in the studio by the Yemeni foreign minister, Dr


Abu Bakr Al-Qirbi. How close are you to dialogue with the opposition


now? The we have already started the dialogue, by the Vice President


and some leaders of the opposition, some representatives of the joint


meeting parties. Or two about the transitional council? We are


looking at this situation where there is a pre- requisite here that


the president accepts he can no longer hold office, and that still


will not happen. I'd been the President has already declared that


he is not going to run for election for a second time, that his son


will also not run. That clearly is not enough, though, is it. This is


the response of the President. It cannot go every day and changing


demands. I think people now have Bisset and agree on a road map for


a transition that will lead to the transfer of power. The but it is


fair to say, isn't it, that what built up to the President being


bred in his own presidential palace, albeit whether we call it tribal


rivalries or whatever, was a real conflagration of violence in the


capital, and the President was at the heart of it. He has moved out


and things have calmed down. think they have calmed down because


the President's first instructions after the attack on his life, and


also the lives of many leaders of the government, this was really a


terrorist attack, I think. You cannot look at it as part of the


political situation in Yemen. This is a terrorist attack. And one has


to wait for the results of the investigation and see who is


responsible for it. Let me ask you this. You have acknowledged that


the President says he will not stand again. How important is the


President now for the future of the country? He is important to see


that there is a proper and safe transition of power in Yemen.


yet that will not happen as long as he is there, according to many of


the opposition. This is one part of the story. On the other side, I


think the ruling party says his presence will allow for a use for


transfer of power, because he is not running. He has already acted,


I think, with the greatest responsibility after that attempt


on his life. He has ordered that there should be no revenge, that


they should be no actions that will lead to a civil war. I think he has


also had eight operations, so he is clearly not a man in great shape.


The UN Secretary General's envoy has said this is a country close to


collapse. Would you go along with that? I think the country faces a


very serious political crisis, yes. I think the collapse will depend on


how the opposition and the Government take full responsibility


in addressing the challenges of getting in and out of this crisis.


Thank you very much. It's not true of every Olympic


Games that the venues are put on display a year ahead of schedule.


But London is putting on a show already - such is the confidence


here that everything is running to plan. Babita Sharma is at the


Aquatic Centre in the Olympic Park for us.


Thank you. The show is faring much under way here. Welcome to east


London. I'm inside the Aquatics Centre, which has been the


centrepiece of what has been happening here today, marking a


year to go to the false start of the opening ceremony of the London


2012 Olympics. It is a very impressive building. It is one of


pride -- five permanent venues that have actually been completed today.


One man who got a taste for the pool was the British medal hope for


diver Tom Daley, who within the last 10 minutes also took to the


top of the diving board to acknowledge the crowd surrounding


him as he took that dive. A very iconic moment, he described it for


himself and an historic moment for the young 17-year-old. This houses


some 17,005 unexpected as who will come here to the capital to watch


the events. It is interesting. Many people have been talking about the


legacy of the London 2012 Olympics. We don't know what I will be


perhaps and in many years to come and will we know the true extent of


how these games will be remembered. But our correspondent has been


looking at the legacy of the Beijing Olympics in 2008.


We are here at the Bird's Nest Stadium, which is a symbol of what


would -- what was a hugely successful Olympic Games. Beijing


spent $14 billion according to some estimates. That is far more than


London is spending. We're just going to go inside not speak to a


top Chinese official about the preparations which the City took in


order to host what is a massive event. A year ahead of the Olympics


here in Beijing, where were you at? TRANSLATION: At that time, we held


the one year can dance ceremony in Tiananmen Square. It is a crucial


time. The Kop, of course, is ticking. The key issue is making


sure that every deadline is met. -- the key issue. Do you have any tips


or advice for London? Make sure that the Olympics complement the


city's development. When we built the new infrastructure for the


Olympics, it improved everybody's standard of living.


Just ahead of the Olympics, Beijing went on a building binge. But it


wasn't a sports venues. It was subway lines and airport terminal,


roads and railways. It was all designed to keep a city on the move


and an Olympic Games running like clockwork. But three years after


the event was held, what is the legacy? When with one of China's


best-known sports commentators, Yan Qiang. What did the game has been


to China? It was a door opening event out that time, the first


real-time that modern China had opened its doors to the world and


show what we were about. How is the legacy a different one -- from what


is expected to be the legacy in London? I would say Beijing 2008


might be the last mega Olympics in history. In London, it is according


to have the ability of the city. In Beijing, it was about national


confidence. Ever since the end of the Olympics, the Water Cube has


proved a huge success story. But with water flying and life banneds,


it was always going to be a draw. The Olympics in London are going to


be very different from the ones here. But people here hope that one


thing remains the same, that is that at the end of the Olympics,


China has won the most gold medals. The IOC president Jacques Rogge has


formally welcomed the world's athletes to the London 2012 Olympic


Games and celebrations will continue in Trafalgar Square and


here at the Aquatics Centre in east London. Back to you.


Exciting stuff. Thank you. The setting could not have been


more English - the Proms at London's Royal Albert Hall. But the


music at The Human Planet Prom was very international. The concert,


aimed at celebrating the universal appeal of music, included


performers from Mongolia, Greenland and Zambia. David Hannah was at the


rehearsals. Music, universal language for the


globe. That was the idea behind a unique Prom concert at the Royal


Albert Hall. The inspiration came from a BBC Tullett -- a television


programme, The Human Planet, with music composed by Nitin Sawhney. It


underlined the fusion of music around the globe and YouTube.


can see music from anywhere on line. You can look at music for more to


them parts of the world on YouTube. I think there is more of a free


exchange that is not really about Musicians were invited from around


the world. Some had never left their own countries, but they have


much in common despite differing musical cultures. I compose my own


music out of my tradition. If I see an event, I can compose a song


about what I see. Anything I see around. If Lacey people fighting,


ask them why they are fighting and I compose a song. If I close my


eyes and hear music from Mongolia, I'm feeling at home because I am


feeling something in my heart. These musicians from Mongolia are


already big on the World Music Mongolian throat singing but with


African drumming. Music has put created its way


around the world from the dawn of time, mixing different ideas. That


is what Mesic is added to never disappoints. Today we have certain


blends of music. Within a decade, there will be a whole new one.


group from papier -- Papua New Guinea with a traditional dance


brought to the heart of London. Hello. Yet again, today some of us


have warm sunshine, but for others it was a little bit cloudy.


Tomorrow, it is really the cloud which will dominate first thing in


the morning. We have also got a weather front to contend with


tomorrow with a bit of rain around. You will start to see the weather


system moving in to the north and west overnight. Ahead of that, it


is good to stay dry, and with all the cloud not a particularly cold


start to Thursday morning. There would be some bricks across parts


of England and Wales ahead of the front. After a bright start across


northern England, think we will see a bit patchy rain arriving in


Newcastle. Parts of the East Midlands staying dry and bright and


a much warmer day in London. A cloudy a day in store for south-


west England. Temperatures as a result perhaps a few degrees down.


But there will be some sunny spells at times. Across Wales, does much


more overcast. We may even see a bit of patchy light rain or drizzle


especially across the higher ground. For Northern Ireland, after a bit


of a damp start, we will start to see some sunny spells through the


afternoon towards the north and west. But through Belfast, it will


be cooler and cloudier. A much cooler day for Glasgow and towards


Edinburgh. But I think up towards the Highlands, we will see some


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