01/08/2011 World News Today


The latest national and international news, exploring the day's events from a global perspective.

Similar Content

Browse content similar to 01/08/2011. Check below for episodes and series from the same categories and more!



This is BBC News. Me. A deal in principle on the US debt America's


political leaders finally agree prevent the Government running out


of cash. At what price? Are all politicians onboard? Neither side


got what they wanted. But it is the essence of compromise. A second day


of violence in Syria, tanks have continued to target protestors in


the city of Hama. Norway remembers the 77 people killed in last


month's attacks. The Prime Minister warns against a witch hunt. And


they are the flowers which have captivated millions. Now the


inspiration for Monet's famous masterpieces are getting a new


Welcome. There have been weeks of uncertainty but now politicians in


the US are poised to vote on a deal to avert an unprecedented debt


default. The plan thrashed out between Republican and democratic


leaders would raise the country's debt ceiling. Also includes the


same amount in spending cuts. There are still objections on both sides


and the plan still needs approval in the US Congress. From Washington


our correspondent has the latest and this piece contains flash


photography. Another day of frenetic activity on Capitol Hill.


Law makers gathering to hear ha their leaders have agreed to and


give their verdict. Last night after weeks of uncertainty the


President said the talking was over. I want to announce ta the leaders


of both parties have reached an agreement, that will reduce the


deficit, and avoid default. The default that would have had a


devastating effect on the economy. So what do we know about the deal


on the table? First of all, it sets a new debt ceiling of $16.7


trillion. It says future Government spending should be cut by $1


trillion and establishes a con Greggsal committee to come up with


deeper cuts. Joe Biden is in Congress to help seal the deal


unwilling to sound too confident. There is plenty for everyone to


dislike about the plan. The top Democrat in the Senate is holding


his nose. Even as he sells it. one got what they wanted. Even had


to give something up. People on the right are upset, people on the left


are upset. People in the middle are upset. It was a compromise. On Wall


Street, which never really doubted that a deal would be done, markets


rose this morning. The latest dismal US manufacturing news then


sent them down again. This has been a bruising ugly fight. Further


eroding public faith in Congress. The deal if it passes helps to stop


the rot. But underlying debates about the size and function of


Government rage on. To discuss this I am joined by journalist, author


Geoff mad rick for the New York Times. Good to see you. What do you


think we have seen on Capitol Hill? Has it been a political debate


about what is best for the American economy or a political debate about


what is best for Republicans or Democrats? Well it has ban


political debate about Republicans and Democrats. Certainly it is not


what is best for the economy. We averted perhaps and we don't know


yet, an iceberg but we are still in rough seas, and there maybe more


out there. Maybe that is not the best metaphor because cutting


spending now, in an economy that is so weak, will probably weaken this


economy further, meaning higher unemployment. Less investment. Less


consumer spending and no wage increases. I can't see how the


American people will enjoy that, in a way they have been conned into


thinking an answer is cutting the size of Government right now, and


it isn't. But the Republicans and Democrats are both trying to score


political points and I think what is guiding President Obama most is


a re-election campaign. This is to longer about the best economic


policy for America but how to position yourself for November 2012.


Wet President Obama has more tweet followers when he appealed for


people to tweet him and other politicians on Capitol Hill. How do


you think he has come across in this situation? I think he is


probably given what I have said, done pretty well. I think he has


portrayed himself as a mild mannered sensible person, in this


debate, and I think for a while, people will respect that, so in


that sense n I think he has come accomplished his political goal.


The problem is the economy may not accommodate that goal. That has


been his problem since the bad loss in 2010. His White House has


interpreted that loss as a message that they have to cut Government


spending, that the Government's too big, that spending is hurting, the


deficits are enormous and promise to be enormous. In my view at least,


and your viewers should t "no" know a lot of people agree with that, in


my view and the much more correct view and many economists believe


this, jobs were the issue, the lack of jobs, and this agreement will


not create jobs in America and get the growth path back to 3-4% a year


that is necessary to get the unemployment rate down to any kind


of reasonable level. OK. We must leave it there. Than you for


speaking to us. For the second day in a row, Government forces in


Syria have opened fire on protestors. On Sunday, more than


one hundred people were killed in attacks across the country. Today


the European Union announced further sanctions on Syria, and the


UN Security Council is preparing to hold an emergency meeting to


discuss the situation. Foreign journalists are restricted from


reporting freely within Syria, so Jim Muir sent this report from


Beirut. It was army day in Syria. A chance for the President to thank


his military for all it is doing, to protect the nation from the


plots he says are being woven against the country. And the army


is paying a price.. Almost every day there are military funerals.


Today at least half a dozen killed in yesterday's clashes. Up in Hama


the army's role is not seen as so heroic. These are some of the tanks


the Government says never went into the city. Tank shells machine guns


and sniping claimed score of civilian lives according to


activists. It was one of the bloodiest days since the up rising


began more than four months ago. It stirred widespread international


condemnation.. We were very shocked by what happened yesterday. There


has never within any justification for what has been going on. You


can't justify attacking civilians who are exercising their right to


democratic protest. You can't send in the tanks and attack them like


that. We have condemned in it in the strongest possibly terms.


of Hama seems to be against the regime. It has had the biggest


protest rallies anywhere. For the past month, the city has been


virtually taken over by its own people. That is why the regime felt


it had to three to take it back and will surely try again. Civilians


are in danger but they say they don't want outside intervention.


no, no, not at all. We refuse all military interference, just we need


political support for our opinions, we don't want, we will continue our


peaceful up rising without weapons, even if they shoot us, kill us we


won't use weapons. It is in the International Arena that part of


the battle is being waged. Syrian nationals have been stages for and


against the Government. The European Union's preparing to


announce more punitive economic sanctions. And there is growing


pressure for a UN Security Council meeting to condemn the Syrian


regime. China, Russia and others are against, though Moscow has said


the violence against civilians must stop. They are put off by the messy


NATO operation in Libya. The Syrian people are paying the price for


what is perreceived -- perceived as an endless intervention in Libya.


So China and Russia are saying we are not signing up again, but the


problem is, that by refusing to act, they are allowing the massacres to


continue, so the Syrian people are paying for the mistakes being made


in Libya. The up shot is that the President does not have to worry


about international intervention. The diplomatic and economic


pressures might have a cumulative effect, but that is in the long run.


Four-and-a-half months on the up rising shows no sign of petering


out but this ruthless regime is far from sure and clearly it isn't


imminent. Protestors and troops have clashed in Egypt's Tahrir


Square, hundreds of protestors have been camped out for the past three


weeks. Trouble started as military police moved in to dismantle their


tents for Ramadan. They had been calling for fast erreforms


following the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak last February. The BBC's


correspondent is in Cairo and joins me now on the phone from Tahrir


Square. What is the scene there now at the moment? Well, let me


describe what I am seeing at the moment. Opposite me are two


armoured vehicles, and to my left, a police vehicle, in the main round


about normally where the tents are supposed to be, they are now


completely gone. None whatsoever, no protestors whatsoever, instead


the ring is filled with military police, almost to the brink really.


To my left, police is everywhere and they are cordoning off the


complex, the big building. Not a protestor to be found and this of


course follows from when the army have gone in, earlier today, taken


down all the tents, arrested a dozen people, and they were


reporting clashes between the army and protestors. How stable is Egypt


at the moment? Sorry I didn't catch that. Just how stable is Egypt at


the moment? It appears that tensions continue to rise?


Absolutely. It is a very very tense situation at the moment and it was


promising to be a tense Ramadan from the beginning. I mean, you


know, there were clashes between shop owners and protestors


yesterday, the atmosphere is very tense, some people are very


sceptical, saying this is a display on the council's part to address


people nothing is going to happen, and the ex-President Hosni Mubarak


is not going to be brought to justice according to some. We have


yet to hear from the protestors about their next movement, whether


or not they are going to return to the square at any point. Many


thanks. Now, a look at some of the day's other news stories. Aid


agencies have launched a vaccination campaign against polio


and measles in Dadaab area. A refugee camps in the Wajir district,


aid agencies fear an outbreak of disease. The huge number of


refugees fleeing smar ya make it a mammoth task. According to the UN


there are 380,000 registered refugees and mow authorise on the


fringes of the camps. The Italian authorities say they have found the


bodies of 25 people in the hold of -- hold of a boat crossing the


Mediterranean to Lampedusa. According to survivors, the 15


metre boat was carrying nearly 300 people and set sail from Libya two


days ago. BBC News programmes on radio and television have been


affected by a 24-hour strike by journalists, the second in two


weeks. Members of the National Union of Journalists, the NUJ have


walked out to protest that 400 people in The World Service and BBC


monitoring have been made redundant against their will. The Cuban


President Raul Castro will address the nation at the National Assembly


today, to push through economic reforms. The plan will allow people


to buy property and set up small businesses, it would involve


eliminating a million public Seb for jobs. The singer Amy


Winehouse's father has today pleaded with the Government to


reform drug rehabilitation centres for youngster, his daughter's


battles with drink and drugs before her death led Mitch wine house to


make a plea to politicians for better services for addicts.


Norwegian police say the man accused of the killings in Norway


ten days ago was seen with another man in the days before the attacks.


Anders Behring Breivik was reportedly seen buying fertiliser


with a man outside a depot in Oslo and spotted w on a boat. The


Norwegian Royal Family joined politicians to remember the 77


A shrine to the fallen. So many flowers and candles now surround


Oslo's cathedral that other impromptu memorials have sprung up


around Norway's capital. Today, at the country's parliament, the


Storting, politics was put aside as the King and Crown Prince led a


memorial for each of Anders Behring Breivik's 77 victims. As relatives


of some of those who died watched on, the Prime Minister said all of


Norway had lessons to learn. Translation I ask, from this podium,


that we do not start a witch-hunt. The unity we have shown calls for


continued generosity. We all have something to learn from the tragedy.


It was, perhaps, the most unusual meeting in the parliament's 197


year history. The music of Norwegian violinists are very


jealous and replacing political debate. -- and Norwegian violinist


Arve Tellefsen. Some victims still lie in hospital. At the scene of


the bomb attack, 9,000 workers and able to return to their offices.


They have been told to extend their summer holidays until the key Repp


is complete. Turkey must improve its border


controls before it is allowed to join the European Union. That is


the assessment from a group of British parliamentarians concerned


about both people and drugs being smuggled into Europe. They have


also called for an assessment of how many Turks would youth -- moved


to the UK if they were part of the On the map, Turkey seems physically


distanced from its EU member neighbours. The country shows only


a tiny fraction of its border with Bulgaria and Greece. The greatest


book of his boundary lies in the East, leading to Iran, Iraq and


Syria. And that is what is worrying the Home Affairs Committee, turning


their attention away from the phone hacking scandal for the time being.


Keith Vaz and his colleagues are concerned the spread of the EU to


incorporate Recep Tayyip Erdogan would leave Britain full report,


thanks to Turkey's vulnerable -- Turkey's neighbours. Already up to


80% of heroin traffic from Afghanistan into the EU comes via


Turkey. On top of that, they say, the border between Turkey and


Greece is currently the biggest live coal from illegal immigrants.


People who come illegally from Turkey, not Turkish people but


Afghans and Syrians and Moroccans and from every nationality in the


world, they want to come and settle in London. Or they want to go to


Western Europe. They do not want to stay in Turkey. So our border


actually at the moment is the border between Greece and Turkey.


That is why it is so vital for our security. The home affairs


committee is calling on Britain and other EU countries to help Turkey


strengthen its border against unwanted attention from its


troubled neighbours before it can hope to join the EU.


A key meeting has begun to elect the new military top brass for


Turkey after the country's chief of staff resigned in protest last week.


The four-day military Security Council, meeting in Ankara, began


with a visit to Ataturk's memorial. The commander stepped down after


ongoing tension and the arrest of dozens of generals in alleged coup


plot. To discuss that we are joined by


Fadi Hakura, from the London-based think-tank at Chatham House. A lot


of focus on Turkey at the moment. We just saw there that it has been


put under more pressure to improve its have human rights record, its


border controls, as it comes into the YE. And yet we have these


admirals who have kind of pushed Turkey back decades. What is going


on? Essentially, the civilian authorities have taken over control


of the military. This caused the resignation of the military is


senior command. It was a manifest of their weakness now, in the


ongoing tensions between the military and the Government.


yet the European Union and NATO is looking at Turkey as a very


important ally in the war against terrorism and to control the move


of terrorism around the country. Do you think this would not that kind


of confidence in the country? not think so can stop it has been a


long time coming. It has been a process where the power of the


senior military commanders has been diluting in favour of the civilian


Government and what has really happened in the last few days is a


full consolidation of the Government's control over the


military branch of Government. do you think will happen now over


the coming weeks? The Prime Minister of Turkey, Recep Tayyip


Erdogan, now enjoys unparalleled power in modern Turkish history. He


will seek to appoint military commanders that are very closely


aligned to the Government. Thank you. Fadi Hakura from Chatham House.


The Indian Government is due to introduce a new anti-corruption


bill in the monsoon session of Parliament which gets under way on


Monday. It's big issue in India after the mortar billion-dollar


Telecom scandal. -- it is a big issue.


For India's billion strong population, corruption is part of


daily life. Paying bribes is a matter of course. But now it has


taken on new proportions. Creating underground economies of


unaccounted many, valued at anywhere between $500 billion and


one trillion dollars. Over the years, Indians have come to accept


corruption as something they have to live with. But there are signs


of this attitude changing. There are no longer willing to take it


lying down. Part of this is because as India has got richer, the scale


of corruption has reached incredible heights, involving


millions and millions of dollars. And over the past couple of years,


we have had a number of high- profile cases involving senior


Government officials, scandals that have gripped the country and


disgusted ordinary Indians. In February, a former Cabinet minister


was arrested in connection with a Telecom scandal. It is estimated to


have cost India $40 billion in lost revenue. It marched the head of


India's corruption -- anti- corruption watchdog had to resign


as he faced corruption charges. And an official in last year's


Commonwealth Games was arrested for alleged financial irregularities.


Many believe big businesses or equally culpable. The big


businesses wishing to India were very much part of the corruption.


It is not about petty corruption. It is at the height levels. It is


white-collar crime. The pressure is on to pass an anti-corruption law,


first introduced 40 years ago. But it has been ignored by successive


governments. Many now realise that India's growing culture of


corruption could undermine its ambition to become the next global


superpower. It is a garden immortalised in


paint which inspired one of the great artists. Monet lived at


Giverny near Paris for more than 40 years and his paintings of the


gardens there have been applied by millions. The gardens still attract


thousands of visitors each year and are kept as Monet designed them.


And there is a new head gardener, It is not a French garden.


Certainly not an English garden. It is, of course, a painter's garden.


Claude Monet spent 53 years and his bra home in his Giverny,


immortalising on canvas the garden he had created. Today it is the


responsibility of James Priest, the new English head gardener. It is


his job to bring the impressionist's masterpieces back


to life. It has a special place in everybody's parts. Everyone who


knows a Monet picture comes back to this garden and can recognise what


they have seen. There is something beautiful, romantic, familiar about


this garden that any body with a little bit of sensitivity, poetry


in them, can find when they come and visit. Monet did not like


organised or constrained gardens. He married flowers according to


their colours and left them to grow freely. He planted his garden, or


part of it, a here just to get flowers to paint and a Rayleigh day.


And little by little, he was caught by the fever of gardening. It made


the garden more intense and interesting. He had seven Gardens


in the end, so he became a real garden at the end, as I might one


day become a little bit of a painter. Before long, Monet had


diverted a river to create this pond, which he would paint


repeatedly as part of the famed Waterlilies series. So obsessed was


he by this image, he sent his gardeners out daily to collect the


algae and wipe the lily pads clean. He even had the road walkers tar


the adjacent chalk roads on which motorcars were kicking up dust


which settled on the border. The algae scooping continues to this


day. In the end, Monet dedicated himself blessed to the flowers,


more to the light and reflections in his pond. Today should only


receives half a million visitors a year who try to do the same. --


Giverny. Never have -- never before had a Cardion Ab shaped his garden


as Monet had done. Soft lines, gentle lines. Putting the touches


of colour ink. So looking at his paintings, trying to analyse his


paintings. In other words, he must put down the trial and start to see


it with a brush. -- put down the spade.


Before we go, a bit of sport. England have beaten India by 319


runs, taking out the second Test with more than a day to spare. The


game finished around an hour ago at Trent Bridge here in England, here


with the home side having a 2-0 lead in the four match series. What


went wrong for the ICC Test champions? Here is a legend and


I do not know if they were complacent or under-prepared.


England have been a far better side in the first Test and this Test as


well. What is their explanation or what can be blamed? I do not know.


They hide -- they have some great coaches and they should be asked


that question. I do not understand. England in England are a very, very


good side. They perhaps underestimated the opposition.


It is a rather cloudy day across western parts of the United Kingdom.


Sunshine in the South East. Tomorrow it will beak every week


bit as warm too hot, but still there is unit. There is a weather


front straddling the UK. Bringing cloud and patchy rain in the West


today and tonight and tomorrow morning the rain turns heavier


across northern England and eastern San southern Scotland. It will be a


By 4pm in the afternoon, there will still be one or two showers around


four balls and England into the Midlands. Stilt shatters, though. -


- still shattered, though. Variable cloud, some chap, but noticeably


very humid. Still very warm. For south-west England, Wales and


north-west England, where you have had a lot of cloud through the day


today and patchy rain, tomorrow it will be brighter. The cloud will be


trying to break in the afternoon and it will feel warmer. Also


warmer in Belfast despite there being a good deal of cloud across


Northern Ireland. A warm day in Glasgow. Still a lot of cloud in


Download Subtitles