29/07/2011 World News Today


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This is a BBC World News Today with me, Zeinab Badawi.


Why on week on - a day of memorial for the victims of the Norway


attacks. The Prime Minister says standing together is the only way


to fight violence. TRANSLATION: We are going to answer hatred with


lover. We are going to honour our heroes for ever.


Time is running out - President Obama appeals to both parties to


work together to solve the US debt problem.


Who did it and why? Mystery surrounds the death of Libya's top


rebel commander. And rare photographs of some great


screen stars of the Hollywood era Exactly one week after the bomb


attack and mass shooting in Norway, hundreds of people have attended a


memorial service in Oslo to honour the 77 victims. The man who


admitted carrying out the attack, Anders Behring Breivik, is being


questioned for a second time. The funeral of the first of the victims


has taken place. We can go live to Oslo and Our Correspondent fair. --


our correspondent there. Tell us what has been going on.


It has been a terrible week. One of the main squares here in central


Oslo has a building which is the headquarters of the governing


Labour Party. It was there that one of the main commemorative events


took place a few hours ago. It was the Labour Party which bore the


brunt of both attacks, one week ago. It lost so many members of its


youth wing who were holding a summer camp on the island of Utoeya,


when Anders Behring Breivik arrived there and opened fire on that -- in


a killing spree which killed almost 70 people. Today, we also had one


of the first funerals of a teenager who was killed on Utoeya. The


funeral took place just outside Oslo a few hours ago. The coffin


containing the body of an 18-year- old victim was brought out from


church to be laid to rest. Her family, originally from Iraq,


mourning the loss of a daughter who had been a leading light in the


Muslim community here. Exactly one week ago, the woman was shot dead


along with more than 60 others attending a youth camp on the


island of Utoeya. She had dreamt of becoming a politician. So many


friends and relatives came to the funeral that hundreds had to to


stand outside. She will be missed. The youth can use her as an example


to go into politics or to follow their dreams, because she was well


on her way to becoming a perfect, perfect human being. This is just


the first of at least 76 funerals due to take place in the coming


days. And while people mourn here, thousands have been taking part in


memorials being held in the capital, Oslo.


Members of the governing Labour Party gathered for an emotional


reunion. The party, the target of both attacks last Friday, this


summer camp on Utoeya had been for The Prime Minister it said many of


their young people were now dead. But he said they would manage to go


on, in unity. As they mourned, the police took the man responsible for


the atrocity, Anders Behring Breivik, for a second round of


questioning. But so far, they have not found any evidence that he was


part of a network for extremists, as he claims. And so far, there is


no sign his killing spree will deepen divisions in Norwegian


society. Into day's funeral, Christians and Muslims, immigrants


and ethnic Norwegians, side by side. It does remain the key issue - or


whether Breivik did have a compasses or not. He said on Monday,


during his first court appearance, that there were two other cells. --


whether he had accomplices. But as we were hearing, at the police say


that they have no evidence of this. But even while it remains unclear,


the population here cannot fully relax. In particular, the Muslim


community here will remain afraid. Richard was in Oslo a week after


the tragedy there. I have been talking to the Norwegian born


journalist Martin Sandbu, who works for the Financial Times in London.


He says the country owes a duty to explain to those who lost family


and friends how such a violent tragedy could have occurred.


have a duty to try to understand and explain, and not just recoil in


horror. Horror and morning are the right reaction, but also trying to


understand what has happened. For two reasons - we need to understand


it as best we can to try to avoid anything like this happening again.


The other point is that, unfortunately, if you read this


terrorist manifesto, which I have done and many people have done in


the last week, you will find quite a few things that have not a few


people will agree with, even though they abhor the conclusions he came


to and the violence he committed. There are many people who will


agree with smaller or larger parts of the General ante Islam or world-


view he has. -- anti- Islamic world appeal. We have this idea of Norway


as a perfect society which adheres to social democratic principles and


is very open. I use saying that in reality, it is quite far from that?


It depends on what we are talking about. There are high levels of


trust in Scandinavian societies in general. There is certainly great


support for democracy. But I think it is true that both Norwegians,


and many people outside Norway, like to think that what is good is


almost perfect. They are very good societies, good to live in. A rich


and peaceful and so on. But there are some people with frustrations


and people who do not necessarily like the democratic form of


governance. I think it is true that some of those have felt that they


can't express their frustrations, even if they are legitimate


grievances, all legitimate differences, without being vilified.


That is dangerous. What do you say to people who say that Norway has


lost its innocence? I think Norway lost its innocence a long time ago.


It has never been true that Norwegians have been unaware of


violence in the world. It was occupied in World War II by Nazi


Germany. That is still a big part of the national narrative. Even


today, Norway is very active in Afghanistan and Libya. But there


has been a conscious effort to depict in Norway as a nation of


peace, so I think there has been an invented or chosen kind of


innocence that has been shattered. Your criminal-justice system in


Norway is such that 21 years is the maximum someone could get. It


beggars belief that somebody like Breivik could only serve that


amount of time in prison. What are the options? Although it looks like


that on the face of it, it is more complicated. Norwegian law has


recently incorporated a higher possible term of punishment for


crimes against humanity. That would carry up to 30 years. There has


been talk of trying to charge Breivik with the VAT charge. That


might not be possible. -- with that charge. Even if he gets 21 years,


there is a provision for keeping someone locked up for five years at


a time if they are a continued danger to society, even after they


have served their full term. In theory, it would be possible to


keep him locked up for the rest of his life and I think that is the


most likely thing to happen. Our other main story to date - a US


debt. President Obama has told Congress, "we are running out of


time". He was speaking as negotiations continued in


Washington to try to agree a deal on raising the debt ceiling before


the 2nd August deadline. Mr Obama says he is confident a bipartisan


solution will be found. There are plenty of ways out of this mess,


but we are almost out of time. We need to compromise by Tuesday so


that our country will have the ability to pay its bills on time,


as we always have. They include monthly security -- social security


checks, veterans' benefits and government contracts with


businesses. If we don't come to that, we could lose our country's


credit rating. Not because we didn't have the capacity to pay our


bills - we do - but because we did not have a political system to


match. Let's go live to Washington and Our Correspondent Paul Adams.


Is President Obama right when he says he is confident a bipartisan


solution will be found? He needs to sound confident because


not that many other people are. But this does tend to happen from time


to time in Washington. Issues are so hotly-contested that it seems to


go down to the wire. We seem to have a situation of finger-pointing


and acrimony and somehow, out of nowhere, a deal is struck. The


White House spokesman said, "we have to wait for that process to


pay out -- played out before we can get focused on solving the problem".


There is a recognition that a Bill will need to be passed possibly


later today. It looks like it has a better chance of passing than it


did yesterday. In the Senate, another measure will pass. The


Senate is controlled by the Democrats. When the two houses have


had their say, something will be cobbled together out of the two of


them because there is some common ground in terms of the scope of


cuts in government spending, which will save the day. But at a lot of


politicking has to happen before then. Obama has been ratcheting up


the rhetoric, saying it does not look good for America and it could


lose its triple A credit rating. There is a lot of rhetoric all over


the place and it may be that even if a deal is done, credit rating


agencies will decide, finally, to downgrade the United States's


rating anyway. There are some people who argue that should have


happened a long time ago and that it is absurd to have a triple A


credit rating at the moment. That is waiting to unfold, but you have


voices from all over the place pointing to the absurdity of this.


The head of the World Bank has said this morning that this would be an


embarrassment for all Americans, if America's politicians could not


cobbled together a deal. The markets start to look fairly


jittery. If nothing happens over the weekend, we could start seeing


a rather dramatic set of circumstances unfold.


In Libya, tens of thousands of mourners have taken to the streets


in the rebel stronghold of Benghazi to pay tribute to their General


Abdel Fattah Younes. His death is likely to complicate matters for


the rebels, just as they were getting more international backing.


In the early months of this conflict, the front lines in


eastern Libya were constantly shifting. One morning, the rebels'


commander turned up, boosting morale and offering some


desperately needed leadership. He was an important defector from


Colonel Gaddafi's regime. The rebel fighters saw him as a beacon of


hope on that day back in April. Their general's has it is important


to us all, one of them said. It will give us a boost.


Nearly 42 years ago, he had helped Colonel Gaddafi over through the


Libyan monarchy in the coup of 1969. He became Gaddafi's interior


minister and a close aide, but he switched sides when the uprising


began in Benghazi this February, and came to the aid of the rebels


in what was his home city. But last night in Benghazi, it was announced


General Abdel Fattah Younes was shot before he was due to stand


before a judicial committee. circumstances have yet to be fully


explained. There is plenty of room and suspicion swilling around, but


there are plenty of leaders insisting that his death will not


throw the rebellion of course. have to hope that this is a blow


today revolution, but it is not detrimental. It will make the


revolution and the people of Libya much more determined to get rid of


Colonel Gaddafi. Amid the chaos around places like this, there is


still something of a military stalemate in Libya. But the killing


of General Abdel Fattah Younes has come at a critical time. More


countries, including Britain, have recognised the rebels as the sole


governmental authority. They, in turn, need to prove that they do


have the ability to run the country. Let's talk a bit more about this.


Sabri Malek, a member of the Libyan Freedom and Democracy campaign is


in the studio with me. Who do you think would want to see General


Abdel Fattah Younes killed? This is a very good question. The Libyan


people, right from the beginning, they did not trust General Abdel


Fattah Younes. He worked for Colonel Gaddafi for 42 years. The


very loyal, very faithful to him. This man happened to be at the


wrong place at the wrong time, so he joined the revolutionaries. But


the suspicions have always been there that he is working for


Colonel Gaddafi and recently, as the rebels, the Freedom fighters,


have established that. They arrested him, they tortured him and


they killed him. So you are sure? You have information from inside


the country? You claim that it was the rebels themselves he wanted to


see their commander killed. OK. He was from a very powerful tribe and


they will not be very happy. What are the implications of that?


that is right. The problem is that the interim council is led by


Colonel Gaddafi's men. This is a particular situation. You claim


that, but they are former Ministers to work for Colonel Gaddafi. Could


it inflame the situation? This could easily turn into a civil war.


In Libya, there is fundamentalism, there is tribalism, there is


political naivety. The whole world is taking advantage of us. Just


give us your over all assessment in how you think the balance of power


is going between Gaddafi and the rebels. Good Duffy knows for


certain that he can not win this war or -- Colonel Gaddafi knows for


certain. He has decided to leave Libya.


You are claiming that. How do you know for sure? He is no longer head


of state. He is a war lord and he of to good for terrorism as usual.


He wants to continue with the war or because he knows that he cannot


win otherwise. He imagines that because he has a


lot of money, he will get the civil war in Libya. The West is not


helping in any way. We have asked the West from day one but we want


the United Nations to take charge in Libya. This has not happened. So


you would like some kind of neutral interim power in Libya at the


moment. So you claim that Colonel Gaddafi is across the border and is


conducting his can pain from their We have not had such a verification


on that, but thank you very much for your thoughts. Now some of the


day's other developments. Tens of thousands have demonstrated --


demonstrators have filled the square in the Egyptian capital of


Cairo. In is the largest protests since


the fall of their President. These demonstrations are different -


Islamist leaders were the insulators for the first time since


the revolution. -- instigators. In Syria, troops are reported to have


fired on protesters and demonstrators were beaten up. Tens


of thousands of Syrians have again turned up for protests by across


the country, demanding that their President resign.


The chief of the Turkish armed forces, along with their heads of


the navy, air, ground forces have amounts of their stepping down for


no posts. This rig -- follows growing


tensions over the arrests of military personnel over alleged


coup plots. The floods in Pakistan last year were the worst in the


country's history. Torrents of water tore through villages and


fields, destroying everything along the way.


Almost 2000 people were killed and more than 1.5 million homes


destroyed. 12 months on, at the start of the monsoon season, many


families are still struggling with little help from the authorities.


Our Correspondent has travelled to Charsadda in North West Pakistan -


one of the worst-affected areas. The rainy season is just starting


again. As harmless as the water looks, it is filled with dread.


It brought back the memory of images like these from last year -


some of the heaviest rains ever recorded weeks have a car across


Pakistan. Nearly 20 million people were affected. -- wreaked havoc


across Pakistan. This village was one of the first place as the flood


struck. People here had no warning of the disaster that was coming


their way. Villagers say a massive wall of water came through here


from that direction and hit the village. It destroyed a lot of the


houses and caused a lot of deaths. One year on, they still have not


find all of the bodies. This woman did manage to find her two teenage


daughters. But it took days. Their bodies had been carried more than


three kilometres away by the force of the waters.


Her family has been able to rebuild part of the House that was damaged,


but she remains consumed by grief. TRANSLATION: My life was shattered.


Without my two girls, it living has no meaning any more. In spite of a


massive aid mobilisation, many are still living in tents. This man and


his family lost their homes. In the desperation of saving


themselves, they lost all their belongings. They have been trying


to get their lives back ever since. TRANSLATION: The last aid we


received was six months ago when we got some basic food rations. Since


then, we have been relying on charity from local people. We there


it is through their grief or their homelessness or the loss of


livelihood, millions are still struggling to recover from last


year's floods. That, the United Nations warns, makes them all the


more vulnerable as the new monsoon season starts. Pakistan's flood


victims one year on. Screen goddesses like Elizabeth Taylor, my


only in a deep rich, and to Audrey Hepburn are some of the most


glamorous women of the 20th century. -- Marlene Dietrich.


Some rare photographs of their Hollywood days are on show. The


show at the National Portrait Gallery has original stills from


the movie studios themselves. Many of them have not been seen for


decades. Elizabeth Taylor. Audrey Hepburn in funny face. And Rob


Hobson in a love will come back. Icons not only of the Hollywood


screen, but also of twentieth- century Western culture. These rare


photos depict a time before the paparazzi. They were distributed by


the studios themselves and were the only form of connection between


stars and fans. One of by favourite shots in at the show is this one -


the filming of Gone With the wind. It is not a glamorous image. It is


a very dramatic moment. It shows her darker side. As she


also appeared with that in a Streetcar Named Desire. Hollywood


used these photos to publicise films they just sent to the market.


They had to be strong enough to encapsulate the film plot on also


good that you to go and watch the pictures.


This photograph of Charlie Chaplin was from the set of the 1921 film,


the kid. Here, the antics of Laurel and Hardy. The collection spans 40


years from the 1920s to the 1960s. But the curators spent months


sifting through 3,000 prints for the exhibition. These are the


original photographs taken at the time. They are basically silver


prints, and we have made some special platinum prints for the


exhibition. Have photographs are looking the way the photographers


wanted them to look. We're so used to seeing the celebrity images many


generations from the original. It was easy to do because we were


looking for the best photographs, not the celebrity faces. Of we find


more often than not that the best subject took the best pictures. --


also we find. I spoke to a friend of one of Hollywood's greatest


directors, Alfred Hitchcock. There is it very special person pictured


here that I knew best. I have never known somebody that I thought was a


junior SVRs in my life. But Alfred Hitchcock was. He had


such an original mind. -- a genius in my life. The images depict the


way they were and underline that great maxim of movie history - that


it was not the screens that got bigger, the stars just got smaller.


A reminder of our main story - exactly one week after the bomb


attack and massive shooting in Norway, hundreds of people have


been attending a memorial service in Oslo to honour the 77 victims.


The man who admitted carrying out the attacks, Jonathan Vass is being


questioned by police for a second time. The funeral for the first of


the victims is taking place. - Mike Anders Behring Breivik. The country


you's debt crisis in America is an issue this weekend. Goodbye and


For many of us today, it has been rather cloudy across southern area


In the North, we have had some decent sunny spells around and


tomorrow, there is a better chance of sunshine. It is looking fine as


we head into the weekend. That is courtesy of high pressure. It is


trying to keep this whether from today and it will last for the


first part of the weekend at least. For Saturday in the south-west,


still the remnants of the weather front we have had around today.


Perhaps a little damp at first, but big skies will brighten. North and


it looks like we will see some sunny spells developing. On the


North Sea coast as the breeze comes in from the sea, it will be a


little cooler. The southern counties will have a better chance


of seeing the brightness. Those temperatures will climb into the


low twenties. Across Wales, it will be pretty cloudy first thing on


Saturday morning. Through the day, the cloud should break up,


revealing that sunshine and temperatures climbing again into


the low twenties. For Northern Ireland, similar weather to the


last few days. Sunny spells, light winds and dry afternoon. A little


cooler and cloudier on northern Scotland. Inland, for Glasgow, it


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